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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 26, 1921, Image 1

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ALL MERCHANDISK
ADVERl^SED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
\r0U
No.
%>7 *>?>0
__ttonttc
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
THE WEATHER
G'loudy and somewhat'warmer to-day;
to-morrow partly clondy; mod
erate variable winds.
Full Iteport on ijsul Vnge
(Copyrlaht, luai,
N?w York Tribona Inc.)
THURSDAY, MAY 26, 3021
* * *
TW?t CKNT8
J TIIREE CENTS I F6t:R CKNT9
Wright Only
U. S. Golfer
Left in Playi
?
Jones, Fownes, Hunter:
and Douglas Go Downj
to Defeat in Amateurj
Oiampionship Tonrney j
-?
All British Stars
Also Are Eclipsed
Qever Putting Wins forj
Boston Man a Place:
in the Last Eight;
?-i
By Grantland Rice
Swria! Cabl* to The ZYiblMM
CopvriKht 1921. New York Tribune Inc. I
LIVERPOOL, England, May 25. ?|
With Bobby Jones, Captain Bill Fowncs, l
Peul Hunter and Jimmy Douglas skid-!
cir.g off the high precipice to the gray
nllejr of defeat, young Fred Wright,
jf Boston, Massachusetts amateur I
ehampion, remains as the aole Ameri-!
c&n to reach the last eight in the Brit-1
ish classic. As our stars sank from
sight Wright, playing steady, courage- !
ens golf, with his nimble putter work- ,
tn? well, eerned his way into the!
six'.h round by blasting the veteran;
ftwnes and the r-uper-veteran John
Ball out of the tournament with enor
B9U? galleries looking on.
Once again the sun stalked Iike a
tyranl with flaming Bword, baking tho ,
course to even a furthcr hnrdness, I
trveking tho nerves and disposition of ;
wanUess players, One eonsolation \? ;
t&at the leading British stars have all ;
passed cut along with the leading
Americans, The surviving Biitons for
the most part are unknown players'
vko bav< ,' hed the last eighi. '
Jo!i*3 and Tolley Fall
Bobby Jones and Cyril Tolley, tho I
British title-holder, picked to reach the
Kflu-nns], crashod togetiier in nose
dives on the morning round. both going '?
fiw from form in defeat. Eight
o see Jones grapplc ;
. brother of the late !
slar who was
??onv's waa uncertain
? on shots flvintr
off the line, struggled
? get goiug.
was entirely lost
tt?e intermittent bfiMiant strokes
. " ? ones. Going out
?r ' ?? thi Ulanta youth waa three
nd after !o<;i:ig
th h badly sllced iron ap
- ssi I :. short putt on the
elf-.e-.iV. t i be? orp* livc down, with
w'; t .aj,
linally/beaten by 0 and 5,
? Ouimet and E
? way of sorrow the
American youngster
e in offttr. Ilo was simply
fee the othera.
?y, the British hope,
w ors ? than Jones, was
eddafd, an unknown.
topping and heeling
liota and putting pori;., wa-; beaten
v;, -.? .jIr in an amazing rever
osl of t'orm, Young Jimmj Douglas.
:?im?t Princeton student and now of
(Jiford. gav< John Ball a terrific bat
uglas was dormie one and lost
'V final hol< \ th a short mashii
proach after getting :i fine threc at tho,
eenth
Hujc Crowd Pres?nt
Ball won on tho nineteenth grcen,
?ith a rh^f'r going up from th>.
'?ig crowd a.-; the veteran eank
the winning putt. Ball played
!a tho .;.-( championship tour- .
Bamint Hoylake forty-four'
jF?anj ago. The veteran nii.de a gal
idy golf.
rhe afternoon round found Wrigh' :
?nd Hunter the lone surviving Aroerl- :'
;ani- " tted Captain
wwues aft?r a har I ruggle, while
Hunter stopped Pegler by 2 up. Wrighl
fsced Ball on the afternoon round b-.
'ore th? greatest crowd of the tourna- i
?^nt, which closed around the rr.a*c;i i
f?ady to appiaud every shot old John
?made.
The first five h^lns v.-f>re halved in '
Sne, steady g ,|r, both playing e\tremP.
J>-well. Bui Wright t-.ok the lead at :
?ne sixth an ! was never headed, as the '
?reat veteran began to tir?. By win- (
rilng the eighth and ninth in par fig
_ 'Continued on oajo thlrtojn. .
Prisoners Hc Sentenced !
Send Funeral Wreath
281 in Washin??ton Jail Pav';
Tribute to Judg.; Who Put'
ITift;, on ''Helpful Way"
^ASHINGTON, May 25.?A wreath j !
