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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, January 21, 1871, Image 2

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It Heo ft All.
; ) SATUKDAY, JANUARY 81, 1671.
IV, ' Aaaasraneat To-dar.
(r ir rxiif-ik.ii,ii.jT.iiiK1i, m.ium.
' , Apollo IUll-It. Cmj'i Dlaniu ,f IralaaJ.
I llt's -Ikratra-Uataoaletallr. Uit'i...
ft tlryaat's Optra Ueaae-tla H., Wlwrta Ilk ant tla l
I f IM Areaee Tktalra-bnlttv Mallaaa.
P Jr4 Optra Iteeae-La rttkaols. almata
t. Uaa Edaala'a Taeatre-Maaarpa. V.u.aa.
ft WIWU-lOrJt-Tk. Dl.ikCrtk. Mailt,..
1 , w York Cirtut Utkit.,.rr,AfJmr.r Marie. WalliM.
i Olyaaale Theatre-Wea WiliK ItUk, liatlaaa.
tail Tkoalre-UtMilli.
a FraatUta at latlrrla-111 Mnf,
Taar PaaUr'a Oatra ll.tt-N. arlite, MtUiH.
! Raath I'ataiaalltTaaatl OftiU Vlalun,
' 1 allaa-a'e-bara, Matiati
j M ooa'a aloaeam-Lta Tktnpwt Tmrt. Hallow.
I t
IIS Incnpneltv In thn Trcmury.
KM 1 TLo tlmo being propitlou, tlio Treasury
Sft J Dcpurtmcnt wa urged just ono roar njro to
I'i ' hlft Its six jx cent, five -twenties into fivo
jjfi " per cent, ten-forties. Everybody understood
1 j Inrtwhata proposition of this Bort meant,
fl Iho two sorts of securities having long Loen
f B .familiar to the St:ck Exeliango and to tho
B ' croncrnl public. Tho market and tho gen-
5 ' circumstances wero favorablo to the
in' epe ration. The plan was simple, the reasons
UR ; fo' making tho exchange obvious and lm-
M ! Irovc. The Qovcrnmcnt's option for tho
If payment of tho firo-twentles was maturod, or
'A " mostly soj tho threat of paying them in
' 8 greenbacks had been often made by patriotic
lC iwlltlclans of tho Democratic persuasion, and
demand for tholr taxation was a periodic
fi ill version of provincial Democratic conven-
I ; tlons. On tho other hand, tho ten-forties
S3 i ' which It was proposod to offer In exchange
if? 'were to run ten years at least, accompanied
.! j 1 ly specific promlsa this tlmo that they
j J nhould bo paid in gold, and that they should
j; x positively and peremptorily free from the
f. rl claims of hungry tax-gatherers.
ILCg f Tho last session opened upon an easy
ft f monoy market on both hides or the Atlantic,
pf nnJ 1,10 opportunity to shift several hundred
. millions of tho lx per cents Into fivo por
fcS nts was thus manifest to tho financial
tig mind. Why then was not this result ac-
tUf t eompllshcd without nny hesitation or delay!
'm ' The answer muet bo given. It was bo.
y-lv' uso tho Secretary of tho Treasury did not
l flT"P the situation. He did not sec, as he
f might and as he ought, that this was Just
J ;j -what the case admitted of, neither moro nor
I fi I less ; and ho did not como promptly down to
Ijj I Congress and nsk that body to lose no tlmo
Jl ' ' o giving him the authority to mako tho ex-
'r cliange.or to negotiate a new loan ou this
f i 'lasls. Ho took up tho subject, to bo sure,
Vh he merely turned It up to tho light and
Yti. Oawdlcd over it. Ho hesitated and listened
jLS 10 rrdcaders, who tnr.-.ed oat to In as foolish
,! Iff, CS C7 "cr; Polur'i. T!i?y raised a, fog of
J I 1 expectation which altogether beclouded tho
4 ! 1 Becretary'a islon. His imagination dwelt
)'j '? npon tho vain hopes held up by his deluded
ijjjf.. md deluding stlf-constitutcU counsellors,
jjt that tho whole world was eager to lend us
3 j-tl money at four and a half, and oven four per
I! f lh wnt. It was because Mr. BoirrwnLi, thus
jiltS" ullowcd himself to bo deceived with
I'll. I Views and hopes havlrtg no solid founda
tlffi tlon, and becauso ho dreamed of impopslblo
j'W'Vf i results among tho money changers, that
iV&t nothing was done. Congress, not being
JeJI either enlightened or pressed by tho Treas
ISfi J , "7 Dcpartraciit, pottvred over tho subject
31 m f dl winter, debating all sorts of propositions,
I i md, as in alt its dubates on finance, making
jt'M-, darkness visible Whilo it debated, .Mr.
Wil -Boutweu, patiently woltcd on Providence
Tor some miraculous interposition in behalf
Iff 8 of the Treasury, not knowing whether to
' teliove tho ignoramuses who kept prcach
! J1) J ng to him that it was just aa easy to borrow
I money at four per cent, as at fivo or six.
I? Accordingly Congress, unurged to do tho
J jjrj ,, only practical thing possiblo, did nothing.
Iff! ' AVhon July came, and tho tlmo had well
j S ' . nlKu passed, a squlnt-oycd measure was
' finally put thrmgh. It was clumsy, par
SI j t'al, inadequate, and unpopular. It fell to
1(1 I ! tbo ground still born, n bungling abor.lon,
Sji V The result of It all is, that tho country la now
2 (j , Tying six per cent, interest on six or eight
Sjl! : hundred million dollars which might havo
9); ' funded a year ago at fivo per cent.,
3!,,;: iho Treasury thei J.y "aving tho dllll-reiico
Sjii , of six to eight iullin.li .1 illnra a year in Inter
s' t t money. And ni).-, ut tho end of a full
3' ! ' ;' year, when tho marked of tho world an
:J 1'lied with fresh lonna of great European
a'A , ' 'I ro,vcrs, cither engaged lu war or apprehend
; J' ,sa r -g mo rate of interest, our Treasury
J ; , Department is juet getting through Congress
)!'; ' ' tho measure, which it ought to have hud
J "A i passed a year ago. That Is to say, Mr. Uuu r-
. !3 1VELL is empowered to chango five lain-
1 If H 5, drod million six per cents into fivo per cents.
fel . ' Having thrown nway a good chance, great
j M olacrity is now shown In embracing a bad
I jjlji, , ooOi, JJut ,YC fc'lvo Cciifirees credit for ono
ijf '. thing. Whcro It was gushing last year in
j &'' tho expression of its financial wlilf.rj i ;j
H 1 1 ' 1 lUs yeaf tllcnt tlumb as tho grave. .Mem-
1 Jf J can now eeo that they then talked tho
: j , country out of six or eight millions; and sce-
j J ' (ng it, they at least huve tho graco to say
1 jfl nothing. They let tho new proposition puss
i 17, Without a word.
ft ' . Whatever shrill finally como of It, one thing
t xji ' at least is certain : tho bill comes a year too
j vX Jato. How soon it can bo rendered uvaila-
HV ' 1h lu not easy to be foreseen. The only
I V thing that la sure is what wo have already
ly lost and what wo aro still losing by delay.
Bjjlj Nobody can tell when tho money markit
BM j j jl 1 will be in such a condition that tho projected
B'jjr ncgotlutlous can Ik) carried out. To know
( ' ! , tills, wo must await future developments.
B ' J Moantlmo it is useful to contemplate the
B 'if. conseimcnccs of want of judgment, euergy,
HL;ll and prescience In the administration of al-
1 fairs. Tho Treasury J). j, ltmcut has known
Birjjjj, nothing, and wanted to .n)v nothing up-
B2M' 1 p&rently, about our finaiR-ea, exenpt to seu
f M how much money could bo wrung from the
H h3; country to pllo up In tho Treasury, and pay
EU dolta not duo theso twclvo or fifteen years.
B Si J I Opprceslvo taxes upon tho sources of na.
HS lit;, Uonal wealth taxes which only incxorabln
BvV national demands can over justify have
IJl boen tenaciously clung to, and ar now ad.
