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ADVERTISED IN THE
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vol. LXXXI No. 27,273
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First to Last ?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
Fair and warmer to-day and to-morrow;
moderate soutlvwest wind".
lull Keport on Page 7
New York Tribun? Ino.)
MONDAY, JULY 18, 1021
* * *
Tn tiretiirr N>w York
Within 200 Mile?
Higher Rate Would Cause
Further Congestion in
Housing; Program Will
Be Made Known Aug. 15
Lines Is Planned
$7,000,000 Remission of
Taxes Is Offered as
Solution of Problem
Tentative proposals for the solution
of the city's transportation problems,
along lines suggested by Governor Mil?
ler in his message to the Legislature
last winter, will be made public by the
new transit commission about August
15. The plan, as drawn up, provides
for the retention, &\ least for the pres?
ent, of a five-cent fare on all lines
throughout the greater city.
Neither George McAneny, Leroy T.
Harkness nor Major General John r\
O'Ryan, members of the commission,
would make any comment yesterday
concerning the proposals, but it wa3
learned that after several months of
expert investigation of the physical and
financial conditions of all elevated, sub?
way and surface lines the commission
has decided upon a comprehensive
scheme which may be subject to minor
changes. To expedite its work the com?
mission has had at its disposal a com?
plete and disinterested survey of the
railroad properties gathered more than
a year ago by a committee appointed
by the Merchants' Association, headed
by Charles E. Hughes, now Secretary of
To Increase Efficiency'
Besides the retention of a five-cent
fare, the scheme, it is understood, will
embrace specifications for increasing
the efficiency of present transportation
facilities and for providing for the
future on a scale commensurate with
the city's growth. Some of the details
of the plan will be:
Immediate improvement of old lines,
with a view of increasing their capacity
so as to relieve congestion until new
routes can be established.
Projects for new lines to be con?
structed during a period of years and
on a scale that will enable the city to
make up in part for the lack of suffi?
cient construction since 1914.
Gradual unification of surface sys?
tems and abolition of transfers, which
on some lines now require the payment
of two and three fares for continuous
Abandonment of some of the surface
lines which are declared to be obsolete.
A thorough reorganization of trans?
portation finances with a view *o
"squeezing out" watered stock, as de?
manded by Governor Miller, and an
elimination of receiverships with their
expense and Federal court jurisdictions
as speedily as possible.
Would Cause Congestion
Need for continuing a 5-cent fare as
a basis for transportation throughout
the city is said to have been impressed
upon the commission from various
sources. Among these the argument
that the city's serious housing problem
demands a low fare has been given
consideration. It has been pointed out
that the imposition of a higher fare
would serve only to make more intol?
erable districts now congested. Since
the beginning of the war, it was ar?
gued, no new lines have been extended
to sparsely settled sections except
those begun or contracted for before
the war. To ask property owners to
build homes in sections in reach only
by a 10-cent or even an 8-cent fare
would be to ask them to take too great
a hazard, it was declared, because the
tendency of people would be to move
nearer to their work, so that, if pos- '
?sihle, they could walk and avoid pay?
ing any fare.
A zone system for charging accord?
ing to distance was likewise discour?
aged for the reason that passengers
naturally would choose to live within ui
minimum fare zone. Altogether the
proposal to increase fares as a means
of giving transportation lines mort
funds with which to carry on new proj?
ects was found to involve so many ob- \
jections that, it is understood, the \
commission has definitely decided that ,
for the present at least no higher fares
are to be permitted.
As an offset to withholding from the I
transportation companies the privilege !
of higher fares as a means of rehabili- I
. tating their finances, another scheme
has been proposed. Already the com?
panies have announced contemplated |
?eductions in wages to go into effect j
on or before the first of the year that \
will save them $3,500,000 annually in
their operating expenses. In addition
it is planned to reduce their expenses
by a remission of their taxes, amount?
ing to about $7,000,000 a year, making
(Continued ?n safe three)
Ford Reported Probable
Buyer of Wabash Road I
Belief Is He Desires Railway
System as an Outlet for
Muscle Shoals Nitrate
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
DETROIT, July 17?Purchase by!
Henry Ford of the Toledo and Fort1
?ayne division of the Wabash Rail-'
road was considered a strong possi-;
baity in Toledo, according to dispatches ;
received in Detroit.
It was believed also that the direction I
1 Mr. Ford's attention toward this I
Part of the Wabash lines is merely the ;
?orerunner of an effort to acquire the :
The decision of the government rela- '
?ve to Mr. Ford's offer to purchase the I
?usele Shoals, Ala., nitrate plant and !
