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first to Laut-?the Trata: N*w_--E?i . tor isla?Advertisement? MwBfc-t ?f Um Aodtt Bareait of ?Stoculttt??? SATURDAY, AUGUST 28? 1920 ? ?,,.?,,,,,, .i Owned and published dally by New Tora Tribune Inc.. a New Tork ?Corporation. Olden IMd, Praal d?it; Q. Vwnor Boga?. Vlca-Prcaident; Relea Roitr? ReM, Secretary; R. K. Majrflald. Treuurar. Addrasa. Tribune BstMInjc. 154 Naiaau Straat, Nif York. Telephon*. Beekman SAW ?U?SC.RIPTION RATE??By man. IBcludtnf Posta?*. IN TUB UNITED STATER East ?f Mtoalajippt Rim: Oa? Six OB* Ht Mall. Postpaid, .ear. Monti?. Month. Dally and Sunday.,.?12.0? t? 00 |1.0? On? week. We, Pally artly. USD ?et M On? w?ek, Ste, Bur?!?y only. 4M *.*> .*? ?anday ?oly. ?Canada. *M 1? ,M FOREIGN RATES Pally and Sunday.$2? 0? ?13.30 $-.40 Pally only . 1?.40 ?.!? i ?? Sunday only . ?75 111 .M E-UrOd at the PeatoMc? at New York aa Saoond Clans Wall Mattar GUARANTY Yaa eaa porcnaie marobanills* a-nrtlted in THE TRIBUNE with ?_*alut? aafety?far If dUiatlsfjc t?on result? In any ?as? THE TRIBUNE ?uarantee? to pay vour mcn?v baok upan requart. Na red tape. No tmihblln?. W? make ?eoa pramptly if th* advartUac d??a net, MEMBER OY TH? ASSOCIATED PRESS Tli? Ataoriaiad Praaa la exeluslvtly entitled to th? ?I* for rcpubltcatlon of all nsw? dlapatclies credited : > It or not othtrw!*? crtdlted in thl* papar, and alto the local news of apontanaoja crlfin published berrtti. All rlghta of rcpublh-atlea of all ather raattat k*r?ln a ?o a.? raerTtd. The Cox "Proof" Candidate Cox having fired th? bomb he has been feverishly mount? ing a Big Bertha to discharge, has the projectile exploded with damag? ing force or has it arrived as a harmless "dud"? May the Republi? cans laugh as did the Parisians when an official communiqu? grave? ly reported the casualties suffered by a bunch of chickens? A good way to answer these ques? tions is to set out without color or comment exactly what evidence the candidate has offered to establish his charge that sinister large interests are in a conspiracy to "buy" the election. The "proof," after ton civs of war-whooping advertise? ment, is spread before the public. Of what does it .consist? According to the Cox narrative of awfulness, the ways and means I committee of the Republican Nation- '? al Committee has adopted the "drive" method of fund-raising. To ' remove suspicions attaching: to polit? ical contributions, Chairman Hays had promulgated the rule that no cne is to be permitted to give more than $1,000. The large secret con? tribution was eliminated, not only to avoid the possibility of corrup? tion but because the larger the number of small contributors the greater would be the probable inter? est of party members and the more the party would pass to the control of its rank and file. In pursuance of this plan, as Brother Cox tells the story, the prac? tice of assigning quotas to local areas was applied. Chairman Hays is accused cf countenancing the hell ish policy of stimulating the various committees who were to do the solic? iting by appealing to their local prifle. An official bulletin showing the progress of the vork wa? pub? lished and sent throughout the country. This bulletin contained news that this or that commu? nity had actually gone "over the top" and called on the backward to note the fact. The bulletin's editor was guilty of the atrocity of using terms familiar to the advertising ?world?such as that the solicitors must "sell" the Republican party to the country. Then comes the big noise. Shaking with emotion, the candidate showed his audience a circular which he said had been distributed at one gathering. It showed an allotment of quotas totaling $8,145,000. Count 'em! Remember each is a dollar, not a dime or a cent! Mr. Upham (assuming the circular is genuine and that it was not the work of a zealous volunteer who knew ex? actly how to succeed) is convicted of fixing a high mark for his helper*. The sensitive moral nature of Mr. Cox is, of course, deeply shocked. As the only multi-millionaire ever nominated for the Presidency, he palpitates with horror. Any one who would seek to raise a campaign fund in small amounts and by open methods is infamous. Alas! we fear the public will not be able to attain to Coxian heights of indignation. It has had previous experience with buncombe. The plot of the Cox movie has some merit, but the motivation of