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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 17, 1921, Image 1

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m* LXXXI No. 27,334
First to Last?the Truth: News--Editorials?Advertisements
(?Copyright, 1881.
New York Tribune Inc.)
* * * *
Cloudy to-day; to-morrow ?unsettled,
with probable Hhowers; mild tem?
peratures; ?oothweat winds.
Fall Itaport on J.ji?t Tage
Tu firenter Krv? Tork
r T
I w
fthln 200 Mile?
rom CT7NT8
Step Toward
peace Taken
By De Valera
$nn Fein Leader Hurries
a Tele-grain to Premier
Explaining Delegates
Sought Understanding
Situation Is Helped
fey Course Adopted
General Opinion Is That
Door to Continued Ne?
gotiations Still Is Open
B.v Arthur S Draper
frer* The T^bui"'.' Eumvean Pureau
jjjBTTfeht, 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
CONDON", Sept. 16.-?Eamon do Va?
in rafle haste to-day to retrieve the
Em situation, which was thrown into
j crave crisis yesterday when Premier
Lioyd Geornre refused to meet Sinn
fcin delerrates in a peace conference
Jecau?e De Valera insisted that they
it recognized as envoys of a sovereign,
Independent nation.
In a brief tele<--ram of explanation to
tie Premier, made public to-night, the
Jn'sh republican lender declared:
"I received your telegram last night
tsi? am surprised that you do not see
tiat if we on our side accepted a
eonferenci?. on the basis of your let?
ter of September 7 without making
jar position quite clear Ireland's
itpresentatives would enter the con?
ference with their position misunder
Itcod and the canse of Ireland's right
irreparably prejudiced. Throughout
the correspondence that has taken
jlace you have defined your govern?
ment's pesiticfr.. We ha?/e defined
"If the positions were not so defi?
nitely opprsed there would indeed
be no problem to be discussed. It
jhould bo ohvio'rs that in a case like
ours if there is to be any result the
negotiators must meet without preju?
dice and untrammeled by any condi?
tions whatever except ti:->se imposed
Ijj the fac's if they know them."
Situation Improved
Whether the new message from the
Ir.fh spokesman provide? the basis on
which the government would consider
that the coniVi-. nee could be held is as
yet uncertain, but it shows in any event
that De Valera is anxious to remove the
Impression that his reply made public
yesterday was del berately provocative,
sod that he wants to avoid the break
mg off of tie negotiation5, threatened
1 the Prime Minister's letter of yes
To that extent at least De Valera's
postscript? materially improves the sit
Plauso everybody wants peace in
It'.livJ nobody ".ill believe thai Lloyd
fcorfe's sudden cancellation of the
iBvernc s conferrnco with the Sinn
Ftin representatives, which had been
|&hedu!ed for next Tuesday, means the
fcniinaticn of the negotiations.
The PTrmier's action fine as a
thunderbolt, not only in Dublin but in
. london as well.
To-day, though the English press was
Mying uncomplimentary things about
De Valera as a diplomat and defending
Llovd Georpo, the newspapers insist
that the situation must he regarded as
? breakdown rather than a breaking
fff ef trie negotiation?. The outstand?
ing ne?rjpaper comment is the caustic
criticism leveled at De Valora, whose
?tron?c nationalism has alienated
many of his English supporters and
Uinoyid and alarmed even his Sinn
?in followers.
Thoue;!i reci -r-nizint? fully the diffi?
culties w'tb which he was forced to
contend, the f:.:t remains that Do Val?
era played his cards poorly and that
ucyd Go >rg? now ira? the odds great'y
'a his favor. The Irish "president"
?.rcafiy his conferred with members of
?s cabinet, and a meeting of the Dail
Etreann is exo? -tod soon. |
1 Premier Not Quite Well
Lloyd George has stated that he
?uld call a meeting of his ministers
?ho are in Scotland, but the Premier's
is causing worry, and some days
?>*}' pass before he holds a Cabinet
dj??rd, Dawson. the King's physician,
"a a local dentist from Inverness have
summoned to Gairloch, as Lio d
. rge is suffering with a'heavy chill
?w neuralgia. In the circumstances
ir, development;; are expected this
?uv cnd?. ?"'??<? it now can be announced
jui considerable positiveres? that the
nemlet-will not go to Washington.
?? er L ''-vd George's physical
lr.l!'I'-n had aR>' ^?Tinjr on his
srarnatic move at the eleventh hour is
?"?icuit to judge, but there is no i
l-poo? that the Premier was ex
(Continued en page'thr??)
^ee Army Flyers Die
In Plane Crash in Texas
Want P. J. White, of New!
iork, One of Victims of
. Love Field Accident
?!lLt.*S'.. Tex- Sept I?-?Lieutenant
?n^H. Arrnstrrng and two enlisted
ihn ,J"?eant Andrew Gibson, of Wal
C: ?T}-> and P. J- White, of New
OkM, -''? fr"m Post FicU?? Foi-t Sill,
D?]lr,,0r;'a'Jwore killotl at Lovf- Field,
Iind^i. ? ' when an arm.v -?e Hav?
