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tharter we can take them. Hence to?
night's procedure." AH of the raids conducted last night ; WN without anv unto vflrd incident. | The officers of the various vessels ?eised. expressed surprise at the action | iot made no objections. Members of ? ;he crew were not aware of the hnp senings on board. Hayward There as Advisor United States Attorney William Hay *ard, in speaking of the part ho played fri the seizure, said: "I am here to be of any assistance to the Shipping Board and acting in ?n advisory capacity." On .returning from the seizure trip last night Mr. Schlesinp-vr said that ? under the general agreement for the i chartering of the steamships the cost j of refitting the vessels, where refitting j was necessary, was to have been borne by the charterers, but the old United ? States Shipping Board had gone ahead | and reconditioned the ships, at an I estimated expense to the government ; of about $5,000.000. This money was . spent, Mr. Schlesdnger stated, after, the charters for the vessels had been j approved. Blast on Ship Kills Four in Brooklyn Yard' (Continu?, from p,\ge ent) in their arms, were storming the gates of the yard. The reserves were called from four precincts to restrain the crowds. Four hospitals sent ambulances. The rescue squad of the plant, equipped with gas helmets, was on the scene promptly. Injured, Joins Rescuers Mack, one of the injured men. joined the squad and helped cairy out his comrades. He was blown clean out of the tanker, but did not lose conscious? ness. As soon as he could scramble to his feet he seized a line which dangled from the Ardmore's deck, forty-five feet above him, and swarmed up it. He started down one of the hatchways, I but found the lower decks reeking with gas and had to Tetreat. On his return he met the rescue squad, snatched a gas helmet from one of them and entered the interior of the ship with them. Miss jjvarsen Jensen, head nurse at the emergency hospital at the plant; Marie Anderson, a nurse; Dr. Winne. a company physician, and his assistant, Francis Faulkner, accompanied the res? cue squad to the ship and established an emergency ward on deck, where they gave first aid treatment as fast as the victims were passed up by the rescuers. The six most seriously injured were placed in steel baskets, which the lescue squad had brought, and low? ered with a derrick to the pier, where ambulances were waitir?. "No torches of any kind were being used in the hold," said Harry Hanbury, j general .manager of the plant, "There j was no equipment there, so far as I can find out, that could have caused the explosion. Four out of five such explosions are caused by some one smoking. We are very strict in en? forcing the rule against smoking in such surroundings and a man caught at it is discharged immediately. Repairing Ship's Bow "The bow of the Ardmore had been crushed when the ship went on some , rocks. The vessel was brought here to have the bow repaired. We were , not repairing the tanks and did not ; expect to repair them. Our chenrist j tested the air in the hold of the ship and found it entirely safe. There was a free circulation of air because of the removal of some -if the plates." A fire which gained some headway after the explosion was extinguished promptly by firemen. The damage don'? to the vessel by the explosion is estimated at about $10,000. An inquiry into the cause of the ex? plosion has been started by the dry dock company. Employees of the company were to have had their annual outing to-day, but after the explosion a notice was i posted saying that it had been post? poned out of respect to the victims of the accident. > 5 Men Named to Settle Shipping Board Claims Judge W. D. Meals Appointed Chairman; Will Call First Session Next Week From The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, July 22.?Selection of the special commission of five mem? bers to settle the outstanding claims amounting to $211,000,000 against the United States Shipping Board was an? nounced to-day by the President, with Judge Walter D. Meals, of Cleveland, as chairman. Judge Meals was formerly associate justice of the Appellate Court of Ohio, and was selected by the Presi? dent because of his great legal ability. The associate members of the commis? sion include: Homer Ferguson, president of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry dock Company, one of the foremost of American shipbuilders and former pres? ident of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. F. W. Wood, former president of the Maryland Steel Company, who has had ! long experience in ship building and has made a record that is nationally known. Captain Richard M. Watt, U. S. N., formerly chief constructor of the navy and now assigned to the construction corps of the navy. Arthur W. Teele, of the accountant firm of Patterson, Teele & Dennis, of New York City, and vice-president of the American Institute of Accountants. The secretary of the commission will be O. P. M. Brown, of Washington, "It is the purpose of the President," Chairman Lasker said, in announcing the selection of the commission, "that these claims should be settled as speedily as expedition and fair judg? ment will permit, so that no unneces? sary further hardship be worked on those having proper claims." The commission will be called into preliminary session by Chairman Las? ker during the coming week for pur? pose of organization. ->?? - ,,-. Bar Von Stenben Name At School Dedication Speakers Warned Not to Men? tion General in Palisades Township Addresses