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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, August 27, 1921, Image 1

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Vol. LXXXI No. 27,31 3
First tc Last? the Truth,
(Copyright, 1921,
New York Trlbnne Inc.)
News ? Editorials?A advertisements
AUGUST 27, 1921
Fair to-day; to-morrow partly cloudy;
moderate temperatures; southeast
and south winds.
I'all R*u-rt on Last Pace
.* *.
In Greater New York
Within .00 Mile?
Bandit Raid
Five Men, Wearing Masks
0f Red Silk, Hold Up
Old Tokio Restaurant;
Rob IS Craps Shooter*
Theft and Escape
Occupy 5 Minutes
j ontrshorePaylineCowed ;
Aged Man Shot for Re
?.sting; Loot Another'L'
? rift?." bandits committed a series of
?Ve daylight hold-ups in New York City
within twenty-four hours ending late
yesterday Bftcr_oon. One of the rob?
beries occurred at Broadway and Forty
._;_ Street, one of the busiest sections
of the city.
Five armed bandits, fashionably at
t?w. and wearing red silk masks
.Rtered the old Tokio restaurant, ?4?
ir.d 14" West Forty-fifth Street, withii
t few doors of Broadway, just before I
o'clock, and at revolvers' points robbe.
fifteen crap shooters in a private dinin?
room at the rear of the place of $10,00i
in cash and jewelry. The men drove uj
in sn automobile and escaped in it
The robbery occupied five minutes.
When the alarm was telephoned t?
(ha West Forty-seventh Street statioi
by Benjamin Salvin, proprietor of th
instaurant, who was among thos
robbed, more than three hundred detee
tires were hunting the city for fifteei
other bandits who had perpetrated rob
heries during the day, among ther
being a hold-ur, of the M. J. Donava
_ Sons' pay office, at the foot of Wes
Fortieth ?>treet, with a loss of $t,600
?he slug?*i"g and robbing of Thpma
Doyle, a restaurant supplies man a
:':e Bush Terminal docks, $.00 bein
?btained by the bandits, and the hole
ip pi* an elevated station agent at Dei
brosses Street, where the robbers faile
*o obtain $1,200 that was in the statio
Engine Kept Running
In the Forty-fifth Street robbery
frap? game with high ?5take.s involve
ri? ?-a'id to have been running a
fternoon. Among those in the roo
itere Saivin, former proprietor of t!
Tokio Restaurant and owner of tl
ding, who.e address ia 400 Rive
Drive; Thomas Marks, describ?
Is a capitalist, of 60 West Sixty-fir
S-reet; Joseph Gohen, who lives at tl
Monterey H.tel, Broadway and Ninet
fourth Street, and Joseph Grossma
ao has an apartment above the re
u-ra.'.t. Eleven others said to ha
been gambling refused to give th<
According to Salvin only three ba
.its entered the restaurant. Two i
tnained on guard outside. One of the
??as the chauffeur, who stood besi
; le automobile, a big touring car
which the engine was kept runnir
W'hen the three men entered a prive
(lining room, Salvin said, they spre
out about three paces apart, each lev
Hug two revolvers at the players a
erderinur "hands up." Everyone obey
tie order.
One of the bandits seized money tl
.as on the table, more than $4,500, i
?ording to Salvin. Another rilled 1
[lockets of the fifteen lined up ngaii
j wall and the third stood guard w
t*o revolver?.
Moved Deliberately
According to Salvin's description
'??t men as given to Detectives Di
*r.d Farl*:;-, all were well dress
Une member of the party said the ri
berg were red masks, but according
later police information the masks w
>*ed hat linings pulled down to obsc
We upper part of the robbers' fac.s.
Saivin Baid the robbery was c
.?acted with deliberation and that th
'?'ere no ?h]*o motions. ?le said
'-andits did not raise their voices ab
a convarsational ton., but made pi
weir intention to shoot if interfe
v;th. When all ? aoney and jewelry
the par'.y had been gathered the th
'?en ba'-Ke . out of the room and in 1
'?i-*, thirty seconds w.-re being h
?:ed away in the car that awaited th
Detective! Daly and Farley w
'.ined within a few minutes by De'
?Wea Maney and Flaherty. Deteci
?flaherty ..;d last night that
;*_onnt stolen had been overstated
'?at 12,000 would cover it. This
assied by the victims.
Pay Line Held Up
rhree _r:n?d and masked men 1
'P the paymaster's office of M
Uenovan & Sons stevedores, o
y>r.- Street, on Pi.r 80 at West 1
?Jeth Street yesterday and esca
*w_ $!,f,00 in currency. Twenty
?Wnhoremen standiiip- in line to
.aid _.re compelled to stand ?
I Continued _n p?j, fly?)
Debs Case May Be Tak?
Lp by President To-_l
*0 Intimation Given a.
