Newspaper Page Text
$m $0rk eribune
fin. to Lut?the Truth: New?? Edi? torials? Advertisement 8 tteertt: et ?h* Audi: Buraau e' C.roulad?* THURSDAY. DECEMBER HO, 19^0 1 . "*' ~~~" i Omet and ?mbllahsd da' ? by N?-* T;rrb TrtUvr? lea., a Sem T?r'< Corporation Ofdac Raid, Pr??1. ?ant; O. Y-rr.nr Rojara. VlV-Prealdar.t; H?!<ra n*f?rs Raid. Societarr; R. T. MailUId. Tr?a?af?r. A?draa?. Tribuna B line, :.-! Saaaau ?trat*. Ne? Tari. T*'?rvo-.<' P.?f5rmia 2001. ?OTMCTUTTtON RaTPS P, asa" tnrt??U? ? i.-if. : ? IE I SITED STATES. h au one ?r Mr rv T*>- Month? Moatl?. -.;-?- ?? r 30 $?.0? ?1 ?? . ) ??r? . : ally o 1? ?9 ' !? ??* Or.? wet ? : '. , 4 ?? SIS .4? a . ., Si ?..'?>' RA Dal > ml Sui l??i 113 ?'? ?3? Daily ?-?> 1" it ? '? 1 ?5 ? ? ? ?? a> '.non ? ve P ?-.o""-* al N'fvt Tor? u 1???l ? a ? M ?' "i :?r GUARAN?? V?u ?an aurahaaa murehnndlta advtrtlaad in THE TRIBUNE with absalutc safer/?for i dUsatlatae ?!?? ratult? in any a?? rHI rRIBUNE iu"ant??a le ?ai ?our m?n?v b? k upon fa ua?l N? r?d ????? N? ?uibklln*. W? mak? s??J pr?'-a:!, It th? ? frtrtlxr d??? rat. ifTWREP. OF THE ARSOriATET) PREM Toa Attodatod I redt b ? I : irelj ?itltled ?? tha ?a? ta- repnollcatl?i o- i mi ttl?pj'.;haa pradltad :r> ?: o- - .. o:l rm t- '-? p<f and ?laa ? ? > ? ' ? ?'?? ?i '?? "? ??had hi e A' ri?hti >' rapubl i'2- ?' all athai a?!'? ? -r\.i alao in ra? fi Getting Ready Information come ! that the Rus? sian imperialistic autocracy is mass Lag troop? on the Polisl and Latvian frontiers. Not long ago, as ? i as Wran gel's downfall released lie?! troop?, Lenine's agents, in negotiation at Riga with'Ihr Poles, became peremp? tory. The Latvian government re? ports an attempt by Moscow to pick a quarrel over the admission of a Red representative. Armenia has been extinguished by the Reds co? operating with the Turks, an i Kuro patkin, of Manchurian memory, is re? ported to be at the head of an army ] of 150,000 in Central Asia, getting! ready to march toward an unde? clared destination. Powers of divination are not re-' quired to see what these things por- ! tend. Red Russia is getting ready to ? strike?if she dares. A n< w war is ? threatened. It may n ?I come, but j talk will be no impediment. The only j certain bar is the display of what ? may be called French realism. L?? nine is no sentimental ' -in his way he is as much a realist as Foch. When he deems it safe to act. he wi" ' be able to find justifying arguments satisfying to his comrades. Has he not shown in Russia hew meritori? ous it is to use torture to cominee those otherwise ui regenerate? A year ago L?nine had the stage set for forcibly so\ ? izing Poland. Knowing this, and ? ' " to have a friendly and civilized South Rus-' sia as a neighbor, Poland entered! ?into a treaty with Petlura, th? h ad of the Ukrainian Republic, and at his request occupied Kiev. Being! busy ending Kolchak, L?nine played I innocent. Wicked Poland, he said, would conquer Russia, something! Poland no mere thought o1 than' Rhode Island think.--, of conquering Texas. But anti-Polish propaganda was successful with men and women of infirm intellectuals. Such believed I ?some do yet?that Poland was ag? gressive. So wi.ee, Russia launched i her blow Poland, abandoned to her, fate, was saved only by a combina? tion of her own valor and French leadership. A pretense will he duly found to j excuse a renewed effort to sovietize Poland and to get physical contact with a Germany which is expected to chase out her bourgeois republic and to set up a Red one which will repudiate all treaty obligations and become the ally of Russia. What? ever the pretense is, it will doubtless be accepted by which were pro-Gerrnan when Germany was winning, for peace without victory when she was losing, and since have been sympa I t toward both Germ?t.;.