Newspaper Page Text
$?em ??orfc ait?btmt
First to Lest?the Truth: News, Ml torta!*?Adv art t semen t? UMBtMr *f the Audit B-ura-u of CttwUHcraa SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1921 Owned by fTew Tor? Trlt-mne Trio., a New Torts ???erper_tieo. PublUhcd da?j. OgAaa ReliJ. Preai ?faot: O. V?rnor Hog-ers. Vice -Pr?-if<?*ntt: "HAlen rto?*er? Held. ??crM?!-; It, *?. Me. ?eld. tVewurw. -ddi-eas, TrU-.-r-e -B?utlriln*_ 134 Nawau. Streit. ?Serf IWk TelsiAoa*. Bee?rmiB too*. rr*BS?7^rp*rTQX RATES ? By mall. ln_*,?t_l,-*a, I ******* W TAB UNITED STATES Or.s Sit One - By Kali Faat-oald. Tear Monti-* MotiU- ; Pally and Stj-Klay .tlf.<T9 S??*} tl.90 On* weak, s?**, ??lali-r e-o!y . Tt.Ot ??A? ,ii\ One week, ige. ?*.it-day only . ?.CD 3.a*} .?0 ?anday only. Canada. ?.CO S..9 .6i \ tOBJEIGN BATT.? Oafljr and fttmdty .t?AW |i_.*9 $Mo ! ?Dally onW . 11.40 #.T? LAS 8ub?Jv ou'iy . 9.?3 6.1.1 -IS ' ?atewd ?t U? roato??.-? at Njt? tork as lecaod ?.tu? Mali M-ttoc GUARANTY Vrj baa earchtte merchtn*!?? ??vertt*?ed In THF TRIBUNE with eeeehit* ?efoty?tar If -?watlafao ?'len re-rotts In any easa THE TRIBUNE iuaran !??*'. te Bay your money hack .ipon remuait. N* ted '?.p?, tia quibbling. We make gnod BremjMy If the adttrtlter dee? net. inCMBKR OF THE ASSOCIATEn TTtXSii Tb? A*sociated Fre?s Is ei.-t?jaiTol.T entitled ta ?*"?.? ?as? for republic-tlc-i of all rents dispatches. .-redUed to it or not otherwise credited In this ?f-s-jer. and also the local nett? of sponteneo-js .-r_rt*i T?-i5M:?5he.A here?.?. .4.11 rlg-h'a o? -repubUcatioa of ail oil-tor matter ; i-es-ein also are reeerted. Breaking Home Tie? The Tribune yesterday signed final ?papers for the sale of its old home :tead, on Park Row,corner of Nassau and Spruce streets. The transfer ?follows the recent purchase, of a site for a new homestead on West : Fortieth Street, where an edifice is to be erected adequate to the enljirg-1 ing business of The Tribune. It was in a small two-story build-j ing on ground whence now uprears ! the present twenty-story Tribune Building that Horace Greeley and j his associates in the spring of 1841 ' i'pgan the undertaking which has ' grown and developed with the pass? ing year?. Since then The Tribune has never moved, as it never has suffered the revolution of an essen? tial shift in control or policy. In the eighty years that have elapsed, -with the winds of change so strongly blowing, the foundations must have been strong that thus endured. For I The Tribune is still The Tribune?is j still under its present managers true j to the same principles that guided Horace Greeley and Whitelaw Reid. The prospective departure gives ; ri::e to many wistful thoughts. About ] the hall? hau hung a benison from ! the many distinguished men who have given of their best to the mak? ing of this newspaper and to service : of the people. Unseen presences j have stimulated those who followed to be true to the old traditions while they labored to adapt them to new conditions. A great newspaper is more than a ?st of subscribers or an instrument of advertisers, or even a reflex of the personal opinions of its conduc? tor.-. It lives its own life, become?, an institution which has its own character and subdues its makers to its demands. But the public must be served. The old home, with all its precious as- j Sociations, did not suffice to take j cave of the wants of new friends and the old. No course existed but to move, and the tower that has been a landmark during the lives of the oldest is no longer to speak ? its old message to the city. Tangles That there is a difference between tin alliance with European and with Asiatic powers is now claimed by ertain friends of the irreconcilable;--, ivho advise them to be now recon ?ilcd. Two closely connected ideas are advanced to support this con? tention, the first being that Wash? ington referred only to Europe in his warning against foreign alli? ances, and the second that, while we are not now nor ever have been a European power, we are an Asiatic power by the very fact that we pos? sess the Philippine? and have acute interests in the Pacific. Perhaps no argument better shows the futility of accepting a policy formulated for a different era and different conditions than does this admission that Washington in his I'arewell Address could not possibly have envisaged the eventuality