HACKENSACK, N. J,, July 22.?The cornerstone of the new school in Pali Bade Township will be laid at 4 p. m. to-morrow,, but Mayor Thomas A. Yeardaley has warned all the speakers not to mention the name of Baron von Steuben, for whom the Board of Educa? tion intends to name the school, and it is thought that there will be no vio? lence. Residents of the River Edge Manor section of the township, learning that Baron von Steuben was a German, pro? tested vehemently against naming the school for him, and made a vain effort to get the Harry B. Doremus Post of the American Legion here worked up about it. It hasn't been decided definitely what the name of the school will be, but most members of the Board of Educa? tion are said still to bo in favor of naming it for Washington's drilimaiter, who r^eived a grant of land near by in recogcition of his services to the revo-' lutiouary government. Congress Gets Rail Debt P?an Next Tuesday Harding Will Submit Fund? ing Proposal in Seulement ?of All Claims Growing Out of War-Time Control No Increased Tax Burden Waiver of Demands Based i on Supposed Inefficiency j of Labor fs One Condition ! From The Tribune's Wa&hinoton Bureau WASHINGTON, July 22.---President Harding will send a message to Con? gress next Tuesday setting forth the agreement reached between the govern? ment and the railroads for funding the debts of the carriers to the national treasury. The President's plan will not involve any further appropriation by Congress to settle the chums of the roads against the government. Settlement of these claims and coun- ! ter claims has been pending for, months. In the opinion of government : officials the roads have laid too groat I stress upon the losses they incurred by j inefficient labor during the war-time Federal control. The government claims are based on money spent for etjuip- ; ment and upkeep during the war. Under the agreement which has been : reached the railroads have been asked by the government to waive their ; claims for losses based upon the inefii- , ciency of war-time labor, in an at-1 tempt to reach a settlement, with the alternative that if they are not satis fled with the figures arrived at, they ; retain the right of carrying the fight to the courts for settlement. Congress Must Approve It was said at the White House to? day that the actual recommendations concerning the form of the adjust? ments must meet with the sanction of | Congress, and it is for this reason that the President will make recommenda- j tions to the Congressional committees dealing with the situation as to the best methods of adjustment. . It was an? nounced that the Interstate Commerce Commission would not take any part in the adjustment of the claims, but that the War Finance Corporation | might be cnlled upon. The President j has been informed by the managers I of membership organizations of the ! railroads that the great majority of them favor an adjustment based on the government's plan of waiving div? idends based upon inefficient labor. The President has been sympathetic I toward the claims made by the lines j and has felt that they have not been treatefl. as fairly as they should have | been. Conferences on the subject have been going on between the Executive and railroad representatives ever since Mr. Harding entered the White House. It was announced that the substance of the understanding did not consti? tute a new arrangement; that all busi? ness with the government is of neces? sity by contract. The transportation act sets forth clearly that the roads 3hall be recompensed for expenditures made during the war foi maintenance and equipment. Before entering into negotiations with the roads with the view of arriving at an amicable ad? justment of claims, it was felt by the Administration that they ought to facilitate the adjustment by att?-*rnpt ing a settlement without considering the claims filed based on the supposed unfitness and inefficiency of labor. The President intimated some time ago that he felt that the companies were delinquent in filing claims, and it develops that the tardiness was due in many cases to an impression in rail? road circles that the Administration viewed with misgiving the practice of saddling huge claims on inefficient labor. At present there is in the Treasury $250,000,000 available to meet claims and the President feels that the pay? ment of the Bum, distributed among the railroads, would be an excellent stimulant to business generally. Thus far approximately sixty reads have settled their demands on a basis of 50 per cent. There are tw?*^ reasons which stand out why the Administration is anxious to adjust the claims. The first is to wind up the affairs of the railroad ad? ministration, and the second, a desire to give to the roads what is rightfully theirs. It ia believed that a majority of the companies will accede to the govern? ment's plans. The Administration feels that a frank understanding will be ar? rived at if the roads put aside their elaborate claims and present them with a geniuine desire to speed up the settla ment. The President has told railroad men and members of his cabinet that the vital question, so far as he is concerned, has to do with how the government can keep faith with the railroads and ob? serve its contract, without asking for additional funds. Actress Wins Point in $100,000 Promise Suit Order to Examine Dixie Ed? mond in Complaint Against G. H. Perkins Is Vacated Dixie Esmond, an actress, gained a point in ?er suit for $100,000 for alleged breach of promise against George H. Perkins, a broker, of 50 Broad Street, yesterday