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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 15, 1920, Image 1

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VoL. LXXX No. 26,997
<< ?pyriirhl. 1920,
N*w York Trlbuiw Inc.)
First to Last? the Truth: News ?Editorials?-Advertisements
FRIDA^ OCTOJIi?i?" 15, ?92?"
Fair to-day and probably to-morrow;
not mneh change In temperature;
moderate, variable wind?.
Full Iteport on Ijoat Pa?-e
-r r*
1). ?. Agents
Face Arrest
Ih Rum Ring
Warrants for Three Asked
at Chicago and Four Pol?
iticians Also Reported
to Have Been Involved
Sadler Testifies
At Jury Inquiry
Confession of the Former
% Y. Broker Is Scattered
Broadcast by Authorities
jjirrinl Dispatch fo The Tribun?
CHICAGO, Oct. 14.?That govern
Bfit agents are involved in the gi
Itdtic whisky ring, which is said to
?tit operated throughout the United
?-ates, was apparent to-day when three
John Doe warrants for the arrest of
Inhibition or revenue agents were
tried of United States Commissioner
Lewis Mason by Frank D. Richardson,
ipetial Federal investigator.
The names of the men arc kept
?tcrct. It was admitted that their
jinnies were mentioned in connection
with the latest testimony offered by
Walter Sadler, New York broker and
self-confessed whisky runner and ring
Sadler, pale, haggard and closely
c-jarded by secret service men, was
brought into the Federal Building and
taken before the grand jury.- His tes?
timony was brief.
Immediately after he testified there
??ere signs of conflict betwren Mr
Bichardson and United Slates District
Attorney Charles F. Clync over prose?
cution of the whisky ring principals
Bichardson, who has worked up all oi
the evidence in the big liquor exposure
lUempted to get the entire confessior
Of Sadler before the Federal grane
jury. He did get Sadler into the jurj
joo'm. Fifteen' minutes later Mr. Clyn<
appeared, took Sadler out of Richard
ton's custody and placed him undei
,t!-.r g'iard of men attached to the Dis?
trict Attorney's office.
Four Politicians Involved
Just before Richardson took Sadie
to the grand jury room Clyne had de
Died that the man was in the custodj
pf the intelligence department or tha
?e would be placed'before the grane
jary to-day. Mr, Clyne also d?clar?e
tig intention of getting Sadler to "re
tract some of his statements* befon
making his confession imbue.
Four politician:! are said to be in
toWi d in the confession.
Sadler is said to have told the jur;
something of his dealings with thi
Wathen Distillery at Louisville, whene.
??ero shipped the supplies of Oh
Grand Dad whisky, seizure of whicl
brought about his confession. Sadie
laid his dea! was1 made with Otho H
Wathen, secretary of the Wathei
Company*, of which Otho's brother, R
& Wathen, is president,
^Sadler entered the grand jury roon
ten minutes after District Attorne;
Clyne had given assurances that h
would not be called before that bod;
for a day or two. Clyne had statei
that the witness was not in the cus
tody of special agents and that he hai
not been suffering from any mental o
physical breakdown.
Sadler appeared at the grand jur;
room in the custody of a Federal agen
nnd, it was learned from a reliabl
source, is being kept up by tb.e admin
istration of stimulants. Sadler's col
lapse yesterday was a bona fide ont
it was learned from the same sou'ree
Mused by his fear of vengeance fror
the whisky ring gunmen.
"I have given Mr. Clyne a typewritte
statement covering forty pages relatin
?il I know about the affair. My tes
timony before the jury will be." sub
Manually the same," said Sadler tc
flay. "There are men mentioned i
?y statement whose names have nc
!et been made public. I have bee
?arned they will try to reach me wit
olfera of money or with threats of re
pnsal. I haven't any statement t
make about that except that I'll e
through." ?
Confession Sent Broadcast
Copies of Sadler's confession ha\
Men sent to Federal authorities i
Washington and from there to citii
throughout the country where agenl
ar? tracing all members of tho ban
named in the statement. The callir
?a special grand jury here for inve
ngation of the liquor traffic is m
?OMidcred, District Attorney Clyne di
Shortly after Sadler appeared in tl
fi? n-jury room Ch-arles Schillinge
f?..?ivcraey Boulevard, was arrest<
'?ms homo on a warrant charging o
ration of a confidence game, swoi
J^t by Andrew Pappas, saloonkeep
Pappas, in a confession to Feder
?pnts made at the same time wit
'ra- of Sadler, named Schillinger i
w> of the go-betweens of the whisl
The warrant charges that Schilling
'?eivej ?12,000 from Pappas in pa
SWior liquor, only J4.0?U worth
???Wh was delivered.
JWs said Schillinger recently negot
?"<< a $100,000 purchase of whisk
congas go-between for the ring ai
?aoo?Kci'pers, but that he failed
bk ?? a lnri'? I,art of the liQuor. 1
^ held at the Detective Hureati. whe
,.' f'used to make a statement on a
uc? ot his attorney, W. W. O'Brien.
