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^ABomb Without a Doubt/' Says Burns; Red Wagon Near the Scene
Office and the Sub-Treasury, and were reinforced by another company later. For a time a squad armed with light Browning automatics stood guard on the steps of the Sub-Treasury. It was decided within two hours, however, that the protection afforded by the police was ample, and the soldiers were withdrawn. "A Bomb Beyond a Doubt," Says Burns Their preliminary investigation convinced Federal, city and private detectives that the disaster was premeditated. "It was a bomb beyond a doubt," said William J. Burns, head of the detective agency which bears his name. It was found that the broken sash weights used as missiles were such as are used in dwelling houses and in no building in the vicinity of the explosion. The fractured faces on the fragments were worn and rusted, it was said, as though tr% iron of which they were composed had been broken long ago. No hole in the pavement marked the spot where the wagon had last been seen, and this was taken to show that some such explosive as TNT was used, rather than dynamite, which exerts its force downward. As tc statements that the wagon bore the name of a firm manufacturing explosives, officials of that company said that none of their wagons had been below Sixteenth Street yesterday. A report that three men were seen running down Wall Street toward the East River just before the explosion is being investigated. A trunk check found beside the dead horse may prove to be, of some importance. The number of th< check is 101,281. It was issued by the New York Central Railroad at Saranac Lake to someone sending a trunk from that place to Washington, D. C. Mr. Burns said he thought the wagon contained a mine of explosives, to be detonated by a device, long in use by dynamiters, consisting of a battery and an alarm clock. When the explosion came the Stock Exchange was immediately closed, to guard against the loss of securities by messengers called upon to deliver them through the crowds that thronged the financial district. As it was, bonds valued at $85,000 and 2,574 shares of stock were reported missing in the confusion. The exchange will open as usual at 10 a. m. to-day. Street Strewn With Dead, Injured And Wreckage Under Pall of Smoke The explosion occurred just as the, chimes of Trinity Church were tolling the hour of twelve. Before they had ??eased and to the echo of crunching glass the great avenue of finance re- ! sembled a battle-strewn field where only dead bodies and the forms of the injured lay in huddled heaps. One eye witness mentioned the deliv? ery wagon, which others said had been driven up to ?bout a foot and one-half from the curb in front of the United States Assay Office, across tho street from the Morgan office. He said that while coming through Wall Street ' he saw the horse and wagon. The latter was light in color und was such as is used by grocers. Dead Scattered Over Street Captain Joseph E. Engel jr., of the Bureau of Special Service, Police De rarment, was less than a block south of Wall Street, on Broad, at the time. Almost rocked from his feet by the 'luakelike vibration, he ran amid .-bowers of glass to the corner of Wall, where he got his first glimpse of the destruction. "There was not a soul in sight ex? cept the dead and injured l.ving on lavement and sidewalk," said Captain Engel. "There was the tinkle of fall .ng glass, a few smoking awnings on nearby buildings, and a film of smoke. "My first thought was that the ex? plosion had occurred in the Mills Building, just next to Morgan & Co.'3 office. As I collected my wits, I began to see shattered wheels, the axlea and springs of a wagon, then the remnant3 of a horse and a battered a-utomobile, Other people began to gather and a ;'ew policemen came. Wc saw a woman evidently a Spanish woman, and twe little boys pick themselves up fron* *he sidewalk in front of the Sub-Treas ury Building. "All three were injured and dazed They began to look for a third boy who, the woman frantically cried, ha? been -with them. The dead were lyin*. here and there. The injured began t< move. Two girls who had evidently been passing the Morgan cort?cr fron Wall into Broad Street got up and ran ? A woman was picked up by police '.1 front of 36 Wall Street badfy hurt am placed in a motor truck which canr . along. "I ?pent perhaps fifteen minutes 0: the scene before I left to report," sai Captain Engel. "It is my belief tha almost all the persons within thirty o forty yards of the explosion in Wn! Street were killed. Those I have mer tioned miraculously escaped. "When the crowd began to gather few persons came staggering from th entrance to Morgan & Co. and nearb Wall Street buildings. They wei dazed but did not appear to be ser ously hurt. But, I will never forg? that empty street and the bodies lyin in it as I turned the corner from Broa' It wa?, momentarily, a deserted villa-.; of great buildings except for tho hu< died forms that lay here and there." Chauffeur Blown Under Cab Daniel Wordsman, of 251 West 116t Street, a taxi chauffeur, standing i Broad Street, within fifty yat?!