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First to Last?the Truth: New?. Edi? torials?Advertisements Uwnbcr of ti? Au<tlt Bureau of Circulation?. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 27. 1921 Omita by Ntw York Tribun* I_X. a >>'?* fork Corporation. rubl_h<_ (?ally. Or__ R'td. r?*' dort, G. Ter-ior l_|m?. Vj_-rit_dev.t: Holert Holers B*U. S__!*ry; R. E. _____ TT*_ur*r. l?in.13, Trlbiinr Buttdlntt. IS? Nassau Street. Nu* ?ork. Telephone, Beaktut? _00. KPRSCPIPTTON RATKS ?B? ma?. _e_d_i P _???.*. IX T??K r.MTKI> STATTS? On? S_ __ _y Stall. f. ?;c>a! ?. V?ar Months Month naU? ami Sunday .|1S.?9 J6.00 ?190 . -. wok, . < Dat. only . 19.?0 CM ._? ?lb-? ir,.fV. F.i\ 8__V ?i. . *? - - ?S ? ?* S_t#xj only. Canada. 6.00 3 ?5 ..15 FOBBXGN HAT?S Oatt *i_ Sunday. ?.? $!?.?? *?*?? I'aSl) only . IT.tO *.T0 MB toada/ o-J'jr . 9'J b-l. ?*? Entarfd at U_ _____ at N'av? Tcrk as Sawond _?_ Mal' Statt?.-. 6UARANTY Vou can tHK_i? _orth_HllM advcrtliM* In THE TfliBUNE *!<h absolu:? ?at_y--f?r II dluattafao t?o? result? In any _?? the TR:BI?NE ?uaran turn to pay your money hack .?pon r?ou_t. No r?d _im. No quibbling. W? make pood promptly If th'i ?tfroiilstr dots no!. MEMBKR OF TTir. ASSOCIATED rREf! S5w Aa?ocla_d Pteaa t? exc_sl_. _titl?d to C_ a_ ' r republloaUop of a' news d.la__3h_ ?netted to /< or not otborwb? credited In thui rster. tod also th? local U_T? of arentaueou? - ri_??i published ?irreln. AU right* of rep' MlcaUon of ?U other ?*?tt_ ba.P alto aro r_erT_L The Steal Box Abroad For some time disquietude has ex? isted in many quarters as to what sort of repute America is establish? ing abroad. Ground for anxiety on this score will scarcely be removed if the Steal Box is opened and its contents arc sold for publication. It is announced that the contents of the .teal Box are "the secret minutes of the Big Four and the Council of Ten?never before pub? lished, hitherto seen only by the Heads of governments and a few confidential advisers." Such minutes, of course, inti? mately involve the business of a large number of nations and the at? titude of their representatives tow? ard delicate controversial questions. Yet they have not, it would seem, been consulted concerning their pub? lication. Some one in America sees a chance to make money out of them and has been given access to the copy of our chief representative. Talk about war profiteering! Was there ever such a case! What will * mericans be able to say in defen? sive explanation when the storm of riticism breaks? Great Britain has a law which for? bids a public man after leaving of? fice using in a literary way docu? ments which come into his posses? sion while in office. In America there has been no similar prohibi? tive statute, for it has been assumed that no American public man would dream of such discourteous impro? priety, no matter what compensa? tion was offered to him. But there ibvious need for Congress to en? act a restraining law. Otherwise when an American delegate partici? pates in an international conference he may hi ar the gibe, "What do you expect te sell your copy of the c i - fidential minutes for?" Increasing Negro Migration Analysis of last year's census fig tires reveals throughout the Union a marked inclination of the negro pop? ulation to migrate from state to state. Thus, while in 1900 only 15.6 per cent and in 1910 only 16.6 per cent of the colored people were liv? ing in other than their native states, in 1920 the percentage rose to 19.0. There has been so much 1 ilk at in F rvals for many years about negro migrath n from the South, because of the political end social discrim? ination against the race, that it might be supposed that the move? ment was chiefly to tip- North. It is true that there has in the last decen nium been a considerable migration J-rjni the South to the North. But much more marked has been the migration along lines of latitude, from East to West, or West to East. New York, of all important states, shows one of the least changes, the percentages of negroes born here who have gone to other states to live having been 18.3 in 1900, 19.2 in 1910 and 19.S in 1920. New Jersey shows a greater increase, the per? centages for the three years being, respectively, 16.9, 18.3 and 20.G. In the Middle West the migration and its increase are both much larger, the figurer, for Ohio being 19.8, 22.2 and 24.4 and for Indiana, 21.9, 27.5 and 32.5. Even those record? are far surpassed by Kansas, with per? centages of 26.7, 82.1 and 28,9. He- j numbering the war which was' waged to make Kansas a free state, j there is a touch of irony in the fact i that considerably more than one-i third of the negroes born in that state have gone out of it to live. The actual migration from South- \ ern btates is doubtless larger than from Northern states, but the ratio j of it to the whole negro population ' is generally much less. Virginia, .Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee j ?how figures similar to those of their neighbors at the North. But from I North Carolina the migration is ! actually decreasing, the percentage j of negroes born there, but removed,; having been 18.6 in 1900. 17.7 in 1910 and 18.5 in 1920. In South Carolina the figures under the three contuse:* were 12.9, M.2 and 16.7, ? and in Georgia they were similar, bat a little ?ess, in each year. From Louisiana and Texas the migration ! is large, though the actual percent? ages are still small. The percentage of native "negroes who had migrated! from Louisiana was only 8.2 in 1900, ' 11.5 in 1910 and 15.4 in 1020; and in Texaa the figures were, respec? tively, 4.5,9.3 and 10.(5. The colored people form one of the most restless and migratory ele? ments of our national population. But this trait cannot be considered ! a traditional and inherent character ; istic, but rather is the result of ox i traneous circumstances. Migration ! of a certain hind is. of course, neces? sary, desirable and profitable, such las that from the Atlantic states : which settled and developed the i West. Hut migration in order to | make permanent settlement, in an 1 ether state is very different from I that which is just a restless drifting i about from state to state. Workers soi the Workers If actual workers were willing to join the new Workers' Parly its he ? ginnings might be significant. But i actual workers arc not for soviet. \ government. Even in Russia the ' Soviet loaders are not workers. Not only are their hands white, but with few exceptions they have no profes | sion or technical experience. They ! ere agitators and pamphleteers who i have seldom clone a day's work of i any kind. Parasites of labor, they ; lived on the proceeds of the passed hat until a tyne when they could ? put their harms into the public : treasury. In the United States workers, like : other healthy Americans, are Demo ? crats or Republicans or Socialists, ; or even Socialist-Laborites. They ! have as many different political be? liefs as have other people. To-day, when the Soviet govern? ment has succeeded only in reducing ! Russia to wretchedness and anarchy, workers refuse to take any interest. ! in revolution as a remedy for social ; conditions. Be'ng workers they i want work and plenty of it. And they know they are far more likely to get. work under our form of gov ! ernment than they are under such ? a rule as has been established by | Trotzky and L?nine. Outside Looking In Long, lean years have led the boys in Tammany Hall to take up their belts and hope hard for the future. Even when they elected a mayor in 1917 other sources of patronage fell into the hands of the opposition. There were never more than a quar? ter enough jobs to go round. This year the organization had a clean sweep. And for weeks now hungry but expectant glances have been fixed on the windows of the ? City Hall that look out on the spot ! where George Washington stood ! many years ago and spoke to an ! other hungry and expectant but far , more stoic army. The first few weeks of the second ten . are not going to be weeks of unalloyed happiness for the Mayor re-elect. Charlie Murphy has a list that i. three or four times as long as the list of possible appointments j that lies on Mr. Hylan's desk. The ? district leaders are getting insistent. | Good, faithful party workers are de [ manding deputyships and clerkships land stenographerships and janitor i ships in no uncertain voices. If j they don't get them there will be j trouble. Then, too, there is Mr. Hearst. He j got James Donegan into the City ; Clerk's offices, but Donegan can't put I the whole Independence