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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 09, 1921, Image 2

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Jaws and regulations but ander the I
? >:u?ral control of tho Allied troops,I
commanded at Duesseldorf by tho '
French Genera] Gauchor, and at D?is- *
burg by the Belgian General Beavtr?in.
??omo arrangement will be entered [
Into whereby the ?Allied troops will bo !
allowed to draw an imaginary line in '
front of the American area of occupa?
tion in order t?> make a continuous
tariff line along tho Rhine, about thirty ?
kilometers oust of the river, with the I
prioeipi heat^quarteri at the bridge
bgBra of Mayence, Coblonz, Cologne
?Ai- Duesseldcrf.
The Rhine-land commission is apply
.i"fr tho economic penalties determined
-r.'-fon by the Allies by utilizing the Ger
*s? van customs administration and em
I ?lloBes in the collection of the German
;.i!ffs, turning the proceeds into aj
:_?.?"l10ipi'1' fund for reparations. The ar-J
5|y"?V**A?nii'nts have not yet been com-.
'i"*- ?;'"? . however, for application of the
Customs along the Rhine on iro???ls com-?
illkiron. other parts of Germany-into
the Rh:neland. The Rhinelahd com- .
iai_-lon . .-?? consulting the various gov- j
emments on this latter question.
Th?; economic penalties were put into
effect ?r- an orrd \ received from Pre?
mier Lloyd George, as President of the '?
Supremo Council.
Tho Rhine custom;* frontier probably
. v-il? be established at th*. rimit of the}
..?. t-Wttttal '.one, thirty kilometers (about
S'?fehteon and a half miles' east of the I
"u'lno.
inhabitant" of this city were warned;
in a proclamation issued by tho Mayor
???-day against taking a provocative at
.ituae against Allied'forces occupying
_b. tc\.n. They were asked to be dig
Qificd and quiet, to refrain from dem-;
or.atrations and to keep off the streets.
'."omen and children were especially
warned to remain at homo.
American Force Adheres
To Lines Along Rhine
War Department Announces Ad- !
ministration Has Mot Consid?
ered Question of tf ithdraical
From Thr Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, March. 8.?The ques?
tion of withdrawing the American
forces from the Rhine lias not been.
considered by the Administration, it
was said at the "War Department to?
day. The American army of occupa?
tion is still occupying the territory as- I
r.gned to it under the terms of the
armistice, and no forward movement
i contemplated, it was said.
Secretary of War Weeks to-day re?
ceived from General Henry T. Allen.!
'commanding .'*7o American forces in
ti? rmany, a complete report of the move?
ments of the French and British troops
?nto Germany. General Allen described
the present boundaries of the Ajneri
c. r. contingent ami save assurance that,
the line was being rigorously adhered
to. It is understood that definite in
structions have been dispatched to
? encrai Allen to take no part in the
oresent advance movement of the Al- j
?'ed tr unless authority is re-;
-eiveti from Washington.
No consideration thus far has been
given to the question of possible par- '
ticipation by the American forces in
; ny movement that might be found
? ?? ssary to enforce the terms of the
ce treaty, the Administration ho'd
?- rigidly to the policy that the em
ploymenl of American troops in Ger
.- v.as occasioned by the armistice
had no relation to the Versailles
Treaty. The American government is
in a state of armistice with Germany,
d is not concerned with the failure
? rmany to carry out its repara?
tions obligations, it was said.
'?Sot 25.000 in Force
Used for Occupation
/Vo Colonial or Negro Troops
Sen! Into Germany; French
Prest; Rejoices at the Action
PARIS, March 8 (By The Associated
Pr?s ;. ?''ewer then 25,000 troops were
; :a carrying out the occupation
of German territory under
the decisions reached at London, ef
? ?d to-day, it was said at the Foreign
afternoon. No colonial
forces and no negro troops whatever
were included in this number, so that
the Germans would have no basis for
c iticism or? this ground, it was ex
plaincd.
The occupation was completed abso?
lutely without friction, the Foreign
' flic iced, arid the troops had
' n ordered to observe strict dis?
cipline in the new ?rea, treat the popu
:ai rteously and avoid any cause ;
for trouble.
Rhine Flotilla Reinforced
A detachment of 100 bluejackets to
rce the French Rhine flotilla left
?sParis to-night by the Cologne Express.
thi v hundred will leave to-morrow. ;
neral 1 ?. gout te, commander in
<? ? ; irees along the Rhine,'!
... : .?'ii Marshal Foch at
o' . ' ? ijrht to advance. A
ri;? ... ' ?1 Prom eight to ten miles'
i .' on ? ? easl in .-? ide of the Rhine
held by i he F'rench.
