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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 26, 1920, Image 1

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Vol. LXXX No. 2(>,947
First to Last?the Truth,
(Copyright. 1020.
New York Tribun* Inr.)
News ? Editorials ? A dvertisements
AUGUST ~26, 1920
Fair to-day and to-morrow, with no
change in temperature; gentle
variable winds
Full report on last pase
In Grrutor New York
Within 200 Mil?-? I
30,000 Plead
At Prison for
Cork Mayor
JlacSweney, on Hunger
Strike for 14 Days, Is in
Critical Condition and
GetsLast Rites ofChiirch
Lloyd George Will
No! Order Release
Call for Intervention Is
Sent to Wilson; King
Considers Leniency Plea
By Frank Getty
from ri' Tribune's Furopean Rurcau
\ N>w York Tribune Inr
LONDON, Aug. 25.?A crowd of 30,
? - sympathizers surrounded
Prison to-night, demonstrating:
in favor of the release of Lord Mayor
MacSweney, of Cork, who was reported
elose to death on the fourteenth day
hunger strike. Prominent mem
hers o1' the Pritish Labor party
addresse the throng. Sinn Fein flags
were flaunted and the forbidden "Sol
i .-?-'? Song" was su \g. A handful of
police was ab'.e to keen the crowds in
har.? without calling upon the military,
gh troops were held in readi
Other demonstrations lor the Lord;
Mayor's release occurred to-night in
Dublin :.' : ' ork. It is feared that to
?? may see an attempt *o rush
Prison if the Lord Mayor :s
gt.'.". slive and still detained.
Last Kites Administered
Pries! la; administered the last
yites : the i hurch to the dying Lord '?
? .? up to midnight, while re-i
porte-i "steadily weaker," the Lord
Mayor ?? is still alive ar.d able to :om
municat with relatives.
The King, when appealed to to-day
by R? 1m in : Howard, nephew c? the
]&?? John Redmond, replied: "Fully
: g tl ? s? rvices rendered and th<
es made by your family in this.
cause, the King regards with all the]
moi lerat in your appeal, which
immediate careful consid?
erad ?..''
La* ? ht the matter still rested
j ? hands of the Home Office, of-j
f which showed no disposition'
Aug. 25.?A message from
vor MacSweney's sister, say
ley had collapsed this
I that his wife had been
to Rrixton Prison,
ere he is on a hunger strike,
at a meeting of the Cork
? ? -r ght.
: ERNE, Switzerland, Aug. 25.?i
: Lloyd George, in a statement.
rr.ing Lord Mayor Mac- '
?' ?ork, whose condition is'
? his hunger strike in
Prison, London, said in sub
it, whatever the consequences,1
? rnm ? : could not take the re- :
tj of releasing MacSweney.
T ' ier declared he regretted
1 had decided to starve him
? sa ; that if he were releas? d
th e j. all th ? o : h e r h u r. ge r stri k e r s
ave to be set free.
Law No Respecter of Persons
"A law which is a respecter of per?
son; is no law," Mr. Lloyd George's
stat ?- ? nt c ntinued. "If the Cabine'.,
therefi re, departed from its decision, a
complete breakdown of the whole ma?
chinery of law and government in Ire?
land inevitably would follow. The re
? ks atro of hunger strikers
ind was followed by an outburst
of cruel murder anil outrage."
Th? m ? r cited the crime for
which Lord Mayor MacSweney was con
.- j said it indicated he was
rr.ed in a conspiracy against the
. ulary, who are the defenders of
order in Ireland." Mr. Lloyd George
id it was the government's duty
to protect these brave men. He con
"1 may add that every invitation to
discuss with those who are for the rao
ment I s okesmen for Irish national?
ise a peaceful settlement of Ireland
- urned by them. The latest
off? J' i :' the government, made in Par?
liament i n tl e date of its adjourn?
ment, has been scornfully rejected by
leaders and we have been driven
to fight against the claim for compWte
secession of Ireland, north and south,
fi ? the British Empire. This claim
we can never recognize."
The Premier also replied to the mes
ent to him yesterday by Mary
eney, the Mayor's sister. The
I I mi ? .j,! :
"It is with profound regret that 1
hear of the pain inflicted upon you
by I ? rmination of your brother
to starve himself. It is impossible for
the government to make any exception
case. Were they to do so it
break down the administration
of the law in the United Kingdom, for
all _ ? oners would claim the same
i -"?'? ge."
DON, Aug. 25.?The Lucerne
nt of The London Times
says that Sir Hamar Greenwood. Chief
Secretary for Ireland, will reach Lu?
cerne to-morrow, when the Irish ques
t: n v. y ensgage the close attention of
the Premier.
