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First to Last?the Truth: Now??Edi? torials?Advertisements Member o? Ih? Auillt Bureau o? Circulations FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 26. 1920 Owt.h1 and published daily by New TorX Tribun? ine... a New York Corp-iratlon. Ogctm Raid, Creel dart; G. Yernor Homers. Vice-president; Helen Rogers Reld, Secretary; R. K. Msifleld. Treasurer. Address. Tribune Building. IM Nassau Street, >>ew York. Telephon?, Beekman SPOO. KVBSCRIPTION RATES--BJ mill. Including reelage. l.N THE l.vm.'.i STATES One ^li One By Mall, Postpaid. Tea- Months. Month. Dally and S**nda>.$12.0? JiiOO fl 00 On? neck. Dally on.y. ISO? 5 00 .85 One week. 5iV. Fundey only. 4.Of ! 25 .40 Sund?y only. Canada. 6.00 8 75 .55 FOREIGN BATES Dally and Sunday.J2? 00 $13 30 $2 4? Dally only. 17? S 70 1.45 Sunday only. 9.73 5 12 .89 Entered at til? rns'nCffoe at New Tork as Second Class Mall Matter. Vnu can "MtrthMa merehandlie advertised In THE TRIBUNE will) absolute safety?for If dlssstlsfae (ion results In any caie THE TRIBUNE guarantee? te gay yeut money back upen request. No red tana. Ne quibbling. We make good promptly If I he sevsrtlser docs ret M EM BEB OF THE ASSnciATF.n THESS The Associated Pre? Is rv-luiiroly entitled to :lie rae for roa'. !i atton of aM> nmts dispatches credited to It or no*, other? .s?* credited In this paper. aid n \, ill- local news of spontaneous origin pub? lished ?."rein. All rlth-s of repuMicatlon of all other ma'ter herein aisu are reserved. The Two Irelands The great desire of liberal Eng? lishmen to do justice to Ireland and to remove all justification for Irish bitterness is illustrated by the speech of Viscount Grey on the Irish ques? tion. In view of this utterance by a man recently Great Britain's For? eign Minister and who in private life exercises great influence, it would not seem as if all England were filled with malignant hate of Ireland or that her only policy is to conquer and to oppress. Rather, it. would seem that there is eager? ness to do everything possible to ar? rive at a righteous settlement. Viscount Grey argues for autoi for Ireland equal to that enjoyed by the self-governing overseas British dominions and would have no im? perial troops maintained in Ireland, unless their presence was asked for. The practical weakness of the Grey plan, if it may be judged by an outsider, is that it fails to face a fact 11 : '. has v r< eked other Home Rule plans. 11 assumes that Ireland is a political unity and is inhabited by but one na1 ion. It is notori a political di sunil y and ; ; inhabited by two nations. < Ine nat n want ? independence, while the other would have closer com with Great Britain. Thus it is impossible to give self-determination to one Irish nation without denying it. to the other. Both of the !r: h nation;, though for contrary reasons, are opposed to the Lloyd George Home Rule formu? la. There is no evidence that they would unite in favor of the Grey formula. Indeed, it may be assumed that the less numei ous 1 rish na1 ion would m re bi1 x rly o] po c the < hey plan t han i; dot ?? th Lloj ?I ( ?eorge and ?1 is d mbl Cul whether the mme numerous Irish nation could be induced to favor it. No solution of the Irish question seems likely until all sidi agree cither to compromise or to abstain from claiming rights not conceded in full to the other side. As things now are, there ? eem< to ttle spirit of compromise, and Ulster invokes against South ' Ii*eland the principle of self-determination which South Ireland invokes against England. The Armenian Tragedy The net result of the League As? sembly's outburst of sympathy with Armenia is a call for some power to mediate between the Armenians and Mustapha Kemal. The United States is not excluded from the list of eli? gible mediators. This country was expected by the peace conference negotiators to accept a mandate for Armenia, and at the invitation of the Allied Council President Wilson is now drawing the boundaries of the Armenian state planned by the makers of the new world order. Meanwhile Mustapha Kemal's forces have entered Erivan, the cap ital of the circumscribed Armenian republic, which for the last two years has been leading 7? precarious ex? istence m Russian Armenian terri? tory. Any power now accepting the task of negotiating with the Turkish Nationalists must face the fact that Armenia has become again only a geographical term. Us territory l'as reverte?! to the Turks an 1 the Soviets. No power would care much to ac cepl a mandate for a nation which exists only on paper. Europe would be vastly relieved if the United States should offer to act as a guar? dian for the submerged republic. Congress declined to accept a man? date when there was still au Ar? menian government ami the Treaty of Sevres, confining the Turks t?i Anatolia, still seemed capable of en? forcement. The treaty has become a <i? ad letter, because Mustapha Kemal refu es to recognize it and there are no Alii rces available to compel hia submission. What Congress thought six months ago was too costly an ;. ri. ? ntu r America lias now become prohibitive, ?