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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 05, 1921, Image 1

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First to Last?the Truth: News?Editorials?Advertisements
Generally fair to-day and to-morrow;
not much change in temperatures;
northwest and west winds.
Fol] Report ?a l**t Pair?
Vol. LXXXI No. 27,413
(Copyright, 1021.
New York Trlbnne Inc.)
?j* 3f? 5J? sffi
In Greater New York
Within 200 Mile?
Balks Verdict
For Arbuckle
Holds Out 41 Hrs. Against
All Arguments for Ac?
quittal and the Twelve
Finally Are Discharged
Comedian Calls
Vote a Vindication
Prepares for New Trial on
Jan. 9; Faces Inquiry
on Liquor Party To-day
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
woman who told her fellow-jurora that
she would,-as they expressed it, "vote
'guilty' until hell froze over," kept the
jury in the manslaughter case against
Roscoo ("Fatty") Arbuckle from re?
turning a verdict of acquittal. This
was made plain to-day by August
Fritze, foreman, when Judge Louder
back discharged the jury because of it?
failure to agree after forty-one hours
of deliberation.
The final ballot in the jury room \
gtood 10 to 2 in favor of acquitting
the film comedian of killing Virginia
Kappe, who was fatally injured at a
party in Arbuckle's hotel room in San
Francisco last Labor Day. Arbuckle's
attorneys said they would move for a
new trial immediately, as the actor
wants an acquittal, so that he can go
back to his work with a clean record
in the courts.
Interviews with the jurors after the
trial, despite efforts of the authorities
to keep them silent, showed that Mrs.
Helen Hubbard, one of the five women
on the panel, was the cause of the dis?
agreement. She stood out for convic?
tion all through the deliberations.
Wouldn't Discuss Evidence
At one time, it is said, she had
drawn three other jurors over to her
way of thinking, but two of them went
back to the majority, which favored ac- j
quittai. In the jury room one ballot i
speedily followed another. There was ?
not much time for discussion, as some ?
one would request another ballot as j
soon as the result became known.
The jurors declared that had it not
been for Mrs. Hubbard they would have
returned in ten minutes with a verdict
of not guilty. Mrs. Hubbard voted for
conviction on every ballot, they de- ?
clare. Nothing they could say or do '
would sway her. She would listen to i
no argument, would discuss no part of ,
the evidence, they assert.
Thomas Kilkenny also voted for '
conviction on numerous ballots, but it;
is said he voted so in the hope of gain- '
ing Mrs. Hubbard's confidence and I
bringing her ovej- to the other side, i
One of the other women jurors some- j
times voted with the ten, sometimes j
cast a blank ballot.
Fritze's statement was issued after
the trial as a '"duty to the public." It ,
said: j
"There was a tacit understanding ?
thut the members of the jury would ;
not make individual statements. I ;
have learned since that a number of j
the jury have, however, done so, and '.
! believe, as foreman, that it is well j
for those interested in the administra- ?
tion of justice that the citizens of San i
Francisco should have facts.
"The ten members of the jury who j
voted on the last ballot fcr acquittal '
felt that they had voted on the evi- :
dence?fully considering it all.
"Till Hell Froze Over"
"One of the two minority refused to '
consider the evidence from the begin- ;
nlng and sa'd at the opening of the '
proceedings that she would cast her
ballot and would not change it until ;
hell froze over. The other was fluctu?t- ;
ing, sometimes casting a blank ballot? !
sometimes voting for the defense and ;
sometimes voting for the prosecution. ;
"Considering all the evidence, it I
seemed to us that the prosecution's!
case vas an insult to the intelligence;
of the jury. It asked us to substitute ?
conjecture" for facts without showing!
what had been done, and asked us to j
guess what might have been done and j
guess only one %vay.
"Human liberty and American rights i
should depend not upon the guesses j
of anybody, but upon evidence."
The disagreement was a blow to I
"Fatty" and his wife, his mother-in-law
and other relatives who have been ,
present all through the trial. But it
was expected by the crowd in the
courtroom, which was compact and j
quiet. |
Judge T.ouderback entered without \
the bailiff banging the gavel. The
jurors tiled in. The foreman made his ;
announcement and each juror was :
questioned by the- judge. Each gave it
as his opinion that it was "morally
and physical,v impossible" for them to ,
reach an agreement. The judge
(Continued on page six) _
Season's First Snowstorm
Causes Minor Accidents
Half an Inch Covering on the
Ground After Day's Fall ; Man
Injured by Streetcar
Tlie first snowstorm of the season
hit New York yesterday and, thanks to ,
the comparatively high temperature,
welted away for the most part as it
toll. It started snowing in the morn
"ig and snowed hard and steadily
throughout the day, but it was not
UI?til mid-afternoon the sidewalks
turned white. When it stopped snow
!nS, about 7:30 p. m., there was a coat?
es rather more than half an inch
???P on the ground.
