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cYonmmu new'york, tuksdJvy, October 22, 1872. rRicujwoCKKT J ENGLAND AND IlUiLAI'l). JA3ti:s astiiosv rnoviuVH rimtn j , r.vrvn ;. t'remwrll Ireland's llrrnl Hcncfsiclor-I'rilal Mlsltiknor Ihe Prlsrool Online- The Cor snornnls ol llio Kstiibllshril Church I'nie al Ihr Irl-li Prnsiintr). Mr. Promlo uVUvei u.l Ills thlrtt U'otuni In Association Hall last ornliu to a crowded audience. Ill subject was: "The Penal Law of Ireland and their Conaotiueiiccs." The leo turor said : Laud; and (Ikntlemzn: My Imt lecture ended with an account of till) rise, Hit) couso quences, and the collapse of tho great Irish ro liolllnii of 1041. II enmme need In massacre, ami It endod In ruin. Tor hlhn years the Irtatilentlcr held the duat hie of tholr country In their band. Thoy went years of continual anarchy ami mutual slaughter. One-third of the popu lation perished In the most Piteous misery. It linavlcst suffering fell upon the Innocent peasan try, llielr wive, mill their little, one. Had the rebellion been sustained by a determination to bo flee; bad an Hlsh iiillon been forming Itself In that furnace of calamity; when tho cloud cleared otT had there been seen a liberated ivcoplo standing erect umldtt the ruin of their homed, watching the Meet of the In vader disappearing below the liorlon: had Ireland pr veil heisclf ati..her Holland : had It fared with the Snxnn a It fared with tho Spaniard, the price), trcnio'ului.s as It was, vv.uld not hae been ton mm ti forth admission of one more free i ommonwe.iltliaiiioiiirtheiittUnn of the world. Thncurta ii ro on a far ilH'orrnt stpectaele. Ireland with Its .hlefs and lt nrmle, Itt patthMc heroes, and its pajl mate devotee. I.AT rllDSTIt.VTC AT TIIK rttT of a few thousand English Puritans. What was to be done with It I ask you. gentlemen, with the experience of two centuries of progress and enlightenment to guide you. what would you havo had Cromwell do? Will you say that he should have proclaimed a universal amnesty, or thrust ballot-ball In the hands of the riant whom III sword had scattered, and bidden the Irish to decide their own destiny They would hare ruled by an Immense majority for the oil. Wt which by arm thev had failed to win. Thoy would hare bidden the English and Scotch colonist, with their Industrie and their Protest ant religion, to have Imply tk. n themselves away, and to hare left Ireland to her own peo plo, The English, ou may ay. had no business there, It I too late to raise question of that kind, Ireland had formed part of the dominion of the English sovereign. I will not -ay how It had come about, but so It was, England. M years before, hail shaken olf the papal juthoi ,ty. the inrr.s 11 n I.CVltD WAII upon their derotcd subjects, as they were pleas ed to call all Protestant Mates. Thev had used the wordof Spain and Austria to force them back Into submission, and the shrieks of slaiigh tered men had cone up from hundred' of battle fields. It had pleased Ireland, In that universal war, to takn the Italian side. She had made hnr firovlnce tho theatre for a century of desperate oturrectlonn. Had file nu ceeded In establish ing her lndeiend'tn-'e. v.," would lunebeenn thorn In England's ldc and the all of Kiik' land's eiiemle. Had Kllabeth left hei to her self It would have been but for the French and the Spaniard to oomo In noted around with hostile armies, hostile nations on either Mile of her, Knaland, and the cause for which England u flithtlni;, would hae rome to an Inglorious end It could not be, and the resolution once formed that Ireland, whether she would or not, UCrtT IITMAIN AITACIICO TO ENOLAND. The rest had followed as of necessity. We must look at the position a men. not ut dream ers and enthusiasts. What wu Cromwell to do? 1 will tell you what he did, and ou shall Judk'u for yoursehes whether he did III. The Irish do inanded liberty of ronscluin o. " I meddle with no man's conscience," the Ixird-Ocncral an swerod, "but If you mean by liberty of con science liberty to have the mays, th.t will not bo suffered while the l'srllumcnt of England has power." 'Monstrous I" you niayeiy. Well, gentlemen. I suppose It would be ea) forme to alter some fat-tie commonplace on the beauties of the lib erty of conscience. tpenkltis here In this place, txitoro tho freest people to the world, and speakliiKiiiKin a subject on which the American people are mure Justly sensitive, which Is the liberty of thought and speech, than perhaps on any other subject. In this i onueclloii and al this time 1 cannot utter tle words. Ilef me I de nounce 0 great man lllte Cromwell. I mu-t be auiw tint either 5011 or I. or any of us, would have acted more wisely or more generout-ly in the same rlrcumstamis 'I I e moss, aswt. know It, Is the sai rcd rite of the r llglou. which l one of many modes, and one of the oldest, nnd In some retpucts the most beautiful, modes of worshipping our common Maker. It has bor rowed one precious Jewel from the coronet of It adversary, for It ha- learned to respect the rights of cons, lence In others, and In learning that It has Parted with but a single clen:'!!' whl' h made It an object of dread to others. I ITHlXr TIIK CATHOLIC CHF.Eb has been and Is the belief of some of the noblest men who have ever done honor to humanity : but this Is not the creed which Crom ell refused to tolerate. The mass, as Cromnell knew It. was the symbol of a sjstcm which, wherever It had power, wu-s at that moment puhl-hlug by word and Are every deviation from Its own ordinances. In countries wherein It had ii't Sower It was stirring up civil war and the ver sreest passions which disgrace humanity, only that It might recover the me. ins of perprtuatini; Its usurpations. It had made flermany a char net huusn. Ireland, of width 1 am here speak ing. It hal plunged into unutterable woe I w ill not say that what Cromwell did win right or wrong, but this I know, that If we and our fathers hd been struggling In a death wretle for a century with such a spirit, this I know, that we should not hesitate. If tho chance was In our power, to stop the fountain from which those waters of bitterness were flowing. (Ap plause. 1 Had Cromwell's policy towards Ireland been persevered In. as u whole, I believe, I should not bo hero addressing you on anv (pies Hons of different o between ourelves and Ire land. He hid formed a design for the psi illra llonof that country which would hau- matH future troubles theru linpolble. tiiw n-vrui bKTTl.nts, !., had been driven nut. and all other English and Irish owners who had atood by the English Parliament throughout the war, were replaced In I heir estates. All the other Irish land owners hvl been out In the war against England, and their lands were declared ccntlscated. As be fore, on tho original settlement of I'lrter, the pedantry were left undisturbed. 'Ihose who lossp-ed any real right In their farms, timing pcrfurmod honest labor upon them, were pro tected, subject only to tho condition of being obud nut to tho new flovemment. The noble I'irils and gentlemen, tho men whnie trade was lighting, who had called themselves lords of the. soil, and as lords of thu soli had maintained tlieuixclrcs by poor men's Industry, these, by one huge seep, wero dispohi-essed. They were ins! orlvun out of Ireland altogether, nor were th loft without means of support If they had chosen to exert thcinsehes. Of tho four ills trii ta of Ireland one was still to bo theirs, Tim srvvt province of Connaught was assigned to the Irish gentry al exclusively their own. They wre i ul olf from the rest of tho country. Thoy might live In such way as pleased them l.e-t. As the Saxon coniiuerors of EngUiid drove the Hrlt ins Into I Wales, so Cromwell drove the re bulling Irih Into Connaught, Over the rest of the. Island lie planted down the army which had onii'pieied It. Each soldier had his land as sum! to hlm. If he preferred to return homo ho was at liberty to sell It to another English man, who should takn his placo. Many thou ssmls of Protestant families were thus distribu ted over tho laud to introduce English Industry aud English order. THE Itr.FOIIMLD ItEI.IOION was made a reality. The Huguenots and all whom ( latholic despotism had driven from tholr homes, w era web omed.und all were encouraged to bring with them their trades and their occu pations, I'recoding settlers bad Introduced msnufacturus into Ireland. They had built Isrge ships and the) had began to trade. Com mercial Juslousy had taken tho alarm In Eng land, nnd Irish commerce had been nipped b restriction. 'Iheso absurd and Iniquitous laws Cromwell cut unay from tho ro ts. Ho saw no Justice In starving Irish Industry to Ull the iKii keta of English manufacturers. Ho saw too that if Ir laud vvus to bocome as he desired to mv her, n full partner In England's prosperity, thu lb tlon of u separate Inteiest and fl separate uutonallty ought to come to an end. He abol ished the Irish I'arllanienl. Iroland was Incor porated Into England ami made partof England, and her towns and counties sent tholr represen tatives to Westminster. Thus, with the elo menu of mls' hlef handcuffed or swept out of tho wav. with a new and wholesome stock of energetic Protoaunls phutod Into hor soli, with ? '"".KI".1 ,r' " l'Hrl1, Ipation in every material uoiiollt vl, h England p ..