Telegram Sent to Wilson
DUBLIN, Aug. 25.?Arthur Griffith,
"acting President of the Irish Re
has Bent the following cable?
gram to President Wilson and the
heads of all governments:
"I inform you that the Lord Mayor
of Cork and duly elected Deputy for
the County of Cork, Ireland, was re
seized by the armed forcea of
England, arraigned before English
military officers and forcibly deported
from this country in an English war
vesse!, and he is now in imminent dan
Ker of death in Brixton Prison, Lon?
don. I recall to your excellency the
declaration made by the heads of the
Allied and neutral states when the
Burgomaster of Brussels was treated
with a lesser indignity and harsh?
Griffith, discussing the meeting of
the Irish moderates yesterday, at which
"as adopted a resolution looking to
full national self-government for Ire?
land, said:
"The former Unionists, who chiefly
composed the meeting , have taken
'or.ger Bteps in abandoning Unionism
for legislative autonomy than they will
leed to take for legislative autonomy
to full acceptance of a republic. Brit
Contlnued on Next Put
1 MOO Quit Work to
Pray for MacSweney
DUNKIRK, Ireland, Aug. 25.
? A thov::nni] mon ompiOVC(j in
the railwav Wftvu? > ? 7 j ?
ay woik; llCrc laid down
their tool . . , , . . .
,, ., ? to-day and marched to
the cathet. , . . .,
, . ,.iral to pray for the re?
lease of tl T ,,. ? ? ,
?,, , \e Lord Mayor of Cork.
The chu. , . ,
. ,. en was crowded, many
kneelinc , . . ,. ,,.. '
ii'u ., outside the ecrfice.
When the ^ . e\u
.. " jviee was c<rr <ed
the ?nen reSu,tNtheiryrrk. ^
N. Y. Phone Co.
Asks 33 P. C.
Rate Increase
Petition to State Board Says
S 16.000.000 Is Needed
to Restore the Service
to Pre-War Efficiency
Would Take Effect Oct. 1
Company Asserts Unless Re?
quest Is Granted it Will
Be "Literally Strangled"
Increases amounting to 33 per cent
in the telephone rates for greater Now
York are asked in a petition filed with
the Publie Service Commission yes?
terday by the Now York Telephone
Company. The company asserts the
$16, 000,000 additional revenue which
the increased rates would bring is
needed to restore the telephone service
to pre-war efficiency. It asks that the
new rates go into effect October 1.
"Unless the increased rates are
granted, the telephone service will be
literally strangled," said J. S. McCol
loh, vice-president of the company, in
explaining the proposed new rates.
Higher salaries to employees, which
includes an increase of $13,000,000 in
the pay roll in the last year, greater
-' of materia!-, and the using up of
its reservo stock during the war, Mr.
McColloh said, are the reasons for the
company's petition.
Mr. McColloh said the proposed in?
crease of 33 per cent includes a c m
Y on of the S per cent r?duction
ordered by the Public Serv ce Commis?
sion last October. "In real:*;.." he
sai I, "the new rates call for an in- j
crease of only 25 per cent over the 1
rates in force a year ago."
Booth Rates to Remain Same
Mr. McColloh said i' would be m
possible to show, except in a lengthy
table, just how the increases ??
affect eaeh class of subscribers. The ;
five cent rates in the booths will be
maintained, except as between certain
zones. Th-' average user 01 a home
telephone will have to ?<)<:?/ $54 \ year
for 840 calls, as against $40 a fear for
80si calls, .Mr. McColloh said.
"Gloomy," was Mr, Mel illoh's char-!
acterization of the present I lephone
situation. "But despite the difficul?
ties we are- coming back." he sai ;
"On January 1, 1919, we had approxi
mately 8,?300 operators in New York
City. To-day we have 15.000. The j
securing and training of these 6,400 ad- j
ditional operators in the period named ',
is in itself a remarkable piece of '
work. Seven months ago our working
force in New York City was composed
of 21,900 men and women. To-day we i
have 28,000.
"Since January 1, 1919, we have add?
ed over 173,000 miles of wire to the
system in the City of New York, in?
stalled a vast amour.! of new switch?
board and other apparatus, erected a
number of new central office build- I
ings, enlarged others and provided
service for over 66,01 0 new telephones, s
We have so enlarged our facilities and
force generally that we have been able
to relieve, in a large measure, the
serious congestion of traffic which ex?
isted, and improve the character of the
Outlay to Exceed $26,000,000
"Our outlay of new capital in this
year's program for enlarged plants in
.New York City will exceed $26,000,000.
This is the largest expenditure of new
capital we have ever made in one year.
Next year and during each of the fol?
lowing years, until we ejitch up with
the demand for service and restore our
plant reserve, we must secure and ex?
pend even larger sums of fresh capi?
"The failure of our revenues to keep
pace with our increased expenses is
serious. Net revenue, after raying
operating expenses, has fallen steadily
since the first of the year. Based upon
the results of opeiation during the first
five months, we would earn a return
for 1920 of less than 2 per cent upon
the approximate fair value of our prop?
erty in the public use in this state.
"Summed up, the situation is this:
We have kept, faith with New York City
by sparing neither effort nor expense
to give it the telephone service it re?
quires. The telephone is absolutely es?
sential to the business and social life
of this city. We cannot stop giving
service. We must go forward. We must
finish the task imposed upon us by
war conditions and new demands for
service. To do this we must have addi?
tional revenue."
