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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 21, 1886, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1886-11-21/ed-1/seq-3/

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xr u rats XXCRITHM intuit TIIBV lE
extra lutjit MTMKKa UAXILKH
Tk Lw r OdI N K ut le > Paver
Oe Tmne le loit r Or nl Hlfla uf Intel
14 > frI Father i Niums Illnilrnllcma
The young mnn who recently was tho can
didate of tho Massachusetts Democrats for
Governor owed hit nomination almost wholly
lo the act that ho Is the SOl of tho late John I
A Andrew who was one of the distinguished
Oorsrnors of tho war era Yet there it little In I
tha young mans character or Intellect to sug
gest that he Is I the offspring of one of the
strongest firmest most decisive and positive
of men John A ADd ril wits a man of con
ipleuons force of character and of Intellectua
rUt above the average of men Us was the
lat man In the world to b found one rear act
Ing with one parr and the next the candidate
of another Had the father been In character
und Intellect like the eon he would never hare
been tho Brent war Governor of MassachusutU
Yet young Mr Andrew will be found It we
look up the carvers of other aroat mens son
not unlike the great majority In that what Is I
known as tho principle of heredity soom to b
an exception rather than tho ruin In this coun
estimate It be mid that
try At a rough ostmato may b alid
lot far from nlnetr par cent of the men who
cave acquired tame bocauseof great gifts of In
Ulleot have been the sons of men of Inconspic
uous powers of mind while tho Bona of thcsa
men who achieved greatness have In almost
all cull In no special war Indicated anr In
Jjtritaneo of their fathers Brest abilities
i t Thsre are tome exoaptlonsnotably that of the
f Adams family Father and spn wore Presidents
of the United States and were mon of remark
I able abilities the son of the third generation
r Charles Francis Adam has had a career oml
I aensurate with his talents while the sons of
be fourth generation though not distinguish
ed In thefleld of politics have Inherited much
of the characteristic abllltr of the famllr
Charles Francis Adams Jr Is the President of
the Union Pacific Railway a place be obtained
through his faculties and not from family aid
John Qulncr who Is a man of ability aloe
cans little t make such direction of his power
N will brine him conspicuously before the pub
Uo while Henry II prone t hide his girts
Tho Sherman family Is another In which the
Inheritance or distinguished ability la seen as
the careers of Wm Mi Evarts the Hoar broth
er the late Goy Baldwin of OnDeoloul and I
his son Simeon B Baldwin sufficient Indl
eat In Connecticut too there Is the Wolcot
famllywhlcb urnlthed men of eminent ability
luring the Revolutionary epoch father aDd
IUrDI IvolutlolRry
4on having served at Oo irnor the son Oliver
being alto one of the signers of the Declaration
of Independence while the grandson Oliver
Ir was also Governor and the successor of
I Alexander Hamilton as Secretary of the Treas
ury Father son and grandson serving a
Governor of n State Is a record believed to b
unequalled In this country The Ellsworth
family of Connecticut also Indicates the trans
mission of Intellectual ability Oliver Ells
worth succeeded John Jay as Chief Justice of
the United States and though his descendants
never achieved great prominence they have
been notable for conspicuous gifts of intellect
Tne Grlswold family also of Connecticut might
be cited another example Matthew Griswolc
was one of the most conspicuous men in Con
necticut colony and Governor of the colony
His son llogerGriswold who wasalso agranu
son of Gov Wnicott his mother having been
Miss Ursula Wolcott was also a Governor or
Connecticut a Bnnator In Congress and was
appointed Secretary of War by President John
Adam Conspicuous among these Illustra
tions of Inherited abilities Is the Trumbul
family of Connecticut Tho tint Gov Trum
bull was a man of extraordinary force of char
acter and one of the notable patriots of the Key
olntlon His son Jonathan 1 Speaker of the
national House of Representatives Senator In
Congress and Governor of Connecticut Another
other son Joseph was CommissaryGeneral of
the United States during the Revolution aDd
died In office while a relative by collateral line
was John TrurabuU who was an author of ro
cute and wrote MeFlngal a poem that as a
merciless satire was regarded as of great ser
vice In creating sentiment against the Tories
and another relative was Trnmbull the paint
er one of wnosspalnllngshamisin the rotunda
of the Capitol while others bay been collected
and ew preserved Haven in the Trumball a building in
The West once furnished two Senators in
Congress whovere father and son Bonator
Dale Wisconsin and bis eon Senator I
podge of Iowa serving at the tame Ume
Simon Cameron stepped out of his seat In the
Senate t permit his son Don to step In and
three generations of Bayards have served con
ieontlvely in the Senate Today Senator
Voorhees sits In the Senate Chamber and bison
son Territory In the House as Delegate from Washington
But if we place side by aide with this list and
C perhaps a few other conspicuous Illustrations
that might b added n brief resume of tbe
career of the sons or many other men of dis
tinguished ability It will b seen that such
eases an the above are exceptional Take for
IDtaO Presidents asblngton Jeffer
son Hadlson Monroe Jackson have no male
descendants President Van Burens Hon John
was a man of extraordinary quick i
keen Intellect and brilliancy as a law
yer He was known as Prince John but be
was not 1 man ol steady purpose or of such
character 1 makes ability tel for its best
President Harrison son was a man lu no
special way conspicuous though tho grandson
the present Senator Harrison Is thought by
many to baa man of exceptional ability Yet
I there is no le son of heredity to b learned
Trout t3enator Harrisons career inasmuch a
William Henry Harrison was very far from
being a great miD and was elected to Ibo
Presidency for reaons with which his mental
character had vary little to do Jobn Tyler was
a accidental President and not a man ol
eomnvinding ability One of his sons is a
struggling physician In Washington and
another ba held minor places under the Gov
ernment Polk and Taylor bad we believe
no sons vFrnLklln Pierce lost his son by a
railroad accident soon after Mr Pierce s elec
tion The youth was regarded 8 giving
promise of great ability Buchanan was a
bachelor LfiicolnV son Robert in no way
whatever Physically or mentally suggests
bU paternity Ho seems lo have inherited
physically the short stocky build of the Todds
from his mother and their rather phlegmatic
mental constitution I was thought by many
that one of Mr Lincolns sons Willie who
died young gave promise of inheriting
one of his father remarkable traits ol
mind Andrew Johnson son was a man
of only average opacity while Gen
Grants three boys all certainly not dis
tinguished above their fell ws Fred leads a I
listless unambitious Ufa Ulysses Is a sort of
amateur farmer in Wcstoheater county while
fuse is following a quiet business career
Oeo GarfIeld bas ono boy Irvin who Is
thought to have Inherited soran of his fathers
literary ability but James and Henry Garfield
Though young men of fair attnlnmentsjjave
OUDI ItalDmentlJve
not discovered such mental strength at their
father bad Gen Arthurs sun Alan is n ant
dent In the Columbia Law School 1
Oolumbll Llw 8chol Possibly ho
may develop into a strong man by and by
laor Clay was greatly disappointed In his
uone He had hoped that his mantle would fall
on one at them but be lived long enough to see
that his hope was vain Daniel Websters son
Flnleher was I quiet somewhat scholarly gon
Ueman without a i single suggestion of the pos