League on the pay roll, and Ar. Hearst is growing weary of supporting it. He is sure to have a few words to say about jobs before he issues that an ; nual invitation to Palm Beach. Success has its rewards, but it : also has its anxieties, and respon ? sibility for providing bread and but ; ter and creature comforts for men : who have been practically' starved ; for eight or ten years is not the least ! of thorn. A Near-Sighted Reformer ', The Rev. O. R. Miller, of Albany, is a clergyman and a reformer- Also he is superintendent of the New I York Civic League, an organization which is supported by people who believe that its purpose is to purify the state legislator. Such being the case, the following utterance, quoted from "The Times," concerning Senator Lusk by Mr. Miller is noteworthy: "Aftor the expenses of that ban? quet (tho banquet of the police, de-j tectives seeking: special legislation S in Albany) had been paid there was j still about $1.100 left. The detec- ' tives naturally thought that the' money could not be put to any more appropriate use than to buy a fine i pr?sent for Senator Lusk. Hence they used the remaining profit from j the banquet to buy a fine cet of ! silverware for Senator and Mrs.! Lusk, which cost about $1,100. it! was presented to them the day after I the banquet. That is the whole story. ' Ko detective contributed a cent to this present, and it ahojhl be re racmbered that none of them profited from the bill, for it was vetoed by Mayor Hylan long before the. ban-1 ijuet." Here we have a justification of' the giving of gifts to a legislator I by parties having special interests! before legislatures. The gift is fur- ! Iher justified because the bill for! which the Senator had presumably toiled did not happen to succeed. This method of reasoning would I make perfectly proper any present! to a public official if the official ! didn't happen to deliver the goods, j The Rev. O. R. Miller may be a I very well meaning person, but he is too near-sighted morally to exert an uplifting influence on the Legisla? ture, His code is one more rigor? ously observed in Tammany Hall than in religious and reform circles. Flexible Tariffs i Senator Smoot has introduced a bill to carry into effect President Harding's flexible tariff suggestion.. Representative Longworth, one of the most influential members of the | House Ways and Means Committee, j also has spoken in favor of the flexibility idea. Opposition to the President's theory has been shown by protectionists of the more rigid type and, not unnaturally, by Demo? cratic newspapers, which, not belicv I ing in protection, would regret to I see its methods of application ini ! proved and modernized. It is : argued, for example, that adjustable . iat.es would keep industry in a state of unrest, because the manufacturer ! always must plan far ahead. Hut | this theory assumes that changes will be made arbitrarily and with 1 the purpose of upsetting rather than preserving tarifl' balances. The aim of the advocates of tux ?ble rates is, on the contrary, to counteract the effects of rapidly shifting conditions ; cd' production abroad, which chal ! long? stability here. A flexible rate ! is from this point of view a safe ; guard to the domestic manufacturer ' and consumer against both under protection and overprotection. Mr. Longworth sees what Mr. i Fordney and others have been un? willing to see?that, tariff making is no longer the simple problem it was a few decades ago. He says: "Hitherto we have always been a debtor nation. To-day we are a ! creditor nation. A tariff which would amount to prohibition of im? portation would work great damage not only abroad but here." We don't want a prohibitive tariff j or an insufficiently protective tariff. | Any tariff written while world j trade and production are as unset? tled as they are to-day would be merely provisional in character. It might become obsolete within a year. But it takes Congress many months to enact new tariff laws. With ? some revisionary power confided to I the Executive Department the necessary adjustments can be made as conditions alter. The rigid yard stick soon begins to measure wrong. Convenience and equaliza? tion therefore demand an elastic yardstick. Those who want to cling to the old yardstick seem un? able