H 5 . vocated at tho Treasury, In order that a debt
H! Hf' ' not duo may bo put in tho way of rapid
B;t( !:; diminution. Tho plan pursued Is a naked
flffit V Srab ujion the pockets of capital and luduu-
H I , ; K' try, which find it oppressive to pay, In order
Bb j H f'at the collections thus made may bo dis
Bl Vr , tributcd to those whq do uot wnut to receive
the money. The last reserves upon which
tho urgent exigencies of war could lay 1U
hand are held to bo tho legitimate resources
of tho Government to ralso a surplus rcve
nuo n tlmo of peace for wholly unnecessary
If the Treasury Department had any con.
alstcnt schemo for bettering the financial
position If, for example, It wero accumulat
ing a surplus -for tho purposo of aiding the
restoration of spcclo payments tho country
might bo disposed to bear tho exactions
upon It with somo degree of patlcnco. It
might bo disposed oven to excuso tho ex
traordinary lack of sagacity upon which
wo havo commonted. But thero is no
fcaturo of tho Treasury management
which can Iks regarded with ap.
proval or complacency. It Is Mlko con.
suxablo for what It docs and for what It
dot not do. Wo aro paying debts tliat no
body wants paid, wo aro wasting reserves
that ought to bo held and applied to tho
restoration of spcclo payments, and wo aro
raying enormous sums of Interest money
annually which wo ought not to bo paying.
We should bo glad to find reason to ro
gard tho management of the Treasury as
an exception to tho general dead level of In
capacity that has marked other branche of
the Administration; but with all our good
will, wo find ourf elves unablo to do so.
Dentil's Thorouchfaresa
Wo borrow tho nbovo heading from tho
last report made by tho Hoard of Health
upon the sanitary condition of tho city. Tho
fuels which wo aro bringing to light In re
gard to the tencmcnt-houso population of
New York aro so terrible that wo aro glad
to rcinlorco our statements by quotations
from public official documents. Of theso
thoroughfares of death which run between
tho towering blocks of tenement houses, tho
Board of Health declares that M hero deifth
apparently holds continued carnival, with
poverty, wretchedness, and filth as aids."
They also Inform tho 'public that their sur
vey of tho tenement houses of tho city " has
revealed a rate of crowding lu tenement
dwellings that has probably not been
equalled In any other grcit city in tho
Hour readers would like to Inspect a few
samples of there specimen dwellings situated
on death's thoroughfares, they can call at 1
those mentioned below, tho descriptions of
which wo copy from tho Itcport of tho Board
of Health :
" Tiu TE.vrurxT at TO lUxTTn SmtrT-Tlie
-HiMUr lnpectir' snrrcy luw IweDtr-nvo fa-ai-!'"'
omPrt'lnj! 1H prraooj. livlne npon Ilia rrem
lac. The Itnimtnli art piled flva itorlM lilcb. and
ILc rear 1j built bade lo Licit aeilnat anutber pile
of rrsr UncmrnU apca Mulberry treel luti. and
ayl-lcli are rntrred from Hut ttrctt.
"Tin TixryiNTfl ATlMlUTAnnFTnrrr. Tlirtt
tenement! abut ajalnu the loutb tide of the rear
portion of thote at VJ.Ilajlcr. Tba home It fire
ttorlct blgb ; the rear It balli rlofo tlnt the mde
of the rear vt TV llaiter, thereby rtnderinr tnrnneh-tnd-ibronsb
ventilation tmpoMlble. Thla rile of
tri,.-stntt contalnt a population of 103 periona;
tbrj hiiTc t.rn alxdcatna upon the premlart during
the e r, which ti c;uil to a death-rate of Mreriout
In l.(v)
" The tenementa here mentioned, apart from be
Ine tadly rUnned, tre to conalraetrd, Kith narrow
etilitttac conrit, and with rears Inllt compactlf
taca; to back, that all aldet, exoeptlne the etrret
front, thev are atint on" from aunlkhl aad cxiernal
TeuUUtlon." a
Tho report further states that, as a conse
quence of this overcrowding and wretched
ness, tho very Instinct of domesticity, of
privacy, of homelikcncss is crushed out, and
that " tochlldren born and reared under such
Influences It Is Inevitable death. Moral ele
vation or an Improved social standing enn
rarely como to any family so environed and
so housed."
Such is the condition in which hundreds
of thousands of the Inhabitants of New York
are kept by A. T. Stewajit and his confed
erates, who oppose every practicable schcniii
for giving them speedy and cheap access to
tho suburban districts. It Is alleged r.s an
excuse for Mr. Sihwakt that ho wants to
comiel tho working pcoplo of Now York to
scttla upon his property at Hempstead
Plains ; but wo submit that such a scheme,
instead of an excuso for his conduct, Is only
au agftravallon of hia oiTenco. Lot us havo
steam rallior.da running at cheap rates from
tho lower part of tie cliy into tho submit,
and then let tho working pcoplo select their
places of residence to suit themselves. Why
should they be compelled to buy homes of a
giasplng millionaire tit Hempstead Plains,
when they desire to go elscwhero? Must
they consent to be racked with aguo nnd do
vonn d by mosquitoes in ordei that ho may
be made rb'licr K
The Washington Patriot maintains that
the protection which President OiujiThas
extended to Dominica ngainst Hoytl is Just
as flagrant n, usurpation of tho war power
as If he had undertaken to establish a pro
tectorate over Ireland ngainst England, the
principle not being at all nfli-cted by tho fact
that Huytl Is too weak to resent tho outrago.
Tho fact that tho treaty which could nlono
furnish tho shadow of a justification for tho
President's action was made void through
rejection by the Senato Increases tho enor
mity of tho wrong.
Tho cool deliberation with which Presi
dent Quant has utterly Ignored tho require
ments of tho laws whcro they did not fiult
him, and substituted his own will as being
superior to ull legislation, is at onco start
ling and suggestive, as It Is certainly with
out precedent in tho history of this country.
Tho fact that in sovcral instances of this
kind os lu ordering tho census retakun In
Philadelphia and in this city, and In tho ap
pointment of men to offices which they were
legally disqualified to hold tho objects to
bo attained by his extraordinary proceedings
wero trivial In tlulr nature, docs not lessen
the gruvity of tho oll'onco. That tho Chief
Executive of tho notion choom'B to disregard
tho law in his ofllcial acts when it conflicts
with his own Inclinations can bo but poorly
excused by tho plea that ho had no strong
reasons for his unlawful course.
Our columns announced yesterday the
sudden death of Mr. IIenut IIciiden of Troy, at
tho ago of nearly eighty ycurs. ilo wns born
Id Duuiblane, Scotland, lu 1701, and came to the
United States in 1510. Ho uas ono of (lis moat
useful men of hia generation. To extraordinary
capaclllea of iniud bo united a tlroDjj cliaiactcr
and a generous heart. Ilia genius aa an inventor
was admirable. We owe to Mm the machine
for mallng wrought-iron spikes, that for
making tlie hook-licaded spikes used In fasten
Init ralhoad bars, and that for making horse
shoes. Long before the construction of the
Ureal Kaslcrn ateamtliip, be conceived and ad
located the plan of building steam vessels
for ocean navigation of such large size
ud tutu drougl.t gf water that ther cuuld uot
w' - u I
' j i . u."ij muw i laa i i -
bl affected by the movement of the wares. With
snob, ships h( waa confident that the passage
across the Atlsatio might be msde by the most
sensitive person witboat seasickness; while by
tba application to these of suitable propelling
power, he expected to eroea In about balf thl
time required by the swiftest steamers now In
existence. White occupied with these Inventions
and Ideas, Mr. Bcsdxx established at Troy iron
works of great extent, which aro still conducted
by two of his tons. For some years past he ha
exercised no control over the business, but baa
lived upon a beautiful estate near the wotks, pass
ing his time In the society of his friends and de
voting a considerable portion of his incomo to
works of benevolence and humanity. Ill death
was as peaceful as tits Ijfc was honored. It oe
ourred about 10 o'clock on Thursday morning.
His daughter, Mrs. I'aocnm, found htm lying
upon the sofa in his room. Supposing him to be
asleep, she kissed him, saying, "Aro you asleep,
father I" and discovered that be was dead. He
leaves two sons, Jiiu and Towxiaxu IIcbdsk,
and three daughters, Mrs. Gen. McDowctt, Mr.
I'aocnnr, and Mrs. Wamwobhi of Buffalo. It
I said that by his will his largo property Is di
vided equally among his children. Gen. Mc
Dowell fa one of the trustees of the estate.
Tho Faltt-nporting Tribune accuses Sen
etor CuiAMtn of Introducing a bill Into tho Leg
islature "requiring railway companies to paas
him and bis fellow-legislators fret," and add that
the Senator has reached the lowest depth of mean
ness. Senator Criakih has Introduced no such
bill. Ills bill simply requires the railway com
panies to furnish the messengers and other
attache of tho Legislature with patsn. "The
lowest depth of meanness" has been reached by
the llepublicnn Legislatures of Pennsylvania and
New Jersey. In those- Stales the law makes it
impcratlvo upon the railway companies to give
the members of the Legislature free passe.