when Supreme Court Justice Finch granted a motion on her behalf to vacate an order of ex? amination granted against her in the suit. Miss Esmond charges that Per? kins repudiated promises to marry her. Mr. Perkins filed an affidavit oppos? ing the order to vacate and setting forth that the plaintiff's real name, according to his information and be? lief, i3 Mabel Roberts Bell and that she lives in Boston, where, in June, I 191G, she pleaded guilty in the Munici- ? piil Court to a charge of being an idle j and disorderly person. Dixie Esmond asserts that her par-i ents live in Boston and that she visits them whenever she has an opportunity.] She denied that she makes her home ; in Boston, hut paid that she li/es at I the Hotel Vendig, in this c\T.y, and has | resided there for two years, Perkins j declared this to be u sham, baying that| the actress is now employed as a j cabaret singer in/i dance hall at N?n Uisket, a Boston ?suburb. Hibernians Denounce Sims; Want Ireland Keeognized DETROIT, July 22.?Declaring the peace of the world and freedom of the j s?sas depend upon indeoendence for! Ireland, resolutions adopted at the i fifty-second national convention of the Ancient Order of Hibernians to-day asked President Harding and the Amer-! ?can Congress immediately to recognize! the Irish republic. Rear Admiral Sims was condemned! for "notorious pro-English tendencies"! and his removal from the presidency! of the United States Naval War Col-' lege urged in another resolution. Montreal was chosen as the 1922 ? meeting place at the convention'? c?o?- j ing session, Horn, Bridge Wrecker and Spy, Goes Mad in Canadian Prison OTTAWA, July 22. Werner Horn, who figured in one of the most sensa? tional Gorman spy cases of the war, Iihs been certified ns insane by physi? cians at the penitentiary in Dorches? ter, N. B., where he has been serving n ten-year sentence for attempting to blow up the Canadian Pacific Railroad bridge at Vanceboro, Me. He will be released ns soon as arrangements can bo made for his deportation to Germany. It was on February 2. 1915, that Horn tried to dynamite the bridge, which vrosses tliu St. Croix River into New Brunswick. A few hours later he was arrested at Vanceboro. Horn, about thirty-seven years old with a military training that bolstered his claim that he was a captain in the German army, said that, being unable to return to Germany to light, he had conceived the plan of aiding his coun? try by blowing up the international bridge and so crippling the movement of munition trains in the Dominion. Arrangement for the blast, he said, were made in New York. In Vance .boro, according fco his story, he met an "I ^shniNii," who handed him some dynamite with which lu? attempted to destroy the bridge. This, he insisted, was an act of war and he contended that having tied a neutral country he could not be surrendered to the enemy. The Canadian government, through the British Ambassador at Washing? ton, made formal demand for his sur? render, but, the request was not honored nt the time. 1'or safe keeping Horn was temporarily sentenced to thirty days in a Maine j:iil on a charge of having damaged buildings in Vanceboro. On March 2 he whs indicted by the Federal prnml jury in Boston for vio? lating laws regulating interstate transportation of explosives by carrj ing dynamite from New York to the border. He was removed to Massa? chusetts after Mnine authorities made an unsuccessful fight to hold him, After a long; legal Qght he was sen? tenced in Federal court in Boston to eighteen months' imprisonment and fined $1,000. After serving his time he was extradited to Canada, where he was again tried, convicted ..and im? prisoned. U. S. Opposes Any Delay in Arms Parley (Continuad from puja on?) Versailles peace conference, which would probably result in the same fashion-that is, the. organization of. a "big four" or a "big live.*' Limitation of Nations So that while such nations as Bel? gium, Holland, Portugal and others which have applied for invitations, to attend will be permitted to have repre? sentatives who will be given an ample hearing, there is no disposition, at present at least, to permit their dele? gations to take part in the delib? erations. There is no disguising the fact, also, that the successful pinking of the Ger? man battleship Ostfriesland by air^ planes twenty minutes after the attack with heavy bombs began will have an important bearing on the question of armament limitation. This brings up the interesting points, in view of the objections of France to limiting land forces, that the spectacular work in attacking warships of all characters has been done by land planes. In the dummy bomb attack on the Iov/a, fol- , lowing a search for her, it was the land ulanes--the Martin bombers -which dropped the wonderful salvo encircling lier and landing two on her deck. I It is accepted without challenge, therefore, that even if the conference ! should decide not to have its agree- ? ments for limitations afi'ect land forces, certainly limitations should be applied, if possible, to expenditures for airplanes, which, it has been demon? strated so successfully this week and last, can be used effectively at sea. In this connection it is pointed out, and frankly accepted by many ex? perienced naval constructors, that none of the capital ships at present afloat can be defended against airplane at? tack, except by fighting airplanes, which would drive the would-be bomb? ers off. New constructions, perhaps, by armoring the entire bottoms, might add to their defenses, but changes are imperative in dreadnought design. New Navies Needed T1?3 phas.e of the situation, as dem? onstrating the fact that entire new navies must be constructed, is expected to help wonderfully in persuading rep? resentatives of the powers to agree on armament limitation, no matter what minor advantages they may have to surrender, in order to relieve their countries of the crushing burdens of taxation involved in a continuance of the race. LONDON, July 22 (By The Asso? ciated Press).