^hi'th^r Attorney Genen
Will Rcrommend Panlor
^ WASHINGTON, Aug. 26.?Dis]
?on of the case of Eugene V. T
??prisoned Socialist leader, ma?.
*'<en up w'th President Hardinfi
?orrow by Attorney General Da
?rtjr, ?t was said officially to-day at
?*jP*KiB?_t of Justice.
ih* _nal draft of recomm. nda'
Wj the question of a pardon for
jV?* not been completed, officiais
"?t. Da.gherty, it was ?aid, has i
''? ?hanstiv? study Into the hii
't the Debs ease and it? relatio
Bee_?et of other offenders impris
'"dir war laws, He plans, it wa
?"><?-.!, to present to the Pre.id*
"Meyr**itnsiv? study which wool?
TOM ? discussion of the crimi
**?n Debs .-_? imprisoned an?
PW_if_.ra.nt, the law srov.rning th
r?is. .r.d the panallie* provided
"?}*\,<,r, >,< th? heb?i ease to any p
FJW regard to th? ?.o-called offei
y this class __ well as the P?*ti
?Wares of the D?-r,j ease Individ'
'? ! rid ?cation of whether ?r i
?aH'/n fur Debs would be r<
*a*.d-H. v.Hn forthcoming a*. th<
nttmtnt, where officiai? ?aid th
,". matter was or,o for final d.<
President U.u.' v? th? qu<
/'??'! I Ot a d ? .
??? President had acted,
Brown Asks Hylan
To Oust O'Malley
Mayor Refuses to Remove Commissioner, Who Is
Termed Menace to Inquiry by Prober;
Market Deals Raise Food Cost
Elon R. Brown, chief counsel to the Meyer legislative committee, in?
vestigating the city administration, requested Mayor Hylan yesterday to
remove Edwin J. O'Malloy, Commissioner of Markets, from office imme?
diately, on the basis of the committee's alleged graft disclosures involving
his department.
The Mayor at once replied he would take no action until the investiga?
tion of Commissioner O'Malley's department had been completed and all
the testimony for both sides heard. If he then concludes, he wrote Mr.
Brown, that the Commissioner had been derelict, in duty or guilty of
misconduct, he will take such action "as is merited.'
lu his letter to the Mayor, Mr. Brown '
insisted that Commissioner O'Malley
stood "as a menace against drawing o'it
further evidence of corruption in that
department." He added that "the evi?
dence clearly showed that O'Malley hadl
abundant notice of the activities of his
inspector. Winter, who appears as the
most guilty one in these extortions,
more than a year ago," that sugges?
tions of the extortions, sufficient to
warrant drastic action, appeared in
investigations before Commissioner
Hirshfield, and that the Mayor now
stood in the position of indorsing j
O'Malley's stand for the exclusion of !
permittees in the markets, who hay?
suffered from extortion."
Mr. Brown also said that the al?
leged practices in the markets tended
directly to increase the cost of living.
The Mayor, in reply, referred to '
Mr. Brown's letter an "extraordinary," '
saying that it was shocking to the in- j
stincts of fairness to punish a man :
"not only in advance of the compte- '
tion of the testimony directed at his de?
partment, but immediately following j
a deliberate refusal to permit him to i
be heard in relation to the matter by j
the very one suggesting his punish?
ment." j
Hylan's Reply to Brown
The Mayor further said that Mr. !
Brown's letter "con only be understood
as a publicity incident of the impend- i
ing municipal campaign." In empha- ?
sizing his stand that he would not take, i
any steps until all the testimony for \
both sides had been heard he said be ;
"will be doing precisely what you j
would be the first to insist should be
done in fairness to you if you wore !
similarly situated.""
Commissioner of Accounts Hirsh- I
field also issued a statement yesterday :
expressing great indignation at the
alleged misconstruction of testimony !
given yesterday involving his name :
with the Markets Department scandal. ;
He summoned a deputy commissioner of ?
the latter department to his office dur- <
ing the afternoon and took testimony :
from him purporting to refute the
statements and reflect on the credi?
bility of Barnet Cohen, one of the com?
mittee's witnesses. Commissioner
Hirshfield also announced he had or- '.
dered his attorney to bring libel actions
against several morning newspapers in
connection with the printing of Thurs?
day's testimony.
Special Prosecution Urged
There were intimations yesterday ;
that in the event that District Attorney ;
Swann's office does not soon filter upon ?
a vigorous prosecution of the alleg?ju
grafters exposed by the committee Gov- !
error Miller would be appealed to lo \
convene an extraordinary session of the I
Supreme Court and to uppoint special ;
deputy attorney generala to act as ;
Assistant District Attorney Joab II. ??
Fanton in this connection said yester?
day that the*District Attorney had nad
a perfect understanding with the Meyer
committee's counsel last Thursday on i
the matte.-, in which Mr. Brown was j
given to understand that the District ?
Attorney's office would give the Meyer
committee its full cooperation. He said ,
it then was agreed that as soon as Mr. i
Brown would send a transcript of the j
testimony to the District Attorney's of- !
fice it would be taken immediately to !
the grand jury for action.
