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ADVERTISED IN THE TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED Vol. LXXX No. 27,001 (Copyright, 1030. New York Tribune Inc.) ^-?!rsU0 Last ?the Truth: News ?Editorials ?Advertisements THE WEATHER Fair to-day, to-morrow increasing cloudiness; not much change in temperature; moderate winds. full Report on Laut Fuge TUESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1920 * * # ? TWO CKNTS In Greater N?-w York THKKK CENTS Within '?00 Hiles KOIR CKNTS Kl?e where 50 Hurt as London Mob Fights Police Workers Try in Vain to Reach Residence of Lloyd George During Downing Street Riot Crowd'Charged Bv Mounted Men Windows in Government Buildings Smashed ; Pav? ing Torn Up by Throng By Arthur S. Draper 'i t . ?? n Bureau Co* \- '.v Yoi k Tribune 1 m LONDON.. '??? 18.* Fifty persons afternoon when a mob! < unemployed men and women stormed^ Diwning Street and attempted to pass ] d cordon of police to reach the Prime Minister's residence. Mounted police and rart of the lire department were called out before order was restored. ? At the time of the demonstration Premier Lloyd George was holding a conf?re a delegation of mayors cf the Lon Ion boiioughs, who had ac- | conipanii ' n in -a parade a short -. w? re nearly 10,000 met* in the parade, including many ex <oldiers and sailors, and each division was led by th m yor of the borough lited. Seme lied Flags Carried red flags were car ;'.?:, it was '. >l a radical demonstra? tion, nor : .' have an_y connection with the coal striki Most of the ? i the easl and south i : 1 re is much un ? parate parad?s com ged Victoria Embankment. Large en d I e route of march and Tri fa!; . was black with the thi It ? ad ' tl that the borough eceived by M r. Lloyd li'1" i ;. ..;. : I was nol un&1 they ? nco thai : hen' whs any disi le 1 he Premier was als that the go% - unemployment or :. ?i loyi ! arid while he ?>?.. ? that he would discuss the sil . .? Paruament the ? i] al -l'iit. . v. er ? made in the were hurled at the tigs, breaking many ?. 3 blo? ked the Street and with tck the crowds. Sev :.. il surged up to the driven back. A man on a white horse attempted ' ic police, but was pulled down and arrested. This appeared to anger the demonstrators, who made to get into Downing Sttcel ' over the railing ''''X' to gn Office. The rail ing gav-( several men fell into the :'::;? i i ? The ai lulances added to nt and confusion, which Rrew evei voi ? when mounted police down Whitehall, which I solidly, Shutting off all traft* -1 \-y a fire engine with clanging ? ared and the crowd broke I? streets, cheering . nd A few later the borough and the marchers I, but Ut two hours police were constantly side streets to keep crowd. A irgi police to-night is liment buildings and o Buckingham Palace. The entram to the War Office and re closed. No oldier.-* were called out, although the guards were held in the residence barracks There has been no outbreak compara? ble to to day's demonstration since the demobilized ri?t early lait year, and i ven that was not attended v rder. Coming at the ng of the" coal strike, which must necessarily increase the amount of unemployment and add to the hard-, ship, the ei tire situation has a threat enmg aspect and is causing considera? ble worry. LONDON, Oct. 18 i By The Associated I'tX'-s ' .. ; :?. ;,, ;|u* mayoral (Continued on pane flvu) American Finns Demand France End Luxury Tax Threaten to Slop All Trade in Dresses, ?.arcs and Hats Un? less 10 Pet Levy Is Removed fAI'lS:, Oct. 1?. The American jhamber of Commerce in Paris has in tormed th< tax authorities of France ?at un!e< the luxury tax ol 10 per l('n' ?a removed on ail dresses, laces, trimmed hats and feathers exported to ' ted Si ttes France probably will Jcse all her American trade in these !ou" coinm lin ?es. which before the *ar amount d to 408,000,000 francs a Jear. A Fpecial committee of the chamber 'ailed on the Tax Commissioner to-day tnd formally requested immediate sup? pression of the tax, which became ef? fective July l last. The French government has promised |? Propose to Parliament the elimina :!on of the tax in the interest of 'rench trade. In the mean time Amer? ican purchases of these four articles *?ve been, materially reduced pending 11 ' government's disposition of the ti.se. Sidney Veit, chairman of tru* cham jjCrs committee and one of the largest ?fyers of these commodities, informed. *&? Associated Press that American ??Partment stores and others would be j^reed to resort to home products un *<s? the tax were removed. The ma j?r*ty of American firms which buy .ese articles in Paris now pay a total S.W per cent tax on all purchases. '*??' includes the American customs ^'?es of 60 per cent ad valorem, a 10 gr?ent luxury tax and 10 per cent to 6 Paris commissioners who buy for frican houses. the total amount of exports in these j???0ditie3 for 1920 probably will be HP. than one-fourth that exported rri?rto the war. ??IJTV ""?l Kl ?TCIFNCY *><it'rJ'*", ' -ri mHl Principie? to be ron W?: wh' :' ?