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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 09, 1920, Image 1

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First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
Fair to-day; to-morrow unsettled,
probably shower?; moderate
variable winds.
Full report on last pac?
No. 26,961
(Copyright. 1*20,
New York Tribun? Ine.)
In Greater New York I Within 200 Miles
Harding Says j
Farmers Are
Hope of U. S.
Maintenance of Balance
Between Industry andj
Agriculture Essential i
if Nation Is to Endure'
Outlines Program
To Aid Production
yisit of Senator to Twin
Cities a Triumph ; Talks
to 25,000 at Stete Fair |
?TA* full text of Senator Harding'?
gddress yesterday at the Minnesota
State Fair will be found on page six.]
From a Staff Correspondent
ST. PAUL, Sept. 8.?American civil?
isation will break down, as have all
great civilizations of the past, unless
t?a? United States establishes a perma
Btat balance between industry and agri?
culture, insuring the nation's mainten?
ant? on a self-sustaining basis. This
mrning was sounded to-day by Warren
G. Harding at the Minnesota State Fair
in his first formal speech away from the
?Jront porch at Marion.
Fully 25,000 persons were within
hearing of Senator Harding's voice this
afternoon, thanks to a sound amplify?
ing contrivance. The candidate spoke
at the fair grounds racetrack, standing
on a canopied platform facing the
crowded grandstand and bleachers. The
enthusiasm with which this vast au?
dience greeted him, their close atten?
tion to his speech, and the respect
they showed by rising in their seats
when he departed are expected to re?
sult in a decision to lea,ve the front
porch for long trips with increasing
frequency as the campaign nears a
Offers Constructive Program
Laying down the hroad hypothesis
. that agriculture is the basis of na?
tional life and that no society ever
had survived the permanent decline
oi agricultural production, the Re?
publican Presidential nominee pre?
sented a constructive program for
restoration and maintenance of agri?
cultural efficiency. Briefly the pro?
gram is:
Greater representation of farmers
in government affairs.
Cooperative a?gricultural fcuying and
telling associations.
Scientific governmental study of
farm products prices and farm pro?
duction costs, with a view to reduc?
ing abnormal price fluctuations.
Discontinuance of unnecessary gov?
ernmental price fixing for farm
Curtailment of farm tenancy, with
it? attendant soil robbing, through
more liberal administration of the
farm loan act and proposed supple?
mentary measures.
Prompt railroad service at the low?
est possible rates.
Cariff protection for American
farm products.
Restoration of a normal balance
between livestock and grain produc?
Speeches Consecutive in Form
Less than two weeks ago the Senatoi
presented his constructive program foi
dealing with international problems. A
few days after that he presented his
reclamation policy and program. To
day's ?pceoh thus stands as the thirc
?of his program addresses. Each has
testified his purpose to crystallize hi?
views into workable, understandabii
Those in touch with the Senator's
view of the campaign predict that fron
this time forth his-utterances will pro
ject this purpose o? frank dech'rutinT
of specific policies, of r.ubmitling ii
all candor his views of what he \voul<
like to du ?or the country if he i:
It wa3 twenty-nine years ago tha
Senator and M.-s. Harding first came t?
8t. Paul. They were on their honey
moon and he was a "ribo editor," hi
own phra.v:, and unknown outside of ;
few Ohio counties. "Things were ver;
different then," he said this morning
a? he steppe?} out on the platform o
the private car in which he is travejin;
to acknowledge the plaudits of
throng mat-Bed about tne observatio
platform and reckless of switch er:
gines shunting cars about the yards o
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Pai
Met by Flcet^of Auto?
On their honeymoon the Hardinp
tot into a hack when they arrive
rere and rode <|b the Ryan Hot<M. T<
day there were thlrty-flve automobil?
de-orated with Haga and pictures of th
candidates, dininguished Minnesotan
including a couple of .Senators, a Go>
?nor 7:nd an ex-Governor, to ride wit
them, and bras? banda, and as thi.s pr?
????ion drove to the Minnesota sta?
fair, midway between the twin citie
M pa??tfcd between ranks of people lit
Jng the curbs'onea eager for, a view <
the Republican candidate.
Senator Harding waved a new fa
a * mt,tnowledgment of their cheer
?tad from time to time held up a frien?
* tn^ an<1 8,nil*a ? greeting to ?on
oi those who perched precariously c
Wlsdow ledget high above the atre
It had been agreed by the manage
oi the fair and Senator Harry S. Ne
?l Indiana, in charge of the Republic?
campaign speaker?' bureau, that tl
candidate should not be re<?uired
?ake more than one ?peccb, hi? form
adore?!, but when the partv reach
tne groundi 3?n:itpr Harding w?
Promptly taken in tow and led fro
o*e exhibition building to another ai
;**?* time?, ho good-naturedly acced?