'ease its water power properties will
determine whether or not the Wabarn '
hetd WlU be ?f value t0 him' it; wasi
H was pointed out that if the govern-1
?en? acts favorably on the Muscle;
ai ? ?ffer the Wabash would afford ;
direct freight shipment from Detroit 1
factories to St. Louis and connect that ?
Point with the nitrate plant by way of
in* Tennessee River.
a, ri Tord anc* n'3 advisers inspected
?S* _}1!do and Fort Wayne division of
?ne Wabash road and it was' learned
?irUre8-,!vere taken on which computa?
tion will be based as to the entire cost
SitiP * the r?ad in firat-class C0Q
Eight Is Sunday Death Toll
In Waters Around New York
Man and Sister Drown as He Tries to Rescue Her;
Wife Sees Husband Sink as Brother Goes to
His Aid; Nephew of Ex-Representative a Victim
Kight persons met death in and about
i New York waters yesterday.
Lawrence Ziegele, twenty-six years
'old, of 860 South Nineteenth Street,
N'cwark, and his sister Bertha, twenty
two years old, were swimming in the
j Passarc when Miss Ziegclo was seized
?with cramps and sank. Lawrence Ziegele
was some distance away when he heard
1 his sister's scream as she sank. He
made his way rapidly to the spot and
?dived. Coming to the surface with Miss
? Ziegele, ho endeavored to quiet her
but was unable to do so. She struggled
| desperately and both sank.
Friends of the couple who were near
| by attempted to reach them with oars
j from a boat in which they had been
i rowing on the river, but were unable to
I do so. Again Ziegele came to the sur
! face, and it was seen that the young
i man had his sister's hair wrapped about
I one hand. He was making an evident
! effort to hold her at arm's lenrrth Hpi
terrified struggles again? defeated his
I purpose and they again sank. This
time they remained submerged.
The drowning took place near Singac.
The young people had started for Sin?
gac in the morning, as has been their
custom on Sundays.
Both Bodies Recovered
Accompanying the Ziegeles were Otto
Young, seventeen, of 826 South Seven?
teenth Street, Newark, and Miss Caro?
line Burkhardt, of 826 South Seven?
teenth Street. The drowning took
place near Fairlield, a short distance
from the rifle range where many per?
sons were gathered. None appeared to
hear the cries for aid.
An hour after the drowning it was
reported at the Little Falls police ?ta
i tion. Both bodies were recovered last
Cornelius F. Cleary, fourteen yearn
old, nephew of former Representative
William E. Cleary, of 240 Seventy-third
j Street, Brooklyn, drowned in the after?
noon while swimming at the foot of
(Continued on oso? four)
i Hemming Rites
In Her Absence
?Barred as Witness Unless
She Signed Denial of
Statements, She Insists;
Invited, Stepson Replies
j Officials Confer To-day
?Will Decide if Murder of
| Broker and Suicide of
Slayer Are Closed Case
Funeral services for Henry G. Hem
: ming, who was murdered near Centre
jport, L. I., Thursday by Frank Eber
| hardt, the caretaker of his wife's estate
? on Duck Island, were held yesterday at
! 310 West Eighty-sixth Street, the home
i of his son, John G. Hemming.
Mrs. Hemming was not present. She
j said that her stepson, young Mr. Hem
j ming, had refused to tell her when the
j services were to be held unless she
i made a sworn denial of certain reports
concerning his father which became
current after the murder. Young Mr.
Hemming said that he had sug?
gested that she ought to deny the re?
ports, but asserted that he had told her
the hour and the place of the services
Sheriff John J. Kelly of Suffolk
County is said still to be of the opin?
ion that the District Attorney should
detain Mrs. Hemming as a material
witness and the question will be
settled at a conference to be held to?
day at which the Sheriff, District At?
torney Leroy Young and Assistant Dis?
trict Attorney Charles B. Partridge
will be present. Mr. Partridge, who
has had charge of the investigation
into the killing of Mr. Hemming and
the suicide of Eberhardt, intends to
report to his chief that in his judg?
ment the inquiry is closed.
Widow at Scene of Killing
Mrs. Hemming passed the day at
Duck Island in the hoxise on whose
steps Eberhardt stood when he shot
and killed her husband.
"I did everything possible to attend
the funeral," she said. "I went to New
York Saturday on the noon train for
the purpose of making arrangements
to be present. In the afternoon I tele?
phoned four times to young Mr. Hem
ming's home and asked what time the
funeral was to take place.