its action seems scarcely up to standard. Its main theme is that a few rich corruptionists are financing the Republican campaign as an in? vestment?ave deliberately purchas? ing an underhold on the govern? ment If this is so, if they are in the market eager to buy political goods, and Messrs. Hays and Up. ham are anxious to sell, why all the ballyhoo of a nation-wide campaign to get money in driblets? Why have "quotas" and all the complicated | machinery of raising money from scattered thousands? The natural procedure would be to call up on the telephone and whis;:\;r: "Put me down for $1,000,000 worth of under? hold." Candidate Cox does not state or hint at tho size of his campaign fund?has nothing to say as to how it is being raised. Not long ago the Cox chairman, just after an inter? view with his chief, announced that as to the size of contributions the sk}' was the limit?that the more and bigger they were the better he WQ?ld be satisfied. But Mr. Cox re? ports nothing as to the sums raised in his behalf. Ha is. so busy telling what he suspecta as to have no time to tell what he knows. But Mr. Cox will not be able to continuo silent. The Kenyon com? mittee meets Monday. Chairman Hays is to submit a complete list of Republican contributors. Chairman White must toe the same mark?giv? ing his testimony under oath, and with sobering knowledge that per? jury is dangerous. The public is to know not only the size of tho cam? paign funds, but whom they came from and how they are being spent. Candidate Cox has raised an issue he will not be permitted to dodge. Telephone Rates The average citizen is fair minded. Therefore he is reading with un? biased judgment advertisements of the New York Telephone Company which give its reasons for an in? crease of rates in this city. Several points should be taken into consideration. Food, clothing, fuel and other essentials cost any? where from 100 to 300 per cent more than a few years ago. Telephone rates in New York are actually lower to-day than they were in 1914. The company's book surplus of $40, 000,000, reported a short time ago, is reinvested in the telephone plant for the benefit of telephone users? all of it. The New York Telephone Company is now earning, it claims, less than 2 per cent on a fair valua? tion of its property in the State of New York. Rates have been raised already in Chicago, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Washington, San Francisco, Detroit, Buffalo, Boston and else? where, New York being the largest city with no increase. New York demands the best tele? phone service obtainable. It cannot get along with anything less than this. It knows from recent experi? ence what poor service means. The question of whether an increase is necessary, and if any, how much, is not for a newspaper to decide. This is the business of the Public Service Commission, after a thorough exam? ination of the whole subject. If the facts support the application, ?hen the commission should have the courage to act justly, for of injustice the public in the end will be the victim?. Bending, but Angle Not Given! Brother Cox weakens as a flatrati- ] ficationist. In Wednesday's speech he ? confided to his hearers that the ! Democratic platform, with respect to ? the Wilson covenant, does not "as- j sume an unbending attitude." Then | he added: "Wc will accept any [reservations] j that will work to the cause of world peace, but we will reject any that ! will work harm or injury to the cause of vorld-wide peace." These sentences make the whole matter as transparent as mud. The Democratic party, it appears, leans against the bar of public opinion. But at -what angle? How far will it bend? It is impudent to ask such questions. Only enemies of peace will utter them, and it is time to switch off the light. Some reservations are to be ac? cepted and others rejected. But in which class a particular reservation falls Mr. Cox gives no inkling. His ouija board doe3 not tell him. It stumbles and stops inarticulately. "I'll bet ycu 20 to 1 you can't tell me what single number," says the circus confidence man, "I'm thinking of." The easy-mark puts up his money and guesses, say, No. 4. "You lose," says the confidence man; "it was 5." Yet The Tribune's mail attests that there are persons who don't see what it means when a man says he is for acceptance of the covenant and then refuses to state on what terms and