Newspaper Page Text
tharter we can take them. Hence to?
AH of the raids conducted last night ;
WN without anv unto vflrd incident. |
The officers of the various vessels
?eised. expressed surprise at the action |
iot made no objections. Members of ?
;he crew were not aware of the hnp
senings on board.
Hayward There as Advisor
United States Attorney William Hay
*ard, in speaking of the part ho played
fri the seizure, said:
"I am here to be of any assistance
to the Shipping Board and acting in
?n advisory capacity."
On .returning from the seizure trip
last night Mr. Schlesinp-vr said that ?
under the general agreement for the i
chartering of the steamships the cost j
of refitting the vessels, where refitting j
was necessary, was to have been borne
by the charterers, but the old United ?
States Shipping Board had gone ahead |
and reconditioned the ships, at an I
estimated expense to the government ;
of about $5,000.000. This money was .
spent, Mr. Schlesdnger stated, after,
the charters for the vessels had been j
Blast on Ship
Kills Four in
(Continu?, from p,\ge ent)
in their arms, were storming the gates
of the yard.
The reserves were called from four
precincts to restrain the crowds. Four
hospitals sent ambulances. The rescue
squad of the plant, equipped with gas
helmets, was on the scene promptly.
Injured, Joins Rescuers
Mack, one of the injured men. joined
the squad and helped cairy out his
comrades. He was blown clean out of
the tanker, but did not lose conscious?
ness. As soon as he could scramble to
his feet he seized a line which dangled
from the Ardmore's deck, forty-five feet
above him, and swarmed up it. He
started down one of the hatchways, I
but found the lower decks reeking with
gas and had to Tetreat.
On his return he met the rescue
squad, snatched a gas helmet from one
of them and entered the interior of the
ship with them.
Miss jjvarsen Jensen, head nurse at
the emergency hospital at the plant;
Marie Anderson, a nurse; Dr. Winne. a
company physician, and his assistant,
Francis Faulkner, accompanied the res?
cue squad to the ship and established
an emergency ward on deck, where they
gave first aid treatment as fast as the
victims were passed up by the rescuers.
The six most seriously injured were
placed in steel baskets, which the
lescue squad had brought, and low?
ered with a derrick to the pier, where
ambulances were waitir?.
"No torches of any kind were being
used in the hold," said Harry Hanbury, j
general .manager of the plant, "There j
was no equipment there, so far as I
can find out, that could have caused
the explosion. Four out of five such
explosions are caused by some one
smoking. We are very strict in en?
forcing the rule against smoking in
such surroundings and a man caught
at it is discharged immediately.
Repairing Ship's Bow
"The bow of the Ardmore had been
crushed when the ship went on some ,
rocks. The vessel was brought here
to have the bow repaired. We were ,
not repairing the tanks and did not ;
expect to repair them. Our chenrist j
tested the air in the hold of the ship
and found it entirely safe. There was
a free circulation of air because of the
removal of some -if the plates."
A fire which gained some headway
after the explosion was extinguished
promptly by firemen. The damage
don'? to the vessel by the explosion is
estimated at about $10,000.
An inquiry into the cause of the ex?
plosion has been started by the dry
Employees of the company were to
have had their annual outing to-day,
but after the explosion a notice was i
posted saying that it had been post?
poned out of respect to the victims of
5 Men Named to Settle
Shipping Board Claims
Judge W. D. Meals Appointed
Chairman; Will Call First
Session Next Week
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 22.?Selection
of the special commission of five mem?
bers to settle the outstanding claims
amounting to $211,000,000 against the
United States Shipping Board was an?
nounced to-day by the President, with
Judge Walter D. Meals, of Cleveland, as
chairman. Judge Meals was formerly
associate justice of the Appellate Court
of Ohio, and was selected by the Presi?
dent because of his great legal ability.
The associate members of the commis?
Homer Ferguson, president of the
Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry
dock Company, one of the foremost of
American shipbuilders and former pres?
ident of the Chamber of Commerce of
the United States.
F. W. Wood, former president of the
Maryland Steel Company, who has had !
long experience in ship building and
has made a record that is nationally
Captain Richard M. Watt, U. S. N.,
formerly chief constructor of the navy
and now assigned to the construction
corps of the navy.
Arthur W. Teele, of the accountant
firm of Patterson, Teele & Dennis, of
New York City, and vice-president of
the American Institute of Accountants.
The secretary of the commission will
be O. P. M. Brown, of Washington,
"It is the purpose of the President,"
Chairman Lasker said, in announcing
the selection of the commission, "that
these claims should be settled as
speedily as expedition and fair judg?
ment will permit, so that no unneces?
sary further hardship be worked on
those having proper claims."
The commission will be called into
preliminary session by Chairman Las?
ker during the coming week for pur?
pose of organization.
->?? - ,,-.
Bar Von Stenben Name
At School Dedication
Speakers Warned Not to Men?
tion General in Palisades
HACKENSACK, N. J,, July 22.?The
cornerstone of the new school in Pali
Bade Township will be laid at 4 p. m.
to-morrow,, but Mayor Thomas A.
