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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 07, 1921, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISE
ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
awimttt
Vol. LXXX No. 27,140
(Copyrlght, 19JJ1,
P>?w York Tribune Inc.)
MONDAY, MARCH 7, 1921
s$: # # "*
TH E W EATHE R
Probably rain and colder to-day; to
morrow unsettled; probably rain;
fresh shift.insr winds, becoming east
Full report on last page.
TWO CF.NTrf | THRKK (FATS | FOI K ( BNTS
Tork | Within ZOe Mii
In Orenter ?w Tork I Within 200 Miles | r.l**\vhrre
Germans to Double
Sum Offered Allies;
Will Rebuild Ruins
New Proposals Said to
Provide for Payment of
Hundred Biilion Marks
in Only 30-Year Period
Britain Optimistic
Over Settlement
Session of Supreme Coun?
cil Hurriedly Called to
Discuss Berlin Proffer
By Arthur S. Draper
p, ... j v Tribune'a European Bureau !
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, March 6.?When the
Allie-.l ultimatum to Germany to j
yield or be ptmished expires to-mor-!
row noon Dr. Walter Simons, Ger-1
man Foreign Minister, will present
to the Supreme Council a new pro
oosal. Under it Germany will offer
to pay the Allies double the amount j
of rcparations that the Entente pre- j
miers refused last Tuesday, or about;
100,000,000,000 gold marks.
The Allied demand drawn up at
Paris last month was for 226.000,
000,000 marks. The first German
offer was ">0.000.000,000 marks, but
deduction.? from this, amounting to j
20,000.000,000 marks. were insisted !
npon as'credit for payments already
made.
Although Berlin dispatches say that
tu.e German government is obdurate
and unafraid, there is reason to believe
that Dr. Simons has instructions to
yield much more than he did at last
week's conference.
New German Proposal?
'? I lerstood that the riew Ger
?r. : osals w ill suggest:
Germany be permitted to pay
?n : her debts by building a large
v of concrete houses in stand
?rdized parts for use in the devas
tate parts of France and Beigium.
Thi e would be built irj Germany and
-'. ; led ro Frai ce, where they -would
b? put together by a comparatively
small body of German .workmen.
This would obviate the presence of
Jarge groups of German workmen on
French soil.
That an alternate scheme be sub
stituted for the 12 per cent tax on
export- proposed by the Allied pre?
miers. Dr. Simons will suggest that
the tax, ;r.;;tead of being on exporta,
be levied or. the trade balance?i. ?.,
on the difference between the value
exporta and imports, or on
irulex figurc which could
be cVcided upon in future consulta
tion between Allied and German eco
nomic experts. As German exporta
increase the amount reverting to the
reparations fund will increase.
the amount of the first few
?nnu b< reduced and that these ?
be increased gradually as Germany
reco\
? I war bill shall be com
pletely paid in not more than thirty
yeara instead of forty-two, as the
' e ! premiers had proposed. |
l n>ati?factory to French
A ' the new German offer will
'ed by the Allies as a basis of
' ia problematical. To the
i-. g decidedly un.satisfactory,
l the Paris delegates here fully ex
Pec< hat to-morrpw'8 session will
p in a disagreement atid the
a will take uo their ad
- the Rhine. The British
ptimistic, hoping that Lloyd
George, in the role of mediator that
filling so much, can bring
both sides into line.
If the Allies refuse to entertain
these new proposals tho German dele
gatts will return to Berlin and the
Allied military leaders will take
charge. 'Ihere are some who hope this
will prove to be the case, but their
number i& smaller than it was a short
time apo. They feel that there is
too much at stake to resort to mili?
tary means without exhausting every
possibility of an agreement through
negotiation. That is the view pre?
sented by two of the government's
strongest. s-upporters in tho Sunday
press.
Probably the one feature of Dr.
Eimons's reply which will be .the most
uasatisfactory to the British will be
> Continued en page tour)
Mathelda Steindel Ends
Life in Lake at. Chieago
Ranfot Whose Husband Faced.
Disloyalty Charges Is Victfrn
of IVervous Collap>e
Special Dispatck to The Tribune
CHICAGO, March 6.?The body of
Mrs. Mathelda Steindel. noted pianist
a?d wife of Bruno Steindel, world
Mttei cellist, waa taken from Lake
Mich.fan to-day.
Mrs. Steindel had been Buffering
irom a nervous collapse, brought on
chiefly, h?r relatives say, by charges
toadc during the war that she ?.nd her
ftusband were in sympathy with the
e?c-m.-. Three years igo the loyalty
oi ht-tself and her husband? wa* ques
??oned. Mr. Steindel was compelled to
^?siKn as principal cellist of the Chi
?a?o i'ymphony Orchestra, a position
V?a^ ^ ^or twenty-seven years.
