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from the conference with a most un?
comfortable situation with regard te? ller neighbors, Britain, on the one side, will be the most, aggrieved nation of all. not only resenting the fact that France has made it necessary for her to spend many millions on the construction of anti-submarine craft, but because she -wonders if the French submarine flee! is oeing built against her. Italy, on the south, v,Fl be bitterly resentful be? cause she feels that she must be in a position of equality with France on the Mediterranean, and therefore she will be compelled though she does not wish it and cannot afford it. to build a fleet of anti-submnrine craft. Paris Expected to Concede But the hope here Is that the French Cabinet will sense this strong feeling. m> obvious here in Washington outside the seventh floor of the Willatd Hotel, which the French delegation occupies. If the French Gabinet docs sense it, then cables may conic permitting the French delegation to accept a subma? rine tonnage in some conceivable ratio to that which the other countries are Willing to accept. Even if the French remain adamant, however, the best opinion is that they will not be permitted to wreck the con? ference?for the same reason that, al? though the French were humored on big battleship ratio, there was never a chance that any insistence of theirs would be allowed' to prevent an agreement which saves several billion dollars to American, British and Jap? anese taxpayers. Failure to agree with the French on submarine tonnage, however, will mean that Great Britain will insist upon a Pr?s rein with all sorts of auxiliary craft which have been found of value >n destroying submarines, and this will mean that a great many hundreds 01 millions of dollars will be wasted which the armament limitatieti conference could have saved the tnxnnvers of the rid. "Naval Experts Pessimistic Some naval experts to-night, confi? dent that the French will not yield and pointing to the fact that this means practicsllv that the only nava agreement reached will be on capita! ships, are raising the cry that the onl> thing limited at this conference is th? big ship, and that the big ship wa; scheduled for the scrap heap anyhow. This may be true, but the fact re? mains that the men controlling thi :.avies of Japan. Britain and tha Unitec -Fates were not and are not convert; to that theory, with the result that al three nations were building away at ships costing in the neighborhood 01 <40,000,000 each for clear life. So thai e.en if France persists and nothing i; .'Ccomplished at the conference, so fai aval armament is concerned, excep the ending of big ship construction, a least some billions of dollars will hav< been saved these three countries. World Parley in 1924 on Submarines Gains Favoi Gathering in 1928 to Discust Further Reduction Also . f_i Be Included in Agreemen WASHINGTON, Dec. 26 fBy The As ociated Press).?Plans for a worh conference on submarines in 1924, wit) ? large number of nations repr?sent?e and for a new gathering of the prin cipal powers in 1928 or 1929 to dis ? us.- possibilities of further armamen limitation were taking more d?finit shape here to-night. T was sug'goste provision for the 1928 meetin d be made in the- agreemen bed by the present conference. Should the American plan of arm ation fail to bring tho powers t< gether now, it is suggested by som of those connected with the conferenc that consideration may be given to proposal for a general building hoi in submarines, under an agre< tnent that all five of the powers woul leave their submersible strength as ? present in the various sea area Under this suggestion, which has s ? r received no formal .indorsemei from any of the delegations, the Unit? State. Great Britain, Japan, Italy t-n Franco all would undertake to mail tain exactly the tonnage of submarin? they now have stationed in the respe* ti ye regions of the Atlantic, the P; eitic, the Mediterranean and tl Adriatic. "Big Three" for 1928 Meeting The proposal to write into the nav limitation treaty an agreement for r assembling the conference .of tl powers, probably seven years henc has begun to take more definite for over the Christmas recess. An info mal ? xchange of views among tl American, British and French del gates has developed a feeling that 1 that tiftte it may be possible to wo out an extension of the naval holid; in the light of a seven-year test th?. agreement which made it .possib In any event, it has been said, the will be details to work out of the pr gram that is to replace the ten ye fleet status with actual application fhr- 5-5-3 capital ship ratio. It also appeared more probable 1 night that some definite step toward world conference on submarines, pre ably to be held within three yea's afl the Washington conference ends labors, would be taken within the n? day or two. Exactly what form it w take is in doubt pending final acti here 09 submarines, and it is certi that tho American delegation plans exhaust every effort to bring about agreement as to submarine tonns which will result in actual 1 eduction tonnage and delimitation of fut? submarine building programs bef< passing from that subject to otl auxiliary craft proportions. The initial suggestion for a wo' submarine conference came from t British delegation, in line with fruitless