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I yODAVS MUSICAL WONDKll.
m.cii inn .iorri mubblvnukm . - aha ureal Opera, frramn, a ad 'M",: Ie tl J. Krre.e..ed .1 Havre.. wlVu "- A" u ,w" W"- fnim ivk rrnmr or WArmr.n, mtAMA. aw. ,i inii.tilso loth" general study nf Gr A' , ,,V. '' " "m JS", "Th, nd half .urr. rr..m S. !hle,eK W-UHr fr..m A. W. fchlegcl a Huiro tn auie " lrn'n,"t ",nu r .hi. n l-l chla and ! ' h"" E.Ml.gatl"tt ,,,,r' M th ,,"m,n Un .,,,1 poetry. F..rum..nt in thl. among ESr Von d'r "ta,,d m'l Mmrnc-k. "1 wh6n "' Uttw "M iVui.mn isstuh nrt trantlatlnn of tli older "',' , v,l.l. Wagner had already flnlibcd w. uiriil.)-" T,, Nlbelnngen King." which, In T printed for the satisfaction "f III Ega'tiiil given to tl.e public In 18 as a f liniilmniii fur three day' repreesntatloti with rnlugii. In tl,l. dramatic poem Wegor varlee widely from it' inedlawal Mbelungen epo. drawing rather 'mm the original source. Irom the frag neni-.f tlit- Scandinavian German Folds, and forming from them a chcl woven whole which appeals powerfully to the Intellect, the Miiil.and the Illumination. Kew )oars have elapsed sine the publi, atl.ui of thework, which still wait for thai full effect whh h mil) scenic rcpiescntatlon ' ran give. t i t lt InHuriico la ever) w here percep tll.le. I'oel like Gelbel. llct.l.oj. and Jordan paluter. sculptor, and .it her artist all are Itarnlnit I" mm to the earl) time of Gcrinaulc nutli Ingv fur material whone susceptibility of life-like treatment Wagner first demonstrated. The l !!- of the old Icelandic and related tntigu gmw more general from year to year, ami pi 'tunes to Inspire that of the new German ilh"t- with an element of progress the more vigt mu It hut been Inter In development. Though this reinarkulile triumph hat heen won If Wanner, againal an opposition which con tested im f'"'t of ground, and even et strug gle obstinately agnlnt hl thorough recogni tion, the comMaer. In hln riper age. holda faat tar uri-p nl the altuntlon nelted In hi earlier roath. nnd preaata on to the lofty goal whither all genlu leada him. Let ua glance a moment at his t areer. wAOimra art un. Wagner In early outh waa Inclined to treat aoetle theme In a mainly dramatic form, only ocoal mally bringing In the aid of rnualc. when the nature nf the altuallon eesmed to demand It lint, under the Influence of Beethoven, he toon began to devote earneet attention to rau HcaUtudy. which reeulted In hla fret efforteto (tre utterance to hit poetlro-nttialeal Inspiration lu the department of opera. The prlnHpal work of thla Brat nerlod lu Wagner'i creative Induntry-which we may rate at, tay. ten yeara' iuratlon-la " lUenil," a work of coloual dlraeu ll.na, but modelled after the acbool of Grand Opera ax developed eaHt'lally In France by I.jlly. f partlnl, and their aucceaion, down W lliUey and Meyerbeer. tn the mean time, a great change had taken place In Wagner. Hla aonl thlreted for truth. ni Inttllrct f.r many-aided etpreealon. Tlie mil leal f irm hitherto dominant In opera aeemed to him to hamper the poct'a flight, and hla reative spirit longed for uew uiethoda. Theae effered themarlvea to him In music aa It came fr .m Heetboveu s hands, with all its bnldneaa of j"l phonic resource, idl It rlcliueaa of develop tueiii. capable of elevating seemingly Insignl flcant themes to tragic pathos In short, the ymphonlc orrheatra. With this mighty resource, at recently developed by Ueethoven. he might erect a new dramatic edifice. In which Word, Music, and Tautomlme should blend with npial digulty, but with equal responsibility to the suc cess "f the whole. I.ong was the road to the at tainment of this goal at Brut but dimly de. rled kr w aguer hlnuelf and oue winch ueeded giaiit Itrldea. but he took them. His first achievement In thla new direction Was " I 't Kliegende Hollander" i Flying lbitch aian f II 'WcU by " Taitnhluser" and " I.nhen gnii lu this Incursion Into the region of nm maJ ilritina, Wagner hatl broken loose from kl.i .n, ii material and taken for hla guide the lrin1 K r legend, of whatever period or ua tl o. ha the advant,ige that It seeks out the purr It human element of that period or nation, and rentiers It In a peculiar, significant, and Uisrrf re intelligible form. Hut the boldest el pr. ,f Wagner'a t-'enlus waa found In rr-- i i diid I'oiile." lb r. f r the first time the poetic Idea become the '. :i.!ii int one ; yet all parts of the poem lire ten I peii llh such sle.iil) regard to the elab craii.'ii .if the music, that it Is hard to conceive 1 " ''. s. Intimate a blending nf poetry and g.jc. either of the arta can be deemed to have h'liiurable place. In order, however, to thla rstilt-thc perfect union of all the arts In the gun: n-it was neceaaary to 8nd a new baala, and H i 'agner effected by creating a new musical W.i,' . For It Is a mistake to maintain, aa aaf i 'ten heen done, that really good rnualc av.pia)! intelligible at all periods and epochs, aiid Unit there la once for all but one musical Isagiia..'. Wore thla to, how should we explain Uiv i- ipiositlon which has assailed all the treat ptimeer of musical art? Look at the cU in b ndou against Handel, the reslst tce ffered by the 1'lt.cinl faction in Paris to ttirel.,rm of Uluck. and the stupid and obatl twte detraetiuu of Ueethoven In his own coun try Why should not each of theae great raaa Vr hm,' met Immediate nnd equ tl recognition si: liamls. then, since their fame to-day Is be Spud dispute? Simply because each spoke a p language, which the crowd mutt learn tti Krt it an understand. tju i.vrLigsca or nacii and nrrnoviN vma MCSli 11 ART. It was long before .til elemenia of music were tdund united lniinfnn.it composer John Be taXllan llach. Ho It win who created modern tklslc, straylou the ri-jlin ..f tones with an ele U.i.!itl furoe to powerful that lu his couipotl-tt-u- r seems aa If (to use Goethe's noble eg Tots' i. the eternal harmony of lb spheres vm . Mini convene with Itself. Fr - ii. the immense material tupplled.by Oaoh ar:, .u'er muster chose what suited him and sTtvs'c) nn ,Hii Individual speech. Then cam laW'h ten and raised nmslc to the cons' lous pt' -' jii .f the human spirit, so conferring ! t dignity on lib art. and placing atxo Vs l t , Instrumental muek on a piano with gae.ii i. r forms of urtlstlc reatlon. Into the krtwj . irruut of this muslo of the Intellect tVtgin r turned the conllurnt stre.uu of dramatic art i mid tS new language was created a kr: 'i j in which the mere Intellectual ele aV . Imluglcally lcwed. funes in music, 'h s Interpenetrated with spirit a. ii. ore penetrating tones than all the ' r i m,d ldlums In the world together I" proi eiis abultlt musical f. rni, at I .:i.l..r,tii.)d, often gett completely dla- I It is not beiause its umpluyiiient Is u " .-. '.ud. Wugnei has at hlsci uimand I i the Unci i ,rm, and uset them s ., .'".ii with tl i.ita of hit work. In ' " ' ' s "ijiip' 1 1 .us may be found " ' i' nt iu.'I i . ii , jte in mere formal ' : ffe, t.ti ! ,i . .rely muslrul sense. t . .. :i . . ti.o. li . . tlo lgiiillcaiic. MlNkU S MISI iitdC POWKII. ' .i- so gn at in i -ter (ould not be laek- U . lor uiel..i1y Is. I ins own decla- ' ' ne ole form of music, ulfnotil II ' 't even conceivable, with whu n Ills , .tilled. " ess hit "Flying Dutchman" waa de- 1m.. a rilll(; "l.nnliauaer'' Impossible, ' n 'atlU more lnpttlble, and"Trlt- -..lile" was fori ed to wander year after ' ' Mieatre to theatre -seslng repreeenta- t found hoiI.ital. urii ,ma, at last, In ' 'I the resources o I K'iorance, malice, ssm.ttluu were sbowured on Wagnerln t untry, but with ev.;ryear the num- ' l'rtu,aiitgiewUrgui, hln fains brlght--'ilay vuthutlatliu worsli.ppers from all I l aHI (lerinan city of llnyreuth to offer honor to lb great mater who bns fought so long and trium phantly for hit Ideal - honor fitly suggested by lilt great ost work, " The Nibeluugeu Hlug." It. Ttt rttmcpi.Tira in tiik roMPoarn'a patii. floethe workod at "Faust" for slitr yearn; Wagnor needed only thirty for the " Nibeluugeu King." First he oompusud " .tlegf rled s Death," which now, aa the "Twilight of the Hods," forms the l iat portion of the tetralogy. Banished from (iermanv In 141) for complicity In the revo lution, he felt, for a long