-.esscd, CKQMWtXI, II All TfltNEP A ntKSII I.K4P In her truglcal lil-lorv. and she had entered at len;:th on a career of industry and prosperlti, which we call tyranny from our modern point of view. Wo lil'iat look fa( Is In the f.v e. slid not bo frightened by words li, nileen years tho throe provinces which wero tints trmtod had gruHnfiom n wllderniss Into a garden. I'ogs were drained and planted afresh with ti.-.s; dwelling houses sprang up and suhstant al farm hiuMiiigH! Holds were, fenced and i.lotl.ed with corn, trading ships cuius bank to thcharbuis and the rivers' mouths, life and propeity weio iiisilu hi- uro, and Irish tieasant and Enululi iirimr under lio rulo of tho Couiwelllans lived I ' lib and each uililcil to the other's wel isi. witii tho road to Industry open uoiiall) to all. 1 11 1 ii;li of lumivcll, I as an Englishman minor hlm, and glory In hlm as the gieatest tUinan rnd the greatest unldlor that our rar hu pr-jducod. lAppUus(,J What U moro, boh. tEv' I tlcmon, I consider hlm to havo been the best I frloml In the best sense of all which wusgood In Ireland, Tho reslnratlon came. Tho Stuart Kings wero brought back, nnd with the Stuarts came tho old story of compromise and half measures. Tho Irish 1'iirllariicnt was at oiieo set up again. The Irish expected that Cromwell's soldiers would bo expelled, and that tho conll.'catod Slates would bo restored to their old owners. Novor constant long to any one policy, England was Rontent to weaken the Protestants without conclllallhg theCathollcs. Something over ono third of the land was restored. TUB CONN UMIHT PLAN was abandoned and the exiled Irish were al lowed to return to their homes. Two-thlrdsof the lands were left In the Cromwelllan scttlerr, end the old rivals were once more left face to face, with nil the old animosity embittered a thousand fold. The Episcopal Church was ret'stabllshed. It suited the Irish 1'roU stunts a" 111 as It suited the Scotch 1'roshyterlans. The Scots would have none of It. They cleared It nut and set up their own churches. The Irish Protestants were Iojs fortunate. The archbishops and bishops were placed In their sees. To counterbalance them tho Catholics were allowed to reestablish a rival hierarchy : chnpelr and convents wero rebuilt, and ns an Indication of (iovtrnmcnt favor, very like what we observe at the present dav, the Catholic primate was received In state at Dublin Castle by the English Viceroy. I'or the Protectant noil-conformists, mean while, there was no mercy. '1 hiv were assumed to bo HepiiMlcans, and llepubllcans lust then wero looked upon lis venomous reptiles. The No.thern Pre-ltcrlans and tho Cnunwelllnns were the bone and sinew of the Protestant In terest. 'I hey were the best soldkrs, tho best fanners, the best rltleus, the best men of busi ness. In nil matters secular nnd spiritual they had tho stern resolution which ended with Cal vinism. Yet It was thought ise to allow the llisnol'9 TO ITIlMdTC TIIF.SE MEM. Their chapels and their n hools were closed, their ministers were required In conform to the establishment, and when th.sy refused were tie prlvod of their benefices. It was a turning point In the history of the country. The proudest and bravest of Puritan colonists sold their al lotments, and bade Ireland a second farewell. They had given their blood In vain. Kings and priests had como back acalu, and with Kings and priests It seemed that they were to have no abiding place. They turned their faces to the setting sun, and the descendants of tin- compter ore of Ireland are now cltliena of the Lulled States of America, Applause. Gentlemen, I was once present, a few years ago, al a very o.ltraordlns.ry scene It hspjiened that tin re was some uncertainty where .lames I. was burled In W stmlnstrr Abbey. The De.mnf WestmlnsK r. w no Is uiy friend, had a commis sion from the Secretar of State toearchamong the tombs and discover where James's coffin lay. It was not thought prudent to conduct such on Investigation byd.illght It was done at night, and he iwked trie, and perhaps one ot two moro gentlemen, to be present. We went ; and there, by Daring torches, among those old dark arches, vs-e were probing among the a-hes of the great dev). We looked iion all that re mained of kings, princes, warrior, statesmen, and prelates. We felt almost guilty for the liberty whb-h we nere taking In disturbing their august repose. At last we came to a tomb wher evidently some great person had once lain : at least, wc knew n"t what It was or wh It was. It was the tcmb of Oliver Cromwell, the great Protcitor of England. The) bad taken hlm up from his b nib : the hail hung his body on a gal lon thev had cut bis head from Ids shoulders ar.dpcr.tid It on a spike on Westminster Hall. The) had Iluligo.it the Cr.unwclllaus: thev had tiling out Crouiwi II. and thelf was this sad and silent and swr- t MtMiil.lsl. of what hut best, It gave us thoughts which had better not be uttered. Well, gentlemen, for these Cromwelhana In Ireland they were gone, other English came la their places, money makers, land Jobbers, speculators. 1 ho persecution of the Protestants was check) d afttr Its first excesses, and the 1'lster settlement continued to proser, but the Protestant colonics In the south had received their di'ath blew The Catholics overspread them or absorbed them. 'I ho Catholic religion swept bark like a returning sea. James the II. followed Charles, nd .In ui"-, himself a Catho Ih . lent the Intl lenieof the Crown to the cause. In both countries he set himself to undo tho Iteformatlen and reestablish orthodox Unman Ism. He placed Catholics in the highest otneos lir tho state He made Catholic Judges and Catholic Chani ell.irs. Catholic sheriffs and m.tgUlrates. He made the army Cithollc, ami h" estilird rlie I'r. ti-'tant offh'Ts. He dis armed tho Pn te-ta'it genii), nnd Dually be i re ated the brother "f the Catholic Ap hblsh .p of Iiubll" the in ti.r'o'is lib k Torbet. a duke, and appointed htm Vberoy. lb" next step wns to have been lhc reversal of the land k ttlrment nnd the restor.itli.n of the i itt.oii t rnprUlurs . ft was to havi teen nu'iaged oulrtiy bv form of Ian, but the English revolution came In tho way. James abdicated nnd tied to FroiKc, ai .1 W1LI.IA.M 01' oII.S.MjK became King ' f Ehglanil. Ili-vv w,i; all this in aff-.i.t Ireland According to English lawyers, h.aitofthe Irbh Psrllaim nt was valid which hnd not pa"ed undt r the great seal of lUigland. The King of England, si h ver he was, was held t be Klngof Ireland also. The Irish Interpreted the constitution differently. Thev Insisted that though Jame might Imr lost the English crown he was still King of Inland. They invited James to nine, and he came. Thev Invited Units . IV. to help them uls sent ihsm moiicv and arms, some ol hi- iM st ntUers. and Mi" men. The faitmris that i f timed h id overthrown were one iiktc In possessb n of the Irish (Jov ernment It remained for them to accomplish at omo what their grandfathers had fallen to do, and to root up. conclusivelv and forever, tho detested I", .t'-starit -ettlers They i ailed a Par liament, a free nalional Parliament, a fair repre sentation of tin- majority of the Irish popula tion, and In the acts of It m u will sec the Inevi table tendency of the I'nilg which is called home rule Thrv were perfectly natural acts. I'nder one condition they wero perfectly right ai ts If their resolution on the buttle. Held would equal their courage In the senate house. They tore nil I Tnmwell s plantations to tho roots; they dispossessed the colonists n ho had settled on their soli a completely as they had them selves been dispossessed by the Puritans, and tio-n. ' make lean work and spre.nl n net which would let no simile alien csmpe, they ATTAlNTm I1V NCMT almost evrv Pmtetant landowner In tho Joun try. Vou may say that this was right, and that England ought to havo acquiesced. I say that It was right with one provision, that licland was prepared to back her words with deeds. When there Is a question of the dismemberment of an empire, the proviuco which aspires to a separate oxlstence must have strength to do It. England would have been craven had sho assent ed to a separation from her of hor own free will. It would have been a death blow to her own lib erty. (Applause ) .Nor was Ireland Itself without men who would strike a blow for the English connection and their own hearths and homes; nor could England, after having planted them down In Irelundflcavo these men with honor to be despoiled. The t'lstcr Protestants had some thing In them of the old Cnlvlt.lstlc heroism. Londonderry was an old town, now idled and mi provisioned ; but the Protestant shopkeepers and apprentices held l.oiidnuderrv against tho Ca tholic army with French linkers itll a roast oil rat had become a dainty and starvation was held nt bay with boot soles and garbage from tho gutter. An nrmy was tent from EiHsnd. Tho new King came In person to bond It. I lilrty vears of concession, vears of