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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 19, 1921, Image 1

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No. 27,152
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
(Copyright. 10 M,
New York Tribune In?.)
?s: * * *
Partly cloudy and warmer to-day;
to-morrow unsettled sad warmer;
fresh east to ?oath winds
___ sUipmrt ?a I_*t Pace
la Greater New To* | Within tt? MU? | EhwwlMN
25,000 at
Garden Hiss
Rhine Rally;
Hoot Hylan
?flirong Shouts Rebuke to
German Propagandists;
Wounded Join Cheers
for 'Gold Star' Mothers
Von Mack's Speech
Branded "Treason"
Pershing Gets Ovation;
Soldier Dead Honored;
Crowds Turned Away,
Hold Sessions Outside
The answer to the "Horrors on the
Kkine" mass meeting was voiced by
\10 persons in Madison Square
GioJen last night. Ten thousand more
uatsicc in the open air made the same
rip'?- ,
It repudiated Mayor Hylan for per?
mitting the pro-Ciernan demonstration
<? be held. It greeted with a deafen
?i| thorus of hisses a mention of Dr,
amend von Mach, the promoter of
it "Horrors'" meeting. It condemned
?ypkenisffi, linked German propa
jir.:. i-; with "puling pacifists," "be
?ihiered Bolshevists" and Sinn F?in
The meeting broke into a pro?
longed outburst of patriotic fervor
rien Martin W. Littleton, pointing to
f>neral John J. Pershing seated near?
ly on the speakers' platform, de?
clared that, the only mistake the
Allies had made was that they had
jot marched to Berlin to perfect a
Potsdam pence instead of a Ver?
sailles armistice.
Two hundred patriotic and civic or?
ganizations joined with the American
Legion to five a fitting rebuke to the
German meeting held in the Garden
on February 28, and to condemn the
holding of any further "polyglot
propaganda" and to spread Theodore
Roosevelt's gospel, "one tongue, one
country and one flag." It was called
an all-American meeting in contrast
to the German event.
29,000 Are Turned Away
As many persons were turned awaj
from the Garden as were able to get
in. Those who were unable to gair
admission formed overflow demonstra
floss about three speakers' st?nde
erected in Madison Square Park. It
ws estimated that 20,000 persons be?
sieged the police lines for permission
to join the indoor meeting after the
Girden had been filled to capacity
Ik? 400 patrolmen, thirty sergeants
seven captains and three inspectors
lid nothing to do but keep back th?
The Garden inside was decorated ii
keeping with the all-American char
acter of the occasion. American flag.'
fluttered from every balcony an?.
It was the only flag evident save oni
I ?her. The other was a little flag wit!
? single gold star in a field of black
It was held in the hands of each of fiv
hundred mothers who had lost mem
hers of their families in the war. Th
mothers sat in a place of honor in th
center of the hall. From that spac
no cheering came, but frequently th
rest of the audience stood up an
cheered them. The mothers were th
EMsts of the Victory Hall Associa
In another section of the hall, in th
saleony, sat another group which als
received homage from the audienc?
??y were not so silent as the motl:
?Si for at each condemnation of th
Germans a wild yell emanated froi
'?it direction and a score of yello
cratches were seen waving through th
?r. These were the 800 disabled so
Mrs who had been carried in autom?
wes from various military hespita
*J the Overseas Service League an
American Legion posts.
neither were the absent forgotte:
?r two minutes the vast audienc
Wodjji silence while Vincent Buon
? to 7th Regiment Band, sounde
( Evidence of the audience's attituc
?wtrd the city administration's pe
??Mon for the holding of the von Mac
leeting was shown Just before Robe
urj*r Cooke called the assemblage 1
?rand asked the Rev. Dr. Ernest I
?irea to pronouuee the invocation.
somebody in the gallery in a fac
H?l! $i?? yelied' "Three cheers f.
yi?n. The response was instant
?iss"' WaB a rain<*'lin? of bo03 ai
p*r?b.ing Toms Hisses to Cheer?
Jiwas converted immediately in
'?lerous cheering, for General Pers
*K entered. As the General mount?
S3?l. P? to the speakers' platform
?fle salute was sounded. Then tl
?.?ce, rising to its feet, gave a ear
5-? ns lung power. The ovation f
?'?commander was repeated when !
a,; t0 8Peak- H prompted him
?'hJ?"8 is,a samP'e of the patriot
"wiasm that carried us forward
; s^^ (Continued on page four)
"rinces Proposed to H<
^?wati Girl Who Served
*arkey Prefers Araeri
I can Sweetheart
SO?* Wspa?c'110 The Tribune
?JJON, March 18.-A Red Cr(
***t f*?! re->ected proposals of m?
*5a2FVorty-seven Russian prin?
