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vppealing to all the nations of the!
world to write a n??w paragraph of in? ternational law to this effect. And j eventually, it is thought, this would ?o- j complish almost the same purpose. The only question remaining, there- j fore, after the arrival of these ?mswers from Pam, Tokio and Rome, j :s the wording of the treaties which] ??ill includa these naval agreements-, | This will bo difficult, but one about which not %?ry mu?:h excitement is ex? pected. Harding Much Pleased At the White Ho\3se to-day i; was known again that the president, although, disappointed over the failure to agree on a limitation for submarine tonnage, was much pleased over the whole conference and hoped to see a new conference within a very few years accomplish on the submarine what the present conference bar. ? done on the capital ship. President Harding is known to bc Uev? that 11 nothing more la accom? plished- -this thought was expressed before the conferonce reached its agree* ment on airplane carriers and was based on no later reports than had boon made to him by Secretary of Status Hughes at luncheon to-day-^the con ference will be regarded in calm retro specvion at. Borne futur? daj m ???? Ignal success. France Denies Upholding Undersea Attack; Caster's Article Repudiated WASHINGTON, Dec. SO (By The As? sociated Press).?Debato marked by plain talk, especially from the British, brought this afternoon from; French delegates to the conference energetic assurances of their peaceful intentions, Jespite the demand for the vast sub? marine fleet. The discussion was opened by Lord Lee, First Lord of tho British Admi? ralty. With point?:d words he pre? sented evidences cf the confusion that ?urrounds the official view of the French naval staff on utilization o? submarines in time of war, and urged that country to "prove to the world that it means what it hna said'' by approv? ing the Root resolutions. Telling of the reasons for apprehen? sion by Great Britain, Lord Lee quoted from an article published rec< th? "Revue Maritime," a journal un ier the direction of the Frencl ..?en-vi-al staff," writte.n by Captain de Fr?gate Castex. At the time, he said, the French officer was chief of one of the important bureaus of the French naval staff, and has now been desig? nated principal lecturer to the senior i i' courses. The article concludes with: "Thanks to the submarine, after ?:>.any centuries of effort, thanks to the ingenuity of man, the instrument, the system, the martingale is at hand which will overthrow for good and all rhe naval power of the British Em? pire." France Denies Responsibility In replying to Lord Lee Admiral de Hon declared that responsibility for the .-.iterances rests entirely with Captain Castex and that they no way represent the views of tho French government. There is nothing more foreign to our finds than the i.iea of attacking a end," he said, in repudiating and formally denouncing the article "in the ..ame of the French navy.'' M. Sarraut informed the conference Lhat while he must wait for instruc? tions on certain points in the Root ?esolutions, he had "no need of any in 'tn.cticns to associate my sentiments ?th those of Admiral de Bon." Lord Lee Asks French Views When the naval committee met to ?ay Senator Schanzer said the Root osai to ban submarine warfare \ ..-. t merchant shins entirely, as amended by Mr. Balfour for the Brit sh to be immediately effective as be? tween and among the five signatory powers pending its ratification as a nev, taternent of international law, had beer emmunicated to the Fame government ?hich prevented further debate by the Italians. M. Sarraut made a similai statement for the French group anc Chairman Hughjas agreed that discus ion in the circumstances would be o: imited value, but invited comment hi -ny delegate. Lord Lee, for the British group, sai? -.e felt there was a "misunderstanding *. the French group as to the Britisi .ttitude on the submarine question. ,:I cannot help feeling," he said -hat here we have a unique oppor unity for the French delegation an? rovemment to reassure the Britisi admiralty and public opinion in re ?ard to this matter, of which I hop hey will avail themselve*. Assails Castex's Articles "? want to explain to our Frene ?"riends, if I may, why it is we hav *nese special apprehensions which hav ?en expressed so forcibly in conne< tion with France. "We i.re not clear on what are th dews of the French nava! staff in thi matter of utilization of submarines i ";me of war. It is true the views < xperts do not always by any mear determine the action of governments if they did no doubt we should cow lay be placed in a position which tl ?ate Lord Salisbury once describ? when he said: " 'If we listened to the experts v should have to put a ;:arrir.on on tl moon to protect it against invasic from Mars.' "But the views of naval staffs, of