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'satisfaction with
all m e r c handise
advertised in the
TRIBUNE IS GUARANTEED
Vo LXXXJ No. 27,537
IV,
(f?Wrl?lit. 102?.
New York Tribune lnr.)
?M
the Truth: News?Editorials ?Advertisements
SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1922
* * *
bunt
THE WEATHER
Shower?, followed by clearing and
wanner to-day: to-morrow prob?
ably fair; fresh southwest
winds
Full Report on l-aet Page
In Greater New York i V? l? hin 200 Miles | " rjs'ewheM
Ford ne v Sav;
Harding Will
Sign Bonus
Quolo President ?^ De?
daring He Would lu
dorse :tAU if (Yd Radi?
cal Changes Be Made
Easv Passage in
Senate Forecast I
finance Committee E?inii
nateg ?li< Provision
for land Reclamation
By Carter Fieici
WASHINGTON, April 7.?Passage of
the soldi? bonus bill, with only one
change from the form in which it
passed the Houif. arid sign ?'uro of the
h:?: by Presiden! Harding were con-|
ceded to-daj by several of the bill's 1
Ii-.o.-t determined opponents.
Two developments have practically
wept away hope nf beating the meas
tire One of these v-a. ? ?: tci"rm by
( ...-?- lose ?', W. Fordney in a let?
ter to a constituer,! in Detroit that!
President Harding had ?oM him he re
? .;.;"? thi ' [pastsi :'- the Ho'ibe 'ib j
good and that he would sign it if it
j-".?!???! tlte Senate without ?/.u'vjtantial :
T dil cation.
One Change To Po Msdr
T "> other development vh: the
jpractical. assurance t.b.3t the Senat"!
Finance Committee .? *.???!: now has the:
fciii. venid report ?| ?.. the near future
with just on?; change. This change i:
t): eliminatioi o( the alternative
proposition with regard to land recia
nation There has been considerable
bittet opposition lo this section of j
the bill as it passed the Heure, over
among some of the most devoted
?riend? of the be -,
To-day's.concession by opponents of
the bi!! do not mean that there will be
fco debate when it comes out on the j
floor of the Seriate. On the contrary, !
there is a jrroup of Senators who will |
Ik at great !<:npth and who would re- j
. rt willingly to ? filibuster if they
- inought it nos-iibl?' to beat the bil!. In ?
. jii?cussinf the situation to-day none of
them though?, it likely that any of the ?
group ?vou'd ?o that far because the j
?tter futility of i'.ich a course is op
jarent.
Their on!y hope had been in Presi?
dent Harding. ?nd. according to Mr.
F'rdney's letter, this hope hat now
psfsed.
Mr. Ford!-?- : statement that the
President wou)d sign the House bill.
If passe?d by tlic Senate in that form.
is the more interesting because of the
Strongly expressed desire of the Presi?
dent that the bonus measure ehould
either be postponed or that it *hou!d
be financed by a ale? ta:?., to be pro?
vided for iri the same act of lrgirla
fie?n o?; the bonut itself.
Nolhancr for Sales Tax in Senate
Both desires of the President, were
Hatly rejected by the House. Ii passed
the bill without delay, ^"d the senti?
ment aga;r,:f including the ?ales tax
Tsr overwhelming. Efforts may be
trade? in the Senate to include the ?-.alee
tax, hut if po they will be made with
their backers knowing in advance that
they ? ? chanc ? wbal ver, A ma?
jority Sei ate is against the
?aiei ? amendment including
it in the bonus bill will be voted down I
by ii lubstantial majority if it i? pro- |
rosed No one ha? any doubt a; to
I 03 ing a -.ote on ' sales tax '
? ill accompli h t? i things: One the I
butting of the Senate on record on
tl is proposition, and the other a triflng I
delay before ?? I vote on the ?sol- j
' ?aVr bonus e'ar? be achieved.
rherr ::- sti : much uncertainty as
to the exact time in whicn the bonus
h 11 can he passed by the Senate. Sen?
ators opposed to it will fight to prevent i
th< tariff from heinfr sidetracked to j
give the bonus a clear road, but ?ven i
(m this question there :; no doubt that i
tr.e advocates of the bonus have such j
a tremendous majority that they can !
do almost anything they wish.
No Senator who is ?-otir.g for the
?en us bill be?eaure he if afraid not to
*'ould dare to vote against a motion,1
to sidetrack the tariff bill so as to;
?peed the passage of the bonus bill.
t Action Will Be Hastened
It is under.??0'-.d that the House lead-,
?rs, after the Senate h..<?s passed the
bonus measur* with ?he amendment
ntriking on? the land reclamation fea?
ture, wil! ask the House to accept tht?
change made v>v the Senate, so that
even the delay which might otherwise
tireur in the i onference between the two
Bouses of ' ongress may be avoided.