Fran i ? d not seel? a break, but the
? k occurred," wrote Jacques Bnin
, an authority on foreign politic-,
the E .'?? ior "If may be said,
iowever, we do ri'>t regret it, for, aftPV
'. it will br'ui'j; a solution to tin
rhese words fairly represented th?:
i ?m mood in which French newspapers
?ived the news from London. Jour
Inliated witth supporters of ex
p] isident Poincar? openly exulted.
"It i-. most fortunate," said the
igaro, "ti:. : the Germans decided to
break off tue negotiations, First, be
lUse they avow liefere tin- whole world ;
heir unv.'illingness to expiate their
i rimes, and, second, because the Allies ;
seemed ready to make further deplor- !
i ble concessions."
Premier Briand'g newspaper, the
Eclair, ??aid: "Action must be no less'
em rgetic than the decisions the Allies
have taken. The Allies would have
?????ii lost if they had hesitated to fol?
low up their threat with a blow."
I.unaway Truck Hits Woman
I Vehicle Star's Down Grade While
Driver ?Makes Delivery
Faul Bolotay, nineteen-year-old
driver of a delivery truck of the Lib?
erty Coffee Company, !_;: West Street,
left the vehicle standing at the curb
'n Wesl Moth Street yesterday when
ne went into n store (o make a delivery.
rhe brakes of the truck became r?j~>
leased in some manner and it started
eastward down an incline. Catherine
O'Neil, fifty-one years old. of 4 West
-O.Sth Street, attempting to cross the
street, was unable to dodge the run?
away vehicle and was caught between
tho truck and the rear of a taxicab
in front of 54 West 1 loth Street and
?rushed. She was removed to Knicker?
bocker Hospital in a critical condition.
Bolotay was arrested.
The taxic?b was standing at the
curb when the truck crashed into it.
Lloyd (?eorpe Faction Lose*
Three of Four By-Elections
From The Tribune's European Bureau
LONDON', March 8.-By the victory
of W. Gilfii's in Penistone over the As
quilh and Lloyd George candidates the
J.aiTor parity has won three out of the
four by-elections held in the last two ?
weeks. |
Its only defeat was in th/? case of
Ramsay Macdonald, a pacifist, by Cap- !
tain Gee Holder, V, O. Gillies ob- i
tain?d twice as many votes as the La- :
bcr candidate in 1918 in the genera! ,
elections, and the government finished '
a poor third.
j
Berlin Accepts
Allied Invasion!
As Lesser Evil!
Satisfaction Found in Be?
lief That Economic In-1
jury to Germany Will !
Keact Upon Former Foes i
_
Labor Sympathy Sought
Report That Harding Had
Postponed Peace Resolu?
tion Causes Depression
By Wireless /?r The Tribune
Copyright, I!1'-'!, New York Tribune Inc.
BERLIN, March 8.---The failure to
reach an agreement in London on the
reparations payments had already been
discounted here, hence the breaking
off of the negotiations and the con?
sequent punitive measures were ac?
cepted here with comparative om
posure. That the advance of the Allied
troops into Germany is a serious blow
to business interests is everywhere
recognized, but. it is also held that
Germany must, submit to that lv\\
rather than to a greater one.
The view is also expressed with much
satisfaction that working a great eco?
nomic injury to Germany will fail to !
obtain any advantage's for the Allies, ?
but on the contrary the Allies will |
injure their own interests in chastis- j
ing Germany, the idea being that" Ger- j
many will be compelled to compote
Ebert Defiant,
Asserts Treaty!
Is Violated;
-Continued from ?ate o*n?)
he thanked "our brothers in the threat?
ened territories for this proof of their
patriotic sentiment."
He was" ready to leave the war re?
sponsibility to the verdict of history,
remarking, "1 am of the opinion that
history will have a verdict to pro?
nounce, not only on the guilt for the ?
war. but also on the dictates of Ver?
sailles."
A motion supported by the Com-[
munists and Independents for a debate,
was rejected.
The Cabinet was in session until llj
o'clock, and then dispersed without tak-j
ing any action calculated to moot the
situation.
It had been hoped that some ratihns
of'avoiding a final break might be
found,?in view of the informal conf?r?
ences between Dr. Simons and Premier
Lloyd George and Briand during the
last three days. Speaking of the Allied
penalties, a Cabinet member said after!
the adjournment of the meeting, "We I
must bear them with dignity."
Members of the Cabinet who were j
willing to talk viewed the situation?
with a show of resignation, and de- !
clared nothing would be said or done ?
until the effect of the Entente invasion!
had been demonstrated practically.
