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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 10, 1920, Image 1

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Vol. LXXX No. 26,931
First to Last?the Truth:
(Copyright, 10?0,
New Vork Tribun? Ine.)
News?Editorials?A dvertisements
Local thnndershowers probably to-day
and to - morrow ; not much
change in temp?rature
Foil Report of Page Seren
AUGUST 10, 1920
In Greater New York
Within 200 .Mile?
?ocr cum
British Land
Jlannix at an
Isolated Port
Churchman Taken to Pen
zance on Destroyer After
Technical Arrest When
He Refuses to Quit Liner
British Act Called
"Silly" bv Prelate
Detectives Watch Arch?
bishop, but Movements
riot Restricted by Police
PENZANCE, England. Aug. 9 (By
The Associated Press). ? Archbishop
?? Mannix was landed here from a de?
stroyer at 4?15 o'clock this afternoon.
It was said .he intended to proceed to
London. The archbishop refused to
give out a statement.
The archbishop landed from the de
stroyer in a motor launch, then went
to the railway station, where his bag
g.ige was examined by a customs offi?
Prelate Visits Penzance Priest
From the railway station the arch?
bishop went to the home of Canon
V do, the Roman Catholic priest in
Penzance, remaining there some time.
When asked by the correspondent
if he cared to say anything about his
mission to England, Archbishop Man-.
nix replied:
;.e no mission to England: My
landing in England was involuntary.
I had no desire to go to England, but j
v nted to go to Ireland. Ireland is I
my home. I am a native of Ireland
and it is seven years since I left. It
is about time I returned. I have lived i
in Australia the whole time since."
Few peoplo witnessed the arrival
of the prelate. He remained at the !
home of Canon Wade until his de- |
parture on the night train for Lon- ;
It is understood here that the prel- j
ate is at liberty to travel where he I
pleases. There were two detectives in |
town who presumably were keeping ?
him under observation, but they were
not int< rfering in any way with his
Ii was reported this afternoon that
the archbishop would go by train
direct to London. ?
Pe ..' ce lies virtually at the ex
treme southwesterly tip of England,
nine miles northeast of Land's End, on
the ( orr.ish coast, it is a fashionable
watering ' &-> owing to its singularly
mild thi ? i\ moist climate, but is ex
treni . mote from other populous
Mannix Arrested on Ship
LONDON. Aug. 9 (By The Associ?
ate ? Press). Four British destroyers
closed in upon \he steamer Ba'tic off
the Irish coast in the early hours of
this morning and the commander of the
destroyer Wivern, with tvo .Scotland
Yard detectives, went aboard and placed
Archbishop Mannix under technical
arrest. They escorted the prelate, with
his secretary, the Reverend Albert
Vanghan, to a des'royer, which steamed
toward Fishguard, where orders bad
been given to lana the Archbishop.
A wireless ?rom the Admiralty, how?
ever, reached them en route, with in?
structions to proceed to Penzance.
Thus the question or' the landing
place of Archbishop Mannix, which for
many riays has been under discussion
by Irishmen everywhere, as well as the
public in general, was answered.
London newspapers of all complex?
ions, excepting only "The Morning
Post," are unanimous in describing
the aiTair as a "blunder." All the
provincial papers take the same view.
PLYMOUTH, England, Aug. 9 (By
The Associated Press).?"I think the
government is making it worse for
themselves than for me. They are put?
ting me to a little inconvenience, but
arc making themselves very silly."
Thus spoke Archbishop Mannix, of
Australia, to six priests and a few
newspaper men who greeted him on
his arrival by train in Plymouth at
o'clock to-night from Penzance.
"1 think the people of Ireland," the
Archbishop added, "know their business
a- well as the people over here. I was
not going there to tell the people my
views at all, because they have made
up their own minds without any refer?
ence to me."
Archbishop Mannix chatted for sev?
era1 minutes at the station, during
whicn he referred without comment to
his removal from the Baltic and the
restrictions placed on his movements.
He proceeded on the train for London.
Irish at Liverpool
Awaited Mannix
Priests on Dock Sing For?
bidden 'Soldiers' Song' ;
Mayor of Dublin Duped
Spt-ciul Cable to The Tribun?
Copyright, 1920, Now York Tribune Inc.
LIVERPOOL, Aug. 9.?The White
Star liner Baltic, which brought Arch?
bishop Mannix, of Melbourne, from
America, arrived here this afternoon.
The dock was crowded with Irish dele?
gations that intended to welcome him,
prominent among whom were the I^ord
Mayor of Dublin, Count Plunkett, and '
the Dail Eireann (Irish Parliament)
Councillors. Outside the barriers,
where they were held in check by cor?
nons of police, were several thousand
Sinn F?iners, who waved green, white
find orange banners of the "Irish Re?
