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I BOMB MBIT BOOKS.
itf In Rasatan Tarkamn-A (treat Valr la Ik Hlrebla slrpea The timo in near when tourlsti an 1 com aerclal travellers will And Turkman more ac I feasible than Mexico. Yet It was hut yesterday I tiat certain wiseacres were disposed to repudl J it Vambery, applying to hti accounts of that region the well-known argument agilnstmlra i des, that It wu not contrary to experience for nngarl mi to II. whereas It waa contrary to e j parlance for a Christian to return from Bemar 1 MM alive. For the moment, Indeed, our Infor nattnn respecting the condition of life In the three Khanate, and the obataclea whl'eb the Kutalim elvlliaer muat encounter In the work i af social reconstruction, la to be aougbt mainly i from military and oftV lal sources. Thua the ' lu'bor of the work kefore us fXe Huwn tn sV-fosfain, by I. lvatsorr, trainl ned Into Her man br A. Von I)ryg:ilakl-la himself a Ruaalan Boer, and having participated In the recent tampalgns which aaaured trie ronqusat of Cen tral Aala, la qualified to offer aoine Talunble con arthntlonato our knowledge of Hie country. The antra picture In which this book abounds are I laid to be faltoful. and are certainly consplcu tut for vivid outline and bright color, and one aflhem, the deacrlntlon of a great annual fair to tha Klrghli steppes, la wall worth reproduc tion. Id It will be found concentrated, aa In a focus, all tho varied act.vltlea and characterli- tie trait of tills Hum ail pe .pie, wbloh once gave Khan to Muacoyy. and by a lingular reverse of fortune hay become the aubjeota of tbalr former slave. It wa niter sundown, the only part of ft; during which truvol on tha ateppes la eiidurtblo In the dry aeaaon, that our author reached tbo B'lealan outpost, near which the Klrghli fair wua to be bald. Ha found great numbers of no muds already massed about tho temporary bar I guar, while from all point of the horlaon freib sjerevaus could bo aeeo converging to the plane where the traffic and dlveralou of a year would be oompreaaed In the apaco of a taw days. The Jiual come on at a laay amble, one behind au Olhor. their broad, fleshy aolee falling aoft and fsoteelesa on the level steppe, aud leivlng In Ita dust a round, smooth print. From the bells dangling about the neck of the animal, a curious kollow ilukllnir algnala the appro 10I1 of the train Jrum a gient distance. The tirod, cross-gralnud ; gbip of the desert jerka and plunges, stretohlng his noik tu Ita fuil length, and bellows with pain I from th stake thrust through bis nostrils, j Which, bv this time, are torn and bleeding. Uy 1 ' gtarta, therefore. Ilk tbo tip of a hoarse drum, a aand forth a prolonged, hldou groan, but thi Klrghli driver, who bestrides th foremost i beast. In never roused bv tha complainta of the I Misuse br.ite from his deep, trance-like reve- tie. From the camel's Sanies swing and 11 tn nil poaslble sorts of balee and sacks, with big oolla Hl af ropy, while beneath protrude tb crooked, fctuvy bought of a dwarf tree uaed for fuel, II great tresses of long reeds completely hiding the animal's book, and lettlog tbelr bushy top (rail along the ground. Home of the Kirghizes goon foot before tbelr camels, on walch sit cross leged their women -"dusk facts, with wblts atikoo turbans wreathed" and others, again, mounted on short, lean ponies, turn to account the easy trot over the flat sand, tbalr tongue ' fftot reet I ng f or a in o oaent. 1 I Long after nightfall tbe baxaar la noisy with tb bum of voices, mouthing tb peculiar gut- karate and aspirate of their oriental speech. I with bawllag, outcry and uproar, ttrokea at In- aervul by the neighing of horses and hollowing I ' af camels, or bare and tner a quavering aoug. 1 j Only toward mldulgbt does a certain degree of , gu'et envelop th tent of t:i nomads, but the r Mm conceded to aleeo by tbeae Impatient chll- l ', iron of the waste la very brief. At leaat two ! hour before sunrise new swarms of man with E . loaded camels begin to stream Into the plaai. skill more Intense grows Iba bustle and the pre- E aure as day draws near, till the aun, mounting I ) th" horizon, reveals an Imprwslvt, unique tableau. , li bard to portray scents of this nature. I Wuere the boundless variety and entauglatiH iit of it filatures c -institute the ulatlncllve char- actor of the picture. Horse, dromedaries. aainels. goats, rains, cows, men on foot, on boreu- back and on carnal back, all shoving and darting i against, ovsr and under one another, the peon- B' Bar native tongues, the grumblln?, the scream V' log. tuu screech of tho dromedary, and the m' tramping of c title, the whole wild ch ios of K no and oirtur.set in the pe iceful iratnework of the H' gr.y, treeless waste, startles tbo stranger like to ne abrupt paroxysm of nature. The foreigner Who views a klrghli fair for the flrs't time may well full to connect It with the Idea of trade, but Iba trained ete and ear of the nutive merchant leoogniio In the nhlrl and din only a wild speciet af nomadic order, and a iUaltit mode of trane- ac.lng hualneas by no means b irren of results. tin ttis four tides of a great quadrangle are i lanaed dlnnniitlvo huts of clay, divided by par- B i tltion wallr, auggsatlng the luirj of stalls In j loine at atable. These booths aro oci uplod by fl the larger foreign dealers, the travelling nier- tbanU proper, but only during the season of Ike fair, the shops being closed for the rest of Ibe year by nailing rough boards serosa the front. Theowoers of thai relatively aumpiu - B I bus warehouse preaent a medley of the moat dl- I ferae races, Including Armenians, Oeorglana, H' I PeralaiK, natives of l'asohkend, Cabul, and Uaa- aora ; but all these, of courss, are civilised folk, B j maintaining relations with the productive In- j dustry of settlod communities, and accjrded by B I tbe nomad population a wonderful degree of B. aonslderatlon. Although tho stately demeanor Of tbuae Urienlal peddlers betrars a proftm.id ootisclousness of superiority, they do uot forget that toe wild roamer of the steppes, who fulU so B far abort of a townsman's experience and n Bcrtnesa In the pricing aud choosing of warea, la B tor thut very reasoi a preolous pigeon, whom It k well to coax and humor. According , their ' Mock of niuruhandlse repreaeuta to the Kirghiz ' galud th sum total or earthly temptation. B Here, for Instance, are oaft ins, aud fur or felt tans, gorgeous Itusslan carpets, Iron-bound B tl' sti and leather pouohes, ruslo, and cutlery, While the Klrghli beauties are natiirallycai.il ft rated liy wax beads, fala pearls, gilt Ougur rin.-i. p.i.'eta of perfumed soip. rouge voli H' gas. rouge imta In the steppe han J mirrors, arid ahundred other knick-knacks, even to mention Bt Wnich tniikea them smack tbelr thick, red llp H. It I- before tlieu niagazinea of loxurk 111 it thu B, crow da press with special Interest mid wonder, H While In tho luteitor of tlic bootna go on pr . lr acted acriitiiiloe aud Hiigerlnga of nuraa, and BBf aodlesa haggling about prices. B (I i th open arjutire are drawn up In files the Hl ambulatory ehopa of tbe small KirghU liuck- HB I iters, hone alouder stocks seldom eihliilt any. I thing but tho coarse stuffs and rude Implement! of native workmanship. Tbo middle of th- B' plaza Is occupied by the so-called movable B kaaaar, where auch niercbandiae a tbo noiu ids have brought with them Is bartersd or t. Id B from the backs of camels, Every nook and cor- B Ber of the cncloaure not seised upon by trade BBBi . aP.,1 k I . . i Ued with spectators ; Indeed, the iiuni- B tiers preiont at this particular fair were to bo H reckon. 