Coal Deliveries Involved
Germany's coal deliveries to the Allies
may be affected' by the present situa?
tion, it was indicated last night. Al?
though Entente troops may seize im?
portant coal shipping points, they will
have to go still further into the;
Ruhr district in order to secure effec- I
tive control of coal production. No in?
formation had been received by the
government last night regarding the
operation of the customs barrier to
be established as a part of the Entente
plan.
"We were ambushed in the midst of '
the negotiations by the declarations
of Premier Lloyd George that the pen- j
altir-s had been put into effect, al- j
though the negotiations were still go- i
ing on and were based on the informal I
conferences held during the last few
days," one Cabinet member said, after I
th?*session last night. "The Entente's j
procedure is not warranted by my ,
clause o',' the treaty."
None of the Cabinet members ap
peared to have any definite idea as to ?
tiu- next move of the Allies, aside from j
invading fresh German areas. The |
government, it was said, was certain !
of support from the Reichstag, in view
of declarations made last Saturday,
when all factions except the Com?
munists went on record in opposition
to the demands formulated at Paris.
General Strike Improbable
There will be no general strike in
protest against the Allied advance
into Germany, it has been decided by
the labor ivnions. The Communists
have been urging such a strike, but
tho proposition to participate in one
has been declined by the labor organ?
izations.
The Berlin newspapers to-day dis?
cuss quietly the breaking off of nego?
tiations. They are virtually unanimous
in describing the enforcement of the
penalties as a violation of the Ver?
sailles Peace Treaty. At the same
time, however, they advise the popu?
lace to meet coming events with com?
posure. ' ,
The Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung,
organ of Hugo Stinnes, the capitalist,
says:
"Germany's proposals were rejected
with cold scorn before the Allies took
the trouble to examine them in detail.
The French now have the opportuntiy,
under pretext of enforcing the pen?
alties, of taking pc-ssession of Ger?
many's coal, settling themselves in the
Ruhr region and taking the first steps
in their plans of destruction. But they
' soon will learn that these measures
i are of as little use to them as to the
rest of civilization. Germany can con
iidently await the tide of events, rely
i ing on the righteousness of her cause."
? ? ? ?
Abe Rothstein Convicted ;
Sentenced to Die in April
It took a jury in the Supremo Court
at White Plains yesterday only 18
-minutes to return a verdict of first
jHegree murder against Abe Rothstein,
j alias Harry? Givner. He was charged
j with the murder on October 7, 1919, of
Mrs. Lizzie Niznick in her home in
j Yonkers.
Samuel Nichalow is now serving
| twenty years to life in Sing Sing for
' the same crime and Max Lipp is under
a suspended sentence, having pleaded
1 guilty to manslaughter.
Justice Tompkins sentenced Roth
; stein to die in the electric chair during
; the week of April 18.
?
Rutiim Captured by Turk?*
City I* Important Seaport and
Considered Kev to Armenia
LONDON, March '8. ? Turkish Na
: tional^T forces have occupied Batum,
gays fg Reuters dispatch from Con?
stantinople.
Batum is a strongly fortified sea?
port on the eastern snore of the Black
Sea, and one of the chief shipping
points for p?trole.'.m produced in the
Caucasus region of Russia. It formerly
\vas ?; Turkish possession, but was
ceded "? Kii&sia ht 1ST,*5.
more sharply than heretofore for for?
eign trade.
The Socialist press, in particular,
urges this view and emphasizes the
further conviction that the British and
French workmen thus injured by en?
forced German competition will ulti?
mately demand a more moderate pol?
icy.
In tiny case the feeling is that an
entirely new chapter has been opened j
in.the peace developments. Vorwncrts
even says that the Versailles Treaty |
was torn to tatters by yesterday's ac?
tion, because the sanction:- are con?
trary to it.
The view also is generally expressed
that even the provisional arrangement
suggested exceeded Germany's ability j
to fulfill. Theodor Wolff calls it a
"breakneck offer," and George Bern
hard, while ridiculing the idea flint
Germany could pay so much, asserts
that the Alijes' provisional arrange- j
ment was rejected by Germany utterly, !
because Fiance demanded it and be
cause the Germans speculated upon the
English influence for a moderato in-- t
rangement.
That Germany also had bien specu?
lating on help from Harding is also ,
admitted by a section of the press.
Thus Germanin, which generally re?
flects what are regarded aa Fchren
bacli's views, exprt sscd yesterday the
hope that America, under llarding's
lead, would recognize the fact that
fruitful negotiations with Germany could
only be conducted when America was
taken into account and, still better,
when America had '.aken a seat at the
conference able.