to realize the vast changes in economic relations, American as well as foreign, which were brought about by the war. Bloaters, and Bioaters ! j Lovers of sea food?which ought \ to form a more important part of j New York's dietary than it does? | will regard with gratitude and hope ; the action of the Federal govern? ment in suppressing the practice of "bloating" scallops. This action is taken on the ground that the bloat? ing process is a form of adultera- i tion, as of course it is. It is as j i truly adulteration to expand a ! scallop with an abnormal quantity : of water as it is to increase the j quantity of milk b: '*->e same ' j process. Whether the bloating impairs the j wholcsomeness of the shellfish for I ; food may be an open question, ; j though probably to be answered in j the affirmative. Certain it is, how? ever, that the process goes far to ! ward ruining the flavor of the scal i lop and its attractiveness to the ! taste of any one who knows what | good food is. In its natural estate I i the scallop is firm and crisp, de ! liciously sweet and toothsome. '. Bloated with fresh water, it may please the uneducated eye by its ! size, and of course increase the ! profits of the marketman ; but?as ? I the word implies?it is a soft, effcm- ; j inate, slushy thing, devoid of flavor, : ; and needing to be doctored and dis- : , ? ; guised with tomatoes and tabasco iand what not to make it swallow-' able. i The Yarmouth bloater is justly i much esteemed. But its bloating [ has nothing in "common with the vile j practice to which scallops and oysters have been subjected. In : fact, it is the very opposite of it. The "bloating" of herring or mack? erel or salmon or sturgeon in good wood smoko is a commendable j method of preserving the food with- ! out impairing its flavor, if indeed ; it docs not add to its piquancy. The ; "bloating" of shellfish by soaking ' them in fresh water until they be- ? come dropsical is a sordid device for ! filling the purse by defrauding the j palate. The Alimony Club Ludlow Street jail is our only I debtors' prison. The condition pro- '. c?dent to incarceration there is to get [ into contempt by refusing te pay : one's debts when ordered to pay; them by the court. This happens most often to those whose debts con- I sist of unpaid alimony accounts. Sheriff Knctt on leaving his office advocates the abolition of this sys- ! tern, as a relic of a semi-barbarous j past. Possibly he is right. Yet at \ present, there appears to be no way i in which the support of an aban- ? doned or otherwise divorced and de- i pendent wife can be assured. Few : husbands like to pay alimony. None ' of them pay it cheerfully. Many of them will not, pay it at all if they can help it. Yet for the preservation of marital responsibilities it. is necessary that j some penalty must be imposed upon ! those who violate them. Locked up, the recreant husband Is more quickly j brought to a realization of bis obli- ! g?tions. There is no place like jail ! for reflection. If Sheriff Knott. will suggest some j substitute for this old fashioned way of collecting alimony wo shall be for it. As mailers stand, the present! method seems the only way. Who Are the Conspirers? A letter from Jehu Crosby j Brown, a gentleman of standing,! written to The Tribune criticizing its comment on the Tumulty-Wilson book, says: "I recall n recen? editorial wherein it was graciously stated tlint no doul.it the Tumulty articles were in? spired by 'a more eminent author than appeared in print.' The actual fact (learned within a week from a cluse intimate of the ex President, who recently visited him) is that the ex-President, who is physically unable to read the papers, ?a as yet completely unaware of the existence of these articles." As i.o the origin of the Tumulty i articles, it. has been noted that, with- j out the use of quotation marks, i in many instances the language is ' identical with that appearing in the book of Mr. Creel, another intimate ? of the ex-President. It also has : been noted that the identity is so | close that even gross mistakes arel repeated. If there, was not a com- j mon inspiration how- did such paral- , lei ism occur? But more interesting is Mr. Crosby's statement, that the ex- ? President "is as yet. completely un- | aware of the