Meanwhile, Judge Dandis was ma
"% it clear that he does not inte
? let anything of importance get pa
m in the liquor cases scheduled
ita iVJUrt- The opportunity present
?eir when Lawrence Kilcourse, r
(Continued on pao? nine)
for Sunday's
Should Be Placed To-day
harly copy is sure of inser?
to in all editions. Send in
your ads. to-day for Sunday's
Phone Beekrnan 3000, or
80 to any of The Tribune's
<*ant Ad agents, conveniently
located in all parts of Greater
New York.
Accepted Until
V. S. Ship Makes Dash
To Save 600 From Death
Special DUpatoh to The Tribun?
SEATTLE, Wash., Oct 14.?
The United States naval radio
repair ship Saturn left here to?
day in an eleventh hour dash to
the Pribilof Islands to provide the
natives with food to ward off
starvation this winter. She car?
ries 800 tons of supplies. There
are 600 natives on the islands, in
the Bering Sea.
Earlier in the season the
Saturn went to the islands to land
the winter supply of food, but
storm after storm prevented her.
She succeeded only in landing
mail, a cow and a calf in one
brief lull.
U.S.Guard Used
In Liquor Raid
On Italian Ship
Customs Inspectors, Rein?
forced by Gunners, After
Being Balked by Crew of
Dante, Get 300 Bottles
Skipper Aids in Search
Two Packages ?f Ostrich
Feathers Are Also Found
in Quarters of the Crew
A display of nrmed force, which later
proved to have been unnecessary, was
made a* Pier 25, North River, yester?
day, when a group of customs in?
spectors boarded the Italian liner Dante
Alighieri to search for liquor.
The Dante, which arrived from the
Levant on Saturday, had plenty of
wines, cordials and liquors or. beard.
In that respect she was no different
from other European passenger ves?
sels, all of which carry a stock of alco?
holic beverages for the use of their
passengers and their crews.
On Monday a squad of six went
aboard to search in the quarters of the
crew for liquors believed not to have
been listed on the ship's manifest. As
such they were subject to seizure. The
searchers got no further than the prom?
enade <kck.
Customs Men Marooned Aboard
The crew, resenting what they re?
garded as an intrusion, liad the gang?
plank hauled ashore, and the customs
men were marooned aboard. No effort
was made to enter the crew's quarters,
and the squad climbed ashore over the
ship's side by the aid of ropes. On
this occasion the master of the Dante
was not aboard, and the ship's officers,
it is said, acted indifferently.
When the searchers returned to the
vessel yesterday their number was
quadrupled, and with them came
twelve armed gunners of the Coast
Guard, the latter taking station on the
The searching party led by Inspector
Albert It. Hokensen went aboard. They
were received cordially by the skipper
and his officers, who offered to assist
them and open up every cranny of the
vessel from stem to stern. The cap?
tain explained that if he had been
aboard when the customs men visited
the ship on Monday there would have
been np demonstration of hostility on
the part of his crew.
300 Bottles of Liquor Seized
After a search that lasted nearly
thr??e hours the men found about 300
bcttles of liquors that were not listed
on the ship's manifest. These were
seized. Two packages of ostrich-feath?
ers also were found by the searching
The customs men say the Dante was
designated for special scrutiny be?
cause longshoremen frequently have
been found leaving Pier 25 with a
bottle or two of liquor.
Nearly a year ago the Italian Em?
bassy and the local Italian consulate
protested to the State Department
against the ransacking of Italian ships
in this port. It was maintained by the
Italian diplomats and by the officers of
Italian steamships that liquor was part
of the rations apportioned to the crews,
and its distribution aboard ship was
neither a violation of the Italian law
nor of the laws of the United States.
They maintained that all snips under
the Italian flag lying in American ports
are and should be regarded a*> the horn?1
of its officers and crews, and that the
rights accorded Italian subjects by
Italy should not be disregarded by offi?
cials in this country.
It is the contention of the Italians
i that it is the duty of this government
i to prevent liiiuor from leaving the
1 ship, but that it is a usurpation of au
: thority to search the "homes" of Ital
; ian subjects aboard Italian liners and
; confiscate property on the assumption
that it is likely to be smuggled ashore.
Dry Agent Threatens
To Seize Foreign Ships
IS or folk Commissioner Says He
W ill Stop the Smuggling
of Liquor to Bootleggers
I NORFOLK, Va., Oct. 14. ?Ships
bringing smuggled liquor into this port
will be seized under the prohibition
1 enforcement act, S. P. Brame, Federal
i prohibition commissioner for this dis?
trict, announced to-day. Mr. Brame
said all incoming ships would be board
i e?l and searched, either at Cape Henry
; or the Old Point quarantine station.
