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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, November 10, 1920, Image 10

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J&n> $0tk brib?n*
Fi?t to Last?the Truth: New??Edi?
Mamber of th? Audit u?irf-ni of Circulation?
?Owned and t?.ihll.-.r:-<l dallT tit New TorV. Tribune
Iiwx, ? New Vor,, t orporation. Older? licld, iv??i.
<Uot; Q, Ventor B?sere, Vlce.I*resldet>t Uelo?i
iU-?era Reld, Secretary; K F. Maxtlold Treasurer
Addret-s. Tribun* Billtdln-r, IM Nassau Street, Now
York. Telephone. Beekman
BUBSCRIPTH-N RATES I'.v mall, ir.cllidlng
<i-.j Six One
By Mall. Postpaid. Year M nun. Month.
Dally ?and Sunday.$12.00 $6.00 $100
On? ?reek, ;
Dally only. 10.00 6.00 .86
One week, 80o.
Sunday only. 4.no 2.25 .40
Sunday only, Canada . 6.00 8.23 .55
l)a?y and Sundaj .$26.0? $13 so $2 40
?ally only.. . . *. 17.40 ?j 70 1 45
Sunday on:?.?. ?? :;? 5.12 .?-?j
Katered at th? i-ostoftlee a; New fork as F?cond
1 lass Mall Malter.
V?o ?an purchase merehandlie advertised In THE
TRIBUNE with aruoluto safety? tor if dluatisfac
tlen renult? In any case THE TRIBUNE guarantees
t? pay your money bar.k upon request. No red tape.
No quibbllnj. We make oood promptly If tha
advertiser does not.
Tlie Associate. 1 Pr?ts is exclustreiy en?t'?-l to the
use for republlc?tlon of all ?.?-??s Itspatches
credited to H or not otherwise credlU*d in this pup r,
and ?also tho local ntrwi ?>f spontaneowuorisli) pub?
lished herein.
AH rifUts of republlcation of ail etber matter
herein also are reserved.
Fomenting Discord
? Trio falso interpretation given to
the cablegram cf Mr. Root. written
last August and published this week
suggests that those who pretend to
special solicitude for a League of
Nations are more interested in get?
ting their narrow partisan way than
in getting a league.
Mr. Root's cablegram is simple in
meaning. Stripped of surplusage, it
says that in Mr. Root's judgment it
is better to build the league into
which this country should enter on
the basis of the existing league. He
would modify the covenant "to meet
the requirements of the Senate res?
ervations and the Chicago platform,
and improbably some other respects,"
and then ratify it. But he also rec?
ognizes that it is not possible to fore?
cast any definite procedure "because
conditions next month are necessa?
rily uncertain." So his advice is ten?
tative and conditional. Much de?
pends on the temper of the Senate
as well as on the views of our part?
ners abroad.
Any person of common sense who
really wants a league will see the
danger of trying to drive a wedge
between Senator* Harding and Mr.
Root. But the spirit of Wilsonism,
the spirit which defeated ratification
rest spring, still lingers about and
works to make trouble. If this spirit
is not suppressed it may prevent
entry into any league.
Between Senator Harding and
Mr. Root is no necessary op?
position of view. Senator Harding
has steadily kept open the door to
using the present league as a founda?
tion, lie seems to incline to the plan
of an altogether new organization,
just as Mr. Root inclines the other
way, but the Harding attitude, like
that of Mr. Root, is tentative. The
charge that Senator Harding in his
Des Moines speech repudiated the
covenant plan was a desperate cam?
paign misrepresentation. To revive
it is a poor way to be of help to the
Do the Wilson apologists honestly :
want a league? If they do they will
deisist from muddying the waters
and*-rocking the boat. Have they
not done enough damage? Having
had their chance and having ignobly
failed, they may profitably stand
' aside. Instead, we find them busy at
their old noxious task of fomenting
treaty-destroying discord. Hut one
conclusion can be drawn, and that
ia that bigotry has survived the
Americans Last
Mexico has agreed to make repa?
ration to the wi?low of William S.
Benton, a British subject, murdered
on February 17, 1014. The Benton
caso made a groat stir in the days
before the World War. It was dis?
cussed in the British Parliament and
our government was brought into the
discussion because of its offer of as?
sistance in investigating the circum?
stances of Benton's death. The latter
was first reported i<> have been killed
in Villa's headquarters at Juarez by
Villa himself. The bandit chief, then
serving as a Constitutionalist gen?
eral under Carranza, next gave out
the story that after a quarrel he had
knocked Benton down and turned
him over to a drumhead court mar?
tial for execution. Later a Carranza
commission announced that there
-had been no personal encounter with
Villa, but that Benton, having been
arrested, was shot on a railroad
train by Major Fierro, one of Villa's
In the early part of 1014 the Car?
ranza government was merely a revo?
lutionary rump. Great Britain had
no consuls in the territory which
Carranza occupied, and the United
State*, having consuls there, took
over the diplomatic inquiry as a mat?
ter of courtesy. The Constitutional?
ists didn't come into power in the re?
public until after the war had begun,
and Great Britain, then too busy to
push .claims against Carranza, loft
them temporarily in the hands of the
United St^es.
