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ftr?t io Last?the Truth: Newa, Edi? tor! als?Adverti??>menta Mfnitww o' tht Auiilt Burrau of Otrcviiatloaa. MONDAY. J VMAKY 2, li?22 ?wr.fd hj New Tork Tnr.'.ina lno,, a N?? Tort Catporatloti Fubllstied daily. o?ilan RfM. Pr?t Itnl Q Tm - R p?n Vtce-Prealdaot; Htlan >"C" Rel I StcrtUfr; P,. K Uutilit, TVfuurw Ad<1-??? u a B ildll * 1M N???u S\r*at. >?? lar*. r?l?pl .. Baetmao coo. GUARANTY Yau e?n ?urthasa mairhs.na'ba tdvcrtlsfd In THE rRIBUNI with abiolutt latety?for II dlltatlsfat ttan rttulti In an) c*>? THE TRIPUNf ?u?r?n teat t? p?> \o;,r tr?nfy Dark jpop. rnu?l. No r?d '???. Ns Oui!ihlln<T. Wa rr?k? good ?romBtiy If tht ?dv??tl?rr don nat. irrAiR'-': 01 tv.*. ussoptatto PKrs" *"h? Auoctatad Tr-'.' is exolmlfalj rr-j"i?l i? ih* u*# I - rai blli ??> ? of all new* diar4Uchea ?oO"*,! ? - not oil arwlaa credlted ln nr?' and ? ? - -. newi or spontanaoua fcrlj-l' * A'' r'r'ca of n:- " I'?:1mi of all olhor mi'tir karvtn i.to *-c raserred. No German Sea Law In his reniarks on Thursday to tbe delegates to the Washington con? ference Elihu Root said: "Wc cannot justify ours ?ppara';:;c without souie dcclarat on that wil] give voice to the humanc opinion of ti.o world upon this sub? ject, which waa the most vital, the most heartfclt, tho most stirring t > the c - and to the fceling of the peoj le o all our countries of anything that occurred during the late war. 1 ("cvl to the ii'-Pth of my hrart that tl e man who was respon siblo for sinking the Lusitania com mittcd an act of piracy. 1 know that n'l my countrymen with whom I have had intercour e feel the same, and i fhouid bc ashamed to go on with this conference without some declaration, some pronouncement, which will g vc voice to tht fceling and opporl the ullization of th? opinioi ol mankind in the es t..b t of a rule which will make it pla '. to ;::i the world that no man can c ' ich an act agniu v. ith oii* being stigniatized as a pirate." Mr. Rool is not an excitable per? son. His habitual discourse has the \ coolness of thal of an cminent law *yer. lt was no small or negligible issue that aroused his fervor. He saw dangi i f an adjournmentof the conference without a clear charac terization of the quality of the act that sent the Lusitania to the sea's bottom and tumbled her passengers and crew into the ocean. Whether or not it is possible to use subrnarines as commerce dc j&troyers and at the same time re jSpccI international law is an argu- : iible question on which men may dif fer. Bul that the law must be re (Bpected under all cireumstance3 is i itot arguable. lt must be made plain I that "no man can commit such an act without being stigmatized as a pirate.'' And the welcome assurance comes that no shadow of doubt is to re rnain. One of the things that the Paris cuiifcrence slrangely failed to do is to be done. The five great na "ions whose representatives aro as semblcd at Washington are not to go io Germany for their sea law. And no nation will long dare to rofuse adherence to the Root resolution. > Well Worth the Money Our neighbor ''Tho Times" ap-^ pears to be unduly exercised over the large sums of money spent by tho colleges on athletics. "The i Times" regarda these expenditures as not only excessive, but barmful ? ,to the undergraduates. It speaks darkly of "undisguised commercial-1 ism" and "concealed professional-! ism." It views with alarm the fact , ?that only winning teams will attract the crowds willing to pay for ad- : mission tickets. As far as "undisguised conimer-1 clalism" is concerned there is no differenee between ohurging gate I reeeipts for a football game and gate receipis for an undergraduate performance of a play by .-Esehylus or one of Percy MacKaye's captivat mg masques. If college boys, either on ihe gridiron or on the stage, can give m worth-while performance. people ought to be willing to pay to see it. , "Concealed jirofessionalism" exists only in a few colleges. and these have got such bad repute because of it that they are giving it up. College athletios ave as mt part of colleges as class work, and' contribute in due proportion to the training of young men for the busi ness of life. Furthermore, they cre ate a rampant spirit that could hardly be attained by debating teams or i mateur theatricals. The college boy is enthusiastically ror his football team, and that helps :.,i to be for his college. Whether he is a player or a cheer leader, or just one of the students, be gets I vrought un 'i > high pitches of ex-1 titement a* every game. Excite-j ment is good for the young. Good football teams cost money. of course. but tlie money is well mpeni. Any one who has observed tbe recent drives for more salaries , for college professors knows how much more readil^ the money flowed into the fund.l'of the schools i .'