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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 24, 1920, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
First to Last?the Truth,
Vol. LXXX No. 26,945
(Copyright, 1?20,
New York Tribune In?.)
TUESDAY, AUGUST
...
News ? Editorials ? A advertisements
Sirtbtutt
THE WEATHER
Fair to-day and to-morrow; moderate
temperature; jjentle varia?
ble wind?.
Full report on Fata- Klrven.
21, 1920
* * * ?
TWO CENTS
In Greater New York
TIIKKK f'KNTS
Within 200 Mile?
FO.'R CENTS
Elsewhere
Senators to
SubpoeiiaCox
In Campaign
Fund Inquiry
Governor May Be Com?
pelled to Appear Before
Investigators Unless He
Cornos of Own Volition
Refuses Kenyon
Request to Attend
Committee Decides to Sift
National Activities of
Both Political Parties
CHICAGO, Aug. 23. ? Governor
(ex. Democratic nominee, probably
r.V. be subpoenaed and compelled to
appear before the Senate Campaign
gmenses Committee, which to-day
announced plans for investigating
the Republican and Democratic na?
tional campaigns, unless he comes
cf his own freo will, a member of
the committee told The Associated
Press to-night.
Thi.- member of the committee said
that its members felt that Governor
Cox must prove his charges that the
g tblicans were raising- a $15,000,000
'tampaign fund or withdraw them, and
.... ttee was prepared to go
to ol '...in evidence in the
matter
No official subpoena will be issued,
however, until the committee meets
text Moi : .
"If Governor Cox has not given us a
utisfi r> reply by that time, I feel
certain ;. sub] ena will be issued," he
laid.
The statement was made when mem?
ber? of the committee were shown dis
ting the Governor as saying
he "saw no use in appearing before the
committee," adding that he would fur?
nish it w tl ? >: nee, but felt that he
ihould ": allowed to do so when he
The investigation, it was announced,
5 to deal not only with methods used
by the two parties in obtaining and
rpending money, but will cover reports
??'. alleged offers of Federal positions
?5 ar. inducement to political activity.
Party Leaders Called
The committee has ordered leaders
:n each party to appear before it, with
and information in
their ;.?sion concerning the cam?
paign activities, financial or otherwise,
o? their party.
Included in the list summoned were
Will Hays, chairman of the Republican
National Committee; George White,
chairman of the Democratic National
ttee; Fred Vpham and Wilbur
Marsh, treasurers, respectively, of the
?can and Democratic national
committees; Homer Cummlngs. former
chairman ? .' the Democratic National
ttee; Senator Miles Poindexter,
o? Washington, chairman of the Repub
ican Senate campaign committee; Rep?
rese!.tativ. Michael Phelan, of Massa
?etts; Representatives Simeon Fess,
cf Ohio, and Guy Scott, of West Vir
:. members of the Republican Con
iional campaign committee, and
Rep sentatives Frank Doremus, of
;.. and W A. Oldfl-ld, of Arkan?
sas, of the Democratic ^Congressional
ign commitl ee.
Several other witnesses will be sum
Boned befori the committee sessions
?gin, i ' irmi Kenyon, of Iowa,
aid. Each witness summoned to-day
tructed to bring any other per
lona who might be able to furnish in
'ormation n lernins the campaign
ictivitiei f ( her party.
To Find Out Kverything
I to find out everything
there is to know about the work of
)th partie ." said Senator Kenyon
?night. I
"There have been reports that thp '
Republicans were raising millions of
collars, that a ring of corporations was
?ntributing largely to their fund, and ;
that various persons were offering i
! : as a reward for
Political I elp from certain men.
"'A" ?ri going into these things
thoroughly, and while we hope to get
!nr4 i,:- cleared up within about three !
weeks we are ready to remain in ses- i
Day if necessary." I
Boys and ' hite signified their will- !
lp.gr.ess in New York to-day to attend |
?lie heurii p and give anv information I
IWssible : i nator Kenyon*said he talked !
?ith Hay- by telephone this afternoon ?
ttd thai e Republican chairman told '.
!*? ! ?' '?? omed the investigation."
Ipham also is understood to be in New '
lork.
Adjourns Until Monday
The committee decided to adjourn ?
?til next Monday, when it will start!
?a investiga! on of the Presidential i
Wnpaign. j
Asa result of the decision to take j
*P the Presidential campaign first j
?nator Spencer, of Missouri, who !
?nier in the day had announced that i
?J would resign from the committee, i
?Undrew his decision and decided to
?main, at least for the present.
ine program mapped out is expected ;
?? require hearings lasting several '?
eel?. The investigation of the Presi-!