This morning's papers, however, pub?
lish a dispatch from New York sa*<jng
that President. Harding had suggested
a postponement of the Senate resolu?
tion declaring peac- with Germany, as
giving affront to the Allies. This dis?
patch was commented on in disap?
pointed tones.
Taken all in all, it can be said that
the German public, appears fully re?
signed to the Entonte'.?* measures, al?
though realizing their injurious char?
acter, and it is expected that further
measures will follow upon the present
ones in an attempt i o realize the Allies'
expectations.
Regiment of
Reds Wiped
Out by Rebels
(Continuad from pat? ?n?)
Red troops have been sent to the
Finnish frontier as a precaution
against assistance by Finnish White
forces reaching Kronstadt. It is said
in Abo, the dispatch adds, that no ?/ich
assistance from Finland is contem?
plated.
The British Foreign Office to-night
denied having announced that the Bol?
shevik commissioners at Petrograd had
been killed or imprisoned. Reports to
this effect had been current.
Hundreds Killed in Moscow
During a recent bombardment of the
workmen's quarters in Moscow from ar
tillery placed on the hills overlooking
the city, says a Central News dispatch
from Helsingfors to-day, several hun?
dred persons were killed and number?
of others were wounded.
More than 100.000 men and women
the dispatch adds, are now on strike in
Moscow.
The bombardment, says the message
followed a call for a general strike is?
sued by leaders of the workmen and a
lemand for the immediate convocador
of the Constituent Assembly.
A wireless message from :\Toscow to
day says the food and fuel situation ir
Kronstadt is hopeless and that disso
lution among the insurgents is increas
ing hourly. The conflict between tin
rebels and those desiring to negotiate
with Finland for assistance is becomin?,
more acut?, the message asserts, ant
deserters from the insurgents say tin
latter have not the least hope of bein?
able to offer resistance.
The leaders of the rebels are takinj
the severest measures to prevent th?
sailors deserting to the Soviet arm;
from Kronstadt, according to th?
message.
Reinforcements of Cavalry
WARSAW. March 8 (By The Asso
ciated Press).?Strong detachments o
Russian Bolshevik cavalry, commande?
by General Budenny, are being rushei
from south Russia to Moscow to crusl
the insurgents, who are, said to be gain
ing in power daily in the Russian capi
tal. Reports reaching Warsaw declar
many units of the Bolshevik infantr
divisions are disloyal, but say the Chi
nose mercenaries in the service of th
Communists are standing firmly b
their Soviet leaders.
Many rumors of the overthrow of th
Russian Soviet government hav
reached Warsaw, but none has com
through official channels. One rcpoi
said a wireless dispatch from Petn
grad had .suggested to the Warsaw go*
ernment a discontinuance of the negi
tiations between the Soviet regime ar
Poland at Riga, owing to the downfa
of L?nine and Trotzky. Announcemei
was made here yesterday, however, th;
no steps had been taken by governmei
officials to interrupt the negotiation
Polish authorities considering repor
of the Russian insurrection as Seil
greatly exaggerated.
Predicts Peasant Government
Boris Savinkov.-, leaderfof the Ru
-sian Socialist revolutionaries, who hi
headquarters in this city, has e
pressed belief that the present di
turbances in Russia may be the b
ginning of the end of Soviet rule. 1
feels, however, that, from undergroui
advices from Russia, the present mov
ment may be premature and easily su
pressed. He is positive an outbre,
on an enormous scale will follow,
is his opinion that the peasant revc
eventually will win over the majori
of the Soviet army, with the possil
exception of General Budenny, and w
lead to the replacement of L?nine a
Trotzky by a peasant government. 1
believes the new r?gime will possih
establish a republic, but more pre
ably some peasant leader may be pt
claimed Czar of Russia.
I r RIGA, March 8.- The fortress
: Krasnoya Gorko, which is reported
? have joined the revolutionaries, \*.
i relied on by the Soviet government
1 quell the Kronstadt uprising. T
I Soviet had threatened to blow
I Kronstadt from Krasnoya Gorko if t
rebels in Kronstadt did not surrend
Several Red army generals, late d
patches say, have been arrested
Petrograd. Telegraphic communi
tion is interrupted between Rcval o
Petrograd.
Kerensky Directing Insurgents
j COPENHAGEN', March 8..Alexam
I Kerensky, Premier of the Russian p
j visional government which was ov
I aimed by the Bolsheviki late in 19
is said in advices received here to
I at Kronstadt, the Russian fortress n?
