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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, December 31, 1921, Image 1

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First to Last?the Truth: News? Editorials?Advertisements
Vol. LXXXI No. 27,439
(?'?ip.vrlKlii. 1021.
New York Trllnm? Inc.)
** * * *
rnnetfled antl warmer to-day, fotto**red
by rain or snow; partly cloudy
and cofder to-morrow; wind?
shifting to northwest rule
I oil Report ?i> Lftfrt P< I '*?
In (?reater Now TorV
Within 201 Miles I fcleeww??
One Killed,
19 Hurt, as V
Trains Crash
Rescuer? Use Axes to Free
Passengers Pinned by
Debris of WoodenCoach
in Ninth Ave. Collision
SOU Led to Safety:
! Fire Peril Averted
panyReceive Minor Hurls
?n Panic as Cars Stalled
Near tOtb St. Are Hit
n-.-r person was. killed and nineteen
?ere injured in a rear-end collision of
louthbound trains en the Ninth Avenne
jlerated rond between Fortieth and
Forty-second streets ju?t after 7
o'clock last night.
One of the train.-, both of which wer?
?f four cars, had reached Fortieth
Stree:, when its ?noter stalled. Motor
man Vat rick Garvigan ran back to
investigate the cause and was about.
to return **r*ben the following train, in
chair? of Motorman Anthony Ala
brai'is tore into !he rear coach of
t'.o stationary train at .? .speed of
eighteen miles an hour.
The forward car oc the moving train
?was of wood. H telescoped and pinned
thirty men and women passengers
?mid a mass or splintered debris. The
rear car of the standing train was of
steel. It was hoisted on end by the
force of the collision, but remained in
Passengers Hurl in Rush
Passengers In both fains were
thrown from their -'eats and many suf
Med injurvin the wild scramble for
Bits. A short circuit1 sent blue flames
twenty feet in the air and for a few
minutes danger of a disastrous live
mpeared imminent. Quick work i?
?mmunication with the power depart
I ? resulted in cutting: oft' electric
e'jrrent before the shattered wooden
gjsches ignited.
There -.vete 500 passengers m the
eight cars. Virtually all o?' those in
the forward car of tlio moving train
Srerc injured. One man, an Italian.
}pe police believe, was pinned under
jammed seats. lie died before being
i.'- a'tcd.
Traffic o? Line Tied Up
Traffic on tin* Ninth Avenuo line was
?jkapended following 'he wreck Trains
c?iitaining thousands of passengers
vere stalled from Porty-second Street
1j South Ferry. Ten minutes after the
cfash orders were issued to stop trains
proceeding north and south.
During the rescue work of fire and
squads many ''musands congre
ted en Ninth Avenue. Police reser-r?s
experienced difficulty in keeping streets
?floared for ambulances. Fire ladders
.???,.; elevated against the "L" struc
i'. ' for more than a block, and many
fassengers were assisted to the street
bv their use.
Mayer Hylan, after viewing the
'?:."?!;. aid:
"Responsibility for this wreck rests
?it1: the Intcrborough Rapid 'transit
Company. I :' they had not used old
wooden cars the injuries would have
ken hnpos iMe."
Leroy 1. Harkness, transit commis
?Honer, refused to make a statement.
When asked for au expression as*to
EWponsibiJity for the accident he said
'?? ?"?? would be time enough when h?
had been given an opportunity to in?
vestigate it.
An hour after the collision Mayor
| ???? ; id Commissioner Harkness
?"'* : to coi fer? neo with Robert Ridg
Wy. chief engineer of the commission.
Harry \\ Lat? ; . ? ngine?r of equipment
a''d operation of the Transit Commis
.??ral inspectors reported
tl Mayor and conferees during the
Women Spectator?? Faint
Traffic was not resumed on north?
bound tracks until 10 o'clock. By that
time wrecking crews had tossed the
Week debris into Ninth Avenue, whence
it was removed by motor trucks.
A curious feature of the excitement
attending rescue work was a panic in
apartment houses on both sides of
Ninth Avenue, tenants of which viewed
the wreck from their windows. Sev
i Continued on gas? three)
Firr Drives 200 Hotel
Guests Into Streets
Smoke From Burning oakery
Causes Many to Flee From
BetlH in Scanty Attire
A ;,re which destroyed a one-story
Wkery in the rear of 4 Union Square
at an early hour this morning drove
War?r two hundred guests of two
?Ot*;a situated near the bakery to the
"Hit bjaze was discovered bv Peter
?urns, twenty years old, of 401 Fast
inirteenth Street, who turned in an
alarm. Before the arrival of Engine
yompany 14 smoke from the burnimr
?wilding began to pour into the Hotel
J*cleaV, at 102-104 East Fourteenth
street. The night clerk notified tho
??nager, M. m. Stockton, who, going
othc Switchboard, aroused each of his
'???'pests. There was some confusion
?s the men, women and children in the
?-j , ft t,len' rooms in scanty attire
and hurried to the street.
hmoke also entered the New York
?athskeller, which is located at 100 East
'owrteentn Street, and the seventv-five
5? V'1 the p,aec Icft ihe building in
*n orderly manner. All returned to
wir rooms after the blaze had been
^wngnished. The cause of the fire is
Egyptian Troops Fir?