--Meeting of the domin? ion premiers was called hurriedly this afternoon to consider, it is understood, a reply received from Washington to? day to representations by the British government relative to postponing the disarmament and Pacific conferenc?; to some date later than November 11. The meeting was private and there has beun no indication of the nature ef the Washington reply. Reds Will Not Observe Arms Meeting Decisions Protest ?Sote to U. S. and Oilier Powers Concerned Expresses Skepticism of Any Results RIGA, Latvia, July 22 (By The As? sociated Press).-Soviet Russia's note of protest against the failure to ex? tend her an invitation to the Washing? ton conference on Far Eastern ques? tions, handed to the American Charge? ?t Stockholm yesterday, declares the Moscow government will not recognize iiny decision reached at a conference at which it is not represented. The note, which was signed by M. Tchitcherin, the Soviet Commissary for Foreign Alfairs, protests also against the lack of an invitation for the Far Eastern Republic. The Soviet govern? ment reserves complete freedom of action, it declares. These announcements were made by the Rosta Agency, the official Bolshe? vik news agency here. The Soviet note was sent not only; to the United States, but also to Great Britain, France, China and Japan. It hails with much joy a discussion on disarmament, but expresses skepticism that any guaranties regarding such disarmament can be possible. "The absence of the Russian govern? ment from discussions of the subject would only have the result to make Russia ignore any decisions reached," the note declares. Japanese Council Not Uneasy at Parley Call Consider? the Proposition and j Does Not Find It Will Run Against Its Own Interests TOKIO, July 22 (By The Associated Press).?The proposed Pacific confer? ence was considered by the diplomatic advisory council in special meeting to? day, Viscount Uchida, the Foreign Min ister, reporting the latest developments ! in the negotiations with the United States on the subject. The present official opinion regarding the conference was voiced by Professor Kiroku Hayashi, councillor of the For? eign Office, who in a statement, de? clared: "Japan has no cause for uneasiness. Japan's special position is recognize.l by all the powers and there is no rea? son to think the conference will ?un counter to Japan's recognized inter? ests. Japan must study the American proposal carefully and respectfully, and express her views fully and frankly." The government is now preparing its conception of a program for the conference, the formal invitation to which it is confidently expected Japan will accept when it is officially re? ceived. According to the newspapers Vis count Uchida favors and expects a strong attitude on the part of Japan at the conference, as it will have a grave bearing on the prestige and in terests of the empire. Tho newspapers declare that the United Slates has explained that its only desire is an understanding be? tween tin? powers ? on principles and policies affecting their mutual inter? ests and that the conference will have no other significance. Therefore, it is added, from the broad motive of inter? national peace, the avoidance of con? flicts of interests and the ndvacement of civilization, Japan will join the con? ference. There is a wide range of speculation as to the nature of Japan's profcTam. Some of it is declared to be purely fanciful, but some of it is assorted to be undoubtedly inspired- and inter? pretative of the Japanese government's aim. In the latter group probably bo longs the statement that Japan, while seeking general harmony, will strongly protect what she considers her inter? ests, with insistence that her special position in the Far East must not be trespassed by other powers, and also that Japan will not accept a program which would put her in the position of an accused. The Asahi quoes an unnamed member of the Cabinet as saying if the dis? cussion invades those matters already disposed of by treaties and agreements it is calculated to disturb and not pro? mote peace. Baron Shimpei Goto, Mayor of Tokio, has urged all classes to unitedly "face the xinprecedented situation." He said, however, that he thought Japan might well be compared to an accused, sum? moned before un international court organized by Western powers. The Yamato Shimbun, which is wide? ly read by the masses, insists that the American invitation to the conference has in a sense given a shock to the Japanese greater than that of Perry's arrival in Uraga Bay. Russia Begs American Aid For Starving (Ccntinutwl trvm pa**?s one) Ria.san, Pensa, Saratov*. Volin, Kiev, Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Chernigov, Alex androvsk, Nikolaycvsk, and even part of the Crimea. According to Izvestia, the Soviet or? gan in Moscow, a thousand instances of starvation in the Upper Volga re? gion already have been reported. The newspaper says that autopsies have re? vealed the presence of only grass in the people's stomachs. It urges the Soviet government to undertake the transportation of a million peasants to Chita, in