- . Rus; ?a. At present these elements are eager for trade with Russia and are serenely tndifferenl to the fact that, inasmuch as trade involves a ;-wap m the owners1 foods, there is little basis for wapping when those who respect property rights deal with those v. that property 's theft and trat it ?a rightful to steal and to cheat. Next week the discus? sion may relate mething eise. Whatever the arg?? ?ve may be sure it will b" one,to help Russia and Germany, Uncle Joe Time ard political faiths have. rolled over and past "Uncle Joe" Cannon. By every probability he ?hould long ago have been swamped ?nd extinguished ard '-.vent f-om the political scene or, at most, left a helpless and emb tt< re ! castaway, to mumlil?) of popu .atitude and th?* folly of young( r generations. Instead, the angl? black cigar ts as uptilted as when he ruled the Houst?. His disposition is as cheerful and me the day of his youth. H? to change his po to keep pace with the time i, li , un pegenerate as ev< r cc a? contented. The young seofffira may sneer at this Immutability. But we think most Americana have a warm spot tn their hearts for such lusty, ragged character. For better, for worse, there \ a lavge illce of es? sential Americanism In "Uncle Joe," al? career and his personality, Be ginning in Guilford, N. C, he wandered westward and up Into Illinois, and haa been sitting on the land there ever since?save when his grateful constituents insisted upon ?shipping him to Washington. Nobody could be ?s truly rustic and crackcr-barrelish as "Uncle Joe" appears, it may be argued. There is unquestionably art in the alpaca clothes, the congress gaiters, the whiskers and all the rest of the Cannon make-up. But it is an art which only intensifies nature. "Uncle Joe" has carefully preserved a rural flavor that was his at birth. No contact with diplomats or world affairs has been permitted to weaken it for an instant. With his feet stuck.solidly in the soil of Illi? nois, he has defied the universe. We hope there will always he a weakness in America for Its owr? native stuff. It is easy enough, after all, to fut or. :i veneer, I" takes years and centuries to grow ;i tough fiber of the "Uncle Joe" brand that will withstand the shocks of enemies and the element:*, an? even thrive under them. Three and Another The Cabinet prophets *'. ?? I ?u ? " Charles G. Dawes, of Illinois and Henry C. Wallace, of Iowa, as Pre: dent-elect Harding's probabl selec? tions for the Treasury and Agri? cultural department-?. Few with a taste for rea1 men and knowing who they are in Amerii be dissatisfied if these predictions are verified. Both men meet the re? quirements that the members of the new Cabinet be expert in their de? partments and also true nationalist ?. competent to sit in council when the laiger masters of general policy?arc considered. Mr. Dawes made a brilliant record some twenty-five years ago as Comp? troller of the Currency. He raised that office from comparative ob? scurity into one of large influence. Since, resisting the efforts, of several Presidents to induce him to rc?ntev ; public life, he has had wide experi? ence in business and financial affair:; and thus has ripened and matured a naturally alert and acquisitive mind. If General Dawes .