It is gratifying to know that the
government which has displaced
Carranza 's has now reached the
point of disposing of the Benton
case. In so far as our State Depart?
ment contributed to the settlement
there is ground for satisfaction. But
?lie claims ?.f hundreds of American
citizens killed or robbed by Mexicans
are ?till unsettled. Are a Briton's
rights superior to an American's?
Americans have been murdered, '
plundered, kidnapped for ransom, '
imprisoned and maltreated withoutj
any ?successful protest from Wash-!
ington. The extraordinary doctrine
was proclaimed by the Wilson Ad
ministration that Americans who
had gone into Mexico wero "ad
venturers," who were taking their
chances in a danger zone, and
couldn't be protected in their rights
without interfering unduly in Mex?
ico's domestic affairs.
When are the thousands of Ameri?
can claims against Mexico to be set
tied? In this matter also is it. to be
a case of America last?
Deceiving Naval Recruits
"Two huge fleets will encircle the I
globe" next June, according to Mr.
Daniel?. Flaming posters announc?
ing this policy are displayed at re
cruiting stations with the statement
that "this stupendous armada is
aimed to be a spectacle that will |
impress the world with America's
naval power." Mr. Daniels cannot
commit the next Secretary of the
Navy to such a policy, but he can
embarrass him by putting him in a
position whei*e he will seem to have
broken a promise to naval recruits.
Political and other conditions "next
June" may positively forbid this
projected cruise.
There are hundreds of excellent
reasons why young Americans
should enlist in the navy. They get
an excellent physical and vocational ;
training. The navy itself offers ;
them a wonderful career, and
should they wish for any reason to
return to ei^l life their naval train?
ing tits thifni for success in many
trades and professions.
There is no excuse, therefore, for
deceiving our young men by holding
out the lure or promise of a world
cruise which may not be carried
out. Service in the navy usually
gives men a chance to see much of
the world. But special promises of
this kind are wrong.
We do not want enlistments ob?
tained under false pretenses, and
?Secretary Daniels has no more
power to bind the country to send
two fleets on long cruises next ?June
than President Wilson had to fasten
a treaty on the country without the
approval of the Sonate.
The One Key
The public has struck against high
prices, and shut-down factories and
lengthening lines of unemployed are
the consequence. The depression in
the clothing trade of this city is an
extreme instance of what is going
on in the whole country.
Is there a way out? Is there any
method by which prices can be
brought down to levels at wnich the
consumer will buy while wages
stay up?
There is just one. It has been
proposed by the clothing manufac?
turers of the city, but has thus far
bei-n rejected by the workers. It is
to increase production. Through
union regulation production per
worker per hour has been greatly
reduced?at the same time that
wages have been forced up. As
long as the public was willing to buy
at proportionately higher prices this
process could go on.indefinitely. Bui
now that the public has struck the
workers must faca the facts.
No one knows what the productive
capacity of the modern worker or
shop is. Bui the% have been ample
successful experiments to show how
hugely production can be increased
when a body oT employees turns loose
its energy and ingenuity and all
around practical skill to increase
production instead of to reduce it.
It is a safe guess that the clothing
workers of any shop in New York
could, if they would, so increase pro
? duction as to make it entirely pos?
sible for the manufacturers to pay
| the present rate of wages and sell at
prices which the ? public will pay.
And this without longer hours or
undue speeding.
Increased production per human
being?it i.- the one key that can un?
lock the door of high wages and low
prices. Many of our most intelli?
gent workers understand this truth.
How long will it be before the mass
of workers accepts it? T'nless and
! until they do accept it unemployment
and bread lines are as inevitable as
; the multiplication table.
The Occasional Sex Line
There are just enough isolated ex?
amples scattered about the country
of the sex line drawn in business and
in politics to prove the rule. That
rule was abundantly exemplified in
, the late election. It is that women
?American women, at any rate?
vote as human beings, not as a class
or a group, and that sex antagonism
in politics was never anything more
than a bogey invented by the anti
suffragists to worry the c?asily fright?
ened conservatives.
The bur'.1: of Yoncalla, Oregon, is
the only completely feminist spot in
the country thus far reported. As
it had only 233 inhabitants in 1910,
it is safe to assume that it i.- still
far from being an important metrop?
olis. In fact, ii is hard to conceive
of a secret, feminine campaign car?
! ried on across back fences ami re
i suiting in the election of an all
' woman ticket which would be suc?
cessful in anything larger than a
hamlet. We do not know what the
provocation of these Yoncalla femi?
nists was; the dispatches .-peak of
' hopeless sidewalks und inadequate
street lights. We hope they get
what they want. But we doubt
whether many other communities will
follow the example. It is too uncom?
fortable conducting a feud against
one-half of one's home.