Mr. Swann, said Mr. Banton, had ?
designated Assistant District Attorney |
George Brothers to present the ovi- !
dence in these cases to the grand jury. ?
Mr. Brothers is a Republican und was j
appointed by former Governor Smith.
Letter Sent to Mayor
Mr. Brown's letter to the M?y?>r
reads: \
"1 am constrained to writo you in J
the performance of my duty as coun?
sel to the legislative committee, ra- !
questing the immediate removal of j
Edwin J. O'Malley, Commissioner of
"While you advised him, 'for rea- ?
sons of expediency' to revoke the can-?
cellations of permits held by two wit- |
nesses who had testified to extor?
tion by the Department of Markets, he ;
stands there as a menace against draw- '
ing out further evidence of corruption i
in that department. The mere revoca- ,
tion of these cancellations will not re- ?
atore any degree of confidence in per- ?
mit?es, and investigation by the com- ?
mittee shows that some permitees have
preferred to appear before the commit- ;
tee and commit perjury rather than ex.- i
pose themselves to his wrath.
"? may add that the evidence clear?
ly show? that O'Malley had abundant
notice of the activities of his inspector
Winters, who appears as the most j
guilty ono In these extortions, more !
i than a year ago; that suggestions ofj
1 the extortion",, sufficient to warrant j
i drastic action, appeared in investiga
, tions before Commissioner Hirshfield,
? ami that you now stand in the posi?
tion of indorsing O'Malley's stand for
the exclusion of permitees :n the mar-:
kets who have Buffered from extortion.
Their punishment, according to your
letter, is merely delayed.
"Such practices in the. markets, be
, ?Ides defiling the city administration In
this important branch of its work,
'?? t?:nd directly to increase the cost of
(CcntlniiwJ on pa?o Ihrer!
Engine 'Detrestles' Woman
! Trainmen Drag Her and Some
of Her Money to Safety
WATKRTOV/N, N. V.. Aug. 26,- Mr?.
F r?:d Schord, while walking on n rail
road trestle to-day, was Btruck by n
? locomotive end propelled into Beaver
River. The ? n?/ir:?* was stopped and Mrs.
Bchord rescued fron? drowning by train
i men. li<-r pocketbook opened oh she
1 f?il! ar,<l $154 In bills were scattcre-i
?' upon the water. Swimmers of thi train
crew salva-red S ?su. '?<* ? Schord suf
? turei body bru
TIj? ??'?i* ?/?'.<'?. \'?.\-:a iir, HlirilM,
J'AI-Ml??. A.<l't
Swindle Gang's
500 Million
Plot Revealed
"Little Brown Book" Gives;
Details of Operations of;
French - and Plans of ?
International Concern?
-^- ;
'Sucker List' Entertained j
Stream of Kited Checks !
Was Kept Circulating by i
Agents in Five Cities!
Special Dispatch to Tice, Tribune
CHICAGO, Aug. 26.?An expensive'
suite of rooms in the Waldorf-Astoria
in New York, lavish entertainment of j
the "sucker list," special trains char-'
tered for the traveling accommodations
of his patrons and a "little brown book" \
detailing the plans o?' his grandiose j
corporations were interesting side- ?
lights revealed to-day in the case of :
Charles W. French, former partner of j
John W. Worthington, as Federal men :
continued to pry into the operations of |
the financial wizard. !
"The little brown book," closely type?
written on twenty pages of paper, gives
in detail the plans for the formation J
of a $500,000,000 corporation that was j
to have its parent company in London, i
with branches in Victoria, British i
Columbia, and Ottawa, Ontario.
From there the tentacles of the or- j
ganization were to reach into all fee- !
tions of England, Canada and the \
United States, and the unwary were to ?
be induced to intrust their savings to j
nearly a score of subsidiary companies. I
If one on their lists was not interested j
in banks there were steel companies as- '
sociated in the same corporation, and ]
if the steel proposition was not satis- j
factory, steamships and railways of- '
fered chances for investment.
London Branch to Have Five Million
The company in Canada was to have
a capitalization of $500,000 and $5,000,
000 wa.s to be put into the London \
branch, which was to be at the head of j
the entire organization. At first at- j
tempts were made to raise the capital ;
in London by representing that J. P. |
Morgan was interested in its forma- '
tion. A prompt denial came from Mr. i
Morgan and the use of his name was
Among the companies which were to
be subsidiary to the main corporation
and which were to offer opportunity to
investors were the Pacific Steel Com- ?
pany, the Pacific Coal Company, Pacific I
Trust Company, Pacific Guaranty Com- ?
pany, Pacific Railway Company, Pacific j
Development Company, Pacific Equip- I
ment Company, Pacific Steamship Com- j
pany and Pacific Power and Pacific !
Realty Company.