Wli? ? ?America t0-day on 1
'Jk AlnIr Pannonia. Miss Nellie H
VL.L inc,nnati. ia the nurse. ?
Aa?S??n?r among refu?ee8
?i?6rJcan X?ood enough :
4*riJL -,a? she\tepped ashore
*w5L"?l1 for theS/rst time ui
?it g?e *n army n%se during I
***** 8dmi?ted th/t she had
?^l? .^ethcart in Cincinnati
V afe? 7?y was in Constantino
?Irm? th?. col?apse of the Wr
H /( m .Southern Russia, th,
*^i*th. reiugees fled to Turk
*Cn llw were the fQrty-seven lo
jjTn Princes.
*R?W?i7y had char?e of the h
S?4kt? 5 i Pnnces lived. One
?g???dared their love, but
WfcT.V**** |n Cincinnati and
?W* ?*?ame "also ran?.?
St Louis Bars Ford's Weekly
Under Criminal Libel Law
Police Ordered to Arrest AH Persons Who Sell Pa?
per, Beginning To-day, Under Statute Defining
Defamation or for Disturbance of the Peace
Special Disvatch to The Tribune
ST. LOUIS, March IS.?City Coun
| selor Daues to-day pave n written
: opinion to Chief of Police O'Brien in
? which he said the seilin? of the Dear?
born Independent, Henry Ford's weekly
paper, by criers on the streets of St.
i Louis constitutes a violation of the law,
| which may be punished under the
? statute defining defamation and crim
| inal libel or under a city ordinance de
. nning, disturbance of the peace^ The
reason for his op-.nion, he says, is that
i the publication ?vontains matter "ob
| viocsly intended to reflect injuriously
i upon the character and conduct of per?
sons of Jewish extraction."
When informed that the city coun
i selor has ruled that persons selling
; the paper might be prosecuted by the
police, President Miller of the Police
; Board, said:
"That course will be pursued."
? Chief of Police O'Brien said to-night
; that beginning to-morrow morning he
j Flood Guilty of
Second Degree
Jury Asks Mercy for Police?
man Accused of Slaying
Boy; Deliberated Over
an Hour and a Half
First Whitman Conviction
To Be Sentenced Thursday;
Maximum Penally Is 15
Years and $1,000 Fine
The first conviction returned in the
Whitman investigation of the Hylan
administration was recorded yester?
day in Part V of General Sessions
when a jury found Patrolman Cornelius
J. Flood guilty of manslaughter in the
second degree.
Flood, with Robert A.' O'Brien, both
formerly attached to the West Forty
seventh Street police station as pa?
trolmen, was charged with the killing
of James Cushing, sixteen years old,
on the roof of a tenement in West
Fiftieth Street in July 1.918.
The case was investigated by As?
sistant District Attorney Joyce in 1918,
at the direction of District Attorney
Swann, and the evidence he submitted
before the Grand Jury at that time
failed to result in an indictment Leing
returned against either officer.
Although the family of the murdered
child appealed to the authorities re?
peatedly no decisive action was taken
in the case until it was revived as a
result of The Tribune's investigation
of the Police Department which re?
sulted in the appointment by District
Attorney Swann of ex-Governor Charles
S. Whitman as head of a general in?
quiry into every phase of the Hylan
Charge Is Reduced
In summing up the testimony taken
in the present trial Mr. Whitman
hinted that the matter wa3<not con?
sidered seriously when it came to the
attention of the District Attorney's of?
fice in 1918. At that time an ap?
parently superficial examination of
witnesses resulted in no indictments,
although in one-third of the time con?
sumed in the investigation three years
ago Mr. Whitman was able to obtain
true bills against Flood and O'Brien
charging murder in the first degree.
This charge was dismissed by Judge '
Nott on Wednesday as it applied to j
Flood, and the case went to the jury
yesterday on the count of manslaughter
in the first or second degree.
After the conviction yesterday Pa?
trolman Flood was taken back to the
Tombs after Judge Nott had announced
that he would not pronounce sentence
until Thursday afternoon. The maxi?
mum penalty for the crime of which
Flood stands convicted is fifteen years
in jail and $1,000 fine.
The prosecution's case against Flood
indicated that he, in company with Pa?
trolman O'Brien, at that time his su?
perior officer, had gone to the roof of
522 West Fiftieth Street on the after?
noon of Sunday, July 14, to investigate
a complaint which alleged that, boys
were shooting craps there.