On Mobs During Rioting
*'v? Reported Slain and Fifteen
Wounded in Outbreak
at Fis-na
t'AlRo. Dec. 30 (By The Associated
j/**sJ---During rioting at K.
^yptian troops were compelled to lire
? the mobs. It is reported that five
Pmone were killed and fifteen
?J*id Zagloul Pasha, Nationalist
r?*~?r' and his five followers, who were
-?rested at Cairo last Friday, sailed
. ?*? Suez for Ceylon last night.
Day Resorts to Injunctions to
Keep Broadway Dry To-night
Gels? U. S. Court Order
Against Shttiiley's; Plants'|
! 55 Raiders at Choice Ta?
bles in White Light Cafes
Cold and dry?extra dry, 33i fact
was State Prohibition Director Ralph
| A. Day's prediction yesterday for New
; Year's Eve on Broadway. Not only
!that thoroughfare but every street in
the city frequented by holiday-makers
on the ex-festival of New Year's Eve
?is to be as dry as enforcement agesits
and injunctions can-make it, accord?
ing to Mr. Day.
The injunction adjunct to his Forces
was invoked by Mr. Hay yesterday.
: He obtained a temporary injunction
from Judge A. N. Hand of the United
: States District. Court to restrain the
I management of Shanley's Restaurant,
j 117 West Forty-second Street, from
! selling liquor.
Application for the injunction was
! made under the "common public nuis
I anco" section of the Volstead act. Not
; 033ly is the offender liable to the usual
penalty for infraction of the law, but
under tliis section his place of busi?
ness may bo closed for a year, and in
defying the order of the court he is
guilty of contempt of court, for which
; an additional penalty may he inflicicd.
? It is Mr. Day's intention to resort
; freely to the use of injunctions in his
. campaign against Now Year's Eve
liquor, and he intends, regardless o?
i the conduct of the defendants on that
holiday, to prosecute the proceedings
to??he end and urge that the injunc
i tiens be made permanent.
Besides the injunctions, he will have
; 155 enforcement agents abroad New
: Year's Eve. Many of them, he ?aid
Il??-'-'- I ?
Good Liquor Scarce;
11 Dead Here So Far
from ?'/i? T>-ibunc.'.-i Washington Bureau
harr made if- extremely hard to
get good liquor in New York,"
said James E." Jones, acting Pro?
hibition Conwiissionei', to-day,
"Ninety-eight per cent of the stuff
co)iH;<enicd there never saw the
??side of a bonded warcjwitse.
New Year's Eve should be the
dry est ever ?notvn to the metrop?
Three new dead from wood alcohol
were reported yesterday, making
eleven so far in the holiday total.
In hospitals sixty-three victims of
alcohol were in various stages of ill?
ness. Forty-nine of these wore in
Deaths reported yesterday were
William Doo'.ey, fourteen years old,
of 822 West Twenty-sixth Street;
William J. Samuels, forty-three years
old. a waiter, of *.iOl Second Avenue,
and Mrs. Madalinc Newbig, seventy
years old, 32 West End Avenue.
already have engaged tables for that
evening at cafes which are popular
with New Year's parties,
"New Year's Eve," said Director
Day. "will be bone dry if such is
possible with the present force of pro?
hibition agents. Nothing if. to bo over?
looked. Broadway and Fifth Avenue
will be watched and treated the same'
as Second, Third, Ninth or Tenth ave?
nue. The agents will.be on duty all
day and all night. Men will be sta?
tioned in restaurants and other places
to watch for violations. Many of the
agents have already reserved tables in
(Continu??! en pwj? thru?)
2 Chinese Slain;
White Wife of
One Missing
Orientals Found Harked to
Death Wifh Cleaver in
West Side Rooms Where
irir! Often Was a Visitor
HusbamlBelie ved Wealthy
Callers inAuto FrequenLand
He Knew of Drug Raids;
Women's Names in Book ?
Through the investigations of an
officer'' of the Chinese-American f.iti
7-T.K^fAHiance the police learned last
night of a double murder in a small
apartment oh the second floor of a
hoarding house at 136 Wfctt Twenty
eighth Street, where Horn Shew, an
Americanized Chinese of mystery, made
; his home.
; The condition of the two bodies, that
i of Horn Shew and a Chinese weighing
nearly 200 pounds and identified as
Tcm Sat, would indicate that death
: had occurred at least three days ago.
