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Pirat to Last?the Truth: News?Edi? torials?Advertisements Member of tfc? Audit Bureau of Circulation? SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1920. <^^ ?nd rmhltshed dally by N.w York Tribune J-?V. Vi. ..Tortt O?n**?tton. Ogden Rrltl. Prnu H?IU p.ih}*?"* Bp?f"- Vl,-e ?'r?Mdent : Helen aaSS. 8?L**a?,TO U K Maifleld. Treasurer. Addres*. Tribune Bulldlna. 154 Naa.au Street, New lor?. Telephone. Reeknian 3000. 8t.TBSC3irPTION RATES--By mall. Including Postare. IN THE UNITED STATES. Mat of Mississippi Blver: One Six. One ,. V.y M*7' Postpaid. Year. Months. Month. Raliy and Sunday.?12.00 ?6.00 ?1.00 One wwlt, S5c. Dally only . 10 M 6 oj 8J One week. 30c, Sunday only . 4 00 2.25 .40 Sunday only. Canada. 6 00 3.25 .85 FOREIGN RATES Pally and Sunday.?26.00 ?13.30 ?2.40 Dally only . 17.40 8.70 1.45 Sunday only . 0.75 5.12 .88 Entered at the Po?t<3<Tlce at New York a? Second Clasa Mall Matter. You ein purchase merchandise advertised In THE TRIBUNE with absolute ?afetv?tor If dluatlifno? tion results In any casa THE TRIBUNE gu?rante?] ta pay your money back upon request. N? red tap?. No quibbling. We make good promptly If tli? advertiser does not. MEMBER OF TUB ASSOCIATED PRE88 The Associated I'reas is exclusively entitled to the use for republtratloii of all new? dispatches emitted to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also the local news of spontaneous origin published herein. All rights of repub!l<?Uan of ?11 other mattet hereiajlao, are reserved. edge of the Nation The statement of Elihu Root and his associates, all stout advocates of a league of peace, puts the case with respect to Article X simply and un? answerably. The article binds this country to make war to uphold the existing political independence and territori? al integrity of forty or more na? tions. The obligation is explicit, the nation's faith is pledged. We could not disregard the agreement except at the sacrifice of national honor. Whatever a Congress might think in a particular instance, it would have no option but to vote for war. A treaty is a supreme law of the land, and the duty to execute it rests on all branches of the government. The inviolability of treaties is a principle so well established that it should be unnecessary to refer to authorities, but, in view of the per? sistent attempts to obscure it, let U3 quote Wheaton. He says: "If a treaty requires . . . any special act which cannot be done without legislation, the treaty is still bind? ing on the nation, and it is the duty of the nation to pass the necessary lavs." To the same effect speaks Chancellor Kent, who says: "Trea? ties of peace, when made by the competent power, are obligatory on the whole nation," and adds that Congres.; ha? no choice but to act in accord with the treaty. Discussing our treaty with England as to the Panama Canal tolls, President Wil? son himself emphasized the same point. He ?aid that, although the treaty muht be a mistake, being made it had to be respected. "When I have made s promise as a man," he declared, "I try to keep it, and ? know of no other r le permissible to a nation." On September 21 last Secretary Colby, justifying the | President's nullification of the mer? chant marine act, said that the act ! violated our treaty obligations, and ; thus was not law. The power of Congress to disre- ! gard or violate a promise of com ? exists, -but this does not create a right so to do. Will any one say that because i man with a club tan brain another he may of right do so? The whole peace plan centers upon the idea of substituting right for might, and to assert that this coun? try may enter into solemn obliga? tion end then, at its pleasure, dis? regard it negatives the whole peace idea. But our representative in the league council, it is said, may with? hold consent, and thus the required unanimity will be lacking. Again there is confusion as to what can be done and what of right must be done. The question before our r.