issalon 01 his fathers great ability He was a
blt le WI
valiant officer during the war and was killed
In service Not one we belo It safe to kll9
of the men wbo so ably made history for us In
the past left tons who took up the work their
fathers left off and carried It on orl sUnol
ability The names we now hear and have
heard for a generation are new names None
01 taemi suggests me giants or old The bril
liant Tom KnluRa son is now a quiet lawyer In
New York TomBentonsgrandaonsare youths
of character but of no conspicuous ability
Clayton Dallas II M Johnson Wright and
Msrcy the Clintons lucia and many others
base bequeathed none of their ability
Mr Carlisle bas two sons who ablll practising
law In the growing town of Wichita Kansas
One of thlm Is thought to give promise of be
coming a great lawyer Mr Blame ha throe
sons One Is I In tie railway business In Chi
cago one Walker ha been able tn adopt the
habits sud life of people who move In irood so
chi with distinguished success but not as
yet has he developed any of the wonderfully
magnetic and stirring qualities that tiny male
his rather preeminent Another young Jim as
he Is I Called Is thought to have some 01 1
Illalnss ability though his exuberant youth
iui spirits nave not permitted him tn make
much manifestation of It 1 It be so That eo
centrIc but gifted warrior Gen Sherman bad
i looked Ji hr a car for his son which In
other fields mlcht equal hit own but the young
man has given himself to the lli of a ounl
the Church of Home John Sherman has no
children Through the Fwlncu the Shermans
end Blalno are related HO that It Is likely that
0 the bwlnc blood thonn able
1lnl tlo ablf mnn can In a
measure ascribe ther gifts hnustor Ilavard
will probably b the Insiof his family to bold
jonsplcuous public oflice vat least In ODIOOU
tlve line His son Is I an amiable conscientious
young man but with no taste at all for those
pursuits which made his father iincls thoe
grandfather famous Though appointed to
the p ace of Territorial Becretsry by President
Cleveland the office and politics Bsnirally are
Dot congenial to young pltclleOlralrr
The late Goy lluhbard of Connecticut
though l Dot well known oulido l < CDDIClout
except 10 the bar of the oountiy wia regarded
as one f the mol brilliant minds the Stale
bi produced of recent year He was n v
rconl eI 10 a I vrv 1
lawyer and a most delightful orator Ills
ion inherit nsithar these tastet nor capto 1
itlsi OPIo
bt He Is a brisk little business
man and
buys aDd sills brll IU Change HawliV
EJaal ° ° nUo Tatelr
SfiJiS 8blra now or Isv
I N IM fi BJU ltlY
J hil not iCBj CcuiUaa ua
I Questionably Inherits some of his gifts Ills
father Judo Conkllne wits an abut man
> Platt who Is I not 1 con nlauous Bonstor but Is I
I rogarded by his collenguot as n very able man
hon a son wbo though n fair average lawyer
IK I nt4 thought to POM e8 his fathers abilities
I Mr tvar his a large family o sons Homo
are In business one Is a lawyer ono In the
Church but thaugta some or them pbrsimlly
suggest the father DOD of them seem to have
Inherited from him exceptional powers of
mind Mahone who certainly In erl I
specti has had a remarkable career end Is un
questionably man of force has a son for
whom he tins oherlthod most ardent Hopes but
who hll HMllr hattrHd them thus far
Alexander Hamilton seems to have be
ijueallioil liunx uf Hint wonderful genius to
wnlcli so much Incur Government stands as I
monument lo lila chllilmn Hamiltons tie
atroyer Burr was a man of ability and
many thought of genius There was un
questioned Inheritance In 111 case us ho
was on thi mothers side a descendant or
Jonathan Edwards liurr had no sons but his
daughter was a most brilliant and accom
plished woman whose strange romance be
came a matter of public notoriety Another
descendant of Jonathan Edwards nan Thao
doro Wlnthrop whoso literary ability end
promise were not discovered until be won
fame 11 the writer of the brilliant article do
tnrlptlveot tho Seventh Regiments march t
Wauhlncton In Ififil Two months Inter Win
throp a the flrnt victim of prominence of the
bnttlennld In tho war achieved an Incidental
fame which was preserved by tho publication
of several volumes 01 novnlr
Those Americans wbo have won renown
through literary efforts acorn to have transmit
td only In exceptional cases their abilities
Irving was abacholor but PAUldlng and hoff
man and Coo per and Willis and Pnrclval anti
Emerson and Everett who wore of that early
literature transmitted no ability of that kind
Lyman Bencher who was a didactic and rugged
preacher unouestlonablr braueathed talents
to his children Inc President Dwight or Yale
is tbe grandson nf a former President of the
college and I man very like his grandfather In
Hcbolarly ability and a delightful sense or
humor and ability to gratify that sense In
others Oliver Wendell Ilolmess SOl 4 a ran
Judge Massachusetts with I legal mind aDd
no suggestion 01 the father In him Gen
Francis A Walker unauestlonably shows
heredity In his nhllltyasan economist for bin
father Amass Walker was a prolific and
thoughtful writer on economic subjects Tho
late Prof Hadley of Yalo was a lao of great
and varied powers or mind or whom I was
said that he could have written his Greek
grammar in Latin while be wa instructing
Irammar I In advanced mathematics His son
Arthur Hadley In beginning to win some prom
fleece as a writer on tho railway and labor
problems and Is at the head of tho Connecticut
Bureau of Labor Statistics Joo Jefferson
Is I one of a family titled with groat talea
for the stage but his sons seem to inherit
Ilitte of It Tom Jefferson bas acted In
minor parts but Is now engaged In the management
agement of I dramatic company with his
brother Charles who is no actor nt nil bu
n vary good huslners man Mr Hownlls Is
nr 10lvoll
said to have a daughter who reveals some lit
erary promise but his sons bent Is I eminently I
practical and be Is preparing for career asa
scientific man The lat Lieut Darby better
known as mlnl 1 Phamlx wee not a man of
special promise In the iirmy but his genius for
humorous writing which was quaint original
and spontaneous va widely recognized Ha
bas left a son another Lieut Derby In whom
the conditions are reversed for the young man
is of great nromlseasa military engineer and
while be appreciates humor is utterly unable
to crack a joke himself
The geniuses of trade too form no excep
tion to what se ms to be the law In this country
try William Vanderbllt was a cautious
prudent manager wbo having millions was
able t Increase them but lbs wonderful genius
of the old Commodore who grasped and solved
In a measure the Intricate and marvellous
problem of railway transportation revolution
izing traffic and business and making of steel
rails what was once thought to be possible only
for natural water ways great through trnfllo
conveniences was genius far different from
the mAr power of keeping Intact what was
created The Commodore was I creator anti
the eon a successful preserver Tom Scotts
prominent abilities are not found in tho gene
ration that succeeds him ExGov English
who has created an Immense fortune out of
nothing bas I son who will take prudent care
of bin Inheritance bat who would not claim
that ho could have made It William E Dodges
IOU are cautious conservative business men
but they are elmpy carrying on successfully
what helr father with another business eenlus
AnsonPbelps created Mr Goulds son George
under his fathers skilful tutelage and aided
by bis own good tense and correct habits will
doubtless ba able to assume successfully the
burden when his fatber cts auc081ruly of the
genius which created the great fortune I will
hardly b alleged A yet at least that George
1 berlts Nat Wheeler wbo built up the
great Industry of the Wheeler 4 Wilson sewing
machine bus a son who was content to be
