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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 10, 1921, Image 1

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Vol. LXXX No. 27,143
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
Fair and colder to-day; fair to-morro**;
fresh west winds
I'ulJ lt#port on T.nut J'aje
(Copyrlffht, 1021,
New York Trtbnno Inc.)
* *
Traetion Bill
Is Reported;
Permits Fare
Raise at Once
Drastic Aniendments Are
Added by Committees
Despite a Stiff Protest
From Local Legislators
Board ("an Force
Citv to Run Lines
Support of tbe Measure
Dwindles; Report Only
23 Votes in Senate;
Backers Are Fearful
from a Staff Correspondent
ALBANY, March 9.? The Knight
Adlcr bill, reorganizing the Public
Service t ommi3aiona and creatir.g a
transit commiasion in New York City,
tv.;- reported out of the Senate Com
mittee cn Public Service and the As
scr.ibly Committee on Judiciary to-day
jn a revised and more drastic form.
All the New York City men on both
committees, with the exception of As
semblyman Theodore Stitt, of Brooklyn,
' poted againat the bills in committee.
In the Senate Public Service Commitee
?he lone New York City Republican,
Senator William Duggan, made a des
perate fight against the bill in its pres
ent form and sought to have the latest
amendments stricken from it, but with
out success.
In the Aasembly committee Assem
blyman Sol Ullman, of New York, a
. can who represents the home
district of Samuel S. Koenig, the Re?
publican county president, made an
eqnally unsuccessful attempt to have
the bill d so that the city would
an equal chance- with the
transit companies.
M..? > power than was ever ir.timated
by Governor Miller, who presiried over
the drafting of the measure, is given
;he transit commission by the bill as
reported out. The commission is given
power under a new amendment to in
cream fares in New York City the
moraent it is appointed by the Gov?
ernor. Opponents of the bill declare
this tviil r.iean an 8-ccnt fare.
Duggan Charges "Jokcrs"
Senator Duggan charged that the
bill was drawn apparently in the in
terests of the traetion companies, and
eharacterizes the principal amendments
to the bi ] as jokers in the interests
of the streetcar lines and other public
orations, and that in its
I form it takes away the last
vestige of home rule from the cities.
ndments to the bill al3o
P-'-'i; ' i] tate cities of the state
!P virti same condition as New
"iork City with respect to transit
? ?
The most criticized feature of the
permits the transit com
: ? the citv to take over
?P' lines it sees tit, even though the
c:ty should unanimously vote against
?uch a proposition, ia retained.
The power to increase rates of gas
??mpai ctric light, telephono
?nd oth-r public utilities also is re
,.-With '? Cas an<l electric
panies, the bill is made even
r- ?" far as the consumer is
ton ? for it permits the tixing of
* "?: ? of rates determinable
li?Jn ? .. 0f g.ag or electricity
ime at which it is used.
Report Only 23 Votes in Senate
There is a tantly repeated re?
port here that the bill has but twenty
three votes in the Senate?three lesa
tnan the required number to pas? it.
? inree weeks ago the bill was credited
!F*h ? - thi support of at least
tmrty Senators. Legialatora who have
been,f and who are now od
redict the measure will be
,de'-a?; ? ' msel for some of the
is who are in Albanv
? 'gresa of the bill are
ieporu.,1 to be fearful of its passage.
fl ,:' ?'""'? '?"? "ot admittedly shared by
w?e legislative teaders, who express con
JJence that the bill will go through
ootn housea by comfortable majorities.
. ? enator John Knight, sponsor for the
?-? the upper house, said to-night
)if t:'?'. dd be advanced to the
order of final passage next week. Sen
'?tor ki ight and Aasemblyman Simon
o,',f ? I' af-ter the bil1 was reported
out to-day, issued tho following state
went explaming the amendments:
A great many minor changes have
Been made in the bill to correct errora
>n printmg, to clarify certain clausea
?na to make uniform throughout the
(Continued on oago four)
Weeks Orders Names of
Slackers Be Published
Action Will Be Taken as Soon as
the Drisft Boards Complete
(.lieeking Listt*
From The Tribune't Wa?hinoto?i Bureau
WASHIXGTON. March 9.?The im-:
meriiate publieation of the names of
ratt desertera and evaders was au- >?
"onzed to-day by Secretary of War
>eeks. In instructiona sent to the;
?QJutant general Secretary Weeks di- i
??ed that the publieation be made as
soon as the draft boards of the coun- :
liata c<jmPleted their check of the j
? 'j0no of the reasons the names have <
\vl un eivt'n out before," Secretary :
mA,? *! "Was the fact that a Src>at j
?,"*,of ^he men on the lists have i
i?h ?,un,d t0 have served in the Brit- j
<,*? Irench armies and with our!
I K. navy> ??ording to information !