As the Baltic swung into the dock,
'? huge Irishman with stentorian voice
roared out: "Where's Mannix?" From
tha ship's deck came the faint response:
''Put o?f; he's been put off!"
AWme Causen Dismay
Dismay spread through the throng
gathered to do honor to the rndtcal
Archbishop, whoso pro-Sinn Fein ut?
terances have gjven to him so much
f?mo lately. It was not until the liner
'*?? alongside and those on the dock
(Continu?! ?n pai? 9)
The country'? futuro Bxcouttve? read
*"h? "?.-1-buiio. Plion? B*ekman 3000?and
<?'??' your advertisement or plaoe It
l*.'otiff/h ;:ny <?.' Tl~? THbUIlO Want Ad.
A. -.-??-. o??.' ?00 t?i G ??1er New Tori*.
Countess Szechenyi
Sliocked by Lightning
SYRACUSE, Au?. 9.?A dis?
patch from Raquette Lake says
that guides on the Harry Payne
Whitney preserve brought word
to-day that Countess Laszlo
Szechenyi, formerly Gladys Van
j derbilt, of New York, was suffer?
ing from the effects of a slight
lightning shock received near
Forked Lake on Sunday after?
noon. Efforts to obtain further
information as to the Countess's
condition were thwarted, owing to
failure of telegraphic and tele?
phonic communication to Raquette
Lake, as the result of a severe
thunder and lightning storm.
Roosevelt for
League as Only
War Solution
Vice-Presidential Nominee
Speaks to 5,000 Persons
in Accepting Place on i
Party's Ticket for 1920!
Would Ratify Treaty
Dntchess County Crowd Is
Disappointed by Failure
of Murphy to Appear
From a Staff Correspondent
HYDE PARK, N. Y., Aug. 9.?Frank?
lin D. Roosevelt formally accepted the
nomination for Vice-President of the
United States on the Democratic ticket
here this afternoon. The ceremony
occurred on the front lawn of Spring
wood, the old Roosevelt estate, five
miles north of Poughkeepsie.
The candidate's speech of accept?
ance had for its main theme the League
of Nations and the peace treaty. He
declared that peace by resolution would
prove unworkable and would be an in?
sult to the nation and a denial of our
national purpose. The country'3 suc?
cess in the war and on land and sea,
he said, wa3 only a half victory. The
other half could not be achieved with?
out ratification of the Wilson treaty of
peace and inclusion of the League of
Nations. Anything else, Mr. Roosevelt
declared, would be a thinly disguised
armistice devised by politicians.
The League of Nations, the candidate
stated, was "a practical solution of a
practical situation." He added that it
was no more perfect than our original
Constitution, which had been amended
eighteen times and which he hoped to
see amended the nineteenth. This
statement brought a cheer from the
many women who heard the speech.
In dealing with the. problems con?
fronting the next Administration Mr.
Roosevelt called for a general reor?
ganization of what he termed our "ar?
chaic governmental machinery" and
drastic changes in the governmental
legislation. He declared himself op?
posed to the "saloon-bossed city," but
made no other allusion to the liquor
Would Extend Education
Another policy for which the Vice
Presidential candidate said he stood
was the extension of education to
5.000.000 members of the country's
population who could neither read nor
write and the protection of child life
and women in industry. The speech
of acceptance seemed to meet with
considerable response from the crowd
of 5,000 persons which had gathered to
witness the notification formalities.
Many relatives and lifelong friends
of the Roosevelt family were In the
audience. Although a "Tammany Spe?
cial" reached Poughkeepsie early in
the afternoon with sixteen cars and
500 New York Democrats on board,
the crowd that witnessed the accept?
ance of the nomination was distinctly
local. The greater part of it was
drawn from Poughkeepsie and Hyde j
Park, and most of the balance was
made up of Democratic delegations j
from various parts of Dutchess County.
The "Tammany Special" which ar- j
rived over the New York Central
brought 150 women, mostly from Man?
hattan. Charles F. Murphy failed to
appear, although it was said early in
the day that he was sure to be there.
When the train arrived, none of its
passengers could say definitely where
the leader was, but the managers of
the notification ceremony said they
felt convinced he was coming out from
New York by automobile. A great
gray automobile had been all shined
and oiled up to transport Mr. Murphy
from the Poughkeepsie station to the
Amrita Club, where a luncheon and
reception had befcn prepared for him
and Covernor Smith.