-. of tV explosion, was blown under his c? and his passenger was b.'&v.ji cut ? it, Wordsman said. "A man had ju.st got into the ta and asked to be taken to the Lafayct Hotel, and I was preparing to crai up when it seemed like the end of tl world," he said. "Something seemed knock me down and slide me under tl tr.achine. Gloss absolutely rained fro that building." he added, pointing the twenty-one story structure at Broad Street. "The pavement rock and trembled, and finally I crawled o from under the taxi. My passeng was lying in the street. Before I cou speak to him he scrambled to his ft and ran up toward Nassau Street, hoi mg hin hca?l. All the glass in the it ?ivas broken. A policeman came over a told me that 1 would have to take so of the injured to the Broad Street Hi pita!. 1 made two trips and carried j persons." Wordsman led a comparatively tr( quil life as a sailor aboard the trai port Siboney and the battleship N ?Mexico during the war. He said tl yesterday was the most turbulent see he had ever experienced. Knocked Down Twice ? S. R. Hillis, of the Columbia Tn Company, who wan an eye wanes? the explosion without b?sing injur said tne clock on Trinity Chui ?truck twelve a? he turned >nto W Street. He made his wat to the St? Exchange and a? he was directly ixeat or it the explosion occurred. -wa* knocked down, but ros*.' quickly "hie feet. ' . "Then again," he said, in telling story, "I found myself sprawled the street. I don't know what it v that knocked me down the ?ceo time" ft Wa? Like Being I, tinned Maxwell Van Buskirk, who has office on the ninth floor of tV- M Building, overlooking the Morgan fttte? fend th? Hub-Treasury, ?aid! "I ?u sitting at my desk neai Wmm ??*" ?!?** * BM>?ant Iw/or? shock. Then I went across the room to get something and was thrown against the wall. The building shock like a leaf and all the tenants ran panic-stricken into the hallway.?.." Here Mr. Van Buskirk pointed to two large chimneys on top of the Mor? gan Building. Through one of these, he said, a dense cloud of black and yellow smoke poured and filled the of? fices in the Mills Building. "It was just like bein-; gassed," he said. "We could not breathe and, un til we reached the hall we believed we were suffocating." Found Weight and Piece of Cap Another eye-witness was Morris Whitman, who is employed at 66 Broad? way by Bamberger Brothers, automo? bile brokers. Whitman had just been to the Bank of America ancl had renched Wall and New streets on his way back to the office when the shock came. He and a young woman with him were thrown to the sidewalk, but he arose unhurt. "It was the most ghastly thing I ever have seen," he said. "For a mo? ment after the shock there was abso? lute silence, then through the smoke there came the cries of the injured. I picked up one poor fellow whose leg had been torn off and he said: 'Some? thing hit me.' "We picked up a window sash weight and the screw end of a percussion cap. There also were scraps of tin such as that used to seal the edges of packing cases. "I saw the wagon that was blown up as I was coming through Wall Street and remembered it distinctly. I had turned just before I was knocked down and saw the horse and wagon, a light delivery wagon such as grocers use, coming toward me. Then it v/ent up." Clothes Torn Off Victims "I was sitting in one of the office" of the Equitable Trust Company, at 7C Wall Street, discussing the rates oi foreign exchange," said Frank P. Bolt a millionaire silk merchant, of Sydney Australia, "when suddenly 1 heard s terrific explosion, and was, like m> c<smpanions, thrown from my chairan? landed on my head. "One of the officials of the Equitabl? Trust Company. Mr. Noble, with who?. I had been speaking, was actuall; blown from his chair through the opei door into the hallway, but. by Bom miracle wasn't hurt. With my friend Edwin W. Buuno, of Watt, Franken ? Bruno, silk and hosiery mcrch?iits, a 129 Fifth Avenue. 