Baker May Get Dispensation
Says President WfWi't Let His
Political Activity Be Checked
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Aug. 25.?If any one
seeks to interfere with the political ac?
tivity of Secretary of War Baker he
will get a special dispensation from the
President to participate actively in the
campaign, he declared to-day.
Secretary Baker's declaration was
prompted bj the charge made by
Charles M. Galloway, formerly a mem?
ber of the Civil Service Commission,
that Cabinet officers are included in the
commission's ban against political ac?
tivity by government employees.
"I don't care what he said about it,"
Secretary Baker declared. "The only
comment I will make is that I will get
a special dispensation from the Presi?
dent if interfered with."
Baker said Galloway's interpretation
of the law was "all nonsense "
"Cabinet: officers are purely political
officers," Mr. Baker added. "They are
appointed by the President and are of
his political persuasion, and not in
J eluded in the ruling."
i iisuftilv help decide ? boy's first step ?n
i the ]?u*ir.es* World. Intelligent rsironts
' read The Tribune ?'?ill up the Good Morn
1 Ing (?Irl -Beekr?an 3000 and give her your
Help Wanted advertisement, or place it
through any of The Tribune's Want \'
Agents?over f-00 in Greater New York.
I Advt.
Girl Slain
j On Palisades
. _
Body Of Pretty Young
WOFnan, Richly Clad,
i jg/Found in Thicket
|;rtear Grantwood by Boy
Watch Chain Gives
Clue lo ?ssaUaiiI
Other Evidenee Discover
ed Indicating Victim
Fought With Murderer
The body of a young woman, be?
lieved to have been murdered, was
found yesterday in the woods in h lot
about three blocks back of Palisades
Amusement Park, in Grantwoqd, N. .1.
The body was in a depression in the
ground and was almost concealed by
leaves and twigs, as though by inten?
Two teeth were missing but exposure
for several days had made it impos?
sible for phvsicians to say with cer
. . I
tamty upon superficial examination;
how the young woman had met her
.death. -,
Mrs. Marie Hermann, of 152 East
102d Street, whose twenty-year-old
daughter. Helen, has b<'cn missing
since Sunday, thought at first that the
body was her daughter's and called at
the morgue in Hackensack to which it
was taken to see if she could identify
it. The strain caused her to faint, but I
she saw the clothing and the body and
declared that it was not that of her
Woman Sees Body, Faints
Her husband, who lives in Union Hill,
N. ,1.. also examined the body and said
it was not that of his daughter.
"I was shopping yesterday." said Mrs.
Hermann, "when 1 read of a girl's body
being found in New Jersey. ! went
home and got Dr. Joseph Veit and both
of us hurried over to the morgue. When
I saw the ?lead girl's clothes. I fainted.
The clothes were not my daughter's.
They were too expensive. The dead girl's
hair is dark, my Helen's is light. They
look nearly the same, hut she was not
mfy daughter. My husband, with whom j
I do not live, also went to the morgue ?
and h said it was not Helen.
Bov Finds the Body
Alfred de Siasu, a boy whose home j
is a few hundred feet from where the
body had been lying for days, made :
the discovery. He ran home and his |
mother called the police.
Tightly clutched in the girl's left
hand was a man's gold watch chain. It
is eight inches long, with a round gold
buttonhole bar and three small rings
at one end. At the other is a round
catch connection with another chain.
The ?Uiks are rolled in odd fashion.
Clutched in the right hand of the
girl was a piece of dark cloth, ap?
parently torn from a dark blue si rge
coat, probably worn by the man who i
attacked her. Her blue hat rested ?
across her face and the body lay up- i
stretched in the form of a cross. It
was dressed in unusually expensive at- j
tire, which included a black satin j
(itcss, a brown fur neckpiece of costly]
design, long black silk stockings and
black patent leather pumps, size. C.
Police of the Cliffside station in
examining the ground nearby found
numerous footprints. The branches
of the shrubbery had been broken. |
Owing to the heavy rains, however, the j
foot marks were not clearly defined, '
j r could they be measured.
The spot where the body was found |
is in a belt of trees at tho edge of an i
unoccupied tract lying between Pali- ?
sade. Grant and Lawton avenues. The !
quantity of underbrush near the trees.!
which completely hid the body from j
view, is said to account for its non
discovery sooner.
II. 31. Hoyt, Artist,
Ends Life by Gas
Domestic Troubles Are
Believed to Have Been
Reason for His Suicide
Henry Martyn Hoyt. jr., widely
known portrait painter and a sen of
the late Solicitor General of the United
States, Henry M. Hoyt, committed
suicide last night by inhaling illumi?
nating gas in his apartments on the
fourth floor of a studio building at
37 West Tenth Street. He left no note
explaining his act, but it was known
for some time that domestic troubles .
had preyed on his mind.