ti < xperts, are of importance unless ai until they are disavowed by the gover ments they serve." Lord Lee then referred to recent, a icles on submarine warfare in tl r'rench "Revue Maritime," signed 1 ^ Captain de Fre?ate Castex, "at th ?ime chief oi one of the importa bureaus of the French naval staf which also directed public attenti to th? "Revue," he said; These ar cles, Lord Lee added, were designed 'throw ridicule on those who criticiz the German methods in the ?ate wa ?le read numerous extracts from thi articles claiming that 'torpedo" wi ?faro was a French invention "app rriated" by the Germans. Justification for Fears 'To sum up." ?aid one extract re by Lord Lee, "one can sea nothing the attitude of the Germans whi militari!, speaking, is not absolut? correct. Tho fai.ure to gr.e notice 1 fore torpedoing has raised a storm protest, but it is not so inadmissi! as at fir?t si^ht appears." "Now," this officer," Lord Lee cc linucd "who is appointed princi] ?ecturi-r to the senior officers' coin will no doubt, unless a change of poi: takes place, be pouring what we ' gard ? 3 this infamy and this pois into the ears of the serving officers the . >encn navy. Tas: is the just nation for what I can only describe the apprehensions and even the bitt? ness that we must fee! in the thou-j ?-hat under any conceivable circu stances our present allies, our ?i comrades in arms in the greatest ^ the world has ever known, should cc Template the possibility of'warfare -hat kind." Lord Lee tirged thfit a way of d ""avowal for the French of such inti 'ions lay in adoption of the Root re '?.'tion No. 2, banning- submarine w tare against merchant ships. 'The French have told us here ag; .and again," ho said, "that they oi require submarine? for nurooses defense. We have h?id differences opinion as to the utility of submarii or these purposes- But now, it see fo me, here is an opportunity of pr ng to the world that they mean wi they ?ay in regard to this." ii tiie Root resolution, as amen? by Mr. Balfour, was accepted, L Lee said, "I think, if 1 may say fo, t France will have regained much of ground which I,believe has been 1 oetween us, largely through misund ?tending/' De Bon Regrets Misunderstandini Admiral De Boa replied for French naval staff that he stated op !y, "and declare it most emphatica there is nothing more foreign to : minds than the idea of attacking friend. "It is not even conceivable to us," ?aid. "Our only regret is that t misunderstanding lasted so long, i ??et we did not know that it i based on an article liko that written by Captain Castex?" Captain Castex, Admiral de Bon said, was "above all a man of latters," and attached to the literary section o? the French staff. Fie pointed out, also, that the "Revuo Maritime," on its title page, specifically exp.cssed lack of responsibility on the part of the French admiralty and general staff for anything appearing in its columns. "The charge should be laid at the door of te man who wrote tnat ar? ticle, and to him only." the admiral ex? claimed. "The article in no way rep? resents, thank heaven, the views of the French navy. "The a itucr o? that article has writ? ten what we consider to be a mon? strosity. I beg Lord Lee to believe that the French navy has never har? bored anv idea of using methods of ,v;u- practiced by the German subma "I maintain that the honor oi the French general staff and of the French navy . . . canni f be sullied by tin article in question. "I forntally repudiate it in the name ; the French navy." Sarraut Offers Repudiation M. SarraUt said that as head of th.?? French delegation, he would "solemnly confirm what Admiral De Bon had .?lid, "or offer the French government.':-, formal repudiation of those methods of warfare which haye just been men? tioned." The lr3-ench delegate thanked Lord Lee for giving the opportunity to make "these explanations," adding that they should dispell the "misunderstanding whicl , to my profound regret, was arising between, us, a misunderstand? ing of which I did not. comprehend the reason or the nature." Ho hoped, M. Sarraut added, that all would draw a lesson "of mutual confi? dence from this incident," as the tnis understanding might easily have been avoided by "a direct and friendly con? versation." Lord Lre had spoken on the ground France had lost during the delibera? tions, M. Sarraut continued, adding-. "I am well aware that every day ir the press we witness a campaign o? bitter criticism launched against us against the motives of France, to th? end that our country may be' made tr appear under the aggressive guise ol imperialism and militarism. We havf l-esnained silent in spite of the violen' pr?judice this campaig3i was arousing against us. There are times when w< 3nust suffer for our friends. Awaits Government's Decision "If each and every day we had to de fend ourselves against such suspicions if, when we come here for the