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ADVERTISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Xou LXXX No. 26,968 (Copjrrl*ht. 1029, New York Tribune I ne.) First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements ^^^^^^^^HI^^^^^^H^^H^^^I THE WEATHER Cloady and warmer to-day; probable showers; fair to-morrow, with moderate south winds. Foil report on last pa?? THUKSDAW SEPTExMBER 16, 1920 * :?? sjc TWO CENTS I THREE CENTS Id Greater New York ! Within 200 Mile? ?TOUR CENTS Elsewhere ipievlin, Dry, ?igent Here, Sent to Texas Washington Officials Say Transfer Is Made in "Interest of Service"; Brooklyn Row Recalled ! frank L. Boyd?, Successor, Here Action Surprises Shevlin; Praises Work of Staff; Says Violations Are Few James Shevlin, supervising prohibi? tion enforcement agent in this district, ?as transferred yesterday to the South- \ western department, which includes I Tetes, New Mexico, Arizona and Okla? homa, His headquarters will be in El Pmo, Tex. Prank L. Boyd, head of the field audit division of the Internal Revenue De? partment, arrived yesterday from Washington to take Mr. Shevlin's place. The changes, authorities at Washing? ton ??y, *re in the interest of the serv? ice. News of Mr. Shevlin's transfer was unexpected at prohibition headquarters here. It was said yesterday that Mr. Shevlin had no suspicion that he was ?bout to be transferred and knew noth? ing of it until, on his return from Buf? falo yesterday morning, he found a let? ter from Commissioner of Internal Revenue Williams directing the change. Those associated with prohibition af? fairs in Brooklyn referred to Mr. Shev? lin's clashes with Federal officials in the borough. They recalled the clo?ing of the Brooklyn prohibition office by; Mr. Shevlin and the protest which was ; made to Washington, followed by the ! reopening of the Brooklyn office. A general shake-up of the service is ex-1 pected in Brooklyn prohibition circles.! Shevlin Goes to Washington Mr. Shevlin said the new job would '. be a change and that he would have plenty of room in which to work. He went to Washington last night for in- j structions and to get a ten-day leave. He had been in charge of the New York office since it was inaugurated last January. Since then 5,000 arrests : have been made and 50,000 gallons of liquor confiscated. There have been 2,500 convictions, with penalties amounting to $2,500,000. Mr. Shevlin said that conditions in? Kew York State were not so black as j they were painted. He said that the ! liquor traffic across the Canadian ? border was becoming ever more diffi? cult for the bootleggers. "I have just completed a trip through the state," he ?aid, "and have found that while there is some selling in Buffalo, it is done in a most guarded manner. Syracuse ia as clean as any city in the United States. Albany and the vicinity are in ; food shape." In his new position Mr. Shevlin re- ! plaeea David Gates. He will have the ! Mexican border to watch. Boyd Comes From Kentucky Mr. Boyd, the xiew enforcement of- | ficer, comes from Kentucky. He ha3 been in the Internal Revenue service ' twenty-five years. Most oi his work has had to do with taxes. He said that this *as the first real prohibition enforce- I ment work he had been in charge of. ; He did some work in Pittsburgh and Louisville. The new dry agent passed his first ?ay becoming acquainted with his job, j meeting members of his staff and get- j ting the lay of the land. He said he . had no new and startling policy for ! wringing the city dry, and would plod ' along the same nath as Mr. Shevlin for I toe present. When asked if the force ; here was going to be enlarged or if he ? *ere going to make any changes he ??id "No." Mr. Boyd realizes that it is no simple task to make New York bone dry. "He's up against no cinch when he tackles this city, I'm telling you," said ?prohibition agent. "He's not in Louis? ville now. If he doesn't know it al? ready, he will soon." Aa far as the order transferring Mr. Shevlin was concerned, old workers in the revenue department thought little of it. It was quite customary, they ??id, to be transferred, as the depart? ment was a mobile for?^ and they ?greed when they took their posts to go wherever they were sent. There was no doubt, however, in the minds of those in touch with prohibi? tion matters that Mr. Boyd had been ?eut here to "put on the lid, and sit en it." On Monday prohibition headquarters ?ill move from the Custom House to Twenty-seventh Street and Broadway. Shevlin Transfer in Line With Policy, Says Bureau Prohibition Chiefs Assert Plan of Changing Personnel Will \ Be Followed in Other Districts from The Tribunes Wet*hinote,n Bureau WASHINGTON, Kept. 15? Jame? Sheviin. supervising Federal prohibi Jwri officer at New York, was shifted to Texas "in the interest of the service," ft was announced to-night by the Pro? hibition Enforcement Division of the Bureau of Internal Revenue. The bureau Isaued the following formal statement: "At the time of the organization of the forcea operating under the Bureau of Internal Revena? for the Enforce? ment of Prohibition, it was