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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 12, 1921, Image 1

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Vol. LXXXI No. 27,320
First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials--Advertisements
Cloudy to-day, preceded by showers in
morning; to-morrow fair; mod?
erate temperature"?; winds
shifting to west
(Copyr-.ht, urn,
New York Trlhune Inc.)
* He * *
In (?reater New York I Within 200 Mile? i Els?*?*??-*?
Arbuekle in
Jail Accused
Of Murder
Screen Comedian Charged j
With Causing Death of
Virginia Rappe, Film
Actress, at Rum Party
Evidence of Attack
Claimed by Police
??Tatty" Refuses to Dis?
cuss Case; No Bail Is
Allowed in California
Special Dispatch to The Trib**?
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 11?"Fatty" |
Arbuck'e is still in jail here to-night
fa spit? of efforts by his lawyers to find j
?one loophole to obtain his liberty. He
pancd last night in a cell at headquar?
ters after his arrest on a charge of
murder as a result of the death of Vir?
ginia Kappe, film actress, after a drink?
ing bout last Monday in Arbuckle's
rooms at the Hotel St. Francis. The
charge of murder was laid by Detective
Captain Duncan Matheson, under the
iwtion of the California law interpret- :
?ng Ds first degree murder a death
resulting from an assault or an at?
tempted assault. The Rappe case falls
n-ithic this classification. Persons held
for morder cannot be admitted to bail
?a California.
Through four weary hours of waiting
in the Hall of Justice last night, the
rtry worst that the actor and his
friends looked for from the authorities
was a charge of manslaughter.
That the progress of the police inves?
tigation into the drinking party at the
hotel already warranted a charge of
murder was the opinion expressed by
Chief of Police Daniel O'Brien, Milton
Iren, Assistant District Attorney, and
- Captain Matheson.
"This woman," said Captain Mathe
non, "without doubt died as a result of
un attack by Arbuekle. That makes it
first decrree murder, in our opinion. We
rlor.'t feel that, a man like 'Fatty* Ar
Vjekle can pull stuff like this in San
Francisco and get away with it."
Arbuekle Formally Booked
From the office of Captain Matheson,
. r.ost exactly at midnight, Arbuekle
??as conducted by detectives to the city
prison, where he was formally booked
?*or murder, without bail. He was as
=;gned to a cell with bare furnishings.
Arbuekle had been cautioned by Frank
'iomicguez, his Los Angeles attorney,
?eforo yesterday's momentous journey*
began from the south to "say no word
ic any one, come what may." The ro?
tund star agreed to obey the lawyer's
injunctions at the start from Los An?
geles. Consistently throughout the day
h? resisted any and all attempts to get
hin to talk.
Even when at midnight he staggered,
'?d in the face, forlorn of expression
and weak of knee, out of the office of
?ptain Matheson, shocked at the seri?
ousness of the charge against him, Ar?
buekle kept his word. Once he turned
his head as- if to speak to Dom?nguez,
"ho followed close behind. But th?
'tern counsel, who in the inner office had
refused to allow his client to utter a
word in his own defense, quickly raised
His finger to his lip in admonition. Ar?
buekle, in obedience, closed his lips and
'ollowed his guard of detectives to the
city prison.
Drove His Own Car
When Arbuekle arrived in San Fran?
jeo about 8 o'clock last night and was
"net at Market and Montgomery streets
by detectives, who escorted him to the
Hall of Justice, he was subdued, but
:howed no indications of great distress.
He personally drove his custom built,
sportively decorated touring car over
'?be road from Los Angeles, and when
'he detectives met him he was stand?
ing on the curbing opposite the Crocker
N'ational Bank coolly smoking a
While a photographer had him in
enarge Arbuekle made his only break
In silence of the entire evening.
As Arbuekle stood before this camera
some one made the trite suggestion,
"u>ok pleasant, please."
"Not on an occasion of this sort," re?
sponded the actor in a low tono. Flans
VI* ,m?de for ^e immediate raising
?I bail in case a charge of manslaugh?
ter were to be preferred. Nothing
?ore serious than that was discussed
in the corridors of the Hall of Justice
AndI when it was announced that Ar
suckle would be charged with murdei
?J>d committed to jail without bonds
?ii friends literally wilted.
, All persons available who were
?nown to have been in the drinking
?n M'1" Arbuckle'8 room which ended
?n M?as Rappe's collapse were ques
rl0?e*1duri"e the day by Lieutenant oi
Ueteetives Michael Griffin and De
n?rf Venry McG?th. Griffith Ken
le,?.v, Thomas Regan and John Dolan
0 of the witnesses interviewee
?ere Mrs. Jean Jamison, 2570 Bush
?street, the nurse who attended Miss
,7uPpe at the hotel and "later at Wake
?"-'a ?sanatorium, and Ira G. Fortlouis
?Continued on page tlv?)