of an Asiatic alliance. Those who support 'his theory declare quite rightly that he nation to which Washington ad ?iressed his warning was a loosely unit group of states strung along the Atlantic coast, with powerful Brit i'sh, French and Spanish neighbors nil about them. The America of to lay is a strongly centralized power, with weak neighbors, and by its very * conomic and geographical situation ??cornes in fact an Asiatic power. fhat Washington when he issued his iddress foresaw the pressent situa? tion is, of course, out of the ques :ion. It follows, therefore, that to ?mdeavor to apply to the situation of ?o-day a doctrine laid down for the 'riginal thirteen states is to fail to ? ccognize how much conditions have changed and how this very change ??ec-assarily modifies the force of this < loctrine. 7^0 far as the second point is con ? rired, that America is to-day an Asiatic power is an argument which though often ignored cannot be re? futed. This very fact was one of the reasons why the present con? ference was called. By those who oppose tino four-power treaty on the ??round that it violates the spirit of I Washington's advice these two points ^rs worth considering. So doing-, ? t>!**y may jn-Nti??** t?&ait ?Sinai i?V \ (?* tratb |b*ft WuhJaft^-i vfcatii*! he l??ked tu the cast o* the weak, had little thought of e?tabii?hingr a : permancuit policy. Indeed, he him-1 self says in the Farewell Address: ??PWith me a predominant motive has been the endeavor to gain time for our country to settle and mature its yet recent institutions and to pro? gress without int<*rr?ption to that degree, of strength and consistency which ia necessary lo give it, ^hu n-anly speaking, command of its own fortunes." The command mentioned by Wash? ington has been attaiued. The con? dition on which he based his advice ha? lapsed. His language leaves no doubt, that if he were alive to-day he would say, as his language plainly suggests, that counsel formerly good is now non-pertinent. Naval Auxiliary Ratio? The Hughes program of arma? ment, limitation aimed not so much &l reducing the strength of navies | as the offensive strength of navies. The main offensive, weapon is the capital ship. If capital ship : strength is cut down to such an ex? tent as to foreclose oversea offensive the chief purpose of the naval limi? tation negotiations will be accom? plished. The conference has already turned this corner. The five chief mari? time powers have accepted the Hughes capital ship ratio?5-3-3 1.75-1.7?. Great Britain and the United States will have capital ship fleets limited to 525,000 tons. Japan's allotment will be 315,000 tons, Prance's 175,000 and Italy's 175,000. Agr?sement on this part of the pro? gram is complete. Discussion now centers on trie re? ductions to be made in auxiliary strength?for the greater part de? fensive in character. In this cate? gory Mr. Hughes put auxiliary com? batant craft, submarines and air? plane carriers and aircraft. He rec? ommended no restriction on aircraft and the limitation of airplane car? rier tonnage to 80,000 for Great Britain and the United States and ? 48,000 for Japan. On the principal j ship ratio France and Italy would be entitled to 32,000 tons apiece. No opposition has been shown to such an apportionment. As to submarines and combatant auxiliary surface "craft there are I sharp differences of opinion. Great i Britain has asked for the abolition ] of the submarine on the ground that j illegitimate as well as legitimate use j may be made of it. That raises a I special set of questions which need i not bo gone into here. The con? ference will deal first with surface! craft. With regard to them France ! has appealed for a waiver of the capital ship ratio. Mr. Hughes con? ceded that allowance ought to be made for the cessation of French naval construction after 1914. His program fixed the tonna-ge of cruis? ers, flotilla leaders and destroyers at 450,000 tons for Great Britain and the United States and 270,000 tons for Japan. On the basis of the 5-5- ' 3-l.75-i.75 ratio Fiance would be entitled to about 150,000 tons in cruisers, flotilla leaders and de? stroyers. But, as M. Briand intimated in his cable to Mr. Hughes, France will ask for more than this. Her special need is in cruisers and other sur? face auxiliaries, not for aggression, but for defense. In fixing the