Yeardaley has warned all the speakers
not to mention the name of Baron von
Steuben, for whom the Board of Educa?
tion intends to name the school, and it
is thought that there will be no vio?
Residents of the River Edge Manor
section of the township, learning that
Baron von Steuben was a German, pro?
tested vehemently against naming the
school for him, and made a vain effort
to get the Harry B. Doremus Post of
the American Legion here worked up
It hasn't been decided definitely what
the name of the school will be, but
most members of the Board of Educa?
tion are said still to bo in favor of
naming it for Washington's drilimaiter,
who r^eived a grant of land near by in
recogcition of his services to the revo-'
Rail Debt P?an
Harding Will Submit Fund?
ing Proposal in Seulement
?of All Claims Growing
Out of War-Time Control
No Increased Tax Burden
Waiver of Demands Based i
on Supposed Inefficiency j
of Labor fs One Condition !
From The Tribune's Wa&hinoton Bureau
WASHINGTON, July 22.---President
Harding will send a message to Con?
gress next Tuesday setting forth the
agreement reached between the govern?
ment and the railroads for funding the
debts of the carriers to the national
treasury. The President's plan will
not involve any further appropriation
by Congress to settle the chums of the
roads against the government.
Settlement of these claims and coun- !
ter claims has been pending for,
months. In the opinion of government :
officials the roads have laid too groat I
stress upon the losses they incurred by j
inefficient labor during the war-time
Federal control. The government claims
are based on money spent for etjuip- ;
ment and upkeep during the war.
Under the agreement which has been :
reached the railroads have been asked
by the government to waive their ;
claims for losses based upon the inefii- ,
ciency of war-time labor, in an at-1
tempt to reach a settlement, with the
alternative that if they are not satis
fled with the figures arrived at, they ;
retain the right of carrying the fight
to the courts for settlement.
Congress Must Approve
It was said at the White House to?
day that the actual recommendations
concerning the form of the adjust?
ments must meet with the sanction of |
Congress, and it is for this reason that
the President will make recommenda- j
tions to the Congressional committees
dealing with the situation as to the best
methods of adjustment. . It was an?
nounced that the Interstate Commerce
Commission would not take any part
in the adjustment of the claims, but
that the War Finance Corporation |
might be cnlled upon. The President j
has been informed by the managers I
of membership organizations of the !
railroads that the great majority of
them favor an adjustment based on
the government's plan of waiving div?
idends based upon inefficient labor.
The President has been sympathetic I
toward the claims made by the lines j
and has felt that they have not been
treatefl. as fairly as they should have |
been. Conferences on the subject have
been going on between the Executive
and railroad representatives ever since
Mr. Harding entered the White House.
It was announced that the substance
of the understanding did not consti?
tute a new arrangement; that all busi?
ness with the government is of neces?
sity by contract. The transportation
act sets forth clearly that the roads
3hall be recompensed for expenditures
made during the war foi maintenance
and equipment. Before entering into
negotiations with the roads with the
view of arriving at an amicable ad?
justment of claims, it was felt by the
Administration that they ought to
facilitate the adjustment by att?-*rnpt
ing a settlement without considering
the claims filed based on the supposed
unfitness and inefficiency of labor.
The President intimated some time
ago that he felt that the companies
were delinquent in filing claims, and it
develops that the tardiness was due
in many cases to an impression in rail?
road circles that the Administration
viewed with misgiving the practice of
saddling huge claims on inefficient
At present there is in the Treasury
$250,000,000 available to meet claims
and the President feels that the pay?
ment of the Bum, distributed among
the railroads, would be an excellent
stimulant to business generally. Thus
far approximately sixty reads have
settled their demands on a basis of 50
There are tw?*^ reasons which stand
out why the Administration is anxious
to adjust the claims. The first is to
wind up the affairs of the railroad ad?
ministration, and the second, a desire
to give to the roads what is rightfully
It ia believed that a majority of the
companies will accede to the govern?
ment's plans. The Administration feels
that a frank understanding will be ar?
rived at if the roads put aside their
elaborate claims and present them with
a geniuine desire to speed up the settla
The President has told railroad men
and members of his cabinet that the
vital question, so far as he is concerned,
has to do with how the government can
keep faith with the railroads and ob?
serve its contract, without asking for
Actress Wins Point in
$100,000 Promise Suit
Order to Examine Dixie Ed?
mond in Complaint Against
G. H. Perkins Is Vacated
Dixie Esmond, an actress, gained a
point in ?er suit for $100,000 for
alleged breach of promise against
George H. Perkins, a broker, of 50
Broad Street, yesterday when Supreme
Court Justice Finch granted a motion
on her behalf to vacate an order of ex?
amination granted against her in the
suit. Miss Esmond charges that Per?
kins repudiated promises to marry her.
Mr. Perkins filed an affidavit oppos?
ing the order to vacate and setting
forth that the plaintiff's real name,
according to his information and be?
lief, i3 Mabel Roberts Bell and that
she lives in Boston, where, in June, I
191G, she pleaded guilty in the Munici- ?
piil Court to a charge of being an idle j
and disorderly person.
