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First to Last? the Truth,
Vol. LXXX No. 27073
(Copy-right, 1021.
New York Tribuno Ine.)
News?Editorials ? A dvertisemknts
Showers to-day. to-morrow generally
fair and colder; fresh winds,
shifting to- northwest
Full Report on I.?a? Pug?
ATRIL 9. 3021
... ^,,???.??, ^.w un i wunin ?IWI Mite? I Elsewher.?
Harris to Act
Out Death of
Elwell Here
To Test Story
Confessor of Murder To
Be Brought to New York
To-night for Examina
tion in Slain Man'sHome
Tale Faulty, but
Partly Credited
Petectivp and Alienist Be
lieve Youth Connecter
Some Way With Criin<
Despite Discrepancies
from a Staff Corresvondont
BUFFALO, April 8.?Roy Harris, th
MBfessed partner in the murder o
Jcseph Bowne Elwell last June, dis
doted to correspondents here to-da;
the identity ? hom hc be
,ieTes to hr the Mrs. Fairchild wh
hired him and :. ?? colleague to kill tn
flew York sport man.
' Harris shortly before had been de
fiared perfectly sane and normal b
p, jame3 \v. Putnam, the alienisl wh
investigated t :: ( '?'"'?
eosz, the assassin of Pi
The decision of Dr. Putnam was con
monicated to the New York police o'
?eials by Detective Sergeant Oswah
and on the basis of the finding it wa
decided to ' irris to NTew Yor
to-morrow night. Il d to ha\
Harris re?nacl ? scene of tl
warder at the f irrm ? E Iw ?11 1 orne, i
V.'c-t Seven! ? I
Harris denies he was bribed or i
any other way induced to coa :
crime, and 3aid ho I
cause he thought the detectives wl
arrested him here on Tu?
had the goods on him. IK? went ovt
the circumstances surrounding tl
murder once again
wald, with new disi
Oswald says ' narrative w;
"full of ridiculous es," b
that he was in ail probability
some way involved in the ci a)
should bo ?;: attentio
to-day trying i
story, and said her hu
wore "mere moving picture I
and he was -y.''
Identification a Surprise
Harry's identification of the Fa
child woman r;,t.y,,. as a great surpri
to the ave be
pumping him . Ij since his *
rest. Earlier I he had c
?ded to Detective Oswald the name
a woman who-.? picture he had scon
a New York newspaper. He told (
waid this bore a striking
semblance to ; he Fairchild woman.
Later ci r go Harris
look at numerous pictures of won
who at one time or another h;.ve b
r.amcd in the case. He was asleep
the cot of his cell at the Niagara Sti
station, and v hen he was awakened
staggered to hi; feet, rubbing his e
violently. He was apparently be?:
ning to si of the terri
grilling ho ha been subjeeti'd to si
ni? confession He collapsed last nj
in the office I Police Higg
Wht?r. he was handed the series
ohotogra] n his eyes inter
fiom one to tl ? other and after stu
'?13? one for about two minutes,
piacod his in it and said, "'1
is the woman whose name I gave
Detective Oswald as the on?; whoi
tnought was the Fairchild woman.
picture I saw of her in the newspa
though, was different from this,
Jne hair, nose, eyes and mouth ]
wvmuch the same.
'Y*u know I always saw Mrs. F
fluid in a hat and dressed up, ant
H8 pretty hard to make a posi
'?ntincation but the eves, noso
iiiouth are stril nglj like those oj I
iairchild and i am pretty sure eh
i ??? woman."
'?Vornan a "Good-Looker"
"You know,'' commented Harris
wnncction with the pictures he
ookiag at, ?Mrs. Fairchild was a g.
jooker and anybody would fall for
??liked her myself, 1 wasn't stucl
?r hut I sor*, of felt nice toward
??u know.
'You fellows can't use her nam
n,,Lp?pers> anyhow, can you?"
that hil\ ,,'Sh ? JU3t kc'!u rcPca
latne had wrong? ,1 her as some o
r?L. done bl'foru a?d ehe
D* p get him'"
R.J?i Putnam spent two honra
t/[ls;.";''' , in ?lut privat?? <
rat,t C,n??f ' f PoI>ce* In bis ex
Xi?f *Jarria h' *ave him the t
'en?*l and physical, usually rest
-_JlCon tin util on page four)
K<tf Plot to Blow Up Pi
?Italian Tomn Defea
Rl??t of S?MlTiTr^inist (
?p?rators, Including 40 Lei
ers, Are Seized at Ferrari
CW S^Cia' Ca',;' io Thr Tribune
??bt 1921. New York Tribunal!