As for that women's bank to be
started in Philadelphia, it also
travels straight across every habit
and instinct of the general public.
For several decades the tendency has j
been more and more to treat women ?
as men in their general activities, j
The woman's page in the newspaper i
has dwindled almost out of sight. A j
joint appeal, to men and women j
alike, i? sought after. In business
women have taken their places side ?
by side with men, and while their j
special abilities are their own their !
accomplishment is much the same.
Of antagonism, of battle array, of
organizations designed to yield spe?
cial privileges to women or compete ?
as women with men as men, there is
no trace.
So we doubt if the women's bank
of Philadelphia gets much further ;
than the women's government of
Yoncalla. The only thing that could
ever have produced sex antagonism
? a refusal by men to share their i
business and government with
women, after women had developed
a widespread desire for sharing -
these activities?has been utterly
ended. A cordial invitation to a
partnership makes a poor founda-,
lion for a deadly combat.
The Dog Haters
A story calculated to make dog
haters grit their teeth finds its way ;
into print. An East Side collie
awakened his master, told him
things were not as they should be,
and thus secured a prompt turning
in of a fire alarm which saved many
At rare intervals a case of rabies
develops. With ?bis as a basis the j
dog haters have secured a code whose .
severity is such that once in a while
it naturally breaks clown some dog'.s
nervous system. Leashed and wear?
ing a mask or jaw straps, man's best
friend is denied a normal life. If, his
patience exhausted and his temper!
frayed, he bites anything, no matter ;
whether by accident or with ample ?
justification, he is thrown into jail
without trial. Not satisfied with :
this, there is a constant outcry fora
practical extermination of the spe- I
cies, with only enough left to pro?
vide raw material for vivisectionists.
Yet if a score were kept showing
in one column the number of human
lives, man's devoted servitor has
saved and in another the number in
anywise lost through him, the dis?
proportion would be vastly greater j
than between the. totals of Harding
and Cox electoral votes. A dogless
civilization would be one wherein life
insurance rates would be raised.
The psychology of the dog hater
has never been satisfactorily ex?
plained. He exists?that is all we
know about him. He can scarcely be
said to take pleasure in his malig?
nancy, for be is gloomy and somber,
yet he stubbornly clings to his
frenzy, putting in time inventing
calumnies which one look into a
dog's honest and loyal eyes suffi?
ciently refutes.
Radical Groaning3
Somber, wJicn not sour, are the
reflections 01 the radical press as it
struggles to reconcile the election
with its fixed ideas. The event does
not dovetail into radical philosophy.
Sad is the hour f? r the young
geniuses who have hopefully con?
cluded their letters with "Yours for
the Revolution."
So they resort to the not wholly
original retort of sticking out their
tongues, as it were, at the populace.
They mutter about "mob psychol?
ogy." They "cuss" the jury. Their
faith in democracy is chilled--runs
down toward zero. When the coun?
try, against their urgings for a ne?
gotiated peace in Germany's inter?
est, soberly went into the war, they
comforted themselves with the
thought that suddenly the masses
had become hysterical. But there
was no hysteria in the dull political
campaign. What was done was in
i cold blood. So the only solace is to
paint a future wherein progress and
liberalism will be prostrate under
the heel of s >ggy Toryism.
That there is pleasure in gloomy
prognostication many generations of
bad losers have shown, and it may be
inhuman to throw doubt in the pres?
ent instance on the validity o? oven
this heavy joy. Nevertheless, the
claims of truth are. peremptory. It
does not appear that real progress
lias received a blow, or genuine lib?
eralism so much as a buffet.
Tli? victim of popular condemna?
tion is merely that spurious, super?
ficial and half-baked variety of rad
icalism which recently has been af?
fected by the intelligentsia. Shal?
low and hollow, it collapsed before
the breath of common ser.se. Like
the European original whose ideas
they borrowed and whose phrases
they adopted, empty doctrinaires
rejected and ridiculed spiritual
promptings as motives of human
conduct. The only instruction man?
kind received, it was held, was from
its stomach, and a man was. con?
ceived of as" normal and typical who
has never existed on land or sea.
Actual men and women objected to
the caricature and voted their re?
But the appeal being to the ali?
mentary canal, this part of the
i human anatomy felt impelled to an?
swer. It replied that as clo-sely as it
could determine tho part of the
world where the alimentary canal
has most cause to complain Is Rus?
sia, that Russia is the country '
where Marxian radicalism has been
most thoroughly applied, and that
elsewhere, proportionate to infection
with tho new gospel, there is plenty
or the reverse. Soviet Russia and
bourgeois America?which serves
the proletariat the better'i
Americans have a prejudice, one
might say a passion, against going L
hungry. They don't want to become
prowling animals searching for
bones and scraps. They want com-?
fort and they want leisure for other
things. They have compared capi?
talism* and socialism as they work,
and capitalism seems good to then.