"He said he would not tell me unless
I signed a sworn statement saying that
newspaper reports concerning his father
were untrue. I told him I had not read
the newspapers and therefore would not
r.ign a statement such as he requested,
and he replied he would not inform
me of the hour. As there seemed noth?
ing else I could do, I returned home
to Duck Island late Saturday night
and telegraphed him as follows:
" 'You have no right to bury the body
of a husband without the wife's con?
sent. I have tried hard to learn the
hour of my husband's funeral, but so
far without success.'
"To-day, between 12 and 1 o'clock,
I received a telegram from Jack Hem?
ming saying the funeral would be held
in New York at 1 o'clock. How could
I possibly get there in time? It takes
over an hour and a quarter to reach
Manhattan from Northport.
"I wa3 never so upset by anything in
my life. I'm of the opinion now that
they sent me the notification of the
hour at the last minute to clear their
skirts. I thought then, and still think,
they violated their legal rights. I must
confess I do not understand Jack's at?
Mr. Hemming's son disputed the
charge of his stepmother that he had
tried to prevent her from attending the
(Continued on psge tour)
French Warship, Gift to
Jugo-Slavs, Stirs Italy
Comes at Time of Much Fric?
tion Between Adriatic Nations;
Parley May Be Called
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
MILAN, Italy, July 17.?Considerable
friction has arisen between Italy and
Jugo-Slaviu over certain provisions of
the Treaty of Rapallo, which ended the
Fiume controversy, and it is expected
that these will be the subject of nego?
tiations at a parley in the near future.
In view of this tension, France's de?
cision to sive '?-he battleship Vedette to
Jutro-Slavia has come at what is re- ?
garded here as an "unlucky moment.
The French Minister at Belgrade has
officially notified the Jugo-Slav govern?
ment o? ine present, 'rue name of the
ship is to be changed to Alexander.
The gift was the subject of discus?
sion at the meeting of the Italian Cab?
inet in Rome last night, where objec?
tions to the transaction were raised. It
was decided, however, to await receipt
of full details of the terms of the pre?
sentation before taking a definite 3tand.
The conservative belief here is that the
ship in question is really only a little
gunboat designed f or4 police duty along
the Adriatic coast, and that Belgrade
advices refer to it as a warship only to
?tir up the Italians. ,
In Texas Town
Taken From Hotel Veranda
and Stripped ; Ku-Klux
Klan Agitation Will Be
. Taken Up by Legislature
Courts and Governor Assert
Officers Are to Blame
for Failure to Suppress
SHREVEPORT, La., July 17.~-Mrs.
Beulah Johnson was taken from the
porch of a hotel at ' Tenaha, Tex.,
stripped, tarred and feathered, accord?
ing to advices reaching here to-day. '
The attack on Mrs. Johnson, which j
occurred last night, was said to have
been made by masked men wearing
white uniforms. They are said to have
driven up to the hotel in three automo?
biles and filed out, displaying firearms,
and to have taken the young woman
into one of the cars.
The automobiles proceeded to a point
several miles into the country, where
Mrs. Johnson's clothing was removed
and she was given a coat of tar and
feathers. She then was placed in the
automobile and returned to the town.
Mrs. Johnson, who claims to have
been working at the hotel as a maid j
and cook, says she did not know any |
of the men in the party.
Masked Band Beats Man
Beating of a man named McKnight, !
of Nacogdoches, Tex., by masked men j
at Timpson, a nearby town, is reported ?
here as another Saturday night de- j
velopment in border towns.
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
AUSTIN, Texas, July 17.?Legisla?
tive action having for its purpose the j
extermination of the Ku-Klu/c Klan or
any similar organization in Texas is to j
be proposed by Representative Lee J. j
Rountree in the special session of the
Texas Legislature called by Governor |
Pat M. Neff for to-morrow.
Special legislation is needed to meet j
the situation, says Mr. Rountree, due to ?
the fact that chapters of the Ku-Klux :
Klan are scattered over the state and j
no effective way of combating their j
activities has been discovered.
It is pointed out in an anonymous |
latter to Judge James R. Hamilton, of
the Criminal District Court of Travis !
County, that the Ku-Klux Klan employs
agents to circulate over the country
and organize chapters. That this is en- i
tireiy feasible is shown by the almost !
simultaneous appearance of the ?rrgani- |
zatTon in five Texas cities?Beaumont,
Dallas, Houston, Fort Worth and "Waco.
Supposed Abductors Arrested
Little has been done to check the en?
ergies of the Klan and only three men !
have been taken in custody. These men j
were arrested in Waco on July 8 and a ?
charge of white-capping filed against |
them. A few hours before a band had '
abducted a man from in front of the j
Waco City jail and taken him out of ;
the city. Officers in pursuit met three
men returning to the city with the vie- I
tim tarred and feathered and placed
them under arrest. Four others who
were in the party escaped.
