Newspaper Page Text
I i the sun, Monday, AtretrsT 2T. isbs. - j j
; I BELVA LOCKWOOD AT HOME. Vi It II A nOHAh'S ACCOUNT OF JlElt IDEAS Mf ON TAltlOUH BUII.TBCTS. W gk n Fealtlve Ideas on Brm, Slrsrce. j Incertoll, nnd Trlerelea line Alltndi " ntrtetty to Unalneaa a. Laurel", but i Takes Oasd Cnre or II r Ilnnir. I WAsniNfiTON, Autr. 25. "Is Unit tho tray the look?" is the common observation on fj first soelneBslva LockwooJ. About f foot 8 f Inches hlijU. welghlne: 160 founds, and oftlio 5 typo known ns crny btondo. Lo possesses nn IndeQnnbio expression of motherllness, onrnost good humor, nnd eontlo uood will, not un mixed wltfc an old-school crace tlint Is i In ning rather than romarkablo. A nurse perhars, nftor roars of self-donylnc. patlont control of 6olI nnd others, or a toachor who, whllo flttAd to propnro classos for coIIoko. orcforscharpco o.' a larso klndercarton throucli vein of mothiirllnoss. which underlies tuo utronc Intollootu llty nnd makos chlld-loo a necessity. Such is tho Impression sho rIyos na I aha lays aside satnhol and leys nnd extends tasr hand with a contl e. smlllne: dignity of mnn nor that mnkou you .iientBllv ocho tho sontl ment. "Is that tho klt'd of woman you aroV Bho does not protend U stylo In dress, never did. but there Is nono or the soiled tawdry ness of nttlro of so.-no KonUovrorrion who utterly repudiate hex viows, neither tho aecresslvo masculinity which mnny of her own school of thoucht ntloct A" short walklnc suit" Is her Idea of a drois. with nothing rom.ftrt.nnlo, uncomfortable or unhealthf ul about it. Of tho ulco turns of arm hole, hip lino, and skirt effect to bo observed on a Erondway bollo. sho cortnlnh' Is unconcerned. Nevertheless, a contloman mcotlntc hor ro centlr, being asked how shn was drossod. said: "She must havo been well dresod, for'pon my word I cannot toll what sho h ad on." The Orst time I saw hor sho wore a Huh t-bluo cash tnere. wtth tucked sklrU vory f ul ovordross, MES. DELVA LOCK WOOD. . and that loose-sleeved, lone-shouldered effect J of basque, niching in tho cock and slooves. and a pink rose at her throat. She has no sympathy whatever with Dr. Mary Walker In either Tiews or dress. Bho abjures tho bloomer Idea on tho plea, characteristic enough in it self, that "womanhood demands a stylo of covering that shall not mako maternity a con spicuous feature," 8he novor wore a corset, and attributes tho remarkable uniformity of her good health to bor freedom from it Yet sho knows many women apparently as hoalthy with Its use. Hor daughter Ih. bho herself could not be. In tho course of Alteon years' practice boforo the bar sho has invariably worn dark clotbes, nnd avoided all eccentricity In make, not through fear of comment, but from the diatatos of her own t iste. She is a great homo lover and liver, making . her first financial success contribute to this ) feeling by the purchase of a property. This 1 for thirteen years has heldhorsolf and mother, and now shelters under Its vino and llgtroo lour generations Her theory nnd practice In regard to nn abiding pence might well be cm Rioted by those of her sisters who are never cotlsOed unless tho Block Mnria of astorago wagon Is doubled up opposite tbeirdoors every Sho has all hor life been a scholarly. Intellec tual woman from choice, tho instinct as so many leading instincts are prenatal, the result of a mother's yearnings in that direction dur ing tho year of hor baby's birth, ttbo thinks she narrowly escaped being a hoy. having also an athletla disposition, which made indoor Ufa unbearable, and her teats of running, rowing. I jumping, and horseback riding proverbial. In her girlhood she was accustomed to havo ex ulted periods of mentality. In which tho argu ments and philosophies of lifo and humanity would work wlthiu hor without nny opporpnt cause- or assistance. Many a time bus her mother's gentlo " lielva Bennett I" brought her back to dishwater or needlo from thoso trans ports. Boyalton, Niagara county, N. Y.. is her birthplace. . . .., Sho was married at 17. Her first husband, a. I farmer, early loft hor a widow, and she married again the Ilov. Dr. Lockwood, a Baptist minis ter, meantimo touching school and continuing hor own oducatlon. In 1817 sbe graduntad from Genesee College. In 1870 she took a second degree from tho Syracuse University, nnd later tho degree of L. L. B. in tho National Law School at Washington, being the ilrst woman wno achieved a like, distinction. Sho has lived in Washington twenty-three years, practising Jaw fifteen. Sho claims to be tho llrst woman who "rolled up her sleoves" to tho work and made a regular business of it. It is '- recorded of her tout she has been overywoek day of the 365 In thirteen your in tbo court room, without absence from sickness or vaca tion of any kind. Sho says this peculiarly mas cullno calling has been easy work for her, hor Instincts being all argumentative and judicial, and a fluent speechberving as useful handmaid in their expression. She is gifted with a rotentire memory of psoplo. tbelr names, faces, and interests, which enables her to get through an enormous amount of "outside work" in a little time Coming into her office in tho morning and finding thirty or forty people sitting about, uho Will say, " John Smith, your records are proven correct. "Mrs. Melvin, I have written in re gard to your case." "Mr. Tobln. I want to lii- troducs you to so and so at 4 o'clock.", Bhe Is systematic, orderly, and business like, being vory proud of her record In this particular. Bhe lays groat stress upon tho valuo of concentration, gained in school by tho practice o studying In tho presence of bor mates. She olalms that tho value of this habit of mind control is tho least known and valued of all tho brain powers. To the astonishment or nine out of ten lawyers sho can In tbo most crowded court room draft resolutions or pro f pare lectures In hor best way. , Her plans for carrying out hor cnmpnlgn , work are entirely original, hut strictly legal, oa she values her professional roputatfou above all things. Her lliRt nomination was Iookod upon bh a joke, till accented by her accept ance. To this Btop. she says, she was lod more from a desire to arrest the attention of all classes of womou to certain issues sho thought jltol, than Irom any ambition to livo in the White House as rresldont. Bho is yielding in religious btltof. clinging to the prlnolnlos of Christianity rathorthun to Its tenets, bho Is a firm bellovor. hut no bigot. She has unbounded, respect and admiration for Mr. Ingersoll. vvhiio regretting somewhat his ultra anti-Christian exeitlons. Hlio thinks that, while his views have lod to greater lib erality of creed and tho dispelling of much error, his extreme ideas, if adopted by tbo masses of lost noble character than liiuiboir, would work harm, bhe cannot but admire his cooslstenoy In resisting all inducements to speak falsely to bis convictions, Sho thinks there should bo, by nil means, a national divorce law. It certainly would ban great advaotago to clients and lawyers in tho pursuance of equity. Sho thinks the progress toward thlB Is slow, but advancing. Bho bo I'oves from what she has soon In tho courtH that ttuire should bo a divorce law, but just what kind it is difficult to plan. Too oasy ill. vprcn leads to too oasy marriage and Its poshI piellls. On tlie other hondconditlonsdo hodio. itlmescorae tooxist between husband nnd wife, nnhieh.for tho gov! of tho children, it voro ipttor a surarntlon sbuuld tiiko niiico. As mi lluatration sis cites a raso nomine under hor own observation from South Cntolinn. In which a mnnwos obliged by law to provldo for tho upnort of a mistress from whom ho had sepa rated Jlni Influonro of tho wifo's coerced reelings under the Indignity could not bo bono flcia tohorposterity, bouth Carolina has been, of all the fitutes. most stringent in her luws against divorce. The District of Columbia nnd Illinois. Bhe thinks, havo tho best legal provl slons In this regard, As on instance ol her non.mlgratory dlsposl tlon. it may be said that she has just made her first visit to New York of a week's duration, hhols much grieved at the swarms of children w be found In tko tenements hero, so innny pttbomcripplos nnd otlicrwl-o ill born, bho "lata loss to say horvthoovll might bu remo. ilHI by legislation other than by compelling i'i4tnriilty to bo wieredly consider'1'!, tmd tho "i)i!i to be well iroatod nnd cured for. . . liilltoi.itiireelift lores works on science, his. 2Vt i?d biography host, the writers of uch rrSb9.loO,erfAyrlt8- 