Pleads It Was Accident
Both men were in plain clothes at
the time and, according to Flood's story
told in the trial just ended, he drew
his revolver just before he stepped out
on the roof top. He did this, he said,
because he suspected that he was going
to be attacked. He had difficulty in
opening the trapdoor leading to the
roof, he said, and when he finally
opened it he stumbled and his gun ex?
ploded prematurely. O'Brien, mean?
while, had gained the roof top by way
of the house next door, and he is said
to have fired his revolver immediately
after hearing the report _ of Flood's.
This report, Flood had testified, caused
him to fire his gun a second time with
a view to attracting the attention of
the patrolman on post.
The witnesses called by the prose
(Cuntlnued en ?M? three)
Want Ads
Accepted Until
It la preferable, hew
ever, te mena your ad? la
early for Sunday'? Trlb
or to to ?ay ef The
Tribune's Want Ad.
Asenta, conveniently
located in all P*rta at
Oreater New Jlatk.
would order the arrest of all persons
engaged in selling the Fort Dearborn
Independent in St. Louis. Ford's news?
boys to-night made extra efforts to un?
load their supply of papers.
Referring to the statute on which
his opinion is based, Mr. Daues said:
"The statute defines malicious def?
amation of a person, and hence in?
cludes a class of persons, by 'printing,
writing, sign, picture, representation
or effigy tending to provoke him to
wrath or expose him to publia hatred,
contempt or ridicule, or to deprive him
of public confidence and social inter?
"The penalty clause provides that all
those who either compose, dictate or
procure the same to be done 01 who
publish or circulate or knowingly and
; willfully assist or aid in such circula
I tion are deemed guilty of a misde?
"Of course, it is assumed that the
publication itself does in fact mali?
ciously defame or expose this class of
our citizens to public hatred or ridi
(ContlniiM) en page (our) >
Mrs. Stillman's
Alimony Plea
Set for Mar. 23
Motion Will Be Argued in
Open Session at White
Plains; Flo Lawlor Real
Name of Mrs. F. H. Leeds
Sang in Newark Cabaret
Is Daughter of Plumber and
Often Visited Family When
She Became Prosperous
Florence Helen Lawlor, with whom
James A. Stillman, president of the Na?
tional City Bank, is accused of miscon?
duct by his wife in her answer to his
divorce suit, is the daughter of James
Lawlor, who has a t^ny plumbing shop
at 835 Sixth Avenue and lives three \
flights up at 1766 Amsterdam Avenue.
In Mrs. Stillman's answer the young !
woman is referred to as Florence H. i
Leeds, under which name she occupied j
an apartment at 64 East Eighty-sixth j
Street, where Mr. Stillman is alleged to
have visited her as "Mr. Leeds."
As Flo Lawlor she used to ride with
the iceman, play dollhouse in the area
way and coast down the Amsterdam
Avenue hill with other children of the j
neighborhood. Then she grew up sud- ?
denly and became a cabaret singer and
later a show girl, and the neighborhood,
still calling her Flo, saw her only ?
when she flitted back to the home, J
three flights up on Amsterdam Avenue,
coming sometimes in a taxicab and
sometimes in a motor car, always
luxurious in its appointments and of
the latest model.
On such occasions children aban- j
doned the iceman, the dolls in the
areaway and the coasting on the hill
to stand gaping at the curb while Flo,
nestled in costly furs, ran up the three j
flights ?f stairs with a bewitching I
swishing of silk. j
Date Set for Hearing
Interest in the Stillman case cen?
tered yesterday about this woman, who
has suddenly melted from view. There
were other developments, however.
John F. Brennan, of Yonkers, and a
representative of Wickersham, Cad
w:.lader & Taft, Mrs. Stillman's attor?
neys, appeared before Justice Mor
schauser in the Supreme Court at
White Plains and asked that a definite
date be set for a hearing on their mo?
tion to bring Mr. Stillman into court
for examination as to his income and
resources, with a view to demanding
that Mrs. Stillman's temporary ali?
mony be increased from $60,000 to
$120,000 a year and that $25,000 be al?
lowed her for counsel fees.
"I had a telephone message last
night from attorneys in the case," said
Justice Morschauser. "I told them I |
would rather have the hearing in open j
court, and therefore I have directed
that the hearing be held here." i
"When I appeared before you the
last time," said Mr. Brennan, "I asked
that the hearing be adjourned indefi?
nitely, and now I ask your honor to
set some morning definitely when the
motion can be heard." j
Justice Morschauser set Wednesday
morning, a date which Mr. Brennan said ]
was satisfactory to him, and as his
appearance in court obviously was the
result of a conference between counsel
for both sides it was to be inferred
that Mr. Stillman's attorneys were pre?
pared to be in court on that day. Jus?
tice Morschauser announced that in
view of the setting of the definite date
he would hold no hearing in the case
to-day at Poughkeepsie, as had been
In spite of the appearance of Mrs. j
Stillman's attorneys and the apparent |
understanding they had reached with
their opponents as to the date for the
(Continued on ease three)
Albany May Ask Troops
To Quell Strike Riots !