Tho Hon. HicifAiiu Yates, who has just
been left out of tho Senate by the Legislature of
Illinois, proposes to amend the Constitution so
as to make foreign-born cltliciis eligible to the
office of President of tho United States. Mr.
Yatis always was a man of liberal views.
A serious chnrgo of misrepresentation Is
made by tho Trillion flptclaler against tho 1'ms
slan authorities. A short time ago tho Trench
authorities iUed a proclamation, offering to
every Trench officer who escapes from prijon and
rejoins the army 7S0 franc indcrauity to give
him a new outfit, but peremptorily refusing a
sous to any officer who had taken any sort of en
gagement to the Germans. This order, it Is
asserted, was mctamorplioicd Into the following
calumny at Versailles, whence it ;; as tcleirraphcd
by Mr. ltrcTta's agent, and published in all the
London paper: "The German authortn'cs de
claro that according to an official French docu
ment which has fallen Into their hands, and
which emanate from the sixth (cction of the
fifth division of the War Department, the French
Government, by a decree dated the 10th of No
vember, offer a premium of 750 francs to be
paid to each of tho French cfliccrs who hare
escaped from German captivity in breach of their
parole," tho fact being that It was peremptorily
refused to any officer who had given a paiolo.
The sarno despatch, In the same words, is report
ed from Berlin, In a special telegram to the Lon
don Timu. Thla Is a matter in which the I'rus
aian honor is gravely involved, and which should
be explained, if possible, without delay.
Wo havo received a letter from Newtown,
Pa., informing us that disreputable publications
are sent thero from Washington under tho fiank
of I'ALin N. Tavloe, member of Congrcn from
that district. Thla Is another argument for the
abolition ct the frankiug privilege.
Is it possiblo for tho FaUc lUporting Tri
luni to get anything right! On Thursday morn
ing it announced that Senator (Iexiv had Intro
duced a bill appropriating $200,0'i0 for the finish
ing of the new County Court llouie. Mr. Gexev
Introduced no such bill. The Improtl Timtt,
probably misled by the FuUt-H-jiortini Tribunal
announcement, give vent to an editorial article
raking the Court riouse Commisiinners furo and
aft for their corruption. A correct report of the
proceedings of the I-gislaturo was printed in
Tn Sum. Truth Is cheaper at two cents than
falsehood at four.
Chief Justice Chask remains In tho c!tr
and, as we ere very glad to learn, continues to
impiovc in health, In ploasnnt weather ho walks
out, and when the temperature will not admit of
this, he takes exerciso in a carriage. Though
considerably reduced In flesh, and showing
marka of illness otherwise, his miud was never
clearer er his conversation more Interesting. He
receives his friends freely, and is bcucfitcd by
the pleascnt excitement of their society. The
public will be happy to be informed that be con
fldently looks forward" to a return lo the Bctii"?
duties of his offico at no very distant day j and
if his strength continues to iucrcavj as it has
done for some tlmo past, he will doubtless be
i ble to fulfil this expectation. Tho Chief Juiticc
is one of our great men, r.ud cjUZaiis of all parlies
taVe a deep Interest lu his welfjrc, and earnestly
desire his early restoration to activity.
Tho much-talked-of inventory of tho lato
Tuaddei's Stevens's estato has at last been pub
liahed. The amount of personal property In
cluded in it foots up tins sum of 1S,C16.25.
Thciearano l'uclflc Uailroad bonds comprlsod
in tho Inventory. The executors say that thero
Is an unsettled account between the surviving
partners of tho firm of Stkve.vs A Aiil nnd tho
estate of Mr. Stevens, which ha been in con
troversy sinco tlio death of Mr. STSVt:;g, but
they aro uuallo to state .y unount which will
or may be reWTercd fioin this source.
Tho great enow storm at tho West on
Saturday and Sunday last waj marked by some
peculiar mid uncommon features. It began
among the Itocky Mountains on tho 10th, reach
ed Omaha, Dnlulh, nnd St. Paul on the 1 1 tit,
and struck Chicago, in the form of a drizzly rain,
on the l"..h. The time occupied by it in travers
ing the distance from Omaha to Chicago was
39 hours, being nt the rate of about 10 mile an
hour. Ill the afternoon of tho Uth (Friday) the
ruin at Chicago gave way to snow, which fell
rapidly till Sunday afternoon. Tho enow was
soft and damp, ond was blown by the strong wind
into great drifts, though it was not moro than
22 Inches deep on a levil. The telegraph wlie
suffered much from breakage, and ull the mil
roads lending to and fiom Chicago were more or
leu obstructed.
A Chicago clergyman, according to the
Timti of that city, in the course of sonic Instruc
tion which lie gave lo his hcurcis on the subject
of hell, informed them among other things that
the mental anguieh of that placo and he took
particular pain to assuro his hearers that hell Is
" a place" is so tremendous and oiviul that the
damned, a a matter of recreation, would fall
back upon the torture of tho instruments of
punishment and the scorching flames which are
also to be found there. Whatever may be
thought of tho reverend gentleman's belief about
hell, It Is certain that bis Ideu of recreation are,
to lay the least, peculiar.
A l.ovcr'a Ilrapcratlon,
On Sunday evening last, Alfred Hewlett, of
Cold Bnrlng JI 111, wtul Into tho woods ami Willi a
penknlfo altempled suicide, cuttlui! hit neclt In
several places. He lies In a tery low condition. It
is raid that the joune w'omau lo whom In lud
been paylni his addresses cuinti i Nuw YorkoL- a
a-J-i.-a--iL . . ara wmmmmm mm ill I
Mare YVramllaa- la (Secret Besln-A Fr
teat from the Praaacnllon-The finals of
Adjournment Aireett Upon-Tha Tardea
Klaa and Mnk Up, and then Ulaasree.
The Investigation of the Lanahan caio before
the Methodist Book Committee still drat along,
and thoath always approximating a settlement, con
stantly disappoints all expectation in that direction.
Yesterday waa spent by the tribunal In secret ses
sion, at the adjournment of which It wis announced
that every tblat had beenaatlafactorlly arranced for
a discontinuance ot the proceeding-, and that cer
tain papers, embodying the basis of adjoitment,
were ready to be ilrea lo the press. Dot before the
reporters could Eat at theso document a misunder
standing '.developed Itself a to tbtlr construction,
and they were withdrawn to bo further considered
Al the hour ol adjournment oa Friday evening, a
basis ot settlement waa dolermlned upon aa printed
In yesterdays Sex. This basis was la the form of
a preamble and resolution, snbitaiitlillyu follows t
irAcTMi, The Bishops, In their naper submitted to
this committee, have liven tu their Tnternretation of
the illrrlpJino of tbe Melhoditt L'hnrch In Its applica
tion to Ma-i like the one before on and
n htrtnu Erclcaliitical law 1 ciccotUDglr meagre la
Its nrovlalona for each rates i and
nttrtat, TO BUhoin as well aa the Commlltet have
exrreaira. thrtr mil confidence in Hie lovadnets and
arty otitis Boot Concaa i and
MArrmt. Hot a brief latarval tiHU to the mettlng of
the Ueneral Conferearc i tocrafars,
Knotted, Tnaiav'l Qawilaaa rtlallnx to the manaze
mtni ot the Hoot Cencern ba rcrarrea to aCommiulen,
to be eompoaed of .three tnenbrni droaen Irom the
llooa Coramltiw, with bishop Scott at lu het4, and
Judaea rncrr ao4 Ktnolai, tn which three exprri
hall tie .aaeel i the raid CouuDlitlon to latnUeiie all
the i affslia ot tin Concern, aad report to (be Committee
to be electea at tho Ueneral OaXereace In 1ST!.
Tide tusU was Anally agreed to by the following
name) members: The Itev. Messrs. Woodruff,
Slates, lllngham. Van Cleve, Mattby, Itawllns, Ban
nister, Brooks, and Moore 9,
The following named opposed tbe busts: TheUcv.
lleur. Kennedy, Hothwclllar, Vernon, Erwln,
Pike, and flllcer-4.
SDlseqnsntly Mr. Hiker changed his vote to the
affirmative, o that the bails was adopted by 10 to 5.
Tnls was the standing of the matter alt'oa tpcnlrg
of ytlerdar' t.;or..
leV.eiiiay uornlnc the tommltle cbarxrxl with
the prixee ullon of tlie caso submitted the loUowliig
X1T Vnax. Jsn.tl. 1971.
