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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 02, 1921, Image 57

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Concerts by Radio', to an Audience Scattered Over 700,000
Square Miles, Is Only One Instance of Wireless
Sport, and Two New Yorkers Are Having It
A wall full of postcard acknowledgments and phonograph recitals of concerts
pi'-bed up by land and sea
> FEW week3 ago, when the battleship
/% ^ee* ca3t '*3 ancRors *n 1-1" Hudson
^""^l. a:.d began sending out its radio
sages like the phantom ten
o.n immeasurably colossal octopus, o
navy wireless operators char. I to int i
contact with a young woman, amateur
fan in a remote corner of New
experimenting with her iniltrume
one is a wireless fan one devol
every evening to this most i- . >1 y.
The radio conversation
immediately assumed
and the "spark'"-;" b?
than merely elec
of the two impromptu corresp
followed by names and add
conversation concluded with a dim
theater invitation. In order to be thai
the two would identic* each other
?ftfst meeting they arranged to be 'tain
spot on Broadway and Forty-second - r? .1
a specified moment, and the dress of I
lady in the case, a? well as the uniform of
the radio operator, was describ? length.
That the budding romance.
started on its way may be duly attested !
?"he score or more of w: tg the ar
*eur radio fans who listened in upon the
flirtation and who showed up at the a
ed place and time to tak?
tieth century Romeo, who had nol i
climbed a rope ladder to his lady'
but had Jiteirally reached up '??
air, stretched out across tl.
a great city and snatched
clear space. For the flirtation had
heard, word for word, by between 5,0!
10,000 amateur radio folk within a ra
a hundred miles or so.
In all radio communication one ran
know how many ears -ire eavesdro]
the New York district alone there ar?
20,000 amateur radio operators who ra
licensee issued to them by the Dep
Commerce, which long aeo gave up the hop**
less task of suppressing the amateur and w
?y adopted the alternate course of recog?
. i treat the human beii
that he is and regulating his activiti? ! so *l it
b;s messages would not ?am the air to the
mterference of commercial and government
business, much of which is now v.. ing
acted by radio. In the whole country then
are said to be about 200,000 licensed ama*
tears, and the number is growing daily.
In addition to these, there are innumerable
others who have neither the - quipment noi
the authority to enter the vast, mysterious
realnr.-j of the ether, but who take
nevertheless, in listening in with the aid ol
ample and inexpensive instrume it ; thi
in effect, silent gu?:-'.:: of the great companj
that hold intercouirse every ; - oughoui
not only thi**, country but throughout the
whole world. For the wireless is no * -
er o? geographical boundaries.
As a matter of fact, radio comnvvnkatior
?' held daily by the powerful professional in
?trtun?aata in New York with Paris, Loi do-,
?Japan and with South American cities. 'Th
amatear is restricted to less powerful ma
w&tg-a that cover smaller ten '.o.Y. ?, but -av? ;
with these Dec ssaxy in tations ? asionall]
"erse remarkabif- demonstrations ar** n
??' - ; ??--?;. ? i of the rnateu
'-?iaiaCfc a.-e ns.'iaia'y confined to 200, 300 an?
-50 r?fetc-r wave length?, a? comparen to th?
t~x4mtioD~? ta?trament-s, that go a higl <
UrjOQQ meter wave length?.
At present the vast potential force of ama
-~-r wlrel***-* fana ia largely unorganized, ?i
'~t as ri'.-.iv ?? - ... -? i arc concerned
'- obtain atrthority to n ?/.>?'> ~\r. a na
W-Tta to he -rare, .-. ' D-spartmci
of Commexe? that he or she is a person of re
??poca.-. roper radio equipm
..- '???.:??'.. nee and
*fy him m on*, of
???* &M?M and is i
*? m choc e -*. long as he observe* the ? le? i
*7 defin? , - . *.f the ahr.
M~ most n't, for ? ?can ? ? form.
Jw belong! . ./,'. lie mu?tn'
Wff* ?way secret? that be may pi? ;
jja^Joratioi ?,. . ftrougb the ?ir, [{? n
**P* " - . '.*.- o? rid fake m* ??????
r* *-'? '?? ? ? ?y? identify
his station number, which is assigned to him
n he gets his license and which is listed in
a little book which is in the hands of every
opi ? itor in the country. He must confine his
' o work to the wave lengths specified in
: : r license.
In other words, to be an accredited radio
one must be a regular fellow, wiil
to play the game according to tho rules,
enough to knew wireless telephony
legraphy and to understand his appar
atus, and responsible enough to handle the
?nal serious work that comes his way.
