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First to Last?the Truth: News?Edi? torials?Advertisements Meotxr el ti.e Aurt'.t Bureau ..? Circulation?. ' THURSDAY, AUGUST 11, 1921 ( ?wsed by N?w TotK Tribun?, Inc., i New Terk i fcjporsilon PublUhed dally, onlen Held, l'reel d?at: G. Ternor Rows. Vlce-Proldent; Htim ' Rr.g?r? RfM, Secretary: K. K. XtaxneUI. Tr???uirr. A m? ,-.. Trtf*?if lUilldlng. IM !\?siiu S!rr?t. N?t? Volk. Ti^'pheae. Bfi'kmui :<00O. ?TBSCRirTloN RATES - By nul!. Including Pm-kgr IN T11K UNITED STATES. One Six Out Pr Mill ToBtiMld. Year Monll? Mor.t.l. Dal:? and ?undaj.$:: 00 J6.0O ?1.W Oin<i wttX, 39c. Daily only . 10 flo SH .?5 <)? ? ?week, ?5c. Puv.day rn'.y . 4 09 2 25 .<0 Sub?!*? only. Canada. 6 90 !.1S .55 FOREIGN RATES Dally antt Sunday.J2S 00 $13 30 ft.*? Daliy only . i: in S 70 145 Sunday only . 9 75 S.13 S? ?ttered ?t tu? 1 oitoffl.-? ?t New York u teeond C?a?* Hall Matter. r.UARANTY Vau ?an ?nr?nas? nfrchandls? a^vitilssd In THE TRIBUNE with absolut? ?atety?for if dlsiatlilae tlan raaulta In any cas? THE TRICUNE ?uaran ???? te pay your money bsok upon reaue??. No r-d tas?. He Quibbling. We rnaka ?ood pr?m?tly If In? aJvcrtiwr doe? nat. M EM HER OK THE ASSOCIATED PRTSI?I In? A*soc3?t?d Prta? lj exclualT?ly ?ntitlp?! to t?l? u<? for ^publication of all tirwj dispatch?? | eredi>d to H er not pUiernis* credited in tbt? ? pip?r. and a'ao tlio local lit? of ?pontuietxi? ?rlyll published h?rln. AM tight? of icpiiMlcation of all ?th? ?attet r.?rcir\ al?o ar? re*?rr?j. Poor John In the whole history of New York, so far as our reading of the records has disclosed, no public official, much less a chief magistrate of the city, has ever made such a spectacle of himself as our present Mayor in his appearance during the last two days before the legislativo investigating committee in City Hall. We say that without rancor. We i.ay it without satisfaction. We say it without partisanship. We say it because it is a truth whose utterance not only duty but the well-being of the city imposes. We say it in the tpirit of the truest pity for John F. Hylan. No spectator of what went on in the Aldermanic Chamber on Tues? day, and again yesterday?no spec? tator willing to divorce himself of prejudice and forget partisanship tTid put aside the natural resentment produced by the misgovernment and the maladministration of the last three years and eight months?could listen to the man on the witness SiTahd without being moved to pity. He does not mean to be evasive. He (?oes not mean to be defiant. He stumbles, he hesitates, he qualifies, or, again, in sheer desperation under the pressure of his inquisitor's ex? amination, turns to the lawyers sit? ting at his side for some sort of an answer. It, is not his ignorance which excites pity. For ignoranc we have only contempt. It is his sheer stupidity?the stupidity of schoolboys we can recall who were even incapable of making their lips, reproduce the answer whispered to them by a desk-mate. Incredible, unbelievable as it may ,-oem, it must be accepted that on Tuesday last the Mayor, although he had been chairman of the Sinking Fi'nd Commission for forty-four months, did not know the purpose for which the commission exists. He iiyf undoubtedly been told since, but ?f he were our witness we should hesitate to submit him to opposing counsel to-day to be examined on the same matter. He would either have forgotten what he has been told or would have such a hazy picture of it in his mind as to prejudice a jury. Yesterday the Mayor admitted that he did not know that the Bor? ough Presidents, under the charter, were required to file reports with him every three months. He could not remember ever having seen, much less read, these reports. "So many reports" go to the Mayor's office. Again, he was against inspectors. There were too many inspectors; too many inspections by government. But he had never thought of reduc? ing the number of inspectors now employed by the city. The number jfl irj,excess of two thousand. Their ;jay roll exceeds $4,000,000 a year. Senator Brown, counsel to the com? mittee, gave him that information. The Mayor on the witness stand produces the impression of neve? hoving thought about anything hav? ing to do with the welfare of the city ;nd the lowering of taxes. Consoli? dation of departments, he agree? with Senator Brown, undoubtedly would reduce the cost of administra? tion, but he has never evolved a plan nor caused cue to be prepared. Forty-four months at the head of vite greatest business corporation in the entire world and not a plan pre? pared nor one to suggest for a more cvonomica! way of conducting it! And yet Tammany and Hearst propose this man as our Mayor for | ?'iiother four years! Why we now H ear v hy H ey -tar?! by !