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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 05, 1922, Image 14

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?Cftti 3)ork dri?nrm
First to Last?the Truth: News?Edi?
ttetstser ci tha Audit Bureau of. ClrruUttone
Ownfi h, heW Tor* Tribune inr . ? V?? Tor?.
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JJ"*'n! Kelt. Befrttary; It R. MnAtVlu. TVasurer.
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?era. Telephone, rtoekman S90?.
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MvarttMr Smi ?-.e..
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We u*? fnt repu! ilcallotl of all new? ?tbpaiche?
cred tel (o i; ?r not otherwlae credited in tlili
paper, aftu *l?o the. local new? o? spontaneous oriein ;
pub!?abeu c, :? Iji
AU rirhtj ..( renubllcalloQ of all oilier mattet;
berv<ir? uso are reuefted.
Straight to the issue
Disdaining bombast and buncombe,
Governor Miller in his speech of
acceptance made it plain that if
elected he intends to give the state
exactly the sort of administration he
has given it for the last two years.
For the thinking* voter that is prom?
ise enough. The state has never
been more ably cr more economically
Throughout his address the Gov?
ernor talked straight, to the issue.
He made no pledges that he cannot
and will not perform. He quietly
accepted the challenge of his Demo?
cratic opponent. In a few* words he
answered every attack made on him
by that gentleman on his return
from Syracuse and every charge
lodged against him in the Demo?
cratic platform.
Significantly courageous was his
reply to Mr. Smith's desire to "break
a lance against 'the special inter?
ests' " :
"There is nothing in our record
which holds out promise to 'special
interests.' There is nothing which
has occurred at Albany for the last
two years which has been pleading
to the special interests. And I care
not whether by 'special interests'
you mean the sinister corporate in?
terests of a kind which always wants
to pet a little the best of it at the
public expense, or whether you mean
the kind of interest represented by
agitators?represented, if you please,
by those who, styling themselves;
workers, get a living by working the
"I care not whether you mean
those influences which by devious
and dark methods seek to get special
favors from government, even to
pollute the very stream of govern?
ment, or whether you mean those
tspecial 'groups which, either from
self-exploitation or to put special
interest above the general interest,
seek to wheedle, intimidate or
threaten public servants into a de?
sired course of action."
These are not idle words. They
have been backed up by a consistent
policy of serving the citizens of the
whole state, whether at the time
such service seemed politically ex?
pedient or not.
Men who have had axes to grind
and favors to seek have'left Albany
disappointed since Governor Miller
has been in office. What he has
deemed in the interest of the whole
state he has done. What he has
deemed against the interest of the
whole state he has refused to do,
no matter who was offended by his
It is an excellent thing, as Gov?
ernor Miller declared, that in this
campaign the people have an oppor?
tunity to judge between two mer\
each of whom has been tried in the
office for which they are now con?
Governor Miller was able truth?
fully to point to a saving by the in?
troduction of efficient, businesslike
methods of government of $29,000,
000 in direct taxes in two years. No
savings of any sort whatever were
effected by his predecessor. On the
contrary, the cost of government
Was greatly increased during his
Governor Miller was renominated
by the Republican party because he
was the one man in the state best
fitted to serve in the executive
chamber for the next two years. He
has added experience to great
natural ability and absolute courage.
He has performed what he has
promised to perform, and so prompt?
ly and completely that there can be
no doubt in the public mind that his
next term will, as he says it will, be
of the same character as his first.
No citizen who does not represent
either specially interested plunder
or specially interested demagogy
could ask more.
The Crime Wave Recedes
It is the general opinion of
criminologists that the era of crime
which spread over the country im?
mediately following the war has
?early "burned itself out." Re?
ports received by the American
Bankers' Association, which has an
obvious interest in fighting crime,
indicate that most of the crimes of
violence are on the wane.
This side of the millennium crime
will not be stamped out. In every
thousand human beings a few are
! criminals, or become criminals, the
j percentage depending upon condi
1 tions of employment or non-em?
ployment, peace or war.
It is interesting to observe that
the crime wave now paid to be sub?
siding spread over the civilised
; world following the "flu" epidemic,
! and exactly In the same way, fol
! lowing the mr.lady through Ott?
?country after another, although it
', remained longer than the "flu" in
? each country that was visited by the
devastating blight.
Whether or not there h a erlitte
germ which, like the "flu"' or the
? measles, is catching remains for
scientists to discover. Certain it
is that most criminals are subject
to some nort of mental disorder
which as yet is little understood.