City Considers Appeal to Lieu- j
tenant Governor if Streetcar i
Disorders Continue
From a Staff Correspondent
ALBANY, March 18.?With a re?
newal of disorders last night in con- i
nection with the streetcar strike that i
has tied up traction service here since
February 1, city officials to-day were
considering appealing to Lieutenant
Governor Wood in the absence of Gov?
ernor Miller for militia protection to
maintain order. If the militia is called
units of a Buffalo and of a New York
City regiment will be selected.
Three arrests have been made
connection with the explosion last
night that wrecked a car manned by
strike breakers. Two persons were ,
slightly injured.
Harry B. Weatherwax, president of '
the traction company, has called upon j
the Mayor to restore order and give
protection to the company's employees
and property. He asserts that the com?
pany is prepared to provide service.
Rail Unions
Present New
Bill of Rights
Eight-Hour Day, Over?
time and Representa?
tion Held Fundamental
Principles of Workers
Road Chiefs Split
Over Agreements
Fight of Executives' Asso?
ciation Against Nation
al Boards Is Attacked
CHICAGO, March 18.?Union laboi
leaders delved into the records of the
Association of Railway Executives to
day before the Railroad Labor Boarc
in an endeavor to show that the rail
roads' light against national agree
ments was. not unanimous, but wa?
dominated by a few officials.
An underlying purpose to establisl
the open shop and crush labor organi
nations was declared to be behind th?
fight of the association against nationa
boards of adjustment. The controvers;
over these boards in the association'
labor committee was brought out b,
cross-examination of T. De Witt Cuy
1er, chairman of the association, an
his assistant, Robert S. Binkerd, an
the introduction of voluminous corre
spondonce and reports of the commil
tee into the Labor Board record.
To-day's proceedings marked the b<
ginning of labor's main fight fer coi
tinuance of the national rules ar
working agreements now in effect, tl
justness and reasonableness of whic
the board i.s now trying to decide .
hearings which began January 10.
Labor's "Bill of Rights"
A basic program of eleven points <
which labor would be willing to neg
tiate national agreements was laid b
fore the board by B. M. Jewell, pre?
dent of the railway employees' depai
ment of the American Federation
Labor, when the hearing opened to-ds
Frank P. Walsh, counsel for the unioi
immediately followed with an exhau
tive cross-examination of Mr. Binke
and Mr. Cuyler.
The labor unions' "bill of right:
which Mr. Jewell said comprised fu
damentals sanctioned by enlighten
public opinion as necessary to the we
being of employees, called for:
The eight-hour day; proper ovi
time rates for work in excess of eigl
hours; arrangement of working shi:
for reasonable living arrangements
employees and their families; reasc
able rules for the protection of heal
and safety of employees; definition
the work of each craft to be p?
formed by mechanics and helpers; f?
mutation of apprenticeship rules; fc
years' apprenticeship requirement 1
mechanics; right of the majority
each craft to determine what organi
tion shall represent them; right
select a committee to handle gri<
anees; limiting of craft seniority
local shops and not permitting int
change of seniority with other shi
or crafts, and right to organize wi
out discrimination.
Result of Transportation Act
Mr. Binkerd's testimony on cro
examination brought out that the as
ciatian's labor committee was the o
growth of the transportation act i
was designed to deal with labor c
p?tes. Records brought by Mr. B
kerd were read to show that a divi?
opinion concerning national boards
adjustment had existed in the c<
As a result of a bipartisan board
pointed at the suggestion of fon
President Wilson in March, 1920,
national boards of adjustment crea
under Federal control were contin
with the approval of a majority of
labor committee, it was brought out.
The majority report of the La
Committee said that it feared fail
to appoint boards, as provided un
the transportation act, would resul'
overloading the Labor Board with
p?tes, and added that if the roads
not take advantage of the permis;
features of the law by agreeing to
justment boards, the efficiency of
Labor Board might be greatly impai
resulting in decisions possibly adv?
to the roads.
The minority, headed by W. W.
terbury, vice-president of the Penn
vania, however, presented three
ports at different times which poii
out that agreement to national adj
ment boards meant dealing with
representatives of organized labor,
declared the non-union man would
have a chance before such a bo
Such a recognition of the unions,
report said, would lead . to a cl
shop and concentration of control
the unions. National boards, ont
the reports said, meant national ag
ments and creation of uniform
dling of all labor matters, contrar
to the minority's contention that
road should be allowed to negoi
its own agreements.