ratio for these vessels more elasticity is possible than it was in fixing the capital ship ratio. Auxiliaries can? not maintain an oversea naval offen? sive. For economy's sake it is de? sirable to hold even tonnage of this i sort down. But concessions in the ! spirit of Mr. Hughes's recognition of I the peculiar position of France and ; Italy can be made without imper ; iling the results already achieved in restricting navies in the future to \ police and self-defensive uses. ?I ,' ... y < Stop, Thief! Newspaper headlines proclaim a 1 returning wave of banditry. Crimes of violence, hold-ups and burglaries often increase in lurge cities at this j season of the year. Just now, when j there ia much unemployment, they i are likely to be more numerous than j ever. All the more reason, there? fore, for extraordinary efforts to j check them. It is sincerely to be hoped that this i year's crime wave will not equal j that of last year. Mr. Hylan and \ Police Commissioner Unright, both j tenderly solicitous that the city shall ! have "a fair name outside," will ; need unusual vigilance if they are to ; cope successfully with the invaders. But their policy of secrecy will not I help them. To assume that every ; public mention of crime is a reflection j upon the administration is foolish. A man who has knocked down and ? robbed another or broken into a safe ?and carried away its contents will I suspect that he is wanted by the ! police, even if he does not read in the i newspapers that they are on his ! trail. Making the crime public does not at all hamper the detectives in their attempt to capturo the crimi? nal. > 4 * ??->!$*? Nor is the reporting of a crime by its victim or by the newspapers a re ! proach to the Police Department. If \ the people of the city are aware that bandits are abroad they will take better care of their valuables and avoid dark streets after nightfall. The more publicity criminals receive the more are their opportunitiea 18urt*U?d. ?Mr. Esurtgfct ?tU dtiutovt* that &* L can better meet the situation by keeping an open crime blotter in Police Headquarters and giving out crime news. The public is entitled to the warning that will thus bo given. There is no denying that crime is on the increase. There is no sense in trying to make light of it. Many ?of these crimes are committed by amateurs, making detection more difficult than in instances where old and known offenders can be rounded up and forced to confess. For the remainder of the winter it will be necessary to guard more carefully the approaches to the city, to enforce the vagrancy law more drastically nnd, abovo all, to keep the public informed as to what is going on. IP Mr. Enright will do these things ho will stand a far bet? ter chance of checking the crime | wave than if he insists that there isn't any crime wave and regards every report of one as enemy propa? ganda. The Release of Debs The release of Eugene V. Debs will doubtless be agreeable to many persons, and President Harding will be. congratulated on his magna? nimity. Yet it is worth while to remember, though with no rancor, what Debs did. His offense was deliberate in? terference with the prosecution of the war. To this he practically pleaded guilty. If his advice had been followed in this and other Ally countries the German flag would now be floating over the. Cap? itol and all would be sweating to meet the tribute exacted by our Ger? man masters. The Kaiser, as he handled the business of his new possession, j would probably not be as merciful I to Debs as is President Harding. As ' Debs walks abroad let us not forget j what he did. And let us hope that I his release will not inspire others, ? should a new crisis occur, to follow his exami'v- in flouting patriotism. | Debs was in no sense a political j prisoner. He attacked the social j bond and thereby committed a sort of crime that a more enlightened age will regard as of all the most intolerable. A Collective Santa Claus A Chicago paper, years ago, pub? lished a story of a stranger in New York who was held up by a bandit with the usual request of "Your money or your life!" "Take my life, then," said the stranger. "I'd rather he shot than be without money in New York." To-day there are many thousands 1 of people in New York without ! money, and none of them is partic ! ularly eager to be shot. Look about