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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 08, 1922, Image 24

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Chicago Points the Way Toward Solving the Negro Problem
Race Can Attain Its
Full Stature Here,
Commission Be
Heves
(Whan thirty-tight parsons, white and
negro, wer? killed and five hundred anc
thirty-seven injured, in the raes riott
that look plate in Chicago at the end of
July, 1619. the sentiment of an arousec
community demanded that measure!
<**ur???*e and preventive be devised tt
cheek the continuance or further recur
renea of racial clashes.
A mixed eommisison, composed o?
vrominent men of both races, was ac?
cordingly appointed by the Governor oj
Illinois, Frank O. Lowden, to make c
thorough study of every phase of racia
relations, "to pet the facts and interpre
them, and to find a way out,1" 2?ha;
body's report ha? just been published tt
a volume of 650 pages. A digest of th<
report appears below, in which specia
attention has been paid to those por
tions of the document having a signifi,
oance not only for Chicago but for ai
those sections of the United State,
where a problem similar to Chicago'.
exists or may occur.
The members of th* commission ar
Robert S. Abbott, Edgar A. Ba?erof\
chairman; William Scott Bond, Edwan
Osgood Brown, George C. Hall, Georg
H. Jackson, Harry Eugene Kelly, Victo
'P. Ijaweon, Adelbert H. Roberts, Juliu
Rosenwald, Francia W. Shepardson, vice
chairman ; lio\r.ey Kirk Williams, Gra
ham Rnmeyn Taylor, executive secretari
and Charles S. Johnson, associ?t
?xeeutive secretary.)
By Robert Cresswell
THERE is no reason inherent i
the mental, moral or physic*
make-up of the negro rac
which would prevent Its a1
talnlng ita full atature as a componer
part of the American commonwealth I
certain environmental conditions thi
handicap it at present were to be r<
moved. At the same time, there are n
short cuts to the solution of the prol
lem of fitting Caucasion and Ethiopia
into their proper relative places in ov
civilization. No laws and no restri
tions will be effective in accomplishir
what must be dono by toleranc?, pi
tience and forethought in a ha?
struggle against some of the mo
stubborn and unreasonable and selfis
elements in human nature.
Such Is the gist of the opinion re;
dered by the Chicago Commission <
Race Relations in its report on tl
causes, underlying conditions and rer
edies for the race riots of 1919. Th
opinion is the result of three yeara
intensive inquiry, conducted a?03
strictly scientific lines. Thousands
persons were questioned and hundre
of homes and factories visited.
The most important section of t
report is that tending to ahow that t
widespread belief that the negro p?
plo is an inferior race is unfounded
fact. This is more important than t
perspicacious setting forth of t
causes of racial friction, and more i
portant even than those sections ape
fylng definite measures for the avo
anee of auch friction, for it Is tl
belief which is not only at the bott?
,,o,f race prejudice, but is alao guilty
making reaponsible citizens feel tl
the case is really a hopeless one whi
?lalliatives may assuage but remed
never cure.
Negro Child Found Not
To Be Inferior Mentally
Careful scrutiny of the record
negro children jn the public scho?
of negro crisninality, of the negro
industry and of negro thrift and h
??sty in business matters, as compa
with the characteristics of whites
der the samo circumstances, furrjs
the background of facts on which t
particular conclusion Is supported.
In the first Instance the figures t
ing the causes of retardation oi
group of about 3,000 children, nes
evenly divid-d between white and
gro, are most illuminating. In
caso of children retarded for backwa
ness 192 negroes are noted, against
whites; for irregular attendance,
negroes, against 161 whites; for
mentality, 49 negroes, against
whites; for feeblc-mindedness, 9
groes, against 12 whites, and for
health, 140 negroes, against 204 whi
On the other hand, 564 negro chile
were held back because of ente
school at an older age than usual
*_6.3 negroes, compared to 175 wh
because of family difficulties. The
vlous testimony of these figures li?
the commission points out, that
negro child is, if anything, more c
ble mentally than the white chil<
his own age and class, and that w'
the negro Is alow it is usually beci
social and family considerations 1
handicapped him.