^H a message of sympathy was sent by '
^' Prisoners at the District jail to-day
*or th? funeral of Ashley M. Gould,
gftiorJustice of the Supreme Court of
w? Dutrict of Columbia. Manv of the .
jud ei" had been ^ntenced by the
VT' l' r?^embering his justice and
amr,neBS* t!u>y J?incd in contributing
inountvrariiring from pennies to quar-:
cbased' *hich lhe tribute was Pur' \
trS? Ca/d ?f s>'mPathy rcad: "A small
A?hl? irrom those iu trouble in whom | >
?W M;,Gou1^ consistcntly displayed
Xf anf ^Pful interest. His was the
theTnff j h'3 wa3 the heart that led
6 offenders on the helpful way."
Crowds Seek Pier Passes
*? Bid Caruso Farewell
Wr and Familv Sail Saturday
?n Presidentc Wilson; Party i
to Occupy Four Suiles \ \
^The announccrnent that Enrico Caruso
Old sai! for Naples on the steamship : '>
^sidente WUroii on Saturday hus ; ]
Pas!?? * fi-od of applications for pier :
??"spanv ?ffices ?f the 8teamsh;P I I
*JhL?ten0?*, book?d passage rccently ! '
kroth^r kW,fo? infant daughter, his i
l?ttD ?f 8 8ecreta^'. hlmaelf and a |
r,:'i occunv'r/ant8- The Caruao pftr*y
b?8t??UPy ,our sultes which are the ]
The pI a"on"nodations on tho ahip. ' i
?* SdnWe5te Wil80n- which docked i
^SnlJ^u1*?' dlschar^ her ,
Quotes Bible Against
His Photo on Passport
CHICAGO, May 25.?At least
one person in the United States
has religious sci-uples against
haviug his photograph taken.
This was brought to light to-day
when the Statc Department in
Washington rulcd that Carl W.
Johnson, of Chicago, could not
obtain a passport to travol in
Norway and Sweden so long as he
held out, on religioua grounds,
againat having his picture taken.
Johnson, who wants to go out
as a missionary, had appealcd
the loeal passport offlce's decision
to Secretary of State Hughes, in
sisting that Exodus 20:4 forbids
the making of graven images.
Building Probe
Ends as Protest
Against Fines
s
Untermyer Says He Ib
Through With One Line
of Inquiry on Account of
Punishment Meted Out
^ongress's Aid Is Sought
PFarns of Peril in Social
Unrest Acccntuated by
Piraey of Combinations
The strenuous protests of Samucl
Jntermyer, chief counsel to the Lock
vood committee, against letting off
'iolatora of the anti-trust laws with
ife'ht fincs reached a olimax at yester
iay's session of the committee in City
lall when Mr. Untermyer abruptly an.
lounccd ho would go no further in lirf'l
nvestigation of illegal combinations in'
he building industry.
Only a few moments before Mr. i
Jntermyer had declared he had been
rompted to take this step "in the light
f the reeent action oT the courta in
mposing fincs against the most per
istent and defiant of thp offenders
gi .:. t the anti-trust laws exposed by
he committee.*' Supreme Court Justice
'crnon M. Davis imposed fines of SoOO
o $450 on ten individuals, and ?.r.no to I
i nine corporations, members
t the Associalion of Dealers in Ma
ons' Building Materials, who had
leaded guilty to violations of Iho |
)onnel!y anti-trust laws.
Wants Action bj Uongress
In making his announccment Mr.
intermyer aummed vp the results
'i far achievod by tbt committee in
ibase of ite.work and oublined
ome of the coriatfilctive measures it
3 planned to have enacted to temedv :
he evils exposed. Congress, he said, '
??<>uld he asked to amend the lfederal
??s so as to compel the imposition
f prison sentences on violators oi the
nti-trusi laws.
In the niean timc. hc aasjerted, thej
?.iblic authorities should be urged Lo
cep a closc watch on the practices of
he various associations, pointing out,
i.at he had been unablc to find one I
rticle used by the building industry i
hat had not been the subject of com
ination. He issued a note of warn- ;
ng in conclusion, against the coun- I
ly'i insufficient realization of thej
perils that lurk in fho social unrest
hat is being accentuated by the greed
nd piraey of these combinations that
nfest the ;and from end to cnd."
Mr. Untermyer said he would begin;
he (inancial phase of his investigation
, ith a thorough examination at to
ay's session of the so-cailed fire in
urance monopoly.
Rebukes Swann and Banton
The committee's ehief counsel pre
eded his summing up with a biting
ebuke to District Attorney Swann and
-cting District Attorney Joab Banton.
he latt^r had been quoted as discredit
lg Mr. Untermyer's insistence on jail
jntences for violators of the Donnelly
r.ti-trust iaws.
"If the District Attorney had per
irmed his duty the present situation
ould not exist," said Mr. Untermyer.
>; he believed the law in its present
jrm to be effective, why is it that;
nring all these years, with tliousands I
f these violations going on around
im, his office did not lift a finger to
?ard performing its duty? What rightl
as that office at this time and in the
ice of its flagrant and chronic non
jasance in office to which we owe the
ecessity of this branch of our inquiry,
) intrude itself and tell us what it
ould be wise to do? Whcre is Mr.
anton's bump of caution? And, above
II, has he no sense of humor?"