^ent will not bo whether this coun? try deems, it unwise to plunge into a particular war. TTie sole perti? nent issue before him will be one of fact?whether or not any league member is threatened by aggressive action affecting; its political inde? pendence or its frontiers. If there is such jeopardy, our vote in favor cf assistance must be automatically cast, or our honor will be sullied. Moreover, the American member of the council will, of course, be selected by the President, and thus I be responsive to his instructions. Congress will have no agent present, for under the Constitution the in? itiative in international matters is properly with the President. Oui national agent at Geneva will be tht President's personal agent, and ? President will have one idea anc Congress another. In these eircum stances the constitutional inde pendence of Congress will be illu sory. Because of these consideration: the Lodge compromise reservatioi proposed that the world should b< informed that the obligation to ae did not attach to our nation unti Congress, in any particular case gave consent. The President de feated ratification rather than hav< such notice given. If, as he some times contends, Article X does noi in fact or theory invade the consti tutional field of Congress, then h< objected to harmless surplusago anc a mere reiteration; on the othei hand, if the article creates a valic obligation binding on Congress, ther his contention that the prerogativ? of Congress is not touched shows hollow JniiiiMrUy. , Xfca wt?gb* tf ?vidmat to thai b* and Mr. Cox are well aware that the obligation of Article X is binding on all parts of our government from the hour of ratification?that with it adopted Congress will have r.either the legal nor the moral right to disregard it. The pledge will be of the nation. The Cox Sinister List One is astonished at the modera? tion of Governor Cox. He identifies but seventeen selfish groups behind the candidacy of Senator Harding. Why not say 217 or 2,017? The Governor attacked the Ger? man-Americans, the Italians, the Bulgars and the Greeks as sinister. Why does he leave out the Irish, the English, the Scotch, the French, the Belgians, the Scandinavians, the Spaniards, the Portuguese, the Poles, the South Americans, not to speak of the Maoris and the Fiji Island? ers? These also seem deaf to the wooings of Cox. Indeed, the citizen of foreign birth who would not separate him? self from the great body of Ameri? cans finds it difficult to be for Cox. The habit of being for Harding is so universal that not to fall in line would mark a group as suspiciously peculiar. With everybody doing it, not to support Harding suggests a stubborn non-conformity reminis? cent of hyphenism. Other omissions from the Cox sin isters are noteworthy. Why is Wall . Street not mentioned, this being the time of a campaign when it is cus? tomary to bring it in? Why does not Mr. Cox include the disillusioned barkeepers out of a job among his foes, and the big brewers who in? vested in a gold brick? Why leave cut the auto bandits, Colonel Deeds and the hired hand who wrote under orders the Governor's pro-German editorials? The Governor should lengthen his cuff and find time be? tween stations to make his enumera? tion more complete. Coal Strike Repercussions British coal miners have voted to go on strike, and unless there is an eleventh hour settlement Great Brit? ain faces a calamity only less dis? astrous than actual war, while other countries dependent upon British coal will find themselves in a situa? tion of extreme gravity. The United States is not dependent upon Brit? ish coal, yet the strike's repercus? sion will be felt in practically every American home and business con? cern unless the Federal government at once takes measures to regulate the exporting of our own limited fuel supplies. The emergency is of such grave nature that the Washington Admin? istration can take no chances. With the existing scarcity of bituminous a.:d anthracite in American markets, not an hour should be lost in getting leady to safeguard this country. European buyers will pay famine prices, and hi;rher than famine prices, for every pound of American coal they can lay their hands on. To carry it abroad they will charter cargo space in every available ship. A heady comes news of a schooncr load of American coal purchased for about $10 a ton and immediately re- I sold to an Amsterdam buyer for $35 a ton. If the British strike occurs and lasts only a fortnight, European buyers, frantically bidding against ? one another, will pay anything ! asked for American coal. The people of the United States have proved their eagerness to aid those of less fortunate lands. We want to do all we can, as we have done in the past, with food and medicines and clothing and fuel. But it would do no good to permit coal to be sold at famine prices for export. The severer the strain in Europe the quicker a settlement is likely. It is not for a newspaper to decide how best to meet the crisis. Ex | perienced men in the coal trade, I however, urge the immediate reap j pointment of