Superintendent Connolly of the
snow bureau of the Department of
street Cleaning had all hi? men and
equipment in readiness for a call at
* P- m, but thought it improbable that
?ey would be put into service, the
weather Bureau informing him that
*ain probably would come by morning.
ine streams of water used by the regu?
lar street cleaning force to flush the
. streets swept away the snow in the
woroughfares they visited.
I ?umerous minor accidents were
caused by slippery sidewalks *nd
Pavements, and Prank McGee, of 71 St.
jach?las Avenue, confused by the snow
?eating in his face, was hit by an
{?Jghth Avenue surface car at 111th
t^eet, suffering a fracture of the
2???1. He was taken to Harlem Hos?
Auto Kills Wife at Husband's
Side, Hurls Occupant to Death
Edward B. Stearns, Retired Broker, Dies When His
Car Strikes Young Woman; James D. Bobbins,
of Babylon, His Companion, Seriously Hurt
Special THitpatrh to The Trtbtin*
STAMFORD, Conn., Dec. 4.?Two
persons were killed, one was perhaps
mortally injured and another sustained
minor injuries when a roadster, de?
clared to have been traveling at high
speed, struck a man and his wife, who
were walking in Cove Road here last
Edward B. Stearns, a retired broker,
of 303 West 105th Street, New York
City, and Mrs. Joseph H. Luboky, nine?
teen years old. of Cove Road, Stam?
ford, are dead. James D. Robbins, of
Main Street, Babylon, L. I., is in Stam?
ford Hospital in a critical condition,
and Joseph Luboky, husband of the
woman who was killed, is at his homo
injured slightly.
According to Luboky, he was return?
ing to his home from a motion picture
theater with his wife, when he heard
the roar of an automobile, in which
Stearns and Robbins were riding, ap-,
proaching from behind. He put his
arm around his wife and drew her to
the north side of the road. As the car
was about to pass, Luboky says, "it
appeared to jump from the south to
the north side of the street."
It hit Mrs. Luboky squarely, tore her
from the arms of her husband and
threw her nearly twenty feet. .Stearns
and Robbins were both thrown out and
Stearns sustained a fractured skull
which proved fatal.
Robbins has not regninod conscious?
ness and physicians at Stamford Hos?
pital believe that his neck is broken.
He and Stearns were thrown from the
roadster when it crashed into a stone
wall after striking the couple in the
road. The car is a complete wreck.
Robbins and Stearns were on their
way to the home of Mr. Taylor here,
where they were passing the week end.
They had left tne Taylor home to go
down town to make some purchases.
Mrs. Stearns, who was awaiting their
return, was prostrated by news of the
accident. Robbins's mother came to
Stamford this afternoon and has re?
mained nt her son's bedside.
He is thirty years old. His father,
John T. Robbins, is president of the
Bank of Babylon and Commissioner of
Jurors in Suffolk County. During the
war the younger Mr. Robbins held an
ensign's commission in the navy. Por
several months he has been connected
with Kidder, Peabody & Co., Inc.,
brokers, at 18 Broad Street.
Mr. Stearns was forty-four years old
and retired from his brokerage busi?
ness several years ago, although re?
taining his office at 111 Broadway.
Edison Backs
Ford Theory of
Energy Money
Says Displacing Gold Is a
Good Plan, but Doubts
if It Will Be Accepted;
Indorses Power Project
1,000 Dams May Be Built
Auto Maker Outlines Vast
Program, With Factories
Manned by Farmers
Special Dispatch to The Tribu??
FLORENCE, Ala., Dec. 4.?Thomas
A. Edison to-day gave his indorsement
to Henry Ford's plan for converting
the lower Tennessee River into an in?
dustrial community centering at
Muscle Shoals. After the wizards of
Menlo Park and Dearborn had spent
another day inspecting dams and
power plants and discussing prices and
horsepowers and ways of stopping
wars, the inventor put his o. k. on
Mr. Ford's entire program,
" "It'll go," he said.
Mr. Edison expressed his approval
of the Ford idea of displacing gold
with energy as the standard of value.
He said he felt that gold was an inse?
cure basis for currency because a sud?
den change might come and destroy
its value. He thought Mr. Ford's idea
for measuring dollars in energy rather
than in gold was feasible, but he did
not seem to believe that it would be
adopted because bankers wouldn't
make any profits under an energy-cur?
rency system. As for Mr. Ford him?
self, he said.he didn't want to discuss
the energy idea any further until the
first principles had sunk in.