On July 6 in Fort Worth a man was
given a coat of tar and dropped from I
a speeding automobile in the heart of |
the business district. Other supposed
evildoers were whipped, and a man !
accused of having killed a policeman j
Similar activities have been common
in the other cities of the state in ?
which the Klan exists. Several physi- !
cians in Beaumont and Houston have j
been driven away, and in Houston two'
alleged "lounge lizards" were at- !
tacked. Horsewhipping and tarrin?*;
and feathering have been the chief
methods of punishment, and except in
the Fort Worth case no known deaths j
have been charged to the members of ?
The advent of the organization in |
Austin, the capital of Texas, was made ;
known by posters tacked on the Travis
County Courthouse, the Capitol Build- !
(Continued on page four)
Out of Town !
Mak? sure of getting your
??opy of The Tribune by hav?
ing your city newsdealer ad?
vise us to forward Th? Tribun?
to your out-of-town address.
Or if it is more convenient
telephone Beekman 3000.
itom im* ?riftttne
To Testify on
Senator Returns Wednes?
day and Will Detail Part
He Played in Pushing
Police 'Soft Berth9 Bill
Enright and O'Hara
Tells Hirshfield to Run
Inquiry as He Pleases,
but Beware 'Whitewash'
Senator Schuylcr M. Meyer yester?
day announced that the joint legisla?
tive committeo of which he is chair?
man, will not, as David Hirshfield,
Commissioner of Accounts believes, in?
terfere with Mr. Hirshfield's investi?
gation of the $27,000 slush fund raised
by the detectives to assist the progress
of the bill introduced by Senator
Clayton R. Lusk, rivetting the detec?
tives to their jobs and increasing their
Senator Meyer also assured the Com?
missioner of Accounts, who had invited
Senator Lusk through him to appear
before the committee to "explain his
activities in connection with the bill"
that the invitation would be accepted.
Senator~_usk will return to town Wed?
nesday and will then present himself
before Commissioner Hirshfield.
Also the chairman of the legislative
committee suggested that Hirshfield
call Police Commissioner Enright and
Mayor Hylan's brother-in-law, Detec?
tive Irving O'Hara, who, according to
report, was to have headed the reor?
ganized Detective Bureau which the
Lusk bill would have created.
Wants Enrlght's Explanation
"I suggest that Commissioner Hirsh- \
field call Commissioner Enright to the ?
stand," said Senator Meyer, "and find '
out whether these detectives went to
Albany and remained there many days I
to lobby for the bill with his knowl
edge and consent.
"I suggest that he also call Mayor
Hylan's brother-in-law, Detective
O'Hara, and ask him if he attempted
to bring any pressure to bear in favor
of the bill with the Mayor's knowledge
"Let him ask Commissioner Enright
why the two detectives, who, according
to Mr, Hirshfield, were guilty of a
crime, were not dismissed, and why
they were merely demoted, thus re?
ceiving a punishment no greater than
that inflicted by Commissioner Enright
on 'Honest Dan' Costigan for being an
efficient police officer.
"Let him also ask Commissioner En?
right how long he knew of the so
called slush fund before he requested
It is said that the legislative in?
vestigating committee has information
tending to show that the Mayor's
brother-in-law worked as zealously as
any other member of the department
to put the bill through. It also has
information that the Police Depart?
ment knew of the slush fund for weeks
before it asked Commissioner Hirsh?
field to make the investigation. That
there was a slush fund was common
report last April in Albany, and the
newspapers published the charge,
which was made by members of the
Police Department who opposed the
Meyer Pledges Hands Off
Senator Meyer prefaced his sugges?
tions to Commissioner Hirshfield that
O'Hara and Enright be called to the
stand by the following:
"According to the newspapers, Com?
missioner Hirshfield has addressed a
communication to me concerning his in?
vestigation of the Detectives Endow?
ment Association and its connection
with the so-called detectives' bill in?
troduced in the last Legislature by
"Commissioner Hirshfield need have
no fear that the committee of which I
am chairman and Senator Lusk a mem?
ber will interfere with his investiga?
"1 advise Commissioner Hirshfield to
make his investigation honest and thor?
ough. In at least one matter which
our committee has investigated Mr.
Hirshfield has attempted to apply his
well worn whitewash brush. We shall
not follow his example."