"Smuggling liquor is against our
! laws and we propose to see that the
\ law is enforced," said Mr. Brame. "If
i We stop the source of supply we will
! come very near breaking up bootlegging.
I There is no reason why bootleggers
' should be punished while foreigners
are permitted to break the law and
1 make thousands of dollars by selling
i it seemingly to bootleggers. By con
I fiscating their ships it will be an easy
j matter to break up the practice."
Collector of Customs Hamilton, in
! formed of the intention of the pro?
hibition commissioner, said the customs
j service alone had jurisdiction over
i shipping and that he would dispute
' the right of Commissioner Brame tc
i board vessels before they had com
? plied with customs and quarantine
? regulations.
WASHINGON, Oct. 14.?Prohibition
? Commissioner Kramer said to-day that
1 while no specific instructions had been
issued to Commissioner Brame at Nor
| folk to seize foreign ships bringing
contraband liquor into Ameriear
waters, the commissiorter was sun
pe? A .-.".d expected to enforce the law
r_r\inst the importation of intoxiconts
Many Slain
In Italian
Strike Riots
I . ?t-?
Bombs Thrown, News- ;
! paper Offices Burned in
Protest Against Arrest
of Political Offenders
Police Barracks in j
Bologna Attacked
Street Fighting, in Which
Scores Are Hnrt, Closes
Mills in Several Towns
LONDON, Oct. 15.?Many persons '
were killed and others wounded at va
rious places in Italy during a two
hours' strike on Thursday, says a dis- '
patch to The London Times from Rome.
The strike was in protest against \
the arrest of, political offenders who
are opposing the Allied policy toward
The strike was in effect from 3 to 5
o'clock in the afternoon, during which -
time all trains were stopped.
Bombs Thrown in Milan
Eleven persons wore lulled and 100 j
wounded at San Giovanni Rotondo, :
foui were killed and fourteen wound
od in Bologna and one mini was killed ,
and several men were injured in a ;
clash between strikers and the police
in Milan.
Bombs were thrown at several hotels
in Milan, including the Hotel Cavour, ;
where the British delegation to the
League of Nations conference is stay- I
ing. No one was injured, however.
The offices of a Socialist newspaper i
were set on lire.
Another Rome dispatch says there'
was only partial suspension of work in
the Italian capital. The operatives on
the street cars suspended work, but the j
streets were virtually norma!.
The rioting in Bologna, the dispatch
says, was due to extremists attacking
the police barracks. The dead in that l
city included two policemen. The town
was quiet to-night, but work will be
suspended to-morrow as a sign of \
mourning for those killed in the street ;
A dispatch received in London
Wednesday night said the leaders of :
the Italian Socialist party and of the
General Confederation of Labor in
Italy had published a joint manifesto
in the Avanti of Rome ordering dem?
onstrations in every town in Italy on
Thursday. The object of the move- '.
ment, it was stated, was to force the
Italian government to recognize Soviet ]
Unrest Grips Whole Nation
Industrial turmoil has kept Italy in '
a state of unrest for more than a \
month since workmen in the metal?
lurgical trades started a nation-wide
movement to seize the factories and
operate them on what they called the
cooperativo plan.
After a period of two weeks in which
many of the principal? industrial es- I
tablishments of the country had been
taken over by the workers, a confer-'
ence between the employers and the
men reached ft decision which put the
factories back into the hands of 1he?.
owners, although the workers were
given important power in the opera- ,
tion and control of the plants.
Grumbling against the capitalistic
system and against the mounting costs
of living necessities and coal have
aided in setting up a movement of un-,
rest which has flared up in several
armed clashes with the authorities,
notably in Trieste, where several were
killed and wounded recently when po- ?
lice fired or. a Socialist funeral.
The Italian Socialist Mission to Rus?
sia was the only mission sent to Mos?
cow which returned with a favorable
report on the proposition to accept the
Third Internationale. Even the Ger?
man Independent Socialists made an
unfavorable report.
British Regret Censoring
Of U. S. Mail in Ireland
Diplomatic Missive Was Seized
by Military in Raid; Opened
bv Mistake, Is Explanation
LONDON, Oct. 14 (By The Asso?
ciated Press). -The censoring of
American diplomatic mail by the Brit?
ish military authorities in Ireland has
led to informa! inquiries at the For?
eign Oliicc by J. Butler Wright,
charg? of the American Embassy, a ;
quick expression of regret on the part'
of the British government and a per
Bonal apology from the officer respon?
The letter in question was an official
missive sent by the embassy to the
American Consul at Dublin, Frederick .
T. F. Dumont. It was seized by the Brit?
ish military in a raid on the mail, of
which there were 300 bags, and the
British explanation that the letter was ?
opened by officers not accustomed to
censorship, without intent to pry into,
the diplomatic correspondence of the
United States, has been accepted by
the embassy.