effort to get the Washing* conference to agree to abolishment tinder-water craft entirely. The Ann ican delegation expressed much sy pathy with the British view, hut v> not ready to consider such a step, ? cept In conjunction with all nation? the world, Was on Proposed Program It i.i pointed out that in the event the calling of a special world subn ritte conference, such matter? as 1 of poison gas, aircraft bombing 0 any other new agencies of war cot be talked over with a view to setti up an international code to gov? their employment. Tho Washing! conference is regarded as too limit in scope to ?leal with such questio It further appears possible that 1 difficult question of land ?rmame) could be put forward to the supp mental world assembly on armamer ??ifi three years may show changed c> ditions in Europe which will then 1 Wit Of an agreement to curb army tablishments as well as navies. The project to call another _ess of the live-power naval conf?re) seven years after the ten-year holii begins first was suggested, it is. und stood, by the French delegation, tirst the date* suggested was 1931, wl the decade stop in bunding cv Since matters to be discussed th however, would have to do very hug with replacement building, Lord of the British group, and Secret Hughes, for the American view, said to have expressed the opinion t the ((ue.stion should be taken up th years before the holiday expires, ? as it now stands the meeting would some time in 192.-'29. Britain to Maintain Lead } It should be recalled that while 6-5-3 capital ship ratio has been tmpte? pr .?'sionaily al least by ??H! 1 ?King Will Ask Congress to Cut Armv and Navy Redaction of Land Force to 75,000, Including Offi-1 cers and Men, Proposed by Senator From Utah 150 Million Sea Budget To Advocate Larger Cur- ! tailmcut in Armaments Than Plunucd by Parley ; ????????? The Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Dec. 26. Senator King, of Utah, Democrat, a leading mem? ber of the Senate Naval Affairs Commit f?e, announced to-day that he would of? fer resolutions in the Senate after the holiday recess looking to large reduc? tions in the army and navy. Senator King will call for the reduc- j tion of the army to 75,000, including j both officers and men. The present ! strength is approximately 150,000. With respect to the navy, Senator King will propose to reduce its ex- | penditures to a basis of ?150,000,000 I a vear. They are now approximately $400,000,000. To reduce them to $150." 000,000 would be to put them back j substantially to the pre-war basis. Under Senator King's program, as he ! calculates it, there will be much larger ? reductions in expenditures for arma- : ment than the reductions contemplated j by the Conference on Limitation of : Armament. The program of the arma- : ment conference would cut the naval ! expenditures about $150,000,000 cm the basis of capital ship reductions. To | this saving would be added whatever ! economies would be brought about by ' reductions on auxiliary ships. Senator King said, however, he saw no sign ; that the conference would out the naval expenditures much more than $150,- j 000.000 below their present level. It j is not the purpose of the conference j to reduce the land armaments, or agree j on a reduction which will affect the United States. Senator King's resolutions are ex- j pected to, precipitate the. movement, : which has been gathering head for some time in tho Senate, for drastic j army and navy reductions without ref- j erence to the action of the conference on armaments. A movement much sim- ! ilar is on in the House. Representative Hill of the House Military Committee some rime ago declared he would cut ! the army to" 100,000. It is also well known that there is strong sentiment, i in the House Appropriations Commit- ; tee, which will handle the army and ? naval appropriations bills, to cut these | bills to the hone. Senator King is one of the members ? of tho Senate who in the extra session j conducted a hard and partly success- j ful tight to reduce the naval appropri- j ations recommended *>y the Naval Af-' Navy Economy Cancels Joint Fleet Maneuvers WASHINGTON, D*\ 20. ?The annual joint maneuvers of the Atlantic and Pacific fleets, which wore to have boon hold in Panama l>ay in February and March, 1922, have boon abandoned, tho Navy Department announced to? day. Decision to cancel arrangements Cor the maneuvors was reached by the department, it was said, in the interesta of economy, and because of the shortage of. funds available for purchase of re quired fuel. Independent drills will be held by a number of warships of the Atlantio fleet, beginning January 3,<in Guantauamo Bay, and drills ?uni target practice will bo con? ducted otr the California coast by the Pacific fleet. fairs Committee. He will have tho hacking of Senator Borah and other Senators, both Democrat and Republi? can. Senator King believes the spirit of Congress will be for strict economy in the army and navy appropriation bills. "I believe we shall reduce the army much below its present strength, prob? ably to 75,000," said Senator King lo day. "I shall offer a resolution to re? duce it to 95,000, inclusive of officers and men. That number, in my judg? ment, would be ample. With the new four-power treaty and assuming thai the Philippines will go free, as they should, we will have little