His wife, Mrs. Alice Gordon Parker
Hoyt, a ?laughter of former Represent?
ative R. Wayne Parker, socially promi?
nent in New York, Tuxedo, Lenox and
Newport, is at present living with her '
child at her parents' home in West
Grange. The couple had separated, al?
though the cause never has been di- ,
A fellow artist and friend of the
dead man, William R. Bennett, shared
the apartment with Hoyt. He told the
police that he returned home about
11 o'clock and was attracted by the
odor of gas. L'pon examination he found
the bathroom door locked, and after
forcing it open found the lifeless form
of his friend on the floor.
A rubber tube attached to the gas jet
was sticking in the dead man's mouth.
Ebert Asks Germans
To Surrender Arms
BERLIN, Aug. 25.?President
Ebert, in a proclamation issued
to-day, invited all the political
parties to submit loyally to dis?
armament. The proclamation
said severe penalties would be
inflicted In case of failure to
Cox Says Fund
Exposure Will
Stagger People
Tells Indianaiis He Will
To-night at Pittsburgh
Produce Evidence of Plot
to Buy the Presidency
Amplifies League Views
For Conditional Entrance
of Germany, Russia and
Turkey Into Covenant
11VANSV1LLF.. Ind., Aug. 25.?Evi?
dence of "a deliberate conspiracy t^
buy the Presidency" was promised by
Governor Cox in addresses rallying
southern Indiana Democracy at Prince?
ton. Ind., this afternoon and here to?
night. Amplifying his charges that an
enormous Republican campaign fund
was being raised, the Democratic Pres?
idential candidate declared that in his
address to-morrow night at Pittsburgh
he would produce the evidence.
"When the size of the campaign fund
is understood." he s;iid, "the sensi?
bilities of the people will be staggered.
You know what my charges have been.
You know what reply Chairman Hays
of the Republican National Commit?
tee and his associates have given. I
ask you only to wait until to-morrow
r.ight and I will produce evidence that
convicts every mother's son of them
evidence of a deliberate plot that hsis
been carried into every county of
America in a plot and conspiracy to buy
the Presidency of the United States.
But it can't be done."
Governor Cox's declaration was
cheered by audiences of thousands of
persons in a tumultuous day of cam?
Cites Dangerous Symptom
Prefacing his promise to expose Re?
publican finances, Governor Coy said
that he was not the "apostle of disas?
ter," a.nd added: "But 1 am here to
leave in your minds the most firm and
deep-rooted impression that 1 can that
the most dangerous sympt m that has
been manifested in America in the las;.
fifty years is the attempt of the Sen?
atorial oligarchy to reach ?eat and take
possession of our government." Re?
publican campaign financing, he said,
was quite as dangerous.
The "Senatorial oligarchy" was at?
tacked by Governor Cox also for its
opposition to the League of Nation y
and he reiterated charges that it had
selected tVie Republican nominee, dic?
tated a meaningless platform and was
"trying to annex the Presidency."
The Governor's audience at Prince?
ton, including large delegations from
several nearby counties, overflowed the
Gibson County fair grounds am phi the
ati r, estimated to hold about 5,000 per?
sons. Another large audience applaud?
ed him to-night at the Soldiers and
Sailors' Memorial Hall hiere. Parades
at both cities, a luncheon and a ban?
quet, informal receptions .-its,! hand?
shaking galore kept the Governor busy
until his train left to-night for the
long jump to Pittsburgh. Many Indi?
ana Democratic candidates /pent the
day with the Governor, and he urged
their election.
The league again was prominent in
the Governor's address. lie denounced
the alleged proposal of Senator Har?
ding for separate peace with Germany
as ''monstrous and unthinkable." and
urged the league to "keep faith with
our American soldier;, and the Allies."
Amplifies Reservation Vie? s
Governor Cox also amplified his
views on league reservations. The
Democratic platform, he said, does no'.
"assume an unbending attitude."
"We will accept any (reservations)
that will work to the cause of world
peace," he said, "but we will reject any
that will work harm or injury to the
cause of world-wide peace."
Governor Cox declared for condi?
tional entrance into the league of Ger?
many, Russia and Turkey.
"When it is properly perfected," he
said, "i favor the admission of Ger?
many. 1 favor the admission of Russia
when both countries have established
orderly governments: 1 favor the ad?
mission of even Turkey after she has
had a thoroughly sanitary overgoing.
In other words, we want to make not
only the civilization of the world a
better civilization than it was yester?
day, but we want to tie together all
governments lately enemies, binding
the civilization of the world into an
agreement to make war practically
impossible in the future."
The League, Governor Cox declared,
already is at work and functioning.
"We and Germany, Russia, Turkey,
Mexico and Henry Cabot Lodge only
are standing outside," he said.