1 lu our author's judgment by tens of Hi tbouamls. At least half of these, however. HH' lv come, nut to b iy or Mil, but simply to HJ atare, rlmt, and he.ir the newt. Oenerally. H: , . tbi. olioui Central A; la the annnul fair !. f't" aiioilier slgnlQ. aiice than lu lijronean Bassu. IKre the uaiaur I) reguded lu.s as u placn of Iculnoa than of recreation, whera tli wifitor 111:11, y allay ,, Ins ,tl , nrloslty ut. I lore of go'flp. E-speclilly la th'.a Hoe of the H' aTurcotn m ateoiiea, where V a ilnii le-uiaiuiereil H' Inhabitant of the lliultlca- gras) ptultia, g,.ile I ' it the oppressive uionotouy of nutnadi In,., ilea dayafi -r day from 000 .ml, or ten..onry camp, to another, amaatlng news, and tin kla On ( alintick nose lino every iii'iii'h con. c-o-, In ord.o to i.,jle, h) and hi. the cln ! of hi, .,, gualnt .nrc, ultl, his uciilsilluns, unit iu th aovfl' d prestige of a rai onteur. '1 he-e .jna Itic , the Hnglo has liubll.od nltli Ins niotli.-i', o.ilk, H' aiolo, . I,. a furelathers, n ho f.,llui. I .hkIiI . and hi' u ceasora to ihc llall.c un.l the ell H' 'a. I" tlnd, exl tenie lin-uiferao's i liout per prlu 11. o I ,r, !,.) eiclteniunt. Smi' , 11. ore ' r' lo d . at ton. e, all uoiuntl. 0 .11 1 , r, ,.t.:i,M ,,, h (,n HI1() hl(11, 4(.r H I ' '""'""o d.l ..el,l,eni.,gl.,.to "Ul',("'l"sVva:aiaaluo..g,,1..idnaUeui. For a people of such bablta nnd character, the yearly fair, which alone offer adecruet scop to tongue, ear, and eye. Is a species of ooloetal club, a aort of poet office and telegraph bureau, whence radiate all conceivable true and false report! of a private, local, or political nature. In their vehement speech and demonstrative gesticulation, which are only the grotesque mask of a pacific and kindly disposition, the Klrghli nomads are the Neapolitans of Asia. For example, three sturdy fellows, whom our Ruaalan officer came upon In the courao of his ramble, were shrieking and tugging at a sheep skin, which apparently formed a subject of con tention, with a violence which In Europe muat suoodllv havo led to blows. Two of them were, In fact, engaged In an earnest but perfectly good-humored debate touching yie Question of price, while the third, an Impartial and disinter ested penon, had assumed a leading part In the discussion on general principles, deeming It well to promote th movement ot trade. It appear that the younger females of Klr ghli race are by no meant unattractive. In an angle of th plara, IvunotT saw two women perched on a dromedary, and eurlouslv scan ning from their oolgn of vantage the throng which surged below and around them. Their legs, hanging down on both sides of tbe animal, beat a tort of nervous tatbM, while tbelr hlgh pltobtd vole wtrt not apssVlg of reproachos against those who blocked the I! wav. Doth were dressed alike, in a lung ttrlped-vlue chemise, and wld blue trousers thrust Into the tops of yellow boot, tb bad bslng shrouded in n whit veil, which left only the brown face vlsl bis, and recalled th head-covering of nuns. The driver vt the dromedary wna already old and gray, but behind her sat a well-mads voung woman holding both arms clasped about her comrade. Very effective were th bronzed countenancoa framed In tbelr white kerchiefs, Ibe one, austere and calm, furrowed In a thou sand wrinkles, yet enforcing a certain rosptct ; tbe other, a naive bright face, whose black, dancing, obliquely planted eye waa eloquent of gayety and wonder. At the door of ouo of tte more spacious shops our author enoounteied a Klrgblx gentleman. This representative of nomad aristocracy be strode a stout, bandsoK gray bora, and tbe flaming hues or his parti-colored silk and cotton caftan, stuffed at the waist Into very wide leather breeches stitched in arabesques, set his fat and puffy face In strong iwlief. Th long, pointed toe of bis boots wcrs Just visible under his ample leg gear, and th r:m of hla enormous fur cap was trimmed with fox skin. 1 he man's face glistened with grease, his email eyes were completely burled behind tbelrebaggy brnws.nnd the stump of bis shaven whiskers, aa nellaa tbe tblu growth about his chin, were grizzled, yot the dememur of this unsightly person, and the line horse with Its richly mounted harness, plainly Indicated to tbe Husslan that be had to do with no common Kirghiz. And, In fact, scarcely had the chub-faced, pot-bellied patrician reined up before tbe entrance of the shop, when a ragged sorvaut bolted out of It aud grasped his trldle with both bands, after which tbe master of tbs booth himself appeared and greeted hi guest with profound reverenoe. Presently the great personage condescended to swlog himself outof thu saddle, and waddle slowly Into the booth, where the place of honor waa straightway aaslaued to blm on a tolerably clean abeepakin. and tea was served. Alter all, th new arrival waa only a Bey, which In Turkeatan Is a broad word, implying genii blood, or certain minor judicial functions, nevertheless all the other customers rose, made a low salaam, and stepped backward toward the walls, well tatlsfled to watch 10 alienee tbe entertainment of this pr- . posterous grand. I'erhaps ib most aatlafactory examples of the peculiar Klrgblx type wtrt furnished bye young pair, for whom the visit t this fair waa plainly a wedding Journey. IViOoff met them In a quarter of the plaxa aatlgaed to the vending and buying of old clothe ant othr second-hand articles, and for that reajMat much frequented hv th Itusslan soldiers of tbe neighboring gar rlaon. On a shaggy, dappled, broad-chested pony sat a short, Uiick-ett youngster, cl id In a woollen frock of a briek-rad color, wnlch hung loosely ovar shoulders of unusual breadth, and left his muscular breast exposed to tho waist. Ills dirty, rugged breeches of sheepskin. Into which, after the fashion of tho country, his upper garment h id been crammed, gaping open, dtasiotuied the wans thighs, which, in propor tion ,0 Ida stumpy grottlli.wero of extraordinary ihiekuess. i'ruiu his square, beardKss face glcuied uhtutalakauis good humor. In bin hand th bllrgulz beid the leading-string of a cainsl, on hicli was a woman. '"Halloo, Mahmutki!" shouted a soldier, "where the devil do jou come from? Here a greetlug to ..u !" "A greeting to thee !" returned tbe Kirghiz, grasping with bis broad paw tbe other's baud. "Is that your murta (wlfejr" pursued thu otl er, polo 1 lug to the camel. Tho i ridegroom nodded w Itb a grin of satis faction. Calm, and apparently Inattentive, on the back of a vicious long-haired camel that had a specif a of muzzle oM'rlts snout, sat the object of the soldier's admiration. Her black eyes, thick lips, and heavy Jawa. aud tlie riuh bloo.l that glowed In her sunburnt cheek, marked her a genuine daughti 1 ol Hie steppes. A Bur 1 10 111 might Lave supposed her thirty ye.ir Id ; 111 reality ah waa scarcely twenty. I'roin the Line, wadded, loosely folded caftan peeped the brouze-tinled, amply-developed bosom of the Tartar belle, while her wide trousers, caught up by a projecting atrap of lb camel's harness, re vealed a gllmiise of a stout leg. Without np P .irlng to bo conscious of the linprcealou which her charms must neuds produce, the nomad dame remained uiotioulea on her felt saddle and -tilled mechanically at her spouse and his soldier friends. Meanwhile tbe latter devoured her with their eyes. Ihus like a kaleidoscope the panorama of Kirghiz manners shifts aud melts from one scene to another till nightfall puts an end to the yearly fair. Gradually the letnporurv mart is emptied, the nomada turn th oemel' heads to the encampments, far In the Intel I jr of the steppe, which for the momeut form their homes, the grest merchants hasten to set out ou their next Journey, perhaps to fnahgar or utiiau, the hucksters and small trailer betake themselves to the nearest petty town, aud a night or two later ut furthest tbe Jackal will howl through toe deserted plaza. The Glorious Times of Jamaica. A new book untitled Tu Jtimutca uul fcicft, by blr blDUalL it, Hcori (Loudoni, is worth roading. There was a time when Jamaica stood to Eng land almost lu tli relation of Cuba to 6p iln. Ilefore India had risen Into siph Importune this fertile Island was th British Kl Dorado. M my will reiheiuher, If not from tho perusal of the original " sand ford and Merlon," at a I events fiotu the droll burlesque on that remark uhls work by the author of "Happy I'liougtits, ' tf it loin my Merlon, the spoiled child of fortune, wliosefather.lt Is so olien impressed upon tn, as "a very wcultcy nun," tame from Jamaica. Indeed, In the novels of the lust century a Jttiiotict heiress Is the popular goddess tu re slor" the ruined fori tines of tho hero ol urn lent line aud debilitated estate. Hut for nil this It was a rotten, unhappy stato of a. clety which, fiom tho beginning of the last century, existed In that Uland. For, In Souths) 's words, " li,o ins orr of the West Indies presents luilo more than a melancholy aeries of c. Utilities and cnios. The lil.uids have batu laid naslvl.v hiurhaiies an I visited by pestilence ; but the tofTarli.ua which have arlsou from nitural causes an. tr llthg 1, nil f. lu comparison with th ,so win. h nionl and pollili ai clrcutiistancua have pio lined.' Jain iha, us a colonial settle. 