need for a large force in the islands of the Pacific. The force in Hawaii can be cut down. Tho number of troops in the Panama Canal Zone can be largely reduced. With a proper understanding with Mex? ico the force along the Mexican bor? der can be cut much lower than it is. In fact, we could obtain a force of Texas Rangers to guard the border at much less exjien.se than we could keep a large body of troops along the bonier for that purpose. "With respect to the navy, v.e cer? tainly ought to get the naval expendi? tures back to ?150,000.000. or about the pre-war level. Even that is an enor? mous sum. I assume the conference! program will lower the expenditures, or will contemplate their being lowered, j about $150,000,000 under what they are ! now. This would bring them doWn to i about $250,000,000. "It cannot be overlooked that with ' recent bombing experiments showing i the bip battleship is vulnerable to air . attack, and cannot longer be relied on as the backbone of the navy, and with | developments showing the enhanced importance of aircraft and submarines, : 5150,000,000 wisely expended would go '? much further toward equipping tho country for naval defense than if tha bitf battleship were still rated as the chief factor in naval warfare." powers, it ?loes not be-come effective until the ten-year holiday ends. During the holiday Great Britain will main? tain a 20 per cent larger capital ship force than that of the United States. She has agreed to scale down at the j end of that period to an equality with the American fleet, however, and this process cannot be worked out now in detail. By again going over tho ground three year? before the holiday ends, I however, the method of British reduc , tion can be provided for, even if it I does not then seem advisable to pro I vide for further naval reductions all , around, as many delegates hope will be I the case. The three-year interval will ; permit the. building of new ships to \ displace old in the rearrangement of i tonnage under the 5-5-3 program. It also is regarded as altogether probable that in seven years the pres? ent controversy as to relative merits of capital ships and aircraft in war will have resolved tself. Should the predic? tions of some experts that aircraft eventually will make capital ships use? less have been made good during tha? period the seven-year session of the naval limitation conference could write that development into a new naval agreement contemplating abandonment of capital ships altogether, it is pointed j out. In the same way it could apply ! to the new theory of non-competitive ! naval building h-uy other scientific, de j velopments in thev.-ay of new agencies j of warfare which the years have ! brought to light. | Italian Delegation's Army Section Prepares to Sail WASHINGTON, Dec. 26 (By The As i sociated Press).?General Vaccari and I the entire military section of the j Italian delegation to the Washington j conference will depart to-morrow lot New York to sail from there for Italy i The definite date for their sailing ha? [ not been announced. Senator Schanzer, head of the dele i gation, went to Mew York Christmas Day on personal business. He was ex pected to return in time for the next meeting of the conference naval corn mittee. Signorina Italia Garibaldi, grand daughter of the Italian patriot, h?i arrived here to join the Italian delega tion as a member of the press section She was assigned by Marquis Dell; Torretta, Italian Minister of Foreigi Affairs, Berthelot, French Foreigi Office Secretary, Resign? Chief Target of Attacks or Briand Ministry Owing to Failure of Chinese Bank Hpccial Cable Dispatch to The Tribune Copyright 1921, New York Tribune Inc. PARIS, Dec. 26.?Philippe Berthelot General Secretary of the Foreign Office resigned to-day, somewhat clearing tin i politic;! atmosphere. Berthelot, whosi position w'as almost equivalent to tha i of a minister, has been the main ob I jeet of attacks in the Chamber of D;>pu ties on the Briand ministry, in connec j tion with the financial difficulties o , the Industrial Bank of China, of whic] Jlia brother is president. It wan openly charged in the Cham | her that Berthelot invoked governmen j influence to bolster up the bank, de daring it was in good financial condi tion shortly before it went into re ceiyershin, Berthelot, was director of the Frene foreign policy during the war and ha been in the diplomatic service fc | thirty-two years. For the last year h ! has hail the title of General Secretar ! of the French Foreign Office and rank I ing Ambassador of France, j His letter of resignation to-day dis I closed that his resignation had bee ] thrice rejected by the Premier. Hi i leaving his post, to-day wai due to cui ? rent criticism of a cable Berthelot i | said to have sent to Maurice Casenavt j High Commissioner for France in Ne' : Vork, suggesting the intervention c ? New York banks to accept small check ; drawn on his brother's industrial Ban of China, when its difficulties duc t unfortunate investments in rice an silk were becoming apparent. The e; | istence of this cable is said to hav been unknown to Premier Brian I previous to a few days ago. - ? Kiis?o-!ta!tan Fact Signed PARIS, Dec. 2_?The Rt?sso-Italie commercial agreement was signed ? Rome this evening, accenting to ;. di ,.;....i, received by Hat Troops Kill 8 More Egyptians | In Three Riots \ (Centlniied fre?a nag? ono time destined to result in the ?ward- ? 