>ot only on account of the enormous expense of it but also because of ?listant international complication^ which couldn't be escaped fi m within 8 calculable period Unfortunately, the proposed break* ing up of the Turkish Empire hasn't j simplified the Near Eastern situa- | tion. The Western European pow- j crs still have conflicting interests in the eastern Mediterranean. Greece' was expected by them to act as a ; . ort of policeman there. Rut Greece ; has *R?fused the r?le assigned her. The Sevres treaty cannot march un? less there is a British-French-Ital? ian-Greek concert. If Greece draws out definitely, the Western powers i probably will have to fall back on the ; old Sick-Man-of-Europe policy, deal? ing with Mustapha Kemal as the patient instead of the Sultan. Where does this leave Armenia? It is a bitter*question ty those who hoped to see the curtain rung down on Armenia's long tragedy. The lat- j ter is beginning again. It can be ended only when the league is aroused by civilized opinion to use j adequate force to end it. The Rockefeller Gift Still holding tightly to the Bible doctrine that a rich man, with re? spect to his possessions, is a steward who must render an account, John D. Rockefeller has added $03,000,000 to the already great total of his gifts. In view of the confusion ener? getically introduced into many minds by recent miseducation it may not be without profit to consider for a few minutes the character of this trans? fer. Before it was made Mr. Ro? ke feller possessed, through owners! ip of this capital, a personal power to command, at $5 a day, the labor of 1 .'1.000,000 men working one day each. Now this power is designated to trustees who are authorized to apply the result of this work to the betterment of the condition of wom? en and children. Nothing is added to or taken away from the store of ex? isting wealth and capital. All that has been done is to segregate to a particular object a specified amount. Such donations are commonly spoken of as being for public pur? poses. They are, of course. But they mean withdrawal of support from other purposes which may be equally public. When a rich man re? tains possession and exclusive con? trol of wealth its income is seldom expended to promote private ends. When it goes to build a needed new factory, or railroad, or to dig new canals, or to any other great improv? ing work there is public benefaction. In a special case the question to be decided is whether the public need of amelioration funds is greater than the public need of creative enter? prises. At times in human history the philanthropic influence has been too strong and too great indulgence of it has brought harm. Witness the period of England when more than half the wealth of the count; y was under the control of institutions of beneficence. It became a social necessity to pass the statute against mortmain. Experience showed that in dead hands capital manifested too little enterprise and initiative. It surely would be a misfortune to this ry if the income of all exi ting wealth was dedicate:! to maintaining in titutions of religion, or education, or even of relief. In private hands enough must be retained to carry on and to help create more. Shallow thinking of radicals has been able to stigmatize profits to some degree and to make possession seem sinful, but the light is break? ing or.ee more into dark places, tl is or.ee again coming to be realized that the capitalistic system, notwith \ standing the abuses often marking it. is at bottom a scheme or plan by which the ablest, by working for themselves, at the same time work for all, and thus push the human race forward. Philadelphia's Police Troubles Xew York ha.-; its police troubles, 'ut they are not more acute than those of Philadelphia. Banditry reigns in Philly. Even m the hear! of the city, in business centers and i c: idential distrii ts alike, the tal" of ??ry and murder goes on. Rarely arc the crimina!*' caught. They ; ?rake their get-aways in the midst of crowds of paralvzed citizens and under the very eyes of the officers of i the law. The Director <>f Public Safety, James T. Cortelyou, a in-other of the former S< retary of the Treasury and for some years the very efficient thief inspector of the postoffi?e, has devised a comprehensive plan to I meet the emergency. He wants more policemen, and he particularly wai ts more automobiles and motorcycles for quick pursuits. He further pro I i es a system ?