purpose of working for the proposed peace b; means of reductions of armaments, w must continually see the specter o war dangled before us and be mad aware of an undercurrent of though concerning mutual threats or of a idea that is attributed to us of plan I of Aggression against those who hav mingled their blood with ours on ai the battlefields of the greatest war th world has known, then, itideed, w would be impatient to see the end o the conference which had brought u the bitterness of such a disappoint ment." In conclusion, M. Sarraut. said h i w uld not discuss the Root resolutio banning sub3tiarine warfare on mei chant ships, because lie wished "th expression of our feelings" to ha-, not alone the authority of the delegi : tion, but that it might be "clothed wit a!! the snoral force that belongs to it decisions of the French g? ernment Discussion Is Deferred For Japan, Mr. Hanihara said it h? j been necessary to submit the "pr j eise text" of the Root resolution ba: ! ning submarine warfare on merchai [ ships to the Tokio government ? "formal assent." Chairman Hugh then suggested that the discussion resolution No. o, proposing to ho submarine commanders liable persf ally for violations of the law of n tions, regardless of their orders, postponed with resolution No. 2 u til the delegations had been advised their governments. Mr. Poarce, lor Australia, suggest that resolution No. 3 would ho only officers of governments cute ? ing into the pact liable personally f I the actions of submarines they co; j manded, while submarine commande of nations not adhering to the. rules submarine warfare proposed would free of such liability. He s ggosi j amendment to make, the liability bis ing on all commanders when the rui ? had boon accepted as international k Mr. Root said the point was i ' portant but opon to question, e j Chairman Hughes ap;ain suggested i ferment of discussion and brought instead the resolution proposing lij tarion of auxiliary craft to 10,000 ti ' and S-inch gun.-?. Japan Accepts A ?Xuiary Limit 1 'i:ii:rul Baron Kato gave the acce anco of Japan of this proposal. , pointed out, however, that unless 1 : question of limitations as to lar i speedy merchantmen w;.s worked i 'the auxiliary ship "resoluugn "will i main meaningless." ! bairmfth Hughes said as he und ; stood the r?solution the 10,000-1 1 limitation applied to all but th classes of warships, capita! craft, s plane carriers asid ships now existi i He proposed the following rearran | ment of the wording of the resoluti which vas accepted: "No ship of war hereafter bu i other than a capital ship or airpli : carrier, shall exceed a total tonni ! displacement of 10,000, and no g ) shall be carried by any ?nip ' war hereafter, other than a capi ? ship, with a caliber in excess of ei? i inches." The question of regulations for c i verting merchantmen into auxili warship?, Mr. Hughes said, would ; brought up latc-r. Airplane Carriers." R?gulations The chairman then restated j original American proposal that t i e of aircraft carriers as betw, and among Great Britain, the Uni | States and Japan, be limited to 80, ; aggregate for the first two powers, ? i -18,000 for Japan. He also recalled other stipulations as to carriers in : original project and the subsequ American proposal to limit the ?size : carriers to 27,000 tons.. This tonnage apportionment, j Hughes said, was in accordance v. j the "five-five-three" capital ship ra and if that were carried out for It j and France it would mean ?8,000 t fos each. Admiral Acton, for the Italian gr( ; said that under the 28,000-ton lim , tier Italy could build but one can | while Italy felt that her circumstai required two of these craft, or dot I the tonnage, 5-1,000 aggregate. Lord Lee said this Halan eleim ilirfic-ult to resist. He added that British navy now had five carriers, eluding four experimental types. Four of the five were obsolete, and the Brit? ish navy derived the rieht to Wrap bX perlmentftl ships ?t any moment, Lord Leo said. He added that, tho aggregate tonnage proposal of The United States Boomed "inadcqnnlo" in view of nil cir? cumstances, Including the fact that no agreement to limit submarino tonnage was in sight. France Offers ??.Compromise Admiral dc Bon said he did not nee tli.it any country had "definite views" I concerning the typ? of carrier to be j reached, out thai in t*<o present case j a 26,000-ton size limitation seemed reasonable. Prance felt she needed two SUCh carriers in European waters and a third for colonial possessions, he ? ndded. which would mean an aggre? gate of vii.000 tons under a 25,000-ton size limitation, but would compromise on 60,000 tons and build ships ac? cordingly as a voluntary mattet1 Admiral Baron Kato said 48,000 tons aggregate would allow Japan "only one and a half airplane carriers," which would not be sufficient for protective purposes. She desired three carriers, he added, and suggested 81,000 tons as the Japanese aggregate,' saying he would, of course, raise no objection to .