(for he was one of the Americans not fied to stay at home) becomes head of the Treasury Department the Harding administration will have a genuine finance minister. Of Mr. Wallace it ia perhaps enough to say that ho also se< the country as a whole and the \ ital im? portance of the agricultura! interest in its relations t > that, whole. More? over, he probably can plow as straight: a furrow as any man in this country, and thus fulfills Sei I Harding's demand for a real rathei than an office farmer, The vela* \c , falling off in the American food sup? ply makes the development of a bet? ter agriculture aid the creation of better methods of marketing and transportation of grave general con? cern. Mr. Wallace would go ; constructive task with great ii telli gence and zeal. ? The appearance of the name of Herbert Hoover in the list of pros? pectives is, of course, welcome. The new Cabinet would not be complete were his great abilities not taken advantage of. But so far the name of General Wood is not included; yci he is plainly marked as the fittest American to reconcile the often divergent pressures of military effi- ! ciency and civilianship, and also i the most complete embodiment and representative of those militant : Roosevelt Republicans who ar? 1 ? backbone of the party. Irish Fr-eedom Passing from the domain ? :' tad to that of opinion, the committee ? E the British Labor party which has 1-een at work in Ireland conclude ; its report by saying that " m granting freedom to Ireland can the people of England fulfill their great responsibilities to a sister nati The word "freedom'' is the . ? nificant or.e in this statement, and it is vague. The committee appar? ently has carefully selected it. There seems studious avoidance of the definite word "independ? ?? The representatives of the Briti I Labor party, it may be gathered, dodge declaring for Ireland's inde? pendence. If this unwillingness i construed, as it may be, that they oppose such national freedom, their position is more akin to t?:,.' Lloyd George than to that o Sinn Fein. For the heart Irish dispute is as to whether, with a British benison, Ireland, as ;> whole, shall become an indcpei national entity. The present: British govern denies hostility to Irish freedom or welfare. Ireland has long been over-represented in the Imperial Parliament, an Irish voter having double the political weight i Englishman, a Scotchman or a Welshman. English taxpayers have in part provided the money by which the landless of Ireland have become landed. In education, in local gov? ernment, in the courts, in ta there is no discrimination. Indeed, Ireland has long been a favorite of the laws of the United Kingdom. Repeatedly Home Rule has been of? fered, and when carefully prepared plana have been rejected British ?statesmen have asked the discon? tented to propose an alternative, an invitation which has been steadily declined. A? accurately as can be judged from this side, only two conditions does the British Parliament insist on. These are that Ireland shall not secede and become a continuing menace as a point from which at? tack would be easy. This require? ment does not differ in principie from that which Lincoln, rated as magnanimous, demanded as a pre? requisite to a settlement with would be American secessionists. Tho other condition is that ade? quate? guaranties be given that the one nation which inhabit- Ire? land shall not be master of the other nation which also inh?bil I land. The two nations differ ligion, in spirit, in mo t oJ the ii which distinguish nations, and larger one makes no concealment of its purpose to rule the other if it gets a chance. It is the paradoxical tragedy of the Irish situation that; Great Britain cannot, even if it would, concede self-determination to Ireland as a whole withou ..-termination to Ul: I The finding of the British Labor party with respect to atrocitiea is plainly lopsided. This appears from the emphasis it gives to Black and Tan outrages, while ? re? ? ' as to Sinn F ?in : preceded of time. Is it probabl? thai h '.-ii police would have a1 a ;] ed i they had not bee>? attacked first? The improbability is so great that it may safely be assumed that for the compel ition in anar? 15 I;'? is not single. The pol ce .-?'