Some day perhaps may arise Social?
ists with sense enough to see that i
the primary concern of society is
production and that any reorganiz?
ing scheme or plan which pushes the
production problem aside is certain :
to bring mass misery.
Belated School Checks <
To the Editor of Tho Tribune.
Sir: We ara anxious to enlist the
support of your very influential paper
in an effort to obtain tho prompt pay?
ment of evening school check:?.
There was a time when the day school
pay rolls left the vnrious school offices
oh tho 20th of tho month and the
chock.- generally were ready for dis?
tribution on tho 1st of tho following
month. The evening school pay rolls
leave our offices on the last day of
the month and the checks come along-?
in the courso of timo! This irregu?
larity means a needless hardship and
embarrassment, for it is impossible
to contract to pay bills at any speci?
fied time.
What business house would bo el
lowed to pay its employees almcr.t a
month after completion of services?
The unions would not tolerate such
a state of affairs, yet unions are con?
sidered by many as unethical in our
The September pay rolls reached the
teachers?through the police stations?,
on the 22d of October.
If the day checks can be ready' in
a shorter space of time, why cannot ?
thoso of the evening schools he ready ?
in the sanio time? There arc fewer:
schools. L. M. ELLIOT.
New York, Nov. 0, 1020.
Wanted: A Flag
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: A savage high wind the other
night tore to ribbons the American
flag which flew over the Navy Club, at
15 East Forty-first Street. As every
penny that can be collected is being
put into a fund to purchase and make
permanent a homo on shore for the !
enlisted men of the navy, can we not
hope that some patriotic citizen or I
society will come to the rescue anil pre
sent the Navy Club of our city with an
American flag?
Tho British flag also suffered in the
.'?ame storm. It is flying, however, al?
though rather ragged. Will some loyal
Britisher supply another, because ho :
understands and appreciates what the
Navy Club stands for? The dimensions
of the flag are 8x12.
New York, Nov. S, 1920.
A First Ballot at Ninety-nine
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Mrs. Margaret Carkhuff, of
Elemington, N. J., cast her first ballot
at the election on November 2.
On November 1 she celebrated her
ninety-ninth birthday surrounded by
friends and flowers, and the pcfetman
brought her enough good wishes, fine
sentiment and "many happy returns
of the day" to warm her heart for the
coming year.
I em wondering whe?ier Flemington
has the honor of leading the procession
of suffragists in respect to age. She
takes great satisfaction, too, in the
fact that her political choice was in?
dorsed by Buch an unheard of majority.
Flemington, N. J., Nov. 8, 1920.
Punishing A. W. O. L.'s
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: There is ro American who will
not agree that there are men to whom
we as a nation should be eternally
grateful- men once in khaki, lighting,
or in full readiness to fight, for us who
were forced to remain at home. Life
states that among these there were
"unhappy youths who went A. W. O.
L. for a few days and are spending the
best part of their lives in Fort Leav
enworth as a resiflt." If -this is so,
something should be clone about it!
this an example of a great and mag?
nanimous nation's gratitude?
Now York, Nov. 7, 1920. M. P.
A Call for Clean Money
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I am wondering if The Tribune
is not big enough and powerful enough
to wake ud sonic official in Washing
ten, :?: the Treasury Department, to
give the public some clean money. If
? ey cannot afford to give us new
. 11s, v, hy not call in our pi
or.e3, wa?h and sterilize them. The
dirty, filthy paper money that every
one is obliged to carry to-day is a
gieat public menace. A clean paper
bill is a real curiosity. J. A. G.
New York, Nov. 8, 1920.
A Perilous Friendship
(From The Di Morning '
Miss Sylvia Pankhurst has been sen?
tenced to six months' imprisonment by
: a British jury for inciting to sedition
j in the navy. She was found to be in cor?
respondence with that eminent states?
man, Nicolai L?nine, who would have
had h?:- 3l il ?' she had incited R I a .
; sailors to sedition. Thus it may be
that Sylvia was fortunate to be in the
I hands of her enemies rather than in
those of her friends.
The Conning Tower
I have pursued Beauty
All my life long?
Tleauty, that pet? the heart swelling
In a sudden song. . . ,
I have searched twilight -woods :
Seen Beauty's trace ;
Watched reflected flume:* fro? Beauty
Flash in-a face;
Found Her spirit te a Tersa
Fleetingly cauirht:
Viewed H?-*r shadow that some Monet
Lovingly wrought;
Felt Her srrengU. ?tan?! 1b ?tea?
Almost unblurred;
Guessed the echo of Her Tolca
In music I heard.
These I found?but. Herself
Slipped always past
Till one ?lay I saw her clear.
Captured at last!
Rhythm of form, rhythm of soul
Straichtway I knew
I need never seek again?
Beauty was you !
John V. A. Wkatii.
In I1I3 Introductory Note to "The
Poets in the Nursery," by Charles
Powell, Mr. John Drinkwater discusses
Parody. "It will lie observed," pre- ;
diets Mr. Drinkwater, '?that while Mr.
