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ADVERTISED IN THE 1 TRIBUNE IS Gl \4 RANTEED Vol. LXXX No. 27,044 First to Last? the Truth: (Copyright, 1020, New York Tribun? Inc.) WEDNESDAY News?Editorials ? Advertisements mxhwxt THE WEATHER Unsettled, with rain to-day; to-morrow fair; no change in temperature; shifting winds Full Rpitort on I^tst Vas? DECEMBER 1, 1020 SI S? ?t TWO CENTS I TIIKKK CKNT' I I-'OI'K rf-'VT? In Greuter N>\v York | Within 200 Milea | Elsewhere Bandits Get m Bond Holdup Salesman and Messenger of Kean, Taylor & Co. Felled and Robbed of Securities in Brooklyn Head Ruimer and Brother Arrested ?our Highwaymen Flee in Auto: Bankers Hold $100.000 Risk Policy In a daring daylight hold-up in front ' of Igoe Brothers' factory, C9 Metropol? iten Avenue. Brooklyn, yesterday after? noon four motor bandits escaped with I . [go, erty b< ! .af er ; kr.ociur.fi dovn a bond salesman and a messenger employed by Kean, Tay- i Jor & Co., bankers, of 6 Nassau Street. ! In the face of revolver fire from his ; assailants Ar.ton A. Young, 54 Wood hill Place, Maspeth, L. I., rose from the | gidewalk after he had been felled and I gave chase urtil the trio joined their j companion in a waiting automobile at i the corner. One of the bullets grazed his temple, but did not inflict serious Injury. The messenger who accom? panied Mr. Ycur.g is Irving Cohen, 1218 Forty-fourth Street, Brooklyn. Heau Messenger and Brother Held Tony Do Gregario, twenty-one years ; old, head messenger for Kean, Taylor t Co., and his brother Joseph, twenty four, both of whom live at 75 Albertus Avenue, Corona, were placed under ar- ! rest last right by Acting Inspector : John D. Cousjhlin, charge* with acting ' in concert with the bandits. They were : locked np at Police Headquarters. Tony told Inspector Coughiin that he j had selected Irving Cohen as the mes- ' lenger to accompany Mr. Young to Brooklyn. H-> said that before picking Cohen he had talked over the telephone srith his brother. Joseph, Inspector Coughiin learned, was arrested in July, 1919, in connec t.cn with the robbery of a loft at 79 East Tenth Street. He told the police ? that he served a prison term and that ; he is unemployed at present. The hoid-up was witnessed by Sophie Zawyski, seventeen years old, of S^ Metr?poli* in Avenue, whose Kcr.-.ams at- i trscted John Seifert, 145 Stagg Street, * platform men for the Igoe firm, before ?he revolver shots of the fteeing bt.n dit?Tang out. Both Miss Sawyski ?.nd Seifert agree that t:.-' bandits ?** in ng t iward the V.'i I innaburg Br Find Abandoned Car Shortly after the hold-up police ciis- ! covered a car of the make used by the band::, . ford Avenue. A set of s, in, addition to the one display . I fn nt and rear, w;.s ?our:d un ei ti cus ion of one of the teats. ,' ? tain Terry, in charge c: the 161 tive Division, sain the abandoned ear might possibly have Bothing to do with the <*ase, but ex? presa-;. : the belief that, it was a prora-' hing clew. Hr. Voung ar.d the rce:-::Tenger left' the o?.-..-. ? . house in Nassau Street '?'-??y ... the aftern? They crossed tr.e Williamsburg Bridge and walked throtigh-Wyt Avenue to Metropolitan. A? they approached the entrance to the factory, three men, who had fol? lowed t! i m ?'. ,.-.. t! e con er, sot upon ?ting thern to the pa\ emen;. and seizing th< vn leather bag in ??ich the securities, destined for the Igot: firm, wer : carried. Police Impose Silence According to the description of the :V'--' .- ? ? pclice by Misa Zawy ?*i the n who participated in Be r. ; ?. were below average stature and wor" dark ciotl ?? and touch hats. Membi - o: ? le \v,'>'- firm declined to fiacuss the^i bbery, Raying they had wen ; -.;: - the po ice to (five ?Bt.no dct; The same Injunction ?** 8 '-"'? ' '-' ??'??. at f.': banking ,ns. '? '... Reed, the mana *"r. ad b :en . .. : icted to ?iy r oth r ?." ? '?? Gi "?'-'.. vice-president of ;'?'??? irety I - rripany, 115 '-'?" toll n boids were ? '-'?? of |5,000 and $10,00'). ?? ?f!d Kean, Taylor & Co. carry a hia corpora aid } ui ??.-? t to- -: tl at about PHWO wort! if the i were '"' ' it that the remainder were fcgotiable. /;"' ? - ' ' - lin, ii - arge of the oi-'-''--< Bui vent pen on t > trench Chamber indorse* Sending Envoy to Vatican 'o/<? of Confidence Given to Government in Resumption Of Papal Diplomatic Relation ??A?I8, '?'??'? '"> (By The Ajteciftnd gy*) The Chamber of Deput'fe*. amortir g * ? <? ;;.,-,-, n me ? t'g bill for *w>t-iBpt'on of diplomatic relation ??* - voted con?enn? in ** ?.-?.:??? ?:.-;/? .. .v ,.v< ;:in" 3s7 y ' ' The < i*-r.-,<-, ;,.-.:,?'.. d the WJ. ifn u, y*. t?**r? ? ?? ???? d In the . '"' '??-' '? :-'. t? ': frovi rnment'i de **** Us , au bor?ty from parlia 3**'-" ''??''