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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 13, 1888, Image 5

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m enAMcnoLDBna in mismanaged hail.
IM roads xo Bxronas their mains.
sill " Use Great Basking nouses Heady to
0 Help Then The Inler-Htate Oommeree
SI Commission Docs Oood Work, and the
1 IVan-tajc Companies Minn a Truce.
H It Is now ovldont that tho managers of th
flranser Trunk linos are thorousbly olarmod.
H Thor bato ben dolnir about as tlior llkod with
H tho prooortr intrusted to their cure, until thor
began to fool that thor owned tho linos ther
W havo been mlsmanoslne quite as much as do
ml Mmo of the inoidontal (aotlltles of their roads,
D or the One houses and other possessions that
U hare aoorued to them from their srstomntla
H working ot the road for all It was worth. Public
I opinion has had somotbing to do with brlnelnc
I those railroad men to tholrsonsosi thorocont
I sharp docllne In tho etooks ot their oomnanlos
I has boon a factor, and tho accuinulntlnn indie-
I nation of thoir stockholders tins also had
I Its elloct. Hut thoir troubles aro not
I OTor by any means. Tho Intor-Btato
I Commorco Com mission has boun to take
a hand in the Western fight, and yostorday
W its Chairman, Judeo Cooler, oallod tho atton-
!mj tion ot a large and Influential bodr of railroad
If men at Chicago to tbo faat that rate cutting,
H the payment of commissions to tioket scalpers,
H or sales to scalpers bolow tho regular rate
V were all violations ot tho Intor-Btate law, that
Wi coald, unon conviction, be punishod by tho in
' fllctlon of a fine of $5,000 tor each offence. The
Commissioners havo boon In Chicago long
I anough to sot evldonco of what has been going
on, and tho railroad men may thank their stars
that tho ovidonoe obtalnod by the Commlsslon-
n was not laid beforo a prosocutlng onicer ot
tho United Btates, with a request to secure In-
dlctmonts. Tho Commission has tho power to
make it very hot (or about every railroad in
the country. Up to this tlmo it has been lenient
1 in Its administration of tho law, but It now
looks as If the Commission hod decldod to as
sert jtsell in the lntorests of a very largo pro
Eortlon of the public namely, those who have
ivestod in rallrond properties.
It mar be romombored that about a year ago
all of the trunk linos agreed to stop tho pay
ment of commissions to agents and scalpers,
and all the important Wostern roads jolnod in
1 tho movement, with tho elnclo oxceptton of
the Chicago and Alton, which Dually succoeded
In breaking up tbo agroemont With tho pay
ment of commissions abollshod tho chances of
i tato wars aro very small, while tho companies
, would Bavo millions of dollars ovory yoar by
the abandonment ot the oresont system.
Having heard from tho Inter-Btato Commis
sion, tho manugors ot the Western and Bouth
wostorn roads will next have to face their
stockholders or thoso who reprosent them.
i Foreign holders of American railroad stocks
!i havo been gottlng more and moro In
dignant ever slnco tho dividend on Bt.
, Paul common was passod last Boptombor.
But thoy havo not given up bopo. Thoy
believe In Amorican investments, provided
honest mansgoment can bo socurod. lteoent
dovolopmonts nore have given foreign banking
bouses that bavo placed American securities
plenty to do. They havo. perhaps, felt the
i pressure of Irate stockholders moro strongly
than any ono else. These houses have
been compelled, in justice to themselves.
as well as to tbolr clients, to take cogni
zance ot tbo reckless mismanagement that has
demoralized half the roads of this country, as
well as the mnrkot for their securities.
Foreign bankers have come to an understand
ing with each othor about tho matter, and so
have thoir correspondents hero. The result is
that praetlcally all ot tbo leading banking
houses ot Europe and this country aro com
mitted to a potior toward the railroads, os
peoisilr thoso known as tho Orangors, that
none of those roads is likely to resist This
movement has been referred to in TriE Bun
from time to tlmo reoently, and present Indi
cations are that the powerful combination
mentioned will malto Its plans public In the
near future.
So effort Is to bo mndo to control any one ot
tho roads, or to further the formation of any-
J thing approaching a trust. But tho 1'rOBldnnts
ot tbo great Western and Southwestern trunk
lines will be told what the rights of stockhold
ers are, and that they must bo respected. The
bankors who reprosent the stockholders will
not contend in favor of any particular plan for
promoting harmony and securing profitable
rates, bnt will lend their osslstanco In formu
lating and establishing any measure that will
bring about those results. The chances aro
that several plans will bo submitted, among
them the Clearing Bouse plan, whloh some of
the G rongor roads tried to Jclll when it was
presented to them by raising the cry thnt It
was a trust Two points, however, aro likely
to be insisted upon namely, tbatltho rate
.making power bo taken away from Irrespon
sible subordinates, and that every official who
deviates from schedulo figures In the matter of
ratos shall be discharged. The ono thing thnt
'will be Insisted upon Is that fighting must
coaso and profitable rates must bo maintained.
It may be argued that this combination ot
capital will havo no means to enforce its
wishes. But it will not havo to depend upon
Its own tremendous power. It will bo backed
by the action of tho Inter-Btato Commorco
Commission, which is a body that any com-
Jlalnnnt can put In motion, so loosely was the
nter-Btate liw drawn: It will bo backed by
?ublio opinion, and if any executho officer ot
ompts io resist the combined pressure that
will be exerted upon him. tbo certainty of
, .well-organized movement to vote him out ot
v office at the next annual meeting of his com-
g P&nywtll bo forced upon blm as an alternative.
I The movement will unquestionably bo as com-
I prebenslve and decisive as was the ono that
I settled the West Shore-Central tight or the ono
I that placed the nnthraolto coal companies
I upon their present substantial basis.
& That the managontof tho roods referred to
U nave begun to appreciate what will be required
ot them is shown by their execution within the
list few days of a preliminary rate agreement
In it they confoss their faults to on oxtent and
Sledge themselves to maintain rates at such
cures as may bo agreed upon by thn majority
until a more comprehensive and permanent
plan can be devised for tho handling of com
potitlvo traffic without ruinous fiiotlon. Each
President agrees to bo personally responsible
for tho good behavior of his company, and
stipulates that should tha majority of his asso
ciates establish to tbelr satisfaction that any
subordinate has out the schedule ratos the
culprit shall bo discharged. All outstanding
contracts are to be submitted to all of tho
Presidents for inspection, and othor procan
. tlona will be token to avert bad faith. The
L companies that have signed this agreement
VJ pm the Chicago and Northwest tho Chicago,
if Milwaukee and 8t. Paul, tbo Chicago. Burllng-
ton and Qulncy, the Cbfongo. Itook Island and
raoinc. the Missouri Pacific the Atchison,
Topekaand Banta l'V,. tho Bt Louis and Ban
franc sco, the Union Pacific and the Chicago
and Alton.
There was some doubt restordsy whothertho
it named hod signed, but two companies
vine their executive offices at the East wore
advised from Cbloagothat tbo Alton bad signed.
In a sense It makes little difference It one road
should stand out on this agreement which Is
to, take effect on Jan. 1, and cannot bo ter
minated except upon thirty daya' notice, as no
rood will care long to bear the responsibility of
standing in the way of peace. An opinionated
manager might hold out for awhile against
the arguments of his associates In buslnoss,
but it U quite) another thing to be told that the
stockholders of his company can depend upon
tbo united services of such banking faoucos as
Jrexel. Morgan A Co., August Belmont fe Co.,
Kidder, Peabody A Co.. Winslow. Lanier A Co.,
Brown Brothers A Co., Euhu. Loch A Co., and
their associates both In this country and
abroad to deprive him ot bis position.
Kirs. Harrison Doesn't tike the Fnll-fhce.
Pictures of Herself.
Indianapolis, Deo. I2.-Mrs. Harrison has
pronounced views on the subject of pictures of
herself. There is one kind having a large salo
of whloh she says she cannot bear the sight
They enow her full face and with a smile. The
likeness is tolerably good, but she thinks It
gives an unpleaslng expression of her coun
tenance. Her favorite photographs are thoso
showing her features In profile, Her onto
graph on one of these pictures Is uhen with
extra willingness, but she grudges every
scratch of the pen that puts hor signature on
one of the full-face clotures.