1 ing by Great Britain of a large meas-i ! ure of freedom. Troops Opposed After a close study of the situation) ; on the ground Lord Millier, ?asi Feh i ruary, made a report, to the govern? ment and Parliament recommending that Egypt be granted independence, I with guaranties which would secure Cue rights of Great Britain and other I powers. This report went so far as to ! suggest that Egypt be represented in j foreign nations by her own diplomatic ? representatives. This phase of the situation was fol-i ! lowed by negotiations in London be : tween representatives of Egypt, headed i j by Adly Pasha, and the British govern irient. After months of discussion the negotiations broke off on November 19, 1921, and the. Egyptian delegates re? turned home. The chief rock on which the parley j .split was the question of Great Britain i i maintaining troops in Egypt, largely! | for tiie protection of her lines of com- ? munication to the Orient. The Egyp ! tians insisted this would amount to j , "occupation" and refused to sign a treaty which would have made Egypt i an independent but allied state. The ill feeling which this engendered j I among Egyptian nationalists broke out j last Saturday in a party of students raiding British government offices in ? ? a suburb of Cairo, with rioting in which j ! live were killed, and other disorders I have followed it. Peru Offers Good Offices I In Tacna-Arica Dispute j ; Chile Agrees to Meet Bolivia j at Conference in Washington ! LIMA, Peru, Dee. 25 (By The Asso? ciated Press).?Tho Peruvian gpvern ; ment to-day sent a note to Bolivia, j saying that Peru would take special satisfaction in co-operating with Bo : livia to bring about arbitration of the , differences between Bolivia and Chile, j provided the present controversy be? tween Peru and Chile could be settled | by arbitration Reports from Santiago say that the ?Chilean government has accepted Peru's proposal that nlempotentaries of the two countries be appointed to meet in Washington to continue negotiations looking to a settlement of the dispute over the provinces of Tacna and Arica, j The Peruvian note, is in reply to a j communication from Bolivia, in which the Bolivian government raised the j point that the Tacna-Arica question ? was not the only problem resulting from the war of 1879-'33, "whose conse? quent treaties have fostered constant international discord." The Bolivian note suggested that in case Peru and Chile were unable to arrive at : ! agreement regarding the sovereignty | of the disputed provinces of Tacna and i Arica an international conference, eon;- ; posed of interested and friendly na- : lions, be called to settle the' whole' South Pacitic problem. French Debt Contested i f PARIS, Dee. 2G (By Tho Associated Press).?Minister of Finance Doumer, speaking in the Senate to-day, con-' tested Senator ('heron's estimate of th< total del>t of France, which placed the foreign debt at 335,000,000,000 francs, Senator Cheron is chairman of the Sen? ate Budget Committee. In -contesting the foreign debt esti? mate, Minister Doumer said Senator ? Cheron had figured the foreign debt at the present rate of exchange. "I do < ! not think any one can ask us," declare.; ' M. Doumer, "to liquidate our deljts abroad at the present value of the franc. We will choose our time." j Figuring the foreign debt at the normal rate of exchange, M, Doumer said he estimated the total French debt "t about !.,000,000,000 f-.n'ie?. Soviet Indorses j Lemuels World! i . ! Trade Program! Communist Support Given! Reluctantly, Because Noj Alternative Policy Has] Been Devised by Leaders U.S. Relief Complimented Resolution of Thanks Says America Has Aided More i Than Any Other Agency MOSCOW, Dec. 24 (By The Associ-1 atcd Presa). The ninth All-Russian ? Soviet Congress to-day approved the new Soviet economic policy as outlined before that gathering yesterday by Premier Nikolai L?nine. This approval was given by accepting Premier L?nine's address, which was presented as the report of the Council of Commissars on the domestic and foreign policies of I ihe Soviet government. The congress indorsed a resolution of thanks to Dr. Fridtjof Nansen and j the American Relief Administration for j recent famine relief in RuBsia. The resolution especially mentioned the Relief Administration as having helped moro than any other foreign organiza- j tion. Although the congress accepted the ' new economic policy, acceptance was ; given grudgingly by a large faction of; tiie Communists who dislike the gor ernment's change to capitalistic meth? ods. One reason why the Communists ; accepted it at. all, it was pointed out in ; some quarters, wa?< because they had ! no alternative plan to offer. Although i tlw.