tlin , no Impulse to ward uew creation ; but at last, encouraged by Llaat't generous Interest ho turned anew to the study of the old northern mythology, and, aa a result of thla, comtioaed the " Young Hlegfrled " with lightning speed. Gradually the conviction grew In him that the whole mighty material could only be fitly bundled Jn four connected dramas, and hit work waa completed by the addition of " Ithelugold " and the ' Wallkjrc." The musical composition of the whole work was not thoroughly completed till U'ft. Meantime the master's soul was heavy with care for the steps nocesaary to bring nbotit a representation of his giant work. Juat aa lu "Faust." heaven and hell - aye, aeveral hells' the heathen Oermiiulc and the classic Oreek areall stlried in order to work out the eventual salvation of one tormented human aoul. to the " Nihtlungcn" ilc.ils with gods, men, glauta, and Nlbelnngen .dwarfs). The technical apparatus for the life-like pres entation of these four world, and the fantastic event which take place In them, could scarcely be found on hand or got ready on tiny existing stage. Furthermore, Wugnor felt the Impossi bility of handing over hla work to existent Insti tutions, used a they are to the most senile eon cessions to the mora or lest Insipid taste of the period. The crowd which pre to the rarely Irreproachable representation of these the atre In search of the utmost amount of amuse ment with the luast wtlhle mental exertion, are scarcely In condition to alt out.ritnuutv, four consecutive evening of purely Ideal work : and flnallv no theatre now exlttcnt was In condition to supply t lie Immense number of pet former which hi drama require. Wagner had, more over, always cherished the Idea of an edifice, never vet realized In any of the. world nomberlM theatres, whose main principle should consist In having the orchestra com pletely out of tight, while the auditorium should spread upward In the form of an amphitheatre, with nothing to distract the attention of the pectator from the action on the stag. For the carrying out of this Idea. Wagner re quired a theatre built after his own plan. In a sequestered place, a large number of first-rate musician, vocal and orchestral, and costly machinery and appurtenance. Jfo wonder that he often despaired of it execution. But help waa near. Among thote familiar friend to whom he unfolded hit plant, Carl Tautlg, th pianist, took up th notion with enthu siasm. In concert with another of Wag. ner't warmest admirer. Marie von Schlelnltr. wife of the Prussian Minister of that name', he conceived the plan of latulng pnfronn x o rfl.g aufrt to raise the neceaaary funds, estimated nt .Kl.Ofjrnhalers. Straightway all over Enrol, and even In our own city. Wagner Unions sprang Into existence, Intended to further the desired end ; and they finally deposited a large part of the aum In Wagner' handt. Louis II.. of Bavaria, a generous, and. to to ineak. providen tial admirer of Wagner' art, offered to be re tpontlble for the rest. TII KBW TiltATIll AVD ITS LOCATION. In the mean time Wagnar had fixed on the little city of Bay ru lb for the execution of hla plan. Tba town Ilea In the very heart of Oar many, amid Bna, natural aeanary, consecrated by the poetic association of Jaao Paul Hicnter, who wrote there many of hi work. Wag ner choice waa lustlfied by the energy of tba ultlsena, who, with a Justifiable prldtralnd every nerve to gratify hi withe. A flu build ing alia was given to him gratia, on a rlslug ground near the town, and in 1.1TJ preparations were In forwardness for the f .rmnl laying of the corner stone. For the proper cebthritloti of tins oci asloii a great nunilier of the foremost musi cian of Germany were Imtted to Hnlreutb. where, under Wagner's leading and in union with aeveral of the great Berlin and Irtpilg choral aocletiet. they gave a memorial perform ance of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony. The building of the theatre wa now begun, and all tnushal or other encatfc ments of th artists concirned so ordered that as early as last summer the first rehril i ould t heard with singers and on-best pa. incethelst of June of tills jear the whole corps hn Iwii assembled at Bayreuth to give the finishing touches to this glgtntlc enterprise a lalxir requiring, in a high degree, both Individual talent and enthusiastic devotion. The eyes of the world are turned to ward Bayreuth. The flrtt representation of th " Mbelungen King" Is to take place on the af ternoons of gunday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wed nesday, the 11th, 14th, lMh. and Pith of Au gust, corresponding to the division of the poem Into four parts -" Khelngold." " Walkyre," " Young Belgf rled," and " Twilight of the Gods." There It every probability that the expci tallont awakened by this momentous event will be am ply fulfilled. An examination of the list of art ist thowt an unprecedented assemblage of in dividual talent, rni mxoir. Prominent among th vocaJlstt are Mme. Materna from Vienna. Mme. J it. hmaun-Wag-ner from Berlin. Frl. Weckerlln from Muni. h. the s-t,.-i Ulll and Marie I-hhru.tnn from Berlin. Mme. Juldu from Darmstadt, Mcs-ri. Niemann and I h-t from Berlin. Mill from Scbwo rln, Oura from la!pzlg, Vogl from Munlih. and I f tiger from Matin helm. Tl r. hestra U led l Uans Itichter of Vienna, a man of the most ver tittlle ii.ii,. nl end .winent. and tin- lu -t thor ough knowledge of Wagnerian c.,re and Inter pretation. At the head of tliu violins is the World-renowned master, August Wllhelmi, and eo. Ii Instrument t ill, In Ilk luauitei. Oud admir able representation. i If course the soul of tho whole thing Is lttch ard Wagner bliutelf. At rehearsal ii .tl lug es capes his notice; nothing seem Inilgniib ant At one moment a shade of eiprcsi m iinnl l..i explained to oue of tho orchestra; then a per former needsdrllllng In gesture ; then omen the care for accuiatu tiutmblt. Wagner Is ciury wharo, urging, praising, directing, rut I ting their wearied aoul with sparkling wit, and with eye and ear, with the magic of his whole naturo, always guldlngaud Inspiriting Ills obedient fol lowers to put Into living action what hitherto no one lias more than dicamed, liefor beginning our description of tho great festival. It will lie In order to gltu the readur a sketi Ii nf the content of Wagner's Mbelungen Fouui, after wIiIlIi should uuuie our den rlptloii of the festival dii-t at Ibi) rcutli. In our sum mary of tho poem we will follow the ex cellent vtork of tuijt Koch a pru disserta tion of (ait year. III. anrrrn or Trtr Nir.iicLrNnKN Hvrn. Three races conteu I for tho possession of the world tho ti.id. the li! mis, and the Dwarfs. The Gods, In their lofty realms of light, are ruled b) Wot a ii, with Ills ttife Trika. To her si -iter, t ho lovely r'rola, are intrusted the apples, by eating which the Uod preserve their uter blooming youth. By nature only half godlike Is I.. .go Lokl, the Sly, the spirit, which etor detile i, dwelling among the Gods only to lay traps for them, from which none but himself can set them free. 1 he GUut dwell on the backbone of tho earth, savage fellows, haunting th crags and pro. Iplces of the high mountain ranges, might) In physical forte, but o inch slendur wit that In any contest not to be luttled by muro weight of Hit, they must succumb. In sharp con trast with them It the race of the Dwarf, or IViialumen, dwelling la Nlbelbelm, or (.1 i.idlai.d, lu th dark chasm In side the earth, busily digging for metal, and tklllnd In f ihl.H.nii.g It lu artistic shape and manner. With their small figures and slight Itiengil.. go a rustle, energy and a shrutvd wit. Mv M vl tUS Utv (! eVilVfill4 wUU tut region aaalgnod him In tho cosmic order; each at rive by foro or trlok to auburdluat Ui other. Tit rtlWT DM A MA, " HHBISI0OI4)." The action of th first drama, " Ithalngold," begin at early mom. Down In the cool depth of th river the three daughter of th Ithln aro darting from reef to reef and chaalng each othor Ilk fish at play. Alberlch, Prince of the Dwarf, jutt arlaen from the Inner earth, look with pleaatirs at their aport, and call to them. Alarmed, they gather around a reef of rock, on which Ha a gulden traaaure Intrusted them by their