8k? has boon ut. jRrtfd.to Ella Wheeler Wilcox, however, n?D5. er interesting personality, and by re S2SiSiiler wPnliness. wifely devotion, and i Mtle usefulness. MUaHwtMM0'ffomtuj,jji latoypf ol an, Jjfe; international peace law which shall abolish war and establish arbitration ns a moans of settling dlnloulty. She says a slogonf war breeds a posttionco of murderous Instinct, as evidenced by the unequalled prevalence of murder to-dny following tho civil war, whon the women whoso sons nro the men of to-day Wore pormontod by thoughts of bloodshed. She says tho " bobtail " cars havo boon almost nbolishcd in Washington, although tho moti havo been ponceltilly nnd gnllnntly playing the ro!o of conductor lor ton years, llor only re gret In tho onso always has boon that sho wns not allowed "orjunl rights" In this mattor im olton ns sho would wish, but whonovor allowed thoprlvllogo, sho dropped tho "other gentle man's" nickel In tho slot without liny being orent fooling. Thoy should not hn allowod to kill nooplo. though. Tho population not being so derBo In Wusblngton nn S.ow York, Unit dnnger Is not so groau She is nn onthuslustlc lovor ol tho trloyclo. Hho does not sit nstrido. howovor, but on n scat nn in n buggy, and sho docs not roquiro n ppoclal seat. Sitting In tier ollleo ono day, rathorwoary, nnd wishing herself homo with out tho walk botwoou. sho looked out tho win dow and saw tbroo or four lawjers rldo by on those horseless vohlclos. "Just tho thing," sho ox claimed, nnd as nulckly decided that her malo frlonds should not "havo nil the fun to thomBOlvos." Ooing directly to n storo. sho ordored a machlnp sont up with "directions Tor uso." Sho wus tho llrst woman who dared to carry horolf over tho ground ou n tricyclo. Hor peculiarities, heretofore conllncd to nn In tolloctugl piano, were spared tho rldiculo of tho press, which freely commented upon hor "cccontrlcltlos." This was tho signal for tho cloud to burst and a good wetting sho got, which, however, diil not wash tho paint off her pretty mnublno nor tho strength of hor reso lution to rldo comiortably homo instoad of walking while the others rodo. No newspspor paragraphing that doos not involve n principle over disturbs hor, Ono oung man. hovvovor. chose to bo unusunlly '" fresh" with both poncll and pen In intro ducing tho joko of tho dm to tho daily renders of his minor. Purchasing a nuporbbouquot on tho morning alter bis cleverness had spent it Blf, Mrs. Look wood rodo up to tho nowspaoor ofllceoutlio "ridiculous machine" and asked toseo tho young.maii who wrote tho article. Amid tho nudges, pinches, nnd winks of tho boss" she was assured that tho voung man hud "jut stoppod out," "would bo gone lor a "wilc" "would not return till tho middle of noit month." ,o. Instead of tho expected horsewhip, howovor. sho producod tho boauti ful bounuot and laid It upon tho desk thoy called his, togothcrvtlthn plensant noto com mending his cleverness, but wishing him suc cess In better business. Anncrcoablo rejoinder eoucbod In respoctlul torms appealed not morning, nnd thereafter the joko war ondod. Bho hays that througliout her Deoullar career sho has always beon treated "as agoutloni.in" by gentlemen, and has novorbcen troubled by eoai so or low Insults. , , In ropli to tho idea that public work takes a 'woman from homo, sho Bbons that while sho hns nto and slopt In ono home for thirteen years of unremitting publio work, sho hns soon muni idlowivos vttio did not, nnd many Idlo husbands' wives who could not Muy at liome. bho objects to ohnroronngo, or rnther tho ne cessity for it, claiming tbnt thoro is sucli a thing ns training boys nnd girls with an equal sense ol moral rcsponsiblllti, self-control, nnd desiro for the good of the nice, ro that llcousn will by them bo considered a crlmo. bhnthlnkB.toboagoodrltiziu.il man should own proportynml n fariils.nnd thns bo Im pelled to an aollvo Interest In tho city, btnte, nnd laws Sho ii flllod with censure toward tho shittloBS, nomndlc tribes nnd "trnmnsof tho boarding house "who infest American so ciety Intentionally nnd unnecessarily. Sho says tho frequency of alteration and clmneo in the place of abode, dostroylng tho sanctity of tho homo, brought nbout by a thoughtless de sire for novelty, is tho source of moro social, family, nnd financial ruin than any othor sho knows of as u lawyer. I regrot tho increuslng publicity of woman's lifo. 1 hato and abhor tho vory thought of woman's suffrage. I object to women being lenders under any eircunistancos. especially in politics: but if anybody could convort mo on theso polntp, Bolvn Lockwood could by hor In trinsic oxcollenco as a citizen and a woman. 1'. K T. XEWS OF TUB TUEJLTItrS. Tho Bijou, Trith Poland IlMd In "The Wom&n Itatr,M nnd llarrliran'a I'ark, with in manager's new "Wadily ciooan " will open next week. Then there will be left with dark auilliorlnms only Palv'n. Dockntadrr , tbo Stnnilard, and I1i 3Uiroiolittn. Tlin rebuUdlnir of Vai tor a and tlie L'Dlon Square places them in a somen bat indefinite position, but they will not remain cloaed any longer than can ponlbly be helped. Cool weather time la money to metropolitan manager. The llljou'a reopen lnff will marL the aummption of Um management by John Wea ey Roaenquest of the Pourteentb Htreet, ayoanjr man of ahrendneas and careful Judgment. An lncreaae In visitation is reported by the manage ment of the Jeruialam and the Cruetiixlon" panorama at the bolldlnr on Uadlaon arenue near nrty nlnlb street Now that cool weather It approaching, the In teresting plctnri) is likely to olitaln renewed hold on pnbllo attention. Tbo painting will reward careful etudj. Although nerr Amber&r has completed the season of bis opera singers at Terrace Garden, that i omforiable resort is not yet closed for the summer Michael llerr xnaan, owner of the property, has taken the. manage ment In his own bands, ind. for the past week, a series of garden concerts bu been (riven by the ThaUa Theatre orchestra and body of twenty (Ire good mnslctannncier the baton of Paul Stelndorf. The rate of adinlMion has been fixed at a popular figure. So far tbo attendance has been good. The popular Impression that the Hden Mime mult he something: of a mint to its controllers would eeein to be juaUaed, for the place is always pretty ncll filled, and the attractions are of tho stationary order The wax works, indeed, hare played a louger engagement than the brightest of theatrical stars nould dream of, und they are drawing vtell yet, too Urdelyl Ttaczl s llunju rian musicians are another fixture, apparently, and so Is the concealed chess player, wonder of all rural visitor Tain's " Fire of London." the vivid pyrotechnic spec tacle at Yalibattan JJeach, Is seldom shonn to a poor sized audience, and never to an unai'preclatlre one Its attachment of rope walkera and miscellaneous perform era is a new feature of thia season that baa been loudly endorsed The show is to be seen every night except Sunday and Monday. At Brighton Beach Thaj er'a "Taklngof Jsew Orleans" is still visible. Souvenir collectors are reminded that the Battlo of Gettyiburg management hold out their preaent Induce ment for the remainder of tbls month only. The realis tic painting, however, will bear inspection lnttoa well In September as In Augnst, for it la an effective, careful, and masterly treatment of a tp.endld subject. "Nadir" had Its lUOtb convecutlve representation at the faslnoon Saturday. Tttiere were souvenirs, oneor two new topical verses, a splondld roof garden concert, with Jirdelyi Jsacrla Hungarian orchestra as an added feature, and a great deal of enthusiasm generally. The opera has made an honest and honorable record, which will probably be Increased by auother souvenir night before Its successor is represented In the shape of the new Gilbert anil Sullivan work. "Mathlas bandorf" has pained through an encourag. big opening week at Klblo's. It had one night of itormy weatber to contend against, but the outcome waa--ood enough to suggest that tho piece had attracted much attention, and was likely to bring urciflt to hlralfy. Most of the weaknes.es pointed out In 7nfc hiy'n review of the Jlrst night were quickly corrected, and tbo show now nnlihes at a reasonable hour. Only the Alexandrow brothers remain of the four or Are raudovitta acts introduced at the initial performance. They were easily the best of the lot, and their retention Is ustllable; but even tbelract basbcen made more preieutabte by a curtailment of Its two or three Indelicate features While the other people In Kiralfy's olio have been seen at most of our vaudeville houses, the Alexandrows are new to this country AI though advertised au of llusiisn origin, tliey eeein to be Kngllsb, and they have travelled a good deal, always with success. If for nothing else, their act it valuable for their correct and even brilliant plarlmrof tlie con certlna. The dramatic caat of "Ifntlhlas Sandorf'aro sti I endeavoring to make tbelreRorts important to tho spectacle, hut they ore handicapped by the rom entlou ality of the story and the improbability of its Incidents, bo far as Is now known, ".Matthias Kandorf " will run unUl Oct 10, when "The Btowawny " will bo put on. 