Not only did French manage to in- !
terest his Waldorf-Astoria guests in ?
investments of various kinds, according j
to Federal officials, but in nearly every i
instance he was ?ble to convince them j
of some plausible scheme whereby it j
was to their advantage to givo him I
some immediate cash for some other j
project. Federal men believe that every !
guest of French thus paid for his own j
amusement and entertainment, although ]
ostensibly a non-paying guest. Letters :
detailing various schemes engineered :
by French have begun to come into the j
Federal offices from all sections of the. !
country, telling of a $500 investment j
here, and a $5,000 investment there, all
of which have thus far yielded only j
dividends of hope.
Stream of Kited Checks Revealed
How French kept a constant stream l
of kited checks flowing among banks I
in five cities and how the failure of ?
Warren C. Spurgin's Michigan Avenue
Trust Company spoiled a million-dollar
(Contlnuf>d on ptj?, five)
Foeh Sees Herriek to
Announce Visit to U. S.
(lulls Unexpectedly at Embassy
to Tell How Delighted He
Is at Projected Trip
PARIS, Aug. 20 ( By The Associated
Press).?Marshal Foch, unannounced,
to-day walked into the American Em
bassy here without formality, took ;i
seat in the reception room and, like the
ordinary caller, sent up his card ask?
ing to see Myron T. Herrick, the ara?
bas! ador.
V* hen the presence of the distin?
guished visitor became known a secre?
tary immediately ushered him into the
imbassudor'a office. Marshal Foch
told Mr. Uerrick that ho had com? to
the cmbusaj in person to say definitely
??ha? he was going to the United States.
"1 wanted to come and tell you defi?
nitely," said the officer who command?
ed the Allied armies during the World
War, "that I am going to America, 1
also wanted to toll you directly, by
word '.r mouth, instead of by letter or
in any formal way, how deeply touched
I i?ave been by the echoes from Amer?
ica of my projected visit. I wanted to
tell you how delighted f am that I am
"The visit of the American Legion,
he said, "has brought me In closer
touch with America than I have been
nco the American army was here, and
I appreciate (reply the desire of the
Vmerican legion that l go to their con?
vention in Kansas < ity.'
Miners Revolt
After March
Is Called Off
Decision to Follow Advice !
of Leaders and Return!
Abandoned; Train Is
Captured; Several Shot
Warning Issued by
U. S. Army Officer!
* i
4No Half-Way Measures,' j
Is Word Sent by Bank- '
holtz to Union Heads !
Pveeial Dinvate.h to The Tribun,
CHARLESTON; W. Va., Aug. 28-, -
After officials of the United Mine
Worker? Union had succeeding in
breaking up the advance of 5,000 i
miners toward Mingo County and in- ?
ducing the men to abandon their an- j
nounced intention of unionizing the
Mingo coal mines by force, some of
the minera revolted against the union
officials about midnight to-night.
?Several persons were shot in the dis- '
orders accompanying the rebellion.
Several hundred armed miners left the
main camp to-night, commandeered a
Chesapeage _-. Ohio passenger train at I
Danville and started for Blair, in bogan I
County, according to _-ord received ?
here by state officials from Boon.
County authorities. The situation is
reported to be teilte.
General's Arrival Tnrned Tide
The decision pi most of the miners'
army to disperse came as the result
of an appeal to them by Frank Keeney,
president of the local union. The ar?
rival of General H. H. Bandholtz, of
the War Department, on the scene, wns
the turning point of the day.
In a conference at the Governor's office
he told President Keeney und his sec-.
tetary, Fred Mooney, that it* the miners
continued on their march the govern?
ment would take a hand and disperse
the insurrection at all costs. General
Mitchell, chief of the Air Service, ar?
rived during the day and made a num?
ber of trips up Lens Creek and Little
Coal River, reporting that the sit.ua- j
tion was quiet. He said the miners
sought concealment under the foliage
of trees when they heard the whir of
his airplane and he could not estimate
the number of marchers.
Says 2,000 Marchers Wore Uniforms ;
Mr. Keeney, returning to Charlesto'i I
to-night, said he never saw so many |
men in a march before, excluding ?
troops during the wpr. At Racine this i
morning there must have been M.OO0 ?
or 9,000 and at least 2,000 of them i
were former servie?; men, wearing uni?
forms of the array, navy and marines,
the district president said.
In his speech to the men, Mr. Mooney
told them it would bo suicide for them
to advance further. "General Band?
holtz seems to command the state," he
asserted. "He summoned us I Keeney '
and Mooney) at 4 o'clock this morning i
and shortly after we left Charleston. ;
You must give up your plans for the i
General B-ndholt7. told the union of?
ficials that he would be reluctant to '?
have Federal troops come into West
Virginia to oppose the army of armed
men. But unless the men ceased their
present operations and dispersed, they i
would be opposed by Federal troops, he
said. No half-way measures would be !
taken in routing the army of miners, j
the general asserted.