Climbs 150-Foot Mast to
Rescue Insensible Man
Toronto Steeplejack Saves His
Co-Worker Hanging From
Top of Pole
TORONTO, Ont., Oct. 14.?In the
sight of gasping hundreds, Joseph
Moulday, construction foreman, to-day
climbed the 150-foot mast of a derrick
and rescued Frank Carvell, a fellow !
worker, hanging unconscious from the !
peak after his left hand had been
crushed under the steel hoisting cable.
Reaching the swinging figure, held
at the masthead only by a glove caught
between cable and pulley wheel, Moul?
ds- slipped down the steel spar with
Carvell, still unconscious over his right I
shoulder. Moulday will be recom- :
mended for the Humane Society's life-'
saving medal.
Hottest October Day
The thermometer of the local Weath?
er Bureau broke its October altitude
record yesterday by recording 82 de?
grees at';<:S0 p. m. It was the warmest
October day of which the bureau has
SI uvi;i v-v.1. ....?* ......
terday as the record.
It is expected that there will not
be much change in the temperature
to-dav. '
British and Irish
?Aibor Will Confer
LONDON, Oct. 14.?The execu?
tive committee of the Irish Trade
Union Congress and Labor party
has accepted an invitation from
the "Council of Action" of the
British Labor party to a joint
consultation on the Irish situa?
tion. The conference will be held
in London on Monday.
This is regarded as an im?
portant development in the rela?
tions of Irish and British labor
on the eve of the opening of Par?
Travis Defends
Bond Deals and
Backs Judson
Comptroller Takes Full Re?
sponsibility; Says He Fol?
lowed Predecessors in Em?
ploying Security Trader
Prices Called L o w e s t
Only 829,000 of $8,000,000
Worth of Stocks Taken
From 40 Outside Bidders
State Comptroller Eugene M. Travis,
after signing a waiver of immunity,
took the stand yesterday in the John
Doe investigation being conducted be-i
fore Justice Kernochan in an effort to
determine whether a crime has been
committed in the purchase by the
Comptroller's office of approximately
$40,000,000 worth of bonds in the last
five an?! a half years.
Mr. Travis defended all the invest?
ments he had made for the state and
declared that he did not believe that
any of the large blocks of bonds he
bought for the various sinking funds
were acquired at a price in excess of
their market, value, lie assumed full
responsibility for all of the bond
transactions engaged in by his office
and insisted that the methods em?
ployed in making the investments were
those established by his predecessors,
?Martin II. Glynn, (Hark Williams,
William (laus and William Sommer.
The Comptroller said that he did not
follow these methoels simply because
they were handed down to him as es?
tablished precedents but because,after
much study and investigation, ho
reached the conclusion that they were
the most efficient and expedient.
Judson's Prices Investigated
While Mr. Travis's memory was I
faulty concerning transactions which
occurred priov to 1017, he declared that
he hael carefully investigated every
block of bonds offered to him by.Al-1
bort L, Judson, who is alleged to have
made a profit of almost $1,000,000 in
sales to the state, and hn?l found that
the figures fixed by Judson wero lower
than those asked for similar securities
by other dealers.
The witness also called attention to
the fact that his predecessors in office
had made large purchases through Jud?
son, and gave this as one reason for:
the confidence he placed in him.
Assistant District Attorney Ferdi?
nand P?cora, who is conducting the
inquiry, called the Comptroller's at- '
tention to a block of bonds to the par I
value of $3,500,000, which were pur?
chased for the sinking funds in De?
cember, 1P10. In describing this in?
vestment, the witness said:
"I remember the purchase very well. ?
I thought it was a splendid investment,
and I do still. If I had gone out on
the street and advertised for these se- j
cufities they would have cost me 5 or
6 points more than Judson asked."
In speaking of another purchase
through Judson Mr. Travis said:
"Judson came to me and offered me
these bonds. I was exceedingly busy
at the time with the income tax ar?
rangements, but the offer appealed to
me as a good investment, and 1 took '
sufficient time to look up the market
quotations and study the proposition.1
I talked the matter over with persons
familiar with the bond market, and
when other salesmen came to see me I
got their figures on the same amount
of securities. Ir "very case their price
was higher than Judson's, so naturally
I bought of Judson. The. purchase fig?
ure at which the state acquired those
securities was arrived at as a result
of my own judgment."
The witness said that in 191C the
representatives of a largo financial
paper in New York had called on him
in Albany and complained that he was
paying too much for bonds purchased
through certain individuals and firms.
The one firm that the Comptroller was
able to remember yesterday was that
of Gibbons & Co., of Wall Street, the
two members of which have already
been witnesses in the present inquiry.
In explaining the intimate knowledge
that Judson has displayed in state
finances Mr. Travis declared that this
information cauld have been acquired
by any person who knew how to get it.