Petrograd, reported in revolution
hands. Kerensky, it is declared
directing the revolutionary offens
7 gainst Petrograd, with that fortr
as a base.
W. B. Vanderlip in Mosc<
Soviet Headquarters Here A
|?ounce Arrival to Bind Contri
; Washington B. Vanderlip, of 1
Angeles, is in Moscow to negotiate
consummation of his concessions,
cording to a cablegram from Mose
received yesterday at the offices of
yiot Russiat the Bolshevik organ, at
West Fortieth Street. The messn
which was dated Match 5, said t
Vanderlip had arrived there two d
ago.
iOiidon Glum,
fans' ixav* as
m
Allies Advance
British Fear Invasion May
Involve Responsibilities
That May Prove Difficult;
Publie Is Imli-Terenl
Press Sees French Coup
Hope for an Eleventh Hour,
Solution Abandoned Only j
When Germans Depart
From The Tribum'a European Bureau ',
CopyriRht, 1021, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON', March 8.- Until the Gor-!
man delegation, headed by Dr, Walter j
Simons, Foreign Minister, whose ropa- ;
rations offer was refused by the i_u- !
preme Council of the Allies yester- '
day, had reft London fco-day there were j
members of the Allied delegations who j
held strongly to the opinion that, the :
Germans would make some, eleventh- j
hour move which would alter the en- j
tire situation. The persistency v/ith
which certain officials clung to this !
belief was amazing, in the light of I
Lloyd George's ?peech to tho Germans
at the closing of the conference.
Of all those who sal through the
conferences, which in the last two !
years had no equal for spectacular de- j
velopments, only the French express ?
u feeling of satisfaction. Premier i
Briand and Marshal Foch have oh- !
tained everything thoy desired and j
every one connected with their dele- i
(ration is smiling and happy. This is ;
not the case with Lloyd George, Count :
Sforza or the members of the Belgian !
delegation.
Fear Withdrawals May Be Difficult
These fear that the advance of troops ?
into Germany is only the beginning of j
more serious things. They wonder,
whether the withdrawal will be as easy
or whether, as in war, the advance |
means entanglements and rcsponsibili- j
ties which might hold a nation even
when it desired to retire.
Now that the military forces are in
th?? very heart of industrial Germany
and in full control of it, nobody knows I
what will happen next.
The British public shows an indif- ?
ference to the whole subject which it j
is cftflicult to understand. There is no \
excitement and none of the enthusiasm
attending entry into war. Most of the \
people seem to think that Lloyd George \
has taken the only step possible, but j
there are others who already have \
raised their voices in criticism.
Briand and his delegation will return
to Paris on Thursday, following an?
other conference on the Near East
situation. He will return in triumph,
having won honors in both conferences
here.
The Star this evening in commenting1
on the situation says:
"General Foch has had his way. If
he is not to march to Berlin lie at
least will cross the Rhine and occupy
the towns of Dusseldorf. Ruhrort and
Duisburg. This is the reply of the
Allies to the second Gorman offer of
reparations and this morning the Rhine j
armies of the British, French and Bel-:
gians went forward.
"Once more we am committed to a
military enterprise of incalculable con?
sequences, and this time it is not in
observance of a solemn treaty, not j
even in defense of a menaced ally, but ;
to collect a debt. It is a vast debt, it
is true, but it might be argued that wo
have put in the broker before the rent
is actually due. There were political
ambitions which even. Bismarck did not
consider to he worth the 'bones of a
single Pomeranian grenadier.'"
LONDON, March 8 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).?Orders for the advance
of British troops upon Duesseldorf
were issued at the British War Office
last night. There are 12,000 British
soldiers in Germany, of whom 4,000
are on temporary duty in Upper
Silesia. It is believed the forces along
the Rhine will be reinforced so that
__H>y will number 12,000, four battalions
being ready to go to the Britiah sec?
tion of the German occupied territory.
'Great Britain's contribution to the
occupational forces for the present is
to be conlined to cavalry, tanks and a
small flotilla of boats, in addition to
a small complement, of soldiers.
It is officially announced that no !
troops will be sent from England ' to ;
?tie Rhine.
This morning's newspapers, wiih one
exception, approved of the Allied de?
cision to penalize Germany for refus?
ing'to accede to the Allied plan for
reparations. This exception was The
Daily News, which complained Premier
Lloyd George had "brushed aside Ger?
man offers making for a peaceful solu?
tion of the situation."
Some misgivings were expressed by
The Daily Express, which urged that
Great Britain limit its participation in
military activities fo the minimum.
