Newspaper Page Text
&tt? IJotk 3fr Umn?
First te Laut?the Truth: News?Edi? torials?Advertisements tfjpaeer of to? Audit Bureau of Circulation? e ? . ... ?. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 182* Owned and published dally by New York Tribune tae.. a New York Corporation. Ofden Re?d. Pretl. ?hat: O. Temor Rogers, Vice-President; Helen ?men R?M. Secretary; R 1C. Mufteld. Tmeurer. ??drew. Tribune Building, 154 Nmmu Street, New Yelk. Telephone, Btekman 3?09. ttJBSCRIPTION RaTES? ny mall, including Pcetaie. IN THK TJNITKU STATES. One Bit One By Mall. Peetpald. Year. Month?. Month. Daily and Sunday.112.09 $8.0? ?1.0? On? week, 35c. ?ally enly. 10 00 5 00 .8S One week, 30c Sunday enly. 4.00 2 2$ .40 Sunday only, Canada. 6 00 S.2? .55 FOREIGN RATES Cally and Sunday.?21.00 $11.80 $3.40 Ball? only...,. 17.40 $.10 1.45 Sunday enly. ?75 (.1$ ,$l stetere? at tte Pofetf.ee at ??ew York a? Beoend Clan Wall Mauer. Yen can porch?? mri-chantf!?? ?d??rtlt?e to THE TRIBUNE with akMlute iaf?ty?far If dlttatiifae ties retult? In ?ny ca?e THE TRIBUNE ?uarattt??? te pay yeur meney back upon requeet. No red tapa. Ne ?ulbhlln?. Wt mak? ???? premptly If thi eiwtiier de?? net. MTMBCTt OF TOR ASSOCIATED PRK8S Tb? AMOdated Pre?? Is exclu?l??iy entitled to th? ?j? for repiibllcatloa ot all new* dlspetehee aredlted to it or not other*!?? credited in thi? papgr, and ?lie the local iievra of ?pontaneeu? origin ?uh liahed herein. All right? of republleatlea of all ether matter ??rein alio er? renewed. A Speedy Vindication During the recent political cam? paign it was alleged on one side and denied on the other that the League of Nations, without referring the matter to the peoples of the several nations, couid recruit an internation? al army and dispatch it on missions which, though not directly warlike, might easily lead to war. Which contention was correct is answered from Geneva. The league is to dispatch an armed force to Vilna to supervise the plebiscite or? dered to be held there by the league council on the question of whether the Vilna district is to be Lithuanian or Polish. If the plebiscite is regu? larly conducted and its result accept? ed the army will be one merely of observation; otherwise it may be an army of action. The armed force is to be composed of contingents furnished by Great Britain. Frunce, Belgium and Spain. The authorization for the dispatch of the several contingents, it would seem, comes exclusively from the ex? ecutive departments of the various governments concerned. There is no pretense < f going beyond secret meetings of cabineta for authoriza-? lion. What would our government do were it an unreserved member of the league when a case similar to that of Vilna arose? Would our ex? ecutive department assume the power to join in the policing expedi? tion or would ii say that Congress must first be consult? d? Little doubt exists as to the an? swer that must he returned. A Pres? ident would set first and consult afterward. This was the course pursued when our troops helped make up the international expedition to Peking. It was the course pursued when President Wilson landed forces at Vera Cruz. Anything short of express war a President assumes the right to do, and he judges when there is formal war and when there is not. He can put the country in I Buch a position that it cannot well j back out if war comes. So conclusive evidence is present? ed that those who said a President could in effect put us into war did not deceive. Those who asked for a reservation limiting his power if there was to be respect for the spirit as well as the letter of the Constitu? tion have been vindicated by the first considerable act of the league. If President Wilson were repre? sented at Geneva, with the powers conferred on him by an uncondition? al ratification of the covenant, one can easily imagine that he would have decided that duty and manifest destiny called on him to send our sol? diers to Vilna and that he was the sole judge of the necessities of the case. He would have pointed out, not without force, that to wait to consult Congress would effectively prevent us from aiding in meeting a crisis. The French Recovery The cold facts and figures fur? nished by the French commission concerning the rehabilitation of France since the invader left her soil have tho warmth and color of romance. Fifty years ago, following a for? mer visit of the German horde, France, the vitality of her people breaking all the bonds of adverse circumstance, achieved a miracle of recovery. Paying a crushing in? demnity long before due instead of squealing that she couldn't, her un? conquerable people amazed the world by their energy and thrift. Within the last two years, burdened by the consequences of a vastly greater disaster, they have surpassed their foreign record. The story that Is told is one of reopened factories, of resumed agri? culture, of a new merchant marine, of mines once again operated, of re? established foreign trade and en? larged revenue.. The Germans left 7,000,000 French acres a desert pitted and scarred with shell holes. All but 280,000 of these acres will be in crops next spring. The textile in? dustry, dead two years ago, is now ojparating ai nearly 90 per cent of capacity. The merchant tonnage is now