conditions. Senator Harding is reproached for indefiniteness be? cause unwilling to promise exactly what he will do. But, in view of his record of voting twice for ratifica? tion with specific reservations, his attitude is clear when compared with that of his opponent. "Tama Jim" James Wilson, of Iowa ("Tama Tim"), held the record for continuous Cabinet service. He was Secretary of Agriculture for sixteen years, under the administrations of McKin? ley, Roosevelt and Taft. He stayed on, to his and their satisfaction, be? cause from the first he proved that h? was the right man for the place. Wilson was the first Secretary of Agriculture who took the post seri? ously. Norman J. Coleman served for a few months during Cleveland's first term, after the department had been reorganized, with a Cabinet status. Jeremiah Rusk, of Wiscon? sin, universally known as "Jerry," succeeded when Harrison came in. He had a picturesque and delightful personality. He was a "political farmer," however, rather than a practical one. The next incumbent, J. Sterling Morton, was a cultivated and gracious gentleman and an old fashioned Jeffersonian in his politi? cal inclinations. He spent a great deal of his time combating the dis? position of Congress to give the de? partment what he considered too lib? eral appropriations. Mr. Wilson was credited with say? ing: "I found some roller-top desks and some half-starved scientists when I came into office. I had to make a department from that ma? terial. It was a job." There was more truth than exaggeration in that remark. The new chief had served eight years in the House-df Representatives, and it was there that McKinley made" his acquaint? ance. But he was. more .deeply in? terested in agriculture than he was in politics. After leaving ?ongress he became director of the Iowa Agri? cultural Experiment Station and head of the agricultural branch of the Iowa State College, at Ames. He wanted to do on a national scale what he had been doing- in-his own state. And in his sixteen years of control the Agricultural Department grew vastly in importance, and in public respect. Mr. Wilson's conception of the functions of the national government was broad enough to include aid to the primary Industry of food pro? duction among its legitimate efforts to promote the public welfare. He introduced new crops, worked for good roads and forest preservation, regulated the shipment of food, fought diseases among . farm ani? mals, and made the results of the department's scientific research available to stock raisers and crop producers. He recognized no par? tisan or sectional lines in his work, and was as highly esteemed by Southern farmers as by Northern, He was a pioneer in instinct and thought. He felt that the economic service a government could do for its citizens outweighed in value the purely political service?largely neg? ative?which it usually gives. Mr. Wilson was a man with a big idea and had the good fortune to get a chance to develop it unhindered. His work was its own reward. Of simple tastes and manners and rug? ged character, self-absorbed in a congenial task, he escaped the wor? ries and disappointments which come to so many men who find office-hold? ing in Washington merely a labor I and a sacrifice. Th? Brest-Litovsk Line The French government has coiwi I seled the Poles to take the best j strategical positions possible on their eastern front, regardless of the tentative "ethnographical frontier." That is sound advice. The ethno; graphical frontier is a peace frontier, not a war one. Poland was invaded and Warsaw narrow'y escaped cap? ture. Precautions must be taken against a second Russian invasion ?n case Trotzky is able to reorganize the Red armies and to continue the war. A Polish advance beyond Brest Litovsk does not imply permanent occupation of the territory entered. ! The frontier would be established j by the settlement. But Poland can make a better defense on the Bre?t ? Litovsk sector, the weakest point on | I her front, if she occupies a line-fur-j | ther to the east, at the western exits I from the Pripet swamps. General j Weygand has urged the Poles not j to repeat their earlier blunder of overextending their eastern front. But he says that if peace is not made this fall they will have to take up better positions than they ! can find in the neighborhood of Brest-Litovsk. The Allies have made the mistake. ! in