? a French ambaanado* to f* Vatican wtt ?imply a qu eat ion of ?KWifl ;? , ....,?, ,,?,,) |t v.; , ,n the 2*?? '? ; ran? ?Th. Val can i? a Tr*' fort*," h? declared, "which T*?? ?*r ? ? -. ; fford . , neglect " y ?"?*' '*??' / an amba?eadoi to the AV?l'"r' v " ' ;f' "'' i-Tapect W the internal policy of franc?!," J? Fr*wi tr coi Ui led, "nor v/Ul it ggf? ?he pow?m of the 1 rench A?* 2**** *< Rome, who wl hav# the ^J fwwert h* hi reto/or?." fJ^'?-r UyX,}?* reminded the g*1*? that Oreat Britain ivai main ft^'"y IV? envoy at the Vatican nnd to^, ^"* 8wJ?g government v/>ii? re 2fV,'* I't -!.-,??,?.,, relatloil? with ""? Vatlijin, broVr^n |n j h'/,"?. fU)Klr>A l>.roii>fAT|OX AT I ^*y U?a4 fJc;, T?l. i*n**/;r? ???*. WhoIsWmJ.Lahey? Inspector, Demoted After Vice Trust Ex? pose, To-day Is Czar of Police; Abolishes Department's Rules Since January 1 in New York City: i There have been more than 925 hold-ups, robberies and thefts. The property loss involved is mor? j than $3,500,000. The unsolved murders alone total i more rJ?jj/( 100. Chief Inspector William J. Lahey Is ' to-day the outstanding figure of the : New York Police Department and wields greater power than was ever before vested in one official of the or? ganization. His control extends from t) e Board of Inspectors down through al the ramifications of the department to the doormen and bootblacks. Even the clerical ?taff is ruled by his office :iid, in addition, he supervises the letting of contracts for all depart? mental repairs and supplies. Inspector Lahcy's power is even greater than th.a of Commissioner Kichurd E. Enright, although he is technically responsible to the latter. Lahey has risen to his present posi? tion through the disintegration of the organization built, up by former Com? missioner Arthur Woods. Since Sep? tember 4, 1020, when he was appointed Chio? Inspector by Commissioner En right, the latter^ in practice signs orders and acts on Lahey's recom? mendations. Old Precedents Shattered Commissioner Enright alone is re? sponsible for Inspector Lahey's rapid j rise to the high place of power he now occupies. To accomplish this, the Com? missioner has made a long series oi involved strategic moves which have 'included the .'.changing of department rules of long' standing, the demotior of certain officers, the placing of other! in positions which carried high-sound ing titles but no authority, and th< iorcing from the service of men wh< held high rank under Commissions Woods, and whose records, in th< opinion of competent observers, gav< them greater claim to advancemen than that of the present Chief In spector. Commissioner Enright prepare? Lahey's berth of power for him befor he actually appointed him. To mak the Chief Inspector's police power supreme, he so altered depaitmenta ru.fis as to give this official complet Police Mystery Man W illiam J. Lahey command over all branches of the serv? ice. Why Commissioner Enright con? ferred all these favors upon William J. Lahey is a matter of conjecture. The ranks of the department are rife with theories on the subject, but few if any of those attribute Lahey's rise solely to his police record, which covers a period of almost thirty live years. Lahey first came into the public eye many years a^o for his work in con? nection with the old Rogues' Gallery. (Continuad en paoe ?wen) South America Tunis From Us, Follows Spain Our Position as Protector Menaced at Geneva; Can? ada Also in Overtures for Latin Rapprochement By Ralph Courtney Special Caille tn Tho Tritium Copyright, 1920. New York Tribune Inc GENEVA, Nov. 30.?The position of the United States as the protector un? der the Monroe Doctrine of the South American countries is being threatened from two directions at the sessions of the League of Nations here. All the South American delegates are showing a strong desire to revert to the lead? ership of the Spanish mother country. Canada also is extending a hand of friendship to them over America's head. The Canadian delegation to the league is giving a big dinner next Thursday to all the members from-the South American countries at which toasts and speeches will be exchanged which arc expected to result in a closer ' friendship but which may effect a per | manent rapprochement between the two extremes of the Western Hemi? sphere. It is possible that this dinner will . lay the foundation for a concerted at? tack on Articie X of the league cove rant. The United States opposes Ar i tide X because of the obligations which it fears it might incur, while i Canada and the South Americans are '? preparing to delete the .same article r because they fear that the United States might use it to strengthen the Monroe Doctrine. i If the league, in order to assure the entry of the United State;-, is forced to recognize specifically the Monroe Doctrine, it i; feared by th? South Americans that under Article X a man? date may be given to the United States I to k^ep peace in the Western Hemi? sphere. Neither Cunada nor Soath America wants the position -of the I inter States strengthened in this way. Tho homesickness of Central and ; South America for their mother coun? try, Spain, was brought nut at the morning session or the Assembly by Se?or Caray, of the Panama delega? tion, who spoke in favor of admitting Spanish as one of the league's official languages. Caray said that three centuries ago Spain had conquered the newly discov? ered American peoples by fire and (ContlnuM) *n MM tlx) ! A. F. of L. to Organize Nation's Office Worker.? ?