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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 11, 1880, Image 2

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how Welllllrtl Knicllitimrn llrhnvc
A book which has nllruclcil a KIVIII uVnl of
attention on thu part if t tlii English inlilillo
classes nud whoso slntuimintii have been np
urovoil by perfectly competent authority la The
Jumur niiJ 7ona Q tfiwj Ixiciilu ty c i Min
her of tint c Arlftotraiv London 1iedorlck
Wnrno k Io Tho nlln of thin odlfylng treatlo
la 1 to supply them utifoituiialo puitonu whoso
acquaintinco with what la I popularly culled HO
doty Is l limited I I with comprehensive I nut ruc
tlona touching what In I ilunu nod wluU ID I not
ilono under various circumstances by wellbred
people We aiu not stirpilsod to liMini Hint Ilio t
Information conveyed In t this until volume ban
proved n precious boon ton multitude of anx
ious nnd aspiring I men anil woman In thn Ilrit
lull Islands who havo heretofore hOuI haunted
by I nut unfounded I dread ot puipotratlngHoolnl
BoleolsniH Wo apprehend tliut t tliu t liinU I nod
monitions ot In conventional bra
101111IS nil expert II lOIIollolnl 1010
nifty proto not 18H I grntuful to the American I
reader seat rig Hint thn i people of tho Unltud
Btnles accordingly MrMiillhow Arnold oLstI
tutu HII essentially middloclahs community At
all events It will bo fuuml n loss bewildering
and Irksome task to adjust our oomluct to ex
plicit teachings I and peremptory warnings limn
I to tho rnnilom hints collected by tho patient
student or English novels
ip His natural Hint the author should devntohls
first chapter to tho etiquette of cardleaving
letting that tills observance forms the t ground
work or corer stone of all polllo acquaint
anceship A ladyri visiting cinl wo ant told
t should bo thin I and without glace and na re I
irards size thruo and I half Inches In width br
two and a half inehei In depth Tho saino
thing may bo said of a gontlomanB card except
that tills will bo much and
1118 wi le very Ilch narrower mil
comewhat shorter In both cnaca tho nnmo
I should bo iirinted In tho centre of tho card nnd
the ndbrcs In the righthand cornor the typo
4 being Biniill olonr copporplntp freo from any
kind of embellishment In rospoct of ornamen
tal or old EnglUh letters Tim gentlemans
name should bo printed thus Mr Smith
the Christian natmi never being nddod unless
to distinguish him from his father or elder
brother To hnvo printed on tho card the
r Christian nnnio and surname without tho pro
lix of Mras for example Francis Bmlth
would bn wo arc assuredft glaring auleolmm
L nml In tho worst possible tnsto also Initials
nppertalnliig to honorary rank such as 1
L 1 Q C Ac i should noTer bo printed nor
written on n enrd Military or professional
it tlleB such ne Col Drown HOT II Jones
t Ac ore ot course nlwnys used Indeed Tim
Honorable Is the only 110 thnt Is novel seen
1 on n visiting cnrd Thus Tho Honorablo
Henry flmlths card would bear the words Mr
Henry Bmlth only Wo may add that n Tho
g preceding tho title of I poor IB not employed In
cuchncaso In London society vlsillnir nurds
I k cnn novor be sent by post nnd only under ex
eoptlonal circumstances can n servant bo nl
I j lotvcd to leave thor Ann rule both gentlemen
I nnd ladles must convoy thelrenrds in person A
t married lady however besides her own card
leaves two of her husbands ono being for the
mistress cm ono for the mater of the house
If the mistress of the house Is at home the lady
cnlllnir must on leaving leave two of her bus
bands cards on tho hall table In A conspicuous
i filnco She should not put thorn In tho card
basket or give them to the host if ho
wcro nt homo and pollto enough to es
cort her to her cnrrlnco neither should
mba leave them tho drawingroom tablo
In leav on ornwlnaro m or
offer them to her hostess nil of which perform
ances would bo very Incorrect but alto mluht
In the halt hand them to tho man servant
ellontly or Bond them In by her own servant
after taking her seat In her carriage She
must on no account however liavo her own
card on the hall table whon sho has herself seen
the airy of tho hOI If bite lady cnlllni wero
t occompanled by her liusbnnd and found her
friend nt homo the husband on withdrawing
1 would Iravo ono of his own cards on the hall
T tablo for tho matter of tho house which would
be tho only cnrd left on this occasion I there
t were dnuchtnrs the lady vIsitor would when
leaving cards turn down one corner usually
r tho rluhthnnd corner of her cnrd fur them
Again if thre were ons the lady would lore
Bopnrato cards of liir husbands for thorn To
< irritu the name of tho R nli > man or lady for
whom tho cards arc Intendod would Im wa are
< Iro
it assured n monstrous solecism save In the ex
ceptional enso whcro porsons arc aUiytn ntn
crowded hotel For ruling ladles to hno vUlt
i lag cards of their own would ba deemed
Intensely vuUar Their names with the
words MlHa or cite Mlcsca Invariably
prefixed ara nlwnss oriutod beneath that
I of their motliT on her card or In the
enssof there being no mother living beneath
that of her father on tho usual ladles visiting
card but never on the smaller cnrds uatd by
gentlemen Tho same rule would apply to n
brother and sister residing alone Tho send
fag of funeral and of chrlfltxnlnc cards Is en
tirely Inadralstlblu In food Hoclvty h prac
tice also of gentlIng wedJIiu cards Is out of
data tout the doing BO would now nppenr across
cross anomaly In tho eyes of the InuhlonnblH
World Wo may mention further that cards
both In town and country should always he left
between 2J and Gi the most corrocttlmo beingS
between 3 and 5 oclock Wo need
S btwool3 oooek Icod scarcely add
that cards must always b returned within n
week If possible or ten dMa at lruett 1 after
toy havo boon left and thnt care must be taken
t return tho calls or cards according to the
etiquette observed by the visitor In other
1 words n call must not bo returned by I card
I only or a card by I cell This Is n point I
oems about which English ladles are ex
tremely punctilious
Morning i > nlla to which another chapter of
1 this volume In consecrated can bo only inndo
bctwoon die hours of three and six oclock
From three to four oclock wo learn IB the
ceremonious hour from four to five tho semi
ceroraoulous while from live to six Is the wholly
friendly and unceremonious hour On Sundays
I ladles never pay ceremonious culls mid for n
I I mere acquaintance to call on that day would ho
I viewed In the light of a liberty Hut Intimate
t I frlcuda are npt to make I an especial day fur
t calling When tho mistress of the house Is nt
2 homo n Indy or gentleman must on no account
gIve her or Ms 18111 card to tho servant I
would be u flagrant vulgarism to do BO For I
gentleman to leave hIs hat In thu hall would be
e In tho worst taste Ho must take It with him
Into the drawing room and hold It In his hand
d or place lion 1 chair or table not on tho
Door The author ot this volume not hav
t ing lie American middle classes before
Ills oyus docs not thInk It uocosary to
tt odd that the mistress or master ot the lioiife
muni I under no circumstances offer to relieve
the visitor ot lila hat When goiitluinun wear
cloves which uowndnys in England they sel
f 1 dom or never do In the country except when
J driving ant In town almost as seldom they
would draw oil tho righthand glove at Icndt
before entering tlo drawing room though If
for Bomo reayun they preferred to remain
f gloved they of course would offer no apology I
r I nppoura that ono American soleciEin U com
mon among the English middle classes for the I
author gone on to say that tho hostess mufct not
AL oat hor visitor to bo seated nor to take a 1