TIk illness of Mrs. Steindel Jates
irom that tine. Her merttal cop4ition
waa nggravated by worry over her
"aughter, Eleanor, thirteen, the victim
*' ? mysterious malady, who has been
con^r.ed to her bed for years.
oruno Steindel, who refused to re
f.'" th* Chieago Symphony Orchestra
ln I wa8 exonerated of the dis
>oyaiu charges, is now on tour with
*ae Chieago Onera Company.
??SIE?B?^RD FMIRIDA UMITKD?Train
Vtoi'M. i,No *xtr" far8- Through aleeper* all
ntlemt ^?!' *,'', West Coft,t re?ort?. R?Vr
???? llt? Bway. *?!. Mad. ??. X373.
German Cabinet Sends
. JSeiv Orders to Envoys
BERLIN, March 6.?It is semi
officially announced that, after
having received a report from
the German delcgates to the
Reparations Conference in Lon?
don, two Cabinet meetings were
held Sunday. Between these
meetings there was a conference
with the experts.
As a result of the deliberations
instructions were sent to the
German delegation for use in
Monday's negotiations.
Legion Appeals
To Harding on
Rhine Meeting
Denounces Hylan in Reso
lution Asking That
Further German Propa?
ganda Be Prohibited
City Posts to Act To-day
Will Again Demand Re?
moval of Mayor and Res
ignation of Col. Anderson
Mayor Hylan's refusal to prevent the
holding of the "Horror of the Rhine"
mass meeting in Madison Square Gar?
den last Monduy night. which has al?
ready resulted in New York's largest
two American Legion posts demanding
that Governor Miller remove him from
offiee, has been called to the attention
of President Harding.
In what is believed to be the first
official communication from the Ameri
I can Legion to the new President, Mayor
| Hylan's attitude and failure to take
| action are bitterly condemned. The
i communication, in the form of resolu?
tions unanimously adopted by the
Kings County exeeutive committee of
the American Legion and representing
16,000 ex-aervice men, was dispatched
to President Harding and Governor
Miller yesterday. The communication
follows:
"Resolved. That the exeeutive com?
mittee of the American Legion of
Kings County, representing 10,000 ex
service men, vigorously protest against
j and expresa disapproval of the meeting
I held in Madison Square Garden on
I February 28 by German sympathizers.
Attack on Allies
"The meeting was called for the
j avowerl purpose of attackir.g our allies
; and giving aid and comfort to a coun?
try with which we are still at war, and
_t which meeting the responsible offi
I ciala of the government of the United
States were viciously attacked in a
? scandalous and disgraceful manner and
which meeting was so repugnunt to the
I sentiment of the loyal citizens of the
j municipality that extraordinary police
protection was required to prevent its
i dispersion by an outraged populace.
"And it is further resolved that the
! action of the Mayor of the City of New
I York in permitting the holding of such
' a meeting without interference or ob
I jection is unqualifiedly condemned.
1 "And it is further resolved that the
; American Legion of Kings County is
emphatically oppoeed to public authori
ties permitting any further meetings of
this character being held.
"And it is further resolved that
I copies of these resolutions be sent to
' the Mayor of the City of New York,
j the Governor of this state and to the
| President of the United States."
Drastic Action To-day
The communication is signed by the
exeeutive committee of the County
Chapter of tiie Legion and by its secre?
tary, Harry Ehrenburg.
Drastic action is predicted for to
day, when the majority of American
Legion posts of the city are scheduled
to meet to adopt resolutions and take
action against Mayor Hylan and Lieu
tenant Colonel Alexander L'. Anderson,
Legion commander of the 69th Regi
mental Post, who was one of the prin?
cipal speakers at the "Rhine" meeting.
Many Legion leaders said yesterday
that meetings had been called for this
aftemoon and to-night following the
adoption of resolutions by the Rich
mond Hill Post and the Manhattan
Naval Post, ln which Mayor Hylan's re?
moval was demanded, and in which
Colonel Anderson'a resignation from
the Legion was also demanded. An?
other meeting of the county exeeutive
committee to take action individually
against Colonel Anderson, it was said
last night, will more than likely be
called some time early this week.
A complete investigation of the
Rhine meeting is now under way by
the Legion, according to statements
made yesterday by Harold M. Schwab,
(Continue. en next p?jfi
Coney's Hot Dogs Frisky
As Mercury Goes to 63
25,000 Visit Island, With Ther
niometer 29 Degrees Above
March 6 Average
The mercury in the local Weather
Bureau's thermometer registered 63
degrees at 7 p. m. yesterday, and a lot
of people who wore their winter over
and under things were ready to swear
that it could have gone higher without
lying.
Last year the highest the mercury
got on March 6 was 22 degrees. The
average for the day for the last thirty
three years ia 34 degrees. The average
temperature yesterday was 52 degrees.