M?p?le ?"ei,vea from Chicf of Staffi
J"cn. I heheve it has been entirely j
h?A 1? Wlthn<?ld these names until it;
"*d been definitely determined that '
???? ?lan there?n had not actually I
P'?n hia service to the nation."
auh\iUtant, GenB?l P?ter C. Harris '.
?UBsequently announced that none of
cauv A3 Was avui'al,le at present be- i
- pietcd chocking had not been com-j
Secretary Weeks's decision was based
anrl. V?w thut 't >s due to the thous- i
servi^?\ n1?1 who f'eely gave their j
whn ? j ,the C0l'ntry to brand thoae
of ",fVlded the draft w>th the stigma I
Buh,tac,1{er- He also believes that the !
Jho v J,on,?f the names wiU assist!
Sa *Kderal authoritiea in apprehe.id- )
mfLii0 *^er8, so that punishment
?_**9 b? o?d?redL I
All Large Roads Plan
General Cut in Wages
CHICAGO, March 9.?Infor
mation received at local head
quarters of the Railway Labor
Department of the American Fed
rration of Labor indicates that
virtually all the large railroads
in the country are prcparing to
put wage reductiona into effect
for all their employees, B. M.
Jewell, chairman of the commit?
tee, said, in discussing the pro?
posed reduction announced by the
Pennsylvania Lines.
An ofhcial of the Association of
Westcrn Railway Executives, who
declined to be quoted, said that
Mr. Jewell's statement "probably
was true," and that further wage
reduction announcemcnts might
expected at any time.
Senate Passes
Bill for Hylan
ToProbe Hylan
Approves Measure Naming
Mayor and Comptroller
on Inquiry Committee by
a Vote of 28 to 17
Will Cost City $50,000
Aet Is Called "Burlesque'';
Veto Expected if It Goes
Through the Assembly
From a Sttiff Corrrswondenl
I ALBANY, March 9.?The Burlingame
bill, creating a commission to investi
gate the departments of the City of
Xew York with a view to making
; cliarter changes, was put through the
Senate to-day.
The bill, which has been character
; ized as a burlesque attempt to investi
gate the Hylan administration with the
j aid of Mayor Hylan and Comptroller
Craig?they are both made members
I of the "investigating" committee ?
I was passed by a vote of 28 to 17.
Senator Schuyler M. Meyer, who also
has a resolution providing for an in
vestigation of the Hylan administra
j tion, amazed his collegeaucs when he
j rose and said:
"I shall vote for this bill because I
; believe that is a good way of calling
' attention to the need of the Legislature
; sending a real committee to New York
j City to do the job."
Uobinson Opposes Bill
Senator Theodore Douglas Robinson,
; nephew of the late Colonel Roosevelt,
who, with As.scmbl.vman Joseph Stein
: berg, introduced a resolution calling
! for a thorough investigation of the al
? leged draft conditions in the Hylan ad
; ministration, voted against the bill,
| saying:
"I am going to vote against this bill
for the very reasons which Senator
Meyer says prompt him to vote for it.
My logic does not run in thn same
? channel as his."
Senator Fred M. Davenport, who is a
professor ol" political economy at Ilam.
ilton Coilege and who was the Pro
gressive candidate for Governor in
1914, when Senator Robinson war, chalr
'? man of the Progressive State Commit?
tee, said that he was against the Bur?
lingame bill because it was a viola
I tion of the home rule principle in that
, it forced the City of Xew York to pay
: $50,0flp out of its treasury for the pro
1 posed commission, which has not been
sought by the municipal authorities.
Senator George R. Fearon, anotlner
i Republican, representing the Onondaga
district, said that he, too, was op
posed to the bill for the same reason
"If we aro going to have such a
i commission let us be consistent and
? fair and pay for it out of the state's
? funds," said Senator Fearon. 'This
bill is unfair and inconsistent."
During the debate on the bill it was
1 said that the purpose of the Burlin
| gamc bill is to make political capita!
jior its introducer, Senator Alvah Bur
ilingame jr., of Brooklyn, who has am
i bitions to be Mayor.
May Not Pa&s Mayor
It is predicted by legislators that the
bill will never get beyond the Mayor,
j unless he wants to join the burlesque,
t as he has the power of veto over it,
! since it Was made a purcly local bill
by its introducer.
Should the bill pass the Assembly it
I will be acted on by the Mayor within
ten days thereafter. After he has
passed upon it Senator Robinson and
Assemblyman Steinberg will begin a
| real drive to get the Legislature to
pass their resolution.
The passage ol the Burlingame bill
is regarded by many as an attempt to
b'ock a real investigation of the Hylan
administration such as is provided for
in the Robinson-Steinberg resolution.
Whether this is so or not, the fact
is that Jacob A. Livingston, chairman
if the Kings County Republican Com?
mittee, is opposed to an investigation
of the Hylan administration. Senator
Burlingame is his chief lieutenant in
the Legislature. Chairman Livingston
ia working for Governor Miller's trac?
tion bill.