He said that he had issued a monthly
bulletin dealing at great length with
the financial condition of the state and
that most of the knowledge Judson had
was acquired through study of this
paper. Mr. Travis said that publication
of the monthly bulletin was his own
idea, because lie believed that the
people had a right to first-hand infor?
mation concerning the finances of the
state. The paper was discontinued re?
cently because of the expens attached
to getting it out.
In replying to Mr. Pecora's questions,
Mr. Travis said that he did this by
reading The Wall Street Journal, The
New York Tribune and The Times. He
said he also studied other financial ,
(Continued on pas? six)
Million Quit
British Mines
Next Monday
National Leaders Oppose
Walk-Out, but Radicals
Prevail ; Steel Plants
Prepare to Close at Once
433,670 Majorit;
Votes for Strike
Government Has Exnawst
Evcry Effort to Prevent
Calamity, Says Premier
By Arthur S. Drap?
From The Tribune's European bureau |
Copyright, 1020, New Yol k Tfirtoune Inn. \
LONDON, Oct. 14.?The British coal
miners, nearly a million strong, have
voted to strike next Monday. Only last
minute intervention by the govern?
ment can postpone a stoppage of work,
but every prospect is that anything
short of complete concession of the
men's demands will have no off"ct. As
the government has repeatedly said
that yielding was impossible, a strike!
Is virtually certain. The government
has been preparing to comjbat the.
strike if it should be called.
The decision to stop work was the
outcome of a meeting of miners' dele?
gates with the executive of their fed?
eration to-day. After the country had
been led to expect a strike October 1,
(he miners' leaders decided to submit
the government's proposal of a wage
system based on output, to the work?
ers. Pending a vote on the proposition,
the strike notice was postponed until
October 10.
Balloting among the miners Mon?
day and Tuesday showed a heavy ma?
jority against acceptance of the gov?
ernment's proposal. Complete totals
on the ballot show that the miners
voted to strike rather than accept by
035,098 to 181,428.
The conference this morning, con?
sidering these figures, decided to let
the strike notices expire Saturday and
to begin the strike Monday.
Leaders Oppose Strike
Robert Smillie, president, of the Min?
ers' F?deration, and otner leaders ad?
vised the men not to strike, but they
disregarded the suggestions, having
made up their minds to have done with
further negotiations.
An interesting sidelight of the con?
ference to-day was that the decision to
strike was communicated to Premier
Lloyd George by letter instead of in
person, as is customary, as it appar?
ently was feared that he would argue
the delegates down if they had an in?
terview with him.
It was evident at to-day's meeting
that the miners had passed beyond
control of the national leaders and
were dominated more by the local exec*
utives. Herbert Smith, vice-president
of the National Federation, said that,
if further negotiations were attempted
sectional strikes would begin, as the
federation officials were unable to hold
the men in line.
The miners of South Wales are es- !
pecially radical in their demands. Only!
.the men from Northumberland held
out for peace.
There has been much talk in the
last two days of establishing an im?
partial tribunal as an alternative to
the wage output plan proposed by the !
government, but the miners clearly
have determined not to accept this.
Government Through With Offers
In official quarters to-night it was
said that the government had played
its last card in trying to get the miners
to refrain from striking and that no
further offers would be made to them.
The attitude of the triple alliance
railway men. transport workers and
miners?toward to-day's decision of the
miners' federation has not yet been
made known. At the last crisis the
associates of the miners in the triple
alliance had apparently made up their
minds to otfer support in a strike.
The steel blast furnaces at York?
shire are preparing to close down. If
the strike crystallizes racing probably
will be stopped, the jockey club stew?
ards announced.
LONDON, Oct. 14 ( By The Associated
Press).?After consulting with Sir
Robert Home, president of the Board
of Trade, Premier Lloyd George re?
plied to-day to the miners' executive
to the effect that the government had
exhausted every effort to prevent a
calamity, had explored and was still
ready to explore every avenue which
might lead to a peaceful solution.
Lloyd Geurge Regrets Decision
In a letter to Robert Smillie, the
miners' leader, the Premier expresses
profound regret and disappointment at
the rejection of proposals "so supreme?
ly reasonable" and says it is impossi?
ble to conceive of any situation more
likely to bring about serious disaster
to the country's trade.
The Premier reviews the govern?
ment's efforts to find a solution and
points out how, finding that recent in?
creases in wages have been followed
almost automatically by reduced pro?
duction, the government has sought an
arrangement providing an incentive for
a large output.
He expressed the belief that the
country will be fortified in its deter?
mination to endure the trials imposed
by the rejection of the offer in the
knowledge, that the proposals made by
its elected government had received
the support of the most responsible
and experienced minds in the miners'
Plot to Free Inmates and Bomb
Canadian Penitentiary Thwarted
KINGSTON, Ont., Oct. 14.?A plot to
effect the wholesale escape of prisoners
in Portsmouth Penitentiary and then
blow up the prison with nitroglycerin
was thwarted here to-day.