-im upon thi ;i<? pie. They '-an do with him as-they will. He does not know and never will know what it i .-ill about. Stupidity fcrbids. Poor John ! The Threw Muskotccr: r*iorello, Reuben and YVilliai Three Mu ketecrs ?>'? municipal poli ti"K, apparently 1? ive rediscovered the law of physic? which forbids more than one body in one space at. the K?me moment Doubtless il is a vttOmt pernicious and embi law, but there it i?. Ho it i* neeessary to have coalition -?hateful word?if the spur of the three are not to trip one another. There ;?re ihre? places on the ticket. in not thi*< a dispensation of provi? dent?? Why not take one apiece? 8' far i o ;-'"-.'. But then come- th< ruh. "Com 4 promise on me as the head," says ? Fiorello. "No, on me," says Reuben, i "Not at all?on me," pipes in Wil-1 ??am. It is trying to one of a party of three when the others are stub-: born and unreasonable. But if we remember our Dumas '?. aright, in addition to the Three Mus- | kcteers there was a fourth. When ? Athos, Porthos and Aramis found ; themselves hopelessly at odds they | turned in and got behind the im- j mortal D'Artagnan. Without press- i ing the simile too far, it seems pos- ; sible to say that Major Curran is D'Artagnan in the present instance, ; and that the best compromise is to \ agree to follow his leadership. Reduction First The revenue measure, which Pr?s ident Harding is said to favor, pro- ! poses to raise approximately $3,075,- : 000,000. For the present fiscal year,: which ends June 30 next, Con-| gross appropriated $3,800,000,000?1 $3,575,000,000 to cover authorized j expenditures and the remainder to j meet deficits accumulated during the' money riot of the closing year of the j Wilson Administration. A ? reduction of $600,000,000 in j revenue raised will redeem Repub-? lican platform pledges. It will sig- j nify a cutting down of expenditures | such as the country has asked but ! at times has feared it would not j wholly get. It will permit the lift- ? ing of many tax items, with few! additions. The President and Gen- j oral Dawes are to be congratulated ' on the results of their economy cam-1 paign. The prospect now held out I is one calculated to brighten eyes which are scanning the future anx? iously. The governmental departments never know what they can do in the way of economy until they'are forced : to try. The assumption of all bu- j rcaucracies is that it is impossible j to cut down. The only effective way l to force the issue is to diminish the j sums appropriated. Then it is found that miracles occur. It is better to raise too little than too much. Supplemental taxes, in case of shortage, can be levied. It is fair to ask the future to bear a little heavier part of the public bur? den than it does. When the busi? ness of the country gets going again imposts that are now severe will seem light. The extra sesi?n was chiefly called to reduce taxation and the Presi? dent's common sense leadership promises to have the happy effect of bringing Congress back to its pri? mary duty. Both economically and politically a great mistake will be ! made if the President's recommenda- i tions are not in the main followed. Police Demoralization The Tribune has marked with in? creasing concern during the last ten days the frequency with which policemen have appeared in the news charged with crime. The unlawful .vets alleged to have been committed by them range in seriousness from assault to murder. We can recall nothing like it since the days when Tammany had the city by the throat in the Van Wyck administration and Devery ruled at 300 Mulberry Street. Since Policeman Charles F. Tighe ran amuck with a blackjack on July 28 hardly a day has gone by without ihe reported beating of some citizen. On Tuesday a policeman was arrest* cd on the accusation of shooting to death a man who had "called his wife names." We can only imagine how far the Department of Police has gotten out of hand under the present adminis? tration. Such acts as have been re? ported, excluding the case of alleged murder, are evidence of demoraliza? tion; no less. And it is not pleasant to contemplate demoralization in our splendid police force. Given a head i apable of commanding