1 cut, ' f' .111 tho lima of I romwell. Hoaentout n llo.n In PHI .insisting of 12.ta.lu sailurs under I'.inn, an 1 I.", luleia under VunViies. Main English. B. ot. h, and lru.li royull.ta who hud ' ' ' P 'Mated were Induced tu Join, mid lu the follow 1 ig May J on ,i j oo' a no, what It hi ever amen remaltiiid, a llr.iuh pb.es..,ii 1 rotnwwil paid great attention t the sue teiiiailou of the colony, as affording f ctlnies for future attempts on Hpml.ii pos,esiuns. Us issued a pr.n latnall .11 to em oiingi emigration, and ordered the Hcotch lioieru iiienl "to aprelisnd all kuowu Idle, masierisss persom, male and female, aud Uanani.ri 11, em to Jamaica," while his Council of Mate votad that "one thontand girl and many young men should be listed In Ireland and sent over to Jamaica." In May. laol, Charles II. wsi formally proclaimed at Caguaga. thenceforward called I'ort Hoyal.and In the following year that monarch granted by letters patent to tne Duke of York nnd other ilNtlngtilahed persona a lease of tl 0 exclusive right ns a royal company of adventurers to tr.ido with Africa. Thla com pany undertook tu supply 3,1X10 alavea annually to the West Indies. The first Legislature met In MM. It oonslated of thirty members. In 147 a notublo event occurred In the arrival or Christopher, second Duke of Albemarle, only son of the famous Monk hy a furrier's daughter. He took the post In order to recuperate his finances, having been pursuaded by some specu lator to Join thorn In a scheme fur raiding n Rpaniah galleon aunk near tho Island. Ho suc ceeded, and It Is supposed thut bis share amounted to a very large sum ; but he died within a few months, and leaving no heir, hla title becamo extinct. In his suite went a very celebr.itod character aa physician, a young Irish man, now world famous aa 81 r Hana Hlnane, founder of the firltiah Museum. Ploane's ob ject In procuring thla appointment waa to In vcatl.'ate the natural history of the West Indies, and although In consequence of the death of the Duke within In a few months of bis arrival his own stay was cut short, be managed to make ample collection of natural history, taking to England from Jamaica, Ilsr badnea, Nevis, and ft. Kltts about 8U0 species of dried pluuts. enriched with abunduSt Informa tion concerning them, which ht published, tslosno's work throw ourlou light on tbe Jnmalca of his day. Describing tbt discipline on estates be any : B'aves aro usually whipped by the overseer with lancewood twitches till thev he bloody and several of the switches broken, being first tied up by their hauilH In the mill houses. After they arc whipped till tbe) are law, aoiue put 011 tbelr skins 1 upper aud salt 10 make them stnait ; at other tltiira tbelr masters will drip melted wax on tin lr skins, and use wry exiUlsl'e tor tures. For running awav, thev put Iron rinus of great welgot on their ankles, or potto ka about their necks, w bich are Iron tings with two long necks riveted to (hem, or a spur lu Ibe mouth, tor rebellion, th victim was fastened down to Ibe ground "with crooked sticks on every limb; they tin 11 applied fire by degree from the feet ami bands, burning them granually up to the head, whereby th, ir pains arc extruvagjnl." "And," adds benev .lent Sir Hans, "these pun Isniiieiila aro sometimes merited bv the black, who are a very prrvurao feneration ot people; and though they at. pe r harsh, yet are aorce equal to some ot their ci lines, and inferior 10 what punishments ether European nations In flict ou their alavea In tbe Kast lndiea." Mr. llryan Ed wards, a member of the Ilrltlsb House of Commons, records a eoona which he himself witnessed so late as KOO. Throe blacks were found guilty or murder and Insurrection, tine was condemned to be burnt, and his body being cbslnsd to au Iron slake Ire, was applied to his feet. He uttered not a groan, but with pertt-ot composure saw his lege reduced to ashes. On of bis anus getting loose, be anatcbad a brand from tbo Ore and flung It at the fac of the xec.utl .uer. ibe other two were bung up In Irons on the parade at Kingston, aud left to per ish, lleforc being suspended tbev bad, at their own request, a dearly meal. Bdwarda visited them ou the seventh day, and tb two criminals laughed Immoderately at something which hap pened. Next morning on silently expired, snd tbe other 00 the morning of the ninth day. Well may fir Mhbald say: " Euougb of sick ening details, and we may tbank our stars we were burn In daya ot emancipation." Unhappily, however, tbe dreadful event of 1MB went to prove that, give them but th chance and there are men aa brutal uow as there were a eoutury before. "1 adopted a plan," wrote an officer In that year, "which baa struck Imwanao terror 1 to hs wrtcbd meo. fsr mors tbsn dsstb : wblcb Is, I caused them to hang acb other. They entreat to be shot to avoid this." Auolher officer write t H 1 doing splendid er- vlce wltb hi men. (hooting every black man who cannot account fur himself, (feisty on a line of march.! N hanging like run by court-martial." "The floggings," says the r. port of the Kovsl Commission, "were reckless, and at Ilatii novai lounuissiou. " were reckless, and at Uath positively barharoiie." Kilty and a hundred laaties were f requeut. and at liath twenty wuiut 11 were flogged. Jamaica's chief difficulty to-day, says the au thor, Is the Inertness of tbe blacks, habituated to a low standard or physical comfort. Any thing will grow by scratching tbe ground, and tbej don't choose to do mure. Au acre, at a tent ot 15, will maintain a family. i he glonea i.r rasiuoiiable Jam net nre quite of the oast, lu I 'ark street, w esltutnstar, al most huiic ith the shadoof the Ahhcv.la a hou-e I. Unheals upon It tbe wonts, "Weal India Km umbered Kst ites t uinnilselon." Ihcrcm is wilitcn the decline and tall of many a family which ouco lived lu almost primely style. 1 hv tie it estates of the Murera. Klllsoa, Ureso. Liwrences, 1 horps.i Ueckfords, Lewises (the Xlonkl. and many wore, are now not worm near a tltlie of what they were seventy years ago. Some of tlitsu famlliea had tuglisli properties, and were 11. en nine to hold ILiir heads above water : aoine Went under. Nearly all who were tifllii ul wtre riducud to moderate means, Mwnlsb lowu, lias ull scenes ol past splendor, when dilapidated mid deserted. Is melancholy : Lirge hou-es, w-til di once resutindrd with me ri 1 nit, 111 .sic. mid il it.i tug, are 11. client audi tiering, their w ill, defied ultn cracks, 1 r ihe.r window- 1 urtlv hoarded up, with a blm k fa. her and tlure peering "lit. 1 he sounds of w neils In the street aro ra. e ; we heard none but oun wn. How dttfertnt tho description of au eve witness lu Ittu : " ' 11 surprising to ace the notiii.cr . f c. .actu s and ch riots w utcli aro pur p.tu.illt plying, he-Ides those which belong to private persons. I hey have frequent bulls, .aid l.ili ly have uot a nluv house w hure the) retain a sv I of extraordinary good actors." " Ibv King's House," once the seen of a mag niH ent hospitality, wus rebuilt hy the Duke of 1'. .rtland when Governor. Al the Install, e of the late Governor, SirJ. 1. (irant.lt has been turned Into a college, whn h lie hoped might sue cud tu uttraciiug pupils from all the West Inula 1.