i you Christmas Day and you will discover that this is not such a hard and unfeeling city as it is reputed to be by some ef its neighbors. Charities, public and private, will bring Christmas into many homes which would otherwise bo very un? happy. Few appeals for Christmas funds are ever made in vain to New ? Yorkers. Nowhere is there mor*e of ! the Christmas'spirit. The children of the poor will be j particularly well cared for. Food and j clothing and toys and candy will be distributed literally by tons. This is a busy town, and often a hurried one, but on Christmas Day it always remembers the unfortunate and sin? cerely seeks to make Christmas a merry one throughout its borders. Down the Bay In a building that looks like a I huge prison and whose occupants are I in many respects under prison re ! straint nearly 3,500 persons, of both ? sexes and of all ages, looked sadly j out of windows. A large part of them I were poor creatures who had beer: . caught in the machinery of a huge I circumlocution office whose wheels j revolve slowly Una not always intel | ligently. The spectacle was pitiful, anc , thought of it wrung the heart anc I suffused the eye. No wonder Secre? tary Davis was led to issue a sus I pending order peimitting a landing. The great beacon of the Libertj i Statue blinked dimly through the j fog, the lights of Christmas twinklec ! along the shore, and each day a,* I darkness closed down the stupendous : beauty of New York blazed inte : glory. But, though the spires of the modern Eldorado sent forth their gleaming- invitation, the invisible hand of government interposed t( bar nearer approach. Think of tin feelings of the human beings thin taunted and tantalised! ''Quota is exhausted," they heard How they must have hated these words of dreadful significance ! Ant whoso wa3 the fault that they were spurned as they knocked on the door' Not theirs, AJ? they did was to emptj pockets of meager savings when tole to do sei. Their fete was in othei hands, their power was no greatei than that of a bale of goods. The3 trusted and were deceived. Whose was the fault? Plainly il was with an inept bureaucracy which did not realise that it wa; dealing with a human problem? with an agency to which an immi? grant is too much merely a number a name on a list, an entry in a led ger. The immigration administra tion did not see that the quota sys? tem required many things to be doue. When exposure of failure came a fluttering attempt, now hap pily abandoned, was made to lay th( blame on the steamship companies The 'prepo8terous claim was hearc that the fiteatuMiiip c'ompaolt?* giaat ly to their pecuniary disadvantage, had deliberately brought in immi? grants that they knew were not laudable. Obviously, through the consular service or otherwise, some sort of clearing house must be established in Europe to certify whether or not a particular applicant for a ticket, may embark. And when the certifi? cate is duly issued and the reserva? tion is made the certificate must bo honored on this aide. The govern? ment must stand behind its own document, ami not put the risk on the poor traveler who has no means of knowing whether or not he is ad? missible. It is not enough merely to suspend for three months the rigors of the new system. A way must be found to prevent the necessity of suspend? ing the law. The Vicious Mistletoe Great wan the consternation ; among the underwriters when they read the report from Washington that it was the intention of the j President to place lighted caudles in the windows of the White House on Christmas Eve. Calling upon him at once in the name of annual fire ; losses estimated at $500,000,000, they urgeel him not to set such a pernicious example. Always willing to oblige, the President answered that their request would be heeded. So goes another custom sacrificed to modern notions. Three years ago the country was deprived of the wassail bowl. To-day it is being de? prived of the yule candle. To? morrow the society for the preser? vation of forests will undoubtedly come out with a stirring appeal for the abolition of the Christmas i ? on the ground that every j ( hnstmas tree spared to-day means so many feet of timber a generation hence. It is also understood that a movement will soon be inaugurated for strictly hygienic reasons to pre ! vent bobbing for apples in the