Ah? Italy' l"'! 8' A vast
ftai-i h,,'?r up simultaneously al
*? clT?r ) "\ Pr,ncipally tin
irv .K? 0! a !"!!>!1>- Fiume le
?Kd ?? P?3.lne as an anarchist,
Plotter, i;<-'t/''' the confidence o
'?-cri- a lnforni the polio?*.
?? wortn<Jst;;"," railroad station
h-S;!,mi the bridee wt>re ?
T? UCtu:'"s t0 b< destroyed.
ihI(.*0V^-Piracy involved more
hide ,1 . d c?mmunists, who
work ??.p!e Preparations for
W?*a-Jr.? eaders* a hvi]y o? :
fVteu?ed 'na cellar under a
ft? Doli ch*,th? forni('r ??-S'onar
fanndre-d r'ifl ? machlne Kuns
tivcrai l"s ' slxty-four bombs
*tttd. thousand cartridges
Nftitt*/1*0.?*3 wero carried oi
kit f\i a:ui thoroughly that mi
?Wto'^ who were absent
3i'?^quarters at the tim? <
Mi? U int0 the hi !";' ?
L* :??[}r ?ftnvenlence! if you w!
^""?an ???k, Ad' i:i The Tribune
???acy. ,,;"'K> or go to any War:
N W0?^' 'i all part? of G
***???, *D<1 th? Metropolitan U
Plays Baseball on
His 100th Birthday
Sotoial Dispatch to The Tribuns
BUTLER, Pa.( April 8.--To
convince his guests a man is only
as old as he feels, Melchior Staat",
a retired farmer of Middle Lan?
caster, this county, played a game
of ball with his grandsons and
great - grandsons on his 100th
birthday anniversary a few days
I ago. The eldest son present was
John Staaf, seventy-one years old,
of Evans City.
Mr. Staaf was engaged in
farming until a few years ago.
lie can read a newspaper without
; t-_ i
Mrs. Shonts
Drops Will Suit
And Apologizes
Traction Magnate's Widow
Retracts Charges Made
Against Mrs. Thomas, to
Whom Fortune Is Left
Collects $100,000 Loan
Million - Dollar Alienation
Action To Be Dismissed;
Value of Estate Doubtful
Mrs. Milla D. Shonts. in the Surro?
gates' Court yesterday, withdrew her
contest of the will of her husband,
Theodore P. Shonts, former president
of the Interborough Rapid Transit
Company, in which the testator made,
no bequest from his estate to his
widow and left the bulk of his prop?
erty to Mrs. Amanda C. Thomas, a
In withdrawing her objections to the
probating of the will, Mrs. Shonts said
she was convinced that she could not
sustain them, nsid also that she was
convinced of her husband's mental ca
pacity to execute the instrument. The
widow had stated in her objections
that .Mr. Shonts was not of sound men
tal capacity when he made his will and
that he was under the undue influence
of ?.Irs. Thomas.
All these statements are now with?
drawn. Mrs. Shonts signed the fol?
lowing statement, addressed to whom
it may concern.
"I, Milla D. Shonts, do hereby re?
tract and withdraw without reserva?
tion all charges that I have at any
time heretofore made concerning the
character, repute and conduct of Mrs.
Amanda C. Thomas."
There is still pending in the Supreme
Court an action brought by Mrs. Shonts
against Mrs. Thomas for $1,000,000
damages for the alleged alienation of
Mr. Shonts's affections. This action,
too, it was intimated yesterday, would
He discontinued by Mrs. Shonts.
Surrogate Foley, in the presence of
attorneys representing Mrs. Shonts,
Mrs. Thomas an?! the estate, signed an
order discontinuing the will contest,
an?! also signed an order to admit the
will to probate immediately.
The action of Mrs. Shonts in volun?
tarily putting an end to what threat?
ened to be a bitter litigation came a
few days after the signing of an order
by Surrogate Foley directing the
Guaranty Trust Company, temporary
administrator of the Shonts estate, to
pay over to the widow of the railroad
man $100.000, representing a loan to
Mr. Shonts from his wife and acknowl?
edged by him in his will,
Th?> only provision made by Mr.
Shonts for his widow was that she
should receive the proceeds from a
$5,000 insurance policy which he had
maintained far her and also a portrait
of herself. He provided trust funds
for his daughters, the Duchess de
Chaulnes and Mrs. Rutherford Bing
ham, arid left the residue of his estate
to Mrs. Thomas. Mr. and Mrs. Shonts
had been separated by agreement some
time before his death.
With the many claims outstanding
against the estate of Mr. Shonts, it is
likely that there will not be left for
Mrs." Thomas and the other legatees as
much as was first believed there would
be for distribution.