1 dashed down th stairs to the street with blood pourinj from my head. "When we reached the street Mi i Bruno and I found we were not as seri ; ously hurt as some of the others, an I we suggested to the men who had fol ; lowed us out that v.e go back and carr some of the women out. This we di and, let me tell you, some of them .ver horribly cut up. 1 never saw so muc blood in my life. Why, some of th : victims actually had their clothe blown off and were so cut and dijfif ; ured as to be unrecognizable." Lifted From the Ground A. W. Pentland, of 141 East Twent; sixth Street, employed in an c.v.ecutn capacity with the firm of Isclin & C< j bankers of 37 Wall Street, had ju ? turned from Wall Street to Brot ; Street in front of the Morgan compar | building with a friend, when he fe i himself lifted off his feet and push? through the air. "First there was that strange noise said Mr. Pentland, "and as I look? 1 around I felt myself lifted from tl , ground, but managed to keep on n ? feet when I landed. I looked aroui ! for my friend and he had disappeare I and I later found out that ho too hi 1 been knocked down and was so hu s that he was taken to the Broad Stre j Hospital. "It was as if a big hook or nom ; thing like that had suddenly been fa tened to my body when I was lifted." The star on the larger map indi? cates the position of the wagon which is supposed to have carried the explosive into Wall Street. The buildings indicated by heavy outlines are those which bore the brunt of the explosion. -*?-? Nation-Wide Plot Feared At Capital (Continued from pass one) New York there was a near-panic in the financial section o"f Philadelphia. Virtually all of the big Philadelphia houses are either branches of New York houses or else have branches there. Drexel & Co. here is the Phila? delphia branch of J- P. Morgan & Co. For a time the close friends of E. T. Stotesbury, head of Drexel & Co. and serior vice-president of the Morgan firm, feared for his safety. It was known in high financial circles that Mr. Stotesbury goes to New York every Thursday for a meeting with the Mor? gan officials. Mr. Stotesbury, however, had foregone his usual New York trip and was in the West on business. The Philadelphia police sent reserves and policemen in plain clothes in great numbers into the financial sections there to protect the big houses. Drexel ?t Co. ,was under heavy guard', and all er?terlrrg were carefully scrutinized. The same process obtained at the Fed? eral Reserve Bank, the Stock Exchange and the Custom House. Gradually the excitement died down and Philadelphia business became a trifle firmer, though without volume. Bankers there gradually reassured themselves about their friends here, though it seemed impossible to get any worth-while information as to the cause of the disaster. Philadelphia banker? were not great? ly worried over what might happen there. Many of them inclined to the belief that the explosion had been ac? cidental. They were most anxious to learn whether any of their friends in Wall Street had been killed or injured. Robert Kelso Cassatt, member of Cas? sait & Co., one of the biggest of the Philadelphia private banking firms, said he believed the explosion had been ac? cidental. Department of Justice operatives with the secret service of the Treasurj Department in Washington, will co operate with New York City officials ir the investigation of the explosion he.-e Flynn Takes Charge of Case Attorney General Palmer, immedi ately after learning of the disaster dispatched William J. Flynn, chief o the bureau of investigation of the de partment, to New York with instruc tions to head the Federal investigator on the case. At the same time Secretary of th? Treasury Houj-?ton directed W. H Moran,' chief of tho Secret Servici Division of the Treasury, to send al available men to New York to giv whatever assistance possible to tin local authorities. At the War Department it was sail that Major General Robert L. Bullarc commanding the Eastern Department a Governor's Island, had complete au thority to. detail soldiers to the finan cial district for protection of the Sub Treasury, and to give whatever aid wa requred in preventing any further dam age that might be attempted. Officials of the Department of Justic said tho lack of Congressional appro piiations will cut down the number o investigators that can be assigned t the Morgan explosion. They said that ! the appropriation was pared from i $2,725,000 to $2,000,000 and a number of ! men trained in the detection of crime ] had to be released from the service at the end of June. Chief of Police Garrity, of Chicago, posted extra police about the Stock Exchange, the Board of Trade and i other buildings in the Lasalle Street ? financial district of that city, although he ?aid that he had no evidence to show that outrages might be expected. Allen Meyer, head of the Burns De? tective Agency there, declared, how? ever, that some of their clients had been warned two weeks ago that radi? cals were about to set on foot a new ; series of outrages. -.