-1 inds, und two Uxford graduates of hl.-b att.ilniin.iits came out, at handsome ilarles, as prim lril and vice-prim Ipul. livery sort of edu cational aud sclent flc apparatus was provided, and d. ru.lt. rles and rcfcciorles prep .red (. r hundreds or pupil. Tho result when CirMb buld vvaa there, hud lieu, lim 10I01, ynutht! The author p i a warm tribute to the l.culy of the country, and the kindly hospitality ol Us liihaliitiints. Vet willes tccllugly up ' the other side." in the shaie of eiasperating Insects, and recalls fydney Smith s droll and most appre ciative words 011 tula head : In-cota are the curse nt tropical climates. Chigoes hury themselves In yt or U sh, and hai 11 a I irge colony of y onug cIhuiihs in a few hours. Hi" ge" entry into your 1 1 1 11 , Into v our 1 yes, into 1 our 11 ..sc. Voii ent Hie-, urink Hies, und I rs'.ll ll tiles. I.zsr.ls, I'.akl.ill , und -nal.es gel lulu y.iirnoil; unts e a un tlie ho ,Ks , scon h-na sung you on 'he feet, l.verv thing 1 lie-., Ming., or 1 rui-es. Kve.yse id ol , or til" you are Hounded hy son e pi f ain- uoilllfi. All Insect wllh ileveli l g- Is sw nu ll, inn in our tcoiii.; a n u. esciipl wilhiini "iiita if -ti i.gwllng lu the -mall I . ,u , ,,i . r.r.o hill, o, wllh several ilo;,.n eves In hi- In III, Is hastening over the hre id and muter. All mil ore is ulue, and seems to he celling ,.n In r euioiiio lo-'k .1 I, .n to eat I'M up, if ) ou me slullillllj, ..ut f lour c .at,w.,stc .it md l.n i-c.'ien : A.I this 1 10 iles us t . our Iol's. hog-, vitots, and di lizle ; 10 1.01 ai.oiiHtaiics roshiiik-al.oiit ultn g. igie and tii.ctui.. , t., , ur . 1.1 Hti'.-'i . 1,-1, li.ti.iU4l cuughs, sor. lino..!-, an 1 .e led f 1 tb Morning In Hie Isles ut Shnnla In Hi morning luiutiiii, MI. I'c li. .1 .1 y, t . t'h' 1 01 r 1 .0 .,1 infc.' t I 1 , t. I.I litiv o . 1 in tl,r .h 'a I . ,s, r,r, in, 1. t it. I lu ttiu uriani of b.'auiy 11, i r sis u 1 r sc 1 su 1 luii.l t resh ati rsiin km t iev. tia'ii-' I 111 . Ii. hu sir 1 r .ap. 1 inn ii,. ,. u,.gi. ul.utssir , Mum ti hr. is. 111. 11 , 1 11 no r, ,1 ,,, ,,JU. trills Winn Iron 11. u sm.ll.ru .n-taie'i 11 Im 1 iu h -d is 10 Ihtill. A'l ttic st irs I iv. 1 n. t, 11 ,1 t u l,,w, lirge lie .011 I ' I I I, Ml -t. Ml , lltT- W ll US' I' VtUI M ll M . .11 ' ) I 1 . ' " . and 1 1 11 111 r I . 1 , f 1 r 1 is 111 la-lil V - 'I.' lie LU..-. .11 I, tl ,1 t .am 1,1 si'MOli, lis .1 i 'a tin far hot 1 ii .' y -11 . ji, t'a I. . ', !'. " 1 . i , 11 1 . - s ' 1 . t . r 1 1 1 i -, Wliiu. ai.. I sun, 111 .,i. I. ..an far uay 'galoat ttu 1 oi 1. ul.. r t sis 111 .d. a .a. From hi'liliul f 'i h M.I si t k nl", a e istrr rl iv, A 1 l 1.0 s t HI. iiitf 1.1 I n 111 I h si ' ' s " 11 "' "II 1-1 1 sin i,.u. in ... ' ly an I ulg'it, H' HI lit I u 1 I si t. s a piss - 1 .111 .. -Ijai. Iu Hi 1 r.s .,i 11 ml u Kl, , .inns, so ipvl-c, Mho - 110 i. 1 ,1 , I uli II. I iv "Vi Ihie.s ). inlijs , I'l II o I. II. -sl Willi ItO I.. ll' it .. IM'ii .iisgriu' t.ll 1 Nil til. Not.. ,11 ot 111. .11 on.) 111,11,. nisi, lui tiiau I am hi.' them I ., (.,, , , ,, , , . M) ,,i , i4 I It O.K 111. ' I MS1 1 Lit. r of 1 1 IV IP. s I . 1 1 till .-t f,'1 ' "" 11 .y i" paniM ..I isiuu'a Ami puss with lur ull Lu 11 au eitpilsl 1 t'n lama In, lias. rntnttiToKic bhjmtl. We take for granted that the Society of Kuropean Bclentlata which ba addretsed Itsslf to the systematic study of American archeology will not overlook llraxll. Hitherto almost noth ing haa been accomplished In that vast Bold of exploration. Its treasures being merely hinted at by Humboldt and Agaaalt, whose work lay In other directions. There Is now, however, a reaaonahl proapect that paleologlcal Investiga tion will be vigorously prosecuted by native hands and under national patronage. The visit or Agassi! seems to have given a notable Impe tus to all branches or scientific research, and one tangible result Is the oreatlnn of an Institu tion modelled In some respects upon the Mu seum of Natural History at Cambridge, In Mas sachusetts, but rccognlilng as on of Its prime ob lects the collation and analysis of the matt rials for the primitive history of man which lie broadcast throughout the Draxlllan Empire. It Is true that the Muieo Naclonal of Rio Janeiro has languished In a nominal existence for up ward of hair a century, but by a decree or Feb ruary, 1H7U, it waa completely reorganised, and ror the Drat time qualified to enter on an active and fruit rul eareer. Among it corresponding member we ftttlot th well-known name of Itt-lchiirdt, Klchler, )uatrefagea, Oeaurepalre, Darwin, and J. D. Hooker, and among Ita offi cers an American, Charlos F. Hart, fortnorly professor of gsology at Cornell University. Tho new establishment appear to combine tbe functions of a scientific achool und loarned so ciety, and It transactions lu the latter capacity are to be printed iu a quarterly review. We have received tbe first mini) er of this publica tion, and And It mainly devoted to an Interest log monograph-Catusfos aobrr ns SamlmquU do ul do iJnuiJ prlo i'lorasor Carlos H'ttmr wblch throws coiialderublo light on csrtaln ex tinct rac of that country. Ibe attention of travellers had often been directed In tbe provinces or Sao Paulo and Santa Cathurlna to th "fimbii'uis or hug heaps ot oyster and other marine aholls, not seldom situ ated at a distance ot sume miles from tbe pres ent coaat lloe, and to which tbe native had long resorted for their supplies of lime. As these were kuown to contaiu butnan remain, pottery, 4c. it waa conjectured bv Agaaslt and Captain Itlchurd Burton who, bowever, tnado no personal raaearcb that lby were Identical in origin snd purport with tbe ao-called kjock keninoddlngi of Denmark-aeml-furtultous accumulations of sheila Bung aside by Ibe aboriginal Inhabitanta after tb consumption of tbe uiullusks. That thla, however, was but a fr.ittmetit or the truth I sufaclentlv plain from tbe careful scrutiny bestowed on tbtm by Ur. Wiener. Tut latter's discoveries and conclu sions art set forth wltb tbe caution and sim plicity which mark a trustworthy explorer, hut t hey teem to be declalv, and are fertile In tug eesilon. Tbe Drat thing wbloh strike the observer Is tbe six and location or the anomalous (umuU. A rw of th aumbiafuts, for Instance, tboae of l'orto Hello, are only some rods distant from the uceau, but thoaa near the moutba of the lavares and Caclioelra rivers are two miles Inl tnd, those .adjacent to tha Isabu river seven, and those or Lull Alvss not less than ten miles. There Is no doubt that this whole section ot the Ilrlilll ui coast naa for centuries been undergoing a grad ual expiualoo and elevation, owing partly to a retreating of the sea. but mainly to tbe Immense accumulations of alluvial deposit from tb au , meruus nver. Moreover, it Is certalu that with in fifty years tb volume of these streams baa gieatly dlmlulahed, aud that a wld area, wblcb waa formerly a marsh, aud covered by fraab wa ter durlog tb wt ssason, baa been converted Into solid ground, it I safe to lofer, therefore, tbat tbe snaatxiatihi were once oontlguou to Ihe beecb. and, wa may add, that for a considerable period, pending, and subsequent to, their fonn stloo, tbey must bava been submerged during a portion of the year, since most or them aie sheathed with a calcareous crust a trausforuit tlon of shells easily accaunted for by the oar bonle acid which la found to b preaent in the uuuic eiu nine u la iouna 10 oe preni in tne water of these livurs, I'pou