nffcicii obedience, and as the only result the work of conquest had to bo done over again. Times had changed in England, and not for the better. William's troops were not like the Ironsides'. Thoy were a motley cniiipniitm of Dutch.P.ugllsh, (ieriuaus, and l'rench Huguenots, and they were 111 dis ciplined and dissolute. The Irish, on tho con trary, had never been In better I'oiiilllloii. Thoy had been drilled by Krenrh officers ; they were well armed and equipped: they were on their own soli, fighting for ever) thing which thoy held most dear, vet tho result was In no way differ ent from what it had always been under similar circumstances. At THE IIAT1LI Ok' THE I10VNE the Irish did not so much as make a creditable stand. At Athlono they were surprised and driven from a position which the mo.t moderate care would have made Impregnable. AtAughrlin they fought bravely and well, hut they stood only until tho l'rench tlcneral h Ml been killed by a cannon ball, when thoy broke Into nn Irretrievable rout, and never rallied again. William was unwilling to press thorn, Ho waa himself tolerant beyond all contemporary princes, Ho knew little of Irish history He understood little or nothing of tho Irish people. Ho saw only In them a high-snlritcd hut an unfortunate race who had bs-en long misgoverned and oppressed. Ills mind was mainly on his duel with I'rauco, Ho was anxious only to quiet Ireland on onsy terms, and thu easier terms ho allowed tho sooner ho thought thu work would bo accompllshi.il, Cromwell gave the Irish no respite until they luvd submitted without condition, William would not allow them to be pressed, and Insist ed upon peace while theywtru still Inn condi tion to stipulate. The war wa'i ended, but It ended onl) lu tho famous AKTICI.t.S Of MMr.ltKK and flalwny, tho root of enitleas fond, bitterness anil reproaches for broken fill t It - llooi I de scribe those articles and what became of them I must ask why thus universally, again and again, tho rebellion of Ireland was uiiiiii cesful ; why a race whoso courage was and Is boyond -in-plcion. why men who In other fields and under other standards have won both fame and admi ration, why such a race whori lighting for their own (wintry and in theii own eausn have behaved always so unlike thnmsolvas, I have already Indicated the riliswer, and I must again repeal ll-because tho hearts of tho masses of thu people were not In tho ninltor. Tti Irish psassnl would about for tUnillm ami Tyrone as they go now to tho polls and rote for i the patriotic cnndldnto. It would not havo been better that Sarstleld or Tyrone had won, nnd the peasant had no reason to regret tho ' days when he was trodden under foot by tho I Kern and (Inllowglass, when between blackmail i and tho terrorism Inspired by rnldlng bands of ferocious soldiery, he had neither plenty nor peace, What was It that gnvn tho peasant the right to erijov the fruits of his own Industry? The set tled taw and llft.U or TUK BTIlANOtn. The peasant hid had nxperienco of the Ad vantage to bo enjoyed under English authority, Never had life gone so well with hlm. .Never. In all the years of his tragic history, had ho been so comfortably Mtuited or so well rowarded as w hen at work for the t'lster settlers, or tolling on his own patch under the protection of Eng lish law. Speaking from the atandpolnt of a man of the revolution -tho Catholic owners having been driven out, and their lands having been taken by largo owners who now resided on their estates, and caicd nothing for the welfaro of tholr tenantry-1 think the men of thorovo lutlon should have acted on tho principle of Henry VIII., and mndo the absentees sell out to men who were willing to live In Iroland. (Irani ed that It would seem hard, but no administra tion can prosper that bus one law for tho rich and another for the poor. A real nrlstocracy, resident In the country, and Interested In the country's prosperity, would havo been of Infi nite valuo to sin li a country as Ireland then was. An nrlstocracy of absentees was nothing better than a mockery nnd n curse. There Is another measure which statesmen would call Impossible, but which 1 almost re gret could tut have been carried out. Louis of 1 'ranee, l i't at this time, IILVOKKtl 1 llC EIIICT OP N SMTT.si, and declared that Protestnuts would no longer bo tolerated in the t'rench dominions. The Huguenots looked to Irrtaiid for a home, a d lnsn Catholics had their e)ca turned louclrulf to Pram e. 1 cannot but suggest to ) on that it would have been better fur all parties con cerned had there Iwen an exchange of popula tions, With care mid svsiem It might have been done, with tneeoiisent of all parties concerned. Impossible, a statesman would say. I believe statesmen find nil measures Impossible except those Hint como up of themselves, without care from them. (Applause.) Grant that It Is Impossible, then considering the change which had come over the condition of Ireland, I think the time had come that there should havo been an end to the penal laws. After the defeat of the last desperate attempt of the old Irish to re i over their lands, nnd expel tho Protestant owners, there was no further occasion for vens,l enactments against liberty of conscience. The genius of Protestantism Is opposed to such re strictions Hut In Catholic countries there was no toleration for the Protestant : and. taking man's nature as It Is, It ta no wonder that the ordinary l'rutctnnt should be Inclined to follow tho example. Hut the penal laws were against tho genius of free Institutions, and could not be enforced In a Protestant country. Eiperlenco had shown that they could not be carried out In Ireland. The revolution had left the Catholics without tho power to hurt, and prescriptive laws could oulv be .a mockery nnd an Insult. Hut the Catholics were not the only sufferers from TUT. l'K.S'AI. LAWS. The Nonconformists had ample proved t .r loysdtr to England In the rebellion, but the upremn eblect of statesmanship appeared to be to keen the Catholics down and to maintain the supremacy of the Episcopal Church byptir secuilng the Notwouformlsts. With a system of school teaching, such a.s tho Kirk established in Scotland, nnd due encouragement to trades ami manufactures, tho Irish would have been swept Into the stream of expanding Industry. There were two branches of manufacture already in a thriving con dition, The woollen In thst. North waa Protestant, the linen trade wajrcarrled on In different parts of the country, and In this the Catlmlles shared. Every cabin had Its spinning wheel, every village Its weavers. Industry hsd tak 'ti root, and needed nothing but fair pl to develop Ireland Into a rival of England. It needed only lustlce nnd a continuance of politi cal quiet to make an end of Ireland s misert The Crthollcs would have forgotten fore gn affiliations, and the two factions would havo lost theiemeuibrance of sectional differences in their dally Intercourse of common occupnti qi. tiii: iievoutio ii vu (ircMii a itnccii between the two creeds, and the manner In whl h It was dealt with madu the wound In rural Ic The English Parliament lns,ted that the land confiscated after tho revolution should be sold, and Its proceeds applied to ply the ex penses of the war. If this had been done, there would have been none i f tic- excuses nfterwai l allegi d for Interfering with Irish trade. Indus trial prosperity would have goiin on uiichei kcd. Hut the prospei t was blighted, and an oppor tunity destroyed that could never return, llv the Articles of I.lmerlck and (ialwa), i lie Catho lics were promised tho toleration which they en Joved under Charles. Mure than half of the ari'tocracy connected with the rebellion were allowed to retain their estite-. and the estates declared forfeited. Instead of In ing sold, were glTcn to King v UlJ.nn s farorites, and from tills source the English were debarred from defray trig the cost of the war The English Parliament was Irritated at this conduct on the pattol the King, and much limt was spent In recrimina tions. Hut the question which occupied the public mind was, who should lie King If King William should die rndAnin;. England 1 ad had enough of the Stuarts, and decided for the Moire of Hanover, 'lhc Irish Catholics declared very tuturall) for rnr. riiLTi-MiKii. The Catholic priests and bishops taught their people, that the Mitarts were their lawful sove reigns, and the Irish Protestants Insisted that persons teaching such dUlo)al doctrine should be driven from the country. The Muart senti ment was not i ontlned to the Catholics, but pre. vailed among the prelates and clergy of the Es tablished Church. The dl.-lo)al feeling among many of tho Irish peers and prelates was brought prominently Into notice by a circumstance. An attempt had been made upon tho l.fe of the king, mid the English Parliament passed a severe act for the punishment of offences against King William's person. 