approximately the same as be? fore the war. Coal production is now at the rate of 30,000,000 tons a year, against about half of this two years ago. During the first nine months of 1920 France trimmed 7,000,000, 000 francs, compared with the same months of 1919, from her adverse balance of trade. Her freight car loadings are now 35,500 cars a day, against 21,000 In May last. The public revenues, for the first nine months of 1920 have exceeded the revenues for the samo months in 1919 by $3,500,000,000 francs. This inventory of progress is lyrical in its items. It shows what : a great people can do when its will is enlisted. For what France has done she has don? practically with? out help. Intact and unravaged Germany thus far has successfully dodged payment of the debt justly | due from her and which she has pledged herself to meet. With her own hands, though one-half her man power was either gone or crippled, France has done the work of rehabilitation. Her accomplish? ments are such as rather to shame the peoples which have grumbled excuses for their sloth. Non-Moving Goods In these columns, from time to time, issue has been taken with the Federal Reserve Board on some of its policies; it has handled both in? flation and deflation badly. But the assertion now made in some quar? ters, namely, that because bank loans have not come down with prices the system has wholly failed, seems un? just. The failure of loans to come down with prices is due to two things over which the board has no con? trol; the first is that contraction in prices must always precede contrac? tion in loans by a considerable time; the second is that on this occasion the liquidation of goods has proba? bly not been as great as many sup? pose. Even at the low levels now prevailing in many commodities, foods are not moving, or are moving slowly. In many cases goods are ? still in the hands of those who held! them before prices were slashed;! the owners, being unable to sell, have, of course, been unable to liquidate their loans to an important extent. Not until retail prices are such | as to stimulate demand sufficiently to move stocks, thus opening the j way for purchases from the manu-1 facturers and wholesalers, will this I deadlock be broken. The Whole Above the Parts I The Interstate Commerce Commis- ? sion has denied the power of the j New York State Public Service Com- j missions to maintain discriminatory \ intrastate passenger rates. When ! the railroads operating in New Yofk adjusted their freight rates to cor- ; respond with the new interstate j schedules our two commissions of? fered no objection. They couldn't well undertake to dissociate intra? state charges from prevailing inter? state charges, because of the vast confusion in business and trans? portation which such a dissociation would have produced. But they held out for separate, state-controlled rate?, on passenger, milk, baggage and Pullman car traffic Congress and the Federal courts have been wrestling for many years with the problem of divided juris- ! diction over transportation. There are forty-eight states. Are there to be forty-eight different forms of state control, all conflicting with Fed? eral control and, in the case of neigh? boring states, conflicting with one 1 another? Selfish interest led some j states to make rates hampering traf- i ! fie across state lines, thus defeating i in a measure the freedom of inter- i course within the Union which the j framers of the Constitution had in ? ? view. The Shreveport and Min- j nesota rate cases hinged on this sort of interference. In those cases the : courts went a long way toward ac ' cepting the nationalistic theory that i no state should impose local rates i ; which in effect discriminated against interstate commerce, Tho Interstate Commerce Com I mission now holds that the intra? state .passenger rates kept in force here injuriously affect interstate op- \ erations. It cites the fact that they \ ! tend to defeat the purpose of Con- ! gress to maintain the railroads on a basis of efficiency by depriving them cf earnings amounting to between i $11,000,000 and $12,000,000 annu- ! ally. New York seeks, in effect, to | avoid paying her fair share of the I cost of operating the railroad Bys- I terns as a whole. The commission also notes the fact that passengers i over the New York Central from ! this city to Buffalo pay $1.11 less | fare than passengers who use a rail- i road running for a part of the way outside the state's boundaries. State rights and the spirit of par? ticularism are challenged because i they interfere with the fair regula- ! tion of the whole volume of traffic, j It was undoubtedly the purpose of j Congress in the Esch-Cummins law ? to root out such interference, which is usually obstructive, and, if at tempted by all the forty-eight states, | would greatly retard the unification of railroad operations. Tho public advantage is served by intelligent, unified control, and the : Federal government is the only j agency through which such control j can be/exercised. State right? and Federal rights undoubtedly clash in this controversy. But judging from the Supreme Court's decision in the prohibition amendment suits, Fed? eral rights are the more likely to be sustained. Both in the matter