the far east, or to the Cau? casus. After a preliminary investigation the German government is contemplating the sending of food and medical sup? plies to Russia, despite the feeling that has prevailed here that Germany has little to give. Gorky is expected to make a strong appeal in Berlin to gain assistance for his people. The ques? tion that is arising hi-re in everybody's" mind is "What will America do?" Loss to Chicago Bank Will Total $1,000,000 Michigan Avenue Trust Closed and Its President Is Missing Special Dispatch to The. Tribune CHICAGO. July 22.?The loss to the Michigan Avenue Trust Company Bank, which was closed Thursday in the ab? sence of its president, Warren C. Spurgin, will be more than $1,000,000 and may reach $1,000,000. The figures were given to-night by George M. Reynolds, chairman of the Continental and Commercial National Bank's board of directors and uncle of the missing Spurgin. The bank had approximately $4,000, 000 in deposits, it is said. The auditor has found $214,0')") in cash and a quan? tity of stocks and bonds. Cashier Beutel believes the bank will pay 65 cents on, the dollar at present. Russia Mobilizes Peasants STOCKHOLM, July 22.?While the Russian Legation at Helsingfors dis? avows the reported general mobiliza? tion in Russia, a Finnish official here to-day declared his government has proof that peasants in Karelen and in other districts have been mobilized. Semi-official circles in Helsingfors describe the Russian mobilization as being partial. They declare it is di? rected against the Far Eastern govern? ment whose seat is in Vladivostok, al? though asserting that the exercise of pressure on Esthonia and Latvia may not be altogether foreign to it. A Rign, Latvia, dispatch of ?Tune 12 stated that Soviet Russia was under? stood to have threatened drastic ac? tion against Esthonia and Latvia un? less those countries ceased their sys? tem of strict prosecution of Com? munist agitators, either Russian citizens or those who had signified their intention of becoming so. a Mrs. Burkett Insists Experts Will Prove Writing Roosevelt's CHICAGO, July 22.?A letter from Mrs. Emma R. Burkett, of Hillsdale, Ind., who asserted Theodore Roosevelt had refused to pay a $67,000 obligation to her, was received to-day by the de? tective bureau here. She asks the ad? dress of three Chicago handwriting experts, who, she declares, will prove that the signature on the paper she holds is really that of the late Presi? den. The letter is from the Tombs nrison in New York, to which Mrs. Burkett -vas removed following complaint of the executors of the Roosevelt estate that her claim was fraudulent. Senators Will Take Up Tariff Bill on Monday __ - - Finance Committee Hopes to Complete Hearings in Two Weeks; Uncertainty in Hanks as lo Procedure Valuation experts Called Penrose Says Tax Measure May Be Forced Ahead of Hevcimc Legislation From The Tribune's Washington Hurrau WASHINGTON, July 22. It is un? certain how long it will take the Finance Commissoe to report the tariff bill to the Senate, and also uncer? tain whether Cue tariff bill will con? tinue to precede the tax bill, whether the two will be com hi nod or the tax bill later will be forced ahead of tariff, This was made plain to-day by Senator Penrose, chairman of the Finance Committee, when the toriff measure was sent over to the Senate from the House and referred to the Finance Committee. Senator Penrose announced that ihr Finance Committee would take up the tariff bill Monday, would begin hear? ing.! then and hoped to complete the hearings in two weeks. After the hearings will come the task of considering the bill in the committee, item by item. How lonf that will take Senator Penrose says he cannot tell. He deems it possible however, that the bill will be report?e out of the Finance Committee befor? the House passes the tax bill and tha the tariff bill may even be passed b; the Senate before the House passes tht tux bill. It is not the general viev among Senators, however, that th< tariff bill will be passed before thi House passes the tax bill, and man; Senators doubt whether the tariff bil will be out of the Finance Committe? by the date the House has put the ta: bill through. With reference to whether the ta: bill stands any chance of being pu ahead of the tariff bill in the Senate part.icul.urly if the Administratioi urges it, it is the view of Senator Pen rose this bridge will have to be crosse vvhen it is reached, "We will go ahead with the taril bill," he said, "and when the revenu bill is passed by the House and sen to the Senate it will be given con sideration and we will decide what t do. It is conceivable the tariff bi! may have been passed. J cannot pre diet how long the tariff bill will tak in the committee." i May Be Combined Senator Penrose did not think tha if tiie Finance Committee was near! through with the tariff bill when th tax bill was sent to the Senate, th tariff bill would be dropped and hel back for the tax bill. As to whethe it might prove practicable later t combine the tax bill with the tari bill, he said: "I would just as soon have a boo in two volumes as one." The bill giving Secretary Hello power to refund the foreign debt ma intervene to delay the tariff bill 1 some extent. Senator Penrose sai when Secretary Mellon reported to U: committee on the questions raised f to whether this government is in an way bound by the Rathbone negoti; tions, the committee might susper operations on the toriff. He said r long delay on tariff or, account of tr refunding bill would be allowed. Senator Penrose consulted several ? his