dealing with Russia of bringing ! pressure at only one point at a i ?time, thus allowing the Moscow I - ? ' regime to concentrate its strength j I there. American and British troops ' went to Archangel, but were with- ' drawn after the Bolsheviki checked their advance. Allied troops were in Siberia for many months. Yet they were of little assistance to Kolchak when his army was attacked by superior Red forces and routed, j Denikine was left later to face a ! crushing Soviet concentration, and Yudenitch was also compelled to go I it alone when he got almost within gunfire of Petrograd, and was then enveloped by new Red armies. Wrangel is starting a new cam? paign in the south. He will be exposed to a Bolshevist attack in superior numbers if the pressure on the Red front opposite Poland is now suspended and the Poles stand still on the indefensible Brest Litovsk boundary. The Allied gov? ernments rightly decline to make peace with the Moscow dictatorship. But if they go that far they must do more. Real peace cannot come until the Soviet present tyranny is, overthrown. And its fall can be brought about most certainly by a unification of military effort, which, by threatening the Reds on two fronts, will make it difficult for them to figure out a victory on either. The warning Washington has sent to the Poles not only shows that the President would be a futile general, but has yet only a half conception of how to secure peace. And Now Gorky After Bertrand Russell and Peter "Kropptkin now comes Maxim Gorky, greatest of living Russian authors, with an indictment of the Bolshevik r?gime of Russia. A true Red, on the theory that bourgeois blood is thicker than water, may scorn Mr. Russell, the grandson of a duke, and Kropotkin, of a princely family, re? gardless of their record as leading exponents of radical theory. But as a critic of sovietism Gorky, the peasant and workman, is handi? capped by no aristocratic antece? dents?he stands committed to the proletarian side of the war of classes. Curiously enough, while the two aristocrats, Russell and Kropotkin, base their attack on the tyranny and inefficiency of the L?nine systeA, the proletarian Gorky denounce?, above all, its anti-cultural vandal? ism. He writes: "Everything has now become the property of the people, but mean? while th6 work of annihilation in not ontynot diminishing,but becomes more menacing every day. . . . Thoy [the Bolsheviki] are destroying buildings and using up valuable an? tique furniture for firewood. They arer packing up parcela' in canvas from unique old pictures. And they are boasting of 'putting an end to the past' We have no longer any respect for our national treasures. Stupidity, ignorance, lack of respect for one's own work mako ua destroy our treasures and overturn the na? tional economy of Russia. And we are told that all these things are only minor details, of no importance to us, who desire to tench and re? veal to the world a new social order of life!" Thus the writer whoso "conver? sion" to Bolshevism was advertised as a splendid moral victory by the prophets of the creed! If Gorky ever entertained illusions he seems to be through with them, for he con? tinues; "Never in the history of Russia have wo worked so badly, so dishonestly, as we are working to? day." This sounds like a great deal from a man who was one of the bit? terest critics of the old order. Real Life Commuters Not the Kind the Urban Editors Write About To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: What do you know about com? muters, anyhow? Do wo exchange ex? periences and talk enthusiastic-like about our gardens? Not so that you'd notice it, at least not at this season of the year, when our backs are com? pletely broken and half the stuff didn't come up, anyway. And when what was left did come up the rain had washed all the shape and cc'or out of it. Maybe it's beans and maybe it's peas; unless you remember where you planted it, you don't know. And you don't remember, because you turned around several times to find the spade and so lost all sense of direction. Besides, wo . don't tell each other about the size of our stuff unless we live far enough apart to get away with it. Even if we do ho (the other one) will walk up your way on Sunday to convinco himself that you really are a liar. Not that he didn't suspect it from the beginning, but he thinks it's more neighborly to prove