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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 27, 1920, Image 3

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rdiiig Drafts
?ague Speech
)f 5,000 Words
important Pronouncement
Is To Be Made To>mor?
to* Night; Candidate
Learns Views of Root
(?sage Through Herriek
?iplomat Back From Eu?
rope Explains Plan for
World Court of Justice
? ,: Staff Correspond? I
JIIRION, Ohio, Aug. 26.- Senator
j??ng finished to-night the speech
it h he will make to an Indiana delc
tn Saturday. It will captain an ?
f?] ..??'. announcement on the League
?fj?a?ions. It hud been hanging tire
... aearlj a week, awaiting the return
HAfabroad of Myron T. Herrick, Ara
.,;.:?; - to France at. the opening of
?B war :?' i f< " ? considerable period ?
\ fcrcafter. ' Senator Harding was Lieu- !
01*1 G? vernor of Ohio under the ad- |
jLfctrati n of Governor Hejwck. .
tug have -' v " each ether long and '.
'*,;- Herrick arrived in Marion early :
pby. He went directly to the home'
Senator !.and delivered a.
.- Elihu Root. After break
& ? brought his guest out
I nme*i n *-?paper men and Mr. Her
'? ,.hcr. said:
"While in Europe I talked among '
?L*n ? lihu Root, and while our,
pression did not deal with details of
*f present mission there it is my un
Sstai ling l - was invited there
Hi consultation about organizing the
liternational tribunal contemplated un- ]
f?r the league covenant, ?ie will be ,
iame, ? think, very shortly, and I an- !
??pate that his return will be fol-1
i?ed by announcement of very impor
.,-? ... ?:"..: ^foments that will go far
Igrard , i fj ng the entire interna- ]
i #r.ai situation."
Many Advisers Consulted
T ?eec?i Senator Harding has pre
-.: ' "??''?.'?;.> i..ni: his
ijeech of acceptance was only 3,000
' tds - in its preparation I
ht the advice of !
(try shade i f Republican thought on
-';'' leagu? n One of these ad
i invitation was
farles ghes. Through Hard-'
ip he.-. : after Mr. Hughes
ad der, statement was giv-^n
.; for him, in which he said:
-T. ' als in any really effective
jisr. f? : inl ' cooperation are
a es tab of international
otfce ' ble questions a:o
?obeerr- . the machinery of
?ciliaf :ure the machin
iry of int? nati nal conference. All
lis car ' sec ired and. I believe, will
bgecured under the Presidency of Mr.
ifrding "
This tat? ' was written within a
'nr hours a- tor Harding had
- portions of tho
Mech he I d? iver on Saturday.
Thi.- i ? " in accord with a
made by the ca? di
r men last Friday,
n said *rar Mr. Root's wot d
play an important
Republican Presidential
Or.e of the interesting features of
iiatoi Hardinj ? ; ;iis league
Beech ? ' ? week h as be? i
M c tinued ; ? ? -? nee of ? lolonel
George Hai ey, ?ho arrived last Sat
a guest of the Hard
?; ' . ? the nominee on
hi e.v?-. .bu s and Mans
. ?
tement bv Herrick
Sir. Herricic. between talks with
Senator Hs g to-day, prepaied tl
tragic i take was madf ,vhen
insisted on person?
ify g< ng to France to participate in
; ? ' ? He went in
??? - ? ? lal I 1 eague of Na
'"?'?? gram be incl uded in the war
? I ?? went with that
up? -??. a year was wasted at the most
tal 1 ' ? ? : Id ; ?-? ??
?een don? was f ? e a preliminary
? in the first few weeks
<?. under which eco
jpAfflic < n Europe could have
on the return to normal.
ultimate details of
lie settli ?
"Frai ne? ded the im
Bediate ' '? of h?'r security and
"' her ond that she needed
- lyment of a sufficient part
"' her ? ? . -, make possible the
.... ;
"ith that ran u re d immi diately
? ? in situation would
ten bi France could not
??it, Europe could not wait for the
details of the
Treaty of \'er ? and for the for
?ulatioi League of Nations
'?' -
Wilson Stood Alone
"*Pr< :?? Wilson, alone of all the
insisted that
werythin ; wait in order that
"- trea contain his program
'or reconstructing the world and in?
suring its future peace. If he had per
ng to be done that all the
European statesmen desired Europe
?>uld have been saved from the break?
down of its economic structure. Im
ptetical m overlooked all this,
?d now Europe, and particularly
fonce, mourns because of the mistake.
^"The peoples of Europe believed that
President Wilson really represented the
united States in demanding his pro
fair, and did not wan: to interfere.
?h?j knew how vital was the sympathy,
tt?pe ration and understanding of
America. They did not understand our
Nverrrmental system, did not realize
4*t it was possible for the head of
?ar state to be out of harmony with
Joth the Congress and the people.
wen when, in November, 1918, Presi
l*nt Wilson was rebuked by more than
j million electoral majority, they still
>:led entirely to realize what it meant.
." course, at that point they were
ir?e.y deprived of the privilege of
todarstanding American events, be?
muse the censorship on news from this
Wintry, imposed by President Wilson,
Hade it impossible for the truth to get
?? the people of France and Europe.
New View in Europe
"If President Wilson had sent a
''?ce commission of properly equipped
'?legates, and they had made the basis
?Lf sound peace, say in January of
?'!&, Europe would have agreed readily
'?id could have returned to its task of
fcoduction and rehabilitation. Its eco
J?mic basis would have be?n secure.