.Continued en paga three) i
Another Drop Due
In Price of Sugar
lustice Department Deaf
to Appeal of Dealers
naught in Big Slump
Red Flag Unfurled
In Mexican State
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribuno Inc.
MEXICO CITY, Aug. 23.?The
red flag of Bolshevism was un?
furled in the State of Campeche
to-day by Colonel ?\ugustin Preve,
who declared war on the whole
world, except Russia. Reports to
the Department of War said that
Colonel Preve acted upon the ad?
vice of a Russian whose name is
unknown.
Campeche is sparsely populated
and isolated from other parts of
the republic, except by water, so
it is thought here that the move?
ment is not likely to spread. The
Department of War has taken
measures looking to the capture
of Preve and his Russian adviser,
who will be expelled from the
country.
Phone Service
To Europe Seen
In Big Merger
Radio Corporation and Bell
System Agree to License
Exchange, Resulting in
Mutual Use of Patents
U. S. Suggested the Idea
Plan Will Permit Several
Conversations Over One
Wire at the Same Time
An important contract that will
revolutionize telephone and wireless
telephone communication has been
entered into by the American Tele?
phone and Telegraph Company and the
General Electric Company, according
to a statement last night by II. B.
Thayer, president of the former cor?
poration.
Back of this contract lies the possi?
bility of telephone communication with
Europe and with ships at sea, by means
of the ordinary desk telephone in the
near future, according to radio ex?
perts.
The arrangement will also make it
possible to conduct several conversa?
tions over one telephone wire simul?
taneously, without interference. It
gives to the two concerns the mutual
use of all patents and scientific de?
velopments made by each through an
exchange of licenses.
Recent experiments by both com?
panies have been successful in trans?
mitting several conversations on a
single wire simultaneously by employ?
ing the different types of vacuum tubes
used in wireless telegraphy and tele?
phony. These tubes and other appara?
tus are now placed at the disposal of
the telephone company by the terms of
the contract. It will mean that a tre?
mendous sum will be saved annually in
the cost of construction and main?
tenance o? telephone wires, as well as
increasing the efficiency of long dis?
tance and transcontinental telephone
communication.
May Talk to Europe Soon
Other experiments have resulted in
the development, of the apparatus
whereby the human voice can be auto?
matically transferred from a land line
telephone to a wireless telephone serv?
ice at a "radio exchange." This has
been made possible by the development
of the amplifying valves that increase
thousands of times the volume of sound
from the original voice. Patents held
by both companies will now be merged.
It is by means of such an exchange
that it will eventually be possible to
communicate with Europe over the
ordinary desk telephone.
In his statement Mr. Thayer says:
"In January of this year both com?
panies received letters from the Bureau
of Steam Engineering of the United
States Navy Department, referring to
the wireless situation, and saying the
bureau has consistently held the point
of view that interests shall be best
served by some agreement between the
several holders of pertinent patents
whereby the market can be freely sup?
plied. The letter also urges the neces?
sity of some such arrangement so that
ships at sea can get the benefit of the
latest devices, which would contribute
to their safety and the safety of their
passengers. The bureau states further:
'In the past the reasons for desiring
some arrangement have been largely
because of monetary considerations.
" 'Now, the situation has become such
that, it is a public necessity that such
arrangement be made without further
delay, and this letter may be consid?
ered as an appeal?for the good of the
public?for a remedy to the situation.'
Negotiations Begun
"Following this, negotiations were
commenced between the two companies
with a view to the exchange of licenses
so that the General Electric Company
and the Radio Corporation of America,
with which it had become interested,
would be able to further the develop?
ment of the art of radio transmission
and especially of wireless telegraphy,
and tho American Telephone and Tele?
graph Company could employ in its
present nation-wide system such radio
apparatus as is adaptable to wire
transmission and, further, could sup?
plement its wire system with wireless
extensions where particularly adapt?
able as between shore and ships :it sea.
"Much has been done in radio com?
munication by all parties of interest
which can be made fully effective in
the public service only by this coopera?
tion of the several companies.
"The world-wide wireless system of
the Radio corporation and the uni?
versal service of the Bell system are
thus brought into a harmonious rela?
tion that will facilitate the use by
the public of the present wireless tele?
graph facilities of the Radio Corpora?
tion, and, as the art advances, will
enable the American Telephone and
Telegraph Company to extend its tele?
phone service to ships at sea and to
foreign countries.