Beat nor whore tie or she would like to tit I
a 4 Ac but must nt once sit down nnd expect her
fI visitor to do the same which if ho or she In
V well trod will forthwith bo done To ask a vis
itor of either sex If i us sho will take
le olhor I or wlinke any re
Irishmen Is a plain breach of good nianmis
l though I tea arid biscuits happened to tm
1 brought In whIle tho visitor was In the drawing
r room they would naturally be offered Wu s iim >
note hare that plates nnd dollies are not uxed
In gool society at afternoon loa to Uho Iher
would bo esteemed bnd styls I n scond
I visitor arrives before the Crst caller loaves tho
hostess should In no cano Introduce them un
less ibis
hiS some Tory peremptory reason for
doing so neither should sho bo at talus to draw
both visitors Into the conversation unless nwaro
tat ttllo two would be likely to nppreclat each I
I I u ethnr The obvious truth Is that It Is I tut duty
It Of the first visitor 1 take leave very Sol after
L riral of the second I two visitor olths
two ladles or two gentlemen hnd not sol n to t
each other during thin ell they would not bow
on leaving It they haul conversed with each
other without Introduction they would
nliltrollucton on no
accountrhiitko hauls lint would merely bow lld
oven It I f limy had been formally Introduced I they
would still only bow unices the icunhnttmieu
had progressed Into Biiddiii Intimacy through
previous knowledge of each other With tho
hostess on tho other hand each guest would
Invariably shako hands on leaving
There Is no feature of American manncts
ngnlnst which English people luvulgh more vo
hmnontly than I our practice of making Indiscrim I
inate Introductions Our author several times
Insists that In English society n lady would never
< I roll of Introducing I two of hor I uiiiualntances
merely bocaueo they happened to meet In her
own drawing room tin lean they tutu each ex
pressed a dudlro to know ono another Tho
universally received rule Is to consult ho
wlslie of both persons on tho vubjoct before
making tho presentation Acquiescence having
been given tho lidy of toner rank must be In
troduced to the lady ot higher rank and of
course n gentleman Is always Introduced to a
Indy as thus Mr A Mrs 1 To repeat tho
names In n reversed manner Is deemed unnec
essary and vulgar I Is not usual for ladles on I
being first Introduced to shake hands but only
to bow yet thiro mire oxcootlnuH to this rule
For example If I lady of higher Ilk or nodal
position than tint other wero to offer to shako
hands It I would ben coot nIh tititit arid a mark of
frlondllnci on hor part nail the mlntressof n
house will always shako hunds with every ono
Introduced to her In her own homo At dinner
parties III Is not customary to make general In
troductions though the host or hostess would
naturally present I gentleman to the Indy
whom ho Is I to take down to dinner On lie
other hundlo Introduce gentlemen to ono an
other over their wIno after dinner would bn
deemed entirely tmnneubsnry nn they would
convoriio with each other n > n matter of course
In like manner nt country house parties ns
well as afternoon tell and nt homes It Is
quito within thu rules ot etfiiuctte for lie guests
to talk with one another Inclined to do so
but tIm act of so conversing does not constitute
nn acquaintanceship Lathes for Instance
would not bow to uieh other after exchanging a
few polite remarks at u 5 oclock t en or garden
party unless there wore Homo particular social
link between them to warrant their so doing
In which case the lady of higher position must
always take the Initiative
It Is dinictilt 1 master the etiquette of walk
Ing and driving from the inndom hint In
Kngllsh novels nnd accordingly American
young ladles perpetrate some blunders on this
scorn In London Married lathes can I they
please walk out unaccompanied and unat
tended bill they must never do to iu places of
public resort such as tho imrk In town or the
promenades of fanhlonablo watering places A
young lady would on no account walk by her
self but would bo nccompaniod either by n rela
tive or governess or falling thiuse would be at
tended by n ladys maid Huh restrictions
we need not bay do not apply to the secluded
neighborhoods of suburban towns where un
married ladles may with sumlent propriety
pass from house to house ot friends
DIS hOISl1 o frllll or rela
tives who nestle In thu near vicinity of their
own homes As regards the recognition ot ac
quaintances wlilla walking or driving 11 Is ot
course tIm ladya privilege to tflko tho Initia
tive and It has of Into become tho fashion In
England for Indies to nod rather than how to
their mat a lunlllleM making I short de
cisive movement of tho heal only Instead ol
bonding the neck At 1 watering places or In tho
park and In all public promenades It Is usual
for gentlemen to join ladles with whom they
nro acquainted and to walk with thorn for n
short thou lullll Is a mlMiko to suppose that
ladles and gentlMivin whether related or not
over walk arm In arm nl the present day in
England unj ss tIm lady Is rn elderly one or
rcauires support
Perhaps the worbt stumbling block encoun
tered by American heroines of Intornntlnnnl
episodes Is I hit colloijalnl application of titles
I Is doubtless n pluabiint thing to chat with n
lord but It Is painful to learn afterward thnt
you bay made a point of addressing him after
time mannerof his tradesmen his valet
mnlur hll or 11 1lllt In
thisflold of social discovery the moat assiduous
student of fashionable novels Is apt to be led
astray 1or either as in I the case of Thackerays
Henry Esmond the forms of address are
antiquated or olse the authors opportunities
have been confined to middleclass society
whoso Lnowlfldt1 ot thn ubjuet hum deplorably
defective It so happen thnt the colloquial ap
plication of tltlia dlirent materially from ttiolr
employment under other cireumhtnncw nut
Ibo young ladles unaccustomed to convento
except In dream with tho British aristocracy
are now and then ut a loss is to whether they
shoulder should not make UFO of the full title
in addressing n peer ot tho realm Wo need
not say that they are racked with n far
moro poignant anxiety whoa fortuno has
placed thor for nn hour In tho company
of n royal personnel1 To commence with
tim hIghest lady In the Brllsh realm the
fender will bear In mind that she Is mover ad
dressed ns Your Mnjontv nor ns MadAm
by tho members of tho aristocracy and of
nil classes ot gentry but HS Maam only
The Ibid his nndgentlemen of her household nlso
address her R Maam On tho other hand
all classes not falling within the category ot
gentry such as tho lower professional nUll
middle ns well ns tha lower middle and
lower clnssfs must always address her us
Your Majesty nnd never R Maaui Ho
too the Princess of Wales and all the princesses
of the blood roynl nre nddrooscd as Maam by
the rlBloerncy And gentry amid us Your lloyal
Highness by l other classo The 1rlnco of
Wales lie PJI Dr IMInburab and all princes
uf tho blood are addressed us Sir by tho
aristocracy and gentry and never as Your
Moral Highness whereas the latter form of
address muet be used by ill classes but those
just named lu lnukind a foreign prince or
princess would be addressed colloquially by tho
aristocracy and gentry not us Sir or
Maam but as Prince or IVInceen and
by all other clauses as Your tcreno Highness
An English duLo Is addressed in conversation
as Duke by tIm aristocracy and gentry and
notorns Your Grace tho latter style on the
other hand must bo employed by the lower
classes Ot courts the same distinction would
be made by persons conversing with an English
iluehuss An English marquis or marchioness
would never be addressed colloiiulnlly as Mil