'Jhls act was sent over to Ireland to bo repassed by tho Irish Parlia ment, but the Irish peers were rash enough lo throw It out. This action of theirs came at a peculiarly III time. There was a faction In Eng land rendv to take advantage of tho Indignation occasioned by what was called Ireland's Ingrati tude. The woollen weaving Industry was so prosperous In Ireland thai the English tuanu lacturers trembled for their supremacy. Thoy then thoiightof Ireland as a colony. Vou kuowhow Enland handled her colonies In the last centu ry. (Applause. The English manufacturers petitioned for the passage of a law placing such restrb Hons on Ireland's trade as would destroy that trade forever. Tho English Parliament, lu li tort of desperation, thought that Ita only chance to keep Ireland In subjection was to keep Ire land poor and helpless, and at ono sweep they overw helmed her woollen trade, and CUT OKT AT A SINOI.E ntxjvv half thnbiislnessof her unhappy people. Twenty thousand Protestant workmen left Ireland aud came lo this countr) or returned to the places whence they had come. Many more followed, but the destruction of tho woollen trade was not the only cause of their departure. The Episcopal Church had obtained tho passago of an act providing that no person should preach unless ho had been ordntnod by a bishop. In Ireland thero was no toleration as lu England, and tho bishops I believe bishops havo produced more mischief In this world than mi) class of HMiple ever luvented-iitidertnak to have the acl enforced. The Nonconformist had been faithful to King William all through tho enrly and dreary days of tho revolution. '1 hey had defended Kerry, and hud aided in tho ultlmato triumph of tho royal arms, and this was their reward. And fresh ship loads bado the bishops a definite farewell, and look to tho Plantations to a-lt lu dismembering thu llrll ish empire. It was said that tho Cathnllo priests were teaching disloyally, and an act was passed for the expulsion of the Irish bishops nnd clergy. Tho priests were allowed to remain and say mass ns long ns they should live, provided they look thu oath of idlcKintice, No priests were to be ordained In placo of those dying, and none, wero to come from foreign parts Into the country. The prelates of tho Establishment Haltered themselves that In spile of the Articles of Elm crlik THE CATHOLIC nEMfllON WOUM) I1IB a natural death lu Ireland. In a community of trade and prosperity such mensutes m.ghl have succeeded. In Ireland the net was fulminated only to be ridiculed. Tho Cathnllo bishops could lint bo discovered, and the Irish Judges nnd magistrates received private Instruc tions that the laws passed wero not to be enforced, Tho Irish Protestant Parliament felt that no such measure could ho enforced, aud nt Us wit's ends and in despair It pelltlunoil for its own dissolution. A commission had been ap pointed to consider tho tiirmsof ait act of union, and the Irish Parliament laid Itself aud its for tunes at the feel of England. I suppose that In the Tilslorynf any country no eilcli act can ho found as the rofusul of Ireland's request In KOI. Hut England had falliin under an lutluciice which has had loo much weight lu svvailng her policy -th Inllueiico of money of tapltallsts and innnufncturerH, traders who never look beyond their ledger, inn) whoso po litical foresight looks no further than the bal ance sheet of tho succeeding year, To ail in It Ireland to union would havo boon to admit Ire land lo ft co trade, nud there thoy saw ruin star ing them In the face. llll.l.VNII vvstt DOWN, and so should remain. England refused, and thu lush Parliament wns li ft In find sumo other moans of mlf-piotci tloii. What this Irish Par liament should havo dono vvus In havo made Protestantism Into a reality by giving tho Non conformists tho name right and privileges as enJiljHil by thu lucinbois of tho Established Church, llul this would not suit (ho blnhojs, Tht grsoid ourvoso of tua bishop In the last century was to keep dissenters down iiiul overthrow the Catholics, Anothor not vras therefore passed thalcouh' not b en- forced. This act was cnlltlod "To prevent the further growth of Popery." An act hnd Just been passed In England tn proyent Catholics from purchasing land nnd from settling nn Eng lish soil. It must havo been innde after tho ex atnploof bonis of Prance, whon he roeallod tho odlct of Nantes, It was provided further that no Catholic should bo able to tnirrhasoan eatato from a Protestant, or should take a lease upon any farm or land for moro than thirty-one years, and that no Cathnllo should sit In Parliament, take office under tho Crown, or be admitted to any of the learned professions. Now what was tho effect of this act? Tho effect waUi root out all moral rrluclplo from tho mldfJsV and ill ,'cr classes. Worthless chil dren pretended to be converted In order to make themselves Independent of their parents : gentlemen affected conversion, thst they might be sheriffs and Magistrates, or bo able to buy a piece of land, or hold a lease. Lawyer qualified themselves In tho same way to be admitted to tho bar or tho bench. they cAt.i.Eti themselves mornsTAjrw. They wero In fact of no creed nt all. Heine In truth Catholics, they were condemned by their own consciences, and became reckless despera dous. Ireland was filled from end lo end by men who weio perjured to the lips to saro their po sition In society. The law, fiowever, wns even handed lu Its Iniquity. It was rulsd In addition, In the s inie net, that no ono was a Protestant tn the eve of tho lavv.who was not a member of tho Established hurch. Nonconformists had hith erto no Ifrally recognlred existence. They had no toleration ! they were llnblo lo punishment : but they wero subject as dissenters tn no special disabilities. A clause In the net a -slnst I'oporr acknowledged their presence, hut acknowledged It o.,ly to place them tn almost t he siiiiik position as tho Catholics. No one was to bo admitted to serve Ids country In any rapacity, military it civil, above the rank of a petty constable, until be hsd received the Sacrament from an ordained clergyman. Tkn Protestant community was formally cut In two, and the most energetic section of It wns ostracised. One more touch bad still to be added to the picture of the condition to which the English and Irish Legislatures, between them, hsd re duced the miserable country. The English clolh manufacturers posso-sed at this time the monopoly of the European markets, The Irish rivalry was no longer to bo dreaded, for tho Irish weaving Industry was at an end, but the cupidity of the English was still Insufficiently proterted. The advantage of England over the rest ut the world lay In the QUALITY Or ITS WOflt, and Irish wool was as good or better. So excel lent was It that If a pack of Irish wool was mixed with three packs of Krench wool, the Prench weavers could then compete successfully with the English. The Irish wool must be secured therefore nt all hazards tn the English manufac turers, and secured on easy terms too. (Laugh ter.) The English Parliament, nt tho Instigation of the manufacture, passed an act that not a fleece of Irish wool should be exported to any other count rv except England. All tho Irish wool was to go to England, anil England herself was to fix the price which she thought It reason able to pay for It laughter sixpence a pound, or thereabouts. The I rench at tho same time were willing to glvo three shillings a pound, and the flovenituent was wise enough to Imagine that, with this enormous temptation, It could prevent smuggling. I Laughter. There Is no country In the world so favorable for smuggling as Ireland. The coast all atoiind Is Indented by dangerous bays, approachable only by native boatmen, The coast guard were laughed at and commanders were bribed, lu revenge for th destruction of Its trade all Ire land combined against the law. Catholic and Protestant, all rl.isea of the people. Jurymen, the bulges on the bench, and oven the official of Ilubllu Castle Itself, all went hand In hand to defeat English avarice and ri'.MMI ENGLISH IN-ICSIICE. Ingenuity could not have devised a system better suited to the lawless temperament of the Irish people, or better calculated to encourage such a temperament. This state of things conlnued for three-quarters of a century, and It forma the key to Irish history and Irish character as long as the com mercial restriction were maintained. It was accounted no sin to smuggle. A priest once consulted his Ill-hop as to what he should say about It. The lllsnop said that as King (lenrge had nn right tn the crown he had cer tainly had no right to the customs duties. Laughter 1 On rather different ground-, but still as to the main fa, ts, I entlreiv agree tv lib the lllslinp that he had no right I" the custom duties. ( Laughter. Just glance at Ireland then, as she stood at the accession of (leorge I . and as she remained tint. I her chillis were broken b tie- revolt of the American colonics. A Viceroy rrslded In llub lin s uiie crest English Earl or Ihikei be ranie over to open Parliament, nnd he rsmalned thete only so long as Parliament wis In session. Parliament met oulv mi alternate) cars. For tho greater part of the time, therefore, the country was governed by Lords and Justices, usually the Irish chancellor, tho Speaker of the House of Commons, and the Arcliblshon of Armagh, tho