it to him? self. Anyhow, we don't talk about such thing? on the train. Some of us arc addressing lodge meeting postal cards and others are talking politics and cars ?mostly cars. Some don't talk at all. They sit and sulk because we're talk? ing t? Jones, whoso wife doesn't be? long to their wives' set. Then again, commuting isn't what it used to be?not since so many women travel and the Brooklyn crowd started coming to Jersey. The Brooklyn men rush all the choice seats, the women take the next best and wo got what's left or stand. It isn't so bad now, but in the spring, when we're taking home lawn mowers and rakes, it's trying. The Brooklynites can't brace their rakes so they won't fall over and comb the hair of the fellow in front. It takes us to do that, but if we can't get window seats what are we to do? But you're all off about what you wrote. It's because you hire flat-dwell? ers to do the work. Those fellows think we carry lanterns and walk home across plowed fields. If you showed one a lawn mower he'd think it wa3 a trench digger. HA?KENSACK HENRY. New York, Aug. 26, 1920. Praise From a Visitor To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Very recently it was my privi? lege to visit New York City. Upon my arrival I became acutely alert for pick- ; pockets. Howewr, I need not have been ' so keenly conscious of my coin, for i during my sojourn I suffered no loss from this notorious class. Intense curiosity possessed me regard? ing the tumultuous rush underground, but though the subway roar is quite a boro I just adore it. 1 fail to agree with Charles Elmer Gurman, who in his letter of August 11 so deeply lament.? ?.he hoggishnesa practiced by subway patrons. I trav? eled from downtown to Washington Heights during rush hours and did not experience any incivility. I in? deed was amazed that conditions were so different from what I had antici- J pated. To me tho people appeared iiko figures manipulated by machinery, ' so viostentatiously did they board and i leav.j the trains. In certain other ' towns I have observed people actually I imitating savages when boarding cars, but in the subway of New York I did j not perceive this frenzied scramble for seats. I noted several instances j of men giving their seats to women, and as I was accompanied by a girl and a middle-aged lady two or three times men relinquished their seats to my companions. Just a little more of your valuable. space. A girl, no matter how pretty she is, is safe in New York City if she dresses modestly and decently and does not make glaring conspicuous nesa her object, for if she is so at? tired she will excite? no comment and will escape the odious leers and rude stares. MARCUS AURELIUS. New Haven, Conn., Aug. 26, li)20. Minor Issues (.From The I.os Angeles Times) The Prohibition nominee says: "To us the supreme question is not equal suf? frage, the League of Nations, labor, Mexico, Armenia, nor any minor ques? tions on which nil agree, but extinction of the liquor traffic." This should cor? rect several misconceptions. Their Sacred Shrine (.From The Los Angeles Tiw.es) Any attempt to burn or destroy Lim? erick will be resisted to the uttermost by an army of one hundred thousand trained poets. TheConningToWer The Toot's Amenities (U. C. 600) Alceiut Krotlkon (V, 66) Sappho: VI, 28. Alcaeua Lovely smiling Lady, sitting there, With tho sunlight glinting on your hair, Fain am I my thoughts to share with you, But shame holds me. Speak I do not dare, Oh, Lovely Ladyl Sappho If the Good were all in all to you, If your tongue Bpoke only what is True, And if Beauty lay in all you do, Shame would not enfold you when you woo A lovely lady. N. S. P. "If you work as hard employing the ba'lot," The News counsels the ladies, G. b. 'em! "as you did in gaining it, there will soon bo at least a lessening of graft, and wo will be well on our way toward better government." If parties to a marriage contract would work as hard employing the privileges and responsibilities of matrimony aa they did in gaining it, there would soon be at least a lessening of in harmony and we should be woll on our way toward a better universe. But the chase is always more interesting than the quarry; and there, as Old Bill Clothier remarked to Watty Washburn, you are. Mr. Seymour Stedman says that if Debs is elected ho will pardon him? self. To those who don't see how a man an pardon himself, we cite Pooh Bah'a historic reply to Ko Ko, who didn't see how a man could cut off ? his own head. "A man might try," j said Pooh Bah. Ths esteemed Telephone Review does *not steal its stuff, "Clipped" is how it credits a piece in the August I number lifted from this Transmitter ? of Taradiddle. Thanks for the ad. We old gentlemen are all hoping that Mr. William J. Clothier will win the tournament at Southampton to? day; and this Slippered Pantaloon, for one, is going to watch him try. The little gamecock has been un? able to "get going." Johnston was drawn in the second "quarter."