'A Legal ft reck" will start on its third week at the Madison bquare to-night. Its aucceas has rewarded the expectations of Its author, and there u little doubt that this bright, refreshing, and sllll Incongruous come dv will enjoy a good run Perhaps, ludeod, it will go well enough t" rcnler unneceary moro thon one change of bill betora Gillette k seaion at this house comes to an end It haa been publlilieil toniexhero Ihatalncolhoopenlngii'ght of "A Legal Wreik " lan agerl'almcr hai extended (llllette'a time to .Nov. IJ, but tho fact Is that such an arrangement had been made between them befuro tho piece wa produced at nil, tho Idea beluc that; with two new toniedtea aud a rerlralor "Held by the Kneiny," filllette could easily III! out that long period. At any rato Palmer stock will qt return before Kot. 12, when they will proba bly revive "Partners." They are still In ban Francisco, and last week they played "Jim thorenman," there. The Frnat of St. Iternard. The foast of 'Ht. Uernnrd was colobrntod os terday at both the morning and cvculn service of bt Bernard a Komai Catholic Churcli, in West lourteenth street, between Klglilh aud Mntb aTeiiues. The solemn lilsb inn-k was rlebrattit at 1 1 oMr.k bj Noflev Jtlir llaly nattorofllie church. ilu I by tho Jtev Fathers liutler and Mulrv. The blub slur s brll ll-nill) llclitid. an I -sclall prepared uniale ai a lealuio ol the ociaa uii v pane-'inr of tliebiilnt nu pronounced by the Itov. W L, Peiiny. rector or bt Ann's tburcb Maes. At vespera the high mass In honor of bb llernard was concluded, tbo same celc brant, deacon, aud sub-deacon oOlclallng, Boyal Baklag Fawdar, Abaolutely rnro, fti wcBtf-OTa tari Ul lUalard,--, v v a. iii in MsaMa-satssttttsMalll CUSTOM HOUSE GOSSIP. SBcnETAitT l'Atncunwa rZAlf VILK jioinim mk. wuvLLBir. INavr It-ales Abaut Sucar ibnt Muy Cunao Trouble) Kppnbllrnna In tho Service Cklp. tnr In le Detent Cleveland atad Tbnrmain The Hnrvcyar na ta Practlcnl Kelarmer. Politics la eiin-nglnjr tho lcisuro momenta ot tho omployoos in nil tho departments. Col lector Mngono nnd Surveyor Lenttlo rush off tho buslnhss just tho snmo, but tholr subordl niitos ar ovor tholr bonds In tho light. Sena tor William II, Ilnrnum has visited the CiiBtom Houso, and had a conforonco with tho Coltoctor, the Hurvoyor, nnd Secretary John A. Mason of tho Civil hotvlco Board. Tho report lmmodl ntolyvvont out that tho Connecticut Senator wnntod monoy for the National Committee. It wns said that 'i5 000 was tho amount named to come from tho Democratic employees in tho departments. This report was officially tram plod on as untrue. Collector Slngono and tbo Hurvoyor will not permit assessments to bo inado on tholr subordinates. If tho Domocrats want to contribute, that Is their own business. Tho circular sontont by tho National ltopub llcnn League calling for subscriptions from llopubllcnna holding ofuco undor this Ad ministration to help turn tholr suporiors out of oftlco Is bearing fruit. Cor talii of tho Collector's and Surveyor's subordi nates havo marchod up to tho captain's oflico in tho Fifth Avcino Ilo'.ol nnd Bottled. Tho regiments of ItopubltcacB undor Appralsor McMullou havo also not boon tardy, and one promlnont clork undor Colloctor Mngono has organized a Harrison and Morton battery In Harlem. All this Is seriously regarded by Democrats In and out of tbo service, und tho universal verdict in echoed and roCcbood by all tho Domocrntiu leaders, ths men who nro working day and night for tho tlckot. that ovcry ltopubllcnn In tho scrvlco should be Urod out forthwith. And it wouldn't roquiro any breach of civ II son Ico laws to do this, either Thoro Is agitation among tho Mugwumps bocuuso George L, Crane, outr" clerk und act ing Depifty Colloctor undor Camden O. Hock well, has boon poromptorllv dismlssod for cause. It happened into on Saturday. Crano has been In tho serv leu slnco 107. ills spon sor was tho lato Henry Ward IJoocher. Tooplo vory near tho throno sny that Ap praiser McJlullon's oflictal days nro numbered, unit that this Is particularly shown in tho vory latest uiovo or Secretary iairehlld. In obedi cneo to his Instructions, Col. Jewell, Chlof Holahan. nnd Mr. Hulahan's associates havo investigated tho methods for weighing, sam pling, aud tosting BUgars under tho Appralsor. Col. Jewell hns just handed his report to tho Secrctan. With tho report nro eortnln new rules vUiieh Col. Joivoll submitted lor Mr. Fair child's approval. Itlssuldthnt the tiocromry views tho rules fuvorablv, and that they will shortly bo put into oporatlon. Tho ruleslnsiBt upon prompt tosting and torrcct reports In ovory Instance, All tosts must be recorded, anil favored sugnr brokors will not bo per mitted to tako halt a dozen testaaMid eoloct tho ono most advantageous to tbcmsolvos or tholr elionts. lietests of recent importations will also bo ordered. ory notions changes are to bo ruado in weighing and sampling sugars. An Indifferent smllo. that somotlmoB broad ens to a grin. Is seen on the fnces of the old onos whon tho Chandler, tho Washington, and tho Munhattnn, burvevor Benttlo's fleet, nro referred to its revenue or Treasury cutters. Tho boats nro old tugs, and were ruclug nround tho river twenty years ago. Thoyuro tubs ns woll ns tugs, und It is well remomborod how easily The buVs tug overhauled tho Chandler tho ovenlngtho Jioordland arrived, though Col. Dan Latnont was in tbo pilot houso howling to tho Captain to crowd on stenm and linppyMlsB Frances 1'oltom was in tho cabin, nil bent on gottlngnvvay from the representa tion of tho establishment that is on tho upper deck ovory tlmo. Tho Grant, tho mnn-of-wnr of tho Hoot, is also spoken of slightingly, and the attention of tho folks In Washington will bu called to this stato or things. Deputy Colloctor Cluthrlo Is at N'lantic for his vncution, with his pooplo. It wa3 authoritatively announced on Satur day that tbo Clov elund and Hendricks Club of Custom House brokers that pranced tipBrond wav in 1881 will not uo reorganised for this t ltnpafgn in tho Interest ot Clovclnnd und Thurman Tho brokors feel annoyed at cer tain changes in the routine of tbelr business which havo occurred slnco Collector Mngono came in. In lint-footed jusllco to tho Collector It should bo romnrkod that the changes ho bits directed buvo facilitated the conduct of busi ness, und wore tor tho good of tho Government. Surveyor Beattlo hns ilevolopedlntoa very Eraetioal civil survlco reformoi. This Is shown tho recont resign ltlons of old tlmors in his department. Thoso ancients have had soft berths doing district duty, which requires only tho most perfunctory of clorical work, 'iho Surveyor hns inslstod that thoy should bo com potent to do tho work of discharging offi cers. Tho rank nnd pay nro the snme. and tbo Surveyor contends that sjstematlc Bhlftlng Is for tho good of his department, bo theso dis trict men nnd, by tho way, most of them woro Itopubllcnns woro tnkon out of their soft berths and required to liUFtlo alongside of Democratic discharging olllcurs. It wns soou npputont that thov had nostled so long in tholr cumfortablo nooks that they v. ore not compe tent to keep up with tho bright and activo Domocrats. and thoro was nothing for thorn to do but to resign. Thoro will bo moro of theso resignations. There is vory hoavv grumbling by blgDomo crms at Appraiser McMullou because of tho method ho took to obey becretary Falrchlld's oruerlast Muy to reduce exponas. Tho ap praiser, Instotdof leduelnc tho force, reduced nil Balnrie-i not prescribed bv law by 15 por cent. This movo kept in tho ItopiiDllcans. Auditor Creed has just roeolved Instructions from Washington to restore tho salaries and to pay tho 15 por cent, reduction, tho uggregato lor three months until tho now appropriation bill was passed. Tbo now appropriation is now in forco. tho Itopublleans are receiving full pay nnd havo not boon disturbed, and moroovor, thoy