Those who are familiar with the his?
tory of the efforts of the detectives
under Commissioner Enright to get
through the last two legislatures bills
making their jobs permanent and their
salaries larger and giving free rein to
the Police Commissioner to add as
many detectives to the force as he de?
sired, predict that if the investigation
by Commissioner Hirshfield is thor?
ough it will result in the development
of a sensational situation, involving
many men prominent in politics and
numerous cronies of Mayor Hylan.
Records Are Missing
Records of the Detective Endow?
ment Association, which would show
(Continued on page three)
Asserts Admiral Did
Navy and Nation Great
Service by Criticism
Within His Rights
In Citing Faults
Wilson and His Secretary
Condemned for Delays
i in War's Critical Time
From The. Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 17.?Rear Ad?
miral William S. Sims is given a com?
plete and sweeping vindication in the
majority report of the Senate Naval
Affairs sub-committee which investi?
gated the famous Sims-Daniels con?
troversy. The report of the majority
of the sub-committee, along with the
minority report, was made public to?
The majority report is signed by
Senators Hale, of Maine; Ball, of Dela?
ware, and Koyes, of New Hampshire,
Republican members of the sub-com?
mittee. It upholds the course of Ad?
miral Sims in the most emphatic fash?
ion. The minority report is signed by
Senators Pittman, of Nevada, cad
Trammell, of Florida, Democrats. It
sustains former Secretary of the Navy
Daniels's Report Belied
The assertion of former Secretary
Daniels that the navy was ready for
war "from stem to stern" when this
country entered the war with Germany
is flatly belied by the finding of the
majority report. Taken in its entirety,
the majority report, which is a com?
prehensive document, is a blistering
condemnation of the naval policy of the
Wilson-Daniels r?gime in the early
; period of the war, and particularly in
the period from the time war was de?
clared until about the close of 1917.
The report of the sub-committee re?
lates to the merits of the criticisms of
naval policy of this government in the
World War made by Admiral Sims in
a letter which he sent to Mr. Daniels
urder date of January 7, 1920.
The letter discussed "Certain naval
lessons of the great war." On Jann
uary 7, li)20, while the Hale sub?
committee of tlie Senate Naval Af?
fairs Committee was investigating the
controversy over naval awards, Ad?
miral Sims presented and read to the
sub-committee a copy of this letter.
It was a comprehensive criticism of
alleged numerous mistakes and errors
made by the Navy Department, headed
by Mr. Daniels, in the conduct of the
war. It raised a great stir not alone
in naval circles, but in Congress and
throughout this country and Europe.
The sub-committee was directed by
the Naval Affairs Committee of the
Senate to investigate and report on
the matters referred to in Admiral
Sims's letter, and the present report,
including the majority and the minor?
ity findings, grows out of the inquiry.
The report of the majority of the
sub-committee constitutes a document j
of 136 printed pages, and because of
the facts it gives with respect to the i
part taken by the United States Navy
in tho war is certain to have increas- j
ing historic value as the years pass by. j
The minority report alone contains i
eighty printed pages and also is an in?
Sims's Right to Criticize Upheld
Dealing specifically with the conduct
of Rear Admiral Sims, apart from j
questions of naval policy, the majority
report makes this finding fully uphold
ing his course:
"First?We find that Rear Admiral !
Sims not only was within his rights |
in writing as he did to the Secretary j
of the Navy on January 7, 1920, con- ?
cerning certain naval lessons of the j
war, but we find, also, that as Rear j
Admiral Sims was in a very respon
sible position during the war and j
knew that important lessons could be
learned from his observations, it was
his duty to write as he did, making a
frank and confidential criticism to
the Secretary of the Navy.
"Second?We find that in making
his criticism, as in his letter of Jan- j
uary 7, 1920, Rear Admiral Sims in- :
tended to serve the navy and the na- !
tion and that he did render a great |
service, in addition to his service j
during the war by pointing out naval
conditions and.mistakes which were
not realized and which should be cor?
rected in order that henceforth the
navy may be a still better servant of
"Third?We find that Rear Admiral
Sims acted with entire propriety in j
reading his letter of January 7, 1920, ?
before the sub-committee of the Sen- ?
ate Committee on Naval Affairs when j
the chairman of the sub-committee i
called upon Rear Admiral Sims to
read it to the sub-committee."
Daniels's Mistaken Policy
The majority report, in an exhaustive '
review of the Daniels naval policy un- !