The warmest March 6 on record was in
1894, when the mercury reached 67 de?
grees.
Although not a record breaker, it
was warm enough yesterday for about
25,000 persons to visit Coney Island.
There was not much bathing, but hot
dogs crawled from their winter quar?
ters and frisked about and the carrou
sels and dance hall. that were open did
a good business.
|Rebel Guns
Are Trained
On Petrograd
Raiiway Service From the
Capital to Oraiiienbauin
Is Discontiiiued; Latter
City Is Fired Upon
Reds Are in Panic;
Commissars Flee
Sailors Demand Expul
sion of Avoroff and Ex
ecution of Zinovieff
LONDbN, March 6.?Confirmation of
reports that Russian revolutionaries
have taken possession of Kronstadt,
the fortress and seaport at the head of
I tho Gulf of Finland, near Petrograd,
is given in the most recent advices re?
ceived in Copenhagen by way of Hel?
singfors, says the Copenhagen corre?
spondent of The Exchange Telegraph
to-day. The revolutionaries have
made Kronstadt the center of their
organization, the correspondent as
serts.
"The rebels have trained the guns
of the warship Petropavlovsk on
Petrograd," the eorresnonde'nt con
I tinues, "and have sent the icebreaker
Jermak to Oranienbaum, on the Gulf
of Finland, opposit.e Kronstadt. The
Soviet authorities have suspended the
- etrograd-Oranienbaum rail service.
Send Envoys to Petrograd
"The revolting sailors sent dele
gates to Petrograd, but it is not certain
whether to negotiate with the Soviet
; oflicials pr to confer with follow revo
tiopists.
"Moscow reports say the Bolsheviki
overpowered the rebels there with tho
most sanguinary terrorism."
Soldiers and sailors from Kronstadt
says n dispatch to the London Times
, from Riga. attacked Oranienbaum Fri
day across the ice, but were repulsed
by the batteries there. Four ships
fired on Oranienbaum. The sailors
have sent a message to Petrograd, de
manding the expulsion of General
Avoroff, the dictator in Petrograd, and
t'^e execution of M. Zinovieff, the Gov
i ernor of Petrograd.
The Herald, the Labor organ, to-day
prints an interview with Leonid Kras
sin, who has returned to London with
amendments to the proposed Russo
British trade agreement. Krassin is
reported to have said that, according to
; his latest information, "All is quiet in
Moscow and Petrograd. The only renl
trouble is in 'Kronstadt, but this is
quite unimportant."
The newspaper also prints the follow?
ing telegram from its Moscow corre?
spondent under date of March ii: "Tho
Kozlovsky affair -presents no serious
; features. Lenine, speaking before the
; Moscow Soviet to-day, said: 'Only one
: shot has been fired in Moscow. We
' have lived through far more serious
crises than this.' "
PARIS, March 6.?The one-time Rus?
sian Premier, Alexander Kerensky, has
received a dispatch from well informed
members of his party fully confirming
the nccounts already published of the
revolt in Petrograd, where, according
' to a brief late dispatch from Helsing?
fors, the movement tends to spread
, and grow stronger.
Communists in Panic
As regards Moscow, M. Kerensky
says the counter movement appeurs
| somewhat weak, but in the regions
i near the frontiers the Communists aro
; panic stricken. The commissars are
j fleeing and troops of doubtful loyalty
| are being disarmed.
HELSINGFORS, Finland, March 6..
| Advices from Reval, Esthonia, say that
Leon Trotzky, the Bolshevik Minister
of War, has assumed the direction of
the operations which are heing carried
on against the insurgents.
Kronstadt Jfas Base of
All Past RebeUions
Ancient and Picturesque I'ort
Effected Kerpnsfcy's. Fall;
ISow Threatens Bolsheviki
Kronstadt, the island fortress pro
; tecting tho city of Petrograd, is the
most picturesque revolutionary center
in Russia. The sailors of the Baltic
, fleet, once called by Trotzky "the
beauty and pride of the revolution,"
are probably the most restless element
| of all the revolutionary factions in
Russia. They were practically the
j iirst to join the revolution in March,
j 1917, to overthrow the Czar, and
j created a great deal of trouble for the
j Kerensky government during its in
(Contlnued an page three)
Pershing Stadium May
Be Bullfight Arena
PARIS, March .6. ? The Per
shing Stadium here may be used
a3 a bullfight arena by Easter,
according to newspaper reports.
Toreadors and bulls, it is said,
will be brough*- from Spain. The
bulls, however, may not be killed.
Promoters of the contemplated
hullfights say that provisional ap
proval of tho proiect already has
been obtained from the Minister
of the Interior. The upkeep of
Pershing Stadium costs the city
of Paris 100,000 francu a year.