The Governor reached Poughkeepsie
by automobile before the arrival of ?
the "Tammany Special," but he at?
tracted no more than passing atten?
tion from the populace, who went to
the station in a body to get a view of
the Tammany chieftain. The constable
expressed the feeling of the hurrying
throng as ho drove madly toward the
depot in a one-horse "shay." Some
( Continued on pag? S)
$500,000 for De Valera
To Use in U. S. Election
London Newspaper Says He
Was Authorized to Spend
Money Politieally
LONDON, Aug. 9.?-"The Evening
Standard" asserts it has documentary
evidence t#iat a Sinn Fein Congress in
June authorised Eamon de Valera,
"President of the Irish Republic," to
expend $500,000 "in connection with
tho campaign for the Presidency of
the United States." One million dol?
lars in expenditure by De Valera was
authorized to obtain recognition of
tho Irish Republic, the newspaper de?
According to "The Standard," the
Dail Eireann ("Irish Republican Par?
liament") authorized De Valera to
send a diplomatic mission to the Rus?
sian Soviet and to various governments
of Europe and America and appointed
De Valera, Jamis O'Mara and .Bishop
Fogarty, of Killaloe, trustees of ths
Pail Eireann fund?.
Ponzi Sued
As Bankrupt
By Creditors
Financial Wizard Will j
Not Pay Notes Falling
Due, but Blames State
Banking Commissioner
Bank Forbidden to
Cash His Checks
He Says He Is Solvent
and That Examination
of Books Will Prove It
BOSTON, Aug. 9.? Charles Ponzi,
"financial wizard," announced to-night
that he would "not pay out one cent of
money" to-morrow at Jiis offices.
Earlier in the day Involuntary bank?
ruptcy proceedings had been instituted
against Ponzi by three creditors and
Joseph C. Allen, State Bank Commis?
sioner, had issued an order to the
Hanover Trust Company not to pay out
any more money on checks of Ponzi
or his agents.
Ponzi made the following statement:
"Though 1 anticipate there will be a
small run on my company after to-day's
developments I will not pay the notes
that have run forty-five days.
"The Hanover Trust Company would
gladly honor these checks and cash
them, but the Bank Commissioner says
that this cannot be done.
"In the Hanover Trust Company I
have two accounts. My personal oc?
have two accounts ? my personal ac
account is over a million and a half,
more than six tinres the amount I have
out in notes. But the Bank Commis?
sioner has refused to permit me to
transfer my personal account to the
other one. By what authority I do not
The Attorney General to-night or?
dered the following advertisement pub?
Call On Note Holders
"All persons holding unpaid notes
of the Securities Exchange Trust Com?
pany or of Charles Ponzi are requst
ed to notify, in person or by mail, the
department of the Attorney General,
giving the number and date of the
note, the amount loaned and the
amount due, the place where the loan
was made and the address of the hold?
er. A copy of the note should be fur?
nished where possible. This informa?
tion is desired in completing the in?
vestigation now being made by the de?
These developments in the affairs of
Ponzi, who rose to fame on his "50 per
cent in 45 days" proposition, came on
the day on which he had declared his
intention to launch a new $100,000,000
world-wide undertaking.
The bankruptcy rait was filed by
Charles Cantwell, James Feinald and
Harry Farrell, all of Boston, the allega?
tion being made tint Ponzi had favored
other creditors by transferring large j
parts of his assets to them, including
Charles F. Hoffman. The three peti?
tioners had invested from $150 to $000
each in Ponzi's foreign exchange en?
terprise, on which he claimed to have
made $0,000,000 profits since last fall.
Bank Commissioner Allen made the
following announcement:
"I have directed the Hanover Trust
Company not to pay any more checks
of Charles Ponzi, the Securities Ex?
change Company, or any of his agents,
as the account of Lucy Martelli, trus?
tee, against which these checks are
charged, is overdrawn."
No Sign of New Company
While the new $100,000,000 company,
"The Charles Ponzi Company," may
have come into existence to-day, there
was no 'sign of its activities at the
Ponzi offices. All the business trans?
acted there had to do with the enter?
prise of the past, although a number
of the visitors, perhaps a score, wanted
to know when they could invest money
in the new undertaking. Among them
was Louis F. Mantani, of Portsmouth,
N. H>, who announced he represented
many Italians in that city.
"When Attorney General Allen starts
in to ascertain what my liabilities are
I will give him all the help possible.
And when he is finished.I will show
him the money to cover them. But he
is endeavoring to find out my assets,
where they are and how I made my
?money, and nobody knows that but \
Charley Ponzi, and nobody else is go- j
ing to know. I will die before 1 dis- i
close these facts to anybody.
"That I am solvent there is not the ;
slightest doubt in anybody's mind. I ;
am not going to run away. That is j
what the officials would like to have
me do. I am a* fighter, and I am going
to fight them to the end. And I am
going to win my fight.
Attorney G?nerai Allen, in a state?
ment earlier in the day, declared that
"although Ponzi claims that his deal?
ings in international reply coupons have
been conducted on a large scale, ag?
gregating millions of dollars, the in?
vestigation has disclosed nothing to
confirm this statement.