(Brotherhood Chief Says Ste nographers, Bookkeepers and C.lerkH Will Be Enrolled i ST. LOUIS, Nov. 30 The American Federation of Labor is preparing tc I utart a. nation-wide campaign to or i ganize office help, according to F. II. i Fitzgerald, grandj president of the I Brotherhood of Railway and Steam ! ship Clerk?, Freight Handlet?, Ex i press and Station Employees. Mr. i Fitzgerald arrived to-day to deliver an ! address here to-night. Trank Gilo?, nn under secretary of th<? American Federation of Labor, will I conduct the proposed campaign, Mr. j Fitzgerald ??sorted, ?rid organizers ; will '"'? sent throughout ?he country to ?.enrol i commercial stenographers, book V.f<;,-r and clerl Mr Fitzgerald asserted mat these mirV-r* comprl?? tn? majority of th.t Morganizod employ?? "who hava borne the brunt ot conditions - cause* by the *r??t war and by th? profiteer? following tho war." Italian Forces Attack Frame; Surround City Advices to London Say ? Three Battalions of Regu- j lars Exchanged Shots With Forces of D'Annunzio ? LONDON, Nov. 30.?Flume is sur I rounded by three battalions of carabi I neers, and shots have been exchanged | between the regulars and Gabriele j d'Annunzio's legionnaires, says a dis? patch to The Times from Milan, ! General Caviglia, commanding the ! government troops, says he will do his ! ! best to avoid unnecessary bloodshed, ! ? the dispatch adds. TRIESTE, Nov. 30.?The stfemer 1 Narenta, loaded with flour and folder, I has been captured by Gabriele i'Aii nunzio's forces near Pola The Narenta is a British steam? of ! 5,170 tons. She left Newport on lito- j | ber 25 for 'Buenos Ayres, and saiod ' | from that port for Las Paimas, Caiary ! Islands, on November 2. A Milan dispatch November 2? to ' The London Times quoted the Seolo ;;.< saying that Italian troops had be;un [ an advance along the whole armiajce ' j line in the Adriatic zone. The disp.tch | i said rumors were current that Gcnral : ? Caviglia had been ordered by the lime government to take the islands of ! V'eglia and Arbe, whicii d'Annunjo's ? troops seized after the signing of the ! treaty of Rapallo, as well as the t*ri- ; ! tory near Castua that tho Fime . ! legionnaires had invaded. L .According to a Trieste dispatclj to..? the Sec?lo, d'Annunzio in a pr?cl?iarfj tion declared that a clash was ^VfiW. ', j nent, and that he and his men w" I ready to fight and die rather thanvtjp in. All men in Fiumo between Vu , ; ages o# eighteen and ?ifty-two r j? i been mobilized. Die movement of Italian regulara against d'Annunzio ?a the culmination oi an extended effort by Premier Gio litti and his pre ?'?? ce or, \itti, to in? duce d'Annunzio to give up his adven? ture as dictator in F umc. The poet genei al iva ignon d ;;; r:..- Kapallo settlemenl which delimited the Italo Jugo-Slav frontier and established the limits of Fiumc, and his seizure of iContlnufd on pago five; Boy Sfiol by Policeman ?Sliielils Pals as He Dies Told Ho Could- Not Live, Vic tin) Drclurv? "I'm ?Vot C'rO t in^ to Squeal" Joseph Steelc, i ? tuen : ears old, shot .by Patrolman Joseph Smith, of the West Thirty-seventh Street police sta? tion, early ye terday while he und two companions were fleeing after an al I legod robbery, died yesterday aftor ? noon. j "The end is coi li ug pretty soon," j ?aid Patrolman William Wood, ;:ta ; tionefl at tho bed idu of tho wounded I boy in tho French Hospital, "You've I got only a few minute? to live. Will you tell M? the name:! of the boys who were with om ?" i Steelo raised himself in bed "I'm not going to squeal," ho said. "If I'm going to die, all right, but I'll dlewith ' out squealing." | The boy died ?i few minule.i later. j 'Ihr pol t c ?;? ! t hat Steelc and his ??companion? shattered n v. idow in the , ?rmv and navy store of Hernard & 'Sloan, 2\1 Went Forty-second .Street, and stola.severftl revolvers. Wilson Ready To Arbitrate In Armenia President Tells League He Will Serve as Mediator if the Powers Con? tribute Moral Support Will Act Through Representative Note Specifies He Has No Authority to Pledge Aid of U. S. Military Forces -' From