Primate. In Hie Legislature the Church lntere-t was sovereign. The Peers bring almost entirely absentees, the I'pper House was virtually the hou-e of the lllshoi s of the Established Chun h. The members of tho Establishment, though re cruited by the pretended converts from Popery, amounted to no more than one-tenth of the whole population, )et the clergy had In their hands ho ecclesiastical properly of the entire kingdom. If, with these advantages It made no progress, the reason Is not far to seek. The Utiles, If protierly distributed, would have ut- lujiiru a resiiirni ciorgiuan in every parisn in the country ; but i lergymen who were related to some great magnate, or who were fortunate enough to have Interest at the Castle of Dublin, held sometimes as many A nmtEN llllTIUK.NT lltLNEyiCES. They pocketed the money, the churches wero allowed to fall to ruin, and the congregations, of course, became Catholics. The bishops were appointed by the Crown. Some of tbim wero very excellent men. 1 he name of lllshop Ilerke lev would alono redeem his order from ills, credit: but of tho generality of those prelates I can but quote tho account which Is given by Denn swift: No blsnie IBs If t wrots on the oeesiloo of sotns scsn'tal rests wttti the cuurt fur tliese stipolotnuots, Esc client tnorsl men sre always selected, nut unfnrtti nttely it uniformly happens Hist si tne worthy d. virus cress lltuirisluw lirsth un their wsy to Irrlsud to lake psfasesslou of their lllshuprlei, they are rrgulvrly riOtinl and ruurilerril liy tie blfhwayinrn. who sells their robes sad patents lud go tolrrlsuj, sad srr cou. sccrsted Bishops la their stead, Lsjfhter J I mvself found In Dublin Castle an application to the Viceroy from ono of the bishops of the last century, who was going to London, for a separate ship to take his horses and servants and carriages from Dublin to Hoi) head, and for leave to transport for Ida own personal, private, aud Immediate use 4.0KJ ounces of silver piste. Uiughter. IN THE VfllECK Of TIIK IRl.'ll TRADE tho linen manufacture escaped. ITster was al. lowed to retain Its staple Industry, aud with ll a Pr:sh)terian population. Hut while they work ed on unflinchingly they did not fall to resent, to tho bottom ol llielr heart., tho Injustice with which their religion was treated, and the dis abilities under which they continued to labor, They wero republican; they wero disaffected to their Ciovcrnment; their nearest antipa thies were with their kinsmen In New England. The rest of the country waa left to the operation of the laws 1 have described, and by which and under which wn formed tho extraordinary race of modern Irishmen with which we are all familiar. Amidst anarchy and the paralysis of Industry, Irish society had no longer attractions for men of wealth or Intel lect. Tho nobles and gentlemen lived In England or on the Continent. Their lauds they let to large middlemen on easy terms. The English lord vvas far uway ; ho asked no ques tions as long as therein was paid ; his Irish mid dleman, holding on a long lease perhaps twenty or thirty thousand acres, must he an idle gentle man too. Catholic born, he waa obliged to call himself Protestant. Ilo wns as much Protestant a.s he was an) thing. Ills essential creed was the creed of his forefathers, that work was tils honorable: so he sublet his great holding to six or seven middlemen under hlm, and they must nlso he gentlemen, they must nlso hold work to be beneath Ihelrdlgnlty, and so the) must sub let theirs again. ( Laughter. TIIEIIE WEIH3 HAI.l- A I10ZPN OVySKIts; orfi'rMl owners, befoio )nu came to Hie poor drudge who whs to work for nil -tlm peasant, who hnd to furnish this long scale of privileged masters with materials for a life of Idleness be fore ho lilmtelf could touch a farthing for the food of himself aud hi children. All these so. callod gentlemen weio living beyond their menus, eating nud drinking especially drink ing tlnughfr duelling, hunting, luuae raemg, borro. -ig money nud mortgaging If the peasant was Industrious and Improved Ills little bit farm, tho shark wero down upon hlm, raised In rent, or turned hlm ail rift nud let his holding nt an Improved rent to somo ono else, I'nder till' eC' iirscd system Hie Irish pen plo ralhor starv, tlmn lived during the vvliolo of the Inst century : nnd thu vie quarrel vvllh thorn for being rcckhss, improvident, and dU contented I (Applause. Never In Ibis world has any raco of men been treated with such prolonged inhumanity us tlm Irish ponsnntry. Applause. 1'lrst plundered violently b) llielr chiefs, they wero plundered nlterwaril and more M'.tudalousl) by forms of law. Except timing tho short Interval that Puritanism wn n living belief lu the Scotch nnd I'mdlsh settlers, tho dogs nnd hone that they kept for their amusement received far moin Juitlco from tho lilsh laud nud leaso holder 1 1 1 it 1 1 tho human being by whoso toll they wore enabled to exist. (Applause, THE PHIMi: IMUI.T rosls with England. Applause Tho English, for Iholr own purposes, had taken possession of I.'olui.d, and has) Hindu thtuniH'ltcm rosponvlbUi fur tho tfoveruujvyit vl t Aj they hail to uujwsr to the great tribunal of naturn.thny were bound to have governed It with Justice. Hut If England was primarily nusnrrablo. the Irish tnlddlumen must bo ir their shato of the blame, Tho fault of England was nnulert. The praitlc.al pressute was laid by men of Irish blood and rare. Tho English agent would havo left tho peasant In rngvii tho Irish rnlddlo-rnan took his skin nnd his llesh and left him In his bonns. (Lnughtcr and applause.) Tho curso of the country was too much liberty not liberty to the poor but liberty to the rich, nnd tho strong to do what they would with their own. Now and then In tho letters of n Viceroy ono does ffnd a cry of Indignation. Lord Donegal once, wanting monoy to pay his debts, demanded enormous fines or his tenants, and evicted half a county In enforcing them, making six thous and families homeless. The Viceroy, Judging by what he said about It privately, would havo boon extremely fcd had no been ahlo to have 1IANC1EI1 UHltl DONr.ClAt. on a gallows sixty feet high, a spectacle to nil his brother noblemen t but the liw, unfortunately, no longer provided means for promoting noble lords In such emphatic) st)le. Laughter, Lord Donegal cot his money, and the six thousand families, nil Protestants, came to New England. Applause. 1 will mention a few more sperlmens of the condition of Irish sorlety In the last enntury. Ordinary assassination was too common to do servo notlco. Every Protestant faruit. Vavyvrry out lying Protestant gentlorran. kept his household armed. lie had only himself and his ssrvants tn depend upon tn protect his life. Half the County Kerry, tho county thnt 1 know best, wss ruled for many years by Mr. Daniel Mahoney and Ids "farlrs." lie wns head tenant of Lord Shelburno who lived lu England. His vvs a sort of smuggler prince, nnd ids "fnlrles" were four thousand peasant In while sheets and with blackened faces, whose business was to sea that no policeman, revenue officer, tsx collector, or undeslrabln vi-ltor i hould set bis foot within the precincts of tho Klllarney Country. Ioiughter. Daniel Mnhnney's daugh ter married the O'Donoghoe. His will Is at the old place yet. Ho bouueathed hi "best blue velvet breeches to my daughter O'Donohoe, as the man In Kerry best fitted to wear thorn." f Lamrhtor.l WAIIS WEIIF. NOW ENDED, but faction fights had taken their place. The black thorn had superseded tho battleaxo i but It had this advantage, that the combatants might bo "murdered entirely," nud, like the guests uf Wahalla, go to battle fresh again next morning. Combats between the gentry wero equally common, but tliese retained their dead ly character. Duelling became so frequent that ll was proposed at last to make the survivor pay for the support of tho family of tho man that he had killed. Whenever an English nobleman came over as Secretary of Stale from P.ngtand to Ireland ho had to bo proved In tho samo wny that we provo rllles, and guns by standing fire. Sir John lllaipilere was sent over short!) after thoiulddio of the last century to bo Secretary of Stale under Lord Harcoiirt. An opposition member, a Mr. Mag na!, picked a quarrel with hlm at tho end of n week for some unknown reason. Sir John Illaqulere believed thst If he did not fight he might as well leavo the country. So he accepted Mr Ilagnal'a challenge, and they mot at the usual fighting ground In the Phicnlx Park. A gentleman who was Just then riding In the park, saw that something was going nn, and rode over tn witness the duel. This Is the description he give of It: Illaqulere first fired In the a'r, and Mr. Magna! then took deliberate aim at him. THE riSTOL MISSED rtllE. Me rocked It again, and again It missed fire. It was the days when they had flints In their pis tols. Illaqulero then bowed and said, "There appears to be something the matter with your filnt. sir. You had better touch It with the edgd of your knife.'' He did so, and took deliberate aim again, and again the pistol ml -sed fire. Sir John Illaqulere then said, "I think, sir. you had