Acting Dhtrict Attorney Banton ap
eared before the committee during the
fternoon and made a statement to the
ffect that he had been misquoted;
lat, in fact, he had said nothing for
(Continucd on page throe)
Senate sVotes
For Parle^ on
Disarming
Borah Amendment Au
thorizing President to
Ask Conference With
Britain andjapan Passes
Defects Charged
On the Tennessee
Wadsworth Says Motors
Have Been Fixed; La
Follette Renews Attack
From The Tribunt't Wa*hinoton Burean
WASHINGTON, May 26.~Without a
dissenting vote the Senate this after
noon adopted the Borah diaarmament
amendment to the naval bill. There
was no discussion. The vote was 74
to 0.
Senator Pomerene also has a dia?
armament amendment which would
suspend construction pending negotia
tions. This was not offered. Follow
ing is the text of the Borah amend?
ment:
"That the President is authoriztd
and requested to invite the govern
ments of Great Britain and Japan to
send repreaentatives to a conference
Which shall be charged with the duty
of promptly entering into an under
standing or agreement by which the
naval expenditures and building pro
grams oi each of said governments,
to wit, the United States, Great Brit?
ain and Japan, shall be substantially
reduced annual.ly during the next
tive years to such an extent and upon
such terms as may be agrecd upon,
which understanding or agreement is
Lo be reported to the respective gov?
ernments for approval."
Discussion of the naval bill continued
throughout ths day. Uncertainty pre
vailed to-night as to wuen final action :
on the measure would be taken.
On rcsuming consideration of the
bill, an amendment offered bv Senator
McLean, of Connecticut, was adopted,
? h Pcrmits building, out of the $90,- I
000,000 item for construction, one sub
manne torpedo boat and one transport,
m addition to craft already under con?
struction.
Income Tax in Virgin Islanda
Senator Kenyon, who expla'ined that I
certain persona in the Virgin Lslands
retamed Danish citizenship, and one of
them was a member of the Colonial
Oouncil, got an amendment adopted re- ?
quiring alJ persons holding oftice to be j
American citizens and applying the '
American income tax laws to the
islanda, The proceeds are to be used j
lor meetmg expenses of local govern- |
ment, for which the United States is ;
appropnating about $35,000 a year. !
An amendment, proposed by Senator '
Swanson, which would have permitted I
navy officers who reaigri to cnter the I
Reserve Corps with the rank thoy hold ;
in act.vc service, was defeated on a I
point of order raised by Senator Smoot
Senator King, of Utah, stirred up al
sharp discussion by reading excerpts '
from newspapers and a statement of!
an officer of the navy whom he. re- |
fused to name, indicating the new j
battleship Tennessee was developing
serious defects of machinery, He said
the Tennessee. had recently gone into
Pnnobscot Bay for trial runs 'and that
the ship had developed trouble with
motors and with the electric drive. He !
asserted ma.ior defects existed, and dn- ?
clared in spite of this the same kind |
of machinery was to bc furnished the
Massachusetts and a number of other
vessels.
"This vessel was commissioned a !
year ago," said Senator King. "Thr !
defects developed are major machinery ?
defects, not minor."
Defects Repaired, Says Wadsworth
Senator Wadsworth said he had
lately been on the Tennessee' at Hamp
ton Roads; that he was told one of :
the motors burned out at the tirne of
the maneuvers off Cuba, but that this
had been repaired.
Senator Poindexter also insisted the
defects had been repaired, saying the
motors had been furnished by the West
inghouse company, but the company
had remedied defects.
Senator Lodge tried to get Senator
King to name the othcer who informed
him of the defects. Senator King de
clined, and the two Senators had a
peppery exchange.
Senator Poindexter said the Ten?
nessee was about to leave for the Pa- i
cific Coast. He agreed with Senator '
King that there was no reason why de?
fects of the navy should not be fully
aired and thought it had a good effect.
Discussion of the alleged defective
machinery of the Tennessee arose in !
connection with an amendment, which
probably will be adopted by the Senate, j
under which the limit of repairs which
may be made to any one vessel of the
navy is fixed at $500,000 instead of
$300,000.
Senator La Follette again assailed \
fcatures of the bill in a lengthy speech. '
He spoke in connection with the Naval :
(Continued on pago throe)
Murphy Grins at Drys' Praise
Of Hylan for Putting 011 Lid
Charles F. Murphy and Tammany
iistrict leaders were startled yesterday
by the announcement that the state
board of trustees of the Ant:-Saloon
League had commended the Mayor and
the Police Dcpartment "for every ef
fective cffqrt" in the direction of the
rnforcercient of prohibition."
Wben Mr. Murphy was asked about
Lhe dry indorsement at Tammany Hall
he shook with laughtcr.
"Is there any previous record of in
iorsement by the temperance people of
i Tammany administration for the en
forcement of a dry law?" he was asked.
"Not that I ever heard of," Mr. Mur?
phy replied. "I guess this breaks all
records."