Christmas Eve sarsaparilla bowl. Have the makers of the new civili? zation yet considered the evils that lurk in the mistletoe? The Forest Service Keep It in Agricultural Department, Where Roosevelt Placed It To the Kditor of The Tribune. Sir: Your editorial of December 19, "Revived Ballingerism," about the i threatened impairment of the efficiency I of the United States Forest Service | by taking it out of the Department of Agriculture, where Roosevelt so wisely placed it, gives publicity to a proposal fraught -with grave danger. With our rapidly "diminishing re? sources of wood, ? raw material which j enters into every part of our daily life, ; from the paper on which this is printed to the houses in which we live, it is inconceivable that we would knowingly throw away the work of the last decade in forestry. Have we not learned the lesson of the war? When the submarines re ! ciuced the Allied tonnage to the danger | point it was necessary to rely on French ! forests for the material to build the j wharves for laneling the American j army, to build depots, to build rail | roads (ties) to bring the army to the I front, to build barracks and hospitals, I and for hundreds of other essentials. I Had not France been practicing for i estry for generations the American i army could not have been thrown into I the balance. j England has learned her lesson and j provided for purchasing and reforest ? ing land3 sufficient to give her rnde ; pendent supplies of wpod for emergen i cies; in spite of her need for economy, ! she is spending about $75,000,000 for ?' the purpose. Experts know that, had ; the war come ten years later, the ? United States would not have had the j lumber for its vast cantonments and ! manufacturing expansion. The short ! age of forest products already is keenly j felt tn many American industries. The proposed removal of the Forest | Service from the Department of Agri ! culture has no compensating advan j tages. and would cripple the nation's | principal reliance in a situation which ! ia certain to be difficult at best. It j would be not only unintelligent, it I would bs suicidal. , HARRINGTON MOORE. New York, Dec. 22, 1921. Patent Office Relief | To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Your service in calling the pub? lic's attention to the distressing con? dition of the Patent Office ia greatly appreciated. That it is impossible to : keep the responsible positions tilled with competent men at the present j salaries has been shown. Here is an i example of how the law of 3upply and ; demand works: Seventy of the men who ; left the Patent Office recently, receiv | ing an average salary of less than $2,250, took positions with an initial j average? salary of over $3,100. The ?new bill for the relief of the Patent Office provides for men holding the same positions, examiners and assist? ant examiners, an average- minimum salary of $2,516 and an average ma.\| ? mum ?alary of $2,800. or nearly 10 per ? cent less than these same men can ? command at once when they leave tha ! office. The patent committee of the Na j tionai Research Council has called at I tention to the fact that although a j college education is a necessary quali j fication for admission to the examining I corps the government does not pay these men enough to enable them to j ?end their own children to college. E. W. MARSHALL. New York, Dec. 22, 1921. Havens of Obscurity (From Tha Dallas Harald) D'Annunzlo now baa his nonpareil type on page IS, Korfanty his agate usji*f mi?c?nan?ou? tillar?and De Va? lar? iiity prefit by t?ek ?aa-iir1-? \ The Tower To The Boss When Q. H. Flaccus penned a pome, Tracing the letters with his pen point, He set the verses that were Rome In Caslon Old Style 10-point. (O yc whose job it is to print My stuff, I bid ye take the hint.) Of woman, win?, and song he wrote ; To Pyrrha, Mercury, and Venus; But most of all that c.igcy pote Indited to Maecenas? The bird, as many may recall, Who slipped Q. IT. the wherewithal. Am I a better bard than he? Do I write greater, grander verses ? Then who am I that i should be Neglectful of ses/rrces? "Maecenas, thou of royal line I" He wrote of his. ... I sing of mine. O noble chief! 