Missing Brooklyn Girls
Just Had Spring Fever
Day Was Too Plcasant for Study,
So They Invcnted Holiday
and Went Visiting
Vera McMahon, twelve years old, and
Sarah Tierney, thirteen, victims of
spring fever, were pronouncod com
pleteiy cured yesterday when their
mothers got them home again, after an
absence of two days. Both girls live on
Java Street, Brooklyn, and both go to
St. Anthony's school, near by.
Both got spring fever Monday, and
Vera suggested that they take a trip
to Oyster Bay, L. I., for it. She thought
of Oyster Bay because her uncle lives
Instead of going to school that day
they went to tho Pennsylvania Station
and, eventually, to the home of Vera's
uncle, who was glad enough to see them
to believe their story about a school
holiday. Tuesday, when police and
relatives had searched the city in vain
for the pair, Vera's r.iother thougkt of
the uncle in Oyster Bay and telephoned
to him. Yesterday th?V girls were
brought home. C. *
Lines Cut Pay
Of 215,000
All Officers and Employes
Ineluded in Plan Laid
to Necessity of Bringing
About a Readjustment
Up to Rail Board
If Men Ref use
Notiee Says 70,000 Have
Been Laid Off and Hints
at Rehiring Thousands
Specml Ditvatch to The Tribuve
PHILADELPHIA, March 9. ? The
Pennsylvania Railroad announced to
: day a pay cut affecting every officer
j and employec. There aro approxi
; mately 215,000 employees of the road.
The amount of the cut wa3 not dis
All pay will be rcduccd, but in vary
ing ratios, based on such considera
tions as pay in other lines for similar
work, skill and hazard of occupation.
and the ratio of wages paid to the cost
of living in the locality.
When the wage cut plans have been
worked out in detail, which is to be as
quickly as possible, they will be sub
| mitted to the employees for approval.
In the event of disapproval the com
i pany will appeal to the Railroad Labor
I Board for permission to make the cuts
i in spite of the men's objection.
One effect of the wage reduction
I order, as was pointed out in the formal
! statement of the railroad, is the prob
: able reemployment of thousands cf
i men laid off.
The statement issued by the railroad
said in part:
"In view of changed economic con
ditions, it is a manifest obligation to
the public generally and especially to
shippers, passengers, investors and
j stockholders that railroad expenses be
?reduced. ?
"The management of the Pennsvl
; vania Railroad has already made a re
^ duction of over 70,000 men in its per
; sonnel, seriously curtailing mainten
. ance of roadway and equipment, con
j sohdated divisional organizations and
? has stopped all expenditures on new
: work.
"Even with such economies as have
i already been enforced, it takes almost
? the whole of current earnings merely
j to pay current operating expenses. It
i is evident that the requirements of the
. transportation act that railroads shall
be admir.istered in an efficient and eco
i nomical manr.er cannot be satisfied
without still further reductions in ex
! penses.
70 Per Cent to Labor
"ln February, 70 per cent of all
, Pennsylvania system operating earn
,ings were absorbed by charges for
I labor, against a normal charge for
i labor of less than r>0 per cent of earn?
"A foundation for the restoration of
normal business cannot be laid until
there has been a frank recognition of
] the real situation and a readjustment
; of wages to ineet the altered condi
i tions. The more promptly an adjust
; ment to the inexorable facts is made,
; the more promptly can those who are
now idle be reemployed and a basis
established for renewed prosperity.
j In mnking a readjustment of salaries
and wages it is but fair and proper
] that the burden should bc borne by all
. officers as well as employees. It is ac
i cordingly resolved that the executive
officer:- of the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company are directed to give, as
! promptly as possible, proper notiee
that it is the intention of this com?
pany 1o reduce the salaries and wages
of officers and employees to accord
| with economic conditions.
I "Such reductions as are made in snl
Laries and wages shall bear an equitable
: relationship to the increases in pay
? made since January 1, 1918. The
equitable differentials which should
j apply between various classes of em?
ployees shall be maintained or re
"All procedure. in effecting such
j readjustment of salaries and wages
shall be taken in an orderly manner,
: and in strict accord with the trans
'. portat'on act."
To Put Tt Before Employees
T. De Witt Cuyler, one of the di
| rectors of the Pennsylvania and head
of the Railroad Executives' Association,
' was asked how the order would accord
with the rccent decision of the Labor
Board that the Erie Railroad must re
j store its rates which it had tried to
i cut. .
"The situation with us is simply
this," he replied. "Wc are proceeding
; in an orderly manner in strict accord
! with the transportation act, and this
! cut affects all classes of employees,
! from the highest to the loWest.
"We will first call meetings of our
1 employees ar.d put the matter squarely
' up to them, and if they agree the mat
i ter is beyond the jurisdiction of the
i Railroad Labor Board."