father to guard from the avarlolout Dwarf a, Alberloh make them proffer of renderne, at which they forgot their fear, and aport and frolic with their would-be Invar, but he trie In vain to catnh Uim. Then th sun, rldng ahov the lvl of th water, dart It ray upon th gold, and a magic glory apraadt through all th depth. Alberlch hear of tba magio power of th gold. The Mherttanee of t Barti seal fan to alia, who from th llneingold koala form the nag. Whiek ihoaM lead bla matrarelets Fort. Th kitten taunt him with th declaration that only h who can renounce lov haa iowr to lod th gold to a circlet. Then Alberlch, with a curte upon Love, suddenly aeUe th gold and plunges headlong In the flood, where th maldena pursue him In vain through Ui dark net which ha Immedlatoly tot In. Like the King of the Dwarf th King of the Gods ha no aim ho dear aa that of lucre aa Ing his power. To tho ruler of tho giants. Faf ner and Faaolt, he promise his relative, Frela, If they will build blm a stately castle, which they completo In one night. When Wotan awake, the magic edifice duzile hi eight from the opposite helghti beyond the lthlne. rltmlght way the glantt appear to claim their pay. for thoy kuow the advantage of carrying off Krela, with her youth-conferrltig power, from among tho Gods. Wotan adviser to this bad bargain wa the sly Loire, with whose help he had hoped to cheat the thick-witted giant of their pay ; but the penalty of hi engagement, the loa uf Frela, seems Inevitable. Logo declare that all over the world woman' love and woman' worth Is liiun - dearest posamalon, but one mall be ha een who ha renounced love -the Dwarf Prince Alberlch, who ha Just stolen the Klilne gold from lu guardians, and counts It the costli est of treasure. The two giant prick up their ear, angry at the good luck of the dwarf l'rluce, who ha alway hrnwdly eacaied from their power. Their questions aliout the value of the gold are answered with the atatouieot that, "Once forged to a circle, it help to highest power, and win for It poeaeaeor th world." Wotan. the ambltloua, aak about th art of forging tbl ring. Log raplle that h alone who haa renounced happy lov can effect It. Thlt Alberlch ha dun, and th ring ha been mad. Thu danger threaten from th dwarf a. Wotan cannot possibly leave the ring In their hand, but to win It back tor the Rhine maiden la far from his thoughts: h want It for bliu telf. do hi ambition lead him to imw compli cation and embarraaamnnt. Like thought bet th glantt : they auddvnly offer to renounce Frela If they may have the gold. Wotan haa no mind to strive for the recovery of the treasure only to hand It over to the depled giant, who carry off Krela by sheer force, with the nollfica ti m that she will be torn from th family of th god forever If the Rhine gold I not ready fur her ranaom before th day clot. Straightway the brilliancy of the mountain height turn misty and dull ; the god look pale and old, they feel tholr vigor falling, and their llf as well aa their power I endangered. Wotan. unable to remain Inactive, goes down with Luge to Nlbel belm tn gain the gold aud recovar the youth which Is raping them. TBI IXTItlBUI DWARF. In th depth of th Khlne rule Albrlch, the Dwarf. Heliuffod by the Rhine maldena In hit lender proffer, ho haa wrathfully stolen th gold from them, and renounced all grace of lov In order to pueeeaa the ring which shall give him power over the whole world. He baa Just forced hi brother, the skilful handicraftsman. Mime, to forge a helmet for liliu after bla own model. Mime, suapei ting a bidden power in this piece of auiith work, debs) Its deliterv. but Alberlch snatches it from Mm. put it on bis bead, mur mors a magic formula, and become Invisible. After auriiig hi brother of bis presence by a Sound thrashing, be depart to set the other Nibeluugeu to work lu like manlier. Wotan and loge appear to Mime In bis discomfiture and learn about the inagit helmet. Alhvrh h, returning with a band of his subje. u, os the stranger. He drives Millie with blows back am ng the ranks of the dwarf, draws the ring from his finger, kisses It and bold It toward the dwarfs with the older to go to work ut nine, wheieupon with a yell they slip dowu among the rliaaras aud dlapear. Then the prince wrathfully asks their errand. He knows them both, and delle them. Wotau. pointing to a heap of treasure, asks what can be Ita ute In the depths of Mlielhelm. and re ceives the buaalful answer that he expects to pur. base with It all thut lltes iu III oft air of the upper world. Logo further ask whether he Is really sure that the ring Iwfore which the dwarf trembled i an never be taken from htm, and Alberlch. In answer, foolishly reveals the secret of his tnitglc helmet. I.oge pretending to doubt its truii-formatlou power, be turn him self Into a monstrous serpent. Loge pretends to see In this change to a creature of greater sl.e no means of avoiding danger, and Albert, h change to an animal which can creep into the narrowest c biok -a toad. Tt'OTAW'a TBIfMPn. Till it the moment the gods walled for While Wotan sets hU foot on the toad. I.oge mat' bos tl.e In Inn t from Its head, and Albcil. h struggles forth lu his own shape. Ho i- fet ter, .1, brought nb.no ground, and t. Id that lie cm ransom buns, If only by deluding th tnasure. Too. lung the ring with his lips, he murmurs an order for his Mneluug, n to bring up tho treasure, hoping still tn be able to keep the ling. Loge, after the treasure has boon piled up, throws the helmet upon It, and Wotau, claiming the ring a likewise thereto appertain ing, tears it from bis linger. Alberlch, freed from bis b uids, curses tho i lug : At by enrse It time to me, Ari-Illeii In tMs ling. It Its gal l M Hie hiitll'S- power i ih glvea. Mat II, ii.agli i lit ill lH'slu ou iilui win wears It I Then be vanishes in flight to Nlbelholin. The giants come ba k with Frela; the mist melt from the heights; the light grows bright, mid tho gods look fresh and piunu ugaiu. The gold lies read) for pauient, and the giants heap It ubout I rci.i. for only when she in thoroughly bulled lu It will tho rausom bo right!) paid. rnEiA'a iianoib. Hut tho gods aro wrathful at this shameful treatment. The Thunder God feels his old strength of arm, und draws It back to ciush the gl ints with his hammer, but Wotan keeps hi word and i oiumauds peace. Fiela seems Just covered with the Measure, but Fitfncr sees her hulr still gleaming through, and Logo Is forced to net the magic helmet over the nlace. I'asnlt. burning with love fur 4'rein. pince. i nioii, uaiiruiug wnu lote lor rreia, Iteps to the inii-ot of gold, and, peeping In. Mill sees the godde-s's la ngiiislilng etc. He i aniiot boar the thought ..f parting with Ids 1. el . ted, and his brother, to clntc the chink, demands the ring from Wotan's finger. Hut Imw can the ambitious god give up tho ring on tvhh h rests his only hope of supiemuc) 'I In a rago I'afuer and Fa-solt drag out I'rela from tho heap, to carry her off fiucter. Tho gods lu vain beseech their i hief to submit, w hen Lrtla. a ninje.tle form, half tolled lu her long black hair, rises from below, anil streti hli g out her hand to Wotan, speaks the warning. " Yield, Wotan, yield. Blum tho curse of the King I To helpless dark destruction would Us possession devot theol" THE riTIUI Of TIIH IttNO. Ill doep commotion Wotnu asks for th whole lecrct, but F.rd.t, content with her simple warn ing, links below, lie tries to follow her, but I held buck by the gods ; thou awaking fiom deep meditation he . o.lc. I , Ins i. ...lutloii and Ihiovt Ike rlug upou the pile. 1'ivU, oci tut, haalou Joyfully to tho arm nf tho god, who greet her with equal delight, and ao th bargain with the giant I fulfilled. They In their turn directly feel the Influence of the Nlbelnngen curt. In packing up tho treasure they quarrel ; Faaolt claim the ring and fulls mortally hurt by a blow from Fafner. Wotan recognlr.es th fearful power of th cure and tho heavy responsibility he ha taken on him by hi disingenuous bargain. In Ills fear bo de termine to descend tn acareh of Rrda, to learn how to calm hla anxiety for the fate of the gods. Ho la waked from gloomy thought by bis spouse, who points to tho noble edifice across the Rhine. Homier, the