"The public interest lies in the fact
that by exchange of licenses, as sug?
gested by the government, the patents
of each company will be utilized to
greater advantage and the progress of
the art of electrical transmission and
communication will be accelerated in
4^qw-4** ?* ;? ?o other country."
Irish Avenge
Swanzy by
j Firing City
Nearly $1,000,000 in
Property in Lisburn De?
stroyed; Street Fighting
Still Is in Progress
-
Shops of Catholics
Looted and Burned
Inquest Reveals No Clew
to Identity of Slayers
of the Police Inspector
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Aug. 23.?Nearly a million
? dollars' worth of property already has
; been destroyed in Lisburn, County An?
trim, which was in flames to-day from
' tires lit by the Ulster Unionists in re?
prisal for the shooting of Police In
; spector Swanzy.
i Catholic shops throughout the town
? have been looted and burned. A large
i part of the business section has been
! razed. The fighting continues.
LISBURN, Ireland, Aug. 23.?Further
rioting occurred here this morning
while an inquest into the death of Po?
lice Inspector Swanzy, who was mur
! dered yesterday, was in progress. A
butcher shop belonging to an Irish Na?
tionalist was burned and other prem?
ises were attacked.
The inquest verdict threw no light
on the identity of Inspector Swanzy's
murderers. It was recorded that the
inspector was murdered by persons un?
known.
Business District a Ruin
The business portion of Lisburn pre?
sented a scene of ruin and desolation
as a result of the burning of shops by
loyalists in revenge for the murder of
! Inspector Swanzy.
? During the night the sky Was lighted
; up try flames from the shops of sup?
posed Sinn F?iners, the fires also in?
volving a number of loyalist prem?
ises. The private homes of Sinn F?in?
ers wer? burned and the furniture car
? ried into the street and ignited. The
military authorities have posted a
guard over the Catholic chapel.
William Shaw, a local Sinn Fein
' councilman, was beaten so severely that.
he is being detained in the infirmary.
', In most of the business establish?
ments here to-day the workers were
required to sign the following pledge:
"I hereby declare that I am not a Sinn
| Feiner, nor have I any sympathy with
the Sinn F?in. I also declare I am
? loyal to the King and country."
i The police have little hope of trac?
ing Inspector Swanzy's assassins, whose
escape was well planned.
BELFAST, Aug. 23. -Lisburn, in its
zeal to avenge the death of Police In?
spector Swanzy, to-day reached a ter?
rible pitch of excitement. Nationalist
stores everywhere were attacked and
a boot factory belonging to a promi?
nent Nationalist was burned. The
sparks from the factory ignited other
buildings on the County Down side of
' the town, which had not previously
been affected. This section was then
ravaged.
DUBLIN, Aug. 23.?More than a hun
' dred cases of the destruction of prop?
erty, assassination of police, Royalist
reprisals and similar incidents were
reported in Ireland during the last
??eek end, and the list continues to
grow.
Pitched Battle in County Cork
Among the latest reports is that of
a fierce pitched battle at Lissaoda,
County Cork, between the police and
an ambush party. A number of men
are said to have been wounded. A
lorry loaded with police was returning
from the scene of the murder of Police
Sergeant Maunsell when the men in
ambush opened fire. The police as?
sumed a military formation and re?
turned the fire. After a two-hour hat
tie the raiders were driven off. Sev?
eral of the police were slightly injured,
'and it is believed that some members
of the attacking party wire hit, but
that no deaths resulted.
With the shooting of Police Inspector
Swanzy it is calculated that only one
! of the men held responsible by repub?
licans for the killing of Lord Mayor
1 MacCurtain of Cork now remains alive.
It is true that it is alleged forty men
participated on that fatal April night,
but it is declared that only the leaders
are being hunted, and the man who is
said to be still alive is hiding in Kil
larney, afraid to show himself in
public.
LONDON, Aug. 24. ?A large number
of thi' Royal Irish Constabulary at
Dublin informed the commandant Mon?
day that they were unwilling to be
used to suppress political opinion, says
the Dublin correspondent of the Cen?
tral News. They took off their uni?
forms and left the depot in civilian
clothes.
Cork Lord Mayor
At Point of Death
British Government Firm
in Refusal to Release
Irish Hunger Striker
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, Aug. 23. ?Lord Mayor
MacSweney of Cork lies at the point of
death to-night from his hunger strike
in the Brixton (England) prison. The
government this afternoon reiterated
it? intention of remaining adamant in
its refusal to release him. Archbishop
Mannix, of Melbourne, Australia, who
was refused admission to Ireland, vis?
ited the Mayor to-day and reported that
he had said he "would rather die than
give away the Irish cause."