of sound regulation and of constitu? tional policy the commission has courageously accepted the implica? tions of the broader nationalistic doctrine. Do It To-day Although more than half the allotted time has expired, collections for the Red Cross have reached only one-quarter of the $400,000 hoped for in New York County. Perhaps the small amount of the contribution is because, now that the war is over, people fall to realize that the American Red Cross still functions, not only in reconstruc? tion work in Europe, famine-ridden China and war-racked Russia, but right here at home. The peace pro i gram in New York City includes aid to veterans and their families, especially where the War Risk In? surance and Vocational Educational bureaus are unhappily slow in oper? ating; preparation for sudden disas? ter, and the establishment of health centers in congested sections. The work of these health centers alone is especially commendable. There are seventy-fivo of them, where mothers may take their chil? dren for examination and treatment when necessary. Here, too, the vari? ous health activities of the neigh? borhood cooperate for greater effi? ciency. Fees may be paid or not paid, as the financial condition of the mother may warrant- The com? munity spirit is deepened, because a common bond is developed in the efi'ort to lift the standard of child health. Do not wait for the Red Cross col? lector. Send in your annual sub? scription of $1, or whatever more you consider your share, and do it to-day. Teasing the Mayor Mayor Hylan continues to give tes- ! timony under high emotional pr?s sure. He has the explosive habit, j The Hylan brand of TNT has been j made familiar in letters, speeches, j epithetical exchanges at the. meet- j ings of tho Board of Estimate, and Apportionment and, once more, on the witness stand. Most of his bombs ave "duds," however. He threw one at Mr. Enternder on Thursday which went dead, for the Lockwood committee inquisitor has been able to show at once by his own correspondence with Hylan that he i hadn't been working for increased ', subway fares. Why is bis honor so overwrought? , He keeps saying to his tormentor: ? "You're not going to put anything over on me. If you've got anything, produce! produce! The quicker the i better." Is there a haunting fear in the back of the witness's mind that other Hylan letters are tucked away in the Lockwood committee's box? A bomber who is waiting for a real ! bomb to explode in his neighborhood : gets nervous and impatient. Sup- j pose that there is another letter ex- j tant like that which Hettrick gave the Mayor and the latter made his own without a quiver and then sent to the Board of Education. This document was curiously missing in the correspondence which Mr. Hylan read on the stand. Afterward it i came to light. Possibly the Mayor suspects that : Mr. Untermyer's locker is stocked ? with more explosives. It is cruel to ; prolong the agony of a witness who would feel like a new man if he j knew definitely that there was noth- I ing worse to come. Is there a glee- | ful premeditation in Mr. Untermyer's deliberate methods? Suspense is dra? matic. But it is hard on the victim of the dramatist's art. Curing Heartbreak When Bernard Shaw is artist he \ is a great reformer. When he turns j outspoken reformer he stirs a world of dust but gets nowhere. Which is to say that the only reforming that. accomplishes is that creative criti-! eism which does not attempt to raze existing customs and rebuild a new ' and ideal structure but which sim? ply pushes a little further out knowledge of ourselves, thus en? abling us to add a millimeter to our i stature?perhaps. Both Shaws are in "Heartbreak House." Some critics have urged every one to read the preface before : seeing the play. Poor advice, this, ; for all the Shaw prefaces represent Shaw the didactic, the Utopian. There is plenty of entertainment in these writings. If only all preach? ing were equally brilliant and amus? ing! But the other Shaw, the ! dramatic artist who can create "Can- j dida" and the waiter in "You Never | Can Tell" and Captain Shotover in | "Heartbreak House"?one of the j nwst gorgeous of all the Shaw crea- j tions?has something far better than j any preachments to present. Here is I life itself in its essences and signifi cant elements. These characters have eternal truth to enact before one. What they say and do is un forgettable, and their art should cer? tainly not be clouded or distorted by j Marxian sermons, even though writ? ten by the same brilliant hand that gave these characters life. By reason of its preface "Heart? break House" has been rightly criti eized. In it speaks the Shaw who did all he could do dull the Allied bugles calling to battle?who, like so many other intellectuals, was unable to feel the instinctive moral issue ol the Great War because of the theo? ries spun ahput it. But to see the play is to draw a far different im? pression, full of poignant truth. It is to see portrayed with the hand of genius that peculiar heedlessness and indifference which is so grave a symptom in modern England and which Americans can recognize in their land as well. Fantasy, alle? gory, is the method in part; a strange, nightmarish sense of un? reality flows from the