"Mr. Ponzi claims in this office that
all the funds which he claimed to have
transferred to Europe by draft or
credits for the purpose of purchasing
reply coupons had been sent through a |
New" York institution. Later he said !
he had received largo amounts from
Europe from the sale and redemption
of coupons through the same institu?
"He refused to disclose the name of
the New "i ork institution. It does not
appear that Ponzi has ever received
any funds from Europe through either
of the two institutions that fit his de?
It was announced to-day that the
audit of Ponzi's books by Edwin Pride
was to-day submitted to United States
Attorney Gallagher. Ponzi called at
Gallagher's office immediately and a
"checking up" began.
N. YT?ipress^He?d Up
Four Armed Men Rob Pennsyl
| vania Train in Chicago Suburb
CHICAGO, Aug. '9.?Four armed men
\ to-night held up the New York-Chicago
I day express train on the Pennsylvania
Railroad near Englewood station, a
j Chicago suburb.
A dining car steward who resisted
! one of the bandits was shot and wound?
ed in the jaw.
The bandits are believed to have
boarded the train at Englewood and to
have obtained a large amount of money
and valuables from passengers. The
train, which is due to arrive in Chi?
cago at 10:30 p. m., was delayed about,
thirty minutes.
The wounded steward was taken to
a hospital at Englewood.
The robbers jumped from tha train
and escaped.
Polai?? Far From Lost,
Says Marshal Foch
LONDON, Aug. 9.?Poland Is
still far from being beaten, in the
opinion of Marshal Foch, as ex?
pressed in an interview with the
Exchange Telegraph Company
correspondent at Hythe.
Providing Poland's forces and
her military material are quickly
organize^, the Marshal is quoted
as saying, she may yet be able
successfully to defend her fron?
Suffrage Wins
Converts in
* Tennessee Test
Governor Roberta's Message
Brings Several Members
Over to the Cause as
the Legislature Convenes
Republicans Aid Women
Caucus Obtains Five Votes
in Senate and Twenty in
House for Ratification
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
NASHVILLE, Aug. 9.- Chances for
ratification of the Federal suffrage
amendment by the Tennessee Legis?
lature, which has opened its extra
session, are much brighter to-day than
they have been for Home time. The
following facts contribute to the im?
provement in the situation:
The strong tone of the message of
Governor Roberts to the Legislature
has brought several members over
to the suffrage ranks.
The action of the Republican cau?
cus, although roundly denounced by
Parley P. Christensen, Farmer-Labor
party Presidential candidate, as a
"direct betrayal of the Republican
platform pledge," really shows the \
Republican legislators strongly for
ratification and determined to put
?ny possible defeat of suffrage in
Tennessee squarely up to the Demo?
crats as the responsible parties.
The burying of the hatchet by va?
rious factions of Democratic women
in the state under the leadership of
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, president*
of the National American Woman's
Suffrage Association, has encouraged
Governor Roberts to a determined
advocacy of suffrage and he will put
his shoulder to the wheel to achieve
Result of Caucus
The Republican caucus was'held at
10 o'clock this morning. Five Senators
and twenty members of the House were
there. After the close of the caucus
it was learned that all but one of the
Senators present and fourteen of
the Representatives will vote for ratifi?
Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton, vice
chairman of the Republican National
Committee, was the principal speaker :
before the caucus. She told the Ten?
nessee Republicans that she was here i
as the representative of the Republican
National Committee, to present to j
them the committee's views on ratifica?
"From a business standpoint the na- l
tional committee looks on it as a press- j
ing need that Tennessee Republicans ;
vote for suffe-age," she said. "I do not
come here as a dictator, but merely as
the. national committee's representa?
tive. That body thinks that, as Federal
suffrage is bound to come sooner or
later, it is well to make Tennessee the
thirty-sixth state to ratify and clear
the tracks for the November election."
Mrs. Upton told the members of Sen?
ator Harding's interest *in ratification
and read to them the telegram she had
received from him, which was pub?
lished in Monday morning's papers.
She was listened to closely by the Re?
publicans, who were impressed with
her diagnosis of the national situa?
Judge Urges Ratification
Following Mrs. Upton, Alf Taylor,
Republican candidate for Governor;
ex-Governor Ben W. Hooper, National
Committeeman John Overall, Repre?
sentative J. \V ill Taylor and Judge
Will 1). Wright, Republican leaders
over thfe state, made talks for ratifica?
tion. /
There was not a speech by oppo?
nents of suffrage. Judge Wright ex?
plained to the members of the caucus
that their oath to the state constitu?
tion was rendered null by their oath to
the Federal Constitution, when the
(Continued on Pugs 3)
Row Started
By McGraw,
Lambs Assert
Statement by House Com?
mittee Says Leader of
Giants Mistook Fellow
Member for Old Enemy
Six Men in Grill
At Time 'of Fmht
_ ?