Powell invariably catches hi3 subjects'
external manner with easy precision,
this is but the ,beginning of his art.
The underlying spiritual force never
evades him, and ho measures himself
successfully against the poet's impulse
as well as against its formal expres?
sion." Thf.t may have been observed
???? Mr. Drinkwater, but no such thing
has been observed by this gazer. For
Powell, to our notion, does not be?
long in the first rank of parodists at
all, as he would if he accorded with
the Drinkwater blueprint. He is goorlj
but lie isn't first rate. What be does,
usually, is parody a particular poem?
a thing, if done well, which calls for
adroitness, but calls no great critical
ability into play. Generally, Powell
parodies in the meter for which the
poet parodied is best known. In his
parody of Alfred Noyes a line reads?
I passed through lanei of lilac Moo m and
down arcades of emerald eloom.
Now, if there is one thing Noyes
can do it is to write lines whose ar?
rangement of vowels and consonants
makes them drip honey Cor, if you like,
ooze glucose); and this line of Powell'?
is a mouthful. . . . The parodies of
Kipling, Newbolt, Dobson, Yeats, Swin?
burne-all of these are. obvious paro?
die.--, with the slightest element of rea!
criticism. They are good, but not per?
fect. They arc the sort Miss Carolyn
Wells has turned out blindfolded and
with one hand tied behind her.
For high humor and cutting, reverent
criticism, the parodies -also Mother
Goose stuff that Anthony C. Deane
wrote fifteen or twenty years ago put
Powell's to blush. Thus Deane's no?
tion of Sir Henry Newbolt's treatment
of "I Saw Three .Ships":
I saw three ships come sailing by,
And that was a sitrht to pee:
! saw ? h tit* ships come sailini; by,
Guarding the Land of the Free!
And then I uttered a stirring rhyme,
A nursery song pronounced sublime,
For Collingwoods all of a future time,
And Nelsons yi't to be!
And his Kipling version of "Jack
and Jill":
They have trodden.the Way of the "Mire and
Clay, they have toiled and traveled far,
They have climbed to the brow of the hilltop
now, where the bubbling fountains ure,
They have taken the bucket and filled it up
yea filled it up to the brim;
But Jack he sneered at his .sister Jill, an?!
Jill .?he jeered at him.
And the. finest parody of Calverley
is Quillcr-Couch's. It was written in
his university ?lays, and the book wo
got it from ("Green Bays") was pub
lishcd in 1893. !' is "Retrospection,"
and Calverley never wrote his own
stuft" any Calverleyer. It begins;
When the hunter-star Orion
(Or, it may he, Charles his Wain.;
Tempts the tiny elves to try on
All their little tricks again ;
When the earth Is calmly breathing
Draughts of slumber undefiled,
And the sire, unused to teething, I
?S.-.'i-.s for errant pins his child;
When the moon is on the ocean,
And our little eons and heirs
From a untura) emotion
Wish thai luminary theirs;
Then a feeling hard to stifle,
?v. >*n harder to define,
Makes m?> feel I'd nive a trifle
For the days of Auld Lang Pyn?.
Deceived again, and by a book store
salesman, Mr. Charles W. Wilcox,
nearly a year ago, searching Scribners'
shelv.-s for a copy of Edna St. Vin?
cent Millay'a "Renascence" and finding
none, told us that it was out of print,
but if he could find a copy he'd send
u 01 e. None came. Iiut yesterday
morning Brentano's telephoned that
they had it in stock, and Mr. Walter
J, Kingsley sent a copy he bought at
the Holliday Bookshop, 10 West Forty
seventh Street. "I am with you in
admiration of Edna," writes Mr. Kings
ley. "She may not take so long to
pass a gijjpn point as does Miss Amy
Lowell, hut she is a true poet and God
blesa her for her gift of song!"
No journalistic bit of ochre or gam?
boge chronicled in "Caliban" is moro
saffron than some of the Hearst
'achievements. On November 7 The
American prints n dispatch signed by
C. F. Bertelli, dated Rome, Nov. 6; ami,
another signed by him dated Paris,
Nov. 6. Mr. BertellL's expense account
bably will worry The American'?
business office.
Just because The Hoboken Observer
refers to the Stevens Glue and Man?
dolin Club, Peter Jimmie wonders
whether it means that for the sake of
harmony the boy3 ought to stick to
"The very people who knock Mayor
Gi??en," An American Citizen writes
The Newark Call, "did not die for
their country in the World War."
(Continued) is a lovely word
But I am not deluded
About it. Always I've preferred
My favorite (Concluded).
Income Taxes on All
A Peruvian Precedent and Its Moral
for America
To the Editor of Tho TTibnne.
Sir: So far as the individual is con?
cerned, the most interesting item in
tho $4,000,000,000 tax budget contem?
plated by Mr. Houston is tho increase
on incomes over $5,000.
