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?ague Speech )f 5,000 Words important Pronouncement Is To Be Made To>mor? to* Night; Candidate Learns Views of Root (?sage Through Herriek ?iplomat Back From Eu? rope Explains Plan for World Court of Justice ? ,: Staff Correspond? I JIIRION, Ohio, Aug. 26.- Senator j??ng finished to-night the speech it h he will make to an Indiana delc tn Saturday. It will captain an ? f?] ..??'. announcement on the League ?fj?a?ions. It hud been hanging tire ... aearlj a week, awaiting the return HAfabroad of Myron T. Herrick, Ara .,;.:?; - to France at. the opening of ?B war :?' i f< " ? considerable period ? \ fcrcafter. ' Senator Harding was Lieu- ! 01*1 G? vernor of Ohio under the ad- | jLfctrati n of Governor Hejwck. . tug have -' v " each ether long and '. jgbiately. '*,;- Herrick arrived in Marion early : pby. He went directly to the home' Senator !.and delivered a. .- Elihu Root. After break & ? brought his guest out I nme*i n *-?paper men and Mr. Her '? ,.hcr. said: "While in Europe I talked among ' ?L*n ? lihu Root, and while our, pression did not deal with details of *f present mission there it is my un Sstai ling l - was invited there Hi consultation about organizing the liternational tribunal contemplated un- ] f?r the league covenant, ?ie will be , iame, ? think, very shortly, and I an- ! ??pate that his return will be fol-1 i?ed by announcement of very impor .,-? ... ?:"..: ^foments that will go far Igrard , i fj ng the entire interna- ] i #r.ai situation." Many Advisers Consulted T ?eec?i Senator Harding has pre -.: ' "??''?.'?;.> i..ni: his ijeech of acceptance was only 3,000 ' tds - in its preparation I ht the advice of ! (try shade i f Republican thought on -';'' leagu? n One of these ad i invitation was farles ghes. Through Hard-' ip he.-. : after Mr. Hughes ad der, statement was giv-^n .; for him, in which he said: -T. ' als in any really effective jisr. f? : inl ' cooperation are a es tab of international otfce ' ble questions a:o ?obeerr- . the machinery of ?ciliaf :ure the machin iry of int? nati nal conference. All lis car ' sec ired and. I believe, will bgecured under the Presidency of Mr. ifrding " This tat? ' was written within a 'nr hours a- tor Harding had - portions of tho Mech he I d? iver on Saturday. Thi.- i ? " in accord with a made by the ca? di r men last Friday, n said *rar Mr. Root's wot d play an important Republican Presidential gfirpaign. Or.e of the interesting features of iiatoi Hardinj ? ; ;iis league Beech ? ' ? week h as be? i M c tinued ; ? ? -? nee of ? lolonel George Hai ey, ?ho arrived last Sat a guest of the Hard ?; ' . ? the nominee on hi e.v?-. .bu s and Mans . ? tement bv Herrick Sir. Herricic. between talks with Senator Hs g to-day, prepaied tl ?itement tragic i take was madf ,vhen insisted on person? ify g< ng to France to participate in ; ? ' ? He went in ??? - ? ? lal I 1 eague of Na '"?'?? gram be incl uded in the war ? I ?? went with that up? -??. a year was wasted at the most tal 1 ' ? ? : Id ; ?-? ?? ?een don? was f ? e a preliminary ? in the first few weeks <?. under which eco jpAfflic < n Europe could have on the return to normal. ultimate details of lie settli ? "Frai ne? ded the im Bediate ' '? of h?'r security and "' her ond that she needed - lyment of a sufficient part "' her ? ? . -, make possible the .... ; "ith that ran u re d immi diately ? ? in situation would ten bi France could not ??it, Europe could not wait for the details of the Treaty of \'er ? and for the for ?ulatioi League of Nations '?' - Wilson Stood Alone "*Pr< :?? Wilson, alone of all the insisted that werythin ; wait in order that "- trea contain his program 'or reconstructing the world and in? suring its future peace. If he had per ng to be done that all the European statesmen desired Europe ?>uld have been saved from the break? down of its economic structure. Im ptetical m overlooked all this, ?d now Europe, and particularly fonce, mourns because of the mistake. ^"The peoples of Europe believed that President Wilson really represented the united States in demanding his pro fair, and did not wan: to interfere. ?h?j knew how vital was the sympathy, tt?pe ration and understanding of America. They did not understand our Nverrrmental system, did not realize 4*t it was possible for the head of ?ar state to be out of harmony with Joth the Congress and the people. wen when, in November, 1918, Presi l*nt Wilson was rebuked by more than j million electoral majority, they still >:led entirely to realize what it meant. ." course, at that point they were ir?e.y deprived of the privilege of todarstanding American events, be? muse the censorship on news from this Wintry, imposed by President Wilson, Hade it impossible for the truth to get ?? the people of France and Europe. New View in Europe "If President Wilson had sent a ''?ce commission of properly equipped '?legates, and they had made the basis ?Lf sound peace, say in January of ?'!&, Europe would have agreed readily '?id could have returned to its task of fcoduction and rehabilitation. Its eco J?mic basis would have be?n secure. 'or the tragic failure to accomplish ?Si| tne President alone was responsi? ve?and all Europe now knows it. I riv* just returned from Europe, where ; nave talked with very many of the -<>remost statesmen, and I know that ^?p statement reflect? their attitude. ?? y Persistently inquire why. we J.'d not submit to them the reserva? os adopted by the Senate. Without .