The minority report, it was sh
was adopted by a member vote c
to 41.
$115,000 Yearly for Publicity
Attempts to draw' from Mr. Ci
his connection with other busines
terests brought the explanation
(Continued on ?ago six)
Lloyd George
Rule Totters
As Law Quits
Resignation of Conserva?
tive Leader Brings Big
Political Crisis ; Test
at Polls Likely Soon
'Change in Irish
Policy Predicted!
| Will Be More Liberal, Say j
Observers ; Chamberlain
Enter the Cabinet
By Arthur S. Draper
From The Tribune's Euroocan Bureau
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, March 18.?The life of the j
j Lloyd George coalition ministry, ?
? thrown into the balance by the retire
j ment from political life of Andrew
! Bonar Law, leader of the Conservative
party, now depends on the stand of the
Unionists. Upon that group, which :
contributes the largest element of j
Lloyd George's support, Bonar Law had
a close grip.
Neither J. Austen Chamberlain nor
Sir Robert Stevenson Home, who are
most prominently mentioned as Bonar
Law's successor, is his equal at ef?
fecting compromises. If the Premier j
decides on changes in his policies, par- !
! ticularly in his stand toward Ireland,
j it is a Question whether cither of these
men could hold in line the Unionists,
whose attitude toward Lloyd George
' has.been growing steadily more thrcat
j ening. If the Premier loses the Union
I ist element of his support a gener_l
! election may be anticipated within a
I few months.
i As the country recovers from surprise
I over Premier Lloyd George's announc?
| ment of the retirement of his ablest
' political lieutenant, speculation begins
! regarding the developments which must
i follow Bonar Law's desertion of the
I coalition.
There are some persons who refuse
to accept the explanation that broken
I health was the only reason for Bonar
| Law's sudden decision to resign, al?
though it is true that these doubting;
Thomases are chiefly numbered among
the Opposition,
Lay it to Irish Problem
They believe that an unsatisfactory
Irish situation was partly responsible.
Both the leading Irish newspapers ex?
press this opinion. The Liberal and
Labor press and leaders of both par?
ties assert that the life of the Lloyd
George coalition government has been
materially shortened by the resigna?
If a general election came about it
would bring sweeping changes in gov?
ernment policies. Not only would the
stand toward Ireland be altered, but
relations with Germany and other for?
eign countries would be revised. The
Labor party would make considerable
gains in a general election, while Lloyd
George could hardly hope to obtain
enough personal followers to control a
majority in the House of Commons.
The Conservatives probably would lose
many seats. These shiftings would
mean a larger measure of influence for
labor in the new coalition.
The only alternative for this would
lie in an alliance betveen Lloyd George
and the Conservatives. In this case
he would no longer be the chief figure.
The Irish policy unquestionably is
being reconsidered and, whatever
change is made, it is a safe guess that |
it won't be in the direction of further j
repressive measures. Rumors con-1
tinue to circulate that Sir Hamar j
Greenwood's term as Chief Secretary I
for Ireland is almost at an end.
With the Ulster parliamentary elec- !
tions only a month off and Sinn F?in- j
ers planning to contest seats in the I
very heart of Sir Edward Carson's I
stronghold, and with Southern Ireland j
more disrupted than it was six months !
ago, there is every reason why Lloyd
George should be desirous of changing I
his Irish policy or at least of making !
a move which the outside world would
interpret as generous on the par", of
England. He would have a large meas?
ure of support here if he took such a
step, for the British generally feel
that they are embarrassed by the Irish
situation as it exists to-day.
Situation Is Confused
Chamberlain has a clear lead over
Sir Robert Home and the Earl of j
Derby for the leadership of the Con?
servatives. The new chief wijl be i
selected Monday.
The truth of the whole political situ- ?
ation is that it is exceedingly con?
fused. The Conservatives, although
numerically the largest party in the
House, are as much at sea as anybody.
Every one believes that the retirement
of Bonar Law will prove to be the be?
ginning in a series of dramatic changes
in British administration from which I
Ireland will benefit.
LONDON, March 18 (By The Asso
cated Press).?A political crisis of the
first magnitude has been created by the
retirement of A. Bonar Law from the"
British Cabinet, it is declared by The
London Times. Other newspapers,
while less emphatic, agree in saying
that Mr. Bonar Law's resignation is
certain to have considerable political
effect and that it probably will mate?
rially weaken the coalition government.
Bleak Coney Blasts Dreams of
Girl Truant and Wee 'Buddy'
Because all her childish dreams of
glory ware centered on a visit to Coney
Island, Lilian Anochenhauer, fourteen
years old, of Mount Vernon,-decided to
go to the resort even after her mother
had scolded her, unaware that, sixty
cents, her total fortune, would not be
sufficient for the good time she had in
mind. She was sure that everybody
there would be nice to her and her
eight-year-old brother, Robert, whom
she decided to take along.