-se delegates detest the terms "money," "capitalism" and "trusts," they grudgingly accepted their leaders' apologies that the economic change! was only temporary and necessary for | the ultimate construction Of a real communistic government. Confidence in Council Wanes Confidence is not general among the i Communists in the Supremo Economic Council. Their prejudice appears to be ? directed against, it rather than against! the government's genoral policy. M. j Bogdanotr, chairman of the Economic; Council, and Leonid Krassin, the ; Soviet trade, representative, apparently | are not popular with the communistic! masses, and failure to interest foreign ' seekers of concessions in leases and to ! get the; industries going is charged :igniTi;;t them. Moreover, they arc re? garded in labor circles as being indif- ? j'ercnt to the workmen's interests, ? There is much clamor that trusts, whether under the Russian government or un<ier the management of foreign-1 eis, will work hardships on the work? man. Furthermore, tho laborers are ; discontented on account of their claim ! that Soviet nationalization has not wiped out the bourgeoisie. In his address to the congress Pre? mier L?nine defended the government's economic policy and mercilessly at- ? tacked its critics, especially the trade union men, who, he declared, desired | to continue to manage the industries. ; He said men who had demonstrated no ability to manage industries were, de? manding to be retained in control. He ? challenged them to show qualifications j to buy supplies and keep factories j going rather than to write resolutions. "Learning to trade," he continued. "is difficult. It is not like oratory, bull we have to learn it.*' He declared he j hated dealing with traders who de- j manded 100 per cent profit, but said it i must be done. Raw materials must, be collected and bought at. any cost fron: ; sharp traders, and business must be re- i vived. But, he added, it was only by struggling ten or fifteen years with sharp traders that the Communist workmen would learn 'now to trade. Limit on Secret Service Premier L?nine said the Ch?ka, the Soviet secret service, hereafter would confine itself to political affairs, and would be greatly limited in scope, as its necessity decreased with the firm establishment of Soviet power. He de? clared Russia's position among the na? tions had become thoroughly estab? lished, despite the failure of the great I powi i - to recognize the Soviet, regime. ? The foreign capitalists, he asserted, ; had demonstrated their willingness to i trade with Russia. He was extremely optimistic over the trade outlook, and ! ?aid the policy of uniting the peasants j and workmen move closely through free j domestic trade had been highly suc-j cessful. The brief time this arrange-! ment had been in force showed that the 1 government was on the right track tow- ! ard the re-establishment of economic ! solidarity. In announcing Russia's acceptance of the American Relief Administration's ? proposal to give Russia $20,000,000 worth of grain on condition that Rus? sia buy $10.000,000 more in America, ! Premier L?nine to-da estimated that I this total of $30,000,000 would buy I about .10.000,000 poods of grain. (This i is approximately 18,000,000 bushels.) i The Premier said this; would greatly j help the famine situation in the Volga! district, but declared the Soviet gov- j eminent must continue to exert every effort to collect its full grain levy. He said it would require 18,000,000 ! poods more from abroad to bring the i total average before next harvest to , 215,000,000 poods, which was 15,000,000 j poods below the minimum necessary to j carry Russia through the famine crisis. The sessions of the congress are be? ing held in the Moscow Opera House, which was crowded with 1,962 delegates and 200 other part- leaders and spec? tators, including Major Lonergan, rep- j resenting the American Relief Admin- ? istration, and many other foreigners... The main floor of the theater was en- ' tirely filled with delegates, mostly workmen dressed in furs, who kept on j their fur caps throughout the proceed- ? ings, presenting the appearance of a ! gathering of frontiersmen, contrasting! with the brilliantly lighted and gold- j decorated auditorium. M. Kalenin, the elected chairman, and ! his executive committee of thirty-two j members, including Premier L?nine and i Leon Trotzy, the War Minister, occu- ? pied seats of honor around a red table. ? Militarism Defended By\ French Woman Red MARSEILLES. Dec. 26 (By The As? sociated Press).?An unexpected fea- ! ture of the first national convention of the French Communist party, in ses- j sion here, developed to-day, when tiie won en delegates voiced opposition to j thi artti-militarist campaign. In a speech to the convention Mme. Colliard declared: "I don't want any anti-militarism. 1 am in favor of militarism, which, as in Russia, will defend tho revolution. We accept violence when it will gain power for us." I -. Gnat.mala Ratifie? Union WASHINGTON, Dec. 26. According! to official advices from Guatemala re ceived here to-day the National As - tn bly has ratified, "in principle," the pact ; providing for the creation of a Central can union. Red Envoy Asserts idle Here Plan Revolution MOSCOW, Dec. 20 (By Tho Associated Press).