God of florins, and Froh, the God of Light, by their power, spread a rainbow over tho valley on which tho god march over to the palace now gleaming In th glow of sunset. Wotan decides to call It Val halla, and hope It will serve to ward off Impend ing fate. Hut Logo foresees tho destruction of tho god, now to strong In olf-couflducu, aud It tempted, rather than to perish stupidly with th atupld, tn chang Into hi earlier form-comumlng flame-and, aa auub. annihilate lb god ; but III careloa Irresolution h clings to their aide, while from the depth of th Rhine rlugt up th lament of the Rhlu maiden. Much I th purport of the flrat drama, th action DJUug one day, from auurt to sunaat. IV. Tin fiTonr or tub WALKmnr. Th Meood of the ttrlet, Wagner' four opera, I known aa lb Walkyren. It oontloue tb Nloblungan itory a follow : Wotan got down to Brda, who yield to th magi of bl lov. Bh bara him nln daughter, destined tn aid him In averting the destruction of the gods. Tbtsa are th Walky ren (H'nl-chooeer), who choose for him the Tfnl (dead), thoae heroe who are Worthy to live with him after death. They ride, la full armor, over the Held of battle, lift the lain heroe on tholr horses, and carry them to Walhalla. Thr tb dead revive and form a troop which ahall om day lend aid against lb hostile powers now temporarily bound to peace by treatle with tb god i. Erda discloses to th god, now one mnr hopeful, that be mutt especially guard agalnit Alberlch. If be should again set postestlon of the rlug, then would the very troop of heroe In WalhaJli be of no avail even thete would he forced by Alberlch Into bit tervice agilngtthe godt. But bow mall ha guard th ring, no longer In his posaoMlon, from the grasp of the orafty dwarf? Fafner It now Itt rightful po. ttor, and bow aball b rob blm of II without braaklng compact of which b hlmtslf It tb guardian? Fafnar hat changed Into a dragon, and Ilea In laiy repot and nJoyrant of po eatloa upon tb treatur, which he doe not at. A hero axutt be found wbo, uoalded bv th god, ball alay tb dragon by hi own eforto and get no tat ion of tb ring. ITndar tb name of Wile. Wotan mingle with men, and mar rtet a human wife, wbo beam blm twin 8ig niuud a eon, and tUegllude, a daggbter. With bla ion, Blegmund. be goet out In aearcb of adventure, doing deed of violence, and rait ing up nvy and hostility. During their ab aeoce the mother I alaln, tb daughter, Blevllnde. carried off, and the bouae burned down. Walt baa to See to the forett with bl on a on under ban ; tbere tbev live a long time In w olf's shape and bravely defend tbero telve from tbe bunion. Tilt atlOBTT gWOKD. The daughter meantime ha married a man whom ah doe not love. Mtttng. aadly. on her weddlog day. betide llundtng, ber tpuute, the ne a man com In who had only on eye. but an ere wnnee glance (truck general terror. Tb newcomer drov a tword Into tb athtn tree trunk, in the centre of th hall, and declared that the tWord beloured to the one wbo coald draw It out. No on could do tali: but Siegllnda reoognne in Ibe trngr bar father n ai, and now Uvea eontentetf lo th certainty that the it to be tb bride of blm wbo th gl draw out th word. BlMmtand. lo tb meantime, bat lost all trao of hla father, and leaving to wood, applies to different men aud women, but nowhere find big kindly welcome. He prutoot a girl on ibe poaat of being forced lots a baleful asarrtaa. and lax bar brother; but he I overpowered by the relation, hit weapons broken, and, blm telt defenceless, forced to take flight. Hunted Ilk a wild creature, he take refuge one eveiiin (at the opening of tbe real action In thedramailn Building's buua. Ilunilu. a a relation f t lit) ulrl above mentioned, hus lust started on the war pith eesinst him. paeglincte relrealie lb exhausted wanderer, toward wnom eho feels a strange ami great teaming, aud Sleg oiutid near 'pun her of her loveles marri ige. till bla svmnathy turn to a warmer passion. Ilundlu. reluraliig, reoogniie the object of bis vengeance, and grsnta him snorter oniy till the next morning. He sends Sloglluti to ner cham ber, and himself follows ber. fie jit und, In Kieat dismay, remains by tbe dying embers on the hearth. II nt snail lie. unarmed, contend wllliliHeiieuitn.it morning III- ftlhei has once told him that In his time of utmost ned be ahall find a weapon. Now bo I weapuiiles In his eiiein)' house. But where is th-' sw rd Sieglinde. who his given her husbin.l sleeping potion, come out Into the hall, now dark, and ausnectlug In the tir ng T tbe hut band promised ber by Wine, tellt blm of tlx tword and of her hop. Light dawn on Sleg round's soul ; he embrace her passionately aa hi declined biide. T be roar door of tn house luddculv 111 open, und tbe full moon of a glo rious si ring night stream In. Th brother and sltsr rei'igmse with aelUrht In eaeb other' te, lures tne proud long of their falhr Wklse. Hiegmund, with a mighty tug, draw the word from the tree trunk, and folds flegliude In a pas alonate aud nuptial embrace. tn vvmu Next mnrolng It to tee !iemund' combat with the now doubly Injured Mundlng. Wotan order the vt slkyro BrUuuiide to lusur the vic tor) to tn Wg.suiig Hoc of Vt SUe). llf the nine daughters of Krda. Brflnhilde I dearest to Wo. tau; she ha ber uiotiui's witUom, it alway couaulied bt him. and kn. ws bur lather' thoughts concerning the fate nf god and men. lu consonsue with her father' order she a lilies lo bring defeat on Hooding (Hat meg muni in iv gi un victorious in his heroic career. But hncka. Wutau'a w Ife, aud a such the guar diau uf mairuge. urges tho punisliuient uf biegniuud, who has taken to bl embraces the lie of miotlior, and, what Is worse, hi own sister, ttiie has long endured with palu the In fldelitv if her own consort ; nut that now afar Inferljr race th lid scorn the sacred law of marriage, ud be countunanced In It by ber liusbund, It be).iud endurance. llf w hat account t her is Wotan's Ingenious Klau i Mieevcii ptoees to him mat megmuiid i o) no meant tnr hero who of hi own power can do the deed of salvation '-hat lie has be come a tieio at Wotsu's uwu direct prompting; lor who but Wotan has put Into his hands fie sword on which herelios? To his own shaino Wotsn re. ogulles the trick whbh ho na con ten plalud ; be desp ilrs nf the success uf n work, und changes the order flrtt given to l.rUn hil.ie: It I Slcgiiiuiid who mutt fall. Ilrllnuiiue recoguue her father inward struggle and desires lo do wli it he wishes tn bis deepest heart: b it th harder it Is for him to yield to Frlcka's argument, the loss will he be.,r contra diction from other ouartt r. He tlnuai out in Ii is-doii it tblcal if his daughter lull to execute us will. Motlind hat started from Slegmund'a em braces mil) to take flight. She ho hitherto oi ev, d u bil-bsnd wlio possessed her but not ber love, nnd believes herself unworthy of Hleg niuiid's .ill. ctlon. in vulu he tries to soothe bt-r, wm n liuiidlug's ban I Is heard approach lug, and aiegllude, loreseelug her lover's de sirui'tloii. amks fulntlng In hit aim-. Ilidn hilde appears, and announce! lo In in hit death snd reception Into vtaihaihi. lie asks tvlietiior he shall there mo ugaiu tils sister bride, winch Is denied Her upou he rejects the splendors of the castle ol the god, and prefer the dark lower world with M Meglinde " let llellu hold me fas'." ItrUiihllde, aitouiuled, asks liim, " So llghlli ip st thou prlx eleinal bliss? And I thine ali-iu-ail the poor woman wbo, tiled und complaining, lies languid ou thy hoi uu i It in runt else ttoiili th) reverencs lint lie will ) icl. I tils beloved tn no one, md If he must die, in, us to -lay hci urn. BiUnhihlu nd vises linn, "i n. un. Hit wife to me for tho s.iko of thu Iile go, ttnicti Willi Jo) s.ie received fiom tin e." le iiiatu his niord, e died t-y 1 1 1 ill .Nothuug, became given him nv the utmost Nolh ii. t.. Mm. rr p,,,-,, , , u.iii.i.i io,n i. , n e- cesaitt i, ui extiugiilsii both their lives at mice, Hi Uiilnldc, lu u gush of twiip.ithv. resolves to follow Wotan's first and iiiosl geiiiiluo order, and cries, "Slay, M al-uing. hear my word I Sieglinde shall live, and with her Siogmuudl It Is determined -the lot of battle will 1 guide, and for thee, l! Sieguiuud, 1 will procure bless ing and