General Bandholtz pointed out that,
in his opinion the men began assem?
bling for the proposed march into
Mingo County without realizing the j
seriousness of their step or what would
be the consequences. The situation,
he believed, had become more serious :
than the men had anticipated.
Advance Guard Dispersed
MADISON, W. Va.. Aug. 2*i (By The
A*8ociated Press).?A meeting of the
advance guard of about 200 marching
minere was held in the baseball park ;
here to-day, the men occupying the !
grandstand. F.nough stragglers had ?
come in along the Peytona-Madison
road to swell the gathering to about:
The men listened intently while Mr. j
Keeney and Secretary Mooney ex- I
plained the details of the conference
they had with Brigadier General Band
Two or three of the miners, who,
were said to be leaders among the men, ;
also addressed the meeting. The more ?
conservativo of these speakers urged
the men to take such advico as Mr. !
Keeney had to offer.
Mr. Keeney promptly told them to go j
hack home. That broke up the meet-,
ing and some of the men who bad
joined the marching force from this
vicinity immediately started for their
Newspaper correspondents were
stopped ut the gate wlu-n tbey sought
(Continua, on paa* four)
Senate Ready
To Complete
Berlin Peace
Declaration Troops Will
Come Home Carries Ex?
planation Move is Not
Connected With Treaty
Some Democratic
Objection Expected
Way Cleared for Liquida?
tion of Foreign Debts
and Parley on Arms
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, Aug. 26.?Assurance j
that the American troops now in Ger?
many would be brought home in a
fa'rly snort period was given at the
White House to-day, though it was '
mado clea1- that the reason for this
was to relieve. Germany of the eco?
nomic burden and had no connection
with the peace treaty.
The troops of the Allies, it was
?pointed out, are being maintained in
Germany despite the fact that the Al- ?
lies long ago concluded their treaty of
peace with Germany. Not only that,
but a provision of the treaty just
signed with Germany makes specific
provision for Germany paying the cost !
of maintenance of the army of occupa?
No legal point is involved in keeping :
troops in Germany even after the peace '
treaty is ratified by both countries and j
the ratifications are exchanged. It is ?'
explained that this country still has
troops in China, stationed there with
the consent of the Chinese government
ever since the Boxer uprising.
Senate Katificatlon Soon
Ratification of the treaty by the ?
German Reichstag is expected late in
.September when that body convenes. '
Ratification of the treaty by the Sen?
ate, a canvass of that body to-day dis?
closed, will probably be accomplished i
with little delay. ?
With the publication of the treaty]
with Germany and the views of Secre- '
tary of State Hughes on it it became :
more certain than evef that the treaty ;
will be ratified by the Senate without ;
great opposition. . :
Up to this time no Republican Sena- j
tor has come out. against the. treaty, i
On the other hand, the general dis- j
position of Republican Senators is 7o '
line up for it and, more than that, to \
indorse it enthusiastically. The indi?
cations are that all the Republican .
Senators ultimately will vote for its
ratification unless it be Senators Borah
and Johnson, and it Is not certain they
will oppose it. Senator Porah says he ;
wants opportunity to study it bafore
committing himself. Senator Johnsan i
?S out of the city. j
Republican leaders in the Senate ?
have canvassed the situation informally I
and have come to the conclusion there ?
will be little if any Republican opposi?
tion and that many of the Democrats
also will support the treaty.
Democrats Silent
To-day Democratic Senators for the ;
most part said they did not want to j
commit themselves until they had -jtud- j
ied the document. Th??? was thought '
in some quarters to forecast a fight !
against ratification.
Inquiry among Democratic Senators, .
however, revealed the fact that there
is no decision among them to oppose ;
the treaty. ! Senator Hitchcock, Cornier
chairman of Foreign Relations and j
leader of the Wilson Administration j
light for the Versailles Treaty, is com?
mitted to it. It is well known that !
other Democrats intend to vote for it. I
Senator Pomerene, of Ohio, a lead- I
ing Democrat on the Foreign Relations i
Committee, came out for the treaty.
Senator Pomeren,? said:
"1 think Secretary Hughes has done '
some pretty good work. In my judg
ment the treaty will be ratified. We!
have acquired all the benefits of the
Versailles treaty, all of which .ire ?
acknowledged by the German govern- ;
ment, without assuming any of the !
political obligations of the Versailles1
treaty. Without, having had an oppor?
tunity to go over it critically iu con- ,
junction with the Versailles treaty, P [
urn disposed to think it ought to be I
In a Hard Place I
What will happen is that, the Demo- i
cratic Senators will hold a conference i
soon after the recess and try to de-!
cirie on their course. The Democratic I
politicians would like to find some '
way to turn the new treaty to political j
account, but they are in doubt as to I
how to do it. effectively.