*?ept!on, they insist that if these ?ad^ been submitted to them they o?.d instantly have acquiesed in iff?? J have explained time and P,n> that the Senate h3s no channel trough which it can communicate over the head of the President, with foreign governments. The long and short of it was that the Senate could not. and President Wilson would not, inform Europe of the real facts about American sentiment and attitudes. "It is incomprehensible that the I President should thus have interposed himself against the one procedure that would have insured quick and stable ! peace. The reservations would have protected American interests, ard their adoption would have insured prompt peace. But he was unwilling to make aity concession whatever,?and so the world drifted into the chaos that now prevails. Poland a Test for League "As to the military alliance, as pro- j vided under Article X of the league | covenant, the Russo-Polish war has \ been complete proof of its utter in? efficiency. Poland has been the com? plete test of the league, the complete proof of its impracticability. England could not send troops because of do mestic political conditions in England; ! we could not send them; Franco was! not able to furnish the necessary i forces. At the first test, the military; alliance proved a corirplete failure, and ! all the statesmen and publicists of France acknowledge the fact. "Unfortunate as the whole situation! has been, tragic as have been its re- ' suits, France yet remains inspired by high hope and tine courage. She has good reasons, too. for this year her I soil is producing the bumper crop of ! fifty years. "The people and the statesmen of | Western Europe now realize that their j hope lies in the return of the Repub Mean party to power. Tlfoy know that i the Republican party has always been ; the one with vision and understanding j of international affairs. They under- j stand that with the Republican party : again in power it will be ready and ; able effectively to cooperate with them to stop the spread of Bolshevism. They i are sure that we will shirk no respon- t sibility. and their earnest desire is that an American government willing ; and able to execute the real mandato ! of the American people shall presently assume authority." ? . 8. Must Play Its Part In IT or Id. Says Harding MARIOX, Ohio, Aug. 25.?That the' nation must not hold aieof but muijt "play its proper part" in the world's I affairs was emphasized by Senator Har- i ding ffi a short talk late to-day to a group of Marion County school teach- ! ers, who called on him. Senator Harding recalled his own early experiences as the master of a j country school, and declared that teach- i ers "should be compensated as liber- | ally if not more liberally thin asi many other profession. "1 most sincerely hold that Amev-ica can render the greatest service to the world by maintaining first its entire freedom of aciion and then maintain? ing its capacity to help the world with its splendid example of popular rep tative government," said the Sen? ator. The Chicago Cubs are to do their bit '.'or Senator Harding's front porch cam? paign by coming to Marion on Septem? ber L' to play a free exhibition game with an aggregation of local semi professionals. -.. ? . Call Wins Right to Send Newspapers Through Mail WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. -The Posl ; office Depart? no authority un? der the espionage act to enter a blan? ket ? : - del ing second class ma il j privileges to a periodical because of ; alleged past v olations of that act, in th.o opinion of Associate Justice Hit::, ; of the District of Columbia Supreme CouVt. The ruling ; = contained in a mem? orandum by '. ?? justice announcing his purpose to sign an order readmitting to ! the second class mail privilege such ? ' - copi? s of The New York Call, a ? Socialist newspapi r, a ? re mailable 1 the law. "The Postoffice Department," ^aid Justice Hitz's memorandum, "appar? ently asserts the p ssession of an im? plied power under this statute to make such a blanket order denying second class mail privileges for the future ton : periodical publication because of al? leged past violations of the statute. "This court can hrul no such author? ity in the statute: fraud or wrongdoing ver to be presumed, and the court will sign an order to the effect that ' such future issues of the paper as are mailable under the law shall be re? ceived and transmitted as second class matter.'' Because of certain articles published by The Call during the war the Post office Department on December ?i. 1919, issued an order barring future copies I of the publication from the mails. Dr. Copeland Approves Summer Play Schools After partaking of a luncheon prepared by the children at the i Ethical Culture School, 33 Central Park West, Dr. Copeland Health Com? missioner, yesterday indorsed the ?summer play schools for children. ? There are five such schools in Man? hattan, all under the direction of the Board of Education, community coun j cils and the Health Department. The schools are in session two months each. ? year^^They will close next week. These schools pay particular atten? tion to the children who suffer from malnutrition, of which there are thou? sands in the city. The childreji are in i structed in various trades, cooking and food values. They receive one nieaT ! at the schools. Special classes for mothers are conducted. Dr. Copeland also declared himself in favor of luncheons in the public i schools. He advocates the establish | ment of lunch rooms under the direc? tion of competent instructors who will j tell the students just why certain foods are good and why others are not. Gas Company Wins Suits _-_ Supreme Court Justice Callaghan j rendered a decision yesterday in favor of the Brooklyn Union Gas Company in the suit brought by the State of New York, which sought to restrain j the company from carrying out the ? terms of sale of its water front prop? erty on Hudson Avenue to the Brook? lyn Edison Company. The state sought to oust the gas ?company from this ?? property on the ground that its title was defective and void. This was de ! nied by Justice Callaghan. He likewise decided in favor of the gas company in its suit for ?1,000,000 damages for alleged breach of contract against the Brooklyn Edison Company, ? because the latter company had re : fused to carry out the terms of a con? tract to buv the property. -. Mrs. Robinson to Speak Fer Hardin? in Campaign CHIC.