_ I he-? the '? ::. it is declared, will be
I ?hot through to ihr President. Pro
fconus leaders say, ?hough they are
'areful to r? qije?t that their names be
net used in :;" connection, that the
President v ill then realize that he is
ally not taking any responsibility for
e bad results which he fear? will
y ,, "' '"'n ir?ii?c mat no is
S. \ j taliin? any responsibility for
?* bad resu]t? v.hich he fear8 wi?
^;?o^ the passage of the bill, as it
rjWi h' evident, they assert, from the
jot? in ?both houses that, even if he
: ?id veto the bill, there would be plenty
? . - ^otes and to spare to pass it over
i ?is veto.
1 V^i President, they point out, is also
iP.n'ind by the pledge which he made in
, *y? Presidential primaries in Ohio,
2**" ? ' d a bonus bill. He has
?we a? far Bs ?,? ronscientiously can,
?J'v assert following many conversa
iwfts with him on thn subject in the
??y month, m urging that Congress
postpone the measure until a
' ?'"' opportun* lime, so far as the
??nonnc .--.luation of the country i?
; f'jr"-erned. or else to pay for the bonus
?y a sales tax.
fte Even before the. Fordney letter the
: g*0 ?ho hoped most strongly for a
. ^f-iden'ia! ?-oto of the bill frankly
; ?a'd they did not know whether the
j, :cf'dent would pign it or not.
Admirals Say Limited
Navy Can Defend Japan
j, ?r-''<?-'!0. April 7 (By The Associated
?Thr ?avy Departmesit in a
'? '? r'it to the local newspapers to
, ", ,'? conferene of the admirals
. ?" i that tbe strength of the
wHj-ar;.,,. navyj M VC5t,ricted by the
*aiibingtor armament conference. ?3
eWffiejent fr-! the defense of the empire.
i ' -,*'? added that a statement soon
: won-., f... forthcoming makintr clfar the
I.'' ?'>'?' '"? the .(span to abid^, in prin
il '': ; d soirit, '>v t!ie Washington
???retineut. "
= Russia zz=
In the Red Sluidoiv
The Soviet Experiment Has Killed the Creative
Spirit and Confidence Between Man and Man;
"Lethargy and Laziness. Soldiering and
Sabotage," Mark Russian Industry
This is the sixth of n series of fifteen articles which present,
Tltc Tribune believes, the closest picture of Russia that has yet. bee?,
available. i7>-. Dickinson vas for four years the historian, of the
American Relief Administr?t i on abroad. Ifc has just returned from
a five thousand mile trip through the Soviet, country.
By Thomas H. Dickinson
CHAPTER VI
'Copyright, 1922, Now York Tribu m lue.
4>4l LTHARGY and Lazincst ; Soldiering and Sabotage."
I Thus, without, indicting ;> whole people, one can Bum up his
impressions of Russian industry.
In nothing is the failure of the Russian experiment more tragic than
in this, that the revolution which was inspired for the service of labor
News Summary
LOCAL
Lnright authorised to appoint 1.102
rev policemen; civic protects in?
crease ar. Commissioner issues
"don't" 11?,t for householders and
policeman is -hot 333 Harlem.
Lawyer shot and Killed as police
pursue auto tire thief suspect:,.
Quackenbusli predict? ratification
of subway-elevated agreement.
James Speycr under Salvation
Army fue 3'_- active anti-prohibition?
ist
Japsner-e ?writer attacks West Or?
ange woman to cet jnovie. "color."
General SemenofT'r? wife say3 h"
is poor, travel-, on borrowed fund?.
Immigration inspectors, short
handed, work seventeen hours n day.
Minert press demand for check-off.
Nine thousand bags of mai] and
adverse tide.-; hold up Aquitania.
Up state police thief takes prison?
ers home, despite habeas corpus.
Life smiles again for Rose Coghlan.
Agent for Society of Prevention of
Cruelty to Children convicted of
extortion.
Olivia Stone pines for true love,
home and children.
Board of Estimate plana trip to
save Navy Yard, already saved.
WASHINGTON
Paiesg?. of bonus bill. t,!ightly
changed by Senate, and signing by
President is forecast.
Harding disclaims intention to
override civil service regulations in
bureau changes.
Senate, passes bill creating twen?
ty-four Federal judgeships.
Demand for reorganization of coal
mining industry renewed before
House Committee by union leader.
Chairman Lasker predicts direct
gorerni-nent aid for merchant marine,
will not. be necessary after ten years.
DOMESTIC
Rumors of quan-er between Jean
P. Day and Lieutenant Colonel Paul
W. Beck, just prior to Beck's slay?
ing, are investigated by Oklahoma
authorities.
Father of five children who were
attacked by ax murderer Tuesday
commit,3 suicide when questioned
about crime.
Governor will velo Knight, mental
deficiency bill.
FOREIGN
Premiers Lloyd George and Foin
care reach accord on Genoa confer?
ence views.
Irish republicans destroy half
million gallons of liquor in Dublin
raid; loss $10,000,000.
Bruce Yale. New York exporter,
and Mrs. Yale, among pix killed in
ParisLondon aerial express col?
lision.