(Continued on next page)
Cadorna's Home Robbed of War
Data; His Enemies Are Blamed
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
MILAN, Italy, July 17.--The villa in
Florence belonging to General Count
Luigi Cadorna, commander-in-chief of
the Italian armies up to and including
the battle of Caporetto, was broken
into last night and several important
documents bearing on the war were
stolen. The theft appears to have had
a political character, because silver,
ornaments, cutlery, rich rugs, furs and
other valuables in the house were left
It is believed that the stolen docu?
ments were some General Cadorna
planned to reveal in the war histories
he is writing. Certain unidentified
political enemies of the former military
hero of Italy, knowing that such revela?
tions would throw a very bad light on
them, are thought to have decided to
steal them. Among these enemies are
"believed to have been the men who let
Cadorna bear the.^esponsibility for the
I Caporetto disaster, for which they !
really were to blame.
Among them were certain officials :
in the War Ministry who aspersed Ca- !
dorna's character in a vain attempt,
after the retreat of the Italian army to
Piave, to prevent the public from know?
ing their own shortcomings.
The thieves were not content, how- '
ever, with taking the documents that
would have incriminated them. They '
also stole all of General Cadorna's mil?
itary decorations, as well as those !
which had belonged to Cadorna's fa?
ther, General Raphael Cadorna, an
Italian hero in the Crimean and Papal
States wars. Among the medals stolen
was the Collare Annunciata, a decora?
tion Cadorna's father had won in the
Italian dependency wars. It i.i much
prized because it entitles the wearer to
call himself a cousin of the King. Only
four living persons can wear it. The
thieves also went so far as to tear into
?trips an oil portrait of Cadorna's
General Cadorna was absent from
Florence on a vacation.at the time of
the theft, but is returning immediately
to determine the extent of his loss.
Disarming Issue Splits
Japan; Empire Is Said
To Face Grave Crisis
Set for To
Lloyd George and Valera
to Plan for Tripartite
Conference With Craig
to Settle Differences
From The Tribune's European Bureau
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribune Inn.
LONDON, July 17.?Eamon De Valera,
leader of the Sinn Fein, will meet Pre?
mier Lloyd George to-morrow after?
noon for their third conference on Irish
peace. Their conversation, if all goes
well, may be the last informal prelim?
inary before a tripartite peace confer?
ence assembles, with Lloyd George and
j De Valera at the parley table with Sir
1 James Craig, Ulster Premier.
The developments to date are that De
Valera has made a proposal to Lloyd
George that was submitted by the Pre?
mier to Sir James Craig, and in return
to the leading members of the Ulster
Cabinet. That proposal is understood
j to be for dominion home rule in Ireland
! with dominant control in Dublin, while
? reserving to Ulster her present prerog
j ative of autonomy.
Certainly that proposal did not in
I vclve Irish independence, for the Ul
; ster Premier would not consider that
for a moment, and surely would not
\ regard it as important enough to jus
j tify summoning his Cabinet from Bel
i fast for consultation. Nor would" the
British Premier have considered it se
| riously. Hence, when the Sinn F?in
| headquarters here continues to talk
! about independence while planning for
? to-morrow's conference between De Va
i lera and Lloyd George, it can be con
| eluded that "in?ependence" is only a
| relative term in the mind of the re
i publicans. De Valera issued 'this state
j ment to-day:
"The press gives the impression
i that I have been making certain com
| promise demands. I have, made no
j demands but one?the only one that
I am entitled to make?that the right
of the Irish people to self-determi?
nation be recognized."
"Independence" Elastic Term
Members of the republican delegation
refused to amplify this statement, al?
though they left the impression that by
"self-determination" De Valera meant
independence. But as the Irish ne?
gotiators refuse to deny that there has
been some discussion of the reserva?
tion of certain rights of government
to the British crown, it is safe to as?
sume that this "independence" is an
Both the Irish delegations passed
to-day resting. De Valera attended
services at Southwark Cathedral and
later drove to Oxford. Lloyd George
was at his country home, Chequers
Court, where he went last night.
LONDON. July 17 (By The Associ?
ated Press).?Newspaper statements j
that a triangular conference would be
gin to-morrow among Lloyd George, Sir
James Craig and Eamon de Valera were j
characterized to-day by the spokesman j
for the De Valera party as "all moon?
shine." He added that such reports
might be completely disregarded.
S*inn F?in Not Dealing With Craig
Asked whether this statement meant
that the time was not ripe for such
three-party discussions he said:
"I don't wish to say that, for it would
imply that the time might become ripe,
and we don't know that it will. We do
net know what Sir James Craig is do?
ing or what he may do. The British
government is dealing with him."
The Protestant members of the Sinn
F?in party, including Erskine Childers,
Mr. Robinson and Robert Barton, at?
tended morning services to-day in St.
Paul's Cathedral, and then the entire
party went to Nazereth House, where
Archibishop Mannix, of Australia,
stayed during his visit to England.