victury I" BIlt'Mllll.IiB OL'ltgKD BV WOTAg. Hunding approaches. Siegllnd, waking from hertr.iuoe, trlet to rush lu hotwoen the coin bat.uita, while Sieginund, Inquired by BrUiihllde'i voice, uiius u doudlv blow at Hunding, ivlieu near III latter, red glow breaks through ih clouds, and Wotan, appearing, opposes hi spear sgaiust the Ibiealeuud stroke. The sword flit'l 111 shivers, wlidu aiuginuiid hlui-elf, sink, pierced by Hundiiig'a weapon, und sieglinde, who has besrd his death sigh, shriek and twoons. liiUnlilbi quickly lifts the fainting form iiiioii or horse, and vanishes lo shun tbe wrath of her father, while Woiau, leuiiing on hi incur, looks mournfully at slegmund't crni. At a single tcoriiful glance from him Hunding drops doiid. But Wutau aiiildoulv lomeiiibert th disobedience of his favorite daughter and hurries after her. Brllnhllde bat halted on tb mount ol the Walkyien, and vainly beg th protection of her slsteit for .tlogllii.te, who at Aral corns t be laved ; but learning that the was soon lu bvcuuju lue uwlliir of out) of the W&liuug fee, bef face gleam with lo'ty livr, and ah ben Brflnhilde earnestly for protection. Already th approach of tb god. In th form of a thunderstorm, lherd, clearet and eleand", when BrUniill is, with swift resolution, direct ber to fl alone. Pointing to a spot avoided by Wotan. the wood where the disg.m dwell-, ih delivtr. to ber the frngmt,tt oi Blc.mund sstvonl. iiiil prophesies thai she -h ill become I he mother of the moat tolendld of th world's heroes. Bieitfrle I sli.ill be his none, for he ahull rejoice In victory. The gnteful ileg. Iltide hurries an iv, while Wnttia comes In, breath I na nr and veiigeance. lb Wuikyr-n hide their guiltv sitter, and Intercede for her. Wot in asks whether h buaelr withes 10 itiiin her Just piiiilshuient, whereupon he slept forth with modest but firm step, and Wotan (milium y uuuclutet bar penalty : WOTAN'S CVMB. rtoai the god like baa Arttliuu let apart. An i inrat out rrom tk.' rsce of the Immjrtili. grok-a it our dob I, rrooi iMliire my net art ito 4 DinltSH I Here on tills aiotinttlD I Mail taei hh inagloi In deteief li'-ssleep 1 wrap Ike roaad. And the ipsa ebH rsti'urc the miM, Who laitlug her ay Ike sy, shail sttke Mr, Th terrllod slitert re forced ttralgbtwav lo liv tbe mountain, while lliAnhllde lias tunk at Wotan't feet in childlike aubmlsrlon. After long tlltnce the lifts her head, and. radually rising to ber fart, asks whether tbe deed were really u honlble whicn iVolan himself had witbtd twfore Frloa Imd changed hi mind She hgt Witt.in not to give her over to a worth ies man, and nln s a wish that Sieglinde' on not yet born, may be detuned for ber f.ilur Ipiiiit. Wotau will he..r nulli ng nior of the W iung, and apeak tho hard word : " In tound deep I wrap that i wboto bll wake thee, defeiitelesa iiiuldfti, to him, uuoe awakeuad, thou sh.dt b wlf j." Deti airing, llrttnhlide fill upon ber koe i ThltuDe thing matt, Tliuu aive carte i Wlllior lay elm i, Who embraces thy kit i i'rjnipb' uu un. once deiri isth iu pieces the iusl4e el ih? rpear distiroy ler ttiei) ' irsce t int. cruei one, give her sot A victim to borriuliuiaol At ihy niuitii .nil Let ire Durn tort i Lei fltshiag 11 uie Olew rouud ttie reek. Thai itt lunyiir may nek, Anil its leuth tear gnaw. Tar audscious wuri si who dare To i he (iiariiii'il rock to dr ustrt Tn passionate prayer of hi favorite daughter takea wotan bv alorui ; piotoundly agitated, be recoglllles lu her bold end ln-ilicd wolds his own nature. H kisses ber (leatnlti eves, em brace ber. nud lead ber. utuv yiel ling to lb drow) intJueuce, loa ui ,)' nioulid. takca on last look nt her face, and cloae ber h liuat. Casting one more rmiurnful glance at ber reclin ing figure, end covering her with the long steel buckler of the Walkyren, he surround the mound with a rampart of lire. Loge, who hurtful counsel Wotan now cleariv tees through, has turned again to II ins, and mutt, at Wotan' order, blag about Uruuhilde'i rook. Such are the content! of the second drama, wblcb occupy the time from nightfall of one evoolug till tbe following uioruiug. V. rag third imAMA-giaormiiD. Megllnd. arriving In Fafner loreat, twain bar bine. Wbeu It comes, she Is fouutl lu ber la bor pain by tb dwsrf Mini, wno h fitted up a oave lo the f ureal. In order to be always near tbe dragon, from whom be bop, In convoaleoi season and manner, to snatch th ring and magic helmet. Her Sieglinde bear a ion, name blm, noordlng to Hrunhilde'i direction. Siegfried, and dies. Mime tirlugs up tbe boy, knowing tnat be Is tbe son of a twin brother and sister In th'dr despair, and tn itromest solon of tb Wal uags. Far from loving bim, he metna to nut blm to use to kill tbe dragon and get thstrtas- I ures, a work to which hla own feebleness Is in competent. Tbe boy develops Into a youtb of Irrepressible p iyioal ireugih, and demand a oodawurd; but every cii Welch Mime forges fur him. Which would be strong enough for giant' bands, In those of (Meafried shatters like a child's tor. Aud bar begin tb actlou ol tb tblrd drama. Oue late ifternoon Mlma.ln hi care, ha again forged a good sword, wblob mfriod sgsiu hiitert lu fragmenti by a blow ou tb anvil, and then load the old nultb wltb reproache. Mlu attumet an air of wounded pnde, aud re minds aim with what pains b baa brougut huo upend educated blm. Siegfried grow oaluier, concede blgrat obligation ; but tli arilflclul emblauce of teuderneti affscted by the ugly dwarf atill repulses blm. "1 never could man age to eodure tl.e. I tcour th wood only to quit tuy uresene. All tbe bestu of to forest are dearer than tbou ; yet to thee I ever returu." Mime reminds blm that every bird orto fur lu parent' nt, but ttngfned know th llf of tb woodland mature, and atks, " Who I my fatber and my mother? for thy sou I csnnot be, my outward faeblon la so different from tbine I o might a gleamlug nab rmbl a toad, rat no lab aver crept from tbe toad' bally." Mlin giv embarrad and elusive answer until Hlegfrled catobe blm by tu throat, when be tell blm of hi mother sieglinde, and how hit father waa already alaio at the time of hi birth, bringing out, In confirmation of hla tale, th two pl-oe of th shattered tword of Megmund. I'he voung hero recogulzes the vlr.uo of tbe ateel, and after charging the dwarf at once tn forge the piece to a whole, tine that very day he mesnt to depart, glad t getting free from .t-e icutiou with the iusupp. rtible old fel low, be rushes out Into toe wood. Mime sinks down In detpair behind his anvil, for he hat long vainly plai usd to forge tb nard but to- 8 ewer. Wotan comet to the door of the ctv. iiiiw parting wltb hit daugnter lie has given uo attempting lo Increase the number uf H ,dh,.lla heroes, nnd wander on honetiuvk, lonely and r. it!. through the w .rid. Ho knows thtt Al bericn lias piev .ihd over a woman b) force of 6 old, anil begotten a ton fur an avenger; be now by Erda'a prophecy tb it tne end ui the e ids drdws nigh, but he does tiott'lng to ward off till new optunent. N w he sits down at Mime' Ureal do, an i offer to wager hi head that be know w hat it I Mliuv't highest Interest to kuow. suonuEii's iwoai). Mime, In eiDbarrsssiusnt, asks, to be sure, about the three races In the earth's deptn. on It aurface, aud ou the cloudy heights uut ask uot wnat must concern hi in self. Wotau an swer ulna, aud In turn put three questions, wltb Mime's head for forfeit, itvo Mnue an swers. Ih third nins tnu: " Tell me. thou ouuiilng we, ,p..n smitn, who will forge tbe sword fr. iu the strong fr igtuentaof the Nothuiuf ' 1 be frightened uw.rt know no answer, and Wotau Inloruia blm. "Only be wbo never knew tear elialllorgo Notbung anew ; to nlm bath) head confiscate." and goes laughing away. Mima bag tu ik agalu. quite crushed, upon bl tool behind lb autli, when Siegfried rushes In from the forett and asks for the sword. Mime, reiiieiiioerlug with dismay that he has never taught the child to fear, nnd must m ike up for his negligence, pretends that be ha been lo ent ou his work. " Fur thee only, concerned, I fell Into thougnt how 1 might best show thee mat ter of Importance. For Ibee 1 learned to fear ; now let me leach it tuee, thou stupid d How. Uf what avail t thee were the strongest awoid w nhuut cue touch of fear ?" Siegfried, growing cunou. nks shout this un known art. I'he dwarf refer blm to the drsgon lu tbo ueiglib .ring cavern. 