Foreign Minister Rathenau says
Germany has little hope of success
of Genoa conference.
Ambassador Herrick, in Paris in?
terview, urges United States provide
embassies for its envoys.
SPORTS
In pre-season games, Giants open
at the Polo Grounds to-day against
White Sox and Yankees at Brooklyn
with Robins.
Robins defeat the Yankee?. 1 to
a, at Richmond, Va.
At Norfolk, Va.. Giants blank
White Sox, 8 to 0.
Henry J. Topping, Greenwich, and
Philip K. Robeson are finalists in
North and South amateur golf tour?
ney at Pinehurst.
MARKETS AND SHIPS
Prices of. industrial stocks steady
and rails higher in most active ses?
sion of the year.
Stock Exchange president outlines
plan to keep tab on members'
finances; District Attorney Banton
assails programme and urges public
regulation.
Government estimates winter
wheat crop 14,000,000 bushels short
of last year; larger rye yield pre?
dicted.
Shipping Board asks various mi
rinelabor bodies to ?ret together on
ship subsidy bill.
?should have received its death blow
' from labor.
j Judging by the proclamations of (he
; Russian government the social revo
; lution was undertaken in behalf of
three groups?the worKmen, the peas?
ants anil the soldiers, The inclusion
of soldiers in these groups was a
\ transition expedient, made necessary
by the .situation ?n Europe and the
military threat menacing the new
! slate. I he head of the Soviel govern
; ment would be the first to state thai
neither soldiery nor the nationalism
that soldiers protect, had any place in'
| the ultimate ideal of communism.
| As an economic program the Soviet
; experiment rested on the workmen and
?the peasants. Between these two
:: classes there remained to be worked
out a system of direct exchange which
would dispense with money and the
I machinery of capitalism.
While this machinery was in nrnr<,sa
01 construction it was importa \\
(both classes remain at work , me
i products of the industry of the one
wero indispensable to the continuing
lite of the other. Of the two classes
i the peasants continued a< work until
| they were starved for the products of
industry and the last grains from
their bins had rone to the city.
We are in a great shoe factory in
the city of Moscow. For two years
this factory has turned out only
enough shoe--, to supply the workers.
To-day its output is practically nil.
It is now used not as a factory at all
but as an adjunct to the new system
of education practiced by the Depart?
ment of Public Instruction. There is
in the factory a half million dollars'
worth of machinery. To-day that ma?
chinery is idle. Around each piece.
a group of hi?h school boys is ex?
perimenting, discussing together the
character and uses of," the machinery
or topics more wonted for boyhood.
An instructer goes from group to'group
guiding ttK discussion. answering
questions.
Raw Material in Plenty;
Guiding Spirit Is Lacking
I remember this scene when a little
later I am in Samara and see the
great loads of hides which are being
piled up as a consequence of the un?
usual slaughter of cattle pad horses.
The Russian people need shoes, the
hides are waiting for a market. And
yet, a valuable shoe factory is being
employed as a laboratory for the in
struction of youth.
Long after the industrial workman
had ceased to do his share the peasant
and the railroad worker continued to
support labor., and thus indirectly to
support the Soviet experiment. The
peasant cannot run his farm indefi?
nitely without fabi'icated materials,
clothing and plows. The railroads can?
not run indefinitely without, sending
the locomotives and cars to the repair
shops. All the peasants and railroad
men have asked was that in return for
the service they rendered the indus?
trial labor of the country should con?
tinue to supply the conveniences and
necessities that belong to its domain.
These labor has not supplied. Fabri?
cated materials have disappeared. The
repair shops have been closed for lack
of labor.
Save among special classes in which
the vital spark seems still to glow,
notably the government officials, the
railroad men and the peasants, indus?
try in Russia has been followed by in?
ertia, labor has been succeeded by
lethargy. The joy of production has
expired. Cynical distrust has taken the
place of creative faith.
Conditions such as these cannot arrive
without some deep cause. Whatever
may be the pretensions or the accom?
plishments of the government we 3nust
look for this cause in the govern?
ment's policies, pointing to these for
the collapse of that industry and co?
operative effort by which alone the
structure of society can hang together.
The disappearance of industry from
Russia is less a matter of mechanical
disintegration than of the death of the
(Continued on paijt) f?ur)
Bars Rouge and Lip Stick
In Jersey Parole Bureau
Girls in State House Threaten
to Appeal to Gov. Edwards
on Personal Liberty Issue
Special Dispatch to The Tribune
TRENTON. April 7.?Until to-day
Mr' Cornelia Meytrott was merely the
assistant director of the Division of
Parole of the. Department of Institu?
tions and Agencie? of New Jersey. But
now she has admired new importance.
Her individuality has asserted itself,
however, at a r'.ii of incurring the ever?
lasting disregard of the five hundred
voung women employees of the State
House. Mrs. Meytrott has ruled that
the lip stick and rouge box won't be
welcome hereafter in the Division of
Parole of the Department of Institu?
tions and Agencies, and is understood
to. have the support of her immediate
superior in the matter. The young
women employed in the department feel
that the lip stick and the rouge box are
necessary to the Department of Institu?
tions and Agencies, and that the depart?
ment can't, function without them.