better change your tllrt. ' Another flint was put In the pistol, and then Mr. Ilagnal had bet ter fortune. The p stol went off, and the ball passed through Sir John lllaqulero's hat. Tho second loaded again, and this time Mr, Ilvcnal fired first. He again missed. Sir John Illaqulero was going to fire In the air again when Mr. Mag na) took off his lint, bowed, and Insisted tint Sir John must shoot at him. The latter said he saw uo reason why ho should shoot at hlm, that he hail had no quarrel with hint, aud would not hurt hlm for the world. Mr. Ilagnal replied that It could not be; that he must tire at film, treat him like a gentleman, otherwise It would be a second affront, nnd they would have to fight again. Hut finally they shook hands over the matter, and Sir John Illaqulere was after that the most popular Secretary of Slate that ever held officii In Ireland. I Laughter and applause. Where.lt may bo asked, was the Irish Parlia ment all this time ? It was discussing the con dition of the country. Hut the Irish Parliament was matiaa'cd. too. How It was managed a few words will tell. Half the revenues of Ireland were settled permanently nn the Crown, and thu Crown claimed the disposition of them with out being responsible to the House of Commons, Out of tnl fund In the early part of this cen tury when political matters were more quiet, were provided pensions for the tulttres. es of the first tieorges. AS THE 111111 I'AULlAVtr.NT f:rew more troublesome the money was applied ess scandalously but more mischievously to the purKises of political corruption. When a peer or a com-noner brought up the question of tho Injury done to Irish trado, and obtained a hear ing In either House, the Viceroy would send n message to hlm, and Intimate to hlm that If he would hold his tongue he might name his condi tions. The most distinguished champions of Irish rights were rarelv Inaccessible to InUuences of this kind, and tho country was mndo to provide out of Its uwn resources the means of corrupting Its natural defenders, Many pretended patriots discovered thai thero was no road to wealth nnd promotion so sure as nn nffsi tntlon of patriotism. I do not mean tn say that there were no good and honest men at that time in Ireland and the Irish Parliament. The lllshop and clergy were actively engaged lu building churches and school bouses, while the people wero making roads nnd canals, draining bogs and working farms : but among tho most loud-mouthed patriots the Viceroy found the most malleable material. Miserable Ireland : betrayed by her own cham pions that a trusting nation had raised to power only that they might laugh at her in their sleeves, and fill their purses out of hor credulity 1 Hut ll Is said that things of this sort go on In most countries where there are popular governments, that corniptlen.nioro or Irs of It, Is a necessary condition forthe working of free constitutions. If that lx an, then have the destinies pro nounced sentence against freo constitutions. Either liberty must cast out corruption or cor ruption will destroy liberty. Hero thero was a perfect storm of applause, amid which Mr. Proudo retired from the platform. East ltlver Pirates Cnder I'lre-(ne of them rsupposed to he Wounded, The canal boat It. V. Silllman, lying at the foot of North Eighth street, WllUamiburch, wss bosrdnt by thieves sbout I o'clock yesterday morn. rig, olio forced open the forwsrd iotd anil stole a qusi.tlty of re iv rope valu.-dat upward of JV, The notae awoke the captain, .lames McConiri, who riastllr dressed himself. When he rescued the deck he saw two men in a small boat rowing away In the direction of .New York. The captain took the ferry to llouttuu street aud told Officer tilnley of the Pliton Market pollen station. This officer pro. cured the sstlstsnee of tittteer MciTlite, snd together they wint lo the dumplon vhsrf foot of Ittilntton street. Ihey wero not long there unill s boat rowed hy two men spprosrhed snd lauded their csrgn on bosnl oftheraiisl boat John I Isrk Curlln, which wss lying sbiDgslde. The officer sprsng from llielr place of eon. cealuiiut sod ran down the wlitrf, hut the rascals see big tin in coming rowed ort. Alttiuu-di the officers nred fmir shuts ut them, they sept nn th -r way across the river. It is lliouittit thst one of the men In the Ihiui was hit, as be st-risined out after Itte rim. ti.ai he was shot. The otrieerc found all the rope that had Peen Helen trnm Hie It. Y sillitnaii, arid then urrc-ted Hie captsiu of the John Clark C'urtlu ss an ai-conip.tce jf the Ihlevis, Prnlrl I'hcs In Nebraska-Many Mouses nnd Mains Destroyed. Omaha, Oct. -I.- The weather has been ex tremely dry In tlib U tlty of late, and prairie fires have been unusually frequent and destructive. The country within an area of thirty miles from this city has been noslly burned over, and enormous quantities of hay aud gram dctro)cd. besides man) houses, liarus, and fences. Yes'erday u prairie Aic starlet about two miles north of the rity,detro)ing mot of the fences, sh-di, and buildings at the race track and fair grounds, riu subtler at the oarrarks ut re w ere cut all last night and to-day nghlliig therlamea to prevent the d siruc liouutlhe barracks, ami bate suuccdedtu checking the flames lu that quarter. The (irnnlte Slnte Ahlii-si for (,'reeley, MAM'itr.sTi:ii, Oct. -I. The campaign waa frilly opened In this city to night by a large and 1 vil li a n I toiehllght procession, l'rom noon until nlghl-'ail vehicle of every description came Into the city lioin all directions, bringing the hardy sons ot the (lranllo fltate, with tin Ir uhtto hats anil rapes, to take patt In the display In honor of the Parmer uf Chapparjus, Al 9 o'clock the procession begin to move from the depot sousre In command of Col, C, W. Piper, amid the bourn big of cannon, The first In line was the Manchester VWiodtlioppi-rtJfd !) the City Hand Willi trsnq srr Ui Its sud Ion Mights, lulluwed hy over .i' from the loeoimi. live works, ami s large tlelecstlon fruui I'rsuklui slid Concord Del oncind Wouilchoiii.f rs, uvcr ,v strong, eri-steil quliu a it inaiioii, 'Ihrv had ts ti men dressed In state prison uniform stul i hsliieil tc-gi tin r, one car rying a transparency with ' Yerkcs" upon It. l ie olher one ' Maricr " lletwicn them lar,:c Iriiiiupirrncy hfurlnir the Invi riptlon, " 1'arJnued out In vote tor tlratit " Among oilier luiil'm wee "An) thing to beat llilev " and ' New Hampshire rive thousand sure fur Horace tlreeley.' Prom Ssilius was a utlegutlou of over HO suldU-is who served under (irant, wnh s Irani, pan ncy bi nilnic the mulloo, Viiieransof HOI. V, 'U, 'H. " OvrrHMinrii f rum puitanu uih, l"d hi tne I'orl I mouth Navy Yard Hand, were also ui lino I p iiailusl estimate, over a,iUJ torches wero lu the proouesion, and Hie display is buiictsitsd to liatv been tuo best over sit uo(rtJUlls4i,Uetsr THE VATAVHCO JlltOAJTA. Eaclllnii Knee lletvtecn the Nesv York How Ing (Tub nnd llio Ariel Clnb of HttUlmero 'i'hc Near Yorker Victorious, IlAbTiMoiti:, Oot. 21. Tho rosnttfi thus afternoon on the Patnpscn Elver was witnessed by fully UtO pcrsoni, tho majority of whom were ladles. Tho first raco waa botwecn tho New York Mowing Club and a crow of tho Arlol Club of this city, Tho starting point was a flag slake a short distance below Port Mcllenry and tho couroo down tho river ono tulle andaha'.f to a stako boat nnd return, making tho distance throo miles. The crew of the New York boat, the Keroseno, wero : P. L. Lei and, bnw; Y. II, Calhoun, No. 2: Prank Ellison, No. 3; and O. P. Johnston, stroke oar. Tho average weight of the New York orew wa 1ST lbs. Tho crow of the llaltlmoro boat, tho Debutante, wero : Wil liam fllllmore, bow; E. N (lieenwp No. U alter Neeley. No. 3; and J. II. C. Watts, stroke ; and the aver, ge weight 111 pounds. Moth shells wore new, being recently built for this raco by Elliott, of Urecnpnlnt, L. I. Tne boats started al t o'clock, tho New York rrovv nulling P) and tho Ariel Vi strokes. For tin first half inlln the boa's pulled nearly aaVrsa-s:, whuh ceat of tb stroke oar of tho Ariel boat slipped , by which accident tho crow lost three strokes, and the Kcrorone shot ahead. Tho Arlol crew soon regained their stroke, spurled shcntl, nnd passed slightly In advance of tho New Yorkers. From this point to the turning stake the raco was most exiitlug, tho boats keeping well together. Moth boatsturncd about the same time, nnd tho race homo was hotly contested, the Now York boat reaching thu starting point four lengths In advance of tho Ariel crew. Time, IT minute) II second. Tho Ariel's time vvai IH minutes. The race was for a sot of coitus, a llag with the coal-of-arms of Maryland, nnd a silk burgee.to bear the name of thu winning boat with tho date uf the raco. In tho betting tho New York crew was the favorite. The seconil race was between three Mclllmore Clubs, tho I'lidlne, L'HIronilclle, and crew No. ii of the Ariel, In slx-oared, out-rlg.'cd gigs, over a two-mile course, one rn'lo to stake and return. Theraco was won by the L'lidiiio Club. Time. 15 minutes, itT seconds: Ariel second, nnd L'HIrondelle, which was the favorite before the race, third. One