nuls or Marchioness but as Lord Angle
yuu or Lady Anglesey for Instance by the
upper classes and by all other persons as My
lot Your Indyshlp Ac The same remark
applies to earls vIscounts nml barons
They and their wives are nddrebsod In conver
sation ns Lord Ktnnley or Lady Hpenccr by
the aristocracy aiwl gentry and ns My lord
or Your lordship Ac by nil other classes
Fora member of either tho aristocracy or gen
try to address nny titled person whatever ns
My lord II Mv Indy Your lordship
or Yom Illh hill would be 10 evllco n total
want of knowledge of the usages of society I
Is true thnt sumo noblemen familiarly speak of
their v > ivea to Intimate friends an My Indy
nab Unit wives arid children occasionally speak
of their husbands and fathers ai My lord
Hut Ills Is 1 plcca of home circle familiarity
nnd Is besIde the question of tl < juetto altogether
1 Is I n common error with fashionable novel
ists of a certain class when dealing with earls
daughters an entrancing topic to the llrltluh
middle classes to speak of them by their family
names only mind entirely to Ignore their Chris
tian names I Is a frequent blunder also
with authors somewhat better Informed to rep
resent persons only slightly acquainted with
tho young ladles as addressing them on Lady
Constance or Lady Gwendoline for exam
plum omitting thus family name Tho fact Is that
the daughters of dukes marquIses and earls
are addremod by the upper losses by their
Christian and family names combined with hut
prefix of Lady Thus to her mnlntnncsthe
daughter of tb Mnrllul of Anglfisey would 0
Lady Florsnco Paicut and only hr Intimate
rlenJs would style hor Lad Fl rel00t Too
Kama ruM mult b observed In addressing tho
younger Bonn ot dukes and mnniulscs only
those well acquainted with them being author
Izod to say Lord John Instead ot Lord John
Hupaell Wo scarcely need add that time wife
of such n person would ho nddrehscd by the
Christian nnmo nnd surname of hor hus
band or In tIme case ot Intlmato ncaunlntnnccA
by her husbands Christian name nlono In I thu I
ono Instance sho would ho Lady Charles
Iluimth nick II I time other Lady Charles At
for thin courtesy title of HnnornMa borne by
the younger boos of earls viscounts mutt
barons and time daughter of viscounts and
barons It Is never used colloquially under nnr
clrcumslnncoB I must never na wo have
seen b printed on I visiting I card nor need I
bo employed by servants In announcing Mich
persons In drawing roome Baronets wo nocd
not say nrn the de pnlr of Frenchmen and even
Such careful Fngllsh noell ns Thnekoray
has cnslomlly fallen Into error In tine colIc
1mm hal application ot tholr I names Ilythonrls I II
tocrncy and Kntrr bnroncls nro ndilnwpd lly
their t title t coupled with both their Christlnn 1
nnmo ant surname asHlr 1itt Crawley but
by their titles and Christlnn names alone by nil I
other classes To gIve n baronets wife the
Chtlttlati na well ns tIme surname of her hus
band nn thu Iady William Ilarcouit I In
stead of Ladr Jnrcourt would bo I iro a
blunder since it would bo tantamount to giving
hor the rank ot the wife ot the younger son of n
duko or marquis to which sho Is far from tie lug
I would wo nro further Informed bo very Ill
bred for the wife ot I commoner to nJdrocs her
husband colloquially by his surname only as
Urown or hlarmgs or to speak of him to third
persona without the prefix of Mr Tho wives
of commoners would of course address
their husbands by their ChristIan nnnvs
only On the other hand peeresses
Invariably address their husbands and npcnk
of thlin to tin I nit persons by I hue lube nltnchod
to their title In place of using their Christian or
family I name Thus time Etrl of rut ntsh Ire
would bo styled Flintshire I without tho pro
lix of Lord nut such wn need not say would
bo his usual signature The wives ot baronet
or knights do not thus address their husbands
but would speak of or to them as Sir George
or Sir John
Wo do not know that our feminine renders
are specially Interested In the etlquclto of
drawing rooms nnd levees neverthe
less us sOle of them Inv contemplate a pres
entation at llucklnghnm Fnlnoo It may bo well
to notice soiumu 01 our authors suggestions on
theso heads I will doubtluss prove agreeable
to them tc learn that their chnncca of securing
this privilege are nt nil event decidedly hotter
thanthose of Englishwomen In
thlulhoso Hnllshwomel precisely equiv
alent positions For Instance hue wife of tho
largest manufacturer ot Iron silks or woollens
or of the most opulent grocer or retail dealer
In dry good la hopelessly cut oft from the
prcsoicoof hor sovereign Indeed true line Is I
so rigorously drawn that wino person actually
engaged In trade or Industry even on the
widest lsculAlo obtain n presentation tho privi
lege would bo cancelled nn 6001 ns tho Lord
Chancellor was made aware ot tIme nature of
his occupation So too If anything Improper
In the persons moral antecedents Is discovered
tho presentation Is cancelled ns was done In
tIm easo of Lady Twles Notwrthstnndingthese
rentilctlons t the word sultry has become I
much moro ulastlj than It used to b coil nt
present covers not only the famllesof eountry
gentlemen nml persons belonging to the mili
tary naval mutt clerical professions or to tho
Inns ot Court but nlso time families of
wholesale Importeia of foreign products
of bankers arid lastly even of mem
bers ot time Stock Exehange It may
further bu obsnved that wealth nnd nssocla
tlous as well ns station and birth have fiom
thing to do with time use of 1 Inn privilege For
Instance thou wife or daughters ol nnoflleorln
the lan or in I blue regiment whoso means
were slender nnd whoso position was obscure
would noll bo justified In attending tho Queens
drawing room and this remark npplies
equnllr to tim wives luc daughters of clergy
len barristers and others similarly situated
A lady having been presented has lie privi
lege ot nttuudlng tinny mbhoiiuent drawing
room during the remainder of her life unless
eoruo change occurs In her octal position that
is to say a young lady presented before her
marriage would need to have tho ceremony nu
newed afterwardMno tho question of her bus
bands nodal status would need Investigation I
Tim Knmo rule IB foMoivtd curiously enough
oven though her station should Ijavo been man
ifestly Improved ns on tho accession of her
husband to any title Wo may say hero that n
lady Is not expected to attend more than one
Urnwins room out ot the four held each
year Provided she has once been dulv pre
sented It Us not necessary to Inform the Lord
CliatnlwrUIn of her Intention ot attending on
Bubflcuuent occasions At these lmO too she
does not kiss tho Qieenu hand ns at hor pres
entation but curtsey to bur only ns she passes
Neither nooJ Bho then woura white gown na
she must do If nn unmarried lady nt her pre
sentation ant It Is also the fashion for married
Indies to wean white on thnlr first appearance
nl n drawing room 1 Is oompulbory both
married and uunmrrlod women to wear plumes
lie formers plume consisting of three white
feathers and thin hitters of two A lady must also
wear either beet lappets or a tullo veil tho for
mer being tsa rule nnHiimKl by tho married
women and tho latter br tho unmarried The
wearing of low bodices Is also indlspeneable
iilthough upon certlllcuto from physician the
Ivoid Chnmborlalu will bometlmcs grant an ox
ciupUoii A gentleman may occouiiuiuyhis wHo
or daughter I drawing room If ho had been
previously presented nt a levee but It Is lef un
usual lor him to do so nut the Queen hns ox
pressed n distinct wish that drawing rooms
should he attended by ladles only A presentation
to thu Prince or Princess of Wales nt n levee or
drawing room Is equivalent to a presentation to