! "Does it mean," Mr. Cuyler was
: asked, "that if they agree the road
will be ablc to take back the 70,000
! men laid off?"
"It certainly will mean that with a
. return to normal conditions we will
take back as many men as the business
, will allow,"
"What do you think the cut will be
in percentage of wages?"
| "It is absolutely impossible to say,
i because it has not been worked out
\ yet, and the amounts will vary."
j The acting general chairman of the
j Order of Railway Conductors, affiliated
j with the four big railway brotherhoods,
I said he did not expect any cut in wages
' of men in the train service.
At the office of H. S. Jeffery, head
i of the shop workers of the Pennsyl
J vania Railroad, it was stated that it
I would be impossible for the railroad
| to reduce the wages of workers in the
six shop crafts, as their wages have
! been fixed by national agreement and
1 are under the sole jurisdiction of the
. Railway Labor Board. The shopmen
I are not members . of the Railway
! Brotherhood, but are affiliated with
\ the Americai Federation of Labor.
i C. E, Musser. general chairman of tho
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, said
j his organization had not 5'et been noti
| fied of the cut.
"All I can say about it for the pres?
ent," said Mr. Musser, "is that the
Pennsylvania apparcntly is fo'lowing
the procedure which was suggested by
the Railroad Labor Board recently in
tha Erie case."
Russian-Polish Peace
Parley Is Broken Off
LONDON, March 9.?All tho
peace ncgotiations between the
Russians and the Poles at Rifra
have ceased, according to a dis?
patch to the London Times from
Riga. The Bolsheviki say tliat
the cessatlon is due to the illness
of their chief representative, M.
Real Beer on
Tap Here Soon
To Tone Up III
New York Among 9 States
Benefiting by Palmer's
Ruling, but Laws of 39
Otbers Forbid Its Sale
Wheeler Cites Statutes
U. S. Finding Prohibits Re
striction on Number of
Maimfacturer's Permits
j WASHINGTON, March 9.?New York
! is one of nine states which will be
! affected by the ruling of A. Mitchel!
| Palmer, former Attorncy General, made
public to-day, under which beer may
be prescribed in unlimited quantities
I as a medicine, it was brought out here
I to-day by Wayne R. Wheeler, general
counsel for the Anti-Saloon League.
i The ruling applies also to wjne.
Mr. Wheeler said that in thirty-nine
| states laws prohibitcd the prescribing
j of beer and would therefore render
I the ruling ineffectif'* in those states.
I He attacked the ruling as not in ac
! cordauce with the purpose of the Vol
1 stead act.
Mr. Palmer's ruling make-s lt possible
for all alcoholic liquora to be used for
' medical and other non-beverage pur
! poses and for all to be manufactured
? and sold for these purpo^es, aubject
i only to the limitations of the Volstead
i act on non-beycrage intoxicants.
Reply to Officers' Querics
| The opinion was written by former
| Attorney General Palmer the day be?
fore he retired from ofRce, and was in
| reply to a series of questions from
i internal revenue and prohibition offi
| cials bearing on construction of half a
dozen moot points in the law.
Whether it will upset any regula
tions of the. revenue and enforccment
bureaus had not been determined to
night, Commissioner Williams, oi' the.
revenue bureau, saying he had not had
! an oprlortunity to study the opinion.
He made it public without comment,
and said that officials concerned with
enforccment would prepare at once to
draft regulationa carrying out the At?
torney General's construction of the
dry law.
There were many rumors afloat that
the opinion had wrecked plans of dry
advocates tf> ohtain further restriction
of liquor sales. Officials refused to
comment on the reports.
Ambiguities in Opinion
Mr. Palmer'^ opinion appeared am
biguous in some respects, officials said,
and as a result they were unable to
determine whether the government had
power, in the light of the ruling, to
limit the number of prescriptions wnich
a physician may write. Mr. Palmer de?
clared he believed it the purpose of
Congress to leave the physician "un
fettered by governmental control," yet
he thought that regulations might
properly restrict the amount to be
sold on any one prescription.
Mr. Palmer called attention to pro
yisions of law which apparently had
lel't the physician to act on his judg
ment. He suggested then that when
a physician abused the piivilege he
could be dealt With criminally, but
added that in no case should the judg
ment of the physician be stipplantcd
by that of enforccment officials, a situ?
ation he believed would result from
regulations attempting to control the
use of prescriptions.
Law Forbids Discrimination
Replying to the question whether
the government could restrict the num?
ber of permits to manufacture, sell, or
prescribe" in any state or community,
Mr. Palmer explained that the Vol?
stead act had limited only the classes
to which permits could be issued, and
had permitted tio discrimination be
twee.n persons within those classes. He
said the withholding of permits could
not be done legaliy even though of?
ficials were convinced that fewer per?
mits would suffice in any given state
or city.