The Democrats, especially the Wilson I
Democrats, are saying that ihe Ger- !
man treaty as given out by Mr. Hughes
is based on the Versailles treaty minus ?
the League of Nations. When the
treaty comes to the floor they are likely i
to try to jeer at the Republicans for
accepting a large share of the Ver-!
sailles treaty. At the same time, they
(Continued on paga three)
Youth Blows Out Eyes, May Die,
Gleaning Powder for Hunt Trip
,Tohr> Filomeno, twenty-oae years old,
of ?31 F.ast Broadway, was probably
mortally injured yesterday while trying
to manufacture ammunition for a 45 90
Winchester ?porting rifle in an out?
house at the rear of his home.
The young man hud planned a hunt?
ing trip on Lung Island for his vaca?
tion and a.skeil his parents for money
to buy rifle ammunition. When they
refused he tried to fill old Winchester
?hells with powder and bullets removed
from discarded Krag-J?rgensen army
rifle cartridges, of which he had in
some way secured 300 round'. Tony
Filomeno, ten years old, a younger
brother, was also badly burned.
Both are sons or Frank Filomeno, a
manufacturing jeweler, lie refused to
advance the money for the ammunition
because h? believed hi.i "on ibould not
use a high powered rifle on Long Island.
Later John obtained 300 rounds
of discarded United States Army cart?
ridges from a dealer. He said nothing
of his plans to any one tint his younger
brother, Tony, who was to have ac
I eurnpanied him on the hunting trip.
?Together they worked nt the bench m
?John's, small workshop behind the
1 Filomeno home The latter u led a vice
to hold the loaded cartridges while
he extracted bullets with a pair of
pliers and poured the powder from the
shells into a tin can. The can was
almost filled with powder when une of
tiw cartridges exploded as John tried
to extract the bullet. The can of
powder also blew Up. John waa thrown
across the shop, his face burned black
and his clothing set on lire. Hl* was
Timed unconscious. Young Tony, his
clothes ablaze, ran for assistance! *
Firemen of Engine Company 9, at 57
East Broadway, intercepted Tony and
extinguished the flames that enveloped
him, John was removed to Gouverneur
Hospital, where it was said he would
lose the sight of both eyes if he sur?
The explosion of the can of powder.
followed by a popping of cartridges -?et
ofl by the fire that ensued, eaused ex?
citement in the neighborhood, report
being made to the Oak Street police
station that a bomb had exploded in
the Filomeno home.
Detective Hermann Storyhamm, de?
tailed to investigate the accident, filed
charges against John Filomeno for vio?
la! n .?!" Section ho ?f the Penal Codo
forbidding manufacture of ammunition
in ijpsidence promi ?? ?.
Lloyd George Warns
I Irish Truce May End,
j As Offer Is Rejected
Text of De Valera's Letter
And Lloyd George's Reply
LONDON, Aug. 26 (By The Associated Press).?The text of Eavion
de Valera's letter to Premier Lloyd George proposing a basis for peaca
in Ireland and of 'the Premier's reply rejecting (he proposal follow:
Lloyd George's Reply *
Sir: The British government are
profoundly disappointed by your let
ter of August 24. You write of the
conditions of the meeting b-tween us
as though no meeting had ever taken I
I must remind you. therefore, that
when I asked you to meet me six
weeks ago I made no preliminary :
conditions of any sort. You came to
London on that invitation and ex- ]
changed views with me at three meet?
ings of considerable length. , The !
proposals I made to you after those j
meetings wore based upon full and j
sympathetic consideration of the \
views which you expres3e?l.
They were not made in any hag?
gling spirit. On the contrary, my
colleagues and I went to the very
limit of our powers in emieavoring
to reconcile British and Irish inter?
ests. Our proposals have gone far
beyond all precedent and have been
approved as liberal by the whole of
the civilized world. Even in quar?
ters which had shown sympathy with
the most extreme of the Irish claims
they arc regarded as the utmost
which the empire can reasonably
offer or Ireland reasonably expect
Farther Parley Futile if
Some Basis Is Not Found
The only criticism of them T have
yet heard outside Ireland is from
those who maintain that our pro?
posals have overstepped both war?
rant and wisdom in their ?berality.
Your letter shows no recognition of
this, and further negotiations must,
I fear, be futile unless some definite
progress is made toward acceptance
of a basis.
You declare' <?ur proposal.? involve
the surrender of Ireland's ".hole na?
tional tradition and reduce her to
subservi.nee. What are the f?cts?
Under the settl.ment we outlined
Ireland would control every nerve
and fiber of her national existence
She would speak her own language
and make her own religious life. She
would have complete power over
taxation and finance, subject only to
an agreement for keeping trade and
transport as free as possible between
herself and Great Britain, her best
She would have uncontrolled au?
thority over education and all moral
and spiritual interests of her race,
she would have it also over law and
order, over land and agriculture, over
conditions of labor and industry, over
the health and homes of her people
and over her own defense.
She would, in fact, within the
.horcs of Ireland be free in every
respect of national activity, national
expression and national development.