?? Jf??U totM. upeeeh/
.. ?7 ?*T ?sffchowing the candidate th
7 Viaif ????'?ted of more than t
?oe* and agr?cujtural machinery e
?WH ne was taken to the Art Boil
?Jf, where Herman Ro?, editor of
Minnesota paper which he proudly 1
formed the Henator had a circul?t?
#1?al U that oi The Marlon Star, pi
?#r,t#d Mr and Mr*. Harding with
T?nung, "The P.iver," by Knot? He)
its, of Minneapolis. The picture w
on an easel ?t? the ?taz? of the ?m
_ _itonWn?eS <w ?**s stss
*o??j1 ?Mfiea lf#j|?T W\$?#*rm\to nm
g?..*?*. ??te.vmv** f?A The TtWtu
*j?go_tl<<ikm??(> 29M-and l?lv<> yotsr i
Zay???' ?f Pi*",? H tbr*??h any vt 1
^^nTUsi ?Asnera?
Greatest Corn Crop in
U. S. History Forecast
WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.?The
greatest corn crop in the coun?
try^ history is in prospect this
year. Forecast of production,
based on September 1 conditions,
was placed at 3,131,000,000 bush?
els to-day by the Department of
Agriculture. Such a .yield would
exceed by 6,000,000 bushels the
1912 crop, the largest on record.
A crop of even larger propor?
tions will be harvested if frosts
hold off until late and permit ma?
turity of much late corn now
rated as doubtful.
Pope Enters
Fight to Save
Vatican's Move Announced
by Rome Newspaper;
London Again Hears Pre?
mier Will Free Mayor
Agquilh Urges Action
Doubled Whether Hunger
Striker Could Recover,
Even if Released Now
ROME, Sept. 8.?The Pope has inter?
ceded in behalf of Lord Mayor Mac?
Swiney, now in Brixton prison, Lon?
don, according to the Giornale d'ltalia.
Commenting on the situation in
Ireland and the imprisoned Mayor, the
paper says: "Lord Mayor MacSwiney
will be canonized in the course of
centuries, when Englishmen will join
in his glorification, just as recently
they joined in the apotheosis of Joan
of Arc."
May Free MacSwiney
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc. .
LONDON, Sept. 8?Rumors again
came from Downing Street this evening
that Premier Lloyd George intended to
release Terence MacSwiney, Lord May?
or of Cork, who is on a hunger strike in
Brixton prison. There was no official
indication, however, of a chance in the
government's policy. This w?is the
Mayor's twenty-seventh day of fasting.
Even if the prisoner should be re?
leased at the eleventh hour and re?
moved to a hospital it is considered
doubtful whether he would recover. His
condition became worse this afternoon,
and it was said by a member of his
family that he was very near death.
He is in constant pain, with spells of
giddiness, and, though unable to talk,
is conscious.
Sir Hamar Greenwood and Sir Nevil
Macready prepared a memorandum on
Ireland which the Premier considered
this afternoon.
Guaranties Demanded by Premier
LONDON, Sept. 8 (By The Associated
Press).--An inspired statement issued
to-day indicates that Premier Lloyd
George is willing to accept guaranties
from Sinn F?in headquarters that po?
lice murders will cease, and that he
does not require a personal guaranty
from Lord Mayor MacSwiney.
If such a guaranty is forthcoming,
it is set forth in the statement, Mac?
Swiney and the hunger strikers in
v.ork jail would be released and held
as virtual hostages, and if the mur?
ders were resumed they would again be
sent to jail, thus in effect reverting to
what was called the "cat and mouse"
policy adopted in the case of the suf?
fragette hunger strikers.
It is an interesting question whether
the Sinn F?iners are prepared to give
such an assurance as to satisfy this re?
quirement. Up to the present they |
have insisted upon unconditional re
Mrs. MacSwiney, on leaving Brix- ;
ton prison this evening after visit- '
ing her husband, said that twice this
afternoon* the attending physician had
warned her not to speak to lier hus
band, as h<a was "1 ivinar on his vital- j
ity." She added that the Mayor suf- I
fered from giddiness this afternoon.
Friends of the Lord Mayor, his wife !
saif!, were much encouraged at the !
pru lence in England of Premier Lloyd
George, who returned yesterday from
Lucerne, and hoped that something :
might ensue favoring the Irish pris
oner. %
MacSwiney was a little brighter this
morning, but much weaker and more j
exhausted. He passed a fairly good
night. ?
A bulletin issued by the Irish Self
Determination League at noon regard- j
ing the Mayor's condition said:
Prisoner Forbidden to Talk
"The Lord Mayor suddenly got much
weaker. The doctors arc very anxious
an i have forbidden his relatives to
converse with him."