? ?i, ?l'Ta!,ion p!anc went int0 ? spi-?
te?to1:;^about i5?fcct ami
JR*? machine burst into flamen as it;
?wes tne ground.
JjAWTON, OklITs7pt. 16.-Lieuten- !
^ ?mes F. Armstrong, who was
UveV Mno7a'rplane accider?t to-day at
?*???' Texas, was assistant master |
ISrt! aAt,Post Fic,<1- Hia home was
wriorth Adams, Mass.
?ORTH ADAMS, Mass, Sept. 16.?
*y ??,nt?JameS F- Armstr?l?g. Of this
o?f.' K1'',Cfl m an airplane crash at
fc, I' . x- entered the aviation ser
J***>ne the World War. He was
jtion?! for a, timo at Kelly Field,
T. Antonio.
^?tenant Armstrong, who was about
j/jy years of age, was married loss
tiiivnVyoar ng0- IIe studied at the
?iooi i tynf V"rmo?t and later taught
I ? ?lid Mrs. .lohn F. Armstrong.
?k E'i?5ryoo think of wrlttntc.
ot WhJUa*. ?A-dvt,'
Stone Asserts 98 P. C of Rail
Workers Will Vote for Strike
Some Would Take Wage Cut, but Oppose Changing
Rules; Will Seek New Negotiations With ?
Roads When Result Is Known
From a Staff Correspondent
I CLEVELAND, Sept. 16.?Warren S.
Stone, grand chief of the Brotherhood
of Locomotive- Engineer?, to-day pre?
dicted that 98 per cent of the members
j of the railroad brotherhoods who are
? balloting on the recent wage cuts
amounting to 12M per cent would vote
in favor of a strike. In an Interview
| with The Tribune correspondent; the
? labor leader said that the results would
bo known between October 3 and 10.
"The men on some of the roads might
have accepted the wage cut even
though ?t was a drastic one," Mr. Stone
, said, "but they object strenuously to
j the elimination of rules and working
? conditions which they fought to estab
i lish for thirty years. Moreover, some
jof the roads are even asking for an?
other wage cut."
Mr. Stone was asked whether a vote
by the four brotherhoods' membership
in favor of a railroad strike would
automatically result in a stoppage of
work. He replied in the negative, show?
ing that the ballot read as follows:
"I have personally read the fore?
going statement regarding tho wage
reduction authorized by Decision 147
of the United States Railroad Labor
Board, und hereby authorizo the chief
executives and general chairmen of
the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi?
neers, etc., to act ns my agents and
attorneys in dealing for n settlement
of these questions, and if the said
chief executives and general chair?
men aro unable to otherwise effect a
settlement satisfactory to them, I here?
by cast my vote (for) (against) a
In case of a strike vote, Mr. Stone
said the next step would be to open
negotiations directly with individual
railroads or groups of carriers. He
said the matter was beyond tho Rail?
road Labor Board stage.
Regarding strike prospects, Mr.
Stone said: "I can veto a strike or
call one off. but the men themselves
are the only ones who can decide to
call one."
Mr. Stone said that railroad labor
was sjffering greatly from unemploy?
ment, and that many men were being
demoted. According to the seniority
principle, when necessary to cut down
the number of engineers employed, he
I said, engineers wero being turned into
firemen, and firemen wero being
crowded out.
Cecil Demands
League Conduct
Open Sessions
Assails Secret Methods of
Council and Alleged Con?
tempt Shown Delegates
of the Smaller Nations
i Wants Press Admitted
j Launches Campaign for
Publicity by Means of
World-Wide Propaganda
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 1921. New York Tribune Inc.
GENEVA, Sept. 16.?The campaign
; of publicity by which the League of
Nations will seek to popularize itself
by world-wide propaganda, as well as
by opening all its activities to public
opinion, was launched to-day by Lord
Robert Cecil, of England, in a docu?
ment in which he severely criticized j
the secret methods of the League !
Council and outlined various reforms
which he believed would stimulate pub?
lic opinion in the interests of the
The document is significant because j
' it represents the opinion of the great '
majority of the delegates from the !
smaller nations, and doubtless will be
the basis of a formal resolution be?
fore the end of the present meeting.
Lord Robert demands that all meet
ings of the Council, in which are found
? representatives of the great powers
? who control the league, should be
, opened to the press of the world in?
stead of compelling writers to sit in
the corridor and wait for the "cold, un- ,
, interesting official communiques.'*
Assails Withholding of Records
Lord Robert's main attack on thoso !
dominating the power of the league,
however, is based on the contempt they
have shown for their smaller brethren
by. withholding the records of their
proceedings, sometimes for two or '
three weeks, instead of announcing
matters of public interest on the fol- |
lowing day. On important questions or
policy he demands that the Council
make public in interesting form the j
main lines on which it is working.