-! proportionate increase for the United Stales end Great Britain. Hughes's Proposals Affirmed Secretary Hughes then summarised the situation as showing that tii . u : Britain desired 135.000 tons in carriers, Japan 81,000, France and Kay fi0,000, and, adding a tonnage of 135,000 for I the United'States and the stipulation of 27,000 tons maximum per ship and armament not exceeding eight-indh j guns, presented the question for affir- ! mation by the delegations, which was I given. L?-rd Loe brought up the question of replacement building for airplane c* r riers, and it was agreed that each ' power should supply itself to its nv xi- l mum tonnage, with the understanding that obsolete experimental tonnage, should be scrapped without re ard lo building restrictions of the ten-year holiday plan on other t pes of war vessels. The committee adjourned subject to ; the call of the chair after Mr. uughe.? ? bad outlined the work remaining to he j done in cub-committee or by experts I pending advices to the d?l?gations; which would permit, resumption of the ! ? ions of policy as to submarin?- ? and auxiliary cruiser size. Foreign Envoys I o Arms Council Prepare to Sail \ WASHINGTON. Dec. 30 (By The As? sociated Press).?Foreign delegates to | the armament conference gave concrete I evidence to-day thai they expected it \ to conclude shortly as many of tl jm prepared for their journey home. Ad i mirai Baron Kato believes the confer- j ence will adjourn within two weeks am, he arul other members of the Japanese official party have reserved cabin' on the steamship Shinyo Maru, sa, :.ng from San Francisco January 23. Prince Tokugawa, one of the plenipotentiari ?s, and a corps of secretaries plan to leave rr.nuary it. Jonkheer H. A. Van Karne beek, Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs and head of the Netherlands ? ? ?' ..'.i .:, called at the Wirte House to-day to bid farewell to President Harding. He expects to sail fc ; home January 4. Jonkheer F. Beelaerts van Blokland, second Netherlands delegate, will succeed to the leadership of the Dutch delegation. Senator Schanzer, head of the Italian delegation, is planning to sail for homo January 8 on the steamer Paris, while Senator Albertini, of the. delegation, is planning to leave Washington Jan? uary 21 for a tour of the United Stator,, accompanied by bis wife and two chil? dren. Arthur J. Balfour, head of the British delegation, has reserved passage on a steamer sailing for England January 14. It was said by a British spokes? man to-day, however, that this was only a tentative booking and there was no idea that Mr. Balfour would leave the conference until it had completed its work. The British military contin? gents, headed by Lieutenant General the Ear! of Cavan, plan to sail to? morrow from New York on the Olym? pic for home. Paris Ready to Discuss Submarine Restriction PARIS, Dec. 30 (By The Associated Press).?The French government will be glad to discuss the status of sub I marines with reference, to merchant I shipping, as well as the humanitarian bearing of their use, it was said in official circles here this morning:. Regu? lation of the uses of these craft might, it was added, affect the question of i tonnage, but the question of the status must come first. It was pointed out in these quarters, with r?f?rence to the tonnage issue, that France, including her colonies, has ? a coast lino of 15.000 miles to defend, while the United States, including j Alaska, has about 11,000 miles. Special Cable to " Tribune Copyright, 1921, New Vork Tribune Inc. PARIS, Dec. 30.?The French press retaliated sharply to-night to the be? rating given by tho English press to the French government for its stand for a g'reat submarine fleet., some newspapers going as far as to predict . that the success, of the Anglo-French. , agreement on affairs vital to Euro ? pean reconstruction may be compro? mised at Cannes. For the most part ^ the press, contents itself with review ; ing the reasons behind the French de | mands as expressed by M. Sarraut, i the French representative at the i Washington conference. Jacques Bainville, writing in "La Liberte," seems to voice the typical ' i*ench opinion. Mr. Balfour has tost his political serenity, this writer say?, adding that the language of the British i diplomats and press is an angry prfcf ! ace. to the Chinese conference of the ! Allied Supreme Council. "Why, eight aayn before the. council convoked by Air, Lloyd George to recommend his personal ideas on reparations, does England make us feel that she will not allow our independence?" Bainville ?isks. "It is impossible to separate what took place in Washington from ; what is prepared for Cannes. France , ceded something, but cannot concede i what she considers her total disappear? ance from the seas and what