The pictures of Mrs. Harrison and den. Har
rison are now the ohlef stock In trade of the
street peddlers about Indianapolis. Ther foil
them usually two for a quarter, but somotlmos
competition runs the price down to a nickel
a piece. Cleveland and Mrs. Cleveland wore
also offered for a short time after election, but
nave dropped from tbo market now,
Tbs stationery stores bere still display tho
after-eleotlon lithographs of Harrison with lio
Amerioan flag printed over him in colors nnd
ol Cleveland with a red bandanna knottod
about a wounded oyo and with numorous
marks ot battle upon his loco. Thero is sale
tor thoso pictures.
About st TJVorn Tcn.Cent Piece.
James E. Morgan euixl tho Jersey City
andBorcerjjBtreet Railroad Company for $2,000
damages In tho Supremo Court In Jersey City
rcstorday for Doing ejeoted from a streot car.
, Morgan boarded a car with his wlfo, and
S,1oreJ tD0 conductor a worn ten-cont piece.
S ice conductor refused it, because It wuh bo
SnAI much worn, that the imprint on It win. not dl.
i t ngulshable. Morgan refused to glvc-hl-iinnr-
f thing nlso, and tho conductor put bim off tho
I r- Tbo ,urY W"n Morgan 1300 duhiMge.4.
'the company held that the ton-cent piece was
I eouueh worn ns to bo classified with mutilated
1 fnrreney. and John Omberson, a toller in tbo
ill I f'' " " Jl
It Is Hrremd Only to that or Great Britain,
but Most or It Is Coastwise Tonaag.
WAflniNOTOX, Doo. 13. Tho report of Mr.
C. B. Morton, Commissioner ot Navigation tot
tho year ondlngJune 30, 1888, shows that the
total tonnage of the country required to be in
cluded in his (statistics amounts to 4,191.015
tons, and that our merchant marl no is second
only to that of Oroat Britain. The Commis
sioner remarks that so much has boen said as
to tho decay ot our merchant marine that per
haps a largo proportion ot the poople ot this
country havo the Impression that there is but
llttlo tonnage left belonging to the United
Btates. This impression is erroneous. Whllo
tho amount Is not as large as it should
bo, considering tho growth ot the coun
try, nnd whllo It Is true that tho
foreign-going tonnage Is decreasing, the
domostlc or coastwlso tonnage is Increasing,
Tho tonnago of the United States probably ex
eoods tho oggrogato tonnage ot Italy, France,
and Ituiilu. and oquals that of the whole world,
excluding a few of tho principal countrlos.
Bines last year thero has bson a material in
crunso In tho 'xossols in tho coasting trade, and
n futthor Increase during the next year Is
looked lor. Could a similar prediction bo mado
regnrdlng thn registered tonnage trading
abroad. It would bo pleasing to such as have
tho shipping lntorests of tbo United Btates at
heart Tho truth Ib, howovor. that there Is llt
tlo ronson to hope for any conslderablelncrease
In tho foreign-going tonnago whllo the laws ro
main asnt tito'.ont.
Tho tonnago of the Unltod Btates In the
foreign trade continues to slowly decrease.
In 1850 such tonnage was 2,348,338 tons. Last
year, for tho first time. It was rfducod to six
figures, nnmoly, 089.412 tons. Thlt deoroase
shows not only loss of trade on tho part of
Amorican vossels. but doss away with tho em
ployment of many seamen and vessels that
would hate been engaged In furnishing sup
plies for the tonnago. bad It been kept up pro
portionally to tbo growth of tho country.
The shipbuilding ot tho united Btatos for
tho aoxt yonr or two will be aided vory largely
by tho construction of Iron and stool vossels
for tho naval service. Tho vessels built in tho
United Ktatos lust year umounted to 318,080
tons, this amount representing 07,637 tons
more than tho tonnage constructed tho pre
vious year. Thirty-eight por cent, of the ton
nage was built on the Atlantic soaboard, 10
por cent on tho PnuIQo coast, 40 nor cent on
the Nortliorn lnkos. and 6 per cent on the
Western rivers. Tho Iron and stsel vessels
built amounted to 36,179 tons. The lncrenso In
tho tonnago built ou tho lakes during the last
yonr us compared with Hint ot the previous
year, equals 79 per cont. Tho amount bullton
the Western rhors doos not compare favora
bly with that ot previous years, tlioro having
boen a decrease in each of the last three years.
An anal) sis or tho collection of tonnage tax
for tho year shows that foreign vossels con
tinue, to crowd ours out of tho foreign trade,
oven In our own ports. British vossols pay tho
largest portions of tha foreign tnx. Norwegian
nnd German palling vessels and Oerman and
French steamships pay a consldornblo portion
of the residue. Tho tax paid by vessels of tbo
Unltod Btntos Is leRS than n quartor of that
paid by British vossels alono. The business
dono in our ports by tbo vessols ot each na
tionality is in about tho samo proportion.
Dlchman b Co. Beeklae to Enforce the Pay
ment or a Check for 83,SO0L
A big ledgor with a yellow cover was con
spicuous in Part I. ot tho Supremo Court yes
torday. It was a puzzlo to overybody, and
though many nttompts wore made to unravel
tho socrots it held, thoy were all unsuccessful.
Judge Lawronco said that a memorandum of
tho entries should havo been prepared, and
then ho triad for tho flftloth time to hurry on
tho caso, and was for tho fiftieth tlmo unsuc
cessful. It was a suit tor the recovery of $3,500,
begun by Ernest Sichman and William P. Tut
tlo, who constitute the firm ot Bichman A Co..
against Oeorgo M. Bobeson. ox-Secretary of
tho Navy, and Banker Austin P. Brown.
The short barrel-llko figure ot Mr. Bobeson
betrayed no omotlon during the proceedings.
His ragged f rlngo of white side whiskers, his
round, highly-colored face, and his spectacles,
set with unusually large glasses, gave him the
placid aspoct or an owl at noonday. William
V. Abbett was his counsel. Lawyer William W.
Nilos appeared for the plaintiffs.
The case was really a slm pie ono. but it was so
tangled and bound up in little technical points
and quibbles by tho lawyers that Judge Law
ronco had difficulty In following It In May,
1884, Mr. Bobeson drew a check for $3,500 which
was made payablo to Austin P. Brown or order,
and was directed to the Camden Safe Deposit
and Trust Company. Tho etieote was for value
received In the form of a draft given to Mr,
Bobeson for the amount bv Austin P. Brown.
Mr. Brown endorsed Mr. Robeson's check and
then deposltod it with . the banking firm of
Mlddleton A Co. ot Washington. It became
known tbnt the firm of Mlddleton A Co. was
sbaky, and Mr. Ilobrson stopped payment on
tho check in ordor thnt Mlddloton A Co. might
not realize upon it. On May 31. 1884. Mlddleton
A Co. failed and a receiver was appointed. The
dishonored check came into tho hands of
Mlddloton. Bichman A Co. of this city In the
processof a sottlomont with the bankrupt firm.
Mr. Dlchman was examined yesterday. He
was the only witness for the plaintiffs. In
opening tbo defence Lawyer Abbott Insinuated
that an attempt was made by tho bankrupt
firm to cash tho check when it knew that its
business lire was ovor.
Tbo examination of Mr. Austin P. Brown
for tho dofoneo will begin this morning.
They Want Federal Aid for Those who are
xtcgnlarly Engaged la the Industry.
Twenty-five solid-looking men, the ma
jority of them mariners, met In the parlors of
the United States Hotel yosterday morning.
It was tho annual moating of tho National
Fishery Association, nnd among the dolegates
were flshermon from Massachusetts. Malno.
Connecticut and a dozen othor States. Tho
meeting was called to order by Prosldont F. J.
Uabson of Uloucestor. Those officers wero
- ITMlJent, T, J. Babson: Viot-Prnidtnt, D.T. Church;
Treuircr, J. J. l'tw; bcreury, Luther MadtlocltB;
l)treetri; IU C. Crera. Luthr knddock. A. M. bmlth.
F. ii. Woman, tootomon Jacobs, Ihoroan A. Rich. J. w.
Aflami, lieorir W. WatU W. A. Va.ieit, C. II. feaie. A.
P. Crowell, I. (J. Vounjc. Jnli ClIToril. J 31. K. South
wlck. K. X. llrowu. It. (i. luthbt-n. KnUrt l'alraer. Jr.. K.