'or the tragic failure to accomplish
?Si| tne President alone was responsi?
ve?and all Europe now knows it. I
riv* just returned from Europe, where
; nave talked with very many of the
-<>remost statesmen, and I know that
^?p statement reflect? their attitude.
?? y Persistently inquire why. we
J.'d not submit to them the reserva?
os adopted by the Senate. Without
.*?ept!on, they insist that if these
?ad^ been submitted to them they
o?.d instantly have acquiesed in
iff?? J have explained time and
P,n> that the Senate h3s no channel
trough which it can communicate
over the head of the President, with
foreign governments. The long and
short of it was that the Senate could
not. and President Wilson would not,
inform Europe of the real facts about
American sentiment and attitudes.
"It is incomprehensible that the I
President should thus have interposed
himself against the one procedure that
would have insured quick and stable !
peace. The reservations would have
protected American interests, ard their
adoption would have insured prompt
peace. But he was unwilling to make
aity concession whatever,?and so the
world drifted into the chaos that now
Poland a Test for League
"As to the military alliance, as pro- j
vided under Article X of the league |
covenant, the Russo-Polish war has \
been complete proof of its utter in?
efficiency. Poland has been the com?
plete test of the league, the complete
proof of its impracticability. England
could not send troops because of do
mestic political conditions in England; !
we could not send them; Franco was!
not able to furnish the necessary i
forces. At the first test, the military;
alliance proved a corirplete failure, and !
all the statesmen and publicists of
France acknowledge the fact.
"Unfortunate as the whole situation!
has been, tragic as have been its re- '
suits, France yet remains inspired by
high hope and tine courage. She has
good reasons, too. for this year her I
soil is producing the bumper crop of !
fifty years.
"The people and the statesmen of |
Western Europe now realize that their j
hope lies in the return of the Repub
Mean party to power. Tlfoy know that i
the Republican party has always been ;
the one with vision and understanding j
of international affairs. They under- j
stand that with the Republican party :
again in power it will be ready and ;
able effectively to cooperate with them
to stop the spread of Bolshevism. They i
are sure that we will shirk no respon- t
sibility. and their earnest desire is
that an American government willing ;
and able to execute the real mandato !
of the American people shall presently
assume authority."
? . 8. Must Play Its Part
In IT or Id. Says Harding
MARIOX, Ohio, Aug. 25.?That the'
nation must not hold aieof but muijt
"play its proper part" in the world's I
affairs was emphasized by Senator Har- i
ding ffi a short talk late to-day to a
group of Marion County school teach- !
ers, who called on him.
Senator Harding recalled his own
early experiences as the master of a j
country school, and declared that teach- i
ers "should be compensated as liber- |
ally if not more liberally thin asi many
other profession.
"1 most sincerely hold that Amev-ica
can render the greatest service to the
world by maintaining first its entire
freedom of aciion and then maintain?
ing its capacity to help the world with
its splendid example of popular rep
tative government," said the Sen?
The Chicago Cubs are to do their bit
'.'or Senator Harding's front porch cam?
paign by coming to Marion on Septem?
ber L' to play a free exhibition game
with an aggregation of local semi
-.. ? .
Call Wins Right to Send
Newspapers Through Mail
WASHINGTON, Aug. 26. -The Posl
; office Depart? no authority un?
der the espionage act to enter a blan?
ket ? : - del ing second class ma il
j privileges to a periodical because of
; alleged past v olations of that act, in
th.o opinion of Associate Justice Hit::,
; of the District of Columbia Supreme
The ruling ; = contained in a mem?
orandum by '. ?? justice announcing his
purpose to sign an order readmitting to
! the second class mail privilege such
? ' - copi? s of The New York Call, a
? Socialist newspapi r, a ? re mailable
1 the law.
"The Postoffice Department," ^aid
Justice Hitz's memorandum, "appar?
ently asserts the p ssession of an im?
plied power under this statute to make
such a blanket order denying second
class mail privileges for the future ton
: periodical publication because of al?
leged past violations of the statute.
"This court can hrul no such author?
ity in the statute: fraud or wrongdoing
ver to be presumed, and the court
will sign an order to the effect that
' such future issues of the paper as are
mailable under the law shall be re?
ceived and transmitted as second class
Because of certain articles published
by The Call during the war the Post
office Department on December ?i. 1919,
issued an order barring future copies
I of the publication from the mails.
Dr. Copeland Approves
Summer Play Schools
After partaking of a luncheon
prepared by the children at the
i Ethical Culture School, 33 Central
Park West, Dr. Copeland Health Com?
missioner, yesterday indorsed the
?summer play schools for children.
? There are five such schools in Man?
hattan, all under the direction of the
Board of Education, community coun
j cils and the Health Department. The
schools are in session two months each.
? year^^They will close next week.
These schools pay particular atten?
tion to the children who suffer from
malnutrition, of which there are thou?
sands in the city. The childreji are in
i structed in various trades, cooking and
food values. They receive one nieaT
! at the schools. Special classes for
mothers are conducted.
Dr. Copeland also declared himself
in favor of luncheons in the public
i schools. He advocates the establish
| ment of lunch rooms under the direc?
tion of competent instructors who will
j tell the students just why certain foods
are good and why others are not.