Ex-Premier Asquith, answor'tng an
appeal from John Howard Whitehouse,
former Liberal Member of the House
of Commons, for his intervention in !
behalf of Mayor MacSwiney, said:
"I think the decision to allow the
Lord Mayor of Cork to die in prison
in a political blunder of the first mag?
nitude. I would gladly intervene if any
appeal of mine could lead aven now to
(Csntfsutte ?? next ?if?)
Senator Crane's Recovery
Regarded as Doubtful
Chances Are Considered None
Too Good, His Secre?
tary Announces
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
DALTON, Mass., Sept. 8.?The condi?
tion of former Senator W. Murray
Crane was viewed to-day by his family
as serious.
"The doctors say there is a possi?
bility of his getting up again, but his?
chances are considered none too good,"
declared his secretary, Ralph B.
Msrean. "They are not certain of the
nature of his ailment. It is a kind of
heart trouble." '
This was the fourth day of Senator
Crane's confinement to his bed. His
condition, according to physicians, may
be traced indirectly to his collapse at
Northampton while attending the ex?
orcises at which Governor Coolidge
was notified officially of his nomina?
The Senator's isst publie appearance
was at ?Plt?aftald early -this month,
when he heard en address fey Chauncoy
M. V?ptm.
Watson Leads
In Georgia as
Foe of League
Ex-Populist Candidate for
President Is Ahead of
Hoke Smith and Dor?
sey in Senate Race
Wilson Supporter
Running Second
Walker, Backer of Ad?
ministration, May Be
Named for Governor
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
ATLANTA, Ga., Sept. 8.?The indica?
tions to-night, based on-incomplete re?
turns from the Georgia Democratic
primary held to-day, are that Thomas!
E. Watson, one-time Populist candidate1
for President and avowed foe of the
Wilson administration and tho League
of Nations in any form, will be the
next United States Senator from
Reports give Watson a long lead over
Senator Hoke Smith, the incumbent,
and over Hugh Dorsey. The race for
second place between Smith and Dorsey
is close, but the indications are that
the Senator will run third.
With 195 county unit votes necessary
to win j the nomination, incomplete re?
turns gave Watson 146, Dorsey 96 and
Smith 29.
Smith Ran on Senate Record
The early reports indicate that Wat?
son will have a clear majority of county
unit votes over Smith and Dorsey and
that no second primary will be neces?
Senator Smith made the xace for re?
election on his record in the Senate.
He opposed the League of Nations as
submitted by President Wilson and
voted for the Lodge reservations.
Governor Dorsey made the race as
the Administration candidate. He in?
dorsed all the acts of the Wilson Ad?
ministration and accepted the league
as submitted by the President. Gov?
ernor Dorsey called himself the only
loyal Democrat ?n the race and bitterly
denounced both Smith and Watson, as
enemies of the Administration. Wat?
son seems to have not only a majority
in county unit votes but also a popu?
lar majority.
Walker Ahead for Governor
In the race for the nomination for
Governor Clifford I. Walker, former
Attorney General i.i Georgia, leads
former United States. Senator Thomas
W. Hardwick and John N. Holder,
speaker of the Georgia House of Rep-1
The early returns give Walker 158!
unit votes, Hardwick 118 and Holder 6. ?
It is probable that Walker will have
a majority of the county unit votes
and that no second-primary will bei
necessary. Hardwick. like Watson,
stood on an anti-Wilson and anti
league platform. Hardwick was de
?eated two years ago for reelection to I
the Senate because of his war record. I
Walker indorsed the Wilson Adminis- !
tration outright and centered his at- j
tacks on Hardwick's war record.
The American Legion took an active
part in the fight against Watsor? and
Berlin Arrests Hundreds
To Check Wave of Crime j
Police Take Men and Women in
Raid in Principal Quarter of
City; Armored Cars Are Used
Special Cable, to The Tribune
Copyright. 1920. New York Tribune Inc.
BERLIN, Sept. 8.?Owing to tho in-'
creased number of assaults and rob?
beries committed on the streets after
dark the Berlin ponce made a midnight
raid last night in one of the principal
quarters of the city, in the neighbor?
hood of the Lehrter' railway s*ation,
and arrested several hundred men and
Others found there were compelled
by the police to show identification
papers, or, in the caso of foreigners,
passports, before being released. The
prisoners were taken to jail in ar?
mored motor cars. In some cases the
police had to threaten the rowdies with
revolvers before they would go quietly.
The newspapers commend the en?
ergy of the police president and ad?
vocate nightly roundups until all of
Berlin's notorious night rogues are
under lock and key.