exaggeration. But the total impression left by the satire, its characters, its drama, is clear and unforgettable. Granted that Shaw has overdrawn his case to make his point, there are too many heartbreak days in every na? tion of the world to deny his main thesis. We have only one quarrel with the lines of the play. That is its moral as put into the mouth of Cap? tain Shotovcr. When the young wasters of the play, ask him, in that last scene, when the heavens fall, what they shall do to save England, he replies "Study navigation." Well, charting the course of a nation is not as simple as this phrase sounds. Would we be any better off if we studied Marx on world navigation, for instance? Not if the wreck of Russia has any moaning. The true lesson of the play, and it is wholly implicit, is not to study navigation but to mind one's job, we should say. If every man did his duty there would be no difficulty in saving the ship that is England?or the ship that is America. "Live, work, play your part," is the one answer to heartbreak and the one way to avoid disaster, according to Shaw the artist. Letters to the President To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: There must be many thousand* of devoted adh?rents of President Wil? son who regret that they were unable to join in the demonstration of loyalty tt? him at Washington November 4. We read of how he was brought in his wheel-chair to the east portico of the White liou.se and sat in silence, watch? ing tivj thron?; that gathered on the lawn to testify to their faith in the Leacue of Nations, and to the great leader who for It has foup-ht the (.rood fight, even down to the gatea of death. Many other men and women the country ever must, long to give expres? sion to their affection for Mr. Wilson and )iis idea's. Would it not be a fit? ting and acceptable tribute i?' they Would write brief letters to the Tres i (?eut-., assurances of fidelity to what he stands fer and the ultimate triumph of his a \m s ? These are dark and disheartening i';:yi, when he. must crave sympathy and affection a^ never before. He ?.* hroken in health, cut off from compan? ionship, uncomplaining, unconquered and unconquerable, a noble but tragic figure. Will not the readers of The Tribune who revere and honor hint pay their personal tribute, write to him what is in their hearts, let him know tiie affection and admiration which he has inspired in I hem? To give the proposal a more definite shape, I would suggest that the letters be sent as Thanksgiving Day messages. AN UNDAUNTED IDEALIST. New York, Nov. 10, 192!). When Can the Business Woman Shop? To the Editor of The Tribune. .Sir: May I not, through the columns of your paper, enter a plea for the business woman shopper? As the present shopping hours, 9 to 5, are practically the same in all offices, the business woman finds it very difficult to crowd her buying into the Satur? day afternoon crush or the feverish noon hour. Would it not be possible for the shops, at least during the Christmas rush, to open an hour earlier and close an hour earlier? This would give business people a chance to do more shopping in less time, relieve the Saturday strain on both salespeople and shoppers and lessen tho congestion of the morning and evening crowds in tho various avenue? of travel. A BUSINESS WOMAN. New York, Nov. 18, 1920. At the Navy Club To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Allow me to correct the er? roneous impression created by my latter in to-day's Tribune to the effect that donations are desired for the Thanksgiving dinner and entertain- I ment for enlisted men, to which j wounded from the nearby hospitals | v/ill also be invited. The donations are desired in order that men in the hospitals who have no ! other pleasant, homelike place to go j may be entertained at the club with the regular enlisted men. These al- j ways prefer paying for their food. E. K. HAMILTON (Mrs. W. H. Hamilton),! Vice-Pre?ident The Navy Club. New York, Nov. 18, 1920. Thanksgiving at Fox Hills To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Through your paper I wish to ! make an appeal ta the public who still ! remember our boys for donations of j turkeys and vegetables and cash con-: tributions, to make possible a joyous, real Thanksgiving Day for our boys ! at Fox Hills Hospital, Staten Island, : N, Y. Also volunteers to entertain. Let not this day pass with the neglect j and forgetfulness of Armistice Day A prompt response will be appreciated. ' Send all communications to: MRS. R. DE MILLE BROWN, j President, Veteran Association of Women War Workers. No. 68 Montague Street, Brooklyn, Not. 18, 1920. The Conning Tower TO ANNIE, GONE BUT NOT FORGOTTEN It's weeks since you left our at? tractive abode? The reason you went I've for ? gotten. I recall that you couldn't cook beef ? la mode; I remember your pastry was rotten. Your bacon was soft and your steaks overdone; Your coffee was bitter and muddy; The muffins you baked averaged ten to the ton, And never a cookbook you'd study. And yet you were gentle, dear Annie, and kind. I wept when you told us you'd leave us, For cooks from the country aren't easy to find? (You came from Cohoes or Schenovus). That $3.25 on my telephone bill Was a long distance call, and you made it