these data may 1 c grounded an ealluiat of tne probable age aa aignable to these shell mountains. Exclusive of other consldsratlona, tbo mere dimensions of the aurnbuqiils would render un hypothesis, which should refer them to tLc 01 era hm uf natural causes, altogether untena ble. Un shell heap, for example, meaaured by Wiener, wai ninety yards long and thtrtv-flvn broad, with a mean height or twenty-live feul. Another waa eighteeu feet high and three bun dred and ilily feet lu circumference. A third had un aliunde of fifty feet and a diameter of silly yard,, while similar mounds, eeveroj leustues in length, are said to exist In the province of Sao Paulo. The accumulation of such deposit! by whole trlhea addicted to the consumption of abell flah during successive gen erations duet not appear lucrediLlo when we learn that all the li ne required for building und repairing by a considerable seaport of this ro ki 11 Is ut Hie 1 resent Jul furnished I one man from shells collected with bis own hands. It cannot be affirmed tbat any or these tumuli ex hibit regular onulours, bill it must b reiue til lered thai th naturu of the soil aud climate, and thu character ol the materliil which w la un supplcuieiited with cement, and therefore des titute uf cohesion, would scarcely admit of exact geometrical lines, much leas allow a bill or sheds tu keep ror centuries lu primitive shape. Finally, tho fuel that human bones uud linple meuta or man's workmanship are round In almost all of tbe mounds at various depths, likewise points toau artificial origin, and the very different conditions under which these ves tiges are encoiiutured attest asignal discrepancy in grades ot civilisation. The osseous remains In a majority of caaea are In minute fragmouts, mixed Wltb ashea, pieces of charred wood and the boues of edible fowls, lying moreover In a sheet of mud, the product doubtless or a fluvial Inuudatlon, and overlaid by subsequent shell strata. In many Instances, however, large, un rraotured human bonus, and even entire skele tons, ere presented, and these aru Invariably Placed In regular oblong cavities, a spocles of rudo sarcophagus, hollowed lu th concbuldul bed and lined with cluv. Ilelore atatlng tbo conclusion-, which Dr. Wiener has based upon these dlsilosnres we may Indicate certalu pecu liarities reiuurked iu tlie Implements discovered. I l.esc in. Imlr vu-ea of clay, stone sxe-lieads tolerably will nhuped and pulsed, cylindrical stone p sip's, morlars formed of flat, circular stones ilh a deep concavity In the upper sur l.u c, nod a long, Unee-cdgeil Inst 1 iiuicnt possl b, uv.iiUhl as 11 knlfu 01 01c. Il Is algulllcaiit iliitsi e.tr anil arrow he .da of Hint, iturtito ni.d roik 1 lystal, numcioui specimens of which 111 ti 1 n Co u n t l 1 l d t'laent.i.ro 111 this district, und referred to tribes still , llahl lu the Interior, lire luvrr found In the s.imh.i,;tn. All tho anulea bifote 11 med i.re ti.udu of a 1 oarae-gralned granite, or other atones. relatively soft, to which a v rieti of contours, uud tyen u dull tUgc, might he communicated hy attrition, Whut deductions are drawn from this testl nmi of the shells'. Ihat durlnga period which, roiighlv calt.il tted hy the Interval between thu sttnil uiiis, that tiro laiicst and fuithe-t from the se 1, mm those that are smallest and nearest, 1 'iv have li on 11, mo thousands of years ago, but cannot uell hate ended long bclore thu ad vent uf the Portuguese. coiiiiierors, there ex st -ed along the t liithorii coasts of BraiU n race of me'i far luwr lu thu acileof h.-lng than tho laki -dwclleis of ftnnzorlaiid or the mouiid bulldi rs of thu Ohio vail 'v. Like the aborigines of Denm irli, the 0 sin migrated from the lulls to thu (ashore dining tha diy eea'un, and found lu shell flsli tlielr main ulliinnt. I hcj could nut, llierefjie, havo engaged In ugu culture, being anient .it harvest time. It tuts and nuts, however, thny could u. and were provided with tlie means of braving tut h In mortir-. 'I hey hid hn;. I .incuts 11 leiiuaie for the fe'liug of a nail tree .. and for dfencoagaliist wild Shlitials. Vet It Is 111 inifest 11, at thu back ward llrazill 111 lypu never o nerged fiom that Inchoate alago ot soon! progre a which wo know aa llio " t.t mo aire," utnl that It failed 10 exhiust tho modest ai i, iisltioii attributed t., thut en. M-iigic. lion.vcr, as their achieve inonta were In the insc'ianlc arts snd physical melioration, the tuoi at adiat.. ittestod In llielr remains wai nut liiconslderable. It ens, lui'ued, a long and iiotuhlu step froui luU sciiujiiiuua cannibalism to that form of self-respect wbloh hallows, even In death, tha bodies of friend and klnsmon. Tbt attempt to explain the dliappaarane of this primitive race would Involve u In mart eenjicturo. Yet it mar be aald that at the present day, under Improved fluvial conditions, tbe danger of malarial pestilence I so great tbat settlers in this region rarely build within two mlloa of the river banka. Of count tbt nox ious Influences peculiar to tbt looillty would be vastly augmented by tbe accumulations of offal aud debris of mollusk during tht summer encampments of large tribes, Theae, accord ingly, may have been successively decimated, and Inallv extinguished, by a series of epidem ics, tt Is at leaat possible that natural agencloa or this character may have pavod the way for Portuguese conquest, a tbey unquestionably did ror the Puritan colonisers of New England. VACT AND FAML1EB, lafermailea fer the Famlly-Htraagere ander he Tall Tewer. They were on a Fulton ferry boat, fstber, mother, and daughter ba lu ablrt eleevot, white trouaart, and prunella gaiters, about seventy years of age I the mother In black bombesin, no bustle, and very warm) tho daughter pal, sallow, and cbtwlng gum. "What's that, par" "Tbat, ob, that' what .they call a yacb," ' What' them towers fori" "Them's for tbo suspension bridge. It's to be made of Iron. They kin hoist It up when tall masted vessel go under. The brldgo will bo 1,M feet long, about half as long as they are at Niagara." Tbo party rod up In a Fifth avenuo stage, the slowest kuown mode of locomotion, thereby having ample time to observe the sights. "Tbat," aald the sun burned pa and guide, as be pointed at flt. Paul's Cliui h. " that Is a cels bratedOipllstchurcb.wbereNlukfliild preached. All them tombstones Was ralsod for llrlllah sol diers. They burled 'om Just whero they fell, and tho British Government put up tho stone afterward. 1'no architect died and the plan was loot, su It's doubtlullf any r the stones are properly placd. Aud una," ssld be, continuing, "Is Aslor's fur bouse. You call seethe flags flying un the store." " Whafa this. pa" She referred to tht Post Office. "I don't know whether that's the Museum or the Hippodrome. I ra'hcr guess ita the Hippo drome. Yea. 1 know it Is. You aee the Italian musician at the door. That's him with tha music crank. This Is where Mondr and Sankey had their meetings, and that little shed in the rssr Is where they baotlxed the converted souls." " I suppose this la Central Park, tan't It, papef" Thev were then Past log the City Hall. "Yes, dear. Yes, that's the Central Park. It's right In the middle of tne city. Tbe steeple la supposed to be directly nver the heart of the town. Tbey always pull up the flags when tho Mayor goes out of town or If any of the Alder men ole. I don't know why three sldos of the city Hall are marbio and one tide freestone. Do you know, slr'r" Btranuer - I believe It waa because the rear of the building was so far up town, they thought no one would ever care to go round It. The hand some building Just above It Is one of our treas ures. Iu the new County Court House. We call It the house that Mill built." "illll who?" " Ilill fiutlf-that Ii. William trteted tt." "Oh. Tbank you. Daughter, that dirty old house Is the house that Mill built. It doesn't took as though It had come