1 he fearles- )ouih wlshe to gn -here nt once " Thither shall Uinu lead me - and leer ou learned then out tin o lue ! woilul S . gun klv nring the tword, nuicu In lue world 1 tub in Id !" Mime has to confe-s th it be know not how to Join the sl-el. aid Siegfried sots to work hiiu sell. Ouuplaii which had Deter uccuried to Mime, the skilful, lie oplit-the pieces iu filters, melts ttiem In the crucible, pours out tiiemass in a bar, aud forges a Omul-new svvurtl. .Mime looks uu at tbe novice and. hi siicces-. ui leiror I for bis otvu head. Ho plans to brew a potion, t i he given as refreshment to l It youth when tne tlgiit Is over, so in tt w in n buiik hi slumuer bo limy slay hliu with his own weapon, Sieg fried meriil) singing, Ii.iuiUioib away at the metal tvhllu Mime is ore a lug the potion. Al ready the dwarf In fane) sees himself tne owner of th ring, l'riiicu ol the Mbelungen and master uf ills bated hrniher, when, at the climax of his ec-dacr, Siegfried, to try tho tword, smites the anvil so that It falls asunder with Clash, and .Mliue sinks In leiror t j the earth, Niglil has m'I in, ami Al utk Ii hold guird be fore the cavern of F.nv) iNeitllidhle) waiting for the destruction uf in dragon. Wouii, tho wuntlerer. draw near to watch evi nts, and the da, if scornfully nsks linn : " II ml thou agalu begotten ilissai'in, to snatch from tne giant the gold which lliou, hound bv th) covenant, canal uot take fmui Iilui ihtselfV " y i.irrel not wPh uie, nut Willi Mime," answers Wot un. " Ihy brother brings tne,. umiger in tne lorm of a voiilii who shall 1 v I Fafner (or nun. N tuglil knows he of me the .Nibrlung employs linn for Inn self." Wotau even prupo.es I i ht.ii in vtuko the dragon. "Siioild.t thou warn him sgitnst de ith. he might willingly leave thee lint tuy 1" 1'hev tne di. won, alii Alheiici ..ITers 111 li. In ex.' i uigo f ir the i illg. s .re p .-e -sl.in of bis life and the rest of tne Measure, hut Fafner lespisot every warning. Al'iericu sees I, is uew bnddiug hoie dis .np niitod, and the wanderer disppo.rd tt ith a luagn of scum. Divdinns, Siegfried h,n not tet learned from v no's ile scripllnunl the dragon licit to fe ,r ; lliot l avo Just ai lived i.. .lu.e i. locate d Lit), ui I Muiij draws nack into I lie tvnou. vtil.i Iho wish, ' Fif ner and Slegfriud, Megd led and l'ufuer, oh lual they iniglil iiiiltuil.lv destroy ea.'ii uthurl" Siegfried il down under agiual iludttu tree, aud ttilulu uf alt parent ; list, 1 wonder, wss tut f ttlitr's uUBf Un 1 surelt llse mini otvn , For ns. I <nii' aiivwiicr son Must lu not g, me It' mc mole Ml, lie Ihll, tiosr looked My in .tlicr, I amiildrr Thai, ri'sily I i'sii'i r.T a miigif ii, -iiu'iit liusglaal l.lk. in. gric 'l ill U jo Ceri iln gl inc. '.I ilor clesr and sparkling yt Uul tslrer h) I'T ' Win ii ll ,. .In flu' lift I I. .imp ins, Wli). )u-i ll s in ill. I she dill t tlo sll Uu Inol'icrsul UIUU lie ,il ih.-ir sou, Aud taiusli s t.iy ? II4U s.nil i ii it, iii faith I Ah 1 Innt ,'! l.t ttould 1 By lllolliel lie! i ! y ott . m .i.i ' A dsns' li " of men ' icnntiKii wtuKn n v niiiDa. Bl notice u drawu to lii: son.' vf (tie btrtjf, which he vainly trie to Iralute on a reed pipe, tillb angrily throw it away and blows on th silver horn, w Irh Mime ha formerly made for blm, a cheerful strain, which wake tbe dragon. Gliding from lilt c vein, he sees the y.-uth. and aak. "Who Is ther-f' fpgfrld rej dees to meet an animal e.iilowed with speoon, in J In qulrea about the art of Fe ir. At I bo dragon at tempts to swallow hi in, Siegfried plunge hi tword In bit heart, f'afaar, dtiug. rmmlir hlsirother, whom he slew (or tbe lake uf the Sold, and wnru the ,'lenr ered yonth who ins estroved him ami whom b ! vainly ipisi Mone I about his tmrentsire, "Keentbln eves open, o blooming youth ; the lord of the treas ury is lurromided with trcnery. H who tempted thee in thy hilndtie't to thlt deed, I now planning tntlay thee Inthv bloom. See how twill end, and Hunk ..f ml" eiegfnrd tails hit J.'.'S?' "uiViii that th tt l drat on will tolve th fiddle of his origin, t ut Fnfnet only repeat th niime with aigii, . n I dies J! T SI'!! l1 ! wing t h swnrd from th wound tibdr in of blond on hlahabd, wnlsb burn Ilk i.r!'J.,.d.li!.Pui,.'",.h,nd ' "'""th "P whg h un erstandt the volo. of th forett birds. Jutt tbtu on of tum i biard ilugiogi An I to Maafriea bsioiigt now the Njntlunara trs.ssuri febuai lie lug In the ft The t-i-utarc Just now, ttotio a wm tne gi htm. It alii brlp ii in; tu setliiut uf lov. But th tail nr aVtenvtr Ike ri.it, '1 mut uiat biui la vriuti of m wand. H lake the advlo and go down into th asve, while Albcricn mid Mime quorri I nutslil for the postet-l in nf th treasure which Sieg fried is Just stums, out bl reappearance aoarea them awsr. He hat chosen from the tremor th helmet and ring; ana again the bird mug resound, warning hiiu against Mlint what he really intends he can learn by tailing thi nloog. Mime hss Jusi arrived wltb his potion, an I un wittlugly discloses b.s iurderous intent; the hi.rder b til-s to get the ymitu to drink, nnd the more wheedling tone he give hi voice, tb let can lie commend the words w hlch clean blm. and Siegfried tratrhfti film on the ground at a blow Albericn, from bit lildln plac. look on with tcoriiful Joy al the ruin of hi rival. Tbe sun attnda hlsh In heavn; Siegfried atretchei blm alt in lb thadow of a linden, aud the leellug of the solitude take pnttesalmi ol til in , Heave how the forest bird rejoices In bis numerous companionship of brothers and titter, snd ki th blid, whl.'h hat counselled turn to well be for. about in own fair companion. Tbe bird give hliu Information of the oobl woman on tb rJame-gtrt hill, and adds : The brinV t won. An t Hi unhllrt' waked U) coHsid neter, But h) In in who snows not fair. Tb delighted youtu crlis out wltb a laugh i Tli' Hunt ltd Wm, suiimis na fear, My iiinlie, tiitt't I, yoa kaewl fur e dr J'i'i ' ' I tr eo, nut in vsln, from Fsf ner lo rs how te ftatv o. I'm fi.le i witli lesirs To lesrn the an freiu fsrauhllilt. But who lo tae rue wlU direst mef Bo th bird flutter off, and Siegfried fellow. tltarRIID RBKl'lt I'SHILDSV Tl Is night, and Wotan calls Erda from htr deep: tbe rifenhlui to hrdubtr Uittnhlld, and learns thstth maiden it under penance. In bewilderment thtfalltto eomprabsnd how Wotan, who tvth Impult to th deed, oan blame th dead when done, and rtluttt th god any Hind of answer. But Wotan, lu Joyou con fljeiice. tell her lo sletn on free from care ; tbe destruction of tb god tt uaut bt to nlm, nay. he even desire It. If one, In rage and dltgutt, he turned th world over to tb Nlbelungin. b now devotet It to tbe fairest tuu uf WAIte, who (hall wak BrUnhllde. and the will give back to ring to it first ownr. Tnu will tb world be 'reed from the horrible curs. Erda sink down again, but Wotan wait In th moonlight for Siegfried, and Mop biro, not meaning to hole him, for h baa owed, bltberto, naught for hi birth or training. He evn trie to slop blm from climbing to tb fiery cliff, nnd now th full heroism of tb youth ihlu forth ; be font neither the old man t warning, nor the lappln flamt. Wotan ban blm wltb bl pear, on which are wrltteu the wordt of bit bargain wltb the glaut. and tolli him that agalnit this spear bis fatber (word once wa shattered. His energy now fully roused, ibe oulh drawa bl sword snd bewi the spear to piece. Wotan endure It without resist mce. the supremacy of the gods, not f uuudsd on love aud coufldence, but won by trick and vloienee. :md uuly Insured, from time to time, by ten p r rv comnacti, draws near lUKud. Wotau rrtuins t ' vtaiballa, and ordeis tbe gr -at ash tree, i i. e.-( tbe world under tbe rule of the god, to b felled, and the fagot pile J about Ibe hall. 1 he g ni- must tit by his side, while the heroes fill tne hall. Wlm the splinters of the spear In Ins hand h n eiliiiland iternonhi throne, he louche not Frtla't apples, not sends out hlttwoiaven to reconboltre. if tbey ooni back wiib tb nolle tbal tb ring bit bu given oaok to th liblu maidens, he will meet detiruo Ion cheerfully. 