Horn Shew's last appearance in Twen?
ty-eighth Street, according to friends,
was on Pccestiber 4.
The two men were killed a3id their
bodies hacked with a cleaver, which
. has not been found. Sat also was
! stabbed with a knife fonnd in the
: kitchen. The police are looking for a
r.ineteen-year-old white girl of beauty
and rctinemera who lived 3n th? Board?
ing house at frequent intervals ..a Mom
Shew's wife. They also are investigat?
ing the i-urnor that Horn Shew and the
ether victim were killed as the result
I of a drug deal.
Victim Said To Be Wealthy
Friends of Horn went to the office
| of the alliance in Mott Street yester?
day afternoon and informed Lee Du,
executive manager, that their failure
i to reach Horn Shew, who was of wide
acquaintance, but with few real friends,
at his apartment had roused their sus
?? picions. Lee Du went to the boarding
house. He talked with Mrs. Thomas
Dolan, who showed him to the apart
i ment of her Chinese boarder, l-eputed
, to be wealthy. The door was locked
i and repeated knocking was un
f answered.
Lee Du went at once to the West
! Thirtieth Street police station and
! three detectives returned to the board
? ing house with him. The door was
! forced and opened in upon a suite
I which had been furnished tastefully
i but simply, after the Occidental rather
1 than the Oriental custom. The gas
: was burning in every jet. Everything
in the three rooms was wrecked, tables
i were overturned, chairs upset and car
? pets scuffled into the corners.
On the bare floor of the main room
i the body of Horn Shew was stretched.
' The face and right, hand had been
: chopped away. The body was clothed
! in a tailored suit of fashionable cut.
i In a smaller room, which opened oft"
, the main room, the other b?>d" was
? found. It had been thrown back
; across a wall settee. The furnishings
'. of this, chamber were even more com
? pletely demolished than those of the
; one in which Horn Shew was found,
! indicating that Horn's guest had
i fought more desperately than his nost.
I In this man's pocket a birth certificate
issued in San Francisco was found.
It recorded the birth of Tom Sat,
i thirty-one years ago.
Detectives, after a superficial cxami
? nation, dismissed the theory that the
i two men had killed each other. On the
| wail of the living room they found a
i large portrait of Horn and his American
(Continued on pan? four)
Familiar Fraud
Said to Yield
Million in City
Four Arrested Accused of
Obtaining Business Men's
Si-gnatures in an Exten?
sive Directory Swindle
Collected for6Advertising'
Trick Formerly Was Worked
by Fake Book Agents
With Farmers as Victims
. ?
Four men were arrested yesterday
following their indictment on charge*
of second degree grand larceny who
are said to have lived in luxury for
years on the profits of a business di?
rectory swindle as simple as that with
which fake book agents used to de?
ceive farmers into signing promissory
The alleged victims \n this ease,
: however, were not farmers, but some
| of the most prominent business houses
j of the country. Joab IP Bariton, acting
District Attorney, estimated that at
| least $1,000,000 had been obtained from
firms in this city.
Game Was Old in 1907
According to Detective Joseph A.
| Daly and representatives of the vigi
I lance committee of the Associated Ad
I vertising Clubs of the World, who,
| with Jerome Simmons, Assistant Dis
l trict Attorney, have been hunting for
! months for the perpetrators of the al
j leged fraud, the game was a profitable
I one as far back as 1907 and was an old
[ one then.
The prisoners are Jame? H. White
| of ?17 West 142d Street; his brothers
j John F. White, of 309 Bedford Part
! Boulevard, the Bronx, and Michae
j White, of 156 Fifth Avenue, and Wil
I liam B. Orr, of 1715 Seventieth Street
I Brooklyn. Arthur A. Bowen, of RfU
? West End Avenue, a solicitor for th<
! alleged fake business directories, wa:
indicted two weeks ago.
The four men arrested as principal!
are said to have devoted their entir?
business careers to the scheme and, a
the time of their arrest to have de
veloped it to such an extent that the;
actually had purchased and publishei
annually an apparently l?gitim?t
business directory, the principal profi
in which, so far as they are concerned
is said to be the obtaining, in its name
of the signatures of business men t
I subscription blanks, which later ar
? altered, by changing the first line, t
j advertising contracts.
That is the essence of the game th
men arc said to have practiced. Thei
j solicitors, it is alleged, would approac
the head of a firm or some other big
? official and explain that a new bulinoa
i directory was to be published, and i
I order to gain firm foothold its put
I Ushers had authorized tbem to sen
i complimentary copies to certain higr
I class business houses.?
Method of Working Scheme
The president, or the secretary, c
! the treasurer, it is alleged, would h
? asked simply as a matter of form an
| to keep the record straight, to sign h
! naine to an application blank for on
of the complimentary copies.