In New York, which was the
. center of the infection in this coun
try, the Police Commissioner is al?
ready claiming the credit for
: having reduced it, although during
! its period of highest miscbievous
: ness he denied its existence.
Two Judiciary Tickets
The Tribun-? has severely criti?
cized the Republican loaders of New
York County for refusing to renomi
nate Surrogate Cohalan. It is very
glad to pay tribute to their praise?
worthy attitude toward the other j
nominations to the bench.
The local judiciary nominations of
. the first importance other than that
of Surrogate comprised time jus?
tices of the Supreitte Court .-:nd two
justices of General Sessions. The
j three members of the Supreme Court
, whose terms expire are Justices Leh
mai3, McGoldrick and Marsh. Jus?
tice Lehman is a Democrat and held
Office by election. Justice McGold
: rick is a Democrat, appointed by
' Governor Miller. -Justice Marsh is a
: R<publican, appointed by Governor
j Miller.
j The two justices of General Ses
j sions whose terms expire are Jus
? tices Johnstone and Kosrtig. The
- former is a Democrat, the latter a
: Republican. Both were appointed to
| office by Governor Miller.
Thus, of the five justices three
? were Democrats and two Republi
j cans. As to all five there was strong
: approval and commendation by the
? lawyers of the city. Under the es
i tablished principle of continuing an
! able and impartial judge in office re
| gardless of his politics there was a
: clear obligation upon both Republi
I cans and Democrats to renominate
j all five men. '
The Republican parly has done
exactly that. It has nominated the
three Democrats, Justices Lehman,
McGoldrick and Johnston", along
with the two Republicans, Instice*:
Marsh and Koenig.
s Tammany has kicked thi whol?
principle of non-partisanship out ol
the window. In the end it did not
dare refuse a renomination to Jus?
tice Leliman, but it has refused re
nomination to both Justice Marsh
and Justice Johnstone, the one a Re?
publican, the other a Democrat.
The Republican judiciary ticket
aside from the question of Surro?
gate, thus lives up to the highly im
j portant principle of non-partisan
ship. It is a recognition of the pub?
lic demand that the bench shall re?
main above politics and that justice
shall not become the hireling of ?
boss. To the contrary, che Tam?
many ticket is an insolent claim that
the bench of New York City is th(
personal property of Charles F
Uncle Joe's Sentimental Journey
Uncle Joe Cannon has started
out once more over the old National
Pike which he first crossed eighty
three year? ago in his father's
prairie schooner. It took him as
many weeks to make the trip then
' as it does hours now- A twenty
mile hike was considered good go?
ing in those days.
If Uncle Joe could reproduce for
us a picture of the things that ho
saw during that trip, it would in?
deed make interesting reading. The
era of railroads had hardly begun.
In the entire United States only
three thousand miles werr completed.
These were nearly all disconnected
pieces along the seaboard. As yet
there was no through train from
New York to Washington, nor from
New York to Boston; Along the
coast and on the larger rivers
steamboats carried most of the pas
s: enger traffic. In the interior, ex?
cept for the few canals, all traf?
fic went over the roads.
It was slow and difficult going
With the exception of the Cumber
iand road and a few^othcr pikes
good paving was unknown. Stream
were crossed by ferry or fording
The road was steep and crookec
through the mountains, and subjec
to frequent washouts.. What fev
inns there were by the waysidi
were primitive. Travelers fror?
the East and from Europe de
scribed them as generally filthy
with no comforts and few conven
iences. Three or more slept in i
room, often without beds. The fooi
was bad and the whisky plentiful
As many of the migrating familie
took with them their livestock, 11
some places special barns wer
built to house animals and owner
all together.
The road was crowded with al
manner of conveyances. The cov
ered wagon known as the prairi
schooner was a favorite type, bu
' families used the best that they
! could get with wheels, and cases
? were even known of men and
I women tramping the entire dia
: tance, pushing their few belongings
ahead of them in a wheelbarrow.
The country had not yet recovered
from the panic of 18.S7, and the
Westward movement in search of
' a new life was at its height.
Uncle Joe, at the age of four,
was one of these new pioneers.
To-day at. the age of eighty-six he
, still prefers the old road, even
though his prairie schooner is now
drawn by some sixty horses and
travels at a rate of thirty miles an
The lVation in Convention
! We take it that New Yorkeri?, aro
fairly well alive by thb time to the
'fact that they have in their midst
the most important and reorcsanta
tive gathering of American? this
town has seen in many years.