?e not given by i ..' n it; from murder a fair chance to recover their discipline. Under existing circum? stances lecrimination seems out of place. The fundamental issue is whether the constabulary have any right to be in Ireland. If they have and the campaign to drive them out continue1, ii i-; practically inevitable thai both sides v. ill c? j -ao ful ac . Must We Ask an Armistice? Under its present leadership New York's police army is losing the war that is being waged on the city by thugs and crooks and thieves and murderer.-. Every day ;;le F it u? tion I ? more ?'.'arming. Sei'ious crimes fol lov one mother so rapid! newspapers are hard pr? ed to c.hronicle them all. .V ther p nor propei >.. is tic t infe: t every pai city. Homes and busini ?s ho ises are invaded. Honest citizen; ? killed or wounded while ti'ying to prot? : heir lives and then po ions. ( !< mmi tier Em ? onfes s i of tcrroi en he that the I ? dei al gcvernm? 1 -: take action. To all who 1 h erve hi - px*( ? * ant ics it i ? plain that he ha.? lost what little nerve he may have had. When :. nal ion is lo; 1 - .. 1 il must do 0 p of i wo thinj an armisl ice or elm age its g for an armistice in New V'oi Cit?, as? . . 1 than losing the war. it would be ? .-afir and m?.re agr? eable to criminal visitors what they v, ? the way of money than to pei them to take it at tl <? pistol. ' Still such r? cour: e ... humili?t ing. Badly goven d as New York City is at pr<.it, the people are hardly ready to give their government into the keeping of rulers an1 sandbaggers a jackers. The wiser course Is to <i ange the command. Mayor Hylan will i ' do this, even in the city' ext emit y. Governor Smith will not do it. If Governor-elect M'lier doct not do it the city niay be forced to a: for an armistice. Alexander J. Hemphill By the death of Alexand? I. Hemphill N? sv \ ork, and esp< the financial community, I? one of the pillan of i ?,.-;; directing head of one of try's chief financial institution ?, e was one v\ ho placed chara? ter firsl would rather lend to men collateral. He displayed wl ; a ?ound bank"' . of tla; lut a wide tru h p. He guarded faithfully the hit confided to 1 is care, and yd : time and inclination to be a selor of weight in all hat pei ned to the pul weif ai . ? i ' picuons Amei ?can; have ended at the top, ;? the bottom. Owing little I anee, his career tells again the 1 . ' ';:.' \ '.in ?a, , ? .. nit y to those who will, The Appointment of Talley Almosf any appointment would s eem de ?irablc by compa ri-on v tho proposed elevation of l1 Utorncy Swann to the bench; 1 ? naming of Alfred J. Talley by tho G? vemor comes as a relief from the bility of this grave Mr. Talley ? at least a 1 lawyer, with a good record a a uc cc fill prosecutor. Naturally, his brains have shone by compari on with the Swann type of intellectual '. He lias tho mental equipment to make a good judge. The question us to Mr. Talley is the same that has attached to most of the Smith appointments. It is another Tammany judge teat the Governor is creating in the la?* hours of his term, a man active!', 1 n grossed in politics, a man steeped in Tammany methods and standards. Needless to say, if Mr. Talley does not declare his independence of those political associates who secured him his appointment he will make a polit? ical judge, with all the familiar evils that the phrase involves. If he ha ; the courage and the character to turn his bad: on Tammany and ad? minister the law without fear or favor he has the ability and equip? ment to make an excellent judge. Tl : future will decide. At the moment if, needs chiefly to be remarked that Covernor Smith, true, to his training and his record, has made ar Tammany appointment. Beaux and Mottoes Wherever women are gathered under one roof, no matter under whose auspices, \l has been practice to set up barriers to proteci them from their