There have been many occasions, j
said Lord Robert, when the Council
could have strengthened its position j
even if it had done no more than make ,
a human statement of the difficulties
it was facing. The speaker likewise
suggested that the league secretariat j
employ a greater force, whose member.-* ;
would concentrate on keeping in touch I
with journalists and world-wide public j
opinion. He suggested a wider dis- ?
tributior. of the league's monthly sum- !
mary, which, already is printed in
French, English, German, Italian, Span?
ish and Japanese and distributed to
the nations in which those tongues
arc 6poken.
Fuller Reporta Urged
For general publicity purposes, ho
exhorts all national delegations now
in Geneva to make full reports to their
parliaments and peoples after the As?
sembly meeting comes to an end, show?
ing what the league has done and ap?
pealing to each country from its own
national point of view.
The foreign offices of all nations in
the league are urged to become dis?
tributing centers of information for
the press on league activities, while
the press should be urged always to
give greater space to the league anil
send its best representatives to the
league conferences.
"Finally," says Lord Robert, "tht?
various league associations must keep
in close touch with the central organ?
ization at Geneva and have all their
material and data filed for reference
and stimulate all forms of propaganda
in their countries on behalf of the
league and its activities."
Lord Robert's influence in the As?
sembly is such as to make it certain
that the Assembly will act on his sug?
The lcaguo to-day named Judge F. V.
N. Beichmann. of Norway, president of
the Court of Appeals at Trondhjem, as
fourth deputy judge of the Interna?
tional Court of Justice. Acceptances
of judgeships also were received from
John Bassett Moore, of the United
States; Dr. Andre Weiss, of France;
Dr. Max Huber, of Switzerland; Dr.
B. T. C. Loder, of Holland; Dr. Antonio
S. de Bustamente, of Cuba,\aml Vis?
count Robert Finlay, of England. Dr.
Moore's cablegram said: "I accept
with a due sense of the honor and re?
Americans Explain l'o?ition
The league secretary also received
cablegrams from Elihu Root. Justice
George Gray, Oscar S. Straus and Dr.
Moore explaining their position in not
(C-Mtlnued ?? ?ata ?-jr?)
Gas Routs 1,500
In 6 Tenements;
20 Overcome
Bursting Valve in Ice Plant
Sends Wave of Deadly
Ammonia Fumes Through
Block on East 70th Street
Kenlon Leads Rescuers
Firemen, Police, Ex-Soldiers
in Masks Carry Choking
Women and Children Out
Fifteen hundred persons were driven
to the street last night from six tene?
ment buildings and more than a score
were carried out partly asphyxiated
when a valve blew off an ammonia vat
at! the Knickerbocker Ice Company
plant, 519 East Seventieth Street, re
leasing 600,000 cubic feet of ammonia
gas. j
Twenty-one men who were working '
in the plant on an upper floor emerged ?
by way of fire escapes and escaped in- ;
jury. William Kopech, chief engineer
of the plant, and Steven Tupchyck, an ;
engine room helper, were overcome by ?
fumes but were resuscitated.
The gas penetrated to the basementr, ;
? of tenements opposite by way of wire ?
j conduits, permeating all floors within 1
? a lew minutes. Tenements on the j
south side of Seventieth Street from
502 to 512 and on the north side from '
1511 to 517 became a center of wild |
i excitement as half-suffocated men, j
1 women and children rushed to the ;
j street crying that many wtre asleep on !
j the upper floors.
?v onion Leads Rescue
fire Chief Kenlon and Fire Commis?
sioner Drennan personally took charge
of the Fire Department Rescue Squad,
which responded together with three
fire companies. Captain Wall, of the
East Sixty-seventh Street police sta?
tion, with fifty reserve patrolmen, had
hard work controlling a huge crowd at?
tracted by men's shouts and the
screaming of women and children.
Lieutenant Charles Coffey, of the
Rescue Squad, with a volunteer force
of ex-soldiers, all of whom appeared
with gas masks, began a systematic
search of the tenements. Five women
and three children, partly overcome by
fumes and unable to find their way,
were carried from 534 East Seventieth
Street, and ten women were removed
in an hysterical state from 514. Two
small children were carried out of a
room on the rfiourth floor of 617 East
Seventieth Street by Frank Elichy, of
1295 First Avenue, who borrowed a
gas mask and was among the first to
enter the reeking tenements. El ich j
is an ex-soldier wearing the Croix de
Guerre and Medaille Militaire. II(
made five trips into the gas-lader
structures without suffering injury.
Patrolman James Sull.ivan, of th<
Forty-third Precinct, found an olt
woman unconscious on the third floor
of 534 East Seventieth Street and car
ricd her to safety. Five others wen
removed from the same house in ?
semi-conscious state.
Crouch Below Gas
Rescue squad men spread sheets or
the Kirie to? Iks and comnelled those wh
: were rescued to he flat on their faces
: in order to escape ammonia gas, which
'. was in choking volume four to six feet
; from the ground. Surgeons operating
?from eleven ambulances treated the
; rescued, crouching below the gas as
they worked. Ambulances responded
j from Knickerbocker, Reception, Flower,
St. Vincent'--., Harlem and New York
hospitals. Fourteen surgeons attended
the tenement victims. Sixteen were re?
moved to hospitals, but most cases r'e
I covered after treatment on the spot.