To.Me Bock Commtllie nflht il. K. CaurcA noulnSf
IIiaricTan namraix iw Ciicist i
Whtrini, Certain cbirtet havo been preferred to
yonrboilyaeaiatiiho tier, .loin Laoahaa, I). 1 Al
siainnt Uuok Actnt at New Vert i and
II kntnt. You hate enierUlard the Mid charges, and
tsrreon hate nspendea Uie said l-aoahan from iho said
once, and bate called hlin lo trial nnder the earn. In
act nrdaiice wltti tlifi I Wok or Illsenlioa : and
II hn tat. The aai-1 Lanahan has rrsi'Ondul to the laid
charzeo before yunrbody i and
Khutni, The temnioiiy and rroceedlnzs of a trial
bare born recttlarlt entsrei npon beforo your boay i
Thtrtfort. We, the undersigned iepfctfnllr proieat
to yonr body afilnit any arret of proceeding, or
any conclnnon or dlapoiltlan ol the cue mat iha.li
'o- ihort ol a rrotrcnilon of the said trial to a final
flndlag atd verdict m Ibe rate.
II. K. 1'F.ARK. Chairman
tlEO, L i AYI.dlt. Secretary.
J. it. r.littAliUi.
II. 11. 1IALTII.
Committee ofthetlguenof the cUoj;eiljr the con.
doct of the proaee itton.
This riocuinrnl was read and ordered plared on die
bnl ubrquently, at the inzieatlon ot certain meni
r of the Committee that il wji ry exacting and
adOl'led ol
no cournoMiss,
the prolv'utnr withdrew It and substltnted an
other, rnitx,ujig the following rolnls:
1. The atlack on the Methodiat Book Concern m
made and u rx.ie.'ted by the itev Jo.m Ijinahan D I).
2. The jut of tba complaint .emit lilia wai for that
3. When the ranie v ' complaint relics or li with
drawn. tb comiilaiaana.1 can althdraw the diargea,
and not before.
I. ll'll.c Aulitant Acrnt .retracts the ntitrlloni of
fraud and corruption before the Conmiltlef. tlio com
plajnauti will not bo behind hlai or anyoucciae in oon
clllatorr mtunrri.
5 If this b not done, the cntnnVlOAnta are ready and
desire forthwith to proceed with Ibi investlsallon.
(In tlx receipt of the proteit. a Motion was made
that tlio action of the procedlns svening berecon-
i Irred.
Prnalnr thl motion, a reaolutlon was Introduced
relicmtlnc the definition, by tho (Jcucral Ca'bferouce
ol 183J, ol tie term
wtilch Is one " under the direction o' the Agent,"
At Ibui iwlnt the It v. Ilr Crliton, the princlps.'
Arxnt. appeared before the Commlltee, when the pro.
poanl action wis read to lilm, and alio the anute
resolu'lon. and he was naked whether such action
would be sattifaetor) to blin.
In reiponie. Br. Carlton 1drne I the Commllle
at great lenith. eoniumln; nearly two hoars In his
remarks. He allLded to hit rlrsl election In lfCfcl, since
which tlmo be has been refli-cU-.l ever Tour years
by each luccecdlng (lenenl Conference by acclama
lon. excepting- at the laat (lenenl Conference,
when bit former anoclate received some otc
igatnst him, Ilo aroko ol the financial eonditlon of
tho (onci-rn when be ente ed It el.rlite.ii yean aao.
when be foond ue treasury empty and th heavy
Judgment Ju-; then obtained agalmi It by the tiotilh
ern L burr h Imngliig liter It. He alluded to the compro
mise be effected of that Judzmeut, and the beaay
debt It created beyond the cmli pi)nienta nude, for
which money haa to be borrool. lie then exhibit
ed aUleiuculs showini; tue almost
and success of the Institution np to the beijinnlni of
these troubln, during tho tacltc )cara Imtueduioly
rreeedlnir which Its proflu had ag;rc;ated nesrl. a
million of dollars, and its awela umounied to
fl.KW.im.SI. 'llie Doctor (hen snowed tint daring
U.e car lt, before these ct.ar cs and linpuutiur.s
of frjtitl MiJ corruption were brought aa-alnat
Ilo (oncern. Its pronli were 13,Wi,ik,
In 1WJ. the year Dr. Linaiun'a alleiatniiis
obtalnrJ currency, these proQIs Ml -.T very cr-rly
one-hall, amounting to hot CS,7I3 0I. Tncy had
recovered a little liunne the past ear since the re
port of the Comialttoe setting at real Clo Chiracs o."
fraud and corrunlioa wn miJe public. Jf- in
showed a eltnllirly rnarkal eff -ct upon the prerlouj.
ly unqueatloned credit of Ibe Concern, and then ar
auoJ tint at toll rate It wuald lake but nluo rcara
to undo all ti.at lad been accotnplliluj ln fi laa
elihteen jeara of aervice, and pitnee the Concirn
back Into
noriigss BtN-rnnpTCT.
ln view of Ibeso facts, he sidled to tin Commit
tee lo 1-II him how ho could cuuliuu-J lo n irk mi lu
lartcony, with the cauie of the trouble and ctnbjr
riuKinent be bad pointed ont, a
Tlieic remarks of tlie principal airent l.ad a mark
ed tllcct npon the C'oiumltUe. and tba quesllon or
reeonaloi-iatlon was dUcum-d with ii.ucucan.cat
nesj until Iho midday rcceaa.
In tbo afternooti the subject was main taken up.
when It wus conceded that unle.a u,0 rartlei would
cunvvnttoan amicable arrangement, the Inieatlgi
Jlon must go on. With a view to hrlnglu-x about
harmony. IilshonJanoa undertook to talk: with lr
Lanaliuii, and ltl"hop Plinpaon with Dr. Canton!
fculi-com-ultieci were also appointed to confer with
the Counsel ou cither side, and a supreae
. iirroaT j-Ga team
was msde. Liter In the 1sy Ibeso effoits seemed
lo havo been sncccsinil, and a joint renlun ut thn
Uishops, the 1'oinniltlce, the nccniers and their
counsol. and Dr. Ciirllon, nnd the aci.ued slid his
cooniel was bclJ. At this meeting the mutter was
again talked over ln a friendly epiilt, when Mr.
1-unchor, for tho prosecution, rose und s.ild that Iho
complainants would not et.ind In the way Of an fiO
Jnitment If tl o charges of irui'd end corruption
acalmt the Book Concern were withdrawn. That
was Ibe chief cause of the prosecution of Dr. Ijii
inan, aud the couiplaluauta would be 6atUUud II l,c
made a retraction.
Judgo ltC)nolds, for Dr. Lsnshjn. replied Hat the
ac:ntcd cvhi lfL J'1!"!': so long as tho Ull. of
charges of the complalnauls remained. His cham-es
ere made
Mr. Fancher We wilt not rttud on a mcro tech
nlcallty; I withdraw the charges of the cumplalu
ants. '
.Indge Iteynolds-I wlthlraw tbe reply of tbo de
Al thla point Dr. Carlton was asked whether he
was satisfied, and be replied that he waa.
'Ibe u.oiloii lo leconnder Ibe liau of sctllemciit
was then withdrawn, und tho leaolutlon dilluiu
t.ie posill n of tho Aiaiilunt Awnt w.is ailopted.
l'i o iiieiliiit then ioiiUuoouly broke out In
singing tlio Duxolo.), which was follow ed br
The Iltatiop then euhmltted a r,iper eongralulat
lug the I ORjii.llteu oi. Its .li.porllloD of the cane mid
"Pre'aliig their lull concurrence lu the action
During the day llio Iter. V. A Blades of Detroit
oflcied a icsolutlou that w.ieu a conclusion was
reached tbo becreiari be directed to give the re
porters of tho prcis an opportunity to cony the na
per IliaUhould be adopted. This reaolutlun Waa
adopted. W1k.ii i lie meillng adjourned the Hecre.
tary, the Itev. Air. Bingham, directed bla assistant
to rend to the repurlei theee papers snd lei thtm
lake copies hlle preparing lo do this a question
uroao innon sumo of Hie counsel lor t.ie rroiccullou
us lo the undemanding of
The Bishops and the mombcrs of the Committee
who wi re appealed to nil ucned In the understand
Ing lint he relructed all charges of iraud and cor
riiptlon against the Book Concern, home of tho
prosecuting Committee thought this was not clear,
and that the records only showed that he had with'
dranu Ins loruiul uuawer to the bill of charges, In
consequence of this misunderstanding, the papers
wero withheld frum the reporters until (he matter
I settled. It will be brought up again this morn
ing, when, If Dr. Lanabau'a wllbdrawal shall be
louud lu havo been anything short ol a full and com
plete retraction of hla charges agaluet the Concern,
the proiecutioa will lusUt ou count oa with tbe in!