>f stations so ar i as t ) command all the chief thoroughfares, connected by electri? cal signals, in order that an alarm may at once be spread and the flee? ing I audits b.e intercepted at. stra ? tegic il po 'i he plan is ingenious, but dws not 'touch, the main difficulty?namely, that the police force of Philadelphia ! is, and has been for years, coi I by political bosses. Since the mag as are in most cases similarly controlled, the underworld is in little' danger of undue annoyance. The present Mayor, J. Hampton .Moore, took office as a reformer, but it. does appear that he has achieved any distinctive results in this direction, and his fulminations against boss "'; ] an regarded in some quar ( r as of the nature of heat light ring. He apparently lacks the de? termination tii take the police force 'out of pe litios at all cottft Maft fe? is no Ilylan, and demoralized Phila? delphia, not without hope and no longer contented with corruption, is pleading strenuously to him. Coal Trade Abuses Senator Calder is a man not given to radical theories or the advocacy of paternalistic legislation. When an investigator of his cautious tem? perament says that the coal industry ought to be subjected to Federal regulation it is safe to assume that there is a great deal the matter with that industry. Many other investigators have re pc ."ted that the coal industry is in? efficiently conducted?that it is over? manned, suffers from undue seasonal j lay-offs and over-abbreviated work? ing hours and is economically far be? hind the times. The Senator doesn't go into this broader question. But as the result of many committee hear- i inga he is satisfied that the machin- | ery of delivery is faulty and much j too.costly. He attributes most of the j present retail overcharges to profi- : teering and speculation and says ! that the operators who admit these evils haven't shown much zeal yet in the way of putting the industry back on a fair basis. Coal is a prime necessity. Time j and again the consumer finds his j supply short when the winter season opens. He has to pay a famine price '? for an article produced all the year j round. IIo can discover no reason- | aide relation between the price charged him and the price at the ? pit's mouth. He isn't able to under? stand why coal shouldn't be distrib- ; uted properly in the summer and early fall. The testimony collected by Senator j Calder points to an artificial disturb anee of the market for the purpose : of forcing up prices. We had a Fed- j eral coal board during the war, and ? its activities at least repressed gross ? extortion. It was put out of business last spring. Since then the lack of .'?.?m control from the outside has, been sadly felt. The Lever act is on j the statute book bui only a few; small-fry have ever been picked off i by the voluble talkers who have been ' enforcing it. The evils of the situ? ation need to be handled at the source, not sniped at from the out- : skirts. The public is weary of oeing bled by specuiative middlemen. If those who mine coal cannot ri?l themselves of these leeches Federal supervision may be a help to them. It could hardly make matters worse for the afflicted consumer than they have been recently. Fees of the Schools The radically minded Teachers' Union has authorized what it is 1 leased to call "a scientific investi? gation," or survey, of the working conditions of New York City teach? ers. To make certain the nature of the findings, Henry l?. Linville, pres? id? :,'. of the union, will make the sur? vey, lie announces he will resign January 1 to undertake the "investi ; ation." Expel ses will be borne by the several hundred members of the union, who will Brindellize monthly for a period ? !" three years. The union is not satisfied with the ? alary increases, amounting to 30 per cent, allowed by the* State Legis? lature, nor with general social con? ditions, of which its leaders are wont to voii e blatant disapproval. A .-.! number of its members are out-and-out Bolshevik sympathizers. Their secretary the next day after ; doption of the survey program de -lounced the Allies for maintaining a blockade against Soviet Rus.-.ia. Linville has revealed himself as a roost ardent advocate of the "com? ing social revolution," and it may he assumed that the "investigation" has for its ultimate object the spreading of propaganda among the leaching force and the city's 800, 000 school children. The Teachers' Union, which in no ? si can (.?'aim credit for the ad? vance in teachers' pay and the con fa quenl drawing back into the pro " on of many highly trained in? structors, is concerning itself with political matters. It is an agency ??!' a party. It is thus out of sym? pathy with one hose.