A first aid station established by the
Rescue Squad between Sixty-ninth and
Seventieth streets, cared for more than
200 patients, most of whom were in a
semi-conscious state when taken there.
Police and firemen who were unable to
obtain gas masks worked with wet pil,
low cases and towels bound round their
A squad of firemen equipped with gas
masks succeeded in closing the valve
and preventing a further escape of
ammonia fumes after a twenty-minute
fight, in which they were frequently
driven back. Lieutenant Roth, of tho
East Sixty-seventh Street station, aid?
ing Captain Wall in command of the
reserves, suffered severe ammonia
bums. He was taken to Knickerbocker
A westerly breeze carried the fumes
East in Seventieth Street, driving pe?
destrians heiter skelter as the gas met
them. Patrolmen mounted and on foot
ordered all in the gas nrea to lie down.
Hundreds of men and women lay on the
sidewalks long after danger had passed.
The most serious case of asohyxia
tion was that of Patrolman Herbert
Dickey, of the Arsenal police station,
who was removed to Flower Hospital
unconscious. Miss Gussie Fcidc!, of
517 East Seventieth Street, was also
taken to Flower Hospital unconscious,
but completely recovered nnd was sent
sent home before midnight.
Arfouckle to
iro on Inal
For Murder
| Manslaughter Charge Laid
Aside by Prosecutor in
Case Against Comedian ;
Must Plead on Sept. 22
Decision Prevents
Admittance to Bail
Women Throng Court :
Men Barred; $25,00C
Car Sought by Dry Aid?
Special Dispatch to The. Triliun*
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 18.?In th
presence of a big and intensely inter
csted audience District Attorney Mat
thew Brady to-day announced in Pc
lice Judge Lazarus's courtroom ths
Roscoe ("Fatty")?Arbuckl/, motion pic
ture comedian, would be tried for mui
der, and not manslaughter, in conne<
tion with the-death of Virginia Rapp
screen actress, as the supposed rcsu
of a pprty in the actor's rooms.
The determination of the Distrii
, Attorney to proceed to trial on ti
murder charge -A-as announced just b
fore the court proceedings began.
was reached after a series of confe
enees with his staff, and his reasoi
therefor wero set forth in a statemer
which he issued after the court se
sion. Through the prosecutor's acti<
in deciding to stand by the murder wa
rant sworn out by Mrs. Bambina Mam
Delmont instead of the manslaught
indictment found by the grand jur
Arbuckle must remain in his cell wit
mir. Vinil nriviliirro
To Appear Again Thursday
Arbuckle's attorneys had made every
| preparation to have the comedian re
! ?eased on bail. Five thousand dollars
, in cash had been deposited with the
: Police Department for immediate use
if Brady had decided to act on the man
' slaughter charge, or if at the conclu
| sion of the police court preliminary ex
j animation the case had taken such a
: turn as to warrant them in applying to
! the Superior Court for the prisoner's
; release on bail on the manslaughter
icharge, a matter which would rest in
; the discretion of the court. Rut the
police court hearing was continued un
! til next Thursday and Arbuckle can
! entertain no hope of release during
that time.
Arbuckle had no advance informa?
tion on the prosecutor's decision. Hi
did not hear it until the same momem
that the hundreds of strangers whe
formed a wriggling mass of humanitj
in the none too spacious courtroom
there to see "Fatty'' face the discern
forting outlook, heard it. Then th?
announcement came so quickly and sc
unexpectedly that it was plainly ap
parent it took some seconds before Ar?
buckle realized it had been spoken.
The scenes around the courtroon
were most exciting, the corridors be
ing packed with a throng of more thai
a thousand persons. Men and womei
fought to get inside the doors, whicl
were guarded by a cordon of police
and the entrances were closed am
locked when the room was crowde?
with women, no men being allowed a
hearings in the women's department
where the proceedings were held.
When the case was called Distric
Attorney Brady announced that th
prosecution was ready to proceed o
the mffrder charge. Frank E. Domin
guez, far Arbuckle, asked for a con
tinuance of ten days, saying he wa
tired out from working on the cas
day and night. The District Attorne
declared that the prosecution was dc
sirous of adhering to every right o
the defendant and had no objection t
a reasonable continuance. He su?
gested fivo days.
Defenses to Call Physicians
In reply Mr. Dom?nguez indicated on
line which the defense would follov
saying that there was a great deal c
expert medical testimony which mu:
be heard, it being of vital important
to the case. This was understood t
mean that the defense would raise tl;
issue whether Virginia Kappe died i
the result of medical treatment.
A compromise was effected by tl
court setting the case for next Thur
day afternoon, and Arbuckle w:
ushered from the room carrying tl
knowledge that he must remain in ja
at least seven days, whatever unexpectc
developments might come after that.