The lloaid rtsnds adjourned lo meet In executive
sesalou at Utf o'cioclt tula nioruiux.
Hate yoar dollars; put them where ther wll
grow and tv ever realy lor the day of need, Honey
!lH.l,',',,'.lt'' .""f Uulu" ilu'nt t-avlnga IliSk
J$ tut BuiltUPiUi wWurawiiittrtalftoju yeu. u-jje.
j. jtor njiiroBD iir rsnMoxr,
llatr KlH the Mlate Came to Abolishing
. Capital PanUhment-lnlenoe Kacltement
la Wlndoar-VeolonlpyJ UalloTra Hcene.
Coneapoadineaof Jhe.Son. v
WiKDS0i,"VT.,"Jao, 80. On the evening of
, Oct. , 1603, notirr W'Tcom1..yoath paly It years j
of age, mcrdered a defenceless old rosn lo Hlnei
borg. The victim was Mr. Terry Itonell. a well
known and respected farmer,! member of tbe Meth
od Ut Church, owning a large property, and aged
about 70 years. At about 8:00 on the evening named
Mr. Itussell and bis wife, who had retired, were
stsrtled by a loud kicking at their door. Mr. Itus
sell Inquired, ''Who' tberet" and wss answerei,
"Joe Bnsby; I want to come In," Deceived by th
mention of a familiar name, tbe old man opened the
door, and waa Instantly felled to the Boor by a blow
from a
naAVT BAxjr-DOOB nntai.
Mr. nnsicll's groans arouaed his wife from bed,
and ale, bastenlng to the spot, saw tbe young av
lassln standing over her prostrate bnsbaad, and rain
ing a shower of blow s upon htm with the murderous
Almost paralyzed lth fear for her own safety,
Mr. Ilnssell fled to the nearest neighbor", one hun
dred rods distant, and gave tho alarm. The whole
neighborhood w toon aroused. The murderer fiod,
and his victim was found lying on the floor where
he tint tell In a pool of blood, breathing heavily.
He lingered In an unconscious state until 10 o'clock
Ibe next morning, when ho died. At the pott mortim
examination nine scalp wounds, from one to three
lacbe la length, snd adeep cut, wete found on the
crown of his head.
After Oolihlac his bloody work, the murderer
ransacked the bouse for tbe money which be ex
pected to And. Ho could discover nothing, how
ever, except a small black trunk containing notes,
deeds, and other valoable papers. This waa after
ward feoad tn a Held half a mile distant, Ilia con
tents having been takoa out and strewn around,
Welcome expected to Had
Lltax It'll or MONET.
He kne-v that Mr. Ilnaaell, a abort time previous to
the murder, bad la bis possession s'jmo J5.OJ0 In
Uollod blate bonds, but the old gentleman bait de
posited hla funds In the Burlington Bank a few da) e
before te waa struck down.
Tb poraolt of tbe suuiln was actively brsuo oa
tbe day after the murder. The services of H. B.
OTanagao, an experienced detective of Burlington,
were wcureJ., and a reward of ft ,000 waa offered
for the arrest of the aasossln. On the Ctli of Octo
ber, Joit two dais alter the murder, Welcome was
arrested la Waterbnry, Vt whence he was taken
tu DurllogTon, On Lis war there he nut
mg res nut. ruoccssiox
of his victim, and displayed the most aitonishlng In
dllleiraee and coolness, A preliminary examination
resulted In hla foil committal on the charge or mur
der In tho f.nt degree, and In tho following April be
was tried and found guilty. Qn a technicality of
law he was allowed lo nppcal to the Nuprcme Court,
and rending tho sesalou of that tribunal he was re
manded to Ihe Ht.ito 1'rlaon In this place. The Hit
prenie Conit confirmed tho verdict of the Jury, aud
Welcome was n-menced lo solitary confinement for
one lesr In tho btato l'rliou at Windsor, and Uuu
to be
ti inc cd nr tnc xrrg i-xtil ptto.
Efforts lor commutation of sentence to life Imprlt
onuient were made, ami came ucar bring surccsslut.
List October tho Legislature was petitioned on two
grounds, via. s The tstromn youth of t le prisoner,
and the plea of Insan Ity. Tbe House of HepreaenU
lite turued a willing ear to these petitions, even
going so far as to allow counsel for the prisoner to
plead before them as lo a Jury a irucecdlng with
out precedent In an) legislative body. A commlttte
waa also appointed to visit Welcome ln prison : and
tho result wss that two bills were psiscd, one to
cominuto Welcome's sentence and the other to abol
ish capital punishment. Hech summary action
aroused the reople of tbe whole fttate, and protests
poured tn from every quarter ; the pulpit and tbe
prrts thnndered against It; snd when tbe bUls
ca me up In the Hen ilo ihe member of that body. In
accordance with the unmistakable voice or the peo
ple, rejected them by an overwhelming majority.
People Writhed freely once more wheu the oBorta
ol a lew false philanthropists lo
ovxanioa toe law or tii stats,
which had lliherto been lirlilr enforced, so signal
ly foiled, lr, consequence of this extraordinary edort
to an c ono of the worst or Vilnius from his Jmt
deserts, deep lntciert has bveu manifested In this
Henry Welcome, tlie murderer. Is of Frene'i
parentage, l'or some lime alter his arrest be malo
talned a cool Indlflrrcnce end apjiirenl carelcssne-s
of the coneiueneM ofhls dlaocllcol act Ut showed
iO amount ol deprsrlty seldom foud-f lu one so
ooiv. Within the past lew wieks, 2;onrver,
since b.'e lisi hope for reprieve waa cruhd, he
showed a raarkod ciianre. He became calm a.-ul
qulel, occnpylug bis time maluly In readitu the
booka lurnlshca b tue irlsou library, lie also
a rcib coNrrjstox or ms ccilt.
Although he was ln close confinement for a yen,
and took no cxeiclie, bis general iiraltn was exrtl
knt, and hla appttuu coed. The prison cnaplaia
vuilid ium coasiaully lor conversation and piurer,
aud as Ine end dnw nigh the miserable young man
borauie iinoua ami pmttcnt. Will in a low weeks
he wis allowed to walk In charcc ol the chaplain In
tbe corrnlora of the prison and In tho ard. One
day laat week he requested to oet-Lowii where his
body waa to lie and lue chaplain conducted aim lo
the spot where are buned the transgressors ol Ihe
law. tin Mi way back lo bis cell be begged Ihe
prltilre ol standing a moment lii too tuiilighi, bu
caue It .s eo chre.-lng to hlin. He said hu waa
realguid to his late, and aifcouwlrdged the Junke
of bis sentence, lu a teller lo Hi lather and luoiucr
be ispirsrtd sorrow for his deed, aud bla bone fur
paidoa aud fbrgitencss.
a carccr or cniKr..
The prisoner wai a tall and singularly handiomo
y nth, with hvra black eirs nnd white teeth. Ho
la,, usligni fUUiuierlut In bi jc ch. lln coin
Plixlon esterday wa.1 oinowlit sillow from his
long confinement. He was about lite leet tlz.,t
Inches Ll,fh, uud wealed 1SS pounds. In early li to
le woracd upon a lanu, and weut to ichool until he
waa tUeeu, und was cunaldcrcd a well-behated
boy, Al ifiii Ije, however, bo visited BoiUu, and
there uicn-c neaoclrted with a crowd of roughs,
and rapidly lell lu lie scale, or degrudai ion. SIIuj
tlou alter situation was forrrttnu '.- nla mlaconducl,
until at Ual he retorted to caiubliu.-, 3nu a fre
quenter of tlie North street danea halle. All of this
timo he sas le bud In coatcrr.plitlou Oio fearful
crime lor whlcn ho has Just aulfere-l. He dreiuuei
ot It b) plihr, nud It so worked ujou lm lee.iiiK
I hut he cpuU not re.'Ial the temptation to eairy bis
Idea Inio eJert. Ho n paired to waterbury, aud re
msmed there u day or too, being
Auensirn run uoii'g-sTcALixn,
but was elterward discharged. Then be proceeded
lo llin-btirc and. In copjunetlou wi'h one Walah,
planned tho d -lla of tl.o murder. Walsh was to
luive met bin at Wluooskl Bridge, thirteen miles
fiom llliiesburg, at 7: TO o'cloek on lie eien i,e o
ire gtioday following the crime, and divide Ibe plur..