Two Munich Ministers
Opposing Berlin Resigu
Retirement of von Kalu? ami
Kothe Leaves Cabinet Favor?
ing Compromise
lu?P10.?' Seut* 1l--Tho controversj
MtweM the Bavarian and German na
" ,1 H?vcrnments t0 determine wheth
r tne Uavanan authorities should obei
?ne mandates of the Berlin governmen
?me to an end to-day, when Miniate)
'fesident von Kalu- of Bavaria an?
Th" ?f Justicc Roth? resigned,
eon, V-ero leudinS opponents of th<
yyprowise agreement proposed by th.
??run government in settlement of dif
?Knees between it and the Municl
5? inraent' which conferred excep
?J*al Powers on the German Cabinet.
" k?r> u other "?embers of the Bavar
??? ?-abinet favored yielding to Berlir
,...BE?i'IN' SePt- u-.A ???'Patch re
Z?*i h"e from Munich says Premie
rcM wil1 fomialiy announce hi
,r~r?raent at Monday morning's ses
uon of the Cabinet unless the coalitioi
Ha extend(? him a vote of confldenc
?na urges him to retain the Premiei
that ft,is fonsid?red here as meanin
W.;?4-k ,J,revioU8 ?nnouneement fror
^unich that the Premier and Ministe
n JMtlc? bad rasped was prematun
Industry Speeds Up,
Idle A rmy Dwindles
Textiles Lead in Recovery, With Some Mills Booked
to Capacity; Steel Trade Given New Impetus;
Thousands in New York Back at Work
The industrial, situation in America- hau passed iis crisis, trade ?a
showing an upward trend in many lines of business, and employers are
beginning to add to their forces, reducing the extent of idleness, it was
indicated in dispatches received by The Tribune last night from its corre?
spondent? ?i the chief industrial centers.
Boston appeared to lead the business revival, with reports of great
activity in the textile industries particularly. Optimistic reports came
from Pittsburgh, where mills are opening up again after long shut?
downs, and Detroit and Toledo report the taking on of new hands in the
automobile plants, although this still appears to be very gradual ??,
In New York State 3,000 men have been put back to work in the
last few weeks at Syracuse and 2,000 at Elmira, although Rochester re?
ports little if any improvement in conditions of employment.
Chicago is feeling the improvement, though in less degree than most
of the Eastern inieustrial centers. Steel mills in South Chicago are in?
creasing product ion and thousands of men are expected to find employ?
ment in the building trades there in the near future.
In many places retail trade is showing a. substantial gain, indicatbig
that increased buying is coining coinciden tall y with the return of workers
to their jobs.
The only really discouraging report came from Baltimore, where it
was said that the army of unemployed had reached 59,000. Baltimore]
employers, in many cases, however, were tryng to alleviate the situation
&ty giring part-time employment to their forces.
Boy Confesses
To Murder of
2 Auto Agents
Ten Hour*' Questioning
Brings Story of Killing,
of Chieagoans and the
Hiding of Their Bodies
Makes Second Statement
Involves Others When His
Tale of Choking Victims
to Death Is Discredited
Special Diepatch to Thp Tribunt
CHICAGO, Sept. 31.?Harvey Willard
Church, boy brakeman of Adams, Wis.,
confessed to-day to Chief Investigator
Ben Newmark, of the State's Attorney's
office, that he alone had murdered Ber?
nard J. Daugherty and Carl W. Aus
mus, salesmen for the Packard Motor
Company, of Chicago, whose mutilated
bodies were found last week.
Church later made a second confes?
sion to Chief Investigator Newmark,
involving several other persons, whose
> names were not made public.
State's Attorney Robert E. Crowe an?
nounced that steps would be taken Mon
; day to bring Chuich to an immediate
? trial. He will be booked to-morrow on
i charges of murder.
Church's first confession was wit-*}
l nessed by two prominent physicians |
| and a business man. This was dono I
that there might be no pleas later that!
the confession was obtained by force, ?
and to dispose likewise of a possible
insanity plea.
In his first confession Church said
that the crimes were committed on the
! spur of the moment. He had no con
I federates. His motive was to gain pos
! session of a $5,400 auto, ostensibly pur
j chased by him from tho Packard Com?
pany and which was in process of de?
livery. Lack of tho money to pay for
the car was the primary cause of the
murders, Church said.
Parent? Not Told
The boy's parents, who since their ar?
rival here have been secluded in an
office in the Criminal Court Building,
j have not been told of their son's ?elf
i admitted guilt. The officers believe the
I shock will be too great if the news is
i broken to them directly.
Church, driving the twin six, tho car
for which he murdered Daugherty and
j Ausmus, arrived in Chicago shortly
after 3 o'clock this morning. At day?
break the police took Church to his
home, the scene of the crimes. They
I shov/ed him the bloodstained baseball
bat that bad been found there, and the
grave in the garage where Ausmus's
? body had been found. Finally, after
j ten hours' questioning and a trip to the
j morgue to view the bodies, Church con
I fesBed. He said in part:
"A man?I don't know who he was?
j called me up on the telephone ten days
: ago. He told me he'd kill my father
I and mother and myself if I didn't get
j him a big car. I went to the Packard
I Company. I bought the car. Daugh
i erty came to the house. I walked
; down to the basement, figuring how I'd
get the car away from him. He fol?
lowed me. The idea came into my I
head to kill him. It was on the spur I
,; of the moment.