placed In charge of one of the salesrooms In a
Western city Samuel Colts son Is a quiet un
assuming courteous young man who lives a
life or leisure and boa developed none of bis
fathers ability Jobn F Slater whose father
and uncle developed the cotton manufacturing
Industry In Rhode Island ably continued their
work and when be died left a million dollars
miion dolars
a a fund for the education of tbe negroes of
the South His son however seems but Ill
suited to business life and bas a decided bent
toward inn kindlier charitable duties of life
He has just built and presented to the Norwich
Free Academy 1 beautiful memorial hal and 1
his tastes and inclinations lead him to works
of benevolence I
In the busy world it will b found that nine
times out of ten the men who ore creating vast
Industries who are pushing aggressive and
developing new fields and setting Into activity
new energies are tho mAD who biivu come from
humble parentage from the farm and the
workshop or from behind the counter though
this last vocation s em to tend to tbe paralysis
of all energies Youth of enterprise seldom
stay there long The sons of business men of
lon Ius are in most roses conservative cau
tious prudent and not Ilven conPAralve stray
log out of the conventionality of their business
Had their fathers done the same they would
not have been the men of genius they wore
They Aro Ulcklr Important te > tiaal mt ike >
Blateenen K > wr Beeplae Tkean
from the Cincinnati enquirer
There are some fifteen or twenty members
of tbe House of Representatives who do not
draw their pay regularly every month but let
it accumulate In the bands of the Sergeantat
Arms to whom they give orders on the United
States Treasurer Among these is Congress
man Bill Scott of Erie Pa He bas not drawn
a dollar of his salary for tho
dolar lar present Congress
from the BergsantatArms and there is I over
180 to his credit In the office ot that official
Including mileage Ac The majority of the
members however draw their money regu
larly and In several Instances there are some
who have overdrawn This Is dono al tho risk
of the HergenntatArms and tho money ad
vanced Is that deposited with him to the credit
of those wbo have not drawn for several months
There arn a number who d li not draw a cent
from the beginning of a session until its close
when they gut it in a lump and during the
recess have I draft sent to them on the llrst of
each month for their salary for the month
previous There are some twentyflo or
thirty who draw quarterly or every four or
five months One or two take It but nncn 1
year and several only twice a year I is said
that ono Ohio member has not touched cent
of his salary as Congressman for six months
I Is also said that thn HereoantatArms IK In
a hole in the tune of several hupdrml doJara
in aicommodntlng one Ohio statesman who
will nut be a member lu the Fiftieth Congress
Cooper the Mount Vrnon district is one nf
those who do not trouble the HergenntatArms
very often but usually vets his money In the
shape of a draft for a good large figure So fnr
as other Ohio Congressmen are concerned thus
BorgenntatArniit does not keep on hand much
cash belonging to them an they keep their
bloDllu tllY ac
counts pretty evenly balanrod The system of
the BergHAntatArms in that of a resulnr bank
etabllHbment and a separata account Is
kept with Bach member 8epartolccUII
It tl Is said to be a remarkable fact that the ma
jority of the members from south of Mason and
Dlxons line live un to their salaries and <
many Instances some of thesu get their pay
discounted for several months In advance by
the city bank or get the SergeantatArrnsto
arrange It lor thor Usually these transactions
are mad by ibat official who advances the
innniiT Ho claims It Is stated that be gets tho
notes discounted by local brok rs or hunkers
1 hn transactions very In amounts from 1100 to I
Sa 000 per rear One Congressman Is said to I
lal i < got his salary advanced for I year He
had his life Insured for tbo benellt of the party
who arranged the transaction The latter was
thus protected In the event of tho debtors
death as any balance due a deceased Con
grussman or any extra pay voted on his ac
count Is paid tn his widow or some other memo
twr or his family
When a Congressman Is hard UP and wants
to sol his time he calls on tbe Sergpuntat
Arms or some other person In a position able
to accommodate him usually 1 hl n81101abll rllnpr
and executes Ills receipts on the United States
Treasurer for tile month that I hn liven he
would Iw entitled loinnii I > nuutnn us It Con
trtouman and mIles th > < m payable for tile
inHMOutiVB month rovnring the time for
which his wages are advanced Then he Is
required by his benefactor or broker to take
out I shorttime life Insurance policy so I
bat I he should In the moan time bo over
taken by the dread destroyer before the last
receipt matures he usurer Is mad safe by
be Insurance company Generally how
ever a number those who are hard up get
their notes discounted through the Sergeant
atArms The latter claims It is I said that he
gets them discounted In the city banks the
M > being the endorser but the
indIgent statesman secures that official by
having his He Insured in his favor These
transactions usually take place prior to a Con
greislontl election It U said during former
administrations of the office of Brgeantat
Arm of the House of Representatives the dis
counts for loans of this character largely ax
CMdtl tba ularr ct UU 8 izuata > Anu
A rf INtl IN TUB ttlllKKT
Tsm reed Vanr of lYw Turk Han
AnA nf tka Variety of Odl ie
Which tlS DenlTxIInvr mt iwv On
I Hero y are job Jot Wholl havo tho
next ono now cries a tough young man
standing behind a hand cart load of pocket
knives or carpenters rules while near by n
biglunged fellow holding n email tray alHul
voice t this misleading sentiment
Genulue Canterbury watch here only five
cents Wholl have another
Patent coldDinted doublenoting collar but
tons perfumery bananas white grapes shoe
strings and chestnuts venders of all these
things may bu found In tho same vicinity each
one trying to ontshout his neighbors in his
eagerness to make known to tho passing mul
titude the exceptional merits of his wares to I
b had now at several times less than the cost I
of manufacture because somebody with a tore
has failed to sail the same goods at a profit
It Is difficult to believe that nil tho nolso and
confusion occasioned by tho carA and cries of
tho peddlers hawkers venders and hucksters
In thl city Is made by only G671 men and boys
Such however is the fact Indicated by a study
o the books of tho Mayors marshal From
the din which tho hawkers make in crying
their warns and the frequency with which
their push carts nnd trays aro met In tho most
crowded thoroughfares ono would say at a
venture that there could not b less than a
million of these peripatetic merchants As it
is however probably not loss than 20000 per
sons nre dependent directly or Indirectly
upon the chance sales of these curbstone
venders whose names are nil In the Mayors
marshals books and whose license fees are to
thorn a tax Infinitely creator In proportion to
their volume of bunluoss than is I that which
Mr Jay Gould Is called upon to pay
Under the provision of tho broad and some
what looselydrawnlinv a huckster may peddle
from n wagon cart basket or tray any kind of
merchandise tho sale of which Is not pro
hibited or restricted by law Gonpowder
kerosene oil and liquors for Instance are
otherwise provided for and the street render
cannot handle them He may vend anything
from clams to jewelry and there Is truly noth
ing that may bo carried about in a big basket
trundled Inn hand cart or drawn In a wagon
that Is no tortured for sale through the streets
of New York
The army of licensed venders Is an Interest
Ing fraction or the citys population an army