existence of these [the Tumulty] articles"?that an un? named friend of the. ex-President recently discovered this when he ! visited him. If this is so, why did not the friend mention the facts to the ex-President? If the ex-Presi? dent is the victim of a conspiracy, I if those who are close, to him are making money at the expense of his fame, why did his caller, as it is to be gathered, not intervene to pro- , tect him or at least to warn him? '. If the ex-President's condition per- j mitted talk on other matters it j surely did on this one of \ .tal con- I cern to him. If the Tumulty articles- are un- j authorized or untruthful, is there | not some one in the ex-President's confidence willing to speak publicly in his behalf? Yet not a syllable of open repudiation has come. There is no report ?hat Mr. Tum? ulty has been shown the door. Thus ? there are difficulties about accept- ! ing this disclaimer that Mr. Brown ? submits. But if, as his words sug- ' gest, there is a conspiracy why does j he not busy himself breaking it up? History in Newspapers To the Editor o? The Tribune. Sir: 1 read with interest in a recent Tribune the article by the late Henry j Watterson on journalism. He uttered j a wholesome truth when he said: "The newspaper is the history of yes- ; terday." When future histories shall be com-' piled for the instruction of Americans i their authors should be able to lind much appropriate matter in the news? papers of the peripd, the substance of which could be transferred to their own j pages. Short biographies of our great men,; both past and present, could be pub-j lished in the press. Extracts from their writings and speeches also ; would be beneficial, and no doubt I highly appreciated by the reading j public, which is ever looking for that j which is substantial. 0. W. WEBSTER. Ithaca, N. Y., Dec. 24, 1921. Prohibition a Success To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: 1 read with interest articles on ' prohibition in both magazines and newspapers, and note that seemingly many are influenced to think that pro- ! kibition is failing. I wish to suggest that most of the noise on the failure of prohibition comes either from interest? ed financial sources, from weaklings or from evil minded. T believe that the j abuse of liquor in the last three years,' although marked, is nothing to what we would have seen in the same period o? reaction from the war in the ease of i no restriction on the consumption of! liquor. I think that all such powerful! instruments as The New York Trio- : une should "lend wholehearted aid to the suggestion that prohibition is a success, a necessity and a decided ad- j vanee. W.U. .M. Santa Fe, Isle of Fines, W. I., Dec! 17, 1921. The Knot Agtiin To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Referring to the knotty problem ; that your correspondents have beer, discussing, if those who insist that ? the word "knot" is never used as a measure of length will refer to "Traut-i wine" they will find under measures of j length nautical mile, geographical mile,: sea mile and knot given as equiva? lent terms and defined as 6,080.27 feet, according to the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. They will find the British Admiralty knot, given as, 6,080 feet. !;' they will turn to William McFce's "Captain Macedoine's Daughter," page 23, they will read Ike words of the ! chief engineer, "If wo dropped a knot below our customary two hundred a day" manifestly a reference to dis? tance traveled, not miles an hour. And McFee is a practical man of the yea as well as an author. It would Bcem that the case for "knot" as a measure of length is proved. GEORGE Y. PAYZANT. i Isle of Pine-, \V. I., Doc. l.r>, 1921. J he I owcr The Taller (Apologia? t<> Waller <ir la Mate scarcely needed!) "Does anybody know," said the Tatler, As she nibbled at the peacock pie, "That that girl was out in the sunken garden When the Hunter's moon waa high? She never, never knew there were listeners Who caught every word that she said, * And somebody saw when the tall dark youth Bent over to kiss her head. "Moreover, I am told," she con? tinued. "By authorities who quite agree, That when his big motor surged back to town The village clock struck three. I suppose I am very old-fashioned, But my poor