After the court session Mr. Brae
issued a written statement qualifyir
to a certain extent his decision to pr
ceed on the murder charge. In th
statement he said:
"The District Attorney's office, fro
The time that the facts became know
has always been firmly of the opini?
(Continuad on piget six)
Transit Board
Refuses Fare
Raise in City
Elimination Sought of
Two - Cent Transfers
Which Increased Rates
During Hylan Regime
Unified System
Of Lines Planned
Governor's Suggestions
Followed to Save Situa?
lion Here From Chaos
The Transit Commission's first re?
port, which will outline a comprehen?
sive plan for the reorganization anc
unification of all subways, elevate?
and surface systems in line with Gov
ernor Miller's suggestion that th<
city's transportation must be rescue
from bankruptcy and receiverships
will state that under proper manage
ment and freedom from overcapitall
zation tho lines can bo operated sue
cessfully without any change in th
present rate of fare. The plans of th
commission in reference to fares, how
-ever, are to be only tentative and no
arbitrary in laying down a 5-cent tari:
rule, it was learned yesterday.
Tho report, which was prepared b
George McAneny, Le Roy T. Harknes
and Major General John F. O'Ryai
tho. members of tho commission, wi
be made public early next week. li
announcement, planned for this after
noon after the Stock Exchange close
has been delayed on account of mint
revisions, it. was said yesterday at ti
commission's office, 49 Lafayeti
Report Addressed to Public
Containing about 5.000 words, the
report will be addressed to the public
with a view of making known in ad?
vance just what the commission intend.**
to do. While criticisms are expected,
it is not the intention of the commis?
sion to delay a prompt execution of
its plans. /
The commission's attitude, it was
J learned from good authority, is that
the public, being most vitally inter
I ested in transportation, has the right
J to know what plans are contemplated
j on the samo day the traction com
I panics learn of the plana. Tho. com
i mission will announce its purposes
with full confidence that it will not
please everybody concerned, and conse?
quently it is prepared to hear many
. complaints.
"lt is clear that the transportation
lines will have to make concessions,"
said an official yesterday. "It will be
shown that in the last fifty years some
of the systems have been allowed to
drift into a hopeless mess. They may
have to suffer for it now. Hence it is
likely that when the report comes out
there will be much squealing."
Traction experts assert that the
duties of tho commissioners were ex?
plicitly pointed out by Governor Miller
when ho appointed them, and that the
Governor left no room for doubt when
he said that the public must not be
called upon to pay fares raised merely
to meet dividends on watered stock.
Plan to Adjust Transfers
Consideration will be given in th?
forthcoming report to the increased
burden put on the public by the method
of charging for transfers. A plan tc
eliminate two-cent transfers will be
offered. Mayor Hylan has contended
that he is largely responsible for the
maintenance of the five-cent fart
throughout the city. He will be shown
in the report that at least one-fifth
of the traveling public, by reason oi
transfer charges, pays from seven tc
fifteen cents for rides between certair
Latest available -figures are for the
year ended July 1, 1920. They show
that 47.380,922 persons paid for trans?
fers. The amount of money paid ir
excess of five cents for fares is esti
mated til be $-15,000,000 yearly.
Officials of the Transit Commisaior
said yesterday that their report wil
not be influenced by the decision o1
the Public Service Commission, whicl
on Thursday refused to sanction an in
crease from six to ten cents irt th<
fares of the New York State Railway'.'
lines at Utica. The Transit Commis
sion, as the governing board on loca
traction questions, is not related to the
Public Service Commission, which deal.
with all public utilities in the stati
except New York City's transportation
Members of the two commissions d<
not exchange views and therefore prin
ciples laid down by one commission an
in no way binding on the other, it war
Menoher Asks To Be Relieved
As Head of Army Air Service
From The Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. ? Major
! General Charles T. Menoher, who has
' been chief of the army air service
i since 1918, to-day asked Secretary of
! War Weeks to relieve him from that
' offico and assign him to command
troops in the field.
j Th? action of General Menoher is
believed to have been the direct out?
growth of dissension and friction which
ha3 prevailed in the army air service
for the last several months, which cul
. mir.ated last spring in Menoher asking
for the relief of Brigadier General
William Mitchell, his chief assistant.
General Mitchell and General Meno?
her have not been in accord on certain
? policies that were put in effect in the
| air service, notably the assignment of
! non-flying officers to high administra?
tive positions in the service. Mitchell
has vigorously advanced the contention
that qualified flying officers should have
the higher posts in the air service,
while Menoher has insisted that the
"ground men" of the service should be
I equally recognized in the administra
; tion of the air force of the army.
Secretary Weeks said to-day that ho
had not yet acted upon the request pre-<
sented by General Menoher and that
he was not ready at this time to sny
whether he would grant the request.
He added, however, that it was cus
I tomary for the department to grant
high ranking officers any request for
special duty in the service. He with?
held the letter laid before him by Gen?
eral Meticher, but explained that the
general's request was based on "per?
sonal reasons."
When asked if it were not fair to as?
sume that General Menoher's request,
was due to the.controversy within the
service between the Mitchell and Merio
her factions, Secretary Weeks replied
that both officers had agreed last spring
to submerge their personal differences
for the good of the service.