The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Nov. 30.?Presid? nt ! Wilson to-day accepted the invitation! of tho League of Nations to serve as mediator between th ? Turkish -Nation? alists and the Armenians. In his re? ply to an invitation from Paul Hymans,, president of the Council of the League | of Nations, Mr. Wilson asserts that he i is without authority to employ Ameri? can military forces in any project for : the relief of Armenia, but offers his "personal mediation through a repre- j sentatlve" whom he will designate, in ! the event he a ?riven the "assurances | of the moral and diplomatic support of the principal powers" in his efforts to i "bring peace and accord to the con-i tending parties." The text of the President's reply to the League's invitation follows: "I have the honor to acknowledge ? the receipt of your cable message ! setting forth the resolution adopted , by the Assembly of the ' League of I IVations, requesting the Council of the league to arrive at an understanding with the governments with a view t? intrusting a power with the task of taking the necessary measures to stop the hostilities in Armenia. "You offered to the United States the opportunity of undertaking the humanitarian task of using its good offices to end the present tragedy being enacted in Armenia, and you assure me that your proposal in? volves no repetition of the invitation to accept a mandate for Armenia. "While the invitation to accept the mandnte for Armenia has been re- j jected by the Senate of the United I States, this country has repeatedly ? declared its solicitude for the fate j and welfare of the Armenian pejple ! in a manner and to an extent that justifies you in saying that the fate of Armenia has alw ys been of spe- ! cia! interest to the American people. ! Support of Powers Itequircd "I am without authorization to offer or employ the military forces of the United Stales in any project for the relief of Armenia, and any material contribution would require the authorization of the Congress, which is not now in session and whose action I could not forecast. I am willing, however, upon assurances of the moral and diplomatic support of the principal powers, and in a spirit d^ sympathetic response to the request of the Council of the League of Nations, to use my good offices and to proffer my persona! mediation through a representative whom I may designate, to end the hostilities that are now being waged .-.gainst the Armenian people and to j bring peace and accord to the con? tending , parties, relying upon the j Council of the League of N tions to suggest to me the avenues, through which my proffer should be conveye 1 j and the parties to whom it should b? ? addressed. " * ** j "wooDKow wi^gaN." The President's decision J0 serve in j a mediatory capacity, if accepted by the league, is not to he construed that he personally will assume the task, it was officially s-??c} at the State De- j partment. It was made plain that un? doubtedly Mr. Wilson would select some individuai %vho is especially qualified bs- experience in Eastern affairs for- the position. It was said that the 'ligt of, available n-.en would include th(0 name 0f Henry Morgen than, former American Ambassadoi to Tur? key, wno was described as peculiarly fitted.! for t(le task, because of his kno,Vlodge of Turkish affairs and the V].estige he would have there, by re..sun ?f his extended participation within Jtnd outside of governmental positions, with Eastern affairs. Mr. Morgenthau lis now serving as the American mem- | her of a League of Nations commis? sion, which will establish the owner? ship o? ?h" Aland Islai ds. The decision of the President vas described as the o?Tort o? a sincere man ? sympathetic to the Arntei ..... cause.- who is willing to do whatever ?3 possible toward overcoming the hov ?rors of the Armenian situation. The.} action of the President was stated to j he in keeping with the American Scn 'ato's expression of solicitude i'1 r ' ? *; fate of the Armenian people contained in the legislation which passed tho last ? session, providing an American 1 * (Continued *n p??o six) 700 Unemployed Seize London Labor Exchange irmv of Idle Men Announce They If ill Make Hall Home for Winter; !So Disorders I ,,.. .' ':?? Vrih . ??'< Eu ; :an Bureau LONDON, No-.. 30. Seven hundred unemployed men marched into the Tottenham Labor Exchange to-day and announced thai they intended to make it their homo for the winter. They immediately began to issue appeals for foodstuffs. When informed that the hall was to bo used ?<>-night, for a lecture, tho men agreed to vacate it and return later. 