On the question of comparative
gro criminality the commission,
ing itself unable to rely on police
tisticp, confesses that it can mak
accurate findings. A canvass of
. cago judges, however, resulted :
consensus of opinion that the pre
tionate criminf-litv of the two raci
much the same.
Kmplojera Find Negro
< Labor Is Desirable
In relation to the negro in industry
it was developed that by far the ma?
jority of employers of large numbers
- of the race regarded them as being
- just as satisfactory, efficient and desir?
able as white labor of the same class
when once they have been familiarized
with the difference between the routine
ef industry and the greater freedom
'.e of the type of personal service or agri?
cultural labor in which negroes have
, traditionally made their living.
Under the general headings of "The
- Negroes as Home Owners" and "Finan
ei.il Resources of Negroes'' the com?
mission made some astonishing dis?
coveries that quite controvert gun
tmllej held opinions as to'the business
methods and thrift of the negro peo?
ple. A Urge number of real estate con?
cerns were questioned, and "most of
-those that had dealings with negroes,
whether ?8 buyers, borrowers or rent?
ers, expressed satisfaction -with their
transactions with them.*' One man ?aid
that his long experience showed that
" -negroes carry out what they intend to
'do ?nd that very few default on their
paysaervf?!. Another, who had bean deal
The Negro Problem as It Was Emphasized hy the Chicago Riots
Above, a striking picture of crowds armed with bricks searching for a negro during the Chicago outbreak in July,
1919. Below, a contrast in negro homes?on the left, a typical plantation home of one of those who migrated to
Chic.aenz nn thp. rieht- n iieem home in C.hinaaa.
Chicago; on the right, a negro home in Chicago.
ing with negroes since 1907, declared
that they undertake their obligations
seriously and that as installment buy
'ers of property they are entirely sat?
isfactory. That banks were usually
unwilling to take mortgages on prop?
erty bought by negroes, it was said,
was due partly to misapprehension
and partly to the fact that such prop?
erty was customari?y in a section of
the city where depreciation of values
had set in, as negroes could not afford
or were not permitted to buy else?
where.
The information as to negro deposits
was provided by seven trust and sav?
ings banks, three state banks, two na?
tional banks and one trust company.
One of the banks had $1,500,000 on de?
posit for negroes, another $1,000,000.
Still another had 4,000 negro deposit?
ors. A state bank had $650,000 on de?
posit for negroes, another $150,000, and
one of the South Side banks $750,000.
"In general," remarks the report, "it
was found that the negroes are show?
ing strong tendencies to open bank ac?
counts, that they are steadily improv?
ing in the amount of deposits made, in
the steadiness of their accounts and in
thrift generally."
Not content with presenting these
facts of achievement about the negro,
the commission proceeds further in its
report in the same direction, testing
the popular beliefs in negro inferior?
ity by making a profound study of
their origins. Tho results, which aro
substantiated in every case by epeciflc
instances, lead to the following con?
clusions:
"That in seeking advice and informa?
tion about negroes white persons, al?
most without exception, fail to select
for their informants negroes who are
representative and can pr?vido depend?
able information.
"That negroes as groups sre often
judged by the manners, conduct and
opinion** of servants in families ot
other negroes whose general standing
and training do not qualify them to be
the spokesmen of the group.
Traditional Opinions
Influence Literature
"That the principal literature re?
garding negroes is based upon tradi?
tional opinions and does not always
portray accurately the present statu*
of the group.
"Most of the current beliefs con?
cerning negroes are traditional, and
were acquired during an earlier period
when negroes were considerably les*
intelligent and responsible than now
Failure to change these opinions, ir
spite of the great progress of th(
negro group, increases misunderstand?
ings and the difficulties of mutual ad?
ju?tment.