The small boy's conception of a
! bank as a sort of strongboa where
folks .keep their gold never did ap?
ply to modern banking, and it has
precious little relation to the prob"
bms of the men and women of the
American Bankers' Association. It
i.s not what a bank take;; in but
what it gives out?that credit which
is the life blood of the nation's busi?
ness?which is important.
Thus money is but one small item
represented at this convention. The
farmer, the miner', the grocery stor?
and the factory are not less closely
tied up to its deliberations. Wheat
in Iowa, oil in Oklahoma, lemons ir
California, the cotton mills of Mas
sachusetts, the general store in i
South Carolina village, ail come t<
be and enter into the life of the na
tion through the credit of banks.
The banker, small town or bii
town, is far more an expert in hu
man beings, their trades and occu
pations, than in mere figures. Th
banker of a Kansas village knows a
much about wheat growing as an;
farmer and a plenty about ever
business in the block. Thus ther
ai'e experts in every conceivabl
American business at this conver
It is a privilege for New York t
house such a gathering. It is a
immensely valuable thing for ?.
whole country lor these leading me
of every section, of every sort (
community, experts in everythin
that American workers think and d
thus to meet together, talk togethi
formally and informally, and brir
the problems of the nation's busihe
into the light cf common counsel.
Settling Family Quarrels
Premier Poincar?'s clear and defi
1 nite plan for a conference to discuss
, inter-European debts in Brussels in
' December is a hopeful sign. It dis
i closes a realization that before
American participation abroad is
j possible England and France must
end what Ambassador Herrick called
I "their family quarrels" and reach
1 an agreement upon Europe's prob?
lems. Failure to co-operate in col
| lecting reparations from Germany
; has kept Europe in a turmoil. Fail
? ure to co-operate in the Near East
has almost plunged Europe into an?
other war. So long as these quar
? reis persist it is idle to. expect
| American aid.
On this point there has been una
' nimity in this country, whatever the
-differences of opinion as to the as
| sistance that America should give.
i There has been an unfortunate tend
[ ency abroad to put off the evil day of
reckoning until America lent a hand.
! This hope has undoubtedly been one
of the factors which has delayed Eu?
ropean rehabilitation.
M. Poincar? proposes a radical re?
vision of the German debt. Plainly
French opinion has been ready for
such a move for some time. If Eng?
land and France will enter such a
conference with a will to agree they
can surely do so.
That a new Washington confer?
ence would follow cannot be doubted
The sooner the European nation?
] smooth out their jealousies and face
their problem squarely the soonei
the Administration will be able t(
decide upon definite agenda for s
conference. Upon the success o:
Poincar?'s Brussels conference wil
in a large measure depend America':
No Alibi for Poison Ivy
Just why the Department of Agri?
culture should attempt even a par
; tial exoneration of poison ivy is far
from clear. Of persons who have
? lived but little in the country, or
? whose knowledge of every-day botany
| is negligible, poison ivy takes its
; daily toll. This is especially true
[in the fall, when its brilliant color
?' ing makes it especially attractive to
: the pickers of autumn foliage. Many
a person has been unable to resist
; the gorgeous red branches of the
! poison ivy draped over the old split
\ rail fences or growing on locust
? trees salong the roadside. Neither
< the sumac nor any of the oaks take
| en the same color, and only the brick
{red of the swamp maples can ap
; proach it.
; But what makes the department's
? announcement seem all the more
j strange is that it proceeds to list a
number of common plants which, ac?
cording to its experts, often do the
damage attributed to poison ivy.
This list includes such innocuous
i wild flowers as the lady slipper, the
? wild carrot, the ox-eye daisy, the
j buttercup, the mullein and the mus?
tards. These plants, along with
I many others, it is particularly em?
phasised, are irritating to the skin
of many persons and need not be
taken internally in order to be
No one*, seeks to doubt the veracity
of the Department of Agriculture.
But it. seems that bofore a general
warning is ?issued against such com?
mon plants as these, which have
been picked for so many generations
without damage to the pickers, the
department should specify more fully
its charges against them. The num?
ber of those who are immune to
poison ivy mur-t bo almost as small
an the number of those who are
susceptible to poisoning from the
other planta lir.ted.