is neces? sary to her liberty." The writer points to the incontenible i superiority of Great Britain on ?urop ! eau seas and asks whether after . superiority England demands also domi? nation. As reported by cable several days i ago, the submarine tonnage is in th'-1 ? bands of the French delegation at i Washington, and it is unlikely that I further instructions will be sent from | Paris. i italy Disappointed Over French Submarine Claim ROME, Dec. 30.?Disappointment over ! France's attitude at Washington on the : limitation of submarines was expressed | hy the "Tempo" to-day. "The confer j ence, which raised such high hopes for : the limitation of the terrible compe? tition in armaments, leaves the wcild i with a bitter taste of enormous and ?foolish expense for armf-.ments that may* prevent the economic rehabilita? ti n of Europe," says the "Tempo's" editorial. '"Trance is taking a heavy responsi? bility," it continues, "in impeding the j reconstruction and pacification of : Europe. Besides the failure in the j limitation of sea armaments, there is France's refusal to co-operate in the I reduction of land armaments. This places Europe under the constant heavy weight of threatening war." Cliiiia to Force Shantung Issue Before Council Will Act to Break Deadlock Unless Other Means Are Found Previous to Next Far East Board Meeting Japan to oppose Action Asserts Subject Is Not on Agenda and Conference Cannot Act as Tribunal WASHINGTON, Doc. 30 (By The Associated Press).?-In the face'of the repeated Japanese assertion that the Shantung question was not upon the agenda of the Washington conference and did not come within the scope of the meaning of President Harding's formal invitation to participate in tne conference, Chinese spokesmen de? clared to-night that this question would be injected into the conference by the. Chinese delegation to break the dead? lock in the conversations between the Chinese and Japancs?; delegations on the BubjeBt, unless some other means to a. solution was found before the next meeting of the Far Eastern com? mittee. "China cannot make any more con? cessions. In fact, she has made too many already," a Chinese delegate said to-night. "If the question is not set? tled satisfactorily through mediation or otherwise the; only thing for the Chinese delegation to do is to bring it before the conference and let the conference settle it." Japan Demands Direct Settlement The Chinese position was set. forth at the same time that Vice-Foreign Minister Hanihara of Japan said at a meeting with newspaper correspond? ents that if China did not reconsider her position on the Shantung problem its solution would be very difficult. Secretary Hughes pnd Mr. Balfour might possibly tender their good of liccs with the aim of settling the question, he added, but he preferred a direot settlement between the. repre? sentatives of Japan and China. "I am still hopeful for such a direct settlement," he added. We already have "made more concessions in this ?natter than was proper. In fact we exceeded the instructions of our home government. When it seemed difficult; longer to continue the conversations we submitted the whole matter to Tokio. Our government replied that it would approve our program as far as we had gone, despite the fact that | we had exceeded our original instruc? tions. This means that the Japanese government consents to our abandon 1 ing the original project for a joint management, of the Kiaochau-Tsinan Railway and will agree to restoration | of the entire line to China provided j some suitable agreement can be made ! for a loan by Japaneso capitalists ! and for the designation by China of i certain Japanese experts on the rail j road, such, for instance, as general traffic manager and chief accountant. "But this is not asking anything re? markable, because most of the Chinese railways arc now conducted by the | floating of such loans in foreign coun ? tries. The suggested loan for the ; Shantung railway cannot be made a i project of the new international con ? sortium, because that consortium does ? ?h t apply to enterprises or loan agree I ments that already have been inaugu ? rated." Mr. Hanihara, did not indicate who, i in his opinion, should take the next step in a possible resumption of direct ; conversations, but said: "We stand i ready to met our Chinese friends at ? any time, and if they have any sug I gestion to ot?or that shows that they i are ready to reconsider the situation we will be glad to sit at the. table with i them again. But if they don't recon ! sider, I must say that a settlement of ihis question will be very difficult." Would Reject Council Hearing "if the good offices of Mr. Hughes 1 p.nd Mr. Balfour should fail, and China ; then should ask that the question be ; brought up directly at the conference, I what would Japan's attitude be?" he I was asked, "It is most likely that we would not i agree to such