- 'he work of the amateur is not all play,
example*: When Congress recently
arted out on its economy program and cut
:; the appropriation of the War Depart
ment, such drastic savings had to be made
thai - me branches of the service were re?
duced to? real extremities. The appropriation
egraph and telephone service for the
.'! Corps in the 2d Corps Area was
reduced to a mere $1,200 a year?a fraction
what has heretofore been considered a
tirrrum. Bj rigid economy?by using the
til instead of the wires and by taking out
? '.. telephone lines from headquarters?the
scraped along for the first forty-five days
$600, or half the yearly allowance. How
the armj to get along for the other .020
' ;?
- ? amateur radio men came to the rescue.
d in the office of the chief
officer of the 2d Corps Area, Colonel
I?:. ;. who is known fo every army
- istinguished chief signal officer
' the A. E. F. They volunteered to transact
army business by radio foe of charge.
R?ssel, quick to appreciate the value
uch service to the army, as well as to the
ateur himself, who has long been eager to
official recognition and to prove his value,
- epted their offer. Then and there the
amateurs organized tho "Amateur Radio Re
2d Corps Area. U. S. A.," and be?
fore they left Colonel Russel's office'they had
appointed an executive committee that was
i by Professor Alfred N. Goldsmith,"head
partment of electrical engineering of
of the City of New York and one
r'f the losf radio experts in the country;
C. J. G< tte, the traffic expert, of the Amateur
Radio Relay League; Major Kendall Banning.
of the Signal Reserve Corps, and several other
experienced wireless men. This committee
ith I e aid of Hiram Percy Maxim, the prcsi
dent of the Amateur Radio Relay League, anr
the heads of other amateur organizations, anr
of Criarlos J. McBrearty, the radio expert o!
ie] Russel's own office, set to work wit!
maps and wireless messages and letters tr
build up a radio network that will eventuallj
le country?a network of public
? id, capable amateurs who pledge them
: to respond to the call of any govern
tal department in tint" of emergency. Th
amat >ur has again and again, in time of fin
Concerts: Thursday evenings, at 8, and Sundays at 6:30. Audience: All radio
statiens which care to listen in. Range, 700,000 square miles
HE radio game holds constant elements of surprise to, the operator
who listens in at night on the telegraphic and telephonic babble
that nils the air. One never knows what he will pick up. To the un?
initiated the noise is not unlike the r.ight symphony in summer time of
innumerable insects, some large, sime small, some near, some far, bus?
ily jabbering away at each other in different keys and with varying
speeds and ior.al effects. As an undertone to the chatter of the code
messages may occasionally be heard, a speaking voice, a shout of
laughter cr strains of distant mizsic. As one manipulates the instru?
ment end listens in ai the various wave lengths one catches snatches
of news from land and sea, bita of humor and pathos, that make the
operator feel like some strange little god, unseen, unheard, but lis?
tening in upon the secrets of another world that knows him not and is
engaged in its own little enterprises. It is the new kingdom of the air
and flood, rendered invalu-able aid. Now such
aid is being organized on a national scale.
Loes Colonel Russe! want to send a hurrj ?
uri message to Camp Dix? This is what hap?
pens :
He merely telephones.from his desk in Nev
York to Lieutenant Paddock, in charge of the
army radio station at Fort Wood, on Bedlow's '
Island. Lieutenant Paddock makes a record
of the message, and at 7 o'clock thai evening
ho relays [ho message to its destination ai
Wrightstown, N. ,L. by one of the three ama?
teur routes that have been laid out, one of
which is always on duty between 7 and 10
o'clock at night.
If the message goes try the "coast route,"
for example, it goes from Fort Wood to an
amateur in Brooklyn, whose station is offi?
cially designated as 2-ARY. This amateur
makes a record of the message in his log book
and transmits it to another amateur at Long
Branch, 2-AXB, who does likewise. From
there it passes along to 2-PG at Freehold, who
passes it to '2-PR at Lakewood, who sends it to
Camp Dix ?in all, a distance sixty mil?
Ordinarily, these amateurs can handle five
words a minute, or 300 words an hour, indu
ing corrections. As long as he does prol
work each operator is permitted to ret;
handsome certificate that establishes his sta?
tion as a part of the network of the Amateur
Radio Reserve and is authorized to handh
the official business of the army.
That is one of the amateur's many contribu?
tions to his country in time of peace. In time
of emergency such a force may be built up
into a powerful instrument of defense.