Even moderate opinion expresses the
greatest alarm at tiie possible extent
that reprisals which inevitably will fol?
low his death may take. Should Lord
Mayor MacSweney die it would certain?
ly be destructive of the hopes of suc?
cess in to-morrow's conference on do?
minion Home Rule. The government
is receiving many representations pro?
testing against the treatment of the
Lord Mayor.
7,000 Soviet Soldiers
Interned by Germans
KOENIGSBERG, East Prus?
sia, Aur-. 2.J.?Seven thousand
Russian Soviet soldiers with their
equipment have crossed the Ger?
man frontier in the region of
Willenberg, East Prussia. They
were disarmed and interned.
400 Baggage
Men Quit; May
Check Travel
Express Companies Say Busi?
ness Will Be Suspended;
Taxi Workers Diseuss
Refusal to Handle Trade
?Great Congestion Feared
Employers Assert Raise Can?
not Be Granted; Sym?
pathy Strike Is Feared
More than 400 baggagemen employed
| by the New York Transfer and West
cott Express companies went on strike
at midnight for more pay and shorter
hours. The transfer companies intend
to close up shop in consequence and
; employees of the Black and White Taxi
; Company were discussing last night a
: suggestion that they refuse to handle
baggage, during the strike.
August is the busiest month of the
year in the baggage transfer business,
being the month in which the last of
the great throng of vacationists depart
and in which they and most of those
who went before them return to the
city. The companies affected by the
strike handle about 50 per cent of the
city's baggage transfer business.
The men voted in favor of a strike
at. 9 p. m. and the strike became ef?
fective three hours later. They de?
mand an eight-hour day instead of one
j of nine hours, and weekly pay as
I follow:;:
For chauffeur, $30; double wagon,
$-.4; single wagon, $,'?0; helper, $30, and
foi overtime work $] an hour flat rate.
They have been getting: Chauffeur,
$26; double wagon, .$25; single wagon,
$21.00; helper, $21.00, and 75 cents an
hour overtime.
Reject Companies; Offer
The men rejected the companies' of
for of an increase of $3 a week and eight
cents an hour overtime. John Fitz?
gerald, president, and Martin Mason,
business agent of their union, Local
645, saitl the union had been recog?
nized and no issue is involved except
working conditions.
The union officials announced that
1.000 men would be on strike. The com?
panies said they would not employ
strikebreakers, but would suspend
business.
Michael Cashell, a district council
official of the Intel-national Brother?
hood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stable?
men and Helpers, refused to estimate
the chances of a sympathetic strike,
but said that unions affiliated with the
baggage men would meet soon to take
some action.
Thomas J, Lyons, secretary of the
American Express drivers, said the
baggage men are restless because the
express drivers of the country received
$30,000,000 increase in pay by govern
iiH nt order.
Baggage Piles Up
Conditions in railway stations indi?
cated that a great pile-up of baggage
would result. The New York Transfer
Company, Dodd's Express, employing
about 300 men, and the Westcott Ex?
press Company, with about 250 men,
stopped taking new orders a day ahead
of the union's meeting anticipating a
strike vote.
Travelers with trunk checks crowded
around baggage transfer desks, vainly
questioning clerks, who declared the
trans!.'i- men were taking a vacation
and that they themselves were quitting
business ami'didn't know who might be
interested in hauling trunks for money.
Baggage began to pile up in the sta?
tions, to bo held at 25 cents the first
day and m cents each day thereafter.
It is estimate.1 that 10,000 pieces of
baggage come into New York daily at
this time.
Asked regarding demands of the New
York Transfer Company's men, F. W.
D aper, president, in his office at 1354
Broadway, declared that they apparent?
ly wanted to put the company out of
business. He said the demand
amounted to an increase in pay of 80
per cent, and that the character of the
transfer business made it impossible
to grant an eight-hour day. lie said
the men made their demands two weeks
ago. The workers would make $70 a
week- on a ten-hour day if their de?
mands were granted, he added, whereas
$45 is their average wage now.
W. D. Quackenbush, chief clerk of
the Westcott Express Company, said
the suspension of business mi<_ht be
permanent because the companies were
making only a small profit now. He
said the company would have to in?
crease its rates to the public over 50
per cent to meet employees' demands.
These rates are subject to action by
the Public Service Commission, lsti
District.