The states of the American Union,
sovereign though they be, enjoy no
ouch range of rights.
Our proposals go even further, for
they invite Ireland to take lier place
as a partner in the^ great common?
wealth of free nations, united by al?
legiance to the King.
We consider these proposals com?
pletely fulfill your wish that the
principle of government by consent
of the governed should bo ?he broad
and guiding principle of the settle?
ment which your plenipotentiaries
are to negotiate. That principle was
first developed in England and is the
mainspring of the representative in?
stitutions which she was finit to ere
rite. It was spread by her through?
out the world and is now the very
life of the British commonwealth.
__<>. Old Breaches Healed
If Terms Were Accepted
We could not have invited the Irish
people to take their place in that
commonwealth on any other prin?
ciple, and we are convinced that
through it we can heal old misunder?
standings and achieve an enduring
partnership as honorable to Ireland
as to the other nations of which the
commonwealth consists.
But when you argue that.the rela?
tions of Ireland with the British em?
pire arc comparable in pri'iciple to
those of Holla'nd or Belgium with the
German empire I find it necessary to
repeat once more that those are
premises which no British govern?
ment, whatever its complexion, can
ever accept.
In demanding that Ireland should
be treated as a separate sovereign
power, with no allegiance to the
crown and no loyalty to the sister
nations of the commonwealth, you
are advancing claims which the most
famous Nationalist leaders in Irish
history, from Grattan to Parnell und
Redmond, have explicitly disowned.
Grattan in a famous phrase de?
clared that "The ocean protests
against separation and the sea
against union."' Daniel O'Connell,
tno.t tloqueni perhaps of all the
De Valera's lutter
The anticipatory judgment I gave
in my reply of August 10 has been J
confirmed. I laid the proposals of j
your government before the Dail j
Eireann, and by a unanimous vote
it has rejected them.
From your letter of August 13 it
was clear that the principle we are
asked to accent was that the ^geo?
graphical propinquity" of Ireland to
Great Britain imposed the condition
of the subordination of Ireland's
right to Great Britain's strategic in?
terests, as she conceived them, and
that the very length and persistence j
of the efforts made in the past to
compel Ireland's acquiescence in a
foreign domination imposed the con?
dition of acceptance of that domi?
nation now.
Opposed to Principle
Of "Sheer Militarism"
We cannot believe that your gov?
ernment intended to commit itself to
the principle of sheer militarism,
destructive of international morality
and fatal to the world's peace. If a
small nation's right to independence
is forfeit when a more powerful
neighbor covets its territory for I
military or other advantages it is
supposed to confer there is an end i
to liberty. No longer can any small |
nation claim the right to a separate
existence. Holland and Denmark
can be made subservient to Germany,
Belgium to Germany or to France,
Portugal to Spain.
If nations that have been fdrcibly
annexed to an empire lose thereby j
their title to independence there can
be for them no rebirth to freedom.
In Ireland's case, to speak of her
seceding from a partnership she has
nit accepted, or from an allegiance
which she has not undertaken to
render, is fundamentally false, just
as the claim to subordinate her in?
dependence to British strategy is
fundamentally unjust. To neither
can we, as representatives of the
nation, lend countenance.
If our refusal to betray our na?
tion's honor and the trust that has
been reposed in us is to bo made
an issue of war by Great Britain
we deplore it. We are as conscious
of our responsibilities to the living
a3 we are mindful of principle or of
our obligations to the heroic dead.
Disclaims Seeking War,
But People Will Fight
We have not sought war nor do
we ask war, but if war be made upon
us we must defend ourselves, and
shall do so, confident that whether
our defense be successful or unsuc?
cessful, no body of representativo
Irishmen or Irishwomen will ever
propose to the nation the surrender
of its birthright.
We long to end the conflict be?
tween Great Britain and Ireland. If
your government b? determined to
impose its will npon us by force,
and antecedent to negotiations to in?
sist upon conditions that involve a
surrender of our whole national
position and make negotiations a
mockery, the responsibility for the
continuance of the conflict rests !
upon you.
On the basis of the broad guiding
principle of government by the con- I
sent of the governed peace can be !
secured?a p-eace that will be just !
and honorable to all and fruitful of i
concord and inducing to amity.
To negotiate such a peace the Dail
Eireann is ready to appoint its repre?
sentatives, and, if your government
accepts the principle -proposed, to
invest them with plenary powers to
meet and arrange with you fur its
application in detail.
I .1 m, Si r,
Faithfully Yours,
spokesmen of the Irish national
cause, protested thus in the House
of Commons in 1830:
"Never did monarch receive mo:-?
undivided allegiance then the present
King from the men who in Ireland
agitate the repeal of the union.
Never was there gro.sser calumny
than to assert that they wish to pro
duce separation between the two
countries. Never was there a greater
mistake than to suppose that we wish
t?) dissolve the connection."