decided frise to appoint supervising Federal prohibition officers, as well a? the Prohibition enforcement agent?, with ? v'|;w to making them mobile forces, ?nd with a d?finit* idea cf shifting them from time to time to different ?ect?on* of the country. It was decided by the officials of *M Bureau of Internal Revenue that y>e transfer of Supervising Agent Urne? Shevlin to Texas would be in the interest of the servie?. This shift >n Personnel in the New York district *>1I from time to time be followed by ?'mijar shifts of enforcement person ?wjl >n another districts over th? South. Mr. Shevlin is ?ucceeded In the ?ew York department by Frank L. K'>yd, head Of the Field Audit Division ''I the Income Tax Unit, Bureau of In ?rnal Revenue. Mr, Boyd i? an old "na revenue officer with ? long ?* ??rienta in field work." Government to Curtail Liquor Permits by Half Special Dispatch to The Tribuns WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.?A drastic curtailment is scheduled for October 1 in the number of licenses issued by the government to wholesale deabers in alcoholia liquors for medicinal and other legal purposes. John F. Kramer, United States Prohibition Com? missioner, said to-day the reduc? tion might be 50 per cent. Since the first of the year 18, 000,000 gallons of liquor have been withdrawn from bond. At the rate at which it has been flowing from the bonded govern? ment warehouses under legal permit?some 2,000,000 gallons a month?the entire remaining supply in these warehouses would soon be exhausted. Drys to Seek Impeachment Of Lax Judges Anti-Saloon League Opens Campaign to Rid Govern? ment of Officials Who ^Evade Prohibition Laws Wets Not Down, It Says Wheeler Calls Upon People to Aid by Electing Only Liquor Foes to Congress? WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.?A program iesigned to "rid" the government of officials who do not observe or en? force the "spirit as well as the letter" :>f the Volstead act was put under way at the first session to-day of a national jjsonference here of Anti-Saloon League officials. As the first step toward carrying out the proposed program, the Rev. P. A. Baker, superintendent of the league, appointed a committee to draft a reso? lution which, league officials said, would serve notice on Federal judges that their "sacred duties must be sacredly performed." The committee ivas instructed to report to-morrow. * Impeachment proceedings were sug? gested as a means to compel lax judges ta employ in a proper manner the penal provisions of the prohibition en? forcement act in dealing with persons :onvicted of violating the law. Demand a Dry Congress The conference in its discussions evinced a determination that the next Congress be "made dry and kept dry." Speakers expressed the fear that "the power of the wets is not entirely downed," and unless a majority is maintained in Congress favorable to rigid enforcement the prohibition code niay be changed. ?administrative officers, it was indi? cated, also will be brought within the league's program, several speakers as? serting that in a great many instances administrative officers were not func? tioning to the satisfaction of the drys. The proposal was made that the league "build fires under those who betray the tutst" of their appointment. f he opinion was expressed that liquor interests might seek to defeat the aim of the law by obtaining the appoint? ment of officials who would wink at some kinds of violations. The discussion of league officials brought half a dozen vigorous attacks on officials of varying grades who have to do with enforcement of the Vol? stead act. The Internal Revenue Bu? reau was criticized for issuing "scads of wholesalers' permits" and Federal judges were accused of "coddling" moonshiners and bootleggers. Many judges were pictured as too lenient and have permitted violators to escape punishment with fines of a few hundred dollars. Speakers also told of what they described as "amaz? ing conditions" in many localities where "saloons run almost openly and even a stranger has no difficulty in ob? taining liquor." Plea for Public Support Wayne B. Wheeler, general counsel for the league, made an address in which he called upon "all persons who believe in law enforcement" to stand by the league in electing only dry candi? dates to Congress. He said it was a most "inopportune time" to ( ncouragc lawlessness, saying that the country is facing "much defiance of law," and he believed serious danger lay in the situ? ation. "If the outlawed brewers can defy the Constitution of the United States," Mr. Wheeler said, "then any other group of citizens which does not like a law can proceed to nullify it, and the government itself would bo in jeopardy. When law enforcement is gone, then all order is gone. "Now is the time for every 100 per cent American to insist upon fair and honest enforcement of the Eighteenth Amendment and upon the election of (Continued en pajo four) Soviet Regime Reported Proclaimed in Yucatan Mexico City Hears Government Troops Clashed With the Radicals Near Yalcoha Sp?cial Cable to The Tribune C'or>yritfhW?i*20. New