Gibbs Accuses
Irish Clergy as
War Breeders
Says They Are Playing With
Hell Fire and Charges
Attempts to Start Row
Between Britain and U. S.
Police Subdue Hecklers
Father Duflfy Lectnres in a
Nearby Hall; Erin Sympa
thizers Parade Broadway
l i _
Sir Philip Gibbs gave another
; lecture on the Irish situation last
: night, this time warning Irish clergy
men in this country that they were
' "playing with he'.l fire" in encouraging
, those who desired war between the
1 United States and Great Britain.
His lecture was delivered in the
I Casino Theater. A few blocks away, ln
the Selwyn Theater, the rtev. Ftancis
P. Duffy, ehaplain of the 165th Infantry
1 in France, was making a reply to the
address Sir Philip delivered a week
j ago at Carnegie Hall amid the jeers
of Irish revolutionaries.
j Irish sympathizers with pamphleta
; and placards paraded Broadway out
i side the Casino, and there were a score
j or so inside who occasionaiiy inter
! ruptcd the speaker. Forty patrolmen
i were on guard, however, unaer Inspec
. tor Boettler and Captain Iloward, and
; the hccklcrs subsided as soon as a
i patrolman approached them.
Although interrupted, Sir Philip was
I not the center of such a storm of abuse
| as assailed him at Carnegie Hall. ? His
j audience frequently broke out into
threats against his hecklers, and on
one occasion Inspector Boettler stcpped
j to the front of a dox and delivered
| himself as follows to those in the
1 body of the house who had been yelling
? '"Put him out!'' at a heckler:
"You folks keep quiet, too. Ii' any
. body starts anything hc'll be put out
all right."
In the estimation of the inspector
nobody started anything and nobody
was put out.
Ilolds Father Duffy Unwise
Sir Philip's warning to the clergymen
who played with fire was in direct ref
erence to the meeting Father Duffy was
addressing. By this time, he said,
Father Duffy undoubtedly had eaid a
good mony things about him, and lie
? purposed to say a thing or two about
Father Duffy.
"I think ho is a great gentleman,"
said Sir Philip, "and a fine sportsman,
but he is on the side of evil and not
of good in this parl.icular matter. I
cannot see how Catholic priests can
reeoncile their faith ana belief in th(:
Master's word with this incitement to
, physical force by the Sinn Fein.
"Father Duffy. like other chaplainu,
knows the horror and senselessness of
war. I think that he and the other
Catholic priests in America are ex
Uaordinarily unwise in raising funds
for the Sinn Fein and inciting hatred
against England.
"Father Duffy and the other Irish
clergy in this country who keep stolung
up these old. bad fires of hate, are do
; ing no service to humanity. I have
. read Sinn Fein pamphlets here which
| are a direct incitement to war between
the United States and England. If
there ever should be war between these
two nations?and I Know there never
will be- that will be the end of civiliza?
tion and the end of Christianity.
Cites Danger of War
"Father Duffy and his colleagues are
dedicated to the cause of peace. Don't
i they see the danger of war? Can't
. they see they are playing with hell fire?
1 The actions of the German-Americans
i and the Irish-Americans are playing
i into the hands of the enemy, and I
I think, though I hate to say it, that it
'Continued on pag? three)
Police Add 4Bisf Finale to Act
Of Students on 5th Ave.: 4 Held
Four freshmen of New York Univer?
sity were locked up in the West Forty
second Street police station yesterday
on charges of disorderly conduct after
they had entertained a large Sunday
throng at Fifth Avenue and Forty-sec
ond Street, and another later at Colum?
bus Circle. Tho two entertainments
wo; j enlivened - by a side-splitting
entre-act, in which two large traffic po?
licemen chased the four young men
through the corridors of the Public Li?
brary, and finally lost their victims
when they ran through the revolving
doors at the Forty-second Street en
trance to the building.
The four students, who told the po?
lice that they were being initiated to
the Delta Sigma Phi fraternity, de
Bcribed themselves bb Harry Stall, six
teen years old, of 1320 Fifty-second
Street; Samuel Langer. seventeen years
old, of 2223 Benson Avenue; George
Shapiro, seventeen years old, of 7619
Twentieth Avenue, and Harry Malter,
sixteen years old, of 2820 Twentieth
Avenue, all of Brooklyn.
The boys were driven to the Delta
Sigma Phi fruternity house in Brook?
lyn in a large black touring car early
yesterday aftemoon. An hour later the
same touring car drew up to the
Forty-second Street entrance of the
Public Library in Manhattan. An ultra
modern girl, with her ears hidden, in (
the company of "Denon Rum," a blue I
law Quaker and a small boy, carrying a i
cano and dressed in the- fashion of
little Lord Fauntleroy, left the car. The
four went to the corner of Fifth Ave?
nue, where the girl began a speecii on
the "Cosmetic Urge."