iter; I ut he was uot there, snd Iheie In uo lr.icv or
his whereabouts, lk-ing naked tho reason why ho
waa so bold nnd open lu hla inoteineiits, ho said:
"Well. )ou fee. I knew thai the old lady ecohlu'l
Identity me, aud the brat thing I could do was to
cheek il out." The mine ol Joe Jlunliy. lie hl, as
familiar tu .Mr sndMrr ltossell, uud he thought it at
in aae le succM-doil in hit uiposc tuaplclon must
tall upou too wrong uiau.
tue last mrcview
between the mother, who la anejcelleiitwcman.and
her trrrng son tci.K place cn 'Ihurs lay ol laat weiii
The clltxens of lilneslnrflrslsed fSO (u (ray the ex
penses ol lirryelf and ilatifhter to Wlndaor. Tho
fatlur vas too Much broken iowd by sorrow tu sc
loiiipany ti eiu. Tho inlertlcw was a scrr t.mnrct
tbe stoutest heart nrt to draw tears Irom rtesiiu
uied tu weeping. Muthor and dsuibter cluni lo the
doomed man and subbed aa tbnu:h th. Ir hearts
would break, end tho ejea of Henry" Welcome weie
moiiitoned a lib the tlrat tears he has shed during his
lougeoutluemiat. To-da, botweeu li uud 1 o'clock,
took place In the rlou yard. Theie were only
lew .pictaturs, and tlioe w-re Ihe tiffiei-ia of il
plhou.alho phjslcliin, the clergy, and represtnla.
til ea of Jhe press. hen the prisoner step;-ed Imm
his cell he was upparently calm, but uikjii loucbitiL'
the acalTuld Lo gae way to un usouiAed lecllug lid
wulkcd un the steps ol tl e callows, howe urmias
HUel. 'Jhn llev. .Mr. 'Cuilworui. Jlatlia unnisicr
ot f priti.-held, and the Itev. I'r.iikitn liiller, Drthu
dox. were stilils tide, t-herltl buiret W. bduipson
snd Drs. li. O. -l'hclrs. Itlpuy, Dark, and J. w!
Myles stood on the platform. '
Allirlhere-idingui Ihe death wairant, Welcomo
turned round lo the gssemblage and recilid n0 hla
toryof the crime, warning other young menluho
wsro ol Ins courae. He then prayed tu (lod fur for.
Khf 'J?'":.,1 ''? J'1,ck CJ' w" "ien rulled our his eies
sad the hherlO turn bed Ihe sntng, and wllliaheavJ
thud the body dangled In the air. Vy
Iho fill waa three feet, und as the rope stretched
tho body came within a few iiicheaof tbe floor li
hung there lon.o minutes, when the pi jsicuusmo.
nouiiced llie exilnct, and It was placed V V,h!
Pluocoffln Tor Intermoiit In the prlaon jurd W
como lias k it a lull confession of Lis guilt
The 1'iialur or the "l.liile Church nrouu.l
Iho Corner."
The New' York correspondent of the Boston
mTC10'. iF'?" of ''ev. Dr. Houghton, s.osi
qualnted with the sorrowing onea ot Now York
than any other clergjinau. A distinguished oignn
Ist took to drink In sucli a degree that he was unlit
for his position. Wnuo everfbojy cast lilm oil. Dr.
Houghton took him up and tried to sate him. For
several months he took cite of him on Saturday
ulghts, that 1 o rolnht be til to play on Kunday and
not breoae a begear. A clergemm of very brilliant
talents, of fliio Inuilly conneelions, became intemper
ate, and was shuiinud and discarded by all In hi
diitnsi and dlrgraco he culled on Iho benetotenl
clergyman, who took hlin tu, ftuiilthed him with a
comlortible room In tho tower ol his church. g,ve
hlin a chance to reform, and held on to him to tho
last, buch a man would all.iw i.o human being to
want for the couaotalluii ol religion while- Ilvlngrnor
ma wilut cilT" ln"111J'1" reUUves. however a
II II Jiau. J i aJ I IJ-; aaaanaaaa.
Tbe Laat Resatt t Darwinians.
Mr. CoaUi HoDiai Oabwix, the eminent
natural!., and author of ." The Origin of Species,"
has Just published In England hi laat and groateat
work, Th4 IXttfnt of Jan, which tbe Appletons
hire tn rjrsii, and will issue la a few days, Th
work, we nnderstand, ha created a profound sen
atloa.ln England, where the first edition was sold
la a day, and will undoubtedly, when It appear, be
received here with equal Interest.
Brosdly expressed, Darwinism Is the attempt to
account for the present and past diversities of life
on our globe by means of continuous development,
without the Intervention of special creative flat at
tbe orlglo or each distinct species. It Is well known
tint lo tbe hand of breeder useful peculiarities In
kalmsj aro DerpeloaUl by pairing thoie which
ahow such peculiarities. Our present Improved
breeds of long-horned snd short-horned cattle, rsca
horses, merino sheep, snd the countless varieties of
pigeons, til developed from a alnglo stock the rock
pigeon demonstrate that lhase pecnllirltles may
not only be perpetuated, hut Increased largely, If
not Indefinitely. Thla process Is known a ttttctltm,
and Is used by man exclusively for his own benefit.
Mr. Dsrwln extends this procedure to Nature, with
an Important change tn 11 object. Man car. only
soled vlsibte characteristic! Mature, on .the con
trary, Is contlnuslly scrutlnlxlng the tcAoni being,
and ts continually stamping with approval those
variations which aro useful to tbe orgsnlsm. This
principle works altogether by mean of life aad
death tbe latter being tbe penalty of a failure to
meet successfully the circumstance In which a being
is placed, be those circumstance physical or vital,
enemloaor force in a word, "the condition of
An lUustratton given by Prof. Haxlsy will serv
to fix this la th mind: "lathe woods of florid
there sro many plgs.tond very curiously, they are
all black. I'rof. Wyman, many year ago, asked
some of the reople why tbey had no white pigs, and
was Informed there wan a root In the wooda (called
pilot root), of which. If the tcAlfs pig eat, their
hoofs cricked and tbey died, while it did not hart
the Uocl pigs at all." This weeding out on the ono
side, and preservation on tbe other, I what Is meant
by natural n'.tctlun.
In the introduction to his new work. The Descent
of Man," Mr. Darwin quotea, with evident sstlsfae
tlon, the remark made by tbe eminent naturalist
Carl Vogt In hla addiess a President of the National
Institution of Geneva, In ISC, that "nobody la Eu
rope at lout now vantured to maintain the doctrlno
of the Independent creation of species" a state
ment rather broader, wo fancy, than the fact will
warrant, though It Is no doubt true that a large
number of naturallsta hare accepted the theory of
Darwinism, snd admit thst species aro tbe modi
fled dcicendants of other species. Mr. Darwin him
self,, however, says that those who accept Ms theory
are mostly tbe younger race, and "of the older and
honored chiefs ln natural science, msny unfortunately
are still opposed to evolution In every form." He men
tions as among the eminent naturallsta who have
ndootud his view Wallace, Itaxley, Lyell, and Lub
bock In England, and In Germany, Duckner, Itolle,
and Hackel. An Italian phlloevpl er, Dr. l'rancesco,
al-omilntalns tbe same views ln n work published
In 1PC9, under Ihe significant ttl'e ot "Man, made In
the Image of God, wo also made In the Image of
Ibe Ape."