Red Armies Flee in Pa]
75,000 Prisoners; Bri
Italy Denounce Sov
nie; Lose
itain and
iet Policy
Mutual Plan to Secure to
Warsaw Unrestricted
Use of Danzig Will Be
Submitted to Millcrand
Russian Situation
Held World Peril
! Lloyd George and Giolitti
Issue Statement Call?
ing for End to Strife
LUCERNE, Switzerland, Aug. 23 .By
The Associated Press). ? Premiers
| Lloyd George of Great Britain and
i Giolitti of Italy have adopted proposals
i to be submitted to France for Allied
j action to secure Poland free and un
i restricted use of Danzig and its com?
munications, in accordance with the
Versailles Treaty, It was announced of?
ficially here to-day.
An official statement regarding the
conferences says that the. Premiers
agreed to the vital need of the re
1 establishment of the peace of the world
at the earliest possible moment nnc
that the first guaranty of such a peace
was to be found in the various treaties
already concluded.
"The victors in war," continues th(
statement, "should display a spirit o:
moderation in their enforcement, o:
terms, and the vanquished a spirit o
loyalty in their execution. With this
aim England and Italy trust that tin
good understanding reached at Sp;
will be further developed to cover al
outstanding questions.
Russian Situation a Menace
"Before peace is fully, established
however, there are a number of im
portant questions to be decided, a ma
jority of which are indissolubly con
nected with the march of events ii
territories of the former Russian Em
pire. Until peace is fully establishes
between Russia and the rest of th
world an atmosphere of disturbanc
and unsettlement will continue to men
ace the world.
"Therefore the British and Italia
governments have been taking steps, i
the face of much misrepresentation, t
restore communications between Rus
fia and the world outside. Therefor?
with profound regret they have jus
heard that the Soviet government, de
?pite repeated assurances to the con
trary given officially on their behal
in London, have sought to impose o
Poland conditions incompatible wit
national independence.
"The government of Poland is base
on the choice of the whole adult ma!
population of the country Without dis
tinction of class, and this so-calle
civil army to be drawn from one clas
only, which is referred to in the foiirt
condition of the Soviet terms, is onl
an indirect method of organizing
force to overthrow by violence thi
democratic constitution and substitut
for it the despotism of a privileged fe
who may have absorbed the doctrine
of Bolshevism.
Soviet System Indicated
"We cannot help apprehending thi
when the detailed conditions of tl
composition of this force kept bai
as they are now are repealed later c
they will be found to be molded on t!
plan of the Russian Red army. F<
one nation to insist, as a condition
peace with another, that the force, o
ganized for the protection of life,pro
erty and good order to the latter cou
try shall be drawn from only one cla
of its citizens, to the exclusion of ;
others, is an unwarranted infring
ment of the liberty, independence ai
self-respect of that country.
"To have added such a condith
after Kameneff's pledges to the Briti
| government that nothing not of a se
ondary nature was omitted from I
summary of the terms is a gross brea
of faith, and, negotiation of any ki
with a government which so light
treats its word becomes difficult,
not impossible.
"The Soviet government has reject
the suggestion by the British gover
ment for a truce under conditio
which would have guaranteed Russi
territory against any acts of aggr?
sion, and has continued its career
invasion ox ethnographical Pola
with a view to the conquest of th
country by force of arms for Soviet i
stitutions."
"If the Soviet government, notwit
standing the punishment which its a
gression is encountering, still refus
to withdraw this sinister proposal, b
continues the war inside Polish ter
tory in order to force its acceptance
the Poiish people, no free govemme
can either acknowledge or deal wi
the Soviet oligarchy.
9 "What has befallen in this short w
to the invaders of national righ
whether in Russia or in Poland, oug
to teach wisdom to aggressors. T
world, East and West, is crying f
peace, but peace is only obtainable
(Contjnuea on next pane)
Zamora Frees Six Americans;
Still Holds Two for Ransom
I
MEXICO CITY. Aug. 23.?Pedro Za?
mora has released six of the Americans
who were kidnaped recently by him in
the State of Jalisco, but is holding the
American. W. A. Gardiner superinten?
dent of the Esperanza Mining Company,
for 100,000 pesos ransom and W. B.
Johnson, a British subject, for 50,000
pesos, according to advices received
here to-day.
Charles Hoyle, manaRer of the Espe?
ranza Mining Company at El Oro, said
to be a nephew of John Hays Ham?
mond, and Mrs. Hoyle have been re
based and are now safe at Penas, on
Banderas Bay. The names of the other
four Americans set free by Zamora are
given as Dietrich, Gillis, Culvert and
Neis. These four are at Mesa del Cora?
z?n.