TL'cd Radicals
Crooning wistfully over the hap
j py dny.i when radical'.;.:'.1, paid, the
most elegant cf our radical week?
lies make*! a la.it deapairing pies for
idealism and subscription:, "it is
no time to lose hope, though souls
leas stout are asking, 'What's th?>
une?' " il? weary businev.3 office
advertiare3. "There are weary
thousands?tired radicals, tired re?
former.:, tired idealists?who have
Common obse.-vation support;
this inside view. There has been
surrender all ?long the line on botri
sides of'the Atlantic. Why? Wo
think a suggestive answer appear?
in the news from Italy of the So?
cialist congress at Rome. That
gathering is in a bad way because
of the fatal fact that' it is hopelesa
ly divided. It ;s not so much p
party as a bundle of cliques. Amon.s;
the groups are Maximalists, Con
centrationalista, Third Internation?
alists, Unitarians, Centrists, Col?
laborationists, Abstentionisti am
That, alas, is the way of our owr
radicals. There are as man;
groups of serious thinkers as there
are Hermiones. Each is cocksur,
of its remedy and very impatieni
of its rivals. Their one commo,
bond is their agreement that Some,
thing Must Be Done. Small wonde;
they are tired and slow.about theii
subscriptions. They have fou.?h
one another so hard and long tha
there is no fight left in them.
More Truth Than Poetry
By James J. Montayue
You Never Can Tell
When we read in the papers last
That skirts would be shortly
worn long,
Restricting the ease of the femi?
nine knees,
We thought that the papers
were wrong.
"Now woman has tasted of free?
We said with a wiseacre smile;
"No niore she'll consent that her
ankles be pent
In vthe garments demanded by
We talked in this fatuous fashion
To ladies we met now and then,
And they all of them vowed they
would never be cowed
By modes that were made by
mere men.
They said they would rather have
And dress in a rational w,ay,
Than to hobble their toes in
the smartest of clothes
That are worn in the Rue de la
"We women have captured the
We have learned to do just as
we please;
No longer," said they, "are we
bound to obey
The dressmaker's stupid de?
We know that short skirts are
They are easy and graceful to
And they're going to stay as you
see them to-day,
In spite of all Paris. So there!"
Some day we will leam about
(If we live to a hundred) we
But at present we find that the
feminine mind
Is past our poor power to dope.
We wandered all over the city
Observing the fashions last
For block after block, and we got
a rudo shock, "
For never a knee was In sight 1
Health Item
Now that old Doc Congress has
prescribed a tariff there will be far
less mortality among infant indus?
A good many Congressmen who
are going homo to campaign would
do well not to purchase round trip
The ban on liquor jokes on the
stage ts taking the dram out of the
(Copyright by .Tames J. Montague)
A Turcophile
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The peace of Europe and Asia
depends on restoring Turkish rule over
western Thrace, the population of
which is almost wholly Turkish, and
on keeping the Greek south of Sal?nica.
The Turks have been settled in Con?
stantinople for more than a century
and a half longer than Europeans i?i
New England or Virginia.
Cambridge, Mass., Sept. 27, 1922.
The Tower
i Copr., N?w Tork Tribun? Inc., 19J3
A hunch of miners who can be de
! ponded on to strike every year must be
| a blessing to the mine owners.?Other
j wise the owners might be up ?gainst
it, for an excuso to boost the price of j
coal.?The autumn pneumonia will come
! ?long about the time the profits from
the strike arc being counted up, wo j
* * *
Every time we get ready to bawl out j
democracy and- root for monarchy or !
anarchy we reflect that democrtcy has '
? i
never really had n trial in this coun- p
try. -Our reflections on government, al- ,
ways Wind up with the. vague thought: I
"// we wrrc. running things in this conn
try, we'd show 'am/"-?Show what? To!
whom ?
* ? ?i?
\v'eli, we never get that far.
* * *
And if we were to be elected Despot,
we might hesitate to take the job, after
all.?Where are the Kinks of, Yester
? * *
Where is Cresar?
Gone lo grasa!
A Irrar<der
/.?i garden sass!
In folded away
In the very center
Of a bale of kay!
* * ?
There is nothing so salutary as these
| thoughts, dear children, on the decay
j of mundane grandeur. ?Often we used
I to fro to a musvam, when we felt
tempted to become an unconstitutional
; monarch, and brood over the mummy
i of an Egyptian King.
?* * ?>
So discouraged! So desiccated ! ?