To get your new job. . . ? I'm a sport, but I will Admit that I winced when I paid it. Readers who continue to ask us to reprint A. A. Milne's "From a Full ! Heart" may be glad to know that they j may find it in "The Book of Humorous Verse," Miss Carolyn Wells's new compilation. In it also they will find, in the category "Immortal Stanzas," the first of the "To Be Continued?" pieces, by Julian Street and James Montgomery Flagg, published eight or nino years ago in this Dragnet of Delusciousnesa. It follows: Said Opie Read to E. P. Roe: "How do you like Gaboriau?" "I like him very much indeed," Said E. P. Roe to Opie Read. Also there are Catherine M. Fan shawe's "An Imitation of Wordsworth," many poems from Gelett Burgess's out-of-print "A Gage of Youth," Ar? thur Macy's "The Rollicking Mastodon" and, as the Society Reporter has it, many others. Conspicuous omissions are any selections from Edwin Meade ' Robinson, Edmund Vance Cooke, Thomas A. Daly, Sir Arthur Quiller i Couch, J. C. Squire, and Ring W. i Lardner. Bui, even so careful an eye as Miss Wells's? or is it the eye of the Doran proof render? ?-permitted Harry Par? sons Tabcr, John Dreyden, and Sttick land W. Gillinar.. Vital Statistics Sin Tho Society for tha Investigation of the Causes ui* Domestic Infelicity Amone the Bourgeoisie, in its preliminary report, an? nounces that in 383 cases out of 39'"> the trouble started with thin remark: "May i borrow your fountain pen for a few ?niiiutes-, dear?" TotOHoN H?ii.?. Secretary, S. I. C. I). !. A. B. In twenty-eight cases out of twenty r-.ine the proceedings were instituted shortly after "Can't you read a paper without separating it?" The Diary of Our Own Samuel Pepy? November 18?Early up, and to the office in my petrol-waggon, it being a fine fair day, and H. Canby to lunch? eon, and so to G. Tyler tho theater manager, and drove him to his house, ? he talking of books and how lie liked "The Age of Innocence," which I have finished reading, and think a great book, and lie thought so, too. So home, and wrote until dinner, very I fair, our new Scandinavian handmaid being out and my wife cooking the dinner. At my desk all evening, save ? for two tunes on the flute?"Believe j Me, If AH Those Endearing- Young : Charms" and "Two Little Girls in | Elue." 19?To the office, and thence to the chyrurgeon's to take my wife home, : she weary and ill with an operation i upon hor nose, poor wretch, and dis? trait, nor can I blame her, forasmuch as she hath had more ill-fortune than any other person I know, yet bears all more bravely than I should do. Stopped home for a stew of oysters, and so to the office again, where till late at my stint. Anybody who wants to know the difference between art and something made to sell might compare Mrs. Whar ton'g "The Age of Innocence" with Mrs. Rida Johnson Young's "Little Old New York." A Martian, if he could be ad? mitted without question to the New York Public Library^ could absorb enough in four days' reading to equip him with stuff enough to write the "atmosphere" contained in "Little Old New York/' but the atmosphere of 1870-1880 New York in "The Age of! Innocence" is something only an artist I of high gifts can attain. When Arnold ! Bennett once said that "Aurora Leigh" was the only first class novel ever writ? ten by a woman, we didn't challenge him, though we meant to put forward a vote for May Sinclair's "The Divine Fire." And now we beg to add "Miss Lulu Bett," "Ethan Frome," and "The Age of Innocence." It is suggested that if Miss Zona Gale's "Miss Lulu Bett" be preceded by a curtain raiser, its leading woman be Marion Sunshine. Suggested, it is equitable to add, by Miss Harriette i Underbill, whose desk is only a stone's throw from here. And, observes S. R. R., if only Wil? liam Winter might write the critique! "With 'Meeca' at the Century," Sigtvor Caruso writes Dear Morris* ?est, "one need not leave New York I to visit Egypt." The war, as somebody ; has said, certainly has done things to the map. Pesqueira Says News Has Been Dis? colored.?Evemail headline. Not !ong ago he &aid it was colored. There's no pleasing some folks. P. P. A. Is the Melting Pot a Fallacy? True Amalgamation Held Impossible When Race, Language and Religion Differ To the Edltor of Tho Tribune. Sir; The writer of "A World In a fog," in The Tribune of Saturday, No? vember 13, will find this Inquiry mont convincingly answered In two recent books, The Passing of the Great Race, by Madison Grant, and The Rising Tide of Color, by Lothrop Stoddard, both acknowledged authorities on race prob? lems. Briefly, the Colonial stock in this country was probably the finest which nature has evolved Bince the classic Greeks. It was tin* pick of the Nor? dics of the British Isles and adjacent regions of the European continent, im? migrants who were largely exiles for conscience' sake, when Immigration was so difficult and hazardous that only persons of courage, initiative and strong will power would voluntarily face the long voyage overseas to a life of struggle in an untamed wilderness haunted by savages. Only the racially fit ordinarily came, while the few unfit were mostly weeded out by tho exact? ing life. Nature vouchsafed to America the greatest opportunity In recorded his? tory to produce a powerful