"That tho common disposition to re?
gard all negroes as belonging to on?
homogeneous group is as great a mis?
take as to assume that all white per?
sons are of the same class and kind
"That much of the current literatur?
and psuedo-sclentific treatises concern
ing negroc?, are responsible for sucr
prevailing misconceptions as: tha'
negroes have inferior mentality; thai
negroes have inferior morality; tha'
negroes aro given to emotionalism;
that negroes have ?n innate tendenc:
to commit crimes, especially se:
crimes.
"We believe that such deviations
from recognized standards," further
adds tho commission, "as have been
apparent among negroes, are due to
circumstances of position rather than
; to distinct facial traits. We urge os
j pecially upon white persons to exert
i their efforts toward discrediting
! stories and standing beliefs concerning
; negroes, which have no basis in fact,
I but which constantly serve to keep
! alive a spirit of mutual fear, distrust
and opposition."
The next major premise set forth by
the commission after disavowing the
theory of Tacial inferiority, as far as
general significance goes, Is the uttei
rejection of proposals such as the
deportation of 12,000,000 negroes to
Africa, the establishment of a separat?
negro state in the United States, com?
plete separation and segregation from
the whites, with the establishment of ?
caste system of peasant class, or th?
postponement of a solution in tho hop?
of the negro race dying out.
So impracticable, indeed, are sucl;
plans in the eyes of the authorities or
the commission, that very little con?
sideration is given them except to dis?
miss them, despite thai fact that thej
I find support among many well-mean?
ing people and some fanatics through?
out tho country.
Problem Must Be Worked
Out In The United States
"The only effect of such proposals
is to confuse thinking on the vital
issues involved and to foster im?
patience and Intolerance," the report
remarks. "Our race problem must be
solved in harmony with the fundamen?
tal law of the nation and with its free
institutions. These prevent any de?
portation of tho negro, as well as any
restriction of the freedom of his move?
ment within tho United Statos. . . .
It is important for our white citizens
to remember that the negroes alono
of all our immigrants came to America
against their will by the special com?
pelling invitation of the whites."
Turning from these two general and
broadly constructive points, there is
much that should be of great valuo to
other cities with large negro popula?
tions in the section of the report deal?
ing with the causes and manifestations
o&racial friction in Chicago before and
during the period of the riot. These
differed from the ones typical of an
outburst in the South, just as the
psychological attitude of the South?
erner toward the negro varies from the'
Northerner's.
The main cause of the Chicago riot
was apparently an extraordinary in?
flux of negroes from 1916 to 1919,
which caused the portion of tho town
accepted as tho negro quarter to ex?
pand and to encroach on neighboring
aroas whose inhabitants were thereto?
fore predominantly white. The latter
felt that their property was being de?
preciated in value by this infiltration;
hostility developed and was recipro?
cated to a small extent, and finally
cumulative resentment burst into vio?
lence.
Tho cause of the negro migration to
the North, by which Chicago was one
of tho most largely affected cities, was
twofold: industrial demand arising
from war causes and a widespread feel?
ing throughout the South that an op?
portunity had come for the negroes to
escape from what they felt to bo a land
of discrimination and subserviency tc
one where fair treatment would be ac?
corded them. When the migrantf
reached Chicago they found plenty oi
employment, and practically no fric?
tion, it i h said, was experienced in in
dustry, wheto it might have been ex?
pected, As has been indicated, the hous?
ing'situation proved the bone of con?
tention. A number of bombs were
thrown at tho residences of negroes
who had moved out of tho "Black Belt'
into the "invaded" districts, as well ai
at tho houses of real estate men o
both races who had sold or rentoc
houses to the newcomers. None o:
those guilty of these outrages wert
captured by the police, who wero popu
larly credited with having made smal
effort in this direction. A feeling o
distrust toward the Police Departmcn
was thus created among tho negroes i:
general.