"I got my guns from out a drawer.
i I held him up, handcuffed him, took
! him to the coal bin and tied a rope
: tight around his neck,
''He strangled, made a funny noise.
? I hit him with the baseball bat and
I hammer and he was quiet.
! "I met Ausmus coming down the
' stairs. I held him up the same as I
' did Daugherty. handcuffed him, too,
and bit him. He was a coward.
"I felt the hearts of both--both men 1
were dead. Then I went out and took
the car and got my mother. We went
to Indiana Harbor and came back.
"I took Ausmus's body to the garage
' and dug a grave and put him in it.
j Then I ran my old car over the spot.
! Then I went in to supper. At 4 o'clock
I tho next morning I took Daugherty's
j bedy and threw it in the river, then
j I went to Adams.*
Discredits First Confession
Coroner Peter M. Hoffman was not
i satisfied with the first confession. He
immediately insisted that Church had
"The confession is a tissue of lies."
declared the Coroner. "It would be
physically impossible for him to have
killed these two men in the manner he
described. Daugherty's throat was
(Car-tin.ed a* g?.? ft**?**
S penal Diepatch to The Tribune
BOSTON, Sept. 11.?The crisis in
the New England textile industry has
been passed.
Cotton and woolen goods mills in
nearly every manufacturing center in
the New England states are. again
booming, many of them working day
and night, and none of them on less
than a 60 per cent of capacity basis.
Business leaders here, commenting
to-day upon the improvement in the
textile industry, declared they believed
an actual shortage of labor was likely
to be one of the first results of the
sudden shift in conditions. It was said
that many mills which had gone on day
and night work were finding it hard to
obtain trained operatives.
Coming simultaneously with the ad?
vance in the price of the staple, New
England cotton mills are reported to be
making tremendous increases in the
consumption of cotton for manufactur?
ing. This, business men declared,
means a great lessening of the unem?
ployment menace in New England.
What applies to the cotton textile in?
dustry also appears to apply to tho
woolen trades. William M. Wood, pres?
ident of the American Woolen Com?
pany, which employs approximately 20,
000 mill operatives, to-day declared five
mills were assured of capacity business
during the winter.
Greater Boston's rubber goods plants
will be running at full capacity within
a few weeks and will continue full
time through the winter and spring.
More workmen will be taken in by
most plants within eix weeks, it v/as
said, depending on weather conditions.
Panic conditions are unquestionably
over in the men's clothing industry, ac?
cording to Arthur Andrew, secretary oi
the Clothing Manufacturers' Associa?
tion. "There is no surplus of skilled
labor and manufacturers are all busy
on orders that will keep the shops run?
ning through Thanksgiving at least," he
Idle Steel Men Rapidly
Going Back Into Millt
Special Diepateh to The Tribuna
PITTSBURGH, Sept. 11?Evidenc*
that the bottom has been reached ir
Industrial unemployment in this dis?
trict is found in reporta that varioui
large employers are increasing plan
operations or getting ready to star
mills that have been shut down
Twenty-or.e hundred steel workers wh<
have been idle for months have beei
put on a three to five day week withii
the last few days as a result of tin
United States Steel Corporation put
ting all its mills in the Homestead am
Duquesne plants into limited operatior.
Fifteen hundred men, it is estimated
are affected by increases in operatioi
of Carnegie Steel Company mills in th
Mahoning Valley district during th
last week. Those plants, which for th
most part underwent complete shut
down3, are now operating 40 to 70 pe
Several hundred coke workers will g
back to work next Monday in plants o
the Tower Hill-Connellsville Cok
Company and the Republic Iron an
Steel Company, with the reopening c
the plants, in Fayette County.
The plant of the Bessemer Limeston
and Cement Company, at Besseme:
reached its maximum production c
cement during August. The rated ar
nual production of the plant is 1,000
000 barrels, but it exceeded this i
A marked increase in freight shij
ments on railroads serving Pittsburg
is taken as a sign of general improv?
ment in industrial employmejit.
Gustave Kahn, vice-presio?nt i
charge of sales of the Truscon Stoi
Company, says the greatest ebb in ii
dustrial depression is now a matter <
history and that the tide has full
Total of Jobless Reduced
By 3,000 in Syracus
i Special Dispatch to The Tribune
SYRACUSE, Sept. 11.?Industrial d
velopment. during the last few da;
justify assurances of . several wee'
ago that business generally was on t!
upturn in Syracuse. At that time a
proximately 10,000 workers were o
of jobs. To-day this number has be
cut to around 7,000, with indicatio
that it will bo less during the next ft
Some of the encouraging events i
cently that have helped to better t
local situation have been the recei
of $5,000,000 orders from Germany
the Merrell Soule Company for po
dered milk; starting of work by t
Smith Wheel Company on a new ty
of automobile wheel and the beginni
of onerations by the Near-a-Car C(
poration on a new type of automobi
reported to be a three-wheeled affa
In addition, work on a full capac:
basis has been resumed at the Ha
(*&Mtl__?_ M pal. IHM)
U. S. Shipping
Loss Laid to
Secret Pacts
Agreements Between Rail?