a Federal fuel admin? istrator, who would take charge of the entire output from every coal mine in the country, first of all as? suring sufficient supplies for our own needs and distributing them equably at fair prices to. consumers, and then intelligently directing whatever surplus remains for ex? port to the most needy countries abroad. The coal men do not want Dr. Garfield reappointed. The man abovo all others whom 'they would have placed in charge is Herbert Hoover. The Wilson Virus Several of our correspondents write to express their opinion of the sort of campaign which the pro-Wil? son league press is conducting. In I particular, criticism is made of The j Times, which the other day referred I to Republicans as in no position to j complain if they were held to favor I "an absolute disregard of every in | terest in Europe" and "a settling I down in our own sty with swinish I grunts of satisfaction." Our correspondents suggest that to designate one's political opponent as swine is not the mark either of a just cause or of manners beyond the barroom level. Moreover, this in? creasingly insulting tone of the ad? vocates of the Democratic ticket is performing a very evil service to the larger cause which these pleaders consider to lie in their hearts. Bitterness, even if only the bitter gaOM oi ft failing cause, breed* bitter?. ness. The danger to the cause of an ! international league of peace is | plain. Such unpopularity as the j league principle faces to-day is : largely due to President Wilson's ! bitter personal advocacy of his pet idea. Governor Cox early in the campaign placed his plea upon a low level. Now that he is attempting the high, humanitarian note, he is equally insulting to the motives of his opponents. The Democratic, press is tending more and more to support him in kind. What is to come in the closing days of the cam? paign we hesitate to think. Such a campaign cannot win and is not winning, as all impartial po? litical reports agree. But it can arouse an intensity of feeling which will tend to alienate the .American people from the idea of an interna? tional association for years to come. Cannot our neighbor The Times and its allies forget their monopoly upon humanitarianism and lofty idealism long enough to recall that wholesale insults -arc not arguments and that the cause of international peace is larger than any Presidential ticket? Greece as a Republic Paris dispatches say that should King Alexander die a republic may' be set up in Greece, with Venizelos as President. Such a move would be almost a political necessity, for Constantino is plotting to.regain the throne, and the younger members of the royal family, including the for? mer Crown Prince, are Constantine partisans. For a long time a king was a political necessity to Greece?was imposed on the Greeks as a matter of expediency by the great powers? Great Britain, France and Russia? which aided Hellas to emerge from Turkish slavery. They guaranteed Greece a stable constitutional government and con? stituted themselves her political guardians. Great Britain and France ejected Constantine in 1917 because he had violated the constitution and tried to make himself an absolutist, pro-German ruler. The first choice of the powers was Otho of Bavaria, who reigned from 1832 till 1862, when he lost his throne through an insurrection. Then the present Danish house was In? stalled. But the Greeks are a demo? cratic people?heirs of the first demo? cratic system set up in Europe. The royal house is an exotic, cut off from the nation. A century ago the ! major European powers distrusted j democracy. Greece was also not ripe ; then for self-rule. Europe to-day is j full of republics, and there could be ? no serious political objection to j allowing the new Greece to adopt a : republican form of government. Under a republic Venizelos would be the undisputed choice for Presi? dent. More than any other man he is the maker of the Greece of to? day. A Cretan, he took a leading part in reuniting Crete to the i motherland. Under his leadership Greece recovered through the Balkan wars Southern Epirus and most of Macedonia. In the great war he tried to hold the government to Its alliance with Serbia and to frustrate Constantino's pro-German, pro-Bul? garian, anti-Entente policy. When Constantine illegally dissolved the Chamber and set up as a military autocrat, Venizelos had the sagacity to retire from Athens and establish in the islands and in Macedonia a provisional government, pledged to support the Entente. He continued to serve