a course," he replied, i "Tins conference is not a court of ! arbitration or a tribunal to sit in judg j nient. '.Moreover, the Shantung quos , tion is not upon the agenda of the con? ference." Although the Chinese delegation has ! not been notified of the. reply of the - ipa ?ese government to its delega? tion's request for instructions, none of p the Chinese delegates anticip?tes the possibility of a resumption of the ? conversations between the Japanese ? and Chines? under th.i good offices of | Mr. Balfour and Secretary Hughes, it i was said. Definite instructions, a Chinese : delegate said to-day, have been re? ceived from the Chinese government at Peking to yie'd no more on Shantung. j It was added tha*t regarding the twenty . one demands the Chinese delegation had acted within its instructions in bringing the question before the con , ferencc Russia's Trade in 1921 Exceeds 3 Years' Total WASHINGTON, Dec. SO.?Consider ; able increase in the foreign trade of ; Soviet Russia?the turnover for the j first nine months of this year exceeding the total for tha three previous years? 1 was reported to-night by the Commerce ; Department, in a report based on fig? ure? compiled by Bolshevik newspapers. Exports from Soviet Russia in the first nine months of this jeav, the ; department said, aggregated 90,000 i tons, as compared with a total of -12,000 : tons for the previous three years, | while imports amounted to 574.000 j tons, against 270,000 tons total for the preceding three years. Analyzing the statistics for this year, i the department declared the most im ' portant item of imported goods con i sjsted of foodstuffs, tfie next it*rns of | importance being represented by fuel I and metal goods, the three groups to I gether constituting SO per cent of the total imports. The bulk of imports came from Eng I land, the department continued, with Germany, the United States and Swe ! >!en following in the order named. ; Much of the foodstuffs and coal, ir i as j added, carne from England and the j United States, while Germany supplied I chieiiy agricultural implements and ! railroad supplies. ] Harding Mediation Opposed WASHINGTON, Dec. 30? (By The ; Associated Press).?Dr. Beltran Ma j thieu, Chilean ambassador to the ? United States, in a statement issued ! to-day said the Peruvian proposal that ; all differences between Chile and Peru ?growing out of the treaty of Ancon be arbitrated by President Harding "would necessarily set up an issue so complicated that no government would ; care to undertake its solution."' 'it is apparent that the Chilean gov ! ernment's generous initiative," said I .Ambassador Mathieu's statement, "is I becoming so tied up with diplomatic i red tape that instead ef being ampli j fled into the single cleancut issue which is tho only one really involved, ?the problem is being hopelcss'y c m plicated by the injection of extraneous elements," 9,000 Rifles American Hough! To Be Destroyed BERLIN, Dec. 80,?Nine thou? sand hunting rifles )>urcha?ed in ! Holland by T. T. Ellsworth, of New Orleans, which were con? fiscated at Munich by the Entente Disarmament Commission on their arrival from Holland recently, have been orderet! destroyed by the Inter-Allied Control Commis? sion. It ha? also been stipulated that the contract be canceled. The deal, closed on November 25, involved 8,500,000 marks. Ellsworth took up the case through American diplomatic cir ? oles here after the rifles were confiscated, but the control com? mission held that he had no right to buy or sell the arms. ! I _,-~-1 Republicans Count ? On 14 Democratic Votes for Treaty Senate^ Leaders Confident Undarwood Will Swing Many of M'norHy to Pact; Harrison With Opponents Front The Tribune's Washington. Bureau j WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.?Senator Pat Harrison, of Mississippi, one of the Democratic leaders of the Senate, has come out against the four-power treaty in an interview in San Francisco, ac- j i cording to reports received to-day in : ; Senatorial circles. Senator Harrison : went West with the funeral party of the late Representative Elaton. Senator Harrison is one of the gTOUp ' of a dozen pro-league and pro-Wilson I : Senators on the Democratic side who ' [ conferred soon after the terms of the ' treaty were announced and who de? cided to withhold comment until the conference had concluded Its work or had further developed. His action now in criticizing the treaty is looked on here as confirmation of the reports which have been going the rounds at the Capitol for some days, that the Wilson Democrats were preparing to light ratification. The Senate will reconvene Tuesday and the expectation is that the coming wc >k will develop .several speeches on the treaty and perhaps other phases of the conference. Senate Republican leaders ale watch- ; ing the situation carefully from day to '-. day for signs of any change ir. senti : ment