OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 18, 1921, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1921-06-18/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Voi. LXXXI No. 27,248
First to Last--the Truth: News?Edhorials?Advertisements
Fartly cloudy to-day: probably fair
to-roo rrow; not murh change ia
tcrejjcratar.; vrnable wind..
1 iiU K.port on I.:i?t PttfA
((?>!>. riRlst, 1921.
Xew York Tiibun. Inc. )
Tuojrp rtvTS ? ?nn> e-trtz-r*.
In CrrsHer New Vork 1 Withlo 200 MHe*
Britain and
France Have
New World
Peace Plan
l>agne to Include Amer?
ica and Germany May
Result From Meeting
of Briand and Curzon
Move Inspired by
European Disorder
ifore Lenient Attitude To?
ward Berlin Back of
Suggestion; Harding
Approval To Be Sought
By Wilbur Forrest
Speeial Cable to Ths Tribune
Oopyright. 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
PARIS, June 17.?To-morrow's con?
ference between Premier Briand and
thc Marquis of Curzon, England's For?
eign Minister, is expected to lay the
foendation of a world movement. The
epinion prevsils to-night that it may
form the nucleus of far-reachirg pour
pirlers that eventually will alter the
whole political complex of Europe and
bring the United States into her long
delayed role as an aid in the preserva
tien of world peace.
The foundation of the movement Hcj
ln a cha**ge tlat is developing in the
French attitude toward Germany.
Premier Briand is now behind the proj?
ect that will mean a new association
of nations, including Germanv, that
bas for its sole object the mainten
?nce of world amity. This isto be
begun by the establishment first of
psace rn Europe.
Fn-mer Premiers at Meeting
As a preliminary to to-morrow's con
lerence Premier Briand called in for?
mer President Raymond Poincare, Paul
Doqmer and ?11 the former Premiers
of France. to discuss with them the
new French policy. To-morrow Briand
will teh Lord Curzon that France
ravors a oonciliatory policv. toward
t-enr.any and the reconstruction, rather
than the division,' of Europe. He will
?ay that France believes it ia the duty
of both nations to work for the peace
of Europe, even though thi8 means that
both England and Frarce will have to
make concessions. The Premier will
assert that any Anglo-French agree?
ment must bind not only the United
Kingdom "but all the British dominions
as well.
Premier Briand believes it is neces?
sary to aid not only Germany in recon?
struction, but also Austria and Turkey,
if constant o.isorders in the Near East
are to be avoided. A friendly attitude
toward Italy is regarded as paramount.
The Tribune correspondent learns
that Premier Briand is nrepamn f0
stick by what he terms his policy of
European reconstruction. Such a policy
is known by the French For* :gn Office
to be- most agreeable to the United
Stetes, and it is the cooperation of the
Washington government that Eurone
desires more than anything else.
In line with this policy, it is believed
that before the end of this month there
will be a modification of the German
indemnity terms. The size of the an?
nual payments Germanv must make
will be increased, but this wdl be offset
by *he lowering of other payments
which Germany has asked in order to
facilitate reconstruction.
Need of Alliance Felt
Although to-morrow's meeting for
the moment is of tiny surface signifi
cance, it is a get-together session of
representatives of the two great pow?
ers of Europe. Influential schools on
both sides oi* the Channel are con?
vinced of the impossibility of the
healthy recuperation of Europe if thc
tontinent is to be menaced constanUi*
by the political Uifferences of lhe lead?
ing Allied powers. Both France and
weat Britain have tried to pursue
separate ways for the past few months,
with almost d'sastrous results. Little
nres have constantly been flaring up
nere and there. one nation squirtine
water on the fiames while the other
Ppurs on gasoline. Examples of tfiis
Mtuation are to be found in the Near
East, where Great Britain is pro-Greek
ii?? c"?e -iH Pro-Turl<. and again in
upper bilesia, where the British are
pro-Cerman and the French pro-PoIish.
?*i i dansers growing out of these
?na Eimuar diiferences have begun to
throw a scare int> the London and
??r- C(Lbln,ets- This is particularly
t*ue in England, where Premier Lloyd
n.?I5e-' P.leadi!-<? -H health, has dis
ft.? h* Foroig*- Secretary with a
Brlnd t0 *** tcgether with
London Makes First Move
Moreover, a week ago the Quai
Qtrsay was ready to talk concessions,
XL ?* iWhe? P?w?-inr Street was
b?i J. g -o -jreak the ice. Experimental
S?"8 t0+utest the PoHtical air cur
Ki; v0nn*he 1ue--t*0*- of an Angio
in8*firLaTHlar!ce wcre 8ent UP -n the
a?R* Loru'?n Press ? fortnight ago
TJnl * p?Slbi Uy Proved to be encour
We"c;i P.rern*fr Briand meanwhile
I?* . and 8t-eceeded in forcing;
london to make the first move.