confidence and enforcing discipline, it has demonstrated itself to be without a peer. But, good head or bad head, the people will not tolerate what tho criminally inclined members of that department seem bent on doing. Pc-.nam.an Obstreperousness Panama continues to express aver? sion to an acceptance of the arbitral award of the late Chief Justice White because it deprives her of ter? ritory which she has long considered her own. This is not surprising. Great Britain did not enjoy accept? ing the Geneva award, which re ??uirrd her to pay us $ir>,5('0,000, but she paid it. The United States v. as nut, jubilant over the f.sheries award at Halifax, which required !.? r to pay $5,500,000 to Great Brit a n, but y'nc paid it. So while Pan? ama muy not like to obey the arbit? ral mandate it is legally and mor? ally incumbent upon her to do so. Panama pretends that her own re? pudiation of the results of her own voluntary agreement with Costa Rii ? exempts her from all obliga? tions under it, and that that agree mi nt "cannot be revived to-day to make it produce juridical effects in detriment to Panama." That is an amazing contention. In our juris prudc nee, at any rate, and surely in all nthers, no party to a contract can annul it and escape its obliga? tions by simply repudiating if. Panama complains that any pro? cedure t?) enforce the terms of the White award would be a "direct at -tack against the sovereignty of Pan ; ma." Perhaps so, if by "sov ereignty" is meant the right to re? pudiate the most solemn obligations that a state can take upon itself, j But of what worth is sovereignty i without integrity? Getting on the Job The World last week rebuked The ! Tribune for saying that one thing it ? specially liked about Henry Curran j was the fact tha.t 1915 found him in i Plattsburg in ft uniform. It ap? parently offends our neighbor to hear the candidate called Major Cur ran, or even "Hank" Curran, as he ' was known in camp. "Mr." is the I only proper appellation. Once again The Tribune is re-, buked?-this time for saying that ! Murphy, as boss, named the Tarn- j many ticket, whereas he merely "rec-1 ommended" it. The coalition ticket, ; over whose constitution there was j six weeks of public consideration and debate, was born, we are told, with equal singleness of control. If our neighbor wishes to assert such things we know of no'way to! enjoin it. But in some minds a question may arise as to how seri? ous is its opposition to the re?lcc- ! tion of Michael Rufus. In the last municipal campaign The World was vigorous, and after election the ! Mayor sued it for libel, a suit sub- j sequently withdrawn at the prayer of the plaintiff, who was so willing to quit that he paid defendant's costs ?$2,000 or more. It cannot be that any understand? ing not to hit hard in the future was a part of the settlement. So The Tribune, having had the benefit of The World's advice, ventures to give a little in turn?namely, to ex? hort The World to follow a course in 1921 as creditable to it as was its course in 1917. Settling Upper Silesia That the Upper Silesian question will be settled without dividing the Entente seems likely, despite the gloomy prognostications of Sir Philip Gibbs and other pessimists. The poli? cies of France and England are proved to be reconcilable and the award is about what was expected by those who have studied the geo? graphical distribution of the plebis? cite vote. Neither Poland nor Ger? many has cause for grave dissatis? faction. Until after the polling it was com? monly assumed that the gross re? sult of the plebiscite would be de? cisive. German propaganda dili? gently spread this idea, and in the negotiations at Paris German agents sought to enlarge the plebiscite area so as to include within it? the largest possible German population, while Poland sought to restrict it. Ger? many on this matter apparently ex? ercised the greater influence. In ad? dition, Germany secured the inser? tion of a provision under which for? mer German residents of Upper Sile? sia could come back and vote. This loaded the dice against Poland, for though the Poles had the same re? turning privilege they are poor, and it was known fewer would be able to return. The Germans, therefore, not sat- j isfied with the advantage which j came from the enlarged area, mar- j shaled people from all parts of the world who could claim a right to vote in Silesia and shipped in, the Poles say, nearly two hundred thou? sand outsiders"to swell the German ballot. 