brain absolutely whirls, i And 1 feel in my deep heart a ! strangeness At the ways of these modern girls!" Anchusa. Tn the pre-Vitus Wildcat Marsden rlays, or, to bo exact, on January 1. L668, there were crap shooters, too. And Mr. Pepys himself went, "to see how the dice will run good luck in one hand, for half an hour together, and another have no good luck at all: to see two or three gentlemen come in there drunk, and putting their stock of gold together, one twenty-two pieces, the second four, and the tiiird five pieces; and these to play one with another, and forget how much each of them brought, but he that, brought the twen? ty-two thinks that he brought no more than the rest: to see the different humors of gamesters to change their iuck, when it is bad, how ceremonious they are as to call for new dice, to shift their places, to alter their man? ner of throwing, and that with great industry, as if there was anything in it: . . to hear their cursing and damning to no purpose, as one man being to throw a seven if he could and, failing to do it after great many throws, cried he would be damned if ever he flung seven more while he lived, his despair of throwing it being so great, while others did it as their luck served almost every throw: . . . and he offered me also to lend me ten pieces to venture; but I did refuse, and so went away." - THE DIARY OF OUR OWN SAMUEL PEPYS December 26?Up, and read a while in Mr. Pepys's diary, and resolved I would better imitate some of his strengths rather than his weaknesses, i C. Ball the printer come to my desk | saying, Hurry, which I did, but not j enough to gladden him. Certainly the bronchial and thoracicj conditions of first nighters in New York is growing to be of equal inter- ? est with the play itself. Theaters | should add spray rooms. And a review might end, "The rest of the cast was \ adequate. Mr. Percy Hammond's trachea ? gave him some trouble. Mr. Louis V.I De Foe passed a comfortable night." ; From a Great Neck Shaver Friend Frank (.as 1 have come to think of you): Here is one I fixed up I i while they was fixing me up in thei Pennsylvania and maybe Art Samuels j would like to put a tune to it and we could call it the Clean Rag: You will see your barber wash his! hands with germicidal soap; You will see him take a sterilized brush ! from a sanitary envelope; You will sec him use a special anti- ? septic shaving cream; You will see him boil his razor blade till the tortured vermin scream; You will see hiin ?raw from its chaste sheath a pure, unsullied comb; You will see him wield a towel on which no coot would feel at home; You will see why clean, bug-fearing men from miles around have swarmed Into the Terminal Barber Shops, where the Promise is Performed. Gt. Neck, N. Y. RING W. LARDNER. Samuel Weiler, whose ideal it was to practice jollity under the most dis? advantageous and depressing circum? stances. . . .?The Sun. Oh, well, who reads Dickens nowa-: days'.' Ki.mor. and the Human Race "1 abhor wai," says Deb?. "You're not meant to be cannon fodder." "Ten years in the penitentiary," says the Human Race. "I shall teach all our children that the earth is fiat," says Voliva. "Ha,; ha!" says the Human Race. A. S. B. _ I The Column Conductors' Union is I proud that Dobs's first words were a greeting to Frank L. Stanton, the vet.-: eran turretoer of The Atlanta Con- ! stitulion, hundreds of whose poems ' Debs had been clipping; but the Poetry Society feels that a slight has been put: upon Edgar A. Guest, who leads the I Optimists' Union, Pollyanna Local No. 4. There is, to us at least, one new! thing in "The Married Woman." Mr. Norman Trevor and the other players, pronounce "tenets" "teenets." No die-1 tionary in this office permits anything I but the short "e." An Old Scrooge of our acquaintance' says of Christmas gifts that a fair exchange is virtually impossible. As most professional feasters dis-' covered, Christmas comes but twice a . year. The Virility of December [Front the Franklin (Mass.) Sentinel] A number cf golf enthusiasts were out on the litika on Sunday, the delightful December day beins too strong to bo resisted. t'p to n late hour last night, four-? teen elderly contribs had offered wheezes based on Flapperism and the j Freedom of Debs. Still, the eight-column streamer