Thompson's Opponents
Charged With Hostility
Two other factors seem also to hav
played a part in creating the atmos
phere requisite for the riots. One wa
tho fact that in a recent municipE
election Mayor Thompson was held t
have been re-elected? largely because c
tho support of tho mass of negi
voters. The factional struggle ha
been bitter, and many of Thompson
opponents retained a feeling of hosti
ity toward the race whose voters wei
believed to have swunir the balance i
the election. The other was the fric?
tion that had existed for some time
past among gangs of young thugs liv?
ing near the negro section and th? ne?
groes whom they were in the habit of
molesting and attacking wantonly. Two
negroes had, in fact, been brutally
murdered by these hoodlums only five
wcek3 before the riot.
Noticeably absent from the causes
assigned for the commencement of
troub:* is the sex report usually as
aoci: d with such affairs. The un?
derlying bad feeling seems to have
ticen largely economic, while the spark
i (,hat lit the magazine was evidently the
aggressiveness of irresponsible and
fractious persons, most of whom wers
under twenty-one. It is also to be ob?
served from the history of the riol
that this same clement of young thugs
and hoodlums, particularly on tht
white side, kept throwing fuel on the
flame by the disorders and crimes the*,
perpetrated. Another thing that evi?
dently aggravated conditions was thai
the whole situation was badly mishan?
dled by the police.
Lengthy consideration of the riots bj
the commission led to the submissior
of fifty-nine specific recommendation!
on race relations and race rioting fo;
ExJvaiser Fails to Tell
Put Upon Bismarck
of Indignities
Before His Dismissal
By Stephane Lauzanne !
Editor in Chief of "Le Matin"
Paris, October 7.
ONE might very well ask whether
the cx-Kaiser is a good story?
teller. A good atoryteller
must never fail to tell a good
story; but it seems that the ex-Ka'ser
always fails to strike the point in a
story, digressing from the facts and
ccmmenting upon them without eluci
I???"*'
Everybody was sure, for exasnple,
that in the first chapter of his memoirs,
i which is consecrated to Bismarck, the
ex-Kaiser would take all the glory in
telling how he, while still a young
emperor, had dismissed the old Chan?
cellor. That was a good story. The
| dramatic scene attending the break is,
j however, told in two lines: "The con?
flict between the views of the Emperor
and the Chancellor relative to the so?
ldai question was the real cause of the
break between us; and caused a hos?
tility toward me that lasted for years
on the part of Bismarck." That it all.
Dr. Moritz Busch, Bismarck's confi?
dent, was a much better storyteller,
for the account he gave of the dis?
missal was infinitely more detailed anc
vivid.
Accoont of Dismissal
As Giren By Dr. Bosch
Dr. Busch visited Wilhelmstrasse th?
morning of March 18, 1880, and wa
immediately received by Prince voi
Bismarck. He found him kneeling be
fore his desk, removing his papers an'
piscina* them in a trunk. fi
"Good morning, Buschlein," the Chan?
cellor exclaimed, calling the Herr Dok?
tor by a name he affected toward his
intimates. "I'm packing up, you see.
I am sending these papers off to-day.
They aren't safe here. Certain inter?
ested persons may endeavor to obtain
them."
Dr. Busch was stupifted. "Is your
Highness serious?" he exclaimed. "Are
you really leaving?"
"It's a matter of about three days,'
Bismarck replied. "In about three day*
I shall no longer be Chancellor. . .
I cannot continue as at present. Th(
Kaiser has gone so far as to questiot
me regarding my visitors, and spic.
have been placed all about me to scru
tinize all who. como and go. It's 01
that account that I don't for the mo
ment see how you can possibly ge
these papers out of here unnoticed"
"I will take the most important," Di
Busch suggested, "and your Highnes
can send me the others."
While they were making packets (
the papers to be taken by Dr. Busc
they discussed the circular that tl
Kciser had issued with regard to tt
working classes.