'I he police made no attempt to eject tiinn and everything the invaders did y. us orderly. Such procedures have become an al? most daily occurrence, although this is the ins? time that nurh a large army of unemployed forcibly has taken posses? sion of a building. Monday, in another part of the city. a body of about one hundred men seized a vacant flat In a house and established their living quarters, hang? ing out of a front window the sign: "Why can't wc have a homo as well as Lloyd C.efirgn ?" i ..i i .' ? "' m? ?? _ Kew <i*r?t?ii? I mi, Kew t?ar?tn?, '?? I. It'??Id? nttii I imbuir?n hot*l ?Arntno?? plan). Blxlc?n mlniRo? from Tonn. P'.atllti. --Advt._ Guard Royal Family From Sinn Feiners Elaborate Precautions Are Taken at Buckingham Palace; Prominent Men* Also Closely Watched First Peace Move Is Made in Dublin Kcign of Terror in Irish Cities as Orgy of Arson and Death Continues Front The Tribune's European Bureau Copyright, lr'-0. New Vorl.- Tribun? Ino. [ iNDON, No.-. SO. - Additional police were stationed to-day at the entrances of Buckingham Palace to protect the King mid Queen from possible Sinn Fein violence. Fear that attacks may be made on government officials and other men prominent in English life, has resulted in the taking of precautionary meas? ures to protect them. Winston Spencer Churchill, Minister of War; Sir Edward Carson, Lord Birkonhead, Lord Chan? cellor, and others who have taken a prominent part in Irish politics are among those now being convoyed by special guards. Threatening letters have been received by some of the opponents of the government's Irish policy of repression "by methods, how? ever stern," as well as by the sup porters. "-? The first step toward peace in a warfare that is spreading steadily was taker, in Dublin to-day, according to a dispatch from the Tribune corre? spondent there, when It. M. Sweetman, member of the Dail Eirennn (Sinn Fein parliament) for Dcrrybawn, County Wicklow, in a letter to The Irish Times, proposed that a peace con? ference be called to end the bloodshed and violence. Those who would be re? quested to take part, the letter said, were Arthur Henderson and William Adamson, of the parliamentary group of the Labor party in England, and their associates on an investigating committee that arrived in Dublin to? day; delegate's from the Irisn Labor party and representatives of the Catholic hierarchy. Deplorable Results Feared "I am absolutely convinced that the methods of warfare now being em? ployed will have deplorable results for our country," the letter said. "This most urgent matter may surely be taken up immediately without preju? dicing the general settlement which eventually will be negotiated between the Dail Eireann and Great Britain." The orgy of fire and crime that is sweeping the country apparently is reacting already against Sinn F?in, The authorities say that every new at? tack on the police auxiliaries has served to stimulate recruiting. Pri? vate advices from Dublin say that there has been a slump in extremist favor in Western Ireland. The increasing vio? lence, however, both in Ireland and England, gives evidence that the gov? ernment does not yet have "the mur? der gang" in hand. A series of reprisals has followed the ambushing and killing of fifteen police cadets near Macroom, County Cork, Sunday. Last night was one of ii'rror in Dublin, which began with the burning' O.f The Freeman's Journal building, in Westmoreland Street, and the Sinn F?in Bank. AU night the in? habitants lived in fear of the incen diaries, for both, blaze; were started after the curfew hour, when the streets were supposed to be quiet. Soldiers turned out to aid tho firemen in pro? tecting neighboring buildings and re? moving the.i contents to places of The finding of two empty petrol can: ',", the Freeman's Journal Building, an oil-soaked, half-burned ledger anc charred woodwork close to unscorchec walls gave sufficient evidence that if was a case of arson. The publication of the newspaper was not interferet with, as the printing department is it another building. Only the editoria offices were destroyed, and the stat! was quickly installed in new quarter; to-day. Enormous Damage in Cork Cork, too, was a r nter of fierce in cendiarism and. assassination. Th< fire department there has so much ti , ontend wit h : hat il ? on ?::?? v\r tualiy all the time. Enoi nou? damagi bei n done by the fires. rt.,. exploi i< i of n boi ib in 1.01 doi about i o'clock this niormiig -v?? .t ?rst attributes to Sinn F?in, but to (Continue!! en pag? .fly*)._ Jamaica Crowds Hail Harding; Greets Governor, Sails for Home By Boyden R. Sparkes ;;?. n ;? ? fff.is to 1 Coi rlgl t. 1020. '? ? buna Inc. ABOARD STEAMSHIP PASTORES WITH SENATOR HARDING, BOUND FOR NORFOLK, Nov. :i0. President? elect Harding's party sighted Jamaica nth rehef this morning, because the , mtinuous trad" wind blow since leav? ing Cristobal Sunday afternoon had kept most of tho passengers from ap? preciating their meals. Mrs. Harding, as she took her breuk i fast on deck this morning, said, ad visingly, "Never be a sai ?or!." The Senator had not been a', all dis? turbed by the rough, weather encoun? tered. He kepi at his shuffloboard or l auction bridge, meanwhile smoking his j .pipe or chewing on btogies, the very i sight of which .would make an ordinary man seasick. ?v.'Vf Welcomed by Curious Blacks The Harding party was welcomed on ?shore at Jamaica by a huge throng of c irious blacks and many colonial Eng- i Ii?h in their white clothing and hoi- | trots and pipe-clayed shoes. After calling on Governor Probtyn? th? Harding party motoTed from Kf?? > m J??'