"Will the Tammany mayoralty plat
form commend the Mayor and the Po?
lice Commissioner for enforcing the
iry law?"
"I am going to keep out of print on
;hat matter. It is some tinte yet be
'cre the convefttion will be held."
Vice-President Kenneally of the
3oard of Aldermen, who was in con
;ultation with his political chief, said:
"It is the rirst time on record tnat I
?ernember when Tammany has been
jommended by the temperance folk for
mforcing prohibition. But I euppoae
the answer is that it is the law and
that it is the duty of the Vayor and
Police Commissioner to enforcu it."
The feeling among Tammany dis^
trict leaders is that the commendation
will hurt Tammany more than it will
help. The one thing more than any
other that the district commanders are
having trouble to explain to the rank
and tile is that Mayor Hylun and Com?
missioner Enright are obliged to en
fcrce the dry law.
The "hootch" contingent in Tam- :
many is large, and the activity of the
police m clamping on and keeping on
the lid is exceedingly irritating to;
them. One and all assert that it is
bad enough for the Federal and state
dry ofricials to war on liquor, but that
it is a hundred times worse for "the
hall" to turn in and make it harder
than ever to get a drink.
The commendation of the Hylan ad
ministration by the anti-saloon lead
ers was a complete surprise to Tarn
many. The state league opposed Al
fred E. Smith on his liquor record when
he was a candidate for Govemor in i
1918, and attackod him during his ad- !
ministration for his wet proclivities. '
The passage of the 2M per cent beer j
bill at the instigation of the Governor j
brought down on him with added ve
hemcnce the wrath of the drys.
Reds Swarm in Persia;
Seek Power and Food
T1FLIS, May 25 (By The As
sociated Preaa).?Thronga of Bol
shovik agentB and troops are
swarming through Persia and
other parta of the Middle East,
where they are setting up Soviet
rule. The movement, which hns
the Caucasua aa its bnae, is partly
a hunt for food.
Although large estates are bc
ing divided, good order prevaila
under the Bolshevik regime.
American firma are well treated,
their property and trading facili
tiea remaining untouched.
-i
Jury Convicts
Stadtmuller in
! 45 Minutes
i ??-,
Brindell Lieutenant I?
Found Guilty of Extor
iion and Facr? Extreme
Penalty of Fifteen Years
--. i
Sentenced To - niorrow
Prisoner Refuses to Dis
euss Case After Giving
Pedigree to Court Clerk
Poter Stadtmuller, lieutenant of Rob
ert P. Brindell, convicted building
; trades boss, was found guilty of cx
; tortion by a jury before Justicc Mc?
Avoy in the Crirainal Court, last night,!
j The verdict was returned forty-fivc |
; minutes after the judge had ftnished
i his charge.
Pollowing the vcrdici permission waa
I given Stadtmuller's attorneya to pfe
sent motions this morning. Justice Mc.
Avoy directed that Stadtmuller be j
brought before him for scntenco to
morrow morning.
Arthur !?. Murray, counsel for Stadt- '
muller, in his defenre of the accused,
said that Stadtmuller was an innocent i
participant in criminal proceedings and
not knowingly guilty of any wrong.
The point was urged that S.tadtmuller's
salary of $75 a week proved by its :
modesty that hc vs ; not in the coun- j
cihi of the real conspirators.
Says Evidence ls Ample
Assistant District Attorney Pecora i
in summing up for the^tate declared I
that ample evidence had becn adduccd j
to convict the defendant. He demanded
to know why, if Stadtmuller had been I
an innocent participant in the black-I
mailing schemes of his associates, wit- i
nessea had not been brought forward :
by him to prove that fact. The Btate'a
attorney insisted thafc proof had been
given of Stndtmullor's receiving money j
for permission to work on tho Maiden
Lnne buildings and told the jurj that
was what they had to act upon.
Justice McAvoy. in charging tho jury,
explained tho difference bctwucn e ;
tortion and coercion as charjjed sepa
rately in the indictmen,!. He said it'
tho jury decided that il should not.
convict of extortion nr attempted ex- j
tortion it should consider whether
conviction was justified on tho coercion
charge. If conviction of neither should j
be found justifiable b*eyond reasonable
doubt, the defendant must bc acquitted.
"If the defendant is not guilty,"
said Justice McAvoy, "it would be a
travesty of justice to convict him for
the good of the building trades. If he
is guilty it would be a mockcry of
justice to sct him frce on tho mere j
ground that he ia but. a cog in the !
mach inery."
The jury was rccalled after it had!
retired for additional instructions as i
to evidence concerning similar trans- !
iictions to those mentioned in the in
dictment. The jury was instructed to ;
regard such evidence only as inrlicnt- :
ing a possih'e state of mind on the
part oT the defendant.
Fifteen Ye.irs Extreme Penalty
The jury retired at 6:15 p. m., and
sent word that it was ready to report
at 6:50. Justice McAvoy thanked and
discharged the jury. Stadtmiller made
no comment on the verdict.