Bria,\7~n y L?Jd Curaon and P"mier!
?fK,?nfe?n -the Turkish andi
s*MSian p. oblems, but it is certain that
? 'Contlnne<? on pjoe three)
British C_oal Miner* Vote
To Continue on Strike
Owners' Terms Rejected, 432,
?>U to 183,827, With 64%
of Men Balloting
LONDON, June 17-(By The Asso
oated Pre_s).-The ballot of the coal
tlem/n. ?? the W??> of a strike set
-S ;. VOfS^ .c?n?nuatton of the
?fternoonWaS ?ftlcla,1y announced this
o_?i.eiresult of the h*Uot> aecocding to
centl',-oani.0Uanct'mf'nt' wa*: For ac
l_S?97.e r?f thea nune owners' terms,
the 5. _ ?r re_*ctio?. 43^,511. Thus
C a T ,?aVe -the nec*ssary majority
Ti ^nn-nHat-l?n of the strike.
m._; L_y c??mun'catcd to the govern
lnt,rhen?tfce_r('sult *>' the ballotins;
?__^ J? ned- . The ??cj?tive body of
t? a iner. will meet aKaln tonitfht
.f _./ -pcr cent of th0 memWahiu ,
Oi th! Un'?n VOted oa tb? l*te?t offer
w* tne owners.
Harding Orders Ship Board
To Sell Fleet, Cut Expenses
Would Obtain Best Possible Prices and Consider
Future Service of Vessels; Must Depend on
Private Owners to Develop Marine
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, June 17.?Pre_id_.it
Harding in an hour's conference with
tho new members of the Shipping
Board to-day outlined the hopes of the
Administration in reestablishing the
American merchant marine. The
President told the board members that
no time should be loat in clearing the
decks of all the legacies of the war by
charging off the war costs at tho la.g
est figure obtainuble, and to usscmblo
the assets of the board on a busmes*.
basi3 and then strive to build afreaii.
Tho President told the board mem?
bers that he had *the greatest faith in
their ability to makc the American
merchant marine a commanding figure
ia the world of shipping, and suggested
that the board follow a policy of dis
posing of the government vesseis at
the highest available price,. with
proper regard for the future serviees
of the vessels. Tho board was assured
that it will have the hearty support of
the Administration in the task which
confronts it.
Calls for Cqt in Costs
Mr. Harding told the members that
_hey must immediatey lop off all cost
ly nnd unproductivo operations and
get down to a solid busimtss founda?
tion. Ile agreed with the board that
the world's shipping was at its lowest
Britons Urge
Parley Over
Pacific Issues
Conference of U. S., Japan,
China, England and Do?
minions for Harmony Is
Proposed in Common).
Anierican FriendshipFirst
Government Leader Pledges
London Never Will Join
an Alliance Against tTs
LONDON, June 17 (By The Associ?
ated Press).?A conference of the na?
tions having interests in the Pacific
Ocean to di3pel misunderstandings
there was proposed by two speakers in
the House of Commons to-day. In the
debate, which covered the proposed re?
newal of the Anglo-Japanese alliance,
Sir Samuel Hoare, Unionist, urged the
calling of such a conference, to include
representatives of England, the Brit?
ish commonwealths, the United States,
Japan and China. The speaker de?
clared that if such a conference could
be brought together within the next
year it would be the best means of
meeting the grave problems facing the
country in the Pacific.
Sir John Davldson, Coalitionist, said
it was "absolutely essential that the
whole situation in the Far East be ade
quately reviewed by a conference com
prising not only the United States and
ourselves, but Japan, and I believe it
would be a sounder principle to extend
the Japanese treaty until the result of
that conference ha3 become known."
Sir John deprecated the renewal of
competition in armaments, and said it"
was essential that it be stopped at the
carliest possible moment.
American Friendship First
Austen Chamberlain, government
leader in the House of Commons, as?
serted that there must be "such confi?
dence, such an understanding and such
cooperation among the great Pacific
powers as may prevent that new com?
petition in armaments of which men
tion has been made, and to secure the
peace of that great ocean and the lands
abutting on it."
?In the debate, which took up the
ngenda of the imperial conferenc., that
opens here Monday, Mr. Chamberlain
said, regarding the Anglo-Japanese
"Although I do not in any way wish
to prejudice the action of the imperial
conference, it is right to say at once
that we shall be no party to an alli?
ance directed against America, or under
which we can be called upon to act
against America.
"I think it will be found possible to
reconcile our desire for a perfect un?
derstanding and close cooperation with
the people of the United States and the
continuance of our close and intimate
friendship with an ally who acted _o
loyally on the occasion when the alli?
ance became operative and retidered
such valuable support to the empire
during the war,
"That, after all, must be the object
of any British Cabinet, any British
minister or any government of any of
the dominions or India."