Dixie Esmond asserts that her par-i
ents live in Boston and that she visits
them whenever she has an opportunity.]
She denied that she makes her home ;
in Boston, hut paid that she li/es at I
the Hotel Vendig, in this c\T.y, and has |
resided there for two years, Perkins j
declared this to be u sham, baying that|
the actress is now employed as a j
cabaret singer in/i dance hall at N?n
Uisket, a Boston ?suburb.
Hibernians Denounce Sims;
Want Ireland Keeognized
DETROIT, July 22.?Declaring the
peace of the world and freedom of the j
s?sas depend upon indeoendence for!
Ireland, resolutions adopted at the i
fifty-second national convention of the
Ancient Order of Hibernians to-day
asked President Harding and the Amer-!
?can Congress immediately to recognize!
the Irish republic.
Rear Admiral Sims was condemned!
for "notorious pro-English tendencies"!
and his removal from the presidency!
of the United States Naval War Col-'
lege urged in another resolution.
Montreal was chosen as the 1922 ?
meeting place at the convention'? c?o?- j
Horn, Bridge Wrecker and Spy,
Goes Mad in Canadian Prison
OTTAWA, July 22. Werner Horn,
who figured in one of the most sensa?
tional Gorman spy cases of the war,
Iihs been certified ns insane by physi?
cians at the penitentiary in Dorches?
ter, N. B., where he has been serving
n ten-year sentence for attempting to
blow up the Canadian Pacific Railroad
bridge at Vanceboro, Me. He will
be released ns soon as arrangements
can bo made for his deportation to
It was on February 2. 1915, that
Horn tried to dynamite the bridge,
which vrosses tliu St. Croix River into
New Brunswick. A few hours later he
was arrested at Vanceboro.
Horn, about thirty-seven years old
with a military training that bolstered
his claim that he was a captain in the
German army, said that, being unable
to return to Germany to light, he had
conceived the plan of aiding his coun?
try by blowing up the international
bridge and so crippling the movement
of munition trains in the Dominion.
Arrangement for the blast, he said,
were made in New York. In Vance
.boro, according fco his story, he met
an "I ^shniNii," who handed him some
dynamite with which lu? attempted to
destroy the bridge. This, he insisted,
was an act of war and he contended
that having tied a neutral country he
could not be surrendered to the enemy.
The Canadian government, through
the British Ambassador at Washing?
ton, made formal demand for his sur?
render, but, the request was not
honored nt the time. 1'or safe keeping
Horn was temporarily sentenced to
thirty days in a Maine j:iil on a charge
of having damaged buildings in
On March 2 he whs indicted by the
Federal prnml jury in Boston for vio?
lating laws regulating interstate
transportation of explosives by carrj
ing dynamite from New York to the
border. He was removed to Massa?
chusetts after Mnine authorities made
an unsuccessful fight to hold him,
After a long; legal Qght he was sen?
tenced in Federal court in Boston to
eighteen months' imprisonment and
fined $1,000. After serving his time
he was extradited to Canada, where he
was again tried, convicted ..and im?
U. S. Opposes
Any Delay in
(Continuad from puja on?)
Versailles peace conference, which
would probably result in the same
fashion-that is, the. organization of.
a "big four" or a "big live.*'
Limitation of Nations
So that while such nations as Bel?
gium, Holland, Portugal and others
which have applied for invitations, to
attend will be permitted to have repre?
sentatives who will be given an ample
hearing, there is no disposition, at
present at least, to permit their dele?
gations to take part in the delib?
There is no disguising the fact, also,
that the successful pinking of the Ger?
man battleship Ostfriesland by air^
planes twenty minutes after the attack
with heavy bombs began will have an
important bearing on the question of
armament limitation. This brings up
the interesting points, in view of the
objections of France to limiting land
forces, that the spectacular work in
attacking warships of all characters
has been done by land planes. In the
dummy bomb attack on the Iov/a, fol- ,
lowing a search for her, it was the land
ulanes--the Martin bombers -which
dropped the wonderful salvo encircling
lier and landing two on her deck. I
It is accepted without challenge,
therefore, that even if the conference !
should decide not to have its agree- ?
ments for limitations afi'ect land
forces, certainly limitations should be
applied, if possible, to expenditures for
airplanes, which, it has been demon?
strated so successfully this week and
last, can be used effectively at sea.
In this connection it is pointed out,
and frankly accepted by many ex?
perienced naval constructors, that none
of the capital ships at present afloat
can be defended against airplane at?
tack, except by fighting airplanes,
which would drive the would-be bomb?
ers off. New constructions, perhaps,
by armoring the entire bottoms, might
add to their defenses, but changes are
imperative in dreadnought design.