?The Globe. Why the quotes? The Diary of Our Own Samuel Pepys August 26?Early up, and to the office, and read Aldous Huxley's "Leda," a poem too brimming with erotic im? ages for my liking. R. Lingley came to luncheon, and then I with Mr. Hughes to the courts, and beat him; and beat S. Hall, too, and a great joy to play with so generous a sportsman. Culled for my cozen Florence, and with her and J. Wise and Josephine to din? ner, and so to the Capitol, and saw there a futile cinema play called "The Untamed," but B. Tarkington's "Edgar" the best thing ever I saw on the screen, and the captions natural and not af- | fected and strained, as all I ever saw i before are. Homo later than I like, ! and to-bed. 21?Much talk of the c^nrnaign fund i disclosures Mr. Cox made, but I see nothing more sinister in them than _| would if a Harvard cheer leader, the score being 6?0 in Harvard's favour, should shout, Come, lads, let us make it 36 to 0! Senator Harding was telling the ac- I tors about plays. "The other play," i The Times says he said, "was one of | Mansfield's productions, 'Charles V,' if ] my memory is correct." The Sena? tor's memory is no better than it should be. It is just possible, of course, that Tho Times reporter's memory of what Senator Harding said is incorrect. The Conning Tower is open to the editor of The Marion Star. The 19th Amendment Jack Sprntt is a Den'mcrat ; Ills wife is a Harding fan. And go betwixt them both, you see. They do the best they can. ?The Tower. F. P. A. is a ijruy blas? And I am a contrlb blue; And ko betwixt uh both, you Bee, He cans (ho best I do. Bab?n Irelakti. When "Babe" Ruth made his forty third homo run a "fan" in the grand? stand died of heart disease. A thing like that would "kill" a "fan" down at Twenty-fourth and Vaughn.?Port? land Oregonian. Why the quotes? The Journal's copyreader who | wrote "Mother Claims Baby" probably will be expelled from the union. A child younger than a tot, as all good copyreaderu know, is a babe. The way Clinton's, in New Hav.n. advertises the record is: Come Where My Love Lies Dreaming with Male Chorus.$1.25. In cultivated Massachusetts Miss Carolyn Wells found?and sends it along for proof?a sign advertising Atheletic Bath Towels. The Compieat Slangier [From "Leda," by Aldous Huxley] The glittering pool laughed up its flow? ery brims, And everything, save the poor fish, re? joiced. "Sentimental Tommy" is coming to the movies! This will be the third of James Barrie's stories to reach tho screen. Of course, you remember "Dr. Jtikyll and Mr. Hyde" and "The Ad? mirable Crichton."?The News, Wasn't "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" written by John Barrymore? But then The News, we imagine, never can re? member names. ?The dentists' favorite composer, H. F. is certain, is George F. Root. "It was a tentative list," says Mr. Harry M. Blair, of the Republican Na? tional Committee. Song: We're Tentativing To-night on the Old Campaign ground. F. P. A, THAT FIFTEEN MILLION Copyright, 1>20, W?w York Tribune Ino. The Impotent League ft Has Been Reduced lo ? Shadow by the Unanimity Requirement To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Mr. Lloyd George complains that the league does not function in the case of Poland because there is a lack of unanimity. This excuse is far more significant than has yet been re? marked in any of the comments. If unanimity is required?and, of course, it is essential?there will be very few cases in which it can function. The reason it does not function in the case of Poland is the same reason why it will fail to perform its duties in many other cases. Great Britain doea not dare to help Poland or permit the league to do so, because the Reds have a pathway blazed to her posses? sions and dependencies in Asia Minor, as well as to a junction with the. ter? rible