assumed weak? nesses and the wicked world of men. Rules arc adopted and mottoes and precepts are hung on the wails for their edification and daily guidance. These customs Uncle Sam adopted in the community center that he ? for .the accommodation of women who cam.: to Washingt? , i help him win the war, The mo: I ritating of these were, the "No tr? igns for wooers and framed admonitions about duty and helpful? ness and service. All this is now*changed. With the i ilitical independence of worn? b ; hed such t hings could no tolerated, Down came the mottoe and up went some pictures ?to rest tired eyes after a hard day's work. Then softly shaded lights were sub? stituted for the brilhant incandes? cents that pried relentlessly into all the cozy corner-. With the staring lights went the staff of inquisitive supervi ior But reports have it that the num? ber of beaux has not notably in? creased with the removal of the tres? pass signs. It seems that the young women in government service are de? voted students and are making the most of the educational opportuni? ties thai Washington has to offer. i*:o ?t was not so much beaux they wanted as the right to have them. And that is the real metning of freedom. Why Remove Enright? No Hope for Improvement Until 1 ammany Rule Is Wiped Out i" the Editor of The Tribune. : Wl y remove Ilylan or ' ? ?? Enright, I as"-:? ? hold no bri? ' f? ' n, but I v as born and reared this city an 1 I know a few things al the powers that be?and prey. ruth is these poor tools do what told to do by the "higher up! ." ". he ?o : ighcr-upa are ii ? e laws, because their puppets make the 1 av. ? and ; he ? t manik;n t! - bench execute the Iaw3. EIo wh ? - :an read. I te votei ar to blame this city. 0 *r newspi pi rs *.rc o ? ? s. tiej ? . ' li efl ? ? they n? ly the ... isi the coi ystem of the i nner M ['.ear ?! -Ta m 7' - circle -wh ich wi!' ; ???. ? ;, ?i honest, ; rce, : a :<i: ? en! officia '. Things arc - ??? ? n ll nrphy, Hea Ian as thin?, were ui der ? 'rokei. \ .:rt Wyck ? ? ?'. ? ?' ? t bet ter nor woi se. Sup pose Enright i removed?why, then, the Murphy-Hearst-Hylan fang will pul no ? " ; ' .?? ' to fill the sack, a . the system will go on as before. A lit tie flurry now and then affords ? '1 hero ? -, no ,hope until the r? system of Tammany government : stroyed, root an?! branch, and this can? not he rjorie unti? our newspaper?* tun over a new leaf and begin a! th? source. EDWIN E, CLARK : New ?ork, Dec. ? -, L920. Paean.-; o? Apology the I ?;'''?- o ' The Tribune, :-:r: The stage is set for 7: ter ? ?nary celebration of the landing 1 . Pilgrim'. It takes place. It is ? i expectation. irtain rises, disclosing a nation on its knees in humble apology for the - in its hi tory of the Pilgrim the Puritan. ???*re and there schol? ars and brave men ara seen delvin?, rar.* volume ? for pome extenuating cir cum ?tance for the character of the f? re ? Who creates and times this antl-Pil gr?m, anti-Puritan, anti-Anglo Saxon " -ive""' Who manufactures and let! - pot; us (.- ; : ready made ? -,,, ? ; . ible, odorless, po ?.' go , ?',??' ign d to rob ua of oui 1 ? ..- , moralen And ? e ' tcrest to what end " Isn't ii - me wo located tho factory nd its owners and dealt with them proper! MARY LOUISA ANDER*-')*:. New York, Dec, 28, L920. No Police to Bother Them the Editor of f! ?? Tril une, Sir: i am vei y much intere >ted . ? ampa .7a and the good work 5 011 are doinr ii, st ri : .7 up the New York Poli? ? i lepartment, ... riber, while m car wa tandil :- 1 front (.7' j I Easi tty-first ' reel. v i cri ? live, 1 i iie\ ?? - broke a lock and tole a shoo. The ? ?? n thing oc? urred last night, 1 it broke two ock ; ? 