Prison officials, acting on a warning
that an attempt would be made to free
the convicts, tore down portions of the
penitentiary wall and uncovered a store
or rifles, shotguns and ammunition,
with enough of the explosive to have
destroyed the structure.
Authorities who made the discovery
declared their belief that the plot
was about to be put into execution,
prisoners freed, keepers slain and the
;?:? ? ' >?s- ' '' blo\ 'i up.
Although no official account of the
conspiracy has bejn given, it is known
that suspicions of the prison authori?
ties recentlj' were aroused. They be?
gan an investigation which resulted
in laying bare what is declared to be
the most daring attempt at jailbreak
ing ever discovered in Canada.
The investigation is being centered
on discovering what agency succeeded
in bringing in the arma and nitro
glycerin. This cculd not have been
effected by inmates of the prison, of?
ficials say.
Four convicts, known to be excep?
tionally dangerous, have b-'"n placed
in solitary confinement. Several of
previously escaped, but were re
i taken.
Pro-League Leaders Out
For Harding as the Best
Hope for World Peace
AJ? Great Powers in Favor
of Plan for Association
to Deal With Economic
Issues, Senator Savs
Great Crowd Hears
Him at Louisville
Makes Platform Address?
es on Way Through East
Tennessee and Kentucky
From ,: Stuff Correspondent
LOUISVILLE, Oct. 14.?Senator Wnr
r?->n G. Ilardin?; told a huge gathering
of Kentuckians in the Armory here to?
night that America, having rejected the
dangerous Wilson covenant, should set
its face toward an association of na?
tions that would promoto peace by
dealing with the economic concerns of
the world. In previous speeches the
Senator has explained that he f?vors
bringing all nations Into concert
through a world court of justice.
Forestalling criticism of the feasi?
bility of such a scheme of international
cooperation based on cr"d.t, exchange,
ocean tonnage and production, rather
than armies, navies and blockades, Sen?
ator Harding declared that he has as?
surance that the other great nations
would be willing participants. .Amer?
ica's entrance into the proposed society
of states, he explained, would be but
the first step in a complete, new, Re?
publican policy for the upbuilding of
the foreign trade of the Unite?) States.
"I believe that our first duty, having
rejected as we have rejected the im?
possible and dangerous betrayal of
America as expressed, for instance, in
Article X of the League of Nations,"
said Senator Harding, "is to set our
faces toward an association with the
oth??r nations of the world under which
each may be free to express and main?
tain its own nationalism, but in which
the mutual commerce and trade prob?
lems may be worked out. I regard
such a policy as perhaps the greatest
contribution that can be made to cre?
ate bonds for the maintenance of the
world's peace.
Other Nations Willing to Enter
"I regard such an arrangement, to
which 1 have assurance the other great
nations would be willing parties, as
one step in a policy of upbuilding our
foreign trade. Hut this is not enough.
We need a complete new policy. There
is no doubt in my mind as to what that
policy should be. You may he sure
that it. includes a firm determination to
protect all Americans wherever they
go upon their legitimate errands. You
may b? sure it includes a determina?
tion to gather and make available foi
the information of the people of the
United States current, dependable in?
formation on what is going on in the
"Secrecy in diplomatic affairs is
sometimes necessary and it is hypoc
risv to pretend that the contrary is
true, but when I am elected there will
be a minimum of such secrecy rather
than a maximum."
Reorganization of the State Depart?
ment and the Department of Com?
merce so that the work of consuls and
commercial attach?s in gathering in?
formation for American business men
shall not overlap was promised by
Senator Harding. He suggested as a
possible solution the creation of a
special department of the government
to be sponsored by the Secretary of
State and the Secretary of Commerce,
so that one definite program might be
worked out efficiently.
Holds Policy Does Not Lack Idealism
"I do not regard a vigorous policy
for the protection and the upbuilding
of our foreign trade as being lacking
in soul and idealism," declared the can?
didate. "I regard it as being a policy
of that practical idealism toward which
the nation is now turning with great
relief. I do not regard American for?
eign trade as being contemptible or
sordid business. I regard it as the
concern of all Americans in this fabric
of our national life."
Senator Harding said that he wi!.
regard it as one of his first duties as
President to take up with European
nations the subject of adjusting their
(Continued on next p??*>)
Jugoslavs, Dissatisfied
At Vote, Invade Austria
Battalion Commanders Will
?Sot Recognize the Plebi?
scite Commission of Allies
VIENNA, Oct. 14.? Two battalions of
Jugo-Slavs, dissatisfied with the re?
sults of the plebiscite in lower Aus?
tria, have entered the southern zone
and occupied several towns. In reply
to the allied commission's protest the
battalion commanders declared they
did not recognize the plebiscite com?
mission, and announced they would
take over the administration pending
developments. It is rumored in Kla?
genfurt that other troops are on the
way to the zone. The provisional au?
thorities have ordered the population
to remain, quiet and await the action
of the Allies.