'Then, when the test came, Germany immediately cried out to \ the world in triumph that the vote was 2 to 1 in her favor. This was ' accepted until the final returns came in. The-** showed a gross German majority of only about 229,000.out of 1,189,000 votes. Furthermore, ] they showed that the greater portion of the coal districts, considered by , communes, voted in favor of Po ? land. If the communal vote was ; used as a basis many of the most valuable regions would not go to Germany. So all the cuttlefish in ; the German propaganda bureau were put to work again, and the Germans cheered Lloyd George as hv opposed : the Polish claims. If the boundary is correctly re-' ported Germany will gel a large part of the coal measures, but. the communal principle is recognized,! and its application will insure fuel ? to Polish industries. Many just Po- ; l'sh claims are ignored, but. a strong Poland can arise. And the great. thing, exceeding in importance all else, is the preservation of that'har mony among the Allies on which the whole future depends. A Woman's Age Women workers in Boston are pro listing against publishing their ages in the voting list on the grounds that this will lessen their opportuni? ties for jobs and weaken their chances of marriage. Some go so far as to say that it. might lose them their present employment. So, though few hesitate over the record of their true ages in their election districts, they protest against gen? eral publication. The question is a practical one. Women well know that in business and ?n another field the adage that a woman's as ol?i as she looks still holds good. And, being oblige?! to ? accept the age appearance bestows ; upon them, they naturally ask that i *hey be allowed the converse privi? lege of being accounted no older than they appear. 'Che base ?-ulprit responsible for the 8ccretivenc8s thus dolefully com pclled, is, of course, man. Both as ; employer and prospective husband he demands youth in women. The beauty of woman has been extolled since mankind began, and beauty , and youth are nearly always one. Mentality and usefulness haven't really heen necessary until these lat? ter days. And even now, as the ; women of Boston sadly admit, these new acquirements must be hidden under the cloak of beauty when pos- ; sible, and of youth always. So they will not have their ages published j lest the mask of youth, so jealously i guarded, be torn away and they be j exposed in their carefully disguised ability. "The girl over thirty," says the secretary of the Boston Women's ; Trade Union League, "is undoubt? edly handicapped in seeking a job . . . The sad fact is that many business men prefer the 'flapper' with short skirt and rouged lips." She is in a position to know, and as long as the condition exists women doubtless v.ili continue to say that their age is their own business. A Fighting Navy Truth in Mahan's Saying, "1 he De fensive in War Is Ruin" By Quarterdeck In a letter to the writer The Con? script says: "There is one point thot you could clear up in the minds of the '.shore going' public. You are doing such splendid work as 'liaison officer' be? tween the needs of the navy and the taxpayers thai it seems a pity to let a single cloudy point, remain. You have- referred to our prosent (almost) one-plane navy as capable of defen? sive action only. "All our people are in favor of waging a war for defense of the coun? try only an offensive war is un? thinkable? so the expression -defen? sive action' I do not b:lieve conveys to the shore-going mind the exact idea conveyed by the same expression when heard by a navy officer. "Navy men know that usually the best defense is offensive in character. A defensive war, one to preserve the country, one in which a foreign power is the aggressor, to be successfully waged and the country defended in? volves tactical offense. With n oni plane navy we are incapable of tacti? cal offensive action. Therefore our navy is to-day not even a navy for defense, because it cannot success? fully defend. Until the two other planes of the service are brought up 'in balance' the taxpayers' money is invested in a burglar-proof safe with the combination known to every burglar in the world." The Conscript is perfectly right. He has hit the bullscye. We must not have a "defensive navy." Mahun says "the defensive in war is ruin." Admiral Grant, in his testimony be? fore the Senate, declared that, he "would not fight a defensive battle." He