Greek interests, while Con? stantine was betraying them. The result was that Greece was finally brought into the war on the side of the Allies and profited largely at the peace conference. She ac? quired more of Epirus, nearly all of Thrace and a foothold on the Asi? atic continent in the region of Smyrna. Venizelos is the greatest states? man of modern Greece. It would be natural for him to become the head of the new Greek nation, which owes to him its enlarged area and re? established prestige. Democratic Hellas could hardly hesitate between honoring him and saddling herself again with Constantine or a prince let of his selection. ever way the word be read, it doe? not square at all with the lives of great men that have fallen under our attention, from King Solomon and David to Lord Nelson and Lord Byron. Perhaps biographers ex? aggerate these "pursuits" or "es? capes" by reason of what is techni? cally known as the drawing power of "heart interest." It has indeed oc? curred to us upon occasion to won? der, modifying Mr. Shaw's language, how these men, with real work in the world, found time for their work. That they found the time, however, seems incontrovertible. We see only one explanation to fall back upon, and that is the sac? rilegious theory that G. B. S. is af? flicted with a phobia of women. Dreading their advances, and even more their retreats, he first accuses them of pursuing men to their doom; and, second, finds that they have made pursuit of their favors so costly in time and money as to ex? clude this interesting activity from the lives of busy men. Mr. Shaw tells of the actress who shivered at the thought of what he might do to the women of London if he were fed beefsteak instead of string beans. Might not a psycho-analyst decide that beefsteak was just what Mr. Shaw needed to make him a safe and equable member of society, neither pursuing nor pursued? Calvin Coolidge Says (From his speech accepting the Re? publican nomination for Vice President, July 27, 7920.) The government of the nation is in the hands of the people, when it is ad? ministered in accordance with the .spirit of the Constitution, which they have adopted and ratified, and which meas? ures the powers they have granted to their public officers, in all its branches, where the functions and duties of the threq- coordinate branches?executive, legislative, judicial?are separate and distinct and neither one directly or in? directly exercises any of the functions of either of the others. Such a practice and such a government under the Con? stitution of the United States it is the purpose of our party to reestablish and maintain. All authority must be exer? cised by those to whom it is constitu? tionally intrusted, without dictation, and with responsibility only to those who have bestowed it, the people. Cox's Newspaper Says (From The Dayton Daily News, April 2, 1017, four days before the United States declared war against Germany) The best way to injure our enemy, if Germany should become our enemy ! through a declaration of war or because of a state of war, is to supply the do- I ficienciesof the Allies. These delicien- I cies consist of food and clothing and I munitions of war. Instead of diverting our resources to raising an army of a couple of million men, instead of send? ing men abroad for sentimental pur? poses, we ought to go to work to sup? ply the Allies with everything they need, and they do not need men. We can be:it serve our own purposes by fur? nishing other matter than men. A Quid Pro Quo To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: One thing is clearly shown by the text of President Wilson's speech to the Rumanian and Serbian delegates, as published in connection with his con? troversy with Senator Spencer, and that is the reason why the President so stub-' bornly insisted on Article X of the league covenant. It is quite evident I from the President's own words as pub- ? lished by his secretary that the guar- I anty contained in Article X was used as a sort of quid pro quo in persuading some of the smaller nations to accept settlements unsatisfactory in other ! re? spects to them. If Article X is eliminated or weak er.ed the President finds himself in the [ position of failing to make good his own ] implied promise after, apparently, talo \ ing a leading part in persuading th" ; representatives of these nations to ac? cept otherwise unsatisfactory terms. How much of the peace treaty is baaed I on similar understandings or guaran- ! ties is not known. If the treaty is ratified with