"f?as it all come to this?" we would
say to him. -"All your pyramids an?
temples and sphinxes, Pharaoh, wha
| good are they to you now?"?He woul?.
i not bat an eye, but he would look sad
; so sad!---And then we would cry ove
j him.?And cry and cry.?And sai
ghosts of dinosaurs and mammoth
; which had been lingering near thei
skeletons in other parts of the museun
would come out of the gloom and pu
their heads on our shoulders and cr;
with ui.
* * *
All good fellows while they had il
but all down and out now! ? There i
something about tears . . . we don'
know what! . . . but we used to g
away from there feeling a better mai
* * *
It was while we were weeping by th
sarcophagus of Rameses one evenin
that we first met Archy the Cockroacl
?Archy was weeping also.?An Egyp
tian scarab carven in granite forme
one of the decorations of the monarch
mummy case, and it seems that Arch
had conceived a fondness for this bo?
tie and came there attempting to wo
the cold stone into life with his arder
words, as Pygmalion did Galatea.
Sensitive and poetic natures are al?
ways attracted to each other.?We saw
at once that Archy was not an ordi?
nary cockroach, and we took him away
with us.
* ? *
dear boss
what a liar
? you are
* * ?*
There is a directness and explicit
ness about Archy that has always
pleased us.?Poor old Mr. Hearst is
still an amateur politician after all
these yeas's.?He is probably sur?
rounded by people who, for several con?
ceivable reasons, never have given him
the low-down on his continuii3g ambi?
tion to climb into high office.?The*,
keep him from drawing valuable les
S013S from his defeats, no dcubt.
* * *
Probably they persuade him that hi
is winning "moral victories."?Capt
Fitzurse tells us that "The New Yorl
Evening Journal" is published largel;
for people who can read if they mov<
their lips while reading, but can'
write, and "The Illustrated News" i
published for people who can neithe
read nor write.
We started out to parody the ex
Kaiser's Memoirs, but they seem to be
beneath the possibilities of parody.?
Several persons have asked us what
our next book will be about.?It will
be about a tooth-filling machine' in a
dentist's shop, which is haunted by the
spirit of a mad dentist.
* * *
The thing goes out nights, and slips
into houses and hotels and bores holes
in teeth.
? * *
RAGES are reported in all the papers;
they become the talk of the country.?
After terrorizing Chicago, Buffalo,
Washington, Baltimore and New York
the. Fiend crosses the Atlantic.?Sev?
eral of the English crown jewels are
missed.?The King of Italy is in Lon?
don at the time.?He awakens one
morning to discover that the English
crown jewels have been set in his
front teeth.?The King of Italy finds
it difficult to explain.?Everything he
3ays seems to make the situation worse.
?International complications result.?
Another world war is averted only by
the cleverness and daring of Capt
Peter Fitzurse, who unmasks the Fiend
?Motion picture rights are already be?
ing dickered for.?The scene in West
3iiinster Abbey where the Fiend startf
to filling the teeth of the Plantagenets
and works down through the Tudor!
and Stuarts to the House of Hanovei
is admirably adapted to the screen.
Comic relief is afforded in this chap
ter, or reel, by an episode between tin
Fiend and Mr. Lytton Strachey, who ii
doddering about among the tombs o
celebrities at midnight for purposes o
his own.?The Fiend pulls Mr. Strach
ey's teeth.?Which ruins Mr. Strache;
as a biographer.
? * *
We have always wanted to write th
scenario for a Freudian Film.?Th
first location is the interior of th
cranium of a psycho-analyst.?Entei
a Symbol, leading a Lizard.?But wh
give more of this away??See our agen
* * *
Some day the movies will take
tumble to their possibilities and begi
to film some of the fundamental gr<
tesqutries of existence, picturo th
chaos and incongruities in the soul c
the world.?They might as well I
artistic; they're always broke, anyho'
? * *
And yet, maybe the American publ
will never stand for a visualization i
the /grote<-que.?-Perhaps Poe failed 1
capture the large crowds in his tin
not because of his melancholy but b
cause there was always mingled wh
his melancholy the grotesque.?For tl
grotesque, whether it is done serious
or in burlesque, gives people the u
easy feeling that something shiftii
and incalculable and monstrous lur
forever among the labyrinths of life.
Is ready always to stick its head o
of that region of the soul which t
deliberately seek to cover and ignore.