Mr. Ford's plan Involves the issu?
ance of currency by the government
based on the potential producing power
of industrial enterprises such as the
Muscle Shoals nitrate plant. Thus, if
$400,000,000 in bills were issued in this
instance, wages could be paid with the
money and the issue could gradually be
retired out of profits.
Mr. Edison said he believed Mr.
Ford's estimate that it would take
30,000,000 energy-dollars to complete
the Muscle Shoals project was correct.
Wants the Work Rushed
Mr. Edison said he thought the Ford
offer one that the government by all
means should accept, and that work
should begin at the earliest possible
moment. It would be a shame for such
a fine beginning to be junked, he said.
"I will recommend Mr. Ford's offer
to Congress and I will recommend it to
the American people," Mr. Edison said.
When Mr. Ford was asked whether
his financing plan was not the most
radical ever proposed, he retorted:
"What proposal of this type, for
doing something that has always been
done another way, is not considered
Ford is being hailed as the Messiah
of Muscle Shoals by the people of
Florence. His every idea and word are
dwelt upon eagerly by the people here.
He was asked to give a message to the
community, and sent this word:
"Tell the people of Florence to hold
on to their land and not to sell it any
way save outright. Don't let the specu?
lators skin you."
There has been a considerable land
boom here because of the Ford offer
and land is being held for $1,000 an
acre as a result.
This morning Ford and Edison went
seventeen miles up the Tennessee River
on the government railroad, to the site
of the proposed Dam No. 8,. work on
which has never been started. They
inspected the site for the abutments
and then returned to Florence. Ford
(Continued on paie eight)
$1,000,000,000 Moved
By Vans Under Guard
? "
Metropolitan Trust I Company
Transfers Main Office as Po?
lice Cut Off Streets
The Metropolitan Trust Company
yesterday moved its main office from
60 Wall Street, where it first opened
its doors in 1881, to new quarters on
the ground floor of the Equitable
! Building.
I To safeguard the passage of securi?
ties and cash amounting to $1,000,000,
? 000 the police practically cut off from
' public use Pine Street, from Pearl
Street to Broadway, and the crossings
at William and Nassau streets. Armed
guards accompanied the moving vans.
The new offices will be opened for
f business this morning, it was an
i nounced by Harold B. Thome, execu
j tive vice-president of the company,
[ who directed the moving operations.
Creditors Want
Of Milton Heim
Will File Petition Against
Brokerage Head, Now in
Court as Voluntary Bank?
rupt, Committee Asserts
Reject 10% Compromise
"Pack of Lies," He Retorts
to Charges Which Are Up?
held by Acting Receiver
Petition for an examination of Mil?
ton Heim, head of the brokerage house
of Milton Heim & Co., of New York and
Philadelphia, which went into volun?
tary bankruptcy September G, will be
filed to-day in the United States Dis?
trict Court here by a committee repre?
senting the firm's creditors, according
to Einar Barfod, a member of the com- !
mittee. I
This action, Mr. Barfod said yester?
day, is to be the result of several
weeks' investigation of the company's
affairs made by the committee, which,
he declared, makes the charge that the
hooks indicate irregular:ties.
Mr. Barfod's statements were termed
"?substantially correct" by Max L.
Schallek, who is acting as receiver for
the firm during the illness of his law
partner, former Judge Strasbourger.
who was appointed receiver by Judge
Julius Mayer, at that timo of the
United States District Court.
"Pack of Lies," Says Heim
The charges were vigorously denied
last night, both by Mr. Heim and Fred?
erick Hemley, his attorney. Mr. Heim
chftracterized them as "a pack of l<es"
and said he "would have been in diffi?
culties long ago if he had conducted his
business in such a manner." Mr. Hem
ley accused Mr. Barfod and the other
committee members of "breaking into
print for purposes of cheap intimida?
tion" and asserted that "several crimi?
nal complaints made against Mr. Heim
were thrown out by magistrates and
district attorneys who saw no justifica?
tion for' them."
The carrying of a number of accounts
of "boy friends" of Mr. Heim who were
not required to put up any margin in
connection with their trading activities,
and house accounts of Mr. Heim under
different names described as "phony"
are included in the charges made by
Mr. Barfod's committee. Mr. Barfod
issued a typewritten statement which,
in part, is as follows:
"As the result of several week's' in?
vestigation the creditors' committee
will reject the ?fter of compromiso on
a 10 per cent basis as made by attor?
neys for Milton Heim & Co. and will
file petition for an examination of the
alleged bankrupt and relatives involved
with him. The purpose of this exami?
nation under the bankruptcy law is to
bring out proofs in legal form to show
for what purpose the voluntary bank?
ruptcy proceedings were instituted by
Milton Heim.