nro jingling tho 45 por cent takon from tholr salaries for May. Juno and July. They nro Hush onough to chip In against Clovelnnd nnd Thurman. and thov are doing it. too. Col lector Mncono nnd Hurvoyor Benttio mndo their reductions by tumbling out ltepublicans who bad beon anchored to tholr dosks for a du ctule oi moro. and as soon ns civil service trumpery permits thoy will 1111 tho placos with Domocrats. In view of the rocent number of promotlous. thohtnall number ot appointments to ground lloor, orfl.LKJU places. Iiiih caused comment. It has just boon learned that tbo Head Chinese I'urzlors in Washington havo played n now civil sorvlco trick upon nil local boards. It In ulsts that tho llttlu squads on tbo eligible Hats awaiting appolntmont shall got places only temporarily. Thoollgiblos object to this, and nro not inclined to nceopt such appointments. Thoy say that thoy passed tho examinations oxpecting pormanont appointments. Moau whilo, promotions are going on almost dally, hut tho appointments are not commonsurate, Socrctnry John A. Mason has had any num ber of fair applicants for civil sorvlco papors. entitling thorn to compote for tbo two vacant places for fomnlo Inspectors on Surveyor Beat tlo 'a staff. Who Is that liopttbllcan official in the Ap praiser's department who owns a suburban homo bought oa easy terms from tho Custom Houso broker of cortain sugar importers Tho Collector has n couple o( sturdy door keepers ut tho William street sntrnncn Aftor 4 o'clock no outsidors are admitted. Thoso nro Iho Collector's orders, and so strict nro tho doorkeepers In Interpreting thorn that not tho President himself nor ovon Col. Dan Lamont could got by Ilium without llrst fending their cnrils up to tho Collector. Mr, Mugouo likos such subordinates. Tho report has (looted about tho Hoffman House that tho ltepublicans undor Judge Mo Cue. In tho Sub-Troasury, nro to be set a-mov-ing Iv'ochatigos In this department of tho ser vice, outside of tho retirement of Mr. Acton, and both Democrats nnd ltepublicans rospectod and esteomod him. havo boon mado under this Administration. Tho same stato of uffatrs ox istB In tho Assay OfQco. J ml go McCuo, spook for tho buh-Tmasury. said on Saturday that he didn't regard his staff ns coming within tho t-copo ot politics, nnd that no changes would bo mudo lliei drudgere Ills; Kliovv. CaiihhZi!', Va., Aug. 2C - Tlin grunt Intor Kttito exhibition of tho (Irangors .it Williams Grove will open to-morrow and continue a week. During tho pnst week over 250 car loads of machinery havo arrived ut tho grovo. and to-day ovory train nrrlvlng brings additional exhibits. Two thousand tout bolderstook pos session of their tents to-day. President Clevo land and his wile. Secretary Buvard. nnd a numbor of Senators and Congressmen will nrrlvo on Tuesday morning In a special train. Tho President will dollvcr an address in tho afternoon, returning to Washington In tbo uvonliig. Tho Hon. W, H, Hatch will speak on Thuri'duy and Congressmen McKlnloy of Ohio, Ouboniu ol Pennsylvania. Hood of Maine. Clinlini.iti Cooper, and Gen. Hastings ou Thuisd.u. fivcret.ii-y Jlerbrand'a Ntiecesaoi- Kalla. Too, Louis llloge, who was a substitute for Louis Ilerbrsndaa Secretary ot the Kalional Brewery Work logmen's Union, sailed for Europe on Saturday. n said that he was going to gat a fortune left him by a deceased relauve. It was a similar mission that took Usrb-snd off. Unlike, BttWaad, Wei a sJI hi Js (ahjjr a rianx trim train noitncns. Excltlnsr Eiperleaee at asHbafirna Messenger of Wells. Farga A C. In 18 "3. San Piuncisco, Aug;. M Ono of tho brav- ost of Iho frontlorsmen of thodnysof old, of tho days ot gold. Is A. T. Hoss, who hns had his share In whatover was going that was rough and tough ever slnco ho camo to thin const in 'i7. Ho is still a shotgun mossongerfor Wolls Knrgo A. Co , and accompanies tholr troasuro box with ono cyo on the box and tho ottior on his gun over robber-haunted stngo roads. Onco. In Cnlavorns county, ho wns ono of a party ot twonty-flvo that held a wator dltoli for two days ngnlnst 250 nrmod men. At nnotbor tlmo. In Montana, ho was paid 1 100 a day todofend rt wator ditch on a mining clntm. and hold It ngalnst all assailants for a wack. Then tho work boenmo too monotonous to suit him, and bo throw up tho job. Ho says ibnt tho most exciting tlmo ho has had in his wholo coast oxporlonco wns in tho oxprcss-car light at Montello, Nov., in IBS J. Ho was thooxDrossmossongor on the vvostward bound train that reached Montello at about 1 o'clock on a bright moonlight night. While tho train was stopped on a switch to allow a freight train to go past, eight mon appeared, throo of whom covorod tho cnglnoor, flromnn, nnd con ductor with their rorolvors. while Iho rest took possession ot tho train. ftWhllo this was going on tho freight train was slowly pulling out, its crowontlroly Ignorant ot what wag going on on tho other sldo of the passenger train. Part of tbo robbors then separated tho oxpross car from tho train, leaving It standing at ono end of the switch, whllo thoy pullod tho romnlndor to tho other end. Thon thoyramo back and began their attack on tho express car. "Ilrst thing." says ltbss. " thoy ordered mo to got out and give up tbo cnr.to them. I told them I'd seo them in boll first, and during that entire night I didn't speak to thorn again. I had barricaded tho doors with tho safe and tho boxos. nnd I was prepared to mako it lively for ovory ono of tbom. And I did, too. Hlx bullets cnlno crashing through tho sides ot the car, and I reallrjod that whethoror not I saw day light again was a question of pure luck. But I sont back ns good as I got. and with a darned sight better mm. Tho robbors stood four on each sido of tho car, and peppered at mo for all thoy woro worth. During the night thoy flrod into tho car at least a hundred rounds of Blx shots oneh, nnd I sent my compliments to them In fully as many more. I had tho ad vantage of thorn, bocuuno it was dark In the car and Ichnngod my position frequently, fir ing llrst on ono sldo and thon on tho other, and going from one end to tho othor ot tho car. "'J hoy would bangnway forawhllo.nnd then go off n little way and consult, and thon como back nnd begin ovorngnln. Unco in awhile they would eall out to me to surrender nnd glvoup the car. but all tho answerl would givo would bo u fresh round of bullets, l'inully. they began to earn wood with tho lntontlon of sotting fire to tho car. That would havomatlo it nil uay with me, and I just said to mysnir: 'Woll I guess not, my fine fellows.' and I mado it so hot for them ovory timo thoy came any where near tho car that they were soon glad enough to glvo up that plan. Lvory ono of them that tried It got a bullot somewhere In him. One ot tho men was so badly woundod that ho died boforo daybreak. "All this time tbo bullots were crashing In all around mo. Ono shattered my left hand pretty badly, another one gavo mo allesh wound In tho thigh, nnd another grayed my abdomon. At about 3 o'clock tbo pasBengor train enmo In from tho othor direction, and. without giving anybody nny timo to inquire what wns up. part ol the men noardod it, and, with their pistols nt tho hoads of the conductor nnd crcilnoor, ordored them to movo on. They did get out as quick as thoy could, und went on to the noxt station, where they got help and thou como back. But thoy din no: get back to Montollo until after daylight, when tho robbers had given it up for a bad job and gone. Thoy had kept it up until dnyllgbt, though, when they quit and carried o(T tbelr dead and wounded. They stopped nbout a mile off, within sight of tho station, nnd buried their dead man. and had only jUBt got through and disappeared when the train came back. But I was voir glad to seo it. all tho same." TAX SHOES AND TltAVKLLISQ CLOAKS. Some X.ate Ideas Tor Fall "Vlxln'a" from an JEnslleh Anthorltr, Tho tan-colored shoo fad prevails appar ently In England ns well as In this country, for an authority ovor there says: "Tnn colored boots and shoes are in grout favor this season. Thoso mndo of Itussia leather nro particularly soft, pliable, and plersnnt Thoy go woll with soasido drosses, and most not bo confounded with tho ugly and plebeian 'sand shoes. which for many a year havo perambu lntod by the sadsaavvavos." The same author ity says that white sutdo shoos are worn with whlto gowns, but that block kid is tho only thing admissible with black dresses. Going to tho other extreme.it is announced that felt hats are to be largely worn in England this fall. They will