Slavin, in Hospital With
Fractured Skull, Injured
After Leaving the Club
John C. Slavin, the retired actor
who was taken to St. Luke's Hospital
Sunday morning seriously injured
after a night of strenuous peace-mak?
ing in the company of John McGraw
and other members of the Lambs, was
in "a perfectly normal condition" when
he left the. Lambs, according to a
statement given out by the house com?
mittee yesterday.
Raymond Slavin, the injured man's
son, is said to have told members of
the house committee during their in?
vestigation of his father's injury that
he learned from hospital attendants
that two of his father's teeth had been
knocked out.
Confirmation of this statement was
not to be obtained at the hospital. Dr.
H. M. M. Lyle, the surgeon in charge
of Mr. Slavin's case, said his patient
had a horizontal scar at the base of
the skull, with abrasions of the skin
and symptoms indicating a fracture of
the bone. The scar was such as might
be caused, he said, by falling on the
edge of a step or on a curb.
Slavin Slightly Improved
Mr. Slavin's condition is regarded as
somewhat improved, and there was said
last night to be some ground for hope'
of his recovery. He has been uncon?
scious most of the time since his ad?
mission to the hospital. Questioning
of the patient during his brief periods
of consciousness is forbidden by his
The statement of the house commit?
tee of the. Lambs concerning the af?
fair follows:
"At the time of this altercation, on
Sunday morning, there was no one in
the grill room, with the exception of
half a dozen persons at the most, and
there was no altercation?just friendly
talk. Mr. McGraw came into the club
and mistook a certain member for a
man with whom he had had a dilfer
ence. He grossly insulted this mem?
ber, was very violent and abusivo and
provoked a quarrel, in which the club
member was on the defensive.
"After the difference had been set?
tled Mr. Slavin endeavored to persuade
his friend Mr.^McCiraw into a taxicab
and took him away from the club. Mr.
Slavin had at no time any part in the
altercation except as peacemaker, and
left the club in a perfectly normal con?
Detectives, club attendants and mem?
bers who were in the grill room when
the manager of the Giants imagined he
recognized an old enemy in a fellow
club member were interrogated in
the course of the investigation
by the house committee. At the I
close of the meeting it was an?
nounced that the shepherd of the Lambs
had been asked to call a meeting of
the executive committee to take up the
investigating Committee
The members of the house commit?
tee conducting the inquiry are George
Howells,. who is chairman; A. 0.
Brown, Silvio Hein, Arthur Hurley,!
Rapley Holmes, Milton Royal and |
John Milton. They had decided, they
said, not to make public the name of
the man whom McGraw mistakenly as?
sailed, who, presumably, is responsible
for the black eye which McGraw had
when he got home.
A report that William H. Boyd,
formerly leading man with Ethel Barry
more and more recently in film plays,
was one of those with whom McGraw
quarreled, elicited no comment from
members of the house committee. Mc?
Graw, who had been a member of the
Lambs for about four years, was sus?
pended recently, following a dispute
with Walter Knight. Fellow Lambs
said that the grudge behind Sunday |
morning's encounter was of longer |
standing than that.
Earlier in the day a statement was i
issued at the Lambs calling attention :
to a resolution adopted by the club ?
declaring traffic in liquor to be not only j
a violation of the law, but an infrac- ?
tion of club rules, and due cause for |
discipline by the council. It was said
in the statement that the official closing j
hour at the club was 2 a. m.
The District Attorney took charge i
of the officiai inquiry yesterday and de-t
tectives, whom their superiors in the |
department had assigned to the case, !
(Continued on page 4)
Police in Ambush Seize Three
For $65,000 Loft Robberies
Three detectives of the East Twenty
second Street station spent one hour
yesterday morning watching a door?
way. Finally a boy with a large hun?
di? tucked under an arm appeared in
the doorway and started across the
street. The arrest of the boy resulted
several hours later in the capture of
two men, alleged to be responsible for
a series of loft robberies recently, and
in the recovery of merchandise valued
at $65,000.
The detectives were Donlin, Gillman
and Myers; the boy, who is fifteen
years old, was Joseph Terg, of 30ti East
118th Street, and the two men arrested
were Aron Gosch, twenty-two, of 533
Union Avenue, the Bronx, and Jack
Simmons, twenty-four, 223 Second
Street. The charge against the three
is burglary. Their present where?
abouts is Police Headquarters.
For the last several weeks loft rob?
beries have been occurring almost
nightly in East Twenty-second Street.