Secretary Weeks ad-mitted to-day that
he had received a report from General
Mitchell regarding the results of the
recent bombing tests conducted by the
army and navy off the Virginia Capes.
He said the report would not be made
public, and he declined to indicate its
contents. It is known, however, that
in the report General Mitchell violent?
ly disagreed with the conclusions of
the joint army and navy board, which
declared that the battleship was still
the backbone of the navy. The Mitchell
report is understood to have contained
the emphatic assertion that the test
disclosed the inferiority of all surface
vessels when pitted against air bomb?
General Menoher served overseas as
the commander of the 157th Field Ar?
tillery Brigade of the Rainbow Di?
vision, and had command of the di?
vision during the defense of Chateau
Thierry to the conclusion of th? Ar
gonne-Meuse offensive.
Pier Profiteers Make
______ _ ?
Four Millions a Year;
Extortion Plot Charged
126,105 on
Part Time in
Schools Now
909,658 Pupils Packed
Into Crowded Rooms;
Prall Makes Frantic Ef?
fort to Uphold Hylan
All records for school registration
were shattered on Wednesday, accord?
ing to the official statistics issued by
tiie Board of Education yesterday. They
show that on that date 009,658 pupils
registered in the day schools. Of this
number the amazing total of 126,105
are on part-time instruction. The cor?
responding number registering last
year was 856,113.
In a desperate effort to nullify the
effect of this telling evidence against
the Hylan administration Aiming S.
Frail, president of the Board of Educa?
tion, issued a statement, after a con?
ference with Superintendent of Schools
Ettinger and Superintendent of School
Buildings Snyder. The figures com?
pletely contradict President Prall's tes?
timony before the Meyer committee to
the effect that only 56,500 were on part
In every case the official statistics
exceed the estimates that were made
before the schools opened, and show
that The Tribune's reports were con?
servative. They show how inadequate
is the relief afforded by the belated
opening of the nine new schools and
two additions that were opened Mon?
day, the first during the three and a
half years of the Hylan regime.
Crowded High Schools
The most appalling conditions are
shown in connection with the .high
schools. The figures show that there
are 88,172 students registered and 33,
2:;0 of them are on part time. The
Hylan administration has not built a
high school during its entire term of
office. Tho terrible crowding that has
res ilted is reflected back on the ele?
mentary schools, because it has been
necessary to take space in them for
high school purposes.
After holding up the release of the
statistics for a considerable period
yesterday President Prall issued a
statement in which he said in part:
"In the elementary schools the reg?
istration this year over September
last year is 40,288, while the increase
in part time over the same period is
only 13,093, which shows conclusively
the extent to which relief has been
given by the new school buildings built
by this administration, and the
careful organization of classes through
out the city."
He failed to mention in his statement
that this increase in part-time pupils
is the second largest increase in the
history of the Board of Education. The
only time it was evei- exceeded or even
approached was last year, during the
Hylan administration, when there wris
an increase of 27,810 in part-time in?
struction because the He?rst-Hylan
Tammany organization had failed ut?
terly to supply new schools of any <5e
During the Mitchel administration
the highest number of part-time pupils
under instruction in the elementary
schools was 46,402. This year there
are 92,875 elementary pupils on part
time, exclusive of those who are on
double or triple session.
In his statement President Prall
triec to make a case for his superior
at City Hall by dwelling on the Brook?
lyn figures as follows:
"This (relief afforded by new
schools) is illustrated by the statistics
as reported from the Brooklyn schools,
where the greatest number of build?
ings wero opened, which shows an in?
crease in the register of 1G,466 and an
increase on part time of only 2,588,
and in taking the June figures we find
an increase in registration of 12,737 in
the Borough of Brooklyn and a de?
crease in part time of 2,000."
Little Relief in Brooklyn
The real fact is that tho relief af?
forded by the new schools in Brooklyn
merely takes care of the increase that
should have been taken care of more
than a year ago, while the present
figures show that Brooklyn is again
on a terrific upward stride in the num?
ber of part-time pupils. The statistics
for Wednesday show there were 46,811
elementary pupils on part time in
Mr. Prall then tries to explain the
high school conditions in the following
"The increase from September to
June is due to a new method of count?
ing part time by which many thousands
of students formerly classified on dou
(C-nntlnw-d on next page)
Bosnian Revolutionists
Kill Serbian Battalion
Insurgents Numbering 100,000
Reported Equipped With
Cannon and Machine Guns
Spec?? Cable to The Tribuve
Copyright. 1921, New York Tribune Inc.
CHIASSO, Sept. 16.?An insurrection
of ser'-ous proportions has broken out
in B.aria, which was taken from Aus?
tria-Hungary by the terms of the peace
treaty and awarded to Jugo-Slavia, and
is reported to be gaining ground rap?
idly. The insurgents are headed by
Petruc and number 100,000. They are
well armed with cannon and machine
The Serbian troops resisting the re?
volt are having a bad time of it. One
battalion has been annihilated and an?
other, traveling on a train, was cap?
tured after rails h#d been torn un.