Reds Slay or Imprison
20 Deported From U. S.
Accuse Them of Being Anar?
chists; Strip Ucst of Their
Monev at Russian Frontier
RIGA, Latvia, April S (By The As?
sociated Press) Russian, radicals de?
ported from the United States, who ar?
rived at Libau on Apiil 5, aboard the
Steamship Thor, to which they had
been transferred from the American
steamship Mongolia, found the regula?
tions of the Bolshevik frontier officials
more strict than those of the American
officials who were charged with their
On their arrival at the Russian bor?
der the deportees were deprived of
their money, despite protests, and in
return were granted ration cards en?
titling them to food when they reached
Out of seventy-five deportees who
arrived in Russia from America on
March 0, it is reported that twenty
were executed or imprisoned as an?
archists because they hud voiced op
position to the Bolshevik r?gime.
Want Ads
Accepte* Uatll
It 1* preferable, hew
ever, t? send your ad? to
early for Suaday? Trlk
or ?o to any ?f The
Tribune'? Want Ad.
Aient?, conveniently
located In all part? of
Ureater N?w York.
Leaders Rush
j Repeal ?Vote
Of Primary
" "
?No Hearing To Be Given
on Walton Bill; Mac
hold and Lusk Declare
It Has NecessarySupport
Opponents Insist
Defeat Is Assured
Governor's Refusal to
Send Special Message
Setback for Measure
From a Staff Correspondent
ALBANY, April 8.?At a conference
here to-day of the leaders of the Leg?
islature, it was decided to advance the
Walton direct primary repeal bill to
the order of final passage in both
Houses next week and, if possible, pass
; it, Xo hearing, it. was announced, would
I be given on the measure.
Both Speaker Machold and Senator
! Lusk, the heads of the two Houses, de
j claro that there are the necessary votes
I to pass the bill.
This is questioned by the Republi
i cans who are opposed to killing the
, direct primary law, who declare that
I there are not enough votes for repeal
! in the Assembly. The declination of
i Governor Miller to send a special mes?
sage urging repeal was a setback for
| the anti-direct primary group.
j Bill Much Changed by Amendments
The bill was amended yesterday by
Senator Charles W. Walton at the con
; ference, so that it differs in many re
! spects from the measure when orig
? inally introduced. ?
It retains in amended form the main
purpose of those behind it: restoration
: of the party convention for the sclec
i tion of candidates for Governor, United
? States Senator, Court of Appeals and
?other offices elected by a state-wide
' vote, except Presidential electors,
J Party conventions are provided for
, nominating candidates for the Supreme
; Court.
The bill, which the leaders are posi
j tive will be passed and which they in?
sist will be signed by the Governor,
: provides that delegates to these con
? ventions shall be elected at official
I primaries.
Delegates and alternates from the
? state at large to national conventions
? shall be elected at conventions con- j
ducted in a manner similar to that of j
! state conventions.
Delegates to parly conventions are
, to be nominated by Assembly district.
? committees at public meetings which
? must take place between the seventh
? and fifth Tuesday before the date set
: for the official primary.
In respect to petitions to designate
a candidate for delegate or alternate
to a state or judicial district conven?
tion, or member of the State Commit?
tee, the number of signatures required i
is the same as in a petition to desig- I
nate a candidate for member of the
Assembly. .
Delegates to each convention shall
be certified by the Secretary of State
I as to their right to hold seats. There J
? will be no convention committees on
contested scats. All contests shall be
; reviewable only by summary proceed?
ings, which can be instituted by any
person in the ?Supreme Court within
I the district where the delegate whose
j seat is disputed resides.
Court May Order Re-sitting
In case of a contest over the result
of a convention which has been ?'char
I acterized by such frauds and irregu
! larities as to make it impossible for a
court to determine who is rightfully
nominated" the court is authorized to
direct the reassembling of the con?
vention upon a day to be fixed by the
; court.*
Following a primary election, the
' delegates and alternates elected shall
I be certified to the Secretary of State,
j who in turn must submit a certified
I list to the chairman and secretary of
i the state committee of the party ot
? which the delegates elected are mem
! bers. These lists are to be conclusive
| except upon judicial review.
State or judicial district conventions
? must assemble on or after the seventh
Tuesday preceding the general elec
: tion. Conventions will not have power
i to authorize a committee to nominate
candidates for public office, except to
fill vacancies in nominations made by
I the convention and caused by the
| death, declination or disqualification of
' a candidate.
I The measure permits the holding of
unofficial conventions, but such gather
ings would have no power to nominate
candidates for public office.
Finns Flee From Bolsheviki
STOCKHOLM, April 8 (By The Asso
I ciated Press).?The tension which lias
i been noticeable recently between Rus
I sia and Finland is becoming more
1 acute. Bolsheviki have invaded the
Repola and Porajearvi districts, to
which the Russo-Finnish peace treaty
hud guaranteed autonomy. The inhabi?
tants of the districts arc fleeing into
the interior of Finland.