"The firm of Milton Heim & Co. went
into voluntary bankruptcy on Septem?
ber 6. Originally the firm secured a
seat on the Consolidated Stock Ex?
change, but afterward 'ormed such
connections with highly reputable mem?
bers of the New York Stock Exchange
(Continued on pao? eight)
Penny Balloon Chokes
8-Year-Old Boy to Death
Lodges in His Throat Five Min?
utes After Purchase at Provi?
dence Toy Shop
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
PROVIDENCE, R. I.. Dec. -t.?A
penny toy balloon caused the death to?
day of eight-year-old Earl O'Gonnell
within five minutes after he had pur?
chased the plaything at a corner
variety store.
Earl and a little boy companion had
been to the store each to spend a
I penny. Earl saw the bright colored
j balloons and selected one, while his
? friend bought a penny's worth ol
As the boys came out of the store,
Earl began blowing up the balloon as
they walked. They had gone only a
short distance when Earl was seen tc
draw the balloon into his mouth. ?
moment later he clutched his bodj
with his hands and, without uttering s
word, started to run forward. He hac
gone about twenty feet when he fel
unconscious to the sidewalk.
Earl's companion shouted for help
Mrs. Mary C. Wilbur, who lives nearby
called Dr. William L. Harris, wh<
made a hurried trip to the scene, bu
by the time he had arrived the bo:
was dead.
Medical Examiner C. H. Griffin pro
nounced the tragedy due to suffocation
caused by the balloon lodging in the ai
passages o? the throat.
MacArthur Is
Freed in Bail;
Denies Guilt
insists He Never Saw Two
Women Who Charge
Him With Attack; Fos?
ter Mother Says It Is Plot
Girl Kept Assault
Secret for Month
Identification Termed Ab?
surd; Counsel to Fight
Extradition to Jersey
Alexander A. MacArthur, the actor
artist foster-son of John R. MacArthur,
wealthy contractor, of 177 East Sev?
enty-eighth Street, yesterday character?
ized his arrest on the charge of having
attacked two women at Cedar Grove,
N. J., as "a most ridiculous and mys?
terious bubble which would soon be
Vehemently denying all knowledge of
either of the women or of the offense
with which he is accused, he insisted
that "something stronger than a mere
mistake was behind this thing and, I
intend to see it through to the bottom."
MacArthur, who had been held in the
Tombs since his arrest Saturday night
pending extradition proceedings, was
released under $25,000 bail. The order
for his release was issued by Supremo
Court Justice Charles L. Guy, follow?
ing the posting of a $25,000 bond. The
order was obtained from Justice Guy
by John McG. Goodale, of the law firm
of G?odale & Hanson, 12 John Street,
who are attorneys for MacArthur'.?
The accused artist left the Tombs
about 1:30 P. M., being accompanied to
his home by Mr. Goodale and family
friends. It was then announced that
former Justice Emil L. Fuchs had been
retained to look after MacArthur's in?
terests. When it was pointed out as
unusual for persons regarded as fugi?
tives from justice to be released on
bail, it was asserted that it was within
the discretion of a Supreme Court jus?
tice to issue such an order under proper
representations. Earlier in the day
MacArthur had been held without bail
at an arraignment before Magistrate
Peter A. Hatting in the Tombs Court.
Robert S. Johnstone, Assistant District
Attorney attached to the appeal bu?
reau, later consented to his release
upon bond.
Declares He Ts Innocent
Although instructed by his counsel to
make no statement for publication, Mac
Arthur and various members of his fam?
ily were eager to protest his innocence
and intimate "there was something rot?
ten in Denmark." He said he never
heard of, sa%v or spoke to Marie Louise
Bradshaw, nineteen-year-old student of
Upper Montelair Normal College, or
Mrs. Helen D. O'Neill, forty-five-year
old mother of five children, both of
Cedar Grove, whom ho is charged with
having criminally assaulted, the former
on the morning of September 17 last and
the latter on the morning of October 10.
The alleged offenses are said to have
taken place at the same spot on the
road betwoen Montelair and Cedar
Grove. In each instance, according to
Captain Watson Ryno, chief of the Ce?
dar Grove police, and local detectives,
MacArthur is accused of having leaped
rit the women from behind a bush, and
criminally attacking them after threat?
ening them with a knife.