Mr. Chamberlain, replying to the
argument that the conditions which ne
cessitated the Anglo-Japanese alliance
had passed away, saftl he agreed to
this, but that it was necessary to have
regard to conditions in the future.
He refused to believe, he said, that
the alliance had given rise to any
real misconception or misapprehension
(Continued on pwe mrea)
Laborers in Cuba Revolt
When Denied Pay; Kill 5
Many Reported Without Food
or Shelter, Due to Closing
of Sugar Estates
KINGSTON, Jamaica, June 17.?A
serious uprising among the laborers on
the Purio sugar cotate in Cuba is re?
ported in advices received here. In
the riots, which broke out when the
laborers were unable to obtain their
wages, one of the managers of the
estate and four others were kilied.
The situation in Cuba brought on by
the closing down of sugar estates owing
to the financial stringency is said to
be serious. The Jamaican government
has found it necessary to repatriate
hundreds of Jamaicans who had been
working on these estates, and some of
the workmen arriving from Cuba re?
port that a large number of laborers
are without food and money.
cbb nnd that he did not expect ihe
hopes of tho Administration to be ac
complished speodily. He said that. the
oation would not c. pect the recon
etruction of the American merchant
marine to be nccomplishcd as by a
magician's wand, and he bespoke for
the board patience and forbcaraJice.
To carry out tho desires of the
I r.sident, the board will immediately
begin an exhaustive survey of the as?
sets of the government fleet and turn
its attention to reducing the _..o -mous
overhead that now prevails by Jispos
ing of the fleet to tho best advantage
to the government. Along with this
r.trvey will bo mvAc v. careful "nqui-v
to ascertain the productiveness of the
fleet, including a study. of ways and
means by which tho e_tablishn.ei_t can
bo leduced to the lowest possible cost
of operation.
After the conferepec at the White
House Chairman Lasker said it wan
the duty of the board to return imme?
diately to normaley and that steps
would be taken to fulfill the desires
of tho President.
"The President told us," Mr. Lasker
said, "that there was nothing he
wanted so much when he goes out of
oflice as to be recorded as the head
of the Administration under which the
American merchant marine was rc
"He folt that this could not be ac
complished in two years or even three
or four years, and that the future had
(Continued on ptsa fifteon)
iiig for
Allied Bond
Sale in U. S.
Will Ask Permission of
Congress to Dispose of
I s s u e s Covering Ten
Billion - Dollar Debts
To Retire Certificates
Many Advantages Besides
Relieving Strain on the
Treasury Seen in Plan
, By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, June 17.?Authority
tc sell Allied bonds to American in?
vestors? refunding the ten bUlion* of
debt now represented by Allied cer?
tificates in the Treasury Department?
will be asked of Congress by President
Harding. This was announced after
to-day's Cabinet meeting and confirn,ed
the exclusive announcement of the Ad
ministration's policy with regard to
foreign debts made in The Tribune's
Washington dispatches of May 26.
Several steps will be necessary in
the process, nnd authority for several
of them must be had from Congress,
it was explained at the Cabinet meet?
ing. Tho subject was brought up by
Secretary of the Treasury Mellon, who
wanted to know how much of the Ad
ministration's plans he could disclose
in a speech he will make in the near
The first step ia to effect an agree?
ment with Great Britain, France, Jtaly
and Belgium, not to menti'on other
Alhed nations owing this country
money advauced during the war,
whereby those countries will create an
issue of bonds to replace their present
certificates of indebtedness. ? Obviously
these new bonds would have to bear in?
terest at a rate high enough to make
them attractive to investors.
Some Advantages of Deal
Then these bonds could be soid to
American investors, and the proceeds
placed in the United States Treasury.
As was pointed out in The Tribune
lasfc month, the advantages of having
the bonds in the hands of private in?
vestors instead of in the United States
Treasury are several. For one thing,
the foreign governments would be
milch less likely to default interest
payments. The investor, and particu?
larly the investment banker who ad
vises bond purchasers, has a long mem?
ory. A corporation, nation, state or
city that fails to make interest pay?
ments promptly on its bonds is tagged
in that memory and pays the penalty
not for a little while, but for genera
tions. Some students of finance have
estimated that the Southern states
which repudiated carpetbag bonds have
paid dollar for dollar more in extra
nigh interest charges on . subsequent
bond issues than if they had paid off
the carpetbag bonds at par.
Another advantage, of course, would
o? iL ,fc would relieve the United
States Treasury of the big load it is
now carrying. It would permit a sub
stantial reduction of taxes on the as
sumption that the interest is not beine
paid while the United States holds thi
debt certificates, but would , be paid
after the bonds aro in the hands of
private investors. This is also based
?&r*% th^?ry that,the Proceeds placed
into the Treasury from the sale of the
bonds would be used at once for the re
dempt-on of Liberty bonds.