They were shown around by the prin?
"We are expecting word from Down?
ing Street to-night announcing the
time for to-morrow's meeting between
Mr. de Valera and Mr. Lloyd George,"
said one member of the de Valera party.
"What will happen afterward is entire?
This has been the quietest week-end
in Irish annals since January, 1919,
when the extremist Sinn F?in cam?
paign began. Tnere was no hint of dis?
order even in Belfast, where, accord?
ing to The Associated Press correspond?
ent, Colonel Duffy, republican liaison
officer for Ulster, has put a stop to
Sinn F?inn activities. Troops, how?
ever, are still patroling the streets and
the police are carrying revolvers.
Tuesday, July 19
America's Greatest Golf
Reported for The Tribune by
America's Greatest Golf
Starting This Week
Reported for The Tribune by
America's Greatest Tennis
?gap5 ' ~ . ~
Seven Million British
Veterans for Disarming
OTTAWA, July 17.?A pro?
posal that the views of the 7,000,
000 former soldiers and sailors of
the British Empire on the ques?
tion of universal disarmament be
placed before the proposed Wash?
ington conference was made to?
day by the dominion command of
the Great War Veterans' Asso?
The suggestion was made that
Field Marshal Earl Haig, presi?
dent of the British Empire Serv?
ice League, should, advise the
British representatives to the con?
ference that the former service
men generally favor disarmament,
with provisions for the defense
of the empire in case of emer?
France, too, Could Cause!
Failure of Conference by ?
Insisting Upon Maintain?
ing a Heavy Land Force:
Tax Burden Big Point
Opinion Is Arguments to |
Japan Will Be on Cost:
of Armies and Navies '
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, July 17.?The com-!
plete success of the limitation of arma?
ment and Far Eastern conference called
by President Harding rests almost ex?
clusively, as the situation is viewed |
here to-day, on two nations. These are ?
Japan and France.
Only one nation, according to almost j
the unanimous view here, can by its j
stubbornness bring about a total fail-1
ure of the conference. That nation is '
Japan. If the other delegates are un?
able to persuade France to enter into
an agreement on land disarmament as
well as naval disarmament, the results
of the conference may have to be re?
stricted to limitation of sea power. So
far as limitation of naval armament is
concerned, France already has taken
steps in that direction. She is author?
izing no new capital ships whatever,
confining her appropriations to aircraft
No one here is able to give any au?
thoritative forecast on what will be
the action of Japan with regard to the
various Far Eastern questions, the set?
tlement of which is an absolute pre?
requisite to anything more than an
Issue of the "Open Door"
If Japan should decide to accept the
American viewpoint, on the open door
in China, equal opportunity to na?
tionals of all countries in mandate ter?
ritories, which includes the Marshall
and Caroline Islands taken from Ger?
many, as weil as Yap, and other ques?
tions on which there has been disa?
greement, then no doubt remains here
that the conference will be a great
success from every standpoint. The
question of limitation of armament
will be comparatively simple on that
basis, so far as the United States, Great
Britain and Japan are concerned.
There have been exchanges between
representatives of this government and
Great Britain which have left no doubts
here that it will be easy to agree to
the terms of an agreement limiting
Incidentally, Japan realizes fully now
that she will find at the conference
that the pressure of the civilized world
will be put on her. She will face a
unanimous demand that she come to
terms and reach an agreement which
will permit the big powers to reduce
the present high taxes forced by mil?
Meanwhile, however, France, through
fear of a repetition of the German in?
vasions of 1870 and 1914, stands against
substantial reduction of land forces.
There is not much disposition to blame
her for this, but there is the keenest
desire that the French people should
(Continued on nsxt pwje)
Jealous Suitor Shoots
Rival, Then Kills Self
Widow Who Spurned Him
Also Is Wounded When
He Fires Shotgun
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
HANOVER. Pa., July 17.~Samuel I
Bowman, thirty-eight years old, decid- I
ed last night to fulfili his threat to i
kill Mrs. Minnie Resh. twenty-seven, a
widow, who had refused to marry him. !
Taking a shotgun, Bowman went to the
house where she lived withher parents
and hid behind a tree. An automobile 1
drove up and Mrs. Resh and Emar.uel I
M. Rohrbaugh, the accepted suitor, i
alighted. Bowman stepped from be- ?
hind the tree and at a distance of ten i
feet fired twice. Rohrbaugh fell !
mortally wounded. Mrs. Resh was se- !
verely injured in the face and shoulder, i
Bowman went to the yard of his
home, climbed up on a ladder under a
tree, tied a noose around his neck and
then shot himself with a revolver.