roads and Foreign Lines
Charged With Causing
Contracts Assailed
In Marine Report
Findings Given Senator
Jones Assert Provisions
of Ship Act Are Ignored
From The Tribune'a Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Sept. 11.?The direct
charge that secret agreements between
American railroads and foreign ship?
ping companies, or American lines
with foreign connections, have resulted
in tying up the great bulk of tho
United States Shipping Board vessels,
is contained in a long rerjort prepared
for Senator Wesley L. Jones, of Wash?
ington, chairman of the Senate Com
ni i i tee on Commerce and author of
much shipping legislation, it was dis?
closed to-day by the National Mer?
chant Marine Association.
Senator Jones has sent the report,
which he describes as having been
made by "an experienced railroad man
tremendously interested in the up?
building of the merchant marine," to
Chairman Lasker of the Shipping
Board, with a request that earnest
consideration be given to suggestions
the report contains,
"Failure to enforce the chief provi?
sions of the merchant marine act. of
which Senator Jones was the chief
sponsor, has Ptifled the development of
American shipping," says a statement
issued by the National Merchant Ma?
rine Association.
"This is especially true of Section 28
of the bill, providing for preferential
railway rates on goods shipped in
American vessels, and the effects are
strikingly set, forth by the memoran?
dum prepared for the Senator. The
marked shrinkage in the volume of
ocean freight due to the trade de?
pression of the last year has affected
American shipping far more severely
than foreign, tho proportion of our
foreign commerce carried by our own
vessels having fallen from more than
50 per cent of the total, in 1920, to
hardly more than 30 per cent this
Foreign Lines Given Cargoes
A study of tho situation by the Ship?
ping Board, the report says, will show
that, due to the large fleets of foreign
flag vessels, operated by the companies
with which the trunk lines have estab?
lished contracts, these concerns have
been able to control, at the. expense of
Shipping Board vessels, transportation
of hundreds, if not thousands of car?
goes, aggregating many millions of
tons of freight on which the revenue
has totaled hundreds of millions of
"The discovery of these secret con?
tracts and their enforced filing with
the Interstate Commerce Commission
(which is now required) should enable
the Shipping Board," it is added, "to
definitely determine the principal cause
for the success of foreign flag vessels
in transporting approximately two
thirds of our export and import sea?
borne commerce."
Investigation, It is declared, will re?
veal that under the terms of the con?
tract the traffic officials and representa?
tives of the trunk lines at home and
abroad have used their influence and
expended their energies preferentially,
if not exclusively, in behalf of the
booking of both export and import
freight and of passengers in connec?
tion with their foreign flag allies.
Had Section 2*? of the. Merchant. Ma?
rine Act been put into operation," the
report continues, "it may be confident?
ly stated that few, if any, Shipping
Board vessels would now be tied for
lace of carg-o."
Comm'?iity Companies Urged
Tn additij n to tho enforcement of a
system of preferential rail rates on
goods for merican vessels the report
urges the c ganization and operation of
"commodit transportation companies,"
subject, to the joint authority of the
fix: joint t'i
through A
ships, the ;
junction vi
rail distrf;
ings based
and many
oard and tho Interstate
Commission, empowered to
ough rail and ocean rates
erican ports via American
lips to he operated in cen?
to a nationally controlled
tion of commodity group
pon a predetermination as
to their oiBrin, destination, quantities
her factors.
e terms of the Webb act
and the V.a%? act," it is added, "the or
f such companies can be
rtaken. For example, the
flour millet. of the country can legally
organize an export flour transportation
corporation which would, in effect, rep?
resent the authorized pooling of flour
tonnage, its routing and, in general,
establish itself as the authorized flour
transportation agency of the Shipping
Board, and under Section 8 of the mer?
chant marine act could be authorized
by the Shipping Board to deal with
both rail and ocean rates and handling
of all export flour, of rail and ocean, as
the exclusive export flour transporta?
tion agency of the board."
Support for Merchant Marine
The creation is urged of similar com?
modity transportation companies, au
(Contlnuo. on pugs thrae)
Esquimaux in Auto
Hunt Spirit Motor
Special Dinpateh to The Tribuns
SEATTLE, Sept. 11. ?Six
Siberian natives of the remote
Tsyukstji tribe, in the Arctic
Circle, had the time of their lives
to-day, when as guests of Cap?
tain Roard Amundsen, the polar
explorer, they were taken on a
tour of this city, their first view
of civilization.
The machine had not gone two
blocks, however until they de?
manded that it be stopped, and
then they crowded under it to
look for the spirit which made it j
go. Captain Amundsen finally
allayed thoir alarm and they con?
tinued their trip.