The dispatches announcing the re?
lease of the Americans were somewhat
confused, but they apparently show
that Gardiner and Johnson are the only
hostages still in the hands of the out?
law.
As the result of a conference at th?
British Legation, two representatives of
the legation left yesterday for Jalisco
to ransom Johnson.
J. C. Bryden, representing the Espe?
ranza company in Mexico City, said to?
day that nothing regarding a ransom
for the Americans captured had been
received, but that the money was ready
for payment when demands were pre?
sented.
Telegrams received this afternoon in
Mexico City say that H. E. Herival.
Forest Godden, John Menghini and
D. U. Tynan, another British subject,
are among those whom Zamora kid?
naped. The recipients of the telegrams
Relieved it possible that the list of
those held captive by the bandit is still
incomplete.
A. C. Savage and R. McSwiney, who
is believed to be a British subject, are
thought to be prisoners of Zamora.
Dietrich, who is reported to have been
released, is named Josephi. The Chis
tian name of G ill is is Dan. Savage is
supposed to have accompanied the
Hoyle party.
i.;i??r;.v Bom!-.
Bought -Sali!?Quoted
.7-fhn Muir _,- Co., 61 Broadway. ? A<1vt.
Moscow Reds Call for Volunteers
To Check Poles and Crush WrangeV
MOSCOW, Aug. 23.?The government conference of the Com?
munist party here has decided that raising of additional volunteer
troops for the Red army is necessary, in view of the changed military
situation. A resolution has been adopted, which says:
"Bearing in mind the fact that our western army has suffered a
serious defeat, owing to France's increased support of Poland, and
simultaneously that General Wrangel's front is acquiring primary im?
portance, the Moscow party conference recognizes the necessity of
affording all assistance to the western front, and at the same time of
liquidating General Wrangel's front entirely by means of forces now
situated at our rear. It therefore calls upon all party organizations to
carry out a party mobilization with the same accuracy and rapidity
as before and to arrange for businesslike discussions of measures to
be taken to assist on Wrangel's front. Also widespread agitation must
be developed among the masses, workers and peasants, in favor of a
volunteer movement for the Red army in the struggle against Wrangel."
Paris Requests
Britain to Free
Arms for Poles
Lloyd George Is Asked to
Instruct League Commis?
sioner at Danzig to Per?
mit Docking of Ships
Germans Seize Docks
| Also Reported to Have De?
clared Blockade; U.S.War
Vessels Diverted to Reval
By Ralph Courtney
Spccial Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.
PARIS, Aug. 23.?It is understood in
official circles here that Premier Mille
rand has requested Premier Lloyd
George to give urgent instructions to
Sir Reginald T. Tower, High Commis?
sioner in Danzig for the League of. Na?
tions, to permit the unloading of mu?
nitions from French ships now in the
harbor here, destined for Poland.
The ships now here are the steamer
Accra and the cruiser Gueydon. Moor?
ings for these ships have been refused
by Tower.
It is recalled that the signatories to
the treaty of Versailles are bound by
Article 104 to assure to Poland the free
use of the docks of the Free City for all
imports needed by Poland.
The harbor workers in Danzig-large?
ly German- are reported to have pro?
claimed a blockade of Poland and to
have established Soviets. They have
seized the docks, hold the railways and
control traffic.
Dispatches from Danzig declare that
virtually the entire staff of Tower is
Gorman. The German forces there are
capable of being enormously increased
in the shortest time, and this leads
French official opinion to believe that
Tower took his action because he was
afraid that an open clash would occur
if he permitted the landing of muni?
tions.
The French government is convinced
that the German Nationalists, repre?
senting the great industries of the na?
tion, are behind the movement of the
Danzig dockers to prevent the trans?
port of supplies to Poland. It is felt
that when the interview between Chan?
cellor Fehrenbach and Premier Lloyd
George, which, according to Lucerne
dispatches is likely, takes place the
British premier will call upon the Ger
lian chancellor to put an end to this
state of affairs.
United States warships en route to
Danzig have been diverted to Reval.
The French press, notably the
Temps, urges the immediate dispatch
of more Allied troops.. The Temps
says:
"We do not believe the British gov?
ernment would have the slightest ob?
jection to this."
The present military position is
such that supplies for Poland are nec?
essary. The removal of any menace
to the corridor is confirmed by news
received here that the distribution of
supplies from Danzig to Warsaw,
which was interrupted by the Bolshe?
vik advance, is about to be resumed
by a short line via Mlawa and Marien?
werder.