$35,000 Thief Jeers
His Victim by Mail
Tells President of Auto Concern
He Would Be Safer in
Some Small Town
A letter believed by the police to
have been designed to throw pursuers
off the trail has been received by
Philip S. Smith, president of the United
Auto Rim Company, who last Satur?
day was held up in his offices at 221
West Fifty-third Street and robbed
of 535,000 in money and jewelry. The
letter was mailed at Indianapolis Mon?
day and reads:
"You should not be in such a big
city. It seems a shame. You should
be under the guidance of a marshal
or a sheriff. No brains. For a guy like
you in a big city, you should make
your exit and go to some small town.
You would probably bo better off.
I got the $17,500. I should worry.
"Ta ta ? goodby. Ta ta ? goodby."
The actual cash taken by the bandits
Was $18,600, of which $10,000 was in
one bill. Its serial number was B-232.
The Tribune's
Shipping and
Travel Guide
\ An exclusive Service
for Shippers and
Travelers published
tvery business day.
To-day on Page 20
?Doctors Can't Prescribe
Whisky for Themselves
Physicians are forbidden to pre?
scribe whisky for themselves,
even though they are sick, under
a new ruling of the Bureau of In?
ternal Revenue. Instructions to
this effect were sent to prohibi?
tion directors to-day.
Druggists are told to refuse to
fill such prescriptions. So if a
doctor feels the need of a bracer
he will have to rely on a brother
practitioner to prescribe for him,
or use a part of the six quarts a
I year he may have in his office to
administer to patients.
Quotas Called
For 5 Million
Assistant Treasurer Blair
Tells Senators He Never
Heard of $15,000,000
Fund Until Cox Spoke
$400,000 for Cleveland
Witness Declares Plan to
Seek $10,000 Contribu
tions Was Voted Down
CHICAGO, Sept. 8.?Support tof
Governor Cox's charge that $400,000
had been set as the Republican cam?
paign fund quota of Cleveland and $25,
000 as that of Atlanta came from Re?
publican witnesses to-day at the Senate
committee investigation of campaign
funds and expenditures.
In addition there was an admission
by Harry M. Blair, assistant to the
treasurer of the Republican National
Committee, that he had approved
"Form 101," a document setting forth a
campaign plan which called for sub?
scriptions of $5,000 and $10,000 each.
Mr. Blair, whose testimony extended
over into a night session, said suffi?
cient copies of the bulletin had been
prepared to supply all field agents of
the Republican national treasurer, but
that when the national ways and means
committee refused to approve the proj?
ect the release on the document had
been canceled.
Appeal Never Sent Out
Mr. Blair said the form was in the
bulletin, but it had never been made
Senator Kcnyon?Was the bulletin
sent out at all?
Mr. Blair?It was never sent out.
Some ofgthem may have got out, but
they were supposed to be in the safe.
Senator Reed?Supposed to be where?
Mr. Blair?In the 3afe in the office.
Senator Reed?Locked up?
Mr. Blair?Yes.
Telling of the submission of the plan
to the committee, Mr. Blair said after
the bulletin was ready he went to the
meeting, having a dozen copies with
him. He believed that the plan would
be approved and when it was turned
down, "for fear there might be a slip
somewhere, 1 wired to my office as?
sistant to see to it that my regional
directors did not issue any of the bul?
Mr. Blair said later a substitute
measure, was promulgated and "Form
101" was supposed never to haxe ex
Senator Kcnyon?Is that the truth
about 101?
Mr. Blair?Yes.
Senator Kenyon?Was it ever sent
| out to be used by any workers with
your knowledge or sent out by Mr.
? Upham that you know of?
Mr. Blair?Absolutely not.
Mr. Blair said that he had never
! heard of the existence Vf a $15,000,000
I Republican slush fund, charged by Gov?
ernor Cox, and added that if he had
ever heard of it he would have refused
to undertake to raise it.
$74,000 Already Raised
TesMmony^pf the Cleveland quota of
$400,000 was given by Dudley S. Blos?
som, a city official and one of the lead
iers in the drive for funds there. He
! said this figure was given him by W.
! A. Woodford, chairman of the ways and
! means committee for Cleveland, but
| that it also was discussed with the
I national ways and means representa
I tive and "became common knowledge
I among workers for the fund." He said
$74,000 had been pledged already to the
fund, and that the soliciting was con?
The Atlanta testimony came from
C. W. McClure, former Republican
candidate for United States Senator
from Georgia. He said that C. F. Tay?
lor, a paid worker for the Republican
< National Treasurer, brought a letter
j from Fred Upham saying that an at
(Contlnuad on ?ato three)
Hundreds of
Lives Lost in
Italy's Quake |
Thousands Injured and
Scores of Towns Wiped
Out; Many Are Still
Trapped in the Ruins
Relief Rushed to
700,000 Homeless
"Seemed Like End of the j
World," Say Survivors ; |
New Tremors Reported '.