-?. Debris of Wagon and Bits Of Clothing Assembled i Woman's Straw Turban Among Clews Which May Lead to Identification of Victims The battered remains of the wagon j or truck which figured in yesterday's Wall Street explosion arrived at Police j Headquarters last night and were e.v- j amined by police and detectives. A i patrol wagon which transported the ! twisted pieces of iron also brought sev- j eial parcels containing torn, blood- ; soaked and partially hurn'-d wearing] apparel, shoes, stocking and hats ? Among them was a woman's straw tur- j ban, badly battered, evidently the prop-| erty cf a victim. The police began a systematic exar*ii- ! nation of the gruesome collection in an effort to patch together marks which may load to the identification of some of the victims. Initials from hats were put on record for relatives of missing persons who may seek news. -,?? Police Invite Information Clews, However Slight, Desired From All Witnesses At the direction of Mayor Hylan, j Police Commissioner Richard E. En right issued the following bulletin after he and Die Mayor had inspected the damaged zone: ''All persons in the vicinity of the scene of the explosion who can give any information, no matter how slight, regarding any of the details, especially regarding vehicles in the street which mifrht have caused the explosion, or the presence of any suspicious persons at the time of the explosion, should com? municate such information to the police at once. Cull any police station or headf-uarters. "RICHARD E. EN RIGHT, (Signed) "Police Comitiissioner, "New York City.'1 The Scene of the Explosion ? ! Morgan Building I Constructed To Be Nearly Bombproof Structure During War Was Constantly Guarded by Detectives; Walls 2 Feet Thick Made of Concrete The homo of J. P. Morgan & Co., at 23 Wall Street, was erected for the Morgan company at a cost of $4,000,000, according to Gocdhue Livingston, a member of the firm of Trowbridge & Livingston, architects, of 527 Fifth Avenue. This firm drew the plans for the building and supervised its con? struction. It was built by Marc Edlitz, contractor. While no building, said Mr. Trow? bridge yesterday, is actually bomb? proof, the Morgan building :s as near being bomhprcjof as a structure can be. When the building was under con? struction the architects bore, in mind th;it at -?orne time it might be sub? jected to the terrific shock of an ex? plosion. The walls of the building are two feet thick and are made of concrete. Stretched across the top of the build? ing is a heavy wire mesh, which, ac? cording to Mr. Livingston, will cause any bomb or missile thrown on the top of the building to rebound upon strik? ing the net. All windows in the build? ing are covered by gratings of bronze. The immense vault is beneath the building. During the war, when J. P. Morgan's life was threatened many times be? cause of his activity in granting loans to the Allies, the Morgan building was constantly guarded by special detec? tives. Detectives remained on duty in the vicinity at all hours for many months, and many of them were sta? tioned in the Mills building, adjoining the Morgan building. The New York Trust Company announces the opening of its Safe Deposit Vaults at its Fifth Avenue Office Fifth Avenue and Fiftv- seventh Street on Saturday, September Eighteenth Nineteen Hundred and Twentv Fifth Avenue Office: Main Office: 5th Ave. &. 57th St. 26 Broad St. It Happened ?And We Couldn't Handle AU of the Injured It Can Happen Again ?Help Us So We Can Help You! Yesterday a catastrophe struck home ? you know the story?the dead and the wounded lying helpless on the street waiting, begging for help that had to be summoned from all over the city?some even dying on their way in cabs, trucks and ambulances to distant hospitals. All because WE couldn't even crowd them all under our roof. All because, through want of funds, through want of thought by business men, this most populous and congested "Wall Street" district has not had adequate hospital pro? tection. What has happened can happen again. We are appealing NOW to the business and financial interests of the "Wall Street" district to help us make our equipment adequate to protect THEM and THEIR employees and to succor them in moment of need. Give and give liberally. It is for your own protection, for your own benefit. Whether your limit is $1.00 or $10,000, open your purse and