A few minutes later a crowd of more
than a thousand Sunday strollers was
gathered about the four. The crowd;
which increased momentarily, soon
threatened to overwhelm the entertain
ers. The four masquerading students
wore forced to seek refuge in the Public
Library.
By this time they had incurred the
wralh of two traffic patroimen, who fol?
lowed them into the library and at?
tempted to drajt them from their sanc
tuary. A lively chase through the Iirst
and second corridors of the building
followed. Finally the four students
dashed to the Forty-second Street en
trance of the building and were whirled
through the revolving door to their ma?
chine, which stood waiting at the corner.
Little Lord Fauntleroy dropped his
cane in the door, which put the re?
volving apparatus of the door out of
commission and resulted in the escape
of the quartet.
They were arrested half an hour later, j
however, as they were addressing a large
crowd in Columbus Circle by two motor
cycle policemen, who had been informed
to be on the look-out for the masque
radere.
Retainl920
Marine Act,
Benson Urges
Asserts One Conclusion
of Congressional Inves
tigation Strikes Direct- j
ly at Progressive Law!
Demands Fair TVst
Of Entire Statute
Says Merchant Fleet Is
Now Safely Launched
for L a s t i n g Success
By Admiral William S. Bensonj
Clutirman United Statea Shipping
Board
WASHINGTON, March 6.?I believe
that no man ever got anywhere whose !
aim wasn't straight. The man who :
uses a gun knows this too well. The
man who attempts to influence public ,
opinion learns it sooner or later in '
his career. I began my training in '
the navy when I was a stripling. j
Forty-seven years of continuous serv- j
ice has only served to emphasize the |
first lesson I learned?-shoot straight.
A steady aim does the trick.
That may seem a strange way of j
beginning a discussion of shipping
mattere, but lt is apropo3 to what I
wish to emphasize. And that is the
splendid result of our straight aim, !
which began in 1910 with the passage
of th's shipping act?-the straight aim j
to have a real merchant marine. The j
[ urge of war brought us to the front i
as the greatest shipbuilding country I
in history. Inspired by world needs j
we broke all records in ship construc- |
tion. To-day we have a real merchant
marine.
With war needs to meet ws stood the
test. We had tho men trained; we had
the ships sufficient to carry nearly a
million of our fighting men to. the j
shores of Europe. Approximately 95
per cent of the supplies and muni- [
| tions went across in bottoms flying
, the American flag. I believe this fact
should be kept in mind in any dis
cussion bearing upon the work ac
complished by the United States Ship- i
i ping Board.
Criticism Proved Useful
'1 he work of that board came in for
a great deal of criticism during the
: Congressional investieation. Much of
| this criticism served a constructive
| purpose. I can speak of this Shipping
' Board probe without a trace of par
; tisanship, as most of the period cov
| ered by the inveatigators was before
: I or tho ?prosent board came into ex
istence. One of the conclusions
reached, however, strikes directly at |
the mr.rine act of 1920, an act which !
I have often referred to as one of the
i best evidences of progress in marine ;
legislation this country has had placed !
on tiie statute books.
When you remem.er that the Con- ,
gressiona! investigatir.g committee in '
its final report deelared the work of '
the Shipping Board, as a whole, "the
most remarkable achievement in ship?
building that the world hafl ever seen"
you will be inclined, I am quite sure,
to my views, reached only after due
and deliberate consideration of the
subject. From the time my term be?
gan early in March last year I put
all my heart into the work that lay '
before me as chairman of the Shipping
Board. I plunged into a mystic maze
of business intricacies, which grad- :
ually assuined defmite shape for con?
sideration. There were thousands of
clainis and other matters which had
to be waded through. It was phy
sically impossiblc for us to do that
work ourselves and the men selected
for the taak were lav/yers and ex?
perts who had made a study of the
legal phases and other questions in- ,
volved.
No Wrongdoing by Officials
Now, mistakes have been made. Let's !
admi*. they were. But after diligent
inquiry the investigators failed to de
velop any wrongdoing among the high
officials?notwithstanding a series of,
slanderous statements which persist- -
ently followed the various develop
ments of the inquiry. For tliat slimy ]
trail this country will pay dearly: I '
cannot too strongly emphasize this.
Why any one should seriously con- j
sider jeopardizing the merchant ma- i
rine pct of 1920 because of what de
velop'ed in the inquiry is beyond me.