...:'. liad g< od teams. Thus athletics )rovcd of direct benefit to class-; "00311S. Furthermore, if the college ilself .vants a good football teani and is .villing to pay the price It will have t. The judicious "Times" may jrieve, but it will not be able to do inything about it. Boies Penrose Tho true Boies Penrose was per iaps little known outsidc of a lim ted circle in Washington and in Pennsylvania. ln the rest of the jountry?especially in the West? i legend about bit33 had taken rool. He had been envisaged?after the noving picture fashion?as a states 3131!) with horns and hoofs. a brutal representative of what was most nercenary and offensive in politics. Mr. Penrose himself contributed :,enerously to create this illusion. rhere was a marked sardonic strain n his character. Unlike most Americans and nearly all politicians, he liked to appear worse. than he was, rather than better than he was. Hc belonged to a distinguished fam? ily in Pennsylvania, was graduated svith high honors from Harvard Col? lege and was a man of learning a3)d intellectual force. But hc had an apparent disdain for the opinions and conventions of his own social group. It pleased him to do things which seemed to detach him from his natural associations. Hc culti >ated a reputation which classified him with thc "lowbrows" and the "roughnecks" and made his name t synonym for anti-idealism in politics. The senior Pennsylvania Senator was a cynic, but. a cynic with keen intellectual judgirient and ;i sense :>f humor. Hc laughed al the hypoe risies of others. Ho felt Lhat hc :ould afford to do this. perhaps. be? cause hc lived in a state in which protestations of virtue were unnec KSsary to political success. Since hc served his sta?e cttectively at Wash? ington its people vc3'e willing to averlookvhis parade of devotion to lhe seamier traditions of Pennsyl? vania poliiicr Mr. Penrose became a powerful factor in thc beriato in national party management, not because hc accepted and defended these tradi? tions, but because hc iiad the talent, mental equipment and energy of character to forge to the front. He was not a mere municipal boss grad aated to the Senate and awkwardly out of place among ils activities. He was the 33iost influential leader in that body since Aldrich. But he despised show and the appeal to thc gallery, lie preferred to uso his power bchii3cl the scencs. Though not a prepossessing pub? lic ligure nor a leader of thc first rank, he, nevertheless, stood very high among those who have con trolled policy i3i Congress for the last two decades. French Vital Statistics This year's French census 3iatu rally reflects French sacriiices in tlie war. There has been an actual dc crease of more than 200,000, despite the fact that Alsaco and Lorraine have been restored to France with a population of about 1,800,000. The number of persons killed was slight? ly greater than ths population of those province3, and, besides this, the war reduced tho birthrate for 3nore than half the decennium. Ex? eept for the war, thc French popula? tion, leaving AIsace-Lorraine out, would probably have increased about a million. This gives France no cause for ex ultation nor for consternation, but rather for persistence in the thought ful consideration which for many years past she has been giving tothe subject of the birthrate, with a view to effecting its increase up to the standard of other comparable na? tions. Her chief consolation and encouragement may be found in the obvious fact, notably demonstrated during the WorTd War, thaf a declin ing birthrate \s not accompanied by a decliile of the physical, mental or snoral stamina of the people. China's Hopes That China's hopes will be corn pletely realized is, of