her Majesty On the other hand a presentation
to tho vlcercgnl court In Dublin would not
entitle n lady to nttend her Majestys drawing
room Thnt seems Intelligible enough but 1
la a curious fact that n presentation nt
llucklnghnm Palace does not entitle a lady
to attend n drawing room held at Dub
lin Castle Neither docs It follow byany means
that I presentation toherMajoety entitles u per
son to Invitations to either of the State balls or
concerts two ot cnch being given during the
season at Uucklngham Palace It ouhl
1ucklnlhlm Inlle 1 would bo
even moro absurd to suppose that persons who
hnvo been presented at drawing rooms ant
levees are entitled to attend what Is known Mi
court A couit Is a reception hold by hor
Majesty ant persons attend I by command of
her Majetty alone One or two courts at most
are holt each year usually before Litter nt
which tho lending members of the aristocracy
the diplomatic body tho Premier arid members
of tho Cabinet U1 mire received Ladles nnd
gentlemen who hall been presented at a draw
ing room or levee have the privilege of writing
their names In her Majestys visiting book nt
Buckingham Palace once during the season but
only when her Majesty iunldlng nt the palace
Bo far as than etiquette of dinner parties In Eng
land 1 Is concerned with the rules ot precedence It
has no particular Interest for us Some other
points however noted by our author may be
worth moro attention In tho llrst place tine Invi
tations In ruse the dinner party la to be largo
should bo Issued some three weeks or at least
fourteen days before the dny appointed For
this purpose printed cards must be uiod only
lie names dato hour arid address being en
tered In writing rite united names ot tho
host and hostess must Invariably be written In
the space designed for thorn I Is ot course
Incumbent upon the tin IteU person to despatch
an answer within two day at furthest In order
that n vacant place mar bo at onco filled
UP It ls not usual In town to InvIte
moro titan two members ot one family young
ladles being seldom asked with their parents YOlnl
to dinner parties but In the country this rule
Is not observed Quests should arrive within
fifteen minutes of the hour named which Is
usually oclock A lady would or course take
off tier cloak Ip the cloak roomboforo trolna up
stairs or would leave I In the ball whore also
atontlomnn would leave hla top coat hat find
gloves I ho happened to h wearing the hater
Tha reader will plonso take notice that
roalor wi VIOBQ tle 110 gen
tlemen do not wear gloves at dinner parties
Ladles on thin other hnnd must always wear
thorn and not remove thorn until Ranted nt
dinner Americans tnny further need lo bn re
minded that n lady nnd gontlomnn do not
enter flue drawing rnom nrm In arm nor
side ly flldo It would bo very vnlgnr lo t do
cither especially tho former Although tho
servant would nnnottnco Mr nnd Mrs A nnd
Miss 1Iho lady or ladles would always enter
tho t room In I advance of the gentleman It la
scarcely necessary to add that a gentleman In
variably ofiTera his right nrm to n Icily on taking
her Ilown to dinner I nnd the t lady will I sit on his
right hand at table On thin Continent thh cus
tom IB I reversed runt It Ifl tho ctluHtto for tho
lady to sit nt tho I left hand ot the gentleman by
whom site Is taken In to dinner The custom of
putting n all of paper or ornamented card
with the nnnin of thu guest In tInt place allotted
to each Individual I I Is now altogether exploded
In England arid Is never followol I In good
society the host would roninln standing
In I his place nt thin bottom of the tnblu unti I I tho
guests hnd taken their Mats meanwhile mo
tlonlngtho vnrloui comm tiles mis they enter time
dining room to tho places ho wishes them to
occupy When n lady ban taken her seat at the
dinner tablo alit would If minnie that some
time will bo occupied In romo Ing hor gloves
owing their numerous buttons mnlto room
for thin soup pinto before taking them off other
wise the servant would bo nt hor elbow offorlng
her IOU 1 before slit had removed tIm bread numb
napkin Tho menus will of course bo written
nut In French nnd I n irnmi holder or
mrall china slute Is not used the din
ner carl will b plnced upright ngnlnst
n base ot flowers or In some conspicuous
spot lacing tho couple for whoso use It Is
Intended Unless however hero Is nn nbtin
dant cholco ot dishes the IBO of menu cards
would bo absurdly pretentious Before follow
ing I tin I dinner I In I some detail It I t may bo well to
touch another point on which the reader will
perhaps like some Information 1 U n blunder
to suppose thnt I dinner Is Intended to bo n suc
cession of tuteatctcB t I Is solely n matter of
Inclination whether a Indy nnd gcntleumn who
have genie In to dinner together converse with
each other only or with their right and left
hand neighbors Whether acquainted or not
with time latter they would I familiar with thud
usages of good society converse with them oc
Ills l no longer correct to hnvo tall flowering
plants or largo Jporgnes placed on hut table
or anything that would obstruct the view ol tho
vIsiVvK and preclude possibility otgonfrni I
conversation Bearing In mlud this restriction
as to height you may decorate tine tablo with
Ilowers only or you mnyndd fruit nnd French
confections n but I thin Russian fashion bu fol
lowed t In IU rigor no part of the denser save tIne
fruit can b placed < lol the table For tho pur
poses of lighting wax c indies should bo used
nnd possibly Inmpa with colored slmijes never
gas under nnr elrouinstance 1 la hnrrtlr
worth noting that however hndsomo n cruet
stand may be It should never be set upon
tho dinner table neither should elude
cruets bo placed nt different
dllerolt corners
but they should ho handed round on
n nlvor by n servant That such things should
bo required nt all will bo soon to Imply n reline
lion t upon the cuisine of 1 lImo host Tho earn
exception might l theory he taken to saltcel
lars but the u < ajo Is thftt these should bo
ranged tho length ot the table one saltcellar for
two persons What Is known as tho cover
that Is to par the preliminary tablo cqtilpaga
laid for each peison consists of the following
nrtlcli1 Two larpo knifes and n silver knlfn
mini fork for fish n tnMepoon for soup three
large forks nnd glaiaes for sherry for hoek
ant < I for chatnpajuo Tumblers or goblets for
water lire not used nt dinner parties but nro
kept on tho sA bonrd In case they should
b rcnulrcil Fish as wo have Intimated
should be anton with n sliver fish knife
amid fork the use of n fork and crust of
brent being now nn unhonrdof war of eating
fish In polite society In eating asparagus n
knife rind fork should bo used lie correct thing
being to cut off Ito points with n knlfx and eat
them nsyou would senkalo or any other vegeta
ble I is no longer proper to hold the stalks In
tho llngoin letwo MInd nnd cucumber thla
distinction Is observed thnt the latter must bo
eaten ofT the dinner plate and not on nfcupn
rats tide As regards dessert jollies blanc
mange and Iced puddings must be eaten with
a fork and never with 1 spoon on the other
hand ices proper should be oaten with a Kohl
or silver Ice spoon In eating cheese email
morsels of him cheese should bo placed with the
knife on small morsels of bread theInttor being
conveyed to tha mouth with tho thumb nnd
linger Cheese should never b touched
by tint fingers nor conveyed to the month
by tho fork much less by tho knife
Tho notion hint the table cloth should
bn removed for dessert Is entirely exploded
Touching the eatIng 01 fruit wo may remark
that strawberries and raspberries should never
b brought on the tAble hulled after tho
American fashion Thoy should bo placed In