60 Dead, 250
Are Missing in
Texas Flood
i -
San Antonio Rescue Work?
ers Expect to Discover
Many Bodies in Wreck?
age Along River's Banks
13 Die in Other Cities
Million h of Damage Done in
Area of 10,000 Square
Miles ; New Peril Threatens
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Sept. 11.?The
list of known dead from the flood of
early Saturday was forty-seven late to?
day. The dead and missing are esti?
mated at approximately 230 by officials
engaged in recovering- the bodies, while
Police Commissioner Phil Wright esti?
mated that it might reach 300. Many
residents consider these figures high.
The property loss is placed at $?,
000,000 by some business men and those
in charge of reclamation work. Ksti
mates both lower and as high as $10,
000,000 also are heard.
Reports from other cities in Texas to
1 night revealed that thirteen persons are
known to be dead in districts outside
San Antonio, and that this list is likely
I to be increased. The flood swept over
| an area of 10,000 square miles.
Soon after daylight to-day the search- ',
ers on the Alaz?n Creek found three
bodies in the driftwood and wreckage
on the banks, and another was found
on the San Antonio River banks. Other
bodies were recovered at different
times. While it has been declared that
possibly the majority of the estimated
dead floated down the streams, the
searchers believe that as the wreckage
and driftwood are cleared away others
will be found.
Rescue and Relief Continu?
Efforts of the rescuers to-day were
confined principally to recoverin?-;
bodies, work of rescuing the marooned
having been completed yesterday.
Rescue and relief work continued
all last night and to-day. Hundreds
i of Mexicans and the poorer people who
lived along the Alaz?n Creek are home
Mess and were'given assistance by the
relief headquarters established "in a
downtown building.
The fact that most of-the bodies re?
covered have been fully clothed shows
! that the victims either were warned
j or heard the approaching rush of
water in time to make preparations to
! leave.
The city proper has been crippled
all day from the flood. There have
been no lights nor streetcar service
because of no electric power. Water
has been running in the mains In a
few portions of the city and the press?
ure is weak at these places.
Act to Prevent Epidemic
City officials said late to-day that the
water pressure would be turned on be?
fore to-morrow and it is thought elec?
tric current also will be available to?
morrow. City Building Inspector John
L. Richter, estimated the damage to
buildings at approximately $700,000. He
said that no large buildings have been
damaged permanently and that none is
In a dangerous condition. Hardly any
of the damaged businesses carried flood
insurance either on the buildings or
Precautions to prevent an epidemic
are being taken. The cleaning up pro?
ceeded systematically in every part of
the business district to-day. Proprie?
tors of business establishments and
force? of employees were sweeping and
brushing out the water and debris
while pumps drained basements.
j The funerals of some of the victims
were held to-day, while strict military,
control was maintained over the inun- ;
dated districts.
As* the flood water slowly receded
the search of the wreckage continued.
Gangs of workmen were engaged all
night in hauling the debris from the
business district. All available pumps
I and gasoline engine? were 'ailed into
service to pump tne waver from base?
One of the greatest losses to any
line of business was suffered bj? auto?
mobile dealers, many new ca^ft being
damaged in warehouses or on^oMsplay
room floors. That loss was estimated
j at $2,500,000.
Great damage was done to the pave?
ments of the city, many entire blocks
j (Continued on pa?? five)
Emily Spiker Leaves Husband;
Noted War Romance Shattered
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
BALTIMORE, Sept. 11.?The inter
1 national romance of Perley R. Spiker
! and Emily Knowles, which culminated
i when Guy S. Spiker consented to marry
? his brother's English war bride after
? Perley returned to his wife and child
j in this country, has struck the rocks.
Emily Knowles Spiker and Guy S.
; Spiker, who were married in Fall
I River, Mass., February 8, 1920, have
l been separated for nearly five weeks.
The English girl, it is said, fled from
i her East Baltimore home several weeks
I ago, leaving a note informing her hus
j band that she no longer cared to live
1 with him. Guy Spiker was almost
? heart-broken when he returned home
? one evening and found the note.
The little apartment was given up.
Just where Emily Knowles Spiker is is
shrouded in mystery. There are many
rumors, j Guy Spiker has again taken
up his homo at the residence of hie
brother Perley R. Spiker. Friends of
tho Spikera say that there is little
possibility of a reconciliation.
Every effort has been made by mem?
bers of the Spiker family to keep the
estrangement a secret. Guy Spiker has
many friends in East Baltimore. Some
of these friends are prominent and
they all declare that Guy Spiker in no
manner is responsible for the sudden
turn of events.
He has been out of employment for
some time, and his wife sought employ?
ment. She is reported to have met a
noncommissioned officer of {he United
States army, whom she is alleged to
have invited to her home. Guy Spiker
met the soldier and received him as a
friend, it is said. The second week in
; August Spiker returned to his home
! and found his wife absent.