Substitution of one or more lines f<
the first line of the application forr
it is said, changed the blank into a
advertising contract to which, <
course, the name of the officer of tl
company was affixed. Detective Da
is said to have discovered yesterd?
the negro printer in Harlem who hf
been doing this work recently.
The directory, of which the allegt
dupe was to get a free c^ny, i?^ said '
(Continued on sags thrss)
for the LAYMAN
The Tribune is ready to help its readers with their in?
vestment problems. Sec the INVESTMENT INFOR?
MATION Column on the Financial Pages of to-day's
Ktm $0tfi afritome
IL S. Flyers
Make Record
For Duration
Stinson and Bertaud Bat-j
tie With Frostbite and
Exhaustion ; Stay Up 26
Hrs., 1.9 Miiw., 35 Sees.
World-? Mark Set , !
In Crippled Plane
Fingers Frozen in Getting
?Needed Oil After Feed
Line Supply langeais
Lddie Slinson and Lloyd Bertaud, !
piloting an American JL-6 all-metal |
monoplane, established a new world's
record for endurance and continuous
flight, at Roosevelt Field, Mine?la, Long ?
Island, yesterday. Their 'official time
in the air, carefully checked by a corps
of observers, was determined as twen?
ty-six hour.-; nineteen minutes and
thirty-fiVe seconds. They eclipsed the
former record by two hours and thirty
three seconds.
The remarkable record was completed >
under dramatic circumstances in the
worst weather ever encountered during
a test flight: At 2 o'clock yesterday
morning, when they had more than
seven hours' flying before them to
achieve their task, the feed line of the
emergency oil tank congealed from the
cold and clogged the lubricating system.
At this critical moment the two
pilots, exhausted by lack of sleep and
benumbed by' the icy blast from the
propeller, debated the. advisability of
landing. After a brief discussion con?
ducted by gesticulation amid the roar
of the propeller, they decided to con- '
1 tinued the flight until they had estab- |
j lished a new record.
Stinson Freezes Fingers
Stinson then went into the cabiri. |
: where the emergency oil tank was j
| litted, and removing a gauntlet suc- j
? ceeded in punching a hole in the tank.
; Four of his fingers are badly frost- j
! bitten as a result.
For the next nine hours they contin- !
j ued the flight under the most desperate j
j conditions. Alternutely at the con- i
: trois of the machine they each took !
i turns at drawing off oil from the emor
I gone? tank, a quart at u time and pour
i ing it into the main tank to keep the
: engine going. Throughout this time
? the oil splashed from the emergency
tank and be/spattered them until they
: were saturated wit1) it and barely able
i to see.
While this was being done the tem
! perature in the machine was several
! degrees below zero and a sixty-mile
i gafe was sweeping over .the reaches i
! of Long Island.
The record-breaking flight began at I
? the official time of 8:58:15 o'clock
1 Thursday morning, when the mono
i plane took off from Roosevelt Field
! ii3 a heavy snowstorm. For three hours
i it fiew while huge white flakes set
! tied upon the field below. The difl'i
'-. culty of flying under this condition
'was described by Bertaud when he ?
: had recovered his voice after landing: j
I "At times," he said, "we were only i
'. fifty or sixty feet above the ground. ?
! We had to dodge church spires and ;
: chimneys frequently. Once when I was I
i at the controls I almost hit the old ?
: chimney of the Camp Mills Hospital,
which is about 100 feet high. We \
I were then going about, ninety-five !
' miles an hour, far too fast for en-j
durance purposes, but we were so close
? to the ground we didn't dare cut the !
1 motor down, as we would have lost !
' altitude."
Aviators Battle With Cold
As soon as the freshening wind
! cleared away the heavy clouds the two :
; pilots took their machine up to 2,000
; feet, and maintained that altitude for
'. the rest of the flighv,, which was con
! tinued in a terrific gale.
The monoplane landed at Roosevelt
Feld at 11:17:50 o'clock yesterday
morning, according to the chronom?
eters of the official observers. John M.
1 Larsen, owner of the machine, raced
across the field to meet the airplane,
but Stinson taxied over toward a tem
! porary hut that had been erected for
! the judges.
'; The two exhausted pilots clambered
out of the cockpit, weak, tired, grimy,
I but happy, and laughed while Larsen
: showered his congratulations upon .
thc3n. They were deafened by the con- '?
tinuous roar of the motor, and it was
fully half an hour before they could
? hear a thing. i
As fast as they could get their breath :
in the gripping cold they told their ;
j story in snatches, as follows:
"The monotony was awful, and the
i fatigue from the cold was terrible, i
; We did not dare to go to sleep, fearing!