The Republican nlatform. the candi?
date continued, "is a piece of delib?
erate bad faith, hypocrisy, trickery
and insincerity." and so framed, he
charged, to keep Senators Johnson, of
Cal.furnia, and Borah, of Idaho, from
(Continued on pajie three)
Last 5 Manhattan Fire Horses
Make Way for Motor Apparatus
With the familiar "ting-ting" of the
gong in their ears, the five big horses
behind which Engine 47 and its tender
have rolled to fires in Harlem, thun?
dered from their stalls yesterday and
came to a thudding halt just where
the harness would drop neatly over
their sleek bodies.
Striking sparks from the sidewalk,
they clattered out in West 113th Street,
wheeled nimbly toward Amsterdam
Avenue, and prepared to stretch into
the even run which always brought 47
on time to the fire where it was "first
This time, however, there was a saw
i ri fr on the reins and adjurations to
"whoa!" and "steadv now!" which
brought the two teams to a prancing
halt, all five pairs of ears pricked for?
ward in astoi - ent at : h i a str s
procedure. Forty-seven had rolled
for the Jas; time behind Mutt, Jeff, Doc.
Carl and Carnot.
Fire Commissioner Drennan and
other officials were there to see the
last fire horses in Manhattan leave
their quarters for the last time. When
their photographs had been taken
Mutt, Jeff. Doc, Carl and Carnot were
led away to draw engine anfl tender in
some outlying section of the city where
horse-drawn apparatus still is in use.
and a modernized engine and tender
were backed into the ??uarted? of 47.
Antis Beaten
In Effort to
Ha?t Suffrage
District of Columbia Su?
preme Court Refuses
Order to Prevent Col?
by's Proclamation
Fight To Be Taken
To Higher Trihnnal
Early Action on Validity
of Tennessee's Ratifi?
cation Now Sought
WASHINGTON, Aug. U?. Anti-suf?
frage forces received another set
hack to-day when Justice Siddons, of
the District of Columbia Supreme
Court, refused to issue a "show cause"
order against Secretary Colby pre?
liminary to the issuance of an in?
junction to restrain that official from
proclaiming the Nineteenth Amend
mnet to the Constitution.
The order would have required Mr.
Colby to show cause why the injunction
should not be issued. The action was
brought by Charles S. Fairchilds?, an
official of the American Constitutional
League, on behalf of himsi If and the
? rganization.
No further effort, would be made to
1 r?vent the issuance of the proclama?
tion, Alfred D. Smith, attorney for Mr.
Fairchilds, said.
Official notice of Tennessee's ratifi?
cation was expected to arrive at the
State Department after midnight to?
night, according to suffrage leaders
who have been following the document
? ince it was placed in the mails at
' i ffice of Governor Roberts in Nash?
ville Secretary Colby was reported to
have promised to wait at the depart?
ment !" night until a late hour, and a
large delegation of suffragists an
nci I their intention of being on
hand wl en the cert ificat e arrived.
F. S. Supreme Court to Get Case
The campaign of the anti-suffrage
rci 3 would now he directed at an ef?
fort to obtain early action in the
i nited States Supreme ? lourt on the
.??.:? ;ti m of the validity of the T? tines
see ratification, Mr. Smith announced.
1 i aid he would ask a formal order
of dismissal from Justice Siddons in
order that he might, appeal to the Dis?
trict of Columbia Court of Appeals at
once with :?? request that the case be
certified directly to the Federal Su
pr sme I ' urt and set for ? arly trial.
The action of Justice Siddons to?
day paralleled in a measure jIyy of
Justice 1 ailey of the same court last
inth, except '; a I Justice Bailey
grs ! si "show cause" order again I
Secretary Colby in a similar bill tiled
by the same plaintiffs, but after a hear?
ing declined to issue the injuncti in
asked on grounds of lack of jurisdic?
tion and insufficient showing.
In dismissing th o bill to-day Justice
Siddons said he did not wish to review
Justice Bailey's action in a similar
case, and that to issue the show cause
order would be an "unwarranted in?
terference with a purely ministerial
action of the Secretary of State."
Wants Decision Before Elections
Mr. Smith said that he still hoped
to obtain a decision before the No?
vember elections. If, however, the ap?
peal should be carried through t'.ie
District of Columbia Court of Appeals
to the Supreme Court it could not be
argued until after the regular meeting
: the court in October, with little
hood that a decision would be
reached before Election Day, N'ovem
ber 2. In that evest, it was pointed
out, the women of the country would
: legallj entit led to vote, with the
resu : that, should the Supreme Court
later decid..' ag'linst the legality of
the Tennessee ratification the validity
of the entire national election would
1 ? ? que stion.
The anti-suffrage forces ?re also
challenging the legality of ratificati m
in Missouri; We ?t Virginia and Ohio.
American Gunboat
Sent to Honduras
U'arship Off to Protect
I '. S. Interests if Threat?
ened Revolt Breaks Out
WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 (By The As
iated Press),?Announcement to-day
that the gunboat Sacramento had be ?n
ordered to La Ceiba, Honduras, ready
to project American interests if neces?
sary, revealed that officials here have
been watching with growing coitcern
n . ?? itionary movements in procesa of
development in several Centra! Ameri?
can countries.