0_princely boss! Thou art a king, believe ra?, Mawrufs ! Be thou exalted! (Watch me toss The celebrated taurus.) Eight years for thee I've worked along And never lauded thee in song, So let my gratitude and praise Go thundering down through the ages! Thou ran'st for years my halting lays, And paid me weekly wages. Hail my Maecenas! May this be The merriest Christmai.tidc for thee! "One of the troubles of nowadays," said Vice-President Coolidge, "is that so many people have been paying too much attention to politics.'' Another possible trouble, to our expert notion, is that so few people have been paying attention to politics. Outside of edi? torial writers and politicians, we doubt whether there are many who give poli? tics attention for an hour a month. In the art of retelling a story in more time than it took to tell it, no? body?at least so this reader of "In the White House Looking Glass" thinks ?surpasses Mr. Joseph P. Tumulty. A Telephone Talker "Go right to him?tell him who you arc. Don't bother about that college boy stuff. He's a regular fellow. Just what you can do. He runs the tele? phone company. Tell him who you are, not that college boy stuff?he doesn't care who you are, he's a regular fel i low, no college boy stuff. Just talk i right to him?tell him who you arc ?and what you want. Damn the college boy stuff. It doesn't matter with him, he's a regular fellow. It's what you j can do, not that stuff. Now he runs the telephone company and it doesn't ! matter whether you have a college de J grce, but just what you can do. He j runs the telephone company. Now re? member what I tell you. Goodby. Don't forget now. No college boy stuff, just talk right to him. He's a regular fellow. Goodby. Don't pull any of that col lege boy stuff. Now remember, talk i right to him and don't forget he's a regular fellow and he runs the tele? phone company. Goodby. No college boy stuff. Just talk right to him. He's ?: a regular fellow. By By." ''Gayer than moat was I," reverted a drum.---Thomas Hardy in The New j Republic. "With ample time to delib," asks S. H. A., "could you corrob Mr. Hardy's reverb?" No, but if Mr. Hardy wants to gen R movement to abbrev it wouldn't exasp U3 a bit. A XMS QUERY I'm living in a merry dream! | Some fairy wand has come to bless The town?for kindly spirits teem Where mortals once walked spiritless. The cook, the cop, the janitress? They ain't just what they used to be! Can anybody here please guess ? Why are they all so good to me? ! My little flat is fed with steam; , The sizzling pipes know no recess : While from the faucet "HOT" a stream ; Of water flows in steadiness. And mail!-?misspelled?with poor ad? dress j Comes at the first deliveree! I Oh, print it in italic stress - I Why are they all so good to mc',' Friend wifey serves my tea with cream 1 And greets me with a fond caress. ?Just now sha always finds some scheme : To make nie glow and effervesce. ? And at the office, lo! I press i The button once and ?breathlessly ? The office boy responds: "Yc3?yes" ! Why are they all so good to me? L'ENVOI i PRINCE OP ALL PUZZLES -Come, | confess! | This is the unknown quantity ; I This is the X in the X-M-S. ? Why are they all so good t?j rae? YIP. P. S. Merry Xrnas! Y. Perhaps it comes but once a year, but this time it will last from about noon to-day until about 3 o'clock Tues? day morning. If it isn't one thing in a newspaper j office, it's another; and we doubt whether a truer word about journalism ! ever was written. Yesterday after ? noon, frinst, Old Jimmy Montague en? ters with tho suggestion that the new subway gates are a measure of economy. "I think," suggests the gifted bard, "that the power generated by the turnstiles probably is running the sub? way." How it must discourage, when he first sees the Featherweight Gatea, the ; Hon. Jack Dempsey! Speaking of the F. G., we begin to j understand the locution "You could jhav? knockad me over with a feather." F. P. A, MERRY CHRISTMAS FROM THE WHOLE DARN FAMILY*" Copyright, 1921. N?*w York Triliu/i? In?