--CO, Aug. 26.?Announcement ; was made at Republican National Com : mittee headquarters here to-day that i the second woman of the Roosevelt family to take the stump*- for Harding, Mrs. Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, will ; open hTr campaign with a speech at ; Portland, Me.. September 8. Mrs. Robinson is a sister of Theo ! dore R^?sevelt. Mrs. Alice Roosevelt Lon*worth, his daughter, tendered her ) services yesterday to the committee. i OffJrr l?f>% ? the better kiml ? wrnreil 1 throu't- Tha Tribune's Help Wanted coluie*.*?. l'Hone Beekman 3000.?AUvt. Colby Signs Ratification Of Suffrage (Continued from nags on?) y thov acquiesced in the plan ro ushered into Mr. Colby's I office. When word reached the headqunr- j ters of the National Woman's Party | that Secretary Colby was to pose for ? a photograph in the act of signing the I historic proclamation Miss Paul and i other leaders hastened to the depart- I ment, but reached there just as Mrs. | Catt and her companions were leaving the office of Secretary Colby. Miss ! Paul and her associates drew aside as j Mrs. Catt's party was leaving and no ! greeting was exchanged between the I groups. Miss Paul then learned that ? no ceremony or photographs were in- | eluded in the State Department's plans. ; Mrs. Abby Scott Baker, political '. chairman of the National Woman's ; Party, reflected the chagrin of the ! militant workers at the failure to mark the issuance .of the proclama? tion with some distinctive ceremony when she said: "It was quite tragic. This was the final culmination of the women's tight, ' and women, irrespect'!?? of factions, should have been allowed to be pres? ent at the signing of the proclama? tion. However, the women of America have fought a great fight and nothing can take fiom them their triumph." Text of Proclamation The text of the suffrage proclama? tion signed by Secretary Colby follows: "Bainbridge Colby. Secretary of State of the United States of Amer? ica. "To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come. Greeting: "Know ye, that the Congress of the United States at the first session, Sixty?*ixth Congress, begun at Washington on the nineteenth day of May in the year one thousand nine hundred and nineteen, passed a ; resolution as follows, to wit: "JOINT RESOLUTION. " 'Proposing an amendment, to the | Constitution extending the right of j suffrage to women. " 'Resolved by the Senate and j House of Representatives of the i United States of America in Con gress assembled i two-thirds of each ! house concurring therein), that the | following article is proposed as an 1 amendment to the Constitution, ', which shall be valid to all intents '. and purposes as part of the Con'sti- I tution when ratified by the legis? latures of three-fourths of the sev- ? eral states. .Article - " ' "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex. .Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate , I gislation." ' "And, further, that it appears from I official documents on file in the ? Department of State that the j amendment to the Constitution of ; the United States proposed as afore- I said has been ratified by the legis? latures of the states of Arizona, : Arkansas, California, Colorado, Ida? ho, Illinois. Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, j Kentucky, Maine. Massachusetts, j Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mon? tana, Nebraska.. Nevada, New Hamp ire, New Jersey, New Mexico, i North Dakota. New York, Ohio, i Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, ?: de Island, South Dakota, Ten? nessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and j Wyoming. 'And, further, that the states whose Legislatures have so ratified ' the said proposed amendment con? stitute ihret-fourths of the whole I number of .tates in the United States; "Now. therefore, be it known that I, Bainbridge Colby, Secretary of State of the United State?, by virtue and in pursuance of Section 205 of the Revised "Statutes of the United States, do hereby certify that the amendment aforesaid has become valid to all intents and purposes as a part of the Constitution of the United States. "In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Department of State to be affixed. "Done at the City of Washington, | this 26th day of August, in the year \ of our Lord one thousand nine hun ' dred and twenty. "BAINBRIDGE COLBY." Aid Av akened Colby In reconstructing the scene, at his home when the final chapter in the story of ratification was written, Sec? retary Coihy to-day said: "The package containing the cer ' tification of the Tennessee Legislature's action came on a train which reached Washington in the early morning hours. ? was awakened by Mr. Coqke, on" of my trusted aids in the depart? ment, at about a quarter to four. I told him to bring it to me." "Did he bring it forthwith?" the Secretary was asked. "About ten minutes forthwith," the Secretary replied, with a broad smile. "There were certain legal matters , connected with the ratification which I desired to have examined by the chief law officer of the department, so J sent the papers to Mr. Nielson, i the solicitor of the department, asking | him to return them to me at 8 o'clock. "I had received a number of mes? sages fesking me to act in the matter with instant promptitude. The fear had been expressed that the anti-suf fragists would be able to effect some sort of court injunction to prevent me from completing the net of ratifica? tion, and while l did not think it becoming in the Secretary of State or the department to exhibit undue eager? ness to avoid opportunity for judicial interference, I saw no reason why I should conspicuously loiter. I felt a sort of aversion to signing it in the dead of night, and thought that 8 o'clock in the morning would be about the hour when l should be presumed to function." Drank Coffee. Then Signed "Did you take any breakfast first?" he was asked. "Breakfast with me," he replied, "is an unimportant function. 