Trunk Murder Suspect
Seized in Fort Worth
Prisoner Said to Fit Descrip?
tion of LeRoy and Name
Is Like That of Fugitive
FT. WORTH, Aug. 23. -Said to fit the
description in many particulars of
Eugene Leroy, wanted in connection
with the" trunk murder mystery of
New York and Detroit, a man was
held here to-night as he stepped off
a train from Merkel, Texas, by police
and Federal officers.
lie gave a name similar to that of
the Detroit fugitive and addmitted he
also went under an alias, according
to officials. He gav his residence
among other places as at Atlanta, Ga.,
police said. The authorities here have
telegraphed for a more complete de?
scription of the Leroy sought by De?
troit and New York officers.
The
SECOND ANNUAL
School Graphic
Section
of the
New York Tribune
Will be published next j
Sunday, August 29th i
America Warns
Warsaw Not to
Cross Frontier
Note Demands That Eth?
nological Boundaries Be
Observed; Poles Said
to Indicate Compliance
Britain Indorses Move
Situation Is Believed to Ac?
count for Delay of U. S.
in Sending Practical Aid
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23.- -The United
States government has served notice
on the Polish Foreign Office in Warsaw
that the victorious Polish armies in
their pursuit of the Bolsheviki must
not invade Russian territory beyond
the ethnographic frontier prescribed
for Poland by the supreme Allied coun?
cil.
American Charge d'Affaires White in
Warsaw has transmitted to the Polish
government a memorandum setting
forth completely the basis of the oppo?
sition of the United States to an en?
croachment on Russian territory by
the Polish armies. This memorandum
was accompanied by a copy of the
Wilson-Colby note to Italy proposing
that the Allies unite to preserve the
integrity of Russia.
Warsaw Ready to Comply
In official Polish circles here it was
I said to-day that the assurances sought
by the United States would be made
I by the Warsaw government and that
? advices acceding to the suggestion that
the Polish armies refrain from turning
their victory into an offensive war
against Russia were expected. It was
believed that the Polish armies would
not advance beyond the country's nat?
ural frontiers.
Officials at the State Department de
Iclined to characterize the American
?memorandum as one of warning to the
?Polish authorities, although it was ad
| mitted that Charg? White was given
?definite instructions to make the
?American position clear to the Polish
?Foreign Office.
? Just what steps this government
?would take if the Polish armies should
?penetrate beyond the ethnographic
I limits of Poland was not made known.
jit was said, however, that Poland had
?not given this government official as?
surance that the offensive would be
?confined to the peace pact boundaries
of that nation.
I The American advice to the Polish
I government is understood to have been
?approved by the British government,
?which also informed Poland that any
?violation of Russian territory, would!
?be disapproved.
The disclosure that the United States
?government stands irrevocably against
the acquisition of additional territory
?by Poland was interpreted in some
quarters as one explanation of the de?
lay which has developed in carrying
out the promise of the Administration
to exert "all available means" to pre?
serve the integrity of Poland.
For a time the State Department's
disinclination to make plain what steps
might be taken to aid Poland was at?
tributed to the failure of Great Bru?
in, Italy and Japan to make known
their opinion of the American policy
as announced in the President's note .
to the Italian government.
Although it was admitted officially
that the American position on the
dismemberment of Russia was accept- :
able to the British, Italian and other
foreign offices, it is believed that the
powers are nearer an agreen ent on the
entire Russo-Polish question than at
any previous time.
Diplomatic Calls Significant
In connection with the official dis- j
closures that the American govern
ment has stated explicitly its position
to the Polish Foreign Office, the visits j
of Sir Auckland Geddes, the British !
Ambassador, and Prince Casimir !
Lubormirski, the Polish Minister, to the j
State Department to-day were con- '.
sidered significant. State Department ''
officials refused to disclose the object ?
of the visits of the two diplomats, but j
it is understood that the Polish ques- I
tion was discussed.
The continued success of the Polish i
forces against the Bolsheviki has been
the source of considerable gratification j
to American and Allied officials here.
In the absence of official advices from j
American observers in the ighting '
area, officials are watching with the '
keenest interest all press cables coming !
from the Baltic and Russian terri- |
tories.
A Word of Welcome
Is always expressed by employers to em- i
ployees through a Tribune Help Want.'.!
Ad If you ni>ed ihe services <>f b> I wide?
awake worker or seek employment you :
will fiad The Trbune Help Wantc-d Culumna I
your meeting place. ? Advt.