amone Senators that has a bear ! ing on ratification. They have great ? confidence that Senator Underwood ! will command a strong following among the Democrats and continue to '? assert that fourteen Democrats will line up for the treaty. On this basis there would be twenty-one Democrats ! in opposition. Leaders of the anti-Japanese move | nient in California are understood to i be trying hard to get Senator Hiram Johnson to align himself against the treaty. So far as known here, they | have not succeeded. The Republican I chiefs have Senator Johnson on their j list as one of the men who will vote for ratification. Senator Shortridge, j of California, colleague of Senator Johnson, i3i spite of the fact ho has j in the past expressed pronounced anti j Japanese views, is relied on by the i leaders here to vote for ratification. ? Senator Shortridge also is in Califor? nia, but will return in a day or two. Talk that efforts will be made in the Senate and House to cut navy and i army appropriations without reference to conference action is disturbing | some of the members of the Senate ; who have always favored, ample pre ? paredness. One Republican Senator i said to-day he was apprehensive of the I movement to bring about what he re i garded as reckless cuts in armaments, jmaking use of public sentiment for ; peace which has grown up with the conference or on which the conference i is based. News that Senator King, of Utah, is bent on presenting resolu ; tlons for large naval reductions and to cut the army to 75,000 has served I to arouse the friends of liberal army and navy appropriations to activity to | head o?? this movement or any similar ! movements. i Edge. Scores Senators Who Criticize Arms Conference WASHINGTON, Dec. 30 (By The As sociatod Press-).?Senator Edge, Repub? lican, of New Jersey, in a statement to-night, declared that if the Wash? ington conference accomplishes "no more than to put a i-eal barrier before pogsibi ities of war between four pow? erful nations, it has scored a success." i Senator Edge's statement in defense of what has been done by the conference was prompted, it was explained, be? cause of criticism "beine; made by some members of the Senate." The Senator said the conference had ac? complished considerable and that the good done should not be forced into the ; background because of criticism of I "some men in public .life." - ??.?-?, Indian Nationalists Vote for Separation i .?. j Declaratoin of independence Is Held Up to Avoid Respon? sibility for War WASHINGTON. Dec. 30.?Separation from the Brutish Empire, with a formal declaration of independence held in abeyance, was voted to-day by the All ? India National Congress, meeting in Ahmedabad, according to a cable dis ? patch which Sailendra N. Ghrse. di , rector of the American Commission to Promote Self-Government in India, re? ceived to-night. Chose explained that the vote followed -a decision taken Thursday conferring upon Mahatha ? Gandhi what were declared to be vir i tually dictatorial powers in the "cam? paign for independence." In a statement explaining conditions j in India as reported by his friends j there Ghose said: "India is in passive revolt, although the declaration of | independence, which had been intended ? to be declared on December 26, has I been held in abeyance. The reason for ; this method of proceduce is a determi? nation on the part of the Nationalist | leaders to place upon the British ! authorities the responsibility for war ? fare." j Queen Mary's Bro'her May Be Governor of New Irish State LONDON, Dec. 30.?Discussion of Candidates for the Governor General ; sh3p of the Irish Free State under the j pending Anglo-Irish treaty is being re i vived, the latest name mentioned in connection with the post being that of I the Earl of Athlone, younger br the of Queen Mary. The Earl was in line for the Governor Generalship of Can? ada and would have succeeded the ?Dike of Connaught in that office in ; 1814 but for the outbreak of the war -? Prince Denart?? f ~>r Rangoon CALCUTTA, Dec. 30.?After attend? ing several ceremonies here to-day, the Prince of Wales departed this eve? ning for Rangoon. He was cordially received at all of to-day's functions. British Opinion Backs'IL S. in Parley Crisis i London Sees Closer Ties Between ?m%\ ish - Speak ing People Because of French Submarine Stand To Be issue at Cannes j Scrapping of Entente Pre? dicted if the Deouties Indorse Briand Policy By Arthur S. Draper From- Tho Tribune's European Bureau Copyright,, 1D2J, Now York Tribune Inc. LONDON, Dec. 30.?France's unyield? ing attitude on the submarine issue continued .to-day to bo the center of j interest in official London, and it was ? apparent from newspaper and officia! I comment that this new development, while it threatens to wreck the En? tente, has drawn England closer than ever to America. Whatever may be the practical results of the Washing? ton