whose ranks are constantly changing bv roe
son of desertions and volunteers The figures
Its close not
for the year now approaching are
ready yet of course but in 1885 from January
to January 1323 new licenses were Issued to
venders who peddle from wagons or hand carts
or vehicles of any sort For those licenses S
was paid in each Instance For the same year
the number of old licenses renewed was 2 i
for which renewals 6 cents each was paid Into I
the city treasury These licenses all permit
the use of 1 vehicle of some sort Tho licenses I
Issued to hand paddlorl during tbaaam period
numbered 1335 at S each and 439 hand
peddlers licenses warn renewed at 25 cents
piece The total receipts therefore from the
licenses or street reddlurs and hucksters of all
kinds for lout year were nearly 110000 and
they will reach that figure this year
Peddling from I wagon on a push cart In
volves the Investment a certain amount ol
capital at the outset and a man once embarked
In the enterprise Is apt to make n business of
It and year after year to renew his license
Some capitalists among the hucksters own as
many as twenty wagons each In 1881 lME
new hucksters licensee wore Issued and 2141
licenses were renewed In the f 5 class making
a total of 3543 for the vear In the year fol
lowing the renewals numbered 2574 and 1323
new llccnucs were Issued showing an Increase
of over 350 In the total number for 1885
In the socalled II clan which Includes all
peddlers who sell from the hand or from bas
hosts and trays 2271 nw licenses were issued
In 1883 the first yenrof the present law anaol
these but 343 were renewed in the year follow
lug In 1884 of the 1684 new SI licenses only
439 were renewed last year This would Indi
cate that hand peddllnglslooked upon as a
makeshift and that tin men and boys are
thrown out of work they take to peddling In
In the streets until they can employment
In the Interests of civilization and the spread
of Information one exception Is made in the
application of the law Newspaper peddlers
ar not taxed and any toddlnr who can raise
pennies enough for tho first purchase or stock
can go Into tho business buying four papers
with lbs proceeds of the firm two and so on
Increasing his Investment and his stock In
trade and proportionally his earnings
Numerous among the street venders are the
fruit peddlers At every populous Btrent cor
ner maybe found a basket or I stand heaped
up and made attractive with Its display ol
fruits In pennon I Is not many years sine
the stret sale 0 fruit were In the hands or
Irish women whoso stands were def baskets
with tills bottoms some two or three Inches
from the top Thisd vlcncavn the aopearance
of a heaping basketful of anplns to a shallow
veneer of thn rndoheeLed fruit spread out over
the deceptive tray A good many pinesmoklnir
old women may be still found at certain Street
corner where they have been known for years
and where two generation of workmen lma
bought cakes and apples at noon time but it Is I
noticeable that the Italians are getting Pelt
complete posnosslon of the fruit hiiHlness and
the Irish venders are working at the trades or
going Into politics
A great majority of the peddlers the streets
api Italians and for tho rest there are very low
Americans In the business From this records
It appear that licenses have boon lonued to
Italians Irishmen Turks Bohemians Poles
Greeks Frenchmen Armenians Germans and
some few Americans Not 1 single Chinaman
or Japanese in on the list Foreigners seem to
Minceed at this business and especially Is thin
true of the Italians and Pnlnnderx because
thy can maintain themselves longer on small
sales and email profits until they have success
fully established themselves on a paying basin
Ao Italian will open a fruit stand at first per
haps wIth the earnings of his blacking box and
will tend it day and night sleeping Ht his post
and 81sIRlnina himself upon thover ripe fruit
as U I becomes unsalable In this waynino mills
out or every cant Is profit and so hn thrives
Tho Italians too have n neck or displaying
fruit temptingly Perhaps InolhAr reason why
the fruit stand business Is controlled br tho
Italians Is that the capitalists or that rules are
tropical now largely fruits Interested lu tlm importation of
II IK no doutt by reason of the frugal habits
of the Italians that they are enabled to prosper
at blacking shoes selling papers peanuts
piaster Casts and 1 variety or other article
The Poles and Bohemians bold their own la
the suspender and nnooptrlnir market how
ever Hern is an Inventory or time took In n
basket which I Polish Jew carried hung from n
strap about his neck
hilt pnrktt uiiirh hoxti
Minwv sin Iono t ciiieu finttr rlDffS
CinilU Itll iUte i and pattI cuff buttons
K > tlMU M
IMtil I ami hnna rolUr tmttons
Win ami rubber f ivrlert
Krt rtllf I
leather Imclacflfc
ufirBtvii nock ad wrlttleti
Thn business of the street vender and huck
ster has grown t be of so much consequence
of later I r that depot or stores bay been
Otieneil tn ntlnnti htlwknrH tvllli were nthnr
thiiu fruits and sdiOn certain days i all i l
tlm hush cans about own will rll laden with
knives on lnilor dar with Imitation llusslim
leather note books und purses strain with
gloxswaro or with lead pencils or last years
dlsrlFS travelling caps lithographs Song
Irllln Itboraphl
hookllr Hiispenders This penny ballad dealer
In a relic of bygone days who remains as a re
minder of a primitive time when there were no
iHtuied novelties of 1 thousand kinds lo bn
liadnt ivory curbstone and nbin ballad writ
1m was more of an Industry than It Is I now
Jlut Inu vendors thu conureuatn iii I crowded
streets and beset the public ear with praises or
the trinkets that they otTer am dumb and
lovable as compared with tho huckster who
with hurries wntnrmeions apples fresh fish
or clams drives his rattling old wugon
ilinmirli tho uptown streets bellowing Ulnl
lowllng In a way that the most hardened
nerves cannot stand He brings one to the
window by this sheer force or his nuonlzlng
shrink and like the weddlnc guests whom the
Ancient Mariner stopped Tin rnnnnt chooso
but bear It is in the early morning when
this huckster goes through fbi streets car
rolling like a HiHiim calliope that outraged
citizens wish for llru arms and hand grenades
But there Is In tho town an Interesting vender
whom no ono ImtiS unit who COOK lull nnd
lecDiitly about his biiHlncsH without unnccei
xary talk or noise That In the lint wufllu man
lalllnc bin wagon nt tho curb hungry crowds
always besiege him before he has bad need lo
cal his warns and dipping the batter from a
big bowl and pouring I Into the hot mould he
urns out wellbrowned and very hot waffles
just about a fast as the people about his wagon
can fish the nickels out of their pockets lie Is
regarded as a friend by a great many down
town clerks and office bra
The buttermilk miD rides about in n wagon
which looks a good deal like n big chemical
Ire engine Shelves at thin sides nftord stand
leg room for the glasses from which on a hi
lay a good many gallons of buttermilk are
lMi miDI Ialooa buttlrmtk
drunk There Is another wagon abated at 1
large bottle In which a attendant sits and dis
penses Umperanoe drinks hot or cold
Th shoestring peddler though never seen
to MU aaiUUiub a TSIT MUBLsrow lit lx
row nnd lowtr Broadway Thick bunches of
feather ties of various grades and sizes are
hung by brass pins from nilt peddlers ar
while In each hand be carriaa a long bunch of
leather strings which is always In motion like
tho tn 11 of a horse In fly time These paddlers
are all Polish Jews Il
afal mOlt prosperous peddler In town Is
probably a man who haull the nelghborhooi
of the Stock Produce andCotton Exchanges
selling diamonds to rich brokers who think
they know a bargain when Winy I see one Mnnr
of tilts vendors in that pat flfthe town do wel