Bolshevik Troops in Dis?
orderly Flight; Effort
to Save Remnants of
Forces Is Abandoned
Victors Unable to
Count Their Spoils
General Says Poland Will
Be Graveyard of Three
Fourths of the Invaders
BERLIN, Aug. 23.?The Lokal
Anzeiger's correspondent on the
Russian front reports that the Rus?
sian retreat along the East Prussian
border has developed into a panic
under pressure of the Polish cavalry.
Herds of cattle, cavalry and infantry
are intermingled in the flight. Of?
ficers and commissaries are trying
to restore order with their revolver?,
some of the regiments have thrown
away their weapons.
The corre?spondent of the Tage?
blatt at Prosken says that the 1st
Russian Army is in full retreat in
I the direction of Grodno. The staff
! of the 4th Army and all the revo
! lutionary committees have evacuated
j Lomza, whose inhabitants had formed
| a militia force in the service of the
i revolutionary government which is
I also in flight. Lomza was pillaged
before the evacuation.
Red Committee Flees
It is reported that strong Russian
reserves are stationed at Gradno,
and are being sent forward to
Bialystok. The Lomza-Bialystok
Brest-Litovsfc railway is in tho
hands of the Poles, consequently re?
treat in the southeasterly direction
is impossible. The revolutionary
S committee have fled from Grajeo
| and other places.
| The correspondent says the Reds
\ declare that they could not stand
the fire of the Polish and French
aviators, who attacked them from
short distances and whose bombs
worked havoc. They evidently
were unaccustomed to Western
fighting methods, he says.
PARIS, Aug. 23 (By The Associated
Press).? In their counter offensive the
Polish armies already have captured
75,000 prisoners, the French Foreign
Office is informed.
The Warsaw correspondent of L?
Matin says the Soviet armies appear to
be on the eve of complete disaster. He
eiuotes General Weygand as saying Po?
land will be the "grave of three-fourths
of the Bolshevik army."
The correspondent declares the Bol
sheviki will soon be forced into a hur?
ried general retreat, and that disci?
pline has broken down in their ranks.
WARSAW, Aug. 23 (By The Assoc
ated Press i. Russian Bolshevik
forces are reacting virtually along the
whole line in an effort to save the
remnants of the Red army, but they
huve so far been easily frustrated by
the Poles.
The process of bottling up the So?
viet forces on the northern front be?
tween Prussia and the Vistula River
has been completed, according to an
official statement issued just befors
last midnight. The Poles have closed
the gateway of escape, taking prison?
ers and materials in such quantities
that it is impossible to count them.
One Polish infantry division alon?
took 5,000 prisoners and sixteen guns.
Siege of Lemberg Raised
The Soviet forces which wer? men?
acing Lemberg from the east and south
fell back in retreat under pressure due
the statement said, to the continued
Polish advance along the entire central
and northern fronts. At one time Gen?
eral Budenny, the Soviet cavalry
leader, was within nine miles of Lem?
berg, but has been thrown back in a
southwesterly direction. All the Rus?
sians in this region are in full retreat.
On the north there is heavy fight?
ing in the region of Mlawa and Soldau.
Forced to face two Polish armies, one
advancing from -Mod) in and the other
from Graudenz, the Bolsheviki are
making desperate efforts to extricate
their advance guard, some of which ad?
ventured as far as Eylau and Plonsk.
The Red losses in prisoners in this
region have amounted to 11,000 in the
last two days.
The attempt of the Reds to break
the Polish lines on the Przasnysh-Ma
kov-Rozany road and cross the ?arew
River has completely failed. Polish
troops, advancing up the right bank of
the Narew. threw back the Bolsheviki
to the north. Meanwhile the main
body of the Poles, advancing from
Warsaw, occupied all the territory In
the fork of the Bug and the Narew.
Only One Road Open to Reds
The only chance of the Bolsheviki is
to open a passage in the direction of
Ostrolenka and Lomza, so as to get
th rough to Bialystok and Grodno. The
Pc lish troops accordingly are hastea
ing their march toward Ostrolenka and
Lomza, while the Polish cavalry, which
ha?. reached the upper waters of the
Narew, already has k:ut the road be?
tween Lomza and Bialystok. One re?
port is that the Poles have captured
Bialystok.
The battle now beginning on the
middle Narew is likely to decide the
fate- of all the Red forces between the
N'trew and the Prussian frontier. Red
ticops, comprising infantry and cav?
alry, are making a bold thrust in the
direction of Brody and Lemberg. Far->
ther north Bolshevik detachments, de-i
bouching from Lutsk and Vladimir Vol
insky, tried to force a passage of the
Bug before Prubreszov, but were
hurled back with heavy loss. The same

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