When called on to answer the usual
questions of the elerk following his
conviction, Stadtmuller said ho was
forty-two years old and a resident of
New York. Mis home is at 106 East
Seventy-aixth Street. He is married
and has two children. The convictel
man said he had never before been
convicted of an offenso.
The penalty for extortion is n maxi
mum of fifteen years' imprisonment.
First offonders may be given indetermi
nate periods ranging from seven and a
half to fifteen vears.
Pair, 74 and 70, Divorccd
24 Years Ago, to Remarry
In Love Witli Each Other All
the Tinie, Says llushaiul, as
He Applies for Lieense
TRENTON, N. J., May 25.?Henry
Clay Wells, seventy-four years old, :
of Trenton, and his seventy-year-old
former wife, Rachael Duvis Wella Ells
worth, of 1531 We*t Van Angle Street,
Philadelphia, who have been separated
by divorce ior over twenty-four years.,
obtained a marriage license here yes
terday and will be remarried on Sat?
urday.
"We have been separated over twenty- '
four years, but in love with each other I
all the time," said Mr. Wella as he
signed his application. "We had some
domestic troubles when we lived in
Philadelphia a long time ago," he
added, "but we never ceased to regret
the divorce."
Some years after being divorced Mrs.
Wells married George Ellsworth, of
Philadelphia, who died October 16, :
1916. Wells never remarried.
The ceremony on Saturdav will be
performed by the Rev. Dr. Steinmetz,
of St. Michael's Episcopal Church.
Wells said that both his adult daugh
ters would be at the wedding.
180 Are Reported Slain
In Trans-Jordania Revolt
JERUSALEM, May L'5 (Jewish Tele- j
graphic Agency).?The inhabitants of ?
Trans-Jordania are reported to have
risen in revolt agatnst their newly ap- |
pointed ruler, Prince Zeid, third son '
of the King of the Hedjaz, and to have ;
defeated the prince's forces in a pi;ched i
battle, killing 180 of his men.
The insurrectionists, it is said, de- I
sire to be governed by the British ad
ministration in Pai*stine under Sir Her-1
bert Sarouel, tho High Commissioner.
DublinRebels
Biirn Custorn
House; 9 Die
Ireland^s Finest Structnre,
Valued at Five Millions,
Destroyed With All Its
Records of Government
Machine Guns Are
Turned On Rioters
Incendiaries in Pitched
Battle With Troops; 111
Taken, Many Wounded
From Thn Tribune'n Evrovean Bureau
CopyriRht. 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
LONDON, May 25. A battle was j
lought around the Dublin custorn!
house this afternoor. after a body of I
armed Sinn Feiners, routing the office \
force there, set fira to the building. I
At least two auxihary police were
killed as the incendiaries fought their ;
way out of the flaming structure, and j
the Sinn Eein dead are estimated to j
number from four to seven. Many on '
both sides were wounded and a large !
number of rcpublicans were captured. '
The custorn house, one of the finest j
buildings in Ireland, was destroyed!
with a loss estimated at $5,000,000.
Income tax records and othcr .lles upon I
which the greater part of local govern- j
ment in Ireland depends were burned.'
The building, of white stone in Gothic 1
iesigh, fronted On the River Liffey. I
,\ lorry load of fully armed Sinn Fein- i
ers drove up before it about 1 o'clock. |
fhey wcn> we&ring bandoliers and j
carrying buckets of gasoline and quan- j
"i" cotton wool soaked in kero
aen?.
Attacking Force ls Split
Dashing into the building, some of
the Sinn Feiners cornered the build
ing's office force of about 100 persons,
including many women, while the
others set about pouring oil on furni- !
ture and records in different parts of i
the building and touching matches to j
it. Simulta^eously a snvaller body of !
Sinj? F6i?ers armed with revoivera ?
held up a tire brigudo station and pre- |
.ented the men there from answering
their teleplione or going to the fire. I
At the custorn house there was panic.
Employcea and incendiaries fled side by I
side from the building, many of the I
latter escaping ii? the meiee. Dublin !
uity police who had been attracted to |
the spot by the columns of smoke issu- I
ing from windows were preventcd by
the rcpublicans from interfering with j
the success of their plans.
But in a few minutes two lorry loads '
of Black and Tana rolied iiito the
Square and opened tire on the Sinn
Feiners in the custorn house. Republi
L'an fire from the custom house and
nearby buildings swept the lorries.
Bombs were thrown, and, as the crowds
in the street scattered for cover, rifle
fire rattled From every vantage point
uitside the building and in. The smoke
n the square had grown heavy, giving
he Sinn Fein incendiaries excellent
:over for their escape, and it is be
ieved that more than half of their
iriginal force got away.
Reinforcemcnts Rout Assailanta
After a fterce engagement the auxil
aries succeeded in storming"their way
nto the custom house and releasing
he t< w office employeea who were stili
narooned there. Reinforcemcrts ar
?ived for the Crown troops and in a
?unning light the Sinn Feineia beat
i retreat. Whun the Fire Department
?ould be brought into action it was
,oo late to save the building or any
>f its contents.