-ngafctnK help for your offleo. iS Pht8 l-\ruui--h " Tribune Help Wanted ftun? S Phone BeeKuian 3000 France Said to JSced 30 Years to Recover PARIS, Oct. 18.? Premier Leygues, in receiving a delega? tion from the Anglo-American Press Association to-day, said he had perfect confidence that France would recover from the effects of the war, although he be? lieved that complete recovery would take from twenty-five to thirty years. "France does rot need any propaganda," he informed the newspaper men, "She only asks you to report faithfully her thoughts and actions." Two Millions In Britain Idle By Saturday - i Scored of Factories Close; Loss to Nation of Millions of Pounds Expected if Big Mine Strike Continues Railway Men May Quitj Gigantic Industrial Battle Looms With Workers Ar? rayed Against Government From 77i# Tribuno**? European Bureau Copyright, 1920, New York Tribune Tne. LONDON, Oct. 18.?The army of the! unemployed is growing faster than any : conscripted army, and unless the cool i strike is settled before the end of the ? week it is estimated mat fully 2,000,000 j workers will be idle. The loss to the j , lu'tion will run into ;ho nvllion? of ; pounds. At least a million and a half British ' workers failod to report, this morning and as a consequence the entire in- 1 dustrial life of the nation is profound-j ly aft'octed. The strike of a million ! miners has compelled the closing of scores of factories throughout the Midland. Thus far the great industrial up? heaval is based on the matter of wages, but there is fear that the railway men ; and the transport workers will unite! .vith the miners. In tins case a gi - . ntic political battle would develop.: I with tin ma's of workers aligned; agi nst the government. When Parliament reassembles to-mor- ! ; row, the government immediately will move an adjournment of the House so : that Sir Robert Home can inform the Commons of the situation. The Labor! members intend to participate in the j d( bate and probably Premier Lloyd ! George will intervene. As Mr. Asquith and the Labor party! plan to introduce the Irish situation ] i early in the week, the Premier will have a strenuous struggle with his opponents. Both sides in the miners' strike are conducting a vigorous war propaganda. The government is issuing various ap pcals and explanations through the press, and by placarding the country with posters setting forth its^.osition. ! The miners have in their employ a num? ber of publicity agents and many labor ; leaders are taking the stump. It is perfectly clear that the strike cannot last long without it degenera? ting into a class issue with labor ex- i . aggerating the inequalities between ' wages ami the profits and the owners raising the issue of Bolshevik gold and secret plots. The loss to the na ? tion can be estimated only roughl;*. The daily amount of coal mined is i approximately 800,000 tons, which sells for an average of sixty shillings a ton. ! : Export prices aie much higher. France, ' j Holland, Italy, Belgium and Spain, all ? of whom are* large importers of British : coal, have immediately begun to feel the effects of the strike, especially as ?there is no possibility of increasing: , the output of tho German mines. Incidentally the strike may have a I direct bearing on Franco-German re?a- ? j tions, for the French are unlikely to make any move on the Ruhr Valley while their supply of English coal is cut off, Besides the loss to the coal indus tiy. the closing of steel and iron works is another blow to the nation. No Violence Anywhere No violence has been reported from any mining districts, the men leaving their work quietly. All regular soldiers are held in their barracks in case they are needed as transport workers or to quell disturbances. It is a disappointment to the miners that racing has stopped just when they had the opportunity to enjoy the sport, the stewards of the Jockey Club hav ' ing decided that the meetings should ? be abandoned for the duration of the j strike. Most of the labor leaders outside the j ; ranks of the miners are using every effort to make peace, being particularly active in an effort to tiring about medi ! ation and volunteering to assist the government. i The weather has suddenly turned I cold, but fortunately most persons have! sufficient stocks of fuel to last for some weeks, the exception being the j poorer classes, who may still buy in ? hundredweight lots. Robert Smillie, president of the I miners1 federation, who worked for a I compromise until the mass of his fol-? ? lowers compelled him to break off negotiations, is busy rallying the miners for a long strike. No over? tures toward peace can be expected from him, while the government is equally determined not to yield. If nil early settlement comes it is ex ; pected that it will be through the inter (Contlnued on pstjn tour) I Ten Restaurants Agree i To Cut Prices on Food -v, Ten restaurants yesterday promised Armin W. Riley, assistant United Ls'.a es attorney general in charge of ! profiteering investigations, to make re i ?lucuona oi from 10 to 1,5 per cent on ! various item.s on their bills of fare. Mr. Riley has been investigating | prices in the hotels and restaurants | here and all over the country and is of the opinion that lower prices are j about due. One of the. lunch companies that i promised reduced rates was the C. & L. I company, controlling eight restaurants. I Two other downtown restaurants did ' the same thing. I ? Mr. Riley said that his investigations here as to whether individual restau? rants and hotels could, with justice to 'themselves, bring down the prices on ?their menus was nearly complete. Con Iferences will be arranged with a view 'to !