Article X unchanged does j not America automatically pledge her- i self to make them all good, and what ' freedom of action is left for decision in individual cases that may arise? How ! can any one then say that the obligation j created under Article X is not abso- J lutely binding? A. C. Yonkers, N. Y., Oct. 14, 1920. Beefsteak for Mr. Shaw To that large and solemn public which has taken the utterances of G. B. S. seriously and sought to I live thereby will come perplexity and dismay on reading the latest | beatitude quoted by Mr. Heywood I Broun upon this page yesterday. ! "No man who has any real work in 1 the world has time or money for a : pursuit so long and expensive as i the pursuit of women," read the : words. To be sure, there are ele I ments of facetiousness in the sur i roundings of the speech?Mr. Shaw j is writing his own biography in the ! third person and from various other j remarles would obviously be not af | fronted if the reader gained the im? pression that he was a devil of a ! fellow. But the dictum stands, none the less?with whatever discount for Shavian humor one's idolatry will permit. And how square such words wit! the masterful moral of "Man anc Superman," that man is the pursuec and woman the pursuer?that everj man is no more than a marked-dowr quarry, a destined prey of som? woman? Perhaps Mr. Shaw meam "escape" instead of "pursuit," Bu ha did not say so. Moraorar, which A False Comparison To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: One of the favorite arguments of Democratic campaign speakers when urging the adoption of the League of Nations is to draw a parallel or assume that there is an analogy between our present situation and attitude toward the league with our situation in 1788 with regard to the Constitution proposed at that time. It is my opinion as a student of his? tory that the analogy id false. There is practically no comparison between the League Covenant and the Constitution. If there is any comparison between the two documents, let those supporters of the league as it stands with no reserva? tions remember that the Constitution itself was adopted with reservations. These reservations became the first ten amendments. Massachusetts was one of the states which refused to ratify until its statesmen were promised that prin? ciples later incorporated in the first ten amendments would be made a part of the Constitution. None of these amend? ments broke the heart of America or impaired the success of the government. VERITAS. Danbury, Conn., Oct. 11, 1920. The Driest of the Dry h(,Frcm The Philadelphia Public Ledgtr)i. Only one thin</ in this country is dry, and that is th? Presidential cam ptlga. The Conning Tower ANOTHER WAR BALLAD [In reptu to Flaeeua] Oh, I read a ballad by Flaccu? of his woes as a volunteer, In ihe war ilia? was raging oversea? and he says was raging here ; I read of hi? tribulation?, of the mUery that he knew, Of the ?hock that wa? cau?ed to hi? high ?ti'ung ?oui by Dangerou* Dan Megrew. Well, Flaccu? ?uffered, I have no doubt, but never his tender hand Lay bleeding and torn from the ?tab of a thorn called "The Ro?e of No Man'? Land." He mentions the gloriou?rK:ss of war, and how he knew it wa? Hell, When they billctted him in Ithaca at a place that they call Cornell; He speaks of a Service stripe he wear? for the suffering he went through From the poems of Robert Service, and "The Shooting of Dan Megrew." But what car? he know of perdition'? depth, . or the heights whereon WE stand. Who swallowed the curse of the "Red Cros? Nurse; She's the Rose of No Man'? Land." Now, it mustn't be thought that I didn't love the trim little figure in blue. I might even ?ay in a general way that I fell in love with two. But the song was a terrible slander; they loathed it as much a? I, And if ever the author should cross our trail we swore that we'd ruin the guy. Well, Flaccus's quarrel is picayune, minute as a grain of sand, And "Dan Megrew" was a piker to "The Rose of No Man'? Land. J. R. 0. P. "We have never seen The Dayton News nor The Marion Star,'" confesses Jay E. House in The Philadelphia Pub? lic Ledger. "We should esteem it a favor if some friend would send us a copy of one or both. We are curi? ous us to the kind the people of Cen? tral Ohio are taking nowadays." Well, if they are faking what is advertised in Gov. Cox's Dayton News of last Wednesday, they are taking Bro-Feren Excelento (for kinky hair), Arvon Phelaetine, Laxa-Pirin, Leonard's Eai Oil, Aspironal ("Better than Whiskj for Colds and Flu"), Tona-Vin, Ton