II. I'ollf r. Oeorir li fowtra. B. ). niackrorU. IS. Frank
Cot. Alfred biy, I', llenjamln. Ceorite '. Tulblll. Waiur
Flfltld. UiUrln r. I'rovrell J. W. tiharton. J. A. Lea.
Jotin Lore, W I Ham J. Carroll. A. J. Siorio E. W. Itoed,
J. H. Darlior. H. K Cryliiinan. A J, stoll. J. W. AvarilU
B. U, Carter. A. O. llowrU. Bdaon McriolK J. W. Wick
ham. B. li. Davla, K. Kicker. CJeorse II. t'arptnter, A.
Uooia, J. f.. Oewer. it. Uell. James A. Small. IL L.
Coolldrc W. A. Wllcnx. J. W. Hurua. Oaorie li. Wattt,
I M. IiuraeU L. O. Milller. IL Van Kllia, Luly Campbell.
I. T. Church, H a. llrown, A. W. Roe Samuel K Kr
ton. Harry tieothewer. IL B. Toyce, O. W. Dean, farkar
Uoodwln. Jolin r. Trlble.
The association nnnrovod an act drafted by
President Bnbson which created n Department
of M.irino and Fisheries, with a Secretary at
thn head who shall have a font in the Cabinet
Thlt dapaitment would ham direct control
oor tbo morcbant m.iriue, the Internal and
coasting trade, and tho fhthorles. Ktervthlng
except tho navy and thi marine retonue ser
vice would como undor the chnrgoof this new
department. Another act Is ono urantlug'boun
ties to Amorican fishing vessels. It recom
mends a bounty of 15 per ton for ull vessels en
gaged In thu industry for more than four con
secutive months. The association suggests
that llsh taken by Amerioan vessels In foreign
waters mny bo landed at foreign ports, and
whon transshipped to the United Btates entered
free of duty. Cant. Babson proposed that any
cltlzon ol the United States employed six
months In the year on an Amorican voxscl shall
bueurolled in a nuvul roborve force, nnd receive
$2 a month.
Archolullon was adopted tlerlqrlng tho ap
pointment ot naval officers to poets in the civil
servlcu repugnant to republican principles of
government, aud asking the rostorutlnn to
their proper duties of officers so apDolnted.
The resolution udWsos that members ot tho
Amoiicun commercial murine shall be pre
ferred for civil service appointments when
special knowlodge of marine matters is re
quired, and niks that "marine civilians, prop
eilyquulltlod," shall be appointed to fill light
house boards and inspectorships.
Messrs. Wnnsnn, Babson. Anderson. Morse,
Ciowell,Maddocks.utui Pew wero made a com
mittee to uonsider tariff legislation for the ben
pllt ol the llbhermou. After a conference this
committee recommended P. duty on muckurol
npd lioiringof 1 cent; on salmon uitd all fresh
fli'li. '. a cont: on frozen cod 11 ah. 1 cent, and ii
cunt ou all other llsh,
Indluuu ICuultera Am jioucbi.
iNDiANAPOiiifl, Uoo. 13 Bank Exnjn
Inor Samuel Taylor, who has the State ot
Indiana for bis district, thinks that he has a
pretty houoBt set of mon to look after. Mr.
Taylor's present term has lasted for three
yoars and a half now, and in all that tlmo thero
has been but ono defalcation or theft in a
national bank In this Htato. Tho ono was that
ofliiAt woeU at Columbus, w hero u clerk sim
ply btnlo outright u packago of uinnuy from
tho mifo. Probably no other Ktntn can show us
good mucoid, lUaml'iur Taylor hail :i simi
lar pliico uiH.'ortlirtUovi'rnmem in Buchanan's
time, and on tlio iluy thnt Lincoln was Inaugu
rated ho resigned, That Is the kind of a Dem
ocrat he Is. lie waited until 1885 for another
ohanoe. and then was sjnong tbo first Demo
crats appointed toflloe under the new Admin
istration. Us expects to reaisQ again next
TERRrric OAtn otr tub coast.
New naglaaa Hweai by Aaataer Toraaco
Fears orUerlona Maria Blaaaterm,
IIioiilakd Light, Mass, Deo. lS-'An-other
heavy gale swept tha coast last night
equalling In violence tha crolonlo disturbance
ot Nov. 35. Tho threatening wsathsr ot Bun
day and Monday developed Into a terrific, east
erly galo, with heavy rain yesterday. Fewvos
eela wero off the oapa when the storm came on,
bnt It U feared that serious marine disasters
havo resulted. Two fishing vessels wero seen
yesterday afternoon tinder short sail driving
betore the wind, but they may have got safely
Into the bay. The telegraph wires gave out
shortly after noon, and there Is now no com
munication ny this means.
OnATHAU, Mass., Deo. 12. Another tornado
swept along the coast last night nearly equal
in force to that ot a fortnight ago. Itwas ac
companied by b driving rain. The tides were
unusually high, and considerable damage has
been done. Tho beaches aro nearly submersed,
and the life-saving patrol ran only get a short
distance from the stations In any dlreotlon,
Wreckers here express tear that the moderate
weather ot Sunday and Monday caught many
small coasters out between Cape Elizabeth
and Cape Cod. and think that somo may have
attempted to run over the shoals for a lee, and
that a large number ot disasters will follow In
the path ot this storm. Trees and fences
whloh withstood the November storm have
been blown down. Tho wind has shitted to
northeasterly, lntlteutlng that the storm
oentre Is passing out seaward. .
Ualutax, Deo. 13. By far the heaviest storm
of the season raged throughout the night with
fearful fury. All day great black clouds ob
scured the Bky. and by early evening the wind
Increased and rain bsgan to fall. Soon the
'galo had become a porfect hurricane. The
wind came from the southward, and the rain
dosnendod In torrents. Boms of the gusts ot
wind shook hoavy buildings. This condition
of affairs continued until morning, wbsn the
storm abated. In the city considerable damage
was done to electric light telephone, telegraph,
and lire alarm wires. The steamers Carroll, for
Boston, and Portia, for St John's, N. F.. whloh
were to have sailed last evening, romnlned In
port and proceeded this morning. The Instru
ment at the citadel, whloh registers the veloc
ity of tho wind, was blown down. The wind
was then blowing nbout fifty miles an honr.
Tho vessels at the wharves suffered some from
chafing, and a Ashing smack was sunk at
Cunard s wharf.
One llnrdr4 I,lttla Cripples and Orphans
Eajoy ' Little Lord Fanntleroy."
Mm. Burnott's pretty story of "Llttlo
Lord Fauntleroy" sot many little hearts boat
ing with delight at yostorday's matinee at tbo
Broadway Theatre, brought tho flush of un
usual pleasure to many llttlo oheeks, and mode
many little eyes sparkle with unwonted bril
liancy. It was the first of tho Wednesday
afternoon treats promised by the management
to tho poor orphaned or crippled Inmates ot
institutions for children. Mlsa Lena B. Schot
tonfel originated the idea by asking a redac
tion in price for seats for fourteen poor chil
dren whom eho had boon teaching. Mr. Mc
Cormack determined to give not only Miss
Bchottenfel's little ones a chanoe, but all the
other little children who didn't have money
enough to buy seats as well. The front rows
lp the gallory were yosterday devoted to the
little ones, who numbered in alinot far from a
In the rows on the right wore tots from seven
to twelvo years, with pule, pinobod faces or
drawn limbs. They were from the children's
ward of Bt Luke's Hospital and under tho core
of Mrs. Jones and her assistants. Tbo rest of
the seats were ocoupied by little girls, every
one In drab worsted dresses, drab oloaks. stout
Bhoes. white stockings, and bio crocheted
woollen hoods. Ther were from the Deborah
Nursery In East Eighty-third street, and wero
marshalled by Mrs. Anhoff.the matron. There
Sas nothing the matter with the girls from
eborah Nursery, and they clapped and ap
plauded merrily, and were well behaved.
When the play closed a great united sigh
went np from the gallery. There were many
other ohlldren In the theatre, and three mites
in white In the left-hand box were so pleased
that they stood up most of the tlmo In delight
ed excitement Ther wore the children of Vice-President-elect
Levi P. Morton.
Mr. McCormnck says with regret that few in
stitutions have so far accepted tho Wednesday
invitation by applying for tiokets. The Invita
tion Is good as long as the play runs.
It Takes o. Deal or Care to Keep Htm Alive
and la Good Humor.