ROME, Sept. 8 (By The Associated
Press').- Italy is again suffering from
an earthquake disaster, the extent of
which has not yet been measured. It
is known, however, that hundreds of j
persons have been killed and thousands i
injured. Many small towns and vil- j
lages have been wrecked, and although j
assistance is being hurried from all j
parts of the country to the afflicted
area, there is much suffering for want
of food, medicines and shelter for the
people. "*
"Every earthquake disaster is for
Italy like a lost battle," said ex-Pre- I
mier Luzzatti after the Avezzano catas- ]
trophc, and this is now repeated in !
Tuscany. Though not so great, the j
present disaster recalls the distant j
tragedy of Messina.
Extent of Disaster Unknown
It is not yet possible to calculate
how many hundreds are dead?the list
up to this evening shows close to 400
already reported. There are many
bodies under the ruins. Scores of
wounded among the d?bris have not
been reached by the rescuers as yet.
There are believed to be many thou?
sands of injured; the hospitals at
Spezia have already received about 500,
and 300 have been taken to other hos?
pitals near by. Improvised hospitals
composed of tents are caring for an !
uncounted number of others. The in- '
jured and the homeless at Leasa are
thankful that the weather keeps fair, I
but at night it is very cold, especially
on the mountain slopes.
All classes are combining in their
efforts to render aid. Monarchists as !
well as republicans, socialists and j
clericals and even anarchists are fioci*
ing to the scene of the earthquake
from the bigger cities- Spezia, Flor?
ence, Lucca and Modena.
Shock Was Terrifying
Admiral Solari, of Spezia, was the
first to dispatch medicines, food, band?
ages and tents. Deputy Chiesa, for?
mer Minister of Navigation, was among
the first to reach Fivizzano. H? was
followed by Admiral Solari and Signor
Bertini, representing the government.
Survivors describe the shock as ter?
rifying. The air was filled with chok?
ing, blinding dust, so black that the
sun was lost to view.
"It seemed like the end of the
world," terrified peasants say.
The great towers of medieval castles
were shaken or destroyed. The ducal
palace at Massa Carrora, which was the
summer residence of Napoleon's sister,
was seriously damaged.
At least seven towns were de- ;
stroyed in the quake Tuesday.
Quercia, Molassa, Tarasco, Barco
and fornaci are reported to have been |
destroyed, as were Fivizzano and
Lucca, according to reports. . j
No Tidings of Many Towns
The territory violently disturbed ?
seems to be lozenge shaped, with
Florence nt the southern apex and '.
Modena at the northern end. It ex- j
tends along- the Etrurian coast and
runs over the Apennines eastward for
upward of 100 miles. In this dis- ?
trict there are many populous towns, ;
afrd no tidings have as yet been re- !
ceived from many of them. Reports j
from some cities ii the earthquake
zone show that buildings were crum- ;
pled by the convulsion of the earth.
The quake caused great damage in j
the Provinces of Florence, Lisa, Leg-;
horn, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Repjrio
d'Emilia, Modena and Piacenza. The |
shock was felt in the surrounding
provinces as far as Milan, but there ,
was no injury to life cr property in |
that city.
Relief parties from Spezia, Genoa,
Massa and Florence are searching the
devastated region.
Aid Lent by Red Cross
The Red Cross has dispatched to the
scene of the disaster hundreds of beds,;
many tents, medicines and physicians.
Other benevolent associations are con
tributing to the work of rescue, as are i
private individuals, who have placed ;
automobiles and camions at the dis?
posal of the authorities foi* transpor- j
tation of the wounded and distribution :
of supplies. The supplies are urgently |
needed, since 700,000 persons are camp- j
ir.p in the oper. air.
King Victor Emmanuel, with his i
?Continuad on pk?ji seven)
Coast-to-Coast Mail Airplane
Reaches Iowa in Flight West
A motor truck piled with mail sacks
rumbled into Hazelhurst Field, near
Mine?la, L. I., in the gray of dawn yes?
terday. Mists still hung over the '
Hempstead Plains, but vague figures
in dungarees and leather coats were !
busy about a De Haviland airplane.
Its motor roared a satisfactory note.
The last tests of struts nnd mechanism
were made. Men began to hurry to
and fro between the plane and the
truck, shouldering sacks of mail. A
helmeted, leather-jacketed aviator
shook hands with the members of a
small group of officials who had been
watching proceedings
Then he climbed into his seat. The
propellers began to cleave the nir.
The machine started, made a perfect
ascent and began to circle for altitude,
the first beams of the sun glinting on j
its wing?. Tho firBt transcontinental
air mail was off for San Francisco
The start was made at 6:41. Ran?
dolph G. Page, of Washington, D. C?
a postal pilot, was the sola occupant
of the airplane. He carried 400 pounds
of mail, about 16,000 letters, selected
at random from among those addressed
to San Francisco and other California ;
cities and cities in Iowa, Nebraska, ,
Washington and Oregon. There was
more mail than the machine was built I
to carry and a suitcaseful of the extra
letters was strapped to the plane.