New Navies Needed
T1?3 phas.e of the situation, as dem?
onstrating the fact that entire new
navies must be constructed, is expected
to help wonderfully in persuading rep?
resentatives of the powers to agree
on armament limitation, no matter
what minor advantages they may have
to surrender, in order to relieve their
countries of the crushing burdens of
taxation involved in a continuance of
LONDON, July 22 (By The Asso?
ciated Press).--Meeting of the domin?
ion premiers was called hurriedly this
afternoon to consider, it is understood,
a reply received from Washington to?
day to representations by the British
government relative to postponing the
disarmament and Pacific conferenc?; to
some date later than November 11. The
meeting was private and there has beun
no indication of the nature ef the
Reds Will Not Observe
Arms Meeting Decisions
Protest ?Sote to U. S. and Oilier
Powers Concerned Expresses
Skepticism of Any Results
RIGA, Latvia, July 22 (By The As?
sociated Press).-Soviet Russia's note
of protest against the failure to ex?
tend her an invitation to the Washing?
ton conference on Far Eastern ques?
tions, handed to the American Charge?
?t Stockholm yesterday, declares the
Moscow government will not recognize
iiny decision reached at a conference
at which it is not represented.
The note, which was signed by M.
Tchitcherin, the Soviet Commissary for
Foreign Alfairs, protests also against
the lack of an invitation for the Far
Eastern Republic. The Soviet govern?
ment reserves complete freedom of
action, it declares.
These announcements were made by
the Rosta Agency, the official Bolshe?
vik news agency here.
The Soviet note was sent not only;
to the United States, but also to Great
Britain, France, China and Japan. It
hails with much joy a discussion on
disarmament, but expresses skepticism
that any guaranties regarding such
disarmament can be possible.
"The absence of the Russian govern?
ment from discussions of the subject
would only have the result to make
Russia ignore any decisions reached,"
the note declares.
Japanese Council Not
Uneasy at Parley Call
Consider? the Proposition and j
Does Not Find It Will Run
Against Its Own Interests
TOKIO, July 22 (By The Associated
Press).?The proposed Pacific confer?
ence was considered by the diplomatic
advisory council in special meeting to?
day, Viscount Uchida, the Foreign Min
ister, reporting the latest developments !
in the negotiations with the United
States on the subject.
The present official opinion regarding
the conference was voiced by Professor
Kiroku Hayashi, councillor of the For?
eign Office, who in a statement, de?
"Japan has no cause for uneasiness.
Japan's special position is recognize.l
by all the powers and there is no rea?
son to think the conference will ?un
counter to Japan's recognized inter?
ests. Japan must study the American
proposal carefully and respectfully, and
express her views fully and frankly."
The government is now preparing
its conception of a program for the
conference, the formal invitation to
which it is confidently expected Japan
will accept when it is officially re?
According to the newspapers Vis
count Uchida favors and expects a
strong attitude on the part of Japan
at the conference, as it will have a
grave bearing on the prestige and in
terests of the empire.
Tho newspapers declare that the
United Slates has explained that its
only desire is an understanding be?
tween tin? powers ? on principles and
policies affecting their mutual inter?
ests and that the conference will have
no other significance. Therefore, it is
added, from the broad motive of inter?
national peace, the avoidance of con?
flicts of interests and the ndvacement
of civilization, Japan will join the con?
There is a wide range of speculation
as to the nature of Japan's profcTam.
Some of it is declared to be purely
fanciful, but some of it is assorted to
be undoubtedly inspired- and inter?
pretative of the Japanese government's
aim. In the latter group probably bo
longs the statement that Japan, while
seeking general harmony, will strongly
protect what she considers her inter?
ests, with insistence that her special
position in the Far East must not be
trespassed by other powers, and also
that Japan will not accept a program
which would put her in the position of
The Asahi quoes an unnamed member
of the Cabinet as saying if the dis?
cussion invades those matters already
disposed of by treaties and agreements
it is calculated to disturb and not pro?
Baron Shimpei Goto, Mayor of Tokio,
has urged all classes to unitedly "face
the xinprecedented situation." He said,
however, that he thought Japan might
well be compared to an accused, sum?
moned before un international court
organized by Western powers.
The Yamato Shimbun, which is wide?
ly read by the masses, insists that the
American invitation to the conference
has in a sense given a shock to the
Japanese greater than that of Perry's
arrival in Uraga Bay.
(Ccntinutwl trvm pa**?s one)
Ria.san, Pensa, Saratov*. Volin, Kiev,
Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Chernigov, Alex
androvsk, Nikolaycvsk, and even part
of the Crimea.
According to Izvestia, the Soviet or?
gan in Moscow, a thousand instances
of starvation in the Upper Volga re?
gion already have been reported. The
newspaper says that autopsies have re?
vealed the presence of only grass in
the people's stomachs. It urges the
Soviet government to undertake the
transportation of a million peasants to
Chita, in the far east, or to the Cau?
After a preliminary investigation the
German government is contemplating
the sending of food and medical sup?
plies to Russia, despite the feeling that
has prevailed here that Germany has
little to give. Gorky is expected to
make a strong appeal in Berlin to gain
assistance for his people. The ques?
tion that is arising hi-re in everybody's"
mind is "What will America do?"
Loss to Chicago Bank
Will Total $1,000,000
Michigan Avenue Trust Closed
and Its President Is
Special Dispatch to The. Tribune
CHICAGO. July 22.?The loss to the
Michigan Avenue Trust Company Bank,
which was closed Thursday in the ab?
sence of its president, Warren C.