course, not to be expected. Certain elements among the Chinese, carried away by theii' enthusiasm, have been led to envis age a China revivified and complete ly independent as a result of this conference. Slowly they are beginning to un derstand what has long been appar? ent to those who have watched the conference in preparation?that while China will emerge stronger than she went into the conference she will have accomplished only little beyt nd laying her case before the world a33d paving the way for a bet? ter understanding of her problems in the future. In other words, the most that can be hoped for by China is the evacuation of Shantung, greater tax ing power on imports, the reafhrma tion of the open door and an under taking vf the powers not to endeavor to force any further concessions from her. This is something. It is much better than nothing; but it will, of course, disappoint all those who had hoped for a new and liber ated China. It is only fair to state that were China mistress in her own house it would be easier to make her further concessions. Until she is strong enough to stand by herself the na? tions cannot go far in signing treaties which imply the need of en ' forcement of certain provisions by : the Chinese government. But. China ia started on the right road. She is on tho way toward a i brighter future, ln proportion as ! she cleans her own house she may fexpect further assistance from ihe , rest of the world. ln the past there has been lno nuich interference with ! her internal affairs. These can best be straightened out by herself, In her frmoign affairs the Wash? ington conference, however far short it falls of her hopes, marks a dis tinct advance. Another time she will fare still better. The Dog in the Manger It is perfectly plain to all intelli gent citizens that Mr. Hylan will never be able to put any of his trac tion plans into execution. Whether he approvcs of the Transit Com? mission or not, it. is here. lt is a legal body, charged by tho Legisla? ture with the duty o\' working oul a comprehensive transil scheme for Xew York City. This duty it is bound to discharge. Naturally, if cannot accept plans which not only conflict with its own bul make impossiblc the adoption of any uniform .'ind complete transil system. Mr. Hylan's transil activi ties, therefore, accomplish no result , save wholly to block all progress. A discussion of tlie wisdom of a . city government thal is cxercised j partly from the City Hall and partly from Albany is not pertinent. . Enough to say that the final author ' ity in traction matters rests with the Legislature. Thia authority 1ms 'been exerciscd. Mr. Hylan has no means of thwarting it without changing the law, which hc i im potent to do. \*> hy, thi n, does he continually de visc one plan after another, all in direct conflict, with the unification of transit which has been undertaken by tlie state-created board? Hc can accomplish no possible improvemcnl by so doing. His legal advisers surely know that not one of his plans will be adopted by the Transit Com I mission. This fact must by now have begun to dawn even upon Mr. I Hylan. Delay, and more delay, and , final stagnation wil! be tlie sole out come. Meanwhile the population is jswiftiy outgrowing existing transil. ; facilities. If Mr. Hylan is really desirous of doing something for the people who elected him there is a way. it is a way that wil] sacrifice none of the ! credit for which be hungers so in ; satiably. lt will not even necessi i tatc the abandonment of his five cent-fare slogan. He need only meet the Transit Commission and harmonize his plans wil! tlie plan they are seeking to I carry out. There is no disposition on tbe part. of any of tbe members of the commission to rob him of -. glory. What they want is to give the city better transit, and to do it ; as soon as possible. They would ! gladly welcome him as a co-worker. I Indeed, v,e feel sure that they would | name one of their branches the John | F. Hylan tunnel if by so doing they l could escape his constant inter? ference. If there were the most remote pos sibility that Mr, Hylan could build a single ts-ansit line without the com mission's approval hc might at least make a little political capital among his followers out of his