This feeling was the real feeling
the basis of the objection to the stat
of Civic Virtue recer.tly set up in N
York's City Hall Park; although t
objectors, being unused to thinkii
were not able to cxpr-'-ig it.
Don Marquis,
? Copyright, I?22, N>w York Tribune Inc.
A Museum of Inventions bv wauam McF^
It is to be hoped that the proposal
i to found a National Museum of Ap
! plied Science will not be found im?
practicable. An institution similar to
those in Paris and London is needed,
especially a Museum of Models.
But if there be any truth in recent
j news items that one school alone, the
j De Witt Clinton, on Fifty-ninth
I Street, musters 8,000 boys, it would be
a foolish policy to locate such a
i museum in Washington instead of New
] York. The number of boys and girls
! within reach of New York is so very large
i that the claims of Washington are ir
i relevant.
There are two kinds of exhibits
? which are of very high value to chil?
dren in giving them an accurate and
what I would call, at the risk of be?
ing misunderstood, inspiring knowl?
edge of mechanical processes. It is a
knowledge especially desirable in a
large country where so much informa?
tion is distributed by correspondence.
First in importance are tne originals of
famous inventions, early telephones,
electrical apparatus, steam engines,
ships and so forth, which are the
visible tokens of inventivo genius.
Then there are accurate scale models
of the countless mechanisms, which are
implied in modern industry, cut so
that the whole process is revealed and
often actually in motion.
The finest museum of this kind I
have ever seen is in London, part of
the great government department of
Science and Art. The historical sec?
tion, as might be imagined in a coun?
try where the industrial arts have been
I followed for so long, is singularly
complete. Here you may see many of
! the most celebrated machines in the
! world. In the shadow of James Watt's
gigantic beam engine sits George
'. Stephcnson's Rocket and the earlier
I Pufiing Billy. The gas engines ^orm
! a complete visible history of the in
j ternal combustion motor, from Otto
| and L?ngen's vertical ratchet-wheel
; phenomenon to an exquisite model,
\ silver-plated, of a Rolls-Royce chassis.
L The whole affair, it must be men?
tioned, is arranged in a system, not
: chronological, but evolutionary. At
! the beginning you see immen*e models
i of iron and steel works above sections
j of the mines. Later come rolling mills
! and cupolas in sections. Then finished
! products like pumping engines, loco
? motives and marine engines, followed
! by models, costing very largo sums, of
j such vessels as the Lusitania and
Titanic and many men-of-war. Gunnery
is well represented, not because the
educational policy of the English is
militaristic but because gun-making is
one of the finest of the industrial arts.
And further on a ?umber of rooms
contain models of scores of freak in?
This is what is meant by giving boys
inspiring knowledge. They should
know how the minds of men work be?
fore they are permitted to waste time
dreaming of inventing fabulous ma?
chines. Here is a cross-section of the
world's mechanical brain. Hero are
tho sheer deliriums of inventors and
the pathetic tragedies of the theoreti?
cian. * Yet no boy, if my experience is
A Virginian on the Surrogate
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The purpose of the bosses of
New York to punish Surrogate Cohalan
because of his integrity and inde?
pendence as a judicial oHcer and to
award tha. judgeship of that court as a
political prize for partisan services
has attracted the attention and incited
the resentment of many non-resident
lawyers. Those of us who, from time
to time, have legal business for the
adjudication of the New York courts
are indebted in a particular way to The
Tribune for its publie service in ex?
posing1 the shameless design. I ask
leave to publicly express my sense of
The resentment at the polls should
be strong. It is impossible to believe
that the people of New York, regard?
less of political affiliations, would fail
under any circumstances to vote an
indignant protest against any attempt
to subordinate one of their judicial of?
ficers to political control. But when
such an attempt is, as now, being bold?
ly directed toward the snbordination
of a court exercising such extraordi?
narily delicate and far-reaching juris
dictional powers as the Surrogate
Court, the protest of the people should
be registered with such emphasis as
to preclude a repetition of the infamy.