"If this is a beginning of a lengthy
campaign requiring widespread prepar
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'?-lu-li the Tribune'
:-""- Pll in i II I; m i
-/
I. lud?nei'iirt-i'
Hi lp ?,v m? .'
?? ? A N
at.ions and t4tf* creation of a great gen?
eral staff," the newspaper declared, j
"it will be opposed. British taxpayers
cannot support another expensive ven?
ture."
The London Times and The Morning
Post, rejoiced that Un? conference had
produced a "woldintr of the l'intente."
The Times said th?. German coiinler
proposols had been rejected because
(?n'y were not honest., and that the
Allies by occupying German towns
"would have their hands on the taps
through which a large amount of Ger- I
man wealth passes, and they will know '
how to regulate the flow."
Appeal to League Ridiculed
'ii'ininv.y's appeal to the t,eugue of
Nations was characterized by The
Telegraph ns "u final touch of' feebl?
Insincerity, ns German win-pullers j
take the league about as seriously as i
they diil Belgium's guaranteed neu?
trality in 1014." 1
Tin? Daily Mail asserted the final
speech by Dr. Simons war "impudent
and cynical," and that every sentence
was an "affront." Even the Lnborite
Herald, while it called the penalties "a
sheer colossal folly," said Dr. Simons's
speech was "a model of tactlessness
anil ineptitude." The newspaper con?
soled itself, however, by asserting:
"From a revolutionary viewpoint, the
penalties will be all for ?rood, as the
end must be a crush from which revo?
lution will arise."
Rival Armies Withdraw
From Colo in Panama
Warning From Hughes Kesnlt*
in Restoration of Conditions
That Preceded Raid
BALBOA, Panama, March 8 (By Tin
Associated Press). Pursuant, to the
suggestion of the United States gov?
ernment, the Costa Rican forces which
recently have been operating against
the Panamanians have retired to the
left side of the Sixola RiVer, on the
Atlantic side of the isthmus, in Bocas
del Toro Province, while the Panaman
government has promised to withdraw
its armed forces from the region of
Coto, on the Pacilic side, leaving the
civil authorities in charge.
Thus the situation will return to the
status before the invasion of the Costa
Ricans into the disputed territory along
the Costa Rican-Panaman frontier
from the Pacilic. to the Atlantic, and
leave the dispute open to arbitration.
Official advices available here this
afternoon concernir? the military situ?
ation prevailing when the identic notes !
of Secretary of State Hughes to:
Panama ana Costa Pica ended the
hostilities indicate that Costa Ricans
wa.-, fully capable of occupying the dis?
puted territory wi hout much Pana?
man opposition.
The embarkation of the Co: ta Ricans
at Almirante was carried out under
the eyes of various United States offi?
cials, while the American cruiser
Sacramento and <?. submarine chaser
and hydro-airplanes awaited at Bocas
del Toro.
1 Killed, 15 Wounded
in Red Clash in Italy
Communists Fire on Fascist!,
Then Hoist White Flag When
Besieged in Hall
Snecial Cable to Tin Tribune
Copyright, 1921, New Vori" Tribune Inc.
MILAN, Italy, March 8, lour per?
sons were killed and fifteen wounded in
a clash between Fascisti and Gommu-I
nists near Turin yesterday. A confer?
ence of the Fascisti liad just closed and
the Turin delegates were departing in
two i rucks. In passing in front of the
labor exchange they were fired upon
by a crowd of nearly 200 Communists.
Three Fascisti were killed.
Four hundred Carabinieri and Royal
Guards surrounded tne Communist
hall, besieging them. A number of
machine guns and one field piece were
trained i.ti.rii the building, whereupon
the Conim'.inistslioiste?! the white flag.
They marched out to surrender and in
the confusion on?1 onlooker was killed.
Despite the fact that the Communist
revolt was suppressed in Florence and
Tuscany, the Turin incident and
similar ones from other section.-, indi-i
cate, that it is still simmering. I
Four Held Under New Law
As Doorway Ticket Hawkers
Four men were arrested on Broad?
way last night charged with ticket
speculating and were held as the first:
violators of the new law relative to
the sale of theater tickets by soliciting1
from doorways.
AU four, when arraigned before
Magistrate Nolan in Men's Night Court,
pleaded not guilty and were held in
$500 bail each.
Japanese Pin
Hope for Naval
Cut on Harding
Speedy Execution of Dis?
armament Program as
Remit of President's Ef?
forts is Desire of Press
Ready for Conferenee
If Tokio Hesitates She
Will Bring Peril of War
Close,, One Paper Warns
TOKIO, March 7 .'By The Associated
Pr.ibs) (Polaved).?The text of the
inaugural add res.* of President Har?
ding was received here only yesternay,
and comment on it thus far .give:' no
idea as to its general reception.