Spurgin, will be more than $1,000,000
and may reach $1,000,000. The figures
were given to-night by George M.
Reynolds, chairman of the Continental
and Commercial National Bank's board
of directors and uncle of the missing
The bank had approximately $4,000,
000 in deposits, it is said. The auditor
has found $214,0')") in cash and a quan?
tity of stocks and bonds.
Cashier Beutel believes the bank will
pay 65 cents on, the dollar at present.
Russia Mobilizes Peasants
STOCKHOLM, July 22.?While the
Russian Legation at Helsingfors dis?
avows the reported general mobiliza?
tion in Russia, a Finnish official here
to-day declared his government has
proof that peasants in Karelen and
in other districts have been mobilized.
Semi-official circles in Helsingfors
describe the Russian mobilization as
being partial. They declare it is di?
rected against the Far Eastern govern?
ment whose seat is in Vladivostok, al?
though asserting that the exercise of
pressure on Esthonia and Latvia may
not be altogether foreign to it.
A Rign, Latvia, dispatch of ?Tune 12
stated that Soviet Russia was under?
stood to have threatened drastic ac?
tion against Esthonia and Latvia un?
less those countries ceased their sys?
tem of strict prosecution of Com?
munist agitators, either Russian
citizens or those who had signified
their intention of becoming so.
Mrs. Burkett Insists Experts
Will Prove Writing Roosevelt's
CHICAGO, July 22.?A letter from
Mrs. Emma R. Burkett, of Hillsdale,
Ind., who asserted Theodore Roosevelt
had refused to pay a $67,000 obligation
to her, was received to-day by the de?
tective bureau here. She asks the ad?
dress of three Chicago handwriting
experts, who, she declares, will prove
that the signature on the paper she
holds is really that of the late Presi?
The letter is from the Tombs nrison
in New York, to which Mrs. Burkett -vas
removed following complaint of the
executors of the Roosevelt estate that
her claim was fraudulent.
Take Up Tariff
Bill on Monday
__ - -
Finance Committee Hopes
to Complete Hearings in
Two Weeks; Uncertainty
in Hanks as lo Procedure
Valuation experts Called
Penrose Says Tax Measure
May Be Forced Ahead
of Hevcimc Legislation
From The Tribune's Washington Hurrau
WASHINGTON, July 22. It is un?
certain how long it will take the
Finance Commissoe to report the tariff
bill to the Senate, and also uncer?
tain whether Cue tariff bill will con?
tinue to precede the tax bill, whether
the two will be com hi nod or the tax
bill later will be forced ahead of tariff,
This was made plain to-day by Senator
Penrose, chairman of the Finance
Committee, when the toriff measure
was sent over to the Senate from
the House and referred to the Finance
Senator Penrose announced that ihr
Finance Committee would take up the
tariff bill Monday, would begin hear?
ing.! then and hoped to complete the
hearings in two weeks.
After the hearings will come the
task of considering the bill in the
committee, item by item. How lonf
that will take Senator Penrose says he
cannot tell. He deems it possible
however, that the bill will be report?e
out of the Finance Committee befor?
the House passes the tax bill and tha
the tariff bill may even be passed b;
the Senate before the House passes tht
tux bill. It is not the general viev
among Senators, however, that th<
tariff bill will be passed before thi
House passes the tax bill, and man;
Senators doubt whether the tariff bil
will be out of the Finance Committe?
by the date the House has put the ta:
With reference to whether the ta:
bill stands any chance of being pu
ahead of the tariff bill in the Senate
part.icul.urly if the Administratioi
urges it, it is the view of Senator Pen
rose this bridge will have to be crosse
vvhen it is reached,
"We will go ahead with the taril
bill," he said, "and when the revenu
bill is passed by the House and sen
to the Senate it will be given con
sideration and we will decide what t
do. It is conceivable the tariff bi!
may have been passed. J cannot pre
diet how long the tariff bill will tak
in the committee." i
May Be Combined
Senator Penrose did not think tha
if tiie Finance Committee was near!
through with the tariff bill when th
tax bill was sent to the Senate, th
tariff bill would be dropped and hel
back for the tax bill. As to whethe
it might prove practicable later t
combine the tax bill with the tari
bill, he said:
"I would just as soon have a boo
in two volumes as one."
The bill giving Secretary Hello
power to refund the foreign debt ma
intervene to delay the tariff bill 1
some extent. Senator Penrose sai
when Secretary Mellon reported to U:
committee on the questions raised f
to whether this government is in an
way bound by the Rathbone negoti;
tions, the committee might susper
operations on the toriff. He said r
long delay on tariff or, account of tr
refunding bill would be allowed.
Senator Penrose consulted several ?
his colleagues on the Finance Commi
tee to-day and it was decided to tal
up the valuation provisions first. The
will be considered Monday.
The committee will hear Chairmj
Page and Commissioners Burgess ai
Marvin, of the Tariff Commission, Mo
day, an;! also George Davis and Ot
Fix, of New York. Mr. Davis is sp
c-ial agent in charge of the New Yo:
customs office. Mr. Fix is in char?
of the comparative valuation burei
at New York.