Since July 15 Detectives Donlin, Gill
man and Myers have been investigat?
ing the burglaries. Their search fori
suspects had taken them to many parts ?
of Manhattan Island. Yesterday tjney
decided to take a stand on one spot?
in front of the doorway of 24 East
Twenty-first Street. They had reasons
to believe that the loft thieves had
headquarters in the building at that i
address. \
At 11 a. m. Joseph Terg came out j
??the building on the run and tumbled
sqtrnrely into the embrace of the three j
detectives. He told a glib tale of be- (
jn-, -, delivpTV boy. but later bpcnme i
more specific. Finally he artmitted, they
charge, that he was stealing from his
"employers," Gosch & Simmons; that
on the eighth floor of the building
from which he had emerged was an en?
tire floor covered wlin loot, and that
at 3 o'clock he had an engagement to
meet G?sch and Simmons at the corner
of Norfolk and East Houston streets.
At 3 p. m. Gosch and Simmons were
on the corner. Joseph Terg showed up
and brought along his newly-made
friends. From Norfolk and Houston
streets the party of six went to Po?
lice Headquarters, and from there the
detectives returned to the^ building at
24 East Twenty-first Street. On the
eighth floor they found a bewildering
array of silks, satins, furs, overcoats,
jewelry and handsome pieces of furni?
Open house will be observed to-day
on the eighth floor, and merchants who
have suffered loft robberies recently
will be invited to come and look over
the stuff. Besides the merchandise, a
complete collection of burglars' tools
was found.
Terg, the police say, has made a com?
plete confession, declaring that Sim?
mons and Gosch have been engaged in
robbing lofts for some months, and
that he has served them in capacity of
errand boy. He said yesterday he be?
came tempted and decided to steal a
bundle of silk. Gosch, according to
the police, also has confessed. Sim?
mons denies connection with the rob?
dr. BRI ?rs~K?rvss I
A sparkling milk beverage that ener*lx?r
Allies Won't Send Army
To Aid Poland; Warsaw
Is Reported Evacuated
{/. S. to Support Blockade of Russia;
Opposed to Warfare Against Reds
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9.?President Wilson has* decided upon a
definite policy with respect to Poland, it was said in Administration
circles to-day, and an announcement of the course the United States
will follow is expected hourly.
Belief among officials is that the -United States will oppose any
measures that would result in open warfare by the Allied nations
against the Russian Soviet government, and that the President will
favor only the resumption of the inter-Allied blockade against Russia,
together with economic assistance to Poland.
The action of the premiers of Great Britain and France in rely?
ing upon the re?stablighment of the blockade to stop the advance of the
Red troops into Poland will be supported by the United States.
Whether this government will go further than the Allied plan adopted
to-day is a matter of speculation in diplomatic circles.
The United States, during the discussions with the British and
Fi'ench on the Polish-Russian situation, has steadfastly refused to
approve any move that might mean actual warfare against the Russian
Soviet on the part of the Allied governments. To fight the Reds, it
has been contended, would solidify the; Russian people behind the
Lenine-Trotzky r?gime, and the Allied governments might then find
themselves in a position where they would be forced, to deal with the
Soviet government as the real government of Russia.
British People
Firmly Oppose
Another War
Voice of Nation Outspoken
Against Armed Action,
Even if Friendship of
France Should Be Lost
Little Sympathy for Poles
All Classes Join Labor in
Protest; Parties United
to Keep Empire at Peace
From The Tribuno'3 European 'Bureau
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Aug. 9.?For tho last
tw6nty-four hours Great Bmain has
been living at high tension. To find a
parallel it is necessary to return to :
August, 1914, but even in that fateful
month conditions were not exactly
similar. The people now thoroughly
appreciate the heavy consequences of a
declaration of war, and they have no
intention of disregarding the hard les?
sons learned in the last six years.
"Is it war or peace?" is the one ques?
tion asked everywhere and tho general I
answer is "peace." Such a volume of
protest against war was never before
raised in any land and the British |
statesmen at Hythe could not fail to
hear the country's voice, or ignore it.
With all the excitement and uncer?
tainty there has been a total absence
of panic or anything approaching |
alarm. The protest conies as a rum- I
bling thunder in the distance, fore?
runner of a heavy storm.
Protest Is Widespread
There is no sympathy here for the
Bolsheviki and not much for tho Poles.
Just one thought runs through the mass
of the British people?that is, to avoid
war,- even if it costs the friendship
of their ally, France. Tiiat is a strong |
statement, but there are plenty of facts j
to offer in its support. If this fierce j
objection to war were confined simply
to labor, it would be understandable, I
but it includes representatives of all
political parties and all classes of so?
ciety. The people are protesting be
'cause they see no challenge to their
country, no immediate danger to them?
Trade union organizations in every
part of the country have adopted reso?
lutions condemning military measures ?
against Russia and threatening to join
in a general strike if they are taken. |
That the workers are in earnest there j
is not the slightest doubt, and they
are capable of paralyzing the country, j
Herbert Asquith and the members of I
the Independent Liberal, party and !