tha mouth by tho stalk which Is then laid on
tIne plato from tIme linger I cream Is eaten
with them n spoon ls obviously needed for
copnratlne the fruit from tIne stalk nud prepar
ing It with the cream Doth knife and fork nro
used In eating pines and s with pears or ap
ples whicli are peeled and cut Into iiuartcrK
Although the fruit maybe plnced on Ibo table
the guests will on no account help themselves
miring true lessen uui cacu uibii win II < taken
off In turn by thu servants and handed to them
If liqueurs nro given at nil they should 1m h
served on asmall silver solver Immediately after
the iocs hnvo gone round The butler would then
fill Iho guests glasses with either claret or
sherry These are the usual wines drunk ut
dessert In England port and mudelrn being no
longer fashionable As regards dinner wines
ono glass only of sherry Is served alter soup
and ono glass of hock or chablis with the oysters
or with the fish but not with both Champagne Is
drunk Immediately after tine first entree ant BO
during tIme remainder of dinner until dessert
I being offered tOrso or four times It Is not
usunl for ladles to take wino every time II Is
prafforred thor by the butler neither are they
supposed to require a second glass nt dessert
In no case will n lady help herself to wine
On tlslng to leave the dining room a lady will
not put her napkin on tho table but will leave
It unfolded the chnlr sho baa
Ilnrollool vacated The
door will not bo opened by tho butler who
should have left the room before time Indies
withdraw and after placing n claret jug and
two decanters of sherry In front of tha host
Tho gentleman seated nearest time door or
quickest ot movement will ot course open tIm
door for the ladles to pass out and close It after
them 1 hns long censed to bo thus fashion for
gentlemen to tnko wlno formally with each
other eithor nt dinner or at dessert but tho
guest fills his glass or not according to Inclina
tion It Is now unusual to Bit over tha wine
more than twenty minutes at the utmost after
the ladles hnvo left the table I Is pleasant to
record however that tho wino commonly
drunk by gentlemen after dinner Is Bordeaux
of t superior quality and not dinner claret of
tha kind served during tIme presence of tho less
appreciative BOX
The five oclock ton has become n popular
form of entertainment on this side ot but At
lantic and moms account of this etiquette ob
served on such an occasion In tho country ot
Its origin may provo not unnccoptnble There
nro wo should premise throe classes of five
oclock teas There Is for Instance tIm largo
nnd ceremonious assemblage ot from fifty ton
hundred guests where professional vocal nnd
Instrumental tnlont Is usually engaged al
though the entertainment la not of HulTlclont
Importance to bo termed a concert There Is
again this semiceremonious gathering ot from
twenty to forty persons when Amateur
talent b i In
for the nrnuso
mont of tho guests and wo have lastly
the small or friendly tea of from live
to fifteen people whore conversation usually
takes tho place of music To each and all of
theo itatherloBi Invitation are lisuoil on tho
ordinary visiting card and lover on time flU
1arnt homo card The name of lImo person
Invited Is I written at Iho top In the right linud
coiner the words nt hOI being written bo
noath tho printed nnmo of tho lady Issuing tho
InvitatIon aunt hue hours four to i > ovcnln
hue left hand nt tho bottom of tho curt t Tho
word mufllo would b nddod at thin bottom o
tho card If especially good mualo were to bo
given and not otherwise Whllo five oclock
tons however nro Ihus Invariably styleit nt
homes upon the curd yet Iu n verbal Invita
tion I I I n icfcrrlng to the nit In I onmvursntlomn lImit
would always be spoken of as lIve oclock tons
In the same way nn after dinner nt homo
or reception Is nover termed nn cvenlnif
nifty onn card of Invitation though It would
bo correct lo say I ann going to n paitynt Mrs
Ari tonight and pedantic to muse In colloquial
parlanco the phrase I nm going to nn nt
homo Neither nro tho words nftirnooii
tehlul over uaod when Issuing written Invita
tions aunt Ito oM fashioned term kotlle
drum Is now chiefly to bo met with In tint
pngcaot thoso uovolNtH who evolve their knowl
edge of the fajlilonablo world out ot the depth1
of their own consciousness Wo may add that It
Is unusual to write 1 B V P In tho corner
of such Invitation cards oa It Is Imma
terial how many guests are present nt
thin chits of entertainment Wo many ndd
further that ntthouph Invitations to five
oclock teas Bro Issued In tho nnmo of hue
hostess only It Is I customary to Include tho
head of tho gucstn family In time Invitation
Tim sons of the house would bo Invited by
Hopnrnto cards but tho daughters would bo
named In I lie Invitations I Bent to their mother
Tho title of Honorable should novor bo put
on an Invitation card hut only on tim envelope
containing I All other titles are recognized
on Invitation cards but tho merely complimen
tary distinctions of 1C C B M 1 Ac
are not written on tho cArts but always on thu
envelopes In which thy nro i > nclob < il Tho
usual refreshments at large ceremonious ton
aro ten and coffee served from largo silver
urns slieriv champagne cup claret cup thin
broad arid butter fancy biscuits and cakes
potted game sandwiches fruit and Iccs
At smnller tens no fruit nor lees nro
given coil limo tea Is served In n drawing room
or boudoir Instead of nt n long buffet In the
dining room Wo Inv add that platca and
dollies are not used In good society at utter
noon teas unless ices fruit or sandwiches nro
given 1 n lady desIred to ent hoes anti fruit or
bread and butter she would of course romovo
her gloves but not If she Intended taking only
tea or coffee 1 la net usual for rt lady to take
moro than ouo cup of ten On such occasions It
Is unnecessary to tnko leave of thou hostess un
less sho Is a now acquaintance nnd tho visit n
IIrst olenl her houRo rmeithner would lImo hostess
ring to order tho door to bo opened for u do
pnrtln KUCat as alma would do nt mornlmr calls
Invitations to ovenlng receptions nro issued l
on regular rt homo cards nnd ono particu
lar hour is Mnt d 1 Iho reception follows a
dinner party given by the hostess no amuse
ment Is as n rule provided for the guests I
any royal perfconagoweio ell cte < or had been
present at the dinner party which preceded the
reception the words To meet her Heretic
Highness Princess B or Iho like would bo
written at the top of the Invitation card In
Mich I oas time most llslllul let of 110 11el
would bo prctentod by tho host or hostesj
to tho royal prsonngo and nt supper n tnbln
would beset apart for tho latter I In not usual
to take leave or the hostess or of the host nt re
ceptions nnd frequently guests do not return to
the drawing room after supper Cnrds should
always be left nithln n week by thoto who havo
boon either present at or Invited to evening re
ceptions aunt live oclock ten
Tho etiquette of ball rooms Is I moro rigorous
In English than In American society At n ball
young Indies must return to their Chltl r los
promptly after each dance or after paitaUng
of refreshment and It Is considered very hld
form for young ladles to remaIn away from
their chnperones for nnr length of time Neither
is it considered good style for a lady to prom
enade up nnd down anti around tho ball room
leaning on hue arm of her partner nml few
things nro accounted more vulgar than torn
couple to stand arm In nrm during tho pauses
of thin figures In n quadrille or while resting
during I valse A lady is careful also that tlio
partner doe not hold her right hand out
stretched In tho air while dnnelng For Indies
to tulLe bouquets with thcm o balls is now quite