The order of Mrs. Meytrott, it is said,
has provoked the open hostility of young
women in all other departments, and it
would not be surprising if stenograph?
ers? and secretaries combined forces and
went right to the Governor about it, it
being known that Mr. Edwards is a
(rreat believer in personal and all other
branda of liberty. It seems that there's
no objection to the young women roug?
ing and lip-sticking on the street, so
long as they are sufficiently pallid once
they come beneath the State House roof.
6 Die in Air;
Paris-London
Liners Crash
3 Passengers, Pilot, Me
chanic,Cabin Bov Killed
as "Pullmans" Collide!
in France; One Survivor ^
N. Y. Man and Bride
Among the Victims!
Christopher Bruce Yules!
Homeward Bound When
| Accident Occurs in Fog
TARIS. April 7 (By The Associated j
Press).?Six persons were killed to-day
when two airplanes on the Paris-Lon- !
don aerial express route collided over
the village of Thieulloy, seventy miles
north of Far'?-, and crashed to earth.
The dead are:
Christopher Bruce Yule, a New York
exporter, anel his wife, who were
homeward hound by* way of England i
in the French machine.
M. Bouriez, another passenger in the
French craft.
Aviator Mire, pilot of the French ma?
chine.
Mire's mechanic.
Cabin boy of the English maehine.
The entire personnel of both ma?
chines, except. Pilot Ft. E. Duke, of the
English plane, met death either in the
crash or in the? flames that, followed it.
The French airplane left Le Bourdet,
in the environs of Paris, at noon for
London. The British airplane, which
left Croydon, in the London area, this
morning, carried mail and was manned
only by a pilot.
Duke, who was seriously injured, was
till unconscious late to-night. The
i cabin boy in his machine wore a suit
adorned with brass buttons.
Mr. and Mr. Yule arrived in France
on hoard the steamer Empress of Scot
| land, which sailed from New York in
I February on a tour. 1 wo women
; friends were to have accompanied the
Americans to London, but changed
their minds at. the last moment on ac?
count of the stormy weather prevail
ing. The friends were Mrs. Titus Berst
and her daughter, Lois, of Erie, Fa.
The British machine had only been
in use three days on the express route.
It belonged to a new company operat?
ing a Paris-London service.
The accident occurred during a fog,
the pilots seeing each other too late
to ?ivoid h collision.
Five persons from the machines were
dead when inhabitants of the village
of Thieulloy arrived on the scene
shortly after the crash and the sixth
victim was dying
'Christopher Bruce Yule, who with
his wife was among those killed in tha
wreck, was New York manager for the
Boston tirm of Joseph Middleby jr..
Inc.. 140 Hudson Street, dealers in
preserves and confectionery. He and
Mrs. Yule were on their honeymoon,
it was said last night at the Prince
George Hotel, where Yule lived for the
last, three years. He and his bride .
sailed for Europe on February <t and
planned to return here about May l.J
LONDON. April 7 i By The Asso?
ciated Tress).?The British airplane
which collided with a French passen?
ger liner in France to-day carried only
the pilot, Duke, and the cabin bo?t,
according to authoritative information
in London to-night.
The British machine, was atie of a '
number operated daily in the London
Paris service for pasengers, mail and
goods by three British and two French
companies. The average number of
planes making daily trips each way!
is six, anel the total number of pas- ?
sengers daily usually averages about
twenty. Yesterday there were twenty
two passengers both ways. During fine
weather there are sometimes as many ]
as forty.
The first machine in the daily service
usually leaves London with the morn
ing newspapers about, 7 o'clock, and is
followed at intervals by others until 7 !
o'clock in the evening. They all leave j
from and arrive at the Croydon air- ?
drome, where, in case of fog, those
equipped with wireless apparatus are j
thus guided on their coursa.
The crash is said here to have been !
the first of the kind on the commercial
air route between England and France.
For the British machine it was its first
trip under the new management of a
company which inaugurated its service.
last Monday. An official of the com?
pany said the machine had been in the j
Paris service for more than two years, :
but that it was loaned to the company )
by the Air Ministry, owing to the de?
layed delivery in the new company's j
own machines. The capacity of the
machine was eight passengers and 500
pounds of baggage.
Duke had a splendid war flying
record and for a long time had been en
(Ontlnued ?n pas? three)
Poincare and
Lloyd George
In Full Accord
?.
Hold Two Hours' Confer-:
ence on Genoa Council !
in Railway Car in Paris
While Crowd Watches
?,
Boulogne Program
Will Be Followed
Question of Reparations
and Revision of Ver?
sailles Pact Is Barred
Special Cablr to The Tribune \
(Copyright. 1933, New York Tribun? Im- )
PARIS. April 7-rians for co-opera?
tion of the French and British delega?
tions at the Genoa economic confer?
ence to,make that gathering a success
were discussed here to-day by Premiers
Lloyd George and Poincare in an hour's
conference on boa ici the British Prime
Minister's private railroad car. Lloyd
George arrived at the (Jare du Nord
at 4:20 o'clock and found Poincare'
wailing there for him. The French :
Premier boarded the train and the con
ference went on while the car was :
being switched to the Mediterranean
station on the other side of Paris.