bo trimmed usually with a band of wide ribbon around the crown, fuston od by a buckle on the loft sldo. from which rises a knot ot similar ribbon, Ono is men tioned of white folt. which was trimmed with wida green velvet ribbon In this way, and wns to be worn at Trouvillo with a whlto cloth dress, looped with groon moire- ribbon. As to travelling cloaks, which are duo, now that the fall chilliness begins to bo felt, tho womon are waruod against silk or alpaca. A good, soft, nil-wool twoed. it Is enld, is warmer than half n do7on silk dust cloaks, and quite as becom ing. Mne woollon fnbrlcslend thonisolvosmoro readily to the form than silk, and tho longer they nro worn tho bettor they lit. A grocef ul line of shoulder is often vcrv effectually con cealed under n silken clonk, but invariably rpveals itself bonenth tho clinging woollon. Hoods. It is said, "are moro or less delu sive, and tho attempt to revive thorn has mot with deserved failure L'ven when long enough to pull over tho head, they usually succooded bottor in pulling down tho hair than In protecting the foeo. For tho back of tho neck the hood In an excollont defonco against wind and wot, but It Is never omfortablo wonr exeopt whon oatlrely dc tnchod from tbo cloak itself. Tho majority of hoods frantly avow themselves to bo futile, and. as thoy equally fail in being docorative, tboie is no reason why thoy should oxist. Tho really useful hood Is a very frightful thing, bunging down all around iho face, which It bedows with dark streaks In rainy weather." Asnmplocloak is montionedof warm tweed in brown and tan Btrlpos, with collar and cuffs of brown velvet, and n small buthandsomo orna ment of passementerie in gold and brown at tho back of tho waist. Another Is of flno gray cloth, lined throughout with whl e surah. Tho travelling drosses that go undor theso cloaks. It is said, are made with a jacket tight lining at, the back, with straight fronts, run ning to a long point at the corners. Nary blue serge Is tho favorite material, and in frontthore lsnvost of whlto ottoman silk, drill, or piqud, fastened by round white. buttons sowed into tho sldo ponrrm along tfio serge fronts of the jackets Thoso fronts are lined with white material matching tho vest, and nro worn thrown back so as to show aa inch or two of tho lining. UK WAH II Alt D TO BOUNCE. The Date Glass lie Broke Came Down en hla Keck I.Ike a Guillotine Axe. John Iteilly, whoso present address Is tho Presbytorian Hospital, saw tho sign of tho Harlem Kitchen about OJi o'clock on Buturduy night. It suid: "You are hungry." lie bo lievod It and ordered somo chops. According to Proprietor Hlckorson, Iteilly did not like the chops, nnd not only refused to pay for thorn, but also refused to havo thorn changed, and inslstod upon remaining in tho pines while ho expressed his opinion of tho proprietor, tho waiters, and the customers. James 0, .Cosgrovo was in chargo for Iho night. Ho Is young and muscular. Ho was giving Hotllv a final catapult lllng toward the sidowalk when the latter caught hold of the door, swung around It at a forty-uilln-an-hour gait, and went right through Us plate glass panel. Tho glaBH was about ! feot by Uu Inches, and quarter of an inch thick. As Itoillv smash ed through tho lowor part of It tho upper piece desconded like tho nxo of n guillotine nn tho hack of his neck. Ho got off witn tho loss or n basinful o' blood from a wound about thteo Inches long, Cosgrnvo was held In tho Harlem PolicoCouit youtordav. Hronflrt In Vlmlnlu. PiiixitSDUlta, Aug. 20 Tho most distress ing accounts are roooivod of the dau&go to tho crops In tho adjacent countios from the pro tracted drought. In some sections of Din widdle, Brunswick, Prlnco George, and Lunen burg oountlos there has boon no ruin of conso quonco since tho first of May, and tho crops are burning up undor the scorching rays of tho sun. Tho corn In somo places Is not kneo high, ami in other localities it is hi Inferior thnt It Is being nit down us food formula Tho rnln iipuunrn to hnvn bcon partial, as evi denced bytliofiictthat In Prlnco Geoigoormnty there is u strip of country Uti miles in leugtli andllvo lu width where no ralu has fallen for several months. Tbo farmers are very much discouraged, and their losses will be heavy. Not only are the crops being destroyed by tbo drought, but vegetables of all kinds are going to ruin. The dry weaUW bit CoWd. A fireat d.alPiMOlCAOJra. I THE FIELD OF REAL ESTATE. BriDBNCKS of Acnriry at tub Ar- r 110 A Ml OV PALL. Desirable J'lncre for THvelllnne Hath la This CUT nnd Itrnnktrn-Tke "Week's Operations etr Ilfilldttisa Oolns; Dp. Tho ftiliiro historian ot Castlo Gnrden will find tin Interesting postnt card nestling somo whore in tho archives. It was rocolvod Inst week, and was sont from tho Indian Territory. In a cramped hand and jerky sontoncos tho writer wanted to know if thoio wore any real astato brokors In this low n. If thowritor of that postal card will como to Now York a Hun roportor will Inlioduco him to a little army ot thorn, lltglmonls of thorn are on thoBcnl Ks tato Kxchangoln Liberty streot every day, and at nooutldo tliov overflow Into Huthorland's iicrot s tho way. Now Hutliorland is, perhaps. Now York's greatest expert in doloctltig mushrooms and toadstools. Thcro nio also real oslato brokers nnd real ostnto brokers. This Hxchango with its President, Mr. 11 A. Crulkshank, and his ltnmodluto nssociatos, tho directors; tho hust ling business manager, Mr. Bonjiimln Hnrd vlok, aud tho 500 mombors would mighty soon convlncoour Territorial friend that thoro nro somo roal cstato brokors In Now York. Tho brokors and auctioneers and patrons of that Exchange nro in a sonso like so many numismatists. In faot. a down-town wag onco suggested that thoy should nil join tho socloty of which tho lato Algornon 8. Hullivan was President. This suggestion arose probably from tho fact that tho real estate mon ot Now York, and tho members of the Exchango par ticularly, are alw ays on tho lookout for treas ures. Tho groat roal cstato fortunes of tho Astors, tho De Poystors, tho llhlnulanders. tbo btuyvosants nnd others nro constantly before thorn as an Incentive. It Is also romarkod tbnt tbls Lxchange and its mombors and friends havo dnveloped the interesting fuct that there nro many In nonrly all walks of lifo who solidly und omphatlcallyaro building tholr fortunes In a way that bnucausod thorn to bo known ns pmbryonie rollovvors of theso groat real ostnto kings. This 1b particularly shown bclwoon US and 1 o'clock on ovory business day of tho yoar whou tho public, free and untram molcd. Is admitted to tho Lxchanuo. aoutig Capt. McCullough ot tho FIvo Points district hns often roforrod to tho fortunes that tbo swarming masses in his precinct uro slowly ac cumulating. The Captain's Chinese neighbors uro not includod In this comment, Tholr Idou of wealth Is cash In band, to bo spont when thoy return to tbelr native land, ns moit of tbom do But the Polish Jews, tho Italians, find others ot tho Captain's constituency, be hove in New York real estate ovory tlmo. What Is truo of that section ot tho city is truo of evory othor. This is vory Intoresttngly shown during this publio hour on tbo Itoal Estate Exchango. Capt. McCiillough's Poles and Italians are oheek by jowl with tho Bwell agentB nnd nuctlonoors of real ostato mil lionaires, nnd somo of tho thriftiest citizens of the town from tho Battory to Harlem. For the further Information of that singular chap In tho land of tho setting sun. It should bo stated tbnt thoro are battalions of folks who watch tho Lastern nowspunors for news about real ostato with the nil absorbing interest of stocked tape ilonds nnd base bull enthusiasts. July and August are the dull mouths In tho yoar. Tho brokera nnd nuutlnnecrs havo half holidays every day thon, but with tho approach of Indian summerthlngs begin brush up. Tho European wandorers roturu and the full real ostnte machinery Is sot In motion ugntn. Nmv- Eort, Bar Harbor, tho hlte Mountains. Long ranch, nnd other summer resting placos glvo up their crowds, and tho real ostnto men begin to bustle. Tho brokors nnd nuctionoors them selves nro already beginning to como bnck to town to btny. Mr. It. V. Harnett, the auc tioneer. Is on his wuy homo from Europe. Somo of bis neighbors are already on the ground. Mr. Jnmes K. Lovim'ss is back, and is roinurk Ing tho oarly demand for furnished bouses for tho winter in Now otk. Mr. Lovluoss says thoro is no perceptible chango in rates front Just tall, and in a vory cnsunl way ho doos not think