and some of them are tbfifty When a Malr
street man wants anyth ngitha price It rarely
a consideration and tlmuincksier profits by
this rrunhandodness Thin peddlers In the
neighborhood of thin Xzetsngea are mostly
ie 108t
Irish or American The Hebrew peddlers
rarely han tho finesse noowsnry In pushing a
bargain with I broker The characteristic
perslstanco of the Hebrew It I apt to defeat him
Peddlers are under sam restrictions as to
qualifications nod time ouplylng their voca
tion but lust Is I only one locality which Is
forbidden thor ha Is Nassau street between
tween 8 A II and C P M when that narrow
crooked thoroughfare II I sure to b crowded
with tho overflow of travel I from Broadway
The hawkers too must cease t hawk nt U
oclock each algal eicortlflg Saturday when
an extra hour It given them Street venders
do not as a rule carry watches and this lends
to a great many misunderstandings with thn 1
police Tho law says that hucksters aDd
venders shall not permit Ihlr carts or wagons
to stand anywhere longer than ten minutes at
slime and then only whlln selling orollnrlng
wares for sale This provision of this law keens
thn hucksters a constant turmoil They go
largely In droves and finding an eligible place
whore the tide of travel heavy they range
themselves along the curb and launch at once
into vociferous encomiums of the goods In
hand Presently a blueooat conservator of
the peace comes leisurelydown the street
swinging his club with aoJtohlng palm ItOOt
appearing to own so much of the earth asic l
comprised within the limits of the town The
first huckster to S8 the policeman promptly
passes the word to Stag the cob I and In an
Instant the roadway swarms with push carts
shoestring peddlers and men with trays
baskets and chestnut stAnoViali walking aim
lessly about in circles and waging for the police
man to pass So much plsasnl edo tho policemen
find In thus stirring up the vendor that life to
the peddlers Is robbed of half Its dii tilt
It may surprise tbo passing observer to
know that before a vendor cAn get a license hn
must prove good moral character by letter
and under oath and ho must show I residence
of at least six months In the State of Now
York No license Is f transferable and much
trouble Is found with the Italians who are
constantly trading or selling out their licenses
The requirement that 1 peddler shall have
resided six months In tho State before a license
can b Issued to him Is regarded as working an
injustice to corner from other States against
whom this discrimination Is believed to b un
constitutional Tho point has never been
raised in this Stats boweftr In Vermont a
similar dared unconstitutional law to that In force v here ba been de
The language of the Lltense law In force
hotels soBon rnlns to apply to tbo vending
or sale of bread Ice or mik and by Its terms a
license or t5 for every milk Ice or bakers
wagon In tho cIty might b demanded Tbe
prospect of I legal resistance on the part of
some big Ice ooropany has thus far been enonah
to prevent any testing of the law on this point
on XUK oTiiEtt sine of THE CURTAIN
An Ailanliklnr end Painful KmlnllM as
Circus In mn Arla Town
HOLDON A T Nov 16An Indignation
meeting was hold here last night and another
will b held tonight A circus came t town
day before yesterday and after putting up
many bills prepared for an exhibition which
was to be given lat evening The people
travelling with the show were few In number
and there did not appear to b much property
with tbe caravan but a frontiersmen are ac
customed to shows tbat do not look very well
on the outside no attention was paid t the
fact that only one wagon euftcod t bring all the
property to town The Mayor said when asked
for his opinion on the subject tbat the best
show that be ever saw was one that came In on I
one wagon and others expressed similar views
The managers of tho olrco tolled vigorously
all the afternoon in getting their tent ready
and to inquiries of a few bystanders who
wanted to know how many performers there
were they replied good naturedly that there
were plenty of them and that they would be on
band fat enough wben the time came
A great many paople were in town and at
dark they all moved toward the tent which
was pitched just outside olithe e ITwo i
doors bad ben provldsaanovperso 2 JStoAlg
to enter could take their choice A man stood
at each and accepted the money no tickets
being required On entering tho pavilion the
spectators saw in front of them a big piece of
canvas reaching from the top t the ground
itnd It was supposed that this was the curtain
The Mayor explalnea that in all the new clr
ouxes at tne East curtains were used exclu
sively and all bands acceplud the devlco an
trash proof of tbu Increasing metropolitan
characteristics ol Holdon Tnecrowd WHS noisy
and for a time It amused itsar by telling stories
and indulging In other playfulness tmlled to
Its tastes Al length as there seemed to bn
Home delay about beginning the performance
the Major stood up un n box and alter clearing
his throat said he w < uld speak I few words
for the edification of the strangers who were in
Holdon for the first time He then branched
out Into a long dissertation ou the advantages
enjoyed by the town and was about to Invite
all creation to com hero and settle when a
tremendous noise wIts heard on the oilier side
of tha curtain Thinking the show watt about
to open lbs Mayor broke oil short sating lat
be would hoists his remarks Ht some Other
time Taking his seat bo and all who were
around him bncamequiet and then was heard
the voice of Hnulro Bnsoy whooping up some
body to come here In much the tam language
that the Mayor had beets using For minute tho
people were diimfounued and did not know wnat
10 make of tho thing Had rae Squire been Im
bibing ngalu und rontrary to iho penct und
dignity or the town had he Invaded the dross
IUI room of the show fur the purpose of mak
ing unu of bin lougwlnded spoohes Ihe
perspiration Hood out oa the Mayors brow
Tlii Squires voice rung out loud and clear
and at thin close ot every sentence prolonged
cheers creeled Him I was plain that he was
entertaining tile pTformers and I not shut
off the show might never begin <
Feeling thin I heavy responsibility rested
upon him the Jlaynr roe and said I fear
thai thin Squire is tlklu UD too much of tho
performers time He means well fellow citi
zens but hn forgets that we have assembled
here for another purpose tonight la U bn
wlsti of the audience Him I should prevail
IOU him to bring his remarks to a close BO
that the performers may goon with their en
It was ns I prolonged howl signified The
Mayor accordingly his and
or Iccnrdlllly put on hal with
his cant In hand he made for the curtain lie
had some dilllcu ty In gaining rn entrance be
cause hn Wished to uo Into tile sacred precincts
of the circus UrcflDL room with proper dig
nity Falling to remove the curtain aHonsny
as he had thought It I might be dune kits turned
to the crowd and itniil that he did not exactly
understand Its nrruniteiuent I some ol the
boys I would give him a lilt SOBS to permit him
lo enter In a perpendicular position he would
b much obliged twenty or thirty or the boys
sprang to Ins assistance and n minute later
Lhn curtain was down and ngroan that miulit
havn been hoard In Death Valley rose and loll
ou the ovntilnir air
There facing each other werevill the clllrens
of Holdon and the r < aidantsafihe surrounding
camps ThoSquire wits still speaking when
the curtain cano down and It wits not until hn
liad looked around him and seen the people lu
front an1 behind that ho was able to take in
the situation For I low seconds uobodv spoke
but It wits only for a few Then camea rush lor
hn air and nil angry demand for the showman
nnlrr lowmen
Not I circus man wan to b found Their
wagon was standing oulslde but their horses