_ iton sixtj ' . ?? - aero? the <lar.d to Port Antonio, ?.ere they rejoined their ship and resumed the jour::?"/ toward STi i oik Hie Pastores i-; due there Sa' urday. < >nc of the pi incipal topi : of con - versation in the Harding party since they left the Canal Zone, has ricen the weakness of the defenses of the Pai - ama < anal. A strong effort is cer tain to be made to have thn next Con? gr? -? . trengthen them. (anal duns Obsolete The Gatun locks and dam coul i be destroj -I bj the batteries of the Brit? ish ship Queen Elizabeth (vil iut thai ship' having to come within range of the 12-inch mortars, which ar - erviceable defense guns at the Atlan? tic end of the canal, i Ither i tittle .. ? of other nations could accomplish the same thing. Most of the guns used in the ' anal Zone fort ification ? arc of obsolete type . and if is said that some of them cannot even be r".red. Fifteen million dollars would mod ernize the defenses. The failure of the government to bring them up to date ?8 inconceivable, for thre sum repr? sents chean imonn.ee on the invest? ment of 1318,000,000 made in Panama, inc.-moeh as the canal i-1 considered the key to the defense pf the coast line of the United States. ? ? .,:.., rf.?,-:-, > Xmu Card* distinctive. In treat vArletri calurwHir? br the Trarld'? b*?t painter?. Cor it?*. Ma?r A'Ce..* ? ?. iith, at?S9 John at. Sixteen Builders Indicted For Destroying Evidence; ^rit Bars Bureau's Books Sands Charge Is Vengeance^ Says Boiling Never Got Cent of Graft. He Swears, and Asserts Refusal to Aid Indicted Banker Caused Attack R. Wilmer Boiling, treasurer of the United States Shipping Board and brother-in-lnw of President Wilson, appeared before the Congressional committee investigating the board in this city yesterday and denied under oath the charge made by Tucker P.. Sands that he received a share in the $40,000 graft alleged to have been paid by the Downey Shipbuilding Corpora? tion for assistance in obtaining a con? tract with the Shipping Board. Mr. Dolling likewise swore that he never received $300 as his share of a $1.000 gratuity allee;ed to have been obtained by Sands for helping the Downey Shipbuilding .Corporation get a shipment of bending rolls from the government for the corporation. He also asked that a thorough investiga? tion of his transactions with Sands be made "both for my own and my family's sake." Lester Sisler, former secretary of I the Shipping Board, who also was in | volved in the Sands charges, likewise I made flat denial of the accusations. Tells of Threatening Letters ? Mr. Boiling, who was on the stand for more than seven hours, told of his \ business associations with Sands as vice-president of the Commercial Na? tional Bank of Washington, dating as far back as 1916. He offered all his I personal records to the committee, in j cludinsr checks and deposit records, as I well as an anonymous letter sent ! originally to William G. McAdoo in j which the writer threatened to involve I Mr. Boiling in trouble unless he as i sisted Sands in having an indictment I for violation of the banking laws j against him quashed. This letter, Mr. Boiling testified, was i one of two missives, the second having j been sent to Mr. Tumulty, secretary to ! the President. Mr. Boiling said that ! both Sands and Mrs. Sands had plead i ed with him to intercede in Sands's i behalf with President Wilson and that i he positively refused to do so. ? The witness asseited that he believed ! that the charges made by Sands against 1 him are due to his refusal to inter I vene and expressed the opinion that I the two anonymous letters were writ ! ten by Sands or Mrs. Sands. He said I that Sands had once intimated to him that unless he did como to his assist I anee the situation might ultimately I prove unpleasant to him. He did not i say that Sands actually threatened I him. j Mr. Boiling testified that on one pc | cr.sion'Sands took him to the residence ! of Senator Owen, of Oklahoma, to i whom Sands told his troubles. It was ! after that visit, Mr. Boiling testified. i that he finally