1 is a very well lighted streel in fact tber ? Is un electric light directly In front of my bouse, whore the car stood. To my min?! this 1" nn illustration of the Inefficiency and laxity of the po lice Bervice, and I migh- add r.a-r. thai ! innploy the Holmes Electric Protei tfvc people. E. LAURENCE WHITE, New Yort Dec, 24, 1920, The Conning Tower TDK"DARK DAY"' ??? ?? rd. May 13. Its? I The climbing sun wa3 shrouded o'er That awesome morn of spring; Fowl quickly ; t 'noir roost once mer?, And binds refused to fing. A silence /eil on f:e!d and towr. ; Men put 11 i away, their spades and hammer? dov.-.n And ; ke of ludgment Day. Tpon the Couer:; crept a dread, ??....- ? ? - -,,.?: urn," ore sal i, "Ero it may [ r ivo ' c ? late." Cried Davenport, "Nay, if it be That my last hour draws near, ; shall not from my duty flee- - "I call Whereat apa 1 '? * and shone Upon a < Council in its place, Foi ". ad gone, G. 3. B. Cabl? ' . '.'. '/ , about Da - Cup " ? the unsettled an ioyan< e for ti . - players of the v. . . '? ? ralian teams ' ? ? delay. We don't believe it. \V< ? i ?? ? Hing to bet that Bill Tildi .-s in two nights; . . bet that he'll rson. ? " . ? : rhe nning 2 : ? ? ? ng to do with dec. sioi - to attend the Contrihs' Dinner. Address E. Adelaide Ilahc, Hunter College, New York. "Was this town," wires Relnald Wer-, renrath from Miai 'i amed after one Ben Krai's bro hers? ' THE INSOMNIACS Cha hi Ions, Sons, One a ? n; I o a- penny Sons. Mary hart sat \yytn ;. Up jumped it, down ' imped * <i ? ? Charles Dudley Warnei :'??.' in I ? ? rner. : . ra, b iom-de-ay, Cortes Holliday, Dhackeray, . a i, boo i-de-ay. ? Mine ? ? . een the glory of ? ?: ? ;...-. i Bell '':- ?r ? Flarold Roll '!..-? ?und. ?lam able O n t h t r e " ' Hccrl ;3 are bonny, ? , ?c ?y_ i-Mwan , the gray dawn 1s : ?". W. an?] ??;"?. -:' . ?? i [ ' : ' ? .?>:. ? urning tri? ' i i Da) is that of J. ; ' - ? ?.' day before ???;. :. my and I'.'.r. ..:.???? (? bill and Dyllyn : .. ' with them. sang a song ... . wr- can re i ' ' ? . ? - .. Oi ? -old Di ember day A pai , sight iwa . ..--..? . i 11 ! i other \ ? g ' :i ! If she woul ' b ring th ,rn hack A poo : blini foi ?:? 8, 1020, un pi ared ''Inti A Iments,'' sent lo Life ' ? ter Pulitzer, to whom mad fhese are the ! i I - ? "a*.? set9 hlra ; t 83 hHfi, ! Ill 7.. ; g j ,-..- j f- ?jn . ?' im of u plaeue, ? ? . !''.'? L'l f.^r;*, ?\. I -.. i .. Mi In Th May 8 i ? ' ?' fhe Col ? ?? imall? - ? ' :m : - ??? ? I rn I I .. plasrue, ' ' '. ? teria. ?very are so : '?"?', and th? rreai that ever at 5 i it But the i nrriest war against ] ,.' ? ? ? ' ? ? ? m:r<rc*etl A. Fr.'i 7 er, who tad "sn \rl in'.s "The 7 ; | ???,. Prophylactic I1 uj ?. . ;:?.-. erse market, P rna ? ?us, our be closed be ' ' - ? . J u m, it ha n to end to " Happy New ?Year," but . to ? ua now that . ? be brought gainst u Our defense would be that the ph? i cams'! : vision, and that we nevi i icard of it before. Vet, rather than find a suit en our hands, the author of tho ? ri .r.'!-.', pprhnps, but cau i on another last ? .? i ; live. r. ?, a, LEAVE THAT POOR OLD STRANDED WRECK AND PULLR? THE SHORE ^^^| ''.?'?vr!?.?.?. 1 0?H V.w Ynfli Trthlina In A Modem Fighting Navy B\) Quarterdeck Vie are ta?-? to face with a knotty problem: What constitutes an up-to dal ? fighting navy?a navy with the weapons and the organisation best de .!?..-: ? to meet the conditions of .the pr? seul and tho noar future in naval ?\ arfa A moment's intelligent consideration will demonstrate that no narrow gauge, singlo track, or.'1 plane mind, whether in tho navy or in civil life or in the halla of Congres , is con petent to ?leal successfully with this subject. A mor?" :omplicated problem car.not be imag? ined. A thorough knowledge of the past, a completo analysis, of the naval ? ? ? of the World War and an in? telligent appreciation of the dcadlii ' of new weapons an- necessary before wc can even begin to outline our future naval policy and ba:!.!ing program, , A Three-Plane Fleet With the bluntne: - of e. sailor let us come ? ' ai -st to the point. In *?ir.ing the first step let i follow the wise plan of the Naval War College and make "an estimate the If wo permit even a .'