siline, Beecham's Pills, Foley Kidnoj Pills, Mayr's Remedy, Vinol, Dreco Vola-Sol, Mi-O-Na, Sorbol Quadruple Hyomei, Chase's Blood and Nerve Tab lets, Eckman's Alterative Acco, Vita mon, Var-ne-sis, Lydia E. Pinkham'i Vegetable Compound and Stuart'; Dyspepsia Tablets. If they are takinf what is advertised in Senator liar ding's Marion Star of Tuesday, they ari taking Dreco, Mayr's Remedy, Light ning Hot Drops, Hpyo-Cod, D. D. D Bear Oil Trusler's Rheumatic Tablets Haelanol, Hyomei, Mi-O-Na, Vitamor and Mentho-Sulphur. It is almost impossible to decid which of two candidates, whose chie concern appears to be the health o the public, to vote for. Yesterday we referred to Ted Rob? inson's "Pipings and Pannings." Don't ask for it. Ask for "Piping and Pan? ning," by Edwin Meade Robinson. Among other verses, it has these: MAKING MYSTERY The man that fixed my typewriter, he showed me what was wrong. He fixed the little dingus that had bothered me bo long. He straightened out a doodad, and he tight? ened up a ?crew, And the old machine mndo music a? it did when it was new ! It took but fifteen minutes to adjust the twisted gear And I had tinkered vainly with the thing for half a year ; I voiced my admiration, as Ute man pickec up his hat? "I wish that I could learn," said I, "to fi> up things like that." The man that fixed my typewriter, he frank ly answered, "Why, It's something any one can do?you've onb got to try, You keep this oiled, you keep that clean you give this screw a turn, Do thus and bo and t'other, and that's al you've got to learn. Now sit and write a line or two. ;'nd se how smooth it goes." So I sat and wrote a jingle, which i; easie than prose. And as I wrote, that young mechanic woi shipfully sut- - "My gosh !" cried he. "I wish that I coul do a stunt like that!" I did not answer honestly, as he had done not I ? "It's something any one can do?-you've onl got to try. You scatter accents evenly, and give yoi words a turn, Do thus and so and t'other, and that's a you've got to learn." I did not answer honestly to him?bi what's the use ? He has explained his trade, but still it cryptic as the deuce. So let me think that fixing up machine is hard, And I will still pretend that it takes brail to be a bard ! Just as we were writing the pr ceding, along came Jimmy Montague fust volume, "More Truth Tha Poetry," a book of high readabilit Jimmy's satirical stuff is his be: though Irvin Cobb's preface singl* out "The Sleepytown Express," becau he says "in it I have found a thii that 'Gene Field might have done Put Jimmy's knocks on that poor hei the resident member of the hum; race known as the ult?mate consum? are, we feel, far sincerer. And then came Christopher Motley's "Hide and Seek," with some go;xi verse, especially "Translations from the Chinese"; and William Rose j B?net's "Mootv; of Grandeur," a book | of poems. Moved to lyricism by the announce i ment of Mme. Numara's song recital i Sunday afternoon, Freddie warbles: "I'm hearing ?amara to-morrah, but I I'd much rather hear her to-day, for j to-morrah, I say to my sorrah, is Sun | day, my period of play." "I saw Dul? cinea yesterday," adds Freddie, "and she told me she hated to lose one glove; she'd rather lose 'em both." "Who," asks the information seeking editor of The Bowling Green, "is the author of the Hymn of Haiti?" Well, Chris, it wasn't much of a wheeze, bat, in round numbers, we are. Date, circa 1916. Jennings resigned? Say it ain't true, Hughey. I F. P. A. SOME PLAYERS SEEM TO BE ABLE TO RUN A LONG WAY WITH THE BALL AFTER THEY ARE TACKLED Ccrpyright, 1920, New York Tribuno Ino Democrats for Harding The Report of a Dyed-in-thc-Wool Regular for Tn>ent\)-four Years To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I read a good deal in the esteemed Times and various other Demo? cratic papers about the large number of Republicans that will vote for Cox. But how about the Democrats that will em? brace the opportunity to show their dis? approval of the Wilson one-man regime and the jumpingjack Cabinet? I am a traveling salesman and my work takes me from one end of the country to the other. I know personally over 100 traveling men who will vote the Republican ticket for the first time, to say nothing of the merchants, clerks and all sorts of people that I come in contact with. I myself am known as a dyed-in-the wool, rock-ribbed Democrat. I was borr in Louisiana and have voted the tickd straight for twenty-four years. Bu' this year I flop and vote straight Repub lican. I can't 6tand for the one-man govern ment idea; I can't