A military cordon, which was thrown
iround the eustom house district, is
>eing maintalned all nlght.
LONDON', May 25 ( By The Associat- !
:d Press).?The Irish Office to-nightI,
ssued the following official rcport on j ,
he custom house fire at Dublin:
"Three tenders carrying auxlliary
!adets and accompanicd by an armored
ai approached the Dubiin Custom
Hlouse shortly after 1 o'clock this
norning. As they approached the
)uilding a number of bombs were
;hrown at the tenders from the rail
vay bridge, while revolver tire was
ipened on them from the windows of
he custom house, which was occupied
>y a large force of Sinn Feiners.
Machine Gun Bombards Windows
"The cadets dismounted under heavy
ire and surrounded the custom house,
vhich was seen to be burning. Fire
'rom the auxiliaries and the machine
fun on the armored car was poured
nto windows of the custom house,
'rom which the rebels repUed vigor
>usly, and a series of desperate con
l.cts followed between the Crown
orces and seven or eight parties of
?ebels who rushed from different doors
if the building, making dashes for lib
irty and firing as they ran. The first
>arty lo emerge consisted of three
nen, one of whom was killed and the
ither two wounded.
"By this time smoke and flames were
louring from the building, and the offi
:ial statf, including many women, who
lad been held prisoners by the rebels,
:ame flocking out with hands above
heir heads, waving white handker
:hiefs. While the staff was making its
?xit the rebels niade a iast sortie, con
;isting of seven men, only one of whom
iscaped, the resl being killed or
v ounded.
"Some of the auxiliaries then stormed
(Continued on noxt pags)
UJS. to Pay Liberty Loans
By Sale of Allied Bonds
To Ameriean Investors
Europe Owes Us $9,711,739,636;
Liberty Issues Total 21 Billions
Uniled States govern.nve?it loans to forqign countrie*, bonds for
which are to be issued and sold in the United States to raise mone-y to
retire some of the Liberty Lodns at maturity, and the details of the
lAberty issues are set forth in this table:
U. S. Loans to Europe j Liberty Bond Issues
Great Britain.$4,277,000,000 | First. $1,989,455,550
France . 3,047,974,777 (Maturea 1947)
Italy . 1,666,260,179 | Second. 3,807,865,000
Belgium . 350,428,793 I . (Matures 1942)
Ruasia. 187,729,750 I Third.^4,175,660,060
Czecho-SLovakia- 67,329,041; (Matures 1928)
Greece. 48,236,629 j Fourth. 6,964,581,250
Serbia ...,. 26,780,000
Rumania . 25,000,000
Others. 15,000,000
Total .$9,711,739,636
Matures 1938)
Fifth .
(Matures 1923)
.4,497,818,750
Total ..$21,435,370,600
II
ria
'P
Prudence Plan
Hembcrs and Press Won to
Policy of Co-operation
With Allies and Premier
Will Get Confidence Vote
4ppeal for America's Aid
Depnty Proposes U. S. Help
En force Keparalions and
Take Disarmament Lead
Svecial Cnble to The Tribune
Copyriftht. 1921. New York Tribune Ino.
PARfS, May 25.? Premier Briand has
?allied France to his foreign policy of
irudence and continued cooperatJon
.vith the Allies. In Parliamentary
:ircles to-day it was said that he would
jet a handsomc majority when a vote
>f confidence in him is taken at the
;nd of thig week's debate.
The Paris preag is almost unanimous
n its approval of the position which
he Premier has taken in his dealings
vith Premier Lloyd George on ques
ions touching Upper Silesia and Ger- l
nany. The papers, following M.
Jriand's lead, discuss Anglo-Frerich re- j
ations with marked moderation. !
Diere is general agrecment that a !
>reak with the British over tjpper f
silesia would be folly and that j
i'rance'a intcrcsts are still linked .vith j
,hose of her allies.
Insist on Firmnesa
Speakers in the Chamber of Deputies j
hi3 a ternoon, however, insisted that!
i policy of moderation and prudence [
vould be insufficient unless accom-!
?anied by a policy of firmness toward j
Jermany and of grcater independence ?
rom Great Britain on mattera of con- !
inental importance.
Charles Noblemaire, a member of'
he Chamber and a leader in French j
ailway and industrial circles, said: I
The moment has come to tell Great i
Sritain with the friendliness of an j
qual to an equa! that v.e wiah to go I
vith her side by side and not as a
railer."
Noblemaire paid a striking tribute
;o the influence which America will
lave in world rec.onstruction. He is!
i member who speaks seldom, but!
vhen he rises to the tribune as he j
lid to-day his words carry weight. He j
laid:
"We must find as rapidly as possible j
mrrowers for the German bonds of |
leries A and B (reparation bonds). |
iVe must knock at the door of those j
vho have gold, that is to say, princi- |
>ally America. But America will ac
ept German bonds only if our house j
s in order in Europe.