of their out-riggers was broken. A H aVA T , It V Til A 0 KI T, The Attempt of the Police lo Drive off' the llliirrnnl Venders In Eighth Avenue A Polleeiiina Ilealen, Perbnin Pnlnlly. On Siitunlny nights niKlitliftvcTitic, nenr Porty-aecond street, becomes a market filled with scores of Itinerant venders, who wish to dispose of their overripe fruit arid vegetables and bad smolllng ham, fresh meat, clams, fish, and oysters, which It vvuuld bo Impossible to keep ovor Sunday, They sell nothing fit for food, and their prices are much lower than those at which respectable dealers can tell good articles. They all live In the neighborhood known as tho stamping ground of the " Forty Thtovcs," and their lawlessness Is a great annoyanco to the resident of tho neighborhood. Tho next morn ing the streets where they have been are flllesl with deca)lng cabbage leaves, unsalable vege tables, scraps of meat and hones, fish entrails and oyster shells, which load the air with pesti lential odors throughout the day. Complaints were made to ("apt. .MoEpraln. of the Thirty-seventh street Police Station, and he resolved to break up the business. On Saturday night he detailed several men from the reserve, arid they, under command of llouiidsmnri John Clruk, cleared the stieet with some difficulty, despite the threats of the venders. Afler re porting at the police station, the roundsman started out on his rounds. At fortieth street and Eleventh avenue he saw a flglit between two men. the smaller of whom seemed to be receiv ing very rough treatment. He took tho largest man off from the other and separated them. The two combatants add a bystander assaulted the officer and with Ids own club beat him so se verelv tltat bis life was ileaiinlred nf. Officer Mulligan, on post In Fortieth street, drove tho men nwav from the roundsman, aud took him to the Police Station, After having his wounds dressed he was taken home. A few minutes before the roundsman was due at Eleventh avenue anil Fortieth street, a vender's wagon containing three men was driven rapidly through Fortieth stree'. Oin- of th nun was heard to -ay, ' 1 wish thnt Captain was in 11 I," and another rejoined " I'd like to kill that uf a roundsman." Capt. Mcl'Jwoln says that these men probably belong to the gang, and that bis theory of the as-auil I that theso men shammed a fight so as to get the roundsmen near enough and give them a chance to lilt hlm. As soon as the roundsman had been made comfortable, the Captain, Sergeant Coombs, ami six good men luclvlll ns' dress sallied out to find the assailants. In Eleventh avenue, near Forty-second street, they caught several of tho gang, and gave them In charge of uniformed officers to bo taken to the police statlrn. As they wore walking off moro of the gang arrived, una thinking tint tho officer not In uniform were with them, and that they were the stronger crowd, attempted to rescue them; but they foun.i more policemen around them than they had opposed, nnd more of them were taken lu In all there were nine arrested. Of theso Hugh MeVey. William Young, nnd James Coirl- 5an were held In default of ball, and tho others Ischargcd. Young and Corrlgan were yester day Identified by ltoundsman CHrk as the ones who were fighting, McVeywas held on charge of attempting to rescue a prisoner. I-at night Moiindsmiin Clark was slightly Im proved, although still lu great danger. J.OVA1. SOMISATIOSS, Ilrlnaluclo Light the Nnnics of the ."Hen v ho nie Iteiilll lo Mini. Last evening. In the Sixth District, Thirteenth Ward, the National Prinocracy nemtnated lur the Assembly John C Itapp, Hie Apollo Mall Aailttant Aldcrmaule Convention nominated Daniel T. Crowley for Asilitant Alderman, The Ferenth Aneinblj District Ursut ltepubllean Convention nominated Deorgs w. Clarice for the Assem bly and Thomas K. Cornell lor Atsiaiant Aldermau, The Independent tlennan tleneral Committee nomi nated Judge Leonard fur the t-uprenie Court, Judge fpenccr for f upermr Ceutt, and VV.lllamP llavcn:c)cr fur Mayor. The truth Asiemhly I Its! net ( ontcnliun nonnested James M.l'atirsoa fi rth.' Assembly. The Apollo Hall of the liemoersrj of Hie Pcvcnth Con. greitional District nominated Thotua . I. ( reamir. The James O'Urlen Yi'img Men's Association nomi nated Jauies O'Prieu for Mayor, Nicholas Mutter for the Aa-embly from the First Dlsiut t, Alderman 1'ilperabl and T hnmst Foley for Asi'.siant llerni,.n. '1 tie Ninth Assembly Diatrtel raiii'tmii) and Liberal lteeulillt an t ouventiuii nominated N I'.la.u It. Doriran for Assembly The Tainuiauy Convention nomloaied Charlea Phi menthat for Hie Aseinhb from the I'lff'tnih District. IheOrant Iti'l-uhlleau Assiilant Alderiiiautc I 'on en tins nominated ll. K, Cuddius-ton from Hie Ninth Ills. Irict.vv.H Karlta from the flcteiiili. vv. p. i-impioa from the Fifteenth, Mephcn buiionaoii from the cere u teenlh, William Wade truni Ihe Thliteeiiih, 1'iederlek II. Maun Ironi the Eighteenth, and llenlamlu Payer for the Twenty first District. The Orsnt ltepubllean Assembly Conventions nomb nated for the Assembly K A. vYIIIouirhhy from the 1 bird. Austin brake for thu 1 Ifth, (it-urge VV. Clarke for the betenth, Solon ll, Smlih for the llgbth, fqcphcu Pell for Ihe Ninth, Jacob ll. Patterson for the Tenth, Aluizo 11. (on. ell forth, Eleventh, Frederick VV llal.n lor the Twelfth. Charles lllarkrl for the ihtitreniri. liobert U. hojd for the Fourteeiitti, Capt. C. I. Isrley lur the 1 Jtecnth, Charles A. F,aninier for the beveulrcuth, Ileiuvi'd lilt:. Iln for the F- ght'cnlli, William D. Opd)ke for lb-' 1 neiitlelh. aud n llllam Haw, Jr., fur thu I'sii.lj first Assembly District. The Taiiiinsur Hs)t convention nf tho Seventeenth Dliliicl nominated ( harles tenner fur Assistant Abler nan. Ihe Friends ot Apollo Hall " nominated Dr. Aleasnder llusart lortniotier. The Apollo Hall con. ventluo of the fifteenth District i-omlnated Andrew .1 Carn-ey fur the Assembly. The Grant liepuhllcsn As sembly convention noiiiiusted Mr. VV ib lor Aant mbly and Mr. ttimpaoii for Astalatant Alderinsn. The T in. Iltth Piilrkt Liberal lirpublleaus numiusled Juhn ll. Count. Iln fur Hit) Asteinbl). 1 be Cunmilltte of Seventy last evening approved the nominations of the Hon. Will am F. liavcoic)cr fur Maiur, Noah Dai is for Judre cf Un- Snprt me I out t.atul lloiper C. an Voorst for Judge ol the t-upcrlor I ourt Ulbercndurseuienla were delerredtu Friday night uttt. Kings County Liberal .N'niiiluiilluiis, Last night tho Democrats and Liberals of Kings county ncmlnsled for the Assembly : Fourth District, .Isrvla VVIdtmsn , Fifth District, Ib ury VV Mucum i l.hihtli District, Archibald M. Pins, Ninth Dlatrlit,.lolui C. Jai-uhi Y'esierday afternoon thfl Demoeriita of Ihe Fourth Congressional Dutrietlieldilieirctiiiveiilluii In Nelaon'a Hotel, Flstliush. Hut dlitliit I'oinpnst s the count) towns and all Ihe waida III VV llllaliishurgli, escept the Thlrtei-iiih and Nineteenth, and his hereiofure git'i n a large Deuioi riilic majorlir i'he lltui htephen J. cola, lun of the Nineteenth Ward was unanimously tiomlnst. vd. Mr. Colahan la t leri. ot the Clly t ourt, and waa delegate to the llalttinore lonteiitluii. ii Pirty Horse Miirued lo ninth, ClllCAtiO, Oct. lil.-A tiro broke out al 7 .tt this rvrulng In a large barn belooclug to the West Side Omnibus Conipsny, on iv'est Madison street, snd aprradlng with Incredible rapldll), auou destroyed the ei-tlre structure snd contents Fift) hotart wrie burned to death. The fire estenoe I to su adjoining building, three story frame, the lower aiurtes occupied h; a inatket and lures, and the upper Hours as resideiicea, which waa alto entirely destroyed, the oteupaula saving a portion if their furniture. The eutlre loss la estimated al fr-cndi Insurance, f v.ioi lu ihe Heine of New York. 3jai eat h lu Ihe CUP lens snd lltiwaro nf New York, su I f t 'VU) In Ihe Auu, ton of c i in I n ti m 1 1 Eight or trn l una aud stables la the tear wetu uUo burned, 1 oa small. Justice lliirlilei's Successor. Vostonlny tho Common Council of llroolihn anpoit.tcd William M Mi ben Juallesi of the Recon.l Ditirlil Court Ihe Isle J in lice buclllo;'l-lvr ttati UU 1ejuvtcrwwi.tuals,l1) , THE lMlKSIDENT'S PALACE. Tim viionnr.itHirj! xxmnditviika i Ol' Till,' J!HTA lll.WllMllttT. One million Dollnns Disbursed HI arse the Bass i Binning of Hie Ccnlnrr S.'PsM.bllt of It Credited lo (-runt's I'our Yenrs. From las Cincinnati Ctmmtrciat. Wlieii It wns first proposed to built! h hnuso as an official residence for tho President ', of the United States, republican simplicity wsui lu somo uuartors deeply shocked. It was do- j dared to be only an aping of the aristoorallo I fashions or the Old World, with their palaoeal forthe royal family, built, and decorated, and ' maintained atthnexpensonf tho lalirlngmawvs 1 of tho people. The corner-stone of tho Presl- I don't house was laid at Washington on tho 13th U of October, 'Vi, whllo George Washington wa k President of tho Mnltod States. It was long In f, building, and when Congress removed from Philadelphia to Washington. In 1800, tho White ' House was In a highly unfinished state, as tho letters of Mrs. Jnhu Adams, Ita first occupant, : abundantly