The following extracts, from advance sheets of
Mr. Darwin's new book, will snfncteully Indicate Ha
acope aud character:
As soon ss pome ancient member In the great
series of the Prtm-itos time, owing lu a cianre In
its manner of procuring snbaistence. or to a cb.in,e
In the conditions of Its native countrr, to lite some,
whst loss on trees and more on tho ground. Its mso
ucr of progression would bate ben modified ; ami
In this care It would have had tn become cither moro
strictly quadrupedal or bipedal lliboona frequent
hilly and rocky distilcls. and only from nrcriiy
climb np high trees: and they bate acquired almost
tlM gilt of a dog. Man alone haa become a bipod ;
und we can, I think, partly see how ho has come to
Miami his erect sttltuJe, wbtca forms one of the
most coniplcnom dttlcrences between lilm and bis
nearest allies, Man could not have attained bis
present dominsnt position In tbe world without tho
uae of I li bands, which are so admirably adapted to
act tn obedience to bis will. As Sir C. Bell lusUts,
the head supplies all loatrnmenta, and by Its cor
respondence with the Intellect gives him universal
antiunion, jiat me nanus and arms couh! hardly
have becomo pericct enough to hate manufactured
wcapous, or to liavehurlod atones and rpvarswitu
a true aim, aa long ns thex were habitually
used for locumolloi, and for supporting Ihe whole
aetghtof tlio body, or as long as tlie) were cape
Ci.'Ht wall adapted, as previously remarked, for
rliin.sliig trees, fitch rough treatment would nlru
havo U'lnted tho sense of touch, on w Inch their dull
csle use rge)y depeiute. from these causes alone
II would tn.ve been an advantage to aim to hate be
come a ld''.': but, for mint actions, It Is atn.ost
necary tl at a"'"' arms and the whol npper part
of the bodj should be free: and he mint for this end
atiind flriiiij on his C-it. lo gain this gicat advan
tage, tho fret hue I.e. 'ii rei dered fl.t and the great
toe peculiarly mod I lied, though this has entailed llie
!om ol the power of piVeualun. It accords with
lue principlt of the divlilui. ot pb)slulotlcsl labor,
which prevails throughout v.ie animal kingdom,
that, nsili bauds became pcrfm'ed 'or prehension,
the leet should hate become er'i cted for support
and locoinulion. With Koine savage, however, tho
foot has not alt 'grther lott Us ire!ien.' power, as
shown bv thoir manner of climbing tre,-1" uud of
using them lu other ways,
lu regard to bo.llly slxa or strength, we do not
know whether msn is descended irom some cuai
parstttelr small species, like the ehlmptnije, oi
Irom one ns pnwer'ut as tho gorilla ; and, theroture,
we cannot say whether manliss become lamer and
aironger. or smaller and weaker. In comp.irlon
with his progenitors. We ehcu'd, howoer, bear In
mind that nn unimal posienlng great , :trongth,
and ferocity, and which, like tho coritla, eoufri do
fend iti-cif from all cnemtea, would probably, (hou'ih
not nrceasaillr, hale lallc t to becouio sociil and
this would moat creetnjllr hato checked tho ac
quirement by man of bit hlt.ier mental qualities
such as smpulby aud tho lova of hla feliow-croi
lures. Hence II mitht tune been an Immense ad
T'ntage to man to have sprung frum sowiu comparu
Wici -.Tk creature
Tho slim: corporeal strength of mm, bis little
speed, hla w. ii.t ol natural we..pn, Ac. aro moro
than counterbahnced, Uratly by hi ininliectual
powers, throueli w ln.-'i he haa, while still remain
ing In a barbaroas statu, funned lor hlmaelf wea
pon, tools, Ai ., i ud re. olid' by lis social qnall
ties, w hich leal lilm to give ntd tu hts Idlow men.
uud to receive It lu leturn. No ountry In the
world abounds In a greater degree with dangerous
beasis than Southern Africa; uo country presents
mucfoaifu. physical hardahlps than tho arctic m
glona; yet one of the puniest races, namely, the
lluaht-icn, matnUilii themselves In touthcrn Vrlca
ts do tbe dwarfed Luiuimsux tu the arctic region''
Ihe early progenitors of man wer- no doubt 1 .1
fenor in Intellect, uud probably In soc al dia.,it
tiou, tothelowet existing sststcsj but it li quite
concelrabls that they might liato existed, ur iien
fl.iuris.ul, If, llio they grad.iall, lost their bmte
like poweis, i-ueti ns cllmlliiig Uvea, .W, Ihei at He
tame time adanced In Inleileil. Hut grintiiii Hut
the progenitors of uunwero lar more liolple.i and
iieuiiceiess man nj extsluig savages, If itu-r had
mhabitid somo warm comment, or Urge island
juch vi Australia, or stv Citrines., or Borneo (the
latter t.laud beliur nuw teua ted by tho orans). tbey
would not lute becnexposcd to any special danger
In aa .rea as hrge as Sue ol those islan i, the com
iclulon bi-iween tilbe and trihii would huve been
sufllcienl, utidir favorable cciidlllons, tu hae ram-d
man, throueli the siiiv,ol of the fltteat, ionium a
with tlo liibeiltid ellecls of habit, to hli presuit
bih position lu tl e organic fcale.
At the period and ll.ice, whenever und where
eier II mi) b..to been, wheu man first Ion his hairy
coieilng, ue probably Inbaolted a hot eounirj j und
this would hae hem latorublo lor a Iiiulieruus
diet, ou which, Ju Iglni: fnmi u alugy, hu subsisted
We ate lar frum knuwluj how hugngolt Wuj wheii
man lint diverged Irom tl.c Catarhlnc itooks but thla
may haio otcurred at an .-rodi as remotu .is Ihe
l.ucehe .-ilod f. r Iho hUhcr opes hud dlvi-r.-e I
from the luwer nj e as early as the Upper Miocene
period, us .howii by the ealsieuce of Ibellnn
I'llbeius. are also qullo linuraut at how rapid
u lute orgonliinis, whether hiith or lov lu the seile
mat under favurablo circumstances be nv.diuVd
We know, however, that aolllu have n tallied the
same lurmduilng an euui uious lup.e ul time. I rom
hat we see going on under d imoiic..tiotn, we
learn thai within the eainu period some uf Iho ci
d s endatita of iho same hkcics may bo not ut all
changed, some a little, und sumo i.ieatl) cbauge 1.
i bus It may have buen with man, who Ins undei
gotie a great omouut ul iiiodiiUatlon In certain
characters In compaiiauu Willi tho higher apes.
It will bo seen ut a glanro that these views are ut
direct variance with Ciirltlianlty, at least as com
monly understood. Thoy Ignore ultoiethcr tho
spliltual part of man, and regard htm simply as au
unloial. They Ignore nlo the existence, or at lean
lie active exl.tenco ot tie Creater.wiio, althoush Ho
may at the louioto beginning hate created the geitm
ficm which everyihlug haa been doieloped, Is yet
repreientcd as having abdicated his functions, and
turned over Iho universe lo the benlOccut control ol
Nuture.by whoso luceasant agency, through the prlu
clplo ol natural selection, cverylhlnj la accom
plished, Mr. Darwin, like the rest of Ms atheistic ichool,
evidently rejects with contempt tlie Idea of a spirit
ul God who creates and sustaina the universe. He
would probably say thero la no proof of his tilst
euce. And yet lie coolly assumes tho existence ol
a supremo and beneficent power which be culls Ns
tare, and assigns to It the uctlve and Inlolll.eut
control of tho unlverso What proof haa he ot tho
eililcuce cf this mysterious aud lucouiprebcnilblo
mt-igMJJtjajM jijii i i xutv
powerf His "Nstare " Is a supernatural and aa '
Incessantly active a the God whom he reject, but
whoso powers and attribute he ascribes to her. HI
theory would be relieved of much of Its odlonsnee
If his shallow tod vulgar theological prejudices had
not prompted him to substitute this purely and.
ful "Nature" for the true and living Ood, whose
rmldacbMUfand theologian I Justly regard.,
ed u performing Ihe functions and exeielslng tba
beneficent and (elective power which Mr. Darwin
needlessly ascribes to his Imaginary "Nature," '
Apart, however, Irom hla theological heresies, w
think Mr, Dsrwln Is mistaken In supposing that hla
theories have become eeitlod principles of natural sci
ence. They are la vogue Jast now, It Is true, and,
aro attracting universal attention, and commandlag
a good deal of enthusiastic aeient. But so ditto
kindred theories of hts grandfather, Dr. Eroamoa 1
Darwin, which aro sow utterly neglected and for. V
gol.'on. And so also did the transmutation llioorlea '
of Lamarck, of whom Mr. Darwin la only a follow-'
er, and whose crude and Inaccurate conclusion
were greatly admired until they wer exploded bjr
the authority of Cuvier. ,
Mr. Darwin write with an sir of great candot
snd Ingenuousness. Bui the critical reader wlllaooa
perceive what M, Flourenr, the Tcrpetaal Secretary
ot the French Academy of Sciences, long ago point,
ed out, that he cites only author who confirm hit
opinion ; that he glide over difficulties, and dwell
stron.ly oa fscts which no one denies, hut which
prove little or nothing: that he continually takes for
granted what lie cannot prove ; and that, ln short,
hi whole argument la little better than a string ol
assumptions. The array of fact, whlc'i hs hi,
culled and manipulated with to much car to prove
bis theory of development, prove bo each Ihlagr,
Any Intelligent Hwedenborgiin, for Inilaace, wonldi
readily furnish for thoir explanation a theory tnach.
more plausible lean taaa of Mr. Darwin, and at tba
same tlmo la strict accordance with Christian doc
trine. He-haa not been able to find In the whola
range of natural science one atngla proof of tb de
velopment of one species from another. Neither natu- ,
ral liiitory nor geology afford th (lightest Ince of a, 1
kangaroo producing a monkey, or of a monitey do- W
veloplng Into a man. Even hi principle of natural A
selection, on which hi whole elaborate slructura
depends. Is obviously fsnclful and arbltnry whea
carried to tb extent which he gives It.