Before (3 o'clock Lloyd George had
started on for Genoa.
Baron Hardinge, Rritish Ambassador
to Paris, and Louis Barthou, chief of
the Trench Genoa delegation, also took'
patt in the conference.
To Follow Boulogne Program
It was agreed by the premiers that
their Genoa program, as worked out in
their meeting at Boulogne six weeks
ago, should he followed out in detail.
This involves exclusion of the German
reparations questions and other mat?
ters affecting the Treaty of Versailles
from the Genoa discussions.
After the conference Lloyd Gorge, in
an interview, said he was pleased with
the complete accord between Great.
Britain and France. He --aid the
I French Premier had assured him
' Fiance would do all in her power to
make the conference, a success in its
efforts to reconstruct Europe. He said
that complete harmony between the
British and French delegations was
now assured.
In French official circles it, was ex?
plained that to-day's conference had
been arranged at the request of the
British Premier, who' was a little wor?
ried' over France's attitude as ex?
pressed by Poincare in the Chamber
of Deputies and in his letter of in?
structions to the members of the
French delegation. Therefore Lloyd
George wanted to be reassured that
France would not bolt the conference
suddenly and thereby nullify the de?
cisions reached there.
Premier Poincare refused after the
conference to comment on the discus?
sion, but he expressed satisfaction
over the complete agreement which
had been reached.
Soviet Issue to Arise Early
Special Cable to The Tribune
Copyright, 19C2. N'etv TorK Tribune Inc.
GENOA April 7. Foreign Minister
v Schanzer, of Italy, told the Tribune
correspondent that when he was in Lon?
don last week Premier Lloyd George
asked him to offer a motion at. the.
Genoa conference next, week to re.cog
nize the Russian Bolsheviki. He added
that he had refused this request be?
cause he felt that such a motion would
not be courteous to France, but that
as soon as the conference opened he
believed the question would be raised
and discussed.
The neutral nations whose delegates
conferred this week at Berne have ad?
vised the Italian government that be?
fore they will assist, in economic recon?
struction measures in Europe the Con?
tinent must disarm..
The Italian press is furious at the
French because the Paris government
is planning to operate a large press bu?
reau at the conference. The news?
papers charge that the French appar?
ently are going to try to use the con?
ference, for political propaganda pur?
poses.
Reds Object to Rail Tunnels
The foreign delegations arriving here
are giving the government some con?
cern with their dissatisfaction over the
living quarters assigned to them.
Georg Tchitchcrin, Bolshevik Foreign
Minister, and others of the Moscow
delegation had an argument with the
Italian police this morning over the
fact that the train which brings them
daily from Rapallo, where their quar?
ters are, to Genoa, must pass through
seven tunnels. The Reds demand that
heavy guards be placed at all these
tunnels to prevent any attempt? at
train wrecking.
A palace was assigned to Premier
Lloyd George. He told the Italian au?
thorities that he had been so much
criticized at home for living sumptu?
ously at international conferences that
(Continued on p?|o four)
Masked Japanese Attacks Girl,
Seeking "Color" for New Movie
A masked Japenese armed with a
j club sprang from behind shrubbery on
j Benvue Avenue, West Orange, N. J.,
at dusk yesterday afternoon and at
! tacked Mrs. Amelia Cartheuser, twenty
! two years old, of North Field Avenue,
'? West Orange.
Mrs. Cartheuser, the daughter of a
I former town official of West Orange,
? was unaccompanied. There was no one
else on the street and her screams were
unheard. She finally succeeded in beat?
ing off her assailant with an umbrella.
The man fled into a nearby woods.
The neighborhood was aroused at
once and the West Orange police were
called. After beating through the
woods for more than an hour the police
I found a young Japanese who said that
he was Taita Tsji, twenty-six years old,
of 341 Main Street, East Orange.
He made no attempt to resist arrest.
I According to the police, the young
man's shirt was torn and he had a cut
over his forehead, which they say was
caused by Mrs. Cartheuser's umbrella.
He was iaken to the West Orange
I police station, where he was questioned
! by detectives for more than an hour.
j He refused at first to answer any of
I their questions.
Shortly after P o'clock he was ar
j raigned before Recorder Meeker, in
1 the West Orange police court. In giv
Ing his pedigree he ?aid that he was
a gyaduate of George Washington Uni?
versity.
I also studied for a time at Prince?
ton University," he said to the Re?
corder.
"And what is your plea to the charge
of assault and battery?" he was asked.
"We will come to that," Tsji replied
; suavely. "I am a writer for the raaga
\ zines and the moving pictures. I also
j write for the newspapers."
i "I fail to see the connection," inter
? rupted the court.