->-J. Carr, rep? resenting; American Communists I at the All-Russian Soviet "Con? gress meeting here to-day, de? clared that the? American work? men were secretly organizinland eventually would overthrow capi? talism and establish a workmen's government. "I do not bring greetings from the American government," said Carr in his speech before the con? gress, "but from millions of op? pressed people, in America; not, ?rom the politicians now confer? ring at Washington behind locked doors as I" how they can down Soviet Russia. I bring greetings from millions who are walking the streets with nowhere to sleep and nothing to eat." L--* Debs to Seek Freedom of All Convicts rContinurd from pane on<0 small party of ?men and women friends. "1 reel like a young panther," was his, greeting. Ho then embraced several of the men with profuse kisses and posed for pictures. Mr. Debti refused to ride in a taxi? cab to hi- Im.tel when informed that the cabs at the Union Station were non-union and under boycott, lie in? sisted on riding on a streetcar; but finally accepted the offer of a reporter to ride in his machine. Breakfast over, he "brushed up a bit" in the hotel barber shop and put on a fresh collar from a box presented to him by a newspaper man. He was dressed in clothes given him by the pris,m authorities brown suit, folt hat, dark overcoat and black shoes. Accompanied by his brother and a number of reporters, he walked from the hotel to the Department of Justice, reaching there soon after 11 o'clock. [ He interviewed Attorney General Daugherty alone. He then walked fo the White House, arriving a few minutes before 12 o'clock. Confronted with the usual formal question of the police? man at the entrance, Debs said he came to the White House upon the request of the Attorn? y General and was then sent: alone to Secreta! y George ("hristian's office. Mr. Debs said he came to Washing? ton to see the President at Attorney General Daugherty's request, and that tho warden furnished him with a ticket to Washington for that purpose, notwithstanding that he had planned instead to go directly to his home in Terre Haute', Ind. Mr. Daugherty. however, said that Mr. Debs called on his own volition, in the following statement: "I have received a cail from Mr. Debs. 1 volunteered no advice to him and he a3ked none. There were no un? usual conditions attached to his com? mutation. His call upon me was of his own volition. 1 will shortly give out for publication, with the President's consent, my recommendation in the Debs case. My object in doing this will be to refresh, the memory of the American people of Debs'a violations of the law and to inform them of the reasons for his commutation. I hope it will be educational, to some extent., "1 have nothing further to say re garding Debs's call or regarding his case, except that 1 hope he may direct his talents, to a useful purpose. And I trust that the notoriety his ease has received may not be commercialized. I say this because I observe gathering about him and undertaking to promote | him persons who have not the best in? terests of the country or of society at i heart. His life's efforts, pursuing, as i he has until now, when he is again a free man, a theory erroneous in princi-1 pie, should not be commercialized." Friends of Mr Debs said to-night he had been invited by the Russian Soviet government to visit Russia as its guest. ?. ?? U. S. Must Help Europe Keep Peace,Says Clarkson American Cry Raised Abroad for isolation ("ailed Harm? ful lo This ?Nation Grosv?nor Clarkson, head of the Na? tional Council of Defense and son of th? late Genera] Clarkson, a former Surveyor of Customs of the Port or Nfew York, arrived here yesterday from Southampton on the Cunarcl liner Car- I mania, after several months abroad. ! lie. said that there was a certain brand of 100 per cent Americanism rampant abroad as it is heve, that is doing America more harm in Europe than any other agency. "It is not only retarding world recov? ery and progress," said Mr. Clarkson, I "but it is keeping America from her I share of the fruits of world co-opera? tion. If wc ever needed to ?ram economic facts it is now. While we were decrying the League of .Nations we did not sec that we had entered a league the day Pershing reached Europe. "No nation can play the decisive part in the greatest adventure of history and then go home and shut its door in the world's face. The German problem, of course, consists largely of trying to keep the mule lame enough not to kick you and yet strong enough to pull the plow. It also consists in not letting the mule put something over on you. Hate will not solve il. F.ven-handed justice, free from false sentimentality for the ' Germans, could do so." I Japanese Regent Urges Co-operation for Peace Hirohito Fe'ie?tntea IM<*\ on ; Increasing Friendship With Treaty Powers TOKIO. Dec. 2fi (By The Associated | Press).?Grown Prince Hirohito, the regent, personally reading the speech ? from the throne at the opening of the Forty-fifth Diet to-day, expressed grat? ification in noting the increasing' friendship of the Japanese government with the different treaty powers and that the Washing-ton conference was approaching a successful conclusion. The regent exhorted the co-oper? ation of the Jananese people in the ! promotion of national prosperity and ! lasting peace in view of the added re- ; sponsibility of the nation with respect i to other nations. The session of the Diet was brief and j formal. Italian Papers Denounce Refusal of Sacro Retrial LONDON, Dec. 26, Italian news- ! papers condemn the refusal of Judge i Thayer, of Dedham, Mass., to grant a re-trial to Nicolo Saccoand Bartolomeo Vahzetti, who were convicted in his ! court las; summer of murder in the first degree, according to a dispatch to ? the Central News Agency to-day from I it- Rome correspondent. The dispatch j say-, the Rome newspapers predict a new agitation throughout Italy on their behalf. lU. S. Army Rule; Held Vital in Santo Domingo! Banditry Curbed, Sanitation Made Modern, Roudw Built and School? Opened, Say S emit e luve .tiirators - I i New Loan Recommended -,-. , IIarm Kegulatioit? Similar to Those Now in Effect With Cuba Are Advised From Th-; Tribune's Washington Bureau WASHINGTON, Dec. 26.?