Dot notwithstanding these defect, Mr. Darwin'
new book Is a most Important and valuable contrl- fe
butlon to knowledge. The questions he raises endr
tbe view he maintains cannot be shirked by either
science or religion. They .must be met and an
swered, accepted or exploded. They are the vital
question of the age, snd we do not object to their
discussion. We do not sccept Mr. Dsrwln'a theo.
riea, and do not see that be hi made any real pro
gress towsrd establishing them by substantial and
lodlspulable proof. But he ta clearly entitle J to
patient and fair bearing, aa a man of great ability,
vast and varied research, and unexceptionable
courtesy of manner.
Mloo Kreba'a 1'liinoforto Mnllnre. 1
Miss Krebs, who baa to thoroughly won th 1
esteem of all wbo take an Interest In musical mat, I
ters, gives this afternoon at 2 o'clock, at Slelnway't B
smaller afl, one of her planoforto recitals, I
he plsys at these matinees music of a characts I
aeldom heard In our concert roouu. addressing bar- E
rlCmtaVr'to those who aro already aomewliat pro- ft
(Iclent li fhe art than lo the general and popolar H
l-isie. The works ot Beethoven, Schumann. Chopla,
Uubenatelo, ana Llaxt form tbe staple of the pre- 1
gramme. B
Hindi Thenlrr Hecbnch'a Drneflt. I
The performance this evening at the Stad I
Theatre will be for the benefit or Mme. Marie See. I
bach, and will consist of tho tragedy of " Clrlseldli," 1
Mm Sesbsch appearing la the title rctt, and Mile, I
Veneta personating the Qutin. Tho character ol t
OrUtldti la said to be one of the boat In tha fc
repertoire of Mme Secbacb. Iu addition to tho per- F
formance this evening, Mme. Heebac'i will appear al
the Academy of Music this afternoon, lu aid of tho
Holland testimonial. ,
(.rnnd Opera House.
The fourth Sunday concert of the Ninth Rel
ment Band Likes placo to-morrow evening at tho ,
(Irand Opera House. Somo novel musical ioaturea J
will bo presented. n
sax noMixao. 1
(Jen. Orwut Doran'l I.Ike The Hud-Hot. I
Mlrniige 1 S
WatKtnglon Currttpon.lt net of M Xorfolk Journalx
Tho next and most delicate question Is, wher J
shall accompany the Commissioners to Han Domingo K
as representatives of the presal It Is espec ially re-l
quired that the Journals the correspondents repro. 1
sent should support annexation. Tho President na'
had something lo say on this subject InJeed, It was
esteemed grave enough to demand iho conslderatloa
of the Cabinet. On no account will tho New York
bus a rcprearntatiie be tolerated on board the Ten
nessee, and this Is explained by Charles A. Dans'a
uncompromUlug hostllitt to tbe I're.ldent. rau Do
mingo, aud ever. tliUg eunneele I with tho Admin
istration. But The bus will bo represented.
That'asol '
CSeu. CJrnnt Docan't I.lUe Some Other Novto.
From the ClnclnnaU Commeret.il.
Fo soon ns it was settled that wo were to have
a Commission, It waa determined to havo this Com
tnlaslon accompinlot hy certain nulll-drlvcs. who
were to put on record In tho public prints all of lie
i-rent achievement. The t'resldetit, too, lias bcea
t.'istlgated to the work by Ineslls and Tom Murphy;
an 1 Ihe other night telegraphed lo Horace (Irceloy.
o! New sork, to designate some correaponde.-it or,
reporter wbo would hive the high prltilcto of ae
couipanilug tho Comnlsslon. Iloraco UroeVy was,'
a, 'linal, orl wandering over creation, delivering
lecturv." or addros.es, and Whltelaw Held reepond
ed. i.amln..' Mr,- Jta jisdell of tho 2'Wluneand duel
rwi'f C(kiti..,i's the nun.
'Tliat fello. "aid the I'resldent, "belongs tn
tbo Cincinnati l,K'wrtial, aad he em"t go;"
wlieicopon another telegram wit forwardm, agala
callliig unon Horace (Irreioyand lgnoll Whiielaw
Bell The rrsponso waa, cs before, tint llorsco
(Ireeley was absent from town. Then iho I'rcsident
jskod to kuow where a telegram would rea-:li him.
Tho anwcr w as that tho whlte-hattod pMiosoplier
was aa much beyond teach of the UlnmnH i ho la
beyond common eente In political economy. And
." c,';!!,ll!eFill'le telegraphing was kept np between
tlio bite House and the AVic York iw'uru.
In the midst of this ouf Inquire Jacobs turned up.
tho representative directly ol the t.flClirm'l IVm
nurtvu, and claimed a place on board a our report
er. Tho 1'resldent swore up and down that he
should not go. whereupon old Ben Wade sworo
Just .. Brrci that be should go. "Let the damnedt
paper." said tho old stud horao l beg pardon, I
mnao tho niird old horse jf the Itipnbln- in party.
hate IU damned gueirllla." " The Inf.-rinl con
eern, reppnded the I'resldent, " will b askliu to
hive llt 1'i.itt next ;" whereupon sturdy old lien,
said that was unother thing; that I). 1' was "tha
damnedest guerrilla of them all, hut that Ja.-obs
Was a good fellow and ought to go;" whereupon Ills
hxcellency veakened. and Iho rotuli Jacobs waa
added tu the corps of Journalistic lil.toriun.
W hit a lues lu huuiauliy would It bo were sturdy
o U Dun, and his corps of writers never to return.
Cnu Thla be Ho f
ll'mllnffloa Corrwpojideiics otc CMcngo THOune.
Now the 1'rcsident' friends havo mailo th
rc.itlar army In bulk a party to thla scheme of .in- 1
hexing Bin Dumluuo. A lew days oio n Ceueral oi
tho volunteer army said to Col. Horace l'or er:
" l'orlcr, why do you favor thla San I) iiiin?o
biuli.oaa jou and all the other officers or tin- n ;u
lar service t Why does lien. Hhennan culne up tu
ilo House when this thliu la In abeyance, un I lend
tho Influence uf bhj law ar.il name to tue in- a ol
lii.s tiiiiig, which is certainly nothing but a.inat
job ? '
" Well, now," said l'orlcr, " I will let' you Do
mini;,! Is only half ot b.in Domtugu. 1 Kreu -U
lot lO.isyj men in dead mid dlened i i t.iey
Uud to tuke Hartl If we gu Intol1 li Ju'i, li n
ul.ir army ol the United Mtatci will n net. o, i u-ul
tu lSO.UU) nun. .Therefoie, u C ugit-ia i- i 'W
about breakinc up the rewiilar ar-nj, no m in i '
I .vor ol Sim Douitngo, because ngivis n I inuii
btatt a chance lo keep a peruioiu nt uinii ' .
Hnhbiith i: cnl iitra In Cooper I'lilnn.
It tuny bo seen by our udycitisinu; eolumnn
that unices aro hold In tho hall of iho l ooper
I'ulon ovary Sabbath evening at :lia o'clock Tins
u.ooliugs are designed for the people g io i on
uecially for Itrangera and thoeo who hue no r, nu-i
lur place of worship. They aro entlrelj uu ! m' ul
iiitioual in character, aud not Intended to Malo ep
any led or party. Some gentlemen hue mrmceit'
tho uiuilc under the leadership uf a Arm c aa baad,
and there Is good congregational slngmr i ' lurtidj
by tho precentor ofonoof the I'llth avenge i-urn ies. "
We are assured that all who atleuJ will 1 puulcd. .
nud Intorestedj I
no ins or i.i:isvut:.
Th Veteran Association ol the Seventv ftr-t regi
ment eat a dlouor ul Di.lnioiileo's early in A
To-moiiow evening the Kourth (Irand a . i . --r tea
I Isk'supeia llonae. The progiamme ti ol ' ulilsort
order, bea auteilMcmont,
Ihe Bachelors of Newark, N. J., give i' in r'h
annual recetitlou on Woilneadit ovcninr. .1 . . .- -'in.
fireut n,"1"'(;'' '" t'aAlliuu, on m u.eir
The lath Anutvernary of the V !J (' - t b
celebrated on tloudiy evening y a-'oi i. Ila.li
Aiuoua tlie iii'aKcia announeril an lliv i'-"
the llev, ir. Dvrjca, Mt C, D, Uordcr, ana m ,

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