- idea of the sysl em, which at all times is to be kept free of religious, racial and partisan prejudices. I A Moneyless Russia If our more or less highly esteemed ?ontemporary the Berlin Red Flag x- corn ctly informed, the dictator of Soviet Russia, on January 1 next, will issue a decree formally abolish oney. The root of all evil is to be torn up and cast into the revo? lutionary furnace. The symbol and servant of infamous capitalism is to exist no more, and "when our chil? dren ore grown [so runs the glad tidings] they will know money only by memory." If the decree is issued it will es? tablish nothing new?will merely recognize what already is. The peo? ple i f Russia have no money now? have not had money for a long time. First, the presses of L?nine printed millions of rubles, then billions, and at last accounts the output was in the trillions. The watering process has gone on so rapidly that now there is no flavor of money remain ing. Purchasing power, the essence of money, is gone. A peasant will not voluntarily trade a bushel of ! wheat for a bale of paper. The cur? rency is not current. It is no stand? ard of value, it is no medium of tffljffihr'i?" unless acceptance is ac celeratcd by a bayonet thrust. So it is not impossible that L?nine deems it time to end the joke. But though the L?nine rubles are | buried in the pockets of the last holders, Russia will not be entirely moneyless. The Bolshevist commis? saries, to the extent of their op? portunities, are getting hold of gold, of platinum, of jewels and of other portables. What they lay hands on they do not let go of except for an equivalent. To them that is money which does the work of money, and a moneyless millennium has no per? sonal attraction for them. To the Russian people money may already be chiefly a memory, but not so to their masters. Our First Line of Defense Aviation Has Succeeded the Navy in This Role To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In this very interesting ex? change of ideas with Quarterdeck it is well to bear in mind that the word I "defenses," as applied to dreadnoughts \ against aircraft, is relative, not abso? lute. The "defense" of a dreadnought against a Whitehead torpedo is its con? struction. If a submarine discharges a torpedo which strikes the dread? nought amidships and below the water line, several air-tight compartments of the ship, if left uninjured, may keep her afloat. And then again they may not, as was shown by several sinkings of British warships during the war. The additional defenses of a dread? nought against attacking aircraft are her anti-aireraft guns. How pitifully short of adequate defense these anti? aircraft guns are was constantly proved during the war. The authorities in charge of London home defense found j thats the land guns were practically j worthless against raiding aeroplanes. It is the opinion of men experienced I in war flying that anti-aircraft, guns ? are a futile, costly and unmilitary form ? of defense. The only absolute defense j against aircraft is?aircraft. But does i this go far enough ? Quarterdeck's logic is sound; his vision i.s admirable. The navy is no ! longer our first line of defense. Avia- j tion is; and we have not as yet de- j vcloped aviation; its surface is barely scratched. Picture an armada of dreadnoughts '?? with transports coming to attack us, ; moving at a maximum speed of thirty miles an hour across the ocean. Each transport carries 7,000 men, and each ! dreadnought cost $30,000,000. Our! aeroplane scouts, patrolling th ocean j at 200 miles an hour, sight the armada j fifty miles away. With radio, or wire-1. less telephone, our torpedo-carrying! aircraft are directed to meet the formidable armada. These torpedo carrying aeroplanes cost $30,000 in? stead of $30,000,000 each. Each aero? plane carries two men instead of 7,000. Each aeroplane carries beneath its j body a 2.400-pound torpedo, fashioned I to propel itself when launched from the aeroplane, and !o discharge itself like any submarine torpedo against the ! waterline of its target. What defense has the dreadnought against this small ! but powerful scorpion? Its anti-air? craft guns? Consider the difficulty of detecting' the torpedo-carrying aeroplane at the ! range of one mile! It flies low over. the surface. Only its thin-edged wings < form a visible line, in the center of < which is its heart, a target less than six feet square. It dodges, twists and turns. At a speed of 100 miles an hour it changes its position at the rate of 11,0 feet each second! From a do?en different directions a simultaneous attack is made. Over? head, far out of accurate range of the anti-aircraft guns, other aeroplanes are dropping deadly bombs upon the decks of the dreadnought. The ships' gun? ners are in for a busy day. Assume all twelve of the attacking 1 torpedoplanes are stopped by miracu ; lous shots. The gunners must destroy j 1,000 to balance the loss of a $30,000.000 i dreadnought! And even so, they have : destroyed but 11,000 airmen as against ! 