and racial? ly homogeneous people, and had pro? vided a pure race of one of the most gifted and vigorous stocks on earth, free from physical and moral diseases which have again and again sapped the vigor of older lands. Our grandfathers threw away this opportuity In the bliss? ful ignorance of national childhood and inexperience. The number of great names which America produced at the beginning of its national life shows the high level of ability possessed by this relatively small people. With our hun? dred-odd millions we have no such out? put to-day. For nearly seventy years after the Revolution immigration was. small and the Colonial stock began to | display the traits of a genuine new type, harmonious and rich in racial promise. Perhaps the best feature of this national American race was it3 strong idealism. Modern Immigration In the late '40s of the last century modern immigration began. Famine in Ireland drove thousands to our shores ! and this cheap labor -vas the first step j in degrading domestic service. Since then over 19,000,000 immigrants, many of them the sweepings of southern and i eastern Europe, have deluged our : shores and are still coming, a menr.ce to the very existence of our race, ideals and institutions. We are told i that they spurn domestic service and seek high wac.es in factories, hotels ? and restaurants. All our slow'.y ac quired balance has been upset, physical, mental and ?piritual. Raymond Fosdick has just published j a report from the Bureau of Social Hy giene giving the results of exhaustive i j studies of police conditions in America, i .Startling figures compare crime in , | America and Great Britain: London, in : ?1910., with a population of 7,250,00o1 ._ ,. had 9 murders; Chicago, one-third tho size of London, had 105, or nearly twelve times as many as London in thn same year. Chicago, with its 2, 600,000 people, had twenty more mur? ders than the whole of England and Wales together, v/ith their 38,000,000. New York City, in 1916, had six times the number of homicides that London had. In 1915 St. Louis had eleven times as many as Liverpool, which is about the same size. In burglaries New York had eight times as many as al? England and Wales in 1915. Chicago had 532 more than London and in 1917 3,450 more. The prevailing burglary Insurance rates are from fifteen to twenty times higher than in the principal cities of Eng? land. Even more startling are the statistics of robberies. New York, in 1915, re? ported 138, where London had 20, and other American cities, like St. Louis, Cleveland and Detroit, had about the same proportion to popula? tion. Our Excessive Crime Rale Thefts of automobiles are much more prevalent in, America. In 1919 New York had 5,527, London 290 and Liver? pool 10. These are only a few samples of statistics given. Mr. Fosdick discusses the relation of our heterogeneous population to our excessive crime rate and concludes that in America it is greatly augmented by the presence of unassimilated or poorly assimilated races, although other causes contribute. (With all its kindliness and good nature there is a strong strain of violence in the temper of our communi- ? ties and we lack a sense of the dignity ] of obedience to restraint for the com- J mon good.) Biology has taught us the value of heredity; Mendeiian laws have given us. ' variations of types; we know that tht lower the race the higher the birth rate, nnd both history and experience prove that immigration of lower races gradu- i ally develops restlessness, confusion, lowering the standards, ideals and birth rate of the higher type, fewer men of genius and able leadership. This means a loss to the whole world. It is quality j of race, not quantity, from which the ; world is suffering. There is no greater fallacy than the shibboleth of the "melting pot." True amalgamation is not possible where race, language and religion differ. The short? sighted idealism which seeks to make America a refuse for the poor and op? pressed of all lands is fatal to the solidarity and development of the higher ; types of races, those which can best aid i the whole world. Even to-day one-half of our population is of the old stock, and we can s-:!l be a great people if we, will it so, but immigration must at all : cost be stopped and opportunity given to stabilize our ethnic being. If Amer? ica is not true to her own race-sou! she will inevitably Jose it. A. D. New York, Nov. 18. 1920. I The Circumscribed Doctor Unable to Do Anything Without a . Report or Permission ! To the Editor of The Tribune. ! Sir: The requirements for a medica'. : ??egree have rightly been made more ? rigorous, but in this era of high costs two to four years of academic work, tour years of medical training and one year of interneship cannot do other? wise than limit the material available for prospective M. D.'s, taking into ac? count tho greatly increased cost of equipment for beginning practice. But I believe there are other reasons, also. Unfortunately for the practitioner, ? a medical diploma no longer means what i it says. Not to-day is he given "Insignia ct Decora, Jura et Privilegia Omnesque : Honores et Utilitatos quae aut hie ' aut ubique gentium ad eundem Gradum ; evectis conced? soient." On the contrary, ; the general