colleagues on the Finance Commi tee to-day and it was decided to tal up the valuation provisions first. The will be considered Monday. The committee will hear Chairmj Page and Commissioners Burgess ai Marvin, of the Tariff Commission, Mo day, an;! also George Davis and Ot Fix, of New York. Mr. Davis is sp c-ial agent in charge of the New Yo: customs office. Mr. Fix is in char? of the comparative valuation burei at New York. The hearings of the experts on val ation will continue Tuesday, and < Wednesday and Thursday busine men will be heard on valuation. Mu? opposition exists to the American vt nation plan as well as much suppo for it. After considering vaiuatiou the coi niittee will take up the schedules the tariff bill in their order. Chemical Schedule Frtday The committee hopes to reach t chemical schedule Friday of the comi, week and this will involve dyestuf Much controversy over this is expe< ed and it may delay the program of t committee. In relation to this and the genei piogram Senator Penrose said: "When the hearings are conclud and the bill is taken up for actual cc sideration it will be in executive s< sion with only Republican members the committee present. This is t usual custom which has been follow by the Ways .?id Means Committee a is looked upon as the regular thi because of the fact that a tariff bill regarded as a matter of party poli involving political differences betwe protection and free trade ideas. "We hope to clore the hearings wi in two weeks from Monday and earnest effort will be made to fin within that time. After that we v take the bill up with Treasury offici in order to have the benefit of th advice in writing the bill. "In order to facilitate the progress the hearings the committee desires have one representative of each line industry, or each group that is seek a change in schedule, and desires, possible, to limit each witness to thi minutes in presenting his views," Fordney Begins Work On Tax Revision B Chairman of House Cornmilt Goes Over Every Phase the Problem With Melt From The, Tribune's Wasliington Burcai WASHINGTON, July 22.?With losing even a day after the House < posed of the tariff bill, Chairman Fo ney of the Committee on Ways j Means began to-day the prelimin work on the other major legislation the session?revision of the tax?t system. Mr. Fordney held an extended c f eren ce this afternoon with Secret ot the Treasury Mellon at the Treas Department. These two, mo3t resp sible for the draft of the meas which is to reapportion the distri tion of governmental financial burc went over virtually every phase of tax problem. Secretary Mellon informed Chain Fordney that he is now prepared to before Congress at any time to m his formal recommendations with gard to the Administration's attitude needed changes in the assessment taxes. The Secretary's estimate of amount the government must raise the next fiscal year, Mr. Fordney clared, following the conference, about $4.000,000,000. The Ways and Means Committe? prepared to begin immediately hear! on the revision. It is expected the I of these will be held next Tuesday. Mr. Fordney intimated that one the first things to be taken up wil the excess profits taxes, now deel; to be hampering and checking produc? tion of all kind?*. The rubstitution of a flut corporation tax, possibly of 15 per cent, has been strongly recom? mended by many quarters, Ik- said. ? This plan is to be given the mort sert? | uns consideration by the commit,? <?? Repeal of the transportation taxer* now exacted on railroad and other fares is to bo provided by the committee, if at all possible, said Mr. Fordncy, and the present plan in to revise the sched? ule of income taxes. The question of a sales tax is an- ! other problem to be taken up by the j committee. - ?-? Ford Tells of Beating Wall St. Over Loan (Continu?*?! from pane on?) 700,000 worth of stock into cash put! that down. "Then we looked over our foreign account? and found our agents at for- ! eign ports owed us $.'',000,000, which ! we collected. We had also sold by? products for which we had accounts receivable of 5.'",700.000 more, which we got in? put down those two items. On top of that we sold $7,000,000 worth of Liberty bonds. If you total these you'll find they come to $y9,300,000? ? i more than enough to meet our impend j ing obligations. But we did not stop there. Cut Out War Extravagances "The war had ied us into many ex travagunces of administration nnd ac? counting. We went through the plunt, ! offices and shops, and made economies j which I'll detail later, eliminating; everything non-productive. Then we i j had acquired the Detroit, Toledo S? ? ! Irontor. Railroad. We saw possibilities | j of reducing the vast amount of capital : | which we had formerly kept tied,up, j I invested in goods in transit. We found ! ways to cut the time our goods were in j transit By that one move we released I $28.000,000, took it from funds invested | in stock in transit and put it to other j uses. Thus, when April 1 came round j we had $87,300,000 to meet $58,300.000 j in obligations. We paid them all, weeks I in advance." Mr, Ford leane?.' back in his chair | and laughed. "And ail the while," he went on, I "these New York bunkers were fussing j around here, trying to get us to take a j loan." "But how could you create such im- I mensc sums of ready cash by mere economies?" he wan asked. "Mere economies." Mr. Ford replied, with emphasis on the 'mere.'" "There's nothing 'mere' about our | economies?they're the thing," he cor:- i tinued. "Take that item of $28,000,000, released from investment in goods in transit. We were able to do that by a combination of two things. By using our railroad, we were able to speed up movement of raw materials to the factory and movement of finished car.