The Premier then quote? a letter
written in 1854 to the Duke of Wel?
lington by Thomas Davis, "a fervent
exponent of the ideals of young Ire?
land." as advocating the retention of
the Imperial Parliament an<I the giv?
ing to Ireland of a senate selected by
the people, the right of levying cus?
toms and excise and other taxes, the
making of roads, harbors, railways,
canals and bridges, encouraging man?
ufacturer.-, commerce. agriculture
and fishing, and the settling of the
(Continue? en next ?M?>
Further Parley Futile if
Secession Is Insisted
On, Says Premier in
Reply to Dail Eireann
Time Limit on
Decision Forecast
De Valera Note Refusing
Proposals Announces
Willingness to Fight
rrtrm The Tribun?'? European Purnam
CopyTiRht. J921. New York Tribune Ine
LONDOK, Aug. 26.?The reply of
Eamon de Valera, "president of the
Irish republic," to Premier Lloyd
George's refusal to let Ireland secede
from the empire, was rejected to-day
by the Prime Minister and hia Cab
inet as unsatisfactory and extremely
disappointing. At two long sessions
the heads of the London ministry
considered the note from the Sinn
F?in leader and found in it nothing
that held out any hope for peace
with Ireland.
The communication from De
Valera said that although the Dail
Eireann had refused the British
terms the Sinn F?in parliament was
ready to appoint representatives to
negotiate for a secure peace "on the
basis of the broad, guiding principle
of government by the consent of the
Parley Called Futile
To-night the Premier dispatched a
new communication to Dublin, ad
vising De Valera that his attitude a.?
set forth in his letter was irrecon?
cilable with the British position and
showed no conception of the true
basis of peace. In view of the Dai!
Eireann's unanimous rejection of the
peace formula offered Ireland by
Lloyd George, the Premier asserted
that further negotiations would bo
not only futile, but dangerous, and
that the end of the truce would
ultimately be involved. The Brit?
ish government, he said, could
not continue the exchange of notes,
until Sinn F?in could comprehend
the extent of the concessions offered
Ireland and some agreement could
be reached on the basis for negotia?
Lloyd George offered to mert D?
Valera and his followers again in con?
ference, but as for the Sinn F?in re?
quest for further discussions on tne
basis of government by consent of the
governed the British Premier pointed
out that Ireland was not a separat*
nation, but a part of the British Em?
pire and that the British peace offer
covered this request.
No British government, would ever
let Ireland secede, the Premier point
ed out. An offer giving her control of
her internal affairs bad already beer
made and rejected, he said. Ail the
world, except Ireland, had recognized
the breadth of the concession? made
he continued, and unless some common
ground were reached it would be use?
less to go on.
Talk of Republic Dropped
The British Premier's reply to Dt
Valera came at the end of a tiny o<
counsel, in which the extreme disap
pointment of the government leader?
was brightened only by the fact tha*
in the most recent communication from
the Sinn Fein leader there was no mer
tion of a republic for Ireland. Lloyd
George met Lord Fitzalan, Viceroy of
Ireland, and Sir Hamar Greenwood.
Chief Secretary, in separate confer?
ences before discussinsr the situatior
with the Cabinet. The prevailing opin?
ion in official circles was that the
Dail Eireann had closed the door or
peace, but that, as long as it had not
been bolted some hope remained.
There is no expectation here to-night
that Premier Lloyd George will order
a withdrawal of the suspension of the
government of Ireland act or permit
the abandonment of the martial truce
in Erin until he has heard again from
De Valera. But the Prim?- Minister i?,
understood to be preparing to fix ?
time limit within which the leaders cj
south Ireland must come to terms.
Lloyd George's reply was carried
from Downing Street by Art O'Brier.
head of the London branch of the Irisi
Self-Dotermination League, and Com
mandant Robert Barton, who acted a =
emissaries yesterday !n bringing De
Valera's note. They called at the Pre
mier'a residence at dusk this evening
Lloyd George had delayed his depart
ure for Yorkshire, where he vas to at
tend the wedding of his secretary, Sii
William Sutherland, in order to finish
the note and send it to Dublin. Th?
reply that comes to it must determino
whether all peace negotiations shali
Whole Cabinet Share? Decision
At the first Cabinet meeting th?
members discussed De Valera's note
The Premier called in Austen Chamber?
lain. Edward Shortt, Sir Laming Wor
thington-Evans, H. A. L. Fisher ar
some other advisers for separate con
ferences. He then reassembled th<
Cabinet as a whole after luncheon an<
worked out the plan of procedur.
which the government will follow r
De Valera fails to yield.
While these conferences were it
progress in London exciting scene1
were bei:-g enacted ?in Dublin, wher?
the Dail Eireann was reflecting De Va
lera as its president and choosing othe
officers. A great ovation greeted th?
words from De Valera, thut "those wh.
thought they enuld divide Ireland wer
?loomed to disappointment." Whateve
happened, he said, there would be to
split in the Sinn F?in movement. H<

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