1 may say that I had time to consume about a cup and a half of coffee before I signed. That about concludes the Odyssey of the morning's achievement." "But," objected a woman reporter a very pretty woman reporter all in fluffs and hypnotizing perfumes, who had never until to-day attended a State Department newspaper conference and who created quite a stir?"but you were to have had a ceremony, and all that." "There had been," Mr. Colby ad? mitted, "some talk of a ceremony and photographs, and so on, but after the act of signing the proclamation had been completed it was difficult to con? ceive what ceremony could be held then. It was a question of whether to sign immediately or have a ceremony. 1 thought that the most substantial end to be gained was the ratification, rather than the act of feeding the moving picture cameras." "But you lost such a wonderful op? portunity for a ceremony," persisted the feminine inquisitor. "Seriously," Sir. Colby said, "the ? completion of the ratification of this amendment is a great thing. I think | that the women who worked for this deserve a great deal of credit. My own preference for simplicity in this mat I ter was not my principal reason for I handling it as I did, but I regarded it as important to complete the process Only 37 Ltye in Crane County, Texas WASHINGTON, Au?. 2G.? Crane County, Texas, supplants its neighbor, Cochrane County, a? the least populous county in the United States, so far as the 1920 census has yet shown. Figures announced to-night give Crane County a total of 37 inhabitants, or 30 less than Cochrane, having sustained a decrease of approxi? mately 88 per cent from its pop? ulation of 331 in 1910. i______ ns promptly as I propeny and in seemly fashion could do so. That, done I could see no great object to be gained, j and it seemed rather foolish to go ! through a fictitious performance of what already had been done. Not Eager for Picture "I hope nobody will really be disap? pointed about the lack of' ceremony. To have one's picture taken is not an*; unmixed pleasure. All of us do not ; take good pictures and it is not always gratifying to one's vanity to cet within focal range of a camera. ."You remember the simple manner i in which Admiral Dewev went abouti starting the battit- of Manila Bay; how I he came on deck wiping the egg stains of breakfast from the ends of his mus? tache; how he. observed the disposi- ' tion of the enemy ships and that of his ! own, which had crossed the enemy's i mines in the night, and then, turning, i with a half-smoked cigar in his mouth J he said, simply: 'You may fire when' ready, Gridley.' So I sav to the women ! of America 'You may fire when ready.' " "To whom have you promised the pen and did you use the mammoth pen ' which the National Woman's Party had i ready to use?" the Secretary was asked. ! "I used my own regular pen, and 1 ' have promised it to dor.ens of p?ople." : "Won't you give it to the National American Woman Suffrage Association to add to their suffrage collection in ! the Smithsonian Institution?" Mr. Col by was asked. "I should not be surprised if it found its way there," he replied. Wilson Felicitates Women On Victory for Suffrage Colby Bears Message From President to Mass Meeting in Washington; Mrs. Catt Speaks WASHINGTON. Aug. 26.- President ' Wilson sent to a mass meeting of j women held to-night to celebrate the j ratification of the Nineteenth Amend- j nient an expression of his gratification at the enactment of equal suffrage, i His message was delivered by Secretary ' of State Colby, the only male speaker | who appeared before a great crowd of citizens, ninety per cent of whom I were women. Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, President of the National American Woman Suf? frage Association, described "the last battle," and other women prominent in the long fight completed by Tennes? see's ratification spoke of the incidents that marked the last days of the strug? gle. Mr. Colby said the President had called him over the private telephone wire between the White House and the State Department a short time after he had signed the proclamation and asked him if he had been invited to speak at the meeting to-night. The President expressed satisfaction and the hope that nothing would prevent the Secretary from accepting. " 'Will you take the opportunity that ? will be afforded you,' the Secretary quoted the President as saying, 'to say that 1 deem it one of the greatest honors of my life that this great event, so stoutly fought for for so many years, should have occurred during the period of my Administration as President. Please tell my fellow citizens that noth? ing has given me more pleasure than the privilege of doing what I could do to hasten the day when the womanhood of the nation would be recognized on the equal footing it deserves.' " Mr. Colby added that the President would be the last man to seek for his party the credit for the victory. Mr. Colby urged the women of America not to place too much stress on party, but to take their place in national af fairs as Americans and fight for pa? triotism and right, seeking always the "safety and honor of America" and not to