? that we would become so chilled and ?
i numb that when we awoke we would ?
i not be. able to handle, the plane con- '
? stantly in order to keep it at an alti- ,
j tudc where it would use the least i
'. amount of gasoliise.
; "When we left Roosevelt Field the ,
(Continued on peg? tint?)
i j
Marines Convicted of
Killing,Managua Police
Sentenced to Ten dears' Im?
prisonment as Result o?'
Clash in Nicaragua
MANAGUA, Nicaragua, Dec. 30 (By
i The Associated Press).?The American
; marines who have been on trial before
! a naval tribunal composed of officers
? from the United States cruiser Galves
; ton, in connection with a clash here
? with the Nicaragua!! police, have been
I found guilty of the slaying of three
! Nicaragua!! policemen.
The marines have been sentenced to
i ten years' imprisonment at hard labor.
, Tho killing of three Nicaraguan
' policemen and the wounding of live
citizens in Managua In a street fight
between marines and civilians, was
told of in advices from San Juan del
Sur, Nicaragua, last week.
Washington accounts of the incident
?.id it had taken place on December
S, giving the names of three American
?iiarines, who wore slightly wounded
in. the fight, as Sergeant Lee Henry,
of Louisville, Ky.; Corporal Ray Frey,
of Carthage, Mo., and Private Arthur
, Owen, of Spokane, Wash. The marines
j were described as being attached to
\ the American Legation.
I l're-enilnently ttl? Florida Route, i Through
Trains dally. Office. 1246 Broadway.??dv.
Powers MoveJ
lo stabilize!
Soviet Credit |
Allied Finance Experts in
Paris Seek Guaranties
So Rusnia and Central;
Europe IVtayBe Restored !
Plan Association
Of Private Capital
To Raise ?20,0Q0,0(H)
Among Seven Powers,
Including United States
PARIS, Dec. 30 (By The Associated
Press).?The economic conference held
here to-day, which was attended by
representatives from Various European
countries, decided in principle to form
an international association with a
view to re-establishing the interna?
tional credit Of Europe, says the
Haras Agency.
The plan is that the association will :
be formed by private enterprise with
a capital of ?20,'000,000, distributed]
among France, tirent Britain, Italy,
the United States and Germany. Bel- i
gium and Holland will be. admitted on
a smaller basis than the other coun- '
tries, while Germany will be permitted
to take part on condition that she re- \
mits to the Reparations Commission
half of her eventual profits.
Louis Loucheur, the French Minister
of Liberated Regions, presided over the j
meeting, which was held at the Foreign
Office, this afternoon. It was attended
by British, Italian, Belgian and French
financiers and business men to dis- \
cuss the European economic situation
as an outgrowth of the recent discus?
sion of the situation in London by
Premier Lloyd George, Premier Briand
and others.
In the morning the French delega?
tion had a preliminary exchange of
views with Sir Laming Worthington
Evans and the other members of the
British delegation over the British
memorandum on the economic situa?
The afternoon conference adjourned
at 8 o'clock this evening. No com?
munication was issued, but it is under?
stood that Russia was the main sub?
ject of discussion. It is declared that
it was conceded that a stable financial
situation must be guaranteed in that
country in order to assure a fitting re?
turn for capital invested, and that
private property and private enter?
prise must be recognized by law.
The restoration of Austria is one of
the objects in view. .This is considered
necessary for the proper working of
the newly formed states of central
The participation of Germany is re?
garded by the delegates to the con?
ference as essential to the restoration
of the economic equilibrium of Europe.
Dr. Walther Rathenau, the German '
financial expert, though not present at
the meeting to-day, has met and talked
with some of the members of the dele?
The French delegation consists, be?
sides M. Loucheur, of four of France's
most important bankers, the president
of the Credit Lyonnais, the president
and general director of the Banque de
Paris et Paya Bas, and the president of
the Banque de l'Union Parisienne;
three manufacturers of the Creusot
and other steel works, and two repre?
sentatives each of the ministries of
Foreign Affairs and Finance.
Big Belgian Financiers
The Belgian delegation consists of
the vice-governor of the Bank of Bel?
gium, two large manufacturers and two
representatives of Premier Theunys.
The meeting of the financiers and
business men is regarded in French
circles as one of the most important
experiments tried since the first ef?
forts to bring Europe back to a peace
Even in French political circles,
where, all efforts of British business
men to intervene in European problems
have been regarded with the greatest
suspicion, the impression is gaining
that after all business heads may be
able to get ahead faster than diplomats.
The French maintain their attitude
of refusing to meet the Bolsheviki of?
ficially, although there are indications
that official circles are coming to the
conclusion that the European problem
can be solved only when all the great
producing nations get together.