7,000 lost on one transport! It this picture seems overdrawn, con-' : sider the chances of successfully re I pulsing an air attack made in the dunk ? ' -cning! At 300 yards the aeroplane ??oints its nose directly at its target. The torpedo is released by the pull of a lever and starts on its way, while the aircraft soars away again into the ob? scurity of night. From the viewpoint of economy, of swiftness and of deadliness, which , defense is mure worthy of cultivation by the United States, which is seeking instruments of defense, not offense: one $30.000.000 dreadnought or 1,000 torpedo-carrying aircraft costing the .same amount? L, L. D. New York, Nov. 22, 1020. Auto Census Called Absurd To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Something that seems to me toi be absurd is the current police inspec? tion of automobiles. No mechanical examination of any value could bo con- i ducted inside of an hour or two, und ; there are probably few policemen competent to make it, but I have not heard of a case where even a curs? ry mechanical examination was attempted. To suppose that such an inspection will prove helpful in finding stolen cars is ridiculous. After the cam? paign's plans had all been carefully published, even a thief would conclude thai he had better keep his car oft" the streets or get it out of the city by night. A small thing, but another evi? dence of thoughtlessness, is the fact that the makers of the pasters which certify inspection put the glu?* on the wrong side, so that either the paper must be fastened on the outside of the windshield, exposed to the rain, or else the driver alone may enjoy the privi ; lege of knowing that it is the original ? sup given by an officer of the law. Unquestionably the idea behind auto? mobile Inspection and supervision over decorations in public halls is praise? worthy and aimed for the public good, but can't we have the execution of the details guided in a less blundering nian ? ner? A WOMAN. 1 Brooklyn, Nov. 23, 1920. ' The ConningTower TTIR XT An OKPHANH' FKTE [The author acknowledged his Indebtedne*;* to Mr. Alfred Noyes] I rend I hat for th? fatherless And motherless of France, They grave a wild Venetian F?te, A Bacchanalian dance. . . I wonder what the orphans thousrht Of such a circumstance? The rooms of crystal and of gold Were heavy with perfume. There were bright costumes of brocade From many a busy loom. And champagne (towed from golden cup? In every flaming room. Gay dinners, served on (rolden plates, Were planned with special rare. One woman wore a comb of K?***? Within her raven hair; It cost?I cannot < i n i t e recall? But, more than any there. The folk of fashion did their bit To help a stricken world. The orchestra was loud with jazz, As long the dancers whirled . At midnight, near the coatroom door, There was a drunkard curled. Disguised beneath their wigs and paint, The men and women screamed, And shoved and pushed, and romped and roared. Like something one has drenmed . , This was the crowd that lately cried, "The world has been redeemed !" Then "breakfast" came at four o'clock . . . A whisky-sodden crew Went home in rosy limousines To sleep till after two . Thank God the orphans Over There, Thank God they never knew I Chasi.es Hanson Towns. Well, the artist who drew "The Greatest Mother in the World" poster wasn't, as printed herein, A. E. Faringer, but A. E. Foringer. The error is not ours, the compositor's, or the proof? reader's. It is the American Red Cross's. We telephoned the A. R. ('. and it was thus spelled to us. It is Mr. Brock Pemberton's notion that the cast of Miss Zona Gale's play might include John Flood. "And," of? fers Harriette Underhill, "Marguerite Snow." "Has a bid for the movie rights," asks J. J. R., "been entered by Emil Schauer?" The Perfect Servant ?/??ram // Samuel, 16; discovered by It. P. B.) And when David was a lit lie past the tali ?if the hil!, behold, Ziba, the servant of Mephiboseth, met him. with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bum-lies of raisin.;, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine. Old man Roget for some, and Funk & Wagnalls for others; but for G. II. YV. the rhythmic appeal lay in the math, textbook?it sounds like Hall & Knight to us. Thus: The product of a Constant and a Vari-? able is a Variable; And the limit of the product of a Constant and a Variable Is the product of the Constant and the. limit of the Variable. Our recollection of 1895, or ever the cadence of Miss Miilay's name kept us awake, this refrain?a nightmare of First Year Latin and Greek History and Plane Geometry?coursed through our little brain: Amo. amas, ama?; the Spartans isosceles triangles. Songs of the Stock F.xchonge Gather ye profita while ye may. The market still X . lumping, And those who give support to-day To-morrow will be dumping. Then sell your stock, nor be afraid, But while ye