-A detailed picture of Santo Domingo under the rule of the American marine:- was drawn to-day in a .statement by Chair? man McCormlck of the Senate commit? tee investigating conditions in Hayti ! and Santo Domingo, in which the situa? tion was described im the best that country has known in modem history. Banditry and disorder have been rc pressed to a remarkable degree, town have been cleaned up, ports; huv?; been improved, roads built and a great num? ber of schools established. The staloment, which may be consid? ered as a preliminary report on the findings of the Senators in these isl? ands, where the American Administra? tion has been greatly criticized in re? cent months, deals also with the. finan? cial difficulties of the Dominican Re? public and recommends tariff provi sions similar to those in effect between the United States and Cuba. Withdrawal Hehl Impossible Senator McCormick's statement fol? lows: "Tho political leaders in the Domini? can Republic have rejected the condi? tions proposed for the withdrawal of the American forces as contained in the proclamation of the Military Governor last June, issued by the direction of the President of the United States. The population", under Cue advice of the lea lers, )>;. ; declined to take any steps to hold elections to constitute a Do? minican government which might nego? tiate the terms and arrange the condi? tion? of the withdrawal of the Ameri? can forces and terminate the military government constituted in Dominican territory by the forces of the United States. At the present time it; is im? possible to advise ;i substantial modifi? cation of the terms of the proclama? tion, regarded as necessary to assure civil order and peace within Dominican territory, the maintenance of its credit and the. discharge of its obligations. "With tho exception of the activities of some small scattered bands of high? waymen in the extreme eastern part o? the Dominican . territory, where ban? ditry has been chronic for a genera? tion, there has been for several years | such peace and order as is without ?precedent in the modern history of the country. Under the direction of th? | military government the towns have been made clean, their street.-: have been paved, the harbors and docks hav? been improved and schools have beet widely established. It ?nay be esti mated that there are four or fivo times as many scholars at present us then, were before the American regime. Revolutions Made Easy "The most important work inaug? urated under the American oceuna i tion, however, has not been compl?ter! to wit: A road from the north to th< south of the country. The country wa. almost roadless, prior to the America) administration. Its poverty, its sparst population and its frequent revolution: may be attributed in great part to th? utter lack of communication betweet the interior and the coast and be tween the northern and southern part: of the republic. "The ambitious--perhaps too ambi tious?-program of public works wa? undertaken by tho then military gov ernor at a time when in Santo Dom in "o, as in other countries about th? Caribbean basin exporting similai products, there was a great trade boon and increase in revenues. Since th. collapse in values and the depressioi of trade the revenues have suft'ere? grievously. It was recently found nee essary to issue a short term loan t< continue necessary public works. Thii loan is additional to a prior short tern loan made to satisfy the claims again?, the Dominican government incurred it violator! of the convention of 1907 witl the United States. The terms of thes< two loans, including the provision fo their amortization, are unusual am crushing. They exhaust ?o large a par of the revenues of the republic as F cripple its ordinary administration. New Loan Recommended "If it. be practicable to do so, tie members of the committee believe tha a new loan should be made, to funi the two loans last mentioned, to secur the sums necessary to finish the high way from the north to the south au? to enable the government to do th work necessary to pe.rmit the compld tion of a good road from Seibo am San Pedro de Macoris through Sant Domingo to the frontier. These road will afford regular, easy and economi means of communication and commerc hitherto not in existence, and will ac ns so effective and obvious a deterren to revolution that they will ?nable Dominican government to give, sue guaranties of stability and order a 'nay well justify the government of th United States in agreeing to a modi fication of the terms set forth in th proclamation of last June. "It may be noted, too, that at thi time of depression, when all classe of the population, merchants no los than planters and laborers, are suffei infr, the employment which would re suit from a loan would afford reli? much to bo desired. In th's cmnectio it may properly be suggested Wtat a part, of any agreement between tii Dominican Republic and the Unite Slates it would contribute vry great! to the prosperity and order of t! Dominican people, as well ?s to ti maintenance of the trad'tional