On the table he found the note*
! which was a severe shock to him. He
1 informed his brother Perley, and for
several days a city wide search was
j conducted by the two brothers. They
; found the. wife, it is said, but she was
'. not approached. It is reported that
she has written to her husband re?
questing a divorce informing him that
he could give his answer in a letter ad?
dressed General Delivery.
?. **"*
Voters Cheer
Curran Attack j
On Hylanism!
Great Ovation Accorded
Him as He Assails Evils
of Administration; Aids
Busy Throughout City
Help of Leading
Authors Pledged I
Coalition Candidate As-!
serts Vital Home Issues
Only Concern the People
Ripping into Hylanism and its effects
upon New York City since it rode into
power, Borough President Henry H.
Curran yesterday began a vigorous
wind-up of his campaign as the Re?
publican-coalition d?sign?e for the Re?
publican mayoralty nomination in to?
morrow's primary election.
Speaking in the afternoon at the
Park Republican Club, at 4778 Third
Avenue, the Bronx, Mr. Curran pre?
sented a comprehensive summary of the ,
campaign issues and an indictment of
current administration evils which ob?
viously won the indorsement of his
Although what he had to say was said
in his usual unrhetorical fashion, hi?
address was interrupted a score of
times by shouts and. cheers of approba?
He was cheered for nearly five min?
utes when he was brought to the plat?
form by the chairman of the meeting,
with the announcement:
"Hero he is?the next Mayor of New
Supporters Active Throughout City
While Mr. Curran was beginning the
finishing touches on his pre-primary
speaking, his supporters were busy
throughout the city attending to the
final details of the campaign, by which
they feel sure that when the polls close
to-morrow evening he will have been
named the Republican Mayoralty can?
didate by an overwhelming majority.
The confidence felt as to this was
given expression durinir the day in a
statement made by Mrs.Mary Hatch Wil
lard, chairman of the Republican Com?
mittee of One Hundred, which, it was
announced, is to open the fall campaign
to-day at a meeting in the Hotel Mar?
tha Washington. Mrs. Willard said:
"We cannot conceive of any nomina?
tion other than of Henry Curran, Mr.
Curran can help New York out of the
hole into which the Hylan misadmin
istration has placed it.
"Should he fail of election in Novem?
ber, New York would go back twenty
years. But this is unthinkable."
Leading Writers Give Aid
Another leading feature of yester?
day's developments was an announce?
ment that a number of New York's
leading writers, all of them of un?
questioned standing in the national
field of literature, have banded to?
gether to aid the Curran standard to
victory over Hylanism and Tammany.
Included in their organization are
Julian Street, Wallace Irwin, Louis
Evans Shipman, Herman Hagedorn,
Edward S. Van Zile, Kendall Banning,
Oliver Herford, Bruce Barton, Clar?
ence Budington Kelland, Charles Han?
son Towue, Stephen Fretfch Whitman,
Freeman Tilden, Gerald Stanley Lee,
Henry Sydnor Harrison, Gelett Burgess
and Leroy Scott.
"Mf. Curran is able to distinguish
without effort a sinking fund from a
floating debt," said one noted author. |
"He's his own Duncan. He would
never, if placed on a witness stand,
follow the tenet: 'Where ignorance is
biz, 'tis folly to be wise.'"
Mr. Curran began his Park Republi?
can Club speech by a touch of humor
as to why he was speaking from a
"I moved up a step so that I could
see all of you," he said. "On Tuesday
I'm going to move up another one.
And on November 8 I'm going to take
still a third step upward, so that I'll
get an even better view of every one."
Praise for Running Mates
The Borough President then launched
into praise for John Donahar, Bronx
aldermanic candidate; the candidacy of
Senator Lockwood for Comptroller and
the fitness of Vincent Gilroy for the
presidency of the Board of Aldermen.
Following this he entered a calm dis?
cussion of his qualifications for the
Mayor's chair, and compared them to
those of his three rival candidates?a
discussion, as he said, "with no trace
of roasting or abuse."
"Mr. Haskell," he said, "cannot
chango the Eighteenth Amendment, and
let us not be foolod by his contention
that he has that power.? Senator Ben?
nett seems to feel that matters which
passed over the dam four years ago
are more important than the issues of
to-day. Neither has spent five minutes
(Continued on page three)
Runaway Caught Before
He Can Make Millions j
Boy, IS, Comes Here From
Saratoga Springs to Win !
Fortune on Stock Exchange
Thurston Hawksworth, fifteen-year- |
old son of Dr. Frederick E. Hawks- i
worth, of 130 Worth Street, Saratoga
Springs, N. Y., was taken in charge by '
a detective of the Simpson Street po- ;
lie- station last night and turned over
to the Children's Society on a charge
of being a juvenile delinquent. Ac?
cording to the police, the boy ran away '
from his home last Thursday and came I
to New York City to make millions as |
a stock broker..
: When he disappeared from his home
a general alarm was sent out by the
?Saratoga Springs police at the request
i of his father. But until last night the
boy succeeded in keeping out of sight
of the authorities.