show. The Jealousy of tho "Meil I llepubllcans" of thoso days about any atleiupt ( to support tho rank and station of tho Presldont h at tho expense of the public Is well shown In f, hw: a As for the p.vlsfe ef the President, the plan moat si lias e originated Willi s imrhody w ho n snted lo set up a J political Idol. A President ts the very last man In (he 1 i omnium!) for n horn the public ought to build a bouse. becsuf e hs has n salary fire times larger titan that of i anv other public oltlcer In the Ifnlon. and hence can afford better than any other public orilcer to pay the : rtnt of his houie. . Hut the argument In favor of providing tha i Chief Mnglstintn with an ofllclal resldenco nt I the public expenso prevailed, and to this day the solo officer of our Ciovcrnment who enjoys j tho ntlvantegn of u house free of rent la tho ; President. The heads of departments, with their comparatively small salaries ot H,(X) a i year, are compelled to pay tlin ontlro exponas, '1 of maintaining their households In Washington, ( while tho President, with Ui'i.lnW a year, has also V his mansion, periodically refurnished with do- ( gance, and his flvo secretaries, his steward, and K messenger, nnd doorkeeper, and watchmen, ( and policemen, all paid fur uut of the publlo purse. I tub AncntTECTcnE or the wniTi noes. 3 The White House, Indeed, Is not a success In J an architectural point of view. It is badly J. planned and badly executed, especially In tha Ij Interior, nnd It Is a pity that the Ilrltlsh when . they burned the first White House In 1814 had (j not also destroyed tho plans nf Ihe architect. ll who rebuilt It after the same old designs. Tha j house Is constructed of Virginia Ireostone, which Is not white, but a dirty brown, and ox- I tremely porous, so that It has to be kept cou- j Htnntly covered with a thick coat of whlto paint, ! whence, Indeed, It derives Its nnmo. Even with ' this tho hnuso Is excessively damp at certain 1 seasons, with a chronic tendency to mouldlness. 1 It Is located, ns most readers are aware. In tha 2 west end of Washington, a mile and a quarter 15 from tho Capitol, at 1 occupies the front ot a & plat of ground forty acres In extent, which 3 stretches down to the Potomac In the rear of . tho mansion. Tho building has a front of ona t hundred and seventy feet, and Is eighty-six feet ' In depth. The lofty portico In front displays I' four Ionic columns. The lout ttooni (or grand v. drawing-room of tho Whlto House) Is a Ona K apartment, eighty by forty feet, with a celling of 3 twenty-two feet, and richly furnished, as are also f the smaller apartments on the first floor, known f as tho Med. Illiie. and Orcen Hooms, familiar to tj the people of tho republic as tho reception rooms j at Presidential levees. The President's office Is T very Inappropriately and Inconveniently locatod il on tho second floor. Tho entlro manalon con- i tains barely twenty rooms. An extensive con- 3 servatory has been recently built a an ad- 3 Juitct to the White House, replacing an old and 3 much Inferior one, partially destro) ed during tha X war 0 a costly i.r.xrnv. r What the Executive Mansion Itself has cost h architecturally Is not accurately known, slue f. the appropriations, both for tho original edifice) i nnd fur rebuilding the mansion after Its Interior 5 was burned In 1SH, aro " lumped " with the gen- il oral expenses of construction nf tho Capitol and L other public buildings of Washington. The cost I of tho cdltlec. however, was not far from fVW- fl ( Ui. Including the first and second erection. U The repair and refurnishing of tho Whit J) House, up to tho beginning of Monroo's admin- lslratlon In 117, had cost the very' considerable 1 sum of I I'lsSi. The grants of money by Con- It gross for refurnishing tho Presidential Mansion 8 have been regularly made every four years since f leoo, corresponding with tho Presidential terms, V with tho exception of tho commencement I of Mr. Monroe s second term in 121, when ? no appropriation wa made. The sums f granted have been variable, running nil the way i from JiUHI to tWOl. In Jackson's tlmo there) F were twu grants, ono of Jll.Omj ami one of I $l.l,tsH for refurnishing the White House. In 1 Van Huron's first year the rather extravagant ' sum tfor thoso days) uf I'JU.nno was voted. Nor was this all. Appropriations were made those 1 times for repair unit other expenses In the four )e.ir of Van Huron's term, swelling the total 1 expense of the White House to t-'Ribl for thst I administration an unprecedented sum. Aud J when to this wa added the discovery by one Sj Ogle of the terrible gold spoons In the Presltleii- tlal china closet (though the spoons wero after- 9 ward found to bo merely plated or gold-washed), ji tho popular odium ngaln-t Van lliircu and hi i extravagant administration vvus nrousod to a ? high pitch. f Tho Whigs came In with a rush on tho"(lolil J Spoon" and Ixig-Cablu furor, and wero at- Jt tacked with a severe fit of economy. Undor tho J Influence of this, only tCOm) was voted to ro- B furnish the White House under Men. Harrison, ti which was Increased to I14.i under Polk. Tha 1 difference lu point of oipondltino between tha l administrations of Harrison autlTylrr.and those of Vnu Huron and Polk Is well Illustrated lu tha ii ( l.(i of total expenditure on the Whlto House s? Ill Ihe four years of the former, iigalnst UV,UUU . utid f-'lVAXJ under each of the latter. THE ITEMS fNDF.lt KAC1I ADMINtSTII CTION. Tho following table shows the progressive ex- ' peiidlture In keeping up llio establishment of l the President from the beginning of the century J to the present year. The Item Included under t eacli administration are what ha been appro priated for furniture, repairs, fuel, attendants, ' Presidential grounds and greenhouse, fences, f : stable, and contingent expenses, It does not Include, under uny administration, tho appro- ;. i prlutlons for the President's secretaries or cieri- cal service of auv kind, ' : .'j-wenavd on , i blnihififr'iri'orif. II ails Ihtuu. I ! Juhu Adams, IV7- IW IHjni I Jellersou,pa,-iiN H1) I Madison, WK-lsn, ivnu j r Monroe, 1-1 i Isil 20.is I .1 tj Ailati.i, Pfpv -15 nj.iau ' ,laeVsiiu.t Kst 71.18) . J Vn Pun ii, IW 1st i SVUtV J Harrison and lilir, tsll-lsll Is.Cts 1 Polk, sv isn .turn , Taylni slid Fillmore, I9U-1VW SIJiA . , Pit rev, lv'sl ls , IiiUM , Itiiciianan. ISS7 111 l.iil 1 l.hiiolu. 1M -pi IlK.Til ' Johnson, pus', !. ...ss tSI,'l tlrant, PsW-lsl.' twos " Total .I1,1W,5H ' It will be seen that of thl million of dollars, , In round number, more than une-hnlf, or ton,- ., 1 107. ha been expended during the last eleven J 1 years, 1 a srvNDci. iitsitrn pp. There was a great outcry and some scandal ,, during Mr. Lincoln's administration at the no- , ci'ssltyof appropriating a considerable sum tut- J yond tho estimates tn 111 ike good a deficiency In I' ; the furnishing nud repairs of the White House. ' I And when Mr. Johnson came In thero was an- ,, 1 other fcanil.il, hushed up nt the time, but I strongly animadverted upon by Mr. Tliadileus 1 ' Stevens, who win Chairman cf the Committed on Appropriations, about the stripping nf the White Houso nftcr Mr. Llnculu's decease by an iinfullhf ii steward, or thu pillaging of un- ! watched servants, or some thlinr of the kind. It was this that led to the heavy appropriations ' for refurnishing of fM,(sl In l.vVl, supplemented by $..i,;ki for furniture nnd repairs lu mm. Of course the reader will make his own allow Tinco for the oxtr.tvaganl rise in value nnd the cost of labor and comnmilllles rim e tin war, In llio expense of the past four ycais we tin not Iris elude the cost of tho Presidential stable, stated , by the architect at fJT.ilVA.lA, for which no air piojirlullon was niado by Congress. ,' The Miilllnnil Jockey (Tub Knees. Ilvi.TiMOiiE, Oct. '-'1. -Tho race of the Mary. ' land Jockey I bib over the l'lnillco Course begin to morrow, sud promise to be of more Hiau ordinary in. ' terrst aud manually wU attended, Ihe entriea forth hurdle rate are I vehul, llllud Tutu, and Tammany, wilts I.ocnb l a the favorite by Hirer to one over the others, l or the Disle Makes-a itaih of two miles -Juo Daniels. Woodbine, Fiperlenee, Oaka Mate, Rllfiit 1'rleinl. True Itlur, Wheaily, aud a Prullirr to I'lUrlm will atari, Jisa Daniels helug the favorite over all the outers. Th , value of Ihe sta'si'a tn this rare la over ln,llJ. For His third race 111II0 heata-Tubinan. Kadladcln. and Hano ver will start, with I'tiluiian as the favorite. Hon. srt'hlit, Defender, snd Flora Mclves start In the fouitk race- three mile dash- Monarchist being the farimto. The Hustons Heat Ihe .llulunls, The following is the result of tho tournament asine in I'Mia tclphla yesterday Uettieen the UusWas aud Hntti.iU. Inmnus. 1st. !J. M, h Stia.eth.Tth. itch, nostou . I 1 7 I i 0 0 s-lt Mutual ..UOSO.I10-. iHr, Ed, .Ionics' Menem. Mr I J James will have a grand testimonial Itt llarr) Hill's Theatre on Thursday evening, to enable lilts, tu hsve an operation performed on his oro. lu siWItlost lo ihe other stlrviUuns there will be a sparring uutch. opeu w all Uabwtslt-tit rugtUsU, for s liuupftg cw , lrlh.