were gone and atiancent the tent which hud
nothing In It but the citizens of Holdon who
had been divided Into two equal parts Il the
drop curtain uhowed that It I was destitute of
dressing mom und of everything else It was
I wal
a clear case or swindle und tbe night being
dark and the circus men having a big start it
was decided thai pursuit B useless Later I
ill bands met at tbo hot and l held a demonstru >
ton The Mayor and the Squire both spoke at
length and both declared without reserve that
of all thus skin games hat they had ever had
played on them Ibis was the worst Several
other speakers manifestedn disposition to
rltlclne the Mayor for isis assertion that East
ern circuses always divided the tent with l
curtnln but he parried the suggestion that he
night have been standing In with the sharpers
hI threllanlul to resign a thing not to b
bought of because he In tie richest man
n town A Ilr deciding to hold a meeting to
night for the purpose or raising money to bring
swindlers to Justice the crowd adjourned
It now turns out that the circus men were the
owners of show winch bad gone to pieces on
tile border ntul having nothing left l but their
tent awl a couple of huutes they decided to sell
their canvas ns well a they count I Is s1
mated that they got away with 250 aDd the
own Is sorer than I was when Alligator Char
ey cleaned it out at poker
Tkej War r Europe
The wan of Europe since the sixteenth can
tnry pro Iba following tablet
Ware nnderlakaii for Ibe acattlilllon of territory 44
for the levy of tributes 33
got rprloli
To decide fiueeitnne of honor or preniffailvei 34 8
Krinn cleimt relative to lb poewealon of territory s
Kroul tlalmelociuwiia H 44
Prom pretexu aeeutanca tosssitj ai
From rivalry In Indnenea XI
From commercial quarrels s
quuro I
PITII a 4i
BalUlou a 3t
ye U1 f
At ri mi Mint TIn lb ftlaMt r
a Body bsti If 1 TprT MUM
FMM Tare Y Brs t B n as xp ri
Dualling Ions sInce went out ot fashion
but the a ol bandilac tbo aword is still eultl
voted enthusiasts In the times amen
wits expected t dttond his bOAr noon the
field In mortal combat the beet awordsmen were
noted persons as much stared at as a success
ful writer of n book or a favorite actor U today
and perhaps more so But even now the skilful
fenoer Is not without hit glory for those who
handle the sword compose a community of
themselves among the members of which the
leaden are clearly recognized and honored
And just as few learn the manly ort of self
defence today for the purpose of putting into
actual practice their accomplishment to few
study the sword for anything more than amuse
meat and recreation That they flnd both I
attested by the great numbers who patronize
the masters of the art and become proficient
fencers It baa become a legitimate depart
ment ot sport Mo ftymnostlo tournament U I
complete without a series ot encounters with
the lollt M well at with the gloves and in most
atbletlo associations there Is special provision
for prizat and other inducement for attaining
profjaUner In fencing
One of the champion swordsmen In this
country it Prof Benao ot this city He It a
slight mediumsized Frenchman who appear
to be about 10 roars old but be declares that as
long MO si that he was giving lessons In this
city Since then he baa lived a good deal in his
native counter where he wits a member of the
Imperial Guard In lBC3an3 had among his
pupils some ot the prominent men ot the em
pire and the republic Ho taught Gen Boulnn
gee to use the sword and bus fenced with Cos
tognaoana other noted duollis > e
OLD irixui roinroi
To be a good swordsman said the Profes
sor one must have not only a strong arm but
strong legs He will do poorly with the sword
who cannot both stand firm upon his feet and
move about quickly and easily The exercise
demands of the pupil every thine that is needed
In a good general athlete strength agility
nerve good and speedy tjudgment and not
least endurance Alt these If not bad by
nature coma with judicious study ot the
sword and its use
Is there no other exercise prescribed to the
pupil fortbe purpose building un his muscle
The champion smiled loftily None what
ever he said The lessons are allsufficient
There Is no better exercise in the world for
developing bodily vigor All the muscles are
brought Into active play and with such ever
changing variety that no part of the frame Is
deve oped at the expense of another unless It
bn tbe wrist The muscles the sword arm
may naturally be somewhat more pronounced
than thtiae of the left but It is not to the dis
advantage of the fencer It seems to me the
highest farm physical contest For what is
sport without contest Yon seldom bear of a
man running a mile alone unless be Is training
for the time when he will run against some
other man Men train to jump throw swim
that they may jumu higher throw further and
swim faster than some other man do they not
It Is the spirit of emulation of direct rivalry
that gives life to all muscular training But
in nearly all branches of sport It Is the muscle
alone that gets the benefit and In the contest
It is generally brute force that wins And
when you come to contests where judgment
and esneclal skill are required as In wrest
ling or boxing the contest frequently develops
bruises anger and real Injury to one or
other of the contestants Now In fencing It
hardly needs saying that the case Is quite the
reverse Tbs use of foils and the protecting
armor of padded vests brings the content down
to a strict scientIfic basis It Is a contest for
points every time and cannot be anything
else Brute force counts for little but endur
ance skill and judgment for everything
There Is no provocation to anger for the
most setters defeat cannot burt n man and
there never need be any dlspum as to where
the honor of vitorv should est
How long does it take to become expert
ir von sneak literally I should answer In
the spirit of an artist and say three year No
man dun reel that hn baa developed to the ex
tent of his capabilities until ba has fenced reg
ularly for that length ot time
Every dayl
Certainly Yon would not have one lose the
advantage of todays practice by neglecting
tomorrows would you But there are few
artists In thin line just nn there are few gen
uine artists lu any department of endeavor
I may say that one can learn to do very pretty
anti interesting work with the sword In a
course of twenty lessons but It does not bring
such proficiency as to make tiny one unduly
proud In that limo one can learn the posi
tions the routine knowledge or the various
movements of the arms rent and body which
are mode In assault ana defence but real skill
la attained only wlthl ing practice
What Is the nature of thus first lesson V
To learn one tir thorn of tbs positions It
very imlciilt The novice finds It exceed
leafy tiresome and It takes much practice to
gain the steadiness of muscle that will enable
him to go through a lesson perfectly There
are eight positions of the body and eight of tao
hand to learn It cannot all be done lit one
The novice could not remember much In
lie first pine and could not maintain himself
In all of them either until he had trained his
muscles to the peculiar strain of each The
first course of lessons Is devoted almost exclu
sively to accustoming the pupil to thin different
positions At first he can assume them only
slonly and generally awkwardly too but as ho
perseveres he falls more aunt more easily Into
them He finds his wrist unable at the beginning
endure the strain Items numbed and the
sensation Is nometlmes a little painful but It
s never harmful After thus elements have
been well learned the rest consists wholly In
constant Intelligent practice wlfi this master
In the matter of positions and attitudes there
bas been a great change and Improvement In
my time Men could not fence no well In the