Serious riots, the beating of Ger?
mans and the robbing of shops are re?
ported at Marburg.
An analysis of the plebiscite shows
that 31 out of 51 communities went
GENEVA, Oct. 14. -Telegrams from
Klagenfurt say that 21.K52 votes favor?
ing union with Austria were cast, while
those in favor of joining Jugo-Slavia
number 15,096.
KLAGENFURT, Lower Austria, Oct.
14.?The Austrian population of this
district celebrated yesterday the vic?
tory of Austria in the plebiscite. The
demonstrations are reported to have
given rise to trouble at several points.
Three divisions of Italian troops are
1 in the neighborhood of Tarvis, and in
the event of serious disturbances will
come to the aid of the Austriana, it is
In the Volkermarkt district the vote
was about 77 per cent Austrian, and
in the Ferlach district 56 per o?"
Austrian,'the votes of those district?
overcoming those of the Bleiburg and
Rosegg districts, which ?lightly
: ? ?'.".1 Jugo-Slavia.
Herding Will Not
Visit Neto York City
LOUISVILLE, Ky? Oct. 16.?Sen?
ator Hurry S. Nfw, Chairman of the
Republican Speakers' Bureau, an?
nounced here to-night that it had
been decided definitely that Senator
Harding should not visit New York
City during the campaign. The can?
didate will, however, keep his Buf?
falo engagement October 21, and
also will speak in Rochester.
Republican managers earlier in
the day announced that the Demo?
cratic proposal for a League of Na?
tions debate between the Republi?
can nominee and Governor Cox
would not be accepted.
Houston Turns
Down Appeals
From Farmers
Declares Treasury* Will Not
Be a Party to Withhold
iii? Any Commodity for
Sake of Boom???i?* Prices
Says War Finance Dead
Senator Smith Aflirms Fa?
vor for Popular Loan if
Exigency Requires II
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14.- Secretary
Houston reiterated to-day to represen?
tatives of agricultural interests in
conference here that the Treasury
would not be a party to the withhold?
ing of any commodity from the market
in order to maintain artificially high
I prices.
Spokesmen for the delegation wer?
frank in their criticism of Mr. Hous
! ton's recent statement that prices ha<
I begun to recede, but the Secretar;
1 told them as frankly that his state
! ment properly represented conditions
Clashes With Smith ?
The delegation sought vainly to hav
the Treasury revive the War Financ
Corporation, arguing that through i
they would be able to obtain lunds t
finance exports which they clnimei
were falling olT, creating a stagnan
Secretary Houston asked if any mem
bers of the delegation would len
directly on German bonds or ?ther se
curities, explaining that previous ap
peals of cotton producers were that th
government should make available t
them the German market. A heate
colloquy between the Secretary an
Senator Smith, of South Carolina, r<
"Germany must live," the Senate
said. "You know she must live. I se
no reason why her bond shojld not h
accepted. I would reply to your direc
question. Yes, a thousand times ye
for, as I said before, Germany mu:
live or the world pays the price."
Senator Smith told the Secretary thi
he was "the one and only one" in tl
government who could direct resuni]
tion of governmental activities whic
would relieve the situation complaint
of by the agricultural interests.
Secretary Houston explained that O
Treasury was constantly in the mark
to borrow money for the payment i
current bills. He told them "that tl
War Finance Corporation could obta
money only from the Treasury, ar
, that if it were to loan it meant on.
that the Treasury's borrowings wou'
have to be increased and the grover
ment would have to call on the peop
continously for more money.
Senator for New Law
Senator Smith declared that if su<
were necessary it was the proper cour
(Continued on page tlx)
$4.85 for Shave, Etc. !
No, Says Bridgeport Ma
Magistrate Sides With Patrc
and Cuts New York Barber's
Charge to Paltry $2
When David Schaeffer seats hii
self in a barber's chair in his hor
town, Bridgeport, Conn., he expects
get a little nap and considerable ha:
cut, all for thirty-five cents, and
was a surprised and indignant m
yesterday when he arose from a chs
in the Grand Union Barber Shop, 1
Delancev Street, and received a che
for ?54.85.
The barber enumerated on 1
fingers?of which he had just enou
without using his thumbs- -all the t
vantages Mr. Schaeffer had deriv
from the Grand Union Barber Shi
It seemed that he had had a six;
cent haircut, a twenty-five-cent sha
a fifty-cent singe, a fifty-cent wash
seventy-five-cent shampoo, a six
five cent massage, a lift.y-cent ma
curing and a rub which the Gra
Union sells for $1.10.
Mr. Schaeffer and the barber, una
to reach any compromise, went
? Essex Market Police Court whi
Magistrate^ Sweetser decided that 1
improvement in Mr. Schaeffer'a appe
anee might be estimated fairly at
? At his direction the barber retan
I $2.85 to Mr. Schaeffer.