Mrs. Rankine
Is Seen Alive
In Cemetery
Woman Found in Brook?
lyn Plot Thursday Is
Po.sitively Identified a?
Missing Society Leader
Bareheaded in Rain,
She Brushed Hair
Man, Attracted by Queer
Actions, Follows Her to
B. R. T. Subway Station
Evidence that Mrs. Annette K. Ran
I kine, the wealthy widow and societ}
woman who has been mysterious!?
i missing for more than a week, is no'
j dead is believed to have been obtainec
! yesterday afternoon. Information tha
Mrs. Rankine was seen in the Ever
green ?Cemetery in Brooklyn, betweei
3 and 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon,wa?
received yesterday by William Nye, for
mer Secret Service operative, who i;
conducting the search for the missin;
Edwin Palmer, thirty-eight year
old, a metal lather who lives at 19'
(overt Street, Brooklyn, furnished Mr
Nye with the new clew. Palmer, v.hil?
walking in the cemetery, a few mo
ments before 3 o'clock Thursday after
noon, noticed a woman dressed entire
ly in black brushing her hair near tin
Bushwick Avenue entrance to the com
etery. A light rain was falling at th>
time and Palmer's curiosity wa
; ' For several moments he watched th
woman, and at last, stepped up to he
and said: "You should put your ha
on, lady; it is raining" The womai
made no answer, and, after placing he
hat on her head, started brushing he
shoes with a handkerchief. Palme
walked away, but turned to watch he
I further.
Woman Boards B. R. T. Train
In doing so he took careful note o
: her clothing and features and the
j turned and walked away. A few mc
; ments later he met her again near th
Kastern Parkway station of the B. R. '1
elevated tracks at Broadway and East
em Parkway. She walked hurriedly U
the stairs and took an uptown train, h
Palmer, thinking nothing of the ir,
cident, went to the home of a cousi
who lives at 391 Sumpter Stree
Brooklyn, Thursday night, and durin
the evening related the story. Mr
Weiford, another woman who lives i
the apartment at, '191 Sumpter Stree
knowing of the disappearan? of Mr
Rankine, questioned Palmer as to th
woman's genera] features and dres
After the description had been give
"Mrs. Weiford was positive that the d?
scription fitted Mrs. Rankine and ?u
mediately called Mr. Nye.
i Palmer, in company with Mrs. We
j ford, arrived at Mr. Nye's office shortl
after noon yesterday and again d<
scribed the woman he had seen in tl"
cemetery. The description was so d?
tailed that. Mr. Nye immediately sun
moned Miss Spink, Mrs, Rankine
purse, and William T. Mullaly, brothc
in-law of the missing v^oman.
in the presence of Miss Spink an
Mr. Mullaly, Palmer again gave a d?
scription of the woman he had seen i
the cemetery. He said she was dress?
entirely in black, wore a mannish ha
weighed about 120 pounds, had a fi
neckpiece about, her neck and decrib?.
the shoes, coat and otl>er things tht
Mrs. Rankine was known to have bee
wearing at the time of her disai
At the conclusion of his descriptio
Miss Spink, who has been with Mr
Rankine for a considerable time, askc
many questions and then gave add
tional details of Mrs. Rankine's co
time which she knew to be wron
These were corrected by Palmer.
Fail to Alter Man's Story
A picture of Mrs. Rankine and ai
other woman then was shown 1
Palmer, and he was asked to identif
the one he liad seen in the cemeter
Without hesitation he selected tl
woman on the left, and Miss Spil
hurriedly corrected him by saying tin
he had made a mistake. Palmer r
fused to change his selection and tl
picture was handed to Mr. Mullal
who agreed that the selection made I
Palmer was correct.
At that point Palmer told Detectn
Nye that he had not read a single woi
in the newspapers of Mrs. Rankine
disappearance, and would never ha1
given the case any thought had it n
been for Mrs. Weiford's urging. M
Nye and both Miss Sjiink and Mr. Mu
laly were convinced that Palmer h?
made no mistake.
It was learned yesterday by M
Nye that a single ticket to Littleto
X. 11., had been purchased late Satu
day afternoon at the Grand Centr
Station. Littleton is the nearest ra
way point to Franconia, '..here Mi
Rankine's husband is buried. Au ope
ative from Mr. Nye's office started f
Franconia last night. -
Japan Plans Control of Births
To Avoid War, Says Mrs. S?nger
The Japanese government itself is
taking steps to avert the "yellow peril"
by instituting a national birth control
policy, according to an announcement
made yesterday by Mrs. Margaret
S?nger, leader of the birth control
movement in this country,
Mrs. S?nger said she recently had
been in conference with Dr] Kato, head
of the Department of Medical Affairs
under the Japanese government, who is
making a study of the birth control
movement in the United States, Eng?
land, Holland and Germany. Dr. Kato
sailed on the Mauretania on Thursday.