"?he circular is foolish" Bisman
exclaimed, "Just like everything el
that he mes. it can only do harm.
told him as much, but he wouldn't ?
ten. He is too vainglorious. He thin
he knows it all." . . .
Two days later, March 18, Dr. Bus
returned to Wilhelmstrasse. He fou
the Chancellor nfc lunch in his dini
room, talking of various things, 1
nothing touching the political. situa?
tion. But, no sooner had the coffee
been served, than Bismarck rose and
gave Dr. Busch the signal to follow
him to his private office. There ho
gavo way to his pent up rage.
Chancellor Denounced Kaiser
As Insolent and Ingrate
VWellJ" he exclaimed, "It's done. ]
gave the youngster my resignation thii
morning. He has accepted it, and J
am no longer Chancellor of tho Reich
. . . Ahl Things have moved faste
than I thought they would. . . . '.
thought at first that he would be grate
ful tc have me with hirn for ?severa
months yet; but I see now that he ha
but one idea?one desire?that of got
ting rid of me as soon as possible s
that he might govern alone?to his ow
glory! He wants nobody about hi]
but domestics. But I?I cannot cot
tent myself with serving on bend?
knees. I will not be sent under
table like a ?og. He wants to bres
with Russia, hz* hftsn't tha courage I
ask the Reichstag for the funds nece
sary for a larger army.
"I have succeeded in gaining tl
confidence of St. Petersburg. What w
they think of me now if we break wi
them? . . . And that isn't ail. The
aro other things to consider. I've h
enough of court intrigues! I've h
enough of their insolence! I've h
enough of their spies! Enough a
moro than enoughI" /
"So they spied on you?" Dr. Busch
exclaimed.
"Yes," Bismarck replied. "The Kaiser
put his secret police on my trail to
spy on me and my visitors, as I've al?
ready told you. It is that which has
docided me. I want you to tell the
world that my resignation was entire?
ly involuntary. We must not be afraid
to divulge the truth. That youngster
(the Kaiser), would like to hide the
fact, but it shall be known anynow."
Some minutes later the* visit was
announced of the Count von Munster,
then German Ambassador to France
Bismarck had him enter at once, and
spoke to him with the samo ardor re?
garding his resignation, being in turr
sarcastic and vehement in his refer?
ence to the Kaiser.
"Do you know what that youngste!
had the audacity to send me and no
wife?" ho added, his voice rising i*
anger.
"No," the Count replied.
"Well, he has just sent me a parch
ment creating me Duke of Lauenbourg
and the Princess a full-size oil portrai
of himself."
"Whet did you do?" the Coun
asked.
"I threw the parchment into th
waste basket," Bismarck continue,
"and the Princess sent the portrait t
Friedrichsruhe, ordering that it d
placed in our stable."
It is thus that Dr. Busch and th
Count von Munster tell the story. W
must admit that they can tell" a stor
better than the Kaiser.
the consideration of the authorities.
They are an extremely valuable por?
tion of this document, and a summary
of those of them that do not refer tc
strictly local conditions is as follows:
To the Police, Militia, State's At
torney and Courts i
The police and militia should worl
out a plan for the joint control o:
race rioting.
In case of an outbreak, the militia
white and negro, should be prompt':
mobilized, and together with the polic
and deputy sheriffs, should be so dis
tributed as adequately to protect botl
?races in white and negro neighbor
j hoods, thus avoiding the gross in
! equalities of protection which, in th
| Chicago riot, permitted widesprea
depredations, including murder, agains
negroes in white neighborhoods, an
attacks in negro sections by invadin
white hoodlums. Also the police an
militia should be stationed wit
j special reference to main strectca
I lines used by negroes in getting t
and from work; substantial assuranc
; should be given of adequate and equs
; protection by all agencies of law er
(forcement, thus removing the incentiv
j to arm in self-defense; in the appoin'
! ment, of special peace officers thei
I should be no discrimination again;
negroes; all rioters of both rac<
: should be arrested without discrimini
tion; all reports of neglect of duty <
participation in rioting against peai
officials should be promptly invest
gated, and all persons arrested in co
nection with rioting be systematical
booked on distinct charges showii
such connection.