Mr. Palmer advised officials that they
had "ample authority" to write such
regulations as they believed necessary
to make certain the enforcement of the
law. Dry advocates stressed this state
ment, declaring that by it mcans would
be found which would circumvent and
handicap the salc of beer and wines
and would not throw open the door to
the manufacture of quantities of high
alcoholic beer again, as anti-prohibi
tionists insisted.
"The construction of the Volstead
act by Mr. Palmer. is not in accord
with the purpose of the law," said Mr.
Wheeler. "The law authorizes the pre
(Continund on pagt ninetern)
Rebels Hold
Petrograd, Is
Riga Report
Entire City, with Excep
tion of 2 Rail Stations,
Is Reported Captured;
Red Leaders in Flight
Soviet Suffers Big
Losses: In Retreat
Imporlant Fortresses Said
to Have Surrendered;
White Russia in Rcvolt
LONDON, March 9.?-A dispatch to
The London Times from Riga, dated
Wednesday, says that all the Bolshe
vik leaders in Petrograd cscaped by
j motor car after the capture by the rev
j olutionarics this morning of the entire
i city with the exception of the Nicolai
j and Finland railroad stations. The
| Soviet troops suffered heavy losses at
j Krasnoye Selo, elghteen miles south
| east of Petrograd, and at Gatchina,
| thirty mile.s to the southeast.
The Krasnoya Gorko and Oranien
I baum fortresses have surrendered. The
j Red army retreatcd twenty versts.
The Cronstadt government has is
sued a proclamation to tho World
Workers to begMn a fight against the
Communists, according to a Helsing
fors dispatch to the Exchange Tele
graph Company.
Early reports from Petrograd say
that the Soviet officials are ready to
Icave at any momer.t and that
Soviet War Minister Trotzky had or
dered the avrest of the. staff of the
Esthonian legation.
Trotzky Flees to Fortress
Another version of the situation in
Petrograd is given in a Central News
dispatch from Helsingfors, dated to-day.
This says that fighting is continuing in
the streets of Petrograd and that War
Minister Trotzky and M. Zinovieff, the
Soviet Governor of Petrograd, were re?
ported to have taken refuge in the
fortress of St. Peter and St. Paul. sur
rounded by a large number of protcctive
All attempts by the revolutionists to
capture this fortress, the message says,
were repulsed.
"General Brusiloff fformer com
maride'r in chief of the Russian armies
in the late stages of Russia's partici
pation in the Europe.an war) effected
an organization of the Soviet troops
in the city," continues the dispatch,
"and ordered a mixed regiment ' of
I Finnish and Chinese to clear the
streets. Tho revolutionaries, however,
refused to rire on the Finns, who
I joined the revolutionaries, the latter
j repulsing the Chinese.
j "Moscow is reported quiet, with
Lenine remaining inside the Kremlin
issuing orders for arrests, which are
I occurring by hundreds."
j Reports received here to-day from
| Kovno say that Jewish refugees from
Russia are trying to reach the fron
tiers of Lithuania, Latvia and Poland.
I The reports say they are fleeing in
large numbers, fearing that the upris
j ings in Russia will result in pbgroms.
Thousands of fugitives from Petro
giad are clamorin'g for entry into Fin
i !and, Finnish advices state.
Terrific Fighting in Streets
From The Tribitne'a Europcan Bureau
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Ino.
LONDON, March 0.?in territic street
fighting in Petrograd to-day, according
! to fragmentary reports \ from border
I states reaching London, the rebels
j made sweeping gains, consolidating
, Ihem and forcing the Soviet troops to
I retire. Many of Trotzky's soldiers re
! fused to fight, the dispatches say, and
the only forces which the Bolsheviki
I could use to oppose the onward march
of the rebels were 10,000 Finns.
A dispatch from the official Soviet
wireless station in Moscow admits thut
communications with Siberia have been
cut otf for a fortnight. By some this
fuct is attributed to royalists, who,
supposedly under the leadership of
Grand Duke Michael, brother of the
last Czar, have seized the present op
portunity for a demonstration.
There has been a constant flow of
messages between the Moscow- and
Cronstadt radio stations the former
trying to induce the rebels to sur
render, and the latter defying the
Soviets and announcing that Cron?
stadt is now a republic, having initi
ated a new revolution.
Fires Reported in Cronstadt
COPENHAGEN, March 9?(By The
Associated Press).?News of the Rus?
sian situation to-day was conflicting
with the latest Helsingfors dispatches
reporting that the Soviet government
forces had rec.aptured the fortresses
of Krasnoya Gorko and Systerbak this
morning, and were training the big
guns of these fortresses upon Cron*
stadt, where fires were obacrved.
WARSAW, March 0 (By The Associ?
ated Press).---The White Ruthenians
(Contlnued on next paje)
Thief .Under Umbrella in Crowd.