out of date In good society although ultra
fashionable women 80lcl10 carry a large
bunch of violets at a time of cu v > hen such
flowers would be procurable only with extreme
diflleulty Programmes of dunevs nro never
used at London balls though In tho country
they are still offered Tha Invitations to balls
are written on Limo usual at home card the
word Dancing being printed In thin
worl 13nolf hehll corner
Tho word ball is never used on nn Invitation
card however grand the entertainment but it
would bo correct to employ the term In collo
quial reference to the occasion
I n member of the royal family or n foreign
prlncowero expected dancing would not com
mence until tIme arrival of the royal guest who
would open the ball with tho hojtcss or
If a princess with the host When a
Prince of tho blood wishes to dance with
any laity present with whom ho la unac
quainted hla equerry Informs hor ot hue
Princes Intention and conduct her to him
sayIng na ho docs so Mrs A m Sir or
M1 I Ims 1 Sir ruin Irlnnn irniiM luitv n neut t
offer her his nrm time lady would curtsey Inc
take I She would not address him until ad
dressed by him It not being considered eti
quette to do so When thin wish of n Prince Is
sIgnified In this way It la equivalent to n
command and is of course never refused
It Is said however thnt tho liuband
of nn American lady unacquainted prob
ably with the usages of tho aristocracy In
formed n Prlnoea equerry on a recent oc
casion that hula wife declined the honor of
presentation to the Prince We hear that thIs
performance was deemed n rnthor sills Pioco
of Impertinence nnd that its author has been
relegated to this mlddla clans of society from
which he haul emerged Hoynl guests are ot
course always received by thin host and hostess
nt die entrance of the mansion tutu conducted
to the bull room thom samo etiquette being oh
served on their departure Other guests do
nut tako leave of the hoMeds nt H Ijondou ball
though they would often do so In tine coun
try Wo may say hero that nt n Btato ball nt
nucklnghnm Palace ladles arid gentlemen arc
not announced and no ofllclnl inception Isne
oordad to thorn At tha hails on thom other
hand given nt Marlborough House thu PrInce
and Princess of Wales act as host and hostess
receiving their guests and Hhnklng hands with
them as they nro announced
The etiquette observed nt English weddings
Is Invariably hue same whether tlu > occasion be
n grand or n comparatively quiet one Vaob n
servo that many customs once tolerated urn
now entirely obsolete Buch are thom bridal
processions that used to bo formed In n
church but which are now thought In very bul
taste Bo also to havo groomsmen at n wud
dlng would attho present day bo considered n
grave solecism thuG host man being nllsufll
dent for tho purposo ot supporting tho bride
groom Tha custom of sending wadding cake
to friends Is nlso rigorously tabooed In good
society Tho seudlngot wedding cards to
friends Is likewise entirely out ot date nod
should not bo done by any eric with the faintest
pretensions to knowledge otthe world As to
Inserting the words no cards ns pail of him
announcement of n marriage In tim dally
newspapers or adding that the bride arid
bridegroom will bant homo on a given day
these would ba crowning vulgarism
Tho bridegrooms responsibilities nro limited I I
to pitying the clergymans tea which must be nt
loan 2r and Is usually luu and the eloiks
foe which must not ba less than K > nnd In com
monly 25to providing tha wedding tingn
bouquet for tho brIde aol bouquets fur hue
bridesmaids which ho causes to he sent to thaia
ladles Individually I on thn morning ot thud wod I
ding Ho must also make mirth bridesmaid n u
prc ont which la either aunt to her the day
before or ou tha meritIng of the ceremony It
Is strict otlquotto that ho should llkowlao fur
nish ncarrlnco to convoy hltnaolf runt lila bride
from the church to tho house whore thawed
dine breakfast la to tnko place nnd agaIn from
the house to thom railway station or to tine place
of honeymoon Hut thin bridal cnrrlngo Is tho
only ono which tIme bridegroom could possibly
bo permitted to furnish nnd ho must not pro
vide anything whatever relating to tho nrrnngo
mcnla for the woddltiir beyond thoao which have
beon mentioned
Kvoiyouo who Is Invited ton wedding Invari
ably makes thin bride a present this Is n ride
which must not bo broken If very numerous
and valunblult It not unusual to exhibit tIme
presents nt nn afternoon ten given for the pur
pose on tho day proUous to Iho wedding At
terwarti tInny arc of course despatched to the
brides residence but thcro It would bo ex
tremely vulgar to sot thnm npart for the pur
pose of showing them to visitors At n wedding
hronkfnst ladles novor romovo theIr bonnets or
lints amid hero wo may noto that the Introduc
tion of a gentleman to n Indy for lie purpose
of tnllng her down to bronUnpt on these occa
sions doctt not create nay title to n subsequent
acquaintance Ten nnd coffee wo need not Bar
must never bo served nt n wedding break
fast which na regards tine character
of tho meal might moro properly bo
styled luncheon At n etandlngup breakfast
decanters of sherry nro plneed on time table and
agcnttoman would ask ono of tIme servant In
nttcumtlmntce for ehiriunpagno for tIne ladrho hums
taken down nnd for himself Hut ntn sitting
down breakfast servant offers champagne
to tIne guests na ho would hnnd tho other wines
Dinner napkins or serviettes nine Imperative at
ntilttlngdown breakfast but are never used nt
n standlugup breakfast linger glasses nnd
dollies must novor bo noon nt either Hot or
cold joints are never given and If soup la
served nt nil It must bo done In covered soup
cup placod thin length of the tnblo Thu
bride leaves tho dining room Immediately
nfter tho formal healths have brett drunk
Two other points may bo noted namely
that In good society tIm honeymoon now lasts
no longer than n week or ton days nt the very
furthest antI that tho brides trousseau should
invariably ba marked with tine Initials of tho
name stun Is to take and not with hor maiden
nnnio It la true that If thin wedding failed to
come off nftor nil nnd nuch accidents have oo
currod oven In good society tho ladys clothes
would have to ba marked anew but this would
doubtless ba set down ns a sordid consideration
unworthy to find n place In loves young dream
Perhaps n word or two should hero bo Bald
about luncheon although this U nn unccromo
nou9 Inconsequent meal to which Invitations
are never formally Issued by printed cards un
less some especial reason exists for giving n
large luncheon party TIm usual mode of In
viting guobte to luncheon would bo cither by
word of mouth or by n written note of Invita
tion n weeks notice being the longest usually
given Mnny hostesses glvo their friends carlo
blanche Invitations to luncheon but ladles
aa n rude would not avail them
selves ot this Jcr emi < fc purler Gentlemen
on tho controly are expected to prollt by
tIme proffered hospitality without ceremony
since their presence nt nu hour whon ladles arc
usually In tho majority is very properly ac
counted n precious acquisition In town the
usual hour for luncheon is 2 oVlock In the
country it Is generally halt an hour cnrllor
Ladles never remove their bonnets or jackets
at luncheon and It Is optional with thin gentle
men to take their hats with them into hue draw
Ing room or to leave them in tha hull Guests
do not go In to luncheon aria in nrm ns at a
dinner party but hue ladles It rat and 1 after them
tho gentlemen Inn body In due dlnlnir room
however each gentleman would place himself by
the aIde ot n laity Nupklns aro Indispensable
at luncheon but flngor glasses are never used
Wu may add that soup and fish are never given