there Is any probability of nn ndvnnco. Mr. Edward b. Fowler, In his brisk stuccnto way, is talking nbout a stoady lmprovomont that is imminent In bouth Brooklyn propert). Ho is particularly Impressed with what is known as Prospect Heights, on tho wostora slope of tho Park. He speaks of single vacant lotsthoto as selling loullly at $3UUOeii(b. and for n lot 75x100 ho snjs thnt III) 50'J Is aked in its entirety, nnd that 31l).4'J9 wouldn't bit) It. Now aud hnudsome dwellings in that vicinity, ho sajs, are readily sellipgnt J10 0U0, Sl'2,000. fU.OOU. UC.OOU. and up to $25,000 each. Mi. Powlor speaks of tho great numbor of lint or apartment houbes In bouth Brooklyn, renting nt llinnd$18nndiiitoSJ'i a lloor, thnt have been sold, nnd adds that somo not completed havealroadv been sold.too. branll now bousos, renting from (15 to $45 a month, are also features of South Brookljn at tho niomeut. Others sell for from fi.UOU to $7.ui)u. Tho ele vated roads that are to be completed from the Long Island depot out nloug 1 If tti avenue, oonneotlug with the Coney island roads to West Brooklyn, formerly Now Utrecht, where according to Mr. t'owlor. lots nro boiling from $250 to If 501). is thought to bo nn Indication that the English Idou ot suburban homes for busy city folks is becoming moro popular iu this direction. Tha now fmry from tho Bat tery to Thirty-ninth street. South Brooklvn: the Brooklin elevated toads, and tbo svsto matlo management of the railroads from Bay Hideo out, soem to be lutorosting auxiliaries to this lonturo In real estate. Mr. J. Thomas Steal ns. ono of the ronl eslnto epononts for the Twenty-third and Tvventv lourth wards in Now ork. is just as enthusi astic nbout lots and houses in Commissioner Purroy's kingdom borne othor iibtuto onus suy that perhaps there h.is been nn Inclination toward over-building on tho west side. Horn Iho Park out, but that, with tho probontiatos for oasy monoy, soienity nnd eventual pros perity nro promised. Tho building hi this di rection Is likened somovvhat to the increased numlwr of securities that have been listed on tho btock Exchungo In tho last roar or so. Thoy aro all spoken of us good, and ns repre senting actual valuo, nnd will giiiduiillv per haps bo absorbed by tho increasing wealth of tho country. . . , . Ho far as Now York city business property is concerned the universal opinion is tbatitisa gold mine ovory time, aud that nono know this better than investors Tha transactions on the Exchango for tho week nro: On Monday 17 Eastatreet sold for SI IIKX tin Tnesrtar the aalo of four lota on rigbty elrhth street vaeudjourned till the 4tb prox. and -Ml and MJ 1 earl street were bid iu bv Samuel Trimble at $.", nisi On W edncsday 1 1 Pant Sixty ninth street a bandFome residence, wilb a lot sjztovi wne sold to Isldor Worm er rorSluoGOO other property offered was an citato at Weit lalln, L I , wbloh was bid In by U l.rooteat On Thursday the sale of 411 East IZHIi was postponed till the Jeth met. Brother Swoot of the llecortl ami (luide tells ot somo of tho plans of tho builders. Eight live-story stores nnd Hats are to bo built on the west side of Tenth avotiuo, between 144th nnd 145th streets, and in the rear uro tho eight fit o htory upartmont houses, Hornthnl, Noblo A, Co. nro to havo a now six-story brick and terra cotta front storo building on Bond stroot near Broadway. Ex-Sonator Hugh Mooro will build a hotel, slxstorios, on tho northeast corner of Third nvenuo and 139th stroot. Tho Ninth Ileglmont has petitioned tho Armory Board foi a new aimory building. Tho now chnpel and reading room which Mrs. Townsond is to oroet oppobltn Boiloiue Hospital Is being stnrtod. And.abovonnd beyond all, tliePouth and Wall stroot lorry houses aro to bo repaired. Central X,abor Union. Tho Contrnl Labor Union ndoptod this resolution about Muyornowett yostcrduy: That, In consideration of Hewitt's record of Insult to organized labor, we pledva onrsohea toirivebliusnlt ablo recognition at the ballot box when bo again comes up for ofllce. Tho dolognto of tho rrogrosslvo Painters askod to havo a commlttco sent to tho Park Thoatra to protest against tho employment of non-union painters and doeorntora The Con trnl Labor union decided to rolnstnto tbo motal workors' sei tlon. tl . , James Mchlni, a memborof the United Order ofCuipontors nnd Jolnors. wns said to havo joined n (loveland nnd Tliuiman cnmpalgn club. Home of his lellow workfngmen thoio uron ncciiserl him of being n professional poli tician. Mi Kim said yesteiduy that tlioymado him Urod, and that ho would dounithing that was consistent with decency, and usk no odds of tho Central Labor Union IIiDliilmtii vvbu Struck (belr Wives. John C. Loverlng of 217 Vtou Thirty-fourth tttcct. atruil. hu ulfp ou t'rturdm uljtlit, and lite ion, Alfred II. l.oterliu., bad hi'ii locked u In l!.e nation bouie liu bad mi uttm.k of heart dlieaie and was tent to Itoecvclt lloepltul. A rsfchlun W dritted friend of Jioverlnir's rsme to Jefferson Market Tonrt yeilerdsy mornltiir and said Ibat hovering was a irood fellow, und was underttio Inlltience of !!fiuorvtnn hoairurk hiiwlte, lie aed fir hoverlnis discharge Judxe 1'atlereoii retiise d Ibo reiiuent. Mm fanny Vluriba n( lit Last Irmrth street lives apart from her husband John. On haturday night Murltia init Mi ulfo ou I lulitli avenue aa the was cumins' from n dry goods store u hero she le saleswoman andasknl ner for money hho refuted to give bhn any and he hit her iu tlie r) r AtJefferinn Market I ourt ytsterdav monihur ro- Mtirlha full that her huiband Matted fr Ur on the street every atllrda) iiUbt to get her week a iruliio Juitlco 1'ntlerton held Murtka in tfoi t It y Miit-ihiil Irian I'ollc-emun. David Llliimnn, a city marshal, wan arrested b) Policeman bicbbju ut u u clock ou Haturday night on a chars e of being drunk and disorderly la front of (3 Oreat Jones street. At JaSerson Market Court yes terday mornlug Utlmana dented the ebarge exnpbatl cally, subbing aald he could prove by his t-eneanl tbat Ullmaan waa drunk and noisy, Justice Patterson re proved gUmann. bat paroled king for eiamtnallwi lili iflUttftD, itbijj the fiirf aat WW Vt irtimt. a aooo rroitn son tub burpx-us. Everybody, nppnrcntly, Is ol Iho opinion that tho surplus in Iho natlonnl treasury is a bad thing, to bo gotten rid ot as soon as possi ble and nover to bo allowed to accumulate in future. Tho only dlsputo is as to tho method ol accomplishing tho obloct. Tho Democrats propose, to do It by reforming tho tariff, sons to roduco tho incotno from customs, tho llepubll cans by abolishing tho taxes on whiskoy and tobacco, nntl thcro are many In both par tios who would mako a surplus lmposlblo by thosimplooxpodlout of spending year by loar tho entire rovoiiue, whatover It may be. Now, porhaps I nm nflllcted with the same sort of mental porvorslty which led tho old woman to doclaro thnt thodovil liiiusolf was not so bad ns he wns supposed to bo, although, when sho was challongod to point out a prnlso worthy trait lu bis charactor, silo could only mention hla pursovoraueo. Novortholosg. I want to sny a good word for this Treasury do mon, which I hear so constantly maligned. It has Bomo features which desorvo to bo favora bly consldorod, nnd Its evils, In my oyes, hnvo been vory much exaggerated. I concodothat It is unsclontlllo llnanclorlng to levy moro taxes than aro required for tho publio ncods, that tho withdrawal of nny consldornblo por tion ot the national currency tonds to produco a monotary stringency, and thnt ready cash stimulates monsurosot plundorand oxtravn ganco. Novortholoss, I thtnkthat tho process which created tho surplus, and which Is now Increasing It. has boon of groat so'vlco to tho nation, and may bo continued without Injury for sovoral yoars longer, Tho amount of tho surplus, by tho way, is by uo means what It Is popularly supposed to bo. A largo part of tho gold, sliver, and logal tender notoB In tho Treasury Is thoro only on storage, ns It woro, and bolongs to banks and privato citizens, who hold tho Government's receipts for it in tho Bhapo ol certlllcatos, which nro UBedns monoy nnd circulate ns such. Thon, too, tho Treasury has rocolvod from tho na tional banks noarly n hundred millions of dol lars, with which it undortnkos to redeem tholr circulation whon It is prosonted. Tho holdors ot it will probably keep it until the pupor on which it Is printed falls to pieces, but whon ovor they send it In the Oovornmont will hnvo to pay it. Making those deductions, tho entire surplus, Inoludlng Oovornmont doposlts in na tlonnl banks, is not moro than $250,000,000. nnd it wo allow tho claim mado by tho prcsont ad ministration which I think has no sufficient foundation to deduct a roservo of (100.000,000 in gold with which to maintain specio pay ments of tho legal tender notes, it is only f 100, 000,000, of which $.10,000,000 must bo kept ns a working bnlanco with which to moot daily re quirements Undoubtedly, if tho Burplus, bo it more or less, had been takon out of tho activo monoy of tho country, nnd wero swollon con stantly by additions from tho snm o source, it would sorlouslv threaten our business pros perity. But this is not tho case. Tbomonoynow looked up in tho Treasury, and all that Islikcl) to bo addod to It for n long timo to conic, is ,i rosorvo for which there Is no immediato ncod, nnd which it would bo an Injury to pay out. Attho time of tho resumption of spoclo pay ments in 1879, our circulating medium con sisted of $340,000 000 logal tendor notes, $.344,000 000 national bank notes, and $246,000, 000 gold, of which tlSG.000,000 was in tho Treasury nnd In tho vaults of tho national banks. All tho money In tho country amount ed, therefore, to about $935,000,000. excluding fractional notes and subsidiary coin, binco 1870 wo havo Imported from nbroad $220,000. 