The details of the alleged crimes, the
circumstances surrounding them and his
identification by the women were char?
acterized by MacArthur as "at the least
extremely queer." According to New
York detectives working on the case,
I Mrs. O'Neill had left her home in Cedar
Grove on October 9, the day before the
alleged attack. According to De?
tectives Corell and Barth, of Headquar?
ters, she remained away from her home
all night, returning about noon the next
; day. Her family, the detectives say,
was much wrought up over her all-night
absence, and that she explained that she
had attended a wedding anniversary cel?
ebration for a sister. She then told, ac?
cording to the detectives, how after get?
ting off the train that morning about
10 o'clock and walking along the road
between Cedar Grove and Montelair she
i had been attacked by a man.
Kept Silent for Month
It also developed that Miss Brad
! shaw, according to the police, said
nothing to any one about the alleged
; attack on her until the news about
I Mrs. O'Neill's experience had been gos
; siped about and the latter had pointed
| to the young girl as another who had
: had a similar experience. It was not
made clear by the authorities how Mrs.
O'Neill obtained word of the attack on
! Miss Bradshaw or why the girl kept
! silent about the matter for nearly a
j month.
j Both women allege their assailant
i drew a knife and intimidated them by
? flourishing the weapon toward their
' breasts, and then with a sudden twist
! striking them with the handle side of
i the knife. Corell and Barth said that
! definite information as to the kind of
j knife, whether a long weapon, pocket
i (Continued on page six)
Sinn Feiners
Reject British
Peace Offer
Notify Lloyd George That
the Dail Finds No Way
toReeoncileDifferences ;
New Conference To-day
Ulster Is Prepared
To Drop Parleys
.- |
Premier Firm on Question
of Allegiance ; Return to
Military Rule in Erin Seen
LONDON, Dec. 4 (By The Associated
Press).?Forebodings of the collapse of
the Irish peace negotiations came to?
day with Sinn Fein's rejection of the
latest British plan and Ulster's an?
nounced intention of ending the parleys
on Tuesday unless something definite
develops before then.
The future is not considered promis?
ing, although there is this to be said !
about the situation, that the Sinn Fein ;
representatives are still in London, and
Premier Lloyd George has on many
previous occasions shown himself capa- ;
ble of overcoming what appeared to be I
an almost insurmountable barrier. No |
official word ha3 yet been given out
that an end has come to the negotia- i
The members of the special commit- \
tee of the British government who took
part in the original conference are to
meet to-morrow to take some definite
action. Unless an agreement is
reached by to-morrow at another meet- !
ing with the Irish delegates it is ;
understood that the government will i
not submit its proposals to Sir James
Craig. The Ulster Premier will sDeak
at Belfast on Tuesday, and if no pro- i
posais have reached him by that time |
will announce the negotiations ended, i
General Impression Gloomy !
Lloyd George hurried back to Lon- |
don from Chequers Court to-day to re- j
ceive the report of the representatives '
of the Dail Eireann on the latest j
British peace proposals. In the con?
ference between the British ministers
and the Sinn Fein delegates, which
followed, the Premier and his col?
leagues were informed that the pro?
posals were not acceptable. They had :
been given full consideration by the '
Dail Eireann at Dublin, but no way
had been found to reconcile the differ- I
enees which had arisen. '
Those present at the conference were j
Mr. Lloyd George, J. Austen Chamber- |
lain, government leader in the House j
of Commons; Viscount Birkenhead, j
Lord Chancellor, and Sir Robert S. j
Home, Chancellor of the Exchequer, j
representing Great Britain, and Arthur I
Griffith, Robert Barton and George
Cavan Duffy, representing the Sinn
Tke general impression of the situa?
tion after the meeting was very gloomy.
The Irishmen insisted that no principle
would be sacrificed to gain Ulster's as- ;
sent, or to put Ulster in wrong if it j
refused assent. ;
Allegiance Question Vital i
Premier Lloyd George's difficulty, '
according to those in close touch with i
him, is that he cannot ask Ulster to :
agree to any terms which British
opinion would not indorse. He is
firm in the stand that the allegiance
question cannot be abandoned or cam?
ouflaged, and this, it is said, has proved
the most insuperable of all the obstacles .
to a settlement.
The proposal that the Kinjr might
be recognized as the head of a British
federation of free states, but not as
King of Ireland, was objected to by
the British ministers. It was declared
it would be scouted by Ulster and
would not be intelligible to the
British electors. An attempt was
made to devise some form of alle?
giance Sinn Fein might accept, but
this apparently proved unsuccessful.
The crux of partition was almost
equally serious. Sinn Fein regards
Irish unity as fundamental and was
firm that no proposal aimed at secur?
ing Ulster's assent should prove a pos?
sible permanent bar.
Sinn Fein Faces Blam?