Taking the savings from her tin
bank. Lillian and Bobby made their
! way to the Mecca of their hopes, walked
up and down the deserted streets, and
I were disillusioned. Sadly they wan
I dered, seeking those wonderful merry
I go-rounds and swings they had heard
| so much of, but there were no swings,
I no hobby-horses, no music, no anything
I but just long, long streets to walk in.
Hunger overcame the truants, after
they had sought all day for the Coney
Island they had heard so much about,
and when the food they boujrht was
paid for 50 of the 80 ceits we're gone
? i )?h?u comin* on and only 10
[cents left, the two wanderers curled ud
, m a doorway and slept fitfully until
^""?'S8 e?rl wraSPi*e he? smal
brother in her own coat. It was awful
i ly cold, she told the police Tater
Yesterday morning the fhiMM?
: walked to Brooklyn, w^ere lively
of the Anochenhauer family. There
the secret of their runaway expedition
was drawn from them, and last _i?ht
Lillian and Bobby slept in their own
home again.
? John Anochenhauer, father of the
' ai1?feniUWh0*Ii??eB at 3\South Twelfth
I Mreet, Mount Vernon, had been seek
i w!f?^ev a11 nigh?. with the aid of th?
I Mount Vernon ?olice.
Allies March Deeper
Into Germany; British
Warships Enter Ports
Berlin Plans
New Off er
To Pay Allies
Dr. Simons Urges Pro?
posal That Would Cap?
italize Germany's Re?
sources and Aid France
.By Wireless to The Tribune
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
BERLIN, March 18.?The German
government looks forward to meeting
the Allied premiers at a new conference
on reparations with a full program for
the payment of Germany's war bill. In?
stead of having only a figure to offer as
the limit which th? Berlin government
can pay, the Germans will present to
the Allies a comprehensive plan of pay?
The government remains firm in its
conviction that the penalties imposed
by the Allies must be endured. Even
?hould the blockade of German ports
be reestablished by the Entente fleets,
Germany expects to hold out. The Min?
ister of Food has advised Chancellor
Fchrenbach that the country's food
supply will last till the next harvest
without difficulty and that there may be
a surplus.
Would Capitalize Nation's Resources
Dr. Walter Simons, Foreign Minister
reviewing the situation Wednesday be?
fore the tariff committee of the N i
tional Economic Council, pointed ou
that, in view of the inevitableness of i
new conference with the Allies 01
reparations, Germany would profit b:
going to that meeting prepared to pre
sent a plan that would capitalize all o
the nation's resources and turn then
to the reparations account. By thi
means he hoped to prove his sinceritj
"The more calmly we survey this, sit
uation," said Dr. Simons, "and the mor
firmly we keep our nerve the better w
will be able to meet conditions as the
arise. The German economic systei
must be made capable of withstandin
a storm of punitive measures and c
escaping great dangers like increases i
taxation. Meanwhile, the governmen
must make positive preparations fo
coming events. Our opponents' metho
of fixing the payment of the war bill i
annuities over a long period has re
suited in a fiasco. The question noi
will have to be approached from a dii
ferent angle.
Reconstruction Basis of Plan
"A reconstruction scheme must b
made the central point of Germany'
new proposals tp the Allies. The paj
ment of the war indebtedness must res
on that idea. A detailed plan for th
restoration of the destroyed district
of Northern France must be drawn u]
But even that will not be sufficient t
get the European economic system ot
of the slough in which it is caugh
We must find other means of alleviai
ing, if possible, France's urgent neec
for capital. That can be done only wit
German labor, which can be pledged t
security for a loan v/ith which to me?
France's financial needs.
"On these points we must mal
preparations so that when the tin
comes for resuming our seats at tr
conference we shall bring forth* a full
worked out plan for the payment of 01
war debts. It is absolutely neceessai
that we do something along this lin
for the Allies ran aground with the
annuities plan, which now can never 1
Split Over Admission of Guilt
The struggle going on in Germai
to determine whether the German pe
pie should renounce their confessi?
signed at Versailles that the Kais
started the war has started reactio:
in the Reichstag.