wrote Sands saying that i he could not intercede for him with ! the President and that the President I would take no action even if the in I dictment in question affected Boiling i himself. The original of that letter ! was offered in evidence. Charge Groundless, Says Tweedale i Alonzo Tweedale, comptroller of the : Shipping Board, testified that he had investigated the charge against Mr., ! Bollit-.g when it first became 'rumored in Washington and found it groundless. i He gave Mr. Belling a clean bill of j health, saying that he was trustworthy I in "very way and handled millions of ? dollars for the Shipping Board with care and accuracy. Mr. Boiling had testified that while 'ne was treasurer and assistant treas? urer of trio Shipping Hoard h'e had Handled about $437,000,000 of the, gov? ernment's money, lie suid that o ily four ?fears a^o he was a bank exam finer at, a salary?of C 2,500 -i y >at. that ! his salary as assistant treasurer was ] (Continued on next p*}fl Builders in Contempt 19 Times and Enjoy It Despite the fact that refusal to answer questions before the Lock wood committee and the resulting adjudgment in contempt, if con? firmed by a grand jury, carries a penalty of a year's imprisonment. Joseph Penny and John A. Phil brick, the two members of the Builders' Supply Bureau exam? ined by the committee yesterday, asserted they "enjoyed being in contempt." "Would you rather go to jail under contempt proceedings than answer these questions?" asked Samuel Untermyer, the commit? tee's counsel. "Yes," they replied. After they had been adjudged in contempt nineteen times, Penny was asked: "You seem to enjoy being in contempt. Do you?" "Yes, I enjoy it very much." "But it may not be so funny after a while." "Well, I enjoy it while it lasts." Blue Law Lobby Seeks to Snuff; Out Cigarettes Rev. Dr. Burrell, State Dry League Head and Lord's Day Alliance Director, Admits Big Fund Exists Dr. Manning Is Assailed Bishop Burch, of Episcopal Church, Comes Out for Liberal Sunday The prohibition of the cigarette by statute, it was disclosed yesterday, is j one of the reforms that the Lord's Day j Alliance, now concentrating, its ef-1 forts toward the enactment of blue laws, is determined ultimately to bring i about. This fact and an emphatic declara- ? tion by the Rev. Dr. David James Bur- j rell, president of the New York State Anti-Saloon Le a ?rue, that he is heart and soul for '.he enforcement of a Puritan Sabbath by Federal legislation, seemed to leave no vestige, of doubt that the blue law crusade is but a step in a *far-reaching program to regulate and restrict individual action. Ratification of the Eighteenth ^Amend? ment and passage of the Volstead act constituted the first step-. Blue laws, national and state, are the second. Prohibition of tobacco, establishment of a motion picture censorship and anti-boxing bills are planned to follow in the order that expediency dictates. Liberally Financed The same liberally financed ma? chinery? an organization par excellence when it comes to getting favorable action from Congress and legislatures ? is back of the whole reform cam? paign. This is what the state president of the New York Anti-Saloon League had to say yesterday in regard to a meas? ure pending before Congress which would halt interstate trains- and for? bid any sort of activity by any govern? ment agency on Sunday: "The proposed Sunday law is neither new nor blue. It expresses the con? viction of a'.! Christians except such as believe that the Ten Commandments are played out. As an .avowedly Chris? tian nation, we are under bofcdr. to keep '-.ha Lord's pay. W dut 'this., hill pro lo??? ia- t?' make an ',-nd oT Sabbath le?s'ecr3?on 0:1 the pa~t of the gov? ernment it*elf, and 1 cannot for tne ?Ye of me see how any f?ood citizen ? . .-' less a Christian?should take is ?ue with it." Dr. Burrell's utterance led to the Hscovery of the fact it h at, besides be? ug head of the Anti-Saloon League, ne s a member of the board of managers _it*-??HniMtd an nana six) Poles Reported Massing A gainst Czecho-Slo vakia Their (hen Frontier. Meantehile. Is >'air/ To He Target for an Attack by Russian Reds LONDON, Nov. 30.?Polish troops are reported to be gathering against Czecho-Slovakia, and twenty Polish emissaries I ave been arrested in the Teschen di ?trict, says The Exi hang Telegraph's Prague correspondent in a dispatch dated yesterday. It is also reported, tne correspondent ? adds, that Russian Soviet troops are ?planning to attack the Polish frontier. 1 ecil B. Harmsworth, Under Secre? tary for Foreign Affairs, said in the House of Common? to-day that Great Britain had no information indicating that Soviet Russia was planning ag greseion against Poland. A Wow! of WeleonM I? alway? expreaaed between ?Triployere and employee? through a Tribune Help Wanted art. If you ne,ed the ?