Gas Company Wins Suits
Supreme Court Justice Callaghan
j rendered a decision yesterday in favor
of the Brooklyn Union Gas Company
in the suit brought by the State of
New York, which sought to restrain
j the company from carrying out the
? terms of sale of its water front prop?
erty on Hudson Avenue to the Brook?
lyn Edison Company. The state sought
to oust the gas ?company from this
?? property on the ground that its title
was defective and void. This was de
! nied by Justice Callaghan.
He likewise decided in favor of the
gas company in its suit for ?1,000,000
damages for alleged breach of contract
against the Brooklyn Edison Company,
? because the latter company had re
: fused to carry out the terms of a con?
tract to buv the property.
Mrs. Robinson to Speak
Fer Hardin? in Campaign
CHIC.--CO, Aug. 26.?Announcement
; was made at Republican National Com
: mittee headquarters here to-day that
i the second woman of the Roosevelt
family to take the stump*- for Harding,
Mrs. Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, will
; open hTr campaign with a speech at
; Portland, Me.. September 8.
Mrs. Robinson is a sister of Theo
! dore R^?sevelt. Mrs. Alice Roosevelt
Lon*worth, his daughter, tendered her
) services yesterday to the committee.
i OffJrr l?f>% ? the better kiml ? wrnreil
1 throu't- Tha Tribune's Help Wanted
coluie*.*?. l'Hone Beekman 3000.?AUvt.
Colby Signs
Of Suffrage
(Continued from nags on?)
y thov acquiesced in the plan
ro ushered into Mr. Colby's I
When word reached the headqunr- j
ters of the National Woman's Party |
that Secretary Colby was to pose for ?
a photograph in the act of signing the I
historic proclamation Miss Paul and i
other leaders hastened to the depart- I
ment, but reached there just as Mrs. |
Catt and her companions were leaving
the office of Secretary Colby. Miss !
Paul and her associates drew aside as j
Mrs. Catt's party was leaving and no !
greeting was exchanged between the I
groups. Miss Paul then learned that ?
no ceremony or photographs were in- |
eluded in the State Department's plans. ;
Mrs. Abby Scott Baker, political '.
chairman of the National Woman's ;
Party, reflected the chagrin of the !
militant workers at the failure to
mark the issuance .of the proclama?
tion with some distinctive ceremony
when she said:
"It was quite tragic. This was the
final culmination of the women's tight, '
and women, irrespect'!?? of factions,
should have been allowed to be pres?
ent at the signing of the proclama?
tion. However, the women of America
have fought a great fight and nothing
can take fiom them their triumph."
Text of Proclamation
The text of the suffrage proclama?
tion signed by Secretary Colby follows:
"Bainbridge Colby. Secretary of
State of the United States of Amer?
"To All to Whom These Presents
Shall Come. Greeting:
"Know ye, that the Congress of the
United States at the first session,
Sixty?*ixth Congress, begun at
Washington on the nineteenth day
of May in the year one thousand
nine hundred and nineteen, passed a ;
resolution as follows, to wit:
" 'Proposing an amendment, to the |
Constitution extending the right of j
suffrage to women.
" 'Resolved by the Senate and j
House of Representatives of the i
United States of America in Con
gress assembled i two-thirds of each !
house concurring therein), that the |
following article is proposed as an 1
amendment to the Constitution, ',
which shall be valid to all intents '.
and purposes as part of the Con'sti- I
tution when ratified by the legis?
latures of three-fourths of the sev- ?
eral states.
.Article -
" ' "The right of citizens of the
United States to vote shall not be
denied or abridged by the United
States or by any state on account
of sex.
.Congress shall have power to
enforce this article by appropriate ,
I gislation." '
"And, further, that it appears from I
official documents on file in the ?
Department of State that the j
amendment to the Constitution of ;
the United States proposed as afore- I
said has been ratified by the legis?
latures of the states of Arizona, :
Arkansas, California, Colorado, Ida?
ho, Illinois. Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, j
Kentucky, Maine. Massachusetts, j
Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mon?
tana, Nebraska.. Nevada, New Hamp
ire, New Jersey, New Mexico, i
North Dakota. New York, Ohio, i
Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania,
?: de Island, South Dakota, Ten?
nessee, Texas, Utah, Washington,
West Virginia, Wisconsin and j
'And, further, that the states
whose Legislatures have so ratified '
the said proposed amendment con?
stitute ihret-fourths of the whole I
number of .tates in the United
"Now. therefore, be it known that
I, Bainbridge Colby, Secretary of
State of the United State?, by virtue
and in pursuance of Section 205 of the
Revised "Statutes of the United
States, do hereby certify that the
amendment aforesaid has become
valid to all intents and purposes as
a part of the Constitution of the
United States.
"In testimony whereof I have
hereunto set my hand and caused the
seal of the Department of State to
be affixed.
"Done at the City of Washington,
| this 26th day of August, in the year
\ of our Lord one thousand nine hun
' dred and twenty.
Aid Av akened Colby
In reconstructing the scene, at his
home when the final chapter in the
story of ratification was written, Sec?
retary Coihy to-day said:
"The package containing the cer
' tification of the Tennessee Legislature's
action came on a train which reached
Washington in the early morning
hours. ? was awakened by Mr. Coqke,
on" of my trusted aids in the depart?
ment, at about a quarter to four. I
told him to bring it to me."
"Did he bring it forthwith?" the
Secretary was asked.
"About ten minutes forthwith," the
Secretary replied, with a broad smile.