A beautiful woman, attired In an Orlonto!
costume and charming enough to fascinate
men and women as well as snakes, stroked tho
shining, writhing body of what is said to be tho
biggest and only genuine python in America
lost night beforo an audience in the Grand
Btreet Museum. Cob James Goshen, tho owner
of this serpent has been in the snake-taming
business for twenty years.
This fellow' said ho, " was caught by a sea
captain In the Egyptian marshes. This Is the
only python In the United States. lie is four
teen feet long, and can jump his own length
fastor than you can snap your finger. In Egypt
tho natives offer rewards for the heads of py
thons, which they worship. There are live
colors In every one of tho 375 spots on this fel
low's body. Wo have to keep him in a box
wrapped In fourteen-pound blankets, and con
stantly heated by means of copper cans filled
with hot water. A serpent won t barm you un
less he fears you. 1 have tamed this ono by
kindness. When a snake learns that you will
not harm him, be may even become affection
ate. This fellow ate three rabbits a few days
ago, and tbey will lost him about three weeks.
Ills jaws are joined not by bones, but by liga
tures, which allow the mouth to expand until
It Is about throe times tho size of his body. He
has poison sacks in front of each jaw, and when
his side teeth three-quarters of an Inoh long
and as sharp as needle points puncture these
bags, the poison escapes and is transmitted to
the animal or person he attacks. He has only
shown light once since I've had him."
The People Wake Up to Find Water
Filling Uaaover Street.
Cleveland, Doo. 13. The residents of
Hanover street hill were awakened from slum
ber this morning to find themselves living in
houses fronting upon a deep ravine through
which waters wero rushing in torrents toward
tbo river. A water main had burst and tbo
heavy pressure bad aided the escaping flood in
tearing a passage through the streets. The
water forced through the pipe tore up tho earth
and spouted high In tbo air, making a noiso
resembling tho rumbling of thunder. Half
dressed men, women and children rushed to
their doors and then back Into the houses.
xnaaiDg epcuuy pruimruuuus io zuove ouu . Alio
torrent cut a deep holo tn Division atroet telow
tho break, tearing up shade trees by tho roots,
nnd then rushed downward toward the river.
Cutting diagonally across tho street, it under
mlnod a store building as It turned a neat
corner at the Intosection of tbe two streets.
Then it dug a channel along the oust side of
Hanover street close to tho door yard foncos
for a distance of n hundred foot With a sud
den turn tho waters coursed to the west side of
Hanover street cutting away sidewalks, fences,
and door steps, and washing out half tbe width
ot tbe street until an outlet was found for the
flood on the flats at West Blver street, Tbe
damage wrought by tbe wash-out is $60,000.
Division street for fifty feet is barked by a hole
fifteen feet In depth and thirty feet wide, and
tbe foundations of many houses are gone and
the cellars filled with water.
Thn Needs or Brooklyn's Fire Department.
Fire Commlwlonor Ennla of Brooklyn, in
bis annual report to tho Mayor, says tbo total
numorlcal strength of the department is 478.
During the eloven months ending Nov. 80
thoro wore 840 fires. Only six fires resulted in
a loss amounting to or exceeding $25,000. The
Commissioner mskos the following recom
mendations: Tbe duplication of oloctrical Instruments
and appliances; a suitable building for head
quarters; an Increase of hydrants; n perma
nent wharf for tbe lire boat Both Low; tbe
putting of tnewiics undor ground to avoid a
reourrenco of what took nlaco In the lattorpart
of November, whon torn period of six hours
nlno-tcntlis of the flre-alnrm boxes wero ten
dered entirely useless, communication being
interrupted on nccount of tho broken polim
and the geuural destruction of aerial telegraph
and telophone wires by the storm: n now lire
boat for the better protection of the thirteen
miles of water front, and the providing of a
building suitable for the core of sick horses
and tho training ot new ones.
Two Girls Ground to Pieces Vadcr m Train.
IlALXiaa, Deo. 11 Late yesterday after
noon two young ladles. Miss Lewis and Miss
Lizzie Byrnm, were taking a walk along the
railroad track at Alexunder station, near Ashe
ville, nnd whllo crossing n trestle the evonlug
mall train enme suddenly upon thoin. In Irv
ing to emafip. Mist Jiyrum fell unit bocutno
liistcnedin thucrtMrt tlen. M!s Lewis Irlod lo
extricate hor, wheu tho ttnin riiBhed upon thorn,
killing both Instantly, They were torn into .
fragments and scattered along the track. Mies
Lewis was 20 years of age, and was a school
teacher. Hfss Byrnm. who was the daughter ot
the Hon. J. B. Dyrum, was her pupil, and was
IS reuse! as.
The Act Bald to be Pie la Part to his DIs.
eattsffcettea with the Case Did the Dem
ocrats Keep Bene Kvldence from Htm t
iNDlAKaroiiTB, Deo. 12 Tho snog whloh
the Dudley proseoutlon has struok seems to be
a rather formidable affair. Just the nature ot
It Is not publicly known ret but one of Its re
sults was seen to-day, when itwas announced
that District Attorney Emory B. Sellers has
sent In his resignation. Tho resignation arises
almost dlreotly, it Is believed, from trouble
over the Dudley case. Mr. Sellora has been for
many rears n man ot high standing profession
ally and persoriallr. Prior to his appointment
as District Attorney, be was a member ot the
Arm ot Beynolds fc Sellers of Montloello, in
this State, and hod a large and profitable
praatlco. Mr. Beynolds has just been eleoted
Judge of the otroutt in whloh bo lives, and Mr.
Belters's friends say that he has resigned now
in ordor to take charge of tho business ot the
Arm, whloh would go to pieces if left to look
after Itself for tbreo months. This is un
doubtedly one motlvo for Mr. Bellers's resigna
tion, but It is not a motive the existence of
whloh would explain why the resignation
should be teddored just at this stago of the
proceedings of the Grand Jury.
During tho famous tally sheet forgery cases,
a rear ago, Mr. Sollors made a bravo Oght to
secure the lndlotment and conviction of tho
criminals, although they wero membors ot his
own party nnd wero backed by a groat deal ot
Democratic 'influence. His vigor In those
prosecutions led to an attempt on the part of
dissatisfied Democrats to seoure his removal.
e took hold ot the election cases at the pres
ent term ot court, it Is said, with tho same vigor
as a year ago, nnd was especially Interested in
tha prosecuting of the Dudley matter. The
details of the collection of ovidence In all thoso
eases was left to his denuty. Leon O. Bailey, a
young lawyer of this city ; but when tho Dudley
coso came betore tho jury, the District Attorney
himself, It is understood, went before that body
to attend tbo presentation of tho testimony.
How vigorous was the effort to secure ovi
dence to sustain the Dudley cbargo was shown
by tbe character and number ot tbo witnesses
summoned. Not only hud Indiana been rnkod
to find Beoubllcans who had been induced to
toll something ot the olloged conuplrooy, but
wltnossos were summoned from Now York.
Mr. Ovlatt, the poll tlo al reporter ot tbe A'eie
1'ork Timet, and Mr. Hall, who does similar
work for tha Evening Jist, wero amongthose
brought bore to toBtlfy against Dudley. Every
thing seemed to be going well with tho proso
cutlon, nnd an indictment was oxpectod last
Saturday, when tho jury took a suddon ad
journment for ton days, with tho case stlU
It was openly reported "that somothing had
gone wrong" with tho Dudly prosecution.
What it was is still known only to thoso con
cerned, bnt tbo allegation is mado with much
show of probability thut the Democrats who
havo been pushing the proseoutioa refused to
show their full hand to tho District Attorney,
and endeavored to compel him to procure an
lndlotment without thoir giving away tho
source from whloh they secured the letter upon
which the whole affair depends. The letter as
printed, it will be remembered, had the ad
dress torn off. and tbe envelope in which It was
fillegod to have been sent has nover boen pub
loly produced. The Dlstriot Attorney, it Is
said, considered the letter without any evi
dence as to where or to whom It had boen sent,
or If it had evor been sont at all. as too flimsy a
piece ot evldenoe to sustain the prosecution,
nnd therefore he resigned rather than bo any
longer responsible for the conduot of the case.
It Is intimated that his resignation followed
a breach between himself and his deputy. Mr.