in yesterday's Call indicated that Mr. Debs bus Seen, as the National Se? curity League .might say, the Light. "Debs. Free," yelled the Call, "Goes to Capital." F. P. A. WAITING TO CATCH HIM IN A GOOD NATURED MOOD Copyright, 1921, ,v> v Vork Tribune (no Germany's Italian Plot Political as Well as Economic Domination b\) Berlin to Follow Germanization of Italy's Industries As an example of German commercial] intrigue ainee the ?car Senator Freulinghuy : ' ?', in a rrc-nt speech in the Senate, quoted from the "idea Nationale" a re? markable letter written bji the German commercial attache at Some to ZiJ.s gov crnment. The letter, in part, follows: German Embassy at Rome, Xo. 1784, General Private. Rome, -May 25, 1921. To the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Berlin : In reply to the invitation coni ::i the circular of May 13 to all com? mercial attach?s to report to your ministry as to the situation and our activity and our commercial develop? ment abroad, I have the honor to report as follows: The figures of German commerce in Italy show that after the armistice our trader;; were not inactive in recon? quering the Italian market compared with France, England and the United States and maintaining our supremacy, but that does not mean that we have reached the state of your circulars of August 20, 1920, and August 29, 1920. Fomenting Discontent In order that we may create for ourselves a favorable political situa? tion, taking advantage of the malcon? tent of the Italian people, and espe? cially of the Nationalist and Xittian parties against the powers of the En? tente, a political situation which might in due course be favorable to us when Germany should be faced by fresh. complications, it is necessary to strengthen this discontent in order to consolidate our situation through eco? nomic action. To this end the point at which we have arrived is only a quarter of the way. We must create such economic interests and bonds with Italy that whatever happens Italy will have to follow our political had. First of all, it is necessary that a systematic supply of German goods be sent here, even below cost price to a considerable extent, inundating the Italian market with German goods, we will not only have a place sympathetic to Germany, because, as many of our agents and commercial representatives have verified, Italian consumers gladly accept cheap articles, but we will also create a situation for Italian industry which will render any continuation oE activity impossible. This without doubt will cause such a crisis that, besides keeping Italy in constant agitation, will enable us io become the sole masters of the peninsular trade, the more so as, from our information as to French activity in Italy, it appears that the French fear the outbreak of a revolu? tion here which might cause them similar losses to those suffered in Rus? sia. The inclosed ccpy of a report by Sit Capel Cure, British commercial attach?, proves that tho British, too, fear the unstable nature of the soci:.! situa'. ?: in Italy. Further, such situation would enabh us, to purchase the Italian industrie; at a very low rate, which would be th< key of the situation, since it would als* allow us to control trade between Itah ami the Balkans in such a way that Italy would not compete with us foi those markets. (See circular Octobei 30, 1920, regarding Halo-Jugo-Sla. treaty.) This, of course, will happen a. soon as Italy i.-> force-.', to close down. We have before us a varied field ol development in Italian industry viz trade in rubber. Fiat, Spa, besides al the tire factories and motor car engin? factories, which are already in a slat? L of acute crisis on account of,the huge German stocks of these lines sent to Italy. The [Fiat] transaction is on the way to completion, and Messrs. Cavallini, Brunicardi, Trombetti and Dante are j backing it, to whom the Siemens will j pay a percentage of 4% per cent, as was ? decided at the meeting held in this em- ; bassy in September last. The;! we have I the dyeing trade in Italy, which, though in :t precarious si ate of di holds the pron if an as _u ture, it is, however, necessary that,: in order to follow out in this branch, too, the method of peaceful destruction advised by me, the Italian government should take precautions