To scrap this wise piece of legislation
is a r.tep in the wrong direction and
one so fraught with serious conse- i
quences as to warrant strong protests I
from those who believe in a merchant
marine. Of course, some difference of j
opinion may be found as to several J
features of the administrative side of
the law. Whether the board should
have seven or five members or only ?
one is a matter upon which men may :
differ without doing great harm to the i
big constructive features of the act. <
But to give serious thought to scrap- (:
ping the act in its cntirety is playing I
into the hands of our foes?our most j
deadly ones?the men who, masking j
as Ainericans interested in the marine, i
(Continued on gaa* five)
33 Killed in Mutiny
In Hungarian Garrison
Slaying of Two Officers as Pro- i
test Ends in Execution
of Mutineers
VIENNA, March 6.?Mutiny among ;
members of the Hungarian garrison r.t
Raab, resulting in the killing of two
? officers and the execution of thirty-one
mutineers,' is reported in dispatches
received here.
According to the pres3 accounts, the
trouble started when flogging of several
; soldiers was ordered by Baron Rivaa
! and Count Vay. Other soldiers pro- ;
| tested against the flogging a,nd shot!
j two officers, who had drawn their re
I volvers to quell the disorder. * j
The mutineers thep barricaded them
| selves in their barracks and artillery
! was brought up and trained upon them.
| The mutineers are said to have sur
, rendered upon receipt of an offer of
immunity, but, accordinf to accounts,
j they were shot as soon aa they gave
| themselves up. The executed JncluUed
i two captalns who sympathieed with the !
! mutineers.
. i ..... ?
Lookl-fr tor reliable workers? Make j
your aelectlon (rom Situation Wanted Male !
j and Female ad.. Iu to-day'm Tribune.? i
I Ad"_
Harding to Call Council
Of Allies to Promote His
World Association Plan
Size of Navy
Brings First
Cabinet Rift
Washington Agog as Den
by Wants to Outdo Eng?
land and Weeks Takes
Flat Issue With Him
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, March 6.?The first
open difference in the Harding Cabinet
on a great question of public ^policy
has already arisen. It is on the size
ct the navy.
Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby
is in favor of a navy as large or larger
than that, of Great Britain. He made
the perfectly flat statemerit. mention
ing Great Britain, late last night at
the Navy League dinner.
Secretary of War John W. Weeks,
whose indorsement really put Mr.
Denby in the Cabinet, after listening
to this statement, took sharp issue
with it, declaring he favored a navy
as large as that of any nation with
which this country might be involved
in war. He waved aside the possi
bility of a war with Great Britain.
Mr. Denby, in dwelling on the size of
the British navy, laid stress on the im
probability of ever having a war with
Great Britain, but said if he were asked
why our navy should bo as large ai
that of Great Britain he would reply
with a Yankee question, "Why not?"
Difference Stirs Capital
Washington is agog to-day over this
sharp difference of opinion between the
two men in charge of the national de
fense portfolios. The interest is in
tensified because of the fact that the
Senate has just talked to death the
navy bill, and every indication is that
when the new Congress is called the
tight against going on with the dread
nought program will be rencwed with
all the enthusiasm, and perhaps with a
giiater following, than the movement
had in the Congress just efTded.
Judging from comments by Senatdrs
and members of the House to-night, Mr.
Weeks has the more popular side of
the controyersy in Congress. New
members of both houses, just elected
in November, s.eem especially impressed
with the idea of cutting governmental
expenses in oraer to reduce taxes in
every possible quarter. The two big
things to prune, in their mh.ds, are the
army a^d navy.
Very interesting in this connection?
as applied to the new Senators and
Representatives from the Middle West
?is the comment of Assistant Secre?
tary of the Navy Roosevelt, who spoke
after Mr. Denby and Mr. Weeks had
concluded. He warned the Navy
League that pacitism was putting up its
head all over the country, in one guise
or another, and that the function of the
league was to fight it.
Colonel Roosevelt did not involve
himself in the difference between his
own chief and Secretary of War Weeks,
except on this point of having the
Navy League tight with renewed vigor
against pacihsm, .Mr. Weeks having ad
vanced some other ideas as to what
function could now best be served by
ihe Navy League.
Jusserand Joins Talk
"I notice in all this talk about dis
armaments," obscrved Ambassador
Jusserand, "that France is never men
tioned. I presume that is because the
navy of France is just the proper size
?neithcr too large nor too small."
The curious thing about tho sharp
difference between Mr. Weeks and Mr.
Denby as to the size of the navy ls
that while both men- stated their eon
victions with the utniost positiveness
both chatted pleasantly later, eo that,
while no doubt was left that each
would do hia utniost to persuade Presi?
dent Harding and Congress to follow
his ideas, no personal bitterness seems
likely to ensue.
Mr. Denby, incidentally, made his
pointi with an oratorical ring which
broutrht the diners upon their toes.
Wonder is very generally expressed
to-day, in comment on his speech, that
he has not been better known aa a
campaign speaker. Equipped with a
very powerful voice, an impressive
manner and with a remarkable com
mand of language, no one can under?
stand that he was not one of the head
liners of the last campaign.