unless thu latter Is served In tho form of
dressed ilsh or ot nmaionnalse If the host
irene not present nt luncheon tIne gentlemen
would follow tho ladles to tho drawing room
otherwise they would remain for n short time
U is nltoother optional on ttiu putt of the boat
whether ho returns or not with his guests to
the drawing room Neither ten nor coffee Is
served after luncheon nml the guests are not
expected to remain longer than twenty minutes
alter tine ndjoiirnmeut from time dlnliig room
Only occasional suggestions mire offered In
tills Nolumi touching tha turns ot phinsu and
conventional foims of speech employed on this
or that occasion Trivial ns tho knowledge of
Much things may appear it does not come by na
ture and no amount of tact or Innate flnement
uvhil insure a parson ima outomed to society
against n vcrbul solecism Theso mnttcts how
ever havo been made tlio subject of n separate
treitioe by the author of thu small olume and
wo tuned make no further reference to them at
tins time Hut limo light pronunciation of Eng
lish propr names must need bo considered in
commotion with the colloquial application of
titles These territorial or family cognomens
are In I eomo sort the shibboleths ot thn English
nrlstociacy and ho who trips Iu using them
would naturally bo set down ns an interloper
born arid bred without the pale of veritable so
ciety Among the memos whone fepelllng gives
no clue to their ptouunclntlon some are fa
millur enough through tnulr use as hack Illus
trations Such tire M Cholmondoley pro
nounced Chumloy Mnrjorlbanks pro
nounced Marshbnnks Oockburn pro
uicmunccd Coburmi and Cowpem pronounced
Cooper AgaIn Molnwaring is Man
iierinK MoLeod Is McCloud In El
gin nod Olllott tho c la hard In GIf
ford aol Nigel It Is soft In Johustouo
tho t Bhould not bo sounded In Moly
ucux tIm x 13 sounded and tho nnmo Is
pronounced Molynoox with n very slight
accent ou tho last syllable In Vaux lie x
la also sounded but It la mute In Doe
Vaux and likewise In Uovereux In Ruin
Uetkolov and Derby Ito e has tho
sound of a Iu I far In Wuldegrnvo the
second syllable do should bo dropped unit so
should tine th In Ill ithi Dillwyn is pro
nounced Dillun and Lyvedun Llv
don In ConynghamMonsou Monk
ton and Ponsonbytho o tales the
bound ot u anti mount should bo pro
nounced ns Blunt the o being muto
Huchnn should bo pronounced Itiicknu
and Doaiiclerk or Ileaucloro la h Hodnro
thin accent being on the flrst syllable
Wemyses should lx pronounced Weenie
and DEresby DErnhy In MontKorno
rite the t la elided and tIne two o u ii ave
time Bound of u lie ncicent being on
the second sellable In Hertford tim
t I Is elided nud tho u has the I sound
of a In far Btinohnu chould bo
pronounced Striwn Colquohoun U Koo
boon the I ncunt being on the limit s ii utile
lleauchnmp la I lloachain aunt Coutls
la Roots Another formidable name to the
uninitiated is Dueliosne I which should ha
pronounced Dukiirn I let hu U nie should be
Ileetou and In Abergavouny the nv
Is not sounded Mouzies la pronounced
Myngos Knollys an KiionU Km
drs ns Sands Oowor ua Ourr and
Mllnoa as Mills Finally Dalztol should
bo pronounced Dtiunl with tho accent on
the llrat Sliable I Clint i itS la Iliirtom
ilnmls Is Cllarms l tloo liegan should
be pronounced Gujgnn nnd lluthvcn
la It ire nu Wo may mull that I the I accent Is fre
quently mlnplnccii In pidnouiifliii HiltUh
proper nimoj and a few of the woiu liable to
inistnki iniv bo lure tiutah In Tadeimf until
MlUais h the accent is nn thn Ihvt nylliblo
In rintmeaidu iiinl llreiuhilbiinu on tie
second whilu in lliirnntt llurd it Kn
naird Punell nnd Tiumnyno j die lust
sellable K h invented i Ah a inbi In a name of iwo
hllhlbln IhiiilVilIlt sll Mild lit pla ed Ulll tllil
llrst and the second should bn slightly Mimed
Wn need not say thnt alniM all of thn imm < H
which we have cited would bo maltreated
hv thui sj pursiiis who me vdueatnil through
thin eje without leferencn to thuum ear
who liixn I itil von had In I other words tho h op
portunity ni hearing them pronounced In good
siHtj S 1 would thu patient ntmlv of thin
ahiovi lust prove ot much uvall since thuuurum urn
hundfds ot oilier verbal stumbling blocks over
which the t youngHoDtonlan ambltiiius > if oh hln I
h rug In I thou Hrltlphenlloqulnl tongue would bitami rut
to Iliino to grief Under Ihesu iloloioti eireuin
blances tho question I nrlsofl wli lhnr It Is worth
whllu for Miss HoHslu Aldan and her proto
types In real llfo to devote much of their lime
to n fruitless uuderuklue M W H
mounts JIIUVT KMIXKXT rAttiiuTg
Although stories nro common concnrulnflf
thosngncltyof soino of tho lower nnlmnKone
Is hardly prepared for tho tale thnt comes from
time Stockholm 7n0M < iJi < of trial In thin court
ot tho town of MnlmO Sweden where n largo
grimy parrot wns Iho loading witness for tha TU
plaintiff anti carried tho Judge Jury mid lln Jf
Icners by Its volubility This bird was brought
to Norway by n whaler mini finally fell into tho
haudaof aladyof MnlmO who happened to bo
Indiscreet In her methods of education Not
contented with Instilling Polly wants a
cruckor U and such legitimate parrot lure Into
tho bliilu head she used It na nn object at
which to vent her feelings and BO the bird
booamo possessed ot Information that told
plainly that her mUtreps was very much of a
gossip The trouble began ono day as lady
came to call upon thin owner of tho bird Tho
lady was announced and the parrot catchlnjj
thom nnme rolled out Fru IMrs1 WI the old
fool sho wears n wig 1 and repeated It several
times Im W bocamo Indignant and accused
her hostess ol caching the bird the Insulting
words nnd finally left hue house In n great rage
It soon became noised about arid hue poor
woman finally took rofuga In tha courts antI
sued tho owner of tho bird for libel A writ wan
served upon tho bird nnd Its owner nud no
sooner did It hoar tIne name of Frtl W in court
than It screamed out tho telltale sentence re
peating It over and over again Time Judiro
jury nnd spectators wero so Impressed by tha
Btranga wItness thnt Its owner was found guilty
ami obllKod tn pay heavy damages
Mr Hubby tells of n p irrot Unit was kept none
n quay In n sonpoit town and hnd learned
many words and ejnculitory terms that are
used by saIlors and carters Tho word back
used by bit carters was n great favorite with
her One day observing n horsa nml curt on
the iunv sho yelled out Hack back uiph with
so much vigor that thn poor horse bucked off
tine quay and was drowned La Falllunt tells ot
ono that lived to the patriarchal unit of 23
years In bin best days this parrot bad boon
distinguished for his conversational powers
and he was so remarkably clever that he would
perform many llttln new when ordered to do BO
such ns fetching his masters slippers calling
tie servants and the like When he rnachou
thn ilpa age ot CO his momoryJ can tn fall
nnd ho confused and jumbled together frag
ments ot former lonrnliiK From this time lute
Infirmities wont ou increasing until In his last
days lie became perfectly decrepit and was
only kept alive by being fed nt Intervals
with biscuit soaked In Mudurla Figulur
mentions ft gray parrot that was purchased la b
Hristol nud its Intelligence was certainly won
derful It asked for things and cave orders
Bang several songs and whistled some nlra
very null beating tIne measure Whcnltinndo
n fnlso note It recommenced and never com
mitted the mistake again Again ho said
often when passing through thin Itue dcs Flour
cles Flammes nt Montpelller ha heard n parrot
which distinctly snug and articulated most this
molly two verses of song
In tlio Travels In Spain by the Mnrquls ot
Litnglu ho mentions n parrot that retained n
quantity of things nn Incredible number ot