taetics. But. there is no such possibility. His present course will not enable him to do anything constructive, and it will prevent the commission from doing anything whatever. It is merely the attitude of the dog in the manger. Bored Statesmen None but George Harvey has so far deigned to answer the question, "What does a delegate think about in a closed session?" He alone has had the courage to admit that dur? ing the interminable translations at international gatherings ho has been so bored that he has taken to writing letters to his friends. History does not tell us how other delegates to great conferences spent | their time at sessions, and we , have therefore generally accepted ! the conventional idea that, being all i statesmen, they were necessarily sol ; emn men, and, being solemn, they | were likewise grave, and their grav ' ity and importance displaced their ' more human qualities. We think, for example, of the signers of the Ver i sailles Treaty very much as we think ( of Ben Franklin and Thomas Jeffer ; son?as having all the frigid attri ( butes of schoolbook heroes and lack ing entirely those little human . touches that we moderns possess. j The same is true of earlier confer ! ences. There is something almost . sacrilegious, for example, in the i thought of Washington making a fuss abcut his wig or Jefferson draw j ing pictures of sailboats while the ; terms of the Declaration of Inde ; pendence were being discussed. Was Ca?sar ever known to laugh or Moses to be late? From writing letters in an open , session to drawing pictures in a closed session is only a short step. Wlo, with pencil and paper before him and a long-winded speaker dron ing, could resist the temptation of : making sketches? The telephone booth habit of drawing lines on any ; unoccupied space of the wall is due , only to the presence of a pencil. So also the artistic urge while carrying ; on a dull conversation at a desk i when pencil and pape^are handy. Why suppose, then, that this habit is not shared by delegates at confer? ence,';'.' Is il- unnatural to imagine Mr. Balfour drawing pictures of submarines as his speech is being put into French, or Admiral De Bon shading battleships? And what could be more fitting than for Sena? tor Lodge to bo making little sketches in 1 ho most approved Gau guin style? Submarine Limitation ' Still Leaves Legitimate Field of Action; Piracy Justly Brandcd i To the Editor of Tho Tribune. Sir: Your excellent editorial of tbis morning on "Real Subtnarine I.imila I tion" cstnblishes some of the grounds i for believing tho American propositions I for rcgulation of submarine warfaro (o bo sound and practicable. Still other things may properly bf '-nid in this connectioi3. To thc objection that the submarine 's not ndnpted to thc work of soizuro .?nd search of commercial vessels and cannot as n rule place thc pasaenp; ?> ; and crew it: sal'ety before sinking such n vessel tho simple answer is that no provision of international Inv, roquires Die submarine to I > ?* the cxclusive agency r atlacking forcipen commerce. All formi i methods <>'?' doing so, undei dccenl and human conditions, rcmain ;i( tho >i po :il "' nny wnrring powev. Furt In r, even inder 1 hc proposed re ' strictions lhe submarine would be far from helpless. She would still have: tho iic;iil lo .inU vessels refusing tn obcy hor command to hall, and ii3c.3n bers of her crew could lake off the captain and other hostaj3r.es from any non-convoyed vessel and hold them ,-ih isccurily for the safetj of members of thc subtnarine crew detailod to sci c, destroy or huvj ovcrboas'd guns, amimi nition and other contraba33d article?. Her agent; could then smasb thc ' wircless and so disablc (bc machinery ; of thc vessel ;is lo delay her movc ! mcuts and thus increase thc chance of ' her capture by any cr?fl xa|>ablc of taking her into port or placing her passengers and crew iti safcty before ! sinking her. She could make prisoners : of at least :. limited number of mili I tary leaders or other important per sot3ages f0vmd on board thc vessel. Un? der some circui3istances she could corn pol the vessel to proceed at slackcncd Speed to a ?'