"You will see in a minute," rejoined
[ the prisoner. "Recently I have been
| employed on a story for the pictures.
I The opening scenes will show the hero
! ine descending a mountain trail. A
j very beautiful girl she is.
"At a turn in the road a man springs
I out and attacks her. There is a prob?
lem, I beg your pardon to explain,
which has puzzled me much. How will
the woman act? What will she do?
I have been thinking of this much late?
ly. What will tht woman do?
"To-day I fin walking ir. Benvue
Avenue. I am as always thinking of
the problem. What will the woman
do? I*look up and I see a very pretty
woman coming toward me. I grab a
stick."
"Then you plead guilty to the
charges?" the court acked.
"I have nothing to say."
The prisoner was held for the grand
jury.
Police Shoot at Thieves,
Kill Attorney; Enright
Given I492 More Men
Board of Estimate Votes
Increase and Commis?
sioner Promises to Rush
Training of Recruits
Wants 6 Big Cars
To Chase Bandits
Clamor of Civic Associa?
tions for Protection
Rises From 5 Boroughs
In response to an aroused citizenry
clamoring for better protection of life
and property. Police Commissioner En
right requested and received from the
Board of Estimate yesterday authoriza?
tion i.o add 1,192 men to his-force.
He also asked for six high-powered
cars for the pursuit, of automobile ban?
dits. Action on this, however, was held
up until to-day.
The Commissioner announced thai
every available? man now on the Civil
Service list, about SOO, would be put in
training as soon as their eligibility was
e ei'tilied.
"As soon as I get them," said the
Commissioner, "I will put the whole
batch through the training school, and
! have them out on the sidewalks, in new
! uniforms doing actual patrol within
two months."
In presenting his request, to the
board, Mr. Enright revealed that of the
11,500 in the Police Department, only
; 1,600 were engaged at any time in ac?
tual patrol duty. For the first time he
i made an. implied admission as to the
prevalence of unusual crime conditions
, in the city when he said: "It is aeff
! evident that our effective patrol force
lof 1,600 is utterly inadequate."
i alls for Co-operation
With inore policemen, unrestricted
?co-operation among officials charged
with the prevention and punishment of
I crime and a more precautionary atti?
tude on the part of the public, he said
i he could reduce criminality here to a
'minimum within six months.
j Of the 1,192 extra men it appears,
; however, that only about 765 will be
I used for tour duty, the remainder, ac
I cording to the Commissioner, to be
I used for traffic and other purposes.
?With three shifts, this will actually
add but 260 to the effective patrol
j forces. With the 200 extra men ob?
tained from a. re? urn to the nine
j platoon system, the number of men
i on patrol will be brought from 1,600
i up to 1,750 about the middle of June.
? Mr. Enright intimated, however, that
I with the additional men granted by the
! Board of Estimate the ten platoon sys
j tern may bo shortly restored. Later he
j asserted that this might not be ad?
visable until conditions became normal.
Mr. Enright went over the ground at
a luncheon of the. New York Press
Club, where he complained that, "every?
body hollers and no one helps." He
insisted there was a reduction in the
number of felonies here so far this
year of 19 per cent, as compared with
a similar period in 1917. The number
of such crimes, he said, was about
thirty a day, or about 900 a month.
"Why water this every day with your
tears?" he remarked.
Issues Self-Help Pamphlets
Further evidence that, the Commis?
sioner has become thoroughly alive to
the situation was shown in the dis?
tribution by him of thousands o<"
pamphlets advising the citizen on "how
to guard against crime." These pam?
phlets were heaped up at station
houses and may be obtained free.
There was a hurriedly called confer?
ence of all the city's police inspectors
in Chief Inspector Lahey's office last
night, at which there was a general
discussion of the prevalent conditions
and the best methods of dealing With
them. The inspectors were given to
understand, it was learned, that the de?
partment chief demanded perfect patrol
from the men on the force, and that
lieutenants, captains and other sub?
ordinates must be strictly instructed
to that end.
District Attorney Banton announced
that he would have all criminal cases
from now on placed at the head of the
preferred list and trials pushed with
the utmost speed.
The public outcry against unchecked
lawlessness continued to gain momen?
tum with protests from two more busi?
ness organizations.
Brooklyn Chamber Acts
The executive committee of the
Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce de?
cided at a luncheon yesterday to ap?
point a spcial committee to investigate
"the causes of the present crime wave,
co-operate with the Police Department
atnd with the commercial and civic
bodies, and make recommendations
(C<5i?t!nu?xt ?it next page)
Heart of King Ludwig III
Deposited in Bavaria
Former Royalties and Monarch?
ists Venerate Casket Brought
From West Hungary
MUNICH, Bavaria, April 7 (By The
Associated Press).?In the royal chapel
at Allotting, Upper Bavaria, an ancient
place of pilgrimage, where the heartl
of Bavanan rulers since the time fit
Maximilian II, Elector of Bavaria, have
been deposited In silver caskets, an?
other casket was placed yesterday.