days when duels were more common as they
ran now Sen here for Instance and the
irofexsor took down an ancient volume writ
ten about 123 years ago on the art of swords
manship In which were many Illustrations of
the etyles then In vogue umong Luropeau nn
lone Some of the attitudes were uxcissholr
awkward arid ft seemed a wonder that men
should ever have thought them effective There
was little of the grace and apparent abandon of
be fencers of today
We barn better theories about all this now
ixplalned Prof Snnae wn aim now tn out the
body tn that attitude that science and observe
tion tell us Is the most natural The beginner
does not find It so natural to be sure but let
him learn both the old and new methods and
be will oon discover which Is the easier and
more effective
What was the theory for Instance of the
Italian position 1
That tb < lunge might tx made more dIsc
tice by It With the feet Close together and the
leg bowed the sword Is held somewhat nearer
the ground than It would ba if the fenoer stood
erect Now thsp when be lungs forward
he left foot paining stationary he It able to
keen Out tmtxA oa axaJUy Ike asoa Level lion
thatlinft the longs begin to the end ot It If a
man stood perfectly ereet with hit feet to
gether and lunged his sword would notttrlk
hit opponent on abonzontal line but would
point son twhat downward so that It ho aimed
for the nockIt might reach the breast Ou
modern application ol this theory Is to place
the feet far enoagb apart to enable the man to
stand astir and trr ace fully Then hn can
lunge just effectively the sword will proceed
on a horizontal line and a crest advantage
will be derived from the tact that In the mod
ern attitude one mar more easily draw back to
avoid an opposing lunge In the ancient Span
Ish position as yon see from the picture the
felt arm Is held aloft and constitutes a part of
tbo defence The German style of the last can
allowedaslmllarnse ot tbe iettarm but
nothing ol that kind Is tolerated now Th
detenoa mutt bo effected by the sword
t I
a9sai n n ret mo
How many minutes should a good fencer bo
abl to maintain the strain of the Morris t
Ob that ls somewhat Indefinite Themes
tar can fence nearly all day with little fatigue
hut the pupil flnds it suffhcfentil fatiguing It
Is not the airy light task It seems to bn to the
observer A regular lesson whether for the be
glnnnr or the accomplished swordsman Is usu
ally thirty minutes long with two Intervals for
rent A bout of from seven to ten or eleven
minutes Is usually enough to make one desire
to rest A contest between vigorous fighters
will exhaust the breath of both of them bu
the main reason for rest Is tho weariness of
the award arm It Is never worth while to go
as far ns possible In this or any other exercise
Taken in moderation just enough to make the
face flush the perspiration start and the wrist
ache perhaps a little It becomes the best tonic
for the system that know And It Is very
popular exercise Pupils are only too numer
ous and by pupils I mean all those who come
in to fence for the love of It with more or less
regularity I have nearly forty lady pupils
too who do very well nt it
Pro Senacs place ot business which might
properly bn called a studio and which be calls
an academy Is ornamented on the wall
with photographs of his famous and best pupils
and souvenirs of his successes Along one side
of the room is a large rack full of swords and
foils One pair he exhibited with especial
pride heavy handles long threeedged blades
unmarked by any fanciful engraving They
taper delicately < town to points
Those are for mortal combat explained
T Imported those only two months ago
You do not expect ever to use them 1
Ah well said the champion with a laugh
it Is as wall to be prepared
At this moment n pupil entered He had
come for exercise The first thing on the pro
gramme was a complete change of clothing
lie disappeared Into a small side room where
are lookers for the costume of each pupil and
presently emerged ready for tbe fray Re had
changed his shoes for light soft articles that
nutted the floor as gently as a babys slippers
His fashionable trousers had given place to
white flannel loose and picturesque He wore
a jacket or vest thickly padded with wool
across thechest On his right hand was a
stuffedgl that looked as It It might bsyt
bean meant for a boxer in reality It was
quite a different affair from the clumsy
mittens worn by amateurs In the ring It
was so made that the fingers each In Its
own sheath ware as flexible and free In their
movements as If the hand were not gloved al
all The crowning feature of the wonderful
costume was a wire mask completely conceal
ing the face and offering absolute protection
to the earn and head The Professor was not
so thoroughgoing In his outfit but In one re
suect be was more carefully protected than
his pupil Instead of a padded vest bo wore n
breastplate thick and heavy This double
precaution was taken by him because the as
saults ot a green pupil are likely to be more
vigorous than the occasion requires The
master knows just bow hard to strike to score
a point but the novice lu his ardor
lunees forward and when he suc
ceeds In reaching his Instructors sboul
dnr or rib with his toll hn gives him
such a nrod that no otdlnnrystiirfed vest would
bo proof against the blow Thus arrayed the
masfr and pupil stood before each other A
moment the swords crossed and then for eight
minutes there was a continual flashing nf
bright steel a constant waving of the right
arms a quick succession of changes In pose
an occasional nharn ejaculation from the Pro
fessor all combining H series of Interesting
and picturesque situations When It was over
the younger was willing to sit down while he
cauuht his breath and caressed his wrist
There Is no danger whatever In this branch
of athletic sport nala thus Professor We
never get laid up even for n day no bones are
Broken no muscles strained and we always
keep our tempers
QUEKIl irillffKLES
MnlhlBS l Mnjr
Clara was telling ma about your singing at
tire lou oni party Mr Ccathirly remarked Bobby
Yes T laid y < atl rlr complacently anti whet did
the Pay t
Ob she didnt lay anrthlnc She Jan laughed
Tka Old Man Wna Ualtlna Aaxloae
Mo said Clara I think Ill have my new
seal brown suit trlmmtd with bows to match
HiimpM aM tier father you wont lucceed
Why not Ps r
Well none of your beaux stein to match
Lici1 1rlitr
ABoston lady who with her little boy re
nutty returned from a visit to San Francisco stopped
over night at tl Palmer Home Chlcaco
Now remember Waldo clue nanl al they Mlted
hemielree al the dinner labia jna art not to ar
Perk and bean but hOt and port Never forget
ny eon that you are a Uoitonrse
KvtrrlhUc Jlrady far nix
Fashionable Mother to fashionable daugh
tenAre you going out dear t
Kaihlonable I > uhterVe mamma
Kaililon ble Mother And If lbs Ualrdrener should
Come while you are out
raihlmmule Daughter Oh I have left full Initruo
lions with Jane
A Chart Call
Is your first name George Mr Featherly
nqulred lie boy ai the young man Kaied hImself In tbe
arlT and tease to draw off hie shoveL
Nu Bobbv replied leather with an amused
mile Whi I
Uh not In mill I heard Clara tell ma vb ezpeoted
Itmr tiMilnu an t ihtt < lm hoped luKOoJucte them
wouldnt tie any oilier caiire
Tke Jinn r > r Sate Pine
I see you want a bill collector said a palo
aced melancholy nun sIth edeep Solos to the Preel
dent of a f is company Being tt piteouS disengaged
I would like the Job air
Thee are a good teeny mite of walking 10 b done
urine the Oar by a laiblll collector said the Fred
dint and you dont look MB If jou could foot U two
lotke We want a man who can walk and keep a inlnr
Thuat le the main requirement I dont think yes wlil4o
But atoll fexelalmed Die decfvn ofd man 1 was
lading i an In a Led Aeiray comMi atlonl
Weil lrr l < llh 1filJiil slim