It is hoped that the machine itself,
with relays of pilots, will go straight
across to the Pacific Coast. Its first
stop was at Bellefonte, Pa., at 8:59. j
The fuel tank was filled and Page took
the air again at 10:05. At 12:45 he
landed in Cleveland, Ohio.
Page saitj lliat a heavy headwind had
retarded him in his trip from Mine?la.
His actual flying time between Hazel
hurst Field and Cleveland was five
house and fifty-nine minutes. He set
out from Cleveland at 1:51 P. M. Chi?
cago was his next stop.
The first lap in the transcontinental
aerial mail service was completed last 1
night with the landing in Iowa City, j
Iowa. Page changed machines at Chi- I
cego. It had been planned to remain in |
Omaha, Neb., Tor the night, but dark?
ness forced the aviator down in Iowa
City. The flight will be resumed at 5:30
a. m. to-morrow.
, m-?? " m.
Tea tntl Dinner Dance? Uov? been res???*!
IB the Ross Room.?Ati?.
. /
B. R. T. Eliminates Union
And Will Train New Men
To Replace All Strikers
Receiver Garrison Outlines Future
Labor Policy of the B? R. T. System
Lindley M. Garrison, receiver of the "Brooklyn Rapid Transit Com?
pany, in outlining the future policy of the concern yesterday, said:
"The first, phase is over. It ended with the final position taken
by Mr. Mahon, international president of the Amalgamated Associa?
tion. ... If, upon his arrival from the headquarters of this organ?
ization in Detroit, Mr. Mahon had thrust aside the radical leadership,
repudiated the unwarranted breach of contract, disciplined the locals
for violating the essential laws of their organization and ordered the
men?who never should have left their work?to return, he would have
gone a long way toward rehabilitating his organization in the esteem
of the management and the public.
"Instead, he contented hfmself with rebuking those of his sub?
ordinates who injured their own cause in public esteem by general
vilification, expressing regret at what he termed the impatience of these
radical leaders and, casting in his lot with them, made their cause his
and that of his organization.
"We now enter upon the second phase, which is the slow and
laborious process of obtaining and training new men as a permanent
force for the proper and efficient operation of the system."
Italian Mines
And Farm Land
Seized by Reds
Communist Move Spreads
to Sicily; Trieste Strike
Ends; 80 Pet. of Turin
Workers Quit Factories
Factories Have Munitions
Employers Ask Government
to Intervene ; Premier
Is Watching Situation
ROME, Sept. 8.?The movement
started by the metal workers' union in
seizing factories in cities throughout
the countries has been extended by the
occupation of the lignite 'hilh??l iff
Luini by the 40 0employee3 there and I
of mines on several estates in Sicily,
according to the Giornale d'ltalia.
Neither the government nor the
proprietors of the lignite fields re?
sisted the occupation.
In Sicily the farmers, through an or?
ganization known as the Agricultural
Cooperative Pius X, took possession of
lands at Cipirello, San Giuseppe Jato,
Borghetto and Crisi.
Milan Center of Trouble
Milan is now the center of the up?
heaval caused by the metal workers.
The Prefect of Turin went there with
news'of negotiations being carried on
with the Piedmont workers. The Pop?lo
Romano believes that an agreement
would be reached were it not for a
small group of extremists who are put?
ting obstacles in the way, desiring at
all costs to try the experiment of com-J
Representatives of the manufactur
crs, at a meeting in Milan to-day, de?
cided that negotiations were possible
if politics were excluded and the dis- |
puts restricted to the realm of econom- |
ics. This decision was communicated
to the Prefect, who then received Dep?
uties Turati and Troves, Socialist lead- |
premier Giolitti, who is kept in
formed of details of the situation, had j
requested the prefects of Milan and
Turin to investigate the situation with ;
a view to proposing a solution. The ;
newspapers say that the action taken]
by the manufacturers does not exclude
the possibility of an agreement.
Arm3 in Factories
A serious feature is that some of the
more important works occupied by the !
men contain a considerable quantity of I
guns, revolvers, machine guns, armored
cars and even some tanks, which are
said to have been sent to the works
for repair.
At Turin the General Association of
Metallurgie Employers and Traders has
adopted a resolution calling upon the
government to intervene energetically,
as the passive behavior of the govern?
ing authorities is alleged to have en?
couraged the leaders of the metal work?
ers to extend the conflict by the occu?
pation of other industries, threatening
paralysis of the public services and
the provisioning of the population.