use their vote in the "creeping, ; crawling partisan spirit." Bar Association Favors Laws to Protect Aliens ! _ i Would Give Government Right to Intervene When State Aets Are Contrary to Treaties ST. LOUIS, Aug. 26.?Federal legis? lation guaranteeing more adequate pro? tection to aliens in their treaty rights ! was recommended at to-day's session of the convention of the American Bar ' Association by its committee on juris? prudence and law reform. The proposed legislation provides that the "President be authorized to ' direct the Attorney General, in the name and behalf of the United States, ; to file a bill in equity in the proper district court of the United States against any person or persons threat? ening to violate the rights of a citizen or subject of a foreign country, se ? cured to such citizen or subject by treaty between the United States and such foreign country; and that this provision shall apply to acts threaten? ed by state officers under the alleged ?^justification of a law of the Legisla? ture of the state in which such acts are to be committed." In cases where aliens are brought, to trial in state courts, the govern? ment, under the proposed law, would have power to file an intervening petition for the transfer of the action to a Federal court. Battleship To Be Used As Seaplanes' Target WASHINGTON. Aug. 26.?Another oldtime American fighting ship, the battleship Indiana, is to be sacrificed : to the cause of naval efficiency. In lower Chesapeake Bay in September the vessel will b?> subjected to a rain of bombs from a squadron o? naval seaplanes. This will be the first actual test to be conducted by any navy to show | the possibilities of direct attack upon ; warships from the air, according to American naval officers. Flying at heights ranging from a minimum of ? 4,000 feet to about 8,000, the six planes which it is planned to include in the ; squadron will attempt first to demon? strate the practicability of hitting a target the siee of a battleship, using for this purpose non-explosive bombs. If the range is found the battleship 1 will then be subjected to the explosive force of bombs carrying a minimum of ! 1,000 pounds of TNT. If there is a visible remnant of the Indiana at the conclusion of the bombing experiments i she will be used later as a stationary target for the dreadnoughts of the Atlantic fleet. The Indiana was one of the first bat? tleships of the navy and recently was : placed out of commission to give way I for a new superdreadnought of the i same name. She played an important I part in the destruction of Cervera's fleet at Santiago. Alvarado Says ' Mexico Needs $75,000,000 Southern Republic's Cabi? net Minister Urges U. S. to Help People Now United for Peace1 Entertained by Bankers Leading N. Y. Financiers and B>?iness Men Pay Trib? ute to Carranza Foe j General Salvador Alvarado, Minister of Finance and Secretary of the Treas? ury of the Republic of Mexico, was the guest of honor at a luncheon tendered him yesterday by Lewis L. Clarke, president of the American Ex change National Bank of New York, at the Bankers' Club. More than 100 oi ? the leading financiers and business and professional men of the city wen; j present. At the guest table, in addition to Mr. ! and Mrs. Clarke and the Mexican states? man and his wife, were J. Herbert Case, a deputy governor of the Federal Re? serve Bank; Alfredo Caturegli, finan? cial agent of the Mexican government; Abram I. Eikus. associate judge of th? New York Court of Appeals; Edward R. Kenzel, deputy governor of the Federal Reserve Bank; James W. Ge? rard, former United States Ambassador! to Germany, and R. T. de Negri, Consul General of Mexico. Formed Hemp Commission In introducing General Alvarado Mr. ! Clarke said that the educational work ! accomplished by him was so vigorous | that no inhabited spot in his state, Yu? catan, no matter how small, was left without a school, and in three years, he said, more than 20,000 illiterates learned to read and write. "His greatest work," continued Mr. Clarke, "and the one by which he is i best known in this country, is the or- I ganization and establishment of the1 Hemp Commission, for the handling of' the sisal crop which furnishes the ! binder-twine for the harvesting of our ! crops and those of Canada, besides \ many of the foreign countries." Mr. Clarke said that 2,000 land own-! ers in Yucatan paid S50.000 annual taxes, but that, after the community! land was restored to the small and rightful land owners by the just agr?- ? rian laws which General Alvarado ; formulated the annual taxes were in- ? creased to bring in a revenue of S3,- i 000.000 annually to the State of Yuca-! tan. Mr. Clarke added that the General organized the planters into one great organization to which ail the product of the farms was delivered and sold at i a fixed pnce, determined by the com? mission from time to time and handled and sold by this commission. The profits were divided pro rata among the planters, after deducting the ex? penses of the organization. Foe at Carranza Continuing, Mr, Clarke said: "His fearless arraignment of the Carranza. regime in the columns of his news? paper. The Herald, was one of the strongest influences in bringing about public opinion which made the recent revolution successful as well as prac? tically bloodless.'' General Alvarado, after responding to his host's introduction, said that S75.000.000 would be needed to rehabil? itate Mexico, which he announced was badly in need of help alter a decade of revolution and disturbances, but with all of her people now united in a dt .lire for peace, work and prosperity, the new government, he added, has the support of public opinion, and would spend the money in working out ita three major problems. These he briefly outlined as: Reorganization of the banking sys? tem. Readjustment and reorganization of transportation means, including re? habilitation of both railroads and the merchant marine. Giving work to the unemployed, es? pecially those who have served under the various revolutionary factions. He estimated that one-third of the $75,000,000 would be needed for each of these three plans and deplored the present banking system in Mexico, say? ing that money lenders, profiteers and middlemen are crushing the farmers who have large crops of cotton, hemp and chick peas this year. Those at the Luncheon Among those present at the luncheon wen- : Charles I'hilip Coleman, Ogden Reid, Charles M. Schwab. Clarence H. Mac kav. General Coleman du Pont, Frank A Munsey, Dwight W. Morrow, R-. Ful? ton Cutting, William Fellowes Morgan. William A. Jamison, Nicholas F. Brady. Franklin Remington, Carl M. Loeb, Harry F. Guggenheim, W. M. Ramsay, William Loeb jr.. Oren Root. Edward L. Doheny, Frank H. Bethell, Louis Wiley, William A. Prendergast, Henry Bruere, Claus A. Spreckels, Walter F. Frew, E. H. Outerbridge, Charles A. Peabody, Leroy W. Baldwin. Francis L. ?line, Charles' A. Coffin, L. F. Loree, Alvin W. Krech and Bayard Dominick. Mexican Envoy Predicts Election of Gen. Obreg?n Gilberto } alenzucla. Here on Way to Switzerland, Says New Tranquillity Will Last Gilberto Valenzuela, former Secre? tary of th.- Interior in the Cabinet of Provisional President de la Huerta of Mexico, prophesied yesterday that Gen? eral Obregon would be elected Presi? dent by "a great majority" at the elec? tion in that country next month. Se?or Valenzuela is staying at the Hotel Biltmore. He is on his way to Switzerland to establish a diplomatic post for his government there. De la Huerta had brought abiding peace to Mexico, he declared, expressing con? fidence that the tranquillity of his coun? try would not be disturbed seriously even by the approaching election. "Mexico is more tranauil at this moment," he said, "than the republic has been for ten years?a compara? tively brief r?gime, in which President de la Huerta has demonstrated the gov? ernment's respect for the rights of others, has gained the complete con? fidence of the country, and it may new be said that a new revolution is next to an impossibility. "President de la Huerta has initiated a new era in Mexico. It is an era of honesty, justice and good faith. This is the secret of the sudden and surpris ! ing form of peace which has sprung up I in my country. The new Mexican gov? ernment is^once more confirming the ; accuracy of the logic of President Juarez?'the respect of the right of others is peace.' "Notwithstanding that President de la Huerta has been in office less than . three months, the social, economic and I political situation is very promising. Industries and commercial enterprises [ have again begun to operate with en? thusiasm and with faith in the strength and efficiency of the present govern | ment. The public treasury has, as if by magic, become solvent, and officials and employees of the government, in- | eluding the* army, receive their pay | fully and promptly. All expenses of the government are being met in a | timely way. "Under these conditions it is not far i f?'tched to feel in the near future that j the government of Mexico will resume I its payment of the foreign debt." Se?or V'alenzuela recounted that the elections for members of both houses of Congress on August 2 were con- ; ducted with such liberty and order throughout Mexico that there was not the slightest disturbance anywhere, it Will be the same, he added, when the | country is called upon to vote in the Presidential election next month. Gen eral Obregon, he believed, will be elected by a great majority, because the people have the utmost confidence in that leafier. Pablo Gonzales, the disgruntled Presidential candidate, whose at- ! tempted revolt fell down some weeks ? ago, is now in New York, the official disclosed. Gonzales is absolutely dis? credited in Mexico, he added, and has ; ito following whatsoever. Husband of Palisades Victim Held (Continued from page on?) Bronx, parents of the murdered woman, arrived at the countj building in Hack? ensack. Parents Identify Body With Widmer and Detective Dawson they went to Hill's morgue and ^so j identified the body as that of their daughter, Blanche. As Mrs. Friar ! emerged from the gloomy building she looked ill and walked across the back- j yard with halting steps, assisted by j her husbanrt and son-in-law. I While she was resting in the parlor ; of the undertaking establishment news ' came to Detective Dawson of the de- i tention of Schulz. Dawson had been j trying to obtain information regarding ? Schulz from Widmer. Shortly after the party returned to the County Building, Assistant Pros-, ecutor McCarthy returned from New! York. To the newspaper men he said: j "When Schulz was questioned here '? we were all tired out, and we didn't go ! into it as thoroughly as we should. : There are many points in his story ? that should have been cleared up. That is the reason we went over this after? noon to New York." "We have found nothing to upset the robbery theory," he said. "There was no reason for doubting Schulz's story tibout his wife having the money he said she had. There does not appear to be any particularly weak spot in Schulz's story. Failed to Provide for Wife "As far as Schulz is concerned, we were unable to ascertain that he had any visible means of support. He has not been working for some time. Mr. Widmer told U3 that he expected Schulz and his wife at Keyport on Saturday, and he corroborated Schulz's story that Schulz had gone to Keyport on Monday. "Mr. and Mrs. Friar, parents of the murdered woman, told us that Schulz i had never provided for his wife, and