may, go do it; For having once but overstayed Ye may forever rue it. Minaret. On turkey, et cetera, they are dining, Who sold American Smelt and Refining. But over my corned beef hash I moan? I bought Columbia Graphophone. Wn.ua. After January 1 money is to be abol? ished in Russia, and our guess is that happiness will result. Where, frexamp, is a happier, more contented crowd than The Tower contribs? Although it is our belief that there | is too much genuflection in America to British authors, we think that if we ever should meet H. G. Wells or John Masetield we should swoon. ANNOUNCEMENT. ? Another novel, When a Fellow Needs a Friend, by Stephen Skepkowski, the fourteen-year old messenger hoy, will he printed \ herein to-morrow. Bandits Wanted in Minneapolis.?At ? lanta Constitution. Try The Constitution's war.t ads. In a Newark cobblery: "Reparation made until while you wait." THANKSGIVING PAEAN IN VERS LIBRE By <lur Own Franz ?mi Rintclcn (Con ted of coasj I lace. ?Ire h rail on .sin/'*: and senti ed to '??? uears ??????l tiLu months in the penitentiary i You muy rhapsodize about your turkey and cranberry sauce r.ml Other such things to be thankful for on this , Thanksgiving Day The view of football ?nmr?, and of laughing maidens with soft fur about ihtMi neck3 ; myopic revenue agent.?, the subsidence of election talk, gay company and song an<! merry quip and jest, And, oh, a host of such blessings ? But what are the.-?* compared with a Pardon ! A pardon, nicely engraved and properly sealed and witnessed, straight from Washington ! To onaase in joyou? plans to place bombs in ships- fine round black bombs tl-.a'., bursting into flame in mid-ocean, would set men an?l women leaping to death. To have the mind float blissfully in such visions?then to 'ne caught?to be sen? tenced by the courts of a cruel and cor rui : nation to four years and more of prison? But then to have friend.? the right sort of friend? ? in the right place 1 Freedom ! No more of looking out at Atlanta through barsl How 1 have got the laugh on old Debs ! A pardon 1 Oh, boy ! Locig G?ATKS. The s. of h. is, we believe, strong in Mr. Eugene V, Debs, so the chances are that his laugh, when he read about von Rintelen, echoed through the merry corridors of Atlanta Penitentiary. Perhaps it is as well that the Wall Street explosion still is a mystery. j Stationery for pardons is expensive. F. P. A. SOMETHING SEEMS TO HAVE HAPPENED TO OUR EXPORT TRADE 'Copyright, 1?20. New York Trlrm?-? in- * ?? / By OO?^S Heywood Broun "The trouble with you," said one of our newspaper friends, who i; more or ?ess addicted to this form of open- , ing, "is that your perspective's all wrong. You go orf your head about : this Moon-Face and Main Street in? stead of saying anything about The > Age of Innocence. There's a woman that knows her business. Her book's different. ["here's no flubdub about that." Edith Wharton does know her busi- : ness, but curiously enough we found that The Age of Innocence was in many respects strikingly similar to M? Calf and, to a greater ext Street. The fundamci ' i all three is the conflict between the ideal? ist and his environment. Sinclair Lewis has written of Gopher Prairie, but it is spiritual kin to the New York of the '70s about which Mrs. Whart n writes. Fifth Avenue is her Main Street and it seems in all important respects as deadening a thoroughfare as the chief 1 ?.. ? tie Mini i ? town. New V.ik downs X . ind Archer just as decisively as G Praiiac defeats Carol X nne? 11. Here re s< mblanc : ends and a di X r ence in point of view creeps in. Carol accepts the inevitable because she has to, but the author is not disposed to , find any spiritual consolation in her sacrifice, Edith Wharton takes a dis? tinct sentimental satisfaction in break? ing the heart of her hero. She is not above finding him noble rather than futile, which he was. Out of suffering, she seems to imply, grows peace rather than suffering. When the cris ; comes Archer decides to say goodby to the woman he loves nd . > w th his wife. She was dull rid? ing and e he had I ri( ? ; m o I of his hope of happin cai not :'?? et that bej md all h he i i a good woman. And years .X c Archer' on to a ici pt dut> a i he great est tl ng in the world the c writes of her hero .; ! his w f "'I hi ?r long years ' gethei had hi ?-. n ' it did not so much matter if marriage was a dull duty, ?' the nity of a duty; lapsii I came a m? . Looking about ' m, I ho red h past and mourned for .:. After all, there was good ir. the old v, If there were not a "Who's VV1 hand we wo - i t M r -. Wharton was out of Boston, or, i rate, heir of the Puritan tradition. The audacii "ugly ? etifes" tells 7:.'