Lord Robert Cecil with his group of
Independent Conservatives are equally
adamant against precipitate action
with regard to Russia.
It cannot be emphasized too strongly
that this attitude must not be inter?
preted as pro-Bolshevism. What is
decidedly painful to every one with
national pride Is that the Entente
leaders have drifted into an embar?
rassing diplomatic position and it is
difficult to find an exit which will not
lead to a lowering of their prestige.
Strained Relations Inevitable
Previously dissatisfaction between
the British and French had betn con?
fined chiefly to the French, who found
much cause for complaint in the Brit?
ish policy, but now the English have
begun to criticize and they have less j
regard for the language of diplomacy1
when they are annoyed. If the situa- i
tion clears, there are bound to be
?trained relations between the British
and French for some little time.
All this is considered extremely un?
fortunate, fpr the Franco-British alli?
ance had been considerably strength?
ened at Spa.
LONDON, Aug. 9 'By The Associated
Press).?The Independent Liberals met
in the House of Commons to-night and
passed a resolution protesing against
any intervention against Russia byway
of a blockade, men, money or muni?
The Independent Liberals in the Com?
mons number about thirty.
Liberty Bonds
.Tnhn Mnlr *? On . fll P,r??rt ?*.?,-?Ailv*
Boisheviki Cut
Railway Line
Capital Now Hemmed In
on Three Sides and Fail
Is Considered Matter of
Hours in French Circles
Pilsudski a Suicide?
Rumors of Polish General's
Death Bring ^Operations
in Paris Market to End
PARIS, Aug. 9 (By The Associated
Press).?"Warsaw is doomed," was the
j remark heard everywhere to-day in
official and political circles of Paris
| regarding the belief expressed within
the last few days that "there will be
another Battle of the Marne."
Circles which up to the present had
been most optimistic conceded the Boi?
sheviki had reached the Danzig-War?
saw Railroad at Ciechanow, severing
connection between Warsaw and the
sea. Military circles point out that
the Polish capital is now hemmed in
from the northeast, east and southeast
and consider its fall a question of
days, perhaps hours.
The latest Polish communiqu?, an?
nouncing the Boisheviki have captured
Przasnysz and are moving westward
toward Mlawa and Ciechanow, has cre?
ated a most painful impression in
Paris, the afternoon papers announc?
ing that the capture of the latter town
is a foregone conclusion.
Rumors, absolutely unconfirmed, were
circulated in the Stock Exchange this
afternoon of General Pilsudski's sui?
cide. It brought market operations to
a complete standstill.
Gather for Final Struggle
General Ilaller's newly formed army
occupies a strongly intrenched position
in the fork between the Narew and
and Bug rivers.
In the opinion orf military observers,
the principal danger for the Poles is
the advance along the Prussian fron?
tier, because it would force them to
extend their front westward when they
need to keep their armies concen?
trated as much as possible east of
Warsaw. The Poles thus far have been
able to ignore this advance, wjiich is
merely a demonstration, but it is con?
sidered likely that the Red staff will
avoid battle until stronger forces can
be pushed toward Mlawa.
Heavy Fighting Continues
Heavy fighting continues on the
eighty-mile front along the Middle Bug
between Vladimir Volynsky and Droyi
chyn. North of Brest-Litovsk the Rus?
sians have obtained a footing ftn the
left bank of the river. South of Brest
Litovsk the Poles command both banks
of the river. On the Sereth River and
the Galician frontier the situation re?
mains unchanged.
Soviet Cavalry Occupy Chor
Russian cavalry driving westward
from Przasnysz has occupied Chor,
which is within a. day's riding distance
of the Warsaw-Danzig Railroad, which
is expected to be reached either at
Mlawa or Ciechanow late this evening
or early Tuesday, according to advices
(Continued ?n next pao?)
Bus Driver Gets Thieves'
$10 Bill as They Flee
Frightened Hold-Up Men Run
Away, Leaving Their Own
Money Behind Them
Attacked by two hold-up men who
had boarded his bus yesterday, Will-1
iam Siegert, twenty-five, of 1816 Cove
Avenue, West Brighton, Staten Island,
not only defeated the aims of the rob?
bers but finished the adventure $10 t?t
the good.
There were no passengers in the bus
when the hold-up men boarded it. At
Tompkins Avenue they commanded the
driver to stop, and one of the men
offered him a $10 bill in payment for
their fare.
Preparing to make change, Siegert
drew a large roll of currency from his
pocket, whereupon one of the men hit
him on the head with a blackjack. Sie- ;
gert dropped the roil of bills, but
stamped his foot on it, meanwhile j
blowing a horn, which he carries for'
just such emergencies. The sounding
of the horn frightened the hold-ups,!
who fled, leaving their own $10 bill on '
the floor of the bus.