Through complicity of the railway
men a considerable amount of raw ma?
terials has been brought by night to
the Fiat and Longetto works. The
electric and gas plants have been oc?
cupied by soldiers in order to insure
to the citizens these necessary serv?
Checking of the movement is re?
ported from Trieste, where the general
strike was declared off after satisfac?
tory concessions had been made by
the government. The Engineers' Asso?
ciation here also refused to make com?
mon cause with the metal workers. The
radicals had appealed to the technical
workers to join them, as they needed
expert advice in operating the fac?
Disastrous waste of raw material in
factories at Turin is reported in a dis?
continued on pajj aovan)
Monkey Skins Sent to Judge
Humphrey Notified of Gift on
Way From African Admirer
County Judge Bert J. Humphrey, of
Queens, yesterday received a letter
from "Joe Hammond," of "Hope House,
Aburi, African Gold Coast," informing
his honor that a quantity of monkey
skins were on the way to his home, in
token of the writer's appreciation of
the judge as a man.
With the letter came a request for a
After instructing court attendants to
look through a soothsayer's manual tr.
Bee if the skins were considered an
omen of good luck, Judge Humphrey
autographed one of his photographs
and sent it to Hammond.
Col. Roosevelt
Unhurt in Two
Air Smashnps
Plane Is Wrecked in Each
Instance, but He Es?
capes, Smilingly Saying
Accidents Will Happen
Companion Slightly Hurt
Takes a Third Machine;
Which Hits Storm andj
Engine Goes Dead Twice
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
VINITA, Okla.,.Sept. 8.?-Lieutenant
Colonel Theodore Itoosevelt had narrow
escapes in two airplane accidents to- j
?&y. "?fhe first occurred at Joplin, Mo., I
where he started on a /light to Vinita, j
and the other happened here. In each I
instance the airplane was wrecked.
At Joplin Colonel Roosevelt had en
tered the front seat of the plane, a
Curtiss Oriole, in which Bert Chandler, |
candidate for Congress from the 1st ?
Oklahoma District, also was sitting, j
Paul Meng, the pilot, gave the pro- ;
peller blade a twist. The throttle was ?
too high and the big machine tore |
wildly down the field. Colonel Roosc- '
velt jamped from the fuselage and I
landed free of the rudders.
The plane 3truck high ground and
upended, -burying its nose in the
ground. Chandler was seVerely shaken
up and bruised, but not severely in?
jured. The pilot had made a flying
leap for the ear fuselage and was
hanging on with his hands, attempt?
ing to pull himself into the machine,
when it turned turf...
Colonel Roosevelt was calm and
smilinj over the incident. A few
minutes later he and Chandler en- I
tered a big Bristol plawe from Tulsa t
and flew for Vinita, where Raymond
Robins preceded him this morning. >
At Vinita, the plane carrying Roose- i
velt crashed into a fence and a tree |
at the fair grounds. None of the
four passengers in the plane was in
"Accidents will happen," Roosevelt
'. as he left the scene of the sec?
ond snash-up and jumped into another
pl;ine to continue his trip to Okmul
gee, . here he spoke thi. afternoon.
TULSA, Okla., Sept. 8.?For the
third time to-day Lieutenant Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt had a thrilling ex?
perience in an airplane when iate this !
afternoon the machine in which he was
riding from Okmulgee to Tulsa en?
countered a severe electrical and rain
st^m. The pilot, unable to see the
earth or dodge out of a cloud bank, was
compelled to fly aimlessly ??out until
the storm subsided. Twice ifie engine
of the plane went dead, short circuited
by rain.
Jersey Assembly Asks
Release of MacSwiney !
Resolution to Lloyd G?eorge
Says Penalty Is Not Com?
mensurate With Offenses
TRENTON, N. J., Sept. 8. -The As?
sembly to-night by a vote of 25 to 12
adopted a resolution directed to Pre?
mier George of Great Britain declar?
ing that Lord Mayor MacSwiney of
Cork is dying in a British prison in
payment of a penalty not commen?
surate with his alleged offenses and
asking for his immediate release.
The resolution, declared defeated by
Speaker Clover on a viva vo*a vote,
was nassed on roll call.
?Rail Traffic Paralyzed
In Mexico by Strike
5.000 Men Walk Out Suddenly,
but Agree After Conference?
to Return To-day
MEXICO CITY, Sept. 8?Five thou?
sand employees of the Mexican Na?
tional Railway System, including fire?
men, engineers, brakemen and con?
ductors, struck this afternoon, leaving
trains at?ndinp on the tracks. The
walk-out was /general, paralyzing trafffc
j throughout the nation.