Economic Rapprochement
"On the world's chessboard they see j
our principal piecas, the United j
Itates, France, England and Germany. i
rhey say that the only solution pos-!
,ible is if Germany becomes a vast j
actory working exclusively for peace. J
jet us add that for some time this
actory should serve for the recon-]
truction of France. The question,
herefore, that presents itself is eco
lomic rapprochement with Germany.
Ve must arrivc at a cooperation of
i-ork and effort. It is the only aurora
t-hich can appear in the dark in which
ve have groped for two years. The
lour which is coming is the hour of
imerica."
Noblemaire cited examples of the
ooperation between certain Allied and
Jerman navigation companies after
he Germans had accepted the severe
(Continued on nttxt paso)
Silesia Under
_____________
Britain Said to Have Sug
gested Speeial Coramis
sion to Hold Area for
Period of Thirty Years
Ask Poles Close Frontier
Note of the Ambassadors
Point. to the German Ban
On Passage of Troops
PARIS. May 25 (By The Associated
Preas).?The latest plan for the settle
ment of the Upper Silesian contro
versy, supposedly a British suggestion,
is to give Poland and Germany respect
ively the communes that voted in their
favor at the recent plebiscite, but to
hold the entire territory under control
of a speeial commission for thirty
years.
Under tho plan this commission
would be appointed by the League of
Nations, and at the end of the thirty
year period the population of the re
gion would again be given the oppor
tunity to express their wishes.
The exchanges of views between Lon
don and Paris on the question are con
tinuing, notwithstanding the debate in
the Chamber of Deputies, and the ifeel-j
ing in French officiai circles this morn- i
ing was that the Allies were coming to- !
gether,
To Send Note to Poland
The Council of Ambassadors again
took hold of the Silesian question to- '
day and decided to send a note to j
Poland, setting forth Germany's prom
ise to close the Silesian frontier and j
asking PoTand to sce that her frontier l
also was tightly shut.
The Council also heard the report of j
experts regarding execution by Ger- j
many of her promise to so modify the
Diesel motors so as to be serviceable j
ior industrial uses only and not avail- !
able for submarines. The report be
ing favorable, the Council decided to
extend the time in which Germany
must complete these moditications to
September 1.
Germany's request to be allowed to !
retain her anti-tank rifies was refused.
The French Ambassador in Berlin !
to-day called on Dr. Friedrich Rosen, |
the Foreign Minister, and repeatod to !
him the representations made to C-han- :
cellor Wirth concerning the necessity !
for Germany closing the Silesian fron?
tier.
Dr. Rosen repeated the assurance
Chancellor Wirth had given that the
German government would give. full
satisfaction on this point.
Marked Results Reported
The closing of the frontier between
Germany and Silesia by German se
curity police is already having marked
results, says a dispatch from Berlin
to-dav quotinr the Vqjsische Zeitung
of that city.
The number of persons crossing the
frontier has diminished considerably, i
the newspaper says.
SncciaJ Cab'.e, to The. Tribune
CopyriRht. 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
PARIS, May 25.?The French MiniF
ter at Warsaw to-day handed to the
Polish Foreign Office a note from the
Paris government proposing that the '
Poles take the same measures against !
the insurgents of Silesia as were re- I
quired of Germany. These include the j
disarming of insurrectionist heads, the I
declaration of martial law and the !
stoppage of all transportation of muni- I
tions and volunteers. The frontier is i
to be closed tight and infractors of,
these regulations shall be punished.
The French note was drawn up by j
tlu Premier and dispatched to Warsaw I
last night.
Ex-Kaiser Sells Forest
To Eke Out His Income
Municipality Buys Woodland to
Preserve Scenery; Peoplc
Are Indignant
DOORN, Holland, May 25 (By The
Associated Press).?The former Ger?
man Empeior has made himself ex- i
tremely unpopular in the eyes of the
people of Docrn by an attempt to sell as
building ground a strip of woods be
longing to hia estate. but outside his
fences and therefore useless to him.
The Dutch government, on leaming I
of his intention to sell the woodland in j
small allotments in order to add to his
income, prohibited the felling of the |
trees in that place, while the Doorn
rnunicipality this afternoon bought at
auction the woodland in question, thus
preserving it for the public in its nat
ural state.
uge
Jiiror to Jail for Contenipt
CLEVELAND, May 25.?Mrs. Ellen
Griffith, tentatively seated as a juror
in the perjury trial of former Judge
William H. McGannon, was banished
from the jury, fined $50 and costs and
sentenced to ten days in jail by Com
mon Pleas Judge Florence E. Allen
late to-day on a charge of contempt of
court.
Mrs. Griffith was accussd by Miss
Catherine Chambers, a baililT, of saying
it would be worth $500 to an organiza
tion of which Mrs. Griffith is a mem?
ber if- McGannon was found guilty.
While being examiued as a tentative
juror, Mrs. Griffith swore that she had
not talked with any one concerning the
cuse.