>? in-r:i" ?hi? rthotH Seek Woman In Student Murder Case Care With Whicli Body Was Laid in Grass Leads Philadelphia Police to ! Suspect Feminine Aid To Question N. Y. Chum of Slain Man Charles Shaloss, Heir to $100,000, Saw Youth Shortly Before Crime PHILADELPHIA, Oct. IS.-Little progress had been made to-night ! toward a solution of the mystery sur? rounding the death of Elmer C. Dr?wes, the Dartmouth College student whose body, with a bullet wound in the fore- j head, was found Sunday morning at a | lonely spot on the outskirts of this j city. The young man had left his home in West Philadelphia the night before, j after telling his parents he intended to go to Reading, Pa., to purchase an automobile in which he planned to mo? tor back to Hanover, N. H., yesterday. Despite the reports of several per sons living near the place where the Lcdy was found that they heard shots ? and cries for help late Saturday night, the police said they believed the young man met his deat h .somewhere in the central part of the city and the body, was, conveyed in a motor oar to the spot where it was found. They expressed j the opinion the noises were not shots,! but automobile exhausts. Clothes Not Soiled "It is evident the crime was not committed on the spot where the body was. found," declared William Bel shaw, head of the murder squad of the ! local detective force, "for his clofhes were not soiled, nor the shoes dusty, as would have been the vise had Drewes been shot there and fallen in the road. The care with which the body was arranged also gees to show . the shooting did not take place there,1 as, if it had. the murderer would have been in too big a hurry to get away to bother with arranging and covering it with an overcoat.'' One tlvory the police are working on is that the voting man may have been killed accidentally by friends, who be? came frightened and abandoned the I body. They said at least two persons were implicated, calling attencion to the fact that Drewes was a large man and that it would have required two to carry him from the car. That he was carried, they declared, was fairly cer? tain, as there were no marks on the body,' which would have been the case had he been dragged over the rond. The care with which the body was I placed in the grass, the hands folded ? across the breast and a so t hat pulled down over the wound, leads the police to believe that a woman may have fig? ured in the case. To Question (hum II. L. Heath, of Trenton, N. .1., I Drewes's roommate at Dartmouth and Miss E. Hanson. Drewes's aunt, with whom he kept an eatinghouse in Han? over, arrived in this city to-day. Both were questioned by the police as to Dre^ves's movements after leaving col? lege for his home last Friday, but neither could throw much light on the case. A detective was sent to New York to question Charles Schloss, who, Drewes told his father, had paid him a small debt in Atlantic City Saturday. The detective reported that Schloss's where? abouts were not definitely known, but that his aun;, with whom he lived, said he expected to be home some time to? night. Drewes and Schloss had been friends since childhood. It is hoped ? that he may be able to tell what Drewes's plans were after he left his home in West Philadelphia. --???-?? King Alexander Reported In Very Grave Condition Greek Monarch Develops (Ion gestion of Lung?, Says the Latest Bulletin ATHENS, Oct. 18.?The latest bulle-: tin concerning King Alexander says that his condition is most grave. In addition to his other ailments, result? ing from the bite of a pet monkey, con? gestion of the lurigs has developed. This morfiing the King's temperature was 101, while his pulse ranged from 100 to 124. Respiration was 40. During the day the physicians some? what relieved the patient's breathing by drawing- some of the serum from his congested lungs. It :s admitted i that the condition of the monarch is : critical. V ' Wells-to Help Gorky Save Russian Culture RE VAL, Esthonia, Oct. 17.? ? H. G. Well.?;, the English novelist, who for some time has been visit- ! ing Russia, passed through here to-day on his way home. In Petrograd Mr. Wells stopped with Maxim Gorky, the Russian writer, in a house where Gorky is maintaining a home for artists, ; authors, scientists and professors. ? Mr. Wells said he was much