This was the heart of Ludwig III, who
died last October in west Hungary.
With solemn ceremony Ludwig's h?art
was laid next to that of his wife, Queen
Maria Theresa, who died in 1919.
The casket wsb brought from Hun?
gary to Munich, where it wa? vene?
rated in the chapel of Deuchtenberg
Palace by former Crown Prince Rup
precht and other former royalties and
leading monarchists. Former Presi?
dent of the Bavarian state Von Kahr
also wa3 present at the service, which
was conducted by Ludwig's confessor,
the Benedictine Father Jud.
After the ceremony in Munich Rup
precht and others of his party accom?
panied the casket to Altotting, wh*re
prior to its being placed in the crypt
a requiem mass was celebrated with
j the casket resting on a catafalque.
Convicts Will Tell
How to Stop Crime
CHICAGO, April 7.?Criminal.-;
now serving sentence?, testifying
anonymously, will give their views
on methods to be used in reducing
crime at the two-day discussion of
that subject before the enforce?
ment commission of the Ameri?
can Bar Association, beginning I
Monday.
The meeting will be one of the
largest gatherings of criminolo
gists and law enforcement officers !
ever held in the Middle West
I Hundreds of experts will give !
their views.
I_ I
Salvation Army
Bars Speyer as
Wet Advocate
News That Banker, Selected
to Head Their $500,000
Drive, Is Anti-Prohibi?
tionist Shocks Miss Booth
He's Out, She Declares
Financier's Friends Explain
Personal Liberty Is Issue
With Him, Not Liquor
Commander Evangeline Booth, head
of the Salvation Aarmy, expressed
amazement last night when she learned
that, James Speyer, the banker, who was
recently named chairman of the Sal?
vation Army's $500,000 campaign for
funds, is one of the vice-presidents of
the Association Against the Prohibition
Amendment and an active worker in the
organization.
Miss Booth indicated that the news
would prove equally surprising to other
Salvation Army officers and said that
Mr. Speyer could not continue his ac?
tivities with a "wet" organization and
remain as head of a drive of the Sal?
vation Army, an organization that is,
has been and will continue to be unal?
terably opposed to liquor.
A spirited rally under the auspices
of the Association Against the Prohibi?
tion Amendment was held Thursday
ight at Carnegie Hall. It was said
last night that Mr. Speyer, who is re?
ported to be at Hot Springs, Va., had
invited a number of friends to tho
meeting.
Speaks Her Mind
Miss Booth expressed herself re?
garding Mr. Speyer's connection with
the association after she had invited
newspaper men to her headquarters
at 122 West Fourteenth Street, to tell
them of her fourteen weeks' trip in
this country and the Hawaiian Islands.
Upon being informed that the name of
the head of the banking fii-m of Speyer
& Co. was listed as a vice-president of
the anti-prohibition association on its
letter heads. Miss Booth forgot for the
time being the subject, of her travels.
It was not until she had finished her
comment upon what she termed very
surprising news that she got around to
them.
"I had no idea," she said, "that Mr.
Speyer was anti-prohibition, and I
really had no idea that he had been
chosen head of our drive. I feel that
there must be a mistake somewhere.
The Salvation Army is against liquor
in every form."
She said that the banker had always
been a good friend and supporter of
the Salvation Army.
It was said by a person answering
the telephone at the home of Mr.
Speyer at 1058 Fifth Avenue last night
that Mr. Speyer is a "very prominent
member" of the anti-prohibition move?
ment and that he is at the same time
enthusiastic in his work for the Sal?
vation Army. "Mr. Speyer is going
to be chairman of their drive by all
means," it was said.
Personal Liberty Is Issue
Mr. Speyer's -name is listed as one of
the twenty-one vice-presidents of the
Association Against the Prohibition
Amendment. One of the other vice
presidents in discussing the associ?
ation's activities last night, said that
the association was not interested in
whether or not drink is good or isn't
iCvntlitMtf en PM? ?lx)
Britain Gives Palestine
Rights to Standard Oil
Grant May Forecast Equal Op?
portunity to Americans in
All Mandated Territory
WASHINGTON, April 7.?The Stan?
dard Oil Company has been granted
exploring rights in Palestine by the
British government, it was learned
here to-day. At the State Department
it was said advices from London were
to the effect that the British govern?
ment) was to grant American com?
panies the same right? in the man?
dated territory of Palestine as were en?
joyed by the nationals of any govern?
ment signatory to the Treaty of Ver?
sailles.
Some press reports from London to?
day announced that the British gov?
ernment was prepared to grant equal
opportunity to American nationals in
all mandated territories given to Great
Britain under the Versailles Treaty,
but officials of the State Department
said they had no confirmation of such
a sweeping decision. It was said,
however, that theje was nothing to in?
dicate that the American contention
for "equal opportunity" in mandated
territories would be seriously opposed
by any of the Allied governments, and
confidence was expressed that the
American position soon would be
formally recognised.