8 leaf ri ad, lo tbe mesn time, bat fetiietaly put bed tnrough tbo girdle of flame to the bill top ; the Are hss faded, and day. brilliant sud beautiful, bas dawned. Siegfried arrive at a inotty mound, and ten what he ihinki a man In armor; opens th harness, and wltb aotvntsh inaut see a beautiful woman' form. In woman's garment, before bim. That Is no man I Msgtcal lire Dint t in . ugli uiy bewti ft rs pslu arts, s turn eye ; llr uses sre ditty sag IbJsjbI Wbum call I lo sve, T" l.'uil uie sl.l t Mother, iii. li.srl u Una ut m' At last be bas learned fear, and learned It from a sleeping maiden. Howsnall he wake her? He calls her. but sue does not hear; then he kisir ber passionately ; she ..p, ns In r ste-, aud botu remain lost In .okiug :it euc'i otiier. Then tli uialdeo ni sulniiiulv, anil prai-e. the god that it I Siegfried who has waked ber, Vt ith melniiiiuly she remembers fcei ! fe In Walhalla, and t.dly looks at ber t.rog.n ami r, hnidly rec iiicdtiig herself lu sink to l ho level of a mere wife. Bui her I He fo. nlm who b. is waked her it oun ar .used, and with Joyous exultation ab flls into Siegfrn d' eager anna. bucn i the action ol tbe third driiuii, occupy ing from late afloruouu of uo da till the f ore nouu of tbe nekt. VI. THI LAST DRAMA. OB TWILlOnT OF TH OODg. Tbe atory of tbe fourth and laat opera of tbe aeries entitled "Ocitterufi umeruug. or twilight ol ibe Uod," 1 follow : At laat tli two have met wbo aloo cau free the god and lbs w.uld from the curte. While tboy rest togeiher lu tbeit rocky chamber, the three Noma uuuldu, the Ursi-i.orn daughter of Erda, twist the goluen coul tynlc.,1 uf the world' fate. The coamlo as'i tree, by which j they ..lies sat and spuu. no longar exists, and gloomily reiuenibf ring the past, tht-y question each other about the Impending conUogrution of the Palace of the Gods. At tbo rouieiiibruuc of Alber ch's curse the cord break, their knowl edge I at an end, aud tbey link dowu lu duuiel' tu their in other Brda. Next morning Siegfried, endowed with ill IlrUiinlide's knowledge, sett forth for new ao'.i veiuents. He has learned from his ni.iglo wife ii c.ro than he can retai . nut one ll lug he In pi s nev t t.i f,.rsel- tho liiuughl of llilln bllde. He leavi a in r mi tho r rk under the c ire of the jcrod tl.iuio, alter giviog her the er pciit s ring. S.nn.iei ut her kiioiiledge, she knows not Iho terrible p. iieiiev of tne gift, hut takes ll Jo) fully .a a dedlcailoii token ol hi const uu ). . ud g.tos nlm iu return the W ,lk)re I steed which has been tbe companion of ber long silluiber. si glued desires Oist t Tlslt the (ilhlchungen, a powerful rse. living bv tne Itnlno In haughty splendor. Gihlcu hiiiisvlf la uu mure, and bl s.ic so ir, Guiitner, nil, - in his stea l. II side bim stands 11 tgen, Willi hit shrewd counsel, no dcsceiidoui ol (Jitilch, )Ui Uiiniiier't orotuer, whom ihelr iiiotiioi.ori.uhiKle.ii uc to Aiheilch, t he Nil, clung, when overcome by the teuipiiillnu ol Ins gold, V olau's wishu aud hope lepose on Sie.'iried ; Alo, i n l.'s hopes , f r cvei.iigiho ring depend en his son Hugen. with his pallid, gloom), and laded fc.it. nea pleii.ali.iolv uged lit cierloiico. Fiom i nil, 11, u p In, i.,,s hud secret knowledge nf hi father's deitinv, nnd thoiign strong ol liodi. is uoi potteilui enough to sl.i) the gl n dt.uoii. Now that the ring Ii . passed Into Sieglried' h uiil. he i lots hi de. slrtic.ion In older to it recovery, slog I nod must foruet hi- nnd - Hi (InMnle. snd eten pciio truto her will o( llame In iiunttii s inieresl. ll is now broad dot, nnen sieglned arrive at the lift c'lllllg of the li.blcliuiib'i . li itr n . tillli tlitr's lovelv sister, moved i t II ,geu - ,in i.u illy euthiisl isllc acc 'Ulll of the oci penl-- i,, l. .s ai re, i. It in lote tti h l. nn, and ui II ,g . -, 'i.-,igi-lioti, (icrleotlt knowing wb it she m o.nut. wel comes hiiu vvnli a utaught Uiakn dlt miaed liv II igcu's i tinning, und pi..) n ittei f i getfiluc--s. ilc ilinl.s, und ti -i m ty f. r gulling IJlUlllilldc, (alls 111 loto t . ,i.i u,e lair i cre.iiuro belli j in ii iiilnsk, I ' v.fi I bis Guntiier giants, no cm.diii n ti t h wilt belli linu !i u. il .n-l ) in ttiu ihd i.i v II l.'.'U'S C . ,' i. ,,i,!t t lie lo ti i f tt i ' luu-,1 1 ,' t In,-, ll t u Mi. Ill iu. - , ii me ol Ihuiihildo 'i 1. 1 , i ' r i ' Siojlr. oil's n. ai ; he pro in-, 'i i ' ii i .i-k'd ol 1.11,1. ,1111 llinKll uo t .i.t. In t if. , II it l.ll I t 111,1 it t itt'i.l.lfei . , . I. .S In ding himself. II .ml, or ami S .lull .-a Ilia i .unpad nf relation ilp ami -; .nil tor llrunhlliK 's lock) c.t-tle, .thl.e Maxell, tt n Ii a 1 1 ken no share In thu u.lths of alilaiicc.sl ) Ii) the Uhliic. lllll'Mlll.flg OKCglVEO. BrUiihilde sits in the avenlnir llht nt the do ir of i t r roci, y i , im'ier, luoi, ug w ii'i t t in i,. iiieiinr.mil' it the ring le,;tri d h gnen Imr, lo hor conies a sister vt aiknu fro'u in li ,nd cmjiiie bur lo.itu b u tnu ruig to .be i, me d i Liners, M ,,t in, sitting in si nt in .I'tiion on hi throne and ruiuemberliig Ibdnl.l Ipis abokuu luu uituruiiCi), " Muni i 3ne guo inu ring h.ick ti Mm d iiigve f ,t me. iho world and thu gid, would no fr. e i ti.m tha c .is.:" Noitui ti,, ii ,. ,i, he an i. . in .. t. r 'II it .Mop he Ion.'-for. bnttl.e v ,, , r i lniil, that the rcrir)nuiil eiisiem-e of ti e . . ,t ni l be, b) mis act. utiiir,tl .unit, lln I 1 i.i' has liven . vt iv .ill Her te.'it I ' ' 'u Sieglried, w ho puts It lo in ue , l i-si.iu lia til mill' 1 her. How can sic i.i ., . .) the rni.- tl.e ti sMiiionial of Sli gfrl, .1 - f" Eveu iv bvr ttihtrs oucg n dtstiy loved, iue can make no inch tscrlflce. 8 wlftlr upon her guilt? JJ reluctance follow a terrible penalty. Scarce! . 1 haa her lter ridden off, when Btefried apptasBj. f J tranrorrod by tn oiaglo belmgt Into qiintnert H temhlane... BrllnhlTd. no longr aakrN, IJ but wife or a mortal. I powarlet u a woman. I I no bou noocr '.eari from her th ring a um U, of tin ir unluii. for is her into liar chamber, tat I hero hor com h. on laving theiwurd betwiaS the.u kecptlalth wlthOiaither. I Night drnwt near It end. and befor tbs Ota I ' o on '.1 lthlne lts Hagen. with trsiar anS II ttitell. asleep. But lenly Aliierlch, Frine Tgf li th Dwarfs, tt inds bef.it blm and lean- his arm on hit ion's kites. Hagen heart hi iiraeS I word, and answer with ocen eye and lo vole, but still motionless in tb bonds of sliiga ber. Alherlcl. w nil him to deitmy the wEi m sun nnd obtain tht ring, and demand hi oslll wB to thnt effect Hut how should th ton of s) lftkr be guililet of ielf-ekint? Ilaget Sves the oath nniilred, but twe.irtllto MuseK ay dawns, and ibe dwarf, ftr conjuring kel ion to bt talthfiil, dltu pear. Now ppear Siegfried by It agio' lldr; ke) hst got llrllnhlld on hoard a vel, lei tM true Uiiniher, unnoticed bv her, lake hit p'sofg snd transferred himself bok to tho Olblon pafi are by virtu of the magic helmet. In oonretl with Hagen and Gutruna ne makes preparatloa for receiving the bow approaoning royal paM. snd for celebrating tne double wedding. TH hip l mdt, and Uunther, amid the plaudits gf hi retainers, ldi hi wife to th ptlaoe, I 'Mi ( slagfrled with hit brld c me out. Hid) blldi It dism.yed at th sight, and seeing that Sieglried d as not seem to recognise her, ul i.tali twoiint sicglrlod, standing next her, tupp.irii het, nnd with tne flngeron which he wear tbl i nig, l oinii t Uuii.ber as hr proper pMtaxitow She recognixes the ung which the thought Uuaa tner had u rn from her. How baa Slegfiiel managed to obtain it? Uunther keep an brr.d alien, e ; but Siegfried remembers bB ooinhat with the dragon. "From no wtimai cams lb ring to me. nor was ll a Woman I rot? T,!"