"There were certain legal matters
, connected with the ratification which
I desired to have examined by the
chief law officer of the department,
so J sent the papers to Mr. Nielson,
i the solicitor of the department, asking
| him to return them to me at 8 o'clock.
"I had received a number of mes?
sages fesking me to act in the matter
with instant promptitude. The fear
had been expressed that the anti-suf
fragists would be able to effect some
sort of court injunction to prevent me
from completing the net of ratifica?
tion, and while l did not think it
becoming in the Secretary of State or
the department to exhibit undue eager?
ness to avoid opportunity for judicial
interference, I saw no reason why I
should conspicuously loiter. I felt a
sort of aversion to signing it in the
dead of night, and thought that 8
o'clock in the morning would be about
the hour when l should be presumed
to function."
Drank Coffee. Then Signed
"Did you take any breakfast first?"
he was asked.
"Breakfast with me," he replied, "is
an unimportant function. 1 may say
that I had time to consume about a
cup and a half of coffee before I
signed. That about concludes the
Odyssey of the morning's achievement."
"But," objected a woman reporter
a very pretty woman reporter all in
fluffs and hypnotizing perfumes, who
had never until to-day attended a State
Department newspaper conference and
who created quite a stir?"but you
were to have had a ceremony, and all
"There had been," Mr. Colby ad?
mitted, "some talk of a ceremony and
photographs, and so on, but after the
act of signing the proclamation had
been completed it was difficult to con?
ceive what ceremony could be held
then. It was a question of whether to
sign immediately or have a ceremony.
1 thought that the most substantial
end to be gained was the ratification,
rather than the act of feeding the
moving picture cameras."
"But you lost such a wonderful op?
portunity for a ceremony," persisted
the feminine inquisitor.
"Seriously," Sir. Colby said, "the
? completion of the ratification of this
amendment is a great thing. I think
| that the women who worked for this
deserve a great deal of credit. My own
preference for simplicity in this mat
I ter was not my principal reason for
I handling it as I did, but I regarded
it as important to complete the process
Only 37 Ltye in
Crane County, Texas
Crane County, Texas, supplants
its neighbor, Cochrane County, a?
the least populous county in the
United States, so far as the 1920
census has yet shown. Figures
announced to-night give Crane
County a total of 37 inhabitants,
or 30 less than Cochrane, having
sustained a decrease of approxi?
mately 88 per cent from its pop?
ulation of 331 in 1910.
ns promptly as I propeny and in
seemly fashion could do so. That, done
I could see no great object to be gained, j
and it seemed rather foolish to go !
through a fictitious performance of
what already had been done.
Not Eager for Picture
"I hope nobody will really be disap?
pointed about the lack of' ceremony.
To have one's picture taken is not an*;
unmixed pleasure. All of us do not ;
take good pictures and it is not always
gratifying to one's vanity to cet within
focal range of a camera.
."You remember the simple manner i
in which Admiral Dewev went abouti
starting the battit- of Manila Bay; how I
he came on deck wiping the egg stains
of breakfast from the ends of his mus?
tache; how he. observed the disposi- '
tion of the enemy ships and that of his !
own, which had crossed the enemy's i
mines in the night, and then, turning, i
with a half-smoked cigar in his mouth J
he said, simply: 'You may fire when'
ready, Gridley.' So I sav to the women !
of America 'You may fire when
ready.' "
"To whom have you promised the
pen and did you use the mammoth pen '
which the National Woman's Party had i
ready to use?" the Secretary was asked. !
"I used my own regular pen, and 1 '
have promised it to dor.ens of p?ople." :
"Won't you give it to the National
American Woman Suffrage Association
to add to their suffrage collection in !
the Smithsonian Institution?" Mr. Col
by was asked.
"I should not be surprised if it found
its way there," he replied.
Wilson Felicitates Women
On Victory for Suffrage
Colby Bears Message From
President to Mass Meeting in
Washington; Mrs. Catt Speaks
WASHINGTON. Aug. 26.- President '
Wilson sent to a mass meeting of j
women held to-night to celebrate the j
ratification of the Nineteenth Amend- j
nient an expression of his gratification
at the enactment of equal suffrage, i
His message was delivered by Secretary '
of State Colby, the only male speaker |
who appeared before a great crowd
of citizens, ninety per cent of whom I
were women.
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, President
of the National American Woman Suf?
frage Association, described "the last
battle," and other women prominent
in the long fight completed by Tennes?
see's ratification spoke of the incidents
that marked the last days of the strug?
Mr. Colby said the President had
called him over the private telephone
wire between the White House and the
State Department a short time after he
had signed the proclamation and asked
him if he had been invited to speak at
the meeting to-night. The President
expressed satisfaction and the hope that
nothing would prevent the Secretary
from accepting.
" 'Will you take the opportunity that ?
will be afforded you,' the Secretary
quoted the President as saying, 'to say
that 1 deem it one of the greatest honors
of my life that this great event, so
stoutly fought for for so many years,
should have occurred during the period
of my Administration as President.
Please tell my fellow citizens that noth?
ing has given me more pleasure than
the privilege of doing what I could do
to hasten the day when the womanhood
of the nation would be recognized on the
equal footing it deserves.' "
Mr. Colby added that the President
would be the last man to seek for his
party the credit for the victory. Mr.
Colby urged the women of America
not to place too much stress on party,
but to take their place in national af
fairs as Americans and fight for pa?
triotism and right, seeking always the
"safety and honor of America" and not
to use their vote in the "creeping, ;
crawling partisan spirit."