MacSwinev Very Weak
LONDON Oct. 14.?The bulletin iss'
to-night by the Irish Self-Determi
'ion League says that Mayor M
Swiney it* very weak, but Btill c
Thirty-one Statesmen, Ed'
ucators and Jurists Say
Best Way to Avert War?
Is to Elect Republicans
Peril in Artiele X
Too Great for U. S.
Schurman Issues Call
to Eliminate the Objee
tional Covenant Clauses
Thirty-one national loaders in vari?
ous fields of thought and endeavor,
all of them supporters of a League
of Nations, combined yesterday in
the announcement that they could
"most effectively advance the cause
of inter.rsational cooperation to pro?
mote pence by support incr Mr. Har?
ding' for election to the Presidency."
Distinguished statesmen, educa?
tors and jurists are among those who
have reached this decision. They
Lyman Abbott.
Nicholas Murray Butler, president
Columbia Universit y.
Paul IK Cravata.
Charlea W. Dabney, University of
William II. P. Faunce, president
Brown University.
Frank J. Goodnow, Johns Hopkins
Warren Gregory, San Francisco.
John drier HIbben, president Prince?
ton University.
Herbert Hoover.
Charles Evans Hughes.
Alexander C. Humphries, president
Stevens Institute of Technology.
Ernest M. Hopkins, president Dart?
mouth College.
William Lawrence, Bishop of Massa?
Samuel McCune Lindsey, president
Academy Political Science, Columba?
A. Lawrence Lowell, president Har?
vard University, chairman ex?>cutive
committee League to Enforce Peace.
John Henry MacCracken, president
Lafayette College.
Sar.uel Mather, Cleveland, Ohio.
George A. Plimpton, president board
of trustees, Amherst College.
Henry S. Prichett, president Carne?
gie Foundation for Advancement of
Charles A. Richmond, president
Union College, Schenectady, N. Y.
Elihu Root.
Jacob Could Schurman, former presi?
dent Cornell University.
Henry L. Stimson.
Oscar S. Straus, member executive
committee League to Enforce Peace.
Henry \V. Taft, member .executive
committee League to Enforce Peace.
Isaac M. Ullman, New Haven, mem?
ber executive committee League to En?
force Peace.
William Allen White, editor, Em
poria. Kan.
George W. Wickersham, member ex?
ecutive committee League to Enforce
W. W. Willoughby, professor politi?
cal science, Johns Hopkins University.
Ray Lyman Wilbur, president Leland
Stanford University.
Robert S. Hrookings, president Wash?
ington University, St. Louis.
Their statement, given out yesterday
by Dr. Jacob Gould Schurman, presi?
dent of Cornell University, follows:
Best Way to Prevent War
"The undersigned, who desire thnt
the United States shall do her full part
in association with the other ?
nations to prevent war, have earnestly
considered how we muy contribute
most effectively t?> that end t?y our
votes in the coming election.
"The question between 'lie candidates
is not whether our country shall join
in such an association. It is whether
we shall join under an agreement con?
taining the ?? . '
by President Wilson at Paris, or und? -
an agreement which omits or modifies
some of those provisions that are very
objectionable to great numbers of the
American people.
"The paper signed by thirty-eight
Republican Senators in March. 1919,
before the league covenant was adopted
at Paris, advised the President that
the signers could not approve a treaty
in the form then proposed, although
it was 'their sincere desire that the
nations of the world should unite to
promote peace and general disarma?
"A majority of the Senate voted to
ratify the league agreement with modi?
fications which there is good evidence
to show would have been nccepted by
the other nations; but Mr. Wilson re?
fused to accept these modifications.
insisted upon the agreement abso?
lutely unchanged, arid Democratic Spii
ators sufficient in number to defeat
the treaty as modified followed Mr.
Wilson by voting against ratification.
"That is substantially the difference
between the parties now. The Demo
cratic platform and candidato stand
unqualifiedly for the agreement negoU
ated at Pari3 without substantive mod?
Pledges by Republicans
"On the other har . the Republican
platform says:
"'The Rep ''' party stands for
agreement an. the nations to pre?
serve the peac if the world. We be?
lieve that such an international a?>
sociation must be based upon interna?
tional justice, and must provide methods
which shall maintain the rule of public
right by the development of law and
the decision of impartial courts, and
which shall secure instant and general
international conference, whenever
peace shall be threatened by political
action, so that the nations pledged to
do and insist upon what is just and
fair may exercise their influence and
power for the prevention of war.'
"Mr. Harding said in his speech of
August 28:
"'There are distinctly two types of
irtcmation relationship. One is an
offensive and defensive alliance of
great powers. . The other type
is a society of free nations, or an as?
sociation of free nations or a league of
free narions animated by considera
tioni of right and justice, instead o*

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