The men demand the discharge of
! the general managet of the National
Railwry line?, an average of 60 per
cent increase an?f recognition of their
union. The railroad strikers, after con?
ferences with ?government officials to?
night, agreed to rettfra to w*rk to-mor?
row pending final settlement of their
demands in meetings to begin imme?
diately. The men were promised wage
increases, the amounts to be determined
during the course of the negotiations.
Garrison Says ?malga*
mated Is Permanently
Discarded as Possible
Medium in Compromise
Plea for Hylan as
Arbiter Ignored
1,000 More Men Resumed
Work Yesterday in Time
to Save Seniority Rating
New men to compose the perma?
nent operating force of the Brooklyn
Rapid transit Company are to be
obtained and trained as rapidly as
possible, according to a statement is?
sued last night by Receiver Lindley
M. Garrison. He said the strike,
which had prevailed against the com?
pany for eleven days, was "now en?
tering upon its second stage."
The first stage of the controversy,
Mr. Garrison's statement sets forth,
passed yesterday with the definite
elimination of William D. Mahon,
international president of the Amal?
gamated Association of Street and
Electric Railway Employees, as a
possible medium of compromise. The
receiver criticized the position taken
by Mr. Mahon upon his arrival hero
to assume personal direction of the
Strikers' Letter Ignored
Mr. Garrison and Federal Judge
Julius M. Mayer declined to take
cognizance of a letter addressed to
the receiver by the joint executive
committee of the strikers, which, in
conjunction with the Amalgamated
officers, has directed the walkout.
The strikers' communciation pleads
for the unqualified submission of all
the issues involved to Mayor Hylan at
sole arbitrator, to direct the form of
future negotiations and determine who
shall represent the men. It stipulated
that tha?^trikers would return to their
jobs as soon as such submisstftn had
been agreed to by the court and re?
Only sporadic outbreaks of violence
marked the progress of the strike yes?
terday. About 1,000 men, it was said
at the company's offices, returned for
reinstatement before noon, 'lie hour
set at which they could resume woik
and retain their seniority^ Th*re were
reports of attempts on the part of the
strikers to detain those who desired to
Rumors that an appeal had been
made to the American Federation of
Lr.bor for aid in the B. R. T. tiouble
were denied last night by Samu"l Gom
pers. He arrived in New York on busi?
ness not connected with the contro?
versy, Mr. Gompers said. i
"I know none of the details of this . I
difficulty and would have to look into>
them before I could make any State-'
rr.cnt. If my assistance is sought by'
the proper otficials of the Amalgamate'.'.
Association, I will see what tan be
done. So far I have not been ap?
proached concerning the matter."
H* made light of the suggestion iha1-.
a sympathetic strike might be called
to help the Amalgamated.
Many Conferences Held
Although Judge Mayer said no at?
tempt had been made through ?my
mediary to reopen negotiations with
him, numerous conferences were hold
and several communications written
on the situation during the day.
Among the latter was a letter from
Alderman V. C. Vladeck. a Socialist,*to
Mayor Hylan, urging the with?lmwal
of the police protection afforded the
strike breakers.
Extensions in service for tht? next
few days will be chiefly confined to
the opening of night runs on the sur?
face lines and the general Improvement
of that now in operation, it was said
at the company's offices. Only one
new surface line, the crosstown
operating* from Greenpoint to Erie
Barin, is to be resumed to-day.
Mr. Garrison explained that the Im?
mediate efforts of the company would
' be directed toward the improvement of
j that service at present in operation on
the elevated and subway and fifty-one
| : uriacc lines rather than to the addi
I tion of new surface lines. There were
. 178 subway and elevated ..rains and
? 700 surface cars operated durins the'
I peak of the service yesterday.
I William S. Menden, general manager,
j said tiere were plenty of men in the
electrical and other departments, and
that l it service wcu'd he brought to
normal as soon as sufficient conductors
and raotormen were available.
Beginning with the l,0f>0 former era
1 ployees who returned as a nucleus, ofR
I ciels said, every effort would be made
to obtain nr;n as rapidiy a?: possible,
? and the strike-breaking crewr et pres
? cnt operating a majority of the cam
! would be retained until the company
was able to establish creditable servie?
with its own organization.
Strike Breakers Arraigned
Eight strike breakers, arrested early
yesterday morning after they had fired
a revolver from a speeding automobile
in the vicinity of a Brighton Beach ex?
press train, were arraigned en charges
of disorderly conduct. They pleaded
not guilty and were held for examina?
tion. The police believe the men, who
Mid they were returning from a lark
a? Coney Island, sought to give the im?
pression that violence was imminent
I in order to agitate the factions and
i make their own jobs last longer.
Company detectives and the police
are investigating the report of four
employees who returned to work yea?
terday that' they were driven into A
house and forced to remain there foi
hours by a band of striker?.
According to the story ?f the m?o?
they, with fifteen companion*, ?11 of
i whom intended returning to their job*

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