-. Maine in Winter Not So Bleak Down Wiscasset Way as Imagined To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I have read your editorial on1 "The State of Maine," which was copied in a Portland paper. It was a good editorial, and I, for one* citizen of Maine, would like to thank you for it. When, however, ypu write of our "bleak winters" and our "country peo? ple, perhaps hibernating," it seems to me you have the mistaken impression, held by so many of our summer [ visitors, that because our summers are delightfully cool our winters must be \ frightfully cold. While it is true that we have cold and snow enough for alt practical pur | poses, especially back from the coast, | our winters are little if any more | severe than in other places of the same i latitude. Along the coast our winters i are only a, trifle colder or more snowy ! than in Boston and New York. To-day with a strong wind blowing ? from the southweat the thermometer j outside my window stands at 50 de 1 grees, and nearly all the snow which | came last month has gone. It seldom ? comes to stay before the middle or last of December, and sometimes not | until January is well over do we have ' enough for "good going." Here is a fact which may surprise : you: In those cold winters two and ? four years ago, when practically every j harbor north of Hatte ras was closed I by ice or kept open only with the ! greatest difficulty, the Sheepscot River, I from the sea to Wiscasset, a dis? tance of about fifteen miles, was open and as blue as in summer. Two years ago, when ice and storms ' demoralized transportation all over the country, the little steamboat Winter ; Harbor, plying between Wiscasset and Boothbay Harbor, did not miss a trip or connection the whole winter, except on one day when there were no trains to connect with. And this was on what is usually called "the bleak Maine Coast." H. A. SWANTON. Westport, Me., Dec. 18, 1921. A Poser , To the Editor of The Tribune. ! Sir: May I ask for a solution of the I Japanese expansion question? I am writing an essay on the subject, "How May Japan Provide for Ita In? creasing Population Without Infring? ing on the Rights of Other States'.'" ! Although I have read eight books on i the subject, together with articles in innumerable periodicals, there seems to ? be no solution offered. Is the industrialization plan the only one which will sol;e the question? Is \ there any possible way in which the ' Japanese c<ould migrate to the more sparsely populated regions of Latin ' America? >S. New York, Dec. 23, 1921. The Old Cruiser Dolphin i To the Editor of The Tribune. I Sir: I, like your correspondent i George Fentrick, saw the Dolphin on i her arrival in New York. She was the j first vessel of our new navy, and tn me, familiar as I was with the beauti? ful lines of oar wooden vessels likt. j the Swatara, Kcarsarge or Colorado, ! she looked ugly ??ough. One of four ships?the'others being ! tho Boston, the Atlanta and the Chica? go?built by Secretary W. E. Chandler, ? she was completed during the Cleve ! land Administration, which declared I all four to be structurally weak and j sent them to sea to hunt a storm, while | payment for them was held up. The ?oasequence was that John Roach was driven into bankruptcy and died of aj broken heart. The vessels gave lonat and useful service, one of them being for a time, ? and perhaps is now, at the Philip- ? pines. Mr. Cleveland, with a profound con? tempt for American designers, then had two ships built from English plans,! the Maine and the Texas, both ugly in the extreme 8nd known throughout the navy as "hoodoos." W, H. PRICE. Brooklyn, Dec. 22, 1921. "Stand Pat" in Webster's To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In your issue of* December 6 we find an article under the head? ing "Foreign Delegates Are Puzzled by News U. S. Will 'Stand Pat,' " which be? gins as follows: "The information that America will 'stand pat' on the Hughes proposal has created mystification among certain foreign elements. They have examined their Websters and Standards, and gone to the Century and the Encyclopaedia Britannica, but never a trace can they find of the true mean? ing. The verb 'to stand' is, of course, well enough known, and bo also the di? minutive of the cognomen Patrick. Webster reveals the fact that pat also means "a light, caressing stroke with the hand or fingers." Of course we understand that this is apparently by way of fun, but we can? not believe that The Tribune would wish to misrepresent so well-known an American institution as "Webster." We ; are therefore taking the liberty of calling your attention to the following definition of "to stand pat" in Web? ster's New International Dictionary: to stand pat. a Poker. To play, or signify one's intention of playing, one's hand as dealt, without resort? ing to the draw, b Hence, colloq., to oppose change of any kind; esp., U. S. politics, to oppose any change in policy, esp. in the tariff policy. The phrase was first used to express the attitude of leaders of the Republican party by Senator Hanna in 1902. Hence: atand-pat-ter (stand-pat-er), stand-pat-tism *.