.3:1 able place for efTectiiif,' her completc capture by an adequate I force. The provision lhal submarines disre? garding thc principles of humanity and sinking trade or passenger vessels oe cttpied by civilians shall bc held to be piratical craft and their officers, if cap tured, summarily hanged would be ef? fective in more than one way. By p!ae ing thc brand of explicit outlawry upon those C33gaged 30 this crimhial type of submarine warfare it would isolate tbei otTending nation from tho moral sup- ' ; port of the r.eutral world nnd cottdemn her in advaticc; nor could she find any I plausible defense which could placatcI jan adversc scntiment throughout thc I world and even among; hor own people.; j Further, lmowledgc not only of the j I danger, but also of the stigma and in-: famy of thc. service, thus officially es-1 tablishcd, would render it difficult for; lior to obtain officers and seatnen forj illcgal submarine service. Morcovcr,! evc3i thc most powerful nation cannot I be absolutely certain of winning a war I in which it is engaged, and there will; be '.? e deterrent from unlawful con-; duct in the knowledge that if it losrs \ lhe war an inevitable condition of peace will be the delivcring up of all subma-, rine captain? guilty v\' international piracy, as defined in the proposed regu lations, to ;?? certain and shameful death, together with such government officials as shall have been responsible for ordering 1he illegal mode of war? fare. Without doubt. ii would be much bet? ter for the world if subtnarine warfare I could be entirely eliminated, and still I better, imsneasurably so, if war itself could be made eternaliy imposaible, as will one day be tho case. But until | the world has advanced to thia higher ! point it is clear that the American pro | posals for limiting submarine warfare j and barring the wholesalo murder of ' non-eombatants are of real valuo and | capable of at least greatly mitigating I the evila and horrors of naval war. JAMES F. MORTON Jr. New Y"ork, Dec. 30. 1921. Debt Cancellation To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Your editorial on cancellation of our war lonna to Europo was very timely at:d logieal. It will probably be necessary to educate public opinion on that question, einco very few aeera to realize the injustice of exacting full payrnent of the loans, which, as you pointed out, were far below normal in purchasing power. It seems the least we could do in justice would be to cancel the interest until, say, 1925, and reduce the princi? pal to the equivalent purchase value in normal times. The conference at Washington has been making fine progress toward dis? armament and peace. It would surely bo an aid toward woidd peace and eco? nomic stability to also reduce the moneybag fortifications which at pres? ent isolate this country and paralyze foreign trade. L. E. S. East Orange, N. J., Dec. 31, 1921. The Stop Watch in Court To the Editor of Tbe Tribune. Sir: It took forty-five minutes, ac? cording to "The Paper for People Who Think," and fifty minutes/according to the palladium of "Truth?First-to Last," for Mrs. McCormick to win her divorce decree. These sporting events^ should be recorded more accurately, and it is to bc hoped that stop watches with split seconds will be used in fu? ture. If we are out for world records let'6 make *em snappy! HIGH LIFE. Bagdad-on-the-Subway, Dec. 30, 1921. A Full House 'From The Cleveland Plain Dealer) As guests at the wedding of the Prin? cess Mary will be the Kings of Spain, Belgium, Norway, Italy and Denmark. In fact, about all the'kings that are left in the deck. The Tower M ERELY EXPLANATORY Neither by strategy keen nor ass.iult Have we achieved the command of Tlie Tower. Peace-loving persons, when portly, don't. vault Fagerly into the saddle of power. All too familiar to us is this height, Memories of it. are pregnant with pain. If wc wail hoarsely nnd long at our plight, Know all attempt.