Harry Crone. Assistant
Corporation Counsel, Is
Victim of Bullet While
Watching Bandit Chase
3 Negroes Shool
Down Po li?e man
One Confesses After Cap?
ture; Thug Held After
Wounding Cigar Man
One. man was killed and a polio?
man and another man were wounded
in yesterday's banditry.
Harry Crone, an Assistant Cor?
poration Counsel, was killed la?t
night in Forty-third Street, near
Madison Avenue, by one of six or
eight bullets which a policeman and
a watchman fired while chaining al?
leged automobile tire thieves. Hi*
wife, on her way to keep an appoint?
ment with him at the Grand Centra
Terminal, a short block away, sa*
the crowd the shots attracted.
Patrolman Patrick Mr-Hugh. o<
the West 135th Street po!i>c nation,
was seriously wounded by one o?
three negroes whom he was about to
arrest, as hold-up men. One of the
three was captured.
Ernito Along? was shot, in thf
shoulder by a negro who held him up
in his cigar store at l?Oo St. Nich?
olas Avenue. The negro wan ar?
rested and guarded from a mob.
Crone on Way Home
Mr. Crone was on his way from th?
Bar Association to his home ?t ?.
Barslev Place. "White. Plain?, N. T.
The bullet which killed him ram? M
cither from the revolver of Pa<r->lniar ?
Duffy, of the East Fifty-first Stree' ?
police station, or from that of Den-nts
Ryan, a watchman, who jo;n?d Paffv
in pursuit of the alleged thir.r .
Duffy saw the two men who'Ti hr
suspected of being thieves loitering
beside automobiles parK^d on Madison
Avenue, between Forty-third and Forty
fourth streets. While he watched, he
says, he say them detach a tire trotn
the rear of a car. He started toward
them and they ran. As they crossed
Madison Avenue, they threw (he tire
Duffy says, into a southbound automo?
bile that passed them.
The two men kept on to the west
through Forty-tlird Street, heedless of
Duffy's commands to halt. Duffy fel
lowed at top speed. When he had
cleared the Madison Avenue traffic, ha
drew his revolver and fired three shot?
in the air, hoping to scare the fugi?
tives into surrendering or to summon
help.
Watchman Joins Chase
The shots had no effect on the me?
ahead of him except to increase their
speed, but they were heard by Ryan, s
night watchman, who joined in the
chase, drawing his own revolver and
firing shot after shot.
From Madison Avenue to Fifth Ave?
nue Forty-third Street stretched ap
parently empty save for the fleein?
men and their pursuers. Crone, how
ever, was standing back near the build?
ing line in front of lit East Forty^
third Street, with a package under his"
arm, watching the chase.
Unheeded by any of the participants
? he fell to the sidewalk. Patrolmen
Coyne and Ronan, of the West Sixty
eighth Street pdlice station, who had
heard the shots and responded, al?
though off duty and not in uniform,
found him and took him to Bellevue
Hospital in a taxicab.
It was found that the bullet had
penetrated his heart, killing him out?
right. He was identified by legal pa?
pers he was carrying, by his commu?
tation ticket to White Plains and by
a bunch of keys in his pocket which
bore a tag inscribed with his name
and ofRcfi address.
One of the two fugitives darted into
an alley on the south side of Forty
third Street near Fifth Avenue, where
he was captured by Patrolman Moran,
of the East Fifty-first Street police
station, who turned the corner fro?
Fifth Avenue just in time to se? htm
disappear into the alley.
Suspects Are Brothers
The other man reached Fifth Ave
nue and was overhauled by Duffy and
Ryan. At the East Fifty-first Street
police station the prisoners said they
were Patrick and JoVn McCallo?,
brothers, of 232 East Thirtfwfifth
Street. No weapon was found on either
of them. They were detained at the
police station pending an investigation
of the shooting.
It was said that a charge of j>*tit
larceny would be made against the Mc
Calloms, the owner of the car from
which the tire was stolen having bee?
discovered, He is J. D. Osborn, a
Princeton student, whose home is in
the West. He had motored into New
York to-day with George Scott, a fel?
low-student and they were at dinner
in the Hotel Biltmore when the shoot?
ing occurred.
Wife Waited for Crone
News of the shooting spread quiekly
and a crowd gathered at Forty-third
Stteet and Madison Avenue whieb
j blocked traffic until several policemen
I managed to get it under control. Mr*.
| Edith Crone, wife of the man who was
shot, saw the throng and heard that a
man had tveen shot ?s she hastened to
I the Grand Central Terminal, where she
| was to meet her husband for the return
trip to White Plains after spendingth?
day with friends in this city.
It was almost train time, but tier
I husband was not ther*. The hour ier
i departure came and passed. The gata
i to the trainshed was closed and ?till
her husband had not appeared. A t?r
! rible suspicion lodged in Mrs. Crone's
! mind as she remembered the crowd aha
I had seen a short block *rom th? eta
tioa and tried to reconcile th? no?

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