Bar Association Favors
Laws to Protect Aliens
! _
i Would Give Government Right
to Intervene When State Aets
Are Contrary to Treaties
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 26.?Federal legis?
lation guaranteeing more adequate pro?
tection to aliens in their treaty rights
! was recommended at to-day's session
of the convention of the American Bar
' Association by its committee on juris?
prudence and law reform.
The proposed legislation provides
that the "President be authorized to
' direct the Attorney General, in the
name and behalf of the United States,
; to file a bill in equity in the proper
district court of the United States
against any person or persons threat?
ening to violate the rights of a citizen
or subject of a foreign country, se
? cured to such citizen or subject by
treaty between the United States and
such foreign country; and that this
provision shall apply to acts threaten?
ed by state officers under the alleged
?^justification of a law of the Legisla?
ture of the state in which such acts
are to be committed."
In cases where aliens are brought,
to trial in state courts, the govern?
ment, under the proposed law, would
have power to file an intervening
petition for the transfer of the action
to a Federal court.
Battleship To Be Used
As Seaplanes' Target
WASHINGTON. Aug. 26.?Another
oldtime American fighting ship, the
battleship Indiana, is to be sacrificed
: to the cause of naval efficiency. In
lower Chesapeake Bay in September
the vessel will b?> subjected to a rain
of bombs from a squadron o? naval
This will be the first actual test to
be conducted by any navy to show
| the possibilities of direct attack upon
; warships from the air, according to
American naval officers. Flying at
heights ranging from a minimum of
? 4,000 feet to about 8,000, the six planes
which it is planned to include in the
; squadron will attempt first to demon?
strate the practicability of hitting a
target the siee of a battleship, using
for this purpose non-explosive bombs.
If the range is found the battleship
1 will then be subjected to the explosive
force of bombs carrying a minimum of
! 1,000 pounds of TNT. If there is a
visible remnant of the Indiana at the
conclusion of the bombing experiments
i she will be used later as a stationary
target for the dreadnoughts of the
Atlantic fleet.
The Indiana was one of the first bat?
tleships of the navy and recently was
: placed out of commission to give way
I for a new superdreadnought of the
i same name. She played an important
I part in the destruction of Cervera's
fleet at Santiago.
Alvarado Says '
Mexico Needs
Southern Republic's Cabi?
net Minister Urges U. S.
to Help People Now
United for Peace1
Entertained by Bankers
Leading N. Y. Financiers and
B>?iness Men Pay Trib?
ute to Carranza Foe j
General Salvador Alvarado, Minister
of Finance and Secretary of the Treas?
ury of the Republic of Mexico, was
the guest of honor at a luncheon
tendered him yesterday by Lewis L.
Clarke, president of the American Ex
change National Bank of New York, at
the Bankers' Club. More than 100 oi ?
the leading financiers and business and
professional men of the city wen; j
At the guest table, in addition to Mr. !
and Mrs. Clarke and the Mexican states?
man and his wife, were J. Herbert Case,
a deputy governor of the Federal Re?
serve Bank; Alfredo Caturegli, finan?
cial agent of the Mexican government;
Abram I. Eikus. associate judge of th?
New York Court of Appeals; Edward
R. Kenzel, deputy governor of the
Federal Reserve Bank; James W. Ge?
rard, former United States Ambassador!
to Germany, and R. T. de Negri, Consul
General of Mexico.
Formed Hemp Commission
In introducing General Alvarado Mr. !
Clarke said that the educational work !
accomplished by him was so vigorous |
that no inhabited spot in his state, Yu?
catan, no matter how small, was left
without a school, and in three years, he
said, more than 20,000 illiterates
learned to read and write.
"His greatest work," continued Mr.
Clarke, "and the one by which he is i
best known in this country, is the or- I
ganization and establishment of the1
Hemp Commission, for the handling of'
the sisal crop which furnishes the !
binder-twine for the harvesting of our !
crops and those of Canada, besides \
many of the foreign countries."
Mr. Clarke said that 2,000 land own-!
ers in Yucatan paid S50.000 annual
taxes, but that, after the community!
land was restored to the small and
rightful land owners by the just agr?- ?
rian laws which General Alvarado ;
formulated the annual taxes were in- ?
creased to bring in a revenue of S3,- i
000.000 annually to the State of Yuca-!
Mr. Clarke added that the General
organized the planters into one great
organization to which ail the product
of the farms was delivered and sold at i
a fixed pnce, determined by the com?
mission from time to time and handled
and sold by this commission. The
profits were divided pro rata among
the planters, after deducting the ex?
penses of the organization.
Foe at Carranza
Continuing, Mr, Clarke said: "His
fearless arraignment of the Carranza.
regime in the columns of his news?
paper. The Herald, was one of the
strongest influences in bringing about
public opinion which made the recent
revolution successful as well as prac?
tically bloodless.''
General Alvarado, after responding
to his host's introduction, said that
S75.000.000 would be needed to rehabil?
itate Mexico, which he announced was
badly in need of help alter a decade
of revolution and disturbances, but
with all of her people now united in a
dt .lire for peace, work and prosperity,
the new government, he added, has the
support of public opinion, and would
spend the money in working out ita
three major problems.
These he briefly outlined as:
Reorganization of the banking sys?
Readjustment and reorganization of
transportation means, including re?
habilitation of both railroads and the
merchant marine.