York Tribune lwt. MEXI?pCITY, Sept. 15. A clash between jjwernrcicnt troops and the rad? ical? of Yucatan occurred Tuesday near Yalcoba, According to private advices here, which are not confirmed in gov? ernment circles. It is reported that a ?t?te of rebellion ha? been proclaimed in Yucatan; that a soviet government ha? been established, and that a call has been issued by the Socialist? to rully to resist the government troop?, which already are mobilizing and advancing to suppress the disorder?. . Tho dispatche? received here ?ay that government force?, under Colonel Car mona, have captured a ?oviet outpoet and taken tbout twenty prisoners. President de la Huerta attribute? the? diiordcr? in Yucatan to political bit ternes? rather than to Bolshevik agi? tators. The Minister of the Interior ?? understood to regard the. disorders as the result ?? unrest brought on by so? cial development ai the people. Italian Reds Plan to Hold Seized Plants Will Never Give Up, Head of Turin Soviet Group Tells Tribune Writer; "Work Before Revolt'' 16,000 Active in ^ Big Fiat Factories Law Giving Labor Con trol of Industry Beinj Drafted by the Socialist By Ralph Courtney Special Cable to The Tribune Copyright. 1920, New York Tribune Ines. TURIN, Italy, Sept. 15,--The next' few days will show whether Premier Giolitti's return from Aix-les-Bains will be the signal for a revolution in Italy. During the recent labor meetings the workers voted resolutions of a mod? erate nature. This is not, however, a very reliable guide to what eventu? ally may happen. I am assured by the president of the Tt^rin Soviet that the workers will not surrender. "Whatever happens," he declared, "the workers will never consent to give up the factories." By means of a passport from the general labor headquarters at Milan I was able to be present at one of the first meetings of the Central Soviet for Turin. Escorted by local Red guards, I was taken through bewildering passages to the sixth floor of the Cameradi La vero. Here sits the metallurgical council, which has taken over all so vietized industries of Turin. I was sljfown into a large room under the eaves of the building. A dozen'men sat around IT table. I ,was introduced to the leading members, and as the re? sult of my recommendations from Milan they showed a willingness to dis? cuss the situation with entire frank? ness. Work Overshadows Revolt Talk They told me that they had enough raw material to last another week, but did not know what would happen at the end of that time. They said that they already had started an exchange of raw materials among the factories so that all could continue working. What impressed me most about the Turin Soviet was the earnestness of its members. They appeared more in? terested in their work than in revolu? tion. In this they differed consid? erably from the Reds in Milan. In Milan the revolutionary and political side of Bolshevism takes first place Afterward, when the members of the Turin Soviet showed me over the gre'at Fiat works employing 16,000 men, they talked earnestly and lovingly aboul the various steel processes, seemingly forgetting entirely for a time thai they were Red revolutionaries. Equal in Same Cause The leader of the Turin Soviet ap peared to be a man of some capacity His hair has grown longer than tha of the usual workman and he was dis tinguish(jyjl frpm the others by a silk knitted neckerchief tied around th? throat. He had steady, enthusiastic black eyes and spoke with authority The others showed him deference whei they spoke, but he did not try to domi nate the conversation. He was emi nently good looking and appeared t< be about thirty-five years of age. asked his name, but he requested m1 not to publish it. "There are no names here," he said '?Wc all work equally in the sam cause." Doubtless this man never was for mally elected president, but his natura ability for leadership made others re fer to him in a time of crisis. A youn Turin lawyer, an "intellectual" who ha thrown in his lot with the revolution aries, was anxious to give a complet explanation of the situation. He pai deference only to the president and an other workman whose position ar peared to be that of vice-president. Market for Products' Needed The president of the Turin Sovi? told me that the Italian sovietized ir dustries not only needed raw material but would soon require a market fc their products. "We have a large number of Fiats < the latest type ready for delivery, b? sides numerous automobiles from th Lancia and Scat works. We can gi\ spot delivery against cash of aboi, five hundred Fiats alone. Any pu chaser can communicate with the teel nical and commercial committee at tl (Continue? on paga eight) Italian Premier Calls j Parley in Labor Crisis ROME, Sept. 15 (By The Asso? ciated Press).?Premier Giolitti has intervened in the metal work? ers' dispute and has invited rep? resentatives of the employers and workers to meet him at Turin. Several delegates already have arrived there in response to the invitation. Soldier Kills Man in Holdup; ^if e Also Shot Bandit in Civilian Attire Slays Tailor With Three Bullets When He Resist? His Demand for Monej Tragedy in Daytim? Two Passersby Overpowei Assailant in34th St. Shop Police Obtain Confession A soldier in civilian clothes entered the establishment of Max Rabinowitz, a tailor and dealer in Liberty bonds, at 233 West Thirty-fourth Street, yes? terday and, meeting with resistance, shot and killed Rabinowitz and serious? ly wounded his wife. The bandit is Harry R. Van Reed, a corporal in the recruiting service of the United States Army, who lives at 52 St. Nicholas ?