practitioner is so hedged j about with restrictions, gradually mul tiplying, that about all the activity left ! to him is that of an agent for the re- j fc-rring of cases to this or that specialist : or hospital, as his judgment or prejudice may dictate. ] The Federal government compels him ! to keep a strict and accurate account of j every fraction of a grain of narcotic | i used in his practice, with a special li- ? ; cense i another fee) for permission to i ! dispense and prescribe the same. He is : thus restricted and taxed for the privi- i | lege of relieving suffering. The same : i authority also requires another special ' license for prescribing alcohol, with very ? ? strict requirements for accurate data ! j in every case. One pint in ten days is \ the limit, a rule unchanging as the laws ; of the Modes and Persians. It would \ seem that if a patient suffering from j pyaemia or pneumonia needs one pint ' his condition is so desperate that he will need more in a few days, but it is ab? solutely prohibited. In ten days the next pint may possibly relieve the mourning friends, but hardly the patient. In this state there are thirty-five: diseases, ranging from chickenpox and ? mumps to smallpox and cholera, which the'doctor is compelled to report to the State Department of Health within twenty-four hours. In addition, there are other restric- \ tions practically imposed by various specialist organizations. The time seems coming, if it is not already here, when a : simple surgical operation is forbidden the practitioner unless he is a member of a powerful surgical organization and ' on a hospital stiff. The hospital staff, in j many of tho smaller hospitals at least, i is appointed by a hoard of laymen, and lortunate is the practitioner indeed who has the skill (and influence) to se? cure an appointment thereon. As you suggest, perhaps greater pub? lic aid to medical education may be the only solution of the problem of the ; shortage o? doctors, but I am inclined ; to believe that a fair field and no favor in the medical profession of to-day would also be a factor wortis considera? tion. H. FRANK MOORE, M. D. Beth?!, Conn., Nov. 18, l?'20. ? ? & Here's lo the Dog! With Reflections Upon the Untrulh of Language To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I have been listening with inter? est to the protests against any attack on the dog which are being voiced through your coiumns. How can any one who knows dogs dislike them? Who that has had a dog friend can indict his species? It has always been a mystery to me why it is a reproach to call a man a "dog" or a "hound." Oi all the dogs I have known intimately?and from my earli? est recollection we always had two and often four around the house?none ever . exhibited the qualities a man must ex- j hibit in order to be styled a "dog." ; Faithful, loving, never intrusive, al Ways quiet and obliging, willing to do what you want him to do and never talking back, asking only the satisfying ! of the simplest needs, true to death and beyond it, how often do you see a dog at whom you might cry "You yellow human being! " If I don't stop I shall begin telling you about Snow and Daniel Webster Webb for short) and Dusty and all the others. But when we build our houso in th? country, the most im- : portant thing to my husband and me ij a fireplace and the next a dog?a ? col?e or a water spaniel or a Boston bull?to lie in front of it. We don't i own any here, for it's a cruelty to a real dog (we don't want a powder puff) ', to house him in a city flat. And, by the way, don't all of you who love dogs, or love to read about them, ! enjoy Albert Payson Terhune's dog ; stories? I have just finished one he \ has in the December People's Maga pine. Here's to the dog! LILLIAN DEPEW. New York, Nov. 18, 1920. Woman, Dog and Hickory Tree To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I have been interested In the i letters appearing relative to our best ! friend, the dog. In "Hats Off to the J Dog" the writer says, "Treat him half- I way right and he will give you all his ! love and devotion," but the average j dog gives his love and devotion to j folks who ill-treat him. The more | unkindly he is treated the more faith- ; ful he. is. I love dogs. I have alwaj'3 had a j dog in my home until a year or two i a.go. The reason I have none now is ? that we loved our last dog too much to have another. We had to chlero- | form him, and it was like putting one of our own out of the way. Ho is, indeed, man's best and most faithful friend and infinitely more in- '? telligent than many of the "dog ? haters." A DOG LOVER. New Brunswick, N. J., Nov. 18, 1920. ? A Nee?3ed Precaution (From The Philadelphia Inquirer) The army will now take steps to ar? rest Grover Bergdoll, In the event it gets him we hope it will turn him over to some other body tor safekeeping. Sea Power vs. Air Powq* When War Coma It Wi? C??