In the great Constitutional Conven?
tion of Virginia of 1829-'30, of which
James Madison was a member and
James Monroe was president (ancLJater
a resident member of the bar of New
York), Chief Justice Marshall, in the
great debate on the judiciary clause,
spoke these familiar words, which the
voters of your city may well ponder
betwixt this and Election Day:
"The judicial department comes
home in its effects to every man's
| fireside; it passes on his property
his reputation, his life, his all. Is
it not to the last degree important
that he should be rendered perfectly
and completely Independent, with
nothing to influence or control him
but God and his conscience? You do
not allow a man to perform the
duties of a juryman or a judge if
he has one dollar of interest in the
matter to be decided, and will you
allow a judge to give a decision when
his office may depend upon it? When
his decision may offend a powerful
and influential man?. . . No, air. I
have always thought from my earliest
youth till now that the greatest
scourge an angry heaven ever in?
flicted upon an ungrateful and sin?
ning people was an ignorant, a cor?
rupt or a dependent judiciary."
It is proper to say I do not know
any of the candidates for this high
office. My views are impersonal and
no^i-political. I am impelled to ex?
press them because every lawyer who
has legal business in New York is
concerned with the event; and because
as a circuit judge of this state I long
performed the duties of a court, hav?
ing probate jurisdiction similiar to
that of your Surrogate, and am con?
scious of their delicacy and their
importance. It is not difficult for such
a person to foresee the public scandal,
which will inexorably result if the of?
fice of Surrogate should become in?
fested with political entanglements
The fact that an experienced, upright
and learned judge is opposed for re?
election by politicians whom he has dis?
appointed, or bosses whom he has defied
is his best entitlement to public favor
The Tribune can render no higher pub?
lic service than that in which it ha?
been engaged. J. T. LAWLESS.
; Norfolk, Va., Oct. 2, 1922.
j any guide, can spend a day in t'::?l
i halls of wheels and pistcns and l;
; beautiful scale drawing? withoafp
; ting a spark into his soul that may ?
nite the inventive faculty. If note*
i else, he will not go through life tu
j out understanding how things lib ire |
: and paper and cloth are made.
It is an unhappy fact that ?tarnf
| in upon any one who employs"
i men recently released from scho
; while they have an immense F?
j ficies of consciousness enfenciered :
cinema and radio and cheap prints
. y't the moment they are ir.terrcfia
concerning processes and prineiii
: thev give one the impression tk|
1 know nothing at all about them. 2
: course,-a boy with inventive geniusfr
covers these things himself. Tctgt*
value of the museum of inventiotsi?
to reveal this genius to the" owner i!
it, because It is indispensable to IS
advance of the mechanical arts. that*
utili?e genius. ^^^^^^
Certain recent advertisements ?"^J
j upon the ease with which any pen?
! can writo novels. No genius
| quired, we are informed. And this, ?kI
j all I know to the contrary, may ?*|
! true. But men like Bell, and Edis?.
! Steinmetz and Westlnghouse, are
another kidney. What they do ar.?
how they do it should b? ava!l?b?*j
visible to the boy's eye, any timi bj
cares to pass the turnstile.
Books and Statesmen 1
To the Editor of The Tribw?. \
Sir: William Allen White U ?V|
ways interesting, but it does not f^-*
low that one can agree with a\lr
writes. In The Tribune of Octobci
of President Harding, he writes!
"A lack of information, a 31?
background in his experience, is
most obvious drawback. Roosev??**
Wilson knew the books where tW
could find truth."
No fair-minded man will attemit t?
belittle the scholarship of the lam?n??
Roosevelt, or of Mr. Wilson, but M
have been great statesmen who **
much less familiar with booki ts*
either of them, and there bave *?"
great scholars that failed miserably?
statesmanship. As the term 1* F*
erally understood, Lincoln wai Bfl?J
great scholar, but it cannot be des*
that he was a statesman. ? G"^
was a great scholar as well w.
forian, but unwittingly he ??**??
largely to the downfall of King \f
President Harding has not sont?1
advertise himself as a great, ?b?^
but he may have read more IkW?**"
his critics give him credit for. PI
are at least compelled to RcknoV'iJji
that he has a large allotment of **I
common sense. A. F. FAUUBB* |
New York, Oct. 2, 1922.
A Deal of Doctoring
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: The Democratic party, it ?**^
to me, will need a deal of WM
this fall, which accounts Poss;bly.l?
the strange drafting of Dr. Cop*??J
thus Insuring his profession?!
without material cost to the p?^' J"
Copeland, however, is a n01"6*58*^!
being reputed faithful to hi? ^.J
of medicine, is It not likely tn? 1
ministrations will prove lne^ectV,||j
saving Democracy? I feel sorry *orjJ
doctor, who is a useful man to ^1
profession, but as a Senator be **
be a misfit. _
New York, Oct. 2, 1922.

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