Kills Horses He Cannot Feed
Owner Penniless and Unable lo
Find Buyer for Team
NEW LONDON, Conn., Dec. 30.?John
Foldbar, who lost his farm near Glas
tonbury recently and most of its equip?
ment through foreclosure proceedings,
became desperate to-day when a week's
search had failed to reveal a purchaser
for his team of horses, almost his sole
remaining asset.
He had no feed for the animals and
no money to buy any. Taking hia
rifle, a bit of personal property which
had escaped the auctioneer, Feldbar
led the team into the woods near his
home and shot the horses dead.
Wagner .& Co.,
? Brokers, Assign
1 For$7,500,000
| Action of House That Has 37
Widely Scattered Branches
j Follows Bankruptcy Suits
in New York and Chicago
j -
| Exchange Is Investigating
| Head of Firm Blames Clos?
ing Out of Stocks on
i Which Concern Was Long
Announcement was made from the
I rostrum of the Stock Exchange not
| long before 2 o'clock yesterday that E.
i W. Wagner & Co., members since April
J 13, 1916, and one of the largest wire
j houses in the eountry, had failed. A
! few minutes later the Committee on
Business Conduct of the exchange an
i nounced that it had commenced an ex
| amination of the firm's affairs, as a re
j suit of which the members were sum-?
I moned before the committee. This was
i followed by the assignment.
Henry K. Kaufman, attorney, speak?
ing for the firm in connection with an
involuntary petition in bankruptcy filed
in the afternoon, estimated liabilities
at $7,500,000 and assets at $5,000,000.
The petitioners in the bankruptcy
I proceedings are Peter J. Rogers, 383
Park Avenue, who declares the com?
pany owes him $5,000, representing
money advanced for purchase of stocks
on margin; Rudolph Guenther-Russell
Law, Inc., 131 Cedar Street, alleging a
debt of $500, and Frederick Bos
cheaean, $4,000, set down as represent?
ing money advanced for stocks pur?
chased on margin. The attorneys for;
the petitioners are Hays, Hershfield St
The assignment of the firm was made
to Clarence C. Taylor and Chester Legg,
of Chicago. Judge A. N. Hand ap?
pointed John S. Sheppard, of 27 Cedar
Street, as receiver, with abond of $200,
Charges Against Firm Member
The causes leading up to the assign?
ment were considered at a special
: meeting of the governing committee
: following the close of the stock mar
l ket, and, although no official statement
j was issued, it wan learned that serious
I charges were made against the firm, of
| which E. W. Wagner is the floor mem
i ber. Mr. Wagner was in Chicago yes
i terday. The member against whom
i charges were brought is allowed ten
i days to prepare his reply and then he
I will be tried by the governing com
I mittee. Th?1 interest of the governing
I committee is associated with the cam
! paign which the Stock Exchange has
| launched to make sure that no rules
! are violated.
At 33 New Street, where the firm has
j offices, the news of the failure brought
consternation to scores of customers
j seated in front of the large blackboard
! where fluctuating digits recorded the
j course of the stock and commodity
j markets. There was a rush to learn
! the status of their accounts, but in
l quiries were met with the announce
! ment that all information must come
from either the receiver or the as
j sign?es.
j On New Street the crowd became so
I dense that special policemen were
i forced to keep the curious from con
| gC3ting one of the financial district's
' thoroughfares. From 8 o'clock on ac?
cess to the firm's offices was denied
to all those who had no permit to enter
or who could not give a satisfactory
Arthur Garfield Hays, of Hays &
Wadhams, issued a statement in be
(Csntlnuod on paas (sur)
Turtle Thrills in Mad Dash;
Smashes Mile Mark in 4 Years
Special Dispatch to Tlie Tribune
TORONTO, Ontario, Dec. 30.?Pro- j
' fessor A. S. Pearse, of the University j
! of Wisconsin, admitted to the American ?
Association for the Adavncement of
Science in solemn session here to-day
that following the horses was not half
; as exciting as racing a thoroughbred
turt c against tim?. All the parapher?
nalia required is a turtle, a watch and
i plenty of time.
Turtles that the professor tagged and
; lot loose have achieved what is believed
: to be a world record for speed among
' turtles. Under Iris tutelage and stop
! watch work on*- turtle has traveled a
| little over a mile in 3 years 11 months
i 19 days. The tension during the last
' nineteen days can better be imagined
1 than described.
By the last week it was seen that,
barring the straining of a tendon, noth?
ing could prevent the Pearse colors
from being borne by a world champion.
In the final hours of the race, when all
eyes were on the clocking;, the pa'ee was
rather better than one hundred yards
in trve months.
Professor Pearse's race was con?
ducted as an experiment to determine
the mobility of the animal, and he an?
nounced thai the average distance cov?
ered by 160 turtles over a five-month
period-was 115 yards. These turtles
came from the same marsh as t^he
champion, on the shore of Lake Men
lota, Wisconsin. In that swampy region
the density of turtle population is five
to twenty-five an acre, which provides
the professor with quite a stable of
youngsters from which to select prom
is ng two-year-olds for his academic
, steeplechasing.