in? terested in Gorky's efforts to pre- ; serve Russian culture, and that j he would endeavor to send sup- ! plies of money from England to assist Gorky's institution, \ _J New Search On For 2 Convicts; Inquiry Begun Three Automobile Loads of Guards Sent Out From Sing Sing With Orders to Hold Trail All Night More Posses in Chase Desperadoes Steal Third Machine and Speed On; Lawes Incensed by Case Special Dispatch to The Tribuir? OSSINING, N. V., Oct. 18.?With George Stivers and March s Bassett, the escaped Sin-; Sing: convicts, still at large and reports Indicating that they are terrorizing the rural sections near Bridgeport, Conn., Major Lewis E. Lawes, prison warden, to-day organized a new hunt for the criminals. He an- ! nouriced that all the resources of Sing Sing would be utilized lo effect their ! recapture. ? The warden, returning hurriedly from Columbus, Ohio, to-day, is said to have ! been incensed when he learned that the chase for the convicts was ended | Sunday night, as far as Sing Sing '. officials were concerned, and has or dered the fullest investigation of the I events which led to the escape of the two prisoners Saturday night. He demands also the reason for abandoning the search a day later, as ! well as for tne alleged indifference of Sing Sing guards in responding to the j prison alarm. Major Lawes's first act to-day in re? viving the search for Stivers and Bassett was to send out a group of armed keepers in three automobiles, with instructions that they should con? tinue the hunt frVv the criminals and follow their leads regardless of time or the territory. covered. Additional posses were sent out after nightfall with instructions to keep up the search throughout the night. At noon to-day reports were received from Connecticut that the convicts had stolen their third motor car- and were headed in the general direction of Bridgeport. It is believed that Sing Sing officers, assisted by Connecticut police, can surround Stivers and Bas? sett if an intensive search is made in the vicinity of Bridgeport. Every re? port indicates that the men have not escaped from that section. While Major Lawes devotod the greater part of the day to a reorgani? zation of his forces in renewing the search for the convicts, plans went along for a rigid investigation of charges that some of the keepers were grossly negligent, indifferent, and, in one or two instances, cowardly, after the alarm was sounded Saturday night. Warden's Orders Disobeyed ?Tames I. Long, acting superintendent of prisons, assisted Major Lawes in the preliminary investigation. Concerning the attack made by Stivers and Bassett upon Keepers Willard Webster, Peter Cogler and Bernard Simmons in the key room, the warden said: "The inmates had no business there, j They were forbidden to have access to I the key room. An o refer was issued i some time ago about that." The warden said he was far from ! satisfied with the services many at- | tendants rendered immediately after j the jail break. He announced that i the reward offered on Sunday would ; be doubled. "I have a list of every employee who failed to report," he said, "and every ? one*must explain his conduct." Many attendants, it was charged, I were on the streets of Ossining when ! the alarm whistle was sounded. It is asserted that in many instances the | alarm was ignored by attendants. Less i than a dozen men out of a possible : (Continued on page five) Japan Begins Trades Census Program to Aid Mobilization TOKIO, Oct. IS (By The Associated Press).* As a result of the census taken October 1, the figures of which have not yet been announced, the gov? ernment has begun sending circulars throughout the country asking physi? cians, surgeons, dentists, pharmacists. tailors, blacksmiths and other persons whether they would be willing to serve in the army in case of war. Officials explain that the information is desired in connection with any possi? ble future mobilization. It is said that the details sought form part of a gen? eral plan of industrial mobilisation upon which the government has been I working for years, and that it has or ? ganized a new national industrial cen? sus board to investigate mobilization possibilities in factories, mines, rail? ways and marine transport systems. Thv inquiry was begun Friday in the Tokio precinct. Addressing the new board, Premier Hara urged the organization of national industry to the stage which is consid? ered essential to the national defense program. The newspapers report that Masano Hanihara, Deputy Foreign Minister, in explaining the negotiations over the California situation to the members of the Kenyuki party in the House of Peers, said the Washington government i had taken measures to check the in ! crease of the aiiti-Japaiu-se movement I in California, but that these ?eemed I f\'i)n. HS the icferendum measure nrob ably would be passed by the California Legislature. If the measure was adopted, M. Han ihara continued, there would remain for the Japanese, first, appeal to the