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After R>rty ^jfears of Miraculous Des^lopment
Electricity Enters a Nev? Eia, The Incandescent Lamp and Industrial Progress By Arthur Williams President, The Electrical Show Company LITTLE did Thomas A. Edison realize when the in candescent lamp became the evening star that the power which had produced light within the little glass bulb would be that power which has remodeled the world. Through illumination and transmission of power he has completely revolutionized industrial development. Electricity has given man a new weapon with which to combat his age-long enemies?time, distance and darkness. As difficult as it is to believe, in less than the lifetime of our generation the important little Island of Manhattan has been filled as a great bottle and is now effervescing with industry, commerce and material progress. Not until we span the bridge of time from the advent of the Edison incandescent lamp?the understudy of the sun?to the present can we conceive the tremendous forward strides which have taken place. Forty years ago New York was only upon the threshold of greatness! To-day she is a mighty commercial citadel. Those were the days when streetcars, telephones, elevators? automobiles and skyscrapers were either in their infancy or un? known. Electricity has been the power to make the world throb with industry and to make possible comfortable and convenient living in great cities^ And now ?electricity makes possible the decentralization of populous sections, with as a result extended occupancy of suburban and even farm areas. In fact, in time it may be found practicable to extend our manufacturing industries, large and small, into the country sections, where with adequate supply of power they can be conducted efficiently and economically ; and, with the ever-increasing development toward a state of perfection of automobile transporta? tion, both gasoline and electric, with added perfection of roadway construction, markets can be quickly and conveniently reached. This decentralization will make it possible for workmen to occupy mod? ern, sanitary homes, with gardens for vegetables and flowers, and ' to enjoy all of the advantages city life can offer, with none of its disadvantages. Such a change would undoubtedly add greatly to the health and attractiveness of life for men and women, and espe? cially for children. With electric light and power old industries have revived and increased many-fold. New ones have come into being. Former dan? gerous occupations have been made safe. Motors now do what men formerly did. Well lighted workshops have increased efficiency and production. Well ventilated, sanitary manufacturing plants' have made better workmen. The whole effect of electricity has been that of astounding social, economic and industrial uplift. Within the last four decades this great city has witnessed a remarkable thing?the birth and growth of a new architectural style ?the skyscraper, which typifies the unlimited ambition, energy and daring of a new people. Just as Gothic architecture was the out? growth of the Middle Ages, so the skyscraper is the outgrowth of the life of a new city and the occupations of its people. The mag? nificent cathedrals of Europe grew to completion only after many years of toil; our skyscrapers reflect their tall spires against the sky within a few months' time under the magic want of electricity. Thus the work of the architect and the engineer have been fund** mentally changed by the aid of electricity. A monumental example of what has been done is the majestic height to which the Woolworth Building rises. It is a sentinel of the progress and aspirations of the New World under the rule of electricity. The story of the amazing progress of industry could never have been told had it not been for Thomas A. Edison and his work. The incandescent lamp?and the electrical system that grew into being with it?introduced into the world the foundation for modern in? dustrial development. It was one hundred years before steam found its own; the Edison lamp has existed only forty years and attained its present great pre-eminence. It has given us a new way for doing old things, and has furnished the key to many surprising accomplishments. Light and power truly are the twin souls of material and social advancement, and when in 1882 Thomas Edison said "Let there be light," the answer came from round the world, "And there was Light, Progress and great Industry.** THOMAS ALVA EDISON A Replica of Edison's First Incandescent Electric Lamp. Invented in 1882. Is Radio Here to Stay? By Jack Birms Editor, Tribune Radio Pages IS RADIO here to stay, or is it just a passing craze? That is the question one hears on every side at the presen? moment. It is such an important question that an answer t? * at the time of the Electrical Show is both timely and necessary. Before passing final judgment on the question, let us asahn the situation carefully. In the first place, Radio is not an over-nab production of mushroom growth. It is only the public int?r?t that is new. The present apparatus of standard worth is the result of tweet?. ?rur years of persistent research and experience. It has been pro? duced by slow, steady and often times painful progress, and it he, withstood the test of time purely on merit. So much for radio apparatus. What of broadcasting? \x ?? crue that in this we have a new element in radio. Its posstbiHties -were foreshadowed by the craze which gripped the public earner ta the year, but it is only now upon mature reflection that they an beginning to manifest themselves. In my opinion, radio broadcasting is a public utility. As suck h is not only here to stay, but it will form one of the most important necessities of daily life. It will not supplant any of our existing forms of entertainment or information, but will supplement them in a manner undreamed of a year ago. After all, rapid communication, both physical ?and mental, is the most important element in cementing a people and building up a country. In this respect radio is ideal and the most efficient and cheapest method of direct communication yet devised. Solving" Transit Problem With the Electric Truck WHEN the traffic problem of a city has become so great that the movement of vehicles must be regulated by colored lights; When it is necessary to station policemen at every intersection of busy streets; when certain thoroughfares must be restricted to one-way movements, and when a brief delay means that a line of vehicles will stretch back for several Mocks, it may well be said that the time ha?: come for some radical change in trans? portation methods. The regulation of traffic in New York is in able hands. The problem is not one that concerns itself with the methods of the Traffic Division of the Police Department, but with the type of vehicles which the transportation companies put upon our con? gested streets. It is here that the electric vehicle offers itself for consideration. The electric possesses features which make it ideal for use in the heavy traffic of a crowded city. It takes but little room in the street?little more than half the street space required by a horse-drawn vehicle hauling the same load. Its ?control in slow moving traffic is simple and positive; there is no gear shifting as the speeds change, no stalling of the engine and no delay -amen the "Go I** signal is given. The acceleration from two miles an hour to ten or eighteen is all controlled by the movement of the hand con? troller, -which regulates the flow of electricity from the storage bat? tery to the motor. To these pointe of superiority the electric vehicle adds marked economies in operation, cleanliness and long years of service. Thus when the central station industry advocates the storage battery truck as one of the solutions of the local traffic problem it does so with complete confidence that the exacting requirements connected wth moving valuable and perishable merchandise through a crowded city will be fully met.