\venue. He was captured sopn after the shooting. Van Reed says he planned the hold-up in order to get enough money to pay debts amounting to $500, which he had contracted through gambling. The crime h<d all the elements of a motion picture thriller, with John R. Nelson, a rjephew of Federal Judge Frederick R. Anderson, of Indianapo? lis, and Patrick J. Mooney, a printer, of 223 West Thirty-fourth Street, play? ing the heroic r?les. Arrested Once in Chicago Van Reed is a clerk in the army re? cruiting office at Thirty-fourth Street and Seventh Avenue. He is thirty-six years old and has been in the army on and off for the last twelve years. He admits having been arrested in 1912 in connection with a stick-up in Chicago, while he was a sergeant at Fort Sheridan. According to his confession to As? sistant. District Attorneys John R. Henim and Nathan. Birchall and the police, he had been despondent for some time because he needed money. He declared he owed the Red Cross $300 and had lost $500 in gambling. He decided yesterday either to get the money by robbery or to kill himself. Being on a two days' leave of ab? sence, he put on civilian clothes in violation of army regulations and, loading a 38-caliber pistol which he said lie purchased six months ago, went to Thirty-fourth Street. He had passed the Rabinowitz establishment, with the Liberty bonds displayed in the window, many times on his way to the army station, and chose it as the scene of his crime because he noticed that two elderly persons were in charge, the husband being sixty years old and Mrs. Rabinowitz more than fifty. At about 11 a. m. he went into the place and asked Rabinowitz about a fur collar for an overcoat. While the tailor was advising h\"i to go to a de? partment store Van Reed drew his gun with the remark, "Keep quiet. I want those bonds in the window and al! the other bonds and cash you've got." Tailor Attacks Bandit There were about $25,000 in Libertj bonds and $10,000 in cash in a saf? nearby. Mrs. Rabinowitz was sitting in a corner and, seeing the gun pointe( at her husband, jumped to her feet Her husband, instead of throwing u] his hands, flew at the bandit. In th? course of the struggle the tailor was shot three times in the abdomen anc chest. He fell, and while his wife took uj the fight he crawled out through th hallway to the entrance. Pulling th outer door shut behind him to im prison the robber, he hung to the knot gasping: "Murder! murder!" Nelson was coming from the Penn sylvania station, across the street, hav ing just arrived from Indianapolis a a traveling mechanic for the Midwes Engineering Company. He heard shot, and a little later heard the o\< man's cries. He rushed into the hall way, where he was confronted by Va Reed with the gun in his hand. Before the robber could pull th (Continued on paga six) U. S. Prosecutes B. M. Bariich . For Shipping Birds to Friends fron? The Tribune's 1Va.:hinpton Bureau WASHINGTON, Sept. 15. Bernard M. Baruch, close personal friend of President Wilson and William G. Mc Adoo, is in the toils of the Ft.leral law. Acting under instructions from the Department of Justice, Francis G. Caffey, United State Attorney for the Southern District of New York,' is prosecuting Mr. Baruch in the Federal courts of New York on a charge of violating the migratory bird law. Mr. Baruch became enmeshed in the law as the result of a shooting party given by him at his large private shooting box, near Georgetown, S. C, and his desire to give several of his New York friends some g;?.me ducks. Mr. Bar?ch, it- is charged, shipped ducks shot in South Carolina to New York for distribution among the friends in question, thereby violating a section of the migratos^ bird law prohibiting the transportation of game birds outside of the state in which they ar?! killed. President Wilson made such shipments illegal in a proclama? tion Issued July 31, 1918, after he had signed the act of Congress. Among those who made up the shoot? ing party were Mr. McAdoo and Ralph Pulitzer, publisher of The New York World. It is reported that they got record, bags. When Mr. Baruch sought to send some of tl(% ducks to his friends game inspectors in South Carolina reported i to Edwin T. Meredith, Secretary of Ag riculture, who is a close friend of Mc Adoo and was one of McAdoo's strong? est, supporters at the Snn Francisco convention, that the. ducks were on their way to New York. Secretary Meredith followed the usual form of procedure by passing the case to the Department of Justice, accom? panied by a formal request for action. Mr. Ciiffey' declineVl to say anything