stand for the kind oi Cabinet we have had under Wilson; and, last but not least, I can't stand fo; the League of Nations. In my opinioi for the United States to hop in and tr; to help run Europe would be about, liki a big, prosperous business going inti partnership with a lot cf quarrelini bankrupts. My business and salary depend o the orders I shoot to the firm. I ca get plenty when general business i good, and I can't see that old genera business can be good unless the goverr ment is run on a business basis. ] surely is far from that at present, an I am there with both feet for a poveri: ment that v/ill steer clear of "high-bro' stufF" and get down to good old bras tacks. I forgot to give you my opinion c Cox and his mudslinging campaign. Bi you could not print it, anyway. ALBERT H. BROWN. New York, Oct. 14, 1920. Acres for Immigrants To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: One of your contemporari writes upon "Housing and the Ac Home" as follows: "Whether those w\ are already inured to tenement life c? be successfully transferred to acre horn is a question that can only be answer by experiment." Owing to the work in connection wi my book, I have had extensive oppc tunity of observation, and may be al to throw some light upon this poi The newly arrived immigrant is son: what shy of the country unie-,? he h soma acquaintance there who can as.-u him of steady and profitable emplc ment. If he has to take a chance, would rather take it in the city. The c: imm'grant who conies here greatly pi fers the city, because the ways living of the poor are much what he 1 been accustomed to. The better class, however, who live what we call flats, whether American foreign, are iasily induced to live in country. The colony of the Libe School at Stelton, the Fellowship As ciation opposite it, and the notable s cess of Free Acres, N. J., shows this. Exemption of new buildings from t ation for five years in New Jersey ou to help greatly. It is to be hoped t New York will make its exemption mandatory also. The houses may be of the simp kind. I have uscently seen some in Is Jersey intended for residence on chicken ranch, which contained tl rooms with no more improvements t a cold water Hat, but can be rented without the chicken house or appliances for twelve (512) dollars a month. They are perfectly satisfactory winter camps for a man and his wife, even with a child or two. BOLTON HALL. New York, Oct. 14, 1920. Turn the Clocks Back To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I am an advocate of daylight saving, but I believe its efficiency ends about the end of September. At the present time it is dark enough to turn on the electric light or gas at G:30 a. m. and 0:30 p. ?n. The work of the men with farms is ended by this time of the season. The temperature yesterday at 6:30 a. m. was 52 degrees and at 6:30 p. m. it was 66 degrees. This causes an unequal range in temperature between the hours of night and morning. In the morning a light overcoat feels comfort? able and at night coming home it is irk? some. This is a suggestion to the general public to observe the progress of the daylight saving, so that when preparing for next season we can consider if it would be well to amend the law so as to turn our clocks back about the end of September or, at the latest, the middle of October. W. J. SHARP. New York, Oct. 14, 1920. Let Us Be Soothed To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Why become bellicose in tone over the discussion of moderating or not the city noises. A citizen who suggests the needlessness of Startling honest pedestrians into anger with raucous klaxons or ear-splitting hoots is met by the fellow citizen, motorist and pedestrian, who is "made to smile" at the above mentioned pedestrian's wanting to be "soothed" rather than warned when a care free motorist would demand and, if necessary, seize right of way. All of this is far from tho point. If he who drives an automobile, in or? der to be completely a motorist, must be lordly and overbearing and ..oisy, the fact must be taken into account? at least, that is, by the psycho-analysts. If, on the other hand, the pedestrian must have less noise and better man? ners on the part of motorists, in order to enjoy hard paved pedestrians' lights ?again the fact must be taken into due consideration. Meantime, the crux of the matter under discussion is somewhat other than either of the points suggested. In the name of the few, possibly, who are sufficiently hardened, I would plead for such measures as may be practi? cable, which