goc relations between them and the Unit? States, to accord to the Dominica Republic the same tarit? conditions ? those which arc accorded to the Repu! lie of Cuba." The committee has not concluded i hearings on the Dominica.". Republic. Hayti-Domingo Society Assails Senate Repot Asserts Recommendation t Retain Troops Is Acceptant of The-ry of Imperialist The preliminary report of tuc Sena committee investigating conditions Hayti and Santo Domingo was u pounced in a statement issued yeste day by Cue Hayti-Santo Domingo Ind pendence Society as a' disgrace to ti United States, a frank acceptance the theory of imperialism in its wor cense and a justification of the Ja fiese policy in Manchuria and Easte Siberia. The policy outlined in the report, t statement adds, will do irreparat harm to the faith and good name the United States, especially in Lat America, and will make impossible a crious protest from our governme against the imperialism of other na? tions, "Tho report," according to th? so? ciety, "justifies and makes part of American public policy the overthrow by force of arm? of smnll and weak nations. It indorses the policy fol? lowed in Hayti of lining violence to impose upon a free people a treaty which they would never have ac of their own free will, which in fa milder form the Republic of Hayti - the lecond oldest republic in th? ?Ve*-. ern Hemisphere.-had repeatedly re? jected. It countenances the farce of a dummy President ??eld in place by Ame; ican bayonets, executing at sec? ond hand the will of the American military authorities. "On the morrow of a great war fought in the namp of self-deWrrna? tion of small peoples, at a time when Hie British government is at la** rec? ognizing the virtual independence of] Ireland the United States is placing itself on the side of world reaction, militai ism and of the doctrino thai might makes right. No decent or verkable relotions are pOj Bible '? Hayti and the United State- w ' < ti.<- abrogation of tho convention im ,.?.-?d u"on Hayti by force. United States should withdraw the m, ri?es i rom Hayti and restore Hay tian independence at once." Treaty Ratification I ikely To Be Put Off Until March indications Are Final Vote in Senate May Be De? layed Even Longer Than That hy Extended Debate From The Tribune's Washington Burea i WASHINGTON, Dec. 26.?Ratifica tion of the four-power treaty by the is not exnected before March and the d< laj n ay be even loi that. Indications to-day -Acre that the worl of the arms limitation conference will not be completed-until well along in j January. The President, according to present pians, will riot submit to the Senate the agreements arising from ' the conference until its work is ended and th e res ulls < ?" ? d s. Whole. Once the treaties or agreements are ?lubtritted. they will go to : ic - oi'Oign Relations Committee. While no formal j plans have been made, the expectation is the committee will hear Secretary Hughes, ?senators Lodge and unuer wood and perhaps Elihu Root, the American delegate. The hearings and the consideration | of the agreements will take some days. ; It will proha'iv will be ?February be? fore the four-power treaty and the ; otner a?ri.t., .. e e., ...':,, taken up for debiste by the Sonal . The possibility exist:-, indeed. Of long delay in committee based on !.. further possibility of the Derim,.., ;..nd Republicans who oppose trie tr.at* making up a majority of the corrr |?S but this is riot regarded a, probable^ Talk to d iv in Sena'.- rireln that the D?mocratie opposition to J? four-power treaty is steadilv devftaf ing. While this der i ,,? ,',?,.? endanger the trusty, ? ? ? . ! democrat i are in any i ?.?? rtt, it point of Senate speeche; and bate. In fact, the oj po talking of i.ppealin^ to t - eoaaJ? through an extended i ,?..; in the hop- that tro- ? :? j.:011 results duplicating wl . " . the League of Nati ? Fr' r '? ? '? ? ? anrp. b< nd thi p ibl I . ,rpri' position of the agn ut ig* so not only the possibility but Mt like i hood of ex - "r Not to be overlook-. relaii* Is the effect of a r SJ gle in the Senat" ovei the trtaty 7' si legislation ? ,' , * not v - laying the tariff bill, provided that bi'i ? upon. Ma?lri?l Subwa) Opened MADRID, Dec. ction < the subway ; n Atocha "'''" ?-' ' ?'? Qneea being pajjsengei 11; he r . ul " ?? . ? most of th ? t:tv a(1, will greatlj rclii - ?t, t raffic ALTHOUGH Oving ?ton's has come to be called "The Gift. Shop of Fifth Avenue'* through its years of ser? vice, its reputation is not confined to Fifth Avenue or to New York ?or to the United States or to this Continent. OVINGTON'S "TheGift Shop of 5th Ave' Fifth Avenue at 39th St. for-Men 'or VUorntn ^ A ^Announcement For All Our Shops zAn Unprete?itious Offer, Yet t/fn Unexampled Opportunity Beginning: today 21,856 Fairs o? Shoes are placed on eSa?e in all our shops at emphatic price reductions. ELEVEN SHOPS THROUGHOUT GREATER NEW YORK ANAN & SON ^MeanwMfy A request on ? postcard will bring you without charge a copy of the ? J What is your answer to this all-imnor? tant question ? There can be few in? fluences in shaping the character and mind of your bey or girl more potent than t_e school you choose. You will hnd the New York Tribune's Educa* tionaKiiuide o great help in choo?i_S aright. It appears regularly? on the last Sunday of every month. .^^ricTrikiieEducational Guide^