to prevent; the import of coloring matters from abroad, as otherwise it is certain that the Italian industry, which it appears to rae is seeking American capital to support it, might assume a more solid position in the peninsula, a position which it would be more difficult to de- ! stroy. I have had a promise from the Itai ian cotton spinners of the possibility of action on their part against possi? ble provisions of the .alian govern- ; ment. As authorized by you, for my part I have promised that any such ac? tion will be compensated by the dis? patch of textile machines from Ger? many at very low prices. Then, we have at our disposal the Italian wealth of lignite. The Italians i do not know how to get the. most, out ' of this, and almost treat it as a thing : of little value. On the contrary, it is a matter of 300,000,000 tons, of which, as I have already reported (sub. n. 178 ND), only 3.000,000 tons per annum are used, while 115,000.000 tons per year could be got, as the deposits are estimated to be more than 35 meters deep. The Consortium of Chemical i ucts of Rerun, the Deutsche Bank and the Discount Gesellschaft are already in treaty with various Italian group Rules for Guidance As will be seen from this exp ; ?? tion. there is much to do in Italy, but | action must be guided by the following lilies, ?n order to avoid clashing with Palian susceptibility: 1. The Deutsche Italieniscl should be able to continue to bring its j influence to bi ?_\ Instructions must be given to the Deutsche Italienische Vereinig its bulletins shall be i attention to ih.e lack of Italian prod cuts in Italy, the damage r< ulting from such lack and the attemp economic penetration on the part ' of ! foreign countries. Such criteria must also inspire the newspaper cam of said organization. 2. The setting up in Milan, too, of an in format ion office a:, the cc general for G rn my, with the aim of follow ing the : ; r ni 'V m :nt in north ' Italy and to report to Germ n lation to these movements the sity to send German nn products in order to increase tht ".. A . to fuel, it is ne. after I he refusal < E 1 ' ? our offer to collaborate in the de\ nient of the lignite mine3 and for the supply of the market with fuel faciliti of German property, which ? ; so sequestrated, our : With respectful regard.-. STROHEKER, The Commercial Councilor. More Truth Than Poetry By James J. Montague The Man of Life Upright A. ft et The man of life upright Who knows not how t<> shirk, And . ehief deli In unremitting v. Who - th; ' quit Before it's quitting time D elib e ra t e 1 y c o : a m i t An economic crime. That ma Dese And tl vVil But I . Th . .... ha?, The world its head will shake And say "The guy's a sap!" The man who is not lax Though rough may be his vola, Who paj s hi ;ax Wit ;i gladness in his soul, Who cares not for hirr Who serves not selfish ends, And freely lends his pelf To all his needy friends. That man might hope to find 'Mid rude and warring men A tranquil p< ace i Bej ond But; let's t:i?', common .sense. For since the w "-.?'?.?l began There's been nee Of any sut '. a man. Curious Zoological Metamorpho? sis More ?ggs have been ? id in ( hi cago than have been laid in the c>;'-:t try. The hens, apparently, havs turned bears. Verbal Change It is not right of self-deter?n'.na? tion but of self-exterminationt that tiie Irish die-hards appear to desire. No Use Re iolutions of thrift are promptly you look at the post-' 'hristma - mail. (Co ? ?? Fifty-three Pay Days ; I Sir: lia. md ln pa . I that 1 ear ifty-three pay days? Some s ;i por? tion of their wag and the bal .::.".' .. tl end of each quarter oi thirteen weeks, They should be care ent in n a year of ?. cry fiv? or si;.; year I927, 1932, 19'.-. L944, 194! '-'?', 1972, etc. Brook . . ?'??-! T. Congress (Pro tfal/'Wa Evening i'dgrr) ' the Washington ? ? ? tudy the ?? gress, and t that t ey will learn ' advantage. i ; . vilegi of all democracies ? fun at their re? : sa i reperi sentativea pi de . ai . openings . i> it, ncverthe [, the Congr? of the United : i imposing body. It stands if the will of a pe( - iv? endured at least enough to justify self-government and to promise improvement. International Clinics i i t -ago Vaiiy Ji - ?>) Spain ? ?.!?? their v.-.Hi to or Washington and have it treated.