"Dr. Kato told me that the Japanese
government is convinced it must estab?
lish birth control as a nation-wide
policy at once or tight a war of aggres?
sion wit"h the next generation," said
Mrs. Sanger in her office at 104 Fifth
Avenue. "The population of Japan is
now 57,000,000 in an area the size of
California. It is increasing at the rate
pt 800,000 ? year over and above its
death rate. The Japanese average
eight to a family. Over-population is
the root of the 'yellow peril.'
"For more than a year I have been
i receiving visits from representatives
i of the Japanese government sent out
to study the question of birth control.
There have been twenty-five in all, rep?
resenting various departments of the
"Finally came Dr. Kato, who said that
th ? majority of the Japanese parlia?
ment were now convinced of the wis?
dom of birth control, and that it cnly
remained .for them to study the meth?
ods of teaching it to their people. The
reports from the first agents sent to
this country. In- said, were to the
effect that the only thing the Japan?
ese had to learn from the outside world
to-day was the lesson of birth control
With such measures as industrial wel?
fare and our labor problems the Jap?
anese had nothing in common, but any
remedy to decrease surplus popula?
tion struck at the roots of their ereat
? est national problem." i
Britain Placed on War Footing
As Parley With Miners Fails;
Triple Strike Set for Tuesday
Harding Aids
Lenroot; Cuts
La Follette
Names Candidates of Ju?
nior Wisconsin Senator
to 2 Places Over Those
Senior Recommended
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, April 8- Irvine L.
Lenroot scored to-day over Robert M,
La Follette in the first patronage battle
in which two Senators from the same
state have opposed each other in the
Harding Administration. President Har
. ding appointed Claude Z. Luse, of Su?
perior. Wis., to be United States Dis
; tricl Judge for the Western District of
the state, and William H. Dougherty, of
i Jaynesville, to be United States Dis-1
trict Attorney for the Western Dis
; trict.
Both these men were recommended ;
by Senator Lenroot, and Senator La j
.' Follette had opposing candidates. At
I torney General Daugherty sent the
'commissions to President Harding late i
to-day, and the President signed them
at once. By appointing them to-day.
instead of waiting until next week, both
men will take office at once, and will
not have to wait confirmation by the
Senate. To-day's appointments, of
t ourse, are only recess appointments,
but. they will hold office until their I
successors are appointed and are con?
firmed by the Senate.
Action by La Follette Blocked
Such is the temper of the feud be?
tween Senators La Follette and Len?
root that it was thought La Follette
would have held up confirmation by the
Senate, an?! hence the rush to get. the.'
men in office before La Follette could
block action. Now their names, will go ,
in in the regular order next week, but i
' no matter how long La Follette fights,!
he will gain nothing now, unless he
could achieve what seems to be impos- ?
sible, the ultimate rejection of the nom- j
?nations by a vote of the Senate.
To-day's action by President Hard?
ing is of intense interest, because he :
has demonstrated his friendship for !
Lenroot in the battle which has been ]
going on for some time in Wisconsin i
for control of the state. Last full La !
Follette made a desperate drive to pre- ;
vent the renomination of Senator Len- !
root, lie put up James Thompson i
against Lenroot in the primaries. La!
Follette's strength was so great it is \
probable that had it not been for j
several additional candidates Lenroot '
night have been defeated.
In the general election Thompson
. was also put up by the La Follette
crowd, this time as an independent
candidate, and the real battle was then
between Lenroot and Thompson, the
| Democratic candidate. Dr. Paul 0.
| Reinsch, running a poor third. Lenroot
was elected, but there are those who
think that had there not been a R?>
| publican landslide Thompson might
have won.
As it was, La Follette elected his can?
didate for Governor and two other ?m
: portant state offices, so that he now has
la fair grip on the state patronage.
La Follette Faces right Next Year
All of which bears on the. present
action by President Harding, for La
! Follette comes up for reelection next
| year, at which time he will face prob?
ably the hardest light he has ever
. made. The outcome is very much in
? doubt, for certainly as recently as No?
vember 2 La Follette still had enormous
strength in the state. Also it is an
i axiom in Wisconsin politics that it is
much easier to defeat one of La Fol?
lette's lieutenants?in this instance it
was Thompson?than it is to defeat
La Follette himself.
Incidentally, this is the secon?! blow
which Pr?sident Harding has dealt La
Follette, though it is the first time that
he actually intervened in favor of Len
! root. The other occasion was the
nomination of John J. Ksch as Inter?
state Commerce Commissioner. It was
La Follette who led the light against
, Ksch for renomination to Congres:?, be?
cause of the Esch-Cummins railroad
bill. Ksch was the only man whose
support of this measure brought about
his defeat, all the others, including
Senator Cummins, being triumphantly
re?lected, This was regarded as an?
other evidence of the hold La Follette
' still has on the. Wisconsin voters.