send contributions to The Broad Street Hospital Wagon Axle Hurled 38 Stories; Washington Statue Untouched Hundreds Have Narrow Escapes From Death; foelin Building Awnings Catch Fire; Scenes , Reminiscent of France Much mystery was attached to the twisted and battered wreck of what once had been a touring car, standing at the Wall Street curb, directly in line with the explosion. It was more than two hours after the first blast when its owner, D. S. Beiden, a South Orange (N. J.) jeweler, appeared on the scene and claimed what was left of his car. "I came to New York to-day," he said, to see my accountants. I stopped my 1 car alongside the Morgan office and left u about ten minutes before the explosion. That's why I'm here now." i Aside from a few bits of wood, the ! only trace of the wagon that blew up j was a bottle of pills the driver evident? ly had been taking to relieve an attack of indigestion. A chauffeur's card bearing the name ; of Jerome H. McKean, 1407 Nelson Ave nue, the Bronx, was found in the street after the blast, and for a time it was ; believed he had been driving the dyna mite wagon and had been killed. A fire scare added tj the panic of the tenants in the Iselin Building just af ter the 9hock. All the awnings on the front of the building were ablaze. A tenant on the thirty-eighth floor of the Equitable Building notified the j police that a piece of a wagon axle had been thrown through his window. ! One freak of the blast was that : none of the workers of Albert A. Volk j Company, house wreckers, who were clearing away the site of tho Stock Exchange addition at Wall and Broad streets, was injured. While the excitement was at its height a photographer was permitted to make a picture of the interior of the Morgan offices. When he set off the flashlight even the veteran police men jumped. It was a common sight an hour after the blast to see men and women with bandaged heads and faces circulating through the crowd. Virtually every? body who was on the street had been hit. Where millionares' luxurious auto? mobiles are often parked, at the curbs of Broad and Wall streets, in the afternoon were solid rows of ambu? lances, one backing in as another pulled out carrying away the dead and wounded. Such a scene of carnage had never before visited New York's great financial center. The great Bank of England witnessed a similar scene, however, barely four years ago, when flocks of German Gothas plastered the vicinity of that institution with high explosive bombs. And a similar scene during the waivwas also enacted within a stone's throw of the Credit Lyonnais, the big banking institution of Paris. Except for the steel netting which protected the big plate glass windows of Morgan <fc Co., the strength of the blast might have driven shattered glass into the building with such force as to have killed virtually every one in it. The Wall Street side of the building mot the full force of the ex- ! plosion. The netting bulged inward, breaking the blow before it touched the glass. The unprotected windows of the 1'nited States Assay Office, opposite, a more thinly peopled struc? ture than the Morgan office, were ob? literated. Virtually all of the sidewalks in the financial district were closed to pedes? trian? in the afternoon. Glass from broken windows was continually fall- j iri*lc to the street and the police or-1 dcred building owners to rone off the walks. hi addition to being one of the most i prominent professional women in the I United States. Miss L. G. Jones, the | assistant cashier of the Bank of Cuba, at 34 Wall Street, is one of the most fortunate. Just an instant before the explosion Miss Jones left her desk to telephone her mother. The blast oc? curred just as she reached the phone : and her desk was buried under ti glass partition, a cabinet and other! d?bris. Had the explosion occurred a few | minutes after noon except on the hour ; the death roil might have been hundreds. Stenographers, clerks and | others from the nearby build'ngs | had just begun to emerge intr. the street on their way to luncheon. With- I in another live or ten minutes the I street would have been crowded. In stead Only the first trickle of those < a trifle ahead of time, headed for the ! choicest luncheon seats, was caught. The great statue of George Wash ington in front of the Sub-Treasury '. stood through the affair without a ; scratch. Pieces of flying metal gouged | holes in buildings in every direction.; even cutting r. large slice /rom a win dow on the second floor of the Bankers Trust Building at Nassau and Wall. The United States Assay Office, the j Morgan structure ana other