In the same way relays are being worked
out between New York and such strategic
points as Plattsburg and Washington. Event?
ually the network will cover the entire 2d
Corps Area, consisting c-f New York, New
Jersey an.! Delaware, and will include at least
150 radio stations. In time that network will
cover the entire country?ready to report fire
and flood, to carry messages of help to and
from the sick, to send out news of importance,
I > help the police run down criminals and to
? .?;,?,. mj5sing persons.
For a long time, in fact, the amateurs have
been co-operating with the police. Is a motor
car stolen in town? The police departments
send out lists of license numbers of stolen cars
every night, and every night that information
is broadcasted by the amateur wireless fans
and placed in the hands of the local officers
? many miles in all directions. Many a
country sheriff has put a new feather in his
can for arresting automobile thieves who be?
lieved themselves safely without the danger
?*one, but whose careers were halted by means
of a wireless message picked up by a local
radio far?,?very likely a schoolboy with a
home-made radio set rigged up in his attic
out on the farm?who tipped off the local
cops to be on the watch.
The amateur radio fan is a merry soul, as
any one who has listened in upon his nightly
talkfest can testify, and not the least of his
ambitions is to entertain his fellows. Ami
one of the amateur stations that shouldered
more than its share of this particular burden,
and in the process built up perhaps the great?
est audience in the world, is Station 2-XK.
Station 2-XK is located in a private, de?
tached residence tucked in an out-of-the-way
corner of the Bronx. It is maintained by two
young men. both of whom did valuable work
A phonograph record by wireless. Release the spring and it will he audible
anywhere east of the Mississip ??
with the wireless during the war, one as radio
instructor in the navy and the other as wire?
less operator on the steamship Susquehanna.
One is Laurence M. Cockaday and tl -
is E. J. Quinby.
The walls of their operating roo
plastered with postals received from radio
stations that have heard 2-XK as far we as
the Mississippi, as far south as Cuba and i
, far east as 800 miles off the Ambrose Chai
nel lightship. These postal reports tell w]
and where the messages were ; ici
.describe the static conditions,
the messages and give other ir f?o
might be of value. And a large pri po*
of these postals tell of tire clearni
which the Cockaday and Quinby i ma rt
For these two young men are gr
fans a? well as radio fans, and every "??'
day evening at 8 o'clock and cverj
afternoon , at 6:30 they give two-hour
certs ;it a wave length of ,'17."> meters for
the benefit of any one who war-.
In case you, Mr. Readc r. are a radio fan
by some chance has failed to
musical affairs, you are hereby invited ti
the company as often as you like and to
bring your friends.
Usually f hose concerts are givei
gramophone. Sometim? howevi r
thusastic impresarios neble? p
musician to play or sing into the machii
Once they packed fifteen mi mbers of
Rivoli Theater orchestra into their ?. m; ! "??
room, and from 10 o'clock at night until 12:30
in the morning they rendered a fi? :. pro?
gram to an audience estimated a!, fro
000 to 150,000 people, covering a- area of
about 700,000 square mile: :
The music was nicked up by v<sscis far oui
at sea. It. entered farmhouses in rem
country district? in distant states. In sonic
amplifiers were rigged up, so that the radio
concerts could be enjoyed net only by the
whole family, but by the neighbors as
Not even Jules Verne conceived such i
cert at that!
To understand just why Cockaday and
Quinby go to all the trouble and expei ii
giving these concerts is to un let the
amateur radio fan. lie is usually young, al?
ways enthusiastic over wireless and ever
ready to develop his hobby and to help a -
the other chap. Most of his eveni tgs he
spends literally "in the air." It is not un?
usual for Cockaday and Quinby, for example,
to stay up with their machines until 1 or 2
o'clock in the morning. Anything that they
can do to add to the interese of their Fellow
amateurs, any service that they can render
in relaying messages, any information that
they may come upon that adds to the sum
total of radio knowledge, command., I
"We want to make this station the best
amateur station in the country." Mr. Cocka
? / ? f-lj--?^ 1H a fine thing," observed
Marty McMahon, the retired
bartender, "to seo real friend?
ship between nations. You take
Germany and Argentina; now, if the rest of
e countries could get along so good as they
do, they'd be paperin' the house when they
on this disarmament show at Washington.
'They understand each other, 'tis plain to
be seen, r,or there can't no little mistakes
. c hard feelin's between 'em neither. If
, be a /.':.understandin' arises they ju?t
Larjd fast and presently fix it all up between
a beautiful an' harmonious an the under
r when the lads gets to arguin* nt tho
? a? an elegant example they set us low
? the ofhe;- day at this here now Kiel.
an' beautiful it was an' if the old
plac? 'as ?till runnin' on Tenth Avenue an'
I could got me a picture of it, I'd paste if. up
.1 the mirror where .all the boys would be
.... ? ;t
"1* i3 " mi e j l?t a?t< I this advance agent
By Robert B. Peck
that Germany had pa-tin' three-sheets o' vic?
tory all over Argentina had made his little
remark about sinkin' without a trace, a couple
of Argentina's boats had the bad luck to sink
just like he said.