! Thurston, when discovered by De
tective Way. of the SimpsoW Street
Police station, was sitting di.-conso
; lately on the steps of a tenement house
, at 798 Beck Street. The detective said
? that it was his attitude of dejection
I which led him first to question him.
' At the police station, the boy said
| that the tales of wonderful opportu?
nities to be encountered in New York
! which he heard from visitors in ?Sara
' toga Springs inspired him to come to
I the city. He said he had tried to get a
job on the Stock Exchange, but had
1 failed. All his ambition to be a stock
?broker h<i not gone, however, and he
said he would have succeeded if he
hadn't been stopped so soon.
Swiss Council Exempts
Charles From Taxation
GENEVA, Sept. 11.?The
Swiss Federal Council has ac?
corded extraterritorial rights to
former Emperor Charles of
Hungary, whereby he will be
exempt from taxation.
It is stated that the former j
Hungarian monarch's annual ex- j
penditures in Switzerland amount
to 1,225,000 Swiss francs.
Harding Would
Help Impaired
Veterans First
Asserts Those Who Escaped
With No Disability Have
the Reward of Supreme
Service and Experience
Refuses Gold Table Ware
Demands "Tools to Which I
Am Accustomed": Partv
May Come to N. Y. To-day
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
ATLANTIC CITY, Sept. 11.?Presi?
dent Warren G. Harding, in an address
to several hundred members of the
5th Division here to-day, where the
President is enjoying a brief outing,
definitely stated his position on the
question of remuneration for former
service men. He declared that the na?
tion would spare no efforts to care for
its wounded and its disabled defenders,
but asserted that those who came out
of the war unimpaired have received
their compensation in supremo service
aud experience.
The President's plans for to-morrow
have not been announced nor has he
Bald how long he intends to stay here,
but it is probable that he will take a
train for New York early in the after?
noon. It is said that he intends to
board tho Mayflower at the New York
navy yard to-morrow for the return
trip to Washington.
Demands Usual Table Ware
The management of the Ritz-Carlton
Hotel, where the Presidential party is
stopping, had exhausted its resources
in preparing for them, reserving nu?
merous automobiles ana rolling chairs
and getting from the safe an elaborate
gold service of 1,000 pieces.
President Harding heard about the
gold service before his first meal was
served and immediately wrote a note
to the head waiter asking that he be
furnished at meal times simply "with
the tools to -?which 1 have been ac?
The head waiter responded by send?
ing up the usual china and plated
?ware. President Harding made no use
'of the specially reserved motor cars
or rolling chairs either. When he went
anywhere he walked or used his own
Addresses War Veterans
Returning from the Chelsea Baptist
Church, where he attended cervices
with Mrs. Harding and other members
of his party, the President found near?
ly 500 former members of the 5th Di?
vision assembled in front of the Ritz
Carlton Hotel. The 5th Division,
which recently reassembled in Phila?
delphia, came to the shore in a special
train this morning to conclude its an?
nual reunion and requested the honor
of greeting the President.
The President's first words were:
"Judge McCook has stated that I
have the pleasure of being your
honored guest. I wish you would l.t
me reverse it and say that you have
done me a signal and gratifying honor
to come here and greet me this beauti?
ful Sabbath day."
President Harding then took up the
burden of his address, which was re?
muneration for the veterans of the
World War.
"There is nothing too good in Amer?
ica for its veteran defenders," he said.
"All America is proud of what you and
your division did at the Meuse. All
America is proud of what our soldiers
did in the critical days of the war.
Pledgee Aid for Wounded
"The man who came back wounded
and impaired in ability to carry on the
vocation of his life deserves the fullest
in our power to give, and I propose
to uso all the influence I have to see
that he gets it. But I am not so much
concerned with those who came out |
of the war unimpaired. They have the j
compensation of supreme service and i
experience. You may be disappointed :
with matters of legislation, but I want i
you to know that we are interested in j
your welfare."
The President then shook hands with ,
more than a hundred of the war vet- I
erans, who were presented by Major
Philip J. McCook, justice of the New ?
York Supreme Court and president of
the 5th Division organization.
Preceding his address to the veter?
ans the President was presented with
the key to the city by Mayor Bader.
The Presidential party p?s_ed the :
(Continued on next page)
Escaped Convict Returns
After Talk With Osborne
Declares He Di<l Not Want to
Disgrace the Prison Wel?
fare League
BOSTON, Sept. 11.?Victori F. Nel?
son, of Maiden, yielding to the per?
suasion of Thomas Mott Osborne, the
prison reformer, surrendered himself
to-day at the state prison, from which
he escaped on May 11 while serving
an indeterminate sentence for robbery
and assault. He was accompanied by
Mr. Osborne.
Nelson explained that he had been
an inmate of the naval prison at Ports?
mouth, N. H., and a member of the
Mutual Welfare League established by
Mr. Osborne, who was then warden of
the prison. After his escape he met
Mr. Osborne in Auburn, N. Y., he said.
They had a conversation which con?
vinced him that he ought to return to
prison so as not to disgrace the Mutual
Welfare League. Warden Shattuck de?
clared no punishment would be given
for the escape.