voiced the sentiment of the navy. The writer has advocated a fight? ing navy, a three-plane navy, the only kind of navy that can tight an of fensho battle with hope of winning in 1S21?a navy that can command the air and the sub-surface of the se* ai well as the surface. For this reason, after supplying 22 dreadnoughts, .'',00 destroyers and 10 scout cruisers, we must supply air? plane carriers and submarines. We do not need more battleships just now. We need other things. We must not spend all the money in the United States on n surface fleet alone! If wo do we will commit a fatal blunder. Insurance Funds in Realty To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: How far aro wo going t?* turn ; our fiduciary corporations, organized for specific purposes, into housing mediums? It appears to me that there should be a limit to the attempts in! that direction. The New York joint legislative1 committee has proposed through it counsel, Mr. Untermyer, to require fire insurance companies to invest 40 per cent of their assets in real est?t?' mortgages in this stale. Th^so com? panies do a country-wide business iin'l nearly all the states have retaliatory laws. How long will it be, then, befo it oilier states will make a requirement of tins kind? Will it. not follow that we? will lie forced t?> take payment for fire losses in mortgages? If we required such companies to make mortgage investments ami they found it impossible to dispose of th? mortgages when some lug tire en! led for the payment of millions of dollars, as was the case in San Francisco, what other course could they pursue? I'. S HAVILAND, Plcasantville, X. V., Aug. !', 1021. Use (or War Welfare I* und?* To the Editor or The Tribune. Sir: The plight of the woman worker disabled through service with tin- A K P. interested me ?!e? ply because, be? ing an overseas work? r also, I know thai there are a number of such women and men, too now fighting for health, who are uncertain of vic? tory through* lack of funds tc pay for medical care. The answer is, in my belief, up to the welfare organization which sent, the worker overseas. It is not only the duty but the privilege of the or? ganization to rehabilitate its workers according to standards of compensation newly worked out, by the army. Each organization has machinery for this compensation, and the American Women':' Over-Seas League would as? sist "disabled civilian" in presenting her case adequately and seeing it through. It is a mutter of common knowledge that the welfare organiza? tions have unexpended war funds, n?"i in my opinion those who so generously contributed this money would wish justice for the disabled t'irst of sil. ALSO DISABLED. ! Luncnburg, Mass., Aug. f>, 19:21. '"?'--? I The Conning Tower THE CARDINAL-FLOWER /VLB. the dark woodland pool Lo " belia bung? A burning spot amid a --.'orld of shade; , And 'the dim surface with her flame she made* Kin to that sea the man of Patmos : sung, Mingled with f.re. Each brilliant,! cloven tongue Found a reflection; tke undistin? guished glade Shone with a twofold brightness, and each blade And spire took beauty from th ? gleam she flung. Upon that sanguine bloom who still may chance Nor know some portion of their first surprise Who greeted it and sent it home to France To shew what marvels grew beyond the seas - Know, too, that spit2 of"' silks and precious dyes, ? Richelieu was not arrayed like one of these? G. S. B. By a cable to the treasured Times 'we glean that Mile. Lenglen has "only once used the deck court which was built on the ship especially by the steamship company." Without having seen the court, we absolve Mile. Lenglen from all blame. How a court can be built on the dock of a steam? ship so that it will give a player of 1 Mile. Lenglen's ability any real prac? tice especially as she probably found nobody on board who could give her a I contest?we, for one, don't understand. . . . Even without practice, however, : she will win the American women's ? national championship. The Groaning Board I loathe with a hate of the highest grade 1 Boiled halibut and hot lemonade. "It occurs to me,'' it occurs to Julius 'to write, "that if the newspapers were iTellegen all they know we'd learn that ?a certain party was a diva in her j own home town." THE DIARY OF OUR OWN SAMUEL PEPYS I August 9 Early up, and full of : vigour from my long and sweet slum : ber, and to the oflice, and heard there ?that the Olympic would dock this eve l ning instead of to-morrow, so in ; threat haste to cancel my engagement ! for to-night, and so to dinner with P. Hammond, and thence to the pier ' and watch the Olympic como down ! the river, and it came to the doel ! at nine forty, and my wife off, anc ' rejoiced to see mc, and looking bet ; ter than in a year, and the customs men hurrying their inspecting anc ! examining so that we were on oui (way home before midnight; and she tells me many tayles of London anc . ail very pleasant and merry. 