Bailey. Bailey has been conspicuous In claim
ing all the credit for tha proseoutlon ot olectlon
cases during the last few weeks, and has
taken special pains on every occasion to en
large uopn tho Importance and suocoss of his
efforts "to put Dudley In a hole." District At
torney Boilers Is said to havo boen surprised
and vexed when he found that with all his
young assistant's vigor, such a fatal woakness
remained In tbe case. As indicating a distrust
ot Bailey on the part of Sellers, It is note
worthy that instead of recommending that
Bailey be appointed to fill out the unoxplrod
term, which would have been tbe natural
thine to have done, Mr. Boilers recommonds
the appointment of Judge SuUivon ot this city,
who has just retired from the bench. Mr.
Bailey's friends are endeavoring to create the
Impression that Boilers has been Improperly
Influenced to resign at this time and throw tho
Dudley case Into confusion. Nobody takes any
stock in this. Mr. Seller's reputation is too
well founded to make sush au Idea tenable.
Attorney-GeneralGarland telegraphed to Dls
triot Attorney Sollors. this afternoon it is said,
requesting that he withdraw tho resignation.
Mr. Sellers went to Montlcollo on Monday and
has not been bere since. Judge Woods, who
made the famous charge against Dudley, re
fused to-day to make any statemont as to
the reasons for tho resignation of Mr. Sellers,
but Intimated that he know what they wore. It
Is understood tbnt Mr. Hollers consulted with
Judge Woods before taking tbo step.
tin Didn't Mind Heine Arrested, but he
Couldn't Bear Suspicion or Thel't.
" Kid" Miller, the confldenco man, bunco
stoerer, and all-around crook, who was arrest
ed on Tuesday night on suspicion of stealing a
diamond pin from Anthony C. Vail, tho owner
of a Broadway laundry, was beforo Justice
Ford in the Jefferson Market Polico Court yes
terday. Millor Is a slim, boyish-looking fellow.
with red cheoks aud a tasty way of dressing.
Ho was v ery indignant The tact of his hav
ing boon arrested was less burrowing to his
feolinga than tho thought that It could be sup
posed for a moment that ho would stoop to
common larceny. Neither the lost pin nor any
other nrtlcle that looked as though It bo
longed to soma one else wns found on
Miller. When ho was arrested Mr. Vail could
not say positively that ho was tho thief. Tbe
man who stole his pin had been eatlngcachous,
and so bad Miller. This fact and tbe fact that
the "Eld" Is a generally wicked young man
wore enough to warrant bis detention on sus
picion. Mr. Vail was not In court to press the
charge and Millor was released. As ho was
leaving court a reporter asked him:
" Did you really steal the pin?
"fair," was tho indignant roply. "I am n
gentleman- I play cards with men, and win
thoir money if I van. This Is a very lino day
good day."
The Boston Municipal Election.
Boston, Dec. 12 Tho result of the voto
for members of the Bcbool Committee was tho
election of the entire ticket nominated by the
Bepublioans and endorsed by the Committee
of 100. as follows: For one rear, Carollno K.
Hastings; for two years, O. M. Green and W. A.
Mowry ; for three yours, Solomon Buhlndlor, L.
B. Pingreo. J.P. C. Wlnsblp, li, 0. Humphreys.
Bainuol B. Capon, T. J. Emory, Willard &
Allen, and Liberty D. Packard. Tha only mem
ber of tbe present Board reDIoctud Ib Miss
Hastings, aud among the eleven there are no
Catholics. Taking the vote for Mr. Bchlndler
iih roprosentlng very nearly the aggregate voto
for School Committee, and subtracting from It
the total voto lor Mayor, gives 10,1)17 us the
approximate number of women who voted in a
total registration of about 21,300. or very near
ly 80 per cent As no separate returns were
made of the womon voters, the exact figures
cannot be given, There was an error mode in
tho report of tha total voto cast tor Mayor.
The vote given in Precinct 4, Ward S, was
transposed. The 'total voto stands; Hart 32.
827: O'Brien. 80,882. Hart's plurality Is 1,985.
Three Moldlcra Drowned.
Watertown, Deo. 12. Korgonnt Darling
ton and Privates Prod Petitt and Benjamin
Wilson, all ot Company A, Eleventh Infantry,
now stationed at Madison Barraoks, Bockett's
Harbor, were drowned In Lake Ontario, off
Catfish Point, near the harbor, yesterday after
noon. Provost Sergeant Betwrlgbt was tbo
only other person In the party, and he was
saved. The uoldlors wore net llehlng, and their
boat tvrnfl capsized In un attempt lo raise tho
net They wero about 150 yards from tha
shore. The four men clung to the bout us long
ns they could, but tho water was very cold and
tbothreo named gave up the btruggle nlior a
few minutes. Jtotwiight. who wuh used to
rough oxpnsureVmulntnlnod tbe light for life
until William Calway. a llsherman, urrlved uud
rescued him. Hergeant Darlington was from
Portsmouth. Ohio. Wilson's real name was
Veneburr, and bis home Is thought to have
been In Canada. Pettit It U understood, was
from Chatham, N. Y.
The Ooethe Society,
On Tuesday evening last the regular on
nual meeting of the Goethe Society was held
nt the residence of Mr. A. M. Palmer, 25 East
Sixty-fifth street. There was a notably large
ntlmilurici'of membors. It being the occasion
if llitM-li'Utloii Of oRli'TS for letH-li. Tlio fol
Imvlua wciiKohoapn: President. Parke Godwin:
First Vlee-l'iu&luont. A. M. Palmer: Second
Vice-President Dr. A. Ilanpaner; Treasurer,
Oscar Yeanl ; Secretary. Albert A. Bagley.
raopla win bar rurnUaie, U the ericas are low, as yea
can see by tlUiof Urn. C riiat Ce.'s furniture ttttta,
Ho. llHWutWh ittan.
- w.' .-.. ,. ...... ,.
Senator Reaa-aa Says that It Was His Civil
Bervlce Policy More than the Tariff.
Washinoton, Doo. 12. There was on In
teresting debate In the Senate to-day on the
Tariff bill, the question being on an amend
ment offered by Mr. Jones of Arkansas to ad
mit hoop or band Iron (cotton ties) free of duty.
Instead of taxing it two-tenths ot one cent per
pound. Tho Demooratlo Senators argued that
tbe tax was a direct discrimination against the
farmers of the country, and tbe Republicans
retorted that the farmers had rendered their
vordlot on the tariff at the recent elootion.
Then a colloquy oocurrod botween Senators
Reagan and Cbaco as to tbe causes of the do
feat of tho Democrats in the last election, Mr.
Reagan claiming that tho tariff had not so
much to do with it as had the voto of the De
pendent Pension bill and Democratlo discon
tent with the President's civil service policy.
Mr. Chaos asked whether the discontent was
because the President had not carried out bis
Mr. Reagan Tho discontent was because ho
did carry out bis pledges, and booause ho kept
Republicans in offloo in cases whore the law
did not require him to do bo.
Mr. Chaco The Republicans who voted tor
him four yoars ago were dlscontonled because
the President did not carry out bis part of tho
Mr. lteaean That may bo said for party
purposes, but history will not so write It down.
Mr. Dawes Does the Bonator from Texas
moan to Bay that the President's party deserted
him because ho would not break his pledges?
Mr. lleagnn No. sir. I do not mean that
Mr. Dawes What do you moan 7
Mr. Reagan It was the l'restdent's duty to
carry out tbo law, but it wan not his duty to
extend the principle ot tho law to officers that
wore not covered by It
Mr. Dawes Ho Bald ho would, did ho not?
Mr. Reagan That is whatl say was his mis
take. Mr, Dawes Thon you moan thnt the Presi
dent keot his pledges, nnd thut his party went
baokuponbltn becauBohedldso?
Mr. Hoagan 1 mean that thero was discon
tent with the doctrine ot civil sorvlce reform,
and gentlemen on the other side will soon
havo ovidence of that discontent
Mr. Hlscook Bald that there was no evidence
ot Domocratlc discontent In the State of Now
York with tho President's civil service polloy
during tho last year.
Later on In tho dobato Mr. Morgan ot Alaba
ma referred to tho remarks of Mr. Stowart of
Nevada to the effect that the Senate bill wns a
pretty good bill, only thnt It did not como quite
up to his theory ot a protective tariff, and that
the tariff on everything that could bo produced
In this country Hhould bo practically prohib
itory, so as to lot none but tho rich enjoy lux
uries from abroad. He (Mr. Morgan) would
adopt a policy quite the reverse. He would
put it within tho roach of every young woman
Ir this country to wear not merely roBpoctublo
clothing but fine clothing.