Breaks Pane? Gets $2,300 Gems
A tall young man, rain-soaked from j
' head to foot, although he was carrying
1 an umbrella, stopped last night in f ront
j of the big plate-glass window of the
ijewelry store of Samuel Winokur, at
; 395 Fulton Street, Jamaica. He glued
i his face to the window and stood mo
tionless as pedestrians hurried past
Ihim. The ram was falling hard. Di
! rectly across the street a crowd was '
; swarming into a brilliantly-lighted!
?motion picture theater.
Two minutes after the young man |
had stopped outside the window the
proprietor of the shop and an employee
i heard a crash of glass. They saw a
' hand inserted through the broken front
window and noticed that the fingers
clutched a small jewelry box, which
contained twelve diamonds, the entire ;
lot valued at about $'.2,500".
Winokur and his clerk dashed to the i
front of the shop. As they did so, the
window smasher, with his umbrella j
raised as a protection against the ter- j
j rific downpour, da^bd across Fulton
'Street. On reaching the other side he j
wheeled sharply. thrust his umbrella
into his left hand, and in his right
grinped a revolver.
Winokur, his clerk, and several
others started across the street after
him. He ffred two shots in the gen?
eral direction of his pursuers and ran
toward New York Avenue, swingtng
his umbrella in one. hand and holding
his revolver in the other. He whirled
into New York Avenue and disappeared
in an alleyway. Another man followed
him into the alleyway and did not
come out. The police bclieve the sec
ond man was an accomplice.
Winokur gave a description of the
thief to police headquarters at Jamaica.
ile said the diamonds were the most
valuable he owned and believes the
thief was a good judge of jewelry and
had probably planneu the robbery
some time in advance. The window
was broken with a brick.
Captain Wohlfarth said he was con
vinced the man who smashed the win?
dow had a confederate.
Detectives from the Jamaica precinct
were sent out immediately in an effort
to round up the thieves.
Allies Deadlocked Over
50% German Tax Levy;
Italy Refuses to Agree
Lloyd George Asks and Gets French
Pledge Not to Annex Occupied Area
LONDON, March 9 (B^v The Associated Press).?The British Prime
Minister in the Supreme Council to-day, in alluding to French news
paper comment on the occupation of additional Gerrnan territory, asked
the French Premier for' assurances that annexation was not con
templated. The French comment indicated the belief that the institu
tion of a customs barrier was likc-ly to lead to complete separation
between the occupied territories and the rest of Germany.
Mr. Lloyd George said Jhat though he had absolute confidence in
M. Briand and the good sense of the majority of Frcnchmen, and
although he had received assurances from former Premiers Clemenceau
and Millerand, who had fought hard against the annexationist policy,
he would welcome a new and definite assurance from M. Briand that
France contemplated neither annexation nor even autonomy of the
M. Briand emphatically denied that any such feeling existed "even
in the back of the minds" of responsible French statesmen. Not five
out of every hundred Frenchmen, he asserted, dreamed of such a thing.
Mr. Lloyd George expressed satisfaction at this announcement.
Harding Makes
Special Plea for
Seuds Message to the Senate
Urging Ratifieation of the
Treaty; Strong Opposi?
tion in Botb Parties
Open Hearings Asked
Opponents of Agreement
Favor Postponing Aetion
Until tbe Extra Session
From The T.ribunc'e Wasklnaon Bureau
WASHINGTON, March 9.?President
Harding, in a special message to the
Senate to-day, asked that the Colom
1 bian treaty bc considered and ratificd
at oncc. The message went to the
.Senate in executive session and was
' not made public.
In spite of the fact that the Presi
j dent has asked that the treaty be acted
| on, strong opposition to ratifieation is
; daily becoming more apparent.
Differonce of opinion developed in
1 the executive session. Opponents of
: the treaty insUted it should be con?
sidered in open session and not be
liind closed doors, and at the same time
; efforts were made to have the whole
| question postponcd until the extra ses
? sion. Senator Underwood, Democratic
i leader, urged that the treaty be de
layed until the extra session, and there
is much support for this without re
gard to party.
A canvass of the Republican side of
the Senate has been made by oppo?
nents of the treaty. This dlscloses that
twenty or twenty-one Republican Sen-1
ators are opposed to ratiiication. Just
how many Democrats will align them
selves against it has not been vevealed.
Senators Shields, of Tennessee, and
V/atson, of Georgia, are against it, and
the Republican opposition hopes to
muster enough Democrats to de.feat it.
Protracted Controversy Seen
The situation as it stands to-night
indicates that a bitter and protracted
controversy will develop in the Sen?
ate, with the outcorne uncertain. In
the end the Administration may be able
to marshal enough votes to drive the
treaty through, but this is not a cer
President Harding's special message
was brief. It is understood to have
been less tlTan 500 words in length. |
It did not make any detailed argument ]
for ratifieation of the treaty, but took
the broad ground that ratifieation
would help relations with Latin Amer
ica. It was presented and read so
quickly that many Senators who were
a few minutes late in arriving or were
in the cloak rooms did not hear it.