If the negotiations come to an end,
the result, in the opinion of the com?
mentators, would be to th?*ow the onus,
of the collapse on Sinn Fein, and
this will bring Lloyd George back to
the position he assumed before the
negotiations started?that British law
must be maintained and authority
sought for drastic action. Meanwhile,
dominance in the Irish administration
would rest with the military.
Thus far no agreement has been
reached for 'any prolonged extension
of the truce.
Anti-Soviet Revolts Start
REVAL, Esthonia, Dec. 4.?Anti-Bol?
shevik revolts have broken out in Tur?
kestan and in the North Archangel gov?
ernment in Russia, where numerous
Communists have been killed and the
Soviets dissolved.
Ira Nelson Morris Saves Life
Of a Brooklyn Girl at Sea
Ira Nelson Morris, American Min?
ister to Sweden, saved the life of a
young Brooklyn girl in mid-Atlantic
just as she was about to be swept into
mountainous seas from the deck of the
Scandinavian-American liner United
States, it was learned when that ship
arrived here yesterday from Copen?
The young woman who owes her life
to the American Minister is Miss Ellen
Neilson. of Borough Park, Brooklyn,
who had been on a visit to relatives in
Copenhagen. The vessel had been run?
ning through heavy head seas before
Miss Neilson came on deck, with other
passengers, who were out for their
morning stroll around the deck. The
air was crisp and clear, and impelled
the young woman to more strenuous
exercise than deck pacing.
Clutching the hand rail of a stair
[ way that led from the promenade to the
boat deck, Miss Neilson tried to pull
herself up, hand over hand. She was
near the top, when the vessel bent over
to port suddenly under a wall of water
and the movement threw her to the
deck. Another comber washed over the
starboard side as she fell, and she slid
with it over to the edge of a deck not
protected by a rail.
Mr. Morris came by at this moment
and leaped for the girl, clutching her
around the waist with one arm and
clinging with the other to a stanchion.
When the ship rolled back to an even
keel Mr. Morris helped the girl to her
feet and assisted her to' the writing
Miss Neilson carried a small bag
over her arm containing her passport
and $200 in cash. This was swept into
the sea as she fell.
Mr. Morris came over on a business
trip that will oblige him to remain in
this country four weeks. He went to
his home in Chicago soon after the ves?
sel dock?d.
Britain and Japan Want
Naval Ratio in Treaty
Indorsed by the Senate
^ Viper" Critics Deluding
Selves, Lauzanne Holds
"Charitable Souls" Reminded That Real Horror of
War Is in Makers Who Direct Use of Engines,
Great or Small, Against the Helpless
By Stephane Lauzanne
Editor in Chief of "Le Matin"
Copyright, 1921, New York Tribuno Inc.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.?Let us
broach the subject of "vipers," since
there is talk of introducing it in the
order of the day.
"Vipers," it would appear, are sub?
marines, flying machines, poisoned gas.
There are charitable souls who would
like to have them entirely prohibited
in the next wars.
I would not like to grieve those
charitable souls. But do they really
imagine there are no other "vipers" in
this world? How about the monstrous
projectiles which suddenly crush a
five-story house like a pancake, are
they not vipers, too? And invisible
machine guns, by which a deluge of
infernal steel balls mow down in a
few minutes hundreds of men, are they
not vipers? And the mines that suck
down in a second the most powerful
steamships, are they not vipors?
I have been through the war. For six
months I was at Verdun. That is my
superiority over the charitable souls
who have not left Broadway or the
Bronx. One day I saw raining down on
my men a series of small bombs thrown
by German airplanes. The men were
laughing. But they laughed a great
deal less when they were under the
terrific bombardment of heavy pieces
fifteen kilometers away, the projectiles
of which shook the earth, twisted one's
nerves, and gave an impression of com?
plete annihilation. And yet, if I un?
derstand aright these charitable souls,
the small bombs were vipers, the mon?
strous projectiles were not.
AU "Vipers" if They Do Harm
Here in Washington, among the
French delegates, there is a glorious
nero of the great war who lost a leg
at Verdun. He lost it as the result
of the explosion of a bomb thrown by
an airplane. I ask him, laughingly:
"Would it be much comfort to you if
instead of being flung by an airplane
that bomb had been thrown by can?
non?" He answered, laughing, too:
"If it had been thrown by cannon, per
(Continued on page three)
China May Put
Shantung Up
To Conference
Delegates Threaten to Break
Off Direct Negotiations
Unless Return of Prov?
ince Is Unconditional
Japan Has Not Consented J
Kato Persists in Plea for!