to at ay. Oh, there 1 look, mother; there' where Stewart mad bis fortune. Yes, that'a his store. There's where be sold his store clothes." " Is his atort closed f" "No.no. 1 1 y that's where he sold bis store olothea. But It waa closed wben be died." " Is he then dead 1" "Very dead." Then tbey left the stag and walked down Chamber atreet and up Centre. " I hat's one of the glories of the country my desr," said the old man as he slung nut ouetover his other arm. and pointed at the vacant office of the Mutual lleneflt Savings Hank. "la It. par" "Yes. That la It wa before It closed up. I don't know how It happened, but the money went out fas'ertban It went lu. So they appoint ed a receiver." " Uui lie open In the basement." "Ye. They sell beer there. The basements are generally open when the banks are shut up." "On, in, what a tall tower, what a very tall tower. What Is lt" ri,st 11 " " mat's It." " What s Iff" " You said it. What is It. That's Just what It 'J- ''D " Ub cf lehrated hlgnest tower In New York. On up Into It any day. and aeta Held ahaken hy the wind. That's the great temper ance organ. Th.it'a the great-hello ! Why here mother let's go Into dear Horace' saloon and take a bite. Thev enter. "Zwei lager, two brandy smashes, one steln. one pinto tomato soup, three lagers, and one pony brandy," were the salutattone as thj rural party stepped font over the threshold. Wajter - l ake aeate bleaae. Whit ahall I get. three lager 'f All right. l'apa 1 hrec what? .V.i. air. firing three pieces of ile and a cup ot tea. Mraiiger- ti'imt d ly. sir. You're a manner I see. t uiie down stair and see tbe plcturie. Let the lldtes remain. They go down. I'resenilv the old man nnhes back. His eve is wl.d. his hair dishevelled, his umbrella firmly clasned. "I'ome out of ml- place. Mother, diughter, come. Where arc we? Where am Ir And out thev fltr, f, llowcd by tbe Walter's cheers crv, "Zwui lager and u sgooner of Hblu wine, ouiy " A Farevbnken Party. av a. c. witiiaoaxa. In seorner of Stvte between lo land and hlghlsnd, t a p title e Ige tin a ut w,udsrar.l aud leo, With.lr. utitl tint nickiag aud t.rayiug for dry land, Th gSuai af a party you still may ace. A girdle uf n M n a palaver eurlosea Tbs sottd s.re round t ie pany'i neal, fliuiigli 'lie tears rah over lucre uf ita nose, turltiueadl The Monona, south ward. thlrl.eaa and krokso. To tbe last low eou uf tu Ucorgiao and, May cry ; bat uevera wurd la spoaeu, U e ail uf ui kuosr what 10 understand. w uuld a gtiust-tiut the Outrage WaL Is gnestlsss Tlielr schemes aud their plotting Uy hare tu-day, 'TaoolUiriow but ihecirpet-bagger rvstless Night and d ly N ut a plot got up ol the lot that falls not : As the heart uf a dead mm tlielr p sin are dry, From lew Orleans. li. re t.te Ca-ey calls, uot An answer comes, n .r a colored cry. Over ilia r.c thdiia hltlisr sua nuttier Heats the note uf a 111 n klug songi ' 'boose de iiepublican Piny wltaer Might al. ug?" The son burns serf, anrfths "reign of devils" tuiaut ana the i ouius uf his ceiitrsl brsslh) Is dm, u away ay lliu wind that r. vsls lu canker iroptiles: a wholesome dratk. Wtiereet late was I tuglilng, mere now Is weeping t Tin HI 11111 an I the Catm-rua hive to know 1- ur a. I thai a uattun h is beeu sleeping, Tliuy uiusi gu. llttct liaiidfuai tu tlilef as tli 1 cried-Look at as I Laughing out Lather the iluaers ..r the seal Ji ret 1 1 tuo she lo it'll furtn from hr lattice llvt r the nitirslies "Caleb, t , uir "' Aud the saint rliolrsaiig and the sia gaug brightened on r their J e s. aud uver lueir drlna . Aiishsud sue un I " the party 1" we, frighten!!, bcaree dared llllhk. But 11 's all cue no , A hah and his Invsrs, w, il known of the sontiieit f f .is iitero bi Ui Is 11 1 1 . 1 iitusrs oliai Itohiiers.ju cuveri , All Is ss plain a, a suiiuiitr si 1. Nuthtug i.n..ttiii their uniies liercaltcr t hut r v o ms, ur guilty or hot lua fur ul' . , p:-ii. ton ow fur uur iaughtori Itjuc. lit ath rot ! Here deatti ma) deal nut agdn fun vcr t lltatl, llity ute u ml until uh 1 liatliie cud. bsthuia.hc 11, ay rikt 111 i.ie.r gravui , hut ilicy nevet h'lao use up again, uliiu.ugli mi lmr may descend. w, he. I. r and Hayes mil! tiuirhnp, ir hesrualug I'lllo Navetidit r. Hue m. truing "mill he Just a Ural frnsiy hr alii uvtr tliuu Dlowlugl ItllU yuu'.i Bit! i-.e tiuumft av.., 1 ise in I (Ir mt i l.fl crumhlo I ill hue llou-t , ic it,,ij and otiur 1 r.h-. ttrink 1 IIS flood's tari'llglll Sill the ti J. s th It tlllii'ih', The U h s- Hi' I M I't'.ii e 1, the re k thll stialt. And llicu III lue.r ui till It Hit- true 11.1t falter, Ut puhllt iu lirt t I, wan uts hand, otitapread, Bliall ht lain, self sisui. upou Hhauie Ingn allar ilvad ul u tlesil ' Revenue Ifclorm Iroin Within. iiiiti I'tr ' ..11 1 J ht it if. I'm Urtett 11 l .11111 nl tlip rev. luie 1 gel lol It 11 .11 , tl.,, 1 Un ,'. ,Ul. ih i.iin 1 ., i) ti. 1 ik 1 ,i i ut 1 ,t i,iUe. Au 1 t iii ...l a ...in a ulaei snuy ' I'm Urcen '1 II, 11 n ., u 1 ho lu D ib . Who nr .t 1 1 1 an , W In. r.., 1. 1 lout , .!".,ir"''J '' ,"'"'" " ' '"' lo nab., I hnl I 111 1 u-'i .r aer f t"to g id llialllie Jui in.preieii lit ii.ny. I'm J. re on ll Itnu 11 ul the t, nus, 1 , "",1 ,'r,'l ' 10 I 1 ' -u Iras Tlie nines I i 0 ant Is uui nit due, Aliuu uauiv Iroui thu Ut.a. m luu ssuj. j TO TBE MOVS1A1NS Of VIHQIlttA . People who gn to Saratoga, Newport, tnd Long Drench during the summer, alt on tbt plans, saunter about town, drive on Mellevue avenue, and fancy themselves In the country, find, when the season Is over, that thoy have gained nothing In health and are, moreover, considerably out of pocket, Tht club at Newport and Morrlssey'i at Para togs offer to men ot leisure, amusement and occupations which can be had In this cltv at very muob lea troubl and ttptnaa. I'o those wbo are about taking a holiday we would sug gest that for less than $100 they can go from New York to tbe mountains of Virginia, spend ing a month at tbe Warm or Sweet Springs, In a delightful, salubrious, and Invigorating cli mate ; and a month will be nooa too muob In wblrb to explore the lovely valleyi of tbla beau tiful region. Fur $30.60 one can purchase a round trip tloktt from Ntw York to tbt Warm Borings and back via tbo Old Dominion Steamship Line, meals on tbt atesmcr Included, fly this pleas ant route tha excursionist will enjoy a pleasure trip Including more points of Interest and more dlversiBed aoenery than by anyroate tbat can be chosen from Ntw York. Tht iteamera leave here three times a week. They are Boo, first class boata. and tha table la excellent. A charm ing aall along tbe ooast, through the capes, past Old Point Comfort, Fortress Monroe, and p at the Hip It ips, brings one to Norfolk, In last tbsn twenty-four hours, litre tbe traveller haa am ple time to go ashore, dlue, and examine tbe town. The anil up the James river It full of Interest. About lorty miles above Fortress Monroe, on the right hank of the James river aa you go up stream, I the site of Jamestown, the first set tlement of British America, made by Caot. John Hmlth and bit companions, in th spring of MOT. The sit I a point of land projecting Into the Jamea. Tbe watar ll gaining on tbe ibore. and the tlms my arrlv whsn tbe waves will oover ll. Un thla Interesting spot, little remains now but a churchyard, part or a gateway, and a part of the tower of an anolent church. At City Point, the port of Petersburg, tbe ateamer stops to discbarge Petersburg freight. The 'long shoremen, all negroea, receive twenty cents an hour for unloading and conveying Petaraburg freight ta tb oars, wblch atand at the land tnd of tht dock. These darken work with a will, shouting, sing ing and laughing, whll tbe perspiration streams from every pore. Leaving New York at P. M. on Saturday, ont arrtvaa at Richmond on tbe following Mouday at a sufBclently early hour to breakfast at the bolel and take tbe morning train for the mountains. While