000 moro gold than wo havo oportcd. AVo havo extrnctod $300,000,000 from our mines, of which not moro than half, or. sny, $130,000,000. has been consumed in tho arts and earned abroad by travellers. Wo havo coined $300. OOO.OOOof sliver dollars, which nro accepted nt par with gold dollars, and wo havo reduced our national bank circulation by only $100,000, 000. Tho result Is a net addition to our stock ot rirfney. In nlno 4ars, of 4570,000,000, bringing it up to $1,505,000,000. accord ing to my figures, or, according to thoso of tho Director of tho Mint, published a fow wooks ngo. to $1,501,000,000. Tbo sum is $1, 500,001) at least, or ono-half moro than It was nlno yoars aao. During this nino years the population of the country has In creased only ono-fiftb, whllo general prices have fallen one-third, so tint practically thoio wns no noed for any Increase whntovor. Under the circumstances I cannot seo how tho reten tion of oven $250,000,000 surplus in the Treas ury can do any mischief, and the low rates of Interest prevailing everywhere, except In tho nowornnd roruotor paits of tho country, provo that it doos not Furthermore, tho monoy which has boon gath ered Into tho Treasury and not paid out again Is noither dostroyed nor hurled booud recov ery. Itls thoro as tho nation's savings, tho not result of its economic. Nobody thinks that an Individual hns done hlmsolf harm if at tho ond of tho year bis income has oxceeded his expenditure, bo that lie hns a bnlanco to his credit in tho bank. Ho Is applauded, on tho contrary, us a prudent and thiifty mun. A nation to my mind is nono tho less prudent aud thrifty for doing a similar thing. "Whon tho war ondod In 1&G5, tho totnl of tho national debt, exclusive of tbo legal tonder currency, was, in round nurabors. $2 380,000,000, on which wo wero paying $151,000,000 lntorost unnutilly. To-day tho dobt has been reduced to about $1,000,000,000, und our annual Interest payment Is only nbout $11,000,000. Tho same macbinory which accomplished this onoi mouu reduction is now producing tho sur plus of which there is so much complnint, nnd It dasorvos credit for its past achieve ments at loast. In fact, tho national Ineomo from customs nnd intornnl rovontio has boon, on tho wholo, Etendily diminishing year by year, so tbat last veur It was $200,000,000 loss than it was in IHftQ That a surplus hns begun Intoly to accumulate is owing to tho want ot an outlot In tho shapo of paya ble debts. Wo havo rodeo mod all tho bonds that havo fallen duo. nnd now no havo to buy in advance at high premiums, thoho tint uro yot to mature. Instond or being ablo to pay out $100,000,000 to $150. 000,000 a j oar for tho redemption of tbo publio dobt, as wo did from 1881 to 1884. wo secured last year with grent difficulty only onough to meet the requirements of tho sinking fund, and for tho lost flvo months tho Treasury has succeedod in buying only $33,500,000 at nn nverago premium of 21 per cent. It wns a blundor to put tha national dobt out of our control, as wo did In issuing tho long 4s nnd tho i!s, und It has cost us doarly. If this blundor had not boon committed thoro would havo been no surplus at this moment, and nono would accumulate for ton yoars to como, The situation, therefore, appears to me to bo this: By kooplng our natlonul ovponsos below our national incotno wo have in twouty-throo years paid off our national dobt to tho amount sf $1,380,000,000, and in tho last nlno years we havo added more than $306,000,000 to tho stock ot money in tho hands of the public, bosidos laying up a resnrvo of $250,000,000 cosh in the Treasury, If this $250,000,000 rosorvo should bo neodod for tho purposos of buslnoss, or it the amount hereafter annually addod to It should provo to bo nn Inconvenient drain upon tho currency of tho country, it has only to bo paid out In exchango for tho unmatured dobt. Of this dobt, ovor $200 000,000, boaring IK per cont. interest, falls duo in 1891, nnd on an omorgenay wo could, without actual loss, pay tho entire three yoars'intorost on it in advance orl!l'i porcent, premium, In ordor to induce the holders to accept tho principal. Tho outstand ing $700,000,000 ol 4 por tents will oost us in interest, if vvo allow thorn to run until 1907, whon thoy fall due, 70 por cent, in addition to the principal. Any amount lets than 17fi which wo glvo for thorn boforo 1907 will thoref ore bo clcai profit. At present tho Trousury Is gotting thorn slowly at 128, but, evidently, no largo ad vancoon this ilgure would be required to In creaso the quantity offered, it the disburse ment ot tbo surplus should, on the other hand, not be really necessary to supply the country with circulating medium. It would be unwise to lowo It oat. bee aos it would, be a lafl&Uoa , which would tend to wild speculation at Orst. and subsequently to collanso nnd disaster. M Whether I nm right or wrong In my Iowsof . this subject tlmo will toll. Nono of my frlonds m In political lifo havosingulno hopos ot n ro- ,ij ductlonof tho national rovonuabynny monaur E which will bo adopted at this or tho noxt soe- - slon of Congress. Tho tnaltor will probnbly bo .SC turned over to tho ltoprosentntlves to b j oloetcd this fall, and who will ham tho result ygjs of tho Presidential election lo guldo thorn. But jS, thov cannot tako their soata until noxt March. JW so that w bother tho surplus bo a boon or a . m bano wo shall hnvo to ondtiro it for nt loast sis "gu months. Beckoning tho tlmo noodod for do- bate, a yoar must elapse boforo any doflnite A result oan bo rcnohod. For tho prcsont, how- ovor. I enn conlldontly assure tho reodors ot v Tiir Run that tho surplus will not produce S financial panic, nor In tho loast chock thocoun- 4 try's commercial prosporlty. i Matthkw Marshall. 7 Gnaranteed Acalnst Poker. He Taentht. V. EL Huntington, nn inspector of tha West- ern Union Telegraph Companj, Tlilted the telegraph t oflloe at Point rieasant. X.J, recently and discovered I that Thomas II, Peteraon, 20 jears old, the operator I there. as $17 OS short In hl accounts. It waa learned ! that be had lost tlie money playing poker with rotn - 'J Pleasant negroes V onng Peterson wssarreated In New I York bv Peteettvn bergeant Rogers, and v-as arraigned 1 1 at Jefferson Market Court yesterday morning Hear- j gued tbat. as he was under guarantee of the fidelity rompanv. hlsemplovera would lose nothing, and, there- A fore, bad no raute to complain. ... ' "III let the Jersey Judge deride that." said Jnstlce J Patterson, and ho bold tbe prisoner to await requlsltlea. j SIAItlM! INTELLIGENCE. RlXUTDai IIKSHIC THtl PIT. San rises ... tS2San sets..,. C 10 1 Moon riser. 10 CO ni4.it fciTun mis rar. . Bandy Hook. 11 113 I clov Island 11 69 1 Hell Gate.. 1 ") Arrived SisDsr.Ang. 20. " RsPdsm.Vsn dor Zee. Amsterdam. 4I ha Ocean oge Hreinen. bs Wllkosbiirre Cites. Bolton. i HsVVimhrop llrakg Portland. f Ms Ureal. water, Pole 14nrfnll; ,s7( slit)andotte Kelt, .Newport News. g Pa Uliy of savannali Smith, tiavannab. k ha Orinoco Uarvtn. llermndn, if ta Herman Winter llallett, lloston. ' V, Shin Oeurire Skolllcld Hall Calcutta. j Hark Avonmore. Smith. Antwerp. "S Park Tlllte. Htetsoa Sawnuab. j9t llorlater arrmvipeeJoitlngaabontTowal Tig SAIIVI, HOU NlSHOf TOMTX fj PafierTla. from Oueeniiowtt for New Yort- Ji hn Alaska, from cjueenstown for NerMork. jft' guslncojj glottctg. 