that whatever money she had she had worked for herself." The developments in the Bronx however, seemed to be at variance with the statement of Prosecutor McCarthy. Schulz was taken to the Bronx Court ! house by Detective Nathan Allyn, of : Bergen County, who had come to New | York to request Schulz to accompany i him back to Hackensack for further | questioning. Schulz agreed, but asked' ; to go to an undertaking establishment ! in the Bronx first. While on the way ; to the latter place Allyn induced i Schulz to accompany him to the Bronx ! Courthouse. Gave Wife $600, He Says Schulz told the authorities he had ! drawn $200 from a postal savings bank last Thursday, which he said he gave to hi.;'wife", along with $400 additional I which he had saved from his wages. Earlier in the day he had been quoted as tellng th.' New Jersey officials that '?? he had won the money on the races. j Schulz declared lie had never seen the | watch chain that was found lying near I the body of his wife. ? The man made his identification at 4 \ o'clock yesterday morning in Hacken ; sack. He accompanied Detective Daw i son to Hill's morgue, and identified the i clothing of the murdered woman as that : of his wife. He described a peculiar j mole on the shoulder blade of his wife, I whose body he did not want to view. This mark was found by the dotecti\?e. Schulz broke into tears as he iden : titled the shoes worn by his wife at the 1 time of the tragedy. He told the au ! thorities the name of a man he said had wrecked his home eighteen months j earlier, and caused an estrangement be | tween himself and his wife. He said he had been married three 1 years and that his wife was twenty years old. They had patched up their ' ?luarrel a little over a year ago he de ! clared. It was while in Hackensack : that Schulz told a strange story about his wife wishing to go to Cuba with ! another man who had obtained a pass \ port for both of them. He repeated this story later in the Bronx and said he had called the trip off. Woman's Throat Was Cut Jacob Martin, proprietor of the room , ?ng house at 405 East 135th Street, said yesterday the last time he hqd seen | Mrs. Schulz was Thursday. August 19. I He said Schulz had lived there for the ! last five years, and brought his wife 1 there when they were married. An autopsy performed on the mur ! dered woman by County Physician Will ! iam E. Ogden yesterday showed that ! her throat had been cut. She had also been hit a heavy blow on the ?eft temple. In addition to this several , teeth were also knocked out. Assistant County Prosecutor McCar? thy said last night that Schulz had i told him in New York that his wife ! carried the S550 he had given her in a ? small package that was pinned to her ! corset. McCarthy said this could have ! been quite possible, as a pin mark had been found in the corset. In conse-" ; quenco of this the prosecutor said he had not abandoned the robbery theory. "However," he concluded, "we are ! not holding to aty one theory in par? ticular, but are keeping ourselves ready for any development that the evidence produced may show. Outside ! the identification I do not think that we have made any material progress to-day." In Keyport. N. J., yesterday, while 1 Mr. and Mrs. Widmer were in Hacken? sack, a man who said he was a detective summoned Mrs. Calvin Erwin, a neigh | bor of the Wideners, to witness his j entrance into the deserted house. Th, stranger forced the ?loor of the W.d ! nier h orne and took all the photographs i o? the dead woman he could find. They. j were mostly snapshots. The identity of the man is unknown. Douglas Gibbons &. Co. 6 E. 45th St. Vand. 626 Choice selection Apartments and Homes Furnished and unfurnished for Oct. 1st. Season or year, PARK AVE. and vicinity. Mexico Forbids Ransom Be Paid To Kidnapers Covern ment Expects to At? tain Release of American and British Subjects Held Captive in a Few Davs - Troops Continue Pursuit Huerta Begins Hard Cam? paign Against Radicals; May Involve Own Officers By George E. Hyde Special t'ai)'.'- to The Tribune Copyright. 1920, New York Tribune Inc MEXICO CITY. Aug. 26,?The De? partment of War to-day instructed the Esperanza Mining Company, employer of W. A. Gardiner, one of thr> Ameri? cans held prisoner by the bandit Pedro Zamora for 100,000 pesos ransom, not to make any efforts to pay the sum, as the government expects to obtain the release of Gardiner in a few days. Similar instructions were issued in regard to W. B. Johnson, the kid? naped British subject, as his friends here also had been making an effort| to raise the 50,000 pesos demanded for his release. Reports to the Department of War indicate that the military campaign against Zamora is progressing satis? factorily, although slowly, owing to the difficulty of locating the Zamora band. A strong force is now executing a flank movement to cut off Zamora's retreat and force him to fight, the government reports show. There have been reports that Zamora was surrounded by Federal troops. An? other dispatch said his own men had put him in Irons and were ready to turn him over to the government. The report that Zamora had already sur? rendered and freed all the captives could not be confirmed here. It was rumored that the government was ne? gotiating for toe surrender of the out? law and that the foreigners are being held by him as hostages against pun? ishment. This has caused much un? favorable comment here because of the many atrocities committed by Zamora and his men. although it is admitted the government may be forced to ne? gotiate in order to avoid international complications. Drive Begun on Reds An energetic campaign has been be? gun against radical agitators by the government. It is expected that sev? eral will be expelled from the country shortly. The