Facetiousness in dealing with cas
in which negroes aro involved shou
be discountenanced by the courts.
The negro residence areas should
freed of vice resorts, whose prese
; exceptional prevalence in such areas
due to official laxity.
To the. City Council and Admin
trative Boards:
The most stringent means possil:
should be applied to control the i;
i portation, sale and possession of fii
j arms and other deadly weapons.
Sanitary regulations should be ?
forced in negro residence areas, wh<
they are usually shamefully neglect?
Recreation centers should be est.
lished for negroes, and discrimin?t!
against them in extant centers abo?
be dono away with.
To the Board of Education t
?Schools in tho negro district shot
he multiplied and brought up to l
standard of those in other portions
the city.
More night schools and commua
centers should be established, ?
truant officers should givo more
tention to negro children, especia
those of migrants just arrived fr
the South.
Principals and teachers in ne:
schools should be chosen for tii
sympathetic attitude, and should
courage children of both races top
ticipato in school activities as a mo
of promoting mutual good understa
ing.
To Social and Civic Organizado
Being convinced that much of the
tagoniam toward negroes is foun
upon unjust tradition, it is rec
mended that schools, social centers
agencies, churches, labor unions
public spirited citizens, white and
gro, should endeavor to dispel fi
notions and promote mutual friera
ness.
Social agencies should extend tl
work to the negro community fe
greater extent.
To the Public:
Being convinced that deportatior
segregation is illegal and impract
ble, the commission, feeling that m
responsibility for race rioting does
rest on hoodlums alone, but also
ail citizens, white or black, who s
tion force or violence in intern
relations, and feeling that race 3
tion is largely due to the fact
each race too readily misundersti
the other, urges opposition to viol?
dispassionate consideration of one
other's needs and the disseminatio
proved information about all phas?
race relations.
Since rumor, usually groundlesi
a prolific source of racial bitter
and strife, both races are wa
against acceptance of vmtrustwo
reports about each other.
Race contact l;i cultural and c<
No Short Cuts, fc
Patience and To]?
eranceAreCoim.
?eled
orative effort tends strongly to
understanding.
?1%
The fostering of rae, ?ntagoa?,-..
organizations founded for parse,/ .
patriotism or local improvement? ?!',;
ike is to be condemned. tt*
It is especially important that
manent local body repr*!*,).??-. ??
races be char-frd with itTe-tL*
situations likely to p-rodr-e? , ?
and with pro/notii-g the -rain?'?f* ^
terracial tol-arr.nr?--. *??*
To the Whiut Memfaa,. ,
Public, "^ *'+
Attention i* <*-an.-*d to ti? f,-. (
intensity of r*wi*J feri?** i,?** DfZ*
sarily due to tha piraents, ^ jj**
i n a neighbtwliooii, either ia s -Tr?
or a majority. ?T,A tha* ttgt f !J
is not the rrjle, but Uj? exajtj,^^
Testimony unit 'TJTtnrt?is?jpjj, .^
that dapTeciatiam of res??k-^, " r
(generally riwirrreti e^d-j^^ ?i7
p.esence of bp-jtw^ ??, t 4-^ ''
o/ten largely da*? to other J^
The prarti?** o? property n^^
arbitrarily adTanc** rent* mtni>?.
cau?e negroe-? become tenants iiVtu
condemned.
White persons should seek infers?,
tion from responsible negroes ab-r*
the negro race, thereby counteracts
the common disposition, arising ft*
erroneous tradition and literatura, -,
regard a!l ne?jroes as belonging toot,
homogeneous group and as bein-j i?.
ferior in mentality and morality, ?p-?-.
to emotionalism, and having an iriaa^
tendency toward crime, especially M?
crime.