**. at repression were vain. (Voice in the crowd: "Gosh, is HE back again!"') Simco33 Stylites, the popular saint, Built him a tower nnd sat on its top. He Never was heard to give voice to j complaint, No printcr clamored: "Hcy, speed] up the copy!" Never obsessed by a rhymo he'tl Cor gottcn, Simcon sat there nnd grabbed all tlie credit. Nobody wrote that his column was' rottcn; Nobody asked him: "Who said you could cdil ?" Would we swap place? Oh, kiddo, you said it! Not in the least as a conqueror comes Tramp we a parapel recently left; Hailed by no Hylanesquc rtifflc: of i drums; i Only tbe roars of tlie lately bcrcft. Here in a most unexultant of state.,; Wo are now placed by a hcartlcss decree, Signed by our boss and endorsed by tbe fates. ' Morbid and blcak is the weird that w drec i Chased like a coon l.o lhc top of a tree. Ours not tlie chair that one recently quil. Ours is the task, if so long we sur vivc, Simply to guard it and keep the firc? lit For a real huluorist, soon to arrivc. Wc're the hiatus; the slop-gap. Wc'ro like This here young Dutch boy, who, stupid but good, riirust his small self in a hole in the dyke Lest a slight Icak should give birth to a flood. Bowing politely?we stick in the mud. Dropping into pros? with a uigh of rc ief, wc proccd to muse with our icusins, t.iir? wholly unemployed, on he hoodoo that kecpi a man away 'i'om real trork theao days. Still, we comfort otirsrlvps wuh the bought that a night city editor doesn't ook any funnicr?-stranger might bo a iclter word -ai a. column conductor han Mr. Hearst does ns n sr-lf-appoint m1 ally of the French. Wheyi for cnlightenmcnb 1 thirst On problcma of tho day, 1 read llia words of Mr. Hrars' And think 11m other way. The city might start the New Year irightly by inviting representatives of he police and of tlie bandits' union -o a conference on tiie limitation of irmaments. In Sympathy for .Mr. Hays Yes, we are going to run it for eight months or less, and if we c?n stand it, it does seem as if you should be able to. Suppose you do miss him? Think of the way we feel and rcfrain from adding to our dolor. If you must tell some one how futile The Tower has become tell ?ur bosu. We know it already. F. F. V. isn't our attempt to boast of a ppurious ancestry. They're the only initials we've got. A man bo handicapped can't be ex? pected to see much mirth in the fact that Mr. See is an optician and kin drcd phenomena, Good Iimericks have grown so rare that we hereby declare a permanent closed 6eason. You can't tend the good ones through the mails, anyhow. We esteem the customers almost as fervently as we abhor labor; but don't, oh, deeply venerated, tsend stamps. Whatever we don't use within one week after its arrival won't be used at all. But if you must send stamps, don't affix them to envelopes. Soaking them off is tedious and very damp. A veteran columnist is. we imagine, i person at whom the rest of tho of? fice has stopped shouting: "Pretty soft!" // the column. be not gay, Raise no loud protesting cry. Loyally we shall obey (lf tlie column be not gay) When enforcement agents say Even Towers must be dry. (If the column be not gay) Raise vo loud protesting ery. lf prohibition's hosts can only make the New Year as arid as they hope, the submarine question may settle itself autoraatically. A bruised mid-seetion drives us to ask if it won't be all right for a couple of days to drop our nickel in tha slot and then climb over the featherweight gate. After all, you might expeet thab a con? cern whieh calls ths things you sit t>n in its cars "cushions," wvuld ckristen its turnstiles "featherweight." After having worked our way so far it seems only polite, in view of our present mental state, to wish all the customers A happier New Y'ear. F. F. V. HE'LL HAVE TO CUT OUT HIS OLD ASSOCIATIONS FTRor C3opyritjht, li'.:2, New Tork Tribune Inc, *?\kj> 1 Books rcrJl Hammoni More Truth Than Poetry By James J. Montafue To tlie inflammable and dptimistic imagination tho title of "Three Lov? ing Ladies" (The lloughton Mifflin Company) is likely to provc a false promisc. There is nothing of the robustiously physical to be found be? tween these chasto covers. Tho affec tions of Susic, Chips and Dicky Ful ton, respectively the wifo and daugh tcrs of a humorously philosopbic Brit? ish general, stationed in a grubby English scaport, will never spur the censor to action. Compared with the burning flappers who heat, if they do not illumine, our up-to-thc-minute literature, these three are. decidedly ntild amateura of the ainatory. One loving lady imparts moro thrill, of her sort, to a single chaptcr of "Tho Sheik" than does this trio to an entire novel. ? si* ^ Chips, the eldest daughter, loves her