drive has met with op? position, and some government official! may have to make a few changes in minor offices, but it is understood that Provisional President de la Huerta is determined to uproot foreign agitator: who are now making a living by cre? ating labor troubles in Mexico and pub? lishing seditious propaganda. The campaign will not be confined t< Mexico City, but will be carried t< Tampico and other points where laboi troubles have been frequent lately, an< where American, Spanish and othe: professional agitators are gathering The -government has dispatched ai agent to Campeche with special instruc [ tions regarding a campaign ?gains ; Colonel Preve to prevent Campech j from becoming a possible center of re . bellion by those willing to. seize upo i the red flag unfurled there as a mean i of venting their political opposition t ' the present r?gime at Mexico City. Th i possibility of radical agitation bein | the weapon which will be employed b, : the government's enemies to -prepar i the way for another revolution wa widely discussed in political circles to ; day and has caused some uneasiness. Look to Serrano as Leader While Congress hitherto has show: an inclination to leave this questic i out of the discussions it became evi ; dent that President de la Huerta is no . taking chances. General Francise ! Serrano. Lnder Secretary of War. wil , take his seat in the chamber. It : generally believed Serrano, whil ? young and inexperienced in practica ? politics, will supply a much-ni leadership to the government majorit and with his strong character whip th vacillating members back into the fob Officials of the Ministry of Financ< commenting on the statement that th oil producers already have advance sums more than covering their deb? to the Mexican government, said tha virtually all the companies had ai vanced funds to. Manuel Pelaez an that these would be credited to the companies as payments on taxes. Officials estimated that this would amount to not more than a million pesos, but said they were unable to fix the exact sum, since the companies had not made an effort t? establish credit %v:th the treasury through the regular channels and had not submitted th* necessary vouchers. The department will ask" all the companies to submit vouchers for the necessary audit in r". der that the amounts may be credited on their taxes for the July and August bimester, due September 25. Anderson Tells Palmer Bootleg Fines Are Wrong; Dry Crusader Says Penalties Imposed Amount to a "Very Cheap License*' William H. Anderson, state superin-? tendent of the Anti-Siitoon League, made pubuc yesterday a letter he wrote to Attorney General A M Palmer, protesting at the :ir.positior. of tines of S100 each on Wednesday on seventy-five violator-- of th<? liquor, law in the Lnited States District Court? here. "The amount of stich a fine," he wrote, "can be cleaned up in the profits of a single day by an active bootlegger, to say nothing of the ring? leaders in an organized illicit traffic who are getting rich. Such fines amount to a license, and a very cheap license at that. "We understand perfectly thai cannot control these judges, wh appointed for life, but you can make it clear that district attorneys will be protected if they let the facts be known so that they can clear their own skirts and absolve tli^Jepartmenv of Justice from responsibility if any judge imposes a nominal fine in spite of the recommendation .of the depart? ment, as represented by the District Attorney." . -.-?s New Women's Paper Out Will Serve as Official Campaign Magazine of Feminine Voter? The Woman Republican made its first appearance yesterday. It is edited by the women members of the Repub? lican National Executive Committee, and will be the official campaign maga? zine of the Republican women. It will be published weekly. The first number contains several articles and editorials by leading Re? publicans dealing with the issues of the campaign. Among the contributors are Will H. Hays, national chairman, who writes aOout the attitude of the Republican National Committee to? ward women voters, and Mrs. Arthur L. Livermore. a member of the National Committee, dealing with the Republi? can platform. -* Socialist Challenges Cox To Debate Campaign Issues CHICAGO. Aug. 2G.?Seymour Sted man, Socialist candidate for Vice-Pres ident, has challenged Governor James M. Qox to a joint debate at Minneap? olis September 6 on the "Fundamental Differences between the Democratic and Socialist Parties." Socialist na? tional headquarters announced to-day. In making the announcement Otto Branstetter, executive secretary of the, party, said: "Nothing is of more im pertance to the American people ai - time than a frank and public discus? sion of the domestic and foreign prob? lems now before us." GASTRONOMIC VIRTUE Thackeray said of the roan who boasts that whatever he eats is the same to him: "He brags about a persona? defect?the wretch?and not about a virtue." Obviously, then, to enjoy on?y pure, wholesome, prop? erly cooked food is a gastro' nomic virtue? A virtue to which those who dine at CHILDS may lay in' disputable claim. CHILD5 v<-_etabla din. ner ? ?ples-ing varia t?o? in the summer diet. STORE CLOSED SATURDAY ALL DAY ? 364 566 ?.? 56? ?i(thj&enUt.tlP ?6'? an* 47"? STS. ill Close Out Today About Fifty Remaining at?5-n(M15 Formerly $20 to $45 A final regrouping of miscellaneous styles suitable for street, sport and semi-dress occasions. Fruit, flower, wing and bow trimmed effects. Final Clearance of Washable Skirts at $5 Formerly Selling at $10 to $18 Attractive sport styles in the various washable fabrics, grouped for immediate disposal. Remaining Sport Coats at *25-$35 *45 Formerly Selling at $75 to $125 A limited group?light and dark shades?one of a kind.