The Jiji Shimpo, commenting espe?
cially on President Harding'? noi in?
volvement policy, thinks it reveals the
dete-mination of the Republican Ad?
ministration to stick to the policy of
standing outside the League of Na?
tions. The newspaper says, however,
that Mr. Harding's plans toward ap?
proximate disarmament and the estab?
lishment of a world tribunal may be
regarded as the nucleus of an asso?
ciation of nations. America now is
isolated, the Jiji declares, but wel?
comes th# decision of President Har?
ding regarding conf?rent"* and counsel.
"We expect much from the United
States for a solution of the restric?
tion of armaments, which is a ouos
tion of grave importance," the news?
paper adds, "and hope the naval holi?
day project will be put into speedy ex?
ecution by the efforts of the new Pres?
ident."
The most striking editorial apper.rs
in th?- English-printed .Japan Times,
which recently was taken over by
Semetrara Sheba, formerly editor of
the Hawaii Shimpo, who claims to be
making The Times the unfettered voice
of .Japanese public opinion. The Times
thinks the inaugural address a direct
message to tiie government and people
of Japan, for, it declares, it is "hardly
possible all the war talk of the last
few months in Arv^rica has left Mr
Harding unaffected." President Ear
ding, the newspaper continues, prob?
ably believes Japan harbors thought;
of war and conquest, and desires U
put the matter to a test by summor.inf
a conference for the purpose of attain
ing at least partial disarmament?
"if Japan wholeheartedly, wituotH
attempted reservations, meets th<
American suggestion half way all feai
of war in the Pacific will vanish," Th<
Times asserts. "If Japan hesitates
haggles or attempts to secure reserva
tion for the continuance of her nava
program . she will bring the possibility
and even the probability of war ver*
close."
Basing its opinion on what it claim:
to be the undoubted desire of t!"
masses of the Japanese people, til
newspaper believes the United State,
will find Japan ready, willing anrl cage
to enter any path leading to peace an?
understanding.
'The American protest to the Leagu
of Nations concerning Japanese con
tro] of the island of Yap, the Pacifi
cable station, was not the tirst oh
iection expressed by the United State
in this connection, said Foreign Min
?ster Uchida in the Diet to-day, in an
swering a question asked by Kotar
Mochizuki, a leader of the Oppositio
party. Last year the United Srate
protested direct, to Japan, which it
plied fully explaining the .lapants
standpoint, he said.
When the mandates were consid?r?e
continued the Foreign .Minister, Pr?s
dent Wilson protested, but when th
final decision was reached Americ
made no reservations and Japa
could oniy adjiere to her polic
tu the end. He added he considere
the question of the Yap mandat
definitely decided. As for the que:
tion of the concession of Pacific cab!,
to the United States lui was unable I
?peak on it, he declared.
Would Divide Michigan
LANSING, Mich., March 8. A coi
current resolution introduced in tl
lower house of the Michigan Legisl
ture to-day by Representative Walt'
Henzc, of Iron Mountain, would ca
upon Congress to divide Michigan in
two states, the lower peninsula to r
tain the present name and governmer
and a new commonwealth, to be know
us "Superior," to be created of the u
per peninsula.
1
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SEE a boy?no matter how
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that the Best label Isn't on the
inside of that particular garment.
One of the reasons for our un?
broken success in outfitting
several generations of boys
expert accomplishment in
supplying comfort as well as
serviceability in Boys' Clotkes.
Youths' Alpine Stitched .Hats in Tweed
2.85 and 3.85
Youths' Felt Alpines, New Spring Shades
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H3_?
. ..?_-. ? .tirnfiTi __i?i__ii?i??? SB ;_.?.'_??";
Allied Council Ready
To Treat With Austria
Looks to Bordering State? to
Help German Ally by Re?
laxing diatoms
LONDON, Mar.n 8.- The Allied Su?
preme Council during its Bitting here
yesterday notified the Austrian gov?
ernment til i-1 it now in ready to discuss
the Austrian question and will j"?"iv<?
Austrian representatives for that pur?
pose, [t is expected Chancellor Mayr
will represent Austria and will arrive
in London in time for th~ conference
to begin Saturday.
In treating with the Austrian ques?
tion, it was learned to-day, the Su?
preme Council considers a state credit
for Austria highly improhable, but it
is hoped to assist the Austrian finances
by influencing the states hordering on
Austria to help her through the relaxa?
tion of customs duties, an well as by
arranging credits through private finan?
cial source .