10?To the oflice, and Irwin Greet 'come to see ma that I have not seei since 1 was a young lad, and tells m< -of Aith BlUTOtt and Bessie Kniglr 'and Estelle Leopold, who he says i ! the first giil ever he loved, a;id pridefully told him she is my cozen and cf other matters, li. Canby an? N. Levy t) luncheon, and so to m; scrivening, and home for dinner, an< with ny wife to roe "Honor An Even." What Mr. Trumbull White want to know is whether it is true tha i the portrait of Bill Haywood is to b found symmetrically repeated in th i frieze surrounding- the Stock Ex j change; and whether the portrait o Mr. A. L. Erlanger appears in th ?decorations of the new Kiaw Theater A "Good One" from "Sig" Friend Frank, Having read with interest the many' ?'stories" about, "lawn tennis" in your valued sheet, I take my pen in hand ; to write you one myself which might easy be true also. It seems that there is a young lady residing in "La Belle France" known variously as "the French girl" or "the wonder girl from France," but whose real name I have discovered is Suzanne Lcnglcn. Well, to make a long story short, which is not. always true <>f space writers,, eh, Frank, this young lady goes by the nickname of "Milly" on the "courts," which is short for Mamselle, mean? ing "young lady," and I'll say judg? ing by, the action pictures there is plenty of support for the theory. Well, it. has been drawn to my at? tention that our own ''an' Scandi? navian champion, Molly Bjurstedt, be? came very chummy with "the French ?-ir!'' on her "native heath," and they frequently appeared on the turf to? ge I her a ? the saying i'?. Now une ?lav if report has it right our own Big' Bill '?"ild?'::. so called because of his size and that his name is William T, Tilden II, played a friendly match against the two fair Amazons of the racquet at St. Clou?! or Louvre or some such public park and as you may have heard Prank l?ij? Hill ?s noted for his speedy serv? ice known both as "cannon-ball" and "railroad." So to 1>" perfectly fair he would alternate in serving to the two young ladies "dishing mi'' fust an easy one and then a hot one. But ,. ; it happened th.- affair turned out exceedingly unjust, since by the law of averages he always served the easy one to Milly ami the hot-to-Molly. Ha, ha! Eh, Frank? Will; the US'I apologies. lesu'Iv. SIG. SPAETH. Mora -m less sharpshooting was ac? complished, according to The Eve? ning Mail's headline, by the steamei San .lose: "Ship, 99 on Board, Hits Pacific Reef 1,500 Miles Awny." ' The Mayor said that "for practical Iy three years and a half" he hat been in his oil'ice from 8:30 or 8:4." and hat! stayed until 6:30 or 7. with oui going out to lunch; and there wa: audible applause. That is the Pur; tan, Complex: the feeling that re maining at a task for a long time i; prai>'* vorthy. Few of u., are withou it, ?is few of us do not feel a virtu ous glow at merely early rising. Bu it i? otherwise in the columnar trad* When a columnist stays around th office more than two hours some hotly comes up to ask him what's th matter. No. the feeling o^ virtu varies inversely a. tiie square of th time employed in writing. Yesterday w? could feel the wing sprout and an aureole suffuse ua. 1 F. P. A. MAYBE IT WOULDN'T LOOK SO BIG IF THEY'D QUIT BLOWING ON IT Oonvriebt. 1821. New York Tribune Inr. "American Valuation Former Federal District Attorney Criticizes Valuation Provision of Fordney Bill?Questions Constitutionality To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Apropos of your editorial in | to-day's issue on "American Valua- ! tion," the wiiter, who served as a ? District Attorney under Presidents Me- | Kinlcy, Roosevelt and Taft, and Spe-! cial Assistant to the Attorn^ Gen- ? eral, has made some study of the "American valuation" provisions as | contained in the Fordney bill, known j as H. R. 7456, now pending before the Senate Finance Committee. Your editorial treats the proposed new method as if it were a simple change from valuation of goods for