!1 !: Ciesny 1 know tha b t.lel Kf. lth be,!,r' lh "eldehtJble I onoe sua nr'iigth " bd tb driutonQ Hagen. who has only awaited the right m ment, now siep. m with too quettlon I " llidw hllde, vjllaiit wouiun I Dost thou cleariv kuo the ring? Is't the ..as which to Ounther l tiaS f .Tt,lV.hln.L,u ,,,,ne' "d lgr.ed won It b trick, which the traitor should expiate I" Bi Una hllde cries out In agon), the dreadful deceit Ui clear, and her whole naturo thlrsta for vengeaaeJ ou Mogfritd. whom tb ua it but think gulltgu Before ilia wh de iteiiiblaesliedc are. "Not w Ith Oiiuihor but with Siegfried ws I married? Slenfiied remind her how .Notnung. aasheinugl remember, had lain between them, nut BiOne bllde will not understaud nlm; she think ouU of their first union, and glvet hliu the He. Magi fried ewesrt upon Haaen's spear that be iiaii kept laitn. llrUiihilde wears that be has brat ken all hi oaths, and is uow guilty of but oaf Perjury th more. MAHHlAUg or llaOntlgD AND OIRTHUR, While all ar in to wlldt excitement, Slegb fried alone keep bl holiday humor. With triumphant Joy he folds hi dearly beloved Uu tr..naln his arm, aud leadt hr to tb nupUal feast, followrd by th crowd of retainer, while Ounther. Hagen, and BrUnhllde remain. Hagen advises killing tb traitor, but Hi On hllde lament that tbs mi by bar obarme ity sured blm ugalutt all and every wound. Aha bethink herself, howsver, that eht hat omlitoi to cbarm nla back, at unnceary for oue wh never show it In flight; and Hagen rejoloas thai there, at leatt, the strong man It vulner able. Ouutber, believing hlmeU betrayed, ami with the prospsct uf gaining the ring by Sletv fried'i destb, reluctantly oonssnts to tbe mug dor of bit aworn brother. Thev appoint for tba next day a bunting party, during wblob to a oompiith their intent, and then, a If peaee war) mtoreo, Join tbe woddlug festival, to w h lo th ev are amicably bidden b Siegfried and Utgb truna, Nsxt day a them at tb bunt, ttlilona past noon, and Siegfried, in the purault of iiB game, baa arrived In a lonely ravine opening to ward tb Hulii. Tb three lib In maldena ilat) from the water, promising him success In tnB t disss, and begging In return tbe ring on his ao . ger. He decline to glv up tbl memento off bi flgbt wltb the dragon, and they blame nla i stinginess. Angry at Ibis, be prsptree to giro I them th ring, when tbey dliolot tu him i uai 1 be will die, thst verv day, should ha not do so I aud desire him to feel glad that tbey tak If I from biui. But their wnrnlug uwkes bl iub J bornuets, and In dauntless deOtnce he ke, ofl I the ring. He wa already deeplr Impllosie.i la j lb it In lint -haui.fulh deceived tbe won. whom not he. t .t niioiher. w,s wooing, ud m gained untight ful inielou of tbs ring; sosi 9 iikmt, spile of better counsl. be declloe to pari ft with ii. The beoaliy tb fulfilment of tb crag If It iinpndiiig. vH Th troop of huntimen, appmaoblng, aB) n down to tnelr rustle meal, and Siegfried, 12 II high good humor, relate tbe prophecy of ini 11 Rhine maidena. whom hecillt Water bird, lln ' gen aak w nether It I tiue that Ii uiidrti at D tbe long of blnla. Siegfried ttilnkt of the time) wbu th bud oouuselld blm so wisely, uud seeing Ounther gaxing gloomily on th ground pi t lea his matrimonial III luok, and, to chaei blm, beglua tbe account uf hi gu.,rdlan, Mlwea lid tb winnlug of tb dragon' traaaurea Hagen alyly pour Into ble cup tbe Juloa of a plant wkka oanl tne effect of to draugfei of oblivion. dkatb or nnorHixo Airo ocgTUga. Siegfried drink, and. with reviving recnllsa 1 tlon, relate how the birds directed him to Hit) fire mountain and bow be won Bruiihll .e'a love Ounther Is dUmayed ut tb knowledge that hi bride has been the wife of Siegfried! Jus: then two raven fly suddenly over Sieg fried's hrai'.and Hsgeu Interrupts blm: "liogt thou goes the message of the raven ?" Megs s fried aiarta up and i.ie after them, wnea , Hugen plunge his spear In his back, (luiniiat I viilulv tries t i -Hit bis hand, knowing uow I net ' Sleglile.i's good f ,ith Is bet ond guusli o, ' Deidly ttouiidid, sie.filed still raise hi shield to dash Hagen to pieces, hut hit strength laila him. uu I lie I ill. to the ground. 1 . saving coolly, "'Iwa revengs for perjury," 1 ll well turns awny. A twilight comes on, Sieg .. fried struggles wilh death. He opens hi t ies ' ' once in.'ie. and with s demn voice npenk- off Brbnhl de; he fatults himself .gain In the aofi ' of wakening Inr, Ii els tne ei static touch ol hef -i brcnlb, cries out " Hidli illde greet me I" ana , diet. 1 he retnlucri ber botue the corpe, li It night, and the mooii Is mirrored lu lb siir . fac uf the Hblne. Uutruua ha waited aoa loualy for ber returning poue. nrfor ilia palace, and uow throws herself In deepall t upon the body, accusing her Pro her ol tha J deed. A h point out Hagen at th prnirae s); toij the latter cuius up vt ith tvrilbl Oolui aud dellanc. "Wall, then, vee! I killed hiiu-L ' X Hagen. struck him dead 1 lie wa reiervnd fog VH uv oeur, on which he pvrJuied himself. I haya i l vindicated my sacred right ol bouty, and here I . .1 ciium thi ling I" t Uunth.r claims tho ring as his and hit titter's f i heritage, but Hsgen drswt hit tword, and GuoA ' 1 1 tber falls lo th combat, so expluing bla shsra I lo the death of 1.1 awuiu brother. As Haga !( '- tteps to the body lo take tb ring, the hand of j th dead mauls r uied tiireatemngly, aud llagea .' fail back In dlauiay, while Gutruna aud thty women utter piercing tlirleki. llrtliihlld an proacbet. calm aud toltiiiu : b daoiara aueB i noisy grief unttoithy of the nolle hero, and to ' i Uertrunu't reproaches retorts : "reaoe.wreiokoei j woman hi laaful wife thou Haver baat bean .'j but i ny his cuiioubiii. Ills re .1 wife am 1, ta ? whom he swore f..lth ero ever he saw thee." llinldl) the poor woman turns to the enrnss) , , of her brother, daring no long, r to claim hog I plae by Hour. i led' tide, fjr the guilt aba In. 1 curred I.) en n nig bim it ilear lo her mind ! IliUiilillde, her honor nioued, and love tul.lnl lit old plac In venge nce's slaad, look ttita grief ou ScLfrlad's face. Urigu, as I lie sua aire ins ins light ou ma. liie purtsl was he vt h,. iPo ire wrtmgl Heirsyuig Ins wite. line I,. Ids Ii lend - I 1 roin i.u -nt u hcirotked, ' , , A.ulie lo linn ilesr, f llr pain ii i. i siu. lt with bit tword. I l Mure uvrigtil liuti lie Noli 1 1 , r nWore otU ; liuei Uimu tie f Nolli i ver lit' l.t plot furei ilisu he So. t 1 1 1 r nved. Ami 1 1 I si. oslti, And si c..ni.sels, r I , Uu l l ,ve, I hobc l tns)r I Ilk hlrul 'I Kuow ) e lent tl, l' ? I II y nt i mis I Ti e sir. i ,-usr.ls ' I I I ' IH 11 . I"ll . SO. 0 nn no mi '. - 1 1 w. All. I , e , lit el. I n-l gUlll I 11. In untl iiul, II, iisi. II r.-o l.l- l.i-ite-l lU'vi, , in , ' I . . '1 1 .,t, i.t. . 1,1 i.i n tt ii 1 1 1 me I it-. 1 1 .ii ii mm i ui power. A i I n . . In lali I 'n I'. i pnri.t, Is. till n lit tuie till W1UI II 1. 11 ll.N or Tllg UI KQ. he bud rc)e. ti.l tie coumel o the U'alkvre, in.t uinier-l Hiding it; hut I lie altn-e nf tli llblne i, al ien-. . 1 elv glten. she ban under sioud in ln-r di sp'iir. Stio oetei mines lop, to) the her i the higneil Inn i-,; ,,pe coiinuuix 11 oi sbil i on-u no U.eui both, and thit ling, pui 'I d i i ie sani" lire, sh.iil r. vert I i it II, si i i - "ii ntiiers. A iinglit) pvro h.t- I . ert '' nil "ii I 1 b ll I, of Iho 1(1, Inc. and Siejlr.e.fg I I) I. "I ! ll ', lllill. i.ll, l.j ,as .li.in.i lis ii fi .:i 1 1 . j hand ,.f tne d . id, and p ii n n 'i o'tn Magiu tt .1 bus In r ut II n s ttllit iu.x i-l). ." In I.. lull, 'a Ilia pile, . uu, i ii Ii i i il. ki ie -it i tl, and t 1 1 1 1 1 u u a mill neb. nln' the bi.r. lug i ) i a, while I lie ilau.t sin t n i t e i ha reunited pair, suiblen't tie II i i , . n. . u. I be lt..ine has nv -r 11 ite I m. I r l s its tt i i - to tli" llireni.il. I of t he pals.'.', nuns nim-ll at tl.u lthlne in., en'. It ll.igt n's tcrrti. Ua llirott .itt ut s; .' n . - i cl.i ml i.cliiiet, .md ttltti the crv. ' II tck Ir on tne ring !" i rugs ll ea Ilia. Illl. ill 11,1 . In II oil lilt Itto t f 1 1 10 ll ll I Ug in ideii, ft i I i i i i.itncii ii' ii,-, iinl draw him .1 'tv ll, tt hue s it i i l ii 1 1 1 k' Infi'io Micill goes Ilia Mur I, ft. I'ii tr t Ii -i.i ii g in 'It tl o rec no ed rin.', i it, I,, I .i . n i In- i one. .-o ll.u Jt wnl , , niiri- Hie ii.'l, f ii . 1 1. in.il i wners. ua Ibe d, Isil -KI l,l;iel a reil.ll.ll glow Ilk t ig llollieill i. I- he nil 1 ' I the cuitllgll iB Mil. lili. -II ug tne l'.n leoltheli dsttda all lis ti Icii 'l .inch is iii. uitioii of Mie fourth and lait diamn, of which the etenls, so far aa tcenic'tllg pisseiiied, iiegiii hi liie uU'lit aflei tliu mar. llll.'C f - ,f, 1 . .1 11 i . lo, ii. ill n.. 1 over Uimu tulile dujt, and end mi tin- f u IB OlgUt, Li-Ol'clUJ iJalliU)UI