Turks; and not only that, but the Reds are getting ready to leaven India with their peculiar propaganda, which means a lot more trouble for Britain. Mr. Lloyd George knows something about that propaganda, for it has been at work among the Brit? ish laborites and, like a rattler, is coil? ing now in preparation to strike against the government itself. If the Reds ever recover from the present de? feat it will not be at all surprising if Mr. Lloyd George eats humble pie with Mr. L?nine and eventually In? fluences the league"- to subscribe to Lenine's peace terms, whatever they may be. British interests are bo world wide that the league will find itself almost constantly shaping its course to avoid injuring those Interests. Great Brit? ain is not the only nation that will have eore fingers to nurse whenever dissensions arise between other na? tions that will call for league action. A case against China, for instance, can never be settled unless and until the interests of Britain, Japan, France and the United States are safeguarded. How can that be possibly effected without a general war? A case against a European country cannot be dis? posed of on its merits, but must be seesawed by the old, crooked route of European diplomacy in the inter? ests of France, Britain and Italy. If Mr. Roosevelt speaks for this govern? ment (and why doesn't he'), Uncle Sam has a dozen American countries in his pocket that he can use aa pawns in the league game. How, then, can unanimity of action be expected, with Britain, France, Japan and this coun? try acting like dogs in the manger in most of the cases? European diplomacy never yet set? tled anything and never prevented a war. The most that can be said for it ?3 that it has postponed wars; but the longer a war is delayed the great? er will be it? proportions and the more bitter its animosity. European diplomacy takes little or no account of the element of justice, for each diplo? mat is primarily concerned with the interests of his own nation. That is exactly the spirit in which the Treaty of Versailles, including the league covenant, was writtan. It is true that the American commissioner? were not so actuated, but no one has yet accused them of being the authors of any part of the treaty or the covenant, excepting Article X, and that is just the part that Americans most generally object to. This thing called the league, made by diplomats whose first concern was the perpetual wekfare of their respec? tive nations and who inserted a clause therein providing for a perpetual guar? anty by the combined nations of all the past and present stealings of each member nation, is built upon such a false and wicked and selfish founda? tion that it cannot function. The mul? tiplicity and diversity of the interests of the "big four" nations will effectu? ally block successful action, except in obscure cases between such nations as Podunk and Dunkpo. If it functions in any other case, it will be because injustice has been done to a weak na? tion that must submit under duress. Mr. Root has the correct idea in having a judicial court in which all cases shall be settled upon their re? spective m?rita and in strict accord with justice. He is not a mere diplo? mat; he is a world statesman who doesn't lose his he?d in altruistic clouds. Let us wait and see what his : plan is. It is to be hoped that all may be able to agree upon it and end this endless wrangle over the league that is not even a league. If Lansing, White, Root and Hughes had been sent to Versailles as the American commis? sioners tho European muddle would have been cleared long ago. E. M. N. Rochester, N. Y., Aug. 26, 1920. The Housing Circle To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Relative to the proposed new law to regulate the income of the owner of a tenement house, is it not an absurdity that the tax valuation upon like buildings shall be the basis upon which rentals shall be appor? tioned, when the tax valuation is not 50 per cent of what it would now cost to build? Would it not be equally ab? surd to say that the tax valuation should be based upon the present cost to build ? It is said that the ownership of a tenement is "the same under the law as any other business," and if that be so, would it not be well for the Legislature to regulate the price of brick and other material necessary to build? We may ignore the unwritten law of supply and