Senator Lodge urged that the treaty
be taken up and ratified, but Senator
Johnson expressed the view it ought
to be considered in the open session, I
just as was the Treaty of Versailles. j
Senator Lodge opposed this, but said
that if it was considered in the open I
he desired personally to make certain
statements relating to the situation
that mado it desirable to ratify the
treaty and he wished to make them in
executive session. Senator Lenroot spoke
vigorously against ratifieation. He
favored consideration in the open, and
so did Senators Borah and Kellogg.
Lodge Will Urge Action
Thercupon the whole matter went
over until to-morrow. Senator Lodge
then will raove that the treaty be
taken up. Senator Underwood will
ask that it be put over until the extra
session. If the treaty is to be taken
up, Senator Johnson will offer a mo
tion for consideration in the open.
If Senator Lodge is able to have his
motion for consideration passed to
morrow there will be several days of
debate over the merits of the treaty
before a vote can be had. The debate
will be more prolonged if there are j
open sessions. Efforts will be made j
by advocates of the treaty to get a j
vote within a week if they can get tho ;
treaty considered now.
When the treaty is taken up an
effort will be made to get the amount
o*f pav for Colombia scaled down from
$25,000,000 to $15,000,000. Senator
Swanson, of Virginia, Democrat, has
long advocated this. Those who are
leadir.g the tight for the treaty will
contend that Colombia would not ac?
cept the $15,000,000 and that it would
be useless to ratify the arrangement
with such an amount in it.
Eckhardt Returning to Mexico
BERL1N, March 9. ? Heinrich von
Eckhardt, former Minister to Mexico,
will return to the post he formerly
held in'that country. Since his re?
turn here, in 1919, he has been in
charge^f the Spaniah-AmericaB Divi
aioa oo. &he Foreign Off ice.
Gerrnan Reds
Pi-each Revolt
To Oust Allies
Communists of Berlin Call
Mass Meeting to Back
Arraed Force; Socialists
and Nationalists Bitter
Simons Under Fire Today
Will Face His Critics in the
Reichstag; Reaction to
Allies' Seizure Spreads
By William C. Dreher
B'j M'irclesa to The Tribune
Copyrisht. 1921, New YoTk Tribune Ine.
BERLIN, March 9.? The reaction of
the Gerrnan people tc the Aliied in
vasion of the industrial district has
been vigorous, with some sections of
the press assailing the Entente for
what is called a gross violation of thte
Treaty of Versailles, while others at
tack the Gerrnan delegation at Lcndon
for yielding an inch to the "excessive"
demands of the Allies.
, The speech which Chancellov Fehren
bach made in the Reichstag yesterday,
exhorting the Gerrnan people to re
main calm in the face of this act of
violence, is being criticized by some of
the newspapers as being too sentimen
tal and likely to create a bad impres
sion abroad.
Harmony does not exist on the so
called home front, for the Commanists
and Socialists are bitter over the re
sults of the London conference. Vor
waerts even says that the political
position of Dr. Walter Simons, For
eign Minister, is eni.angered. The
newspaper explains that the two
parties of the Right are convinced that
Dr. Simons made offers to Lloyd
George in excess of Germany's ability
to pay, and expect to make him answcr
for these offers.
Reichstag Debate To-day
It seems probable that to-morrow's
debate in the Reichstag, postponed at
the govemment's request until the
Foreigc Minister could reach Berlin
and appear in his own defence, will
bring out many expressions of dis
sutisfaction with Dr. Simons's handling
of Germany's case. Some of the mem?
bers will criticize him for the bun^ling
manner in which he presented Ger?
many's offer and thereby failed to win
for it the proper reception.
Meanwhile other voices are being
raised in different parts of Germany
which tend to compromise Germany's
case in the eyes of the world. Min?
ister President von Kahr, of Bavaria,
after having done hla utmost to bring
about the present situation through
his refusal to disband thi Bavarian
Einwohnerwehr (citizen guards), sol
emnly protested in a speech in Munich
yesterday against the application of
punitive measures by the Allies and
predicted that the day would eome
when the Gerrnan people would lift
their heads from the existing op
The Nationalist press is joining the
chorus of unsubmissive discontent.
The Lokal-Anzeiger argues that as the
Allies have now broken the treaty
themselves this brcach gives Germany
complete, freedom of action. Prcfes
(Continued 011 next page)
Five Leap 2,000 Feet;
Set Parachute Record
All Land Safely Near Sacramentu
After Dropping From
Same Airplane
SACRAMENTO, Cal., March 0.?A
record in parachute jumDing was set
to-day at Mather Field when tive avi
ators, Lieutenant Eugene C. Batten
Sergeant Richard Thorne. Corporai
Paul Connors and Privates Earl Wood
gard and Alexis Ilartner leaped from
the same plane at an altitude of 2,000
feet. Lieutenant E. C. Kiel piloted the
Double parachutes, one strapped to
the breast and the other to the back,
were used. Just before he jumped
from a wing of the plane, each man
loosencd one parachute and the wind
blew it open as the leap was made.