Hnn ??-lt- \* adm-lt'ed by Administra?
tion officials, would be the intelligent
way to use the funds, so as to reduce
the interest payments on Liberty bonds
which the Treasury now has to make
It would also, naturally, improve the
(Continued ?n pug* fifte-n)
Island Seized by Tenants
In Revolt Against Owner
400 Spaniards, Armed With
Guns and Farm Tools, Expel
, the Guards
MADRID, June 17.?Inhabitants of
an islet in the mouth of the river lead?
ing to Vigo, numbering 400, have re
vclted and expelled the guards and
also the administrator, says the Vijro
ccrrespondent of La Libertad to-day
The island belongs to a physician
who resides m Vigo, with whom tho
tenants refuse to have further rela?
tions. Yesterday, the correspondent
says, the entire population, armed with
shotguns, oars and agricultural imple
ments, attacked the guards, causing
them to retreat to the mainland. The
Governor of the province haa ordered
a force of civil guards to proceed to
the island and restore order.
Confusion of
Russell Aids
Mrs. Stillman
Diary Contradiets Former
Testimony ;PlacesFinan
cier With Wife Months
Before the Birth of Guy
Wire to Beauvais
Told About Baby
"Little Black Bear Has Ar?
rived" Sent by Order
of Mother, Nurse Says
From a Staff Correspondent ?
POUGHKEEPSIE, K. y., June t.....
By tho production of his memornndium
book, which was admitted as evidetnee
at to-day's hearing of the divorce suit
of Jfcmes A. Stillman before Danitel J.
Gleason, referee, Hugh L. Russeyt the
Buffalo osteopath whose previous testi
mony wa's considered the most damag
ing blow dealt at the defense, oontra
dicted his former statements.
He was obliged to read entries which
showed that Mr. Stillman was at-Pleas
antville with his wife on January o
. nd February 24, 1918, nine months be?
fore the birth of Guy, who is co-de
fondant in the divorce suit. The en?
tries, which showed evidence of eras
ures, indicated that Russell attended
Mrs. Stillman, James A. Stillman, Alex?
ander Stillman, Frankie Beauvais and
Fred Beauvais at Mondanne, the Pleas
antville estate, on both those.dates.
Russell was on the stand from H
tnC}?Sn in th? ?TornSn_. until 5:30 in
the afternoon. He proved to be a dia
cursive^ and contradictory witness and
was rebuked by counsel for the defen".
for 'making stump speechea." Fre?
quent conferences with Mr. Stillman
and his counsel, Cornelius .1. Sul ivan
were adnntted by Russell. [Hi. testi
mony to-day was such that it was con
suierod hkely that all his previous tes
Umony will be stricken out. grf.%
Daniel Gleason has the que.nltion under
June 28 heanngs nre ^etsumed on
Wired Beauvais of Guy's Birth
Offsetting the triumph for Mrs. Still
mon ,n this part of the day's proceed?
ings was the testimony of Ma_-y Olive
Sfe the ,nu"e who attended her
at the Woman's Hospital wh^n Guy was
?h?rn-_-?i\e s_wore that ?n *!? day of
the child s birth the financier's wife
mstructed her to send a telegram to
Fred Beauvais at Grand Piltes, Quebec
containing the announcement:
'The little black benr has arrived." .
The defense contends thatdurino- the
summer befo.e Guy's birth it was ar?
ranged that "Budciy" StiEman, Fred
Beauvais and others should be notified
in this way of the birth of the child;
that ii it was a boy the reference would
be black bear " and if a girl " white
bear. rhe nurse also te-stified that
James A. Stillman visited his wife at
the hospital after the birth of Guy and
brought her.gifts, but that he showed
no interest in the child and never asked
to see it.
It was clear that the day's events were
to Mrs. Stiliman's liking. She pro
nounced it a "wonderful day." She ap?
peared in court wearing a new scaiiet
straw hat, -vhich she said she hoped
would strike terror into the heart
0 n-u RuaseI1- if ^e had any heart."
The testimony of Miss Gilligan was
to the effect that she was engaged by
Dr, \Wrren Hildreth, of the Woman's
Hospital, to care for Mrs. Stillman be?
fore the birth of Guy on November 7
1918. Around Christmas, 1918, she
went with her patient to 270 Park Ave?
nue and remained there until January
6. 1919. Mr. Stillman visited his wife
every day &t the-hospital, although he
never asked for the child or saw Guy,
to the best of her knowledge, said Miss
Gilhgan. At 270 Park Avenue she and
Guy occupied the room between the
bedrooms of Mr. and Mrs. Stillman and
she never saw him with the baby nor
did she hear him refer to it, she said.
Guy was born at 3 a. m. on November
7, and the following forenoon the
nurse was called to the bedside and
asked to send the telegram to Beau?
vais, according to her testimony. She
was also instructed to notify Mr. Still?
man to come and visit his wife.