"What benefit would It bo." Mr. Btewnrt
nskod, " to tho laboring classes of this country
to hav o tbe prh ilego of buying luxuries abroad
if thoy bavo not employment hero and no
money to buy them with, as would be thoir
condition nudor freo trade V
"If you keop taxing them," Mr. Morgan re
plied, they will bo always In that condition;
thoy will nevorget out of the rut. Tho honorable
Senator himself, I bollevo, was In tho early part
of his lite a laborer: but now behold him in his
majesty hero, looking like the very Bleria Ne
vados themselvos in his grandeur. Laughter.1
Behold him prominent In the Senate as the
Sierra Nevadas with their snow-capped tops,
and behold tho magnificent palaco with which
he has docoratod this boautiful city. Porhaps
not nil of this mazulflconce has boon the work
of his own bands. Ho may have profited by
tariffs, by luck In mining, or by somothing ot
that kind. But I would like to see every Amer
ican citizen enjoy, as fully as the Senator from
Nevada, all tho luxuries and splendors ot life
and every citizen Is as mnch entitled to them
as the Senator iu or as I am."
Finally the amendmont was rejected by a
strict party vote yeas IB, nays 22.
Mr. Dunn's Committee DcRlnn An Invest!
Ration A Letter from dot. (Swtnefbrd.
Washington, Dec. 12. By direction or the
House Committee on the Merahant Marine
and Fisheries the Sorgeant-nt-Arms of the
House has issued subpoenas on thoso persons
on whose statements the recent publications
were made concerning alleged outrages In
Alaska. Boveral of them have already signi
fied tbelr willingness to come, and tho commit
tee will meet on Wednesday next and begin an
inquiry into the charges. Chairman Dunn of
the committee has received a letter from Gov.
Swlneiord which reads as follows:
Snaa. Aliska. Nov. 13, 1SR.S.
Thellon rolndrrttr Dunn. Chairman nimviUtee, Jic
1 romt alncerely bone tbe tuTeetljratlen your commit
tee haa ceeu making Into tbe affaire of the Alaska Com
mrrcial Company baa not been c!oel cpou etich erl
deuce ae you nave been able to obtain holding your eta
lona In Washington. I have lately returned rrom a pro
tracted trip through tbe largt aectlon of country domi
nated by that corporation, and as not aware until my
return that an lOTeslleation was In progress. I do not
know what witnesses bare been called or examined, but
am pertertlr well patlsned that you cannot possibly
hate elicited tbetritb trom such evidence aslswtthln
reach tram Washington.
Daring tbe pet summer I rlslted nearly all the sta
tlousor thstcompanT on tbe Aleutian Islands, on tbe
l'rlbylos Islands, and the mainland, and can nnlj sav
that neany everywhere I found abundant erldrnce tn
prove every assertion made bjr me against it in mr
official reports to the Secretary of the 1'uerlor and to
Congress. These witnesses, and their name Is legion
could not poitslbly have been cnlled to testify before
Sour committee, elnce It Is impossible that they couM
ye responded to sntpfnsa even had their name,
been known to you and such process been served upon
them, owing to tbe great distance at which they reside
from Washington and the utter absence of any mail
communication or meana of transportation, save that
supplied by tbe company itself.
ft is not likely that I win be able to visit Washington
tbe coming winter Were 1 there bnweTer, and tho
case not closed, I would not hesitate about giving my
statement under oath, especially could I have my otlf.
cial Interpreter wittt me, who assisted In obtaining the
facts if desired. 1 will forwi rd the nntnesof ten or
a dozen persons ho will testify uuder oath to tbe truth
of th? charges 1 have made, but. In iny opinio!, a sub
committee ought to visit the scene of the coi'ipany'a
operations In order to inaVe a complete and thorough
investigation, and if It could get by Fan Iranclsco
Incor. ita inquiries might be more eSectlvely made.
ty respectfully,
A. P. SwiBiroan, Governor of Alaaka.
Notwithstanding tbo Governor's statement
of his probable inability to visit Washington
this wlntor. the committee has determined to
summon bim to testify in relation to his
chargon. and a subpoena has ulroady boen is
sued for bim.
Wedding Bella In Nynck.
NyACE, Dec. 12. Tho mansion ot John W.
Towt was the scene to day of one of the prettiest wed
dings of the se uon. Tbe contracting parties ware Miss
Wary Towt, daughter of JobnW, Towt. and lionard
Van Huren, s young New York city lawyer. Tbe cere
mony was performed by the Ilev. J. M. Van Buren. fath
er of the groom, asslltea by the Kev. J. C. Vandeventer.
The bride wore steel colored silk an 1 bad diamond or
nament Her brother. Charles D. Towt, care ber
away. The couple were married under u huge floral
wedding bell, and were preceded to tho altar by the
charming little nephew and niece of the bride. The
bouse was beautifully decorated with flowcra aud a
rostlr weddlnr breakfast was ssrvel. Jlr. and Mrs. Van
Burcn left Nyaclc for Washington this afternoon.
The Knight's Not the I'rlcnds ori.ubor.
St. Louib. Doc. 12. That portion of Presi
dent Gompers's address in the convditicn uf the federa
tion of Labor in which he bandies Matter Workman
rowderly without glos es has created quite a seneatlen.
rretldent Uompers aayss "Of the Knights of Labor I
can only aay tha) their conduct toward tbe trades unions
within the paat year baa not Improvea it baa seemed,
whether by design or otherwise, to ba their purpose
that when a tradea union has bad a dispute between
Ihelr employer and themselves to throw the influence of
their organisation against tbn toilers Paring tbe past
year tbey have bad several successes, but fu each in
tanoe II was un the side of the corporation or tbo un
fair emjiloyer,"
Futal Besnlt or a Qnarrel,
Lawuknceville, Pa., Doc. 12. At about 5
o'clock ou Ieuday ufleruoon George Llurgett and Oscar
Leouard, who had been out bunting In tbe early part of
tbe afternoon, were In Hamlin's rrocery store, when
tbey brgan quarrtUtng over tbe gun which they bad
used, wblchby same means was discharged, the load of
shot striking Burgett Iu the mouth and coming out at
the back of bis head. Burgett died almost instantly,
ills face was elackensd by the powder showing that the
muizlo ot the gun was close to bis face when II was dis
charged. Uurgett waa 14 years of age. Ills companion
was about 17 years old.
A Prophet Predicts Big Htorms.
Bt. Louis. Dec. 12. The Bov. Ira A. Hicks of
tbUcltr. who, has achieved considerable fame aa a
weather prnjihei, prtdlela that there will be revere
storms, ecd the coldest weather of the season, within
forty eight hours, aiul that the period ,,f the regular
winter solstice storms, between the IMh uud 'J5th In
stant, will extend the lime ot the dtetarbance. He alio
looks for a storm of exccptienal Intensity a Llizsard,
perhaps on Jan. Sar 9. r
A Newspaper OMce 'Wrecked.
PoBTSuouTn, N. H Dec 12. Last night tbe
ofScaofthe fatly Jtof waa entered by persons who on
set every type case In tbe place, knocked out th forms,
and ransacked everything. Tha damage will amount to
several hundred dollara Kntrauce was gained by break
ing tbe glass tu the front door. It la supposed the act
waa done In a spirit of revenge, aa the paper baa been
severe in Its treotroeut ot some of tbe best known pso
vle In the city.
White Caps In Illinois.
Ilocxrono, 111., Dec 12. The Bov. Mead
Holmes, Alderman trom the Bewnrt ward, who baa
Veen dgbUsr tbs lijaor is Ureal, taxtay received com
msslaaitoa, signed White Cape er orthero Illinois,"
asking him to resign sja pesluon in the Oily Council ant
threatening tha bodily lijuiy la cut lit Old nat 4 as,
No Special Daager from Alternating Cur
rents. To ttii EDtron op The Nkw Yoim Son Dear
Sin I have been favored by a correspondent
with an article printed In your paper of recent
date describing an experiment mode by one
Harold P. Brown at the Edison laboratory In
Orange, N, J., with the alternating current;
and as your journal and others aro llkoly to bo
misled, tbe publlo Interests injured and vory
extensive vested lntorests also injured, I think
it due to thoso whom I reprosont tp ask tho In
dulgonco ot your columns tor somo remarks on
that subject.