All of which shows that this is a
rial fight, in which Harding has sided
with Lenroot.
Wounded Policeman
Carried to Dying Wife
Allowed to Clasp Hands in Last
Conscious Moments Before
Woman E x p i res
Patrolman Robert Fletcher, wounded
several weeks ago by a negro's bulh't
and still too weak to move, was car?
ried, cot and all, through the wards t?f
Newark City Hospital yesterday to a
room in the building where his wife,
Anna, was dying.
It was her ?irst moment of con?
sciousness since she was taken to the
hospital Monday, suffering from peri?
tonitis. She also was too weak to
move. A nurse elapsed their hands.
For three minutes they lay looking
into each other's eyes. Then Mrs.
Fletcher's lids divpped.
Her husband looked a question at
the doctor. He shook his head. Mrs.
Fletcher was not yet dead, but she did
not regain consciousness again. Be?
fore she breathed her 4?^t Fletcher
was carried back to his ward. At his |
request an autopsy was performed,
which disclosed the cause of death.
He had feared that his wife's illness
was due to her disregard of inclement'
weather in visiting him at the hospital
during the weeks he had been there.
i -e-_
The best writing- papers ?re WHITDfG
f *
I ,-.-:-:-,-'-,
Thousands in Middle Class Union
Enroll to Fight General Strike
LONDON", April 8.?If the "Triple Alliance" order for a general
? stoppage of work by its members is made effective, it seems certain
! there will be a rush of volunteers from the element not in sympathy
| with the strike movement. An organization which probably will have
i an important part in this emergency is the middle classes union, com?
posed mainly of the "new poor" and the so-called "salariat,'' who con
fend that through lack of organization they have failed to achieve
. increases commensurate with those received by the trade unionists, and
that they have been penalized through the high living costs resulting
from the advances to the trade unionists.
When strike clouds began to gather this organization started
registration of all those prepared to serve in any capacity during the
I national emergency, and its officiais to-night said that many thousands
I of men and women had enrolled at the union's three hundred branches
! in all parts of England, Scotland and Wales. Similarly, committees
I have been formed for the enrollment of volunteers among professional
i men, so if the strike comes king's councilors may be seen driving
motor busses, doctors collecting tramway tickets and peers stoking
i locomotives, as was the case during the railway strike in Septcm
| her, 1919.
Two Sisters and
Dog Hermits in
Hotel 3 Years
Food Ordered by Mail
Pushed Under Door of!
3-Room Suite; Paid $30
lient Until 9 Weeks Ago
Both Women Tubercular
Protest Being Sent to
Hospital When Health
Officers Force Entrance
The police and health authorities
yesterday gained admittance to the
three-room apartment in Meyer's Ho?
tel, at Third and Hudson streets, Ho
boken, where two elderly women and
a dog have been in absolute seclusion
for throe years and three months.
Both women arc said by Dr. F. X.
Stack, Health Commissioner, to be
tubercular. Miss Carrie Sunderland,
who is about sixty years old, was in
bed when the authorities arrived. She
was taken to St. Mary's Hospital.
The other woman, her niece, Mrs.
Fannie Miller, who is about forty
years old, protested at her aunt's re?
moval, saying she would send her to a
hospital here. Mrs. Miller also was
taken to St. Mary's Hospital late in the
Order Food By Mail
Two days after the two women took
up their residence in the hotel Mrs.
.Miller, according to Police Inspector
Daniel Kiely, was called to headquar?
ters to explain the loss of a pair of
blankets in connection with her depar?
ture from the Gregorian Hotel in New
York City. Since then neither woman
nor the dog has left the apartment.
All food was ordered by mail, which
was shoved under the door to be
posted. Milk was delivered daily, and
every day the newspapers were
brought. Always the things were left
outside the door. Dater, when no one
was about, they were taken in.
No one who knocked at the door was
admitted. The authorities gained en?
trance only by threatenng to break in
the door. As far as the hotel manage?
ment and the rest of the guests were
concerned the pair were model tenants.
There was never any noise, and the
rent?530 a we??k?was paid regularly
by a check pushed under the door.
These payments of rent were con?
tinuous up to nine weeks ago. when they
stopped. John Moje, the proprietor,
says the women owe him $270. II?; said
that he made overtures to redecorate
the apartment, but that Mrs. Miller
had said that the place did not need
it, that it was so clean that oue could
eat off the floor.
No one suspected the true state of
affairs until the Fire Department's in?
spector complained of the amount of
refuse piled on the tire escape outside
the window of the women's apartment.