Supreme Court by Japanese residents of California; second, a demand for i the nullification of the measure as an infringement of the Japanese-American treaty, and, third, the conclusion of a new treaty. The arrangement of a new treaty protecting acquired rights is a ques? tion which the Amer:can government ! is willingly considering, said M. Hani 1 har?. Negotiations on this treaty are i being carried forward, but the new 1 treaty will require the approval of the Senate and the result of the vote on it. permits of no optimism. However, M. Hanihara continued, it was reason? able to suppose that the anti-Japanese agitation, which was a sorf of by? product of the Presidential campaign, will have largely subsided by the time the new treaty reaches the Senate. The Vice-Foreign Minister inter? preted the California agitation as one result of Japan's proposal for racial equality at the peace conference in Paris. This, he declared, had impressed th< Americans as meaning Japan was determined to carry out her ideas for racial equality by all means. According to the Nichi-Nichi, some' ! of the members asked M. Hanihara if 1 the government recognized that the ? ri?sentaiion of the racial proposition : in Paris constituted a failure for Japan. To this Ni. Hanihara replied that the I Foreign Ofnce, in a sense, thought that More Hunger Strikers Are Near Death Several of Surviving Ten! in Cork Jail So Low! They Are Not Expected! to Survive Much Longer -_? Fitzgerald Refused Bride Before End Troops Called For by Dublin Are Detained in Fear of Reprisals By Frank Getty Spr-ial Cable to The Tribune Copyright, 1020, New York Tribuno Inc. LONDON, Oct. 18.?Troops which have been called for to help maintain order in the Dublin area have been re? tained in Cork, owing to the critical situation and the increased tension fol? lowing the death yesterday of Michael Fitzgerald, the first of the prison hun? ger strikers to die. The death of sev? eral others is reported imminent, and reprisals are expected. Crowds gathered outside Cork jail to-day reciting the rosary for Mie ten surviving strikers. Fitzgerald's body was removed from the prison to-day to a church until the burial to-morrow. A large crowd fol? lowed the coffin, but there was no dis? order. Several days ago Fitzgerald asked that before he died he be permitted to marry his fianc?e, who had been a con? stant visitor to the prison since we was ? arrested August 11. His fianc?e con- j sented, hue permission was refused by j the prison ' authorities. The incident) has added to the feeling aroused by j Fitzgerald's death. Fear Outbreak in Dublin Belfast and' Dublin arc other storm | centers in Ireland just now. Although : overshadowed for the moment by events in England, the Irish situation , is considered more critical than at any time since 1916. The outbreak of! guerrilla warfare in Dublin is signifi? cant of a turn for the worse. Hitherto the Irish capital has been largely j exempt from armed conflict between ! the authorities and the republicans. t The death to-day of the two Sinn ? Fe.iners shot during the Black and Tan raid on Bamba Hall, Dublin, brings the total casualties to eight killed and ten seriously wounded. The police say they have evidence that the republican "murder gangs" are concentrating in the city and ex- j treme military precautions are being ; taken. The Black and Tans, who hith- i erto have operated in the country dis- j tricts, are now in charge of policing i Dublin and their presence undoubted? ly is largely responsible for a major- i ity of the clashes in which the police ! have fired with deadly effect. Sinn F?iners on Run All prominent Sinn F?iners who have | enjoyed more or less immunity now are | "on the run." The single exception, j perhaps, is Arthur Griffiths, "Acting ! President of the Irish Republic," who | expects, however, to be assassinated. ; Michael Collins, who has been fre- j quently referred to as the real leader of the.Sinn F?in army, is now sought by: the military with a price on his head. J Many civilians who previously had | gone to Dublin from the South and \\ est with the belief that the capita! j would continuo free from actual light? ing now have nowhere to turn. The j military has issued warnings directing the civilians to avoid scenes of police or military activity, such as raids, which before this have always drawn curious crowds. The week-end trouble at Dublin, which took the form of public inter? ference with the police raids, was fol? lowed by almost indiscriminate shoot? ing by the police to clear the area. | Innocent bystanders comprised most of j the victims. After the curfew Saturday nlg-nt I Peter O'Carrqll, a prominent Sinn Feiner, was called to his door by Black j and Tans and shot dead. Sergeant Roche Slain Sergeant Roche, of Ric, who went to Dublin from Limerick to identify John Tracy, Sinn F?in commandant, who was killed in Talbot Street after a re? ported attempt to capture an armored car, was tracked down upon his ar- j rival in Dublin and, although