Gave Wife Painting in 1918
Under cross-examination Miss Gilli?
gan said that on Christmas Day, 1918,
James Stillman gave his wife a paint?
ing entitled "Spring," by Maxfield
Parnsh. .
When Russell, looking dapper and
seemingly well satisfied with himself
took the stand he testified that he was
called to Canada on September 25, 1919,
by the Stillmans. Wheu he arrived at
Grand Anse he found the place run
down and in a state of general dis
order. Because of this Mrs. Stillman
asked him to give the place a survey
and look up tho title. On October 9,
1919, Russell went to the county seat,
which was, St. Catherines, with Mrs,
Stillman and Beauvais. He said that
upon arriving there he found the In
(Continue. on p*g. four)
In 20% Bonus
Mortgage Co.
Senator a Director and
Newton Named Counsel
by Corporation Under
Inquiry by Uuterniyer
Fire Insurance
Ring in Buffalo
Lumber Price -'Fixing
and Plsster Combine
Revealed by Committee
From a Staff Corresvondcnt
BUFFALO, June 17.?A mortgage
loan corporation with which Attorney
General Charles D. Newton and United
States Senator James W. Wadsworth
jr., of New York, are associated was
one of the chief subjecta of investi?
gation before the Lockwood committee
on housing here to-day.
According to the testimony this firm
demandcd a bonus of 20 per cent on
second mortgage loans in addition to
the regular 6 per cent interest. Pros
pectuses of the concern submitted in
evidence promised minimum profits of
20 and 30 per cent to investors "with
perfect safety."
Attorney General Newton is named
as general counsel of tho corporation
and is listed with Senator Wadsworth
a.-.ong the directors. The Senator
joincd the firm only two weeks ago.
Fire Insurance Inquiry
The committee also found a fire in?
surance combine in this part of the
state which was monopolizing tne^field
in a manner similar to the operations
of the New York Fire Insurance Ex?
change. Following a grill ing by Sam?
uel Untermyer, chief counsel "to the
committee, the manager of the organ?
ization promised that the. members
wouid eliminate the objectionable
practices and would agree to all the
amendments decided upon between the
committee and the New York Fire In?
surance Exchange.
After exposing a lumber dealers'
state and local price-lixing organiza?
tion and disclosing that the contro! of
the mining, manui'acturing, wholesaling
and retailing of gypsuni mul plaater
in the East was in the hands of one
inan, Mr. Untermyer closed the ses?
sions of the committee here with a
summary of the work accomplished.
The committee is to resume'its sessions
in Nev- York City Wednesday piorning
and will continue until the following
Saturday, when Mr. Untermyer s*iis
for Europe. Tt is understood that the
investigation will be taken up again
in the fall.
The name of the mortgage loan con?
cern oxamined by the committee with
which Attorney General Newton and
Seiiiitcr Wadsworth are connected is,
the Frontier Mortgage Corporation, of
L"iffrdo. A company known as the
Smoot Corporation, according to the
evidence, has been organized to sell
stock in the mortgage firm. The dffices
of the company are in this city, to
which most of its activities have been
confined, according to witnesses, since
May 23, 11)20, when it was organized.
The testimony in connection with
the matter was obtained. through Ed?
ward H. Hunt, secretary of the Fron?
tier Corporation. He said he was also
secretary and treasurer of the stock
selling corporation. The authorized
capital of the Frontier company, he
testified, was $5,000,000, but that the
issued capital was about $875,000. The
firm rarely dealt in first mortgages,
he said, the primary business being
second mortgages. Its president is
Michael F. Dehrenberg jr., and among
its directors, besides Messrs. Newton
and Wadsworth, according to the tes?
timony, are a "number of very distin
guished gentlemen." Since its organ?
ization Hunt said the corporation has
loaned money on from 125 to 150 mort?
gages, all second mortgages but one.
Prospectuses which Mr. Untermyer
read into the record said in part:
"Whenever the mortgage corporation
parts with $1,000 it usually gets a
minimum of $1,200 in mortgage im?
"Furthermore, interest is computed
on the $1,200 face value, giving the
mortgage company interest on the
prcfits. America to-day is five million
homes short. Buffalo needs at least
5,000 homes this year. The need for
this financing is overwhelming. The
Frcntier Mortgage Corporation is now
handling only a fraction of the business
presented to it daily and it can hope
to take but a small part of the busi?
ness offered, and on account of the
size of the business it is always in
the position of selecting the cream of
the mortgages offered."
The prospectus then went on to sav
that "the profits in the mortgage busi?
ness are exceptional. To be conserv
ative, the estimated minimum profit is
30 per cent, accomplished with perfect
safety." Hunt said that the 30 should
have been 20, and that it crept into
some of the prospectuses as a typo
graphical error. The prospectusei
said, too, that the discount' for first
(Continued en next page)
Princeton Firebngs' Orgy Adds
Thrills to Commencement Week
PRINCETON, N. J., June 17.?Six
fires, said to be of incendiary origin,
that were discovered late last night
and early to-day in >wldely separated
parts of Princeton caused more than
$20,000 worth of damage and added an
unscheduled thrill to the commence?
ment festivities. While fire apparatus
reinains outside all fire houses to-night
for instant call, soldiers'are patiolhng
the streets in hope of preventing fur?
ther outbreaks.