-iz'm), n. G. _*. C. MERRIAM COMPANY. Springfield, Mass., Dec. 20, 1921. | Pullman Berth Problem To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Watch any city Pullman office and you will hear most every one ask? ing for lower berths. I have known of ?cores of cases where people wishing to | make some trip have given it up be j cause they could get no space. They ; unreasonabIy?assumed that they simply j couldn't sleep in an upper berth. Every ; lower berth was sold and the railToad ! naturally objected . to putting on a ! whole car for one or two lower fares when moat of the upper berths were still available. Without losing a dollar the railroads could cure this situation if they woula adjust prices so that instead of being one-fifth les?, the upper were only one half the price of the lower berth?i. e., raise the lower and lower the upper. People who want to economize would then call for uppers; people who don't care what they pay would still take lowers and the car would fill up. Why not try this sensible solution, which will please both rich and poor? OLD TRAVELER. New York, Dec. 23, 1921. Strange, but True (Fra?t% The Providence Journal) Talk about carrying coals to New? castle, importing pepper into Hindu? stan, sending fir trees to Norway, or pouring water into the sea! According to Secretary of Commerce Hoover, British coal is being delivered at our Atlantic ports at a price to compete with the product of American mines a few miles distant. More Truth Than Poetry By James J. Montague Philosophic Doubt / wasn't good the whole year 'round; I did just what I wanted to! I'm eight years old now, and I've found That Santa Claus ain't really time. I'm pretty sorry for the boys That think they won't get baseball bats Or 'lectric trains or sleds and toys Unless they're little sissy-cats. I sassed my teacher just last week, An' lost a bran new big leagu? ball; I slapped my sister on the cheek, But that don't worry we at all. If I'd been bad a year ago, My golly! I'd be in a fright, I'd get to thinking, and I know I'd never go to sleep all night. It's nice to feel that what you've done Ain't held against you any more, And >ou can have all kinds of f?n Without nobody gettin' sore. It makes no difference to me If I've not acted like a saint. For Santa Claus ain't here to se?s? Or anyhow I hope he ain't. But golly! now it's ChristniM Eve, An' I am up here wide awake, I'm not so sure that I believe That Santa Ciaus is iust a fake. The things I've done?if he just knew! I'm awrful worried?Oh, ge? whizz! I want to think he isn't true . . ? But I'm a goner if he is! The Bootlegger's .Slogan Business as Boozeual!. Excellent Choice We hope Postmaster General Ha**** accepts that movie offer. The photo? play business needs more men uf letters in it. Neelful A good many people want an opeft door policy in this country?mean? ing an open cellar ?Joor. (.e.'opyriBht by J?m?s J. Mootafu?) Information Abut China ; To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: A number of organization? ! have been formed to meet the demand ! for information about China and be? '' neighbors, among them the Chin?* ! Information Service, of which ti* | writer ?3 secretary. The service *?? started at the outset of the conferece? ! by a group of recent Columbia ti** l versity graduates, most of them cla?" ! mates of Dr. Wellington Koo, Chine?? I Ambassador to Great Britain and on? ! of the leading delegatos at the con I ferer.ee. AM the work done by the service ?S 'voluntary and non-political in nature. ?Its object is to supply up-to-the-*n:nut* and authoritative information aboii? China. To responsible 'organization* a.id individuals the service will aenc a weekly bulletin for the duration cf the conference, based on interviews, with leading representatives of Ch:r?? in this country, telling of prescr.7-d?? conditions in China and the aspira*??**1 of that countr-v. iiiere Is no charg? for this service. Inquiries may be ?*? dressed to M'ALISTER COLEMAN", No. 19 West Forty-fourth Strci? N?w York, Dec. 22, U21.