Big 5 Agree on Ratio
For Airplane Carriers;
Fix 27,000-Ton Limit
SILLY S Says Harding, Commenting
On Reported Break With, Hughes
From The. Tribune's Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.?The President to-day characterized as
"silly" Lhe reports concerning* a rupture between himself and Secretary
Hughes. Mr. Harding* said the reports did not contain a particle of
truth. The Executive made the statement to the correspondents and
gave permission to suspend the unwritten rule that the President is never
to be quoted. "Silly, and you can say I said so," said the President
with emphasis. "There's nothing in it. SILLY, and put it in capital
It was declared at the White House that the President has been
increasingly annoyed by reports which have gained credence with some
newspapers that there was friction between* himself and his chief
Cabinet officer. rPhe Secretary of State conferred to-day with the
President over recent developments at the arms conference, and so
satisfactory was the message he brought that the President kept Mr.
Hughe for luncheon at the White House.
Outsider May
Direct Science
Church Papers
Court Warns Litigants They
Must Agree on Official by !
Tuesday, Else He Will!
Put Receiver in Charge:
Oust Two More Trustees
Directors Drop Eustace and
Harvey, Want McKenzie, j
Adams and Patton Named |
Special Dispatch- to The Tribune
BOSTON, Dec. 30.- The possibility of j
the Christian Science Publishing So
ciety, which issues the various publica- j
tions of the church, passing under con?
trol of a man not a member of that j
faith arose here to-day, when Judge
Crosby, in the Supreme Court, an?
nounced that unless the board of di?
rectors of the Mother Church and the j
trustees of the publishing society j
agreed by next Tuesday on a new trus- i
tee to succeed Lament Rowlands, re- j
cently removed, he would appoint a
temporary receiver or trustee for the
Judge Crosby declared that while he ?
would like to appoint a Christian Sei- j
entist to this position he would not i
necessarily do so, but would select a j
man who, the c ourt was confident, ;
would manage the society wisely for I
the best, interests of the trust created ]
by Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy.
Ousted Men Ask for Receiver
This decision followed an all-day;
hearing which developed considerable
acrimony on both sides. The directors ,
of the Mother Church, after voting the
removal of the remaining two trus- .
tees of the publishing society to-day, :
petitioned the Supreme Court to ap- '
point a full new board of three trus- ;
tees. Following this move counsel for \
the trustees just declared removed .
petitioned the court to appoint a re?
ceiver for the publishing society on
the ground that there should be some
responsible person at its head. This ?
resulted in the warning of Judge Cros- I
by that the church officials must reach
an agreement or face the possibility!
of having a trustee who was not a mem- j
ber of the church. .
Judge Crosby ruled that John V. Ditte- ;
more, ousted director, who has pending!
a bill seeking io prove he was illegally i
removed from the board, may take part |
in the conference for the selection of i
a trustee. This trustee, 01 receiver,
when appointed will act only temporarily j
until the deposed officers have a hear?
ing on the question whether their re?
moval was legal.
The trustees removed to-day were
Paul Harvey and Herbert W. Eustace.
Lamont Rowlands previously had been
: ousted by the directors. The court was
asked to appoint William P. McKenzie,
! of Cambridge, George Wendell Adams
and James E. Pattor, of Boston, to fill
i the vacancies in the board of trustees.
Sherman L. Whipple, attorney for
I the trustees, disputed the legality of
l the directors in removing his clients
; and said that these trustees were now
? functioning and would continue to do
| so until an adjudication by the court
I on their petition to be allowed to
resign. Mr. Whipple then suggested
; that a temporary receiver take charge
(Continued en next p>gs)
Man, Pursuing Thieves,
Wounded by Patrolman
j Victim Shot as Officer's Gun Is
Discharged When Latter
Falls From Auto
. The theft of two spare tires from
| the rack on an automobile standing at
? Madison Avenue and Sixty-fourth
btreet last night resulted in a chase
in which ten shots were tired and one
! man was accidentally wounded.
i Charles Allmark, chauffeur for Mrs.
Jeannie L. Nowcombe, of 960 Park Ave
I nue, saw four men remove the tires
j from the unguarded car. They jumped
j into their own machine, standing near
; by, and drove north in Madison Avenue
! to Ninetieth Street. Allmark, driving
? the Newcombe car, pursued them. At
; Sixty-seventh Street he picked up
i Patrolman John Mulrayne, of the East
j Eighty-eighth Street station.
At Ninetieth Street, Patrolman Mul
| rayne fell from the running board.
j accidentally discharging his revolver.
i The bullet struck Alimark in the foot.
j He was taken to Reception Hospital
j and later removed to Presbyterian Hos
I pital. Th" thieves escaped.