concerning any possible action he might take in connection with the case of Bernard Baruch and would not even say whether he had received any orders from Washington on the case. Mr. Baruch said the law he is said to have violated limited the number to fifty ducks a person, and he believed is was "claimed there were twenty-four too many." "There seems to be a misunderstand? ing. An inquiry has been instituted concerning the number shipped from my place," Mr. Baruch continued. "I had a number of guests at the pluce and apparently shipments were made by various men, friends of mine, as well as by myself. Some may have been shipped after I left there." Mr. Baruch explained that the date when the .shipments under investiga? tion worn made was "a year or so" ago. It was necessary in making ship? ments, he said, to go "three and n hulf or four miles across the bay." Ducks shipped by his friends, he said, may have been sent by the same man who made nhipments for him, leading the game wurdens to the conclusion that all were his. Mr. Baruch said it was customary for all telegrnrns, tickets and similar expenses to be charged to his personal account. Deschanel Is Ready to Quit Presidency New Head of French Re? public Is Expected to Be Elected Next Week; Foch Possible Choice Millerand Refuses To Be a Candidate Poincare, Peret and Jon nart Regarded as Other Probable Selections Special Cable to The Tribune Copyright. 1920, New Tori? Tribune Inc. PARIS, Sept. 15. Sooner than gen? erally expected, perhaps a week from to-day, France will have a new Presi? dent. Minister of the Interior Steeg vilited Paul Deschanel last week and took official cognizance of the fact that the President no longer is capable of carrying out the functions of his office. In the absence of Premier Millerand Steeg went to Rambouillet, for the nominal purpose of placing numerous state documents before the President. He found the Executive in a very seri? ous state of health. Deschanel exhib? ited symptoms of the beginning of a general paralysis and behaved in an abnormal manner. The President asked irrelevant questions about some things and displayed indignation about others. "Why wasn't I consulted about this nomination?" he asked querulously re? garding an appointment. He wanted to know why he hadn't been informed before about other documents pre? sented to him, and in many ways showed plainly that he no longer was able to take a normal view of his duties. Consents to Resignation In going to see Deschanel Steeg also was intrusted with the delicate mis? sion, in the event that the President's case appeared hopeless, of sounding him out as to whether he. was willing to resign his position. After a long consultation with Des chanel's family it was decided that it would be better not only for France but for the President himself if he were to relinquish his office. Deschanel was informed of the feel? ing in Parliamentary circles against his candidacy, and after some hesita? tion *he agreed to resign. > It is understood that the government does not intend to lose a moment in electing a new President. Millerand is issuing an official declaration that under no circumstances would he ac? cept the candidature. Probably within tho next week the National Assembly will be convened to elect a new head of the republic. The government is desirous of get? ting the Presidential crisis over at once, because the present moment is considered a convenient one in which, to swap horses. France has passed the most difficult part of her diplomatic stream, now that the Geneva confer? ence has been cancelled and she has reached an agreement with Italy. She desires to set her house in order be? fore new international complications have time to, arise. Jonnart Probable Successor Millerand, who could be elected al? most without opposition, prefers to re? main at the helm of the French ship of state until his foreign program is accomplished. Senator C. Jonnart probably will be the governmental can? didate. He formerly was governor of Algeria and fulfilled numerous official posts with correctness and ability. His most noteworthy act was dethroning King Const'intine of Greece, whom he was sent out to dethrone by the. then Premier of France, Ribot. . One point against Jonnart, however, is that he also suffers in health. After his first success in Greece, Premier Ribot wanted to send him there again as a high commissioner, but Jonnart was compelled to decline. Despite gov? ernment support, it is said in parlia? mentary circles that Jonnart "will be a difficult candidate to elect." Millcrand's withdrawal makes the Presidential field an open one. Not only Millerand, but all the other can? didates who would be sure to be elected do not want the post. Leon Bourgeois does not want to leave the presidency of the League of Nations. Bcysides, he considers himself too old to accept the position. Raymond Poincare also has no desire to bo placed again on the shelf of the French Presidency. Poincare a Possible Choice Nevertheless, if another candidate cannot be agreed upon, it ?3 not en? tirely impossible that Poincare will accept tho office