To the X'egro Member? of the
Public:
Sound racial doctrines should be pro
mulgated amor.g the uneducated tiHB
bers of the race ar.d agitators jhcmld
be discouraged.
Negroes are urged to contrit nte mon
I freely to social agencies developed h
j public-spirited members of their (*rw?
? and to undertake work among negnj
! boys and giri.3 along the lines of t?o
i prevention of vice and crime.
They are particularly urged to prat**:]
; vigorously against the presence in ?b?.-J
; residence areas of any vicious resort.
The propriety and social value of nul
; pride among negToes are reeogdttcJ
but they are warned that too aukl
i thinking and talking in terms of nu
i are calculated to pre note separat:? si j
? racial interests.
To Employers and Labor Orgst-i-*.]
tions i
In labor troubles negroes are apt*-}
be in a position dangerous to the*:?
I selves and to peaceful relatiosi be?
tween the races. Employers ?r**K.*>
'mended to deal with r.egroes ai ?'li?
men on the same piare as whit?**?'
ers, and labor unions are cr-ri til
admit them to full membership wlsel
they desire to join ar.d are e?ij?'ij
otherwise. H_
Employers are urged to enlarge t'**8
field of negro employment ,at pif?^jB
very limited, and to give them tfsfl
opportunity for advancement wJj
whites according to their capscities.
The hiring of negroes as ?triit
breakers is unjust and a c3T*ae of ?*
ci?l antagonism, as is also the ?m*!***
ment of negro girls at a smaller ?P
than white girls. |
Since the common welfare depeads*
the employment or non-employm-**?*?*
negro workers, employers should a?*
discrimination in hiring, paying ori*
missing them, applying to them U
same tests as to white employai*
To fiegro IFor fcprs :
Qualifie?, negro workers who d??*B
membership in labor ?rgtnltstkdT
should join unions which admit **J
races equally, instead of orgac??ing|
separate negro unions.
The practice of seeiinr P*?7 "&
advances on wages anti ike pract!-? ??
laying off work without good cante
should be abandonad
To Places of FuWic ?ccommwi?
\ tient ^^^
Attention is called to U* ??H
quiring that negroes receive the m |
treatment as white persons in P?*
of public accommodation, and o*?
are urged to govern their poll**
cordingly.
To the Press t ?,
In view of the recognized ??"???
bility of the press in its influent*^*
| public opinion concerning r.ejro^
ipecif.lly important as related ?
suppression of race rioting"-*--**^
mend (a? that the newspsp?I?^j
ally, including the foreign toWp
| press, apply the same standards t
curacy, fairness and sense of P
tion, with avoi.Jance of exige*?-*'"^
in publishing news about ret*?-***
about whites. In this coi-neetio??
jcial attention is called to the i*#*Pjj
? emphasis, greatly out of pr?'P?-rt; ^
that given their creditable acts, W
quentiy placed on the <?*???*-** ^".?i
deeds of negroes, -who, un***c8 * .
groups, are identified with **"? , ^
dent and thus constantly a"90^'?
with discreditable conduct; f>) *
the manner of news treatment i?, ;
case of negroes shall be no diff? ;
than in the case of whites; (c) *-*? ^.
consideration of the great e**si '
which the public is influenced.?***
tho whole negro group by sen8il.^
articles ti.d headlines, the P?88*^-,
exercise great caution in aea*ins^,?
unverified reports of crimes oi: ^???
against white women, and sho?.d? '
the designation of trivial fights V ,
riots; and (d) that in wcogiutW-V
the dangers of racial ?nta??oni8fflJ*vjt?'
part of the ignorant, the U''1**18*^
and the prejudiced of both race* F
lication be made, as opportun*-*?-.,.
fer ,of such matters as shall t?8*
dispel prejudice and promote ?
resptc and good will. ?
Wo further rocommend the c?F
ization of the word "?>Tegro" i? **"?
designation and the avoidance of 3
word "nigger" as contemptuou?
needlessly pi?vocativc.

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