demand for a time, but additional buildings i^ the only remedy to prevent increased rentals, and capital will not venture when all rentals are subject to the approval of a municipal court. V. D. MARK. New York, Aug. 26, 1920. Illogical Opposition To the Ediotr of The Tribune: Sir: Can you inform a reader why there is opposition to the Rockefeller Foundation from such an American association aa the Labor Fedtfration? In your columns this morning I read in a report from Binghamton that they would like its charter revoked. And in the same column I read that one of tho problems which needed at? tention was the? bad conditions of the state hospitals and their lack of med? ical facilities. Now, from what source would such institutions receive as? sistance more quickly than from the Rockefeller Foundation? All my knowledge of this institution comes from the public press, and the press has always favored the foundation. BLUENOSE. New York, Aug. 26, 1920. A Sad Sight (From The Son Francisco Bulletin) "To what base uses we may return, Horatio." The dust of imperial Alex? ander plugging a bunghole has nothing on the silver champagne ice buck?^ wherein the exasperated epicure is now served with a pint bottle of near beer in fashionable hostelrles that are striving to keep up appearance?. j Lloyd George and Poland British Policy Charged With Shifti? ness and Caprice To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The machinations of Lloyd George, together with his inconsistent policies, are a revelation of the inside workings of British diplomacy. His I attitude toward Poland has at times I been one of insulting antagonism, and then again it consisted of an appar? ently forced toleration as of some un-' i : controllable evil. It varied with clr i cumstances. He opposed the Polish claims at the ! peace conference, not because Poland ! was not entitled to a return of ter? ritories forcibly annexed by Germany, ; Austria and Russia, but because of j British jealousy of France. He knew ? that the country of Joan of Arc sym | pathizfid with the land of Padcrew ski, and feared that an alliance of .France with a powerful Poland would i lessen England's influence on the Con | tinent. So the world saw England, the j supposed champion of Belgium's intfe ] pendence, obstructing Poland at tha l most critical period of the Bolshevist j invasion. It was astounded at Lloyd j George's declarations to the British i Parliament, at the time it appeared ! certain that Warsaw would be cap ! tured and looted by the Red?, that the Poles deserved severe punishment at ; the hands of the Asiatic hordes. Physi : cal help from France, in the form of ! munitions, was not permitted by the British to land at Danzig, although | the unrestricted use of this Polish | port was guaranteed to Poland by the peace conference. Poland then had the choice of em? bracing Bolshevism with England's sanction and consent or suffering an? nihilation and national extinction. Un? fortunately for the British Premier, the Cossacks and other mercenaries of Trotzky could not withstand the test when confronted by the gallant sons ; and daughters of a freedom-loving ? land. The Trotzky-Hun plans were thwarted. Poland has been buffeted about like a cork on an angTy sea. She has been kicked around like a plaything. Her ?destinies were linked, against her will, with the policies of nn unsportsmanlike, unscrupulous British politician. At last, however, the men, women, tnoys and girls of bleeding Poland have torn i the mask of duplicity from the face of the arch traitor of liberty. With his back against a wall he was com? pelled to show his hand. And what s miserably false hand It was! F. A. BUKOWSKI. New York, An*. 24, 1920. The Real Description (From The Philadelphia Evening Publie Ledger > Bolshevists have coined a new word to describe their government: ergatoc rscy, the rule of the workers. Ersatzoc racy (if you don't mind mixing a little German with your Greek), the rule of the cheap substitute, might be a mere descriptive word for the Trotzky gor ernment. Quite Drowned Out (From The Seattle Post-lntelligencer\ D'Annunzio wants this Bolshevik-Po? land business settled at once. They have been making so much noise that the world can't hear him. Useful at Last (From The Indianapolis Veto* ) Paper suits can be made to sell for 60 cents retail, and thus s real uss may be found for the Congressional ?ecord.