The hearings of the experts on val
ation will continue Tuesday, and <
Wednesday and Thursday busine
men will be heard on valuation. Mu?
opposition exists to the American vt
nation plan as well as much suppo
After considering vaiuatiou the coi
niittee will take up the schedules
the tariff bill in their order.
Chemical Schedule Frtday
The committee hopes to reach t
chemical schedule Friday of the comi,
week and this will involve dyestuf
Much controversy over this is expe<
ed and it may delay the program of t
In relation to this and the genei
piogram Senator Penrose said:
"When the hearings are conclud
and the bill is taken up for actual cc
sideration it will be in executive s<
sion with only Republican members
the committee present. This is t
usual custom which has been follow
by the Ways .?id Means Committee a
is looked upon as the regular thi
because of the fact that a tariff bill
regarded as a matter of party poli
involving political differences betwe
protection and free trade ideas.
"We hope to clore the hearings wi
in two weeks from Monday and
earnest effort will be made to fin
within that time. After that we v
take the bill up with Treasury offici
in order to have the benefit of th
advice in writing the bill.
"In order to facilitate the progress
the hearings the committee desires
have one representative of each line
industry, or each group that is seek
a change in schedule, and desires,
possible, to limit each witness to thi
minutes in presenting his views,"
Fordney Begins Work
On Tax Revision B
Chairman of House Cornmilt
Goes Over Every Phase
the Problem With Melt
From The, Tribune's Wasliington Burcai
WASHINGTON, July 22.?With
losing even a day after the House <
posed of the tariff bill, Chairman Fo
ney of the Committee on Ways j
Means began to-day the prelimin
work on the other major legislation
the session?revision of the tax?t
Mr. Fordney held an extended c
f eren ce this afternoon with Secret
ot the Treasury Mellon at the Treas
Department. These two, mo3t resp
sible for the draft of the meas
which is to reapportion the distri
tion of governmental financial burc
went over virtually every phase of
Secretary Mellon informed Chain
Fordney that he is now prepared to
before Congress at any time to m
his formal recommendations with
gard to the Administration's attitude
needed changes in the assessment
taxes. The Secretary's estimate of
amount the government must raise
the next fiscal year, Mr. Fordney
clared, following the conference,
The Ways and Means Committe?
prepared to begin immediately hear!
on the revision. It is expected the I
of these will be held next Tuesday.
Mr. Fordney intimated that one
the first things to be taken up wil
the excess profits taxes, now deel;
to be hampering and checking produc?
tion of all kind?*. The rubstitution of
a flut corporation tax, possibly of 15
per cent, has been strongly recom?
mended by many quarters, Ik- said.
? This plan is to be given the mort sert?
| uns consideration by the commit,? <??
Repeal of the transportation taxer*
now exacted on railroad and other fares
is to bo provided by the committee, if
at all possible, said Mr. Fordncy, and
the present plan in to revise the sched?
ule of income taxes.
The question of a sales tax is an- !
other problem to be taken up by the j
Ford Tells of
St. Over Loan
(Continu?*?! from pane on?)
700,000 worth of stock into cash put!
"Then we looked over our foreign
account? and found our agents at for- !
eign ports owed us $.'',000,000, which !
we collected. We had also sold by?
products for which we had accounts
receivable of 5.'",700.000 more, which we
got in? put down those two items. On
top of that we sold $7,000,000 worth of
Liberty bonds. If you total these
you'll find they come to $y9,300,000? ?
i more than enough to meet our impend
j ing obligations. But we did not stop
Cut Out War Extravagances
"The war had ied us into many ex
travagunces of administration nnd ac?
counting. We went through the plunt, !
offices and shops, and made economies j
which I'll detail later, eliminating;
everything non-productive. Then we i
j had acquired the Detroit, Toledo S? ?
! Irontor. Railroad. We saw possibilities |
j of reducing the vast amount of capital :
| which we had formerly kept tied,up, j
I invested in goods in transit. We found !
ways to cut the time our goods were in j
transit By that one move we released I
$28.000,000, took it from funds invested |
in stock in transit and put it to other j
uses. Thus, when April 1 came round j
we had $87,300,000 to meet $58,300.000 j
in obligations. We paid them all, weeks I
Mr, Ford leane?.' back in his chair |
"And ail the while," he went on, I
"these New York bunkers were fussing j
around here, trying to get us to take a j
"But how could you create such im- I
mensc sums of ready cash by mere
economies?" he wan asked.
"Mere economies." Mr. Ford replied,
with emphasis on the 'mere.'"