conference, the masses in Eng? land feel that its record of achieve? ment is high, simply because it has j demonstrated to the world that the English-speaking peoples are stand? ing shoulder to shoulder for the same ideals. Dispatches from America stating that the United States is inclined to bring moral and material pressure to bear on France could be duplicated by extracts from the British press. Some organs talk as if a new armament war were about to begin, while otp/jrs re? fuse to get excited about the'French demands, but the general tone i;i one of deep "disappointment. French Debt to Britain Cited Much emphasis is placed on the fact that France has decided on a costiy submarine program while still heavily \ indebted to Great Britain and while j her inhabitants are paying only half as much income tax per capita as the British. To 'he average Briton the French de?is?bn for a 90,000-ton submarine ? fleet I;seems so ridiculous- that the Briand government has even been ac? cused of springing a great interna? tional joke. If Premier Bri??nd ' in? tends to use a hypothetical submarine fleet as a means of bargaining he is ;?.,'.. ff e,r,-i thnt the British govern? ment is an extremely tough customer. i t.e ixn,w ijtiiti.sman, ' which is not ??n enthusiastic supporter of the En? tente, says: "France will have to learn a new language. Then perhaDS she will understand th-'t wu??f sh? is said to regard as a diplomatic succ?s-? is nrobably the greatest diplomatic biuti <l? r he n? eiUli?1 --i. She stood alone at Washington, and as "?''' '? n 'b mo p ai ne m Eu? rope to-day than at any time since The financial pages of many English newspapers to-day contain articles showing that France owe? England millions of pounds on which ?he has not paid a penny of principal or in? terest, and that no demand *ms been made on hpr for payment. With this preface they ask how Jong the alliance ' ' '" France undertakes an ar? mament rat?. Demand for Debt Payment Hinted Says "The Evening Standard": "France cannot expect us to be content to forego either the interest or princi? pal, while at the same time we are orced by the action of France to an expenditure that we regard as cither ??. wicked waste if the alliance is to continue or a direct menace if the al? liance i i lo lapse. ' Elihu Loot's resolutions are wel? comed because they are calculated to prooe the real meaning of Fparce s po.icy. if the vital clause prohibiting submarines from destroying commerce is accepted by all the powers, then the British will rest more easily Whatever happens in the final stages of the Washington conference, . is subject is bound to be raised by Premier Lloyd George at Cannes, and it will have a powerful influence on the whole course of the negotiations there. Special articles from Paris indicate that Briand intends to defend bis policy and that he will have stroig support in the French Chamber o? Deputies. If this proves an accurate f ..recast, then the Entente can be thrown into the discard *%-r good and all. Outsider May Direct Science Church Papers 'Cxit nu?xJ fron 0?$-, ene. of affairs until a hearin? had i held. " *** Former Governor J'>hn L. fc ?. counsel for the.dirertorn, ?id t?\v j!J Whipple was attempting to bave ??y again the case which had ta]j?n ^ and > half years of the eoorf? t-m? ^ I asserted that the directors had n-J* | avery effort to hav?- the tr- ste? re ? ' or to fill the vacancy exiting, ?'!? : board, but they had declined to do* Suggests One Appointment N't? Mr. Batea suggested that tht^L appoint on?, trustee to till tne "M . occasioned by the remova' - y- ?I**-' lands, and that the person ?T!; nomted should have charge of tg ?*' until a hearing had been had on V" pending pe' w *? William P. McKenzie, one o* ti> Brggested as new trustees, tinZT taught English literature Pt R S University. In 1896 at Mrs. Edd*T?L vitation he came to Hos? n ,/L ' member of the committee wh->fc T-/ pared Bible lessons for Chri^.' Science churches. In 1SS8 by ?f Eddy's appointment, he became ?ft* * i the original trustee: of the Chrtrti^ ; Sc3ence Publishing S.ciety. From-jEw 1917, to March, 1320, hew? ed?? "The Christian Science Journal* i?< "The Christian Science Sentiac*-* which position he resigned a< a ?> test against interference by the fell,' George Wendell Adams, ano-.b? ?? the proposed trastees, was a V'n* Member of the First Church of Christ Scientist in Boston. James E. P?tto&! the third man, ws= a b-isines? rt*n af large affairs in Milwaukee and Pit? burgh until he went to Washington U serve <>n the War Industry yfaZ After tfii? war he retired from' taafocM ar.d located in Boston for the prattle* of Christian Science. The Christian Science Pub! ri Company publishes all the books ?ri periodicals of the Cbr'snan Science Church, including "The Christie Science Monitor." tve Bern fellows "*. Im ?lad 4* ^1*p i*f ty the New There's something about them you'll like*