father's aid, a particularly upright and detestable person. Dicky, hor junior, cntertains a tcpid passion for the poor until an eligible rich man comes aiong. Susic, the mother. loves herself and correct conversation. General Fulton seems to love thera all, which is no mean achievesnent. There are many and shrewdly depicted minor charac? ters, including the son of a war millionairo, whose dialcct, polished and disemvoweled by a course at Cam bridge, is an unparalleled etymologi cal curiosity, Nobody does anything specially noteworthy in the story. Life flows logically, with marriagos and births and a kind of a descrtio'n, eon cluding in a correct!y climactic re habilitation of the parted family. Yet there is a distinct flavor to the quiet tale. If it is not strong liquor it is at least a pleasant and sound light wine for tho mind. It may be doubted j whether the book will claim a large army of readers; but it is a fair guess j that it will remain pleasantly in the memory of most of those who do read it. It is essentially a resnemberable . thing, if only for such occasional bits ' as the quietly satirieal General's ob- j sei'vations upon life, love and ladies, j with special reference to his immedi ate environment. * * 9* "Very few women," *ays General Fulton to hia wife (who wonders what on earth he means) "know how to go on as they meant to begin. . . . They meant to begin with Carnival and to end in Lent." Which, as a con tribution to the philosophy of mar? riage, is not without its merit. The authoress of "Three Loving Ladies" is, as set forth in full upon tho cover, the Honorablo Mrs. Dowdall. Thia idea of ornamenting literary achievements with one's titular emolu- i menta haa always appealed strongly j to me, and I never could understand j why it has not spread to other lines | of artistic endeavor, such as sculpture or motorcar manufacturing. Suppose that the recognized leader of the auto world, even though he be an American, received hia due meed of recognition from an appreclative England; who then could resiat the temptation to own a Sir Henry Ford? One thing to be said of Dr. Thomas Dixoa is that, unlike many historians, he can write of the "Lost Cause" with the cold neutrality ? of an impartial judge. Though one of the most senti mental of the unreconstructed, he al? ways follows the Socratic injunction, hearing courteously, answering wisely, considering Boberly and deciding with? out prejudice. The above enco3niums are the result of reading a page in the doctor's biography of John Brown, which is cntitled, oddly, "The Man in Gray"-?a page which tempts one to atudy the entire book, ?o soon as he has finished some fiction reported at a! little distancc below. Dr. Dixon, being of the South, natur ally regards ti;" moldering body and : marching soul of the old Ossawatomie ' with suspicion. To John Brown ar.d 'Uncle Tom's Cabin" he attribute3 the : unfortunate Civil War. Yet, in con sidering tho character of the wild- i ?ycd and bloodthirsty hot-gospeller of j Abolition, he is able to write thus imiably of him: "Brown had been a habitual liar from boyhood. In his speech, made on the cve of his death sentence, ho. lied in every paragraph. Ile lied as he iiad lied when he grew a beard to play tho role of 'Shubel Morgan.' He lied ? is he had lied to his victims when pos- \ ng as a surveyor on the Pottawatomie. He lied as he had done when he crept through the darkness of the night on his sleeping prey. He lied as he had ' ;icd a hundred times about those i grewsome murders. He lied for his Sacred Cause. llo lied without 6tint! ind without reservation. Ho lied with ! such conviction that he convinced him- ' sclf that he was a hero?a niartyr of i human liberty and progress.'' A Good Story To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I want to cxpress my appre liation of that really admirable gem ' of humor and covert satiro that ap peared in your issue of this morning an Hirshfield's 101 per cent American history. It gave me a continuous \ laugh from start to finish, and I feel j a personal sense of obligation to the ' writer for the amusement he furnished me. lt doesn't seem to me exactly fair that Ding, Briggs and Grantland Rice, mirth provoking as their lucubrations j unquestionably are, should