as a patriotic duty. Outside of these persons mentioned, there is no one of .'striking ability or personality suited .for the office ex? cept Marshal Foch. Although no one in France is more popular than the head of the French army, it is doubt (Contlnuetl on paps levon) Mincola Aviator Killed When Plane Hits Tree Lieutenant Spencer Perishes in Massachusetts; Student Pas? senger Slightly Hurt NORTHFIELD, Mass., Sept. 15. Lieutenant Haven Spencer, U. S. A., was killed late to-day when his aero? plane crashed into a tree as he at? tempted to land here after making an exhibition flight. Herbert McMillan, a Dartmouth College student, who was a passenger in the plane, escaped with slight injuries. Spencer, who was stationed at Mine?la, L. I., made the trip from Long Island yesterday and had planned to re? turn to-morrow. He had made several flights to-day, accompanied by his mechanician. Sergeant Chaulct. Just before the final trip Chaulet gave up his seat to McMillan. After striking the tree the plane capsized and landed in a cornfield. Spencer enlisted in the aviation corps in August, 1917, and had been stationed at Kelly Field. San Antonio, Texas, during the greater part of his service, He was twenty-seven years? old and was the son of the Rev. and Mrs. George Spencer, of this town. Tribun* rendir? luive roiifldenre fn ?In ad? vertising column? mi account of the "Merchandise Guaranteed" Plan. Thin pol? icy Involve? a cure fill Inspection of the ?innlh'tit Want Ad. Consult tho Want Ad. columns dully fur Items ui intorcst.?Advt. Thompson Men Leading In Illinois; One Killed, Women Beaten in Riots British Press Sees Big Republican Victory in Result of Maine Election From Tho Tribune's European Bureau (Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Inc.) LONDON", Sept. 15.?The result of the Maine election is the sub? ject of editorial comment in most of the newspapers here to-day, the majority of which see foreshadowed a sweeping Republican victory in November. The election campaign is beginning to receive extended cable at? tention in tho newspapers. The Northclit?e?. organs contain almost daily accounts of the speeches of the two candidates. Naturally, most interest centers on Senator Harding's comment on America and the League of Nations, although there also is much speculation on the tariff question. Europeans generally are prepared to expect an American policy of withdrawal from the campaign of internationalism advocated by President Wilson. Despite the efforts of the permanent secretariat of the league to show that it is wielding a powerful influence in interna? tional affairs, the general public knows that as it is now constituted, it is impotent, and it is so treated by all the Allied statesmen, Premiers Lloyd George and Millerand included. If Harding is elected and he takes an active part in reorganizing the league, Europeans will feel that America has made a considerable cont?nbution toward international stability, and that the United States has gone a long way toward fulfilment of the promises which Mr. Wil? son led Europe to expect. Lansing Broke With Wilson on World Court Secretary's Advocacy of the Plan Now Favored by Root and Harding Was Cause of Friction at Paris President Annoyed by Plea Brushed Aside the Scheme Which Cabinet Member Had Worked cm 20 Years From The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.?Advocacy of an international court of justice as proposed hy Elihu Root and insisted upon by Senator Warren G. Harding in recent addresses, was the chief bone of contention between President Wil? son and Secretary of State Robert Lansing at the peace conference, ac? cording to reliable information here to-day. Mr. Lansing had long been an ad? vocate of some such plan before the League of Nations was proposed either by General Smuts or Woodrow Wilson or any one else. As a matter of fact, Mr. Lansing had frequently discussed the world court idea with Elihu Root and with James Brown Scott, of the Carnegie Endowment for International ?^eace. Professor Scott, in 1916, pub? lished a discussion of the subject in book form, under the title "An Inter? national Court of Justice." Curiously enough, Professor Scott was not only one of Mr. Lansing's ad? visers at the Paris peace conference, but has acted in a similar capacity with Mr. Root recently in Europe. Insistence Annoyed Wilson Feeling as he did, Mr. Lansing con? stantly insisted upo? the world court 'idea being embodied in the League of Nations, but President Wilson paid little attention to the suggestions of his Secretary of State. Mr. Lansing, it is said, became so forceful in his contentions for the idea that the Presi? dent was annoyed, and it is to this that the President is understood to hive referred in his letters to Mr. Lansing at the time the lutter resigned. The President said that he had be? gun to notice in Paris the reluctance of Mr. Lansing to follow out the Presi? dent's idea",. It was in the samo let tor that the President mentioned the necessity of having some one as Sec? retary of State whose mind would more williAgly "go along with" his own. Wilson