The second parachute was opened when
the man wanted to lessen the speed of
his fall. All landed safely.
Sforza Tells Couneil His
Country Needs Teutons'
Goods; Belgium Objects
to High Rate of Impost
Tariff Sehedule Is
Put Up to Experts
Brussels Forces Seize
Hamborn; To Pass on
Collection Plan To-dav
From The Tribuv.c's Europ'an B"rea'i
CopyriKht, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, March 9?Complica
| tions arising out of the decision of
j the Allied Supreme Couneil to col
lect a 50 per cent tax on all Ger
man-made goods sold in Allied coun
; tries developed this afternoon at the
I Supreme Allied Couneil, when Count
; Sforza, Italian Foreign Minister,
; notified Premier Lloyd George and
Briand that Italy would refuse to
levy such a tax. Count Sforza ex
plained that his country must have
| German goods. and that the Rome
! Parliament would refuse to sanc
' tion the collection of reparations
j money by this means.
Foreign Minister Jaspar of Bel
jgium advised the Couneil that the
! Brussels government objected to
j such a high rate as 50 per cent, but
| might agree to levying a lower tax.
| provided all moneys collected by
jsuch a tax in Allied countries were
turned into a common fund. In re?
ply to this provision Lloyd George
said he was opposed to any such
plan because it would be impossible
for Great Britain to share with
Italy, who wanted no tax. He in
sisted that, as originally planned.
each country should apply what
money it collected by this means to
the reparations debt due it from
Experts to Draw Up Tariff
The question came to a deadlock and
finally was put in the hands of a group
of experts, whd were charged with
drawing up a tariff ;.chedulc for the
different countries.
Lloyd George will introduce in Par?
liament to-morrow a bill authorizin
the collection by the British Exchequer
of a 50 per cent tax on German good*
sold in Great Britain.
At to-day's meeting of the Couneil
Briand got Lloyd George to agree that
the sanctions Ipenaltiesj provided in
the Treaty of Versailles were appli
cablc not only to force Germany to pay
her reparations bill, but also to compel
her to fulfill' other provisions of the
pact. such as completing her disarma
ment and trying those charged with
war crimes.
When the bill comes up for debate
in the House of Coramons criticism of
the government for its attitude toward
tiie proposal is expected not only from
the ranks of Labor members, but also
from Conservatives. Business men are
attacking the plan.
(iermari W'ants United States Aid
Walter Rathenau, head of the Im?
perial German Bar.k, has come forward
i with the suggestion that Germany pay
[ her leparations bill by assuming th?
debts of the Allies to the United Stateg.
! This proposal is regarded here as an
| atteir.pt to evade the payments which
the Allies demand. for recent dis
patches have indicated the prevalence
of the belief in Berlin that if the
United States could be dragjred in on
the rtottlement of the war bill, Ger
many's burden would be lightened.
There is no doubt that boih Great
Britain and Belgium would be pleased
with such a solution of the interna
tionai debts problem, hut there is no
expertition here that'the Washington
Administration would be interested.
France, on the other hand, it is be
lieve 1 hero, would not find such a solu
tion Batisfactory, because th? Paris
government requires cash to mcet cur
rcnt obligations.
BERLIN, March 9 (By The Associ
! ated Press).?The Belgians have oc
, cupied Hamborrirfto the north of Duia
burg, and the cbaling port of the
'1 hyssen works. The occupation was
: without incident.
; Hamborn is a rural commune of
I Rhenish Prussia, in the Diisseldorf
j district. It is a eoal and iron mining
center. The population is 40,000.]
Workmen in ISew Zone of
Occupation Seem Content
\ Allies Seize Cash in. Custom
House; French in Dusseldorf
Open Soup Kitehens for Poor
DUSSELDORF, March 9 (Bv The
Associated Press).?Conspieuoua evi
dence of the occupation of Dusseldorf
are two British tanks standing at the
Hindenburg wall, near the Rhine.
around which crowds gathered to-day.
among them two soldicrs, who ex
, amined the war machines with profes
j sional interest. Yesterday's interest in
I the arrival of the Allied troops had
j largely diminished to-day, the inhabi- *
! tants showing mostly what General
j Gaucher tcrmed "benevolent indiffer
Many Germans are eallinsr. at th?
French heaquarters and off'ering t >
cnlist in the Foreign Legion.
An effective installation of the cv.s
toms regime on the Rhine and alonjr
the Allied frontiers is still waiting on
the decision of the Allied government*
as to the details of application. [Vhe
first real cash payment on reparaUon-.
was collected yesterday, when tk&Al

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