The Council held no session to-day,
but will meet to-morrow to htar War
Minister Gounaris of Greece in con?
nection with the ?urkis.h question.
-_?
London Sees Signs
Of Irish Peace on
St. Patrick's Day
Greenwood Adopts Coneiiia
tory Tone and Lord Mid-!
dleton Points Out New,
Groups Promoting Truce
From. Thr Tribune's European Bur*a i
Copyright, 1921, New "fork Tribune It??".
LONDON, March 8.?Talk of what is
termed a St. Patrick's peace has been
revived in Ireland by a speech deliv?
ered by Lord Middleton before the
Dublin Rotary CluD yesterday and the
more conciliatory ton? adopted in Par?
liament by Sir llamar Greenwood, Sec?
retary for Ireland.
This latter circumstance is the more
important because it is in response to
warnings from several conservative
sources that they are out of sympathy
with the government's policy. Inas?
much as the Conservatives have been
the main supporters of Sir llamar, he
immediately promised to consider plac?
ing all the Irish forces under General
Sir Nevil Macready.
Lord Middleton, in his Dublin ad?
dress, said that two great reserve opin?
ions?commercial and ecclesiastical
were mobilized into a unit to work for
pacification. This was in reply to the
proposal of the merchants that he ask
Lloyd George to send a Cabinet repre?
sentative to a small conference in
southern Inland. There also appears
in to-day's Irish press a letter from
Cardinal Logue supporting the truce.
The Unionist Irish Times, of Dub?
lin, which Lord Middleton inspires, ex?
presses the belief that the proposed
conference could sit in the -near future
with substantial prospects of success.
The Freeman's Journal, National?
ist, however, recalls that Lord Middle
ton has not b_e;i trusted as a negotia?
tor since his intervention in the secret
negotiations which wrecked the work
of Plunkett's peace conference last fall,
and repeats thai a settlement is im?
possible on the basis of a partition
act.
This revival of peace talk as yet has
not been accompanied by a cessation
of the daily grist of outrages reported
from Ireland, the ambushes and shoot?
ings continuing with slight interrup?
tion.
DUBLIN, March S .?Four persons
were shot and killed in engagements
between Crown forces and Sinn F?in
detachments in Southern Ireland last
night. A motor lorry was ambushed
near Dallinvobe, and Captain Chatfield
and two privates were wounded. Po?
lice auxiliaries engaged in an hour's
fight with Sinn F?iners at Mullinhoe,
County Tipperary, three civilians being
killed and 20 captured. One man was
killed at Toames, County Cork.
A police sergeant was shot and
killed at Kilmallock, CountyLimerick,
by live men, and the military forces
retaliated by blowing up a store near
where the attack took place.
Viviani Will Explain
League to America^
Official Mission to Washb?*,
However, Will Be Confined
to Courtesy Call
LONDON, March K.-The mi,sion
M. Viviafti to Washington ?,?n ,''
limited officially *o conveying ?
Fren?-), government's salutation? '!!
President Harding upon bis .naur-i/
lion It will be * visit of cou?..*"
simply, Jr??y
M. Viviani, however, deBired an
portunity to go to the United St??P'
to explain, shouid the occasion ?,?
?orne aspects of the League <,* \ '
tiong. He is one of the most ?etiii
advocates of the league sine? the mlT~
ing of the assembly at Geneva
The Council of the League hai i,...
considering the propriety of ne?d,''
son*? eminent European statesman i
Washington to inform the governaell
of the willingness of tie ieaeu? .
make any ' changes possible to bum
the An?<-rican views with re*p<>?< ,;
the United States retaining ?]!
sovereign prerogatives, i' it lB 'H
care to enter the league on that ba??,
HISTORY REPEATS
To curb extravagance
Lycurgus forbade the Spartans
to dine at their own home.?
And ordered that nil should
eat together of the same
wholesome food at public
tables.
For the same excellent reason
Americans are more and more
adopting the Spartan mode of
dining,
As is evidenced by the ever
increasing popularity of tht
CHILDS restaurants.
Corned be?f K??h. br.wn,J
tn ?he p.m. .nd Hwp?- ??,,
? frannlr ^?tM ?tr?
koice-lik* tpecial*?.
PUT your glasses to the
best use they ever saw
by filling them with
Welch's Grape Juice,
chilled. For dinner serv?
ice, blend Welch's with
plain or charged water
and serve cold. Welch's
is the pure fruit juice
from selected Concord
grapes.
At grocers, druggists
and confectioners. 95c
quarts; 50c pints; 18c
Juniors.
WELCH?Westfield, N. Y.
aas
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