Mr. Weeks made his points, just as
he did in debates in the Senate when
he was a member of that body, as
though he were sitting at a dlrectors'
table of a big corp>ration. or in a per?
sonal conversation.
Pronounced Quake Recorded
WASHINGTON, March 6.?An earth
quake described as "pronounced," and
at an estimated distance of 2,100 miles
from Washington, was recorded to-day
at the Georgetown UniverBity seismo
logical observatory. Beginning at 2:36
a. m., the disturbancc lasted until 3:25
a. m., reaching its maximum intensity
at 2:44 a. m.
-.-,
Harding's World Plan
Stated in Inaugural
President Harding's summary
of his international peace policy
as expressed in his inaugural
message follows:
"We are ready to associatc our
selves with the nations of the
world, great and small, for con?
ference, for counsel, to seek the
expressed views of world opinion,
to recommend a way to approxi
mate disarmament and, relieve
the crushing burdens of military
and naval establishments. . . .
In translating humanity's new
concept of righteousness. justice,
and its hatred of war, into recom
mended action we are ready most
heartily to unite but every com
mitment must be made in the ex
ercise of our national sov
ereignty."
Gen. Cumming.,
Head of Mallow
Court, Is Slain
500 Siiui Fein Ambush Con?
voy, Officer's Armored
Car Goes Into Ditch, He
Abandons It and Is Shot
Firing Lasts One Hour
Ainbuscade Third Laid for
Kerry Commandant; Road
Mined at Scene of Fieht
CORK. March 6.?-Brigadier General ]
Cumming, commander of the Kerry mili- \
tary area, was one of the two officers
killed in the ambush of a military con
voy in Clonbanin, this county, Satur?
day aftemoon. j
General Cumming was president of :
the court of inquiry appotnted to in- j
vestigate the recent shooting of rail- !
way men in Mallow.
BELFAST, March 6.?-Brigadier Gen- j
eral Cumming, who was killed at Clon- i
banin Saturday when a militarj con
voy was ambushed, had hi3 headquar
ters in the barracks at Buttavant. some |
miles to the northeast of the scene of
the ambush. Recently General Cum- j
ming had motored -a?h morning to
Mallow, where he presided over the
court of inquiry into the murder there !
recently of. Mrs. K'ng, wife of County
In.pector King, and the shooting of j
raiiway men after thf murder.
Heavy Guard Futlle
Extraordinary precautions were taken '
on these trips. Parties of soldiers I
motored in advance, General Cumming j
following in his ow n car with two !
soldiers sitting behind him. An armored '
car with machine guns ready brought up ,
the rear. Outside the courthouse dur- i
ing the proceeding3 of the court, at !
the hotel where the gtneral ate lunch !
and in the streets traversed by him j
between the courthouse and the hotel, '
large detachments stood guard. Two
previous attempts had been iv.ade to j
iimbush General Cumming.
A heavy fire was opened on the con
voy yesterday from high ground on
both sides of the road. The driver ;
of the first car v/as seriously wounded
by the first volley. and the car plunged ,
into a ditch. All the soldiers left the
cars and went into action, but the ar- I
mored car, in endeavoring to pass that I
of General Cumming, ran into the j
ditch. General Cumming was hit in !
the head shortly after leaving his car
and died instantly. The firing went on j
for an hour, during which a lieutenant '
also was killed.
A party from the head of the convoy
succeeded in working to the flank of >
the attackers, but before an effective j
fire could be opened the latter had fled. I
Few of the faces of the ambushing'
party could be seen as the fight pi*o- j
ceeded, the slopes on each side of the
road being thickly covered with bushes. j
Mines had been laid, but they failed
to explode.
300 in Ambushing Party
LONDON, March 6.?Five- hundred j
men took part in the #mbush of a mili?
tary convoy Saturday aftemoon in i
Clonbanin, County Cork, in which a
general, another officer and two pri- j
vates were killed, says a Dublin dis?
patch to the Central News to-day. The
convoy consisted of five or six lorries j
and an armored car.
The first fwo ca^3 of the convoy were '
blown up by a mine and a fierce fight
which lasted an hour ensued, accord?
ing to the dispatch. Then the ar- \
mored car managed to reach Kanturk, j
(Centlnued en M9? thre*)
Starting to-day
The New York Tribune
SHIPPING & TRAVEL GUIDE
shows the Ports of the World
aiphabetically listed without reference to
trade routes.
Ports not found in The Guide can be located
in the box at the lower left-hand corner of
the Shipping & Travel page.
Fat additional Shipping and Travel Information
Call
.-- Shipping and Travel Department
Beekmaa 3000
To Baek Seheme Worked
Out After Hughes. Fall.