Britain and AniericaTo Be
Allowed 5 Craft Each,
Japan 3 and France and
Italy Will Get 2 Apiece
Eight-Inch Guns
To Be Armamenl
Plan of 10,000 Tonnage
for Auxiliaries Also 1*
Adopted; French Delay
By Carter Field
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.?Final
agreement on the tonnage, number
and armament of airplane carriers?
regarded by many experts as the rea*
capital ships of the future?wa
reached by the five great nava,
powers to-day. The ratio again is
5-5-3 for Britain, the United States
and Japan, and practically 2-2 for
France and Italy.
The maximum size of 27.000 tons
as proposed by the American delega?
tion was accepted, the maximum size
of gun to be carried was fixed at
eight inches, as also proposed by the
American delegation, and the num?
ber of carriers is five for Britain and
tho United States, three for Japan
and two each for France and Italy.
Decision Quickly Reached
This sweeping decision on a sub?
ject regarded by many experts as of
far more importance, so far as real
naval strength is concerned, than the
decision on capital ships, and about
which so much trouble was antici?
pated because in the early stages of
the conference it was understood
that Japan would fight for an equal
ratio on this class, was made after a
very brief discussion.
It came on the heels of an agree?
ment by the delegates on tho limiting
of tonnage of ali other auxiliary ahips,
except airplane carriers, to 10,000.
and the limiting of size of guns to be
carried by such ships to eight inches.
While the French delegates agreed to
this they pointed out tbat the final de?
cision must come from Paris, so that
actually this very important decision
stands approved by four powern, -.vit1
France to be. heard from. Judging
from the tone of the French delegates
however, no difficulty on this score is
Tonnage for Five Powers
The tonnage for airpla.'ic carriers, *s
agreed upon with reservation or sug?
gestion that it would be necessary to
cable home for instructions on the part
of any delegation, is as follows:
Unite?? State?, five carriers... 135.000 ton?
Britain, five carriers. 136,000 ton*
Japan, three carriers. Si."00 tons
France, two large or three
omall carriers. fin.ooo tonn
Italy, two carriers. 60,000 tons
On top of this is the restriction that,
no carrier shall exc d 27,000 tons and
that no carrier shall carry guns in ex?
cess of eight inches.
On the question of the live powers
represented here, each agreeing not to
use submarines against the merchant
ships of the other four nations?this
awaits official sanction from three capi?
tals?Paris, Rome and Tokio. The na?
tions meantime have virtually ap?
proved the American proposal that an
effort, be made' to amend international
law so as to outlaw attacks by sub?
marine on merchant ships.
Drafting Five-Power Treaty
At the same time that the final de?
tails of the various agreements are
?being worked out a draft is beinc
' prepared of a five-power treaty, which
Iwill be presented to the conference *???
soon as all points are agreed upon.
The speeches of Albert Sarraut, head
of the French delegation, and Admiral
De Bon, of the French navy, showed
clearlv to-dav that the criticism of the
French attitude at the conference so
I far has been very irritating to th?
| French delegation. M. Sarraut spake?
' of thij admonition in somo editorials
! that they should pay their debts before
| building warships and said France was
| proud of her debts after the manner of
: a wounded soldier being proud of his
? scars.
Both Sarraut and De Bon denied
; hctly that France or the French navy
? approved the writings of a Captain De
Fr?gate Castex, in the "Revue Mari?
time," who vigorously defended subma
j rine attacks of the most unrestricted
! sort on passongt? liners as well as or
! dinary merchant ships. Lord Lee read
I from some of the French captain's writ
j ings and asked to be told if they rep
i resented the views of *he French naval
| staff.
Action on Submarines Near
! The conclusion reached on airplana
j carriers, tho agreement, with only
! France remaining to agree and her ac
| ceptance expected, of the limitation of
! auxiliary ships to 10,000 tons and th?
' sir.e of their guns to eight inches, and
j the very definite shape?in the form o<
alternate proposals?which the sub?
marine situation has taken, hav?
brought the. naval phases of the con
ference very close to the end.
No decisions on important nava
questions remain to be made here. Ac
I tually only two remain to be ma?i?
: abroad, and one of those is so thor
oughly discounted that there will b?
surprise if France does not agree t<
the limit of 10,000 tons and eight-incl
guns for auxiliary craft. The other i:
: on submarines.
It seems clear to-night that som
j very definite progressive step on th
? submarine will be taken. It may b
j that France will not enter into th
I agreement with the other four power
; represented here not to attack the!
merchant ships with submarines in th
: event of war. But every one expect
j that even if she refuses to enter int
this agreement?and most of he
I friends say that she will not refuae
sh*e will certainly approve th? idea ?

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