he at? tempted to escape, was slain by Sinn | F?iners. An old man and a young girl i were wounded by bullets intended for I Roche. Tracy's body was taken to Limerick and buried to-day, the soldiers on duty saluting the passing funeral. If events come to a head there is iittle doubt, that a number of the po? lice and soldiers will resign before lighting their own countrymen. The week-end did hot pass at Bel? fast without further sectarian rioting, which resulted in three deaths. While the coal strike is detracting from British interest in the Irish trouble, all reports from Ireland in? dicate the possibility of an early out? break of violence. CORK, Oct. 18. ? Joseph Murphy, Sean Hennessey and several other of the ten surviving hunger strikers in prison here are now so low that the end is expected shortly. The news of the death of Fitzgerald was kept from his comrades until this morning. They were aware, however, that something was happening, for they cculd hear his heavy breathing and the ; people about his bedside chanting the rosary. The other hunger strikers con- i tinually asked about Fitzgerald, but ? they wire merely told that he was in , very bad shape. Fitzgerald was the organizer of the | hunger strike in Cork jail and was re? garded as the leader of the men. The belief was expressed here to-day (Continued on pige flv?) Anarchists Near Rome Attack Aureliano Fort , Reds Are Rrpulsed by Soldiers After a Short Exchange of Shots ROME, Oct. 18.?Anarchists to-day attempted to attack the Aureliano fort, situated a few miles from Rome. They ! were repulsed by soldiers after a short ' px"hanep ?f ??hots Harding Tells Wilson Talk Did Not Involve Government of France Wilson's Letter to Harding And Reply of the Nominee President Wilson's letter to Senator Warrc? G. Harding, asking whether the Republican nominee had been correctly quoted as saying that he had been approached informally by a representative of France asking America to take the leadership in an associations of nations; said : "October IS, 1920. "My dear Sir: In The New York Times of yesterday, Silrnday. October 17, 1920, 1 find a statement dated St. Louis, October 16, which purports to report certain public utterances of yours. In it occurs the following: "'Replying to criticisms of his proposal for an association of nations, he said in a rear platform speech at Greencastle, Ind., that he already had been approached 'informally' by a representative of France, who 3sked that the United States lead the way to a world fraternity.' "I write to ask if this is a correct quotation, and if you really said what is there attributed to you. I need not point out to you the grave and extraordinary inferences to be drawn from such a statement?namely, that the government of Franco, which is a member of the League of Na? tions, approached a private citizen of a nation which is not a member of the league with a request 'that the United States lead the way to a world fraternity.' "The Department of State has always found the government of France most honorably mindful of its international obligations and punctiliously careful to observe all the proprieties of international intercourse. I hesi? tate, therefore, to draw the inferences to which I have referred, unless I am assured by you that you actually made the statement. "Very truly yours. "WOODROW WILSON." Senator Harding's reply said: "Dear Mr. President: "I have before me a press copy of your letter to me of this date, though I am not in receipt of the original copy. 1 am glad to make a prompt reply. "It is very gratifying that you hesitate to draw inferences without my assurance that I am correctly quoted. The quotation as reported in your letter is not exact. The notes of the stenographer reporting my re? marks quote me as saying 'France has sent her spokesmen to me in? formally, asking America in its new realization of the situation to lead the way for an association of nations.' "I am sure that nay words could not be construed to ^ay that the French government has sent anybody to me. The thought I was trying to convey was that there had come to me those who spoke a sentiment which they represented to be very manifest among the French people, but nothing could suggest the French government haying violated the proprieties of international relations. Official France would never seek to go over your high office as our Chief Executive to appeal to the American people, or any portion thereof. "I can sec no impropriety in private citizens of France, or in Americans ' deeply friendly to France, expressing to me their understanding of senti? ment in that friendly rep'ublic. It is not important enough to discuss, perhaps, but I very respectfully urge that an informal expression to me is rather more than that to a private citizen. I hold a place as a member of the Foreign Relations Committee of the United States Senate, which is charged with certain constitutional authority in dealing with foreign re? lations, and I am necessarily conscious that I am the