may in some degree tone down the city racket?excuse the word. It is not feasible to put rubber wheels on the "L" trains or rubber pegs on the dishes in Childs, the haven of the masses. It is not conceivable thr.t the many people who have -.othing to say should stop talking so leutiiy about it. Houses must be built and bteam hammers must batter, so wo will net even consider possible elimination here. But in the name of the peace and poine that are precluded in the present-day city, why not do the little that can be done toward a worthy end -namely, less jangled nerves, fewer short tempers, better digestions, etc., not to mention more purposeful energy and greater resiliency of spirit. Thus, we beg to reiterate, may not something be done to convince the mo? torist that he, the motorist, really pre? fers a pleasing-voiced horn, instead of an infernal machine; also that the pedestrian is ready and willing to re? spond to reasonable demands in the matter of getting out of the way with? out being "warned" into deafness. SARAH BAXTER. New York, Oct. 10, 1920. Bloody Benevolence The Wilson Policy in HaVli Criti? cized bv an American To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Referring to the Haytian revolt .'.gainst the Administration's policy, I note that Secretary of State Colby claims that the purpose of th3 Admin? istration is purely benevolent. It strike* me as exceedingly strange that this Ad? ministration, dominated and controlled entirely by the oligarchical South, where millions of black men are disfranchised, where free and fair elections do not exist, and where justice is dealt eut according to the color of a man's skin and not according to the facts in th? case, should invade this little island to establish a government that black peo? ple might not suffer loss of rights and privileges. The attitude of the Demo? cratic Administration toward tnc black people of the United States is enough in itself to make the inhabitants of Hayti suspicious and mistrustful of sny benevolence that may come from the United States. About five years ago the Administra? tion sent to Hayti 3,000 marines, and it is alleged that these were sent without taking into counsel either the American people or their representatives. Herbert J. Seligman, writing in The Nation, says of these American military forces now in charge in Hayti: "Haytian men, women and children t? a number estimated at 3,000, innocent for the most part of any offense, have been shot down by American machine guns and rule bullets; black men and women have been put to torture to make '.hem gire information; theft, arson and i murder have been committed aim it with impunity upon the persons and property of Haitians by whit? men wearing the uniforms of the United States; black men have been driven to retreat to the hills from actual slavery imposed upon them by white Americans; press and speech in Hayti are abso? lutely shackled; The Associated Press correspondent has not been allowed U send a line to the United States in three years regarding the military operations; 68,000 acres of the best lands have passed into the hands of American capi? talists, and most of the banks, railways, sugar mills and lighting-planta are now in the hands of Americans." In conclusion, 1 will state that rea? benevolence needs no powder and shot to make it acceptable. HENRY H. SMITH. New York, Oct. 14, 1920. Adequate vs. Average To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Will you permit a protest against the method suggested in your editorial this morning entitled "Ade? quate Pay for Teachers"? You quote United States Commissioner of Educa? tion Claxton as suggesting "$2?00 asan average salary for teachers in the ele? mentary and secondary schools. Among the best ways of preventing ade? quate pay for teachers is such use ? averages. To compare the New York high school teacher's salary that m?f now go to $4,250 with a rural teacher's sulary in Alabama of $420 conceals ths lowness of the rural school salary. It is quite possible to raise the aver? age salary leve: to where it would see? quite satisfactory, while utterly faiiin?* to increase salaries where they ?*? scandalously too low. American teach? ers and the American public have ? right to more discriminating suggestions from the Federal Bureau of Education. The method quoted by you suggests Dr. E. A. Winship's favorite question about averages: What is the average sp?* of a wheelbarrow, a one-horse cart, ?? automobile and a flying machine? WILLIAM H. ALLEM. New York, Oct. 14, 1920.