Joint Control of Mines |
and Railways in District
By Thomas Steep
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.?Negotia?
tions between Japan and China for a
settlement of the controversy over
Shantung will be resumed to-morrow,
with China prepared to reject any
compromise. China will insist that
the railway, from Tsingtao, the port
of the province, to Tsinan, the capital,
together with mines and other Japa?
nese enterprises in the interior, be re?
stored to her unconditionally. Japan
asks for joint control of the railway
and mines. /
Unless the whole province of Shan?
tung is returned intact and free of
Japanese influence, the Chinese dele?
gates, it was learned to-day, will end
the direct negotiations and will place .
the question before the armament con?
ference as "a discernible source of
controversy likely to disturb the peace
of the Far East."
Versailles Covenant Attacked
The conference then, it was stated,
will be asked to decide a problem
which calls for a reversal of the provi?
sion in the Versailles Treaty relating
to Shantung. The treaty, the Chinese
contend, wrongfully permitted Japan to
retain Germany's rights in Shantung
in spite of Japan's pledge to restore it
to China, made when she seized the
province from Germany in 1914. As
one Chinese spokesman put it, "the
Chinese people will never be contented
until they have regained Shantung as
freo of foreign control as it was be?
fore Germany took it twenty-three
years ago. If the direct negotiations
fail, the controversy will be placed be?
fore the full conference. It will then
rest with the eight powers, exclusive
of China, to decide Whether Washing?
ton is going to permit the crime of the
Versailles Treaty to continue."
No indication has yet been offered by
the Japanese delegates that they intena
to recede from their position for a
joint Japanese-Chinese administration
of the Shantung railway. Their offer
to surrender the district of Kiaochau,
which, includes Tsingtao, is looked
upon as a concession intended to win
the Chinese delegates to an agreement
for a joint administration.
America Friendly to China
China's stand on the Shantung con?
troversy is believed to have the moral
support of the United States. It is
i known that the purpose of Secretary
I Hughes and Arthur J. Balfour, repre
; senting the British delegation, in ar
(Contlnued on next page)
I Farmer Shot and Killed
! By Marine Postal Guard
-M., .
! Louisiana Victim Said to Have
Been Twelve Feet From
Train When Slain
SHREVEPORT, La., Dec. 4.?Wylie
' Clarke, a farmer, was shot and killed
; by a marine postal guard to-day while
? a Kansas City Southern 'passenger
! train was standing at Blanchard, Caddo
t Parish. A warrant for T. A. Willis,
j said to be the marine who shot Clarke,
! was issued later. Willis is said to
have continued with the train on its
? run, not knowing the fate of the man
I he had shot. Witnesses claim Clarke
i was standing twelve feet from the
j train when the marine ordered him to
? move.
When You Think of Writ In?
Think of Wuitlnr.?Advt.
Japan Favors
4-Power Pact
For Far East
Extension of Chinese Con?
sortium or Development
of Understanding Among
Nations Urged by Nippon
Along Harding's Plan
Would Provide Settlement
of Serious Disputes at
Conciliatory Conferences
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4 (By The As?
sociated Press).?Extension of the
Chinese consortium, or its development
info a more comprehensive agreement,
was suggested to-night by unofficial
Japanese as a suitable and practicable
substitute for the Anglo-Japanese al?
liance. Mutual abrogation of that con?
vention by Japan and Great Britain is |
viewed as one of the possibilities of the
present conference.
As put forward to-day, the sugges?
tion was that the consortium be de?
veloped or merged into a general politi?
cal agreement among the four or five
great powers. The idea was based, its
proponents explained, on the conten?
tion that any definite political agree?
ment as to the Far East, including
especially China, must in the period of
world reconstruction give way to or be
built upon economic essentials.
Coincides With Harding Idea
In other words, it is contended that
keen economic rivalries affect political
stability and are liable to create fric?
tion and serious disputes, necessitating
conciliatory conferences from time to
time of the contending parties. This,
it is pointed out, coincides with Presi?
dent Harding's suggestion for con?
tinued conferences and might form the
basis of a practical international un?
The Chinese four-power consortium
of October 15, 1920, specifically de?
clares that' the national groups com?
posing it believe that the interests of
the Chinese people can best be served
by co-operative action in procuring for
the Chinese government the capital
necessary for a program ,of economic
reconstruction and improved communi?
cations. It is' remarked that a par?
ticular political importance attaches
to the agreement because the powers
were able to make fairly definite ar?
rangements with Japan concerning the
so-called special interests of Japan in
southern Manchuria and eastern inner
Safeguard Japan's Interests
It was understood at the time that
frank exchanges led to a full apprecia?
tion by the American, British and
French governments of Japan's pur?
pose in merely having a guaranty of
the security of her national defense
and her economic existence. The
Japanese government issued an an?
nouncement that the above govern?
ments expressly declared that they not
only contemplated no activities inimi?
cal to the vital interests of Japan, but
that they were ready to give a general
assurance which would be deemed suf?
ficient to safeguard those interests.