nominee of the Republican party for the President of our Republic. In the combination of these two positions it ought not to be unseemly that some very devoted friends of a new and better relationship among nations, no matter whence they come, should wish to advise me relating to aspirations to cooperate with our own Republic in attaining that high purpose. Let me assure you again of the observance of all the proprieties and again assert that the French government has maintained that great respect for your position to which I myself subscribe. With great respect, I am, "Very truly, "WARREN G. HARDING." Lodge Describes War Waste At Big Rally in Brooklyn Administration Purchases Revealed as Riot of Ex? travagance Without Result; Article X Called League's Bad Heart ?1 Addressing the first bi^ Republican i rally held in Brooklyn since the Presi? dential campaign began, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge described to 4,000 men and women in the Academy of Mu^ic last night the riot of extravagance and waste engaged in by the Wilson Admin? istration during the war. ? He gave many facts and figures to back up his assertions. The Senator's remarks on war-time extravagance prefaced a bitter attack on the League of Nations in general and Article X in particular. He re? ferred to Article X as "the league's bad heart" and declared that the cove? nant itself was a breeder of war and full of enforcement, but very little peace. The league, Senator Lodge as? serted, is an alliance, pure and simple, ' in which the wealth and armed forces of the United States will be placed at the beck and call of foreign nations. Senator Lodge said after the meeting that he had never been accorded a more ; enthusiastic greeting than was given to him by Brooklyn Republicans last night. The seating and standing room capacity of the Academy of Music was taxed to the limit long before the speaker arrived, and hundreds of per? sons who came after 8 o'clock were turned away. The meeting was pre? sided over by Representative Frederick W. Rowe, of Flatbush. Senator Lodge said that in his opin? ion the . extravagance and waste to which the United States had been sub? jected during the war were Ititle short of appalling. He pointed out that $1, 1?9,000,000 was expended for artillery alone, and yet, according to General Pershing's report, only 109 guns of the "75" type reached France before the armistice was signed, and only one of the heavier cahoer. "These were the I only guns we succeeded in getting to i France," he said, "although when the money was appropriated we were sup? posed to send 9,000. "We spent $1,051,000,000 on our air-. 'craft program, yet General Pe: .hing ! tells us that our fliers were entirely ? dependent upon our allies. The fight ! ing done by our men in the air was j done in obsolete planes loaned to us by ! the French and British. We spent ' $1,000,000,000 and never got one com i bat plane to France before the armis? tice was signed. Yet Secretary Baker 'and Secretary Daniels go about telling people tljat the Administration won the I war." | The b\z crowd laughed when th? Senator declared thr.t, according to offi- i cial figures, we had 891,000 horses and mules in service during the war. For) these horses and mules, he said, the War Department purchased 945,000 saddles and more than 1,000,000 double sets of harness-sufficient to harness 2,000,000 horses at one time. Leather Orders Excessive "The War Department then proceed? ed to purchase 1,637,000 horse brushes and 2,029,000 nose bags, 1,118,000 horse blankets and 2,I5b,000 halters," ?aid the Senator. "And you must remember that all this material was for '591,000 horses and mules. The War Depart? ment's orders for leather goods alone would have required 300,000 more hides than are produced in this country in one year. This is rather a significant fact when taken in connection with the high cost of shoes. "The War Department decided that these 391,000 horses and mules must be branded, so a contract was made with Henry Morse & Co. of New York for 195,000 branding irons?one iron for every two horses, or mules. It was specified that these irons should be made of copper, which was both scarce and most expensive. We won the war, but without branding the horses and mules. We were still wait \ Continued on next page) U. S. Expends Nearly Two Billions in Month Cost of Government for First Quarter of Fiscal Year Is $3,630,000,000 WASHINGTON, Oct. 18. -Govern? mental expenditures for September amounted to more than $1,944,000,000, while for the first three months of the j fiscal year the total was more than - ;j3,630,000,000, according to the state? ment issued to-day by the Treasury Department. Ordinary expenditures for the month amounted to $496,776,654, including disbursements to the railroads totaling ! $179,758,610 for claims growing out of Federal control and payment made under the transpcrtation act. War De ' partment expenditures were next, . amounting to $103,783.097, including S 8,169,294 naid