tbe Warm ttpiing affords tht most luxu rious pleasure bath In tbt world, It is also a balb of great and decided medical virtue. Of all the health-giving fountains In tbe mountains of Vir ginia, tbe Warm Springs were ihe first known to tbe white mau, and oven nlnety-flvo ysara ago thsy were rortd to by many visitors at much labor and fatigue. Th tradition respecting tho discovery of the springs Is, that a party of In dians out bunting, spent a night In the valley. One of tbe number, dlseoverlng tha aprlog, bathed In It, and, being much fatigued, wo In duced by th dellolous sensation and warmth Imparted by It to remain In bit bath all night. The oxl morning be wa enabled to aoale the mountain before hla companion. As the country bay cams settled, the fame ol the water gradually extended, tor a long time the eprtng waa atirrounded by bruab and only open on top. People eama from tbe lowlands of Vir ginia on horseback, and dwelt there In rude a ute and atete. Nature haa batola a remarkabl degree boun tiful hi the article of mineral water at thla Plaoe- The flow of water from all tbe springs and bath la estimated at (.000 gallons a minute, and forms a atream lutBclant to drive a large mill. Tbre are two large baths, attached to wblch are mallr or private batba douob or spout baths. Tha gentleman's swimming batb 'ous ua.ua. suv Keiivivuiau a ewimming oatD tonus an octagon about forty fet In diameter and one 'undred and twenty I., circumference. It I tt in temperature, and la aupplled with water, of wblch it bold 40,000 gallons, by springs pouring forth one thousand gallous per minute. Tbe ladles' bath Is even larger, being fifty reel tn diamettr and one hundred and fifty lo clr oiimference. All the beneficial effects aacrloed to the ordinary warm bath may ba obtained even in a much higher degree from tbe use of th warm spring hatha, th water or which, in addition to its high temperature, holds In sulu tion mineral limrodlente of groat value, which make It not only a thermal but also a sulohur water, possessing the most decided alterative and tonic properties, extremely efB;acloua In cases of gout, dyspepsia, rheumatism, diseases of tho liver, 4c. The favorite hour for bathing la from 12 to 1. About tbat time y ou will aee numerous rheumat ic old gentlemen issuing from the doors of tbe lit tle c ulna which from the main botel. Oue by on they amble down to the bath, and take their daily soak. Tho euro Is really a delight. No thing can bo compared to tbe delicious sense of material well-lielng, luxurious pleasure and unlet renosc one uxoerloucos lu ttiesu wonderful waters. 1 ho gas comes bubbling to tue surface In every direction the bather becomes a sort of lightning rod conductor for tbe flxod air, which escapes from the ground at bis fset, and finds Its way over his body to the open. The sensa tion tu tbo bather la ludescrlbabiy curious aud pleasant. A month or this bathing will do away with a multitude of tha Ills to wblch tUsb Is heir. Torpid livers are made to act, stiff Joint are put lu order, mads supple, aud warranted to work ror twelve months. Shattered constitu tions are restored. Stomachs which have "gone hack" on inoir owuurs are furbished up and made as good aa usw. I be resident physician has even gone so far aa to assert that six months steady soaking would draw out original sin from tbe most hardened sinner. After the bath comes the traditional mint Julip and a rest till dinner, which Importaut vein takes place at So'ilock. Those who are lond uf green forests, high mountains, brawl, lug streams, and lovely valleys will ueiur tiro of exploring the tiuui'iurless shidy paths which load In every direction through this rotuiiutiu region. .The bridle paths are unsurpassed for beauty. One cau, at several points wtthlu a couple uf luile of tho hotel, plunge lulo llio shady forest, take the tlrsi path, and rid for miles without being inconvenienced by the hot test August sun. You can get al the hotel very fair horses at reason ible prices to explore tho country, ihe price ol board at this watering plai-e Is (.1 a day . $) u week, and (60 for a month of twenty-eight dajs. Tho cost of a trip from Now York would thus be us follows; Tlrket there and b-ira no r,n Oue uiouiu's hoard tvi isi lot"' iioTto This for oue month's sojourn In the moun tains, Including two pleasant sea voyagos. Now wo must tell all who may turn tlielr eyes In tho direction of this earthly puradise-tuat neither the accomodation, nor tho table, are equal to what you would find at a secotnl-clasa watering Ida e North. However, you will not starve. And Col. .lu'in 1.. tubJUl, the owner and pro. prletor, will do all he cau to make you comfort able. Moreover, he la a gentleman, a good fel low, und play a good gains of whist. September Is, by far, tlie plciuatitost inonlli In tho mouutuins. I lie bracing air liivltus to .in door eiorciie. After u morning pn-"d In galloping through the woods und uver the hills comes the delluous bath, followed by a Julep and a nap. In the uftcm oti you tali" a I re ither up thu mount. tin t.. I .at It ' k ami enjoy the view, or if you don t feel like it you louugo about the giotinds. or read iu your citdn, lu front or a br.glil wool lire, wliluh 1, unite ac cept tblu here In t ho afternoons and ev otiings uf early f til, uud ..fur tea"tl.j Colonel' will gel up a fame uf whist lu th" stiti. card room. I mlc Daniel's Uvrrealloa. Daniel Iiren l.s at the home ol Ills son, two mlhs hfi t itrusst r's. Il has vlilhly luipiuvi I lu hi alth lu the pure, air uf 1'iitiiti'u county, nnd is as hale Slid tuany as beam ten yens ago lie takes much rleuaure tn ineetiug his uui village erouh a aud rvluUng u laisui Ike tucplguis ut bit cUUttkaxau life. ie.ot,.enM.ows J student. What there nV," """legl theology to sharpen a minVanp t,, ' hi. to determine, but It ,. J tbat the student of divinity I. the , ,t AM ful of famine breeder. Tbe young man reared V In th elty Is apt to make a wretched round of to-oalled dlMlpatlont, slep In the close air ot I a small room, and come tn the table with sn tp. I petite that Is quickly satisfied i tho m in of bu.l. I neat fttdt hlmsslf wltb the same purp isi that f an engineer replenishes tbe Ore under his boll, er, and stows his provisions ns be would 10 id ehlp, with neatnett and deapatob ; the mm who It healthy.pnotih to be, under favorable circum stance, a hearty eater, And hla foo I poorly I cooked and unlnvltlngly served, and goes front I the table early i but the theological amdent laugha and talk and oate, eats, eats. I'erhaps 1 tt Isn't tbe study of theology that Improves big 1 appetite; It maybe that pure air, correot hab its, and healthful esercltebave given blm thai bleeaed eou roe of enjoyment; but whatever th cause, after I had seen him eat I waa led regrets fully to discredit as Illogical the hart owing tales that found circulation In the Mundag school books of our uhtldnond concerning th eating of tbe missionary bv tha savages, and flf ,"'au,nt "V6nU hvj confirmed my belief that those stories arc not grounded In fact. i Not many years ago I llvod In an excellent 1 boardlug houte that iheltared about Ofteeg 1 embryo ministers, nearly all of whom h,.d sis 1 ready taken on something of the breadth -na I oourteav and klndllnesa that should distinguish! I their noble oaliing, and a Jollier, happier, more I even-tempered band I never met. fney dl M cussed theology with the soil and el-arneis that la coexistent with youth, and they ols cussed th prorations with a guato that was ana M pulling to the landlady, it wa- fortuu ite for ' them that she was a religious woman : s' p pro vided lllwrallr; hut alio always went to pruier meeting on Ihe day that the butcher's mil wag sent in. At last there came from some far-oil Island In the (southern anas, a rail fur a ml'slon ary, and one of our young men wboae ae ml nary duys were over bravely buckled ou his arinol for the work. Tlmu.'hts of approaching rtipar lure for a distant unknown land might dun big eyea, but not his appetite. At that Tn-t dltmel he ate the bill of fare from A to Z. w tliout a break savo for duplicates or his favorlf.