Giving work to the unemployed, es?
pecially those who have served under
the various revolutionary factions.
He estimated that one-third of the
$75,000,000 would be needed for each
of these three plans and deplored the
present banking system in Mexico, say?
ing that money lenders, profiteers and
middlemen are crushing the farmers
who have large crops of cotton, hemp
and chick peas this year.
Those at the Luncheon
Among those present at the luncheon
wen- :
Charles I'hilip Coleman, Ogden Reid,
Charles M. Schwab. Clarence H. Mac
kav. General Coleman du Pont, Frank
A Munsey, Dwight W. Morrow, R-. Ful?
ton Cutting, William Fellowes Morgan.
William A. Jamison, Nicholas F. Brady.
Franklin Remington, Carl M. Loeb,
Harry F. Guggenheim, W. M. Ramsay,
William Loeb jr.. Oren Root. Edward
L. Doheny, Frank H. Bethell, Louis
Wiley, William A. Prendergast, Henry
Bruere, Claus A. Spreckels, Walter F.
Frew, E. H. Outerbridge, Charles A.
Peabody, Leroy W. Baldwin. Francis L.
?line, Charles' A. Coffin, L. F. Loree,
Alvin W. Krech and Bayard Dominick.
Mexican Envoy Predicts
Election of Gen. Obreg?n
Gilberto } alenzucla. Here on
Way to Switzerland, Says
New Tranquillity Will Last
Gilberto Valenzuela, former Secre?
tary of th.- Interior in the Cabinet of
Provisional President de la Huerta of
Mexico, prophesied yesterday that Gen?
eral Obregon would be elected Presi?
dent by "a great majority" at the elec?
tion in that country next month.
Se?or Valenzuela is staying at the
Hotel Biltmore. He is on his way to
Switzerland to establish a diplomatic
post for his government there. De la
Huerta had brought abiding peace to
Mexico, he declared, expressing con?
fidence that the tranquillity of his coun?
try would not be disturbed seriously
even by the approaching election.
"Mexico is more tranauil at this
moment," he said, "than the republic
has been for ten years?a compara?
tively brief r?gime, in which President
de la Huerta has demonstrated the gov?
ernment's respect for the rights of
others, has gained the complete con?
fidence of the country, and it may new
be said that a new revolution is next
to an impossibility.
"President de la Huerta has initiated
a new era in Mexico. It is an era of
honesty, justice and good faith. This
is the secret of the sudden and surpris
! ing form of peace which has sprung up
I in my country. The new Mexican gov?
ernment is^once more confirming the
; accuracy of the logic of President
Juarez?'the respect of the right of
others is peace.'
"Notwithstanding that President de
la Huerta has been in office less than
. three months, the social, economic and
I political situation is very promising.
Industries and commercial enterprises
[ have again begun to operate with en?
thusiasm and with faith in the strength
and efficiency of the present govern
| ment. The public treasury has, as if
by magic, become solvent, and officials
and employees of the government, in- |
eluding the* army, receive their pay |
fully and promptly. All expenses of
the government are being met in a |
timely way.
"Under these conditions it is not far i
f?'tched to feel in the near future that j
the government of Mexico will resume I
its payment of the foreign debt."
Se?or V'alenzuela recounted that the
elections for members of both houses
of Congress on August 2 were con- ;
ducted with such liberty and order
throughout Mexico that there was not
the slightest disturbance anywhere, it
Will be the same, he added, when the |
country is called upon to vote in the
Presidential election next month. Gen
eral Obregon, he believed, will be
elected by a great majority, because
the people have the utmost confidence
in that leafier.
Pablo Gonzales, the disgruntled
Presidential candidate, whose at- !
tempted revolt fell down some weeks ?
ago, is now in New York, the official
disclosed. Gonzales is absolutely dis?
credited in Mexico, he added, and has ;
ito following whatsoever.
Husband of
Victim Held
(Continued from page on?)
Bronx, parents of the murdered woman,
arrived at the countj building in Hack?
Parents Identify Body
With Widmer and Detective Dawson
they went to Hill's morgue and ^so j
identified the body as that of their
daughter, Blanche. As Mrs. Friar !
emerged from the gloomy building she
looked ill and walked across the back- j
yard with halting steps, assisted by j
her husbanrt and son-in-law. I
While she was resting in the parlor ;
of the undertaking establishment news '
came to Detective Dawson of the de- i
tention of Schulz. Dawson had been j
trying to obtain information regarding ?
Schulz from Widmer.
Shortly after the party returned to
the County Building, Assistant Pros-,
ecutor McCarthy returned from New!
York. To the newspaper men he said: j
"When Schulz was questioned here '?
we were all tired out, and we didn't go !
into it as thoroughly as we should. :
There are many points in his story ?
that should have been cleared up. That
is the reason we went over this after?
noon to New York."
"We have found nothing to upset the
robbery theory," he said. "There was
no reason for doubting Schulz's story
tibout his wife having the money he
said she had. There does not appear
to be any particularly weak spot in
Schulz's story.
Failed to Provide for Wife
"As far as Schulz is concerned, we
were unable to ascertain that he had
any visible means of support. He has
not been working for some time. Mr.
Widmer told U3 that he expected
Schulz and his wife at Keyport on
Saturday, and he corroborated Schulz's
story that Schulz had gone to Keyport
on Monday.
"Mr. and Mrs. Friar, parents of the
murdered woman, told us that Schulz i
had never provided for his wife, and
that whatever money she had she had
worked for herself."