-; from the factory to the dealers. Bet? ter methods in the factory cut the time needed to manufacture the mate? rial into machines. Then we stopped carrying immense reserve supplies of i raw materials. The first economy made the second possible. Here's the wav it turned out: $88,000,000 Always Tied Up "Before we got control of the D., T. ; ?ft I. it required an average of twenty two days to haul raw material to the factories, make it into cars and get them to the dealers. We had to buy three weeks in advance of need and with no way of knowing future condi? tions, we had to keep immense reserve., on hand. The money tied up in these and the goods moving stood continu? ously at about $88,000,000. "But the early months of 1921 [ brought great changes. General cessa- j tion of industry made materials, and ? j cars in which to carry them, plenti- ! ful. Then the D., T. & I. is really one i great terminal, it crosses every trans? continental line in the country. When I stock consigned to us reaches the D., T. ' & I. it can bo speeded along to desti ? nation. Parts, or cars, outbound, can i be made into through trains and thus j the running time to destination be greatly reduced. In the offices of the | D. T. & I., the officials did away with j a deal of antiquated railroad re?I tape. Whole systems of useless accounting were abolished. The offices themselves were brought to Detroit and the road ! is operated as a single unit. All these elements, combined, have reduced the j time of our movement of stock from the suppliers of raw materials through the factory and the cars into the hands of the dealers from twenty-two to fourteen days. And that is not the end?we'll cut it still more. Where, before we had $88,000,000 tied in min j ing and reserve stock required to make 93,000 cars a month, now we handle the stock required to make 114,210 cars a month for less than $60,000,000. Stock Ordered Economically "There are S,CC& parts to tho Ford car. Once each month we make a schedule of the exact number of cars we will make the next month. Then we figure out the exact amount of stock needed to make just the number of parts to fill that schedule and buy that amount of stock and no more. "We're following my father's advice and not loading up with things we don't need. "Office and shops also come in for a house-cleaning. We literally took out a train load of desks and furniture ? and sold them. We told the men that I occupied these desks that back in the j shops were plenty of good jobs at good pay?if they wanted them. Most of them did. We cut the office forces from 1,074 to 528 persons. Telephone extensions were cut about 60 per cent. "We went through the shops in the same way. During the war we had a foreman for about every three to live men. Too many foreman sat at desks all day looking en. We have sold all the desks and most of former foremen are now at machines. We now have a foreman to about every twenty men. Everything and everybody that wa.< not producing was put in a position where they would or were eliminated.*' "A comparison of our operating costs before and after the house clean? ing is really a startling lesson in what manufacturers can do if they look sharp to economy. Back in November, 1920, before the house cleaning, our daily expense for labor and commercial overhead charges, cost of materials not included, averaged $463,200 to get out an average of 3,146 cars a day or $146 a car. Look what we did in June, 1921?$412,500 a Cay to produce an average of 4,392 cars a day, of $98 a car. What do you mean by talking about mere economy? "We used to have to employ fifteen men per car per day, now it requires but nine. Look at the saving on my payroll." "How about the future?" Mr. Ford was asked. His answer was: "It looks to me that we are at the beginning of a long period of pros? perity." Tulsa Police Chief Guilty Jury Finds He Failed to Act to Protect Public in Riots TULSA, Okla., July 22.?John A. Gustafson, suspended Chief of Police, to-night was found guilty by a jury of having failed to take proper pre? cautions for public safety on the night and day of the recent race riot here, and also guilty on another count of conspiracy to free automobile thieves and collect rewards. The jury deliberated six hours. Campbell Vows He Never Took Bcrgdoll Penny O ai Money He Sent Brokers Was Hidden by Wife Early in War,, and Part of Invest? ment Gain. Says Officer Handkerchiefs Only Gifts Major Declares $300 He Intrusted to Lexington, Ky.< Alan Brought $6.000 WASHINGTON, July 22. Major Rruce R. Campbell, of the United States Army, told a House investigating committee to-day that not a single penny of the $0,500 placed by him with a Wall Street firm for stock market trading last year was received from the liergdoll family. Flatly denying the charge by Mrs. Emma C. Bcrgdoli, of Philadelphia, that he had been paid $5,000 to aid in ob? taining freedom for Grover Cleveland Bergdoll, her draft-dodging son, Major Campbell declared that the sum sej?t to the brokers was his own money, hidden by his wife at her home since the early days of the war. The Mayor, called here hurriedly, without opportunity to examine the charges against him, at first declined to testify at this time as to the source of the fund. But, pressed hard by the committee, he turned about suddenly and told of the hidden treasure, and a moment later he related in detail how a $500 investment