Premiers Agree on Plan
to Reimpose Blockade
rfnd Furnish Advice and
Munitions Against Reds
Action Waits Result
Of Parley at Minsk
Entente Said to Regard
Poland's Case Hopeless ;
Fear for West Europe
HYTHE, Aug. 9 (By The Asso?
ciated Preps).?Tho liythe confer?
ence, hurriedly called Sunday to con
, sider mean.-; for saving Poland from
' the Bolshevik menace, ended to-day
with an agreement between Premier
Lloyd George and Premier Afilie
rand to r?impose the blockade on
Russia and to furnish munitions and
technical advice to Poland. No
Allied troops will be used.
Mr. Lloyd Goorgo succeeded in
getting M. Millerand to consent to
withhold application of the aid
agreed lig?n until after the prelimi
! nary results of the armistice con
I ference at Minsk between Bolshevik
! and Polish representatives arf
i known.
Franco Yields to Britain
j M. Millerand, who had been firm
! in urging the French policy, which
! included the blockade and strong de
, fensive measures, was obliged to
' yield somewhat to the m?der policy
? of the British Premier, who was de
| t?rmined that no Allied army should
! be sent to Poland.
Establishment of a defensive line in
1 Poland, which was considered by the
conference, if carried out would, accord
! ing to opinion expressed here, be re
; gavded by the British and French as
more than a plan to defend Poland. It
would be in effect a "cordon sanitaire"
to keep the Bolsheviki from western
The plans agreed upon to-day ar?
subject to the approval of the British
Parliament, which Lloyd George will
address to-morrosv. The conference of
premiers ended at 4 p. m.
While the premiers were in cor.frr
ence dispatches from London quoted
Moscow wireless advices as saying the
Polish government was leav ng \Nav
saw. The place to which the govern?
ment is being removed, the message
said, is Kalisz, which is about loo miles
west-southwest of Warsaw, close to the
old German border.
U. S. Help Not Discussed
American participation in the assist?
ance to he given to Poland was noi
discussed by the Premiers. All th<
Allied plans were drawn up on th?
assumption that, the United State!
would not assist. Washington dis
patches Baying that President Wilsoi
is keenly interested in Poland wen
not taken note of officially by the con
ference, though unofficially hope wai
? expressed in British circles that th<
| United States would participate in thi
Allied efforts to exclude Bolshevisn
from Western Europe, should sue]
efforts eventually become n?cssary.
Soviet Envoys to Remain
The British government has decide?
j that tho Russian mission may rcmaii
in London until the Minsk tonfereno
is concluded.
Immediately the conference l:ad end
ed Premier Lloyd George and Foreigi
Secretary Curzon took a train for Lon
don, while Premier Millerand and hi
party boarded the destroyer Meuse
bound for Trance.
The Entente governments have de
livered to the German government .
note protesting against interferenc
with Entente trains en route to Uppe
Silesia, says a Berlin message receivei
to-day by way of Paris. The note sa;
that such proceedings are contrary t
the treaty.
A Paria dispatch August 7 reporte
that for several days past all supplie
en route for French troops in the pleh
i sei te area of Upper Silesia had bee
held up by German railway men an
other workers, j
Must Defend Western Europe
It is said that the Allies, althoug
loath to admit it, now feel there is h<
tie hope of saving Warsaw and tni
the question of Poland is no long?
the sole issue. The main probiei
confronting the Premiers is the d<
fense of Western Europe.
in British and French circles it
declared thai, the intentions of ';
Bolsheviki regarding Poland are b
coming clearer with every hour. Tl
prevailing impression among the Bri
ish ana French officials is that tl
Soviet government hopes, through tl
Polish offensive, firmly to es tabii !
Bolshevism at the doors of the Wei
ern powers.
A continuation of the conferee
this afternoon is said to have ben
necessitated through the failure of t!
two Premiers to a^ree on the situatio
The optimism of the British, whi*
was manifest before the eonferen
began yesterday, had given way to-di
to a feeling of extreme uneasiness, m
it was reported that the Britisi? Pi
mier himself was ?eatly disturb?
over the new developments in ti
Kusso-Polish situation.
Germany To Be Warned
t Social Cable to The Tribu??
Copyright, la^O. New York Tri' un? Ine.
HYTHE, Eng., Aug. 9.?There w
be no declaration of war against Ru
sia for several days at least, aceordii
to a decision reached to-day h. tw?
the French and British Premiers. Ho
ever, a warning to Germany that a
must adhere strictly to th?- Versail!
treaty ar.d not render assistance to t
Bo! heviki will be issued immediate
The Allies ostentatiously were out
heip the Poles defend their liberty, t
disquieting reports reached the e<
?frene? thnr the Pr>l?>* wer* w*veri

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