The developments in the Bronx
however, seemed to be at variance with
the statement of Prosecutor McCarthy.
Schulz was taken to the Bronx Court
! house by Detective Nathan Allyn, of
: Bergen County, who had come to New
| York to request Schulz to accompany
i him back to Hackensack for further
| questioning. Schulz agreed, but asked'
; to go to an undertaking establishment
! in the Bronx first. While on the way
; to the latter place Allyn induced
i Schulz to accompany him to the Bronx
! Courthouse.
Gave Wife $600, He Says
Schulz told the authorities he had
! drawn $200 from a postal savings bank
last Thursday, which he said he gave
to hi.;'wife", along with $400 additional
I which he had saved from his wages.
Earlier in the day he had been quoted
as tellng th.' New Jersey officials that
'?? he had won the money on the races.
j Schulz declared lie had never seen the
| watch chain that was found lying near
I the body of his wife. ?
The man made his identification at 4
\ o'clock yesterday morning in Hacken
; sack. He accompanied Detective Daw
i son to Hill's morgue, and identified the
i clothing of the murdered woman as that
: of his wife. He described a peculiar
j mole on the shoulder blade of his wife,
I whose body he did not want to view.
This mark was found by the dotecti\?e.
Schulz broke into tears as he iden
: titled the shoes worn by his wife at the
1 time of the tragedy. He told the au
! thorities the name of a man he said
had wrecked his home eighteen months
j earlier, and caused an estrangement be
| tween himself and his wife.
He said he had been married three
1 years and that his wife was twenty
years old. They had patched up their
' ?luarrel a little over a year ago he de
! clared. It was while in Hackensack
: that Schulz told a strange story about
his wife wishing to go to Cuba with
! another man who had obtained a pass
\ port for both of them. He repeated
this story later in the Bronx and said
he had called the trip off.
Woman's Throat Was Cut
Jacob Martin, proprietor of the room
, ?ng house at 405 East 135th Street, said
yesterday the last time he hqd seen
| Mrs. Schulz was Thursday. August 19.
I He said Schulz had lived there for the
! last five years, and brought his wife
1 there when they were married.
An autopsy performed on the mur
! dered woman by County Physician Will
! iam E. Ogden yesterday showed that
! her throat had been cut. She had also
been hit a heavy blow on the ?eft
temple. In addition to this several
, teeth were also knocked out.
Assistant County Prosecutor McCar?
thy said last night that Schulz had
i told him in New York that his wife
! carried the S550 he had given her in a
? small package that was pinned to her
! corset. McCarthy said this could have
! been quite possible, as a pin mark had
been found in the corset. In conse-"
; quenco of this the prosecutor said he
had not abandoned the robbery theory.
"However," he concluded, "we are
! not holding to aty one theory in par?
ticular, but are keeping ourselves
ready for any development that the
evidence produced may show. Outside
! the identification I do not think that
we have made any material progress
In Keyport. N. J., yesterday, while
1 Mr. and Mrs. Widmer were in Hacken?
sack, a man who said he was a detective
summoned Mrs. Calvin Erwin, a neigh
| bor of the Wideners, to witness his
j entrance into the deserted house. Th,
stranger forced the ?loor of the W.d
! nier h orne and took all the photographs
i o? the dead woman he could find. They.
j were mostly snapshots. The identity
of the man is unknown.
Douglas Gibbons &. Co.
6 E. 45th St. Vand. 626
Choice selection Apartments and Homes
Furnished and unfurnished for Oct. 1st.
Season or year, PARK AVE. and vicinity.
Mexico Forbids
Ransom Be Paid
To Kidnapers
Covern ment Expects to At?
tain Release of American
and British Subjects Held
Captive in a Few Davs
Troops Continue Pursuit
Huerta Begins Hard Cam?
paign Against Radicals;
May Involve Own Officers
By George E. Hyde
Special t'ai)'.'- to The Tribune
Copyright. 1920, New York Tribune Inc
MEXICO CITY. Aug. 26,?The De?
partment of War to-day instructed the
Esperanza Mining Company, employer
of W. A. Gardiner, one of thr> Ameri?
cans held prisoner by the bandit Pedro
Zamora for 100,000 pesos ransom, not
to make any efforts to pay the sum,
as the government expects to obtain
the release of Gardiner in a few days.
Similar instructions were issued in
regard to W. B. Johnson, the kid?
naped British subject, as his friends
here also had been making an effort|
to raise the 50,000 pesos demanded for
his release.
Reports to the Department of War
indicate that the military campaign
against Zamora is progressing satis?
factorily, although slowly, owing to the
difficulty of locating the Zamora band.
A strong force is now executing a
flank movement to cut off Zamora's
retreat and force him to fight, the
government reports show.
There have been reports that Zamora
was surrounded by Federal troops. An?
other dispatch said his own men had
put him in Irons and were ready to
turn him over to the government. The
report that Zamora had already sur?
rendered and freed all the captives
could not be confirmed here. It was
rumored that the government was ne?
gotiating for toe surrender of the out?
law and that the foreigners are being
held by him as hostages against pun?
ishment. This has caused much un?
favorable comment here because of the
many atrocities committed by Zamora
and his men. although it is admitted
the government may be forced to ne?
gotiate in order to avoid international
Drive Begun on Reds
An energetic campaign has been be?
gun against radical agitators by the
government. It is expected that sev?
eral will be expelled from the country
shortly. The drive has met with op?
position, and some government official!
may have to make a few changes in
minor offices, but it is understood that
Provisional President de la Huerta is
determined to uproot foreign agitator:
who are now making a living by cre?
ating labor troubles in Mexico and pub?
lishing seditious propaganda.