And weletl > ew York two week ago
What of it tir Wbttof II
U piijredonr let vncicvineni In KalaraMoo
Come cum nr1 What itas all this in do with what
we require principally In our bill collector said Ins
f u mn aeiUot up lo show the applicant the door
Ton dont aem to note the fact air that I am back
la Haw York replied lbs liailot man drswtu blauaU
Kaul IsU
A CABS mir zriiizn TO 01 AXIS VAMf
ron DRrXOrlrR 11LDlclr
Tha W rtV faithfUl Nkeittk wkllk Mad
a at Arllel of w Bank Teilrnd Kemble
Xld r le Tree aed FIX tkej ftallty Mew
Two pictures lay on the desk before In
spector Byrne chief of the detective polio
when the reporter called One was a photo
graph of grayhaired and bearded man who
looked like anything else than an Ideal df
tsctlvo but whom the reporter recognized as
George Eldtr a member of the force nhoM
funeral Byrne had attended that day
Ho was a daring coolheaded man and It
was to bit memory of faces that bo was In
debted for hit tnocest In many cases laid the
chief John Livingstone was the son ot a
wealthy man who lived In a flue place up the
Hudson and had the opportunity to remain re
tpsctablo but he preferred crooked ways and
trot Intoto much trouble thatoe wnscast off
by the family For a time ho wa employed as
an express messenger In New York and In thai
capacity he acquired familiarity with business
methods that ho subsequently made use ot IB
carrying out an audacious piece ot rascality
In July 1867 Livingstone drove up to the
City Bank In an express wagon drawn bytwo
line horses entered In a businesslike way and
presented to tIle paying teller a chock for 75
000 purporting to bo alenod by Cornelius Van
derbilt and drawn to the order of Henry Keep
The signature seemed all rlghtand as the man
had often been seen in the bank while ho was
actually In the employ the express company
no suspicion was aroused nt the size ot the
check It was a common thing for Commodore
VanderbIlt to have n large amount ot money on
deposit and to Bond for the whole of It unex
pectedly i no teller nowovor never pam large
checks without orders from the cashier and
he passed the check over to that official Mean
whi A Livingstone stopped behind a rail to a
window behind the cashier remarking that hn
bad a new horse In his team and was afraid
tbo animal would uot stand By this ruse ho
got Into casual conversation with the cashier
and then told him ho wanted the money put up
In a certain way The cashier said it would
take about half an hour and Livlngstono said
he would go down the street to attend to come
other business and return for tbo money
Had wont been sent to the Commodore
while the fellow was gone the scheme would
have miscarried but Livingstone calmly relied
upon the cashiers acquaintance with the Com
modoree temper to save him from that danger
Nobody in the bank cared to take one of the
Commodores checks to him and ask him if It
was ahl rlaht Th old man was liable to storm
and demand whether or not be was good for
the amount or had the money in bank and
then dismiss the messenger with a volley ol
unique hut forcible profanity
When the supposed express messenger re
turned Ills package of S75I1UO was ready for
him He careful examined it loses If it was
all right chatted with the cashier for a few
minutes sauntered out got upon his wagon
and drove sway It was seven weeks before
the bank officials knew that the check was
forged The slgnntureswern perfectly imitated
and would nave deceived Vanderbilt himself
but of course the Commodore know that be baa
given no such check
Here Inspector Byrnes took up the second of
the pictures It wa ° a penandink drawing
of n fat fellow In the costume fermerty worn
by express messengers
This little skefh he said made a fa
mous artist oa Its maker andaantthe subject x
to State prison The teller of that bank was
Thomas Worth now well known In the artistic
world He could iclve no verbal description by
which the thief could bn Identified but he
snlzed his pen and a piece of paper and in a
few minutes produced a free sketch of the man
As soon an Elder saw it nn said That Is John
Livingstone Ill bet my life and taking tbu
picture he started out with a definite clue
teams SKKTCH or LirixCtteyr
Had Livingstone loft ibis country as he oonlt
have easily done hn would have been safe but
Ills weakness for line hornnn > sb proved bit
ruin He kept the team he had driven awai
from the bank and started for the West wit
It Elder found the dealer who sold the horse
to Livingstone got a m unto description o
them and traced them through Buffalo ani
other cities to Chicago He learned that the
man who owned the teem had purchased othei
flnrt stock nt various pieces explaining that he
was going to run a stuck farm At Chleogo the
trail was lost for u tIme but Elder aruu > d that
n man who bad many horses would need sad
dles bridles and hurneKsox und so he made
patient Inquiries among the large harne
louden of Chicago At last hn loiind out that
some harness bad been shipped gentleman
who had purchased n large farm about forty
miles from tbs rltr Taking two or three
Friends with him the dctuctlvK paid a visit to
his harm ostensibly to admire the fancy stock
owned by the wealthy gentleman Approach
inc John UvliiLHtouo Kiiindlng on tho ntnpa
and Mapping up to blin he said Good
morning Mr Livingstone The forger turned
Pale and seas bewildered for n moment but
quickly recovered tile natural foolness hind de
iled his Identity How dldToii leavn every >
hotly in New York blandly Inquired Elder
hew York sir I never nab tboro in my
life I dont know the piece
Well rejoined Ilder youll have a fine
chance to get uiqunlnteil there when you go
lack with me and slipping the handcuffs
upon Llvlngstonnti wrists ho Informed him
hat hn wuss under arrest fiirforuory
There was danger that lawyers nould make
trouble and delay to say nothing of the ex
pense of a legal tight and Elder decided to get
out of Illinois with his prisoner as speedily as
possible LivlngHtnunn love of good horses
aided the officer Elder hitched UP the same
Pair of blacks that bad carried the forger sway
from the hunk put his prisoner Into the hug
cr and drove fur Indiana closely pursued by
Illinois lawyers with writs of habeas corpus
it was about twnntyllvo miles to this line and
hn horses Ittow over tin road as they never had
ravelled before Thuy croHsnd the line hall an
lour ahend of the purxuurri The detective
host no time in cettlni his prisoner aboard a
ntln bound east and soon landed him safely
at headquarters In this cliy
The value of Thomas Worths pen and Ink
ketch led him to null the bank and devote
himself entirely to art lie ls known today
wherever Illustrated imper circulate
Elder rennvered about 150000 of the stolsn I
money Thus rest had huon si ent by Living
tonncnptured nylnwyeri ir lost In the forced
ealef farms and mock which had been put
citasmi at high figures The lain Moses Taylor
wai President of the bunk II paid the detective
Ive expenses hut refiiKed to give any reward
because tbe whole of the plunder was not re
lored to the bank Thorn were hot words and
Taylor hinted that more mlfht have bun
saved If tbs detectives had desired to gtt It
for the bank
TVkar Dl < t iko Carrier ftt Sell
Trent l 54 Pall Vail QueUe
Here Is a puzzle for tbosn who study natural
letorr On its will July a ri > rier of an Kdinburia
tenllK newpaper look out Ill him lo Itaihn a tew
nlicefinni ilia iHutiuli ineii pohe e earner pIgeon lo
b deipatched with a niritxe Hi the office ftlot the n
ultof the Bathe irainee The hint wae duly laot on Its
homeward war rejolclnc but only readied lie aaiUsa
Ion es Tueeday let four mouth after lu 4eaat a It
was In ailendU condition and had eased It Hi a per
Pon ot Ibe meiawe woro but still < aclparuteV MSarVf
wau kas tae bird peas WeadiM w

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