.. i gl nmer of and fact to p etrat ? our minds in it not evident that the fighting navy of the future must operate on three Y on on'? Can wo not that a modern fleet must deploy for at tai . or line I r ifen ;e on the sur? ta? \ benc-ath the sui face and abo surface of the sea'.' An oldtii e fleet, lacking tho weapons of the upper and lower planes, cannot advance to the attack with any hops of success, It will be useless for offensive purposes. It will bo equally weak and helpless as a purely defensive force. Such a navy gives the people no return for the bil? lions invested i;> its building. This fact must be brought home "with u. dull, si? ?. ening thud,'' as the snilorman s?v^, A Fighting Navy Ours iias always been a fighting navy?when not held back by pai ifi iti? and po!?7!ca'. force-- over which it ha< no con?roi! it would never or Invite wur. but its spirit an? its traditions from tho days of Pau Jones ''i Sima would demand pre paredness at all times; and it won!?. seek tho enemy with a determinatioi to tight with full forco fr? m tho ver' .tart. Are tho organization and ma terial condition of the navy to-da; such ; I at ' lieers and men cai follow their incl nations and instantl; throw our fleet against a nos'.:].? fore in ar-.y emergency that may arise This question must be answered M etc Weapons it ii: important ( i consider brlefl; the row weapons, some of them no yet fully developed, which will fon an up-to-date navy to I ?"; ' upon tb.re planes instead of one : I. The submarine. In .. le jture a the Army General Staff i ollege mor than ii year ago Captain Hart, E S. N., estimated thai 10,000 officer and men constituted the maximur force employ?'?] by the Germans i their submarine campaign. And yc imall force cam" within an ac of starving England-and winning th war! Despite tho Grand Elect .. the Allied navies, de pite tho million of land forces on all front-?, the sul marine dominated the situation at th most critical stage of th? war. C'a this fact l?e ignored? '.:. The torpedo seriously threater : o urfaco ship. It ii not yet full developed, It may soon carry a *??n ( explosive. fan ? dreai irvive such a biuw'.' 3. Th? tur^cdu plane, ?arejitc-i i Admiral Fiske, has vastly increased the effectiveness and deadiincsa of the torpedo. Imagine fifty of these planes swooping down at night?at dusk or before dawn?and firing fifty heavy torpedoes on one or -both bows of h column of vessels and returning to base at a s].1 of 100 miles an hour for more ammunition for a second at? tack! 4. The bombing- plane is not vet fully developed, but its offensive power must he anticipated. A single plane n7ay carry five 1,000-pound bombs. These bomba may be designed to explode on hitting a ship, or to float as mires if they fa:; to hit. (.'an u fleet ignoro a barrage of such mines? f.. Mines? are a serious menace to a surface fleet. They may be mad?? much more effective ?7i the fu'v.re if we em? ploy submarine and airplane mine layer?. By ruca mear- ri mine barrage can be quickly laid in the path of a surface fleet. Can a dreadnought . team fearlessly through such a barrage'.' G. ilr?c:'o control of a battleship has i?e?-n secured. We may soon expect radio control o? a submarine or an immense torpedo from an airplane overhead, ? i 1 he another menace m face ship. The Dreadnought Reviewing briefly, we ? ?? that the di'eadnought fleet ia terribly menaced It must be protected at all times?a' anchor or at sea?by destroyers, sub? marines, mine layers and a strong ail force. It cannot exist, still less can il attack, without auxiliary flot:!!;?