Tho battalion was composed mainly
of Boinian natives, who killed their
officers and joined the insurgents. Ser?
bian troops are being hunted along the
frontier, and the hospitals are already
filled with wounded.
The insurgents have occupied Sara?
jevo, and, according to news from Za
f;reb, Croatiana also appear to be wani?
ng to join the insurrection.
280% for Lessees
In Pier Lease Deals
The following figures, based on
a report by General William M.
Black to the United States Ship?
ping Board, show how pier leases
were manipulated by certain dock
lessees to extort huge profits from
steamship owners:
Total yearly rent re?
ceived by city from
twenty-four piers-$1,484,717
The yearly rental col?
lected by lessees from
sub-tenants ......... $5,685,000
Average daily rental re?
ceived from each dock
by city . $63
Average daily rental col?
lected by lessees. $240
j , Profit to lessees ... .280 per cent
Miller Is Asked
To Bar Swann
In Hines Probe
Attorney General Is Ro
quested to Prosecute, as
District Attorney Is a
Loyal Murphy Follower
?New Fraud Proof Claimed
Foes of Tammany Leader
Asked to Enroll ; Shalleck
Is Bitter Against Police
Governor Miller was requested yes?
terday to appoint the Attorney Gen?
eral of the State to supersede District
Attorney Swann in the prosecution of
the alleged election frauds committed
in the Tammany primaries over the
Hines-Miller contest and to order a
special grand jury to hear the evidence.
Vincent S. Lippe, counsel for James
J. Hines, who opposed Julius Miller,
the Murphy candidate for the Tam?
many nomination for Borough Presi?
dent, in announcing the Governor's aid
had been, sought, said that positive evi?
dence of frauds at the primaries on.
I Reason for Move Aga?Bfct Swann
lit #aT^r*,fOwiiMlfcJ.,.iJji>t ?Imb^Goyejnor
was aiked to supersede Districc*3ffcto"i>
rjey Swann because the latter is a Ibyal
ftllow?r of Charlea..E? Murphy,,, ?g^n-m j
Bines 19 fighting.
j It was learned/last night that Lippe
and several pother lawyers called on
Hobert S. Cfmkling, l?Wputy State At?
torney General in charge of the New
work office, ein Wednesday, and laid the
facts they had before him, and that it
\?|as on his advice that formal request
wbs made yesterday for assistance from
?Gpvernor Miller in prosecuting the pri
rn nry frauds.
It is expected that the Governor will
a< t on the application, probably Mon?
ds y, when the recount proceedings in
atfc<t??d-h^..Hinea eome up for ?-?? hear?
ing before Supreme Court Justice Isa
do|c W'toiorvagpl JIM| _
?he Ji**tr?Tnght agaiusl MurpWy Witt
be fcushed to the bitter end,-both within
thesranks of Tammany HaUjyyi-i?-the
coufts. "HI HUB'H ' ^ail?liKlgninanager,
Josifph Shalleck, who alleges he was
blae^jacke(3JJ^^e^j?d^!shii,t..by mem?
ber? of. therolice Department when in
search of election fraud eveiAeauft' in
Murghy's own district, rmjjwflily will
bo ??ble to le-^Y^ hia<*iiw*unext week.
Thenl Shalleck wih.as?Mtt in the fight
agai?wt Mimihjr*a leadership, which yes
terdajt---t*OK definite shape in the for?
mation ?f the Hines Anti-Murphy
League ?nd an apneal. by Hines for all
ivKn' KillwwfT. witVi Viitn frt ?nrnl 1 in thn
At his home in Riverside Dr?fre yes?
terday Shnlleck criticized the Polico
Department and District .attorney
Swann. He was incensed at the Dis?
trict Attorney because of failure on the
part of his office to start proceedings
against the policemen and Tammany
politicians who assaulted him and his
associates who visited the polling booth
near Murphy's home on Tuesday night
following reports that frauds were be
(Continucd on next pao?)
Louisville Bars Ku-Klux;
To Punish All at Rally
Pnhlic Safety Board to Regard
Those Who .Attend Meeting
as Unpatriotic Citizens
LOUISVILLE, Sept. 16?The Board
o?( Public Safety to-day "served notice
or, all citizens to remain away" from a
r-rbposed meeting of the Ku-Klux Klan
on Sunday night, and warned owners of
pu-blic halls not to rent their places to
the organization.
"Should any attempt be made to hold
tha meeting in defiance of this order,"
the* board's announcement says, "any
per-feon who attempts to attend it will
be regarded as an unpatriotic citizen and
a law violator, and will be dealt with ac?
Derailed methods to be employed in
stopping the meeting were not disclosed.
Published statements several days ago,
attributed to an unnamed member of
the KJan, said the organization had
?ix thoysami pledged members in Louis?
ville, fyimediately after that announce?
ment Mayor Smith declared he would use
every lawful means to prevent the for?
mation df a Klan in Louisville. Full
page advertis?ments in a morning paper
announced that a "Rev. Ridley" would
address a masa meeting on Sunday on
the purposes of the Klan, which brought
the subject to an issu?.