Opinion there seems as divided as
is in the country at lawre. Some mei
bers argue that Foreign Minister ?
mons took the right stand when
sought to deny Germany's respom
bility at the conference in Londc
while others contend that the eviden
in the case was against the Berlin w
In the Reichstag debate yesterd
the Socialists urged the government
come out and admit Germany's gui
but the reactionaries denied that th
knew of any guilt. Some of .the cc
servatives even asserted that Ki
Kautsky's collection of secret war d<
uments, instead of implicating t
Kaiser, actually showed that he w
blameless. This interpretation
Kautsky's work brought fire from t
radicals, who look upon the documer
as proof of the cause against Germar
Herr Riesser, of the German Peopl
(Contlnu?d on next ?age)
Chicago "Loop" Crowds
See*Man Leap 10 Stori?
Insurance Company Preside
Jumps or Falls From Win?
dow of His Office
Sveeial Dvtvatch to The Tribune
CHICAGO, March IS? Late t!
afternoon, in full view of crowds
homeward bound workers in the *'Ic
district," George J. Kuebler, a lawy
wealthy president of the Mutual F
Insurance Company and the legal ?
viser of several other companies, 1
or jumped from the window of
office on the tenth floor of the Met
politan Life Building, 29 South La Sa
Street. He was killed instantly.
Screams of women who saw the b?
falling quickly brought a throng to
In Kuebler's hip pocket the pol
found a small revolver with one c
tridge exploded. This at first cau
them to believe Kuebler had shot h
self before jumping from the wind
and that it was a case of suicide.
Physicians who examined the b?
were unable to say whether or no
shot had been fired into it.
U. S. Reparations Agent
WASHINGTON, March 18.?
Directions have been forwarded
by the State Department to Ro?
land W. Boyden and his staff of
experts comprising the unofficial
American delegation to the itey
arations Commission at Paris to
remain there and await instruc?
tions, it was learned to-day. Mr.
Boyden, it is understood, probably
will keep in touch informally with
the work of reparations.
Harding Drops
Wilson Special
Envoy System
No Unofficial Spokesmen to
Sound Out Opinion in
Other Nations; All Work
Up to Regular Diplomats
These To Be Accredited
State Department To Be in
Charge ; Missions From
Other Countries Welcome
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, March 18. ?The
| American Government's foreign policy
will not be presented to foreign gov
j ernments through special emissaries
dispatched to those countries, it was
definitely made known to-day at the
White House.
There will be no unofficial spokes?
men for this government sent to for?
eign capitals to sound out opinion
there. On the contrary, the Harding
Administration will proceed in the
usual way by designating envoys, prop?
erly credited to the foreign nations,
and each will have credentials to show
that he is the representatives of the
Unitefl States at the post assigned.
President Harding desires to handle
relations with foreign governments
through the American State Depart?
ment or the American embassies and |
legations abroad. His Administration
vigorously opposes the practice of the
former Administration of sending
emissaries to foreign capitals for the
purpose of inquiry or to place before
these governments the views of the
United States on diplomatic relations.
The recent report that an American
observer had been dispatched to Mex?
ico City wa3 flatly denied at the White
The Harding Administration, how?
ever, does not desire to be understood
as suggesting that _ similar course be
followed by foreign governments with
respect to missions coming to the
United States. On the contrary, it is
known that the forthcoming visit of
Ren? Viviani, ' former Prime Minister
of France, is most desired, and that
similar missions from other nations
would be given a most cordial reception
by the President and his foreign rela?
tions advisers.
The American g??vernment desires its
point of view on international relations
to be fully explained to all foreign gov?
ernments, but confidence is -reit that
the American Ambassadors and Minis?
ters to be designated to the various
capitals, supplemented with instruc?
tions from the American State Depart?
ment, will be fully competent to dis?
close this view.
It can be expected, therefore, that
American diplomacy under the present
Administration will be directed wholly
from Washington and presented to the
foreign offices of tne world by properly
accredited ambassadors and ministers,
in the ?election of which Mr. Harding
is seeking the advice and suggestions
of the Secretary of State and members
of the Foreign Relations committees
of both houses.
France to Punish Theft
Of American War Goods
Charges of Wholesale Looting
Again Brought Up in the
Chamber of Deputies
PARIS, March 18.?Charges made in
the Chamber of Deputies recently by
Deputy Brousse that there had been
wholesale thefts of American army
stocks sold to France were again dis?
cussed by the Deputies to-day. The
subject was dismissed with a vote of
confidence in the government when it
announced its intention to bring all de?
linquents in connection with the liqui?
dation of war stocks to justice.
M. Brousse, in his original charges,
declared there had been wholesale ar?
rests of officers and men of the Ameri?
can array for army stock thefts, but
this subsequently was denied by Major
J. A. Warden, liquidation officer o? the
United States Army.