stiurirsi and anecdotes which It relnted and ar
ticulated without hesitation It spoke Hpiiulub
murdered rench knew some verses of ttaclno
could say grace repeat tho fable of the crow
and count thirty louls They dared peaiuely
hang Its rage at thevtlndows for when It was
there and tho weather was line the bird talked
eenselftsly It repeated everything It know
potrophlzed nil pa sern by except woman
stub talked politic In pronouncing the word
Gibraltar it burst out laughing I a nut one would
think It was auian that laughed To a parrot
n certain Prlnon Leon owed his life He had
been condemned to death by hula father ami time
pnrrot took It so niuvli lo heart thnt ha re
pented without ceasing I Alnsl I rim y Mnstce
Loout and tim sorrow of tine bird male such
nn Impression on thu biutal father that ho re
leased hla son
M 1 Loiiarnt lelates n story of ono of theso
birds who took jnttleo In her own hands nuj
made such n hue nnd cry that I thin wholo town
was aroused In n town of Normandy a
butchers wife boat her child unmercifully every
das It oon sink under tho III treatment Time
jiibtloo ot man made no lemnnstrancn but a
giay piurot which lived In the house of n mono
maker opposite to tlmt of the Imtchur tools
upon horsilf thin chnstiemontof thin ii nu ru it mm ral
mother It eontliiunily lepeiited tho cries which
tlio poor cliild uttered when ho aw Ills mother
rush u at him I with the rod in I liar hand W liiit
for What for This phrase was uttered by
the bird I with such doleful u I nnd supplicating I ae
euuts that hue Indignant passersby uutet vd un
expectedly Into the shop anti reproached them
rope maker for his barbarity Ho justified him
Hclf by Hhowliig his parrot and relating thn his
tory of his neighborb child Aftersoineranntha
the woman pursued by the accusing phrnsm
unit time murmurs of public opinion vms obliged
to soil her Jlnefs and learu tho vlllngo ha
with nil their nolso and mischievous habit
they nro sometimes productive of good
King Henry possessed a right rojnl pnrrot
In more senses than one It spoko long fen
tenets of Latin ninth Greek sworn a limb In
Fniiclinnd wns n great u nil um i rum of diliiliau 1 I I
HIIIICH of which it knew n score It 1 t ivims in
variably kept In I a large room of the p il i e bor I
dering nn the Thamesmid niinda vvhuniuUnii
Ilium aIm unit a blrdnine view of the rvor U
foil over Into tho water indus toon as sue could
get tongue she scream d nut in 1 n loud voice
A bontl n bant I Twuty pounds to say me
A boatmuu immediatiily clove into th witer
aud nuts nblouibhud at flndlug Instead > f a man
thin Kings parrot Ho brought her ash re Car
ried her tn I u I huue King and claimed the n < ney
the bird bad offered which was read In given
him Jt Is also lelated of this bird that nh un
extremely young nnd mudcbt nobliimnn was ad
dressing thin King shu ncreamod out See flueS
fool blush I and BO disturbed the young ortou
that ho was forced to retIre In confusion
Wo have seen n pnrrot Bays Button which
had grown old with his master and partaker
with him the infirmities of ago Aecutumod ten
hear ItttlH moro than the words Im ilwhoo
asked how lire you Poll how are you It ro
plled In doioftil tones 1 illstretch
am 113 Itsoll u
ou the heuith The Mime author Ears A par
rot fiom Guinea being bought on tint juurncj
br nn old sailor learned huts voice aunt cough so
perfectly thnt they could not bn mistaken Al
though It had been gIven immediately to me
young person and henid only his voice It did
nM forget thom lesson nt Its former master nn < t
nothing wasso agreeable nstoihcur it pius Iron
a Street and pleasant voieo to Us old hoarseness
nail cough of early times Wo tiara heard ol
n parrot that was owned by a keeper of glass
shop and when ha or any ono happened to dron
nuithinc It cried out In tones of cniit rrcof
nnd anger Awkwuid brutal Ho uevir mhot
anything else Illind probnbly enught upthat
expression and tone hunt had boon Ihnnui at
some unlucky clerk in n former bouse mutt
used it to grint advantage Levalllnnt KIVT a
parrot turn over on iis back clasp its clan Its i
nn nttlinde of supplication amid rIpest tha
Loris Prayer without a single mistake and
Do La Horde relates that ho saw A parrot taLu
tutu lilacs of n chaplain nn board Stilt Shot
Mood up mind in n decidedly ministerial style 1
or stylo common to many minister reciter ther
prayer to the crow
Aeurious circumstance Is told of nm < iple of
pnrrots in London who wero owned by a hhop
keeper thobO proved of much nnuoynnen to
tho neighbors Ono bird was green the othetj
gray Thn green turret hnd been tluuht t
answer whenever he heard n knock at the
strut door the gray whenever there was at
ring at tha bell Thev only knew two hhort
phraseu hut they pole very distinctly The
lions hud n projetlng hlfnvhloned n I r iitfd
that thin lower floor coml not be seen rom the
sidewalk on tho same side ot tho wi flno
day when loft nt home alone they vveie hnni
Ing out nf a window when there canto n kn It i
at the door Whos thcro said the given
puiot ns wns his ofllee The man w th i ttiu
leather was the reply to whlcn the murh i in
Bweiod with his second iihraap Oh I Tlia
door not being opened as thin man op mid l ho
knocked ngnln YhoV thftro witngatn
asked D n you whos there unl thuS
utringer Why dont you omo i d > m i tee
vuileli he received thee nanin nnswer lii < hlu >
This ho enraged the t enller that I ho U OPIUM ibid
knnelinr nnd pulled fuiinul nt ui he I it0 i
Ml but this culled oitli from time gui imit u
the words Oolo tin gute To H il
sniil dim appellant UioHaw none and m
homn one was bantering him liin u <
imkiid ho htepi > liigont bo that ho iniifb e t Ida
InUilcviitor Newgate rrspondu I i Ullf
pill rot Jllst 118 Ills bpvilu VVliS dl eive u I
Itauins ciovvs ami IIIIIKIUIH tune v < i itnl
Inaining nml are niiioh murn i nteiin m i ua
pels thllll piiriotS lMllbd u Ib i failll 11 i V Ill
Oriu ottiiud bv ISiiuuby h I lludte I I un <
Poll Lull tiium kettle iii and well all i ta
and numoiuiib other ijiiiii hiDiugs ii > > Ul 1 >
> < n fail I ns DlekeiiH wn > extremely I > 1 ti I
niviiie nud In imniiigHuvural vmv ni ec
tuiil ones he had a numut i ohmen to ui i t eta
iu thuir diffuiunt inooUi In upoakii ui ijio
llrst Hint tim uuiviuul Im bits He hud li u 11 i tun
tint ns Ku 11 ugh EHii3 says of AII 1 fv
good gills I which he e luipluVfd u t t bv rt i iiiiJ
attention In a moat exiianidinary u nai > T
110 slept In a ruble ierailv on h i I k
nub ho iirnlUd a N < ufoundlnuil d > i > cue
pruteinulliral bxiaeily unit m he han Ui i l ito
hi hums iinuti MUieiloii mit nf his gtiniux > > lc
off uniiiolxjted with thi l n dlnnnr b t < r uS
fjie uf f nnother Im suits Furhiip 1 i i Cf
haw bun ut Inn bent foi In Conner miit i O
his dun with him and sum hut il Iwlshuiln luia
to IniiiM i out very strong I bn souoodii
him n drunken man vluch I nuvnr did mu
I unfoitiinntilyl none but sober ponpln itt imuJ
Oiifn J mnt him unexpectedly iihuut hH i < in 19 S
uhf talking down thn middle of the i > ubilo
Street iitbiiiUul by n j piito hirtn op > w unit
sHintnn < oU8ly exhibiting the vh < iln f 111ao
comidishmuntti His ginvitt under thntiviua t u
onloiil i 1 can never forgti iou theeura t i idinurf
galhllltl With Which ic n lining to bu I brigtt
homo hi defuudiid huimUf bcmnd n iuiap
until I I ovurpowured hv n mlers It mat luimne
been that ho wits too hi it lit n genius to I utultill
or It mil have boeii thai I hit I took snuiuihin u i nit
nlclous Into I ii hum nmw but after siine HUM I 1
yea rs ho WitS taken III I and died bef < ibis I
kitchen lire He kont his eye to this haM t utuf
tho meat UN It nm < ted I and suddenly I tiintou I V
over ou hlb buck with tIme cry of Uuokool

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