The campaign will not be confined t<
Mexico City, but will be carried t<
Tampico and other points where laboi
troubles have been frequent lately, an<
where American, Spanish and othe:
professional agitators are gathering
The -government has dispatched ai
agent to Campeche with special instruc
[ tions regarding a campaign ?gains
; Colonel Preve to prevent Campech
j from becoming a possible center of re
. bellion by those willing to. seize upo
i the red flag unfurled there as a mean
i of venting their political opposition t
' the present r?gime at Mexico City. Th
i possibility of radical agitation bein
| the weapon which will be employed b,
: the government's enemies to -prepar
i the way for another revolution wa
widely discussed in political circles to
; day and has caused some uneasiness.
Look to Serrano as Leader
While Congress hitherto has show:
an inclination to leave this questic
i out of the discussions it became evi
; dent that President de la Huerta is no
. taking chances. General Francise
! Serrano. Lnder Secretary of War. wil
, take his seat in the chamber. It :
generally believed Serrano, whil
? young and inexperienced in practica
? politics, will supply a much-ni
leadership to the government majorit
and with his strong character whip th
vacillating members back into the fob
Officials of the Ministry of Financ<
commenting on the statement that th
oil producers already have advance
sums more than covering their deb?
to the Mexican government, said tha
virtually all the companies had ai
vanced funds to. Manuel Pelaez an
that these would be credited to the
companies as payments on taxes.
Officials estimated that this would
amount to not more than a million
pesos, but said they were unable to fix
the exact sum, since the companies had
not made an effort t? establish credit
%v:th the treasury through the regular
channels and had not submitted th*
necessary vouchers. The department
will ask" all the companies to submit
vouchers for the necessary audit in r".
der that the amounts may be credited
on their taxes for the July and August
bimester, due September 25.
Anderson Tells Palmer
Bootleg Fines Are Wrong;
Dry Crusader Says Penalties
Imposed Amount to a
"Very Cheap License*'
William H. Anderson, state superin-?
tendent of the Anti-Siitoon League,
made pubuc yesterday a letter he
wrote to Attorney General A M
Palmer, protesting at the :ir.positior.
of tines of S100 each on Wednesday
on seventy-five violator-- of th<? liquor,
law in the Lnited States District Court?
"The amount of stich a fine," he
wrote, "can be cleaned up in the
profits of a single day by an active
bootlegger, to say nothing of the ring?
leaders in an organized illicit traffic
who are getting rich. Such fines
amount to a license, and a very cheap
license at that.
"We understand perfectly thai
cannot control these judges, wh
appointed for life, but you can make
it clear that district attorneys will be
protected if they let the facts be
known so that they can clear their
own skirts and absolve tli^Jepartmenv
of Justice from responsibility if any
judge imposes a nominal fine in spite
of the recommendation .of the depart?
ment, as represented by the District
Attorney." .
New Women's Paper Out
Will Serve as Official Campaign
Magazine of Feminine Voter?
The Woman Republican made its
first appearance yesterday. It is edited
by the women members of the Repub?
lican National Executive Committee,
and will be the official campaign maga?
zine of the Republican women. It will
be published weekly.
The first number contains several
articles and editorials by leading Re?
publicans dealing with the issues of
the campaign. Among the contributors
are Will H. Hays, national chairman,
who writes aOout the attitude of the
Republican National Committee to?
ward women voters, and Mrs. Arthur
L. Livermore. a member of the National
Committee, dealing with the Republi?
can platform.
Socialist Challenges Cox
To Debate Campaign Issues
CHICAGO. Aug. 2G.?Seymour Sted
man, Socialist candidate for Vice-Pres
ident, has challenged Governor James
M. Qox to a joint debate at Minneap?
olis September 6 on the "Fundamental
Differences between the Democratic
and Socialist Parties." Socialist na?
tional headquarters announced to-day.
In making the announcement Otto
Branstetter, executive secretary of the,
party, said: "Nothing is of more im
pertance to the American people ai -
time than a frank and public discus?
sion of the domestic and foreign prob?
lems now before us."
Thackeray said of the roan
who boasts that whatever he
eats is the same to him:
"He brags about a persona?
defect?the wretch?and not
about a virtue."
Obviously, then, to enjoy
on?y pure, wholesome, prop?
erly cooked food is a gastro'
nomic virtue?
A virtue to which those who
dine at CHILDS may lay in'
disputable claim.
CHILD5 v<-_etabla din.
ner ? ?ples-ing varia t?o?
in the summer diet.
364 566 ?.? 56? ?i(thj&enUt.tlP ?6'? an* 47"? STS.
ill Close Out Today
About Fifty Remaining
Formerly $20 to $45
A final regrouping of miscellaneous styles suitable
for street, sport and semi-dress occasions. Fruit,
flower, wing and bow trimmed effects.
Final Clearance of
Washable Skirts at $5
Formerly Selling at $10 to $18
Attractive sport styles in the various washable fabrics,
grouped for immediate disposal.
Remaining Sport Coats
at *25-$35 *45
Formerly Selling at $75 to $125
A limited group?light and dark shades?one of a kind.

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