Judge Allen called Mrs, Griffith, Pros- |
ecutor Stanton and Special Prosecutor
David in a private conference, at the
conclusion of which Mrs. Griffith was
placed on the witness stand.
"Am I correctly stating the case
when I say that you informed Miss
Catherine Chambers that an organiza
cion to which you belong will receive
$500 if Judge McGannon is convicted?"
Judge Allen asked.
"You are," replied Mrs. Griffith.
It was upon this that the contempt
charge was based.
When court adjourned late to-day
three women and six men were tenta
tively seated as jurors to try Mc?
Gannon.
He is charged with giving perjured
teatimony during his two trials for the
killing of Harold C. Kagy, of which he
was acquitted.
?,
The beat writiog papera are WHITIXG
r.U*ER&?Advt.
'Harding's Plan Calls for
Marketing of Foreign
Obligations, With This
Government's Guaranty
Proceeds Must
Be Expended Here
Revival of Our Business
Abroad Is Predicted as
Result of New Pollcv
r
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, May 25.?Liberty
bonds are to be paid off, as the first
few issues mature, out of the pro?
ceeds of British, P'rcnch, Italian and
Belgian bonds sold to American in
vestors. Thus the $10,000,000,000 of
Allied dobts to the United States
government will be transferred to
the American people. To make the
Allied bonds attractive to American
investors it is probable that this gov?
ernment will guarantee them, both
as to principal and interest.
This is perhaps the most spectacu
lar detail of the international nnan
cial policy which President Harding
has worked out and which has been
approved by the Cabinet. The details
The Tribune is ab!e to-day to pre?
sent exclusively to its readers.
Covers German Bonds
The new policy applies not only
to the Allied debt to the United
States but to the German repara
tion bonds, billions of dollars of
which would soon be offered to
American investors if the Allied
governments had their way. H also
applies to any issues of European
bonds?especialiy if they are being
sold in behaif of governments?
where the proceeds or the monej b
tained from the American investors
buying the bonds is to be spent else
where than in the United States.
No pressure 0-7 Europe to pay her
debts in the near future is contem
plated. For instance, there is no ob
jcition on the part of the government
to the sale of 2100.000,000 of French
bonds now going on through New York
banking houses, for the reason that
the proceeds are being used to pay off
old obligations hcre and also to finance
a small amount of exports. But those
two reasons are the only ones which
this government ir.tends to recognize
as legitimate in future extensions of
credit to Europe. When new loans are
made hcre the money must be used
either for the payment of cxisting
debts, cr the purchase of American
goods for export
U. S. Is Primary (.uarantor
As to the Allied debts to the United
States. President Harding feels, as in
dicated by a paragraph in his New
York speech, that the present condi
tion is not satisfactory, for several
reasons.
The President in his speech said:
The exigencies of war compelled
the government to take by taxation
much wealth from our people to bo
loaned to our allies. This is the basis
01 their obhgation to us, and it is not
a good form in which to hold the obli?
gations ol one people to another peo?
ple. It is alto-ether to be hoped that
in a reasonable period we may change
the form of these obligations and dis
j-nbute them among all the people We
hope that this may be accomplished,
and also that there may be eitective
rcduction of the cost of government'.
In these ways We hope to releasc a
great vo ume; of wealth and credit from
the burden that government has been
imposing, and make it available for
the developrr.ent 01 domestic industry
and the expansion of foreign trade "
The President proposes that as the
Liberty bono issues matur? the Allies
ahould lSBue long-term bonds carrying
a hberal interest rate, and that these
bonds ahould be sold to the American
public, using the proceeds to retiro the
Am?rXb??dl The SUtxr&nte^ of these
Allied bond> by this government would
not matenally arTect the present situa
tion, since the government is, of course
obhgated tor the Liberty bonds, which
by this process would bJ canceled.
Transfers Debt to Individuals
The big advantage would be thsi tho
united btate3 government, save for
:his guaranty feature, would then be
?omoyed from.; the transaction, and the
Mlied governments would be indebted
.0 mdividual American investors It
would no longer be possible, one Cabi
iet member pointed out to-day, for the
Mned governments to suggest every
:irae America proposes any change in
he international situation, that some
hmg be done about these debts.
Another feature which occurs readilv
:o every banker is that after this ex
mange had been brought about, any
ieiault in interest by an Allied gov
srnment would brand that government
or generations with the American in
resting public, and the bond houses
vhich handle securities of such char
icter. The result would be that the
icfaulting country would virtually be
ieprived of any opportunity to obtain
:redit in the richest country in the
world.
On the German reparation bonds the
utuaticn is this: The Allies will be
lamied by Germany, in the near future,
some billions of dollars of gold mark
>onds. The French and Belgian gov
;rnments hjve no desire to hold these
?ondt, and will be anxious to sell them
vherever they would oring the highest
irice, which is in the United States
;his being almost the only country in
:he world which has r lot of money
*aitmg investmcnt. This government
jas ao objection to the jpurchase of

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