-- abovi and below. There are distinguished authorities who declare that the dreadnoug i to-day. Ji September, 1919, Ad mirai L? rd I icr wrote: "Air fightinj dominates future war, both by land an? rea. It is not my business to discus the land, but by sea the only way t avoid the war is to get under the watei So you are driven to the internal c >m hustion engine and oil. That's keep on emphasizing that the who] navy '??us to bo scrapped." Admiral Si Percy Scott agrees with Lord Fishei He declares that the dreadnought mus hide in hermetically sealed harbors t avoid (submarines, and that the harboi must be roofed over as a protectio from bombing planes! l?ear A Imiri Hall and other officers of the Britis navy strongly support Fisher ar I Sei i They believe that Englai d i hould pi her money into air t?r?i submarine ftVot On the other hand, the dreai has its defenders. They claim tl at has defended and will continue to defer itself against, all menacing weapons, ai that It constitutes tl".? backbone of navy. Our M aval Policy Between these two xtreruea we mu take our stand. For the United Stat a mid-position is wisest for the pre ent. We should not scrap our drea noughts nor our surface fleet, but v must reu'.:t:e the weakness and limit ?ions < :' such craft. Pending the d velopment of menacing weapons, ai in view of tho fact that our surfa fleet is sti ng in dreadnoughts to-d* it would ei m that we Bhould Huspei the building of ships that may doomed in the near future and supp the navy with the submarine and t forces which are necessary t?> the < fective protection and offensive u of our surface ships. Oar divided fli should be immediately united and ma for vas :: organization ,?n?i pi rsonnol, V.11 usel? put out of coiunmsion. Tho avail?] submarines and the combined naval ill i force should join tho battleships to ! form one well d Fatal Defirienries The need of ii and intelli gent action is imperative. '? 13 bctr. that there is not one I on:*--rang? submarine in ? day. The situation in thi a de] lorab irine force at one? In aviat ion th > ? mat?riel : totally . person' ive and zeal -tie with which to w? Thus, on ?; ? upper of a modern : 77' ? '.?r : : ? States :-?, unprepared for war, these ' :.? us in th not r.e.L should be expended to ? ..: rine ? ad air fore?. ? be a.?.?re capital hips? '? question or ; ' ? . 1 the most good. Ii o ir ful 1? enemy advances on the upper bdi lower : s fleet, in II present condition, v menaced. It is a nations that now c? nfronts Terminals and Motor Trucks To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Your editorial of Tues cember L'l, ' ? lot? Trucks." brings to lue local pu ? means of overcoming <. gn ?i ? age and the rail congestion a*. I In Cincinnati it is repoi . "... new method cuts the I > . an-carload !re ? cost f roi 1 ! 00,000 ? - available for addit ng 7? give ? . ? ? - time. ? Y"i :-;. 1 ? ?? r ? ,, ' ?. ? ian ean Cincinnat . theoretical. It . day service in Cii ' 1 ??? - "Eventually. Why X ?t S ? modern conditions o*" ? reduced rates in local ' The Tribune 5 to upon its vi n* of 1 ? ?* 1 :. I de w - ou''?,? for ad ' '*x" and ? ei mina] real est that intcrioi cil - ha ? I l '?'?'? N. I ? *? "?'? ? New York, Dec. 24, 1 A Recipe for a Happy New Y<*t Sir: May I make the ? ? .-t-?*?'?? .- _.- . ... ... 1 ar so a fad and unhappy day by urning? tho blue laws of the j attention during the year ' 1921 " making people ' '? far s they pos.-. law of love ? Christ Jesu memory i .. l?e said, 'lu ? self. ' Now, in place ::' ' If everybody would resolve to put '?? *? wor.'.s in practice, using them for they are worth both on also week day-. : ' ' very wonderful pla? e to live '?" ?" ; we all give it a - ? tuB ear a 1 l . v ? ,i, \ND. New York? Dec. -'