Whereupon Mr. Moje, who could not
enter by the door to discuss the mat?
ter, climbed up ?he lire escape to re?
move some of the rubbish. lie looked
(Continued on inn? ttnp*.
Caruso Sings Again
For Friends at Hotel
Reported in Excellent Voice ;
After Illness; Believed He Will j
Re-enter Opera in Fall
Enrico Caruso sang yesterday for j
the lirst time since he was taken ill1
with pleurisy shortly bef?te Christmas. I
Friends of the tsuor were astonished
while visiting him in his apartment at
the Vanderbilt Hotel when he suddenly '
began singing selections from "Mar- j
Ihn," and proved, they said, to be in
excellent voice.
Within half an hour the new? that !
Caruso had sung for fifteen minutes j
and that his voice showed no damage j
from his long illness reached Giulio j
Gatti-Casa?za, general manager of the
Metropolitan Opera House, and was
communicated at once to the entire j
staff of the opera. While no authority ?
could be had for the statement from
Mr. Gatti-Casazza or his assistant, Ed?
ward Ziegler, it was predicted last
night that the operatic .season would
open in November with Caruso in his
old place in the cast.
In the last six weeks Caruso has
gained six pounds, but more important
in the estimation of his attendant*: is
the fact that his desire to sing has
been constantly increasing. Yesterday
was the first time that he had made
anything like a sustained effort.
Six Million Eno
Legacy Mav Go
To Columbia
Appellate Court Reverses
Decision Which Held He
\Sas Mental Incompetent
When He Made His Will
Left $15,000,000 Estate
University Was Bequeathed
Residuary Part; Contest
Made by His Relatives
The Appellate Division yesterday re?
versed the finding of a jury in the
| Surrogates' Court that Amos F. Kno
was not possessed of testamentary ca?
pacity when lie executed hi? will in
which he left the residue of his estate !
to Columbia University, upon which
verdict the will was rejected.
Mr. Kno left an estate valued at !
about $15,000.000. and the residuary
?estate, to which Columbia University
; would have been entitled if the in-'
j strument had not been rejected, would j
j have amounted to about $(5,000,000. |
! The will contest was tried in 1916, and !
?the judgment of the jury has been!
! under appeal since that time, the Ap- |
| pellate Division hearing argument on
j it a year ago.
Case Must Be Retried
\ By the reversal of the lower court
? by the Appellate Division, whose de
! cisi?n is founded on the fact that the
I verdict was against the weight of evi?
dence, the case will have to he retried.!
The contestants were Amos R. E. Pin-'
chot, Clifford Pinchot, Professor Henry !
Lane Kno, nephews of the testator; ]
Lady Antoinette Johnstone, Florence'
C. Graves and Mary F. Kno, nieces;!
William P. Eno, brother, and Antoin?
ette E. Wood, sister.
They contended that Mr. Kno was not
of sound mind when he made his will
benefiting Columbia University, in
which, it was alleged, he had shown no
previous interest, and was under un
due influence. Many peculiarities aiul
eccentricities of the testator were
brought out on the trial, which lasted
! about fifty days. One of the alleged
I signs of mental weakness described by
I witnesses was the continued expressed
- fear of .Mr. Eno that he could not
: afford certain things that he wanted to
buy, this fear being present even when
he wanted to buy some strawberries.
Judge Comments on Jokes
In one of two opinions by the Ap
I pellate Division yesterday Justice Page ;
i wrote:
"During his whole life he was ready ?
! to say as an excuse for not doing what j
i he did not want to do that he was not !
i able to afford it. Jt was a favorite .
j ,ioke, when in company of friends, to
refuse to make a purchase of some
cheap article and tell the salesman that
he could not affji'd it. Notwithstand
1 i ng this well known characteristic, the .
! same statement made in the last year ,
of his life i* presented as a delusion
evidencing senile dementia. Th? joke ?
1 of middle-aged life become? the tragedy ?
of old age." |
Justice Page sa!d Mr. Eno by his will |
showed he had capacity to comprehend
1 the nature and extent of his property,'
the nature of the act he was perform- '<
irig and the name and identity of the!
persons who were the proper objects of j
his hountv. I
"?le. undoubtedly had some weak- '
nr-sscs and infirmities," the court sai?l, I
"but possessed to the day of his death ;
a strong will, business capacity, dis- ;
ceriimeiit and judgment."
Will Directs Dogs Be
Cremated With Woman
Mrs. Alberta Schneider, of
Brooklyn. Provide? That Two !
Pets Be Killed
No one regretted the death on March i
27 of Mrs. Alberta Schneider, of 110
Fort Greene Place, Brooklyn, more than ;
her two dogs. They were downcast and
felt that they were forgott?-n. Put Mrs.