"There's nothing 'mere' about our
| economies?they're the thing," he cor:- i
tinued. "Take that item of $28,000,000,
released from investment in goods in
transit. We were able to do that by a
combination of two things. By using
our railroad, we were able to speed
up movement of raw materials to the
factory and movement of finished car.-;
from the factory to the dealers. Bet?
ter methods in the factory cut the
time needed to manufacture the mate?
rial into machines. Then we stopped
carrying immense reserve supplies of i
raw materials. The first economy made
the second possible. Here's the wav it
$88,000,000 Always Tied Up
"Before we got control of the D., T. ;
?ft I. it required an average of twenty
two days to haul raw material to the
factories, make it into cars and get
them to the dealers. We had to buy
three weeks in advance of need and
with no way of knowing future condi?
tions, we had to keep immense reserve.,
on hand. The money tied up in these
and the goods moving stood continu?
ously at about $88,000,000.
"But the early months of 1921 [
brought great changes. General cessa- j
tion of industry made materials, and ?
j cars in which to carry them, plenti- !
ful. Then the D., T. & I. is really one
i great terminal, it crosses every trans?
continental line in the country. When
I stock consigned to us reaches the D., T.
' & I. it can bo speeded along to desti
? nation. Parts, or cars, outbound, can
i be made into through trains and thus
j the running time to destination be
greatly reduced. In the offices of the
| D. T. & I., the officials did away with
j a deal of antiquated railroad re?I tape.
Whole systems of useless accounting
were abolished. The offices themselves
were brought to Detroit and the road
! is operated as a single unit. All these
elements, combined, have reduced the
j time of our movement of stock from
the suppliers of raw materials through
the factory and the cars into the hands
of the dealers from twenty-two to
fourteen days. And that is not the
end?we'll cut it still more. Where,
before we had $88,000,000 tied in min
j ing and reserve stock required to
make 93,000 cars a month, now we
handle the stock required to make
114,210 cars a month for less than
Stock Ordered Economically
"There are S,CC& parts to tho Ford
car. Once each month we make a
schedule of the exact number of cars
we will make the next month. Then
we figure out the exact amount of
stock needed to make just the number
of parts to fill that schedule and buy
that amount of stock and no more.
"We're following my father's advice
and not loading up with things we
"Office and shops also come in for
a house-cleaning. We literally took
out a train load of desks and furniture ?
and sold them. We told the men that I
occupied these desks that back in the j
shops were plenty of good jobs at
good pay?if they wanted them. Most
of them did. We cut the office forces
from 1,074 to 528 persons. Telephone
extensions were cut about 60 per cent.
"We went through the shops in the
same way. During the war we had a
foreman for about every three to live
men. Too many foreman sat at desks
all day looking en. We have sold all
the desks and most of former foremen
are now at machines. We now have a
foreman to about every twenty men.
Everything and everybody that wa.<
not producing was put in a position
where they would or were eliminated.*'
"A comparison of our operating
costs before and after the house clean?
ing is really a startling lesson in what
manufacturers can do if they look
sharp to economy. Back in November,
1920, before the house cleaning, our
daily expense for labor and commercial
overhead charges, cost of materials
not included, averaged $463,200 to get
out an average of 3,146 cars a day or
$146 a car. Look what we did in June,
1921?$412,500 a Cay to produce an
average of 4,392 cars a day, of $98 a
car. What do you mean by talking
about mere economy?
"We used to have to employ fifteen
men per car per day, now it requires
but nine. Look at the saving on my
"How about the future?" Mr. Ford
was asked. His answer was:
"It looks to me that we are at the
beginning of a long period of pros?
Tulsa Police Chief Guilty
Jury Finds He Failed to Act to
Protect Public in Riots
TULSA, Okla., July 22.?John A.
Gustafson, suspended Chief of Police,
to-night was found guilty by a jury
of having failed to take proper pre?
cautions for public safety on the night
and day of the recent race riot here,
and also guilty on another count of
conspiracy to free automobile thieves
and collect rewards.
The jury deliberated six hours.
He Never Took
Money He Sent Brokers Was
Hidden by Wife Early in
War,, and Part of Invest?
ment Gain. Says Officer
Handkerchiefs Only Gifts
Major Declares $300 He
Intrusted to Lexington,
Ky.< Alan Brought $6.000
WASHINGTON, July 22. Major
Rruce R. Campbell, of the United
States Army, told a House investigating
committee to-day that not a single
penny of the $0,500 placed by him with
a Wall Street firm for stock market
trading last year was received from
the liergdoll family.
Flatly denying the charge by Mrs.
Emma C. Bcrgdoli, of Philadelphia, that
he had been paid $5,000 to aid in ob?
taining freedom for Grover Cleveland
Bergdoll, her draft-dodging son, Major
Campbell declared that the sum sej?t
to the brokers was his own money,
hidden by his wife at her home since
the early days of the war.
The Mayor, called here hurriedly,
without opportunity to examine the
charges against him, at first declined to
testify at this time as to the source
of the fund. But, pressed hard by the
committee, he turned about suddenly
and told of the hidden treasure, and a
moment later he related in detail how
a $500 investment placed with the late
Milton Young, of Lexington, Ky., be?
fore the war, grew to $6,500 by 1917.
It was the same sum that was hidden
away and later shifted to Wall Street
Says Father Guarded Money
Professing ignorance as to how the
Young investment had increased, Ma?
jor Campbell said that it had been
turned back to him by a man, still liv?
ing, but whose name he declined at
the moment to give. Then in the
midst of u sharp exchange with a corn
mitteeman, Campbell broke in, declar?
ing, "Oh, hell, it was my father!"