The first two fires were reported at
a late hour' last night. Before fire
apparatus could control the first blaze
a house and barn were destroy* d, the
occupants of the house barely escaping.
The second fire was in another barn,
which was partly destroyed. Two other
houses wero fired while engine com?
panies were at the scene of the first
two blazes, but they were quickly ex
In spite of the fact that policemen
and soldiers were posted in all parts
of town, four other fires were started
to-day. Two of these were on Cham?
bers Street, one^en Washington Eoad
and one at Presqsl Park.
Throughout the day snoradic at
tcmpts have been made to fire build?
ings on the college campus. The fire
apparatus has been taxed to the limit
in traveling from one reported blaze
to another.
Gasoline or keresone and cxcelsior
were used to fire most of the build?
ings. The fire in the barn on Moran
Place, owned by James McCarthy,
which was destroyed last night, was
said to have been started in this man?
ner. By the time tlie first of the four
motor fire engines could reach the
brrn it was too far gone to save. As
the last wall of the barn fell three of
the engines were forced to answer an
alarm in Lee Street.
In some instances the poliee say even
the doors and window sills have been
sprayed with gasoline. No arrests have
been reported.
Twenty-seven classes returned en
masse for the 174th annual commence
ment ceremonies, and paraded the
streets attired in Mexican,. Chinese
and innumerable other picturesque cos
tumes. Each returning class brought
its own band. The formal exercises
will not begin until to-morrow. The
eldest of the classes back for reunion
is the clas of '61, whlcfe left Prince?
ton sixty years ago.
Thousands Imperiled
In Dank., Dirty, Firetrap
Schools, Survey Shows
eyer Calls
I Enright Blu
~?, q,
Graft Investigalors End
Pussyfooling and Order
Police Head In Monday;
May Call Hylan Next
The joint legislative graft investi?
gating committee yesterday served a
subpoena calling upon Richard E. En?
right, Commissioner of Police, to ap?
pear at the committee's headquarters
on Monday at 2:30 p. m. It is not un
likely that before Enright's examina?
tion in concluded a subpoena for Mayor
Hylan will be issued.
The subpoena on the Police Commis?
sioner was not served until toward 6
o'clock last night, after the committee,
through its counsel, Elon R. Brown,
had charged that Enright, who had
absented himself from Police Head?
quarters until late, had known th.
previous night that a process server
would be waiting for him at Headquar?
ters yesterday.
Brown said that the committee
wanted Enright to explain why orders
had been issued to his subordinates in
the department forbidding them to
produce certain documents and r.cords
of the Police Department which had
been called for in subpeenas.
May Ask Courts to Punish Him
"If Enright does not produce- the
documents and papers which the de?
partment ha8 withheld," said Senator
Scfiuyler M. Meyer, chairman _-. the
committee, "we shall apply io the
courts to punish him for contempt.
And if we find he is acting on Mayor
Hylan's instructiens we will subpeena
the Mayor,"
f It was said at tha' headquarteri of
the committee, after it was announced
that Enright would be haled before it
that the period of pussyfooting with
the Hearst-Hylan-Tammany adminis?
tration was at an end.
Fear was expressed by members of
the committee that much-wanted
documents and records of the Polire
Department had been destroved or lost
It 13 known that certain records , f the
department have been kept in loose
leaf books since Mayor Hylan raised
his friend Enright from a lieutenant'a
desk ,o the office of Commissimer
Charges have been made in the past
that this system permitted all sorts
oiabuses, and the legislative investi
gators fear that manv of the locsc
leaves will prove to be lost leaves
The subpcena originally issued for the
Poliee Commissioner called for his an
pearance before the committee at 2-30
o clock yesterday afternoon. A' sub
committee of three was present to
assist the committee's chief counsel
m examining the witness.
At 4 o'clock, when Enright is sup?
posed to see the newspaper men for a
weekly interview, the committee's proc?
ess server telephoned the committee
that the Poliee CommissioneT was still
"Must Have Gone Fishing"
Elon R. Brown, who called at the
committee's headquarters to conduct
the examination of Enright, on receiv?
ing word that the poliee head was still
absenting himself from Headquarters,
"The Poliee Commissioner must. have
gone fishing. We want to ask him
about several thipgs. Some time ago
one of the committee's investigators
went to Poliee Headquarters and by
arrangement with the city authorities j
proceedSd to examine certain papers.
The Poliee Department put a member
of the force alongside of l.im and he
could not even- whisper with any pri?