In general, no man should be taxed
on what ho earns, but upo'n what her?
spends. If, however, an income taj? is ?
necessary (which I doubt), it should be
levied on rich and poor in proportion
to their wealth or poverty. Every one,
Without exception, should be compelled
to recognize that he owes his share
to the support of the government which j
protects his life and property and gives j
him free schools, parks, fountains, .
libraries and museums and all other I
privileges pf a well ordered community. I
At present only the well-to-do pay for j
these things, while all enjoy them.
In ancient Peru, according to Ga
veillasso do la Vega, whose father was
one of tho Spanish conquerors and
whoso mother was an Inca princess,
even the beggars were taxed a cupful j
of body lice in order that they might
realize that even they owed some- {
thing to tho government which pro- ;
vided them streets to beg in and com- j
pelled them to a certain amount, of j
cleanliness. That is tho right prin-1
ciple. L. M. BARBER,
Captain U. S. Navy (retired).
Politics in the Schools
From American Education
There seem to be good reasons for
believing that a determined attempt
will be made this winter to induce the
Legislature to enact legislation put?
ting the schools more fully under the
general control of the municipal gov?
ernment than is now the case in this
state. Last year this journal predicted
that efforts would be made to secure
legislation in the direction of gjving
mayors and boards of estimate more
authority over the schools than they
now have in most cities of the state.
The attempt was made, but the effort
was abandoned for the time being. It
is almost certain that in the coming
session of the Legislature laws will
be proposed the passage of which ?
would bo exceedingly detrimental to
public school education in this state.'
What the politically minded mayors ?
and other municipal officers hope to do I
is to secure legislation that will give |
them full control over the public]
schools, particularly in respect to the!
financial management of the schools.
It is perfectly obvious that the im
mediate outcome would bo serlou? harm
to the schoo',3 of the state. Before j
many years the ?chools*would be made
subservient to the politicians. The
result would soon be a lowering of the
standard of efficiency now maintained.
For the last decade there has been a
noticeable progress in this state to?
ward the elimination of political influ?
ences from public school management,
with a corresponding improvement in
the quality of the work done in the
The politicians have not looked with
complacence upon this trend toward
the independence of the Department
of Education, and have decided that
tho time has come to make an organ?
ized effort to have the schools nut un?
der their control. They will succeed
in this mischievous purpose unless the
people of the entire state can be
brought to 3ce the harmful effects of
taking from the schools the freedom
from political control they now have.
Every superintendent of schools and
every member of a board of education
who believes in educational progress
should resist this attempt to reduce
i tho administration of our schools to
the low plane on which municipal ad?
ministration now is carried on in most
of tho cities of New York'. In such
cities as New York, Buffalo and Syra?
cuse the situation is ba?l enough un?
der present conditions, but it would be
! come infinitely Wbrse if the Legislature
| should yield to the pressure that will
| be brought to bear upon it this winter
! in the interest of a politically managed
| school system.
| The danger that threatens the
schools of tho Empire State is so omi
I nous that the friends of public school
progress must not lose a moment in
arousing the people of the entire state
to the evil designs now being planned
against the integrity of the public
school system.
The Sunny Side
: To the Editor of The Tribun.-.
Sir: People often refer to the world
I as though it were a mythical some
? thing that moves in a, mysterious way,
creating conditions of a displeasing na?
ture concerning which public opinion
1 is invariably negative and harsh. Brief
meditation brings to mind the fact
i that the condition of the World, pleas?
ing or displeasing, is but the result
, of actions of the people prompted by
| their state of mentality.
With the coming of war a spirit of
i fight was created within tha populace,
| resulting in a universal solemnization
and individual gloom. The war being
over, world-wide conditions call for tho
exercising of the same degree of per?
sistent effort in eliminating war
thought and an absorbing and upbuild?
ing of the spirit of good cheer, to the
end that a universal congeniality may
be engendered, which will materially
aid in the amicable adjustment of
'numerous differences of great import
and the early realization and enjoy?
ment pf peace, progress and prosperity.
The above means livjng in the
"sunny side," where gro?cnes cannot
exist, where folks, through their own
personal effort?, see the brighter and
humorous side of things and their
faces bespeak happiness, as in days
of yore.
Let the much U3od and abused "H.
C. L." signify in future, "Have a cheer?
ful laugh" and "Have a cheerful life."
Truly, tho world is what the people
make it.
Brooklyn, Nov. 5, 1920.
A Solemn Funeral
'From The Washington l ?
The referendum was as solemn as
the Democrats could wish.
When we wrote the other day that
in all our years in newspaper work the
only people- we bad ever succeeded in
making mnd were Eva Tanguay and
George Creel, It seems that wo over?
stated the case against ourself. Since
Monday we have received eleven letters
in which readers say that we not only
make them mad but tired. They stato
that they did not write this before, be?
cause, until seeing our Monday com?
ment, they had not regarded it as a
matter of controversy.
According to a dictionary advertise?
ment, "Lloyd George knows 100,000
words." What a pity that Ireland is
not one of them.