import duty on market value at the foreign place of export to valuation at the place of import into the United States alter importation. In other words, as if it were the same method known as the "home valuation" put in force by the tariff act of March 2, 1833, and repealed within a few years there? after. That act, as construed by the Su? preme Court (Aldridge vs. Williams, 3 Howard, 8), made the valuation the market value at the "place of import," the "home port" of entry. The pres? ent bill bases the "American valua? tion" on a wholly different an?l revolu? tionary principle. The market value at the port of entry is not made the criterion. In ?section 402, Title IV, it provide?! for a different kind of valua? tion for il iportations falling under two classes : (a) T'nose of like kind and competi? tive with American products and (b) those of unlike kind but comparable in iise to American products. For those under class (a) the valuation is to he taken at the whole? sale price "in the ordinary course of trade" "in the principal market or markets of the United States." It is not based upon the market price at which an importer at Xe ? York or San Francisco, f? r instance, may sell after importation to wholesalers in some in? terior city, which the greater Ameri? can production may make the prin? cipal market for such product, but upon the wholesale price to the re? tailer at such ? principal market wherever situate. Upon all imported products sold at such place the mar? ket price must, include under the act "all costs, charges and expenses" to such principal market, which neces? sarily includes transportation to such place and the wholesalers' and ante? cedent importers' profits. It does not necessarily follow and would not fol? low as to many products t at the cit> "f the largest port importations woult be the pri: m\ 1 wholesale market "ir the ordinary t ourse of trade." On? city may be such principal market foi one product, another city for another Again, for those products cominj under Class B the criterion is the coi? to the producer, wherever produced i' this country, of products of unlikt kind but comparable in U3e, whethe actually sold or offered for sale, or hav ing a market value or not; thus as t? many products fixing the estimate? cost of production at undetermined in terior points as the criterion of valua tion for duty. All these things are left by the ac to administrative determination o custom house officials, and instea of simplifying valuation;? multip! complications and leave the busines community up in the air. 5 It is mere than doubtful whethe the "principal market o: markets" pre vision is constitutional. Article Section 8, Clause I of the Constitr ti or?, which provides "All duties, im posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States," has ; been construed by the Supreme Court | (Downes vs. Bidwell. 182 U. S., 244-j 278) to mean uniform in respect to the people ol the several states, so that "the ports of one state shall be given no preference over those of another." "Where the American valuation is not made even at the port of importa? tion, but at some other principal port or some interior city, the railroad transportation and other charges to such principal market necessarily en? ter under the act into the valuation for duty, and a little consideration will show that this will result as to many products in destroying the advantages of port locations of many of the states as to favorable situation in respect to shorter distances and therefore cheap? er rates of freight from ports of ex? port to such home ports, and it will open the door to political combinations to tax one sectioi) of the country for the benefit of another through the scheme of principal market valuation. The act if passed will sow political dragon's teeth, and as framed is of doubtful constitutionality. It is not the simple "home port" "American valuation" which your editorial ap? parently contemplated. It is not sur? prising, therefore, that the proposed new system has apparently staggered the Senate committee. MARIOX ERWIX. New York, Aug. !?. 