"Next we asked the department to
produce some papers here?about three
boxes full. The Commissioner s\nt
down a little package instead. Then
last night the story went out that the
committee was going tto ask the Com?
missioner to come down here to ex
plain. And when our process server
arrived at Poliee Headquarters this
morning he found the Commissioner
was not there."
"Yes," added Senator Meyer, "Com?
missioner Enright was aware of the
committee's intention last night."
Enright finally appeared at Poliee
Headquarters at 5:35 and a subpeena
was served upon him.
Confesses Burning Wife,
4 Children, Poliee Assert I
Failure to Keep Death Compact
Declared Due to Farmer's
Lack of Courage
CALGARY, Alb., June 17.?The poliee
to-day asserted that J. J. Rutledge, an
Innesfail farmer, had confessed that
he and his wife Tuesday night had
deliberately set fire. to their farm
house, in which their four children
and Mrs. Rutledge were burncd to
According to the poliee, Rutledge
said he and his wife had planned to
die with their children because they
feared they would be taken from them
by a children's aid society. But his
courage had failed and he ? escaped,
carrying one girl with him. He is in
a hospital, suffering from severe burns
and formnlly charged with" murder.
Rutledge, in his alleged confession,
said he and his wife had considered
death by drowning or shooting, but
finally had decided to soak the chil- !
dren's beds with gasoline.
Rutledge added he had knocked one j
child unconscious to save it pain, and
may have struck others, according to
the poliee.
? .? be?t writln* paper* ax? WH1TIXO
Pii* ERS.?Adrt,
Prall Pledges School
Relief by Next Fall
Anning S. Prall, President of
the Board of Education, said laet
night that he had had no oppor?
tunity to read the report on the
condition of school buildings in
the city. ITe added that pro?
vision had been made for the con?
struction of nsw buildings and the
remedying of conditions.
"I hope the public. v/ill under?
stand that it is quite impossible
to make repairs to public school
buildings except during the vaca?
tion time, when the buildings are
not in use," he said. "We will
therefore find at the opening of
the next fall term much to be
thankful for in the way of im?
proved conditions in the public
school buildings of this city."
ood Warns
Of Bankruptcy
In Philippines
Island Government Facing
Financial Crash Unless
Washington Assists, He
Says in Plea to Week.
Congress to Act at Once
Emergency Bills to Raise
the Debt Limit to. Thirty
Millions Are Proposed
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, June 17.?The Phil?
ippine Island government faces bank?
ruptcy _nl.S3 immediate relief is pro?
vided by th:s government. This infor?
mation Came to-day as a distinet sur
prise from Major General Leonard
Wood and caused such a stir in Con?
gress that leaders got together
immediately and began plans for
emergency legislation which will put
the finances of the island possessions
in. better condition.
General Wood'3 plea, sent to Con?
gress through Secretary of War Weeks,
declared the danger of the situation
in the Philippines cannot be over-'
estimated. Ile urged that no time be
lost in extending the dc-bt-making
power of the Philippine government
from $15,000,000 to $30,000,000.
The cablegram from General Wood
declared that the government cannot
"purchase exchange even to meet cur?
rent running expenses payable in the
United States." The local banW of the
Philippines, he said, has "been asked
not to present its circulating notes for
redemption, while cash reserves are
now about 10 per cent of legal require?
Need Not Realized
While the Administration had knowl
edge that the financial strueture of the
islands government was not as sound
as it should be, due to the failure of
the past two Democratic administra
tiona to provide for its develojpment,
pmticulaily during the war, it was not
generally realized that the situation
was as critical as General Wood's com
munication rriude plain. Some steps
had been taken since the new Congress
convened to enact the necessary legis?
lation, but in the rush of other im
portr.nt matters these have been de?
layed from time to time.
In transmitting the cablegram to?
day, Secretary Weeks seconded in
stiong language General Wood's plea.
The net result is that the Philippine
reliei legislation is to be given prefer?
ence and rushed through Congress in
advance of other scheduled legislation.
A bill providing for the increase in the
amount of the national debt of the
islands has already been introduced
and it will take only a few days, in
the belief of leaders,'to put it through
bcth houses.
Acting Governor General Yeater
jioined with General Wood in the plea.
The cablegram* from him declared the
"situation is constantly getting worse."
Secretary Weeks abo ?ent to Con?
gress a communication from a Mr.
Fairchild, one of the leading American
business men of the Philippines, which
declared the government's revenues are
falling short, particularly in customs
receipts and sales and income taxes.
"All export products are stagnant;
prices are falling?in many cases being
below the coat of production," he said.
"Many failures are reported. All at
tempta to obtain financial relief for
business enterprise from sources other
than the Federal government faH be?
cause of uncertainty regardlng the fu?
ture political status."