Taste of Liquor Convicts 4
Florida Jury Acts Quickly After
Drinking Real Stuff
TAMPA, Fla., March 18.?The jury
looked dubious when evidence in a
liquor seizure case involving the Cuban
schooner Ramplazo was presented for
its inspection to-day in the Federal
"Have a drink, boys, and see for
yourselves if it is not the real stuff,"
said District Attorney Herbert S. Phil?
lips, handing bottles of whisky, brandy
and wine, part of 3,000 quarts seized I
aboard the vessel, into the jury box.!
The jurors did, except one who merely ;
sniffed, and were convinced, promptly ?
voting the captain, mate and two deck
hands guilty. j
Seize Essen-DuisburgRail
way, Occupy Canal Locks
and Take Full Control
of Industrial District
Wealthy Teutons
Flee to Interior
Chancellor, Alarmed,
Urges Quick Passage of
Disarmament Measure
The Associated Press).?The occu?
pation area has been extended from
Duisburg to stations all along the
railroad running from Duisburg to
Essen, to within two and a half mile?
of Essen.
The central freight yard at
Wedau, the largest in the Ruhr dis?
trict, and M?lheim station are
guarded by French troops. D?ssel?
dorf is quiet.
[By their advance to within two
and one-half miles of Essen the
Allied armies have reached a point
sixteen miles east of the Rhine and
about twelve miles beyond the "neu?
tral zone" established by the armis?
tice. Yesterday's movement at its
point of deepest penetration repre?
sents an advance of six miles. Pass?
ing up the valley between the
Emscher canal on the left and the
Ruhr River on the right, the Allies
now completely dominate all west?
ward communications in the heart of
industrial Germany. Oberhausen is
on the north line of the advance.
M?lheim, on the south, is about half
?way between Duisburg and Essen.|
Occupy Canal Locks
BERLIN, March 18 (By The As?
sociated Press). ? Franco-Belgian
troops have occupied the western'
quarter of M?lheim-on-Ruhr and the
railway station at Speldorf. Other
small Allied forces have occupied
the west railway station at Ober
hausen and locks in the vicinity of
the Emscher canal.
The recent entry of some armed Brit?
ish ships in German harbors, it i was
announced in the Reichstag to-day, is
seriously engaging the attention of the
German government, in view of the
"gravity of the principle involved."
Chancellor Fehrenbach urged the
speedy passage of the disarmament
bill, warning that delay, for which
neither he nor the government could
take the responsibility, would entail
A Reichstag committee is discussing
the measure.
A number of manufacturers and
business men are moving their offices
to Berlin, Hanover and other interior
cities of Germany and some are trans?
ferring their entire plants. Many
wealthy persons also are moving into
the interior.
Business in D?sseldorf is extremely
dull and the restaurants are empty, but
many Frenchmen and their families ara
beginning to crowd the shopping dis?
The Central Committee of the Ger?
man wholesale trade organization
adopted a resolution to-day declaring
it to be the patriotic duty of German
merchants to refrain from purchasing
non-essential goods from the countries.
concerned in the imposition of the'
economic penalties on Germany.
THE HAGUE, March ?8.?The Cham?
ber of Commerce of Cologne and simi?
lar bodies in other German towns have
decided in exporting goods to avoid
wherever possible Allied harbors is
favor of Dutch ports.
"Mast Have Indemnity"
PARIS, March 18.?"If Germany
pays, France will emerge from her *
financial difficulties, notwithstanding
the colossal burdens left by the war;
if she does not pay the problem is
This statement was made in the Sen?
ate to-day by Henry Cberon in pre?
senting the Senate Finance Commit?
tee's report on the 1921 budget. The
French debt, which in August, 1914,
stood at 27,000,000,000 francs, he ex?
plained, amounted on March 1 of this
year to 307,000,000,000 francs, to which
must be added in the future pansions
and war damages, estimated at another
218,000,000,000 francs.
France, thus far, said M. Cheron,
had. paid out 38,000,000,000 francs on
Germany's account; consequently
there would be 180,000,000,000 francs,
more, with interest, to be added to her
obligations if Germany did not pay.
Commons Passes German
Bill on Third Reading
Chamberlain Says the Measure
Might Operate as Penalty
or as Means of Collection
LONDON, March 18 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).?The House of Commons
to-night passeS the third reading of
the reparations bill. The bill provides
for a levy of 50 per cent en German
goods, but this provision will not be
effective until March 81.
After the House had passed the m?wu
ure it was read for the first time in
the House of Lords.
J. Austen Chamberlain, Chancellor
of the Exchequer, replying to-day *?
an argument that the bill to be effec?
tive must be applied by all the Allies,
said the bill might operate either as ?
penalty or as a means of collection of
reparations. Which of these characters
the measure took on, he asserted, de?
pended upon the action of the Germans.
If the Germans wished to draw sen-. '

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