Hoover, Bryan and Taft
Had Been Advised With
Disarniament Also
To Be Consiclered
Crowds Visit White House
Grounds ;ContinualLine
of Autos Passes Through
Front Tlie Tribune'a Waakxngio^ Burttat
WASHINGTON, March 6.?
I President Harding, having studious*
j ly avoided all contact with repre
| sentatives of foreign powers sinee
| last June, when he became the
! standard bearer of the Republicar.
j party, is now ready for a series of
: important conferences with the
i ambassadors of Great Britain and
j France and other Allied powers.
It is understood to be the ln.
j tention of the President to lay be
j fore these representatives of the
I existing League of Nations his
! seheme for an association of na
! tions for world conference which
j would support the international
| court of justice. This plan wa*
j worked out by Mr. Harding in
I broad detail at the meeting of
I minds in Marion after his return
' from his tropical vacation.
Three members of Mr. Harding"*
Cabinet participated in that series
of conference?, Charles L'vans
Hughes, Herbert C. Hoover and
Albert B. Fall. Wiiliam Jennings
Bryan, long a supporter of world
peace plans. and former President
Wiiliam Howard Tafr, ltadmjr
spirit in the League to Enforee
j Peace, both played important role.?
in the front porch diseussion.
Hughes to Arrange Conferences
It will be one of the tirst tasks of
Secretary of State Hughes to arrauge
the conferences with the AIHed am?
bassadors, in which Mr. Hughes, of
course, will ta.ke part. Sir Auckland
Geddes has but recentlv returned from
England with what are under.stood to
be broad powers to arrange ar. inter?
national conference on the subject of
disarmament. President Harding has
said that ho is anxious to have taken
suitabie steps leading to an agreement
for approximafe disarmament But he
has also made it very clear that he
believes the true w y to disarmament
is by way of his a?<sociatien of na?
tions plan. Until that seheme has been
considered by the powers Mr Harding
is unlikely to take Bcriously any pro?
posals for restriction of miiitarv
power.
The conferer-.ee-> at Marion were
seriously handicapped because of Mr
Harding's stern insistence that it would
be unbecoming to consult with repre?
sentatives of foreign powers at thal
time. At ail times he war< intenselj
eonscious <?f the letter written to hne
by V.'oodrow Wilson during the elec
tion campaign calling his a<tention tr
the serious improprie'y of diploma%u'
discussions relating to the fore^gr
policy of the United States when ca:
ried on by private citizens and repre?
sentatives of fofeign power.-. Mr. Wi)
son's communication was v. rtten after
he had read newspaper reports of Mr.
Harding's rear p.atform speech a*
Green Castle, Inri., in which he wa*
quoted a* saying that "France has sent
her emissary" to talk about the pro?
posed association of nations.
In his reply to that note Mr. Har
ding, after poir.ting out that as a mem
ber of* the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee and the eandidate of one of
the major parties, he was hardly to be
ciassed as a private citizeh, said that
he had not, meant to imply that France
officially had sent any one to see hiro.
Spared Wilson Embarraaament
Thereafter Mr. Harding aini his staff
took extreme care that lie had no con?
ferences with any one that might be
construed by unfriendly crit:cs as con?
ferences with representatives of for?
eign powers. Frequently he has said
that he avoided such contacts through
a desire to spare Mr. Wilson r.eedless
embarrassment.
There is no longer need for such
precautions, however. and President
Harding is understood to be <>;?g>-r for
searching discussions with Allied am?
bassadors to learn their countries'
viewa regarding the Harding concept
of the kind of society of nations in
which the United States of America
can participate.
The President was up early '.':.:.z
morning and departed soon after break
fast for a motor ride to Grasslands, a
country club on the outskirts of the
District of C'olumb'a. There he met
Senator Frelinghuyson and, it is pre
sumed, talked over plans Lor rc-form
ing the old Senate foursome, of which
he, Frelinghuysen, Senator Fred Hai?,
of Maine, and Senator Davis Elkins, of
West Virginia, were the members.
Dr. and Mrs. C. E. Sawyer and Mr.
ar.d Mrs. Malcolm Jennings, of Coium?
bus, Ohio, and several kinfolks of the
Hardings are still house guests at the
Executive Mansion.
Early this afternoon the President,
with Mr. Jennings, went out on the
south lawn of the White House to im
! prove his acquaintance with Laddie
Boy, his new Airedale. laddie, how?
ever, was out on a leash held by a negro
White House niessenger. doing his
canine best to show Washington thaf
the first dog of the land had a dignitf
commensurate with his hi^h place. The
President, not nnding hi.s dog. then
strolled among the tree-covered knolls,
where in a few weeks every capital
youngster who can get tuere will be
. rolling Easter eggs.
Former Texas Hom.h Pay Cal!
Among the visitors at the White
House to-day were Mr. and Mrs. Ed
Scobie, of San Antonio, Tejt,, forme:

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