On Your
To avoid the annoyance of not
having your Tribune every
morning, have your city news
dealer advise us to forward
The Tribune to your vacation
address. Or if it is more con
venient telephone Beekman
Qubwomen Blame Hylan
for Shocking Condition
of Buildings Where
Pupils Crowd Classes
Menace Revealed
In All Borouglis
Squalid Structures. With
Leaky Roofs, Called
Breeders of Pestilence
The most severe indictment of
New York's public school manage?
ment ever made was presented to
Anning S. Prall, President of the
Board of Education, yesterday in a
report filed by a committee repre
senting forty women's clubs and civic
Basing its charge on specific data,
| obtained after more than a year's
(work-in personal inspection of typi
jcal school buildings in each of the
|five boroughs, the committee, which
J was created by members of the local
j woman's department of the National
J Civic Federation to prevent a
j "threatened break-down in the New
jYork public school system," alleges
j that it would be criminal negligence
j to permit a continuance of the over
| crowded, insanitary and dilapidated
j condition of the buildings."
Shocking Conditions Revealed
j Although contending that its sur?
vey of the school system is without ar.y
political motive, the committee points
out that the schools are in a worse
condition to-day than at any previous
time in their history. The disclosures
jconfirm those made some months ago
jby The Tribune, showing that Mayor
j Hylan's promises when he took office
j more than three years ago to give spe
]';ial attention to relieving overcrowded
j schools have not been fulfilied.
Filthy .-.anitary conditions, unwholf
| some plumbing in toilet rooms, leaking
i roofs, rooms infested with flies from
j neighborhood garbage cans, odors from
j sewage, dangerous stairways, vermin,
i dirt and overcrowded classrooms lit by
artificiai light ai*3 some of the objec
tionable features found by the commit?
tee. The Julia Richman High Schooi,
60 West Thirteenth Street, for instance.
is described as "a fire-trap." The Girls'
| High School, in Brooklyr, is declared to
! be so insanitary as to be "impossible."
"The committee is convinced, as it
! believes every citizen will be when in?
formed. that it would be criminal negli?
gence for the community to permit our
thousands of public school children to
receive indefinitely their training for
citizenship in dilapidated and disrepu
table structures that are daily deterioi
atir.g three times faster than they are
leing repaired," says the report.
The purpose of the report is to
awaken public consciousness "to insist
upon the cessation of unfulfilled prom?
ises and the adoption by our elected of?
ficials of prompt and effective measure.i
to meet tne emergency."
Prall Seeks Relief
President Prall last night said that
he had not ? yet read the report, but
said that the board had been working
for the improvement of the schools.
Mrs. Rogers H. Bacon, chairman of
thc committee, presented the report to
President Prall. Some of the organ?
izations which participated in the in?
vestigation were the Woman's Munici
pal League, woman's department of
the National Civic Federation, Wom?
an's City Club, Council of Jewish
Women, Public Education Association,
League of Catholic Women, New York
State Feder*i.tion of Women's Clubs,
the State Federation of Business and
Professional Women's clubs and tbe
Civitas Club, Brooklyn.
Of forty schools inspected thirty
seven were elementary, two high and
one for the deaf. Fifteen of the
brildings are in Manhattan, four in
the Bronx, /onrteen in Brooklyn, n*re
in Queens and two in Richmond,
Referring generally to the sanitary
condition of all the schools inspected,
the report says:
"Such remarks as 'oid and terribly
insanitary,' 'dark and evil smelling,'
'old, out of repair and filthy,' 'twelve
toilets for 1,200 boys,' old and in fear
ful condition,' illustrate the kind of
conditions which are all too prevalent.
There are practically no basins or
towels for teachers or pupils and
where there are any they are insuf
ficient in number. The toilets are
usually in dark basenrents or in the
yard. with no connecting passageway
?cold, clammy and only too frequently
repulsive to even those of less eensi
tive tastes. Such conditions are char
acteristic of sanitary standards of dc
cades ago. It is beyond belief that
they should fce tolerated by either the
school or health authorUics of to-day.
New School l.-nhealthy
"One new school, P. S. 48, the Bronx,
with exeellent equipment, is on the
list because of the unhealthy condition
created by thc prcsence of a huge city
garbage dump not 300 feet from the
school. The odor and attendant flies
make conditions unspeakable at times
and are ever a menace to the health of
teachers and pupils."
Only fifteen out of thirty-eight
buildings examined with reference to
their need for repairs were found to
be satisfactory, On this point the re?
port says:
"For example, P. S. 10, Manhattan,
has had a leaky roof for two years;
P. S. 18, Manhattan, has had no repairs
in years?one ttairway has bt en board
ed up by the principal, as it was so
dilapidated as to be unsaie. Doors are
falling off the cupboards, which should
be locked?there are no locks on any
doors or cupboards.
"P. S. 127, Manhattan, has had no
real repairs in years, the ceilings art
leaking the walls dirty and-sfceeling.
P. S. 18, Brooklyn, has one Sutldlng

xml | txt