It is genorally understood that Harold P.
Brown Is conducting these experiments In tho
Interest and payot the Edison Lleotrlo Light
Company: that the Edison Company's business
can be vitally Injured If the alternating current
apparatus oontlnuos to bo as successfully in
troduced and operated ns it has boretoforo
been; nnd that the Edison representatives,
from a business point ot view, consider them
selves justified in resorting to any expedient to
prevent tho extension of this system.
To show tho nbsurdltyot connecting the ex
periments madeatMr.Xdlson's laboratory at
Orange, N. J., with tbo commorclal uso of oloo
trio currents, it is only necessary to call atten
tion to the manner In which tbo ourront was ap
plied. To uso a simple Illustration, a pleco of
load wolghlng ono ounco may strlko tho human
body with groat foroo in any ono of 100 places
without producing any permanent Injury, anil
oven whon fired trom a rifle must enter one of
the raw vital carts to have fatal effeot, although
when so directed It Is perfeotly easy to produce
Instantaneous doath. Tho method of applying
the ourront usod In these experiments was
oarefully selootod for tho purposo ot producing
the most startling effects with tho smallest ex
penditure of current, and rogardlossof any con
nection between the nature ot the current nnd
tho special and extraordinary means usod to
apply tho ourient for thoso oxuorlmonta. Tho
parts brought under tho action of the current
wero not only thoso most easily affected by It,
but wero so carefully placed In tho circuit as to
receive a shock such as would bo utterly im-
Sosslblolf the current wore appllod In uny ord
inary or accidental manner. In ordor
to Injuriously affect any organ ot tbe
body It Is necossary that a certain
Quantity or volume of current pass through It
for a greater or loss time, dependent upon tbo
amount of the current- To thoroughly appre
ciate tho caso It must be understood that the
ourront Is lnoronsed to a given pressure in ex
actly tho samo proportion as tbo reslstanco
offered to Its passago Is reduced.. It was for
this reason that a vital part of tho body was
selected (In the experlmonts at Mr. Ldlson 8
laboratory) that could bo reached by the cur
rent without traversing any consldornblo por
tion of tho body, and In addition to this tho re
blstanco of tho contnets was mado as low as
possible, by giving them a largo surfaco and
moistening tbo putts whore tho olectrodos
wore applied. The result of thlB carefully ar
ranged plan was that a largo quantity ot cur
rent was made to pass through sensitive por
tions of tbe brain and spinal cord. The samo
current applied to any othor portion ot tho
body would not havo boon llkoly to produce
any Injurious result, and, moroovor. In order to
produce suoh a ourront It would havo been
nccossury to vory greatly Increase tho oleoti o
motlvo lorco, so that InBtead of 700 volts, as
claimed In tho cose of those oxporlmonts,
several thousand would have beon neces
sary to havo the samo effect Tho
usual points of contact in accidental Bhocks
received trom electric ciroults are through tho
hands, or somo other portion of tho body pro
tected by tissues of greater or less thtcknoss,
nnd, as a mattor ot experience. It has beon
found that pressures oxcoodlng 1,000 volts can
bo withstood by persons ot ordinary health
without experiencing any permanent lncon
venlonco. Furthor, tho alternating current Is
less dangerous to life from the tact that the mo
mentary reversal of direction prevonts decom
position of tissuos, nnd Injury can only result
from the general offsets of the shook; whereas
In a continuous current thoro Is not only
the injury from tho latter cause, but a posltivo
orgunio chango from chemical decomposition,
mucli more rapid and injurious In Its effocts.
A large number of persons can bo producod
who have received a 1.000-voIt shock from alter
nating currents without injury, and among
thorn a wireman became Insensible and held
his hand in contact with tho wires for a period
of three minutes without fatal results in fact,
was able to go on with his work i.ftor a short
We havo no hesitation in charging that tho
object of those experlmonts Is not In the Inter
est of sclenco or safoty. but to endeavor to
create in the minds of tbe public n prejudlco
against tbo use of tbo alternating currents.
Tho Edison Company, who aro to be benofltod
by the dissemination of literature of this char
acter, in their annual report, issued this fall,
show that daring the Dost yoar thoy sold of
their continuous current 230-volt apparatus,
for central stations, to tbe oxtent of 44,000
lights for tho current yoar. The Westlnghouso
Electrlo Company, during the month ol Octo
ber, 1888. alone recolved orders for 18.000 lights
tor central station uso on tho alternating cur
rent system. 25.000 ot which wore for uso In
London, whoro tho laws with rcforence to tho
distribution of electricity are moro carefully
scrutinized than thoy over havo boon in this
country. Blnco tbo Westlncbouso Electric Com
pany began Its buslnoss it bus sold moro onn
tral station plants on tho alternating current
sybtem than all of the other electric companies
intho!countryputtogetherhuve ottbo continu
ous current bytom. This largo buslnoss has
beon mainly due to tho fact that tho alternat
ing current system permits the use of an olea-tro-motive
force which brings the price of in
candescent lighting within tbe reach of tho
multitude, ami enables central station com
panies to distribute their current over any de
sired area, sucli us. for Instance, the city ot how
York and other large placos.
Ono word moro with rnforonco to tlio alter
nating system. It not only tivrmits the uso of
currentH of 1,000 volts for ttroot mains, but re
quires Its conversion Into currents of 50 volts
or less for houso wiring. The converters
are so constructed that tho primary or streot
current can nover by any possibility enter tho
houso. With the Edison system tho pressure
Is about 230 volts, and whllo no person coming
in contact with the alternating current us
used for domostlc lighting would be aware ot
Its presence, with tho Edison system the shock
would be painful, it not absolutely dangOTOUH.
11 the person were nt all delicate. )
We bollevo tlioro should bo reason and right
In all things, and thnt this company Is per
fectly justified In drawing the attention of tho
public to the reasons why Harold P. Brown
conducts his experiments wlthiiltornntlngcur-
Sonts In tho manner statod at tho laboratory of
Ir. Edison, since, it that company cannot
counteract tho Inroads mado into their busi
ness by the alternating system, they must
necessarily aontinuo to occupy an inferior
place, and the protection of thoir vested inter
ests has led them to use as correct and proper
any mothods that undor other circumstances
vyould hardly be resorted to. The Weetlng
bouso Eloctrlc Company has Introduced its
alternating system at the present time into
130 central stations in this country and Canada,
all within the brlof period of two years. Thirty
six ot these stations hnvo Increased their plant
by ordering additional apparatus from thin
company, nftor hav Ing started with thoir Initial
oi. lor: and we feel justillod In saving that, In
addition to ourown experience with tho alter
nating (ostein, tbe business would not bavo
had this enormous and rapidly Increasing
month If there had been connected with It tho
daugorous features which Mr. Harold P. Brown
and bis associates of the Edison Company so
loudly proclaim.
i'lnully, wo snail do giaa to nave you send an
expert conuected with your valuable papor,
who Is disinterested and competent., to Investi
gate, freo from prejudice, the subject of tlm
alternating and continuous currents. Wo will
afford him evory opportunity to snllsfy himself
ol the vust superiority as to eafoty and econ
omy of tho nltornntlng system. Your truly.
Tun WE6Ti!aHntJnn Electmo Co.,
President Adv.
Uanalsan etc Bouillon.
Whatever elso a " Coroner's sole " may bo,
It is certainly a very low-priced tale IJannigan t
IJouIUoa are having such a sals at their big store at 243
Orand street, and crowds are buying Christmas
presents there. Tbey are doing a big business in cloaks
and Jacketa at surprising prices. Seal-pluen Jackets,
satin lined, go at S7b& The uew garment of pluslu
Hniljeska. with seal pendants and ornaments, that
f ornitr v sold for $ A Is now offered at srj.es. Jugtry
Jsrwuiarsits and misses' New. markets with ungtl
sleeves arid !.augtry rapes, art, also solJ at itry low
Iirlcee. The bovs' ofethlnff department la doing a rush.
ng business at hnlf prices. A 'j s suit can ba bouuht
tbere for 91.49 and an overcoat at tbe same prloe.