the railroad adminis < tration for transportation during the war. Payment of $40,000,000 to the Shipping Board by the War Depart? ment was also shown. Expenditures for the public debt totaled $1,447,316,873, of vhich $1.395, 970,500, applied to the redemption of j certificates' ot indebtedness, was the ' !;.i ?rest item. Declares Representations Constituted No Violation of International Propri? eties; No Official Ac President Mistook Senator's S tateme?;-: Candidate, in His Speed. Referred to Conversa? tions With 'Spokesmen* From a Staff Korrespondent MARION, Oct. 18.?Senator War ren G. Harding, replying to-night to an inquiry from President Wilson asking whether the Republican nominee had been correctly quoted as saying that he had been ap? proached informally by a represent? ative of France seeking American leadership In "a world fraternity," said that France had sent her "spokesmen" to him. He aelded, how? ever, that their representation? Lad not caused a violation of interna? tional proprieties by the French gov? ernment. Grave Inferences . The President had written to ask the Senator whether he had "really said" what was accredited to him.. He pointed out "the grave and extraordinary inferences to he drawn from such a statement," and added that France had always been found to be "most honorably mind? ful of its international obligations and punctiliously careful to observe all the proprieties of international discourse." The Senator, in his reply, made it plain that he never intended to con j vey the impression in his Green j castle speech last Saturday, to which i the President referred, that the j French government had approached I him about his plan for an associa? tion of nations. The candidate did not wait to re? ceive Mr. Wilson's letter, but dispatch? ed his reply after reading the letter as carried in newspaper dispatches from Washington. Sees No Impropriety. In his speech at Greencastle Sena? tor Harding said "France has sent her "spokesman' to me informally, asking America in its new realization of the situation to lead the way for an asso? ciation of nations." By that state? ment Senator Harding meant that he had had an opportunity to ?,et the cor? rect perspective of the French people's view through conversations with in? formed persons. In his reply to the President Seantor Harding said: "I can set no impropriety in private citi? zens of France or in Americans deeply friendly to France expressing to me their understanding of sentiments in that friendly Republic." The candidate in his reply said he had not bec?n quoted exactly in the President's letter. Mr. Wilson, instead of giving Senator Harding's words as quoted in an Associated Press dispatch, used a paraphrase of the Senator's re? marks. As a matter of fact, the entire situation has grown out of what ap? pears to be an error in the transcrip? tion of Senator Harding's remarks. Typewritten copies of his speech dis? tributed to newspaper men aboard the Senator's special train quoted him as having .--aiil "spokesman." The stenog? rapher in going over his notes found that the word was "spokesmen," which was what Senator Harding intended It to be. Not Approached Officially Returning to Marion yesterday be? fore the President's letter had been written, and consequently before there was any controversy about th* speech, Senator Harding made it cleai that he had talked with a number ol persons about the feeling of the French people toward an association of nations to replace the discr?dit?e Versailles I.eae-ue. He made it clear h? had not been approached officially. Wilson Queries France About Offer to Harding t. S. Envoy Told to Ask if In ternational Peace Plan foi United States if as Suggestet From The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON'. Oct. 18. In conn? tion with President Wilson's letter t Senator Harding, the President in I structed the State Department to eabl ! Ambassador Wallace at Paris to ir i quire officially of the French jroverr \ ment whether any steps had been take | by it along the lines suggested b ; Senator Harding. The President's letter was various! '. interpreted in official and political cii cles here. From the viewpoint < diplomats who read it, the inquiry < Senator Harding from the Whi' ; House was held to be justified in an Presidential year, wher- .ach maj< i party is seeking the slightest advai i tage. It was nowhere accepted as in ' probable that some Frenchman hi . actually approached the Republic* ; candidate with the suggestion th I this government lead the way in i ; international agreement providing fi better understanding between natior These diplomats also said that tl ; President's letter provided anoth point of attack by the Administran? against the Republican position on t! League of Nations. Republicana Analyze Query In Republican circles the Setter w dismissed with the statement that t I White House hope?. through tV , means to procure from the Fren i government an official repudiation the individual referred to by Senal