"Secret, Uncontrolled
System Made Condition
Possible," Says Brown
at the Meyer Inquiry
Official 'Criminal
Negligence' Blamed
Ex-Dock Commissioner
O'Brien Urges Guilty Be
Found and Punished
Testimony offered before the
Meyer legislative committee investi?
gating the Hylan administration
yesterday showed that while the city
had received a yearly rent'il of
$1,484,717 for twenty-four piers un?
der lease, the lessees had collected
from other shipowners in wharf
charges $5,685,000.
It was further disclosed that the
average daily cost of the piers to
the lessees was $63, and that they
had collected an average of ?2*i0 a
day from subtenants, raking in a
profit of 280 per cent.
Elon R. Brown, chief counsel to
the committee, charged that "a se?
cret uncontrolled system of extor?
tion was at the bottom of the situa?
tion and made the condition pos?
Criminal Negligence Alleged
General Edward C. O'Brien, a for?
mer Dock Commissioner, who had
been authorized by Chairman Albert
D. Lasker of the United States Ship?
ping Board to make an investigation
of the dock profiteering charges, re?
ferred to the condition from the wit?
ness stand as "an official perversion
of the people's interests of the Port
of New York," and insisted that it
was due to "criminal uegliganceJ"
"The committee," he concluded,
"ought never to adjourn until it ha-?
taken every pier that General Black
has named and searched it out and
convict the guilty men. That is what
the people are going to demand of
officialdom from now on."
Senator Schuyler M. "Mayer, chair?
man of tho committee, said the com?
mittee *was far from being throug.
the dock investigation and that it would!
"be gono into more in detail the comijrg
It was intimated, however, that the'
I subject would not be taken ud on./Mon- H
day, when the comrrrittee resumes it?
hearings, at 2:30 p. m. It ?3 uif?er- I
ptood that arrangements for a prelim?
inary probe of the Police Department
?have been made to begin a' that time,
?and that? Commissioner of PolicevE.:- ?
fright and numerous other officialsVof
-?the department have been subpoenaed.
Hulbert Make Comment*-!
I Murray Hulbert, Dock Commissiorrr.
?was present during the taking of yes?
terday's testimony-arid engaged in mri
.?ning comments with counsel or; facts
"sind figures given by wit.':
'jng particularly to statements of Frank
.?. Rippon, a British *'oe*k exp
acted as examiner for the legislative
Mr. Rippon said he found that t
increase in gross revenues from *
Pock Department from l'-"'? to 19
was $1,059,810, or about 29 per c<
From 1913 to 1917 ho said il
$1,071,393, or about 23 per cent, and
from 1917 to 1920, $1,364,057, a
24 per cent, ?n connection wil
figures he ?jaid ,fcha*-**t*he gross ineomoj
from d&ek** fc.tS 'shown a tteady increase)
for many years.
Asked to comment on a report of
Commissioner of Accounts ?iirshflel?
on the dock situation, he said that the
Commissioner's allowance for tax raU>
was too low, and the carrying charga
w is therefore- higher than in per cent.
Commissioner Hirshfield " had qu< ( -
tioned the sufficiency of a rental of.7"^
per cent of the cost of improving the,
proposed Pier No. 2, North River, when'
constructed. The Commissioner held
that the carrying charges would bo 6%
per cent interest on th? investment, I
per cent amortization (for a 50-y?i.r
period) and 2% per cen? losses of
taxes, or a total of 9 per cent.
Huge Profils Collected
Mr. Rippon was then asked to taki
up the report of General Wi'rliarajM.
Black for the Shipping Board
profiteering question. He quoted me
figures referred to at the beginning fcf
this article, pointing out that fror.i
the twenty-four piers leased from tSe
city the lessees by their operation*
were able to collect a profit of 231?
per cent. Tir?se figures, he ?;ii<!, werf
based on a 300-day year and intimate!
that at least these were what the
charges were, though ho was not sur?
they were re.ceived.
Th lease of part of Pier No. 1,1
North River, was taken up. Tins pier!
was leased to Edward M. Raphael & j
Co. on May 1, 1919, at $30.000 a year,
although the superintendent of docks !
and the do'-'/? department a
advised the auctioning of the lease be?
cause of the fact that the Atlantic
Fruit Companv had offered $34,000, the
T. Carroll concern $32,000 and th?
Montanigno & Delphine company ?'"5,
000. The Raphael company held iho
lease until June, 1920, when for "cer?
tain reasons" the lessee relinquished
the pier.
Mr. Rippon whispered the reason
around amorrg members of the commit?
tee and to the committee counsel, but
it was not made public.
Commissioner Hulbert brought out in
this connection that he got $.j0,O1O fo
the city from this arrangement it
of $32,000, by hiving another steamship
company double up with the Raphael
firm in the use of the pier.
The question of the Staten Island
pier improvements came op, Mr.

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