Once when we questioned the accu?
racy of a picture of Long Island so?
ciety life in a Broadway comedy, the
author replied that, after all, we were
a baseball writer. It seems dangerous,
then, to express doubt as to the au?
thenticity of the society impressions
which Arnold Bennett puts into his
book, called Our Women. If the com?
ment ever came to Mr. Bennett's at?
tention, he might answer crushingly
that we were, after all, an American.
And yet we cannot help but wonder
just where Mr. Bennett dines, so ex?
traordinary are the manners which he
seems to have encountered.
"The real vice of the fashionable vo?
cabulary," he writes, "is that it abounds
far too mueb in superlatives, which
superlatives are intended to emphasize
the two emotions of gratitude and
pleasure. I can remember the time when
a hostess w.13 content to s%y, 'It was
very good of you to come.' She didn't
mean it even then. She meant, 'It was
very good of mo to ask you to come.'
But she did utter her polite phrase
with a certain decency and a certain
air of conviction. Then some woman
discovered that 'very' was not em?
phatic enough, and said, 'It was aw?
fully good of you to come.' 'Awful' is
r serious word and needs some elocu?
tion to carry it off successfully. It did
not last long, 'Frightfully' took its
place, but nobody could give 'fright?
fully' the right intonation, and so to?
day 'most frightfully' is employed. 'It
was most frightfully good of you to
come' 'It was most frightfully good
of you to ask me.' The greatest ac?
tress in the world could not make the
phrase sound real after a tea party,
and hostesses and guests do not at?
tempt to make it soun?l real. They
pour it out, anyhow, turning a smile
on and off as if by a tap. They will,
in the quito misguided effort to be con
'vincing, soon be compelled to invent a
phrase more frightful than 'most
frightfully.' And. so jhe cycle will con?
tinuo until some one discovers that
there i* naught so nnemphatic as e??r.
emphasis, and superlatives wi!] j, ^
der for a period."
We think Mr. Bennett is spoo?n?
us. Perhaps not. At any rate, he me.
on to reveal the fact that the qt-atr*
old custom of the ladies ??raving tha
gentlemen alone to their tiga? ar(*
coffee still prevails in English Bocfetr,
Wo are under the impression that h
went out here with the boopsktrt?x
There never was any sense to it, -ry
story about the Irishman ar.d the r-V
and the Ford automobile Isn't real'v
"Women in the main ?ov? to be
dominated," writes Mr. Bennett. "The-?
arc not entirely happy until th?y a/9
dominated, at any rate, in appearance,
I feel here that I am writing lile? tr
old-fashioned man. I cannot help that
Truth is truth. I am not an old-fash,
ioned man. I am a f-rri:r.:=t to the poiir
of passionatcness. But at the risk of
being ostracized and anathematized by
all the women-feminists of n-.y Ic.
quaintance, I shall continue to Baser,
not only that even in this very ad.
vanced year women as a sex love to bs
dominated, but that for some thousand?
of years, if not forever, they al-ways will
love to be dominated."
Personally, we are not in a position
either to affirm or deny the rumor. We
never dominated any ourselves. Mayb-j
Mr. Bennett has, but even then he
would have to proceed on hearsay ev>
dence for his conclusion that they lored
it. He may even be in possession of
the complete ?statistics on the subject
down to August 1, 1914 ?we understand
that the war interrupted and disorgan?
ized scientific research-. The only
idling that puzzles us is how 31 r. Ben?
nett knows with such a degree of pot.
tiveness just what women are going to
lovo for some thousands of vears. I*
seems to us that Virgii was right. At
least if he was the man who isici
"Varium et mutabile semper icmina."
Perhaps Mr, Bennett's prediction ;=
more scientific than we realized. Maybe
he has allowed for the variation.
And yet a '.*ook about women by a
man has ah- ays seemed to us about a*
important and as authoritative as a
treatise by a hen o:i duck!
We can't resist a bulletin on Floyd
Dell's Moon-Calf Kr pf At the
ninety-eighth page mark l>e': is in his
stride and moving sni ? ? chap
ter called "What Is Known as I
seems to us an extraordinary ; .?-ce of
work. Unlei s terr b e things i'oen in
tho last two hundred pages, Moon-Calf
is going to bo soi - i for.
Abolish Electoral College
Several Benefits Which Would Flow
From Direct Election
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Electoral College has out?
lived its original intent and is a mere
survival of an empty form, as the rea
son for its existence has ceased of
vesting a discretion in the Presiden?
tial electors as to whom they should
vote for and, in the state legislatures,
?3 to the cholea ror Presidential
electors. While in the minds of the
great body of voters a President and
Vice-president of the United States
.were elected to office last Tuesday, as
a matter of fact a successor to Pr?si?
dent Wilson will not be elected until
the Presidential electors, voted for or
Tuesday, meet and cast their votes or
January 10. There should be ar
amendment to the Federal Constitu
tion abolishing this cumbersome ma
chinery for the election of a Presiden
and Vice-President, and the pe.oph
should vote directly for them* insteai
of, as now, for Presidential electors.