Whistling as he re-entered his cell,
Nelson said he was happy, as the pian?
ist of the prison had just been dis?
charged and the job wu t? be his.
U. S. Business
Men Acquire;
Vast Austrian:
Ducal Estates
Syndicate IncludingSabin*
Over Property of Arch-?
duke Frederick and So?
Holdings Valued
At $200,000,000
! Castles, Lands, Industrie?
of Hapsburgs Included
in Deal; Untermyer Is!
Counsel for Americans*
PARIS, Sept. 11 (By The AssoJ
j dated Press).?Negotiations wer?1
completed in Paris yesterday -where?
by the vast estates of Archduke
Frederick of Austria and his son,'
Archduke AI brecht?estimated to bo
1 worth more than $200,000,000?Tere
1 taken over by an American syndi?
cate which includes Charles H. Sa
bin, J. Leonard Replogle, Frank A,
j Munsey, Thomas J. Felder and other
; prominent American business men?
Samuel Untermyer, New York
lawyer, represented the syndicate in
the negotiations, which have been irt
progress for some time, and Arch-1
duke Albrecht took part in behalf of
himself, his father, his wife, Isabel,
and his six sisters. Dr. Wilhelm'
Rosenberg, of Vienna, and Dr. Atrrel1
Egry, of Budapest, were counsel for
the Hapsburgs.
Vast Resource* Involved
The meeting here yesterday was th?
last of a series of meetings during th*
last few months at Carlsbad, Kissin?
| gen, Vienna and Paris. The transar*
; tion concerns the vast land and indu?*
I trial holdings of the Hapsburgs dis
| tributed throughout Austria, Czeeho?
j Slovakia, Jugo-Slavia, Poland, Ru?
mania and Italy. They include ths
! great steel works and mines In Teschen,
I which are partly in Csecho-Slovakia
j and partly in Poland. The estate com*
j prises numerous other industries, in
? cludi;:g the dairies which formerly fur
< nished most of the Vienna supply of
? milk and butter; sugar plantations,
factories, apartment houses, palaces
and other private properties in Vienna;'
castles In various parta of the Conti?
nent, about one million acres of agri?
cultural and forest lands scattered over.
i several countries, and the remarkab'*?
Albertina Museum in Vienna, which ir
said to contain nearly one miilioa
works of art.
World War Commander
Archduke Frederick was a field mar
! shal and was commander in chief of
the Austro-Hungarian armies in th?
I World War. His great grandfather
was a nephew of Emperor Francis 1
and was adopted by Duke Albrecht of
Saxe - Teschen, who married Arch?
duchess Maria Christina, daughter of
Maria Theresa. Archduke Frederick is
the uncle of King Alfonso of Spair.
His sister was the Queen of Bavaria.
Thus a considerable part of his prop?
erty came from the Saxon house.
This is regarded as important by the
members of the American syndicate,
because the properties they are taking
over were not part of the possessions
of the Austrian crown, but came to
Archduke Frederick from other ?sources
than the Hapsburgs.
A large part of the properties wer?
purchased, and developments, from pri?
vate means were increased during the
150 years by investments and return?
from new enterprises. It is regarded
as a fortune built essentially upon sav?
ings by business management and not
upon royal gifts and concessions. Arch?
duke Frederick was excluded from all
his properties located in countries for?
merly composing the Austro-Hungarian
monarchy. Some have been sequestered
and others were claimed as confiscated,
part of them by the reconstituted old
governments, and others by the new
states in whose Jurisdiction the prop?
erties were brought by terms of vari?
ous peace treaties.
Negotiations Opened in 1919
American interest in the properties
had its origin in Switzerland in the
summer of 1919, when Archduke Fred?
erick made the acquaintance of Thomas
J, Felder, an American living in Paru.
Operation of tho various industries had
been paralyzed by disorganization con?
sequent to the war, and the archduke
desired to bring American capital and
methods into their restoration. Ar?
rangements were made in October, 191&,
! whereby the archduke was to transfer
his various properties, except those in
new Hungary, to a corporation organ?
ized in Switzerland to take over the ad
! ministration of the estates.
Mr. Felder was to form a syndicate
in America to acquire substantial in?
terests in the new company, which he
did. Ditferences arose between the
archducal family and the syndicate,
owing to subsequent action by various
governments in efforts to confiscate the
properties, which resulted in litigation
in the Swiss courts. The.e differences
have now been adjusted through the
agreements reached hero yesterday.
The American syndicate and the arch
' duke will proceed to enforce what they
believe to be their rights'against sev?
eral governments now withholding pos?
A complaint is about to be lodged be?
fore the mixed tribunals of the League
of Nations, before which new state?
will be summoned as having acted in
dehance of treaties with the Allies. In
; teresting questions regarding treaty
j rights and obligations are expected to
I be developed. Archduke Albrecht, who
! participated in the negotiations, da
dines to comment upon the transaction,
but Mr. Felder, corffirming the substan?
tial accuracy of the foregoing, added

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