- dl-hes, and then be paoked a carpet b ig with provision! to carry aboard shin. From the time uf his ar rival In tbe heathen country we rect Ived front him monthly letters tbat were the admiration of tbe boarding house. Huddanly hi miearvM ceaaed. Wek after week rolled by, and month after month, and atllt uo letter; and joy ovei his xsaloua laboring In an arduous fl -l I gavi way to grief and despondency; even the lands l-dy, who, now tbat bo and hla fellows won gone, waa growing rich, shared the general de pression, and wished that he was safely back and sbe In debt again ; and the whole bo .rdlna bouse settled gloomily Into a conviction that ba bad been devoured by the savages. "It was at this mournful Juncture thu tha energetic uad philosophic Magruder name to the flout with tbo auggeatlou that wo write to the agent In th Sandwich Ialanda and get him to end the mlslonry ship to see what had be fallen our mlailng friend. The appeal was not in vain. Piling on aall the skipper I ,id blr course for tbe equator. As he inured the Island of bla destination be deacrled tbrougu in tela cope a lean and agile aavage boiinulng franti cally down the mountain alae, and close behind tn bot pursuit waa a port I v white man. It waa nil aoo tuck till thay reachwt tke beach, anu then on level around the leader made tb bettei time, anT springing Into a canoe be paddled away as If for dear Uf. leaving tne white man gnashing his teeth on tbe shore, l'lylng bis bsddls with th energy of daaperatlou the aav age made a bee line for the ehlp, uud clamouring up her aide be fell upon the deck gaaplng, ' Mia slonarv eatee allee up but me el' " Taking In the situation at a glance, t he skips per promptly broke cargo aud took aahore a email boat load of provisions ; and when th missionary had eaten his All. the storvof the de populated Island wa quickly told : The store oi provisions left with tbe mlaslonary was thought aufnclent for his wants until the ship should come again ; but the oxone or something else la the atmuapher bad ao extraordinarily devclo ed bla appetite that he ate up everything long wltbln the allotted time, and then he waa com pelled to decldt wbetbtr be should lei the say. ages aat blm or eat tbe aavagea himself; Lis decision, let us hope, resulted lu tbe survival of the fittest. "He waa tried afterward by tbe Missionary 1 Hoard. Tbe lone aavage whom be h id once endeavored to eat awore point blank that th missionary had In every Instance converted bit , victim before eating blm, and ou tine testimony tbe missionary waa acquitted ; but ever after ward the board took care that he should be as signed, to some station nor far away from tbe i general depot ot supplies." BMLIQIOX AMOSO TU B O EX 31 A St, The Urswtk ef German M olbedlam la Kecea Year. The ipread of Methodism Id recent yean among the Germans Is an Interesting phenom. euon, as the Qerman la not usually supposed u believe In ravlvuls or prayer and camp meellnga The notion that the Uermau Is not a church' goer la Incorrect, so far as concerns uurts ol Oarmany like Bavaria, where itoman Cat boll x lam la predominant, but lu Protoataut German I the theatres and coffee gardens are more nu. i merous and popular than the churches, nnd I Urge part of tbe population outsrtaln predlle lions unfavorable to thu cultivation of dogmatic religion, and especially antagonistic to such r Uglon aa dictate abstention frum convivial araueementa. While Luthoranlsin Is gruwfnf weaker In Us hold upon tho Germans, what sx plauatlon Is tberu ror tho growth or Metbodlem which fortdds dancing and the theatre, and diss countenance beer aud spirituous drluk, out. even smoking? In ihe United States th Methodist Episooeal denomination eetiinutee that it ha-a following of J&.UUUUurmaus, and the Bviuigcllcal Metliosl lais claim tvVuUI. Keen the llaiul-ts have maila many convert. In Uerinauy and rswtiierlaiidl the Met nod 1st Kplscopal t'huren has about slit preacher and Uv or six thousand members, and tn Evangelical Melliudlsls are supposed to bay a following at least a large. In Kiunafort-oii-tbu-Main titer I a Meth.Klial college. All this la th mlaslonary work of about twenty roars. Prior to that period liplaeopal Method If in had no foothold In Uerinauy. Its growth tn the future. If lb conditions remain the same, II likely tu he more rapid, considering the in crease of tbe deuoiulnallou within itself, its In Bueuce hovotid Its bound, th continuance f Its missionary labor, and th efforts uf evtrf pastor to enlarge his llouk. Wuat tuakua Ita giow th most singular Is the fact that the views of the English ami American Methodists In relation to tho uae of h.-er and wlue, dancing aud the theatre, are fully adopted by the Ueruiun converts, and are said lo p trlctly enforced occaai rs illy by then.. Even smoking Is viewed with disfivor, at least . an Indulgence or thu clergy, though not yet pro scribed. The camp meeting and prayer meeting are adopted in all tlielr features, und as It is h these that the spread of the denomination , said to have been chiefly aided, thev tire relKd on for Its continued extension. At these meet ings entire unrestraint Is encouraged. During prayer all kneel and many utter loud and fra queut elaeulatloua. The Hern tins are i erha.i not so emotional aa their Auieilcin brethren, hut It Is aald that they m ty he r.n-o. hy degree to a high state of nlous exaltatioi' and et.iliusi. asm. Tbe doctrinal differences between Meth odism and Lutlifranlaiu, or other I'rel.-.-tanl denominations, ure not sum. lent to in ige o.e prclerablo to the other in the eyea of the avir-agcouvrt. A Weasel Hill a stnakc, fi, m lilt foil ti AruW. Mujor Ueorgo Dunfurili uf AiuIum-I t. 'Ion. Is. 11., witnessed a queer cunt,- it, In held a lew days ago. In thu grass w .- a large black suake, upon the back of will, h n is a llt tlo weusel, who would lulu him lor .ugh. and then, a the suuk turned to tlefe t I hi n-cif, would spring lulo the air aud very - .u - sf upon hliu and blto again. I his .- t i .ii.ueC until the snake was bitten trutii head t.. lait, ho, Lkiod extracted, an t lilu i inn. t ll i.ii)aV ured four leet ami fom in. ... - In I, ustit., Ou lluuid III licet lierlown. v. i.. i',s y.'-i.. i.itit, i. Til"' s'eel'tl g t t lip . - .' oil. li- vv, llet it . i 1 1 i e r i r s it., a ... ' Th- t, 1,1 . . s 1 inner III t it g .w i.l Hie li. . n. . .it in .1 to , me ul Ehi ies Hit. its i ll c hi an. tn ..f me plnrl, Am i a., a it i i. tat .y's isrs. tlei h..es, IV In i o in i s Ine su uuui u aves si e sl. '. The senirr walks lucc isel -ss roan inn In the i.iitt wliii an li aid 1 1 Anu frulu thu s ditn h pr.tt .ui.d, " AO st-.l ' Ihe nuist'r Is ou sOUt.l, And Iron) lite 111 Is t i n 'toe. fu i And uses they come fr no in .i.uisiu a a ', Alia like mi iiisti w lilsi. r I. , TUsl ai the oulposl all Is m " ''All's Willi 1 Aye' l-n w.lt uui' t 111 111. ioM it's 1,. nu , ' v.l.atti nv, Whugualil her s,a a fr en it ji u i ti V That at tne thrs n I i a . t- r ' Art tneie u i to. sal . i. Ot a t -, ho in u lietutis ft it ti is i- i ,i .tow a' MU Ull'll H II. I SOU ill I' oil I ,l,,l 8 It., hU W Ull I, Itlill. t.li s I ,.l . 1 gilt i "All's Wi '. ' n I II slis'l sf" ' t t. , lly r er t n ..I sti tr.. i n , By a I Hit tsl lit it in tl. s i.-li. Am) tu. i I i. on i nu ii tiii.r. I. sr! Tin sknlal'isiT i,f. i i its Iii v tin llll s 'ill. r kt t t. Ii Sitch u s.'. '. Alike in ,t, . on .a in i i n. Alike on in . i t tin a., I ti p nt o. And v. hen an to t' . .li-t mi i . s Tin n I h 1 lug tin, I I . I ,1- a ' tl . And Uo .ils a I It lh' it t pit . t lht tlr.t isiiii s' n. . i i t - i flow wt I tuslioi ... . v.-r 'the taitnlui uuui ..ipt ins stoat 1. jasjaJ