The Chinese consortium has not yet
! been accepted by China, and it has not
yet operated.
British View of Alliance
The British position as to the al
liance was to-day summed up by Brit
I ish correspondents as emphasizing thai
England has no wish to desert an allj
j who so gallantly supported her in war
1 time, but that in considering the ques
! tion of renewing the alliance she ha?
i to bear in mind strong antipathies ii
j the United States, as well as in certaii
\ British dominions. Therefore, it wai
i said it might be presumed that Grea
j Britain was seeking some form o
I modified agreement or treaty whereb;
? the alliance itself might be abrogate!
with a substitute in the form of an un
derstanding, perhaps assuring Japan'
national integrity by the threaSaower
?or with France?the four big 'siwers
This would take in the powers |bakinj
up the financial corsortium. >
Fate of Versailles Cove?
nant Is Recalled, Also
That of Agreement to
Insure French Security
No Objection Made
By U. S. Delegates
Pact on Far East, Too, Is
Favored, but Demand
Is Not so Insistent
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.?Great
Britain and Japan will insist that
the naval armament limitation
agreement of the present confer?
ence be put in the form of a treaty
and ratified by the Senate. This
was learned to-day by the writer
from an unquestionable authority,
together with the information that
neither the American delegation
nor the Harding Administration had
expressed any opposition to the idea
when tentative suggestions were
All of the powers represented
here would like very much to have
the Far Eastern agreements also put
in the form of treaties, although
they are not so insistent on this as
the big naval powers are with re?
gard to the naval holiday and limi?
tation plan.
Versailles Episode Recalled
There are two reasons actuating
the Japanese and British in desiring
that the naval agreement should be
put in the form of a treaty and ap?
proved by the Senate. In the first
place there is still fresh in their
minds, the memory of what happened
with regard to the Versailles Treaty.
After interminable negotiations the
five American commissioners, Wil?
son, House, Lansing, Bliss and
White, signed the treaty and Presi?
dent Wilson led every one there to
believe that there would be no diffi?
culty about ratification. The op?
position of the Senate grew and
grew, however, and, the President
refusing to permit his own followers
to vote for the treaty with the res?
ervations desired by the majority of
the Senate, the treaty was rejected.
Also, the British still have keenly in
mind the agreement which President
Wilson reached with the French and
themselves at Paris, with the purpose
of the two nations guaranteeing France
jointly against possible future attacks
by Germany. This defensive alliance
treaty, the British know, remains to
this day pigeonholed in the Senate For?
eign Relations Committee, never having
even been considered by the Senate,
and the prospects being that it never
will be.
Democratic System Puzzle?
So the powers represented here, hav?
ing had this rude shock so recently, are
a little bit skeptical of assurances given,
by any American administration. Be?
ing accustomed themselves to govern?
ments with foreign policies which con?
tinue unvarying no matter what politi
' cal party may be in the saddle at the
moment, they never have quite under?
stood what happened in this country
about the Versailles Treaty, and few of
them understand it now.
Fcr example, the fact that just prior
to Mr. Wilson Bailing for Paris an
election in this country repudiated his
appeal for an indorsement, and that
more than enough of the opposition
party Senators signed a round robin
protesting against the inclusion of the
league covenant with the peace treaty,
made no impression abroad, and is re?
called by most of the foreign diplomats
now as a sort of Tailors of Tooley
Street petition rather than an im?
portant action by tho men who would
have to pass on the treaty when ap?
So they want to be on the safe side
about this thing. They do not want
another formal agreement with an
American administration only to see a
prolonged fight in the American Senate
work out gradually into a repudiation
of the whole understanding. They have
been making diligent inquiries into
such constitutional questions as wheth?
er the President could limit the sire of
the navy without the consent of Con?
gress, and while they are much im?
pressed by such a fact as that the Presi?
dent can, if he wishes, order a battle?
ship scrapped by executive order, never?
theless they are not willing to trust
altogether to executive approval.
Want Senate on Record
They would feel much more comfort?
able to see the Senate, which repudi?
ated Mr. Wilson's peace treaty, on rec?
ord by the constitutional two-thirds
majority in favor of the armament lim^
itation agreement reached by the con?
The second reason why they desire a
treaty is just as interesting but more
novel to Americans, who ?re thoroughly
familiar with what happened about the
Versailles Treaty. It is that they think
there should be some definite method
provided for this country to inform the
world publicly if at any time there
should be a swing of the pendulum
here which would bring into power an
administration which did not favor tfce
continuance of the uval hoUda? vt

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