Intolerant of Court Idea "It is another case," said a friend of Secretary Lansing to-day, "of the '?tone which the builders rejected' becoming the head of the corner. Mr. Wilson could not tolerate the injection of such an idea m his league. He viewed the mere suggtstiorT almost as a piece of effrontery. Now it is held up not only as essential, but as something without which the league cannot accomplish its functions. It is advocated not only by Senator Harding, who will probably become President because of the ob? stinacy of President Wilson on the league issue, but by Mr. Root and ap? parently by the nations which at pres? ent compose the League of Nations. "Mr. Lansing offered this suggestion to the President, not as a half-baked idea, but as a problem which he had been working out and perfecting for twenty years. He had virtually invit? ed discu.-sion of it for twenty years by his articles in The American Jour? nal of International Law. Some of the best minds in the world, including that of Elihu Roo?, hatl been at \vor?k with Mr. Lansing on the question. But it was intolerantly brushed aside by the President because the President seemed to have a passionate objection to the .slightest chang? in the plan he had approved. This ?3 the stranger since the President was author of only 0 small part of the league covenant virtually only Article X?the rest be? ing written chiefly by the British." income Tax Forms for 1920 Likely to Remain Unchanged WASHINGTON. Sept. 15.- Only minor changes, if any, will be made at present in the income ta.""forms, if tho sugges? tions of the committee appointed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue ,to revise the forms are followed. The com? mittee, after a conference to-day, an? nounced that It had in mind no radical changes in tho form? far 1920. Harding to Base Plea to Women On Maine Vote Senator Works on Speech That He Will Deliver Soon From Front Porch as Mes? sage to Feminine Citizens Urges Them to Affiliate Necessity of Joining Seme Party Above All Other Considerations, He Asserts From a Staff Correspondent MARION, Ohio, Sept. 15.?Senator Warren G. Harding is working on a speech he plans to deliver soon from his front porch as a message to the women of America. He said to-day, in an informal talk with newspaper cor? respondents, that he had found splen? did material for this speech in the at 1'tude of women voters in the Maine election. "The women of Maine voted as American citizens and not as a sex," Senator Harding said. "They have given real thought to the issues of the campaign. Thev see in the purpose of the League of Nations a proposition to mortgage tnc luturJ of the United States to the Old World and a menace of war. I have always felt that women given the franchise would not arfd should not lead to the formation of a feminist party. I am frankly delighted with the result in Maine, and especial? ly with the manner in which th( women exercised their right of suf? frage." Senda Message to Women There were no delegations schedulec to visit the Senator to-day and fev important visitors. So the candidat? motored to Columbus for a game o golf, the first he has had in severa weeks. Before he left, however, hi prepared a message for Mrs. Ray F Zucker, president of the Women' Harding and Coolidge Club of Nev York, copies of which are to be sent t> all Republican women's organization in the country. The message follows "Our country will be well served b; the participation in politics of all ou citizenship, now justly the constitu tional grant to women. 'I believe that before we emphasiz the need for any new voters to join particular political party we must en: phasize the need for their joining som party, and giving to the party of thei choice their service, conscience, wis dorn and loyalty. "Too much is heard of independen?1 in politics. I do not mean that I \roul wish to urge those whose conscience separate them from their allegiances t remain silent or passive, but I mea that the fashion of parading indepet dence is to be deplored. Co?peratio and organization, of all human eflfor require some sacrifice and concessic (Continued on psife three) British Bolshevik Leads Attack on Labor Exchange Four Hundred Join Demonstra? tion in Harlesdens, In* dugfrial Center From The Tribune's Furopenn Bureau Copyright, 1920. New York Tribune In?-. LONDON, Sept. 15.?Harlesdens, an industrial town on the northwest? out? skirts of London, jumped into- promi? nence to-day through an attack on the government's labor exchange by a man who described himself a Bolshevik leader. Four hundred men and women accompanied him, but they were soon bundled out of the building by the police. They then marched four abreast to a private building, which they announced was British Bolshevik headquarters. The entire proceeding lasted less than an hour, but aroused much inter? est and amusement. The British Bol sheviki have shown not the slightest desire to fight the police, although they insisted upon the right of free speech. There is considerable unemployment in the Harlesdens district, many shops which formerly did war work having