> Through the Air To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In Tho New York Tribu* ? November 5 there appeared a signifies discussion of "Future Naval War* While the identity of your correijx,?!. ent is unknown to me, it |, tppMtw that he, like many In the navy, ha? n. proached the truth. The difficulty witt the navy, as I see it, lies not only *m the Secretary, whom "Quarterdeck"cri?, cizes by implication, but with si! tho? officers in the service who are mi or unwilling to perceive the ineviuu, position of dominion which aerial wir fare will assume within tha next ft* years. And even "Quarterdeck," who fores*. tho eventual extinction of the exiatia* $-10,000,000 super-dreadnoughts, fa?, short of the point when be states that "the fleet must at all times control^ completely control?the air above % self." And aiso where, after eiearly ?a. dicating his belief in the dominatioi of air power, he qualifies his positioj to such an extent as to deciars "h will be practically impossible for ob? nation to attack successfully the co?n of another nation," and, the ..-.-'ore, thai in our future pians we hare only t( think of offensive warfare. Of the three elements?earth, ocean air?the atmosphere is the only on. which can be navigated ever land o sea in one kind or craft. A bombing o battle plane or dirigible is as ntae a "warship" over Chicago ?a it is ore the Atlantic. It can do more danta? over New York City than over a ttt stationed in Pacific waiers. To the si force of the future every city, ever dreadnought, transport or tramp stetn er is a point of possible attack; thei is no "protected interior" to the a force. It would be as impossible for navy, as such, to control the air ovi land as it would be for an army < ?and to control the re overtl sea. The IS'exl War When the next war comes the enei will attack through the a:r, and he w not be looking particular y for the na at sea or the army mobilized; he ? be looking for our centers of popu tion, our manufacture.;; centers, ? transportation centers, and, if we've) it, for our air force, am! if we do i have an air force that can meet ti attack, our army and navy will note' mobilize, much less fight. But dealing specifically with "Quart deck's" discussion of the situation the Navy Department: There is to-< no aviation division :ri the N'avy ! partment. No flying officer of the ni occupies an administrative or execul position in the department. The men in charge of the Navy partment believe that surface si constitute our first line of defense, of their training, thought, energy ambition is directed toward justifj their opinion. Their principal int?: in aviatfoti lies in the o!d belief I its usefulness is limited te being auxiliary to ships?a relief thatexii before the war and which the knocked into a cocked hat as rap as aircraft were developed and usec Aerial warfare has made every sqi foot of our territory, and territt waters "coast line" or "frontier." is just as necessary to prepare for defense of Pittsburgh from aircrai it is to prepare for the defens Long Island or Hampton Roads 1 hutt.ieshins. A Department of Aviation It is not fair to expect that the navy, an organization that has beer, devel? oped for the express purpose jf waging war upon the sea, can accept the poni bility of this new force eventuallydri* ing warships o?r the water, thus mik? ing it possible for an enemy to invad? any part of our country from the air. An organization that necessarily must deny this possibility in order to justify its existence is not capable of developing the new arm. If we havead?? partment of aviation, charged with th? responsibility of developing an air force that can defend all parts of our ter? ritory from an air attack, such a de? partment will set about the develop? ment of aircraft designed not only t? meet enemy aircraft und destroy the?, but, working from a land base, to go after battleships of an enemy, its train port service and, if possible, its indus trial centers and land transportado? services and army concentration camps. This does not mean that the navy ii rapidly going out of business, althongl there are many indications that dread? noughts are rapidly going out of fssi ion. But as long as they exist it will be necessary for them to be protect? by aircraft for observation and de?en*1 of the fleet. Incapacity Supreme When war comes it will come throng? the air and it will come swiftly. If** are not prepared to meet it and destroy it, ward off subsequent air attack*, ** might as well quit. If w? cann?t "^ tain and hold control of the air ov?f our territory and territorial vtUtt our navy and our army will rot have* chance to mobilize, much less light, We need no demonstration of th? ??" solute incapacity of the Navy Dep?* ment to dictate our aviation policy be? yond the present lack of organizad?1 of naval aviation. The fact that wi? in a year after the termination of W* great war the Bureau of Naval **?* tion was dismantled ttnd that every -. ing officer of the navy was relieved ? executive authority should be and > sufficient evidence of the fact that tk? navy can not and will not appro*5' ?his subject in a manner permitting1 successful solution. Let the War Department snd ?* Navy have all the aviation they???* to work in conjunction with ?oM?j? and ?hips, the same as the army ? ^ ships (transports) and the navy ? soldiers (marines). But for ?**'."! sake, let's have an air force, organe' and ready to fight an enemy a:r io*** wherever they meet. Such an air ??*** will account for the enemy'* ?ire**** Ad * snd, if necessary, his navy ar irmy. But let us have an ai "AVI Naw York, Not. 10, WM.