"Now, Germany bcin' an old country an'
kinda set in her ways, an' Argentina b? in'
young an' harum scarum an' all that, an' the
two of 'em bt?in' great pals anyhow, you
might think nothin' more'd be said about it,
that Germany'?! say to herself: 'Well, the
poor little boob's gof i" learn the ways of the
world somehow an' it might as well be from
a friend,' an' Argentina'?! say to herself:
'Maybe she's kinda queer in her ways some?
times, but f,ho';i mighty high toned an'
prob'ly's got. the right of i! this lime.'
"You might think that would be the way
of it, but Germany ain't that kind. .No, .sir,
Germany got to thinkin' it over the last four
years an' she thought Argentina's feelin's
might be hurt, even if she hadn't said much
about it, that Argentina might be thinkin'
Germany intended some disrespect.
'"There don't nothin' hurt Germany more,
hardly, than bein' misunderstood, so she in?
vites a minister from Argentina an' all his
friends to come to Kiel. They've got the. Ger
man battleship there, an' when the minister
from Argentina climbs up to its side porch
they run the Argentina flag right up to the
i "?i of the mast an' the Congressman from the
district's there an' he steps forward an' makes
a nice little speech.
"There wasn't no disrespect at all, he says,
when them two boats was sunk. It was just
an accident, he says, an' might have hap?
pened with anybody. Why, he says, there
ain't no flag that Germany thinks higher of
than Argentina's, which showed it wa
fella by not mixin' up in a private scrap when
it hadn't no call to. It gave him a lotta pleas?
ure, and Germany, too, he sai i. I > run Argen?
tina's flag right up to the top of the ma. ? ?
Germany's battleship.
"Naturally, him bei ri' a minister an' all, he
fella from Argentina was pleased an' proud.
It was mighty dignified, he said, an' left Ar?
gentina just as satisfied as a clam, not ]
lerin' fer anything at all.'
"There's many a chowder I've been on that
I wisht now it had been he! 1 at Kiel, an' if
ever the law allows 'em to have chowder
again an' my thirst holds out. it's at that same
Kiel we'll have it. My own opinion is
when that day comes you'll see the Congr?
man of the district streakin' it up a back alley
an', if he's still around, this here minister
from Argentina'll be close behind hrm. Those
birds certainly would be a big hi1 at any
? adi?
I we are out to
' rire a r
-, Un?
ir in 1
Iks .
? i
tia, to
know that I
or twi : as the}
. ? i ?i for th.
f it. V> i talk to each oth
be of use to peo
If y? ? ' nu r-rv to ' .
phone me ? ?
Irop me i ; . hat it is -i? i
I and wrote: " When will
youi ' ? ? elay ag?
: ' e .' ? -<'? "*. ?"
n get; that to
lack < . 5 ? number
is 2 ?' * . .." i ug
1 ?' the radio ?
? i I
' . .
Ls and 1
effects. of *
1er or strains
i tes the. i ii
tr ? .. various w;av
' v.
I ?
. r feel re lit*!
not and i
? a
fas 1 tsted all ??. ?
?? -.
: '.
it was p?
? ? . ' ears of the
wa . was too late.
of I? .....*. tally staa
the illy hung up a
ord by ? ..-.;.-?
Harr* rd at 1
usual tvave I it 2 ters 1
?? ?' '. *!? . n
?rc in Sco1 land. : ? ours? .
? ;
th ich as i
hui . ' . . ried the mus.*
? Scotch opera?
tor ma " nge oc
ai . . ? ? .-; v
radio set had cas* i*.
W. year H Maxim, on?
II tl amateur
. me of th amateur status
? ",-*.' messag?
from his b me in Hartford, i a., to Sal
i and within nie
?* nul ma tat involvei
e part of th
amateurs I the message, but
' it ion work as well.
re that ai '. John Grinnai
of New Y ? :'., i a t? d or1 a wireless telephon
conversation with another amateur loca*.o
? t of Denv? r, CoL, and his voie
war-, heard as far west as the Pacific Coas
Th? signifie " may be apprer
l whei known that 3,000 miles is coi
s; lercd the profe limit for reliabl
rtmunications by radio telepbor

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