While the situation in each republic
is loos;!, political unrest in Guatemala
n-- well as Honduras is known to be
viewed here ;?.:- serious, interwoven as
1: .-?.ems to be in each country with
the so-called Unionist movement in all
Central American republics, said -to
have had its origin in Mexico during
the Presidency of Carranza and which
contemplated a federation of all Latin
American republics.
Advices of official and private char?
te] fi Central American cities
have indicated this unrest for several
weeks. No comment was made by State
Department officials, however, beyond
tl e explanation that the Sacramento
had been ordered to La Ceiba as a
precautionary measure to protect
Americans and their interests in the
eve;.: of; revolutionary outbreaks. The
was due at her new station to?
da", having sailed from Costa Rican
watei 3
Revolutionary outbreaks are ex?
pected in Honduras and Guatemala.
Mexican Bandit Frees
All American Prisoners
Capital Hear? Zamora. Who
Kidnaped I. S. Citizens Last
Week, Has Surrendered
MEXICO CITY. Aug. 25 All I
Americans kidi appi 1 by Pedro Zam?
ora, the bandit leader, at Cuate,
. last week have been released,
aceordir.g to reliable advices received
hero from Guadalajara, capita! of
These reports say that Zamora has
Red Armies Shattered;
80,000 Taken Prisoner;
Warsaw Rejects Terms
Poland Flatly Refuses
to Accept 14 Out of 15
Demands and insists on
Joint Demobilization
Rods Threaten lo
Call Off Parlev
Soviet Envoys at Minsk
Retain Defiant Attitude
Despite Army's Defeats
LONDON, Aug. 25.?An immedi?
ate rupture of the Russo-Polish
peace negotiations at Minsk will re?
sult if the Poles adhere to their de?
mand for withdrawal of the main
Russian terms, says a message re?
ceived here to-day from George
Tchitcherin, the Russian Soviet For?
eign Minister, dated Monday at
'The message recounts the Polish
rejection of the fundamental points
of the Soviet peace terms and de?
"If the Peles stand by their de?
mand for withdrawal of the princi?
pal Russian points it would mean an
immediate rupture of the negotia?
The Polish answer to the Russian
| proposals, says Tchitcherin's message,
j was "a complete and simple refusal
and a declaration non possumus."
Poles Fix Eastern Border
The eastern frontier fixed by the
Supreme Council on December J! and
i confirmed by Lord Gurzon's note, the
message says, is described by the Pol?
ish delegation as the line of Poland's
third partition, as arbitrary and based,
upon nothing.
The delegation declares that numer?
ous Polish elements livinr; outside this
line must be considered. The Poles,
adds M. Tchitcherin, flatly refuse lim?
itation of the army and delivery of war
They describe the workers' militia
as impossible to discus?, and 1. :i v
th?> delivery of the railway from Bialy
stok to Graevo. The Poles declared
the Russo-Ukrainian delegation
mus? first withdraw its principal
points, whereas M. Danishevsky, Chief
[ of the Soviet Headquarters Staff, de?
manded discussion of the points in de?
"If the Poles insist on their demand
for withdrawal of the principal points
it would mean an immediate ruptura
of the negotiations," says Tchitcherin.
Reds to Strike Back
In subsequent dispatches to the Lon?
don mission M. Tchitcherin declares
that the fundmental basis of the Polish
answer is that it contained only criti?
cism and nothing resembling: positive
proposals by Poland.
Polish smd French wireless have
spread false reports about the Polish
victories and that in reality the Rus?
sian forces ar? intact. Prisoners are
jnwitable in si retreat, he adds, but
at this time they are not considerable.
The Russian army, says Tchitcherin,
executed a rush to Warsaw with a
swiftness unexampled in history and
during such a rapid movement its
ranks could not be sufficiently guar?
anteed. The Polish flank movement
had compelled the army to retreat.
This retreat was execute?! in full or
| der.
'"The Russo-Ukranian army is ready
for attacks when the moment shall be
considered favorable," -ays Tchitche?
rin. "The Polish radio disp i he
about a ereat victory are fables."
Poland's reply to the peace terms
amounts to a flat rejection, says The
Manchester Guardian's Minsk corre?
spondent in a wireless dispatch tiled
1:1 that city Monday.
MINSK, Soviet Russia, Aug. 24 I From
an Associated Pre?-? Staff Correspond?
ent with Armistice Commission, via
Soviet Wireless to Moscow). Tie
1 dish armistice delegates are not
satisfied with the Bolshevik terms,
which make reference to the boundary
line proposed by Earl Curzon, British
Minister of Foreign Affair". The
ground of the Polish opposition is that
the Curzon boundary line would, in
effect, be 'Ye same :>- si third parti?
tion of Poland..