Chllaren'agTeicbeua sell trom tl.D-4 totalis The dress
goods department offers great bargains In sUka ami
Dedication or HI. Joseph's Hospital,
The dedication ot St. Joseph's Hospital took
place at 10 o'clock yeaterday morning. Tha hospital
and grounds occupy the block bounded by 143d and
141th streets and Bt. Ann's and brook avenues. Tbo
main building, which fronts on 143d street, is 240 by 100
feet. Itcouslstsof a baseincntand four stories, the tor
toer being of Groenwlch stone and tho lattei of brick,
iisckoftha main building and iri'ittluL'ou Mlh street.
Is thu bouhe for th-i Meters. Aohniel vmuicct the two
bulldltih's The huspiul tost J75,iw The inonry was
(olltclr.l by the bisters of M. Francis. Tuero win bo
aLCouimodations for '2W tiailcnta.
The ceremonies yesterday were conducted by Arch
Llabop Corriffau. who moved with a procession of priests
tbrouubtbe balleand corridors of the buildings, bless
ing tbe Interior aadsorluklluittie doors of all lbs rooms
with holy water.
rite JLateat Thing; la Dollars.
The latest thing In collars is higher than any
collar for ordinary wear haa aver been. It Is straight
around, with bent points, and is called tha "Bewanee."
There Is a University of Sewaueo In Tennessee, after
which Curl A Wilson have named tbelr last production.
A Southern rersnarr lately declared Ihst no., beu anee
" had reached Ilia pttlbacle of lit r glory. ' Vhe f iitoii
able collar for e eun g a ear line winter Is the Spo
kane." originate,! ur lb, name firm- It u not eo high us
tbe "bewaiiec." and haa wider baps.
Karl k Wilson are tbe only collar makers In tbe world
who make tkeir own lloea The grades of linen sold In
open market are not Due enongb for the beat work in
eetlare. and tbe only way the linn knew to get around
the difficulty was lo bulla tilth own liscn jnuls, which
they aid.
mnsrtws ainsiuo run dst. ".
Sanrisei.... 7 ieSnneu.... 4 8S Moon seta-, a S3 ,-j
aion wans trtis div. "
Sandy nook. 4 00 1 Gov. Island. 4 DO I Hell Gale.,--a !
. h v . , ,
Arrlved-Wgpsonar. Dto. IX j,'
Fenertbel. Clenkekel Kingston. Ja. "J4
RenstllesnakOlsel,rhllaWlr.ti!a. A
BsOrlnoco.iiarvlD, Philadelphia. yt
P Commonwealth Van Kirk. rblladetpblA. ' ,
its Roanoke, Itulphere, Newport Nawa. J J
pyor later arrivals iJotunn about Towa.1
aasrriD OCT. j '
ft Arlssna, from New York, at 9j''twB-.. ..A '
be I'ennsylvania, from New York, pasied Brow Head,
8s Ilskla, from New York, at Copenhagen. '
attLin raos roBBianr roars.
Si Moravia, from Havre for New fork.
giwlritfftiSffUwi '.,
Kennedy's bjaoea, stylish, easy, dlreet sVoaa
factory at Kaaton, Mass, saving middlemen's PreOta.
cork Boles. S4 ns. Patent Uather. SS.79I ytenefi peat.
Uaud Sewed. flDSi stand Welts, 13.87. Jo OorUandtet.
Christmas 3in Neekwear. sXaadkenv ,J
ehlffa, (ilovas. Suspenders, atutllera, Jersey Jackets, '-
fanoy Night bhtrta. Press Shirts. Men's Underwear. . t,
W. Johnston, suu Orand sk Also ST8 ih an, above 23d st, ':.
Jlr. Hanroi-a'a Liver Iavlsrorator-
la s vegetable cure for rheumatism when caused by an
over acid condiuou ot tbe system.
Htary Adams A: C.o.'m men's ahoea are tha
best for comfort, At, and wears oorreot styles, rortals .,
by all dealers. ,i
Kennedy's HI Ik Hats, nneqnalted for ferlts '
IUntlustre.WB'4.bAacHsavlngI.tiU.-200ortlanll, s
Keep'a Dress Hhlrts made to measure, efor to.
None better at any price. SOW and Ml 1 Broadway. l i
VISlC-In this city, on Wednesday, Dec 12, Lyman
risk. In the J8th year of his ag.
Notice ot funeral hereafter. . .
HTZ (JHRALO On Tuesday, Dec. It, Johanna, be- ,
loved mother of Catherine and John K. HtaOerald. ,
nelailvesandfrlendearereaDccitullylnvUed toatteun
her funeral from her late resldence.acu West lluthst,
on Thursday, I3tb Inst, st :SO A. H.i thenoot? tbe
Church of the Blessed sacrament West 71st st- and loth
av , where a mass of renulem will be offered tor the re
pose or her souL Interment In Calvary.
JUNKlNt). On Deo. 11, lira Ann Jenkins, aged 74
yara. , .
Funeral to take place from her son's reside nee. Coronas,
I I. on Friday. Pec. 14. at 2 o'clock. , ,,
I.B ROi At the Victoria lloieL New York oily, on
Monday. Dec. In, in lbe7ltt yearof hUsge, WlulamEd- ' ,
gar L lloy. liear-Admlral V. 8. Navv. retired.
The funeral will take place at the Church ot the Trans
figuration. Kaet 2(nh st. on Thursday morning. Deo. 13.
nt 10 30 o'clock. Interment at Tarrytown. Train leaves ,
Grand Central station at unit. . u '
HOUGHS. On Pec 12, William A. llogers, aged 30
Relatives and friends are respectfully Invited to attend
the fnnerat fromthe residence ot Ills parents. Hi Madi
son st, Friday. Kec 14. at i o'clock.
WINCUIl.viUIt Suddenly, on the 12th Inst, Thomas
D. Winchester ot this olty.
Notice ot funeral hereafter.
jSjitctat effotictg.
the lart. best, an 1 tirnutically cheapest kind of Magla
Lantern; has peculiar merits, carious powers, enalesa s
variety: children never tire of lu hbowa ordinary card t
Elcturea ami photographs instead nt glass slidea. Sola
y toy dealers and opticians shown In operauon dally
and fur sale at 120 Cast -tub, at- New Tork.
teething." softens the gums, reduces Inflammation, i
allays all pain, and cures wind colic 25 cents a bottle. t
gfeur gubUcntifjiiii.
Ladies' Home Journal
Tenn. Sapper r.uuchcoup, and Reception
Gives ext'llaitlj all tbe llttlo deUlU women want to y.
know. Telli bow to entertain ffuests, how loienert" ;
frtibmentB, what to bave and bow to wnLe It, ETery- V
thine now and orlainal. praotlcal and well tested by ex
pert a. Accompanrfnj? the recipe- will te remarks upon
pretty table ad Janets, rnttbodiof ienincand waiting;
garnishing, table manner and etiquette.
Original arttclti from tbe best writers- IllmUrated
articles on Game, and Honic-ninde,. Toys. -;
AmuMemente fbr Kick Children, Illustrated. a
Kindergarten. Illustrated article by ANNA W. '
A .rood article en Etiquette by Mrs. JOI1X S1IEA
Wi)OI. TalkM with the Doctor, ny eminent physicians. ,'
Artistic Ncedln AVork, Interior Pecora
tlonn. '
Christiana Gifts and how to make them.
DECLMBER nnmberontho newsstand. ' ,,
BIX CENTS a copy. , -
CURTIS rUBMSUING CO.. Philadelphia. Pa.
Five Christmas Numbers. -
published December 15. '
for December. No continued
articles or stories.
published December 7.
PEOPLE, published De-'
cember 4.
and PICTURES. 16 full,
pa go Illustrations. 4to,
Paper, 25 conts. Christmaa
Number of IIarpers Frank
lin Square Library. v
For a.e bjr all booksellers aul newsdealers.
Booksellers and Postmasters usually recelre sobois
tlona fubscrlptlara sent direct to tbe publishers iho14 '.
be accompanied by l'ost Office nooey order or drift.
When oe tire, is specified, ubsorlptlou will bin wltai yt
the current number. ,
BRAUTIKUr. TKI.TII. C,P',tVti (uWci pbyslclasj
attendant; cold nilings, 41 upi others. 6O0.1 repaU
taiiW 1 work warranted. 1JENTAI. CO., ousday.
DR. rUIXBH'S Dental Parlors. 74 Varltl; it, eor. fav '
sal) nnt-clua work (uarauttod st uoUeralo prices, '.
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