get all the bouquets that are thrown in your di rection. Pass mine along to th? con- i tributor of tha Hirshfield article, whose j genius scintillates ns brightly, though | perhaps not with tho sustained bril liancy, of the trio mentioned. Aiso it seems to me that a word of approval would not be amiss in recog nition of tiie corps of accomplished writers who mako the editorial page of Tho Tribune a marvel of wit, wis dom and,. brilliancy and of solid good sense and sound thinking on all the questions of the day. C. O. Y. Milford, Pa., Dec. 30, 1921. [The story of Hirshfield's 101 per cent Americanism was written by Robert B. Peck in collaboration with Harry Kingsbury.?Ed.] Citizens' Budget Apathy To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: Will your readers who have been interested in the public libraries' lack of funds for new books and re pairs welcome a resninder that for several months last summer cituens were invited by the Board of Estimate to cxpress their interest in the budgets and that several public hearings were held where citizens might have ex pressed interest in library appropria? tions? Not a baker's dozen, or half a bak er's dozen, citizens appeared at budget hearings while there was still time to affect allowances for 1922. Belated tears help almost as little as crocodile tears. Now is the time for citizens in? terested in the public benefits which a $351,000,000 budget can buy to organ ze for timoly open-eyedness to public business this coming year. WILLIAM H. ALLEN, Secretary Committee on Non-Parti san Facts. New York, Dec, 30, 1921. By Way of a Grievance 1've heard that literary 1 Who do our writii / f Achieve their bravest, finest flights By using a thesaurus. When they are stump?d to "find a word They go thecauras glear g, And presentiy turn up a bird That nicely fits their ir.eaning. For -words I frequently am stuck, Whic*h makes me fuss and worry, And that is pretty sorry When one is in a hurry. I turn ray torn thesaurus o'cr By force of ancient habit, Which does not help me any mor? Than?so to speak?a rabbit. It's filled with words. ar.d nicl ones. too, Like "corm" ar.d "calibra ter"? Fine lovely words I wish T knew So I might use 'era later. As through the indices 1 run, All sorts of words 1 re:id of But never do I f;nd the I have especial need of. They say the devil wrote a book? i A method necessary, As he believed, to help him hook The guileless and unwary. And, as it was his wont todo, The work he placed before us.1 And I'm convinced this tale was] true? Tho book was a thesauru?. Her Own Fault Germany ought not to complais <"? the depreciation of her mark?. She *"*.?? tho first country to scoff at the v?'u< of ecraps of paper. Deldly Since we have been sampling rr.oon shine we begin to understand why lita on our satellite ha? lor.g been extinct Peaceful Methods As a guaranty that she has n? thought of tightir.? for lands to b? occupied by her Buperfiuous populi tion, Japan has sent for Mrs. Margartt Sanger. (Coryrlsht by Jaiv.?? J. Montmrue.) As to Alimony To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In this mornir.g's Tribnne Sheritf Knott is quoted as advocatini? the abolition of "The Alimony Clafci in the Ludlow Street jail. There is one way in which it can be ac:"omplishe<i effectively. That is by destroying th? root of the alimony evil?camely. divorce. If there were stringent lawi f">r" bidding divorce there would be few*r hasty marriages. The sanctity ""? marriage and the home would be *"?' stored. \Ye would not have so -33?n> of those fly-by-night marriages, "tvnK*1 happen in most cases because of ? temporary infatuation and also be? cause the contracting par-.ies kw** they always have the divorce court ?5 a ready resort. Destroy the marriage state, ?nd 7** destroy the very heart of civilizatioa destroy divorce, and the country W*''* get rid of a disease which is sloW but surely dragging the world iV"* to a state of moral ccrruption. Th***' are anti-saloon, anti-s-moking, *1"1 this and that leagues, but I have v**** heard of an anti-divorce Imi*!^* ALLEN F. HETHERINGTOH' Xew York. Dec. 27, 1921. A Reprisal ( From Tha Scin Francisco Bul'.'ti*) Boston dry chief attcnds a wet &*' . ner. But think of all the wet thi?f? ; compelled to attend dry. dinntrt*.