Poles Reject Boundary Issue
In submitting their reply to the
Bolshevist delegates t 1e y :?-?: rep?
resentatives stated that by agreeing to
this Curzon line the Soviets were
seeking to retain territory wrongfully
taken from Poland by the Russian
Members of the Polish delegation,
explaining their attitude on this
boundary issue, .-aid they were willing
to discuss the Curzon line with the
(Continued on nex\ page)
Great Pilgrimage Is On
To Irish Miracle Town
Crowds Seek Cure at Temple
more, Home of Bleed?
ing Statues
TEMPLEMORE, Ireland, Aug. 25.?
An incessant stream of pilgrims from
all parts of Ireland continues to pour
into Templemore to visit the home of
Thomas Divan, where, it was asserted,
miraculous cures were being effected
through the medium of sacred statu? s
whic?i Divan declared began to bleed
mysteri ?sly last week.
L Iging and hotel accommod
are. insufficient for even a fourth of the
visitors and the town's food stocks
are virtually exhausted. Not only
Templemore is overcrowded, but the
neighboring towns and villages are
'?? rflowing with people who are unable
j into Templemore.
The pilgrims are being looked after
by a corps of volunteers who are going
through the surrounding country com?
mandeering foods, for which, however,
payments are being made.
Further remarkable caret were re?
ported to-day.
London Hears Soviet
Has Recalled Envoys
LONDON, Aug. 25.?Leo Kam?
eneff and "Leonid Krassin, the
Russian Soviet emissaries, who
have been in London for some
time endeavoring to negotiate
trade relations, will go to Mos?
cow on Friday, says The London
Times. Kameneff is one of the
five great leaders and his pres?
ence in Moscow is needed, owing
to the present crisis.
At the Foreign Office and at
the official residence of Premier
Lloyd George denial was given
to reports that Kameneff had ap?
plied for passports. Kameneff
declined to affirm or deny the re?
port that he intended to leav?
U. S. Expects
Poles to Halt
At Treaty Line
Washington Believes Reply
Will Contain Definite
Promise Not to Continue
Drive on Russian Soil
Colby Issues Statement
Clears Up .Misapprehension
Messages to Rome and
Warsaw Went Together
, ?;?? . ?- . .;, ... fs Was) igton Bureau
WASH!XGT0N, Aug. 25.?The Amer?
ican note of warning to Poland against
: r " seding beyond the ethnographical
lines of its eastern frontier laid down
by the Supreme Council and written
into the Versailles treaty^vill be fully
adhered to by the Warsaw govern?
ment, State Department officials be
When presented to the Warsaw For?
eign Office by American Charg? d'Af?
faires White it was received in a spirit
of acquiescence, and this government
lias been given to understand that a
formai statement of Poland's inten?
tion may soon be issued.
The forthcoming Polish declaration,
it is believed in official circles here.
will definitely set forth, that further
transgression of Russian territory will
not be authorized, unless required by
the most urgent military necessity.
Note Sent Last Saturday
Secretary of State Colby officially
disclosed to-day that the American
communication was dispatched last Sat?
urday. Previously the department per
mitted the impression to go out that
the warning had been issued to the
Polish Foreign Office at the time
Charg? White delivered a copy of the
American note defining the Polish
Russian policy addressed to the Italian
government. In clearing up the misap?
prehension the following official '..'
ment was authorized by Mr. Colby to?
"It was admitted at the State De
partment to-day that a communica?
tion had been sent to the Polish gov?
ernment on August 21, expressing
hopo that the Polish government
would find it agreeable to issue a
declaration of its intention to ab?
stain from any territorial aggression
aga ::??? ils./ ia and stilting its pur?
pose to remain within the bounda?
ries indicated by the peace confer?
ence pending an agreement as to its
eastern front ier."
In elaborating on the feeling enter?
tained here that Poland will not
the American demand, officials let it be
known that they were certain that
Poland would not conduct any aggres?
sive campaign into territory beyond
the peace pact line, and that the pres?
ent successful military operations of
the non-Bolshevik forces would not be
converted into further transgres
Russi n territory.
It was likewise admitted that France
had knowledge of the American warn?
ing, and that Great Britain, as another
signatory to the peace treaty, would, of
.. ? . adh? re to I hi provisions
document as it affects the boundaries
of the now Polish jtate
Allied Nations in Accord
No uneash ess is entertained here at
the failure thus far of Great Britain,
Italy sind Japan to give expression of
their views on the American position.
The absence of replies from these na?
tions, it was explained, is not to be
construed as opposition to the Ameri?
can policy. On the contrary, State De?
partment officials believe that, the Al?
lied governments were never nearer ac?
cord than at the present time on the
Polish K'jssian situation in ail its
p h a s e s.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 25 s By The As?
sociated Press I.?Although both the
Polish and French governments are un?
derstood to have expressed doubt as to
the precise limits of the "ethnograph?
ical frontiers" of I'oia'h^-lt was said
by officials here that the halting of the
1 . armies upon a fixed line was
not so much a n atter open to question
;. the American government a? was the
conversion of the military operations
from a defensive to an offensive char?
It w.. . ' ' . .'.. ird ..
this eventuality which moved the
United States to admonish Poland not
to lay herself open to possible future
criticism of imperialistic motives, of?
ficials said.