Schneider had not forgotten them. She
had provided for them in her will, it
became known yesterday.
Her estate, which is valued at $'?.000,
she bequeathed to her son, Bertram L.
Schneider, of Creat Neck, L. I. Con?
cerning her dogs she said in her will:
"I direct my executors to have my
body cremated and also to have my
dogs killed *nd their bodies also to be
cremated with me."
King Calls Armed Forces
and Reserves Ordered
Out; Appeal I* Issued
for Volunteers in Mines
Fight to a Finish.
Savs Llowl George
Million Rail and Trans
I port Workers Will -Quit
in Sympathy Walk-Out
I row The Tribune's European Unrein
Copyright. 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, April 8.?Negdtia. ona
for a settlement of the coal miners"
strike collapsed to-day. A million
railway mon and transport workers
wore immediately ordered to quit
work at midnight next Tuesday in
sympathy with the miner?.
To-night the kingdom faces th?
, most serious crisis since the dark
; days of 1914. with labor's most pow?
erful elernents arrayed in a supreme
stand against threatened reductions
of wages. The fabric of the state
| itself may be at stake in the con
1 test.
Armed Forces Mobilized
Armed forces of the nation are
; being mobilized, reserve troops are
being ordered out, a call for
teers has been issued, and the go\
j eminent is planning to tight what n
.calls "direct action" with ever}
i agency in its powe'-.
Officials of the Tripl-? Alliance an
i nounced their decision at 4 o'clock
| this afternoon, to take eff<
i out further warning unless negotia
j tions between the miners and the
| government are reopened.
TV miners stand firm in their de?
mand for a continuation of govern
i ment control of the pits, government
I subsidies and national control of
profits and against the lowered scale
of wages which the owners hope to
put into effect. The railwaymen
and transport, workers, believing
that the reduction of the miners'
wages is only a step toward cuts in
every industry, have aligned them?
selves with the miners in an effort
to block the downward movement.
Premier Lloyd George, appearing n
few minutes this afternoon in the
House of Commons, was visibly per
turbed. Rising to the floor, he read a
proclamation from the King, declaring
that a national emergency exists ?.n I
calling up army and navy reserve
immediate acti'.-e service. The Pre?
mier issued a call for volunteers tor h
civilian force to be known as the De?
fense Force, in which the nation's men
were urged to enlist at once to support
the police in the performance of their
Fighting for Community's Fife
"The government is lighting for the
life of the community," said the Pre
mier. "There is no justification foi
the suggestion that this stand is a de?
liberate attack on the wages of the
workers. The government has nevei
[pronounced an opinion on the i tl
pay offered the miners. Attempts art
being made t<? reverse a Parliamentary
decision by di rect act ??
"It ?s clear that the miners aie re
solved that the mines are to be ? ?
up to destruction. For the fii tim
in history the nation is confronte,
with the destruction oi its resources
striking at the whole body of its citi
zens. The government proposes to cal
volunteers. The police are not suffl
cient for this task ai re, th
government has <l???-icl?-d to make a ?n<*
cial appeal to patriotic citizens to en
roll in an emergency force recruit??,
solely to support the police in thei
duty. Recruiting stuns to-moirov
Lahor Members Beg lor Parley
Labor members of the Housfl n ad
no protest again ? I go rnaient'
decision, although some oi them po at
ed out that the preparations bet;?,
maile. to : g*h1 I ? ould ?nvolv
the expenditure ol man; millio
pounds They begged the Premier :
meet the miners in open conf?rence.
J. R, Civil"-, aha'' spokesman in th
House of Commons for labor, enswerin
the Premier's ?*? ?nark that coal was th
basis of the economic life of the com
try, argued that in ., ma ority of cas?;
the mines had Buffered no damage as
result of the strike and insisted thi
the miners had no intention of destro;
rag the mines. The House agreed
,! scu s the matter Monday, but meai
while the royal proclamation Btani
and recruits will ?V sent to the mini
to save them from uttei i
Food Supply Is Assured
Although the announcement of '
sympathetic strike was provided wi
a loophole through which the Trip
Alliance may alter its decision if t
miners meet again with the govei
nient leaders, the impression preva
that the long anticipated ?-how-do*
between capital at,?! organized labor
this country is at hand. The distril
tion of food seems assured, becui
the Transport Workers' Federation 1
agreed to ullow a few men employed
rationing service to Btay %n the j
and the government' i feed:
and fueling the country are corop
liensive. The transportation of oti
goods, howevi r, as well as steams
sailings, railroad and other
passenger traffic and local transit, i
be greatly affected, but even if ail
worker? obeyed the strik? calls
volunteer forces being re-recruited
the government would prevent a c<
| plete stoppage.
I The total number of mea idle or

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