At this point the committee decided
to call the father, William R. Camp?
bell, of Lexington, who was asked to
come here at once.
Extremely reluctant to touch upon
family affairs to clear him.self of the
charges, Major Campbell d?clarai that
it had been his purpose to ask ti ^ ? that.
he might be able to corrobor?t?? fully
every word of his testimony. \ .vas
for this reason, he said, that he d.d not
want to disclose ?11 of his evidence until
he had been allowed time to submit
proof in denial of the accusations.
The major asserted that a "frightful"
injustice had been done him by the
committee in permitting Mrs. Bergdoll
and a representative of the brokers to
testify when he was not present. lie
protested vigorously that an agent of
the Army Intelligence Service, in in?
specting his bank account at New
York had not shown that at a prior
elate he had more than $5,C00 on de?
Asks Bank for Verification
A telegram, he said, had been sent
the bank, requesting that it verify his
i statement to this eftect, and to <f.j -, '
answer in care of Chairman Peter?? '"* ''
At various tim-*-, Major f'ampbe?'j '
! clared, he and his wife had $17f(0t)
! deposit, not counting the sum W 0n '?
\ the market, but he declined to mert,*"*
the names of banks until he could J*
hold of his papers, en route with v '
hou ehold effects from Go*?n?2
Island to Little Rock, Ark. ""' I
There were moment-*, whe-i the rani**?
; was unable to control his feelings *?W
? re?, rring to his wife and his old fatU
? and he banged the table in anger ai't
? denounced what he said was the att?m:!
! of the Bergdolls to blacken huS
I As military counsel for the slacke*fc."
I never received a dollar, he declared
I The only thing they ever gave him h?i
! said, were three little cambric handker
chiefs, bought at a soldiers' fair on tri
island, ii* trinkets for his babies.
Canntla Will Not Try
To Extradite Bergdoll
Draft Dodgers German Citisen.
ship Prevents Action^ hy
thr Ruling of Old Tretty
Special Ditpateh to The Tribun*
MONTREAL. July 22,-Grover CIm*
? land Berjjdoii, American draft erad?
! probably will not be brought to C?nida'
from Germany because he is a German
I citizen, and as such cannot be extra
j dited to Canada through the provisions
j of an old treaty between the two coun?
This, it is understood, is the dec'.
j sion of officers of the Department of
'Justice, who have been investigating
the case since it was alleged that
' Bergdoll had managed to make hi3 way
? into Germany by the use of a forged
Since getting into Germany, it ig
! understood, Bergdoll has taken ont
citizenship rapers and has became a
i German national. A treaty, which has
j been standing for ir?a.'.y years between
, the two countries, prevents the extra?
dition of a naturalized citizen of either
' country to the other for trial.
The matter was taken up here by the
I Great War Veterans' Association, when
i the question of Bergdoll'? extradition
to Canada came up, and has been under
investigation by officials of the Depart
! ment of Justice for some time. The
i question is still under consideration,
? it is said.
I Sleeping Man Blinded
By Sun in Mid-Ocean
Rotterdam's Passengers Take
Up Purse for Steward, Who
Slumbered Under Rays
Much sympathy was aroused in mid
| Atlantic among the saloon passengen
i on the Holland-America liner Rotte?
I dam for F. J. Coenders, one of the
; stewards, who was stricken blind dur
ing the voyage, and when the vessel
docked here last night a purse of sev?
eral hundred dollars was given to the
| afflicted man.
The Rotterdam encountered fog
every day of the trip, the son occa?
sionally coming out for a few hours.
During one of these intervals of sun?
shine Coenders went forward, and find?
ing a comfortable place on a hatch
cover fell asleep, with his face up?
The rays beat down upon him from
3 p. m. until 5 p. m. On awakening
he had no trouble with his eyes. The
next morning, however, when he -".as
roused from slumber he was blind.
He was put in the care of Dr. Kelly,
the ship's surgeon, who informed him
that his sight probably would return
soon under proper treatment.
ring and Summer
Particular attention is directed
to the outstanding valuer at
Reduced from $50
Assortments are extensive?and interesting.
Included are many suits of medium weight for
year-round wear. The man of fastidious taste
will find unlimited opportunity for selection.
Reductions Affect Our
Entire Stock of Sack Suits
$40 and $45 Suits Now.$37.50
$50 " " .$43.50
$55 to $65 " " .$49.50
$65 to $85 " " .$58.50
No Charge for Alterations
Weber an~? Heilbroner
CLQTHI?RS. HABERDASHERS AND HATTERS
*241 Broadly *42od and 5th Ave. 150 ?ama
345 Broadway *44th and Broadway 20 Cortlandl
775 Broadway 1363 Broadway *30 Broad
*1185 Broadway *Qothing at ?me storoa.
?38? FmYmh St, Borough He!!. Brooklyn *&& Br?*d Su Newark
Used and Rebuilt
for sale by new car dealers
will be found in Monday's
New York Tribune
These special announcements appear