In Polish official circles the same
liberal interpretation was made i
American government's position, as it
was asserted that ir would be suicidal
for the Polish armies to be checked
on the tentative ethnographical tine
laid down by the Supreme Council uti
an armistice had been concluded!
with the Bolsheviki.
Russian Forces Reduced
to 30.000 Scattered
Over Wide Area; Ix>s> in
Guns and Stores Heavy
Bolsheviki Cannot
Replace? Materiel
Budeniiy. Defeated in His
Dash Toward Lemberg,
Is Fleeing From Enemy
PARIS. Aug. 25<(By The Associ?
ated Press I.?The destruction of th?
Bolshevik armies row may be con?
sidered complete, according to ad?
vices rere:veil here. Of the host
which swept down on War.-aw noth
ing is left but 30,000 fugitives. The
Poles have taken 80,000 prisoners
thus far, but. what is more impor?
tant, they have captured great
quantities of guns and materiel.
It is considered probable that th?
Soviets employed all their available
resources, and in their present condi?
tion Russian industries will require
a long time to replace them. Conse?
quently, if the Soviets are able to
find effectives with which to seek to
restore the fortunes of their arms,
lack of equipment will make them
without military value.
Reds Defeated at Bialystok
During the past three day 5
been heavy fighting in the :
valley of the Narew betwt
1, nka an 1 1 m :a, v h< re the Re is
si ught tu break '
tion of Bialystok, 1 I ? have
been heavy on both -j ' '
;2j; the P< les cai
of the river. A1 I "
ether Polish ai
Reds from the w< st < md con?
summated their
The Prussian fr n1 j
Myszynieo is nc w oc :upied 1
Poles. All thi Red troo;
line of Ost] ilenka- Mysz
captu red. The
to discover and 1. md
tary fugitive Red detachments The
exac? numoei of cam
not yet known.
Detachments of cavalry an 1 ii fantry
on horseback, which escape.;, pr?
e?i noithw.frd along the line of the
j; kes and marshes between
ress of O? owiec and Gro 1
The same route wa 1 by
? I 1 ??? rereating from the em ?
Eialystok. ,
?t a] pears evident that th i '
are trying to make a stand in the re?
gion of Ossi wiec, where t; ?? nal
the ground facilitai 1 . e. so
as to maintain communication with
Last Pr. ? . ,? 1 prevent access of the
Poles to Lithuania.
L*mberg Attack Repulsed
Profiting by the regrouping of the
Polish army, the Reds again invaded
Galicia. General Budenny made a dash
f :? L? mberg, but has been d
is in flight. Another
1 the Dniepi r an s occupied
Mr;, j. This del
str? ;. the Borysla . . but was
driven off ?
In th? ' .
-".. led by tro ? 3 occupy
ing th? right f the Bug.
ting 1 er to
the Poles have 1 egun by
the Northern
y ? a V enn 1 dis
pat , ? .Latest
:. from Warsaw indie
ai ? of the P='.
. . . and thai the B . in
anxious only to I ct with the
Poles Recapture kolno
WARSAW, Aug. 25 Asso?
ciated Pre ? Ko y. . .:.
town near the Eas! !.. : I r
north of I.
Polish foi
ing ra;
the retiring Bolsheviki.
10,000 prisoners, who r . - :n
the main I ? ._ I i . rmy,
have been captured ?n this .
I ?' various, fronts, par
rthern sectors of the
line, indicate the Bolsheviki are de?
moralized and fleeing everywhere in
gr< y I ?order. General Solnokowski,
' ' r of War led a state?
s' ni to Polish papei . daring
that the S >viet armies have been de
cisively beaten everywhere. He adds
thai of !
' ci] ating in I 'the cap?
ture of War?
have been accounted for, and that
nearly all other detacl have been
s.hot to piec? i Hi ? ? ?
b? -r f prison? rs at . nd the
number of other
at 40,00". Military ol
the Pol s ?
in the bampaign now being . 1
form one of 1 : most
tary ?:? ? problem s of
Two Cossa -,
into East Prussia northwest of " ?
to esca] ire. according t > an?
nouncement by military
and there are ?ndicat
infantry units numbering many thou?
sands or" men also ha flight
across the fr? nt >us points.
The remnant of the 4th Bolshevik Army
is surounded near Mlawa, and, while
disorganized, is endeavoring to fight
its way eastward. It attacked a Polish
Siberian brigade near Chorzele, about
twenty miles north of Przasmysz, but
was repulsed, losing many prisoners.
The French Genera! Weygand, who
was acting as adviser to tne Polish
army chiefs, left Warsaw last night
. reach ?' iri Friday. He was
given an enthusiastic send-oft* I
population of the city, and a battalion
of women soldiers acted as a guard of
honor at the station.
Fighting Continues Near Lemberg
LONDON, Aug. 25. ? relish and Rus?
sian Bolshevik forces are engaged in
local fighting w.' -acce-is
from Brest-Litovsk southward *
dawa. according to an ofl

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