buildings ; were pockmarked as if with shrapnel. Within an hour after the affair hun- ' dreds of persons, thoughtful of the anxieties which they knew the news would bring to their families at home, I besieged the offices of a telegraph company on Broad Street to send reas suring messages. Extra clerks had to ; t be recruited to handle the counters and keep the crowd in line. Workmen from the gas company were on the scene with promptness i and immediately cut off all gas mains j leading into the part of the financial district affected. As soon as possible afterward workmen entered all the ; buildings rocked by the explosion and! made examinations of pipes and fix? tures. When these examinations were i finished the gas was turned on again. One of the guards who stands in front of the Morgan Building was j nearly knocked off his feet. When he regained his equilibrium sufficiently to look at his watch he found the crys? tal broken and the time piece stopped at exactly 12:01. A clerk named Tracev, employed in an office building on W'all Street, ad? joining the Morgan offices, narrowly escaped being dashed to death when he was thrown out a window on the sev? enth floor by the force of the explosion. One of his feet caught in an awning in such a manner that it left him sus? pended head downward from the win? dow. After dangling in space for a few moments, he was pulled back to safety by his office mates. -? Many Articles Picked Up Police Fill Four Large Bags With Personal Belongings A miscellaneous assortment of per? sonal property was found in the im? mediate vicinity of the explosion. De? tectives sent there to gather this filled four large burlap bags. Of interest was a card hearing the names of "S. Lenkowitz and E. Blanche, managers, Auto Top Equipment Com? pany, Washington Street, New Jer? sey." It was taken to Police Headquar? ters for identification. Another find was the bowl of a pipe freshly filled with tobacco. A large assortment of men's straw hats as well as one woman's hat was picked up and taken to the Detective Bureau. Shoes, coats, canes, umbrellas and coins were in the debris. j Chief Flynn of Department Of Justice Here for Inquiry William Flynn, chief of the Depart j ment of Justice agents, reached the ? Pennsylvania Station at 10 o'clock last I r.ight on the Congressional Limitd. He will take charge of the Federal | inquiry into the Wall Street explosion, ? having been assigned to the task by Attorney General Palmer. Chief Flynn said that he had not obtained sufficient information yet to warrant expressing an opinion as to whether the explosion ;dental or premedi Morgan Firm Cl?rfc] Killed and Buried By Skylight Glass At the moment the explosion oc? curred yesterday William d. Joyc*. ?g years old, a clerk, employed by '?4 Morgan firm, and son of ?Thonu.? ?> Joyce, confidential adviser to Mr. M?w? gan and head of the securities den?* ment, was.preparing to go to ??nek The skylight, twenty feet above him* collapsed and he was buried in shower of broken glass. When ?? ambulance surgeon reached him he ??7 dead. His father at the same moment *?? in conversation with John Mark?, multi-millionaire steel ar.--i coal o-*! erator of Pennsylvania, here to con fer on the anthracite coal situation" Mr. Markl^ was painfully cut ?bout the face and shoulders, as was Mr Joyce, and both of them were tar*??-?' for numerous bits of jagged ru?? that imbedded themselves in tneir EX and legs. Mr. Markie was hurred t< St. Vincent's Hospital, but lattr wu taken to his suite in the Hotel Pl-sujT Mr. Joyce, with the body of his ?m was taken to his home, at 1806 Dit mas Avenue, Brooklyn. While none of the Morgan partnen was killed or seriously injured, Junin. Spencer Morsan, Mr. Morgan's son ???? cut on the right hand by flying ?la? That no fatalities occurred to the*-? men is attributed to the fact that pr? ; cautions were taken when the buildin? j was constructed by having evei-ythjJi reinforced with one-eighth-inch steel I wire. The wires held yesterday when the windows toppled in. Several of ?Mr. ?Morgan's partner? who were in the banking house at th? 1 time had retired to a windowlesg room on the second floor, where a confer? ence was being held. They included Junius Spencer Morgan. Mr. fa. i mont, Dwight W. Morrow, Elliot Bacon I and George W. Whitney, KAWPHY I Like the Town Councillor of j Leeds, you may spell coffee I without employing a single ? letter that occurs in the word ?to wit, kawphy. ; But you cannot make coffee ! without employing every sin* ! gle one of the governing prin? I ciples ? at least not good ? coffee. 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