placed with the late Milton Young, of Lexington, Ky., be? fore the war, grew to $6,500 by 1917. It was the same sum that was hidden away and later shifted to Wall Street and lost. Says Father Guarded Money Professing ignorance as to how the Young investment had increased, Ma? jor Campbell said that it had been turned back to him by a man, still liv? ing, but whose name he declined at the moment to give. Then in the midst of u sharp exchange with a corn mitteeman, Campbell broke in, declar? ing, "Oh, hell, it was my father!" At this point the committee decided to call the father, William R. Camp? bell, of Lexington, who was asked to come here at once. Extremely reluctant to touch upon family affairs to clear him.self of the charges, Major Campbell d?clarai that it had been his purpose to ask ti ^ ? that. he might be able to corrobor?t?? fully every word of his testimony. \ .vas for this reason, he said, that he d.d not want to disclose ?11 of his evidence until he had been allowed time to submit proof in denial of the accusations. The major asserted that a "frightful" injustice had been done him by the committee in permitting Mrs. Bergdoll and a representative of the brokers to testify when he was not present. lie protested vigorously that an agent of the Army Intelligence Service, in in? specting his bank account at New York had not shown that at a prior elate he had more than $5,C00 on de? posit. Asks Bank for Verification A telegram, he said, had been sent the bank, requesting that it verify his i statement to this eftect, and to <f.j -, ' answer in care of Chairman Peter?? '"* '' At various tim-*-, Major f'ampbe?'j ' ! clared, he and his wife had $17f(0t) ! deposit, not counting the sum W 0n '? \ the market, but he declined to mert,*"* the names of banks until he could J* hold of his papers, en route with v ' hou ehold effects from Go*?n?2 Island to Little Rock, Ark. ""' I There were moment-*, whe-i the rani**? ; was unable to control his feelings *?W ? re?, rring to his wife and his old fatU ? and he banged the table in anger ai't ? denounced what he said was the att?m:! ! of the Bergdolls to blacken huS I As military counsel for the slacke*fc." I never received a dollar, he declared I The only thing they ever gave him h?i ! said, were three little cambric handker chiefs, bought at a soldiers' fair on tri island, ii* trinkets for his babies. Canntla Will Not Try To Extradite Bergdoll Draft Dodgers German Citisen. ship Prevents Action^ hy thr Ruling of Old Tretty Special Ditpateh to The Tribun* MONTREAL. July 22,-Grover CIm* ? land Berjjdoii, American draft erad? ! probably will not be brought to C?nida' from Germany because he is a German I citizen, and as such cannot be extra j dited to Canada through the provisions j of an old treaty between the two coun? tries. This, it is understood, is the dec'. j sion of officers of the Department of 'Justice, who have been investigating the case since it was alleged that ' Bergdoll had managed to make hi3 way ? into Germany by the use of a forged Canadian passport. Since getting into Germany, it ig ! understood, Bergdoll has taken ont citizenship rapers and has became a i German national. A treaty, which has j been standing for ir?a.'.y years between , the two countries, prevents the extra? dition of a naturalized citizen of either ' country to the other for trial. The matter was taken up here by the I Great War Veterans' Association, when i the question of Bergdoll'? extradition to Canada came up, and has been under investigation by officials of the Depart ! ment of Justice for some time. The i question is still under consideration, ? it is said. ? a I Sleeping Man Blinded By Sun in Mid-Ocean Rotterdam's Passengers Take Up Purse for Steward, Who Slumbered Under Rays Much sympathy was aroused in mid | Atlantic among the saloon passengen i on the Holland-America liner Rotte? I dam for F. J. Coenders, one of the ; stewards, who was stricken blind dur ing the voyage, and when the vessel docked here last night a purse of sev? eral hundred dollars was given to the | afflicted man. The Rotterdam encountered fog every day of the trip, the son occa? sionally coming out for a few hours. During one of these intervals of sun? shine Coenders went forward, and find? ing a comfortable place on a hatch cover fell asleep, with his face up? turned. The rays beat down upon him from 3 p. m. until 5 p. m. On awakening he had no trouble with his eyes. The next morning, however, when he -".as roused from slumber he was blind. He was put in the care of Dr. Kelly, the ship's surgeon, who informed him that his sight probably would return soon under proper treatment. ring and Summer uits Redi Particular attention is directed to the outstanding valuer at $43-50 Reduced from $50 Assortments are extensive?and interesting. Included are many suits of medium weight for year-round wear. The man of fastidious taste will find unlimited opportunity for selection. Reductions Affect Our Entire Stock of Sack Suits $40 and $45 Suits Now.$37.50 $50 " " .$43.50 $55 to $65 " " .$49.50 $65 to $85 " " .$58.50 No Charge for Alterations Weber an~? Heilbroner CLQTHI?RS. HABERDASHERS AND HATTERS *241 Broadly *42od and 5th Ave. 150 ?ama 345 Broadway *44th and Broadway 20 Cortlandl 775 Broadway 1363 Broadway *30 Broad *1185 Broadway *Qothing at ?me storoa. ?38? FmYmh St, Borough He!!. Brooklyn *&& Br?*d Su Newark uwamx&awsmmmiawemnawaaMsmewtsarsiva Used and Rebuilt Automobiles for sale by new car dealers will be found in Monday's New York Tribune These special announcements appear every Monday?Wednesday?Friday FUS