.: wl. ; y Bu ;. h com ? up out of tl ' a Lid and 01 ' urg d on by his appetites. If dignity vare the compelling quality of the t, n*ld we might all be tadpoles still. A; are not ugly. They are thi ; and symbol of lifi . ["he ; of our past is written in them and in them lies the hope of our future. Perhaps it is only fair to admit that dignity and duty are both am? ng the appetites. At least they are among the acquired tastes of mankind. Fhej I ? ? their im ? ; s there would lie lesa relish in life without them. A pinch of dignity and half o I a poonful of duty are no more than fitting at this stage of man's development, but I I are not thingd to make a meal of. Archer, as we see him, was a ? for both dignity and duty, and wo do I not believe that in such fare there is j sustenance to bring even the hero of , a novel to comfortable ohl age. ' "It did not so much matter if mar I riage was a dull duty, as long as it kept the dignity of a duty." We disagree, It does matter. There is no. dignity in dullness. Nobody can deny the appeal ?ng quality of sacrifice, but it m -7 be for a purpose. Like the il;, ing i who misses and falls on his face, use? less sacrifice is a leap into the d of the ridiculous. A man must be shrewd as well as brave if he would be a hero. The trouble with Archer's sacrifice vas that it would never work. Whom God I has put asunder man cannot join to gether with the best will in the world. The calm peace which d tscends upon the Archer household thirty years after N'ewland's great sacrifice for the sake of May, his wife, is distinctly the m of the novelist. In reality, we believe that at the end of thirty years Archer would still be sorry that he had remained at home to t< nd ; duty, and by that time we have also ist a susp ? ion that M .;. have begun to share his feeling. One of the greatest arguments against indis? criminate sacrifice is not only that it may be bad for .lie victim but con-1 f lundedly wearing upon the person sup posed to benefit by his deed. But whether one takes Mrs. Wharton's of view or n? t he can hardly deny that she has written a brilliant novel ' M ! 1 cture of a ; I tee and period is ex? traordinarily fascinating by virtue not ? only of truth, but selected truth. The ! reader sees the thing he wants and is burdened with nothing more. Her pic- ] ture of the New York and the Newport j of 1870 is more than research. It is ; re-creation. m The Conductor Pays r 1 the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: After being employed for a number of years by various railroads, .'.:.! : which time ? traveled on a pass, I afterward became a commuter. It v. as not long before I left my c? tation ticket at home and discove on the moining train. 1 am sure the :tor kne ??? ! '.vas a regular c m muter, and I think he knew . y : m because we once lived in his but 1 had never 1 1 em] loyed by this road. I explained the matter I who n he asked for my ticket, an 1, aft c ng sharply at the man seated be side me (a stranger to me), he told me car? : . ly through my pockets a nd he would be back i ?.ter. Ile . come hack. ')n the return trip at nigl d ictor was a perfect str?ng? r to me, but he knew I wat a commuter. ! e plained tr e matter to him ? ? form b? fore : e ? rail ai i of 10 paj :: y ' tre if here w as n 0 ol her way He asked me to little a nil said if ! fo instructions he could fix it. 1 lid, hut do not think I should explain further. So I rode both ways free. Some time later ! was talking i: over with a railroad en pie ee and he told me that the I rat conductor, who had ? en over th rty years with the road, had been recently laid off for thirty .'ays without paj for passing ftrioth ir commuter who had forgotten his ticket. Another passenger had watched the proceeding and reported him to the ?any. * Aft? r that I made up my mind ) .. y f ire ??? [ , my ticket again. MOTIVE POWER. New York, Nov. 23, 1020. An Awful Prospect ?from The Kansas City Btar) It is sincerely hoped this little mis rstanding between the cable com? pany and the State Department will not : reduce Secretary Colby to the terrible ; necessity of using Postmaster General I EurlesonV mail service. What Ails the Schools) Stagnation, Lai '? ?? f iji an? Ins To the Edif r S : ? . . "What Ails the f be an ?? i v why ' state. - . :' are able to they can j . u the rein a ,7 is em '.' What do? . . V\ iat d ? is nearlj ? firm do? And ! A com at ? r ' news mat? ters inley'i con nection - . ' ttii e so. Pre?;'. ! from of a ?unity and ? | an assoi paper. Ho the finest ! Is !" ? . servil ?' ? ery men. And the e, His ? that manj are k-av* .' [ftl - fesBion what " "71 ' What must 1 - ft the High School of ?' ? ? ? xi ' in sal rie? n the best men ?" Let ? r-s, why the ? ? ? no ' ' to tact . ' : ? tion s; pose for ; love ? tented; ?: ir ..- ii : thett . be ap ? I - any i :' ' ' ' ' What ails the i of opport?i ?especially for married teaehera and many other thit. i chool? What are you going to do abeat tb? school OBSERVED New York, Nov. 22, 1920.