11)21. [Poi-sibly the valuation provisior of the Fordney bill needs to be re cast. But as to nrany articles then is plainly an American valuation and it is not always that of the por cf import. For example, Elgin but ter prices are standard and Bostoi wool prices and St. Louis fur prices It ought to be possible to iron out th' variations so as to prevent the dis crimination which the Constitutioi wisely prohibits. As to the esti mated value of goods whose like i produced in this country, this is obvi ously designed to cover the case o exceptional goods.?Ed.] Fight Films as a Text l'o the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Is it not time to stop ail ih cavil about the "brutalizing fight film: pnd the so-called evils attending the showing? If many of the foremo women of America saw nothing wror i;; attending the Dempsey-Carpenti bout ?n Jersey City, why should thei be any more evil in women going see the motion pictures of the event? As these pictures demonstrate mo conclusively than any series of te> books could the tremendous value tikillful boxing in building up a stern and healthier citizenship, it may that the children of the coming goner tion will have cause to be thankful f the prospective mothers of the ra who went to see the Dempsey-t'sirpe tier pictures and were able to resol that th"ir men-children at least shot grow un physically fit. men of th? hands as well as their brains. A WOMAN New York, Aug. 8, 1921. An Elimination Contest (From The Louisville Courier*Journal More than 1,000 novels are writt in a year in America; written a published. Ten are read. Two ? remembered for a few years. 0 survives a decade?once in a ?deea Bach, Not Crambambuli Harvard Glee Club Didn't Try "An? cestral Horrors" on Europe To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: It is interesting to note in your editorial "Crambambuli Abroad" that you have labored under the de? lusion that the Harvard Glee Club went abroad this summer to entertain its European audiences with ancestral horrors of that description. What makes you think that "the audiences liked American college songs, of which they knew little"? The Harvard Glee Club gave up rendering choice selections from "the 100 most popular co'1-.'gc songs" and "songs our fatheis murdered" some years ago. Their present program is a good deal stiffer with Bach, Palestrina and Brahms, than that of the average "lay chorus"--of which you speak ? in Europe or anywhere else. Did you fail to read in the public prints that the European audiences had clamored in vain for jazz and Crambambulis from the Harvard chorus? Sending over "a shipload of rah-, ah boys from the cheering sections of our football stands"?as you sugg? st ;s a worthy idea. Their vocal efforts, wouid undoubtedly be much better liked and more honestly appreciated than the musical standards and aspirations of the organization which has been so ??ell represented by Harvard's wan? dering minstrels this summer. G. W. B. HARTWELL, Harvard 17. New York. Aug. 0, 1921. Superfluous Amendment? To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The Sixteenth Amendment reads as follow-: "The Congress shall Have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source de? rived, without apportionment among the several states and without regard to any census or enumeration.'' Senator Smoot's proposed amend? ment reads: "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incoi rived from obligations issued or created by a state or any political sub? division thereof, after ratification of this article, without upportioi among the several states and without regard to any census or enumeration." The sta'.c3 having ratified the Sixteenth Amendment to grant power to Congress to lay and coll :Ct a I come tax from all persons from "v/hat ever" source the income is derived without any reservation, as ' come from their own state securities, the proposed amendment is ui sary. The power to tax being un? limited, that power is not ?.u?m by naming in a new amendmc specific source of income which be taxed. To seek further when all needed power belongs a to Congress is a waste of time misconstruction of the positi? guage of the Sixteenth Amendment, bs found in that all embracing word "what? ever." IRVING H. BROWN. Plainfield, N. J.. Aug. 10. L921. A Simple Solution ?F'-om The Philadelphia Inquirer) Why should the bachelors of Francs be so incensed because of the tax levied upon them? Xo tax is agreeable, but this is certaii worse than many others. The principie is admitted in our own ??.come tax, with its exemptions for marriage and for children. Since the war has left in France a superfluity of women the wa: cape from the tax is easy. Mut if any sordid bachelor looks at the mattet from the financial point of view ha n.a> readily conclude that it is cheap?;t i pay the tax than to marry.