/rvtoet of * w?*^;??*V,?Wffc?ror a<.?k ???plo.vment. you wM find Th?-Tribune ?SV Wanted Wealthy Members of Lath? ing Association Face Fine and Imprisonment -Give 81,000 Bail Each Contractors Silent On Bureau's Acts Penny Held in Contempt 13Times by Committee; New Combine Evidence Tbe ' indictment of sixteen em? ployees in the building industry by the additional grand jury yesterday on charges growing out of the Lock wood committee's investigation of the housing situation brought to a climax the liveliest day in the his? tory of the committee's inquiry. * The indicted men are members of the Employing Metallic Furring and Lathing Association, doing un ag? gregate business of several million dollars a year. They are accused of wilfully destroying evidence of al? leged price-fixing, declared to have been material to the committee's in? vestigation. They pleaded not guilty before Judge Mulqueen in General Sessions, and were released under $:,000 bail each. New Writ Bars Books Among the other features of tbe day's developments was the pesistent battle waged by counsel for the Builders' Supply Bureau f.nd the As? sociation of Dealers in Masons' Build? ing Materials to keep the books of these two organizations out of thu hands of the committee during its sea sion yesterday. After a running fight lasting all morning fend afternoon, Martin Con hoy, counsel for the two organiza? tions, finally produced an injimction handed down by Justice Hotchkiss, of the Supreme Court, compelling1 the committee's counsel to turn the books and papers over to their owners. It was the fifth effort made by the Builders Supply Bureau t?? keep its books out of the inquiry. Argument on the injunction will take place be? fore Justice Jiotciikiss to-morrow. The committee's counsel had little success with the three officials and n,embers of the two organizations put on the witness stand yesterday. They steadfastly refused to answer any questions bearing on the operations of the two bodies. As a result Joseph Penny, a big dealer in building ma? terial and chairman .of the bureau, was adjudged in contempt thirteen times apd John A. Philbrick, another mem? ber of the bureau, six times. Yv'hen the two witnesses were warned that they freed a jr.il sentence they asserted that they would rather go to jail for contempt than disclose any facts in connection with the two or? ganizations. Alleged Combine Revealed Some headway, however, was made in ! the examination of Sidney I. Treat, , secretary of the Association of Dealers in Masons' Building Materials. In a | booklet containing the association's constitution and by-laws, dated June, j 1919, it was revealed that dealers in and manufacturers of building mate 1 rials had combined and were operat | ting under a cast-iron agreement des? ignated by the Lockwood committee'.-? counsel as an "A and B system." Under this arrangement the dealers were in Class A and the manufacturers were in Class B. The regulations pro? vided that dealers of the association must purchase their materials from member manufacturers, find member manufacturers must sell only to mem? ber dealers. It was testified, however, that these regulations had been chanced and an? other constitution wis offered in evi? dence, dated June, 1920. The trial of George S. Backer, tbe millionaire builder indicted for . al ! leged perjury in connection with hi? [ testimony before the committee, w? begun before Jud^e Rosalsky yestei day. The state's cr.ze was presented As istant District Attor? ney -?? ? ?- '?' ickner and Stanley ? Richter. Backer was defended by Ed? mund L. Money. It is expected the j trial will last oriv two or three davs. New Grand Jury Meets The extraordinary grand jury au ? ' evidence of I natur ; out of t. I its ! ing in ti ?aw library trict A:t ofl ster lay. Ab ?ut a dozen v tm d, v. Lt'rj Deputy Attorney G . ucl A. Bei ger irg ?> ? of evider.ee. [n con anee tho request r ? S imuel ? ? grand jury that has. ; i :o the impaneling &f tbe extraoi -i grand jury, wili ??? ? . other month becau e of tha %?*'??! int Lai has d? j from i ?>. Martin ^ . Lit leton, counrc? i<>\ '?' ? ad ? ?' : he Bundi i ng '":':; d Coun . . ? ? :'.-'..'. I ; ."I, ailed 1 ' ? plei - 0! tii4 Ue had . tcrday H ich motions. Mr. lint ermyci iblj will n ' the ir..i? "j thi sc ?. be begun within thj j next two weeks. The adjudgment? in contempt io\ I lowed in quick order soon after Pennj jtha first witness yesterday, took th) , stand. This, however, was preceded bj tbe filing of a statement by Conboji ! Penny's attorney, protesting against the committee's taking physical possi^ sion of tho bureau's antf association} books and papers. Mr.fUntermyer in ,;?t.>.i ??...? ?v,? ???..?i?, u v. jjt- ..?.-vi..