1 On NadirOn. Nept. 1. 13. 'The Leadlnir Full RtylM" In flentlemen'n IUm will b jt Introduced Uv Lsl'hWuiUIt. 118 Vhmij st. IIS. jj s I.A1LY On rid 13 AutT 2-, attht rettdftira of hn "5 brother in Uv, Minuol U McMUicn, Ml UH.'JU 3 Kr. Jun la. IJailj, itoMiort Tlmfutieral will rorff d from thfl ftbovo nddreM on f Mo. tiny. An. S7 at mo clock A- M . to the Church ot 5 the Holy erosn, WcnMa.il Rt. Uetwren Hth and nth uv. $ Alter tho dnlenin utrtrn of rcqulein tho remain! will b remoted to fa I van Cemetery, relative! And friend are respectful.! Inriied fi (lut'iilc paperi .lipase cojiv. It ALU Suddenly, on Irlday. Ami; 24, KiUherln jT Katip widower I luri una U Hall, at her late residency 51 Morton ft tn her.ttitliear. - ' Funeral will tain place from Rt .Toneph Church, cor- ',1 itcrtuti av ami Wmlilnfrton olace, this morninc at 10 Wj o clock, wiitrea eolemt. liitctt tnuu will be uild for tb ij repoFBof her foul. K datives and friend! ot tho family Jjj ar crmllnlly invited to attend Al ..WMliS U honker, on tho Hudson, on Thursday. VB Au if .j Harriet bldae, daughter ox tho lato Herder 'Ail UaylltF.M I rjlf tunerAl ierlce at her late reridnc, T Lake av, w.M trvdtiratJl' M Carriages will meet a o'clock train, r llndmin ltler HftllfDud ,L KOUhltr-On Haturdai. Ausr 2.1. athlslatereildeno. . W 22i et 4Htli pt . Harris IJojcert, aed M ; car $ IJONSKIT t)n riiur3da. Atiir 2 at Ocean Keocfc. sj X J, In her y7th venr. Marnrarrt It Uunnett of Fllz- J bet h, .N. 1 widow of Daniel Ilontiett and daughter ot i th lati llllim hlttoct. ' , Ue-litlven and rrteiidi are Invited to attend the fnneral i todny at JOLiock v M , from the Hecona l'reibrterlan I Clmrch llizaiecli .J f l-'VLLOV Ou hrldny. Au. 1M, Margaret, beloved wif a n ot John 1-all on St Helativf and frlenda ore Invited tn attend the funeral H frum licrUtf restdenc li Bih av.Hrooklya to day at i ltA M 31aB of reoulcm ut Sr AuBuallufl Hoinaa I'Atholio Clnirch, UenrenBt. and rah a.. I I TCI! On Saturday, Aug US, Jaue M widow of - Simeon Htch, ni(l wl yearn. . ICeluth en nnd friends of tho family are reppectfnltr In $A vilul to attend the funeral MfMCen at her lato reildence, (mi .Veit&ivtfft, 011 Tuehday, thuthiiwt. at 11 A M. HOrcilKlss Ou Friday, Au,r -., Kebecca B widow $ of . It HotctiLins. Funeral nnlces will be held at her lato residence, 215 ', West Uth hu to day at liu clock, ilclatlvei and friends arrhnlted " S hlSM.ILKV-On the 24thlmt, at MorrUanta, 2t. ,. V deorKo linur ion of SnRan A. and the lato James . B Kinnerclry In the -Jd year of tmaee ; RiIatle8andfriendairslnrltcd toattendliU funeral at tne Ceutenury Meihodlit EpUcopal Churcli corner ' IbOih st and Uiuhlnntou at., today at 2 o'clock 1. II. ' Interment at oodtawn. ; MhAOE. On Aqiv 2i rVoncla Meade, ajred Dl yeara, native of Coora Glare county Clare, Ireland ? i It Hat Ives and friends of the family are respectfully h ited to attend the funeral from his late residence, 3J ' l-'tli Pt , Jerry t Ity, to-dn, - MILHS-LirrLIC At Wnt HoboVen. N.J.Ani? 25, 4' MijiC Little, edftlauff titer of U J ward N and CIIza '"' Llttlu and wtfenf WilUnni S MI era. aedVJ years. ,' llelntlves and friends of tho family itre reppectfullj in- J Aired to attend 1 tie funeral fn-tn her late reildencev .- lliiirue !t-. iiearMirlnur on Tuesday, Aua- 2H atI. M. -J , MO.N.NIA. In Brooklyn, K D , Aug. M, Ibtsu, fcugene V Mon 11 la, ap;ed 44 ear ""n The relative and f rienda. alao btar of Hope Lodge. No, 4Jf) K. amlA.M De Witt Clinton Chapter, ho 142, ft. A M , und He Ultt Clinton Commanden. o. 27. h. T are respectfully invited to attend hla funeral on Wed nenlir Atijr. i at2U01' M, from CHlrury i burch (the I'm C L Tnlinr) otttliKb st, corner Marcy nv. .MOltOAN At Mdpletnn B I, Auc Z3, Emma J, dim Kilter of Barnet and Klin .1 Morgan. funeral frum her late residence Ifl Boyd IIIll. this afternoon at x o clock. Interment in Mlver Mount Le meters Htnten rMand Mcl)i H-lr. hnterfdfntnreitt, in Brookl-n, oa Tri- da,AL' 2-t Mnrif-tret MrBuIlle. 4 Mineral imce ill he held at Ft. LuVV Church. New tirit cit, to-day at II o'clock A 51. 1'lcase omit flower. . OTIII MA V. Puldenly. on the 1.3 1 iant , at Boiton, Mnw the Hbv. 1-dward 11 O the man, in the tVith year of v , kiUags r . Int rment from lilslolo renldenco In Chelsea, Mobil, j to dm m-'i" II. ' 1 0 MN.A I dirard O hco, hcloed husband of Alicia f " MrHnnald aged aiear i lunerni from h'dlate renldcnce 37 Sjirinj; 1st, to-day L ' ati ;i' M n rAUKl.lt. Onhaturday Aug 2T. DoUItt II. Parker . runeral nervar. ntlilHlnto re-ideiite, lrfl Lcxlnirton av, to day m in i clock A it J-rUuds iulted touttcod. 1. Ivindly omit flowers 7 KAM'f OriMturdaj. Auc -T Loua Mary Binces, y wifeof Utrman Kanjes, ut her late residence, 417 West J-Mft t Kelntlves and frlendi ares reaper tfullv invited to Attend tlie fnueral on Tut-hdnj, Ann -. at-! l 31. iff evrark(.J 1 liaperdplo ise copy. l A A.N IESDLIi In ttilcltj,.m rntnrdar. Ant. 2 ta lWnry Van Aritlalo M I- in the7ithyoar of hliajie 'Sjl Itelutive and friends arts ImUed to attend tho fu- i nertil HrTvlce at hi late re.ideriLe, i3 7th st , on rues- il (Ui.Aiii; .H, ut wcloct 1 WUtD-Autf '-', Abigail I". Ward, widow of Daniel sf VanlufNe ork c ft ern papers plenum copy. WIAI.ft-Ou Irlday. Auz M. Lewis It, Wearer, 1 fti thr ih ) ear of bin aire. 1 clathea and friends are invited tn attend tbe faneral El frmu St. InulS Vmliodlfct Kptucopal Church, corner of Avm MilUvau and IttcUard stf , South UrooUyu, on Tuesday, ? Auir -, at 3r,M frm Tro papen please copy. nl M If son Suddenly. Amr 23. Mrs. Minnie L.. wife, of til the Iter,.! o Wllou of Pi tiadeiplila, and daatzhterof :1M 1'ettrA Welch 1'sij , of thmcltj. k- unerul services nt bt. J am en Methodist Episcopal , Church Madison av. and IStith st, today at J P. M. Kl WIANT-Ou Irld-), Auif J4, Ldnin Uytrant, aged T 82 year. .BL Funeral i errlcea at his late renldeno'v. ion WarerUy 1V place, to-day at 10 A. M. Interment at Woodlawn A efiattriL ; p nUMJi:iCSO UUI1BUK tOUPANY f bINKINU tVD. 'i , in THIS IS TO rKtlTIKY that at a drawing held this M t day or An if list, lKrtei, tn our nresenca at tha otllcoof tbe l i rntral Trust Company of .Newport, Trustees, at 3i3o J o'c.ock V .M , thetollowlujf tweniy.(our(J4) Kirst Mort- vnire Hands of the Henderson 11 rid go Company, yis.t 17ft. 1011, Ms(;3i, lUUft, 171H HU 710. J. ItWl. llfiOL 1 tot nm id h, lan 4h. 1607, wl waa, 140, wo, 839. 15K.I, 1 v r wero desijrnated for redemption at tho offlcat of the Central Trust t oiapauy of New York, on the lint day of September, IhHH at lu per cent upon the par valuei. in accordance with auppleraental doed of Trust orteb y7, 1W4 T a Interevton said bonds will cease on tho day named 1 for redomptlon. New York, Aug d, JHtW. A W, MORRISfi, Asat. Ree. and Asit Treaa Looisrillo and Nash. B.E. C. JA N WALLACE. With theCrnlraltruitCo of K T. T IIKKhBYCEItTlKV that the within nnmbrd bonds were drawn as stated Witness my band and seal this third dar of August, 188U Irteal J HERBERT M. YDB, A Noury Public, N. Y. City and Co. V ccHaMgou if AVVOVNTh, wages, claims collected; accidents! divorces JAMLH J. THOBWLEY. Connsellor. 2 Park row. jHstthinrri f PUINTffNO riXEftftEa.typo. cutters, pspr,an4 euvcaoues at cnt rate. V f DAMOV A PEETR, 44 Beekmanat jy ' ' J f anrl aleadar. Tale Out. Jy FBDPBrMB Coubt CniMEKrA Nos 40. i. 02. 1 ia.tH.tnua ut, it, mh ia 107, tou, 171, 17J, 17! v 17K n2, 181. 187, inn, 189. lUOt 1UJ. 11M. ,A HoaaauTK's Covirr Wills of Charles or Carl Barer, M Ellas M. Bporllnr, and Oeorxe hi. Carpenter at IU A. M. T ra lA COMPLETE RECOVERY. I was taken sick la the fail of 1W with That the '' doctors called Kidney trooble I was under tha treat- l ment of several Icaillnsr pbyslclana, but derlred ua " benetlt. and my case waa flnallr abandoned tythtuiaa hopeless About two months aao 1 waa Induced to trr M Ir UMvld bonnrdya favorite Itemed), made at ItocS- 'i ilout, N. V. I have taken four bottles, and bar already , nalnoil :u pounds Iii weliht. sly nelrbrs untie wlitt it tin In sajrliir that in; recoTery la remarkable. ILujir I am entirely well. Alltlia P Svmptoms of Kidney Disease ' have left me. I hare srent hundreds or dnllara for j doctors ami other medicines, but none have arccuv fllshed what four bottles of I)r Kenueitys Ferorlte . lemedy have. I moit earnestly recommend It to all naerers Irom any form of kidney dUeaaea and person ally advocate lu use whenever an opportunity occurs. , a W.aHUEI.U'BnrTevulo.M.J. Dr. D. Kennedy's Favorite Remedy, rjtat,.e,.U.ttl08t,,Y, ftles fl( ,iM (, "