cloM'd thdlr door?. Early Returns Indicate the Mayor's Candidates Carried Cook County by 75,000 to 100,000 Terrorism Rules At Chicago Polls Four Men% Kidnaped in Fray; Efforts to Steal Ballot Boxes Defeated CHICAGO, Sept. 15.?Candidates backed by William Hale Thompson, Mayor of Chicago, in his struggle with Governor Frank O. Lowden over political control of Illinois, were leading to-night on early returns from Cook County (Chicago) and from the state. The voting to-day followed one of the bitterest campaigns in the his? tory of the state, and, despite elabo-* rate precautions by both state and city police authorities there were many disturbances. In Chicago on? man was killed, four kidnaped, sev? eral oeaten and a half dozen arrest? ed on charges ranging from election fraud to assault to commit murder. Several women here were hurt in the fighting at the polis. 0 Several unsuccessful attempts to steal ballot boxes were made ajjd two precinct captains were included amor?;? the four men kidnaped, in each case by gangs in automobiles. Returns indicate that Mayor Thomp? son's machine carried Cook County by from 75,000 to 100,000. Len Small is the Mayor's candidate for Governor and Representative Frank L. Smith his candidate for the Republican nomina? tion for United States Senator. Governor Lowden supported John G. Oglesby, Lieutenant Governor, for th? gubernatorial nomination, and William a. McKinley for the Senatorial nomi? nation. Figures Shown by Returns Returns from 664 precincts out of 5,737 in Illinois, including 234 outside of Cook County, give for the Repub? lican nomination for Governor: Carlstrom, ..',901; Oglesby, 29,906; Small, 43,569; Woodruff, 2,763. Returns, from 639 precincts, includ? ing 209 outside of Cook County, for the Republican nomination for United States Senator give Chiperfield, 5,648; McKinley, 27,836; Smith, 40,891. Returns from 580 precincts, includ? ing fifty outside of Cook County, for the Democratic nomination for Gov? ernor give: Lewis, 20,453; O'Hara, 3,712. Returns from 585 precincts, includ? ing forty outside of Cook County, for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator give Burke, 12,089; Waller, 11,542. Among the Democrats two close races developed. Maclay Hoyne, seeking a third term as State's Attorney for Cook County, was running behind Michael L. Igoe. Robert E. Burke, of Chicago, and i-'elcr A. Waller, of Kewanee, were within a few votes of each other in re? turns from 310 precincts, including ten outside of Cook County, for the Dem? ocratic nomination for Senator. Joseph G. Cannon led on early re? turns in the 18th Congressional Dis? trict, with 56 out of 211 precincts in. He had 3,562 to 2,676 for K. B. Cooley. Charges that the assailants in most cases were Thompson adherents brought statements from the Mayor's faction that many of the 2,000 special deputies syorn in by Sheriff Peters, a Lowden adherent, were ex-convicts and that they had started most of the fights. Sheriff Peters said a few "disreputable characters" might have been included among his deputies, but that they were discharged a? soon as discovered. Women Workers Active Women workers were out in force in every ward in the city and every county down-state, despite the bail weather, and they made good their promise to bring nearly every one of their sex to the polls before they closed at 5 o'clock. The fighting at the polls in Chicago during the late afternoon amounted to terrorism The deputy sheriffs sent to the polls to prevent fraud were looked upon by the policemen as a lawless ele? ment. The deputies, on the other hand, vested with county authority, refused to leave the noils at the orders of the policemen. The entire Democratic organization ticket, state and county, was expected to win, with the possible exception of State's Attorney Hoyne, who was op? posed for renomination by Michael L. Igoe. Never before have so many marked ballet* been carried to the polling places, and those who did not have sny were readily supplied by the many factional workers who congregated near the ballot boxes. Heavy Slush Fund Reported There was a deluge of money on the Thompson side. The City Hall forcea expended an average of at ?east $100 in each precinct in their effort to influence voters, it is raid. Michael Fennesy, thirty-five ycaps old, a precinct worker, was shot and kilied at a 17th Ward polling place by a policeman. Detectives who arrested the slaver said he had been drinking. In the fighting in Chicago several women were hurt. One-of them was Miss Emily Geary, election clerk, while another was Mrs. M. L. Spree, another election clerk. They were knocked down and bruised in the general melee is their ward. An instance of the trouble between deputies and policemen is illustrated by the following: Detective Sergeant Anthony Nagel, according to witnesses, attempted to drive away Lee Thornton, a negro special deputy sheriff assigned to a polling pIrco at Twenty-eighth and State streets, in the heart of the Sec? ond Ward. Thornton showed hits star as a special deputy. "He's got a right to be here," said . J. P. Mulvin, captain pi the precinct.