Under the present system of votin;
by states it is quite possible for th
President and Vice-President electe
by the Electoral College not to be th
choice of a. majority of the voters o
the country, as in the first Cleveland
Harrison campaign, in 1888. whe
Cleveland had a majority popular voti
whereas Harrison was the choice of th
electors voting by states, as each stat
is entitled to the number of elector
corresponding to its Senators an
Representatives in Congress.
The constitutional provision pri
scribes that each state shall appoia
in such manner as the Leg
thereof shall direct, the P
electors. At the beginning of our go'
crnnient most of the electors wei
chosen by the legislatures of their t
spective .--tates, Cm- people having no <1
rect participation in their choice, as
the case of the United States Senato
prior to the adoption of the Sevei
teenth Amendment. But in all ti
states now the electors are, uniier t1
direction of state laws, eh?.sen by tl
people at tho November election in
Prsidential year. Originally, and nrr
180-1, when the Twelfth Amendment
the Constitution changed the pr
ccdure, the Vice-President was I
receiving the next highest number
votes of the Presidential electors f
President, and, therefore, th" defeat
candidat?; for President became :
As there is no substantial reason
except usage, which has survived
o? ' nal purposi why the
should not vote directly for Preside
and Vice-President, and as it is t
sirable to obviate the possibility o?
President not being the choice of t
majority of the voters of the c-iuntrj
believe Congress should submit for 1
consideration of the legislatures
the states an amendment to the F
eral Constitution abolishing Presid?
tial electors in each state and p'rov
ing that the people of the entire coi
try shall vote directly for Presid
and Vice-President irrespective of
number of the states' repr?sent?t!
in the United States House of Rep
sentatives and Senate and that h i
jority vote of the enure electorate
the country shall be determinative
the election of President and V
?President. CHESTER D. PUGSUE?
Peekskill, N. Y., Not. 6, 1920.
Breaking the Solid Souih
Will ? olers Some Time Feel Free
to Vote as They Wish?
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: One phase of the present Preii
dential eleeffon has received little or
no publicity, and that is the breaking
up of tii? Solid South.
Being a constant traveler in all the
Southern states, it has been my privileg?
to speak to some of the most prominent
financiers, business men and merchants,
as well as clerkp, farmers and laboring
men. They were all of the sume opin?
ion, viz., than the Republican party
could do no more harm than the pres?
ent Administration had accomplished
and tho dunces were of their recon?
structing government policies
The Republicans scored, perhaps,their
greatest victory of the election right in
: the so-called "Solid South." As we aj?^
j know, Tennessee went into the Repub?
lican column; San Antonio, the largest
city in Texas, elected a Republican for
New Orleans cast 20,000 votes for
Harding. Atlanta, ? m ?nd
Houston also showed that tl ? Wil r.;*r
r?gime was not appreciated.
Thousands voted for Cox because tier
were compelled to. Others voted for
I Cox and wagered that the Republicans
: would win. Scores of Democrats in
; New Orleans bet 5 to 1 that Harding
would win.
The inland farmers were the reason
i why the Republican party did not carry
more states. These men seldom see a
newspaper and oi'en d<> not learn the
'candidates' names ui ng the
i polls, where they, out of custom, put
an X in the Black Star column,
W i look forward eagerly to the free?
dom of the South, when ? man can
\ ote his own convict i? not oast a
vote for the minority p ; guilty
i- that if the act were ever dis?
covered his ear.. section wou?d
be over.
Atlanta. Ga., Nov. 7, : -.
They Never Come Back
?i The Washingt > fi - ?? o Star)
Governor Co 1er ?gain to
1924 ?' ! >i ?? ' has so hailed
It seems most ii ' k? ly, The defeat
.?? is too overwhelming. Had tho con
lose, a sec.: *ht re:*"
sonablj ?'uM"
day he was buried under an avalanche.
Hi- did not have a look-in anywhere
a con Is *nC
.. ,. of t tgue '1 h:m*
W i ; ? an ! Irys alike o] ?osed him. T"6
states of Murphy, N igent, :.iii.'?rt
and B
What would g *
see.?::d race?
General McClellan, who was orer
wh? .;::?? I in 1864, was nev?
sidered fur the Presidency. He figo?*
in pol?tes, but was never aga n a n*'
tional quanl
Governor Seymour, ?? - --tartly
led the Democracy In ? i*eV,r
again asked to lead.
Horace Greeley d.cd soon a
it, but had i t ***:3
would have been thoug:?.'.
nection with the Democratic leadership
Since 1904 Judge Parker has apP1"4
himself to tho practice of hi? pr'f-"?*
sion. Politics has had sn'a'1 claiM oa
him, and he has not been pursued *'*t"
otTers of nominations or of o.'hcc.
Governor Cox takes hi.j placo amontr
? the badly beaten men, and none of thv%
ever came back. _,
Heywood Broun

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