His body was found hanging to the
tree by neighbors who had started a
search for the murderer. Bowman was
an overseas vct??j?n.
, - ?]
Belief Expressed Confer*
ence Would Be Ruled
by Representatives o?
Anglo - Saxon Nation^
Open Fight Urged |
On Far East Points
Some Press Views Ar?
Nippon Has Nothing to?
Fear in Harding Call
TOKIO, July 17 (By The Assocfc
ated Press).?Japan to-day seems art
empire divided on the great issued
created by the summons of President
Harding to a conference on disarma*
ment and Far Eastern problems. On
one side, largely in the ranks of the
bureaucrats, there is fear that th?)
proposed conference will be dorai?
nated by the Anglo-Saxons and map;
result in strangling Japan's political;
and economic development in Asia.
On the other side is a powerful
Liberal group, which demands that
Japan enter into the deliberations
fearlessly, submitting her wants?
resolutely, combatting for them with
confidence and not opposing justj
claims. Haggling and bickering, they
insist, will ruin the cause of Japan,
Invitation to China
One important newspaper eveq[,
goes so far as to say the fate of th$
empire depends on the conference.
Both camps agree that Japan is fao*
ing a crisis requiring tact and larges
ness of vision. Many members of thaj
Privy Council, according to the welt? '
informed Chugai Shogyo Shimpo. are
pessimistic about the conference. They
contend that the proposal to discusa
problems and policies of the Far East)
indicates cooperation between the,
trnltefl States and Great Britain in an
attempt to settle international ques?
tions favorably for them, an indication
of which was to be seen in the attitude
of the English toward the Anglo?
The invitation to China to join in the1
conference, it is further urged, ig ad?
ditional evidence in support of the
theory of a secret purpose on the part
of the Anglo-Saxon nations in calling
the conference. They argue that China
doubtless will strive, with the support
of England and America, for a settle?
ment of questions in her favor, result*
ing in injury to Japanese interests in
China. The councillors are quoted as
"Japan should make participation
conditional on the settlement of all
questions between Japan and the
United States, including opening tha
economic door of all territories in the
Pacific to Orientals."
The Jiji Snimpo and the Nichi Nicb^
condemn the pessimists and urge Japan
to go forward without, hesitation and
present her case to the world. The
Nichi Nichi says:
"We nave become a sensitive, nenr?
ous nation?-neurasthenic. If we are
isolated we need not necessarily fea?
it. It is more important for us to
destroy the national disease of fea?
and suspicion and achieve our resur?
Leaders of the Kensei-Kai, or oppo*
sition party, believing that che Wash?
ington conference is more important
to Japan than that at Versailles, ar?
convinced that Japan should determine
her policy irrespective of party con?
siderations, and therefore announce
their preparedness to support thi
government. There is some talk of a
coalition ministry to further th?
cause of a united Japan, according tfl
the Nichi Nichi.
To Aek Equality
It adds that the Kensei-Kai is rep?
resented as seeing in the conference
a design to control Japan's activity ir
the Far East so as to facilitate Ameri
can movements without risking a con*
flict with Japan.
The Chawakes, an important grouj
of peers, have held a meeting to con
aider the American proposal and havi
approved Japan's answer. Othe
parties of peers are arranging meet
ings for the same purpose.
The Yamato Shimbon says .lapa:
will maintain a positive attitude on th
conference irrespective of the Ameri
can answer, and forecasts that Japa
will request a settlement of the Cali
fornia question and would agree t
abandon the defences of Bonin an
other islands in the North Pacific i
America would abandon the defence
of Guam, the Philippines and Hawai
Generally speaking Japan will d<
mand racial equality throughout th
world, according to this paper, ao
equal opportunity lor all races.
The choice of Japan's delegation f<
the Washington conference is exerci
ing the press, which demands the able:
representatives. It has been sugges
ed that Premier Takashi Hara shou
go, but it is believed that his lack <
knowledge of the English languaj
would disqualify him.
"The fate of the empire depends <
the conference," says the Kokumi
"Japan should reject with resoluti
proposals impairing rights legitimate
secured and should secede from t
conference if the situation so *
After expressing the opinion that t\
invitation toUhina is incoraprehensi >i
considering the disordered conditions
China, the paper says it s?ems probab
that the United States, failing to cu
Japan's activities at Paris, has soug
a new opportunity in the form of
Pacific conference. The future worlr
markets, it says, are China and Siher
and it is only natural that the Unit
States will want to restrict the Ja
anese, who occupy a superior positi
"It is quite clear," adds the pap
"that America will assist Chin?, in 1